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Princely States of India  K-Z


Note: The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and 
Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were 
provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British. 
     
Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Kodagu, Mahratta states, Paρjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. If no date of accession is noted, 15 Aug 1947 is understood. This list is selective, there were more  than 565 states when Britain granted the Indian independence 15 Aug 1947; about 210 are listed here. However, only "states" are included; "estates" (jagir), "estate revenue grants" (thikana), and "land holders" (zamindar) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled these were. Obsolete but once official English-language names  of the polities are given in parentheses, i.e., Awadh (Oudh). The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity. The all princely  states of India entered into protectorate/tributary relations with Britain by the end of the 19th century, where exact dates are known they are noted.

Kachari


835 AD                      Legendary foundation of predecessor state Dimasa.
1540                        Capital moved to Maibang.
1757                        Capital moved to Khaspur.
1830                        Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1699 - 1708                 Tamradhwaj Narayan
1708 - 1710                 Chandraprabha (f)
1710 - 1730                 Suradarpa Narayan
1730 - 1735                 Dharmadhwaj Narayan
                              (Harischandra Narayan)
1735 - 1745                 Kirichandra Narayan
1745 - 1757                 Gopichandra Narayan
1757 - 1772                 Harischandra II
1772 - 1813                 Krishnachandra Narayan Hasnusa
1813 - 24 Apr 1830          Gobindchandra Narayan Hasnusa     (d. 1830)


Kachh (Cutch/Kutch)
 
[Kutch]
                                to 1947
[Kutch Merchant
                          Flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag

1147                       Kachh (Kutch) state founded.
Nov 1815                   British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharao; 1741-1884, Mirza Maharao; from 1884, Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri)
1697 - 1715                Pragmalji I Rayadhanji             (b. 16.. - d. 1715)
1715 - 1718                Ghodaji I Pragmalji                (b. 16.. - d. 1719)
1718 - 1741                Daishalji I Ghodaji                (b. 1707 - d. 1741)
1741 - 1760                Lakhpatji Daishalji                (b. 1717 - d. 1761)
1760 - 1778                Ghodaji II Lakhpatji               (b. 1734 - d. 1778)
1778 - 1786                Rayadhanji III Ghodaji (1st time)  (b. 1764 - d. 1813)
1786 - 1801                Prithviraji Ghodaji                (b. 17.. - d. 1801)
1786 -  5 Oct 1813         Fateh Muhammed -Regent
1801 - 30 Oct 1813         Rayadhanji III Ghodaji (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Oct 1813 - 1814            Husain Miyan -Regent
 6 Nov 1813 - 25 Mar 1819  Bharmalji II Rayadhanji            (b. 1798 - d. 1846)
25 Mar 1819 - 26 Jul 1860  Daishalji II Bharmalji             (b. 1816 - d. 1860)
25 Mar 1819 - 1820         James MacMurdo -Regent             (b. 1785 - d. 1820)
1825 -  8 Jul 1834         Henry Pottinger -Regent            (b. 1789 - d. 1856)
26 Jul 1860 - 19 Dec 1875  Pragmalji II Daishalji             (b. 1838 - d. 1875)
                             (regent from Jul 1849)
19 Dec 1875 - 15 Jan 1942  Khengarji Pragmalji III            (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
19 Dec 1875 - 14 Nov 1884  Council of Regency
15 Jan 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayarajji Khengarji              (b. 1885 - d. 1948)



Kachhi Baroda (Kachi Baroda)

1864                       Kachhi Baroda state (tributary to Dhar).

Rulers (title
Thakur)
1864 - 1897                Dalel Singh                        (b. 1839 - d. 1897)
1897 - 13 Jun 1906         Jalam Singh                        (b. 18.. - d. 1906)
13 Jun 1906 - 1947         Beni Madho Singh                   (b. 1904 - d. 1973)
1906 - 1925                ....  -Manager


Kalahandi

[Kalahandi]

1005                       Traditional date for founding of Kalahandi.

Rajas
1693 - 1721                Jugasai Deo III
1721 - 1747                Khadag Rai Deo
1747 - 1771                Raisingh Deo III
1771 - 1796                Purusottam Deo
1796 - 1831                Jugasai Deo IV
1831 - 1853                Fateh Narayan Deo
1853 -  7 Apr 1881         Udit Pratap Deo                    (b. 1839? - d. 1881)
 7 Apr 1881 - 20 Oct 1897  Raghu Kesari Deo                   (b. 1871 - d. 1897)
20 Oct 1897 - 1926         Brij Mohan Deo                     (b. 1896 - d. 1939)
Maharajas
1926 - 19 Sep 1939         Brij Mohan Deo                     (s.a.)
19 Sep 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Kishor Deo                  (b. 1919 - d. 2001)


Kalat: see Pakistani Princely States


Kalsia

1763                       Kalsia state founded.

Rulers (title Sardar)
1763 - 1785                Gur Bakhsh Singh                    (d. 1785)
1785 - 1818                Jodh Singh                          (b. 1751 - d. 1818)
1818 - 14 Feb 1858         Sobha Singh                         (d. 1858)
1858 - 19 Feb 1869         Lahna Singh                         (d. 1869)
1869 - 10 Jul 1883         Bishen Singh                        (b. 1854 - d. 1883)
1883 - 1886                Jagjit Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1886)
28 Aug 1886 - 1908         Ranjit Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1908)
25 Jul 1908 - 1916         Ravisher Singh                      (b. 1902 - d. 1947)
Rajas
1916 -  4 Jan 1947         Ravisher Singh                      (s.a.)
 4 Jan 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Karansher Singh                     (b. 1933 - d. 1961)



Kamadhia

1817                       Kamadhia state founded.
1818                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Darbar Shri; from 1857 Darbar Shri Nawab)
1817 - 1860                Mir Sarfaraz Ali I                  (d. 1860)
1860 - 21 Aug 1863         Nawab Mir Jafur Ali                 (b. 1817 - d. 1863)
21 Aug 1863 - 1921         Nawab Mir Zulfikar Ali              (b. 1859 - d. 1921)
21 Aug 1863 - 1880         Mir Bakar Ali Khan -Regent          (b. 1823 - d. 1890)
1921 - 1934                Nawab Mir Sarfaraz Ali II           (b. 1880 - d. 1934)

1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Nawab Mir Gulam Moinuddin           (b. 1887 - d. 1958)



Kambay (Cambay)
 
[Kambay
                          (Cambay)]
                        to 1947
[Kambay
                          (Cambay) Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag

1730                       Kambay state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1730 - 1742                Ja`far Nizam-e Sani Mu΄min Khan I
1742 - 1743                Nur ad-Din Muftakher Khan
1743 - 1784                Najm ad-Dowla Ja`far Mu΄min Khan II
1784 - 1790                Mohammad Qoli Khan                 (d. 1790)
1790 - 28 Oct 1823         Fath `Ali Khan
1823 - 1841                Banda `Ali Khan
1841 - Apr 1880            Hosayn Yawar Khan I
11 Jun 1880 - 21 Jan 1915  Najib ad-Dowla Mumtaz al-Molk      (b. 1848 - d. 1915) 
                             Ja`far `Ali Khan
21 Jan 1915 - 15 Aug 1947  Nizam ad-Dowla Najm ad-Dowla       (b. 1911 - d. ....)
                             Mumtaz al-Molk Hosayn Yawar 
                             Khan II



Kamta Rajaula

Rulers (title Rao)
1812 - 23 Oct 1874         Gopal Lal                          (d. 1874)
23 Oct 1874 - Dec 1891     Bharat Prashad                     (b. 1847 - d. 1891)
Dec 1891 - 27 Oct 1928     Ram Prashad                        (b. 1870 - d. 1928)
27 Oct 1928 - 19..         Radha Kishan                       (b. 1891 - d. 19..)



Kangra

[Kangra (India) c.1775-1823]
                  c.1775 - 1823

3400 BC                    Kangra state founded in legendary antiquity
                             (also called Bhim Kot, Nagar-Kot, Susarmapura, 
                             Katoch, Jalandhara and Trigarta).
1823                       State extinguished and annexed by the Sikhs (dynasty is granted
                             the jagir of Lambagraon).
1846                       Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1697 - 1700                Alam Chandra II                    (d. 1700)
1700 - 1747                Hamir Chandra                      (d. 1747)
1747 - 1750                Abhay Chandra
1750                       Shringar Chandra
1750 - 1751                Ghamhir Chandra                    (d. 1751)
1751 - 1774                Ghamand Chandra                    (d. 1774)
1774 - 1775                Tegh Chandra                       (b. c.1745 - d. 1775)
1775 - 1823                Sansar Chandra II                  (b. 1765 - d. 1823)



Kanika

726                        Traditional foundation date.
1817                       State demoted to an estate.

Rajas
.... - ....                Gopinath Bhanj III
.... - ....                Dasarathi Bhanj
.... - ....                Gopal Bhanj II

.... - 1803                Bairagi Bhanj II
1803 - 1817                Balbhadra Bhanj Deo



Kanker

[Kanker]

bf.106 AD                  Kanker state founded.
af.1425                    Capital moved to Kanker.
1809 - 1818                Occupied by Nagpur.

Rajas
.... - 1729                Ghoor Sai Dev                      (d. 1729) 
1729 - 1775                Harpal Dev                         (d. 1775)
1775 - ....                Dhiraj Singh Dev
.... - ....                Ram Raj Singh Dev
.... - 1802                Shyam Singh Dev
1802 - 1809                Bhoop Dev (1st time)               (d. 1839) 

1809 - 1818                occupied by Nagpur
1818 - 1839                Bhoop Dev (2nd time)               (s.a.) 
1839 - 1853                Padma Dev                          (d. 1853)
Rulers (title Maharajadhiraj)
 5 Dec 1853 - May 1903     Narhar Dev                         (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
 9 May 1903 -  8 Jan 1925  Kamal Dev                          (b. 1873 - d. 1925)
 8 Jan 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhanupratap Dev                    (b. 1922 - d. 1969)



Kapurthala

[Kapurthala]

1772                       Kapurthala state founded.
 1 Jan 1806                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Sardar)
1772 - 20 Oct 1783         Jassa Singh                        (b. 1718 - d. 1783)
20 Oct 1783 - 1801         Bagh Singh                         (b. 1747 - d. 1801)
Rajas
1801 - 20 Oct 1836         Fateh Singh                        (b. 1784 - d. 1836)
20 Oct 1836 - 13 Sep 1852  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1817 - d. 1852)
13 Sep 1852 - 12 Mar 1861  Randhir Singh                      (b. 1831 - d. 1870)
Rulers (title Raja-i Rajgan)
12 Mar 1861 -  2 Apr 1870  Randhir Singh                      (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1870 -  5 Sep 1877  Kharrak Singh                      (b. 1849 - d. 1877)
 5 Sep 1877 - 12 Dec 1911  Jagatjit Singh                     (b. 1872 - d. 1949)
 5 Sep 1877 - 24 Nov 1890  Regency (Superintendents)
                           - Henry Lepel Griffin              (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
                             (
Apr 1875 - Apr 1877)
                           - Charles Montgomery Rivaz         (b. 1845 - d. 1926)
                             (
Apr 1877 - Nov 1885)
                           - William Mackworth Young (acting) (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
                             (
Feb 1878 - Jan 1880)
                           - Frederick W.R. Fryer (acting)    (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
                             (
May 1883 - 1883)
                           - Alexander Frederick Douglas      (b. 1852 - d. 1935)
                             Cunningham (acting)

                             (Feb 1884 - bf.Dec 1884)
                           - George Campbell Napier (acting)  (b. 1845 - d. 1914)
                             (Apr 1885 - 1885)
                           - Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson     (b. 1847 - d. 1908)
 
                            (Nov 1885 - Aug 1886)
                           - Charles Francis Massy            (b. 18.. - d. 1915)
                             (
Aug 1886 - 1890)
Maharaja

12 Dec 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagatjit Singh                     (s.a.)



Karauli

[Karauli]

c.900 AD                   Karauli state founded.
15 Nov 1817                British protectorate.

Maharajas
1688 - 1724                Kunwar Pal II
1724 - 1757                Gopal Singh                        (d. 1757)
1757 - 24 Oct 1772         Tursam Pal                         (d. 1772)
1772 - 1804                Manik Pal
1804 - 1805                Amolak Pal                         (d. 1805)
1805 - 1837                Herbaksh Pal                       (b. c.1792 - d. 1837)
1837 - 1849                Pratap Pal                         (d. 1849)
1849 - 10 Jul 1852         Narsingh Pal                       (d. 1852)
1852 - 14 Mar 1854         Bharat Pal
14 Mar 1854 - 16 Aug 1869  Madan Pal                          (d. 1869)
                            
(from 12 Feb 1866, Sir Madan Pal)
1869 - 11871               Lakshman Pal

1869 - 1871                Vrishbhan Singh Tanwar -Regent
Jan 1871 - 17 Nov 1875     Jaisingh Pal                       (d. 1875)
Jan 1876 - 14 Aug 1886     Arjun Pal II                       (d. 1886)
14 Aug 1886 -  3 Aug 1927  Bhanwar Pal Deo                    (b. 1864 - d. 1927)
                            
(from 22 Jun 1897, Sir Bhanwar Pal Deo)
 3 Aug 1927 -  6 Apr 1947  Bhom Pal Deo                       (b. 1866 - d. 1947)

 6 Apr 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Ganesh Pal Deo                     (d. 1984)


Karen states: see Shan and Karen states of Burma

Karnataka: see Arkat

Kashmir: see Jammu and Kashmir under India

Kashtwar

af.900                     Kashtwar state founded.
1786 - 1786                Occupied by Chamba.
1820                       Conquered by Sikhs, part of Jammu.

Rajas
1681 - 1728                Kirat Singh                        (d. 1728)
1728 - 1771                Amluk Singh                        (d. 1771)
1771 - 1786                Mihr Singh                         (d. 1786)
1786                       Mian Kundan Singh 
1786 - 1787                Sujjan Singh                       (d. 1787)
1787 - 1788                Prithi Singh                       (d. 1788)
1788 - 1789                Inayatallah Singh
1788 - 1789                Lal Dev (in opposition)
1789  (40 days)            Gulab Singh 
1789 - 1820                Muhammed Tegh Singh                (d. 1823)



Kathiwada (Kathiwara)

Rulers (title Thakur; from 1903, Rana Thakur)
.... - 1865                Jorawar Singh
1865 - 1903                Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1839 - d. 19..)
 8 Jun 1903 - 1947         Onkar Singh                        (b. 1891 - d. 1969)



Kawardha

[Kawardha]

1751                       Kawardha state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1751 - 1801                Mahabali Singh 
1801 - 1848                Ujiyar Singh
1848 - 1852                Tok Singh
c.1860                     Baijnath Singh
186. - 1863                Ram Singh

1863 - 1864                Bahadur Singh
1864 - 1891                Rajpal Singh                       (b. 1849 - d. ....)
1891 - 1920                Jadunath Singh                     (b. 1885 - d. 19..)
 4 Feb 1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Dharamraj Singh                    (b. 1910 - d. 1959)



Keonjhar

[Keonjhar]

11..                       Keonjhar state founded.

Rajas
1688 - 1700                Jagannath Bhanj
1700 - 1719                Raghunath Bhanj
1719 - 1736                Gopinath Bhanj
1736 - 1757                Narsingh Narayan Bhanj
1757 - 1758                Daneswar Narayan Bhanj
1758 - 1762                Jagateswar Narayan Bhanj
1762 - 1797                Pratap Balbhadra Bhanj
1797 - 1832                Janardan Bhanj
1832 - 22 Mar 1861         Gadadhar Narayan Bhanj Deo         (d. 1861)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1858)
 4 Sep 1861 - 27 Oct 1905  Dhanurjai Narayan Bhanj Deo        (b. 1849 - d. 1905?)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1877)
27 Oct 1905 - 12 Aug 1926  Gopinath Narayan Bhanj Deo         (b. 1883 - d. 1926)
12 Aug 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Balbhadra Narayan Bhanj Deo        (b. 1905 - d. c.1970)



Keonthal

765 AD                     Traditional founding date of predecessor state.
bf.1800                    Keonthal state founded.

1803 - 1814                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Bhup Sen
1801 - 1803                Raghunath Sen (1st time)           (d. 1831)
1803 - 1814                occupied by Nepal
1814 - 1831                Raghunath Sen (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1831 - 24 Jul 1858         Sansar Sen                         (d. 1862)
Rajas
24 Jul 1858 - 1862         Sansar Sen                         (s.a.)
1862 - 1882                Mahendra Sen                       (b. 1827 - d. 1882)
23 Aug 1882 - 18 Mar 1901  Balbir Sen                         (b. 1852 - d. 1901)
1899 - 1901                .... -Manager
18 Mar 1901 -  2 Feb 1916  Bijey Sen                          (b. 1877 - d. 1916)

 2 Feb 1916 - 1940         Hemendra Sen                       (b. 1905 - d. 1940)
1940 - 15 Aug 1947         Hitendra Sen                       (b. 1925 - d. 2002)



Khairagarh

[Khairagarh]

1833                       Khairagarh estate founded.
1898                       Khairagarh estate recognized as a state.

Rajas
1898 -  7 Oct 1908         Kamal Narayan Singh                (b. 1867 - d. 1908)
 8 Oct 1908 - Oct 1918     Lal Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1889 - d. 1918)
 8 Oct 1908 - 13 Dec 1912  .... -Regent
22 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Birendra Bahadur Singh             (b. 1914 - d. ....)



Khandpara

[Khandpara]

16..                       Khandpara state founded.

Rajas
1675 - 1709                Narayan Singh Mardraj 
1709 - 1723                Balunkeswar Singh Mardraj 
1723 - 1732                Banamall Singh Mardraj 
1734 - 1770                Bairagi Singh Mardraj 
1770 - 1794                Niladri Singh Mardraj 
1794 - 1815                Narasimha Singh Mardraj 
1815 - 1821                Purushottam Mardraj 
1821 - 1842                Krishna Chandra Singh
1842 - 1867                Kunja Bihari Singh
28 Feb 1867 - 1905         Natobar Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai     (b. 1837 - d. 1905?)
1905 - 26 Dec 1922         Ram Chandra Singh Mardraj
                             Bhramarbar Rai
26 Dec 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Harihar Singh Deo Mardraj          (b. 1914 - d. 1977)
                             Bhramarbar Rai 



Khaneti

10th cent.                 Khaneti state founded.
.... - ....                Tributary to Bashahr
.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Partab Chand
1802 - 1803                Rasal Chand (1st time)             (d. 1829)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1829                Rasal Chand (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1829 - 1858                Nain Chand                         (d. 1858)
1858 - 1888                Saran Chand                        (d. 1888)
1888 - 1899                Lal Chand                          (b. 1861 - d. 1899)
1890 - 1898                Mian Zalim Singh -Regent           (b. 1864 - d. 19..)
1899 - 15 Aug 1947         Amogh Chand                        (b. 1891 - d. 1961)
1899 - 1912?               Rani ... (f) -Regent


Kharan: see Pakistani Princely States


Kharsawan
 

[Kharsawan]

c.1650                     Kharsawan estate founded.
1857                       Kharsawan estate recognized as a state.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1857 - 1863                Gangaram Singh Deo                 (b. 1836 - d. 18..)
                             (personal style Raja from 1860)
1863 - 18..                Ram Narain Singh
18.. -  2 Mar 1884         Raghunath Singh Deo                (b. 1841 - d. 1884)
 2 Mar 1884 -  6 Feb 1902  Mahendra Narayan Singh Deo         (b. 1869 - d. 19..)
 6 Feb 1902 - 1917         Siram Chandra Singh Deo            (b. 1892 - d. 19..)
Raja
1917 - 15 Aug 1947         Siram Chandra Singh Deo            (s.a.)


Khayrpur: see Pakistani Princely States


Khilchipur

[Khilchipur (India)]

1544                       Khilchipur state founded.

Rulers (title Dewan)
1679 - 1715                Anup Singh
1718 - 1738                Fatteh Singh
1738 - 1770                ....
1770 - 1787                Abhai Singh
1787 - 1795?               Dip Singh
1795 - 1819                Durjan Sal                         (d. 1819)
1819                       Balwant Singh
1819 - 1868                Shir Singh                         (b. c.1814 - d. 1868)
27 Nov 1868 - Apr 1873     Amar Singh                         (b. 1834 - d. ....)
Rulers (title Rao Bahadur)
Apr 1873 - 1899            Amar Singh                         (s.a.)
1899 - 18 Jan 1908         Bhawani Singh
19 Jan 1908 - 1928         Durjan Sal Singh                   (b. 1897 - d. 1942)
Raja (title Raja Rao Bahadur)
1928 - 1942                Durjan Sal Singh                   (s.a.)
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Yashodar Singh                     (b. 1918 - d. 1961)



Khirasra

....                       Khirasra state founded as by a scion of Dhrol.

Rulers (title Thakur, from .... Thakur Shri)
.... - ....                Sangaji Bhimji 
.... - ....                Ranmalji Sangaji 
c.1808                     Hathiji Ranmalji 
.... - ....                Dungarji Hathiji 
.... - 1872                Jijibhai Dungarji 
 1 Jan 1872 - ....         Raisinhji Jijibhai                (b. 1850 - d. ....)
.... - 1920                Balsinhji Raisinhji
24 Feb 1920 - 19..         Sursinhji Balsinhji               (b. 1890 - d. 19..)
19.. - 1947                Prabhatsinhji Sursinhji           (b. 1918)


Khuda-Dad: see Mahisur
Khurdha: see Utkala (Orissa)


Kishangarh

[Kishangarh]

1611                       Kishangarh state founded.
26 Mar 1818                British protectorate.

Maharajas
Jun 1658 - Oct 1706        Man Singh                          (b. 1655 - d. 1706)
Oct 1706 - Apr 1748        Raj Singh                          (b. 1674 - d. 1748)
1748 - 1781                Bahadur Singh                      (d. 1781)
1748 - 21 Aug 1765         Samant Singh                       (b. 1699 - d. 1765)
                            (in opposition to 1756; from 1756 raja of Roopnagar)
21 Aug 1765 - 16 May 1768  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1730 - d. 1768)
                            (raja of Roopnagar; regent for Samant 1756-65)
1781 - 22 Nov 1788         Birad Singh                        (b. 1727 - d. 1788)
22 Nov 1788 -  5 Mar 1798  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1763 - d. 1798)
 5 Mar 1798 - 22 May 1839  Kalyan Singh                       (b. 1794 - d. 1839)
22 May 1839 - 31 Aug 1841  Mohkam Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1841)
31 Aug 1841 - 25 Dec 1879  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1838 - d. 1879)
25 Dec 1879 - 18 Aug 1900  Sardul Singh                       (b. 1857 - d. 1900)
18 Aug 1900 - 25 Sep 1926  Madan Singh                        (b. 1884 - d. 1926)
18 Aug 1900 - 1903         Henry Venn Cobb -Regent            (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
Apr 1903 - 1905
            Thomas Caldwell Pears -Regent      (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
1905 - Dec 1905            Charles Herbert -Regent
25 Sep 1926 -  3 Feb 1939  Yagya Narayan Singh                (b. 1896 - d. 1939)

 3 Feb 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Sumar Singh                        (b. 1929 - d. 1971)
 3 Feb 1939 -  5 Jun 1947  .... -Regent



Koch Bihar (Cooch Behar)

[Koch Bihar (Cooch Behar)]

1250                       Kamata state founded.
1510                       Koch dynasty gives its name to the state.
1765? - 1772               Occupied by Bhutan.
 5 Apr 1773                British protectorate.

Rajas
1665 - 1680                Mod (Madan) Narayan                (d. 1680)
1680 - 1682                Vasudeo (Basudev) Narayan          (d. 1682)
1682 - 1693                Mahendra Narayan                   (b. c.1677 - d. 1693)
1693 - 1714                Rup Narayan                        (d. 1714)
1714 - 1763                Upendra Narayana                   (d. 1763)
1763 - 12 Aug 1765         Debendra Narayana                  (b. 1759 - d. 1765)
1765 - 1770                Dhairjendra Narayan (1st time)     (d. 1783)
1770 - 1772                Rajendra I  Narayan                (d. 1772)
1770 - 1772                Pensuthma -Bhutanese Regent
1772                       Dharendra Narayan (1st time)       (d. 1775)
1772 - 1774                Bijendra Narayan                   (d. 1774)
1774 - 1775                Dharendra Narayan (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1775 - 1783                Dhairjendra Narayan (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1783 - 29 Jul 1839         Harendra Narayan                   (b. 1780 - d. 1839)
1836 - 1839                Bajendra Narayan -Regent (1st time)(d. 1857)
28 Aug 1839 - 23 Aug 1847  Shivendra Narayan                  (b. 1796 - d. 1847)
23 Aug 1847 -  6 Aug 1863  Narendra Narayan                   (b. 1841 - d. 1863)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1862)
23 Aug 1847 - 1860         
Regents
                           - Bajendra Narayan (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                              (to 1857)
                           - Maharani Vrisundeshwari (f)

                           - Maharani Kameshwari (f)          (d. 1889)
 6 Aug 1863 - 16 Oct 1884  Nripendra Narayan                  (b. 1862 - d. 1911)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 25 Feb 1880)
 6 Aug 1863 -  8 Nov 1883  Regents
                           -
Maharani Kameswari (f)           (s.a.)
                           -
Maharani Vindeswari (f)
                           -
Maharani Nistarini (f)
Maharajas

16 Oct 1884 - 18 Sep 1911  Nripendra Narayan                  (s.a.)
                            
(from 23 Feb 1888, Sir Nripendra Narayan)
18 Sep 1911 -  1 Sep 1913  Rajendra II Narayan                (b. 1882 - d. 1913)
 1 Sep 1913 - 20 Dec 1922  Jitendra Narayan                   (b. 1886 - d. 1922)
20 Dec 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagaddipendra Narayan              (b. 1915 - d. 1970)
                            
(from 14 Aug 1947, Sir Jagaddipendra Narayan)
20 Dec 1922 - 1932         Maharani Siniti Devi (f) -Regent   (b. 1864 - d. 1932)

1932 -  6 Apr 1936         Maharani Indira Devi               (b. 1892 - d. 1968)
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent

Diwans
1693 - 1714                Satya Narayan
1714 - 17..                Kumar Dina Narayan
c.1738                     Kharga Narayan
1765 - 1770                Ram Narayan
1770                       Hareswar Karjee
1770 - 17..                Surendra Narayan
17.. - 1785?               Kamar Surendra Narayan
c.1789                     Kashi Kanta Lahiri
1791 - 1793                Joy Gopal Singh
1796 - 1797                Shyam Chandra Chatterjee
1797 - 1802                Padma Mochun
                           + Kasinath Lahiri                  (d. 1802)
1802 - 1803                Guru Prasad Rai (1st time)
1803 - 1804                Radha Krishna Lahiri (1st time)
1804 - 1806                Joy Gopal Singh                    (d. 1806)
1806 - 1808                Choa Lal Sarkar                    (d. 1808)
1808 - 1811                Radha Krishna Lahiri (2nd time)
1811 - 1816                Guru Prasad Rai (2nd time)
1816 - 1825                Radha Krishna Lahiri (3rd time)
1825 - 1829                Kalichandra Lahiri (1st time)
1829 - 1842                Ramchandra Lahiri
1842 - 1844                Kalichandra Lahiri (2nd time)
1844 - c.1847              Kali Krishna Lahiri
c.1864 - Dec 1868          Babu Nil Kamal Sanyal              (d. 1868)
Aug 1869 - c.1903          Kalika Das Datta (Dutt)            (b. 1841 - d. 19..)



Kochin (Cochin)
 
[Kochin
                          (Cochin) c.1890-1947]
                   c.1890 - 1947
 
[Kochin
                          (Cochin)]
                     1947 - 1949

[Kochin
                          (Cochin) Merchant flag 1924-1947]
        10 Oct 1924 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag

Map of Kochin
Capital: Kochi (Kochin)
Population: 812,025 (1901)
601,114 (1875)

bf.1500                    Perumpadappu (Kochin) state founded.
1503 - 1663                Portuguese protectorate.
1663 - 1795                Dutch protectorate.
1795                       British protectorate (confirmed 6 May 1809).

Rulers (title Raja, from 1895 Maharaja Gangadhara Koviladhi Karikal Sri)
1697 - 1701                Ramavarma V                        (d. 1701)
1701 - Oct 1721            Ramavarma VI (not crowned)         (d. 1721)
1721 - 1731                Ravivarma III                      (d. 1731)
1731 - Jan 1746            Ramavarma VI                       (d. 1746)
1746 - 14 Jan 1749         Keralavarma I                      (d. 1749)
1749 - Aug 1760            Ramavarma VII                      (d. 1760)
1760 - Sep 1775            Keralavarma II                     (d. 1775)
1775 - 16 Aug 1790         Ramavarma VIII                     (d. 1790)
1790 - 26 Sep 1805         Ramavarma IX "Saktan Tampuran"     (b. 1751 - d. 1805)
1805 - Jan 1809            Ramavarma X                        (d. 1809)
1809 - Aug 1828            Keralavarma III "Virulam Tampuran" (d. 1828)
1828 - Nov 1837            Ramavarma XI                       (d. 1837)
1837 - Jun 1844            Ramavarma XII                      (d. 1844)
1844 - Jul 1851            Ramavarma XIII                     (d. 1851)
1851 - Feb 1853            Keralavarma IV                     (d. 1853)
16 May 1853 - 11 Feb 1864  Ravivarma IV                       (d. 1864)
1856 - 1858                Gangadhara Lakshmi(f) -Regent
28 Mar 1864 -  2 Aug 1888  Ramavarma XIV                      (b. 1835 - d. 1888)
                             (from 2 Jun 1869, Sir Ramavarma XIV)
1888 - 12 Sep 1895         Keralavarma V                      (b. 1846 - d. 1895)

23 Oct 1895 -  7 Dec 1914  Ramavarma XV                       (b. 1852 - d. 1932)
                             (from 1 Jan 1903, Sir Ramavarma XV)
21 Jan 1915 - 25 Mar 1932  Ramavarma XVI                      (b. 1858 - d. 1932)

25 Mar 1932 - 23 May 1941  Ramavarma XVII                     (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
23 May 1941 - 13 Oct 1943  Keralavarma VI                     (b. 1863 - d. 1943)
21 Dec 1943 -  1 Feb 1946  Ravivarma V                        (b. 1865 - d. 1946)
 1 Feb 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Keralavarma VII                    (b. 1870 - d. 1948)

Dewans
1632 - 1809                the Paliat Achan family 
                            (hereditary prime ministers)
1809 - 1812                Kunhikrishna Menon
1812 - 1815                Sir John Munro                     (d. 1858)
1815 - 1830                Seshagiri Raya
1830 - Oct 1834            Edamana Shankara Menon
Oct 1834 - 1840            Venkata Subbaraya
1840 - 23 Oct 1856         Thottakattu Sankara Warrier        (d. 1856) 
1856 - 1860                Venkata Rayar (Rao)
1860 - 1879                Thottakattu Sankunni Menon  
1879 - 1890                Thottakattu Govindan Menon  
1890 - 1893                C. Thiruvenkatacharya              (d. 1893)
1893 - Dec 1896            Subramnya Pilla
Dec 1899 - Aug 1901        Perungavur Rajagopalachari         (b. 1862 - d. 1927)
1901 - 1902                L. Loka 
1902 - 1907                Nemali Pattabhirama Rao            (b. 1862 - d. 19..)
1907 - 1914                A.R. Banerjee
1914 - 1919                J.W. Bhore
1919 - 1922                Thiruvalayangudi                   (b. 1875 - d. 1935)
                             Vijayaraghavacharya

1922 - 1925                P. Narayana Menon
1925 - 1930                T.S. Narayana Iyer
1930 - 1935                C.G. Herbert

1935 - 1941                R.K. Shanmugham Chetty             (b. 1892 - d. 1953) 
1941 - 1943                A.F.W. Dickinson
1943 - 1944                George Townsend Boag               (b. 1884 - d. 1969)
1944 - 1947                C.P. Karunakara Menon              (b. 1891 - d. 1976)  

British Agents
Oct 1923 - 15 Aug 1947     the British Residents in Travancore



Kodagu (Coorg)

Middle Ages                Kodagu (Coorg) state in the southern Dekkan founded.
1780 - 1788                Occupied by Mahisur (Mysore).
26 Oct 1790                British protectorate.
11 Apr 1834                State extinguished and annexed to British India.

Rajas
1687 - 1736                Dodda Virappa                      (b. 1657 - d. 1736)
1736 - 1766                Cikka Virappa                      (d. 1766)
1766 - 1770                Muddu II                           (b. 1700 - d. 1770)
                           - jointly with -
1766 - 1770                Muddaya                            (d. 1770)
1770 - 1774                Devappa                            (d. 1774)
1774 - 1780                Lingaraja I                        (b. c.1710 - d. 1780)
1780 -  9 Jun 1809         Virarajendra I Udaiyar             (b. 1763 - d. 1809)
 9 Jun 1809 - 1811         Devammaji (f) -Rani                (b. 1799 - d. 1833)
 9 Jun 1809 - 1810         Sode Raja -Regent
1810 - 1811               
Lingaraja -Regent                  (b. 1775 - d. 1820) 
1811 - 1820                Lingaraja II Udaiyar               (s.a.)
1820 - 11 Apr 1834         Cikka Virarajendra II Udaiyar      (b. 1800 - d. 1863)


Kolaba

1698                       
Admirals of the Maratha fleet with style Angria establish
                             a quasi-independent independent from Sattara.
1839                       Annexed to British India.

Rulers (title Angria)
1698 - 1729                Kanhaji I
1729 - 1733                Sekhoji I
1733 - 1742                Sambhaji I
1743 - 1756                Tulaji I
1733 - 1758                Manaji I
1758 - 1793                Raghuji I
1793 - 1799                Manaji II (1st time)
1799 - 1813                Baburav
1813 - 1814                Kasibai
1814 - 1817                Manaji II (2nd time)
1817 - 1838                Raghuji II
1839                       Kanhoji II               (d. 1839)



Kolhapur

[Kolhapur]
                      1731 - 1947

1710                       Former ruler Shivaji II of Satara founds Kolhapur state.
 1 Oct 1812                British protectorate.

Rulers (titles Raja Chhatrapati)
1710 -  2 Aug 1714         Shivaji I                          (b. 1696 - d. 1726)
 2 Aug 1714 - 20 Dec 1760  Shambhuji II                       (b. 1698 - d. 1760)
20 Dec 1760 - 17 Feb 1773  Rani Jiji Bai (f) -Regent          (b. 1716 - d. 1773)
22 Sep 1762 - 24 Apr 1813  Shivaji II                         (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
1773 - 1779                Durga Bai Maharaj (f) -Regent      (d. 1779)
24 Apr 1813 -  2 Jul 1821  Shambhuji III "Appa Sahib"         (b. 1801 - d. 1821)
 2 Jul 1821 -  3 Jan 1822  Shivaji III                        (b. 1816 - d. 1822)
 2 Jul 1821 -  3 Jan 1822  Shahaji -Regent                    (b. 1802 - d. 1838)
 3 Jan 1822 - 29 Nov 1838  Shahaji I "Baba Sahib"             (s.a.)
29 Nov 1838 -  4 Aug 1866  Shivaji IV                         (b. 1830 - d. 1866)
29 Nov 1838 - 1857         Rani Sai Bai II (f) -Regent        (d. 1861)
 4 Aug 1866 - 30 Nov 1870  Rajaram I Nagaji Rao               (b. 1850 - d. 1870)
30 Nov 1870 - 12 Oct 1871  Rani Tara Bai (f) -Regent          (b. 1855 - d. 1874)
12 Oct 1871 - 25 Dec 1883  Shivaji V Chhatrapati Narayana Rao (b. 1863 - d. 1883)

                             (personal style Maharaja)
25 Dec 1883 - 17 Mar 1884  Rani Anand Bai (f) -Regent
17 Mar 1884 - 24 May 1900  Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant    (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
                             Rao "Baba Sahib" 
17 Mar 1884 - 20 Mar 1885  Jaisinhrao Ghatge -Regent          (d. 1886)
Maharajas

24 May 1900 -  6 May 1922  Shahaji II Chhatrapati Jashwant    (s.a.)
                             Rao "Baba Sahib" 
 6 May 1922 - 26 Nov 1940  Rajaram II Chhatrapati             (b. 1897 - d. 1940)
26 Nov 1940 - 18 Nov 1942  Tara Bai (f) -Regent (1st time)    (b. 1904 - d. ....)
18 Nov 1942 - 28 Sep 1946  Shivaji VI Chhatrapati             (b. 1941 - d. 1946)
22 Nov 1942 - 28 Sep 1946  Tara Bai (f) -Regent (2nd time)    (s.a.)
31 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Shahaji III Chhatrapati            (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
                            (= Maharaja Vikramasimha Rao Puar of Dewas [Senior Branch])

Dewans
1772 - 1782                 Yashvantrav Shinde
1782 - 18..                 Ratnakar Pant Appa
1813 - 1821                 Bhau Maharaj
1843 - 18..                 Daji Krishna Rao
 9 Jun 1871 - 1885          Madhavrao Barve
1883 - 1884                 Taraporewalla (acting for Barve)
1885 - 1898                 Meherjibhoy Kuverji Taraporewalla
1898 - 1925?                Raghunath Vyankaji Sabnis         (b. 1857 - d. 1948)
Oct 1925 - 1929?            Anna Babaji Latthe                (b. 1878 - d. 19..)
                              (acting Jan 1926)
1929 - 1940                 Dadasaheb Appasaheb Surve
                              (1st time)(acting to 1931)
Oct 1940? - 1946            E.W. Perry
1946 - 1947                 Sir Thomas Austin                 (b. 1887 - d. 1976)
 1 Jun 1947 - 15 Aug 1947   Dadasaheb Appasaheb Surve
                              (2nd time)

Agents to the Governors-general for Kolhapur and Deccan States Agency
 1 Apr 1933 - 1934         Harold Wilberforce-Bell            (b. 1885 - d. 1956)
1934 - 1937                John Creery Tate
Oct 1937 - 1938            George Patterson Murphy
1938 - 1940                Kenmure Alick Garth Evans Gordon   (b. 1885 - d. 19..)
1940 - 1942                Philipp Gaisford                   (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
1942 - 1944                C.G.N. Edwards
1944 - 1945                Joseph Herbert Thompson            (b. 1898 - d. 1984)
1945 - 1947                Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey
1947                       Basil Woods-Ballard



Korea

[Korea
                          (India) state flag]
             Adopted 1924 State Flag
[[Korea (India)
                          royal flag]
                       Royal Flag

16..                       Korea state founded.
24 Dec 1819                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Raja)
.... - ....                Jit Rai Deo
.... - ....                Sagar Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Afhar Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Jahan Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Sawal Sahi Deo
.... - ....                Gajraj Singh Deo
1795 - Jun 1828            Gharib Singh Deo                   (b. 1745 - d. 1828)
Jun 1828 - 1864            Amole Singh Deo                    (b. 1785 - d. 1864)
 4 Apr 1864 - 1897         Pran Singh Deo                     (b. 1857/59 - d. 1897)
1897 - 18 Nov 1909         Sheo Mangal Singh Deo              (b. 1874 - d. 1909)
18 Nov 1909 - 15 Aug 1947  Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo           (b. 1901 - d. 1954)
18 Nov 1909 - Jan 1925     .... -Regent


Kot Kapura: see Faridkot


Kota (Kotah)

[Kotah (India)
                bf.1877-1947]
        bf.1877 - 1947

1631                       Kota state secedes from Bundi.
18 Jun 1707 -  8 Sep 1713  United with Bundi during interregnum.
26 Dec 1817                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharao)
1697 - 18 Jun 1707         Ram Singh I                        (b. 16.. - d. 1707)
18 Jun 1707 -  8 Sep 1713  Interregnum
 8 Sep 1713
 - 19 Jun 1720  Bhim Singh I                       (b. 1682 - d. 1720)
 9 Jun 1720 - Oct 1723     Arjun Singh                        (d. 1723)
Oct 1723 -  1 Aug 1756     Durjan Sal                         (d. 1756)
1756 - 1758                Ajit Singh                         (b. bf.1676 - d. 1758)
1758 - 17 Dec 1764         Chhatar Sal Singh I                (b. bf.1718 - d. 1764)
17 Dec 1764 - 17 Jan 1771  Guman Singh                        (b. 1724 - d. 1771)
17 Jan 1771 - 21 Nov 1819  Umaid Singh I                      (b. 1761 - d. 1819)
21 Nov 1819 - 20 Jul 1828  Kishor Singh II                    (b. c.1781 - d. 1828)
20 Jul 1828 - 27 Mar 1866  Ram Singh II                       (b. 1808 - d. 1866)
28 Mar 1866 - 11 Jun 1889  Chhatar Sal Singh II               (b. 1837 - d. 1889)
11 Jun 1889 - 27 Dec 1940  Umaid Singh II                     (b. 1873 - d. 1940)
11 Jun 1889 -  5 Dec 1896  .... -Regent
27 Dec 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhim Singh II                      (b. 1909 - d. 1991)



Kotkhai

.... - 182.                Tributary to the Paρjab (Punjab).
Jan 1828                   Annexed to British India.

Rulers (title Rana)

1812 - 1821                Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1782 - d. 1821)
1821 - Jan 1828            Bhagwan Singh                      (d. 1859)  


Kozhikode (Calicut)

c.826 AD                   Kozhikode (traditional name: Nediyirippu Swaroopam) founded
                             according to tradition.
1026                       Calicut city founded.
27 Apr 1766 - 1792         Annexed by Mahisur (Mysore).
18 Aug 1792                British protectorate.
15 Nov 1806                Treaty with British East India Co. reduces the state
                             to an estate (zamindari).

Rulers (title Zamorin [Samoothiri Raja])
1671 - 1684                Utrattati Tirunal                   (d. 1684)
                             [110th Zamorin of Calicut]

1684 - 1705                Manavikraman VI Bharani Tirunal     (d. 1705)

1705 - 1711                Nileswaram Tirunal                  (d. 1705)
1711 - 1729                ....                                (d. 1729)
1729 -  4 Apr 1741         Manavikraman VII                    (d. 1741)
1741 - 12 Feb 1746         ... Kilakke Kovilakam               (b. 1706 - d. 1746)
1746 - 1758                ... Puthiya Kovilakam
1758 - 27 Apr 1766         ... Kilakke Kovilakam               (d. 1766)
1766 - 1788
               ... Puthiya Kovilakam
1788 - 28 Mar 1798         Karlavarma Vikram Puthiya           (d. 1798)
                             Kovilakam

1798 - 15 Nov 1806         Kishanvarma Puthiya Kovilakam       (d. 1816)


Kullu (Kulu)

....              
         Kullu state founded in remote legendary antiquity.
1840                       Annexed to the Paρjab (Punjab).
 9 Mar 1846                Annexed to British India, restored as an estate.

Rajas
1688 - 1719                Man Singh                          (d. 1719)
1719 - 1731                Raj Singh                          (d. 1731?)
1731 - 1742                Jai Singh                          (d. 1744)
1742 - 10 Jan 1767         Tedhi Singh                        (d. 1767)
10 Jan 1767 - 1806?        Pritam Singh                       (d. 1806?)
1806? - Oct 1816           Bikram Singh                       (d. 1816)
Oct 1816 - 1840            Ajit Singh                         (b. 1810 - d. 1841)


Kumharsain

c.1000                     Kumharsain state founded.
.... - 1803                Vassal of Bashahr.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1839 - 1840                Occupied by British India.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - 1725                Ajmir Singh
1725 - 1755                Anup Singh
1755 - 1789                Dalip Singh
1789 - 1803                Govardhan Singh                    (d. 1803)
1803                       Kehar Singh (1st time)             (d. 1839)

1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1839                Kehar Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1839 - 1840                occupied by British India
1840 - 1858                Pritam Singh                       (d. 1858)
1858 - 1874                Bhawani Singh                      (d. 1874)
12 Nov 1874 - 24 Aug 1914  Hira Singh                         (b. 1851 - d. 1914)
24 Aug 1914 - 1945         Vidyadhar Singh                    (b. 1895 - d. 1945)
1945 - 14 Aug 1947         Someshwar Singh                    (b. 1930 - d. 1996)



Kunihar

1154                       Kunihar state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1763 - 1795                Anant Dev                          (b. 1715 - d. 1795)
1795 - 1803                Maggan Dev (1st time)              (b. 1752 - d. 1816) 
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1816                Maggan Dev (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1816                       Puran Dev                          (b. 1769 - d. 1816)
1816 - 1866                Kishen Singh                       (b. 1803 - d. 1866)
1866 -  7 Oct 1905         Tegh Singh                         (b. 1834 - d. 1905)
1905 - 15 Aug 1947         Hardev Singh                       (b. 1898 - d. 1964)



Kurandvad (Kurandwad Junior Branch)

[Kurundwad Junior]

1733                       Kurandvad state founded.
 5 Apr 1854                Senior and Junior branches split the state.

Rulers (title Rao)(often ruling jointly)
- line 1 -
 5 Apr 1854 - 18..         Hariharrao Keshavrao 
                             "Bhau Sahib Patwardhan" 
 5 Apr 1854 - 1869         Trimbakrao Keshavrao               (d. 1869)
                             "Aaba Sahib Patwardhan" 
 5 Apr 1854 - 1899         Ganpatrao I Hariharrao             (b. 1837 - d. 1899)
                             "Bapu Sahib Patwardhan" 
29 Jul 1899 - 1931         Madhavrao Ganpatrao                (b. 1875 - d. 1931)
                             "Bhav Sahib Patwardhan" 
1931 -  9 Nov 1942         Ganpatrao II Madhavrao             (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
                             "Bapu Sahib Patwardhan"
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Raghunathrao Ganpatrao             (b. 1922 - d. 2007)
                             "Dada Sahib Patwardhan" 
- line 2 -
 5 Apr 1854 - 1876         Vinayakrao Keshavrao  
                             "Appa Sahib Patwardhan"
1876 - 1911                Hariharrao Vinayakrao              (b. 1852 - d. 19..)
                             "Daji Sahib Patwardhan" 
1911 - 1932                Vinayakrao Hariharrao              (b. 1877 - d. 1932)
                             "Nana Sahib Patwardhan"
1932 - 1934                Trimbakrao Hariharrao              (b. 1879 - d. 1934)
                             "Bapu Sahib Patwardhan"
1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Ganpatrao II Trimbakrao            (b. 1923 - d. 2004)
                             "Tatya Sahib Patwardhan"



Kurandvad (Kurandwad Senior Branch)

[Kurundwad Senior]

1733                       Kurandvad state founded.
 5 Apr 1854                Kurandvad state split into Senior Branch and Junior Branch.

Rulers (title Rao)
1733 - 1771                Trimbakrao I "Appa Sahib           (d. 1771)
                             Patwardhan" 
1771 -  3 Mar 1771         Nilkanthrao "Dada Sahib            (b. 1726 - d. 1771)
                             Patwardhan" 
1771 - 1801                Raghunathrao "Dada Sahib           (b. 1750 - d. 1801)
                             Patwardhan"
1801 - 1811                Trimbakrao II "Appa Sahib 
                             Patwardhan"
1811 - 1827                Keshavrao "Baba Sahib Patwardhan"  (d. 1827)
1827 - 1876                Raghunathrao Keshavrao             (b. 1812 - d. 1876)
                             "Dada Sahib Patwardhan" 
25 Jan 1876 - 16 Feb 1908  Chintamanrao Raghunathrao          (b. 1849 - d. 1908)
                             "Bala Sahib Patwardhan" 
16 Feb 1908 - 10 Sep 1927  Bhalchandrarao Chintamanrao        (b. 1873 - d. 1927)
                             "Anna Sahib Patwardhan"
10 Sep 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Chintamanrao Bhalchandrarao        (b. 1921 - d. 1980)
                             "Bala Sahib Patwardhan" 
10 Sep 1927 - 1942         Sitabai Sahib Bhalchandrarao       (b. 1901 - d. 1969)
                             "Mai Sahib" (f) -Regent 



Kurnool


....                       Kurnool state established by a Pathan general.
1839                       Annexed to British India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1690 - ....                Daud Khan

.... - 1724                Ibrahim Khan
1724 - 1733                Alif Khan
1733 - 1751                Himayat Bahadur Khan
1751 - 1792                Munawwar Khan
1792 - 1815                Aluf Khan
1815                       Muzaffar Khan
1815 - 1823                Munawwar Khan
1823 - 1839                Ghulam Rasul Khan


Kurwai

[Kurwai]

1713                       Kurwai state founded.
1817                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1713 – Oct 1722            Mohammad Diler Khan                (b. c.1670 - d. 1722)
Oct 1722 - 1762            Mohammad `Izzat Khan               (d. 1762)
1722 – 1727                Mohammad Ahsanullah Khan -Regent
1762 – 1792                Mohammed Hormat Khan               (d. 1792)
1792 - 1839                Akbar Mohammad Khan                (d. 1839)
1839 – 11 Aug 1858         Mohammad Mozaffar Khan             (d. 1858)
11 Aug 1858 – 15 Jan 1887  Mohammad Najaf Khan                (b. 1822 – d. 1887)
15 Jan 1887 – 10 Sep 1896  Monawar `Ali Khan                  (b. 1869 - d. 1896)
15 Jan 1887 – 1892         Mian Mazhar 'Ali Khan -Regent
10 Sep 1896 -  1 Oct 1906  Mohammad Ya`qub `Ali Khan          (b. 1876 - d. 1906)
 1 Oct 1906 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Sarwar `Ali Khan          (b. 1901 - d. 1986)
1906 –  9 Apr 1923         Umar un-nisa Begum (f) -Regent



Kuthar

bf.1700                    Kuthar state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
1776 - 1791                Samar Chand                        (d. 1791)
1791 - 1803                Gopal Chand (1st time)             (d. 1824)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1824                Gopal Chand (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1824 - 1858                Bhup Chand                         (d. 1858)
27 Dec 1858 - 1895         Jai Chand                          (b. 1845 - d. 1895)
1895 - 1930                Jagjit Chand                       (b. 1886 - d. 1930)
1930 - 15 Aug 1947         Krishan Chand                      (b. 1905 - d. 1956)


Kutlehar

[Kutlehar (India)]

750 AD                     Kutlehar state founded.
1805 - 1809                Occupied by Nepal.
1825                       Annexed to Panjab.

Rulers (title Raja Saheb)
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                Dharam Pal

.... - ....                Gur Pal
1798 - 1825                Amrat Pal                          (d. 1832)


Kutch: see Kachh
Lahaur (Lahore): see Panjab


Lakhtar

1604                       Lakhtar state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1696 - 1714                Gopalsinhji Sheshmalji 
1714 - 1741                Karansinhji I Gopalsinhji
1741 - 1769                Abherajji II Karansinhji 
1769 - 1798                Raydhanji Abherajji
1798                       Sangramji Raydhanji
1798 - 1803                Chandrasinhji Raydhanji

1803 - 1835                Prithirajji Chandrasinhji          (d. 1835)
1835 - 15 Jun 1846         Vajirajji II Prithirajji           (d. 1846)
15 Jun 1846 -  8 Aug 1924  Karansinhji II Vajirajji           (b. 1846 - d. 1924)
 8 Aug 1924 - 1940         Balvirsinhji Karansinhji           (b. 1881 - d. 19..)
 2 Jul 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Indrasinhji Balvirsinhji           (b. 1907 - d. ....)


Las Bela: see Pakistani Princely States


Lathi

[Lathi]

c.1260                     Lathi state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib Shri)
.... - ....                Jijibawa
1750 - ....                Lakhaji Jijibawa
.... - ....                Dajiraji Lakhaji
.... - 1878                Takhtsimhji Lakhaji                (b. 1843 - d. 1878)

 4 Nov 1878 - 1900         Sursimhji Takhtsimhji              (b. 1875 - d. 1900)
10 Jun 1900 - 14 Oct 1918  Pratapsimhji Sursimhji             (b. 1891 - d. 1918)
14 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Prahladsinhji Pratapsimhji         (b. 1912 - d. ....)



Limbdi

c.1500                     Limbdi state founded.

Rulers (title Maharana Shri)
16.. - 17..                Verisalji I Aderajji
17.. - 17..                Askaramji III Verisalji
17.. - 17..                Aderajji II Askaranji
17.. - 17..                Verisalji II Aderajji
17.. - 1786                Harbhamji I Verisalji              (d. 1786)
1786 - 1825                Harisimhji Harbhanji               (d. 1825)
1825 - 1837                Bhojraji Harisimji                 (d. 1837)
1837 - 
 8 Jan 1856         Harbhamji II Bhojraji              (d. 1856)
 8 Jan 1856 - 30 Jan 1862  Fatehsimhji Bhojraji               (d. 1862)
30 Jan 1862 - 26 Apr 1907  Jashwantsinhji Fatehsinhji         (b. 1859 - d. 1907)
30 Jan 1862 -  1 Aug 1877  Rani Bai Shri Hariba Kunverba
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
26 Apr 1907 - 30 Sep 1940  Daulatsinhji Jashwantsinhji        (b. 1868 - d. 1940)
30 Sep 1940 -  6 Jan 1941  Digvijaysinhji Daulatsinhji        (b. 1896 - d. 1941)
 6 Jan 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Chhatarsalji Digvijaysinhji        (b. 1940)



Loharu

[Loharu (India) state flag]

1806                       Loharu state founded.
1806                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1806 - 1827                
Ahmad Bakhsh Khan                  (b. 1765 - d. 1827)
1827 -  3 Oct 1835         Shamsuddin Khan                    (d. 1835)

1835 - 27 Feb 1869         Aminuddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1812 - d. 1869)
27 Feb 1869 - 31 Oct 1884  
Allauddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1833 - d. 1884)
31 Oct 1884 - Apr 1920     Amiruddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1860 - d. 1937)
Apr 1920 - 30 Oct 1926     Aizuddin Ahmad Khan                (b. 1885 - d. 1926)
30 Oct 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Aminuddin Ahmad Khan               (b. 1911 - d. 1983)
30 Oct 1926 - 21 Nov 1931  
Amiruddin Ahmad Khan -Regent       (s.a.)



Lunavada (Lunawada)

[Lunavada (Lunawada)]

1434                       Lunavada state founded.

Rulers (title Rana)
1674 - 1711                Bir Singhji                        (d. 1711)
1711 - 1735                Nar Singhji                        (d. 1735)
1735 - 1757                Wakhatsimji                        (d. 1757)
1757 - 1782                Dip Singhji                        (d. 1782)
1782 - 1786                Durjansalji                        (d. 1786)
1786                       Jagat Singhji
1786 - 1817                Partab Singhji
1817 - 1818                Shiv Singhji
1818 - 1849                Fateh Singhji                      (d. 1849)
1849 - 1851                Dalpat Singhji                     (d. 1851)
1851 - 1852                Interregnum
1852 - Jun 1867            Dalilsimji                         (d. 1867) 

Maharajas
 7 Oct 1867 - 27 Apr 1929  Wakhatsimji Dalilsimji             (b. 1860 - d. 1929)
27 Apr 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Virbhadraaimhji Ranjitsimhji       (b. 1910 - d. 1986)



Mahisur (Mysore)

[Mahisur (Mysore)]
                  c.1881 - 1949
 

Map of Mysore
Capital: Bangalore
(to 1831 Mysore [Mahisur])
Population: 3,523,000 (1931)

bf.1350                    Mahisur (Mysore) state founded.
1786 -  4 May 1799         Tipu Sultan establishes Khuda-Dad state, independent
                             of Mughal Empire, with himself as ruler, styled Padshah.
30 Jun 1799                Mahisur state restored as a British protectorate.
19 Oct 1831 - 25 Mar 1881  Province of British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes conditionally to India.
28 Jun 1949                Accedes fully to India.

Maharajas
11 Feb 1673 - 16 Nov 1704  Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar            (b. 1645 - d. 1704)
16 Nov 1704 - 18 Feb 1714  Narasaraja II Wodeyar              (b. 1672 - d. 1714)
16 Nov 1704 - 18 Feb 1714  .... -Regents
18 Feb 1714 -  5 Mar 1732  Krishnaraja I Wodeyar              (b. 1702 - d. 1732)

19 Mar 1732 - 10 Jun 1734  Chamaraja VII Wodeyar              (b. 1704 - d. 1734)
1734 - 25 Apr 1766         Krishnaraja II Wodeyar             (b. 1728 - d. 1766)
1734 - 1746                Mahisura Delavoi Devarajaiya
                             Urs -Regent

25 Apr 1766 -  2 Aug 1770  Nanjaraja Wodeyar                  (b. 1748 - d. 1770)
 2 Aug 1770 - 16 Sep 1776  Chamaraja VIII Wodeyar             (b. 1759 - d. 1776)
 2 Aug 1770 - 16 Sep 1776  Hyder Ali -Regent (1st time)       (d. 1783)
27 Sep 1776 - Jan 1786     Chamaraja IX Wodeyar               (b. 1774 - d. 1796)
27 Sep 1776 - 1783         Hyder Ali -Regent (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1783 - Jan 1786            Tippoo (Tipu) Sahib -Regent        (b. 1749 - d. 1799)

Ruler (titled Padshah)
Jan 1786 -  4 May 1799     Tippoo (Tipu) Sahib                (s.a.)
Maharajas
25 Jun 1799 - 27 Mar 1868  Mummadi Krishnaraja III Wodeyar    (b. 1794 - d. 1868)
                             (from 24 May 1867, Sir Krishnaraja III Wodeyar)
25 Jun 1799 - Feb 1810     Maharani Ammani Devi              
(b. 1742 - d. 1810)
                             Avaru (f) -Regent

25 Jun 1799 - 23 Dec 1811  Krishnacharya Purnaiya -Regent     (b. 1746 - d. 1812)
27 Mar 1868 - 28 Dec 1894  Jaina C
hamaraja X Wodeyar          (b. 1863 - d. 1894)
                             (from 23 May 1884, Sir Jaina Chamaraja X Wodeyar)
27 Mar 1868
- 22 Feb 1881  Maharani Devajammanni (f) -Regent  (b. 1804 - d. 1893)
28 Dec 1894 -  3 Aug 1940  Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar             (b. 1884 - d. 1940)

                             (from 1 Jan 1907, Sir Krishnaraja IV Wodeyar)
28 Dec 1894 -  8 Aug 1902  Maharani Vani Vilas                (b. 1866 - d. 1934)

                             Sannidhana (f) -Regent 
 3 Aug 1940 - 28 Jun 1949  Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar          (b. 1919 - d. 1974)
                             (from 1 Jan 1945, Sir
Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar)

Dewans
1799 - 1811                Krishnacharya Purnaiya             (s.a.)
Apr 1811 - Jan 1812        Bargir Bakshi Balaji Rao
Feb 1812 - Oct 1817        Savar Bakshi Rama Rao
Nov 1817 - Apr 1818        Babu Rao (1st time)                (d. 1834)
May 1818 - Feb 1820        Siddharaj Urs
Mar 1820 - Aug 1821        Babu Rao (2nd time)                (s.a.)
Nov 1821 - Nov 1822        Lingaraj Urs
Dec 1822 - Nov 1825        Babu Rao (3rd time)                (s.a.)
Nov 1825 - May 1927        Vacant
May 1827 - Oct 1831        Venkata Urs
Oct 1831 - 14 May 1832     Venkataramanaiya
May 1832 - 19 Apr 1834     Babu Rao (4th time)                (s.a.)
1834 - 1838                Kollam Venkata Rao
Huzur Head Sherestedar

1838 - 1840                Surappaya                          (d. 1840)
Assistants to the Commissioners for the government of Mysore
1840 - 1844                Kollam Venkata Rao
1844 - 1858                Kola Krishnama Naidu
1858 - 1864                Kola Vijayarangam Naidu
1864 - 1866                Arunachala Mudaliar

Dewans
1866 - 1881                the British Commissioners
25 Mar 1881 - 20 Jan 1883  Cettipanyam Viravalli Rungacharlu 
(b. 1831 - d. 1883)
21 Jan 1883 - 18 Mar 1901  Kumarapuram Seshadri Iyer         
(b. 1845 - d. 1901)
                             (acting to 11 Feb 1883)
                            
(from 2 Jan 1893, Sir Kumarapuram Seshadri Iyer)
11 Aug 1900 - 18 Mar 1901  T.R.A. Thambuchetty  
                             (
T.R.A. Thumboo Chetty)
                             (acting for Iyer)
18 Mar 1901 - 30 Jun 1906  Purniah Narasinga Rao Krishnamurti (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1903, Sir Purniah Narasinga Rao Krishnamurti)
30 Jun 1906 - 31 Mar 1909  Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
 1 Apr 1909 - 1912         Tanjore Ananda Rao                 (b. 1852 - d. 1919)
10 Nov 1912 - 1918         Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya          (b. 1861 - d. 1962)
                            
(from 1915, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya)
10 Dec 1918 - 1922         M. Kantharaj Urs
                  (b. 1870 - d. 1922)
 6 Mar 1922 - 1926         Sir Albion Rajkumar Banerjee       (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
 1 May 1926 - 1941         Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail          (b. 1883 – d. 1959)
1941                       M.N. Krishna Rao (acting)
1941 - 1946                Nyapathi Madhava Rau               (b. 1887 - d. 1972)

Chief minister
1946 - 15 Aug 1947         Sir Arcot Ramaswamy Mudaliar       (b. 1887 - d. 1976)

British Residents
22 Jul 1799 - Mar 1801     Sir Barry Close                    (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
31 Mar 1801 -  1 Feb 1803  Josiah M.C.S. Webbe (1st time)     (b. 1768 - d. 1804)
 1 Feb 1803 - 23 Oct 1803  John Chamier (acting)
23 Oct 1803 -  1 Feb 1804  Josiah M.C.S. Webbe (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Apr 1804 - 1808            Mark Wilks                         (b. 1760? - d. 1831)
Nov 1804 - Mar 1805        Sir John Malcolm (1st time)        (b. 1769 - d. 1833)
                             (acting for Wilks)
Apr 1807 - Feb 1808        Sir John Malcolm (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting for Wilks)
29 Feb 1808 - 1825         Arthur Henry Cole (acting to 1809) (b. 1780 - d. 1844)
1825 - 1833                James Archibald Casamajor          (b. 1784 - d. 1863)
                             (acting to 1827)
1833 - 1834                H.S. Graeme (acting)
May 1834 - Oct 1834        Mark Cubbon                        (b. 1784 - d. 1861)
Oct 1834 - Jan 1836        James Stuart Fraser                (b. 1783 - d. 1869)
19 Jan 1836 - 31 Dec 1842  R.D. Stokes
Commissioners of Mysore Commission (and from 24 Feb 1869 Chief Commissioners of Coorg)
19 Oct 1831 - Jun 1834     Board of Commissioners
                           - John Briggs                      (b. 1785 - d. 1875)
                              (senior commissioner to 6 Feb 1833)   
                           - Charles May Lushington           (b. 1784 - d. 1844)    
                              (19 Oct 1831 - 18 Feb 1832)
                           - George Dominico Drury            (b. 1793 - d. 1870)
                              (18 Feb - 16 Jun 1832)
                           - John M. Macleod                  (b. 1792 - d. 1881)
                              (16 Jun 1832 - 17 Feb 1834)
                           - William Morison                  (b. 1785 - d. 1867)
                              (senior commissioner from 6 Feb 1833
                           - Mark Cubbon (from 17 Feb 1834)   (s.a.) 
Apr 1834 - Jun 1834        William Morison                    (s.a.)
Jun 1834 - Feb 1861        Mark Cubbon                        (s.a.)
                             (from 26 May 1856, Sir Mark Cubbon) 
Feb 1861 - 21 Feb 1870     Lewin Bentham Bowring              (b. 1824 - d. 1910)
21 Feb 1870 -  5 Jun 1876  Richard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1904)
                            
(from 30 May 1874, Sir Richard John Meade)
 5 Jun 1876 -  1 Apr 1878  Charles Burslem Saunders           (b. 1821 - d. 1888)

 1 Apr 1878 - 25 Mar 1881  James Davidson Gordon              (b. 1835 - d. 1889)
Residents (also Chief Commissioners of Coorg until 1 Jul 1940)
25 Mar 1881 -  1 May 1882  James Davidson Gordon (1st time)   (s.a.)
                             (from 24 May 1881, Sir James Davidson Gordon)
 
1 May 1882 –  4 Dec 1882  John Douglas Sandford (acting)     (b. 1833 – d. 1892)
 4 Dec 1882 -  8 Jun 1883  Sir James Davidson Gordon          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 8 Jun 1883 – 17 Dec 1884  Sir James Broadwood Lyall          (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
                             (1st time)(acting to 7 Dec 1883)
17 Dec 1884 -  2 Mar 1885  Tredway George Clarke (acting)     (b. 1835 – d. 1924)
 2 Mar 1885 -  2 Jun 1885  Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
                             (acting)
 2 Jun 1885 – May 1886     Charles Edward Ridgway Girdlestone (b. 1839 - d. 1889)
                             (acting)
May 1886 - 20 Mar 1887     Sir James Broadwood Lyall          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)      
20 Mar 1887 – 10 Oct 1887  Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick  (acting)   (b. 1827 - d. 1920)
10 Oct 1887 - 15 Jan 1889  Sir Harry North Dalrymple          (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
                             Prendergast (1st time) (acting)
15 Jan 1889 -  1 Jun 1891  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John
 1 Jun 1891 - 16 Apr 1892  Sir Harry North Dalrymple          (s.a.)
                             Prendergast (2nd time)(acting)
16 Apr 1892 - 12 Jul 1892  Philip Durham Henderson (1st time) (b. 1840 - d. 1918)
12 Jul 1892 – 13 Oct 1892  H.P. Peacock (acting)
13 Oct 1892 - 20 Feb 1895  Philip Durham Henderson (2nd time) (s.a.)
20 Feb 1895 - 18 Sep 1895  Sir William Lee-Warner             (b. 1846 - d. 1912)
18 Sep 1895 -  7 Dec 1896  William Mackworth Young            (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
 7 Dec 1896 - 28 Jun 1899  Sir Donald Robertson (1st time)    (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
                             (acting to 10 Feb 1897)
28 Jun 1899 – 26 Nov 1899  James Adair Crawford (1st time)    (b. 1857 - d. 1936)
                             (acting)
26 Nov 1899 - 29 May 1901  Sir Donald Robertson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
29 May 1901 –  5 Dec 1901  James Adair Crawford (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 5 Dec 1901 -  5 Nov 1903  Sir Donald Robertson (3rd time)    (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1903 - 22 Nov 1905  James Austin Bourdillon            (b. 1848 - d. 1913)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1904, Sir James Austin Bourdillon)
22 Nov 1905 - 26 Aug 1910  Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser          (b. 1864 - d. 1963)

26 Aug 1910 -  7 Apr 1916  Sir Hugh Daly                      (b. 1860 - d. 1939)
 7 Apr 1916 -  8 Mar 1920  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
 8 Mar 1920 - 29 Jun 1925  Sir William Pell Barton            (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
18 Feb 1921 - 18 Oct 1921  Stuart George Knox                 (b. 1869 - d. 1956)
                             (acting for Barton)
29 Jun 1925 - 23 Jun 1930  Sir Steuart Edmund Pears           (b. 1875 - d. 1931)
23 Jun 1930 -  5 May 1933  Richard John Charles Burke         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
1930 - 1931                Percy Gordon Loch                  (b. 1887 - d. 1953)
                             (acting for Burke)

 5 May 1933 -  9 Dec 1937  Charles Terence Chichele Plowden   (b. 1883 - d. 1956)
 9 Dec 1937 - 1941         John de la Hay Gordon              (b. 1887 - d. 1959)
1941 - 1944                Sir Denholm de Montalt Fraser      (b. 1889 - d. 1956)
1944 - 1946                Sir Philip Gaisford                (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
1946 - 1947                Sir Walter Fendall Campbell        (b. 1894 - d. 1973)



Mahlog (Mahilog)

bf.1600                    Mahlog (or Mahilog) state founded.
.... - 18..                Subject to Bilaspur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - 1801                Nahar Chand                         (d. 1801)
1801 - 1803                Samsar Chand (1st time)             (d. 1849)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1849                Samsar Chand (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1849 - 1880                Dhalip Chand                        (b. 1829 - d. 1880)
16 May 1880 - 16 Sep 1902  Raghunath Chand                     (b. 1861/66 - d. 1902)
                             (personal style Rana)
1902 - 16 Dec 1934         Durga Chand                         (b. 1898 - d. 1934)
16 Dec 1934 - 15 Aug 1947  Narendra Chand                      (b. 1921 - d. 2011)



Mahratta (Maratha) states

[Marathi States]
 
Map of Mahratta Empire
Capital: Prune (Poona)
(Satara 1698-1750;
Raigarh 1674-1698)
Population: N/A

16 Jun 1674                Shivaji Bhonsle secedes from Mughal Empire and creates
                             a Mahratta (Maharashtra) Empire; a branch of the Bhonsle
                             family displaces an earlier lineage in Tanjur (Tanjore).
14 Apr 1680                Shivaji dies, and his lineage maintains an increasingly
                             tenuous paramountcy over the Mahratta chiefs, ruling
                             directly over a district centered at Satara; the "chief
                             minister," styled peshwa, soon governs a quasi-independent
                             polity - from 1713 the peshwa is chosen from the ruling
                             Bhonsle family.
1731                       The Mahratta states of Baroda, Gwalior, and Indaur (Indore)
                             become de facto independent.
1734                       The Mahratta state of Nagpur becomes de facto independent.
11 Jun 1793                Tanjur a British protectorate. 
20 Oct 1799                Tanjur (Tanjore), with the exception of the capital fortress, is
                             annexed to British India.
 3 Jun 1818                The "Peshwa's Dominions" are annexed to British India.
25 Sep 1819                Satara a British protectorate. 
 5 Apr 1848                Satara, the site of the Mahratta paramount ruler, is annexed to
                             British India.
11 Dec 1853                Nagpur is annexed to British India.
30 Oct 1855                Tanjur (Tanjore) fortress is annexed to British India.
Jul 1857 - 1857            Rebellion by son of the last peshwa.

Satara

Rulers (title Maharaja Chatrapati)
16 Jun 1674 -  5 Apr 1680  Shivaji I                          (b. 1627 - d. 1680)
 5 Apr 1680 - 11 Mar 1689  Shambhaji                          (b. 1657 - d. 1689)
11 Mar 1689 -  3 Mar 1700  Rajaram I                          (b. 1670 - d. 1700)
 3 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707  Shivaji II                         (b. 1696 - d. 1726)
 3 Mar 1700 - 12 Oct 1707  Tara Bai Sahib Maharaj (f)-Regent  (b. 1675 - d. 1761)
12 Oct 1707 - 15 Dec 1749  Shahuji I                          (b. 1689 - d. 1749)
15 Dec 1749 - 11 Dec 1777  Rajaram II                         (b. 1726 - d. 1777)
11 Dec 1777 -  3 May 1808  Shahuji II "Appa Sahib"            (b. 1763 - d. 1808)
 3 May 1808 -  5 Sep 1839  Pratapsinha "Bowa Sahib"           (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
 5 Sep 1839 -  5 Apr 1848  Shahuji III "Appa Sahib"           (b. 1802 - d. 1848)
 5 Apr 1848 -  1 May 1849  Venkatji "Bowa Sahib"              (d. 1864)
                             (in dissidence)
 

British Residents 
1813 - 1823                James Cunningham Grant-Duff        (b. 1789 -  d. 1858) 
1823 - 1827                John Briggs                        (b. 1785 - d. 1875) 
1827 - 1832                Archibald Robertson                (b. 1782 - d. 1847)
1832 - 1836                Peter Lodwick                      (b. 1781 - d. 18..)
1836 - 1844                Charles Ovans                      (b. 1793? - d. 1858)
May 1845 - May 1847        James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863) 
1847 - 1849                Henry Bartle Frere                 (b. 1815 - d. 1884)  


"The Peshwa's Dominions"

Peshwas
16 Nov 1713 -  2 Apr 1719  Balaji Vishwanath Bhat             (b. 1662 - d. 1719)
 2 Apr 1719 - 25 Apr 1740  Bajirao I (Pahila Bajirao)         (b. 1698 - d. 1740)
25 Apr 1740 - 23 Jun 1761  Balaji Baji Rao                    (b. 1721 - d. 1761)
23 Jun 1761 - 18 Nov 1772  Madhava Rao I Ballal               (b. 1745 - d. 1772)
18 Nov 1772 - 30 Aug 1773  Narayan Rao                        (b. 1755 - d. 1773)
30 Aug 1773 - 1774         Raghunath Rao                      (b. 1734 - d. 1794)
18 Apr 1774 - 25 Oct 1795  Sawai Madhava Rao II Narayan       (b. 1774 - d. 1795)
1774 - 1800                Nana Phadnis -Administrator/Regent (d. 1800)
25 Oct 1795 -  6 Dec 1796  Chimnaji Appa Rao                  (b. 1783 - d. 1830)
 6 Dec 1796 -  3 Jun 1818  Bajirao II                         (b. 1775 - d. 1853)
Jul 1857 - 1857            Sahib Nana (Dhondu Pant)           (b. 1824 - d. 1859)
                            (in rebellion)

British Residents in Poona (Pune)
 3 Mar 1786 - 21 Feb 1797  Charles Warre Malet                (b. 1752 - d. 1815)
21 Feb 1797 - 24 Mar 1798  Joshua Uhthoff (acting)            (b. 1765 - d. 1818)
24 Mar 1798 - 18 Dec 1801  William Palmer                     (b. 1740 - d. 1816)
1801 - 1811                
Barry Close                        (b. 1756 - d. 1813)
1811 - 1819                Mountstuart Elphinstone            (b. 1779 - d. 1859)


Nagpur

[Marathi States]

Rulers (title Maharaja Sena Sahib Subah)
1734 - 14 Feb 1755         Raghuji I                          (d. 1755) 
14 Feb 1755 - 21 May 1773  Janoji                             (d. 1773)
21 May 1773 - 19 May 1788  Mudhoji I -Regent
19 May 1775 - 22 Mar 1816  Raghuji II                         (d. 1816)
22 Mar 1816 -  2 Feb 1817  Parsoji "Bala Sahib Parsharam"     (b. 1778 - d. 1817)
 2 Feb 1817 - 15 Mar 1818  Mudhoji II "Appa Sahib"            (b. 1796 - d. 1840)
26 Jun 1818 - 11 Dec 1853  Raghuji III "Bapu Sahib"           (b. 1808 - d. 1853)

British Residents 
18 Mar 1799 - 19 May 1801  Henry Thomas Colebrooke            (b. 1765 - d. 1837)
19 May 1801 - 31 Dec 1803  Vacant
21 Dec 1803 - 1808         Montstuart Elphinstone             (b. 1779 - d. 1859)
1808 - 29 Dec 1826         Richard Jenkins                    (b. 1785 - d. 1853)
29 Dec 1826 - 12 Apr 1827  Hamilton (acting)
12 Apr 1827 - 19 Feb 1830  Francis Boyle Shannon Wilder       (b. 1785 - d. 1849) 
1830 - 1833                Henry Sullivan Graeme              (b. 1781 - d. 1850)
1833 - 1834                Gordon (acting)
31 May 1834 - 1835         John Briggs                        (b. 1785 - d. 1875)
1835 - 13 Nov 1839         Richard Cavendish                  (b. 1794 - d. 1876)
13 Nov 1839 - 12 Sep 1844  Thomas Wilkinson 
 1 Dec 1844 - 1847         Alexander Spiers
Jan 1847 - 12 Mar 1849     Ramsay
12 Mar 1849 - Aug 1850     Davidson
Nov 1850 - 13 Mar 1854     Charles Grenville Mansel           (b. 1806 - d. 1886)


Tanjur (Tanjore)

Rajas
1684 - 1712                Shahji                             (b. 1672 - d. 1712)
1712 - 1729                Sarfoji I                          (b. 1679 - d. 1729)
1729 - 1736                Tukoji                             (b. 1677 - d. 1736)
1736 - 1737                Venkoji II                         (b. 1696 - d. 1737)
1737 - 1740                Pratap (1st time)                  (d. 1763)
1737 - 1738                Rani Sijana Bai (f) -Regent
1740 - 1741                Shahuji                            (d. 1741)
1741 - 16 Dec 1763         Pratap (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
16 Dec 1763 - 1787         Tuljaji                            (b. 1738 - d. 1787)
                             (British prisoner 16 Sep 1773 - 11 Apr 1776)
1787 - 1793                Sarabhoji II (Sarfoji II)          (b. 1773 - d. 1832)
                             (1st time) 
1793 - 1798                Amir                               (d. 1802)
1798 -  7 Mar 1832         Sarabhoji II (Sarfoji II)          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 7 Mar 1832 - 30 Oct 1855  Shivaji                            (d. 1855)

British Residents 
1781 - 1785                John Sullivan                      (b. 1749 - d. 1839)
1785 - 1787                John Hudleston
1787 - Oct 1789            Alexander Macleod
1789 - 1792                George Andrew Ram
1792? - 1797               Alexander Macleod
1797 - 1798                Alexander Grant
1798 - 1803                Benjamin Torin
1803 -  3 Mar 1823         William Blackburne                 (b. 1764 - d. 1839)
 4 Mar 1823 - 21 Aug 1824  William Hardy
22 Aug 1824 -  9 Nov 1830  John Fyfe
10 Nov 1830 - 31 Dec 1830  W. Tweedie (acting)
 1 Jan 1831 - 31 Mar 1831  W. Hudlestone
 1 Apr 1831 - 16 Aug 1832  J. Blackurne
17 Aug 1832 - 18 Oct 1834  Archibald Douglas (1st time)
19 Oct 1834 - 20 Jul 1837  T. Macleane
21 Jul 1837 - 20 Oct 1837  C.M. Macleane (acting)
21 Oct 1837 -  2 Jul 1839  T. Macleane
 3 Jul 1839 - 23 Sep 1839  W. Lockhart (1st time)(acting)
24 Sep 1839 - 14 Oct 1839  T. Macleane
15 Oct 1839 - 13 Nov 1839  W. Lockhart (2nd time)(acting)
14 Nov 1839 -  3 Apr 1840  Archibald Douglas (2nd time)
 4 Apr 1840 -  6 Jul 1840  Halpin
 7 Jul 1840 - 20 Mar 1841  Archibald Douglas (3rd time)
21 Mar 1841 - 14 Apr 1841  Selby
15 Apr 1841 - Dec 1841     W.H. Bayley



Maihar

1778                       Maihar state founded.
1788 - 1790                Occupied by Banda.

Rulers (title Thaku Saheb)
1778 - 1788                Beni Singh                         (b. 1719 - d. 1788)
1788 - 1790                Rajdhar Singh                      (b. c.1765 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1826                Durjan Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1826)
1826 - 1850                Bishan Singh                       (b. 1797 - d. 18..)
1850 - 1852                Mohan Prasad                       (b. 1816 - d. 1852)
1852 - 1869                Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1843 - d. 1908)
Rajas
1869 - 1908                Raghubir Singh                     (s.a.)
1908 -  7 Jan 1910         Jagubir Singh                      (b. 1864 - d. 1910)
 7 Jan 1910 - 15 Dec 1911  Randhir Singh                      (b. 1865 - d. 1911)
16 Dec 1911 - 193.        
Brijnath Singh                     (b. 1896 - d. 1968)
Maharaja
193. - 15 Aug 1947         Brijnath Singh                     (s.a.)



Makrai

[Makrai]

1663                       Makrai state founded
Dec 1890 - 1893            British administration.

Rajas (title from 1899, Raja Hathriya Rai)
1663 - ....                Makrand Shah
.... - ....                ....
.... - 1749                Fateh Shah
1749 - 17..                Birj Kune (f) -Rani
17.. - 1765                Dhar Shah
1765 - 17..                Bharat Shah
.... - ....                Udai Shah
.... - ....                ....
.... - 1832                ....
1832 -  5 Dec 1866         Devi Shah  
 5 Dec 1866 - Dec 1890     Bharat (Lachu) Shah                (b. 1846 - d. 1920)
                             (1st time)
 
Dec 1890 - 1893            British administration
1893 - 1911                Bharat (
Lachu) Shah                (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1911 - 30 Oct 1918         Chhatrasal Shah                    (d. 1918)
30 Oct 1918 - 17 Apr 1929  Drigpal Shah                       (b. 1904 - d. c.1929)
17 Apr 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Todar Shah                         (d. 1987)


Makran: see Pakistani Princely States


Maler Kotla (Malerkotla)

1454                       Predecessor state founded as a jagir.
1657                       Maler Kotla state founded.
 3 May 1809                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1672 - 1712                Sher Muhammad Khan Bahadur         (b. 1640 - d. 1712)
1712 - 1717                Ghulam Husain Khan                 (d. 1734)
1717 - 1762                Jamal Khan                         (d. 1762)
1762 - 1763                Bhikan Khan                        (d. 1763/64)
1763 - 1766                Khan Sahib Khan Bahadur Khan       (d. 1766)
                             (regent 1762 - 1763)
1766 -  1 Nov 1780         Khan Sahib Umar Khan               (d. 1780)

 1 Nov 1780 - Apr 1784     Khan Sahib Asadullah Khan          (d. 1784)
Apr 1784 - 14 Aug 1809     Khan Ataullah Khan                 (d. 1809)
14 Aug 1809 -  4 Sep 1821  Muhammad Wazir `Ali Khan           (b. 17.. - d. 1821)
 4 Sep 1821 -  8 Apr 1846  Amir `Ali Khan Bahadur             (d. 1846)
 8 Apr 1846 - 25 Nov 1857  Mahbub `Ali Khan Bahadur           (d. 1857)
                             "Sube Khan" 
25 Nov 1857 - 16 Jul 1871  Eskandar `Ali Khan Bahadur         (d. 1871)
16 Jul 1871 - 23 Aug 1908  Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan         (b. 1857 - d. 1908)
23 Aug 1908 - 15 Aug 1947  Ahmad `Ali Khan Shirwani           (b. 1881 - d. 1947)
                             (regent 1 Feb 1905 - 23 Aug 1908)



Malpur

[Malpur]

Capital: Malpur
Population: 13,552 (1931)

1466                       Malpur state founded.

Rulers (title Raol)
.... - 1780                ....
1780 - 1796                Indrasinhji
1796                       Jamalsinhji                        (d. 1796)
1796 - 1816                Takhtsinhji Jamalsinhji
1816 - 1822                Shivsinhji I
1822 - 1843                Manager
1843 - 18..                Dipsinhji I                        (b. 1822 - d. 18..)
1875 - 1882                Shivsinhji II Khumansinhji         (b. 1841 - d. 1882)
12 Apr 1882 - 1914         Dipsinhji II                       (b. 1863 - d. 1914)
1914 - 1923                Jaswatsinhji Dipsinhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1923)
23 Jun 1923 - 1947         Gambhirsinhji Himmatsinhji         (b. 1914 - d. 1969)



Manavadar (Bantva-Manavadar)

[Manavadar]

1733                       Manavadar (Bantva-Manavadar) state founded.
1818                       British protectorate.
25 Sep 1947                Accedes to Pakistan.
15 Feb 1948                Rescinds accession to Pakistan, accedes to India.

Khans (title Khan Sahib Shri [name] Babi)
1733 - 1760                Diler Khan Salabat Mohammad Khan   (d. 1760)
1760 - ....                Sadar Khan Dilawar Khan 
.... - ....                Sadar Khan Sadar Khan
.... - ....                Ghazafar Khan Sadar Khan
.... - ....                Kamal ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan
.... - 1882                Jorawar Khan Kamal ad-Din Khan
12 Jun 1882 - 28 Mar 1888  Ghazafar Khan Jorawar Khan         (b. 1862 - d. 1888)
28 Mar 1888 - 19 Oct 1918  Fath ad-Din Khan Ghazafar Khan     (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
19 Oct 1918 - 1931         Mo`in ad-Din Gholam Khan Fateh     (b. 1911 - d. 2003)
Nawab (title Nawab Sahib Shri [name] Babi)
1931 - 15 Feb 1948         Mo`in ad-Din Gholam Khan Fateh     (s.a.)



Mandi

[Mandi (India) State flag]

c.1290                     Rana of Banglaor succeeds to Siokot state.
1527                       New capital Mandi founded; state takes name from capital.

Rajas
1684 - 1727                Sidhi Sen                          (b. 16.. - d. 1727)
1727 - 1781                Shamsher Sen                       (b. 1722 - d. 1781)
1781 - 1788                Surma Sen                          (d. 1788)
1788 - 1826                Ishvari Sen                        (b. 1784 - d. 1826)
1826 - Jun 1839            Zalim Sen                          (d. 1839)
1839 - 26 Jan 1851         Balbir Sen                         (b. c.1817 - d. 1851)
26 Jan 1851 - 10 Dec 1902  Bijai Sen                          (b. 1846 - d. 1902)
10 Dec 1902 -  9 Feb 1912  Bhawani Sen                        (b. 1883 - d. 1912)
 9 Feb 1912 - 15 Aug 1947  Jogindar Sen                       (b. 1904 - d. 1986)
1913 - Mar 1915            Gordon Walker -Regent
1915 - Jun 1917            H.W. Emerson -Regent
Jun 1917 - 1920            J.R.S. Parsons -Regent
1920 - 1925                Pandit Maharaj Kishan -Regent



Mangal

14..                       Mangal state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Bahadur Singh
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1844                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1844)
1844                       Jodha Singh                        (d. 1844)
 9 Nov 1844 - 1892         Ajit Singh                         (b. 1830 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1920                Tilak Singh                        (b. 1859 - d. 1920)
1920 - 15 Aug 1947         Shiv Singh                         (b. 1888 - d. 1953)



Manipur
 
[Manipur to
                          1907]
                        to 1907
 
[Manipur]
                     1907 - 1949
 
Map of Manipur
Capital: Imphal
Constitution
(27 Jun 1947 - 1949)
Population: 512,100 (1941)

35 AD                      Manipur state founded according to tradition.
1819 - 1825                Occupied by Burma.
1824                       British protectorate.
1835                       British residency established.
27 Apr 1891 - 22 Sep 1891  Briefly annexed to British India.
Mar 1944 - Jul 1944        Part of Manipur and the province of Assam (Naga Hills District)
                             occupied by Japan (see Assam under British India provinces).
15 Oct 1949                Accedes to India.

Rajas (style Ningthou gradually replaced c.1714 by style, Raja)
1666 - 1697                Paikhomba
1697 - 1709                Charairongha
1709 - 1754                Gharib Nawaz (= Pamhaiba)          (d. 1754) 
1754 - 1756                Bharat Shah
1756 - 1764                Guru (Gaur) Sham                   (d. 1764)
1764 - 1798                Jai Singh (Bhagy Chandra)
1798 - 1801                Harshachandra (= Rohinchandra)     (d. 1801)
                             Singh
1801 - 1806                Moduchandra
Singh                  (d. 1806)
1806 - 1812                Charajit Singh                     (d. 1812)
1812 - 1819                Marjit Singh                       (d. 1824)
1819 - 1823                Shubol (under Burma)
1823 - 1825                Pitambara Singh (under Burma)
26 Jun 1825 -  9 Jan 1834  Ganavira Singh                     (d. 1834)
1834 - 1844                Chandrakirti Singh (1st time)      (b. 1831 - d. 1886)
1834 - 1844                
Nara Singh -Regent                 (d. 1850) 
1844 - 10 Apr 1850         Nara Singh                         (s.a.) 
1850  (3 months)           Devendra Singh                     (d. 1871)
1850 - May 1886            Chandrakirti Singh (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                            
(from 18 Feb 1880, Sir Chandrakirti Singh)
1886 - 22 Sep 1890         Surachandra Singh                  (d. 1891)
22 Sep 1890 - 19 Apr 1891  Kulachandra Singh                  (b. 18.. - d. 1934)
19 Apr 1891 - 18 Sep 1891  Interregnum
18 Sep 1891 - 1918         Churachandra Singh                 (b. 1885 - d. 1941)
                             (from 4 Dec 1917, Sir Churachandra Singh)
Maharajas

1918 - Sep 1941            Sir Churachandra Singh             (s.a.)
Sep 1941 - 15 Oct 1949     Bodhachandra Singh                 (b. 1909 - d. 1955)

Chief ministers
15 Jul 1947 - 14 Aug 1947  Francis Fenwick Pearson            (b. 1911 - d. 1991) 
                             (president of the interim council)
14 Aug 1947 - 15 Oct 1949  Maharaj Kumar Priyobrata Singh     (b. 1911 - d. 2005)

British Residents
1835 - 1844                George Gordon
1844 - 1863                William McCulloch (1st time)       (b. 1816 - d. 1885)
1863 - 1865                Dillon
1865 - 1867                William McCulloch (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1867 - 1875                Robert Brown                       (b. 1833 - d. 1876)
1875 - 1877                Guybon Henry Damant (acting)       (b. 1846 - d. 1879)
1877 - 1886                Sir James Johnstone                (b. 1841 - d. 1895)
1886  (6 weeks)            Trotter (acting)
25 Mar 1886 - 21 Apr 1886  Walter Haiks (acting)
1886 - 24 Apr 1891         St. Clair Grimwood                 (d. 1891)
1891                       Sir Henry Collett                  (b. 1836 - d. 1901)
                             (British commander)
1891 - 1893                H.St.P. John Maxwell (1st time) 
1893 - 1895                Alexander Porteous (1st time)
1895 - 1896                H.St.P. John Maxwell (2nd time) 
1896 - 1898                Henry Walter George Cole (1st time)(b. 1866 - d. 1932)
                             (acting) 
1898 - 1899                Alexander  Porteous (2nd time)
1899 - 1902                H.St.P. John Maxwell (3rd time)
1902 - 1904                Albert Edward Woods
1904 - 1905                H.St.P. John Maxwell (4th time)
1905 - 1908                John Shakespear (1st time)
1908 - 1909                A.W. Davis
1909 - 1914                John Shakespear (2nd time)
1914 - 1917                Henry Wlater George Cole (2nd time)(s.a.)
1917 - 1918                John Comyn Higgins (1st time)      (b. 1882 - d. 1952)
1918 - 1920                William Alexander Cosgrave         (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
1920 - 1922                L.O. Clarke (1st time)
1922                       Christopher Gimson (1st time)      (b. 1886 - d. 1975)
                             (acting)
1922 - 1924                L.O. Clarke (2nd time)
1924 - 1928                John Comyn Higgins (2nd time)      (s.a.)
12 Mar 1928 - 23 Nov 1928  C.G. Crawford
1928 - 1933                John Comyn Higgins (3rd time)      (s.a.)
1933 - 1938                Christopher Gimson (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1938 - 1941                Gerald Pakenham Stewart (1st time)
                             (Japanese prisoner 1941-45)
1941 - 1946                Christopher Gimson (3rd time)      (s.a.)
Dec 1946 - 14 Aug 1947     Gerald Pakenham Stewart (2nd time)
Indian Agents (subordinated to the governor of 
Assam)
15 Aug 1947 - 1947         Gerald Pakenham Stewart            (s.a.)
1947 - 1948                Shri Debeswar Sharma
Dewans (representing the governors of Assam)
1948 - 16 Apr 1949        
Maharaj Kumar Priyobrata Singh     (s.a.)           
16 Apr 1949 - 15 Oct 1949  Rawal Amar Singh



Mansa

Mansa - Indian Princely State

Rulers (title Raol Shri)

.... - ....                .... (7 rulers)                
.... - ....                Jorajji
.... - ....                Bhimsinhji
.... - 1886                Rajsinhji Bhimsinhji               (b. 1850 - d. 18..)  
1886 - 1889                Kesrisinhji Bhimsinhji
18 May 1889 - 1934         
Takhatsinhji Kesrisinhji           (b. 1877 - d. 1934)  
1934 - 1947                Sujjansinhji Takhatsinhji



Mayurbhanj

[Mayurbhanj princely
                state (Royal flag)]

c.598                      Mayurbhanj state founded.

Rajas
1688 - 1711                Savesvara Bhanj Deo
1711 - 1728                Viravikramaditya Bhanj Deo
1728 - 1750                Raghunath Bhanj Deo
1750 - 1761                Chakradhar Bhanj Dep
1761 - 1796                Damodar Bhanj Deo
1796 - 1810                Sumitra Devi (f) -Rani
1810 - 1813                Jamuna Devi (f) -Rani
1813 - 1822                Tribikram Bhanj Deo                (d. 1822)
1822 - 1863                Jadunath Bhanj Deo                 (d. 1863)
                             (personal style of Maharaja)
1863 - 1868                Shrinath Bhanj Deo                 (d. 1868)
1868 - 29 May 1882         Krishnachandra Bhanj Deo           (b. 1848 - d. 1882)
                             (from 1877, personal style of Maharaja)
29 May 1882 - 1910         Ramchandra Bhanj Deo               (b. 1871 - d. 1912)

29 May 1882 - 15 Aug 1892  .... -Regent
Maharajas

1910 - 22 Feb 1912         Ramchandra Bhanj Deo               (s.a.)
22 Feb 1912 - 21 Apr 1928  Purnachandra Bhanj Deo             (b. 1899 - d. 1928)
22 Feb 1912 - 21 Apr 1928  .... -Regent
21 Apr 1928 - 15 Apr 1947  Pratapchandra Bhanj Deo            (b. 1901 - d. 1968)


Mewar: see Udaipur


Miraj (Miraj Junior Branch)

[Miraj (Miraj Junior
                Branch)]

bf.1750                    Miraj state founded.
1820                       Miraj state split between Senior Branch and Junior Branch.

Rulers (title Rao)
1820 - 1845                Madhav Rao I
1845 - 1876                Lakshman Rao I                     (b. 1807 - d. 1876)
1876 - 1877                Harihar Rao                        (d. 1877)
1877 -  7 Feb 1899         Lakshman Rao II "Abna Sahib        (d. 1899)
                             Patwardhan"  
16 Dec 1899 - 15 Aug 1947  Madhav Rao II Harihar Rao          (b. 1889 - d. 1950)
                            "Baba Sahib Patwardhan"
16 Dec 1899 - 1909         Rani Parbati Bai Sahiba (f) -Regent



Miraj (Miraj Senior Branch)

[Miraj (Miraj Senior
                Branch)]

bf.1750                    Miraj state founded.
1820                       Miraj state split between Senior Branch and Junior Branch.

Rulers (title Raja Shrimant)
bf.1750 - 1771             Govind Rao                         (d. 1771)
1771 - 1775                Vaman Rao                          (d. 1775)
1777 - 1782                Harihar Rao                        (b. c.1765 - d. 1782)
1782 - 1801                Chintaman Rao                      (b. 1775 - d. 1801)
1800 - 1820                Gangadhar Rao
1820 - 1833                Ganpatrao I
1833 - 1875                Ganpatrao II "Tatya Sahib
                             Patwardhan"
 6 Jun 1875 - 1939         Gangadhar Rao II "Bala Sahib       (b. 1866 - d. 1939)
                             Patwardhan"
11 Dec 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Rao "Jatya Sahib           (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
                             Patwardhan" 



Mohanpur

[Mohanpur]

Capital: Mohanpur
Population: 15,727 (1941)

c.1227                     Mohanpur predecessor state founded. 

Rulers (title Thakur Shri)
1793 - 1795                Vacant
1795 - 1801                Hindusinhji Pratapsinhji
1801 - 18..                Salamsinhji
18.. - 1850                Raisinhji
1850 - 1875                Dolatsinhji
1875 - 1882                Umedsinhji                      (b. 1854 - d. 1882)
 6 Oct 1882 - 1916         Himmatsinhji                    (b. 1873 - d. 1916)
1882 - 1894                .... -Regent
1916 - 1927                Thakhatsinhji                   (b. 1861 - d. 19..)

1927 - 1947                Vinaysinhji Sartansinhji        (b. 1909 - d. 1955)


Morasa: see Idar


Morvi
 
[Morvi]
                    1947 - 1948
[Morvi Merchant
                          Flag 1921-1947]
        2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag

1698                       Morvi state founded.
1807                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1697 - 1734                Kanyojisinghji Rawaji              (d. 1734)
1734 - 1739                Aliyaji Kanyoji                    (d. 1739)
1739 - 1763                Rawaji Aliyaji I                   (d. 1763)
1763 - 1772                Pachanji Rawaji                    (d. 1772)
1772 - 1783                Waghji I Rawaji                    (d. 1783)
1783 - 1828                Jyaji Waghji                       (d. 1828)
1828 - 1846                Prithirajji Jyaji                  (d. 1846)
1846 - 17 Feb 1870         Rawaji II Prithirajji              (d. 1870)
17 Feb 1870 - 11 Jul 1922  Waghji II Rawaji                   (b. 1858 - d. 1922)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 16 Feb 1887)
                             (from 31 Jul 1897, Sir
Waghji II Rawaji)
17 Feb 1870 -  1 Jan 1879  Council of administration
                           - Shambhuprasad Laxmilal
                           - Jhunjhabai Sakhidas  (to 187.)
11 Jul 1922 -  3 Jun 1926  Lakhdirji Waghji                   (b. 1876 - d. 1957)

Ruler (title Thakur Sahib Maharaja)
 3 Jun 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakhdirji Waghji                   (s.a.)



Mudhol

[Mudhol]
                    .... - ....
[Mudhol last flag
                          to 1947]
                    to 1947

c.1400                     Mudhol jagir founded.
1670                       Mudhol estate becomes a state.
1819                       British protectorate.

Chiefs (title Meherban Shrimant [name] Bahadur)
1662 - Jun 1700            Maloji Raje Ghorpade               (d. 1700)
1700 - 1734                Sardar Akhayaji Raje Ghorpade      (d. 1734)
1734 - 1737                Pirajirao Raje Ghorpade            (d. 1737)
1737 - 1805                Malojirao III Raje Ghorpade        (b. 1710 - d. 1805)
1805 - 1816                Narayanrao Raje Ghorpade           (d. 1816)
1816 - 20 Feb 1818         Govindrao Raje Ghorpade            (d. 1818)
20 Feb 1818 - Dec 1854     Vyankatrao I Raje Ghorpade         (d. 1854)
Dec 1854 - 27 Mar 1862     Balwantrao Raje Ghorpade           (d. 1862)
27 Mar 1862 - 19 Jun 1900  Vyankatrao II Raje Ghorpade        (b. 1861 - d. 1900)
                             "Bala Sahib"
27 Mar 1862 - 1882         .... -Regent
19 Jun 1900 -  3 Jun 1922
  Malojirao IV Raje Ghorpade         (b. 1884 - d. 1937)
                           
 "Nana Sahib"            
19 Jun 1900 - 1904         Council of Regency
Rajas
(title Raja Shrimant [name] Bahadur)
 3 Jun 1922 -  9 Nov 1937 
Malojirao IV Raje Ghorpade         (s.a.)
                            
"Nana Sahib"  
 9 Nov 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhairavsinhrao Raje Ghorpade       (b. 1929 - d. 1984)
 9 Nov 1937 - 10 Jul 1947  Rani
Parvatidevi Raje Sahib
                             Ghorpade (f) -Regent



Muhammadgarh

1842                       Muhammadgarh state formed from parts of Basoda and Kurwai.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1842 - 1896                Hafiz Qoli Khan                    (b. 1825 - d. 1896)
1896 - 1910                Hatim Qoli Khan                    (b. 1868 - d. 1910)
1910 - 1942                Siddiq Qoli Khan                   (b. 1890 - d. 19..)
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Mohammad Sabir Qoli Khan II        (b. 1929)



Multhan

Oct 1657                   Multhan state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur)

1657 - 1691                Sakat S
inghji                      (d. 1691)
1691 - 1709                Anup Singhji  
1709 - 17..                Indra S
inghji
17.. - 17..                Raj Singhji
1756 - ....                Roop Singhji  
.... - .... (7 yrs.)       Chhatra Singhji
.... - ....                Anand Singhji
Rajas
.... - ....                Lakshman S
inghji
1810 - 1849                Sawai S
inghji                      (d. 1849)
1849 - 1900                Dalpat S
inghji                     (b. 1838 - d. 1900)
1900 - 26 Aug 1901         Interregnum
26 Aug 1901 - 1947         Bharat S
inghji                     (b. 1894 - d. 1971)

Mysore: see Maishur


Nabha

[Nabha]

1755                       Nabha state founded.
1809                       British protectorate.

Rajas
1755 - Dec 1783            Hamir Singh                        (d. 1783)
Dec 1783 - 22 May 1840     Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1775 - d. 1840)
22 May 1840 - 18 Nov 1846  Devendra Singh                     (b. 1822 - d. 1865)
18 Nov 1846 -  9 Nov 1863  Bharpur Singh                      (b. 1840 - d. 1863)
18 Nov 1846 - Oct 1856     Rani Chand Kaur (f) -Regent
 9 Nov 1863 - 31 May 1871  Bhagwan Singh                      (b. 1842 - d. 1871)

31 May 1871 - 12 Dec 1911  Hira Singh                         (b. 1843 - d. 1911)
Maharajas
12 Dec 1911 - 24 Dec 1911  Hira Singh                         (s.a.)
24 Dec 1911 -  7 Jul 1923  Ripudaman Singh                    (b. 1883 - d. 1942)
                            (formally deposed by British 2 Feb 1928)
 7 Jul 1923
- 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1919 - d. 1995)
 7 Jul 1923 -  5 Mar 1941  Regents

                           - Charles McIvor Grant Ogilvie
                             (acting, to Sep 1923)
                           - Joseph Wilson-Johnston           (b. 1876 - d. 1933)
                             (Sep 1923 - to c.1928)
                           - Diwan Gyan Nath (c.1928 - Nov 1939)
                           - Edward Birkbeck Wakefield        (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
                             (from Nov 1939)


Nagar: see Pakistani Princely States


Nagodh

[Nagodh]

1344                       Unchahara founded.
1720                       Renamed Nagodh after new capital.
1807 - 1809                Tributary to Panna.

Rajas
1685 - 1721                Fakir Shah
1720 - 1748                Chain Singh
1748 - 1780                Ahlad Singh
1780 - 1818                Sheoraj (Shivraj) Singh            (b. 1777 - d. 1818)
1818 - 1831                Balbhadra Singh
1831 - 22 Feb 1874         Raghubindh (Raghvendra) Singh      (b. 1821 - d. 1874)
22 Feb 1874 -  4 Nov 1922  Jadubindh (Jadvendra) Singh        (b. 1855 - d. 1922)
 4 Nov 1922 - 27 Feb 1926  Narharendra Singh                  (b. 1911 - d. 1926)
26 Feb 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Mahendra Singh                     (b. 1916 - d. 1981)


Nagpur: see Mahratta states


Nalagarh

c.1100                     Nalagarh state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Raja)
1618 - 1701                Dharm Chand
1701 - 1705                Himmat Chand
1705 - 1761                Bhup Singh
1761 - 1762                Man Chand                          (d. c.1762)
1762 - 1788                Gaja Singh
1788 - 1803                Ram Saran Singh (1st time)         (b. c.1762 - d. 1848)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1848                Ram Saran Sungh (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1848 - 1857                Bije Singh                         (d. 1857)
1857 - 15 Jan 1860         Interregnum
15 Jan 1860 - Dec 1876     Agar Singh                         (b. 1804 - d. 1876)
16 Dec 1876 - 18 Sep 1911  Ishri Singh                        (b. 1832 - d. 1911)
1911 - 1946                Jogindra Singh                     (b. 1877 - d. 1946)
1946 - 15 Aug 1947         Surendra Singh                     (b. 1922 - d. 1971)



Nandgaon (Raj Nandgaon)

[Nandgoan]
                     
[Nandgaon state
                          flag]
           ....  - 15 Aug 1947 State Flag

1865                       Nandgaon estate recognized as a state.

Rulers (title Manhat)
1865 - Nov 1883            Ghasi Das                          (b. 1820 - d. 1883)
1883 - 1897                Balram Das                         (b. 1866 - d. 1897)
                            (personal style Raja Bahadur from 2 Jan 1893)
1897 - 25 May 1912         Rajendra Das                       (d. 1912)
24 Jun 1913 - 1940         Sarveshvara Das                    (b. 1906)
18 Sep 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Digvijai Das                       (b. 1933 - d. 1958)



Nargund


1785 - 1799                Occupied by Mahisur (Mysore).
 3 Jun 1858                Annexed to British India.

Rulers (title
Sachiv)
1719 - 17..                Dadambhatta

17.. - 1740                Ramrao I
1740 - 1742                Dadajirao
1742 - 1760                Yogirao
1760 - 1773                Bhaskararao I
1773 - 1785                Vyentatarao (1st time)             (d. 1817)
1785 - 1799                occupied by Mahisur
1799 - 1817                Vyentatarao (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1817 - 1842                Dadajirao III
1842 -  3 Jun 1858         Bhaskararao II                     (d. 1858)



Narsingarh

[Narsingarh state flag]

1872                       Narsingarh estate, founded by the Diwan of Rajgarh in 1681,
                             recognized as a state.

Rajas
1872 - Mar 1873            Hanwant Singh                      (d. 1873)
1873 - Apr 1890            Pratap Singh                       (d. 1890)
28 Jun 1890 - 1895         Mehtab Singh                       (b. 1889 - d. 1896)
1895 - 22 Apr 1924         Arjun Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1924)
23 Apr 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1909 - d. 1957)



Narsinghpur

1292                       Narsinghpur state founded.

Rajas
1671 - 1701                Mandardhar Harichandan Mohapatra
1701 - 1723                Kochali Harichandan Mohapatra
1723 - 1765                Biswambar Harichandan Mohapatra
1765 - 1775                Rrishna Chandra Harichandan Mohapatra
1775 - 1798                Nimai Charan Harichandan Mohapatra
1798 - 1826                Jaganath Harichandan Mohapatra
1826 - 1859                Somanath Harichandan Mohapatra
1859 - 1884                Braja Sundar Harichandan Mohapatra
 4 Dec 1884 - 1912         Sadhu Charan Man Singh Harichandan (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
                             Mohapatra
18 Jul 1912 -  5 Jul 1921  Ramchandra Man Singh Harichandan   (b. 1906 - d. 1921)
                             Mohapatra
 5 Jul 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Ananta Narayan Man Singh           (b. 1908 - d. 1963)
                             Harichandan Mohapatra 



Nawanagar (Navangar)
 
[Nawanagar
                          (Navangar)]
                               to 1947
[Navanagar Merchant
                        flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag

1535                       Nawanagar state founded.
1664 - 1673                Mughal occupation.
23 Feb 1812                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Jam Sahib)
 2 Oct 1690 - 13 Oct 1708  Lakhaji II Tamachi                 (b. 16.. - d. 1708)
13 Oct 1708 - 13 Aug 1711  Raisinhji II Lakhaji               (b. 16.. - d. 1711)
13 Aug 1711 - 1743         Tamachi II Raisinhji               (d. 1743)
Sep 1743 -  2 Nov 1767     Lakhaji III Tamachi                (b. 1743 - d. 1767)
17.. -  2 Nov 1767         Meru Khawas -Regent (1st time)
 2 Nov 1767 -  6 Aug 1814  Jasaji Lakhaji                     (b. 17.. - d. 1814)

 2 Nov 1767 - 1800         Meru Khawas -Regent (2nd time)
 6 Aug 1814 - 24 Feb 1820  Sataji Lakhaji                     (d. 1820)
24 Feb 1820 - 22 Feb 1852  Ranmalji II Sataji                 (d. 1852)
22 Feb 1852 - 28 Apr 1895  Vibhoji II Ranmalji                (b. 1827 - d. 1895)
                             (personal style Maharja from 1 Jan 1877)
Rulers (title Maharaja Jam Sahib)

28 Apr 1895 - 14 Aug 1906  Jashwantsinhji Vibhoji             (b. 1882 - d. 1906)
28 Apr 1895 - 1901         Willoughby Pitcairn Kennedy-Regent (b. 18.. - d. 1928)
1901 - 19 Mar 1903         Charles Norman Seddon -Regent      (b. 1870 - d. 1950)
14 Aug 1906
 -  2 Apr 1933  Ranjitsinhji Vibhoji               (b. 1872 - d. 1933)
Nov 1914 - 1915            Henry Warwick Berthon -Regent      (b. 1870 - d. 1952)
 2 Apr 1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji        (b. 1895 - d. 1966)



Nayagarh

[Nayagarh]

bf.1550                    Nayagarh state founded.

Rajas
.... - ....                Chandrasekhar Singh Mandhata 
.... - ....                Purushottam Singh Mandhata 
.... - 1784                Mrutyunjay Singh Mandhata 
1784 - 1825                Binayak Singh Mandhata 
1825 - 1851                Braja Babdhu Singh Mandhata 
30 Sep 1851 - 1889         Ladhu Kishor Singh Mandhata        (b. c.1843 - d. ....)
1889 - 1890                Balbhadra Singh
 2 Mar 1890 -  4 Sep 1897  Raghunath Singh Mandhata

1897 -  7 Dec 1918         Narayan Singh Mandhata
 7 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnachandra Singh Mandhata      (b. 1911 - d. 1983)



Nilgiri

1125?                      Nilgiri state founded.

Rajas
1611 - 1797                .... (7 rulers)
1797 - 1832                Ramchandra Mardraj Harichandan
1832 - 1833                Govindchandra Mardraj Harichandan
1833 - 1843                Chira Devi (f) -Rani
1843 - 1893                Krishnachandra Mardraj Harichandan (b. 1827 - d. 18..)
1893 -  6 Jul 1913         Shyamchandra Mardraj Harichandan
 6 Jul 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishorchandra Mardraj Harichandan  (b. 1904 - d. 1960)
 6 Jul 1913 -  2 Feb 1925  .... -Regent



Nurpur

1095?                      Nurpur state founded (then called Dhameri).
1815                       State extinguished.

Rajas
1661 - 1700                Mandhata Singh
1700 - 1735                Dayadhata                          (b. 1681 - d. 1735)
1735 - 1770                Fateh Singh                        (d. 1770)
1770 - 1805                Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1740 - d. 1805)
1805 - 1815                Bhir Singh                         (b. 1785 - d. 1846)



Orchha

[Orchha]

c.1250                     Orchha state founded.

Rajas (style from 1752, Raja Mahendra)
1689 - 1735                Udwat Singh
1735 - 1752                Prithvi Singh
1752 - 1765                Sanwant Singh
1765 - 1768                Hati Singh
1768 - 1775                Man Singh
1775 - 1776                Bharti Chand
1776 - 1817                Vikramajit (1st time)              (d. 1834)
1817 - 1834                Dharam Pal                         (d. 1834)
1834                       Vikramajit (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1834 - 1842                Tej Singh                          (d. 1842)
1842 - 1848                Sajjan Singh II                    (d. 1854)
1842 - 1848                Maharani Larai (f) -Regent
1848 - 1865                Hamir Singh                        (d. 1874)
Maharajas (style from 1882, Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri)
1865 - 15 Mar 1874         Hamir Singh                        (s.a.)
15 Mar 1874 -  3 Mar 1930  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1930)
                            
(from 23 May 1900, Sir Pratap Singh)
 4 Mar 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Vir Singh                          (b. 1899 - d. 1956)


Orissa: see Utkala

Oudh: see Awadh


Pal Lahara

[Pal Lahara]

Rulers
.... - ....                Balbhadra Pal
.... - ....                Kandrup Pal
.... - ....                Jagannath Pal
.... - 1778                Mandhata Pal
1778 - 1783                Muni Pal                           (d. 1778)
1783 - 1815                Arnapura (f)                       (d. 1815)
1815 - 1825                Nanda Pal
1825 - 1859                Badyanath Pal
1859 - 1874                Chakradhar Pal                     (b. 1831 - d. 1888)
                             (personal style Raja Bahadur from 1868)
Rajas
1874 - 1888                Chakradhar Pal                     (s.a.)
30 Aug 1888 - 30 Jul 1912  Duti Krishna Pal                   (b. 1884 - d. 1912)
30 Aug 1888 - 1908         .... -Regent
18 Apr 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Sarat Chandra Muni Pal             (b. 1903 - d. ....)

18 Apr 1913 - 1925         .... -Regent



Palanpur

[Palanpur 19th
                          cent.]
                           19th cent. - .....

[Palanpur]

                              ....  - 1947

1597                       Palanpur state founded.
1817                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Diwan Mahakhan)
1688 - 1704                Firuz Kamal Khan (2nd time)
1704 - 1705                Kamal Khan                         (b. 16.. - d. 1705)
1705 - 1719                Firuz Khan II                      (d. 1719)
1719 - 1732                Karim Dad Khan                     (d. 1732)
1732 - 1743                Pahad Khan II                      (d. 1743)
1743 - 1768                Bahadur Khan                       (d. 1768)
1768 - 1781                Salim Khan                         (d. 1781)
1781 - 1788                Shir Khan                          (d. 1788)
1788 - 1790                Mubariz Khan II
1793 - 1794                Shamsher Mohammad Khan (1st time)  (d. 1834)
1794 - 1812                Firuz Khan III                     (b. 17.. - d. 1812)
1812 - 1813                Fateh Mohammad Khan II (1st time)  (b. 1799 - d. 1854)
1813 - 22 Dec 1813         Shamsher Mohammad Khan (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (then regent for successor to 10 Oct 1817)
22 Dec 1813 - 11 Jul 1854  Fateh Mohammad Khan II (2nd time)  (s.a.)
11 Jul 1854 - 28 Aug 1878  Zorawar Khan                       (b. 1822 - d. 1878)
28 Aug 1878 - 1910         Zobdat al-Molk Shir Mohammad Khan  (b. 1852 - d. 1918)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1898, Sir Zobdat al-Molk Shir Mohammad Khan)
Rulers (title Diwan Mahakhan Nawab Sahib)

1910 - 28 Sep 1918         Sir Zobdat al-Molk Shir Mohammad   (s.a.)
                            
Khan
28 Sep 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Zobdat al-Molk Taley Mohammad Khan (b. 1883 - d. 1957)



Paldeo

1812                       Paldeo state

Rulers (title Chaube; from 1894, Rao Bahadur Chaube)

1812 - 1840                Dariao Singh                       (d. 1840)
1840                       Nathu Ram
1840 - Oct 1842            Raja Ram                           (d. 1842)
1842 - 1865                Sheo Prasad                        (d. 1865)
1865 -  2 Apr 1874         Mukund Singh                       (d. 1874)
 2 Apr 1874 - 1891         Aniruddh Singh                     (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             (from 1877, personal style of Rao)
1891 - 1894                Narayan Das                        (b. 1836 - d. 1894)
16 Feb 1894 -  2 Oct 1923  Jagat Rai                          (b. 1865 - d. 1923)
 
3 Oct 1923 - 1947         Shiva Prasad                       (b. 1908 - d. 1954)



Palitana

1194                       Palitana state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1697 - 1734                Prithvirajji Kandhaji
1734 - ....                Nonghamji III
.... - 1766                Sartamji II 
1766 - 1770                Alubhai
1770 - 1820                Undaji 
1820 - 1840                Kandhaji IV 
1840 - 1860                Nonghamji IV 
1860                       Pratapsimghji                      (d. 1860)
 1 Jun 1860 - Nov 1885     Sursimhji                          (b. 1844 - d. 1885)
Nov 1885 - 29 Aug 1905     Mansimhji Sursimhji                (b. 1862 - d. 1905)
29 Sep 1905 - 15 Aug 1947  Bahadursimhji Mansimhji            (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
29 Sep 1905 - 1920         William Courtenay Tudor-           (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
                             Owen-Regent



Paρjab (Punjab)

[Paρjab
                          (Punjab) state 1801-c.1849]
                   1801 - c.1849
[Punjab (Panjab) c.1830-1839 National flag]
            c.1830 - 1839  National Flag

28 Jan 1757                Annexed to Afghanistan.
 7 Apr 1799                The Sikh military organization occupies Lahaur (Lahore).
1805                       Paρjab (Punjab) state established.
1816 - 17 Jun 1822         Jammu annexed to the Punjab.
 5 Jul 1819 - 15 Mar 1846  Kashmir annexed to the Punjab.
 9 Mar 1846                British protectorate.
22 Feb 1849                Ruler deposed.
 8 Apr 1849                Punjab incorporated into British India.
15 Aug 1947                Partitioned between India (Amritsar) and Pakistan (Lahore).

Maharajas (title Maharajadhiraja)
12 Apr 1801 - 27 Jun 1839  Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1780 - d. 1839)
27 Jun 1839 -  5 Nov 1840  Kharak Singh                       (b. 1802 - d. 1840)
 5 Nov 1840 - 17 Nov 1840  Nau Nihal Singh                    (b. 1821 - d. 1840)
17 Nov 1840 - 18 Jan 1841  Chand Kaur Kunwar (f)              (b. 1802 - d. 1841)
                             (styled Mai to 2 Dec 1840, then Maharani Malika Makkadas)
18 Jan 1841 - 15 Sep 1843  Shir Singh                         (b. 1807 - d. 1843)
17 Sep 1843 - 22 Feb 1849  Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1838 - d. 1893)
                             (in exile in Egypt, then France to 5 Sep 1893)
- in Exile  -
 5 Sep 1893 -  7 Jun 1918  Victor Albert Jay Dhalip Singh     (b. 1866 - d. 1918)
                             (in U.K. exile)
 7 Jun 1918 - 15 Aug 1926  Frederick Dhalip Singh (in U.K.)   (b. 1868 - d. 1926)

British Residents (to 1 Jan 1847, Agents)
Mar 1846 -  4 Mar 1848     Henry Montgomery
Lawrence          (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
Mar 1848 - 29 Mar 1849     Frederick Currie                   (b. 1799 - d. 1875)



Panna

[Panna]

c.1450                     Predecessor state founded.
1731                       Panna state founded.

Rajas
1675 - 1731                Chhatrasal
1731 - 1739                Hardesah Singh                     (d. 1739)
1739 - 1752                Sabha Singh                        (d. 1752)
1752 - 1758                Aman Singh                         (d. 1758)
1758 - 1778                Hindupat Singh                     (d. 1778)
1778 - 1779                Anirudh Singh                      (d. 1779)
1779 - 1785                Interregnum
1785 - 1798                Dhokal Singh
1798 - 1834                Kishor Singh
1834 - 1849                Harbans Rai
1849 - 1870                Nirpat Singh 
                             (personal style of Maharaja Mahendra from 1869)
Maharajas (style Maharaja Mahendra)
 9 Jun 1870 - 1893         Rudra Pratap Singh                 (b. 1848 - d. 1893)
1893 -  9 Mar 1898         Lokpal Singh                       (d. 1898)
 9 Mar 1898 - 22 Apr 1902  Madho Singh                        (d. af.1925)
20 Jun 1902 - 15 Aug 1947  Yadvendra Singh                    (b. 1893 - d. 1963)



Partabgarh

[Partabgarh (to
                          1877)]
                           to 1877
[Partabgarh]
                       Adopted 1877

1433                       Sadri (later Kanthal, still later Deolia) state founded.
1698                       Renamed Partabgarh after new capital.
1818                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawat)
1673 - 30 Nov 1708         Pratap Singh                        (b. 16.. - d. 1708)
1708 - 1718                Prithvi Singh                       (d. 1718)
1718                       Pahar Singh                         (d. 1718)
1718 - 1719                Sangram Singh                       (d. 1719)
1719 - 1721                Umaid Singh                         (d. 1721)
1721 - 1756                Gopal Singh                         (d. 1756)
1756 - 26 Oct 1774         Salim Singh                         (d. 1774)
26 Oct 1774 -  5 Jan 1844  Samant Singh                        (b. 1767 - d. 1844)
 5 Jan 1844 - 30 Mar 1864  Dalpat Singh                        (b. 1808 - d. 1864)
30 Mar 1864 - 15 Feb 1890  Udai Singh                          (b. 1848 - d. 1890)
15 Feb 1890 - 11 Jan 1929  Raghunath Singh                     (b. 1856 - d. 1929)
11 Jan 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Singh II                        (b. 1908 - d. 1949)



Pataudi
 
[Pataudi, to
                          1940]
                   to 1940
[Pataudi]
                    Adopted 1940

1804                       Pataudi state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1804 - 1829                Fa΄iz Talab Khan                   (d. 1829)
1829 -  3 Mar 1862         Akbar `Ali Khan                    (d. 1862)
1862 - 1867                Mohammad `Ali Taqi Khan            (d. 1867?)
1867 - 1878                Mohammad Mokhtar Hosayn `Ali Khan  (b. 1856 - d. 1878)
30 Mar 1878 - 1898         Mohammad Momtaz Hosayn `Ali Khan   (b. 1874 - d. ....)
1898 - 1913                Mohammad Mozaffar `Ali Khan
1913 - 30 Nov 1917         Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan         (d. 1917)
30 Nov 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Eftekhar `Ali Khan        (b. 1910 - d. 1952)



Patdi

c.1484                     Viramgam state founded.
1741                       Viramgam lost to Baroda; capital transferred 
                             to Patdi.

Rulers (title Desai Shri)
.... - ....                Bhamjibhai
.... - ....                Udekaramji

.... - ....                Bhavsimhji
.... - 1796                Nathubhai
1796 - 1809                Vakhatsimji Nathubhai 
1809 - ....                Harisimhji
.... - ....                Arbhamji Harisimhji
.... - ....                Kubersimji Vakhatsimhji
1848 - 1875                Jorawarsimhji
1875 - 1884                Himmatshimji Jorawarsimhji
10 Jul 1884 -  5 Aug 1913  Surajmalji Jorawarsimhji           (b. 1848 - d. 1913)
 5 Aug 1913 - 25 Oct 1928  Daulatsimhji Surajmalji            (b. 1881 - d. 1928)
25 Oct 1928 -  2 Jan 1940  Raghuvirsimhji Daulatsimhji        (b. 1926 - d. 1940)
 2 Jan 1940 - 17 Dec 1941  Naransimhji Chandrasimhji          (b. 1873 - d. 1941)
17 Dec 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratapsimhji Naransimhji           (b. 1895 - d. 1978)



Pathari

1807                       Pathari state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1807 - 1859                Haydar Mohammad Khan
1859 - 1913                `Abd al-Karim Khan                  (b. 1854 - d. 19..)
1913 - 15 Aug 1947         Mohammad `Abd ar-Rahim Khan



Patiala

[Patiala
                          (India)]
                           State Flag
[Patiala
                          (India) Variant)
                          Variant

29 Mar 1761                Patiala state founded.
 9 Feb 1809                British protectorate.

Rajas
29 Mar 1761 -  7 Aug 1765  Ala Singh                          (b. 1691 - d. 1765)
 7 Aug 1765 - 1767         Amar Singh                         (b. 1748 - d. 1781)
Rulers (title Raja-e Rajgan)
1767 -  5 Feb 1781         Amar Singh                         (s.a.)
 5 Feb 1781 - 1810         Sahib Singh                        (b. 1773 - d. 1813)
Rulers (title Maharaja-e Rajgan)
1810 - 26 Mar 1813         Sahib Singh                        (s.a.)
26 Mar 1813 - 23 Dec 1845  Karam Singh                        (b. 1797 - d. 1845)
26 Mar 1813 - 1823         Maharani Aus Kaur (f) -Regent      (b. 1772 - d. af.1823)
23 Dec 1845 - 13 Nov 1862  Narendra Singh                     (b. 1823 - d. 1862)
13 Nov 1862 - 18 Apr 1876  Mohendra Singh                     (b. 1852 - d. 1876)
13 Nov 1862 - 26 Feb 1870  Jagdish Singh -Regent
                             (chairman of regency council)
18 Apr 1876 -  8 Nov 1900  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1872 - d. 1900)
18 Apr 1876 - Oct 1890     Sir Deva Singh -Regent             (b. 1834 - d. 1890)
                             (chairman of regency council)
 8 Nov 1900 - 23 Mar 1938  Bhupindra Singh                    (b. 1891 - d. 1938) 
 8 Nov 1900 -  3 Nov 1910  Sardar Gurmukh Singh -Regent
                             (chairman of regency council)
23 Mar 1938 - 15 Aug 1947  Yadavindra Singh                   (b. 1913 - d. 1974)


Prime ministers
17.. - 1764                Bhai Gurbakhsh Singh               (d. 1764)
c.1765                     Sardar Seda Singh
c.1774 - 21 Nov 1791       Nanumal or Nannu Mal               (d. 1791)
1792 - 1793                Mir Ilahi Bakhsh                   (d. 1793)
1793 - 1801                Sahib Kaur (f)                     (b. 1771 - d. 1801)
c.1808                     Sardar Chain (Chen Singh)
18.. - 18..                Khalifa Muhammad Hassan            (d. 1895)
1873 - 1890                Sir Deva Singh                     (s.a.)
189. - 1910?               Raja Gurdit Singh
1910 - 1913                Zulfikar Ali Khan
1913? - 1916?              Gurnam Singh
1916 - 1924                Daya Kishen Kaul
1924? - 1930?              Maulana Ahmad Ali
1930 - 1941                Liaquat Hayat Khan                 (b. 1887 - d. 1948)
1941 - 1944?               Sardar Joginder Singh
1944 - 1946                Hardit Singh Malik                 (b. 1892 - d. 1985)
1946 - 1947                Gian Singh Rarewala                (b. 1901 - d. 19..)
1947                       Gurdial Singh Narika (Harika)



Patna

[Patna - Indian Princely
                State]
                            Adopted 1946

c.1191                     Patna state founded.

Maharajas
1685 - 1762                Raisingh Deo
1762 - 1765                Prithviraj Deo
1765 - 1820                Ramchandra Singh Deo I 
1820 - 1848                Bhupal Singh Deo
1848 - Aug 1866            Hiravajra Singh Deo                (d. 1866)
1866 - 1878                Pratap Singh Deo                   (b. 1844 - d. 1878)
25 Nov 1878 - 1895         Ramchandra Singh Deo II            (b. 1872 - d. 1895)
1895 - 1910                Danganjan Singh Deo                (b. 1830 - d. 19..)
1910 - 1924                Prithviraj Singh                   (b. 1890 - d. 1924)
1924 - 15 Aug 1947         Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo         (b. 1912 - d. 1975)


Peshwa's Dominions: see Mahratta states


Phaltan

[Phaltan]

1284                       Phaltan state founded.
 1 Jan 1825 - 1827
        Occupied by Satara.
17 May 1828 -  3 Dec 1841  Occupied by Satara.

Rulers (title Naik)
1693 - 1748                Janoji Nimbalkar
1748 - 1765                Madhoji Rao Nimbalkar III
1765 - 1767                Rani Sagunabai (f) -Regent         (d. af.1774)
1767 - 1774                Sayaji Rao Nimbalkar
1774 - 1777                Maloji Rao Nimbalkar III
1777 - 1825                Jan Rao Nimbalkar II               (d. 1827)
 1 Jan 1825 - 1827         occupied by Satara
1827 - 17 May 1828         Bajaji Rao "Naik Nimbalkar" II     (d. 1828) 
17 May 1828 -  3 Dec 1841  occupied by Satara
 7 Dec 1841 - 26 Mar 1860  Madhoji Rao Jan Rao                (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
                            "Naik Nimbalkar IV"
 3 Dec 1841 - 17 Nov 1853  Sahibjibai "Baya Sahib" (f)-Regent (d. 1853)
Rajas
26 Mar 1860 - 17 Oct 1916  Madhoji Rao Jan Rao                (s.a.)
17 Oct 1916 - 15 Aug 1947  Maloji Rao IV Madhoji Rao "Nana
                             Sahib Naik Nimbalkar"            (b. 1896 - d. 1978)


Phulra: see Pakistan princely states

Piploda

1547                       Piploda founded as a dependency of Jaora.
1924                       Piploda a separate state.
15 Jun 1948                Acceded to India.

Rulers (style Thakur)
.... - ....                Sadal Singh
1820 - 18..                Prithvi Singh
18.. - 18..                Umed Sigh
18.. - 12 Nov 1863         Onkar Singh                        (d. 1863)
30 Nov 1863 - 26 Oct 1888  Dulai Singh (Maharawat)            (b. 1852 - d. 1888)
Rulers (style Rao)
 8 Nov 1888 -  4 Nov 1919  Kesri Singh                        (b. 1872 - d. 1919)
 5 Nov 1919 - 1936         Mangal Singh                       (b. 1893 - d. 1936)
1936 - 15 Jun 1947         Raghuraj Singh


Pol: see Vijaynagar



Poonch (Punch)

1819                       Annexed by Jammu and Kashmir.
1901                       Poonch (Punch) estate recognized as a state by British India.
1936                       Reduced to an estate (jagir) within Jammu and Kashmir by Maharaja
                             Jammu and Kashmir.
Oct 1947 - Nov 1948        Occupied by Pakistan, part of Azad Kashmir.
20 Nov 1948                Poonch divided between India and Pakistan.    

Rajas
1901 - Sep 1918            Baldev Singh Bahadur               (b. 18.. - d. 1918)
10 Sep 1918 - Oct 1927     Sukhdev Singh                      (b. 1901 - d. 1927)
Oc 1927 - 1936             Jagat Dev Singh                    (b. 1903 - d. 1940)



Porahat

1205                       Predecessor state of Singhbhum founded.
1858                       Annexed by British India, reduced to an estate.

Rajas
.... - ....                Arjun Singh III
.... - 1767                Amar Singh
1767 - ....                Jagannath Singh IV
.... - ....                Harihar Singh
.... - 1818                Raghubar Singh
1818 - 18..                Ghanashyam Singh
18.. - 18..                Achuta Singh II
18.. - 1839                Chakradhar Singh
1839 - 1858                Arjun Singh Deo IV                  (b. 1829 - d. 1890)



Porbandar
 
[Porbandar]
                                to 1947
[Porbandar
                          Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag

1193                       State founded by ruler expelled from Morvi.
1307                       State renamed Ranpur.
1574                       State renamed Chhaya.
1785                       State renamed Porbandar.
 5 Dec 1809                British protectorate.
1886 - 15 Sep 1900         Administered by Bombay province.

Rulers (title Rana, from 1831 Rana Sahib)
1699 - 1709                Bhimsimhji                         (d. 1709)
1709 - 1728                Khimaji IV                         (d. 1728)
1728 - 1757                Vikmatji III Khimaji               (d. 1757) 
1757 - 22 Apr 1813         Sultanji IV Vikmatji               (d. 1813)
1804 - 1812                Haloji Sultanji -Regent            (d. 1812)
22 Apr 1813 - 20 Jun 1831  Khimaji Haloji (Pratiraji)         (d. 1831)
20 Jun 1831 - 21 Apr 1900  Vikramatji IV Khimaji              (b. 1819 - d. 1900)
20 Jun 1831 - 1841         Rani Rupaliba Kunverba (f) -Regent (d. 1841)
21 Apr 1900 - 10 Dec 1908  Bhavsinhji Madhavsinhji            (b. 1867 - d. 1908)
10 Dec 1908 -  1 Jan 1918  Natwarsimhji Bhavsimhji            (b. 1901 - d. 1979)
10 Dec 1908 - 1909         Regents
                           - J.K. Condon (to 1909)
                           - Rao Bahadur A.S. Tambe
(1909 - 1910)
                           - Wala Vajsur Valera (1909 - 1913)
(b. 1873 - d. 19..)   

                           - F. de B. Hancock (1913 - 1916)   (d. 1916)
                           - Edward O'Brien
(Apr 1916 - 1918) (b. 1872 - d. 1965)

Ruler (title Maharaja Rana Sahib Shri)

 1 Jan 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Natwarsimhji Bhavsimhji            (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1918 - 26 Jan 1920  Edward O'Brien -Regent             (s.a.)

Administrators
1886 - 1890                Frederick Styles Philpin Lely      (b. 1846 - d. 1934)
1890 - 1894                Shankar Pandurang Pandit
Mar 1894 - 1896            William Thomson Morison
Nov 1897 - 1900            Francis William Snell



Pudukkottai

[Pudukkottai]

c.1350                     Pudukkottai state founded under Pallava dynasty.
1680                       New dynasty.
1763                       British protectorate.

Rajas
1686 - 1730                Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman          (b. 1641 - d. 1730)
1730 - 1769                Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman   (b. 1713 - d. 1769)
1769 - Dec 1789            Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman          (b. 1738 - d. 1789)
Dec 1789 -  1 Feb 1807     Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman        (b. 1759 - d. 1807)
 1 Feb 1807 - Jun 1825     Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman   (b. 1797 - d. 1825) 
 1 Feb 1807 - 1817         Soiroba Naig -Regent (1st time)
Jun 1825 - 13 Jul 1839     Raghunatha Tondaiman               (b. 1799 - d. 1839)

13 Jul 1839 - 15 Apr 1886  Ramachandra Tondaiman              (b. 1829 - d. 1886)
                             (personal style Maharaja 16 Feb 1870 - 18 Dec 1873)
13 Jul 1839 - 14 Oct 1839  T. Macleane -Regent
14 Nov 1839 - 20 Mar 1841  Archibald Douglas
-Regent
15 Apr 1841 - Dec 1841     W.H. Bayley
-Regent
1841 - 1844
               Soiroba Naig -Regent (2nd time)
15 Apr 1886 - 28 May 1928  Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman        (b. 1875 - d. 1928)
15 Apr 1886 - 27 Nov 1894  A. Seshayya Sastri -Regent
Oct 1922 - 24 Oct 1928     Raghunatha Pallavarayar -Regent    (b. 1872 - d. 1930)
                             (1st time)
24 Oct 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajagopala Tondaiman               (b. 1922 - d. 1997)
24 Oct 1928 - 28 Feb 1929  Raghunatha Pallavarayar -Regent    (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
28 Feb 1929 - Nov 1931     Thodla Raghavaiah -Regent
1931 - 17 Jan 1944        
Benjamin G. Holdsworth -Regent     (b. 1892 - d. 1949)

Diwans
Aug 1878 - 1894            Amaravati Seshayya Sastri          (b. 1828 - d. 1903)
Nov 1894 - Feb 1899        R. Vedantacharlu
Feb 1899 - 1909            S. Venkataramadas Nayudu
1909 - Feb 1929            Raghunatha Pallavarayar            (s.a.)
28 Feb 1929 -  4 Mar 1931  G. Ganapati Sastriar
Administrators
1931 - 1934                Benjamin George Holdsworth         (s.a.)

1934 - 13 Nov 1946         Alexander Tottenham                (b. 1873 - d. 1946)
1946 -  3 Mar 1948         Cherubhala Pathayapura Karunakara
                             Menon                            (b. 1899 - d. 1976)


Punjab: see Paρjab


Radhanpur

1693                       Radhanpur state founded.
16 Dec 1813                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1708 - 1715                Jafar Khan
1715 – 27 Jul 1729         Jawan Mard Khan I                  (d. 1729)
27 Jul 1729 – 30 Mar 1753  Kamal ad-Din Khan I
30 Mar  1753 - 1765        Jawan Mard Khan II                 (d. 1765)
1765 - 1787                Muhammad Najm ad-Din Khan          (d. 1787)
1787 - 11 May 1813         Muhammad Ghazi ad-Din Khan         (b. 17.. - d. 1813)
11 May 1813 - 1825         Muhammad Shir Khan I               (b. 1794 - d. 1825)
                           - jointly with following -
11 May 1813 – 1815         Muhammad Kamal ad-Din Khan II      (b. 1805 - d. 1815)
1825 -  9 Oct 1874         Muhammad Jorawar Shir Khan         (b. 1822 - d. 1874)
1825 - 1837                Sardar Bibi Sahiba (f) -Regent
 9 Oct 1874 - 20 Dec 1895  Mohammad Bismillah Khan            (b. 1843 - d. 1895)
20 Dec 1895 - 25 Feb 1910  Mohammad Shir Khan II              (b. 1886 - d. 1910)
20 Dec 1895 - Apr 1896     W. Beale
-Regent
Apr 1896 - 1900            Malcolm Thomas Lyde
-Regent
Jul 1900 - Dec 1901        George Broodric O'Donnell
-Regent
Dec 1901 - Aug 1903        Frederick William Wodehouse
-Regent(b. 1867 - d. 1961)
Oct 1903 - 1907            Norman Sinclair Coghill -Regent    (b. 1869 - d. 19..)
25 Feb 1910 -  4 Dec 1936  Mohammad Jalal ad-Din Khan         (b. 1889 - d. 1936)
 4 Dec 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Mortaza Khan                       (b. 1899 - d. 199.)



Raigarh

[Raigarh]

bf.1625                    Raigarh estate founded.
1911                       Raigarh estate recognized as a state.

Rulers (title Raja Bahadur)
1911 - 22 Mar 1917         Bhup Deo Singh                     (b. 1867 - d. 1917)
22 Mar 1917 - 1924         Natwar Singh                       (b. 1891 - d. 1924)
23 Aug 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Chakradhar Singh                   (b. 1905 - d. 1947)



Rairakhol

to 1825                    Subordinated to Bamra.

Rajas
1825 - 1900                Bishan Chandra Janamuni            (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
1900 - 1906                Gaura Chandra Deo Janamuni         (b. 1870 - d. 1906)
 3 Jul 1906 - 15 Aug 1947  Bir Chandra Jadumani Deo Janamuni  (b. 1894 - d. 1973)


Rajauri

12..                       Rajauri state
21 Oct 1846                Annexed to Kashmir.

Rulers (title Raja)
1683 - 1760                Azmatallah Khan                    (b. 1680 - d. 1760)
1760 - 1765                Izzatallah Khan
1765 - 1808                Karmallah Khan                     (d. 1808)
1808 - 1825                Agatallah Khan                     (d. 1825)  
1825 - 21 Oct 1846         Rahimullah Khan                    (b. c.1771 - d. 1847)



Rajgarh

[Rajgarh (India)
                          old flag]
                       .... - ....
[Rajgarh]
                      .... -  1947

bf.1500                    Rajgarh state founded.

Rulers (title Rawat)
1638 - 1697                Mohan Singh                        (d. 1714)
1697 - 1740                Amar Singh 

1740 - 1747                Narpat Singh
1747 - 1775                Jagat Singh
1775 - 1790                Hamir Singh
1790 - 1803                Pratap Singh
1803 - 1815                Prithvi Singh
1815 - 1831                Newal Singh                        (d. 1831)
1831 - 1872                Rawat Moti Singh                   (b. 1814 - d. 1880)
1846 - Nov 1847            Thakur Khok Singh -administrator
Ruler (title Nawab)

1872 - Oct 1880            Mohammad `Abd al-Wasih Khan        (s.a.)
                            (Rawat Moti Singh)
Rulers (title Rawat)
1880 - 1882                Bakhtawar Singh                    (d. 1882)
 6 Jul 1882 -  1 Jan 1886  Balbhadra Singh                    (b. 1857 - d. 1902)
Rulers (title Raja Rawat)
 1 Jan 1886 - Jan 1902     Balbhadra Singh                    (s.a.)
20 Jan 1902 -  9 Jan 1916  Bane Singh                         (b. 1857 - d. 1916)
17 Jan 1916 - 26 Oct 1936  Birendra Singh                     (b. 1878 - d. 1936)
18 Dec 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Bikramaditya Singh                 (b. 1936)



Rajkot

[Rajkot]

c.1620                     Rajkot state founded.
1720 - 1732                Mughal occupation.
1818                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1694 - 1720                Mehramamji II Bamaniaji            (d. 1720)
1720 - 1732                Interregnum
1732 - 1746                Ranmalji I Mehramamji              (d. 1746)
1746 - 17..                Lakhaji I Ranmalji (1st time)      (d. 1796)
17.. - 1794                Mehramamji III Lakhaji             (d. 1794)
1794 - 1796                Lakhaji I Ranmalji (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1796 - 1825                Ranmalji II Mehramamji             (d. 1825)

1825 - 1844                Surajji Ranmalji                   (d. 1844)
1844 -  8 Nov 1862         Mehramamji IV Surajji              (d. 1862) 
1862 - 16 Apr 1890         Bawajirasimhji Mehramamji          (b. 1856 - d. 1890)
1862 - 1867                Thakurani Bai Shri Naniba          (d. 1893)
                             Kunverba (f) -Regent
1867 - 17 Jan 1876         J.H. Lloyd -Regent
16 Apr 1890 -  2 Feb 1930  Lakhajirasimhji II Bawaji          (b. 1885 - d. 1930)

16 Apr 1890 - 21 Oct 1907  .... -Regent
 2 Feb 1930 - 11 Jun 1940  Dharmendrasimhji Lakhaji           (b. 1910 - d. 1940)
11 Jun 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Pradumansimhji Lakhajirasimhji     (b. 1913 - d. 1973)


Agents of the Governor-general for the Western India States

10 Oct 1924 - 15 Jul 1926  C.C. Watson
16 Jul 1926 - Nov 1926     A.O. Macpherson
21 Nov 1926 - 17 Oct 1927  C.L. Watson
18 Oct 1927 - 18 May 1928  E.H. Kealy
19 May 1928 -  2 Apr 1929  H.S. Strong
 3 Apr 1929 - 23 Oct 1929  T.H. Keyes
24 Oct 1929 - 1931         E.H. Kealy
15 Aug 1931 - 1932         A.H.E. Mosse
14 Aug 1932 - 26 May 1933  Courtenay Latimer
27 May 1933 - 13 Oct 1933  John Creery Tate
14 Oct 1933 -  5 Jun 1936  Courtenay Latimer
 6 Jun 1936 -  1 Nov 1936  J. de la H. Gordon
 2 Nov 1936 - 31 Mar 1937  Courtenay Latimer
Residents
for the Western India States
 1 Apr 1937 - 10 Oct 1937  Courtenay Latimer
11 Oct 1937 - 31 Jan 1941  
Edmund C. Gibson (1st time)
 1 Feb 1941 - 14 Mar 1941  G.B. Williams
15 Mar 1941 -  3 Apr 1942  M.C. Sinclair
Apr 1942 - Nov 1942        Edmund C. Gibson (2nd time)
 2 Nov 1942 -  6 Sep 1944  Philipp Gaisford
 7 Sep 1944 -  4 Nov 1944 
Cyril P. Hancock                   (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
Residents for Baroda, Western India States and Gujarat
 5 Nov 1944 -
14 Aug 1947  the residents in Baroda



Rajpipla

[Rajpipla (India) civil
                flag]

c.1360                     Rajpipla state founded.
1815 - 1820                Occupied by Baroda.
Oct 1821                   British protectorate.
1884 - 1897                State under British civil administration.

Rulers (title Maharana)
16.. – bf.1705             Chatrasalji                        (d. bf.1705)
bf.1705 – bf.1715          Mota Verisalji I                   (d. bf.1715)
bf.1715 - 1754             Jitsinhji                          (d. 1754)
1754 - 1764                Pratapsinhji                       (d. 1764)
1764 - 1786                Raisinhji                          (d. 1786)
1786 - 15 Jan 1803         Ajabsinhji                         (b. 1750 - d. 1803)
1793 – 15 Jan 1803         Naharsinhji -Regent                (b. c.1780 - d. 18..)
15 Jan 1803 - 10 May 1810  Ramsinhji                          (d. 1810)
10 May 1810 -  9 Aug 1821  Naharsinhji                        (s.a.)
 9 Aug 1821 – 17 Nov 1860  Varisalji II                       (b. 1808 - d. 1868)
17 Nov 1860 - 10 Jan 1897  Gambhirsinhji                      (b. 1847 - d. 1897)
1884 - 1897                British administrators
                           - William Arthur Salmon
                             (Jul 1884 - 1885)
                           - Edward Vincent Stace (1885-1886) (b. 18.. - d. 1903)
                           - Alexander Francis Maconochie     (b. 1862 - d. 1934)
                             (1886-1887)
                           - Alexander Shewan (Nov 1887 - 1894)
                           - Willoughby Pitcairn Kennedy      (b. 18.. - d. 1928)     
                             (Oct 1894 - Jul 1895)
                           - Francis William Snell
                             (
Aug 1895 - Nov 1897)
10 Jan 1897 - 26 Sep 1915  Chhatrasinhji                      (b. 1862 - d. 1915)
26 Sep 1915 –  1 Jan 1921  Vijayasinhji Chhatrasinhji         (b. 1890 - d. 1951)
Maharaja
 1 Jan 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasinhji Chhatrasinhji         (s.a.)



Ramdurg

[Ramdurg]

1742                       Ramdurg state, separated from Nargund.
1785 - 1799                Occupied by
Mahisur (Mysore).
1827 - 1829                British India administration.

Rulers (title Sachiv; from 1907, Meherban Raja Shri
)
1742 - 1777                Yogirao I Bhave
1777 - 1785                Ramrao I Bhave                     (d. 1800)
1785 - 1799                occupuied by Mahisur
1800 - 1810                Bapurao Ranade -Regent
1810 - 1827                Narayanrao I Ramrao "Appa Saheb"
                             Bhave                            (d. 1827)
1827 - 1829                British administration
1829 - 1857                Rani Radhabai (f)                  (d. 1857)
1857 - 1872                Ramrao II N
arayanrao Bhave    
1872 - 1878                Yogirao II "Bapu Saheb" Bhave      (b. 1852 - d. 1878)  
11 Feb 1878 - 1907         Vyankatrao Y
ogirao Bhave           (b. 18.. - d. 1907) 
30 Apr 1907 - 1947         Ramrao III V
yankatrao Raosaheb     (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
                             Bhave    

Ramnad

1590                       Ramnad state    
1795 - 1803                British occupation.
1803                       Reduced to an estate.

Rajas
1686 - 1710                Raghunatha Sethupati II
1710 - 1725                Muthu Vijayaraghunatha
Sethupati
1725 - 1726                Sundareswara Raghunatha 
Sethupati
1726 - 1729                Bhavani Sankaran
1730 - 1761                Kattaya Thevan
1761 - 1772                Muthu Tiruveya Naiker (f) -Regent
1761 - 1772                Muthu Ramalinga Sethupati I
                             (1st time)
1772 - 1780                ....
1780 - 1795                Muthu Ramalinga Sethupati I
                             (2nd time)
1795 - 1803                Mangaleswari Nachiyar -Rani (f)



Rampur
 
[Rampur c.1830]
                      c.1890
[Rampur]
                         to 1948

1719                       Rohilla state founded at Aonla; becomes known as Rohilkhand.
1774                       Most of the state annexed by Awadh; capital moved to Rampur.
1801                       British protectorate.  

Rulers (title from 1737 Nawab)
1719 - 15 Sep 1748         Ali Mohammad Khan                  (b. 1705/06 - d. 1748)
15 Sep 1748 - 24 Jul 1793  Faizullah Khan                     (b. 1734 - d. 1793)
                             (prisoner in Afghanistan until 1752)
15 Sep 1748 - 23 Apr 1774  Hafiz Rahmat Khan -Regent          (b. 1708/09 - d. 1774)

24 Jul 1793 - 11 Aug 1793  Mohammad Ali Khan                  (b. 1750 - d. 1794)
11 Aug 1793 - 24 Oct 1794  Gholam Mohammad Khan               (b. 1763 - d. 1828)
24 Oct 1794 -  5 Jul 1840  Ahmad Ali Khan                     (b. 1787 - d. 1840)
24 Oct 1794 - 1811         Nasrullah Khan -Regent             (d. 1811)
 5 Jul 1840 -  1 Apr 1855  Mohammad Said Khan                 (b. 1786 - d. 1855)
 1 Apr 1855 - 21 Apr 1865  Mohammad Yusof Ali Khan            (b. 1816 - d. 1865)
21 Apr 1865 - 23 Mar 1887  Mohammad Kalb Ali Khan             (b. 1834 - d. 1887)
23 Mar 1887 - 25 Feb 1889  Mohammad Moshtaq Ali Khan          (b. 1856 - d. 1889)
1887 - 1889                Azimuddin Khan -Regent (1st time)
25 Feb 1889 - 20 Jun 1930  Mohammad Hamid Ali Khan            (b. 1875 - d. 1930)

25 Feb 1889 -  4 Apr 1894  Azimuddin Khan -Regent (2nd time)
20 Jun 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Reza Ali Khan             (b. 1908 - d. 1966)

Prime minister
1937 - 15 Aug 1947         Bashir Husain Zaidi                (b. 1898? - d. 1992)



Ranasan

[Ranasan]

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
.... - ....                Rajsinhji
.... - ....                Sursinhji Rajsinhji
.... - ....                Garibdasji Surinhji
.... - ....                Adesinhji Garibdasji
.... - 1768                Bharatsinhji Adesinhji
1768 - 1802                Khumansinhji Bharatsinhji          (d. 1802) 
1802 - 1828                Makansinhji Khumansinhji           (d. 1828)
1828 - 18..                Raisinhji Makansinhji
18.. - 1842                Lalsinhji Narsinhji
1842 - 18..                Sartansinhji Karansinhji
18.. - 1879                Vajesinhji Sartansinhji            (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
1879 -  5 Feb 1890         Hamirsinhji Vajesinhji             (d. 1890)
 5 Feb 1890 - 28 Apr 1914  Kishorsihji Jiwatsinhji            (b. 1869 - d. 1914)
28 Apr 1914 -  5 Aug 1917  Prathisinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1881 - d. 1917)
 
5 Aug 1917 - 1938         Takhatsinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1883 - d. 1938)
 2 Dec 1938 - 1947         Jashwantsinhji Takhatsinhji        (b. 1916 - d. 1964)



Ranpur

18th cent. B.C.            Legendary date of foundation of Ranpur.

Rajas
1692 - 1727                Ramachandra Narendra
1727 - 1754                Sarangadhar Bajradhar Narendra
1754 - 1789                Narsingh Bajradhar Narendra
1789 - 1821                Brujdaban Bajradhar Narendra
1821 - 1842                Brajsundar Bajradhar Narendra
1842 - 1899                Benudar Bajradhar Narendra          (b. 1817 - d. ....) 
12 Jul 1899 - 21 Jun 1945  Krishna Chandra Narendra            (b. 1875 - d. 1945)
21 Jun 1945 - 1947         Brajendra Chandra Narendra          (b. 1928 - d. 1980)


Ratesh

....                       Founded as Kot by Rai Singh brother of Karam
                             Prakash I ruler of Sirmur.
1789 - 1829                Occupied by Keonthal.
1829                       Ratesh restored as a tributary of Keonthal,
                             but did not pay the tribute.

Rulers (title Thakhur Sahib)
1781 - 1801                Jit Singh                           (d. 1801)
1801 - 1860                Kishan Singh                        (d. 1860)
1860 - 1891                Ram Singh                           (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
1891 - 1925                Hira Singh                          (b. 1867 - d. 1925)
Jun 1925 - 1947            Shamsher Singh                      (b. 1897 - d. 1974)



Ratlam

[Ratlam]

1652                       Ratlam state founded.
 5 Jan 1819                British protectorate.

Rajas
1695 - 1706                Chhatrasal                         (d. 1712)
                             (personal style Maharaja)
1706 - Feb 1716            Keshri Singh                       (d. 1716)
Feb 1716 - 1717            Pratap Singh                       (d. 1716)
1717 - 1743                Man Singh                          (d. 1743)
1743 - 1773                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1773)
1773 - 1800                Padam Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
1800 - 1824                Parbat Singh                       (d. 1824)
1824 - 29 Aug 1857         Balwant Singh                      (b. 1814 - d. 1857)
1825 – c.1832              Borthwick –Regent
29 Aug 1857 - 27 Jan 1864  Bhairon Singh                      (b. 1839 - d. 1864)
27 Jan 1864 - 20 Jan 1893  Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1860 - d. 1893)
27 Jan 1864 -  1 Jan 1880  Mir Shahamat Ali -Regent
20 Jan 1893 -  1 Jan 1921  Sajjan Singh                       (b. 1880 - d. 1947)
20 Jan 1893 - 15 Dec 1898  Khan Bahadur Cursetji              (b. 18.. - d. 1903)
                             Rustamji
-Regent
Maharajas
 1 Jan 1921 -  3 Feb 1947  Sajjan Singh                       (s.a.)
 3 Feb 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Lokendra Singh                     (b. 1927 - d. 1991) 



Rewa (Rewah)
 
[Rewa c. 1890]                             c.1890

Rewa flag to 1947  
                      to 1947
     

c.1140                     Rewa state founded.
 5 Oct 1812                British protectorate.
 5 Feb 1880 - 15 Oct 1895  British India administration.  

Maharajas
1690 - 1700                Anirudh Singh                      (b. 16.. - d. 1700)
1700 - 1755                Avdhut Singh                       (b. 1700 – d. 1755)
1755 - 1809                Ajit Singh                         (b. 17.. - d. 1809)
1809 – 29 Oct 1834         Jai Singh Deo                      (b. 1765 – d. 1834)
29 Oct 1834 – 12 Oct 1854  Vishwanath Singh                   (b. 1789 - d. 1854)
12 Oct 1854 -  5 Feb 1880  Raghuraj Singh                     (b. 1834 - d. 1880)
 5 Feb 1880 -  3 Nov 1918  Venkat Raman Singh                 (b. 1876 - d. 1918)
 5 Feb 1880 - 1881         James Cavan Berkeley -Regent       (b. 1838 - d. 1926)
1881 - 1888                David William Keith Barr -Regent   (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
1888 - Nov 1893            Donald Robertson -Regent
Nov 1893 - 15 Oct 1895     Henry Alexander Vincent -Regent    (b. 1846 - d. 1914)
 3 Nov 1918 - 1930         Ghulab Singh                       (b. 1903 - d. 1950)
 3 Nov 1918 – 31 Oct 1922  Sajjan Singh -Regent               (b. 1880 - d. 1947)
Maharajadhirajas (title Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja)
1930 – 30 Jan 1946         Ghulab Singh                       (b. 1903 - d. 1950)
30 Jan 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Martand Singh                      (b. 1923 - d. 1995)



Sachin
 
[Sachin]
                           to 1947
[Sachin
                          Merchant flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag

 6 Jun 1791                Sachin state founded.
1835 – 1864                Under British civil administration.

Rulers (title Nawab)
 6 Jun 1791 -  9 Jul 1802  Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan I  (b. 17.. - d. 1802)
 9 Jul 1802 - 25 Mar 1853  Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan I      (d. 1853)
25 Mar 1853 –  1 Dec 1868  Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan II (b. 1802 - d. 1868)
 1 Dec 1868 –  4 Mar 1873  Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II     (b. 1833 - d. 1873)
 4 Mar 1873 -  7 Jan 1887  Abdul Kadir Khan                   (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
 4 Mar 1873 - Jul 1886     .... -Regent
 7 Feb 1887 - 19 Nov 1930  Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III    (b. 1886 - d. 1930)
 7 Feb 1887 -  4 May 1907  .... -Regent
19 Nov 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Haydar Mohammad Yakut Khan         (b. 1909 - d. 1970)


Sailana: see Shailana



Sakti

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Rudra Singh
.... - ....                Udai Singh
.... - ....                Kiwat Singh
.... - ....                Kagan Singh
.... - 1837                Kalandar Singh
1837 - 1892                Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1836 - d. c.1892)
                             (deprived of ruling powers from 1875)
1837 - 19 Jun 1850         .... -Regent
Feb 1892 - Jul 1914        Rup Narayan Singh
 
 4 Jul 1914 - 15 Aug 1947  Leeladhar Singh                    (b. 1892 - d. 19..)



Sambalpur

1808 - 1817                Maratha occupation.
1818 - 1820                British administration.
1849                       Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1690 - 1725                Chhatrasal
1725 - 1756                Ajit Singh
1756 - 1778                Abhai Singh
1778 - 1782                Balbhadra Sai
1782 - 1797                Jayanta Singh (1st time)            (d. 1818)
1808 - 1817                Maratha occupation
1817 - 1818                Jayanta Singh (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1818 - 1820                British administration
1820 - 1827                Maharaj Sai
1827 - 1833                Mohan Kumari (f)
1833 - 1849                Narayan Singh
1849                       Mukhyapan Devi (f)



Samthar

1733                       Samthar estate founded.
1817                       Samthar recognized as a state.

Rajas
1817 - 1827                Ranjit Singh II                    (d. 1827)
1827 - 1864                Hindupat Singh                     (b. 1823 - d. 1890)
1858 -  3 Feb 1865         Rani .... (f) -Regent
 3 Feb 1865 - 1877         Chhatar Singh                      (b. 1843 - d. 1896)

Maharaja
1877 - 16 Jun 1896         Chhatar Singh                      (s.a.)
Rajas
17 Jun 1896 -  9 Oct 1935  Bir Singh                          (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1898)
 9 Oct 1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Radha Charan Singh                 (b. 1914 - d. 1972)



Sandur

[Sandur]

1713                       Sandur state founded.
27 Oct 1817 -  1 Jul 1818  Annexed to the Peshwa's Dominions.
 1 Jul 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (titles Hindu Rao, Mamalikat Madar)
1713 - 1731                Sidhoji Rao I                      (b. c.1683 - d. 1731)
1731 - 15 Mar 1776         Murar Rao                          (b. c.1699 - d. c.1779)
1776 - 1785                Shiva Rao I                        (d. 1785)
1785 - 1796                Sidhoji Rao II                     (b. 1783 - d. 1796)
1796 - 27 Oct 1817         Shiva Rao II (1st time)            (d. 1840)
27 Oct 1817 -  1 Jul 1818  annexed to the Peshwa's Dominions
 1 Jul 1818 -  2 May 1840  Shiva Rao II (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 2 May 1840 - 1861         Venkata Rao II                     (d. 1861)
1861 - 1876                Shivasammukha Rao                  (b. 1847 - d. 1878)
1861 - 1863                .... -Regent
Rajas (titles Hindu Rao, Mamalikat Madar, Raja)
1876 -  3 May 1878         Shivasammukha Rao                  (s.a.)
 3 May 1878 -  3 Dec 1892  Ramachandra Vitthala Rao           (b. 1850 - d. 1892)
 3 Dec 1892 - 24 Jul 1927  Venkata Rao III                    (b. 1892 - d. 1927)
 3 Dec 1892 - 19 Jul 1913  .... -Regent
24 Jul 1927 -  5 May 1928  Interregnum
 5 May 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Yashwant Rao                       (b. 1908 - d. 1996)
 5 May 1928 -  5 Feb 1930  .... -Regent



Sangli

[Sangli]

1801                       Sangli state founded.
 5 May 1819                British protectorate.

Chiefs (title Shrimant Rao)
1801 – 15 Jul 1851         Chintaman Rao I "Appa Sahib"       (b. 1775 - d. 1851)
15 Jul 1851 - 12 Dec 1901  Dhundi Rao Chintaman Rao           (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
                             "Tatya Sahib"
15 Jul 1851 - 12 Jul 1860  .... -Regent
12 Dec 1901 –  1 Jun 1932  Chintaman Rao II Dhundi Rao        (b. 1890 - d. 1965)
                             "Appa Sahib"
12 Dec 1901 –  2 Jun 1910  Richard John Charles Burke -Regent (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
Raja (title Shrimant Raja Saheb)
 1 Jun 1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Chintaman Rao Dhundi Rao           (s.a.)
                             "Appa Sahib"



Sangri

1703 - 1719                Occupied by Kullu.
1719                       Part of Bashahr.

1815                       Sangri state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1703 - 1719                Man Singh                          (d. 1719)
1719 - 1803                part of Bashahr              
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - Oct 1816            Bikramajit                         (d. 1816)
1816 - Sep 1841            Ajit Singh                         (b. 1810 - d. 1841)
1841 - 1842                Ranbir Singh                       (d. 1842)
1841 - 1846                Rani Katochni (f) -Regent
1842 - 1876                Jagat Singh                        (d. 1876)

30 Sep 1876 - 25 Jul 1887  Hira Singh                         (b. 1849 - d. 1927)
Rulers (title Rai)
25 Jul 1887 - 15 Mar 1927  Hira Singh                         (s.a.)
15 Mar 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1908 - d. 1962)



Sanjeli

[Sanjeli]

Rulers (title Thakur Shri)
.... - ....                Pratapsinghji                   (b. 1847 - d. ...)
1902 - 15 Aug 1947         Pushpasinghji Pratapsinghji     (b. 1892 - d. af.1948)



Sant

[Sant (India) State flag]

1255                       Sant state founded (named after founder).

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - 1872                Bhawansinhji
17 Apr 1873 - 10 Jan 1896  Pratapsinhji Bhawansinhji
31 Aug 1896 - 22 Dec 1946  Zorawarsinhji Pratapsinhji         (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
22 Dec 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Pravinsinhji Zorawarsinhji         (b. 1907 - d. 19..)



Sarangarh

[Sarangarh]

1878 - 1889                British India administration.

Rajas
.... - ....                Udebhan Singh
.... - ....                Birbhan Singbh
.... - 1736                Udho Sai Singh
1736 - 1777                Kalyan Sai
1777 - 1808                Vishvanath Sai
1808 - 1815                Subhadra Sai
1827 -  5 Jan 1828         Bhikhan Sai                        (d. 1828)
 5 Jan 1828 - 1828         Tikam Sai
1828 - May 1829            Gajraj Singh                       (d. 1829)
May 1829 - 1872            Singram Singh
1872 - Sep 1889            Bhawani Pratap Singh               (b. c.1862 - d. 1889)
Sep 1889 -  5 Aug 1890     Lal Raghubir Singh                 (d. 1890)
 5 Aug 1890 - 11 Jan 1946  Bahadur Jawahir Singh              (b. 1886 - d. 1946)
11 Jan 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Naresh Chandra Singh               (b. 1908 - d. 1987)



Sarila

Rulers (title Maharaja Bahadur)
1755 - 1788                Aman Singh                         (d. 1788)
1788 - 1818                Tej Singh
1818 - 1842                Anirudah Singh
1842 - 1871                Hindupat Singh                     (d. 1871)
1871 - 1882                Khallak Singh                      (d. 1882)
19 Aug 1882 - 1898         Pahar Singh                        (b. 1875 - d. 1898)
11 Sep 1898 - 15 Aug 1947  Mahipal Singh                      (b. 1898 - d. 1983)
11 Sep 1898 -  5 Nov 1919  .... -Regent


Satara: see Mahratta states


Savantvadi (Sawantwadi)

[Savantvadi (Sawantwadi)]

1627                       Savantvadi state founded.
17 Feb 1819                British protectorate.

Ruler (title Raja Shrimant Desai)
1675 – Feb 1709            Khem Savant II                     (d. 1709)
Feb 1709 -  2 Jan 1738     Phond Savant II                    (b. 1667 - d. 1738)
 2 Jan 1738 - 1755         Ramachandra Savant I               (b. 1712 - d. 1755)
1755 – 11 May 1758         Khem Savant III                    (b. 1749 - d. 1803)
1755 – 1763                Soubhagyavati Janaki Bai (f) -Regent
Rulers (title Raja [from 1763] Bahadur)
11 May 1758 -  6 Oct 1803  Khem Savant III                    (s.a.)
 6 Oct 1803 - 1805         Rani Lakshmi Bai (f) -Regent       (b. 17.. - d. 1808)  
                             (1st time)
1805 - 1807                Ramachandra Savant II "Bhav Sahib" (b. 17.. - d. 1807)
1807 – 1808                Phond Savant II                    (d. 1808)
1807 -  3 Oct 1812         Phond Savant III                   (b. 17.. - d. 1812)
1807 – 1808                Rani Lakshmi Bai (f) -Regent       (s.a.)  
                             (2nd time)
1807 – 1808                Rani Durga Bai (f) -Regent         (d. 1819)
                             (1st time)
 3 Oct 1812 - 1867         Khem Savant IV "Bapu Sahib"        (b. 1804 - d. 1867)
1812 – 17 Jan 1819         Rani Durga Bai (f) -Regent         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1819 – 1822                Rani Savitri Bai (f) –co-Regent
1819 – 1822                Rani Nurmuda Bai (f) -co-Regent    (b. 1783 – d. 1849)
1867 -  7 Mar 1869         Phond Savant IV "Bapu Sahib"       (b. 1828 - d. 1869)
 7 Mar 1869 - Dec 1899     Raghunath Savant "Baha Sabib"      (b. 1862 - d. 1899)
 7 Mar 1869 – c.1880       .... -Regent
Dec 1899 - 23 Apr 1913     Ram Savant "Aba Sahib"             (b. 1871 - d. 1913)
Dec 1899 – 17 Jun 1900     .... -Regent
24 Apr 1913 -  4 Jul 1937  Khem Savant V "Bapu Sahib"         (b. 1897 - d. 1937)
24 Apr 1913 - 29 Oct 1924  Rani Gajara Bai (f) –Regent        (b. 1887 – d. 19..)
 4 Jul 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Shivram Savant                     (b. 1927 - d. 1995)
 4 Jul 1937 –  2 May 1947  Rani Parvati Bai "Lakshmi
         (b. 1907 - d. 1961)
                             Devi" (f) –Regent 



Savanur
[Savanur (India) (UK flag)]

1672                       Savanur state founded.
29 Oct 1786 – 17 Dec 1791  Occupied by Mahisur (Mysore).
1818                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Merherban Nawab)
13 Sep 1686 - 12 Jun 1720  Dalel Khan "Abdul Rauf"            (b. 16.. - d. 1720)
Jun 1720 - Sep 1720        Abdul Fath Khan                    (d. 1720)
Sep 1720 - Mar 1721        Abdul Mahmad Khan                  (d. 1721)
Mar 1721 -  27 Mar 1726    Abdul Ghafur Khan                  (d. 1726)
27 Mar 1726 – Oct 1755     Abdul Majid Khan I                 (d. 1754)
27 Mar 1726 - 19 Oct 1730  Abdul Sattar Khan -Regent
Oct 1755 - 20 Feb 1794     Diler Abdul Hakim Khan I           (d. 1794)
                             (exiled 29 Oct 1786 – 17 Dec 1791)
20 Feb 1794 – 25 Nov 1796  Abdul Hussain Khan                 (b. 17.. - d. 1802)
25 Nov 1796 -  2 Nov 1827  Abul Khair Khan I                  (b. 17.. - d. 1827)
                             (recognized by Peshwa as ruler from Nov 1794)
 2 Nov 1827 - 12 Jan 1828  Faiz Khan                          (d. 1828)
 8 May 1828 - 17 Aug 1834  Munawwar Khan                      (b. 1805 - d. 1834)
17 Aug 1834 - Aug 1862     Abul Diler Khan II                 (b. 1807 - d. 1862)
Aug 1862 - 11 May 1868     Abul Khair Khan II                 (b. 1836 - d. 1868)
11 May 1868 - 11 Aug 1884  Diler Khan "Chota Diler"           (b. 1862 - d. 1884)
11 May 1868 - 12 Jun 1883  Muhammad Ghaus Khan -Regent
11 Aug 1884 - 26 Jul 1892  Abdul Tabriz Khan                  (b. 1865 - d. 1892)
11 Aug 1884 –  1 May 1887  .... -Regent
26 Jul 1892 - 15 Aug 1947  Abdul Majid Khan II                (b. 1890 - d. 1954)
26 Jul 1892 - 12 Nov 1912  Daud Muhammad Khan Saheb
                             Pathan -Regent



Sayla

1751                       Sayla state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Saheb)
1751 - 1794                Sheshmalji I Raisinhji             (d. 1794)
1794 - 1813                Vakhatsinhji Sheshmalji            (d. 1813)
1813 - 1837                Madarsinhji I Vakhatsinhji
1837 - 1839                Sheshmalii II Madarsinhji
Rulers (title Thakur Saheb Shri)
1839 - 1881                Kerisinhji Sheshmalii              (d. 1881)
 4 Oct 1881 - 25 Jan 1924  Vakhatsinhji Kerisinhji            (b. 1845 - d. 1924)
25 Jan 1924 - 1938         Madarsinhji II Vakhatsinhji        (b. 1868 - d. 1938)
1938 - 1947                Karansinhji Madarsinhji            (b. 1891 - d. 1962)



Seraikella

[Seraikella]

1620                       Seraikella state founded.

Rulers (title Kunwar)
1620 - ....                Bikram Singh I
.... - ....                Nru Singh
1728 - 1743                Satrughan Singh
c.1743 - 1818              Abhiram Singh                      (d. 1818)

1818 - 1823                Bikram Singh II                    (d. 1823)
1823 - 1837                Ajamber Singh                      (d. 1837)
1837 - 1883                Chakradhar Singh                   (b. 1808 - d. 1883)
                             (from 19 Feb 1856, Raja Bahadur)
25 Nov 1883 - Nov 1884     Udit Narayan Singh                 (b. 1849 - d. 1931)
Rajas
Nov 1884 -  9 Dec 1931     Udit Narayan Singh                 (s.a.)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1922)
 9 Dec 1931 - 15 Aug 1947  Aditya Pratap Singh                (b. 1887 - d. 1969)
                             (with courtsey style
of Maharaja)



Shahpura

[Shahpura]

1629                       Shahpura jagir.
1706                       Shahpura state founded.

Rajas (title Rajadhiraj)
1685 – 27 Dec 1729         Bharat Singh                       (d. 1729)
27 Dec 1729 - 14 Jan 1769  Umaid Singh I                      (d. 1769)
14 Jan 1769 – 29 May 1774  Ram Singh                          (d. 1774)
29 May 1774 – 19 May 1796  Bhim Singh                         (b. c.1715 – d. 1796)
29 May 1796 –  7 Jul 1827  Amar Singh                         (b. 1784 - d. 1827)
29 May 1796 – c.1802       .... -Regent
 7 Jul 1827 –  5 Jun 1845  Madho Singh                        (b. 1813 - d. 1845)
 5 Jun 1845 – 23 Jun 1853  Jagat Singh                        (b. 1837 - d. 1853)
 5 Jun 1845 – 1853         Rani Khangarotji (f) -Regent
15 Jul 1853 –  2 Dec 1869  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1852 - d. 1869)
23 Jun 1853 –  2 Dec 1869  Rani Mertaniji (f) -Regent         (b. c.1832 – d. 1916)
21 Apr 1870 - 24 Jun 1932  Nahar Singh                        (b. 1855 - d. 1932)
 2 Dec 1869 -  3 Mar 1876  Rani Mertaniji (f) -Regent         (s.a.)
24 Jun 1932 -  3 Feb 1947  Umaid Singh II                     (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
 3 Feb 1947 - 18 Aug 1947  Sudershan Singh                    (b. 1915 – d. 1992)

Chief minister
1912 - 1932                
Umaid Singh (II)                   (s.a.)



Shailana (Sailana)

[Shailana (India)
                1877-1947]
               1877 - 1947

1730                       Shailana state founded.

Rajas
1730 - 1757                Jai Singh
1757 - 1772                Jaswant Singh
1772 - 1782                Ajab Singh
1782 - 1797                Mokham Singh
1797 - 1826                Lakshman Singh
1826 - 1827                Ratan Singh                        (d. 1827)
1827 - 1842                Nahar Singh
1842 - 1850                Takhat Singh                       (d. 1850)
1850 - 13 Jul 1895         Duleh Singh                        (b. 1838 - d. 1895)
13 Jun 1895 -  4 Aug 1919  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1864 - d. 1919)
 4 Aug 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1891 - d. 1961)


Shan states: see Shan and Karen states of Burma

Siba (Dada-Siba)

c.1450                     Siba state, also called Dada-Siba, founded.
1803 - 1813                Annexed by Guler.
1813                       
Annexed by Paρjab.
1830                       Restored.
1849                       Annexed to British India.

Rajas
.... - ....                Jaswant Chand            
.... - ....                Bhag Singh
.... - 1750                Lakel Singh
1750 - 1770                Madho Singh                        (d. 1770)
1770 - 1800                Sher Singh                         (d. 1800)
1800 - 1803
               Gobind Singh (1st time)            (d. 1845)
1830 - 1845                Gobind Singh (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1845 - 1849                Ram Singh                          (d. 1874)


Sikkim: see under India

Sindhya: see Gwalior


Sirmur

1095                       Nahan state founded.
1621                       New capital Sirmur founded; state takes name from capital.
1803 - 1804                Occupied by Nepal.
 2 Dec 1815                British protectorate.

Rajas
1684 - 1704                Medni Prakash "Mat Prakash"        (d. 1704)
1704 - 1712                Hari Prakash
1712 - 1736                Bijay Prakash                      (d. 1736)
1736 - 1754                Pratap Prakash                     (d. 1754) 
1754 - 1770                Kirat Prakash                      (d. 1770)
1773 - 1789                Jatat Prakash                      (d. 1789)
1789 - 1793                Dharm Prakash                      (d. 1793)
1793 - 1803                Karam Prakash II (1st time)        (b. 17.. - d. 1826)
1803 - 1804                Ratan Prakash                      (d. 1804)
                             (installed by Nepal)
1804 - 1815
                Karam Prakash II (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1815 – Jun 1850            Fateh Prakash                      (b. 1809 - d. 1850)
1815 - 1827                Rani Guleri (f) -Regent
Jun 1850 – 20 Jun 1856     Raghbir Prakash                    (b. 1827 - d. 1856)
 2 Jun 1856 –  2 Oct 1898  Shamsher Prakash                   (b. 1845 - d. 1898)
 2 Jun 1856 – c.1863       .... –Regent
 2 Oct 1898 -  4 Jul 1911  Surendra Bikram Prakash            (b. 1867 - d. 1911)
25 Jul 1911 –  1 Jan 1918  Amar Prakash                       (b. 1888 - d. 1933)
Maharajas
 1 Jan 1918 - 13 Aug 1933  Amar Prakash                       (s.a.)
13 Aug 1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Prakash                   (b. 1913 - d. 1964)
13 Aug 1933 - 22 Nov 1938  Maharani Mandalasa (f) –Regent     (b. 1896 – d. 1973)



Sirohi

[Sirohi]

1374                       Sirohi state founded.
11 Sep 1823                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao)
1697 - 1705                Durjan Singh                       (d. 1705)
1705 - 1749                Umaid Singh I (Man Singh III)      (d. 1749)
1749 - 1772                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1772)
1772 - 1781                Takhat Singh
1781 - 1782                Jagat Singh                        (d. 1782)

1782 - 1809                Bairi Sal II                       (b. 1760 - d. 1809)
1809 - 1817                Udaibhan                           (d. 1847)
1817 -  8 Dec 1862         Sheo Singh                         (d. 1862)
 8 Dec 1862 - 16 Sep 1875  Umaid Singh II                     (b. 1833 - d. 1875)
16 Sep 1875 -  1 Jul 1889  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1857 - d. 1920)
Rulers (title Maharao)
 1 Jul 1889 - 29 Apr 1920  Keshri Singh                       (s.a.)
29 Apr 1920 - 23 Jan 1946  Sarup Ram Singh                    (b. 1888 - d. 1946)
23 Jan 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Tej Ram Singh                      (b. 1943)
23 Jan 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Maharani Krishna                   (d. 1979)
                             Kunverba (f) -Regent



Sitamau

[Sitamau]

1701                       Sitamau state founded.

Rajas
1701 - 1748                Kesho Das
1748 - 1752                Gaj Singh
1752 - 1802                Fateh Singh
1802 - 1867                Raj Ram Singh I                    (d. 1867)
1867 - 28 May 1885         Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1836 - d. 1885)
 8 Dec 1885 - 1899         Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1833/54 - d. ....)
1899 -  9 May 1900         Shardul Singh
11 May 1900 - 15 Aug 1947  Raj Ram Singh II                   (b. 1880 - d. 1967)



Sivaganga

1730                       Sivaganga state
1801                       Reduced to an estate.

Rajas
1730 - 1750                Sasivarna Thevar
1750 - 1772                Sheshavurna Thevar
1772 - 1780                Velu Nachiyar -Rani (f)            (d. c.1790)
1780 - 1783                Vengum Peria Wudia Thevar    
1783 - 1801                Mutu Vaduga Natha Thurai Vellai
                           
 Marudhu (Periya Marudhu Servai)


Sohawal

[Sohawal]

1550                       Sohawal state founded.
1830 - 1833                British administration.

Rulers (title Rais)
.... - 1750                Prithipal Singh
.... - ....                .... (four rulers)
bf.1809 - 18..             Lal Aman Singh (1st time)
18.. - 1830                Raghunath Singh                    (d. 1830/33)
1830 - 1833                British administration
1833 - 1840                Lal Aman Singh (2nd time)
1840 - 1865                Sheo Singh                         (d. 1865)
 1 Nov 1865 - 1899         Sher Jang Bahadur Singh            (b. 1853 - d. ....)
                             (personal style of Raja from 1 Jan 1879)
23 Nov 1899 - 1911         Bhagwant Raj Bahadur Singh         (b. 1878 - d. 19..)

Rajas
1911 - 16 Feb 1930         Bhagwant Raj Bahadur Singh         (s.a.)
1930 - 15 Aug 1947         Jagendra Bahadur Singh             (b. 1899 - d. 1974)



Sonepur (Sonpur)

1556                       Sonepur state founded.
13 Dec 1803                British protectorate.

Rajas
1680 - 1700                Purusottama Singh Deo              (d. 1700)
1700 - 1725                Raj Singh Deo                      (d. 1725)
1725 - 1750                Achal Singh Deo                    (d. 1750)
1750 - 1770                Divya Singh Deo                    (d. 1770)
1770 - 1771                Jarwar Singh Deo                   (d. 1771) 
1771 - 1786                Sobha Singh Deo                    (d. 1786)
1786 - 1841                Prithvi Singh Deo                  (b. 1758 - d. 1841)
1800 - 1822                Rani Sri Laxmipriya (f) -Regent
1841 - 11 Sep 1891         Niladhar Singh Deo                 (b. 1838 - d. 1891)
1841 - 1855                Rani Gundicha Devi (f) -Regent
11 Sep 1891 -  8 Aug 1902  Pratap Rudra Singh                 (b. 1854 - d. 1902)
 8 Aug 1902 -  1 Jan 1921  Bir Mitrodaya Singh Deo            (b. 1874 - d. 1937)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1908)
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1921 - 29 Apr 1937  Bir Mitrodaya Singh Deo            (s.a.)
29 Apr 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Sudhansu Shekhar Singh Deo         (b. 1899 - d. 1963)


Soor: see Idar


Suket

[Suket (India) State flag]

c.765                      Suket state founded.

Rulers (title Raja)
1663 - 1721                Jit Sen                            (d. 1721)
1721 - 1748                Garur Sen                          (b. 1693 - d. 1748)
1748 - 1762                Bhikam Sen                         (d. 1762)
1762 - 1791                Ranjit Sen                         (d. 1791)
1791 - 1838                Bikram Sen II                      (b. 17.. - d. 1838)
1838 - 1876                Ugar Sen II                        (d. 1876)
1876 - 1879                Rudra Sen                          (b. 1828 - d. 1886)
1879  (1 month)            Arimardan Sen                      (b. 1863 - d. 1879)
1879                       Regents
                           - Kanwar Shib Singh
                           - Jagat Singh
29 Mar 1879 - 27 May 1908  Dasht Nikandan Sen                 (b. 1865 - d. 1908)

29 Mar 1879 - 1884         Munshi Hardyal Singh -Regent
27 May 1908 - 13 Oct 1919  Bhim Sen                           (b. 1885 - d. 1919)

13 Oct 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Sen                       (b. 1895 - d. 1970)



Sundem

1555                       Sundem state founded.

Rajas
1763 - 1843                Sawai Basavalinga I Rajendra
                             Udaiyar
1843                       Sadashiva II Rajendra Udaiyar
1843 - ....                Vira Rajendra Udaiyar
.... - ....                Sawai Basavalinga II Rajendra
                             Udaiyar
.... - ....                Sawai Vira Sadashiva Rajendra
                             Udaiyar
.... - 1935                Basavalinga II Rajendra Udaiyar
1935 - 19..                ....



Surat


Surat - Indian Princely
              State

14 Jun 1733                Mughal governor with style Kiladar establishes
                             a quasi-independent state.
 4 Mar 1759                British protectorate.
27 Feb 1763                Independence from Mughal empire under British suzerainty.
 8 Aug 1842                State abolished, annexed to British India.
 
Rulers (title Nawab)
14 Jun 1733 -  7 Sep 1746  Tegh Beg Khan "Mirza Gul"          (b. 1656 - d. 1746)
 7 Sep 1746 - Feb 1747     Beglar Khan "Mirza Gada Beg"       (b. 1667 - d. 1747)
Feb 1747 - 1748            Safdar Khan "Mirza Ghulam Mahmud"
  (d. 1758)
                             (1st time)
1748 - 1751                Mir Moin ud-din Muhammad Khan
     (d. 1763)  
                             "Mian Achchan"
(1st time)  
1751 - 21/26 Feb 1758      
Safdar Khan "Mirza Ghulam Mahmud"  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

21/26 Feb 1758-2 Dec 1758  'Ali Nawaz Khan                    (d. 1759)
 2 Dec 1758 - 27 Feb 1763  Mir Moin ud-din Muhammad Khan      (s.a.)  
                             "Mian Achchan"
(2nd time)

27 Feb 1763 - Mar 1790     Mir Hafiz ud-din Ahmad Khan
       (b. c.1736 - d. 1790)
Mar 1790 -  8 Jan 1799     Mir ud-din Muhammad Khan           (d. 1799)
 8 Jan 1799 - 23 Sep 1821  Mir Nasir ud-din Muhammad Khan     (d. 1821)
                             (surrendered ruling powers
from 14 May 1800)
23 Sep 1821 -  8 Aug 1842  Mir Afzal ud-din Muhammad Khan
    (b. c.1782 - d. 1842)


Surgana

[Surgana]

bf.1800                    Surgana state founded.

Rulers (title Deshmukh)
1818 - 1819                Malhar Rao                         (d. 1819)
1818 - 1820                Bhikaji Rao
1820 - 1854                Jashwant Rao I Bhikaji Rao
1854 - 1867                Ravi Rao
1867 -  2 Jun 1898         Shankar Rao Ravi Rao               (b. 1849 - d. ....)
1898 - 22 Jun 1930         Pratap Rao Shankar Rao             (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
1930 - 1936                Jashwant Rao II Pratap Rao
Apr 1936 - 15 Aug 1947     Dhairyashitra Rao Jashwant Rao     (b. 1922 - d. 2003)



Surguja

[Surguja]

Rajas
1678 - 1709                Baiha Dadu Singh Deo
1709 - 1728                Balbhadra Singh I Deo
1728 - 1749                Jaswat Singh Deo
1749 - 1758                Bahadur Sigh Deo
1760 - 17..                Sheo Singh Deo
1792 - 1799                Ajit Singh Deo
1799 - 1800                Balbhadra Singh II Deo (1st time)
1800 - 1813                Lal Singram Singh Deo
1813 - 1816                Balbhadra Singh II Deo (2nd time)
1816 - 1820                Interregnum
1820 - 1851                Lal Amar Singh Deo
                            (with personal style Maharaja from 1826)
1851 - 25 Mar 1879         Indrajit Singh Deo                 (b. 1827 - d. 1879)
25 Mar 1879 - 31 Dec 1917  Raghunath Saran Singh Deo          (b. 1860 - d. 1917)
                            (personal style Maharaja from 1887;
                             from 1896 Maharaja Bahadur)
31 Dec 1917 - 1918         Ramanuj Saran Singh Deo            (b. 1893 - d. 1965)
                            (with hereditary style Maharaja)
Maharaja
1918 - 15 Aug 1947         Ramanuj Saran Singh Deo            (s.a.)


Swat: see Pakistan


Talcher

[Talcher]

11..                       Talcher state founded.

Rajas
1651 - 1711                Gopinath Birabar Harichandan
1711 - 1729                Ramchandra Birabar Harichandan     (b. 1657? - d. 1729)
1729 - 1740                Pitambar Birabar Harichandan       (d. 1740)
1740 - 1752                .... Birabar Harichandan
1752 - 17..                Krishna Chandra Birabar Harichandan
17.. - 1766                .... Birabar Harichandan
1766 - 1774                Ayadi Birabar Harichandan          (b. 1742? - d. 1774)
1774 - 1778                Nimai Charan Champati Birabar 
                             Harichandan
1778 - 1846                Bhagirathi Birabar Harichandan     (d. 1846)
1846 - 1873                Dayanidhi Birabar Harichandan      (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
1873 - 18 Dec 1891         Ramchandra Birabar Harichandan     (b. 1856 - d. 1891)
18 Dec 1891 -  7 Nov 1945  Kishor Chandra Birabar Harichandan (b. 1880 - d. 1945)
 7 Nov 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Hrudaya Chandra Dev Birabar        (b. 1902 - d. 1970)
                             Harichandan Mahapatra


Tanjur: see Mahratta states


Tehri Garhwal

[Tehri Garhwal (India) state
                flag]

823 AD                     Garhwal (Grihavala) state founded.
1791 - Jan 1804            Nepalese protectorate.
Jan 1804 - 1815            Garhwal state extinguished by Nepal.
23 Dec 1812                British protectorate (in force from 21 Apr 1815).
21 Apr 1815                Tehri Garhwal state created.

Maharajas (title Swasti Shri Maharaja)
Jul 1665 - 1716            Fateh Shah                         (b. 1632 - d. 1716)
1716 - 1717                Upendra Shah                       (b. 1695 - d. 1717)
1717 - Dec 1772            Pradip Shah                        (b. 1709 - d. 1772)
1717 - 1727                Maharani .... (f) -Regent
Dec 1772 - Aug 1780        Lalit Shah                         (d. 1780)

Aug 1780 - 1785            Jaykrit Shah                       (d. 1785)
1785 - Jan 1804            Pradyuman Shah                     (b. 17.. - d. 1804) 
21 Apr 1815 -  7 Jun 1859  Sudarshan Shah                     (b. 1784 - d. 1859)
 7 Jun 1859 - Dec 1871     Bhawani Shah                       (d. 1871)
Dec 1871 -  6 Feb 1887     Pratap Shah                        (b. 1850 - d. 1887)
 6 Feb 1887 - 25 Apr 1913  Kirti Shah                         (b. 1874 - d. 1913)
 6 Feb 1887 - 1888         Vikram Shah -Regent
1888 - 1892                Maharani Gulariyaji (f) -Regent    (b. 18.. - d. 1926)
25 Apr 1913 - 26 May 1946  Narendra Shah                      (b. 1898 - d. 1950)
16 May 1913 -  4 Oct 1919  Maharani Lakshmi Devi (f) -Regent  (d. 1923)
27 May 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Manabendra Shah                    (b. 1921 - d. 2007)


Thana Devli: see Amarnagar

Thanesar 

1850                       Annexed by British India.

Rulers
1760 - 17..                Mith Singh
17.. - 1791                Bhag Singh
.... - 1815                Bhanga singh
1815 - 1819                Fateh Singh
1819 - 1830                Mai Jian
1830 - 1844                Ratan Kaur
1844 - 1850                Chand Kaur



Tharad

[Tharad-Morwara]

1759                       Tharad state founded.
1820                       British tributary.

Rulers (title Thakur Shri)
1759 - 1786                Khanji                             (d. 1786)
1786 - 1823                Harbhamji Khanji                   (d. 1823)
1823 - 1859                Karansinhji Vanaji                 (d. 1859)
1859 - 1892                Khengarsinhji Vanaji               (b. 1836 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1910                Abhaisinhji Khengarsinhji          (b. 18.. - d. 1910)
1910 - 1921                Daulatsinhji Abhaisinhji           (b. 1881 - d. 1921)
19 Feb 1921 - 1947         Bhimsinhji Daulatsinhji            (b. 1900 - d. 19..)



Tharoch

14..                       Tharoch (also called Tiroch or Taroch) state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1841 - 1843                Occupied by Jubbal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1787 - 1803                Lacchu Singh                       (d. 1815)
                            (to 1815 in exile)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1819                Karam Singh                        (d. 1819)
1819 - 1838                Jhobu Singh                        (d. 1838)
1838 - 1841                Shyam Singh
1841 - 1843                occupied by Jubbal
1843 - 1877                Ranjit Singh                       (d. 1877)
20 May 1877 - 13 Jul 1902  Kidar Singh                        (b. 1865 - d. 1902)
14 Jul 1902 - 1929         Surat Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1944)
Rulers (title Rana)
1929 - 1944                Surat Singh                        (s.a.)
1944 - 15 Aug 1947         Baljit Singh                       (b. 1934)



Tigiria

bf.1600                    Tigiria state founded.

Rajas
1682 - 1742                Sankaraswar Mandhata
1743 - 17..                Gopinath Chamupati Singh
17.. - 1793                Jadumani Rai Singh
1797 - 1844                Jagannath Chamupati Singh
1844 - 1886                Harihar Kshatriya Birbara          (b. 1826 - d. 1886)
                             Chamupati Singh
 8 Apr 1886 - 1933         Banamali Kshatriya Birbara         (b. 1857 - d. 19..)
                             Chamupati Singh
1933 - 1943                Sudarshan Kshatriya Birbara        (d. 1943)
                             Chamupati Singh
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Brajraj Birbar Kshatriya           (b. 1921)
                             Chamupati Singh



Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur (Travancore)
 
[Tiruvankur
                          (Travancore) State Flag]
            19h cent. - 1949 State Flag
 
[Tiruvankur
                          (Travancore) Civil Flag]
                 to 1949 Civil Flag
 
[Tiruvankur
                          (Travancore) Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
 
Map of Travancore
Capital: Thrivandrum
(Padmanabhapuram to 1795)

Population: 5,095,973 (1931)
2,311,379 (1875)

c.1100                     Cheraman dynasty inaugurated; succeeds various
                             successor states of the ancient Cheralam empire.
17 Nov 1795                British protectorate.

Rajas (officially Chiravai Muppan Padmanabhadasa)
1678 - 1705                Ravi Varma                         (b. 1668 - d. 1705)
1678 - 1684                Rani Umayamma (f) -Regent          (d. 1706)
1705 - 1718                Unni Kerala Varma III              (d. 1718)

1718 - 1721                Aditya Varma                       (d. 1721)
1721 - 27 Jan 1729         Rama Varma I                       (d. 1729)
27 Jan 1729 -  7 Jul 1758  Martanda Varma I                   (b. 1706 - d. 1758)
 7 Jul 1758 - 17 Feb 1798  Rama Varma II                      (b. 1724 - d. 1798)
17 Feb 1798 -  7 Nov 1810  Bala Rama Varma I                  (b. 1782 - d. 1810)
 7 Nov 1810 - 16 Apr 1813  Rani Ghauri Lakshmi Bai (f)-Regent (b. 1791 - d. 1815)
                             (1st time)
16 Apr 1813 - 27 Dec 1846  Rama Varma III                     (b. 1813 - d. 1846)
16 Apr 1813 - 1815         Rani Ghauri Lakshmi Bai (f)-Regent (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1815 - 1829                Ghauri Parvati Bai (f) -Regent     (b. 1802 - d. 1853)
27 Dec 1846 - 18 Aug 1860  Martanda Varma II                  (b. 1814 - d. 1860)
18 Aug 1860 -  6 Aug 1866  Rama Varma IV                      (b. 1832 - d. 1880)
                             (from 12 Feb 1866, Sir Rama Varma IV)
Maharajas

 6 Aug 1866 - 30 May 1880  Sir Rama Varma IV                  (s.a.)
30 May 1880 -  4 Aug 1885  Rama Varma V                       (b. 1837 - d. 1885)
 4 Aug 1885 -  7 Aug 1924  Rama Varma VI                      (b. 1857 - d. 1924)
 7 Aug 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Bala Rama Varma II                 (b. 1912 - d. 1991)
                             (from 3 Jun 1935, Bala Rama Varma II)
 7 Aug 1924 -  6 Nov 1931  Sethu Lakshmi Bayi
(f) -Regent     (b. 1895 - d. 1985)

Dalawa
1729 - 1736                Arumukham Pillai
1736 - 1737                Thanu Pillai
1737 - 1756                Rama Iyen
1756 - 1763                Martanda Pillai                    (d. 1763)
                             (Tampi Chempakaraman Ayyappan Martandan) 
1763 - 1768                Warkala Subbayyan
                             (Varkalay Subba Iyen)
1768 - 1776                Krishna Gopalayyan
1776 - 1780                Vadiswaran Subbrahmanya Iyer           
1780 - 1782                Mullen Chempakaraman Pillai
1782 - 1788                Nagercoil Rama Iyen (Ramayyan)
1788 - 1789                Krishnan Chempakaraman
1789 - Apr 1799            Kesava(n) Das
Apr 1799 - Jun 1799        Jayantha(n) Sankaran Namboodiri
                             (Namburi)
Jun 1799 - 22 Aug 1800     Ayyappan Chembaka Rama(n) Pillai

23 Aug 1800 - 23 Apr 1801  Parasala Padmanabhan Tampi
                             Chempakaraman
23 Apr 1801 - 24 Feb 1809  Velu Thampi                        (d. 1809)
1809 - 1811                Ummini Thampi 
Diwans
1811 - 1814                John Munro                         (d. 1858)
1814 - 1815                Padmanabhan
1815 - 1816                Subbien (Subha Iyer)
                             Sankaranarayana Iyen

1816 - Sep 1817            Raman Menon
Sep 1817 - 1821            Reddy Rao (1st time)
1821 - 1830                Venkata Rao (1st time)             (d. 1843) 
1830 - 1837                Thanjavur Subha Rao (1st time)
1837 - 1838                R. Ranga Rao
1838 - 1839                Venkata Rao (2nd time)             (s.a.) 

1839 - Jun 1842            Thanjavur Subha Rao (2nd time) 
1842 - 1843                Krishna Rao (1st time)(acting)     (d. 1857)
1843 - 1845                Reddy Rao (2nd time)
1845 - Dec 1846            Srinivasa Rao
Dec 1846 - Dec 1857        Krishna Rao (2nd time)             (s.a.)
                             (acting to Mar 1847)
Jan 1858 - 1872            Sir Madhava Rao                    (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
1872 - 1877                Amaravati Seshayya Sastri          (b. 1828 - d. 1903) 
1877 - 1880                Neyyoor Nanoo Pillai               (b. 1827 – d. 1886)
1880 - 1887                Vembaukum Ramiyengar               (b. 1826 - d. 1887) 
1887 - 1892                T. Rama Rao                        (b. c.1831 - d. 1895)  
1892 - 1898                S. Shungrasoobyer
                 (b. 1836 - d. 1904)  
1898 - 1904                Kanchi Krishnaswamy Rao            (b. 1845 - d. 1923)

1904 - 1906                
V.P. Madhava Rao                   (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
1906 - 1909                S. Gopalacharyar                   (b. 1850 - d. 19..)  
1909 - 1914                Perungavur Rajagopalachari         (b. 1862 - d. 1927)
1914 - 1920                Mannath Krishnan Nair              (b. 1870 – d. 1938)

1920 - 1925                T. Raghaviah
1925 - 1929                Maurice Emygdius Watts             (b. 1878 - d. 1933)

1929 - 1932                V. Subramania Iyer Subramanya Iyer (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
 
1932 - 1934                Thomas Austin                      (b. 1887 - d. 1976)

1934 - 1936                Mohamad Habibulla                  (b. 1869 - d. 1948) 

1936 - 19 Aug 1947         Chetpat P. Ramaswami Aiyer         (b. 1879 - d. 1966)

British Residents 
(from Oct 1923, also Agents for Kochin)
 8 Oct 1788 - 1800         George Powney

10 May 1800 -  4 Mar 1810  Colin Macaulay                     (b. 1760 - d. 1836)
23 Mar 1810 - 24 Jan 1819  Sir John Munro                     (s.a.)
23 Apr 1819 -  7 Nov 1820  S. MacDowall                       (d. 1820)
 7 Nov 1820 - 1May 827     David Newall                       (d. 1827)
11 May 1827 - 1834         Edward Cadogan
1828 - 1829                Morrisom (acting for Cadogan)
24 Jun 1833 - 1836         James Archibald Casamajor          (b. 1784 - d. 1863)
12 Jan 1836 - 1838         James Stuart Fraser                (b. 1783 - d. 1869)
15 Aug 1838 - Nov 1839     A. Douglas
 1 Nov 1839 - Sep 1840     Thomas Maclean
 8 Sep 1840 - 11 Jan 1860  William Cullen                     (d. 1862)
11 Jan 1860 -  1 May 1862  F.N. Maltby
 1 May 1862 -  7 Apr 1864  W. Fisher
15 Apr 1864 - 26 Feb 1867  Henry Newill (1st time)            (d. 1869)
26 Feb 1867 - 26 May 1867  Atholl MacGregor (1st time)
27 May 1867 - 25 Mar 1869  Henry Newill (2nd time)            (s.a.)
25 Mar 1869 - 1870         G.A. Ballard (1st time)
31 Mar 1870 - Jun 1871     J.I. Minchin
22 Jun 1871 - Jul 1874     G.A. Ballard (2nd time)
13 Jul 1874 - 14 Oct 1874  A.F.F. Bloomfield
14 Oct 1874 - Apr 1875     G.A. Ballard (3rd time)
Apr 1875 - Oct 1875        Woulfe Hay
11 Oct 1875 - 1877         Atholl MacGregor (2nd time)
10 Mar 1877 - Feb 1878     Henry Edward Sullivan (acting)
20 Feb 1878 - Mar 1879     John Child Hannyngton (1st time)
28 Mar 1879 - Mar 1881     Atholl MacGregor (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1881 - May 1883     John Child Hannyngton (2nd time)
 6 May 1883 - Feb 1884     W. Logan (acting)
25 Feb 1884 - Aug 1884     R.W. Barlow (acting)
15 Aug 1884 - Jul 1887     John Child Hannyngton (3rd time)
 7 Jul 1887 - Oct 1887     H.R.N. Prendergast (acting)
 7 Oct 1887 - Jul 1890     John Child Hannyngton (4th time)
16 Jul 1890 - Nov 1891     Henry Bidewell Grigg (1st time)    (d. 1895)
 5 Nov 1891 - Nov 1892     John Child Hannyngton
 8 Nov 1892 - Apr 1895     Henry Bidewell Grigg (2nd time)    (s.a.)
15 Apr 1895 - Jul 1895     John David Rees (1st time)         (b. 1854 - d. 1922)
12 Jul 1895 - Aug 1896     J. Thomson
 8 Aug 1896 - Dec 1896     John David Rees (2nd time)(acting)
15 Dec 1896 - Jul 1897     F.A. Nicholson (1s time)(acting)
17 Jul 1897 - Aug 1898     John David Rees (3rd time)
22 Aug 1898 - Jul 1899     F.A. Nicholson (2nd time)                          
11 Jul 1899 - Nov 1904     Gordon Thomas Mackenzie
19 Nov 1904 - Mar 1906     James Andrew
16 Mar 1906 - May 1908     R.C.C. Carr (1st time)
24 May 1908 - Feb 1909     J. Davidson (acting)
23 Feb 1909 - Sep 1910     R.C.C. Carr (2nd time)
 8 Sep 1910 - Feb 1912     A.T. Forbes (1st time)
11 Feb 1912 - Mar 1913     R.A. Graham (1st time)(acting)
20 Mar 1913 - Mar 1915     A.T. Forbes (2nd time)
25 Mar 1915 - Feb 1917     R.A. Graham (2nd time)(acting)
15 Feb 1917 - Dec 1920     H.L. Braidwood
 2 Dec 1920 - Jun 1923     H.H. Barkitt      
26 Jun 1923 - May 1926     C.W.E. Cotton (1st time)
 4 May 1926 - 11 Nov 1926  H.A.B. Vernon (acting)
11 Nov 1926 - 18 Apr 1928  C.W.E. Cotton (2nd time)
19 Apr 1928 -  4 Dec 1929  C.G. Crosthwaite
14 Dec 1929 - 20 Oct 1930  A.N.L. Cater
21 Oct 1930 - 21 Nov 1932  H.R.N. Pritchard
21 Nov 1932 - 22 Feb 1935  Donald Muyle Field                 (b. 1881 - d. ....)
22 Feb 1935 - 19 Nov 1936  W.A.M. Garstin
20 Nov 1936 - 15 Jan 1939  Clarmont Percival Skrine           (b. 1888 - d. 1974)
16 Jan 1939 - 1943         George Francis Murphy
1943 - 1945                Herbert John Todd
1945 - 1946                Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards (1st time)
1946 - 1947                A.A. Russell
1947                       Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards (2nd time)



Tonk
 
[Tonk, 1877]
                           1877 - ....
[Tonk]
                        to 1947

15 Nov 1817                Tonk state founded.
18 Oct 1817                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
15 Nov 1817 -  2 Nov 1834  Amir Khan ibn Hayat Khan           (b. 1769 - d. 1834)
 2 Nov 1834 - 18 Jun 1864  Wazir ad-Dowla Mohammad Khan       (b. 1807 - d. 1864)
18 Jun 1864 - 14 Nov 1867  Mohammad `Ali Khan                 (d. 1895)
14 Nov 1867 - 23 Jun 1930  Hafez Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan   (b. 1848 - d. 1930)
14 Nov 1867 - 1870         Sahibzada Ibadullah Khan -Regent
23 Jun 1930 - 31 May 1947  Hafez Mohammad Sa`adat `Ali Khan   (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
31 May 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Hafez Mohammad Faruq `Ali Khan     (b. 1885 - d. 1948)


Travancore: see Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur


Tripura (Hill Tipperah)

[Tripura]
                           to 1949

Map of Tripura
Capital: Agartala
Population: 513,000 (1941)

c.100                      Tripura state founded.
1760                       Part of the state annexed by British India; remaining
                             state known to the colonial government as Hill Tipperah.
1871                       British protectorate.
15 Oct 1949                Accedes to India.

Rajas (title Maharaj Sri; from 1739 Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya
Pancha-Srijukta
Maharaj
)
1684 - 1712                Ratna Manikya II (2nd time)        (d. 1712)
1712 - 1714                Mahendra Manikya
1714 - 1732                Dharma Manikya II (1st time)      
1732 - 1733                Jagat Manikya
1733                       Dharma Manikya II (2nd time)  
1733 - 1737                Mukanda Manikya III                (d. 1739)
1737 - 1739                Jai Manikya II (1st time)
1739 - 174.                Indrasya Manikya II (1st time)
17.. - 174.                Udai Manikya
174. - 174.                Jai Manikya II (2nd time)
174. - 174.                Indrasya Manikya II (2nd time)
174. - 1743                Jai Manikya II (3rd time)
1743 - 1760                Bijaya Manikya III
c.1748 - c.1758            Shamsher Ghazi -Regent             (d. c.1758)
1760                       Lakshman Manikya                   (d. 1760)
1760 - 1761                Krishna Manikya (1st time)         (d. 1783)
1761 - 1767                Balaram Manikya
1767 - 11 Jul 1783         Krishna Manikya (2nd time)         (s.a.)
11 Jul 1783 - Mar 1804     Rajadhara Manikya II               (d. 1804)
11 Jul 1783 - 1786         Jahnavi Rani Mahadevayu (f) -Regent
Mar 1804 - Oct 1809        Ramaganga Manikya (1st time)       (b. 17.. - d. 1826)
Oct 1809 -  6 Apr 1813     Durga Manikya                      (b. 17.. - d. 1813)
 6 Apr 1813 - 14 Nov 1826  Ramaganga Manikya (2nd time)       (s.a.)
14 Nov 1826 -  5 Jan 1830  Kashichandra Manikya               (d. 1830)
 5 Jan 1830 -  3 Apr 1849  Krishna Kishor Manikya             (d. 1849)
 3 Apr 1849 - 31 Jul 1862  Ishanachandra Manikya              (b. 1829 - d. 1862)
31 Jul 1862 - 11 Dec 1896  Virachandra Manikya                (b. 1837 - d. 1896)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 24 Oct 1877)
31 Jul 1862 -  9 Mar 1870  .... -Regent
11 Dec 1896 - 12 Mar 1909  Radha Kishor Manikya               (b. 1857 - d. 1909)
12 Mar 1909 - 13 Aug 1923  Virendra Kishor Manikya            (b. 1883 - d. 1923)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1919)
17 Aug 1923 - 17 May 1947  Vira Vikrama Kishor Manikya        (b. 1908 - d. 1947)
 9 Dec 1923 - 19 Aug 1927  Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman -Regent (b. 1854 - d. 1931)
                             (president of council of regency)
17 May 1947 - 15 Oct 1949  Kirit Vikrama Kishor Manikya       (b. 1933 - d. 2006)
17 May 1947 - 15 Oct 1949  Maharani Kanchan Prabhavati        (b. 1914 - d. 1973)
                             Mahadevi (f) -Regent


Dewans (chief ministers)
1850 - 1857?               Balaram Hazari
18.. - 18..                Braja Mohan Thakur
18.. - 1873                Dinabandhu Thakur
Jul 1873 - 1877            Nilmoni Das
1877 - 1880                Sambhu Chandra Mukherjee 
1880 - 1883                ....     
1883                       Prince Radakishore
1883 - 1886                Dhanajaya Thakur
1886  (3 months)           Babu Dinanath Sen
1886 - Nov 1888            Rai Bahadur Mohini Mohan Bardhan
Nov 1888 - 1890?           the Raja
1890 - 1892                Rai Umakanta Das Bahadur (1st time)
1892 - 1901?               Dinabandhu Thakur
1901 - 1905                Rai Umakanta Das Bahadur (2nd time)
Nov 1905 - Feb 1907        Shri Ramani Mohan Chattopadhyaya
Feb 1907 - Dec 1908        Rai Umakanta Das Bahadur (3rd time)
Dec 1908 -  7 Nov 1909     Sirjukta Babu Annada Charan Gupta
Nov 1909 - 1914            Nabadwip Chandra Deb Barman        (b. 1854 - d. 1931)
1914 - 1915                Shri Brojendra Kishore Deb Barman
1915 - 1923                Srijut Babu Prasanna Kumar Das
                             Gupta
 9 Dec 1923 - 19 Aug 1927  Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman         (s.a.)
                             (1st time)

1927 - 1929                Jyotis Chandra Sen (1st time)
17 May 1929 - 1931?        Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1931 - 28 Aug 1932         B.K. Sen
28 Aug 1932 - 20 Nov 1932  Manyabara Rana Bodhjung Bahadur    (b. 1894 - d. 1946)
20 Nov 1932 - 1939/40      Jyotis Chandra Sen (2nd time)
1939/40 - 18 Nov 1946      Manyabara Rana Bodhjung Bahadur
Nov 1946 - 1947            Shri Brojendra Kishore Deb Barman
1947                       S.V. Mukherjee
20 Dec 1947 - 15 Oct 1949  Abani Bushan Chatterjee


British Political Agents

 3 Jul 1871 - Feb 1874     Ambrose William Bushe Power        (b. 18.. - d. 1907)
11 Feb 1874 - May 1875     Edward Gordon Lillingston
27 May 1875 - Feb 1876     W.L. Samuels
22 Aug 1876 - Apr 1877     Thomas Edward Coxhead              (b. 1842 - d. 1890)
Feb 1877 - Apr 1877        James Francis Bradbury
                             (acting for Coxhead)
26 Apr 1877 - 28 Oct 1878  C.W. Bolton
1878 - 1879                F. Jones
1879 - 1882                G. Toynbee
1882 - 1883                J.A. Hopkins
1883 - 1884                H.G. Cooke
1884 - 1885                H.B. Skrine
1885 - 1886                S.S. Jones
1886 - 1888                J.C. Price
1888 - 1889/90             A.H. Collins
Magistrates as Political Agents

1889/90 - Jun 1893         R.T. Greer
Jun 1893 - ....            E. Geake
1906?                      J.E. Webster?
1908? - Mar 1910           A.H. Clayton
Mar 1910 - Jul 1910        J.E. Webster
(acting)
Jul 1910 - 13 Jun 1912     H.A. Murray
13 Jun 1912 - 11 Nov 1912  J.T. Rankin
(acting)
12 Nov 1912 - 1914         R.C.B. Williams
1914 - 1915                O.C. Puley

Jul 1915 - Sep 1919        John Bartley
Sep 1919 - Jun 1920        F. Younie
Jun 1920 - 15 Jun 1921     B. Corbett

1922? - 26 Oct 1923        J.D. Vere Hodge
27 Oct 1923 - 12 Mar 1926  Arthur Dash
Mar 1926 - Jul 1926        N.L. Hindley (acting)
1926 - 31 Jan 1928         J.H. Nelson
Feb 1928 -  5 Mar 1930     F.W. Robertson
 6 Mar 1930 - 14 Dec 1931  C.G.B. Stevens                     (d. 1931)

Dec 1931 - 1932            N.C. Bose Bahadur
(acting)
1932 - Dec 1932            Khan Bahadur Abdul Ghaffar 
                             (acting)

20 Dec 1932 - 19 Mar 1934  R.L. Walker
19 Mar 1934 -  9 Mar 1936  E.W. Holland
Mar 1936 - Dec 1936        S.N. Roy
Political Agents Bengal States Agency (the secretary of Resident for Eastern States)
 1 Dec 1936 - 19..         G.H. Emerson
1943 - 1946                Alexander William Redpath          (b. 1909 -  d. ....)



Udaipur (Mewar) [in Rajasthan]

Udaipur (Mewar) [in
                Rajasthan] (India) state flag

c.530                      Mewar state founded; later also (and ultimately predominantly)
                             called Udaipur after the name of the capital.
1818                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharana)
1698 - 10 Dec 1710         Amar Singh II                      (b. 1672 - d. 1710)
1710 - 11 Jan 1734         Sangram Singh II                   (b. 1690 - d. 1734)
1734 -  5 Jun 1751         Jagat Singh II                     (b. 1709 - d. 1751)
1751 - 10 Jan 1753         Pratap Singh II                    (b. 1724 - d. 1753)
1753 -  3 Apr 1761         Raj Singh II                       (b. 1743 - d. 1761)
1761 -  9 Mar 1773         Ari Singh                          (d. 1773)
1773 -  6 Jan 1778         Hamir Singh II                     (b. 1762 - d. 1778)
18 Jun 1778 - 30 Mar 1828  Bhim Singh                         (b. 1768 - d. 1828)
31 Mar 1828 - 30 Aug 1838  Jawan Singh                        (d. 1838)
30 Aug 1838 - 14 Aug 1842  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1798 - d. 1842)
14 Aug 1842 - 16 Nov 1861  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1815 - d. 1861)
27 Dec 1861 -  7 Oct 1874  Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1847 - d. 1874)
30 Oct 1874 - 23 Dec 1884  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1859 - d. 1884)
 4 Mar 1885 - 24 May 1930  Fateh Singh                        (b. 1849 - d. 1930)
                             (power curtailed by British from 28 Jul 1921)
24 May 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Bhopal Singh                   (b. 1884 - d. 1955)
                             (granted ruling power from 28 Jul 1921)

Dewans
c.1708 - c.1740            Pancholi Biharidas
17.. - 17...               Moji Ram Mehta
1751 - 1768/78?            Amar Chand Barva
1782/8? - 24 Oct 1789      Som Chand Gandhi
1789 - 1794?               Satidas Gandhi
                           + Shivdas Gandhi
1794? - 31 Dec 1799        Mehta Agar Chand                   (d. 1799)
1800 - 1815                Mehta Devi Chand
1815 - 19 Feb 1823         Shah Sheo Lal Gilundiya
1818 - 18..                Mehta Ram Singh
(1st time)
1823? - 1824               Mehta Sher Singh (1st time)
1824 - 1831                Mehta Ram Singh (2nd time)
1831 - 1838                Mehta Sher Singh (2nd time)
1838 - 11 Jul 1844         Mehta Ram Singh (3rd time)
Jul 1844 - 185.            Mehta Sher Singh (3rd time)
185. - Dec 1861            Kothari Kesari Singh (1st time)
Apr 1862 - 1863            Kothari Kesari Singh (2nd time)
Aug 1863 - Nov 1865        William Frederick Eden
1865 - 1867                Zalim Singh
21 Dec 1867 - Jul 1870     Kothari Kesari Singh (3rd time)

1870? - 1877?              Mehta Gokul Chand
Jan 1877 - 1878            Kaviraj Shymaldas
                            (chief counsellor)
1878 - Sep 1894            Mehta Rai Pannalal                 (b. 1843 - d. 1919)
1894 - 1895                Kothari Balwant Singh (1st time)
                           + Sahiwala Arjun Singh
1895 Jul - Aug 1895        Shyamji Krishnavarman
1895 - 1905                Kothari Balwant Singh (2nd time)
                           + Sahiwala Arjun Singh    
1905 - 1911                Mehta Bhopal Singh
                           + Mahasani Heeralal
1911 - 1918                Sukhdev Prasad Kak (1st time)
     (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
                           + Kothari Balawant Singh (3rd time)
                             (Jun 1911 - Aug 1914)
1918 - 1919                Sukhdev Prasad Kak (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                           + Mehta Jagannath Singh
1930 - 1935                Sukhdev Prasad Kak (3rd time)      (s.a.)
1935 - 1939                Dharamnarayan Kak                  (b. 1898 - d. 1971)
25 Dec 1939 - 1947         Sir T. Vijayaraghavacharya         (b. 1875 - d. 1953)
Sep 1947 - Dec 1947        Tribhuvan Nath Pande
1947 - 1948                S.V. Ramamurthy                    (b. 1880 - d. 1964)

 
British Political Agents

Mar 1818 - Jun 1822        James Tod
Jun 1822 - Apr 1823        Patrick Young Waugh                (b. 1788 - d. 1829?)
Apr 1823                   Alexander Spiers (1st time)
15 Apr 1823 - 12 Nov 1826  Thomas Alexander Cobbe (1st time)  (b. 1788 - d. 1836)
12 Nov 1826 - Dec 1826     Sutherland
Dec 1826 - Jan 1831        Thomas Alexander Cobbe (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1831 - 1836                post abolished, political charge
                           under the Agent of Ajmer
 6 May 1836 - 31 Dec 1838  Alexander Spiers (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1839 - 18 Jun 1850  Thomas Robinson
18 Jun 1850 -  2 Jul 1850  A. Mackintosh
 2 Jul 1850 - 28 Nov 1851  Charles Lionel Showers (1st time)  (b. 1816 - d. 1895)
28 Nov 1851 -  5 Mar 1853  George St. Patrick Lawrence        (b. 1804 - d. 1884)
 5 Mar 1853 - 17 Mar 1857  Henry Montgomery Lawrence          (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
17 Mar 1857 - 1860         Charles Lionel Showers (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1860 - 1862                R.L. Taylor 
20 Apr 1862 - 1865         William Frederick Eden             (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
1865 - 1867                J.P. Nixon (1st time)
1868 - 1869                Alexander Ross Elliott Hutchinson  (b. 1843 - d. 1877)
                             (1st time)
1869 - 1872                J.P. Nixon (2nd time)
1872 - 1874                Alexander Ross Elliott Hutchinson  (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time)
1874                       Edward Bradford 
1874 - 1875                J.A. Wright 
1875 - 1876                C. Herbert 
1876 - 1878                Eugene Clutterbuck Impey           (b. 1830 - d. 1904)  
1878 - 1879                T. Cadell
1879 - 1881                C.K.M. Walter (1st time)
British Residents in Mewar and Southern Rajputana States
 4 Mar 1881 - 1882         John Proudfoot Stratton            (b. 1830 - d. 1895)
1882                       Charles Bean Euan Smith (1st time) (b. 1841 - d. 1910)
1882 - 1885                C.K.M. Walter (2nd time)
1885                       Trevor John Chichele Chichele-     (b. 1846 - d. 1905)
                             Plowden
1885 - 1886                John Biddulph                      (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
1886                       A. Wingate 
1886                       Charles Bean Euan Smith (2nd time) (s.a.)
1886 - 1887                C.K.M. Walter (3rd time)
1887 - 1889                S.B. Miles (1st time)
1889                       H.P. Peacock (1st time)
1889 - 1890                E.A. Fraser 
1890                       H.P. Peacock (2nd time) 
1890                       H.B. Abbott
1890 - 1893                S.B. Miles (2nd time)
1893                       Norton Charles Martelli 
Nov 1893 - 1894            William Hutt Curzon Wyllie         (b. 1848 - d. 1909)
                             (1st time)
1894                       William Francis Prideaux (acting)  (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
1894 - Feb 1898            William Hutt Curzon Wyllie         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1896 - 1897                J.H. Newill (acting for Wyllie)
1898 - 1899                Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1835 - d. 1935)
1899 - 1900                G.P. Yate
1900                       A.P. Thornton
Apr 1900 - 1902            Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey         (b. 1861 - d. 1918)
                             (1st time)
1902                       E.H. Blakesley (acting) 
1902 - 1906                Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Sep 1906 - 1906            Arthur Berkeley Drummond (1st time)(b. 1869 - d. 1918)
1906 - 1907                Claude Hamilton Archer Hill        (b. 1866 - d. 1934) 
                             (1st time)
1907                       R.H. Chenevix Trench (1st time)
1907 - 1908                Claude Hamilton Archer Hill        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1908                       R.H. Chenevix Trench (2nd time)
1908 - 1911                A.T. Holme (1st time)
1911 - 1913                James Levett Kaye (1st time)       (b. 1861 - d. 1917)
1913                       Robert Erskine Holland  
1913 - 1914                James Levett Kaye (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1914                       Bertrand James Glancy (acting) 
1914 - 1915                James Levett Kaye (3rd time)       (s.a.)
Feb 1915 - 1915            Arthur Berkeley Drummond (2nd time)(s.a.)
1915 - 1916                James Levett Kaye (4th time)       (s.a.)
1916                       C.L.S. Russell
1916 - 1919                A.T. Holme (2nd time)
1919 - 1920                P.T.A. Spence 
1920                       A.D. Macpherson 
1920 - 1924                W.H.J. Wilkinson 
1924 - 1925                Hugh Robert Norman Pritchard       (b. 1879 - d. 19..) 
1925 - 1927                George Drummond Ogilvie            (b. 1886 - d. 1966)  
1927                       Bisco 
1927 - 1928                D.G. Mackenzie
1928 - 1930                Cecil Hamilton Gabriel             (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
1930 - 1931                Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
1931 - 1933                Rawdon James Macnabb               (b. 1883 - d. 1935)
1933 - 1935                W.A.M. Garstin
1935 - 1938                Geoffrey Lawrence Betham           (b. 1889 - d. 1963)   
1938 - 1939                William Pell Barton                (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
1940 - 1941                H.J. Todd 
Political agents in Mewar and Southern Rajputana States
Oct 1941 - 1942            Humphrey Trevelyan 
1942 - 1943                Williams
1943 - 21 Oct 1943         N.S. Alington (acting)
21 Oct 1943 - 1947         G.A. Kirkbride  



Udaipur [in Madhya Pradesh]

[Udaipur]

1818                       Udaipur (in Madhya Pradesh) founded as an off-shoot from
                             Surguja.

Rulers
1818 - 1852                Kalyan Singh Deo
1852 - 1857                Interregnum
1857 - 1858                Dhiraj Singh Deo
1858 - 1859                Sheoraj Singh Deo
1860 - 1876                Lal Bindeshvari Prasad Singh Deo   (b. 1829 - d. ....)
18 Mar 1876 - 1877         Dharmajit Singh Deo                (b. 1857 - d. 1900?)
Rajas
1877 - 1900                Dharmajit Singh Deo                (s.a.)
Dec 1900 -  8 Dec 1926     Chandrashekhar Prasad Singh Deo    (b. 1889 - d. ....)
1927 - 15 Aug 1947         Chandra Chur Prasad Singh Deo      (b. 1923 - d. ....)



Utkala (Orissa)

....                       Kingdom of Utkala (Orissa) founded in remote 
                            (legendary) antiquity.
1558                       Annexed by Bangala (Bengal).
1578                       Incorporated into Mughal Empire.
1580/1609                  Khurdha state established; its rulers styled kings 
                             of Utkala (Orissa).
1751 - 1803                Under Mahratta suzerainty.
1871                       State annexed to British India.

Kings 
1690 - 1720                Raja Dibvyasimhadeva I             (d. 1720)
1720 - 1725                Raja Harekrushnadeva
1725 - 1732                Raja Gopinathdeva                  (d. 1732)
1732 - 1743                Raja Ramachandradeva II            (d. 1743)
                            (Hafiz Qadar Muhammed)
17.. - 17..                Raja Padmanavadeva
1751 - 1780                Raja Birakishoredeva I             (d. 1780)
1780 - 1795                Raja Dibvyasimhadeva II            (d. 1795)
1795 - 1808                Raja Mukundadeva II                (d. 1817)
Rajas
1808 - 1857                Ramachandradeva III
1857 - 1871                Dibvyasimhadeva III



Vala (Vallabhipur)

[Vala (Vallabhipur)]

1740                       Vala (Vallabhipur) state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1740 - 1774                Visaji                             (d. 1774)
1774 - 1798                Nathubhai Visaji 
1798 - 1814                Meghabhai Nathubhai                (d. 1814)
1814 - 1838                Harbhamji Megabhai                 (d. 1838)
1838 - 1840                Dulatsimhji Harbhamji              (d. 1840)
1840 - 1853                Patabhai Megabhai                  (d. 1853)
1853 - 1860                Prithirajji Patabhai               (d. 1860)
1860 - 20 Aug 1875         Meghrajji Prithirajji              (d. 1875)
20 Aug 1875 - 1943         Vakhatsimhji Meghrajji             (b. 1864 - d. 1943)
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Gambhirsimhji Vakhatsimhji         (b. 18.. - d. 19..)



Valasna (Walasna)

Valasna - Indian Princely
                State
                    c.1812 - 1947

1812                       Valasna state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1812 - ....                Nathu Singh
c.1880                     Man Singh                          (b. 1850 - d. ....)
.... - 1926                Hamir Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1926)
1926 - 1947                Shiv Singh                         (b. 1910)



Vankaner (Wankaner)

[Wankaner]

1605                       Vankaner (Wankaner) state founded.
1807                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Raj Sahib)
1679 - 1721                Chandrasinhji I Raisinhji          (d. 1721)
1721 - 1728                Prithvirajji Chandrasinhji         (d. 1728)
1728 - 1749                Kesarisinhji I Chandrasinhji       (d. 1749)
1749 - 1784                Bharoji Kesarisinhji               (d. 1784)
1784 - 1787                Kesarisinhji II Raisinhji          (d. 1787)
1787 - 1839                Chandrasinhji II Kesarisinhji      (d. 1839)
1839 - 1842                Vakhatsinhji Chandrasinhji         (d. 1842)
1842 - 1861                Banesinhji Jaswantsihnji           (b. 1842 - d. 1881)
1842 - 1861                .... -Regent
Rulers (title
Maharana Raj Sahib Shri)
1861 - 12 Jun 1881         Banesinhji Jaswantsihnji           (s.a.)

12 Jun 1881 - 15 Aug 1947  Amarsinhji Banesinhji              (b. 1879 - d. 1954)
12 Jan 1881 - 1888         Ganpatrao Narayen Laud -Regent
1888 - 18 Mar 1899         .... -Regent



Vijayanagar 

[Vijayanagar princely state
                (India)]

Capital: Vijayanagar
Population: 8,491 (1931)

1577                       Pol state founded.
1864/77                    Renamed
Vijayanagar after new capital.

Rulers (title Rao Shri)
.... - 1720                Chandrasinhji                      (d. 1720) 
1720 - 1728                Kesarisinhji 
1728 - ....                Kasansinhji 
.... - ....                Makansinhji 
.... - ....                Hathisinhji 
.... - ....                Madhavsinhji 
.... - ....                Ajabsinhji 
.... - ....                Bhupatsinhji I
.... - ....                Bhavansinhji
.... - ....                Surajsinhji
.... - ....                Vajesinhji
.... - ....                Ratansinhji
.... - ....                Abheysinhji
.... - ....                Kiratsinhji
.... - ....                Laxmansinhji
.... - ....                Bharatsinhji
.... - ....                Amarsinhji
.... - 1852                Anandsinhji
1852 - 1859               
Pahadsinhji Gulabsinhji            (b. 1839 - d. 1859)
1859 - 1864                Navalsinhji                        (d. 1864)
1864 - 1889                Hamirsinhji I Gulabsinhji          (b. 1840 - d. 1889)
1889 - 1905                Prithisinhji Hamirsinhji           (b. 1884 - d. 1905)
1906 - 1913                Bhupatsinhji II Hamirsinhji        (b. 1885 - d. 1913)
1913 - 1914                Mohabatsinhji
Bhupatsinhji         (b. 1883 - d. 1914)
1914 - 1947                Hamirsinhji II Hindupatsinhji      (b. 1904 - d. 1986)



Wadagam

[Wadagam]

Capital: Wadagam
Population: 3,938 (1931)

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Gulabsimhji
.... - ....                ....
.... - ....                ....
 9 Feb 1848 - ....         Rajsimhji                          (b. 1821 - d. ....)
.... - ....                ....
14 Jan 1929 - 1947         Vakhatsimhji                       (b. 1918)



Wadhwan

[Wadhwan]

Capital: Wadhwan
Population: 42,602 (1931)

c.1630                     Wadhwan state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib Shri)
1681 - 1707                Bhagatsimhji Udaisimhji
1707 - 1739                Arjansimhji Madhavsimhji           (d. 1739)
1739 - 1765                Sabalsimhji Arjansimhji II         (d. 1765)
1765 - 1778                Chandrasimhji Sabalsimhji          (d. 1778)
1778 - 1807                Prithirajji Chandrasimhji          (d. 1807)
1807 - 1827                Jalamsimhji Prithirajji            (d. 1827)
1827 - 1875                Raisimhji Jalamsimhji              (d. 1875)
1875 -  5 May 1885         Dajiraji Chandrasimhji             (b. 1861 - d. 1885)
20 May 1885 - 25 May 1910  Balsimhji Chandrasimhji            (b. 1863 - d. 1910)
25 May 1910 - 22 Feb 1918  Jashwantsimhji Becharsimhji        (d. 1918)
22 Feb 1918 - 1934         Jorawarsimhji Jashwantsimhji       (b. 1899 - d. 1934)
1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Surendrasimhji Jorawarsimhji       (b. 1922 - d. 1983)



Wao (Vav, Way, Wai)

[Wao, Wai, Way]

Capital: Wao (Vav)
Population: 20,721 (1931)

1244                       State of Wao founded.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Jagrajji Chandaji
.... - ....                Pachanji Jagrajji
.... - ....                Vajerajji Pachanji
.... - ....                Gadsinhji Vajerajji
.... - ....                Bhagwansinhji Gadsinhji
.... - ....                Jalamsinhji Bhagwansinhji
1854 - 1868                Sadarsinhji Jalamsinhji
1868 - Jun 1884            Umedsinhji Sadarsinhji             (b. 1848 - d. 1884)
19 Jun 1884 - 25 May 1924  Chandrasinhji Umedsinhji           (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
 9 Jun 1924 - 1947         Harisinhji Chandrasinhji           (b. 1889 - d. 19..)


Yasin: see Pakistani Princely States

Zainabad

Capital: Zainabad
Population: 3,414 (1931)

c.1903                     Dasada estate becomes Zainabad state.

Rulers (title Malek Shri)
.... - ....                Bavasahib Malukbhai
.... - 1906                Zorawar Khan Bavasahib
 9 Feb 1906 - Jan 1923     Zain Khan Zorawar Khan             (b. 1885 - d. 1923)
26 Jan 1923 - 1947         Aziz Mahomed Khanji Zainkhanji     (b. 1917 - d. ....)








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