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Cyprus
 
[Ottoman
                                    Syria (to 1918)]
   1571 - 5 Nov 1914 (de facto 22 Jul 1878) 
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
                      22 Jul  1878 - 1881 
 
[Cyprus Blue Ensign 1881 -
                                    1922]
                          1881 - 31 Aug 1922
 
[Cyprus Blue Ensign 1922 -
                                    1960]
                  31 Aug 1922 - 16 Aug 1960
 
[Cyprus flag Apr - Aug 1960]
              6 Apr 1960 - 16 Aug 1960
 
[Cyprus
                                    flag 1960 - 2006]
             16 Aug 1960 - 20 Apr 2006
 
[Cyprus]
               Adopted 20 Apr 2006
 


Map of Cyprus Hear National Anthem
"Ýmnos eis tin Eleftherian"
(Hymn to Freedom)
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 16 Nov 1966
Constitution
(16 Aug 1960)
Capital: Nicosia Currency: Euro (EUR);
 Cypriot Pound (CYP)
1914 - 1 Jan 2008
National Holiday: 1 Oct (1960)
Independence Day
Population: 1,221,549 (2017)
GDP: $29.7 billion (2016)
Exports: $2.63 billion (2016)
Imports: $6.04 billion (2016)
Ethnic groups: Greek 98.8%, other 1% (includes Maronite, Armenian, Turkish-Cypriot), unspecified 0.2% (2011)
Total Active Armed Forces: 10,050 (2010)
Greek Troops: 1,150 (2006)
UNFICYP Force: 1,107 (2017)
Merchant marine: 838 ships (2010)
Religions: Orthodox Christian 89.1%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Protestant/Anglican 2%, Muslim 1.8%, Buddhist 1%, other
(includes Maronite, Armenian Church, Hindu) 1.4%, unknown
1.1%, none/atheist 0.6% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: AG, AIIB (applicant), APM, BTWC, C, CE, CERN (associate), CTBT, DC (observer), EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ENMOD, ESA (cooperating state), EU, Euratom, Eutelsat, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM (guest), NSG, NPT, NTBT, OAS (observer), OIF (associate), OPCW, OSCE, OST, PAM, PCA, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNFCC-PA, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Cyprus Index
Chronology
12th - 11th cent. BC       Cypro-Phoenician local kingdoms formed.
c.730                      Cyprus, then consisting of several local kingdoms,
                             comes under suzerainty of the Assyria Empire
                             (possibly also under Babylonia after c.612).
c.560                      Local Cypriot kingdoms under the suzerainty of
                             the Kingdom of Egypt.
c.545 BC - 333 BC          Under suzerainty of Persian Empire (but not
                             organized as a separate satrapy).
333 BC - 316 BC            Under Macedonia (under Alexander III "the Great"
                             to Jun 323 BC).

316 BC - 306 BC            Under suzerainty of (Ptolemaic) Kingdom of Egypt 
                             (local kingdoms on Cyprus abolished in 312 BC).
306 BC - 294 BC            Part of (Antigonid) Macedonia.
294 BC - 58 BC             Part of (Ptolemaic) Kingdom of Egypt.
170 BC - 168 BC            Occupied by the Seleucid Empire.
58 BC - Sep 48 BC          Part of the Roman Republic (as Cilicia et Cyprus).
Sep 48 BC - 31 BC          Part of the Kingdom of Egypt under Cleopatra VII
                             (nominally a vassal of Rome).
31 BC - 395 AD             Part of the Roman (Republic to 27 BC) Empire  (as
                             Cilicia et Cyprus; from 22 BC, Provincia Cyprus).
17 Jan 395                 Part of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.
c.648                      Occupied by the Arab Caliphate (made a tributary
                             to the province of Syria).
654 - c.680                Occupied by the Arab (from 661, Umayyad) Caliphate.
c.680                      Byzantine rule restored (dividing island's revenue
                             with [from 750, Abbasid] Caliphate 685-Oct? 965).
911 - 912                  Occupied by the Abbasid Caliphate.
Apr 1185 - May 1191        Isaákios Doúkas "Komninós" establishes himself as
                             Byzantine governor of Cyprus and then declares
                             himself to be the rightful Byzantine Emperor.
May 1191                   King Richard I "the Lion-heart" (b. 1157 - d. 1199)
                             of England, en-route to the Holy Land, conquers
                             Cyprus. He leaves Cyprus on 5 Jun 1191 under
                             English administration.
Jul 1191                   Cyprus sold to Pauperes Commilitones Christi
                             Templique Salomonici Hierosolymitanis (Knights
                             Templar) for 100,000 gold dinars.
May 1192                   Cyprus transferred to the former king of the
                             Kingdom of Jerusalem (in compensation) in wake
                             of 5 Apr 1192 local Cypriot insurrection.
May 1192                   Lordship of Cyprus (under Lusignan [Liziniaco]
                             dynasty).
Sep 1197                   Kingdom of Cyprus (under Lusignan [Liziniaco]
                             [from 5 Dec 1267 Antiochia-Lusignan] dynasty).
Sep 1197 -  5 Mar 1247     Under suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire.
Jan 1198 -  1 Apr 1205     In personal union with the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
May 1229                   Imperial intervention.
 5 Mar 1247                King absolved from oath of fealty to Holy Roman
                             Emperor (by papal bull).
24 Sep 1269                Claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem acquired (by
                             coronation).
1291 -  9 Dec 1373         Famagusta (Ammóchostos) assimilated into the
                             Kingdom of Jerusalem.
 9 Dec 1373 - 30 Apr 1374  Genoese occupation.
30 Apr 1374 -  6 Jan 1464  Famagusta a Genoese possession by treaty (ratified
                             on 21 Oct 1374).
21 Oct 1374 - 12 May 1427  Tributary to the Republic of Genoa.
29 Nov 1393                With the death of King Levon V, the title "King of
                             Armenia" is added to style of the Kings of Cyprus
12 May 1427 - 1516         Tributary to Egyptian Mamelukes (confirmed 1428).
26 Feb 1485                Deposed Queen Charlotte sells her claims to the
                             crown of Cyprus to Charles, duc de Savoie in
                             return for an annual pension.
30 Jul 1488                Queen Catherine agrees to sell Cyprus to the
                             Venetian Republic.
26 Feb 1489                Venetian Republic takes possession of the Kingdom
                             of Cyprus (Regno di Cipro) formalized by ceremony
                             in Venice on 6 Jun 1489.
14 Mar 1489                Queen Catherine left Cyprus for Venice. 
25 Aug 1517 - 1570         Venetian Cyprus tributary to the Ottoman Empire.
 2 Jul 1570                Ottoman invasion begins.
 9 Sep 1570                Nicosia taken, Cyprus part of the Ottoman Empire
                            (as Eyalet of Cyprus [Eyalet-i Kıbrıs]; included
                             sanjaks of Alaiye, Tarsus, İçel, Sis, Zülkadriye
                             to 1610 & Trablusşam [Tarabulus/Tripoli] to 1573)
 5 Aug 1571                Last Venetian fortress, Famagusta, surrenders to 
                             the Ottomans.
 7 Mar 1573                Venice recognizes Cyprus as Ottoman by treaty.
1670 - 1703                Kıbrıs sanjak within the Djeza'ir-i Bahr-i Sefid 
                             Eyalet or the "Islands of the White Sea" [see
                             Dodecanese Islands]).
1703 – 1745                Kıbrıs a fief of the Ottoman Grand Viziers.
1745 – 1748                Kıbrıs Eyalet (restored).
1748 - 1784                Kıbrıs again a fief of the Ottoman Grand Viziers.
1764 - Aug 1766            Local rebellion.
1785 - 1839                Directly under the administration of the Imperial
                             Council (Divan-ı Hümâyűn).
1821 - 1822                Greek Cypriots support the Greek independence
                             effort, leading to severe reprisals by Ottomans.
18 Apr 1822 – 1829         Egyptian occupation (on behalf of Ottomans) during
                             Greek independence war.
1839 - 1861                Kıbrıs sanjak (restored) within the Djeza'ir-i
                             Bahr-i Sefid Eyalet.
1861 - 1868                Kıbrıs an independent mutasarrifate.
1868 - 1870                Kıbrıs sanjak (re-restored) within the Djeza'ir-i
                             Bahr-i Sefid Vilayet.
1870 - 30 Jun 1878         Kıbrıs an independent mutasarrifate (restored).
12 Jul 1878                British protectorate (under Ottoman suzerainty
                             to 5 Nov 1914) by 4 Jun 1878 Cyprus Convention.
 5 Nov 1914                British annexation (recognized by Treaty of Sčvres
                             10 Aug 1920 [not ratified]; confirmed by Treaty
                             of Lausanne 24 Jul 1923, effective 6 Aug 1924).
 1 May 1925                Colony of Cyprus.
15-22 Jan 1950             Referendum held by Orthodox Church of Cyprus
                             supports union (énosis) with Greece 96%-4% (not
                             recognized).
26 Nov 1955 -  4 Dec 1959  State of emergency declared.
16 Aug 1960                Republic of Cyprus, independent with Base Areas
                             remaining under U.K. jurisdiction.
20 Jul 1974                Turkey intervenes in Cyprus occupying the North.
13 Feb 1975                Turkish Federated State formed in Northern Cyprus.
15 Nov 1983                Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (recognized
                             only by Turkey).
24 Apr 2004                Greek Cypriots reject U.N. reunification plan in
                             referendum 75.8% vs. 24.2%.
Turkish Republic
of Northern
Cyprus
British Sovereign
Base Areas
UN Buffer Zone
Orthodox Church
of Cyprus
 
 
 
 
 

Despot (in rebellion)
Apr 1185 - May 1191        Isaákios Doúkas "Komninós"         (b. c.1155 - d. 1195/96)
                             (Isaac Ducas "Comnenus")
English Justiciars
 5 Jun 1191 - Jul 1191     Richard de Camville (to Jun 1191)  (b. 11.. - d. 1191)
                           + Robert de Turnham                (b. 11.. - d. 1211)
Knights Templar Grand Commander
Jul 1191 - May 1192        Arnald (Arnaut) de Bochart
                             (Arnaud Bouchard)
Lord
s of Cyprusą
May 1192 - 1194            Guy de Lusignan                    (b. c.1147 - d. 1194)
                            
(Guido de Liziniaco)
1194 - Sep
1197            Aimery de Lusignan                 (b. c.1145 - d. 1205)
                            
(Aymeric de Liziniaco)
Ki
ngs of Cyprusą
Sep 1197 -  1 Apr 1205     Aimery (Aymeric)                   (s.a.)
                             (and from Jan 1198, King of Jerusalem Aimery II)
 1 Apr 1205 - 10 Jan 1218  Hugues I (Hugo I)                  (b. 1194? - d. 1218)
 1 Apr 1205 - Sep 1210     Gautier de Montbéliard -Regent     (b. 117. - d. 1212)
10 Jan 1218 - 18 Jan 1254  Henri I "le Gros"                  (b. 1217 - d. 1254)
10 Jan 1218 -  3 May 1232  Alix (Alice) de Champagne(f)-Regent(b. c.1196 - d. 1246)
                             (
from 1223, retired to Syria)
10 Jan 1218 - 1227         Philippe d'Ibelin -Lieutenant      (b. 1180? - d. 1227)
                             (Phelippe de Ybellino)
1227 - May 1229            Jean d'Ibelin, seigneur de Beirut  (b. 1178 - d. 1236)
                            
(Johan de Ybellino) -Lieutenant
May 1229 - 14 Jul 1229     Bailiffs
                           - Aimery (
Aymeric) Barlais         (b. 11.. - d. bf.1253)
                           - Gauvain de Chenichy              (b. 11.. - d. 1230)
                           - Aimery (Aymeric) de Beisan 
                           - Hugues (Hugo) Embriaco de Giblet (b. 11.. - d. 1264?)
                           - Guillaume de Rivet               (b. 11.. - d. 1230)
                           (acting regents)
14 Jul 1229 -  3 May 1232  Jean d'Ibelin, seigneur de Beirut  (s.a.)
                             (Johan de Ybellino) -Regent
18 Jan 1254 -  5 Dec 1267  H
ugues II (Hugo II)                (b. 1252 - d. 1267)
18 Jan 1254 - 22 Sep 1261  Plaisance de Antiochia (f) -Regent (b. c.1237 - d. 1261)
22 Sep 1261 -  5 Dec 1267  Hugues (Hugo) de Antiochia -Regent (b. 123. - d. 1284)
 5 Dec 1267 - 24 Mar 1284  Hugues III (Hugo III)              (s.a.)
                            
(= Hugues de Antiochia)
24 Mar 1284 - 20 May 1285  Jean I (Johan I)                   (b. 1266? - d. 1285)

20 May 1285 - 31 Mar 1324  Henri II                           (b. 1270 – d. 1324)
                             (in Armenia exile Apr 1306 - 27 Aug 1310)
26 Apr 1306 -  5 Jun 1310  Amaury de Lusignan -Governor       (b. c.1271 - d. 1310)
 
5 Jun 1310 - 27 Aug 1310  Aimery de Lusignan -Constable      (b. c.1275 - d. 131.)
31 Mar 1324
– 10 Oct 1359  Hugues IV (Hugo IV)                (b. c.1295 – d. 1359)
10 Oct 1359 - 17 Jan 1369  Pierre I                           (b. 1328 – d. 1369)
Jul 1361 - 22 Sep 1361     Jean (Johan) de Lusignan, prince   (b. 1330? - d. 1375)
                             d'Antioche -
Regent (1st time)
24 Oct 1362 - 1365         Jean (Johan) de Lusignan, prince   (s.a.)
                             d'Antioche -Regent (2nd time)
17 Jan 1369 - 13 Oct 1382  Pierre II "le Gros"                (b. 1357 − d. 1382)

17 Jan 1369 - 15 Apr 1374  Regency
                           - Jean (Johan) de Lusignan, prince (s.a.)
                              
d'Antioche (3rd time)
                               (to 24 Dec 1371)
                           - Jacques de Lusignan              (b. 1334? – d. 1398)
13 Oct 1382 - 20 Sep 1398  Jacques I (crowned May 1385)       (s.a.)
                            
(= Jacques de Lusignan)
13 Oct 1382 - May 1385     Jean (Johan) de Brie -Governor
20 Sep 1398 - 28 Jun 1432  Janus                              (b. 1375 – d. 1432)

                             (Egyptian Mameluke prisoner 7 Jul 1426 - 12 May 1427)
 
7 Jul 1426 - 12 May 1427  Hugues (from 30 Nov 1426, Cardinal)(b. 138. - d. 1442)
                             de Lusignan,
archevęque
de
                             Nikosia
-Regent
28 Jun 1432 - 26 Jul 1458  Jean II (Johan II)                 (b. 1414? – d. 1458)
26 Jul 1458 – 26 Sep 1460  Charlotte (Charlotta) -Queen       (b. 1444 – d. 1487)
 
4 Oct 1459 - 26 Sep 1460  Louis (Loys) de Savoia, comte      (b. 1436 - d. 1482)
                             de Genčve -Co-ruler
26 Sep 1460 - 11 Jun 1473  Jacques II "le Bâtard"             (b. 1440? - d. 1473)

11 Jun 1473 - 28 Aug 1473  Catherine (f) -Regent (1st time)   (b. 1454 – d. 1510)
                            
(Katerina de Lusignano)
28 Aug 1473 - 26 Aug 1474  Jacques III                        (b. 1473 - d. 1474)
28 Aug 1473 - 26 Aug 1474  Catherine (f) -Regent (2nd time)   (s.a.)
Q
ueen of Cyprusą
26 Aug 1474 - 26 Feb 1489  Catherine (Katerina)               (s.a.)
Venetian Captain General of the Sea (Capitaneus generalis maris)

26 Feb 1489 - 1489         Francesco di Giovanni Priuli       (b. 1423 - d. 1491)
Venetian Lieutenants (Luogotenenti)
1489 - 1491                Francesco di Giacomo Barbarigo

1491 - 1493                Girolamo di Luca Pesaro
1493 - 1495                Giovanni di Luigi Donato
1495 - 1497                Andrea di Agostino Barbarigo       (b. 144. - d. 15..)
1497 - 1499                Cosimo di Paolo Pasqualigo
1499 - 1501                Andrea die Leone Venier 
1501 - 1503                Nicola di Giovanni Priuli
1503 - 1505                Pietro di Luigi Balbi
1505 - 1507                Cristoforo die Lorenzo Moro
1507 - 1509                Lorenzo di Bernardo Giustiniani
1509 - 1511                Nicola di Andrea Pesaro   
1511 - 1514                Paolo di Giusto Gradenigo
1514 - 1516                Donato di Antonio Marcello
1516 - 1518                Fantino di Girolamo Michiel
1518 - 1519                (Luigi) Alvise di Simone d'Armer
1519 - 1522                Sebastiano di Damiano Moro
1522 - 1523                Jacopo di Sebastiano Badoer
1523 - 1525                Domenico di Carlo Capello
1525 - 1527                Donato di Priamo di Lezze
1527 - 1529                Silvestro di Antonio Minio
 
6 Dec 1529 - 1531         Francesco di Vittorio Bragadin
25 Mar 1531 - 1533         Marcantonio di Domenico Trevisan   (b. 1475 - d. 1554)

15 Apr 1533 - 19 May 1535  Stefano di Paolo Tiepolo
1535 - 1536                Giovanni di Antonio Moro
10 Dec 1536 - 11 Oct 1538  Domenico di Niccolň da Mosto
21 Apr 1539 - 20 Apr 1541  Francesco di Giacomo Badoer
 
8 Sep 1540 - 1543         Cristoforo di Francesco Capello
18 Aug 1543 - 23 Sep 1545  Luigi di Bernardino Riva
29 Sep 1545 - 1547         Carlo di Francesco Capello
29 May 1547 - 1548         Vittorio di Andrea Barbarigo
16 Apr 1548 - 1550         Salvatore di Luca Michiel   
30 Jul 1550 - 1551         Alessandro di Imperiale Contarini  (b. c.1480 - d. 1564)

1551 - 1553                Francesco di Marco Capello
1553 - 1555                Marco di Niccolň Grimani
1555 - 1557                Gianbattista di Andrea Donato
1557 - 1559                Giovanni di Federico Renier
1559 - 1561                Giovanni die Daniele Barbaro
1561 - 1563                Pietro di Bernardo Navagero
1563 - 1565                David di Pietro Trevisan
1565 - 1566                Pandolfo di Giusto Guoro
1566 - 1567                Nicola di Marco Querini   
1567 -  9 Sep 1570         Nicola di Girolamo Dandolo         (b. 15.. - d. 1570)
Venetian General Superintendents (Provveditori generali di Regno di Cipro)
 2 May 1520 -  9 Feb 1537  Zaccaria di Luca Loredano 
 9 Feb 1537 - 12 Mar 1551  Francesco di Vittorio Bragadino  
12 Mar 1551 - 14 Jul 1561  Sebastiano Venier                  (b. 1496 - d. 1578)
14 Jul 1561 - 27 Sep 1562  Matteo di Luigi Bembo
27 Sep 1562 - 22 Jan 1565  Bernardo di Gianangelo Sagredo
22 Jan 1565 - 20 Jan 1566  Antonio di Niccolň Bragadino
20 Jan 1566 - 20 Aug 1568  Francesco di Luigi Barbaro
20 Aug 1568 -  9 Sep 1570  Lorenzo di Matteo Bembo       

 9 Sep 1570 -  5 Aug 1571  Marcantonio Bragadin          
     (b. 1523 - d. 1571)
                            
(capitano del Regno di Cipro, in Famagusta)
Ottoman Beylerbey

1570 - 1571                Lala Mustafa Pasha                 (b. c.1500 – d. 1580)
1571                       Muzzafar Pasha
1571 - ....                Sinan Pasha
Mütesellim

1670 - 1703
c.1685                     Baba Hasan Pasha
1680s                      Boyacıoğlu Mehmed Agha
                             (in rebellion)
168. - 168.                Bosnak Ahmed Pasha?
168. - 168.                Çelak Ahmed Pasha?
1689 - 1690                Halebli Ahmed Pasha
1690 - 1691                Kinci Ali Pasha
1691 - 1691/92             Sürmli Ali Pasha
1691/92 - 1692             Sarikçi Mustafa
1692 - 1693                Distari Mehmed Pasha
1693                       Kalaylikoz Ahmed
1693 - 1694                Kandilci Huseyin Pasha
1694 - 169.                Bosnak Huseyin Pasha
1696 - 1697                Bahri Mehmed Pasha
1697 - 1698                Midillini Mustafa Pasha
1698 - 1699                Midillini Ismail Pasha
1699 - 17..                Seyyid Ahmed Pasha
1702 - 170.                Devrikli Ibrahim Pasha
Muhassıl
1703 - 1704                Rami Mehmed Pasha                  (b. 1654 - d. 1706)
1704 - 1716                ....
1716 - 1718                Köprülüzade Damad Numan Pasha      (b. 1670 - d. 1719)
1719 - 1745                ....
Wali
1745 - 1746                ....
1746 - 1748                Ebubekir Pasha                     (b. 1670 - d. 1757/58)
Muhassıl
1748 - 1740                Abdallah Pasha

1750 - 1758                ....
1758 - 1764                Çil Osman Agha                     (d. 1764)
1765 - Aug 1766            Ahmet Bey

1766 - 1767                Süleyman Baki
1767 - 1770                Kasim (2nd time)
1770 - 1772                Haci Omer

1772 - 1773                Haci Ismail
1773 - 1775                Sadik Pasha
1775 - 1777                Es-Seyyid Omer
1777 - 1783
               Süleyman Abdülbaki Agha
1783 - 1785                Haci Ismali Huseyin
1786 - 1791                Mehmed Kaptan
1791 - 1797                Haci Osman
1797 - 1799                Mustafa
1799                       Seyit Ahmed
1799                       S
üleyman
1799                       Osman Agha
1799 - 1800                Azmizade Yusuf Pasha
1800 - 1804                Mehmet Pasha
1804 - 1805                Seyit

1805 - 1809                Ahmet Pasha
1809                       Haci H
üseyin
1809 - 1810                Mehmet Agha
1810 – 1815                Ahmed Pasha

1815 - 1819                Seid Mehmed Emin 
1819 - 1822                Ahmed Pasha
1822 - 1825                Kücük Mehmed Silahser
Egyptian Commanders
18 Apr 1822 - 1823         Salih Bey

1823 - 182.                Mehmed Bey
Muhassıl
1825 - 1827                Haci Mehmed Agha

1827 - 1830                Ali Ruhi 
1830 - 18 Dec 1831         Ali Said                           (d. 1831)
Jan 1832 - 1833?           Mehmed Es'ad Bey
Mar 1833 – 1837            Haci Said Mehmed Agha 
1837 - Dec 1837            Husrev Pasha 
1838 – Mar 1839            Osman Pasha (1st time)
Mütesarrifs
Mar 1839 – Jul 1840        Hasan Pasha (1st time)

25 Jul 1840 - 1840         Osman Pasha (2nd time)
Oct 1840 - Oct 1841        Mehmed Tal'at 
Oct 1841 - May 1842        Said Mehmed
17 May 1842 - 1843         Aziz Pasha
bf.Mar 1843 - Feb 1845     Ibrahim Edhem Pasha (1st time) 
Feb 1845 - Jun/Jul 1845    Haci Mesrur Agha
Jul? 1845 - 1846           Haci Derbaz Agha
1846 – Sep 1847            Hasan Pasha (2nd time)
Sep 1847 – 1848            Ismail Adil Pasha
1848 -  2 Aug 1850         Abdul Latif
 3 Aug 1850 - 1851         Hasan Hafuz (Haftuz Pasha?)
1851 - May 1853            Ibrahim Edhem Pasha (2nd time) 
May 1853 - 1854            Mehmed Sherif Pasha
Sep 1854 - 1855            Cemaleddin Mehmed Pasha
1855 - 1856                Osman Sherif Pasha
1856 - 1857                Kani Pasha
Nov 1857 - 1859            Ishak Pasha
1859 - 1861                Mehmed Khairullah Pasha
Kaymakam
1861 - Mar 1862            Mehmed Khairullah Pasha
Mar 1862 - Apr 1862        Kibrisli Mehmed Kamil Pasha        (b. 1832 - d. 1913)

                             (1st time) (acting) 
Apr 1862 - 1863            Ziya Pasha
1863                       Tevfik Pasha
Apr 1863 - Oct 1864        Mehmed Halet Pasha (1st time)      (d. 1879)
Oct 1864 - Nov 1864        Kibrisli Mehmed Kamil Pasha        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
Nov 1864 - 1865            Taiyib Pasha 
1865 - 1866                Ahmed Latif
Feb 1866 - Jun 1868        Taiyib Pasha (2nd time)
1867 – 1868                Mehmed Halet Pasha (4th time)      (s.a.)
Mütesarrif
1868 - Oct 1871            Kücük Mehmed Said Pasha            (b. 1838 - d. 1914)

Kaymakam
Oct 1871 – 1872            Aziz Pasha (1st time)

May 1872 – Oct 1873        Mehmed Veis Pasha (1st time)
1873 – Dec 1873            Essad Pasha                        (d. 1876)
Dec 1873 - Feb 1874        Ibrahim Pasha
Feb 1874 – Dec 1874        Mehmed Nasif Pasha
Dec 1874 - 1876            Aziz Pasha (2nd time)
1876 - 1877                Mehmed Veis Pasha (2nd time)
1877 - 1878                Ahmed Bessim Pasha
1878                       Sami Pasha
British Administrator 

12 Jul 1878 - 22 Jul 1878  Lord John Hay                      (b. 1827 - d. 1916)
High Commissioners and Commanders-in-Chief
22 Jul 1878 - 23 Jun 1879  Sir Garnet Joseph Wolseley         (b. 1833 - d. 1913)
23 Jun 1879 -  9 Mar 1886  Sir Robert Biddulph                (b. 1835 - d. 1918)
 9 Mar 1886 -  5 Apr 1892  Sir Henry Ernest Gascoyne Bulwer   (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
 5 Apr 1892 - 23 Apr 1898  Sir Walter Joseph Sendall          (b. 1832 - d. 1904)
23 Apr 1898 - 17 Oct 1904  Sir William Frederick Haynes Smith (b. 1839 - d. 1928)
17 Oct 1904 - 12 Oct 1911  Sir Charles Anthony King-Harman    (b. 1851 - d. 1939)
12 Oct 1911 -  8 Jan 1915  Hamilton John Goold-Adams          (b. 1858 - d. 1920)
 8 Jan 1915 - 31 Dec 1918  Sir John Eugene Clauson            (b. 1866 - d. 1918)
31 Dec 1918 -  1 May 1925  Malcolm Stevenson                  (b. 1878 - d. 1927)
                             (acting to 31 Jul 1920)
Governors and Commanders-in-Chief
 1 May 1925 - 30 Nov 1926  Sir Malcolm Stevenson              (s.a.)
30 Nov 1926 - 21 Nov 1932  Sir Ronald Storrs                  (b. 1881 - d. 1955)
21 Nov 1932 -  9 Dec 1933  Sir Reginald Edward Stubbs         (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
 9 Dec 1933 - 10 Aug 1939  Sir Herbert Richmond Palmer        (b. 1877 - d. 1958)
10 Aug 1939 -  3 Oct 1941  William Denis Battershill          (b. 1896 - d. 1959)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir William Denis Battershill)
 3 Oct 1941 - 27 Mar 1947  Charles Campbell Woolley           (b. 1893 - d. 1981)
                             (from 1 Jan 1943, Sir Charles Campbell Woolley)
27 Mar 1947 -  4 Aug 1949  Reginald Thomas Herbert Fletcher,  (b. 1885 - d. 1961)
                             Baron Winster 
 4 Aug 1949 - 19 Feb 1954  Sir Andrew Barkworth Wright        (b. 1895 - d. 1971)
19 Feb 1954 -  3 Oct 1955  Sir Robert Perceval Armitage       (b. 1906 - d. 1990)
 3 Oct 1955 -  3 Dec 1957  Sir John Alan Francis Harding      (b. 1896 - d. 1989)
 3 Dec 1957 - 16 Aug 1960  Sir Hugh Mackintosh Foot           (b. 1907 - d. 1990)
Presidents
16 Aug 1960 - 15 Jul 1974  Archiepískopos Makários III        (b. 1913 - d. 1977)  Non-party
                             (Michaíl Christodoúlou Moúskos)
                             (1st time)(in exile 15 Jul - 7 Dec 1974)

15 Jul 1974 - 23 Jul 1974  Nikólaos "Níkos" Sampsón           (b. 1935 - d. 2001)  PP
                             (Nikólaos Sampsón Georgiádis)
23 Jul 1974 -  3 Aug 1977  Archiepískopos Makários III        (s.a.)               Non-party

                             (2nd time)
23 Jul 1974 -  7 Dec 1974  G
láfkos Ioánnou Klirídis           (b. 1919 - d. 2013)  EK
                             (acting for absent Makários) 
 3 Aug 1977 - 28 Feb 1988  Spýros Achilléos Kyprianoú         (b. 1932 - d. 2002)  DIKO
                             (acting to 3 Sep 1977) 
28 Feb 1988 - 28 Feb 1993  Geórgios Vásou Vasileíou           (b. 1931)            Non-party
28 Feb 1993 - 28 Feb 2003  Gláfkos Ioánnou Klirídis           (s.a.)               DISY 
28 Feb 2003 - 28 Feb 2008  Efstáthios "Tássos" Nikoláou       (b. 1934 - d. 2008)  DIKO
                             Papadópoulos
28 Feb 2008 - 
28 Feb 2013  Dimítris Christofí Christófias     (b. 1946)            AKEL
28 Feb 2013 -              Níkos Chrysánthou Anastasiádis
    (b. 1946)            DISY

 ąstyle of the rulers:
(a) May 1192 - Sep 1197: Dominus Cypri ("Lord of Cyprus");
(c) Sep 1197 - Jan 1198, 1 Apr 1205 - 24 Sep 1269: Rex Cypri
; (in French): Roi Chypre ("King of Cyprus");
(b) Jan 1198 - 1 Apr 1205: Rex Jerusalem [Hierosolyme] et Cypri ("King of Jerusalem and of Cyprus");
(d) 24 Sep 1269 - 29 Nov 1393: Jerusalem [Hierosolyme] et Cypri Rex; (in French): Roi de Jerusalem et Chipre ("King of Jerusalem and of Cyprus");
(e) 29 Nov 1393 -
26 Feb 1489: Jerusalem [Hierosolyme], Cypri et Armenie Rex/Regina; (in French): Roi/Reine de Jerusalem, de Chipre et d'Armenie ("King/Queen of Jerusalem, of Cyprus and of Armenia").

Territorial Disputes: Hostilities in 1974 divided the island into two de facto autonomous entities, the internationally recognized Cypriot Government and a Turkish-Cypriot community (north Cyprus); the 1,000-strong UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) has served in Cyprus since 1964 and maintains the buffer zone between north and south; Mar. 2003 reunification talks failed, but Turkish-Cypriots later opened their borders to temporary visits by Greek Cypriots; on 24 Apr 2004, the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities voted in simultaneous and parallel referenda on whether to approve the UN-brokered Annan Plan that would have ended the thirty-year division of the island by establishing a new "United Cyprus Republic," a majority of Greek Cypriots voted "no", while Turkish Cypriots voted "yes"; on 1 May 2004, Cyprus entered the European Union still divided, with the EU's body of legislation and standards (acquis communitaire) suspended in the north; Turkey protests Cypriot Government creating hydrocarbon blocks and maritime boundary with Lebanon in Mar 2007.

Party abbreviations: AKEL = Anorthotikón Kómma Ergazómenou Laoú (Reconstructive Party of  Working People, Marxist-Leninist communist, Eurosceptic, split from Kommounistikó Kómma Kýprou [Communist Party of Cyprus], est.14 Apr 1941); DIKO = Dimokratikó Kómma (Democratic Party, social democratic, centrist, est.12 May 1976); DISY = Dimokratikós Synagermós (Democratic Rally, conservative, center-right, est.4 Jul 1976);
- Former parties:
EK = Eniaíon Kómma (United Party, conservative, nationalist, anti-Énosis, 5 Feb 1969-4 Jul 1976, merged into DISY); PP = Proodeftikí Parátaxis (Progressive Alignment, conservative, nationalist, pro-Énosis, 1970-1974)




Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
 
[Flag of Turkey]
           20 Jul 1974 - 13 Mar 1984
[Northern Cyprus
                          1983-1984 unofficial flag]
     1983 - 13 Mar 1984 Unofficial
[Turkish North
                          Cyprus flag]
        Adopted 13 Mar 1984
Map of TRN Cyprus
Hear National Anthem
"Istiklâl Marsi"
(The March of Independence)
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 1984
Constitution
(7 May 1985)
Capital: Lefkosa (Nicosia)
 Currency: Turkish Lira
(TRL) (from 1975)
National Holiday: 15 Nov (1983)
Independence Day
Population: 314,626 (2014)
includes 80,000 Turkish settlers and 38,000 Turkish troops
GDP: $4.03 billion (2014)
Exports: $96.4 million (2010)
Imports: $1.6 billion (2010)
Ethnic groups: Turkish Cypriot 96.8%, other 3.2% (2006)
Total Armed Forces: 5,000 (2010)
Turkish Forces: 30,000 (2004)
Merchant marine: N/A
Religions: Muslim 98.71%, Orthodox Christian 0.5%,
Maronite Christian 0.2%, other 0.59% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: ECO (associate), ISESCO (observer), OIC (observer), PACE (observer)

21 Dec 1963                Inter-ethnic fighting results in a shift of the Turkish population
                             to Northern Cyprus and setting up General Committee to administer
                             Turkish enclaves.
31 Dec 1963                Constitution declared dead (by Cyprus Vice President Fazıl Küçük),
                             subsequently ceasing all participation in the Cyprus government.
28 Dec 1967                (Provisional to 21 Apr 1971) Turkish Administration of Cyprus
                             formed, in dissidence
, to administer Turkish inhabited areas.
20 Jul 1974                Turkey intervenes in Cyprus occupying its northern regions, cease-
                             fire declared by Turkish forces on 16 Aug 1974.
26 Aug 1974                Autonomous Cypriot-Turkish Administration established.
13 Feb 1975                Turkish Federated State of Cyprus (as part of a 'federal' Cyprus).
17 Jun 1983                Turkish Cypriot right of self-determination declared.
15 Nov 1983                Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, unilateral declaration of
                             independence
(only recognized by Turkey).
24 Apr 2004                Turkish Cypriots accept U.N. reunification plan in referendum 64.9%
                             vs. 35.1%, but Greek Cypriots referendum rejects the plan.

Head of State
13 Feb 1975 - 15 Nov 1983  Rauf Raif Denktaş                  (b. 1924 - d. 2012)  UBP
                             (acting to 3 Jun 1975)
Presidents

15 Nov 1983 - 15 Mar 1990  Rauf Raif Denktaş (1st time)       (s.a.)               UBP
15 Mar 1990 - 25 Apr 1990  Hakkı Atun (acting)                (b. 1935)            UBP
25 Apr 1990 - 24 Apr 2005  Rauf Raif Denktaş (2nd time)       (s.a.)               UBP
24 Apr 2005 - 23 Apr 2010  Mehmet Ali Talat                   (b. 1952)            CTP
23 Apr 2010 - 30 Apr 2015  Derviş Eroğlu                      (b. 1938)            UBP
30 Apr 2015 -              Mustafa Akıncı                     (b. 1947)            TDP

Chairman of the General Committee (Coordination Committee)
21 Dec 1963 - 28 Dec 1967  Fazıl Küçük                        (b. 1906 - d. 1984)  KTP
Chairman of the Provisional Turkish Administration of Cyprus

28 Dec 1967 -  5 Jul 1970  Fazıl Küçük                        (s.a.)               KTP
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Provisional Turkish Administration of Cyprus
 
5 Jul 1970 - 21 Apr 1971  Fazıl Küçük                        (s.a.)               KTP
Chairman of the
Executive Committee of the Turkish Administration of Cyprus
21 Apr 1971 - 26 Aug 1974  Fazıl Küçük                        (s.a.)               KTP
18 Feb 1973 - 26 Aug 1974  Rauf Raif Denktaş
                 (s.a.)
                             (acting for Küçük)
Chairman of the
Executive Committee of the Autonomous Cypriot-Turkish Administration
26 Aug 1974 -  8 Oct 1974  Rauf Raif Denktaş                  (s.a.)  
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Cypriot-Turkish Administration

 8 Oct 1974 - 13 Feb 1975  Rauf Raif Denktaş                  (s.a.)  
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus
13 Feb 1975 -  5 Jul 1976  Rauf Raif Denktaş                  (s.a.)               1975: UBP
Prime ministers of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
 
5 Jul 1976 - 21 Apr 1978  Nejat
Nejat Konuk (1st time)       (b. 1928 - d. 2014)  UBP
21 Apr 1978 - 12 Dec 1978  Osman Nuri Örek                    (b. 1925 - d. 1999)  UBP
12 Dec 1978 - 13 Dec 1983  Mustafa Çağatay                    (b. 1937 - d. 1989)  UBP
13 Dec 1983 - 19 Jul 1985  Nejat Nejat Konuk (2nd time)       (s.a.)               UBP
19 Jul 1985 -  1 Jan 1994  Derviş Eroğlu (1st time)           (s.a.)               UBP
 1 Jan 1994 - 16 Aug 1996  Hakkı Atun                         (s.a.)               DP
16 Aug 1996 - 13 Jan 2004  Derviş Eroğlu (2nd time)           (s.a.)               UBP
13 Jan 2004 - 23 Apr 2005  Mehmet Ali Talat                   (s.a.)               CTP
23 Apr 2005 -  5 May 2009  Ferdi Sabit Soyer                  (b. 1952)            CTP
                             (acting to 26 Apr 2005)
 
5 May 2009 - 23 Apr 2010  Derviş Eroğlu (3rd time)           (s.a.)               UBP
23 Apr 2010 - 17 May 2010  Hüseyin Özgürgün (1st time)(acting)(b. 1965)            UBP
17 May 2010 - 13 Jun 2013  İrsen Küçük                        (b. 1940)            UBP
13 Jun 2013 -  2 Sep 2013  Sibel Siber (f)                    (b. 1960)            CTP
 2 Sep 2013 - 16 Jul 2015  Özkan Yorgancıoğlu                 (b. 1954)            CTP
16 Jul 2015 - 16 Apr 2016  Ömer Soyer Kalyoncu                (b. 1950)            CTP
16 Apr 2016 -              Hüseyin Özgürgün (2nd time)        (s.a.)               UBP

Party abbreviations: CTP = Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi (Republican Turkish Party, social-democratic, center-left, est.27 Dec 1970); DP = Demokrat Partisi-Ulusal Güçler (Democratic Party - National Forces, center-right, split from UBP, est.30 Jul 1992); TDP = Toplumcu Demokrasi Partisi (Communal Democracy Party, center-left, social democratic, est.May 2007); UBP = Ulusal Birlik Partisi (National Unity Party, center-right, Turkish nationalist, est.11 Oct 1975); 
- Former parties: KTP = Kıbrıs Türktür Partisi (Cyprus is Turkish Party, Turkish Cypriot autonomist, 14 Aug 1955-1973)






World Statesmen.org HOME > to United Kingdom >>







British Sovereign Base Areas
[Flag of the United Kingdom]
                   Adopted 16 Aug 1960
Map of Akrotiri
--------------------
Map of Dhekelia
Hear National Anthem
 "God Save the Queen"
SBA Website
Constitution Order
(16 Aug 1960)
Capital: Episkopi Cantonment
 (base administrative center for
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia;
located in Akrotiri)

Currency: Euro (EUR);
Cypriot Pound
(CYP)
1960 - 1 Jan 2008
National Holiday:
2nd Sat. in Jun (1926)
Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
Population: 15,700 (2010)
includes 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK Based Contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
GDP: $N/A
Economic activity is limited to
 providing services to the military and their families
 located in Dhekelia.

Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
All food and manufactured
 goods must be imported.

Ethnic groups: British, Greek, others

Total U.K. Military Forces: 2,200 (2015)
at Dhekelia - 2,200 (2005)
at Akrotiri - 1,300 (2005)
Total Police Force: 256 (2006)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.K.
Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Orthodox Christian,
others

International Organizations/Treaties: UPU

19 Feb 1959                To remain under U.K. sovereignty after independence (by
                             Turkey-Greek-U.K.-Cyprus agreement (ratified 28 Feb 1960).
16 Aug 1960                British Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia

                             remain British territories by the Treaty of 
                             Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus.

Administrators of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
(and also 1 Mar 1961 - 1970, Air Officer Commanding-in-chief, Near East Air Force
and Commander British Forces in Cyprus; 1970-1976,
Commander British Forces
Near East and Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Near East Air Force; from
1976, Commanders British Forces Cyprus)
16 Aug 1960 - 16 Jul 1962  Sir William Lawrence MacDonald     (b. 1908 - d. 1984)
16 Jul 1962 - 25 Sep 1964  Sir Denis Hensley Fulton Barnett   (b. 1906 - d. 1992)
25 Sep 1964 - 21 Nov 1966  Thomas Öther Prickett              (b. 1913 - d. 2010)
                             (from 12 Jun 1965, Sir Thomas Öther Prickett)
21 Nov 1966 -  6 May 1969  Edward Gordon "Tap" Jones          (b. 1914 - d. 2007)
                             (from 10 Jun 1967, Sir Edward Gordon Jones)
 6 May 1969 -  2 Jul 1970  Sir Denis Graham Smallwood         (b. 1918 - d. 1997)
                             (from 14 Jun 1966, Sir Denis Graham Smallwood
 2 Jul 1970 - 25 Jun 1973  William Derek Hodgkinson           (b. 1917 - d. 2010)
                             (from 1 Jan 1971, Sir William Derek Hodgkinson) 
25 Jun 1973 -  1 Apr 1976  Sir John Alexander Carlisle Aiken  (b. 1921 - d. 2005)
 
2 Apr 1976 - 28 Apr 1978  Roy David Austen-Smith             (b. 1924)
28 Apr 1978 -  3 Oct 1980  Walter Reynell Taylor              (b. 1928 - d. 1996)
 
3 Oct 1980 - 31 Mar 1983  Robert Leslie Davis                (b. 1930)
31 Mar 1983 - 29 Oct 1985  Sir Henry Desmond Allen Langley    (b. 1930 - d. 2008)
29 Oct 1985 - 21 Apr 1988  Sir Kenneth William Hayr           (b. 1935 - d. 2001)
21 Apr 1988 - 25 Oct 1990  John Peter William Friedberger     (b. 1937)
25 Oct 1990 - 25 Mar 1993  Alexander Freeland Cairns Hunter   (b. 1939)
25 Mar 1993 - 15 Feb 1995  Alexander George Hamilton Harley   (b. 1941)
17 Feb 1995 - 19 Jan 1998  Peter Millar                       (b. 1942)
19 Jan 1998 -  5 Sep 2000  Angus Iain Ramsay                  (b. 1946)
 5 Sep 2000 -  5 Sep 2003  Thomas William "Bill" Rimmer       (b. 1948)
 5 Sep 2003 - 26 Apr 2006  Peter Thomas Clayton Pearson       (b. 1954)
26 Apr 2006 - 16 Oct 2008  Richard Howard Lacey               (b. 1953)
16 Oct 2008 - 12 Nov 2010  James Henry Gordon                 (b. 1957)
12 Nov 2010 -
  8 Jan 2013  Graham Edward Stacey               (b. 1959)
 8 Jan 2013 - 20 Jan 2015  Richard John Cripwell              (b. 1962)
20 Jan 2015 - 15 Feb 2017  Michael "Mike" Wigston             (b. 1968)
15 Feb 2017 -              James Timothy Edward Illingworth   (b. 1966)


 
Buffer Zone

[Flag of UNO]

Map of UN Buffer Zone
Headquarters: Nicosia UNFICYP Force: 1,107
(2017)

 4 Mar 1964                United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) created
                             by UN Security Council Resolution 186(1964)(operational

                             from 27 Mar 1964).

16 Aug 1974                Ceasefire takes effect establishing a U.N. monitored Buffer Zone
                             between
Greek Cypriot and Turkish forces.

Special Representatives of the Secretary-General in Cyprus and Heads of Mission
17 Jan 1964 - 14 May 1964  Prem Singh Gyani (India)           (b. 1910 - d. 1988)
14 May 1964 - 30 Sep 1964  Galo Lincoln Plaza Lasso de la     (b. 1906 - d. 1987)
                            
Vega (Ecuador)
30 Nov 1964 -  5 Jan 1967  Carlos Alfredo Bernardes (Brazil)  (b. 1916 - d. 1977)
 5 Jan 1967 - 20 Feb 1967  Pier Pasquale Spinelli (Italy)     (b. 1902 - d. 1983)
                             (acting)
20 Feb 1967 - 30 Jun 1974  Bibiano Fernández Osorio y Tafall  (b. 1902 - d. 1990)
                             (Mexico)    

 
1 Jul 1974 - 15 Oct 1975  Luis Jesús Weckmann Muńoz (Mexico) (b. 1923 - d. 1995)
15 Oct 1975 - 15 Dec 1977  Javier Pérez de Cuéllar (Peru)     (b. 1920)
16 Dec 1977 - 30 Apr 1978  Rémy Gorgé (Switzerland) (acting)  (b. 1923 - d. 2015)
 
1 May 1978 - 30 Apr 1980  Reynaldo Galindo Pohl (El Salvador)(b. 1918 - d. 2012)
 1 May 1980 -  8 May 1980  James Joseph Quinn (Ireland)       (b. 1918 - d. 1982)
                             (acting)
 8 May 1980 - 31 Dec 1983  Hugo Juan Gobbi (Argentina)        (b. 1928 - d. 2006)
 
1 Jan 1984 - 29 Feb 1988  James Holger Blair (Chile)         (b. 1930 - d. 2014)
                            
(1st time) (acting)
29 Feb 1988 - 19 Mar 1993 
Oscar Héctor Camilión Fernández    (b. 1930 - d. 2016)
                             (Argentina)
19 Mar 1993 - 31 Jul 1994  Michael Finbarr Minehane           (b. 1933 - d. 2013) 
                             (Ireland) (acting)
 1 Apr 1993 - 30 Apr 1996  Gustave Feissel (U.S.)             (b. 1937)
                             (Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General,
                             resident in Cyprus)
30 Aug 1994 - 30 Apr 1996  Charles Joseph "Joe" Clark (Canada)(b. 1939)

                             (Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Cyprus)
 
1 May 1996 - 30 Jun 1998  Gustave Feissel (U.S.)             (s.a.)
                             (Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General,
                             resident in Cyprus and Head of Mission)

 
1 May 1996 - 28 Apr 1997  Han Sung Joo (South Korea)         (b. 1940)
                             (Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Cyprus)
28 Apr 1997 - 22 Apr 1999  Diego Cordovez Zegers (Ecuador)    (b. 1935 - d. 2014)
                             (Special Representative of the Secretary-General)
 1 Jul 1998 - 30 Jun 1999 
Dame Margaret Anne Hercus (f)      (b. 1942)
                             (Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General,
                             resident in Cyprus and Head of Mission)

 
1 Jul 1999 - 30 Sep 1999 
Dame Margaret Anne Hercus (f)      (s.a.)
                             (New Zealand)
 
1 Oct 1999 - 15 Jun 2000  James Holger Blair (Chile)         (s.a.)
                            
(2nd time)(acting)
15 Jun 2000 - 31 Dec 2005  Zbigniew Maria Włosowicz (Poland)  (b. 1955)

 1 Jan 2006 - 31 Mar 2008  Michael Mřller (Denmark)           (b. 1952)

 
1 Apr 2008 - 13 May 2008  Elizabeth Spehar (f) (Canada)
                             (1st time)
13 May 2008 - 30 Apr 2010  Tayé-Brook Zerihoun (Ethiopia)     (b. 1942)
 1 May 2010 - 11? Jun 2010 Mario César Sánchez Debernardi     (b. 1958)
                             (Peru) (acting)
11? Jun 2010 - 10 Jun 2016 Lisa M. Buttenheim (f) (U.S.)      (b. 1954)
10 Jun 2016 - 13 Jun 2016  Kristin Lund (f) (Norway) (acting) (b. 1958)
13 Jun 2016 -              Elizabeth Spehar (f) (Canada)
                             (2nd time)
   
  


British Commander of the Joint Peacemaking Force

26 Dec 1963 - 27 Mar 1964  Peter George Francis Young         (b. 1912 - d. 1976)
Commanders of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
(UNFICYP)
27 Mar 1964 -  6 Jul 1964  Prem Singh Gyani (India)           (s.a.)
 
6 Jul 1964 - 17 Dec 1965  Kodandera Subayya Thimayya (India) (b. 1906 - d. 1965)
17 Dec 1965 - 16 May 1966  Alexander James Wilson (U.K.)      (b. 1921 - d. 2004)
                             (acting)
16 May 1966 - 20 Dec 1969  Ilmari Armas-Eino Martola (Finland)(b. 1896 - d. 1986)
20 Dec 1969 - 18 Dec 1976  Dewan Prem Chand (India)           (b. 1916 - d. 2003)
18 Dec 1976 -  1 Mar 1981  James Joseph Quinn (Ireland)       (s.a.)
 
1 Mar 1981 - 10 Apr 1989  Günther Greindl (Austria)          (b. 1939)
10 Apr 1989 -  8 Apr 1992  Clive Milner (Canada)
 
8 Apr 1992 - 31 Jul 1994  Michael Finbarr Minehane (Ireland) (s.a.)
31 Jul 1994 - 30 Aug 1994  .... (acting)
30 Aug 1994 - 28 Feb 1997  Ahti Toimi Paavali Vartiainen
     (b. 1943)
                             (Finland)
28 Feb 1997 - 15 Dec 1999  Evergisto Arturo de Vergara        (b. 1946)
                             (Argentina)
16 Dec 1999 - 15 Dec 2001  Victory Rana (Nepal)               (b. 1945)
15 Dec 2001 - 16 Jan 2002  .... (acting)
16 Jan 2002 - 25 Dec 2003  Jin Ha Hwang (South Korea)         (b. 1946)

25 Dec 20037 Jan 2004  .... (acting)
 7 Jan 2004 -  5 Jan 2006  H
erbert Joaquín Fígoli Almandos    (b. 1948)
                             (Uruguay) 
 
5 Jan 20066 Mar 2006  .... (acting)
 
6 Mar 2006 - 31 Mar 2008  Rafael José Barni (Argentina)      (b. 1950)
31 Mar 20083 Apr 2008  .... (acting)
 3 Apr 2008 - 31 Dec 2010  Mario César Sánchez Debernardi
    (b. 1958)
                             (Peru)
 1 Jan 2011 - 25 Feb 2011  Lisa M. Buttenheim (U.S.)(acting)  (s.a.)
25 Feb 2011 - 12 Aug 2014  Chao Liu (China)                   (b. 1959)
13 Aug 2014 - 28 Jul 2016  Kristin Lund (f) (Norway)          (s.a.)
28 Jul 2016 - 10 Oct 2016  Timothy Charles Lynn Wildish (U.K.)(b. 1965)
                             (acting)
10 Oct 2016 -              Mohammad Humayun Kabir (Bangladesh)(b. 1965)







© Ben Cahoon