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Updates by Year

2014 2013

New Leaders
Recent Additions
New Polities and

New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems and Currencies
International Org.
Membership Updates

Elections Calendar

(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Sec.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders

10/25/16      update to Japan pref.: Niigata (Gov.)
10/19/16      update to Croatia (PM).
10/17/16      update to Turks and Caicos (Gov.)
10/16/16      update to Seychelles (Pres.)
10/14/16      update to Catholic Church: Jesuits (Supr. Gen.)
10/13/16      update to Thailand (King
Bhumibol Adulyadej dies).
10/12/16      update to Mexico state: Veracruz (Gov.)
10/10/16      updates to Estonia (Pres.), Turks and Caicos (Gov.)
10/06/16      updates to Russia admin.: Kaliningrad (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Mykolayiv (Gov.)
10/05/16      updates to Sark (Pres. Chief Pleas), Russia rep.: Sakha (PM).
10/04/16      updates for Isle of Man (PM), Mexico state: Chihuahua (Gov.)
10/03/16      update to Falkland Islands (Chf. Exec.)
10/01/16      update to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.)
09/29/16      update to Gabon (PM).
09/28/16      updates to New Zealand (Gov.-gen.), St. Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.),
                     Russia rep.: Adygeya (PM).
09/22/16      update to Russia rep.: Karachayevo-Cherkessia (PM).
09/20/16      update to French Holy Land Domain (Cons.-gen.)
09/18/16      update to Non-Aligned Movement (Chair.)
09/15/16      update to Mexico state: Durango (Gov.)
09/14/16      updates to China prov.: Hubei (Gov.), Tianjin (Mayor), U.S. govt.:
                Library of Congress (Libr.)
09/13/16      updates to Armenia (PM), China city: Tianjin (Secy.), India state:
                Arunachal-Pradesh (Gov.), Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.), UN (Asmb Prs.)
09/12/16      update to Mexico state: Zacatecas (Gov.)
09/09/16      update to Ukraine prov.: Kyyiv (Gov.)
09/08/16      updates to Kazakhstan (PM), Uzbekistan (Pres.), India state: Madhya Pradesh
09/05/16      updates to China prov.: Hunan (Gov.), Mexico state: Hidalgo (Gov.)
09/03/16      update to São Tomé and Príncipe (Pres.)
09/02/16      updates to Uzbekistan (Pres.), India state: Tamil Nadu (Gov.)
09/01/16      update to CBSS (Dir.-gen.)
08/31/16      updates to Brazil (Pres.), New Zealand (Gov.-Gen.), Australia
                state: Northern Terr. (PM), Ukraine prov.: Zhytomyr (Gov.)
08/30/16      update to U.S. city elections: Miami-Dade County: Mayor Carlos Gimenez (Rep.),
                     Raquel Regalado (f)(Rep.), Frederick Byrant (Ind.), Alfred Santamaria
                    (Rep.), B.J. Chiszar (Dem.), Farid Khavari (Ind.), Miguel Eizmendiz (Ind.) win
                     47.6%-32%-8.9%-8.7%-1%-1.2%-0.60%, a runoff between Gimenez and Regalado will
                     be held on 8 Nov 2016; Key West, FL: Mayor Craig Cates (Rep.) defeats Randy
                     Becker (Ind.) and Ed Karsch (Ind.), 62.5%-30.4%-7%, a runoff between Cates
                     and write in candidate Sloan Bashinsky (Ind.) will be held on 8 Nov 2016.
08/29/16      updates to Ukraine prov.: Kharkiv (Gov.), China prov.: Anhui, Nei Mongol
                Xinjiang (Party Secy.)
08/28/16      updates to China prov.: Hunan, Yunnan, Xizang (Party Secy.)
08/27/16      update to Tunisia (PM).
08/24/16      update to Solomon Islands prov.: Central (PM).
08/22/16      updates to India states: Assam, Punjab (Gov.), Andaman & Nicobar Is (Lt. Gov.),
                     Solomon Islands prov.: Honiara (Mayor).
08/21/16      update to India state: Manipur (Gov.)
08/15/16      update to Yemen (Huthi Pres.)
08/13/16      update to U.S. mayor election: Honolulu, HI: Mayor Kirk Caldwell (Dem.) wins
                44.6% of the vote, Charles K. Djou (Rep.) 43.7%, and ex-Mayor Peter B.
                Carlisle (Ind.) 9.4%; a runoff will be held on 8 Nov 2016.
08/10/16      update to Solomon Islands prov.: Western (PM).
08/07/16      update to India state: Gujarat (PM).
08/05/16      updates to Georgia: Abkhazia (PM), Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
08/04/16      updates to Nepal (PM), U.S. govt.: NGB (Chief).
08/02/16      updates to Bermuda (Gov.), Japan pref.: Tokyo (Gov.)
08/01/16      updates to Iceland (Pres.), ACS (Secy.-gen.), OPEC (Sec.-gen.)
07/31/16      update to Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM).
07/29/16      update to Pakistan prov.: Sindh (PM).
07/28/16      updates to Peru (Pres., PM), Russia admin: Krymskiy, Severo-Kavkazskiy,
                Severo-Zapadny, Sibirskiy, Yuzhny (Plenp.), Kaliningrad, Kirov, Sevastopol,
                Yaroslavl (Gov.), Japan pref.: Kagoshima (Gov.), U.S.: DNC (Chair.)
07/26/16      update to Georgia: Abkhazia (PM).
07/23/16      update to Parlandio (Pres.)
07/17/16      update to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (PM).
07/16/16      updates to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (PM), Sudan: Darfur TRDA (dissolved)
                and WCO (Council Pres.)
07/15/16      update to Georgia: Adjaria (PM).
07/14/16      update to United Kingdom: Northern Ireland (Secy. of State).
07/13/16      update to United Kingdom (PM).
07/12/16      update to Western Sahara (Pres.)
07/08/16      updates to Austria (Pres.), China prov.: Jiangxi (Gov.)
07/07/16      update to Mongolia (PM).
07/06/16      update to Australia: Norfolk Island (Mayor).
07/05/16      update to OSCE (Parl. Pres.)
04/04/16      update to China prov.: Zhejiang (Gov.)
07/03/16      updates to Syria (PM), Sark (Seigneur), China prov.: Ningxia Hui (Gov.)
07/01/16      updates to U.S. city: Norfolk, VA (Mayor), Palau state: Kayangel (Gov.);
                Swiss cantons: Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden and Schwyz;
                Arab League (Secy.-gen.)
06/30/16      updates to The Philippines (Pres.), China prov.: Jiangsu, Shanxi (Party Secy.)
06/29/16      updates to Ukraine prov.: Mykolayiv (Gov.), China prov.: Qinghai (Party Secy.)
06/28/16      updates to China prov.: Jiangxi (Party Secy.), U.S. city election: Tulsa, OK:
                G.T. Bynum (Rep.) defeats Mayor Dewey F. Bartlett, Jr. (Rep.), Tom McCay
                (Ind.), Lawrence Kirkpatrick (Ind.) and Paul Tay (Ind.), 5.8%-38.8%-1.94%-
06/27/19      update to UNEP (Exec. Dir.)
06/25/16      update to U.S. govt.: Solicitor General.
06/23/16      update to Equatorial Guinea (PM).
06/21/16      updates to Japan pref.: Tokyo (Gov.), Kazakhstan admin.: Astana (Akim).
06/20/16      updates to New Caledonia (High Com.), Serbia: Vojvodina (PM).
06/15/16      updates to Andorra (French Rep.), Ethiopia reg.: Benishangul-Gumuz (Admin.)
06/14/16      update to Greece: Mount Athos (Chair.)
06/07/16      updates to Saint Lucia (PM), Wallis and Futuna: Alo (King), U.S. city
                elections: Sacramento, CA: Darrell Steinberg (Dem.) defeats Angelique
                Ashby (f)(Dem.), Tony Lopez (Rep.), Marlene Andrade (f)(Ind.), Michael
                Edwards (Ind.), and Russell Rawlings (Democratic Socialist), 59.1%-26.2%-
                8.9%-1.9%-1.7%-1.2%; San Diego, CA: Mayor Kevin Faulconer (Rep.) is
                re-elected defeating Lori Saldaña (f)(Dem.) and Ed Harris (Dem.), 58.2%-
06/06/16      update to India state: Puducherry (PM).
06/04/16      update to ECOWAS (Chair.)
06/01/16      updates to Jordan (PM), Swiss cantons: Bern, Neuchâtel, St. Gallen, Thurgau,
                and Uri
05/31/16      update to Western Sahara (Pres.)
05/30/16      update to French Polynesia (High Com.)
05/29/16      update to India state: Puducherry (Lt. Gov.)
05/27/16      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Isle of Man (Lt. Gov.)
05/26/16      update to Comoros (Pres.)
05/25/16      update to India state: Kerala (PM).
05/24/16      updates to Turkey (PM), India state: Assam (PM), South Africa prov.:
                     KwaZulu-Natal (PM).
05/23/16      updates to Mayotte (Pref.), Comoros states: Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mohéli
05/20/16      update to Republic of China (Pres., PM) and prov.: Taiwan, Fukien (Gov.)
05/19/16      update to U.S. govt.: Army Corps of Engineers (Chf. Engr.)
05/18/16      update to U.S. govt.: U.S. Army (Secy.)
05/16/16      update to Syria (rebel PM).
05/17/16      updates to Austria (PM), U.S. city election: Portland, OR: Ted Wheeler (Dem.)
                is elected mayor defeating Jules Bailey (Dem.), Sarah Iannarone (f)(Dem.),
                Bruce Broussard (Rep.), Sean Davis (Ind.), and David Schor (Ind.), 54.9%-
05/14/16      update to Wallis and Futuna: Alo (King).
05/12/16      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Brazil (acting Pres.), Pious Establishments of
                France in Rome (Amb.)
05/11/16      update to India state: Uttarakhand (PM).
05/09/16      update to Austria (PM).
05/04/16      updates to Guernsey (PM), NATO (SACEUR).
05/03/16      updates to Canada prov.: Manitoba (PM), U.S. city election: Norfolk, VA:
                     Kenny C. Alexander (Dem.) elected mayor defeating Andrew A. Protogyrou (Dem.)
                     and Robert J. McCabe (Dem.), 51.6%-25.3%-22.9%
05/01/16      updates to Swiss cantons: Glarus, Valais, Zürich.
04/30/16      update to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Haut-Lomami (Gov.)
04/29/16      updates to Palau state: Sonsorol (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Luhan'sk (Gov.)
04/28/16      updates to Ukraine prov.: Rivne, Khmel'nyts'kyy, Kherson (Gov.), Papua New
                Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
04/26/16      update to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Équateur (Gov.)
04/25/16      updates to St. Helena (Gov.), EAC (Secy.-gen.)
04/23/16      update to Congo (Brazzaville)(PM).
04/22/16      updates to Cabo Verde (PM), Laos (Pres., PM).
04/21/16      update to Russian rep.: Karelia (PM).
04/18/16      updates to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Sud-Ubangi, Bas-Uélé, Haut-Uélé (Gov.)
04/16/16      updates to Cyprus: Northern Cyprus (PM), Wallis and Futuna: Wallis (King, PM).
04/14/16      update to Ukraine (PM).
04/13/16      updates to Kyrgyzstan (PM), Madagascar (PM).
04/12/16      update to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Haut-Katanga (Gov.)
04/08/16      update to ECOWAS (Pres.)
04/07/16      updates to Iceland (PM), Kosovo (Pres.), Vietnam (PM).
04/06/16      updates to Benin (Pres., PM), Myanmar (State Couns.), Swiss canton: Ticino.
04/05/16      update to U.S. city election: Milwaukee: Mayor Tom Barrett (Dem.) defeats
                     Robert G. Donovan (Ind.), 70.2%-29.8%.
04/04/16      updates to Yemen (PM), India state: Jammu & Kashmir (CM).
04/02/16      updates to Central African Republic (PM), Vietnam (Pres.)
04/01/16      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), Commonwealth (Secy.-gen.), China prov.:
                     Gansu, Shaanxi (Gov.); Sint Eustatius (Lt. gov.).
03/31/16      update to Br. Indian Ocean Terr. (Admin.)
03/30/16      updates to Central African Republic (Pres.), Myanmar (Pres.), Myanmar states:
                     Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan, regions: Ayeyarwady,
                     Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon (CM) and Naypyidaw
                     (Mayor), China reg.: Nei Mongol (Gov.) 
03/29/16      update to Solomon Islands prov.: Guadalcanal (PM).
03/28/16      updates to Haiti (PM), U.S. city: Juneau (Mayor).
03/27/16      updates to India state: Uttarakhand (PM), China prov.: Shaanxi (Party Secy.)
03/26/16      updates to China prov.: Henan (Gov.), Kazakhstan admin.: Atyrau, Pavlodar,
                Zapadno-Kazakhstan (Gov.)
03/19/16      update to United Kingdom: Wales (Sec. of State).
03/17/16      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovina (Pres.), Sri Lanka prov.: Central (Gov.)
03/15/16      update to U.S. city election: Juneau, AK: Ken Koelsch defeats Karen Crane (f)
03/14/16      updates to Guernsey (Lt.Gov.), Sri Lanka prov.: Central (Gov.).
03/11/16      update to Kiribati (Pres.)
03/10/16      updates to Tokelau (Head of State), Russia rep.: Komi (PM).
03/09/16      update to Portugal (Pres.)
03/05/16      updates to Syria (SNC Pres.), Wallis & Futuna: Sigave (King).
03/04/16      update to Pakistan prov.: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (Gov.)
03/03/16      update to Jamaica (PM).
03/02/16      updates to Afghanistan (NATO Cmdr.), Russia prov.: Tver (Gov.)
03/01/16      update to Russia rep.: North Ossetia-Alania (PM).
02/25/16      update to Haiti (PM).
02/22/16      update to U.S. govt. FDA (Com.)
02/19/16      updates to Russia rep.: North Ossetia (Pres.), Indian state: Arunachal Pradesh
02/17/16      update to Russia reg.: Zabaikalskiy (Gov.)
02/16/16      update to Sri Lanka prov.: Northern (Gov.)
02/15/16      update to Chad (PM).
02/14/16      update to Haiti (Pres.)
02/12/16      update to Parlatino (Pres.)
02/11/16      updates to Latvia (PM), Vanuatu (PM), Mexico state: Colima (Gov.)
02/07/16      update to Haiti (Pres.)
02/04/16      update to Malaysia state: Kedah (CM).
02/03/16      update to Ukraine prov.: Kiev (Gov.)
02/02/16      update to Russia prov.: Tula (Gov.)
02/01/16      updates to Monaco (Min. of State), Taiwan (ROC)(PM).
01/30/16      update to AU (Chair.)
01/28/16      update to Marshall Islands (Pres.)
01/27/16      update to Nigeria state: Kogi (Gov.)
01/26/16      update to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (CM).
01/25/16      update to CE (Pres. Parl.)
01/22/16      updates to Croatia (PM), Laos (Gen. Secy.), China prov: Sichuan (Gov.)
01/21/16      update to Belgium prov.: Luxembourg (Gov.)
01/20/16      update to Moldova (PM).
01/18/16      update to Macedonia (PM).
01/19/16      update to Gibraltar (Gov.)
01/16/16      update to AIIB (Pres.)
01/14/16      update to Guatemala (Pres.)
01/13/16      update to Burkina Faso (PM).
01/12/16      updates to Spain region: Catalonia (Pres.), Solomon Islands prov.: Makira
                     and Ulawa (PM), SCO (Secy.-gen.)
01/11/16      updates to Marshall Islands (Pres.), United Kingdom: Northern Ireland (FM),
                French Guiana (Pref.), U.S. state: Louisiana (Gov.), U.S. city: Charleston,
                SC (Mayor), U.S. govt.: Army (Secy.), Venezuela state: Distrito Capital
               (Chief Govt.), Andean Community (Secy.-gen.)
01/10/16      update to U.S. govt: Bureau of Prisons (Supt.)
01/08/16      update to Palau state: Melekeok (Gov.)
01/07/16      updates to India state: Jammu-Kashmir (CM), Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
                     and Venezuela states: Anzoátegui, Portuguesa (Gov.)
01/06/16      updates to Venezuela (Vice Pres.), Palau state: Ngaremlengui (Gov.)
01/04/16      updates to U.S. cities: Philadelphia, Salt Lake City (Mayors), France
                regions: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Languedoc-
           Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, and Normandie (Pres.)
01/02/16      update to U.S. city: Houston (Mayor).
01/01/16      updates to Switzerland (Pres.), U.S. govt.: Dept. of Education (Secy.); Swiss
                cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura, Schaffhausen & Solothurn; and
                France regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-
                Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Languedoc-
                Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie, Normandie (Pres.);
                Norway counties: Aust-Agder, Vest-Agder (Gov.); U.S. cities: Akron, Columbus,
                Hartford, Indianapolis, and Memphis (Mayors); IMO (Secy.-gen.), Norden
                (Pres.), OSCE (Chair.), UNHCR (High Com.), WMO (Secy.-Gen.), Mercosur
                (Parl. Pres.), U.S. govt.: Indian Affairs (Asst. Secy.)
12/30/15      update to Georgia (PM).
12/29/15      updates to Burkina Faso (Pres.), Guinea (PM), Northern Mariana Islands (Gov.),
                     and Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
12/24/15      update to Pakistan prov.: Balochistan (PM).
12/23/15      update to Moldova: Transnistria (PM).
12/21/15      update to Eritrean Orthodox Church (Patr.)
12/18/15      updates to France reg.: Bretagne, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Île-de-France,
                Martinique, Pays de la Loire and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Pres.),
                     and Ukraine prov.: Kherson, Khmel'nyts'kyy, Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
12/17/15      update to France reg.: Corse (Pres. Asmb., Pres. Exec.)
12/15/15      update to Argentina prov.: Tierra del Fuego (Gov.)
12/14/15      updates to Canada prov.: Newfoundland & Labrador (PM), Central African
                Republic: Republic of Logone declared.
12/12/15      update to U.S. city election: Houston, TX (runoff): Sylvester Turner (Dem.)
                defeats Bill King (Rep.), 50.9%-49.04%.
12/11/15      updates to Argentina prov.: Entre Ríos, Santa Fe (Gov.)
12/10/15      updates to Argentina (Pres., Cabinet chf.), Argentina prov.: Buenos Aires,
                Chaco, Chubut, Córdoba, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Misiones, Neuquén,
                San Juan, San Luis and Santa Cruz (Gov.)
12/09/15      updates to Argentina prov: Buenos Aires Ciudad (Chief), Mendoza (Gov.)
12/08/15      updates to U.S. state: Kentucky (Gov.), Palau state: Aimeliik (Gov.)
12/07/15      update to U.S. city: Charlotte, NC (Mayor).
12/04/15      update to China prov.: Jiangsu (Gov.)
12/02/15      update to Moldova: Transnistria (PM).
12/01/15      update to U.S. city election: Savannah, GA (runoff): Eddie DeLoach (Dem.)
                     defeats Mayor Edna Jackson (f)(Dem.), 53%-47%.
11/30/15      update to U.S. city: Juneau (Mayor).
11/26/15      updates to Portugal (PM), China prov.: Fujian (Gov.)
11/25/15      update to Finland: Aland Islands (PM).
11/24/15      update to Pakistan prov.: Gilgit-Baltistan (Gov.)
11/21/15      update to U.S. State election - Louisiana: in runoff John Bel Edwards (Dem.)
                defeats David Vitter (Rep.) 56.1%-43.9%
11/20/15      update to Tanzania (PM).
11/19/15      update to Sint Maarten (PM).
11/17/15      update to Romania (PM).
11/13/15      update to Poland (PM).
11/12/15      update to Fiji (Pres.)
11/11/15      update to Nigeria: Capital Terr. (FCT Min.)
11/05/15      updates to Romania (PM) and Tanzania (Pres.)
11/04/15      update to Canada (PM).
11/03/15      updates to U.S. govt.: Army (Secy.), U.S. State elections - Kentucky:
                Matt Bevin (Rep.) defeats Jack  Conway (Dem.) and Drew Curtis (Ind.)
                52.5%-43.8%-3.6%; Mississippi: Gov. Phil Bryant (Rep.) defeats Robert Gray
                (Dem.) and Shawn O'Hara (Reform), 66.6%-32%-1.4%; 
              U.S. Mayor elections: 
              - Akron, OH: Dan Horrigan (Dem.) defeats Eddie Sipplen (Rep.) and William
                Melver (Ind.), 72%-24%-4%;
              - Boise, ID: Mayor David Bieter (Dem.) defeats Judy Peavey-Derr (f)(Rep.) and
                Seth Holden (Ind.), 69.01%-26.47%-4.52%;
              - Charleston, SC: John J. Tecklenburg (Dem.), Leon Stravrinakis (Dem.), Ginny
                Deerin (f)(Dem.), William Dudley Gregorie (Dem.), Maurice Washington (Rep.)
                and Toby Smith (f)(Ind.) win 35.6%-34.5%-17.4%-5.6%-5.5%-1.06%, in runoff
                on 17 Nov 2015 Tecklenburg defeats Stravrinakis, 57.5%-42.5%;
              - Charlotte, NC: Jennifer Roberts (f)(Dem.) defeats Edwin Peacock (Rep.),
                   - Columbus, OH: Andrew Ginther (Dem.) defeats Zach Scott (Dem.) 58.7%-40.2%;
                   - Des Moines, IA: Mayor Frank Cownie (Dem.) is re-elected over Anthony Taylor
                     (Ind.), 80.2%-18.8%;
                   - Hartford, CT: Luke Bronin (Dem.) defeats Joel Cruz Jr. (Ind.) and Theodore
                     Cannon (Rep.), 76%-18%-4%;
                   - Houston, TX: Sylvester Turner (Dem.), Bill King (Rep.), Adrian Garcia (Dem.),
                     Ben Hall (Dem.), Chris Bell (Dem.), Stephen Costello (Rep.) win 32%-24.9%-
                     17%-9.6%-7.3%-6.6%, a runoff between Turner and King will be held on
                     12 Dec 2015;
                   - Indianapolis, IN: Joe Hogsett (Dem.) defeats Chuck Brewer (Rep.), 62%-38%;
              - Manchester, NH: Mayor Ted Gatsas (Rep.) defeats Joyce Craig (f)(Dem.),
              - Philadelphia, PA: James Kenney (Dem.) defeats Melissa Murray Bailey (f)(Rep.)
                and James Foster (Ind.), 85%-13%-1%;
              - Salt Lake City, UT: Jackie Biskupski (f)(Dem.) defeats Mayor Ralph Becker
                (Dem.), 52.19%-47.81%;
              - San Francisco, CA: Mayor Edwin M. Lee (Dem.) is re-elected over Francisco
                Herrera (Green), Amy Farah Weiss (f) (Ind), Stuart Schuffman (Ind.),
                     Kent Graham (Ind.), Reed Martin (Ind.), 56.7%-14.7%-11.6%-9.5%-4.7%-2.4%;
              - Savannah, GA: Mayor Edna Jackson (f)(Dem.), Eddie DeLoach (Dem.), Murray
                Silver (Ind.) and Louis Wilson (Ind.) win 44%-42%-12%-2%, a runoff between
                Jackson and DeLoach will be held on 1 Dec 2015;
                   - Toldeo, OH: incumbent Mayor Paula Hicks-Hudson (f)(Dem.) wins re-election
                     over ex-Mayor Mike Bell (Ind.), ex-Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (Dem.), Sandy
                     Drabik Collins (f)(Ind.), Sandy Spang (f)(Ind.), Mike Ferner (Ind.) and Opal
                     Covey (f)(Rep.), 35.4%-17.4%-15.7%-14.6%-11%-5%-1%;
              - Tucson, AZ: Mayor Jonathan Rothschild (Dem.) re-elected unopposed with 93%.
11/01/15      updates to Mexico state: Colima (Gov.), BIS (Chair.), CoE (Court Pres.)
10/30/15      update to Moldova (PM).
10/29/15      updates to Nepal (Pres.), U.S. govt.: House of Rep. (Speaker), Argentina prov.:
                Tucumán (Gov.), Congo (Kinshasa) provinces: Bas-Uélé, Équateur, Haut-Katanga,
                Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï Oriental, Kongo
                Central, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Kivu,
                Nord-Ubangi, Sankuru, Sud-Kivu, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo & Tshuapa
               (Special Com.)
10/28/15      updates to Parlacen (Pres.), Cocos Islands (Council Pres.)
10/26/16      update to India terr.: Lakshadweep (Lt. Gov.)
10/27/15      update to Mexico state: Guerrero (Gov.)
10/24/15      update to U.S. state election - Louisiana: John Bel Edwards (Dem.) wins 39.8%
                David Vitter (Rep.) 23%, Scott Angelle (Rep.) 19.3%, Jay Dardenne (Rep.)
                14.9% and Cary Deaton (Dem.) 1.06%. Runoff is held on 11/21/2015 between
                Edwards and Vitter.
10/20/15      update to U.S. city: Juneau, AK (Mayor).
10/19/15      update to ACTO (Secy.-gen.)
10/16/15      update to Palau state: Hatohobei (Gov.), China prov.: Guizhou (Gov.)
10/13/15      update to Haiti (MINUSTAH cmdr.)
10/12/15      update to Nepal (PM).
10/10/15      update to Micronesia state: Pohnpei (Gov.)
10/09/15      update to Kosovo (UN Special Rep.)
10/08/15      update to EU (Pres. Court), U.S. city election: Memphis, TN: Jim Strickland
                (Dem.) defeats Mayor A.C. Wharton Jr. (Dem.), Harold Collins (Dem.) and Mike
                Williams (Dem.), 41.6%-22.1%-18.4%-16.1%
10/06/15      updates to U.S. city elections: Juneau, AK: Greg Fisk (Ind.) defeats
                Mayor Merrill Sanford (Ind.), 65.9%-32.8%; Raleigh, NC: Mayor Nancy
                McFarlane (f)(Ind) wins re-election over Bob Weltzin (Ind.), 74.4%-25.2%.
10/04/15      update to Mexico state: Nuevo León (Gov.)
10/02/15      updates to Russia admin.: Irkutsk (Gov.), Solomon Islands prov.: Temotu (PM).
10/01/15      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Regt.), Mexico states: Michoacán, Querétaro
                (Gov.), Belgium prov.: Liège, Walloon Brabant (Gov.), U.S. govt.:
                Library of Congress (Librarian), Norway: Svalbard (Gov.).
09/30/15      updates to Russia rep.: Komi (Pres.), India state: Manipur (Gov.)
09/28/15      update to Gibraltar (Gov.)
09/27/15      update to India state: Manipur (Gov.), Mexico state: San Luis Potosí (Gov.)
                Assyrian Church of East (Patr. 1)
09/25/15      updates to U.S. govt.: Joint Chiefs (Chair.), U.S. city: Nashville (Mayor).
09/24/15      updates to Canada prov.: Quebec (Lt. gov.), U.S. govt.: Marine Corps (Cmdt.),
                     Russia rep.: North Ossetia (PM).
09/23/15      update to Burkina Faso (Pres., PM).
09/21/15      update to Greece (PM).
09/19/15      update to Egypt (PM).
09/18/15      update to U.S. govt. U.S. Navy (CNO).
09/17/15      updates to Burkina Faso (Pres., PM), Guinea-Bissau (PM).
09/16/15      update to Mexico state: Campeche (Gov.)
09/15/15      updates to Australia (PM), Faeroe Islands (PM), United Nations (Gen. Asm.
                Pres.), Sri Lanka prov.: Uva (PM), Bosnia-Hercegovina: Brcko (Sup.)
09/13/15      update to Mexico state: Sonora (Gov.)
09/10/15      updates to Mexico state: Baja California Sur (Gov.), U.S. city election:
                Nashville, TN (runoff): Megan Barry (f) (Dem.) defeats David A. Fox (Rep.),
09/09/15      updates to Trinidad and Tobago (PM), United Kingdom: Queen Elizabeth II
                becomes the longest reigning monarch in British history;
09/08/15      update to Sri Lanka prov.: Northwestern, Western (PM).
09/06/15      update to Guernsey (Lt. Gov.)
09/03/15      update to Guatemala (Pres.)
09/01/15      updates to Curaçao (PM), AfDB (Pres.)
08/31/15      update to Kosovo (UN Special Rep.)
08/30/15      update to Haiti (MINUSTAH cmdr.)
08/27/15      updates to Greece (PM), Mexico state: Querétaro (Gov.), Russia rep.:
                Karachayevo-Cherkessksia (PM).
08/26/15      update to Myanmar state: Rakhine (PM).
08/25/15      updates to U.S. city elections: Montgomery, AL: Mayor Todd Strange (Rep.)
                     is re-elected defeating Arthur Davis (Rep.), Dan Harris (Dem.) and Ella
                     Bell (f)(Dem.), 57%-27%-11%-4%; Phoenix, AZ: Mayor Greg Stanton (Dem.)
                     is re-elected with 65.39% defeating Anna Maria Brennan (f)(Rep.) 29.04%
                and Matthew Jette (Ind.) 5.58%.
08/20/15      update to Guinea-Bissau (PM).
08/16/15      update to India states: Bihar (Gov.)
08/14/15      update to U.S. govt.: Army (CoS).
08/13/15      update to ECO (Secy.-gen.)
08/12/15      updates to Suriname (VP), India state: Himachal Pradesh (Gov.)
08/11/15      update to Russia: Chechnya (Emir).
08/09/15      update to Kazakhstan prov.: Almaty city (Akim).
08/08/15      update to Kazakhstan prov.: Yuzhno-Kazakhstan (Akim).
08/07/15      update to Kosovo (KFOR Cmdr.)

 Recent Additions to  

09/07/16      added South Vietnam 1967-75 constitution.
06/14/16      added Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
12/14/15      added Logone to Central African Republic
11/11/15      added Western Kurdistan to Syria.
11/08/15      added State of Muskogee (1799-1803) and Republic of the Floridas (1817)
                under Florida.
03/20/15      added Tucson, AZ to U.S. cities.
02/07/15      added U.S. Lighthouse Service to U.S. government.
12/13/14      added Fuuta Jaloo to Guinea and Timbuktu to Mali native states.
11/15/14      added annual update pages for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
03/07/14      added 5 Districts to French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
10/01/13      added 1936-37 Aragón Council of Defense to Spain Regions.
09/16/13      added Charter Company territories to Mozambique.
04/27/13      additions to China provinces.
04/20/13      added Polish zone of occupation 1945-48 under Germany.
11/01/12      added Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
10/28/12      expanded Vanuatu with 1887-1906 U.K. & French Naval Commissioners.
10/01/12      added France's Hauteville House under Guernsey.
09/26/12      update to Albania: Saseno Island.
07/19/12      added Verapaz Belgian concession 1843-54 under Guatemala.
07/08/12      added 1873 Cantonal Revolution under Spain.
06/20/12      added Carlist governments to Spain.
06/17/12      added Pious Establishments of France in Rome and French Domain in the 
                Holy Land.
01/16/12      added Chatham Islands to New Zealand.
09/01/11      added Goa Dependencies page under Portuguese India.
07/09/11      new South Sudan and South Sudan states pages.
05/01/11      expanded Cameroon traditional states, Tanzania traditional states
                and States of Palau.
03/01/11      update Mayotte becomes a French overseas département.
02/11/11      added new Regions to Myanmar (Burma).
02/05/11      added new Regions to Greece.
01/01/11      added Dutch Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie)(DLU).
12/28/10      added Lihou to Guernsey.
11/10/10      added Trust Terr. of Pacific Islands district administrators:
                Chuuk, Marshall Is., Mariana Islands, Palau, Ponape, Rota, and Yap.
11/03/10      added Long Beach, California to U.S. Mayors.
10/20/10      added Tadjourah and Rahayto sultanates to Djibouti.
10/15/10      update to Bolivia Departments.
10/10/10      added new separate pages for: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius
                and Sint Maarten.
07/31/10      added to British Indian Ocean Territory.
07/27/10      expanded Ghana: English Gold Coast 1632-1751.
07/23/10      expanded Monaco governors-general 1732-1911.
07/13/10      added Rimatara and Rurutu under French Polynesia. 
07/09/10      added Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).
07/08/10      added International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/15/10      added Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
05/30/10      began page for Saipan mayors.
05/05/10      added Council of the Baltic States (CBSS).
04/17/10      new page for Regions of Finland.
03/09/10      added International Seabed Authority (ISA).
02/25/10      added Association of Caribbean States (ACS) and Caribbean Development Bank
02/10/10      added Billings, Montana; Jackson, Mississippi; Lansing, Michigan; Manchester,
                New Hampshire; Orlando, Florida; and Trenton, New Jersey to U.S. Mayors.
09/21/09      expanded Ghana Traditional States.
09/07/09      addition to Bosnia-Hercegovnia: Serbian Autonomous Oblasts 1991-92.
07/25/09      added Cordillera Administrative Region under the Philippines.
06/01/09      added to Croatia: Kraijna constitution 1991-95.
05/25/09      added United National Environmental Programme (UNEP).
05/22/09      expanded Rodrigues under Mauritius.
05/04/09      new page begun for Counties of Liberia (incomplete).
04/22/09      added Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
04/10/09      added Fort Worth, Texas to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/09      new page: Vermont State Government 1777-1791.
03/10/09      new page: Provinces of Belgium
02/27/09      new page: Provinces of South Korea.
02/13/09      added Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) and the Andean Parliament.
12/12/08      added to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Katanga 1960 constitution.
11/15/08      added Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
11/07/08      added Latin Union (LU).
10/27/08      addition to Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority.
10/01/08      additions to Saba (anthem), Crete (anthem), Azad Kashmir (constitution).
09/23/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC)
                and the Comptrollers of the Currency.
09/08/08      added 1907 constitution to Crete under Greece.
09/04/08      additions to U.S. govt.: General Services Admin., National Science Found.
08/22/08      added mayors of Hagatna (Agana), Guam to U.S. mayors.
07/22/08      added the Tangier Zone Statute under Morocco and constitutions
                of South Yemen and Zaire.
07/10/08      expanded Other Ugandan Traditional States.
07/02/08      expanded Republic of Ragusa under Croatia.
06/16/08      added Italo-Albanian Catholic Church, expanded Elba under Italy states.
06/01/08      expanded Kazakhstan Administrative Divisions added pre-1991 divisions.
05/20/08      addition to US govt.: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
03/18/08      added Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO).
03/17/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 
                and Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
03/01/08      additions to U.S. govt.: Patent Office, Bureau of Land Management,
                U.S. Marshals Service, War Relocation Authority, Census Bureau,
                and NOAA Commissioned Corps.
02/17/08      new page: Kosovo page and re-edit of Serbia page.
02/08/08      added Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
02/03/08      added British and French forts in Benin 1650-1807.
01/03/08      added Constitution to Brunei Darussalam.
12/06/07      added Orthodox Church of New Zealand, Orthodox Church of Korea and 
                Old Calendar Church of Bulgaria.
12/04/07      added Organization of Central American States (ODECA) and
                Central American Integration System (SICA) and Collective Security
                Treaty Organization (CSTO).
12/01/07      added Nunatsiavut to Newfoundland.
11/11/07      added Birmingham, Alabama; Oakland, California; and Shreveport,
                Louisiana to U.S. Mayors.
11/03/07      added Santa Fe, New Mexico to U.S. Mayors.
10/19/07      added Kansas City, Missouri to U.S. Mayors.
10/18/07      added Rochester, New York; Savannah, Georgia; and
                Topeka, Kansas to U.S. Mayors.
08/25/07      added Kupang to Indonesian traditional states and Islamabad Cap. Terr.,
                Northern Areas and Tribal Areas to Pakistan provinces.
08/22/07      added International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and
                United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Intersputnik.
08/01/07      added National Council of the Churches (NCC).
07/25/07      added new page Denmark Counties 1970-2006.
07/16/07      expanded Red Cross (ICRC, ICRM, IFRCS) entries. 
07/03/07      added International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO),
                International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO) and Islamic
                Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).
06/20/07      added Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA); United Nations Conference
                on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); United Nations Relief and Works Agency
                for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
06/12/07      added World Customs Organization (WCO). 
05/07/07      added International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
05/01/07      expanded Malta: Gozo.
02/21/07      added new pages for Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/23/07      added San José, California to U.S. Mayors.
01/18/07      new page: Regions of Denmark.
12/20/06      new page: Venezuela States since 1990.
12/08/06      added International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
12/06/06      expanded Burma states 1947-1974.
10/31/06      added Organisation Commune Africaine et Mauricienne (OCAM).
10/08/06      expansion and updates to Indian Princely states A-J and K-M
                and Pakistan Princely States.
06/03/06      separate Montenegro page and re-edit of Serbia page.
05/20/06      expanded Armenia (Eriwan khanate) and Japan (Ryukyu).
05/12/06      expanded Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
05/10/06      added Canton & Enderbury Islands and Kirimati to Kiribati
                expanded British Indian Ocean Terr. added English Hirado Post to Japan.
05/03/06      added Gozo to Malta and Buffer Zone to Cyprus.
04/26/06      expanded Pitcairn and Saint Helena.
04/16/06      added Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
04/07/06      added Albany (NY) to U.S. Mayors.
03/18/06      added Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
03/01/06      added Igelsia Ni Cristo, Fulan Gong, and Buddhist Thailand.
01/15/06      new page: Belarus Administrative Divisions.
01/14/06      added Podolia (1672-99) to Poland and Kokang to Myanmar Shan states.
01/13/06      expanded of Cameroon Traditional states.
12/26/05      new page: Ukraine Administrative Divisions and 
                Reichskommissariat Ukraine General Districts.
12/01/05      new page: Russian S.F.S.R. Administrative divisions (to 1991).
11/12/05      added Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
10/21/05      new page: Self-Proclaimed Micronations (Hutt River Province, Saugeais, 
                Sealand and Seborga).
10/01/05      added Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to U.S. govt.
09/29/05      added Croatia Counties, Japan Prefectures and Slovak Regions.
09/03/05      added United Church of Christ (UCC).
08/09/05      added baLobedu to South African Traditional states.
07/10/05      added Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
05/28/05      added Poland Voivodships 1919-39 and from 1999,
                and General-government districts 1939-45.
05/12/05      additions to Poland: Danzig 1526-1815.

    New Polities and International Organizations

07/28/16      update to Russia: federal district Krymskiy (abolished).
07/16/16      update to The Sudan: Darfur TRDA (abolished).
03/31/16      update Nicaragua Autonomous Regions are renamed.
01/30/16      update to Mexico: Distrito Federal becomes Ciudad de México.
01/16/16      update Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) opens.
01/01/16      update to France new regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-
                Limousin-Poitou-Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,
                Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Normandie & Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie
12/29/15      update South Sudan abolishes its 10 states creating 28 new states.
12/18/15      updates to French Guiana and Martinique become territorial authorities.
12/14/15      update to Central African Republic: 'Republic' of Logone declared.
10/29/15      update to Congo (Kinshasa) 21 new provinces effected: Bas-Uélé, Équateur,
                Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï
                Oriental, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi,
                Sankuru, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo and Tshuapa.
07/08/15      update New Development Bank (NDB) established.
06/17/15      update Norfolk Island self-government abolished.
01/01/15      update Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) established.
12/25/14      update to Taiwan new special municipality: Taoyuan city.
06/29/14      update Islamic State declared by ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
06/02/14      update to India new state: Telangana.
03/21/14      update to Russia: annexation of Crimea, creating a new Russian federal
                district (Krymsky), republic (Crimea) and federal city (Sevastopol).
03/17/14      update to Ukraine: Crimea declares independence.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an overseas department of France.
08/28/13      update to Somalia: Juba Interim Admin. recognized.
07/11/13      update to Sudan province: Western Kordofan restored.
05/13/13      update to Somalia: new region Jubbaland.
04/22/13      update to Indonesia new province: Kalimantan Utara (Gov.)
07/01/12      update to South Korea: Sejong special autonomous city created.
05/17/12      update to Papua New Guinea new provinces: Hela, Jiwaka.
04/06/12      added Azawad under Mali.
01/10/12      update to The Sudan new states: Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur.
10/27/11      update to Venezuela: Francisco de Miranda Territory created.
09/01/11      added Cabildo Insulares to Spain's Canary Islands.
07/09/11      independence of South Sudan.
03/31/11      update Mayotte to become an overseas department of France.
01/01/11      update to Greece: Regions.
12/25/10      update to Taiwan: SinbeiTaichung and Tainan special municipalities created.
10/10/10      Netherlands Antilles dissolved into autonomous countries Curaçao & St. Maarten;
                Bonaire, Saba & St. Eustatius become special municipalities of Netherlands.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
05/30/10      Bolivia departments granted autonomy.
01/19/10      update to Russia: new federal district Severo-Kavkazsky (North Caucasian).
10/19/09      update to Uganda: Rwenzururu kingdom recognized. 
10/07/08      update to Nepal: Mustang kingship abolished.
08/31/08      update to The Sudan: Abyei Area created.
05/28/08      update to Nepal: becomes a republic.
05/23/08      update Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) est.
03/01/08      update to Russia: new kray Zabaikalsky.
02/17/08      independence of Kosovo.
12/01/07      update to Newfoundland: Nunatsiavut.
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria: became an emirate.
07/01/07      updates to Russia: new kray Kamchatka and Somalia: Maakhir state.
04/23/07      update to The Sudan: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority est.
02/21/07      new French overseas collectivities: Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin
01/01/07      updates to EU: Bulgaria and Romania join; Sri Lanka new prov.: Eastern 
                and Northern.
06/28/06      update to UN: Montenegro joins the United Nations.
06/05/06      independence of Serbia.
06/03/06      independence of Montenegro.
12/01/05      update to Russia: new kray: Perm.
10/01/05      update Ibero-American Secretariat est.
08/14/05      added Galmudug State to Somalia.
07/09/05      update to The Sudan: Government of Southern Sudan.
06/15/05      update to Papua New Guinea: Bougainville Autonomous Government
06/14/05      update to Iraq: Kurdistan Autonomous Region.
04/21/05      update to U.S. govt.: new Director of National Intelligence (DNI). 
10/16/04      update to Indonesia: new province (Sulawesi Barat).
09/01/04      update Antarctic Treaty Secretariat est.
07/01/04      updates Denmark (regions), Indonesia: new province (Kepulauan Riau).
05/01/04      update to EU: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia,
                Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
03/29/04      update to NATO: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
                Slovakia, and Slovenia join.
02/27/04      update French Polynesia autonomy increased.
02/19/04      update to Haiti: north secedes as Artibonite (to 03/19/04).
01/15/04      update Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) secretariat est.
12/14/03      update to Indonesia: new province (Irian Jaya Barat). 
02/04/03      update Yugoslavia formally abolished: successor Serbia and Montenegro.
03/11/03      update creation of International Criminal Court.
01/24/03      update to U.S. govt.: Department of Homeland Security.
10/12/02      update to Mauritius: autonomous status for Rodrigues Island.
09/27/02      update to UN: East Timor joins the United Nations.
09/10/02      update to UN: Switzerland joins the United Nations.
07/28/02      update to U.S. govt: Transportation Security Administration.
07/09/02      update to Organization of African Unity (OAU) becomes African Union.
05/20/02      independence of East Timor.
04/11/02      update to Somalia: State of Southwest Somalia.
02/14/02      update to Bahrain: becomes a kingdom.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies

09/30/16      updates to France regions: Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine,
                and Occitanie (names).
08/07/16      update to Thailand (new constitution).
07/12/16      update to U.S.: Washington, DC (draft statehood constitution).
07/01/16      update to Czech Republic (English short-form polity name).
03/06/16      update to Algeria (new constitution).
09/20/15      update to Nepal (new constitution).
07/30/15      update to Peru reg.: San Martin (flag).
07/01/15      update to U.S. state: Virginia (state song).
03/01/15      update to Belgium reg.: Brussels-Capital (flag).
01/28/15      update to Taiwan city: Tainan (flag).
01/17/15      update to France reg.: Centre-Val de Loire (name).
01/01/15      update to Lithuania (currency).
12/19/14      update to Peru reg.: Ica (flag).
11/15/14      update to Burkina Faso (constitution restored).
11/04/14      update to Ukraine: Lugansk Republic (flag).
10/31/14      update to Burkina Faso (constitution suspended).
07/22/14      update to Thailand (new constitution).
05/22/14      update to Thailand (constitution suspended).
03/17/14      update to Crimea (constitution, currency).
03/07/14      update to West Virginia (state song).
01/27/14      update to Tunisia (new constitution).
01/18/14      update to Egypt (new constitution).
01/01/14      updates to Latvia (currency), Vietnam (constitution).
12/26/13      update to Russia reg.: Ulyanovsk (flag).
10/25/13      update to Cabo Verde (polity name).
09/06/13      update to Fiji (new constitution).
07/29/13      update to Montserrat (national anthem).
07/15/13      update to Paraguay (flag).
07/03/13      update to Egypt (constitution suspended).
06/26/13      update to WMO (flag).
06/17/13      update to ACP (flag).
05/22/13      update to Zimbabwe (new constitution).
05/11/13      update to Ascension Island (flag).
04/30/13      update to The Netherlands (national holiday).
03/25/13      updates to Central African Rep. (constitution suspended) and
                Indonesia prov.: Aceh (flag).
03/13/13      update to Vatican City (national holiday).
01/08/13      update to Libya (state name).
01/03/13      update to Palestine (country name).
12/25/12      update to Egypt (new constitution).
10/15/12      update to Turks and Caicos (new constitution).
09/03/12      update to British Virgin Is. (local anthem).
08/01/12      update to Somalia (new constitution, anthem, country name).
05/28/12      update to Malawi (flag).
05/01/12      update to Belarus (flag).
04/25/12      update to St. Barthélemy (local holiday, moved to 9 Oct [1847]
                from 27 May [1848]).
03/22/12      update to to Mali (constitution suspended until 1 Apr 2012).
03/01/12      update to Tokelau (anthem).
02/27/12      update to Syria (new constitution).
02/07/12      update to Peru reg.: Puno (flag).
01/01/12      update to Hungary (constitution). 
09/27/11      update to Montserrat (new constitution).
08/26/11      update to Argentina prov.: Catamarca (flag).
08/23/11      update to Libya (flag, anthem, constitution).
07/29/11      update to Morocco (new constitution).
07/09/11      update to South Sudan (anthem, constitution, currency, flag).
06/28/11      update to Org. of Islamic Cooperation (flag).
06/01/11      update to Russia rep.: Mari El (flag). 
05/25/11      update to Belgium reg.: Wallonia-Brussels (name).
03/09/11      update to U.S. state: Utah (flag).
02/13/11      update to Egypt (constitution suspended).
01/01/11      updates to Estonia, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius (currencies).
12/16/10      update to Argentina prov.: Córdoba (flag).
12/15/10      update to OECD (flag).
12/11/10      update to Madagascar (constitution).
11/25/10      update to Niger (constitution).
11/22/10      update to U.S. state: Louisiana (flag).
10/26/10      update to Saint-Martin (local flag).
10/21/10      updates to Myanmar (Burma) (flag, country name).
10/10/10      updates to Curaçao and Sint Maarten (constitutions).
08/27/10      update to Kenya (constitution).
08/07/10      update to Malawi (flag).
07/13/10      update to New Caledonia (flag).
07/02/10      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
05/07/10      update to Guinea (constitution).
04/13/10      update to Argentina prov.: Tucumán (flag).
03/04/10      update to Pitcairn (constitution order).
02/26/10      update to Dominican Rep. (constitution).
02/18/10      update to update to Niger (constitution suspended).
02/17/10      update to Russia kray: Kamchatka (flag).
02/12/10      update to Peru reg.: Pasco (flag).
02/05/10      update to Angola (constitution).
01/31/10      update to African Union (flag).
01/29/10      update to French Guiana (flag).
12/22/09      update to Somalia: Puntland (flag).
11/06/09      updates to Cayman Islands (new constitution).
10/21/09      update to Tokelau (flag).
09/28/09      update to North Korea (constitution).
09/23/09      update to Russia oblast: Arkhangelsk (flag).
09/01/09      update to Saint Helena (constitution, country name).
08/18/09      update to Niger (constitution).
08/14/09      update to Turks and Caicos (constitution suspended).
06/02/09      update to Belarus oblast: Vitebsk (flag).
04/12/09      update to Zimbabwe (currency).
03/25/09      update to Argentina prov.: Rio Negro (flag).
03/18/09      update to Bolivia (state name).
02/27/09      update to Ukraine prov.: Zakarpattya (flag). 
02/07/09      update to Bolivia (constitution).
01/01/09      updates to Falklands (constitution), Slovakia and Turkey (currency).
12/15/08      update to Turmenistan (anthem).
10/30/08      update to Poland: Dolnoslaskie (flag). 
10/22/08      update to Ecuador (constitution).
09/26/08      update to Turkmenistan (constitution).
08/07/08      update to Maldives (constitution).
07/18/08      update to Bhutan (constitution).
07/16/08      update to Republika Srpska (anthem).
06/26/08      update to New Caledonia (anthem).
06/15/08      update to Kosovo (constitution).
06/11/08      update to Kosovo (anthem).
05/29/08      updates to Tokelau (flag) and Myanmar (Burma) (constitution).
05/28/08      update to Nepal (country name).
05/18/08      update to Myanmar (draft constitution).
02/17/08      update to Kosovo (flag).
01/22/08      update to Iraq (flag).
01/01/08      updates to Cyprus, Britsh Sovereign Base Areas, Malta and Venezuela
10/23/07      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
10/22/07      update to Montenegro (constitution, country name).
10/11/07      update to Chechnya-Ichkeria (constitution, flag).
08/19/07      update to Thailand (constitution).
08/03/07      update to Nepal (anthem).
06/19/07      update to British Virgin Islands (constitution).
01/15/07      update to Nepal (constitution).
01/09/07      update to The Sudan (currency).
01/02/07      update to Gibraltar (constitution).
01/01/07      update to Slovenia (currency)
12/10/06      update to Nagorno-Karabakh (constitution).
11/10/06      update to Serbia (constitution).
11/09/06      update to Kyrgyzstan (constitution).
10/04/06      update to Lesotho (flag).
10/01/06      update to Palau (capital).
08/09/06      update to Turks and Caicos (constitution).
07/06/06      update to Mongolia (anthem lyrics).
06/21/06      update to OECS (flag).
05/14/06      update to Afghanistan (anthem).
03/07/06      update to Venezuela (flag).
02/18/06      update to Congo (Kinshasa) (flag and constitution).
01/06/06      update to Kazakhstan (anthem).
11/08/05      update to Myanmar (Burma) (capital)
10/25/05      update to Iraq (constitution). 
07/26/05      update to Swaziland (constitution). 
07/09/05      update to The Sudan (constitution).
04/24/05      update to Vatican City (national holiday).
02/28/05      update to Burundi (constitution).
01/09/05      update to Zanzibar (flag).
01/01/05      updates to Madagascar (currency) and Turkey (currency).
11/16/04      update to Sint Eustatius (flag).
11/05/04      update to Rodrigues Island (flag).
08/18/04      update to Chechnya (flag).
08/17/04      update to Serbia (state flag).
07/20/04      update to Georgia (Adjaria flag).
07/12/04      update to Montenegro (flag and anthem). 
06/28/04      update to Iraq (flag and anthem)
04/23/04      update to Georgia (anthem).
03/08/04      update to Iraq (constitution).
02/28/04      update to Vojvodina (flag).
01/26/04      update to Afghanistan (constitution).
01/14/04      update to Georgia (flag).
01/04/04      update to Afghanistan (flag).
05/26/03      update to Rwanda (constitution).
05/08/03      update to U.S. state of Georgia (flag).
02/04/03      update to Serbia & Montenegro (constitution).
10/20/02      update to Tristan da Cunha (flag)
06/27/02      update to Afghanistan (flag).
02/14/02      update to Bahrain (flag).
01/28/02      update to Afghanistan (flag).
01/26/02      update to Christmas Island (flag).
01/07/02      update to Comoros (flag).
01/01/02      update to Rwanda (flag).
01/01/02      update to European Union (currency).

 International Organization Membership Updates

10/27/16      Cook Islands the 189th member of WIPO.
10/13/16      Maldives withdraws from the Commonwealth.
09/21/16      Myanmar and Swaziland the 165th & 166th members of CTBTO.
09/19/16      IOM becomes part of the UN system.
09/10/16      French Polynesia, New Caledonia full members of PIF.
08/19/16      Australia withdraws from UNWTO.
07/29/16      Afghanistan the 164th member of WTO.
07/14/16      Liberia the 163rd member of WTO.
07/01/16      Latvia the 35th member of OECD.
06/30/16      China, Solomon Islands & Tuvalu members of IOM.
06/16/16      Azerbaijan the 168th member of ISA.
06/13/16      The Bahamas the 121st member of PCA.
06/04/16      Saint Martin an associate member of ACS.
04/29/16      South Arabia admitted to the UNPO.
04/12/16      Nauru the 189th member of IBRD and IMF.
04/17/16      Djibouti the 120th member of PCA.
04/07/16      Martinique the 3rd associate member of OECS.
03/20/16      Comoros, Egypt and Guyana rejoin the IPU.
03/08/16      Fiji the 102nd member of IMSO.
03/03/16      El Salvador the 124th member of ICCt.
03/02/16      South Sudan the 6th member of EAC.
02/24/16      Tonga the 187th member of ILO.
02/16/16      Turkmenistan the 168th member of IAEA.
02/09/16      Kiribati the 170th member of UNIDO.
01/16/16      the AIIB opens.
01/15/16      China the 67th member of EBRD.
01/05/16      Kosovo the 119th member of PCA.
01/01/16      Indonesia rejoins OPEC.
12/31/15      Belgium withdraws from UNIDO.
12/31/15      Brazil the 28th member of CDB.
12/29/15      Palestine the 118th member of PCA.
12/04/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of IFRCS.
11/30/15      Kazakhstan the 162nd member of WTO.
11/23/15      Eritrea, Kiribati, Saint Kitts & Nevis,
                Saint Lucia, São Tomé & Príncipe join the IOM.
11/20/15      Barbados the 167th member of IAEA.
11/18/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of ICRM.
11/11/15      Ecuador the 101st member of IMSO.
11/06/15      District of Columbia admitted to UNPO.
11/03/15      Montserrat the 10th associate member of UNESCO.
10/16/15      Angola the 192nd member of OPCW.
10/14/15      Antigua and Barbuda the 166th member of IAEA.
10/13/15      Iceland the 53rd member of ANT.
10/09/15      Norway withdraws from UNWTO.
09/14/15      Barbados and Samoa become members of UNWTO.
09/09/15      Vanuatu the 165th member of IAEA.
08/07/15      Myanmar the 191st member of OPCW.
08/06/15      Kyrgyzstan the 5th member of EAEU.
08/02/15      South Sudan the 206th member of IOC.
07/17/15      Bolivia the 6th member of Mercosur.
07/01/15      Bretagne admitted to UNPO.
06/12/15      Cook Islands the 186th member of ILO.
05/25/15      Rwanda rejoins the ECCAS.
05/13/15      Palestine the 180th member of WCO.
04/30/15      South Sudan the 80th member of AfDB.
04/26/15      Seychelles the 161st member of WTO.
04/01/15      Palestine the 123rd member of ICCt.
03/20/15      Angola the 164th member of CTBTO.
03/26/15      Brunei the 85th member of IHO.
03/23/15      Mongolia the 52nd member of ANT.
03/22/15      Georgia the 117th member of PCA.
03/16/15      Marshall Islands the 170th member of UNIDO.
03/06/15      Djibouti the 164th member of IAEA.
03/02/15      Georgia and Vietnam the 83rd and 84th 
                members of IHO.
02/16/15      Micronesia, Montenegro and Palau join IFAD.
02/10/15      Palestine the 191st member of NPT.
02/02/15      Order of Malta an associate of PAM.
01/27/15      Guyana the 163rd member of IAEA.
01/27/15      Kazakhstan the 51st member of ANT.
01/12/15      Georgia the 100th member of IMSO.
01/08/15      Niue the 188th member of WIPO.
01/02/15      Palestine the 167th member of ISA.
01/02/15      Armenia the 4th member of EAEU.
01/01/15      Eurasian Economic Union est.
12/31/14      Portugal withdraws from UNIDO.
12/09/14      Brazil and UAE the 26th & 27th members of UNRWA.
11/28/14      Amazigh, Sulu & Trieste admitted to UNPO.
11/25/14      Samoa the 157th member of IOM.
11/18/14      Jordan the 99th member of IMSO.
10/22/14      Kosovo the 205th member of IOC.
10/20/14      São Tomé & Príncipe the 116th member of PCA.
10/02/14      Zambia the 171st member of IMO.
09/02/14      Congo (Brazzaville) the 163rd member of CTBTO.
08/06/14      Tokelau the 3rd associate member of PIF.
07/23/14      Equatorial Guinea the 9th member of CPLP.
06/28/14      Savoy admitted and Aceh & Talysh rejoin UNPO.
06/26/14      Yemen the 160th member of WTO.
06/19/14      Macedonia the 156th member of IOM.
06/04/14      Tuvalu the 187th member of WIPO.
05/29/14      Luxembourg the 79th member of AfDB.
03/17/14      Tonga the 164h member of IPU.
03/04/14      Niue the 162nd member of CTBTO.
02/19/14      Russia the 173rd member of IFAD.
02/18/14      Brunei Darussalam the 162nd member of to IAEA.
02/14/14      Guadeloupe, Martinique and Sint Maarten
                separate associate members of ACS.
02/10/14      Guyana the 52nd member of ISESCO.
01/07/14      The Bahamas the 161st member of to IAEA.
01/01/14      Mayotte becomes an outermost region of EU.
12/31/13      New Zealand withdraws from UNIDO.
12/12/13      Suriname the 27th member of CDB.
12/03/13      Montenegro the 82nd member of IHO.
11/26/13      Fiji, Iceland, Marshall Islands and Turkmenistan join IOM.
11/25/13      San Marino the 160th member of to IAEA.
11/22/13      Barotseland admitted & West Papua rejoins the UNPO.
11/12/13      Cyprus and South Sudan join the IFRCS.
11/05/13      Anguilla the 9th associate member of UNESCO.
10/29/13      Turkey the 78th member of AfDB.
10/15/13      North Korea the 98th member of IMSO.
10/07/13      Bhutan joins and Somalia rejoins the IPU.
10/02/13      The Gambia withdraws from The Commonwealth
09/27/13      Iraq the 161st member of CTBTO.
09/24/13      Guinea-Bissau the 160th member of CTBTO.
09/14/13      Syria the 190th member of OPCW.
08/07/13      Niger the 166th member of ISA.
07/19/13      Kiribati the 186th member of WIPO.
07/01/13      Croatia the 28th member of the EU.
06/29/13      Somalia the 189th member of OPCW.
06/27/13      Dominican Rep. the 8th member of SICA.
06/18/13      South Sudan the 189th member of ICRM.
06/17/13      Malawi and Suriname the 150th & 151st members of IOM.
06/15/13      Brunei, Singapore, and South Sudan to join FAO.
05/14/13      Trinidad and U.A.E. rejoin the UNWTO.
05/01/13      Côte d'Ivoire the 122nd member of ICCt. 
04/26/13      Guadeloupe & Martinique separate associate members of ACS.
03/02/13      Tajikistan the 159th member of WTO.
02/15/13      Swaziland the 159th member of to IAEA.
02/13/13      Nauru, Tuvalu and Vanuatu join IFAD.
02/08/13      Chad the 159th member of CTBTO.
02/02/13      Laos the 158th member of WTO.
01/10/13      Brunei the 158th member of CTBTO.
01/08/13      East Timor the 165th member of ISA.
12/31/12      Lithuania & U.K. withdraw from UNIDO.
12/22/12      Latvia withdraws from UNWTO.
12/17/12      Kosovo the 66th member of EBRD.
12/15/12      Canada withdraws from UNFCC-Kyoto Protocol.
12/14/12      South Sudan the 185th member of WMO.
12/05/12      Estonia the 169th member of IFAD.
11/29/12      Myanmar & Papua New Guinea the 148th & 149th members of IOM.
11/27/12      St. Vincent the 147th member of IOM.
11/21/12      Mongolia the 57th member of OSCE.
11/21/12      Uganda the 51st member of ISESCO.
11/09/12      Trinidad & Tobago the 158th member of IAEA.
11/02/12      Fiji the 157th member of IAEA.
11/01/12      Togo the 156th member of IAEA.
10/13/12      Armenia the 54th member & Qatar an associate of OIF.
10/04/12      Somalia the 179th member of WCO.
09/24/12      Ecuador & Swaziland the 163rd & 164th members of ISA
09/22/12      Tuvalu the 184th member of WMO.
09/07/12      Bulgaria withdraws from the ITSO.
09/04/12      Rwanda the 155th member of IAEA. 
08/24/12      Vanuatu the 157th member of WTO.
08/22/12      Russia the 156th member of WTO.
07/31/12      Venezuela the 5th member of Mercosur. 
07/18/12      South Sudan the 178th member of WCO.
07/07/12      Lezgin admitted to UNPO.
07/01/12      Guatemala the 121st member of ICCt. 
06/21/12      Uzbekistan withdraws from the CSTO.
06/01/12      Myanmar rejoins the UNWTO
05/29/12      Palau the 185th member of ILO.
05/12/12      Canada withdraws from the UNWTO
05/10/12      Samoa the 155th member of WTO
04/29/12      Montenegro the 154th member of WTO
04/25/12      Saudi Arabia the 27th member of Colombo Plan.
04/24/12      Somalia the 26th member of Intersputnik.
04/20/12      Cameroon the 81st member of IHO.
04/18/12      South Sudan the 188th member of IMF and World Bank (IBRD).
04/13/12      South Sudan the 184th member of ILO.
04/09/12      Niue the 158th ratification of CTBT.
04/05/12      South Sudan and Myanmar join the IPU.
04/04/12      Papua New Guinea the 154th member of IAEA.
03/02/12      Vanuatu the 185th member of WIPO.      
03/01/12      Pakistan the 50th member of ANT.
02/22/12      South Sudan the 168th member of IFAD.
02/26/12      Bangladesh the 115th member of PCA.
02/17/12      Dominica the 153rd member of IAEA.
02/10/12      South Sudan the 8th member of IGAD.
02/06/12      Indonesia the 157th ratification of CTBT.
02/01/12      Vanuatu the 120th member of ICCt. 
01/12/12      Guatemala the 156th ratification of CTBT.
              and Luxembourg the 25th member of UNRWA.
01/01/12      Cape Verde the 119th member of ICCt. 
12/29/11      Vietnam the 114th member of PCA;
12/29/11      Jordan & Tunisia the 64th & 65th members of ERBD.
12/27/11      Albania the 113th member of PCA.
12/19/11      Colombia the 60th member of BIS.
12/16/11      United Arab Emirates the 59th member of BIS.
12/05/11      Antigua & Barbuda, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, 
                Ethiopia, Guyana, Maldives, Micronesia, 
                Mozambique, Nauru, South Sudan, Seychelles, 
                Vanuatu and Vatican City join the IOM.
12/01/11      Maldives the 118th member of ICCt. 
11/23/11      Palestine the 195th member of UNESCO.
11/23/11      Maldives the 187th member of ICRC and IFRCS.
11/10/11      South Sudan the 191st member of ICAO.
11/04/11      Laos the 152nd member of IAEA.
11/01/11      The Philippines the 117th member of ICCt. 
10/31/11      Curaçao, St. Maarten & South Sudan join Interpol.
10/31/11      Malaysia the 49th signatory to Antarctic Treaty.
10/27/11      South Sudan the 194th member of UNESCO.
10/27/11      Tuvalu the 174th member of UNIDO.
10/25/11      Curaçao, St. Maarten associate members of UNESCO.
10/19/11      Chad joins the IPU.
10/13/11      South Sudan the 20th member of COMESA.
10/10/11      Liberia the 155th member of UNWTO.
10/04/11      South Sudan the 192nd member of UPU.
10/03/11      South Sudan the 193rd member of ITU.
09/29/11      Palau the 97th member of IMSO.
09/28/11      Mongolia the 96th member of IMSO.
09/27/11      South Sudan the 194th member of WHO.
09/22/11      Guinea the 155th ratification of CTBT.
09/18/11      Haratin admitted to UNPO.
09/08/11      Palau the 170th member of IMO.
09/01/11      Tunisia the 116th member of ICCt.
08/01/11      Grenada the 115th member of ICCt.
07/29/11      South Sudan the 54th member of African Union.
07/22/11      Peru the 58th member of BIS.
07/15/11      Luxembourg the 57th member of BIS.
07/14/11      South Sudan the 193rd member of UN & 194th member of UNCTAD.
07/13/11      Hungary the 167th member of IFAD.
07/08/11      IOC de-recognizes Netherlands Antilles NOC, leaving 204 members.
06/30/11      WEU is dissolved.
06/28/11      Org. of Islamic Conference renamed Org. of Islamic Cooperation.
06/25/11      Tokelau an associate member of FAO.
06/15/11      Grenada the 78th member of IRENA.
06/14/11      Ghana the 154th ratification of CTBT.
06/10/11      Philippines the 77th member of IRENA.
05/25/11      Azerbaijan and Fiji join Non-Aligned Movement.
05/15/11      Thailand the 162nd member of ISA.
05/10/11      WEU assembly last session closes.
04/19/11      Rwanda the 112th member of PCA.
04/16/11      Micronesia and Trinidad & Tobago join IPU.
02/19/11      Uzbekistan the 167th member of IFAD.
01/24/11      Yemen the 95th member of the IMSO.
01/01/11      Moldova the 114th member of ICCt.
12/09/10      Estonia the 34th member of the OECD.
12/10/10      Kuwait the 24th member of UNRWA.
12/02/10      Curaçao and Sint Maarten join Parlatino.
11/29/10      Botswana, Central African Republic, East Timor, 
                Lesotho and Swaziland join the IOM
11/24/10      Panama withdrew from PARLACEN.
11/01/10      Seychelles and St. Lucia the 112th & 113th members of ICCt.
10/28/10      Andorra the 26th member of PAM.
09/28/10      Malawi the 161st member of ISA.
09/26/10      Moro admitted to UNPO.
09/07/10      Israel the 33rd member of the OECD
08/24/10      East Timor the 192nd member of ITU.
08/19/10      Guinea-Bissau the 177th member of WCO.
07/21/10      Slovenia the 32nd member of the OECD 
07/17/10      Philippines the 111th member of PCA.
07/08/10      International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) est.
06/24/10      Tuvalu the 187th member of IMF and World Bank.
06/01/10      Bangladesh the 111th member of ICCt.
05/26/10      Central African Republic and Trindad & Tobago 
                the 152nd and 153rd members of CTBTO.
05/07/10      Chile the 31st member of the OECD
03/28/10      Seychelles the 155th member of IPU.
02/06/10      Ogaden admitted to UNPO.
01/29/10      Portugal the 48th Antarctic Treaty member. 
12/04/09      East Timor the 183rd member of WMO.
11/28/09      Rwanda the 54th member of The Commonwealth.
11/23/09      Cambodia rejoins as 151st member of IAEA.
11/17/09      Vanuatu the 176th member of WCO.
10/28/09      Marshall Islands the 151st member of CTBTO.
10/22/09      Montenegro the 150th member of ITSO.
10/13/09      Samoa admitted as the 188th member of Interpol.
10/12/09      Faroe Islands the 7th associate member of UNESCO;
                Antigua & Barbuda the 94th member of IMSO.
10/07/09      Madagascar the 110th member of PCA.
10/05/09      UK withdraws and Vanuatu the 154th member of UNWTO.
10/01/09      Czech Republic the 110th member of ICCt.
09/23/09      Saint Vincent & the Grenadines the 150th member of CTBTO
                São Tomé & Príncipe the 175th member of WCO.
09/01/09      Chile Republic the 109th member of ICCt.
08/18/09      Georgia withdraws from the CIS.
08/17/09      Liberia the 149th member of CTBTO.
08/14/09      Chad the 160th member of ISA.
07/15/09      Congo (Brazzaville) the 150th member of IAEA.
07/13/09      Lesotho the 149th member of IAEA.
06/24/09      Bahrain and Burundi the 147th & 148th members of IAEA.
06/30/09      Uganda the 169th member of IMO.
06/29/09      Namibia and Trinidad & Tobago join IOM as 126th & 127th members;
                Kosovo the 186th member of IMF and World Bank (IBRD).
05/21/09      The Bahamas the 188th member of OPCW.
05/15/09      Maldives the 183rd member of ILO.
04/26/09      Dominican Republic the 187th member of OPCW.
04/01/09      Albania and Croatia the 27th & 28th members of NATO.
02/18/09      Marshall Islands the 166th member of IFAD.
02/12/09      Iraq the 186th member of OPCW.
02/05/09      Oman the 146th member of IAEA.
01/05/09      United Arab Emirates the 109th member of PCA.
01/12/09      China the 48th member of IADB.
01/01/09      Indonesia withdraws from OPEC.
12/20/08      Lebanon the 185th member of OPCW.
12/11/08      Samoa the 173rd member of UNIDO.
10/15/08      Comoros, Oman, Palestine and Sierra Leone join IPU.
10/07/08      Vatican City admitted as the 187th member of Interpol.
10/01/08      Cook Islands & Suriname the 107th & 108th members of ICCt.
09/25/08      Romania an associate of PAM.
09/23/08      Norway the 153rd member of UNWTO
09/20/08      Gilgit-Baltistan admitted to UNPO.
08/29/08      Bahrain the 108th member of PCA.
08/20/09      Vanuatu the 93rd member of IMSO.
08/17/08      Seychelles rejoin the SADC.
07/23/08      Cape Verde the 153rd member of WTO. 
07/18/08      Cook Islands the 168th member of IMO.
07/08/08      Nepal the 145th member of IAEA.
07/04/08      Bosnia and Hercegovina the 174th member of WCO.
06/19/08      Guinea-Bissau the 184th member of OPCW.
06/18/08      India, Mongolia and Somalia join IOM.
06/01/08      Madagascar the 106th member of ICCt.
05/30/08      Monaco the 47th country to ratify Antarctic Treaty.
05/27/08      Tuvalu the 182nd member of ILO.
05/23/08      Burma and Afrikaners admitted to UNPO.
05/16/08      Ukraine the 152nd member of WTO.
05/15/08      update: UNASUR formed by all South American nations.
05/14/08      Turkey the 78th member of African Development Bank.
05/12/08      update to Commonwealth: Pakistan re-admitted.
04/22/08      Belize the 173rd member of WCO.
04/18/08      Lesotho the 150th member of IPU.
04/12/08      East Timor joins the IPU.
03/19/08      Djibouti the 172nd member of WCO.
03/01/08      Pakistani Balochistan admitted to UNPO.
02/28/08      The Bahamas the 165th member of IFAD.
01/03/08      Congo (Brazzaville) the 183rd member of OPCW.

  2016 International & U.S. Elections



Election Type

 4 Jan 2016 Marshall Islands
president (indirect)
 7 Jan 2016 Kiribati
(2nd round)
10 Jan 2016 Catalonia (Spain)
(by parliament)
16 Jan 2016
Republic of China

17 Jan 2016
president (runoff)
17 Jan 2016
Veneto Region

advisory referendum
on independence
22 Jan 2016
24 Jan 2016
president (runoff)
24 Jan 2016
27 Jan 2016
Marshall Islands
president (indirect)
31 Jan 2016
Central African Rep.
president (runoff)
14 Feb 2016
Central African Rep.
president (runoff)
14 Feb 2016
interim president
(by parliament)
18 Feb 2016
21 Feb 2016
referendum on new
presidential term
21 Feb 2016
21-22 Feb 2016
25 Feb 2016
26 Feb 2016
parliament, senate
26 Feb 2016
26 Feb 2016
(by parliament)
28 Feb 2016
28 Feb 2016
Feb - 19 Mar 2016
Western Sahara
 3-24 Mar 2016
New Zealand
referendum on flag
(2nd round)
 4 Mar 2016
 5 Mar 2016
 6 Mar 2016
 9 Mar 2016
 9 Mar 2016
Tristan da Cunha
(Saint Helena)
island council
15 Mar 2016
(by parliament)
15 Mar 2016
Juneau, AK (US)
17 Mar 2016
(by parliament)

(date moved up)
18 Mar 2016
Isle of Man (UK)
local authority
20 Mar 2016
president (runoff)
20 Mar 2016
Cabo Verde
20 Mar 2016
Congo (Brazzaville)
20 Mar 2016
20 Mar 2016
20 Mar 2016
president (runoff)
20 Mar 2016
constitutional referendum
20 Mar 2016
Tibetan Exile Govt.
20 Mar 2016
Zanzibar (Tanzania)
president (rerun),
parliament (rerun)
 1 Apr 2016
San Marino
 2 Apr 2016
(by parliament)
 5 Apr 2016
Milwaukee, WI (US)
 8 Apr 2016
10 Apr 2016
10 Apr 2016
president (runoff)
10 Apr 2016
11-13 Apr 2016
Darfur (Sudan)
referendum on
13 Apr 2016
South Korea
13 Apr 2016
19 Apr 2016
(by parliament)
24 Apr 2016
24 Apr 2016
Equatorial Guinea
24 Apr 2016
president (runoff),

24 Apr 2016
Macedonia, FYR
24 Apr 2016
24 Apr 2016
Vojvodina (Serbia)
25 Apr 2016
senate (indirect)
27 Apr 2016 Guernsey (UK)
29 Apr 2016 Iran
parliament (runoff)
 3 May 2016 Norfolk, VA (US) mayor
 5 May 2016
Northern Ireland(UK)
 5 May 2016 Scotland (UK)
 5 May 2016 Wales (UK)
 9 May 2016 The Philippines
president, parliament, senate
 9 May 2016 Muslim Mindanao

11 May 2016 Comoros
president (runoff)
(partial re-run)
15 May 2016
Dominican Republic
president, parliament, senate
17 May 2016 Portland, OR (US)
22 May 2016
president (runoff)
22 May 2016
22 May 2016
constitutional referendum
22 May 2016
parliament, senate
28 May 2016
Norfolk Island

regional council
 1 Jun 2016
Somaliland (Somalia)
president, parliament, senate
 5 Jun 2016
Macedonia FYR
 5 Jun 2016
president (runoff)
 5 Jun 2016
 6 Jun 2016
Saint Lucia
 7 Jun 2016
Sacramento, CA (US)
 7 Jun 2016
San Diego, CA (US)
15 Jun 2016
Central State

president (indirect)
23 Jun 2016
United Kingdom
referendum on
EU membership
25 Jun 2016
26 Jun 2016
parliament (2nd try)
28 Jun 2016
Tulsa, OK (US) mayor
29 Jun 2016
 2 Jul 2016 Australia
parliament, senate
 6 Jul 2016 Norfolk Island

(by region council)

 9 Jul 2016 Nauru parliament
 9 Jul 2016 Western Sahara
(by parliament)
10 Jul 2016 Abkhazia (Georgia)
referendum on early
president election
10 Jul 2016
13 Jul 2016 Nauru
(by parliament)
17 Jul 2016 São Tomé and Príncipe president
18 Jul 2016 African Union
commission chair
(internal)(1st try)
 7 Aug 2016 São Tomé and Príncipe president (runoff)
 7 Aug 2016 Thailand
new constitution referendum
11 Aug 2016
president, parliament,

13 Aug 2016
Honolulu, HI (US)
28 Aug 2016
29 Aug 2016
president (1st try)
(by parliament)
30 Aug 2016
president (2nd try)
(by parliament)
30 Aug 2016
Key West, FL (US)
30 Aug 2016
Miami-Dade, FL (US) mayor
Aug 2016
South Ossetia (Georgia)
constitutional referendum (postponed)
 4 Sep 2016
Hong Kong (China)
legislative council

 8-10 Sep 2016
11 Sep 2016
11 Sep 2016
Cape Verde
11 Sep 2016
18 Sep 2016
Chechnya (Russia)
18 Sep 2016
20 Sep 2016
22 Sep 2016
Isle of Man (UK)
24 Sep 2016
president (3rd try)
24 Sep-10 Oct 2016
25 Sep 2016
Basque Country

25 Sep 2016
Republika Srpska
referendum on 9 Jan
Republika Srpska
national day

25 Sep 2016
senate (indirect)
25 Sep 2016
26 Sep 2016
26 Sep 2016
Sint Maarten (Neth.)
30 Sep 2016
Curaçao (Neth.)
 1 Oct 2016
San Marino
 2 Oct 2016 Austria
president (runoff)
 2 Oct 2016 Brčko District
city assembly
 2 Oct 2016 Cape Verde
 2 Oct 2016 Colombia
referendum on peace
process with FARC
 2 Oct 2016 Hungary
referendum on
EU migrant plan
 3 Oct 2016 Estonia
president (4th try)
(by parliament)
 5 Oct 2016 Curaçao (Neth.)
 5 Oct 2016 Sark (Guernsey)(UK)
president of
chief pleas

by chief pleas)
 6 Oct 2016 United Nations

 7-8 Oct 2016 Czech Republic
senate (indirect)
 7 Oct 2016
 8 Oct 2016
 9 Oct 2016 Haiti
president (re-run)
 9 Oct 2016
10 Oct 2016 Somalia
senate (indirect)
14 Oct 2016 Malaysia
(by rulers council)

15 Oct 2016
16 Oct 2016 Azores (Portugal) parliament
16 Oct 2016 Montenegro
18 Oct 2016 Hiiraan-Shabelle
president (indirect)
23 Oct 2016 Lithuania
(2nd round)
23 Oct-10 Nov 2016 Somalia
29 Oct 2016 Iceland
30 Oct 2016 Côte d'Ivoire
30 Oct 2016 Moldova
30 Oct 2016 Somalia
by parliament)
31 Oct 2016 Lebanon
president (45th try)
(by parliament)
 1 Nov 2016
president, senate,

 6 Nov 2016
referendum on
political reforms
 6 Nov 2016
 7 Nov 2016
president, parliament
 8 Nov 2016
American Samoa (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Puerto Rico (US)
 8 Nov 2016
United States
president, senate,
house of rep.

 8 Nov 2016
Delaware (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Indiana (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Missouri (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Montana (US)
 8 Nov 2016
New Hampshire (US)
 8 Nov 2016
North Carolina (US)
 8 Nov 2016
North Dakota (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Oregon (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Utah (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Vermont (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Washington (US)
 8 Nov 2016
West Virginia (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Baltimore, MD (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Fresno, CA (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Honolulu, HI (US)
mayor (runoff)
 8 Nov 2016
Key West, FL (US)
mayor (runoff)
 8 Nov 2016
Miami-Dade, FL (US)
mayor (runoff)
 8 Nov 2016
Richmond, VA (US)
 8 Nov 2016
San Diego, CA (US)
 8 Nov 2016
San Juan, PR (US)
 8 Nov 2016
Washington, DC (US)
statehood referendum
20 Nov 2016
Gagauzia (Moldova)
local assembly
20 Nov 2016
20 Nov 2016
San Marino
26 Nov 2016
Alderney (Guernsey)
26 Nov 2016
27 Nov 2016
Congo (Kinshasa)

30 Nov 2016
president (2nd try)
(by parliament)
30 Nov 2016
Turks & Caicos (UK) parliament
Nov 2016
Brčko District
(by city assembly
 1 Dec 2016
The Gambia
 4 Dec 2016
president (runoff)
 4 Dec 2016
referendum on
constitution changes
 4 Dec 2016
 4 Dec 2016
 7 Dec 2016

11 Dec 2016
Macedonia FYR
11 Dec 2016
parliament, senate
11 Dec 2016
Transnistria (Moldova)
15 Dec 2016
Somaliland (Somalia)
Dec 2016
Côte d'Ivoire
Dec 2016
Dec 2016
Pitcairn Island (UK)
Dec 2016
Sark (Guernsey)(UK)
Dec 2016
(by parliament)
 8 Jan 2017
president (runoff)
17 Jan 2017
Tobago (Trinidad
and Tobago)

local assembly
29 Jan 2017
president (runoff)
 5 Feb 2017
12 Feb 2017
(by parliament)
12 Feb 2017 Turkmenistan
19 Feb 2017

21 Feb 2017
Marshall Islands
constitutional convention representatives

Sources: Herrera Electoral Calendar, IFES Election Guide, Ballotpedia and IPU .

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