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Pakistani Princely States


Note: This record is in four parts: (1) the Punjab and Sind states, those extinguished 12 Feb 1843 and those acceding to Pakistan upon its creation or shortly thereafter and extinguished 14 Oct 1955; (2) the four Balochistan states, acceding to Pakistan in Mar 1948 and forming the Balochistan States Union, and also extinguished 14 Oct 1955; (3) frontier states,
originally under Pakistani suzerainty but not incorporated into Pakistan (only major states are recorded here); and (4) Baltistan within Azad Kashmir (for the native rulers of Jammu and Kashmir see under India and for Punjab (Panjab) see under Indian Princely states).


Punjab and Sindh states

Bahawalpur
 
[Bahawalpur to
                          1945]
                         c.1885 - 1945 
[Bahawalpur]
                         1945 - 14 Oct 1955
Map of Bahawalpur Capital: Bahawalpur
Population: 1,341,000 (1941)
984,612 (1931)

1690                       Bahawalpur State founded.
22 Feb 1833                British protectorate.
 7 Oct 1947                Bahawalpur accedes to Pakistan.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished.

Emirs (full title from 5 Jan 1740, Nawwab Amir)
1690 - 1702                Bahadur Khan II                    (b. 16.. - d. 1702)
1702 - 1723                Mobarak Khan I                     (b. 16.. - d. 1726)
1723 - 11 Apr 1746         Sadeq Mohammad Khan I              (d. 1746)
11 Apr 1746 - 12 Jun 1750  Mohammad Bahawal Khan I            (d. 1750)
12 Jun 1750 -  4 Jun 1772  Mobarak Khan II                    (d. 1772)
 4 Jun 1772 - 13 Aug 1809  Mohammad Bahawal Khan II           (b. 1753 - d. 1809)
13 Aug 1809 - 17 Apr 1826  Sadeq Mohammad Khan II             (b. 1781 - d. 1826)
17 Apr 1826 - 19 Oct 1852  Mohammad Bahawal Khan III          (d. 1852)
19 Oct 1852 - 20 Feb 1853  Sadeq Mohammad Khan III            (d. 1861)
20 Feb 1853 -  3 Oct 1858  Fath Mohammad Khan                 (d. 1858)
 3 Oct 1858 - 25 Mar 1866  Mohammad Bahawal Khan IV           (d. 1866)
25 Mar 1866 - 14 Feb 1899  Sadeq Mohammad Khan IV             (b. 1862 - d. 1899)
25 Mar 1866 - 12 Feb 1879  Begum Sahiba (f) -Regent           (d. 1879)

14 Feb 1879 - 28 Nov 1879  Mahabat Khan -Regent (1st time)
14 Feb 1899 - 15 Feb 1907  Mohammad Bahawal Khan V            (b. 1883 - d. 1907)

14 Feb 1899 - 12 Nov 1903  Mahabat Khan -Regent (2nd time)
14 Feb 1899 - 12 Nov 1903  Leopold John Herbert Grey        
 (b. 1840 - d. 1921)
                             (superintendent)
15 Feb 1907 - 14 Oct 1955  Sadeq Mohammad Khan V              (b. 1904 - d. 1966)
15 Feb 1907 - 1916         Muhammad Khan
-Regent (1st time)   (b. 1884 - d. 1955)
1916                       Rahim Bakhsh Maulvi
-Regent        (d. 1936)
1916                       Malik Khuda Bashsh Khan
-Regent    (d. 1930)
1916 -  8 Mar 1924         Muhammad Khan
-Regent (2nd time)   (s.a.)

Prime ministers
1942 - 1947                Richard Marsh Crofton              (b. 1891 - d. 1955)
                             (from 14 Jun 1945, Sir Richard Marsh Crofton) 
16 Apr 1947 - 1949         Mian Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani         (b. 1905 - d. 1981)
1949 - 1952                Arthur John Dring                  (b. 1902 - d. 1991)
1952 -  2 Nov 1953         Makhdumzada Hasan Mahmud
1953 - 1955                A.R. Khan



Sind (Sindh)

1053                       State of as-Sind secedes from Ghaznavid empire.
1781/82                    The Talpur clan displaces the Kalhora clan as rulers of Sind.
29 Nov 1834                British protectorate.
12 Feb 1843                Britain extinguishes the state, its territory being eventually
                             incorporated into British India and, from 15 Aug 1947, 
                             into Pakistan.

Khans (often ruling jointly)
1783 - 1801                Mir Fath `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1801 - 1811                Gholam `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1801 - 1828                Karim `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1801 - 1833                Morad `Ali ibn Sobhdar
1833 - 1840                Nur Mohammad ibn Morad `Ali
1833 - 12 Feb 1843         Nasir Mohammad ibn Morad `Ali      (b. 1805 - d. 1845)
1833 - 12 Feb 1843         Sobhdar
1833 - 12 Feb 1843         Mohammad
1840 - 12 Feb 1843         Shahdad ibn Nur Mohammad
1840 - 12 Feb 1843         Hosayn `Ali ibn Nur Mohammad
 
British Resident in Lower Sind and later Upper Sind
1839 - 1843                James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)



Khayrpur (Khairpur)
 
[Khairpur
                          c.1860/70]
                      c.1860/70
[Khairpur to
                          1955]
                        to 1955
Capital: Khayrpur (Khairpur)
Population: 305,000 (1947)
 320,000 (1951) 

1783                       Khayrpur State founded by branch of the Talpur clan ruling Sindh.
1813                       Independence from Afghanistan. 
25 Dec 1838                British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Khayrpur accedes to Pakistan.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1783 - 1811                Sohrab Khan                        (d. 1832)
1811 - 20 Dec 1842         Rostam `Ali Khan                   (b. 1758 - d. 1843)
1829 - 1839                Mobarak `Ali Khan (in rebellion)
1839 - 18..                Naser Khan (in rebellion)
20 Dec 1842 -  2 Apr 1894  `Ali Morad Khan                    (b. 1815 - d. 1894)
 2 Apr 1894 -  5 Mar 1909  FaŽiz Muhammad Khan I              (b. 1837 - d. 1909)
 5 Mar 1909 -  8 Feb 1921  Emam Bakhsh Khan                   (b. 1860 - d. 1921)
 8 Feb 1921 - 25 Dec 1935  `Ali Nawaz Khan                    (b. 1884 - d. 1935)
                            (deprived of administration from Jun 1931)
25 Dec 1935 - 19 Jul 1947  FaŽiz Mohammad Khan II             (b. 1913 - d. 1954)
19 Jul 1947 - 14 Oct 1955  George `Ali Morad Khan             (b. 1934)
19 Jul 1947 - 16 Sep 1951  Mir Ghulam Hussain Talpur -Regent
                            (president of regency council)

Dewans
c.1833                     Nawab Wali Muhammad Leghari
c.1834                     Mir Fakhruddin Alavi
c.1839 - c.1842            Fath Mohamed Khan Ghori
bf.1892                    Syed Fateh Ali Shah
18.. - 1892                Utlam Chand
1892 - 1903                Kadirdad Khan
1903 - 24 Jan 1907         Sardar Mohammad Yakub Khan         (b. 1858 - d. 1907)
Jan 1907 - 1912            Shaikh Sadiq Ali
1912 - 1920                Maulvi Mahomed Ibrahim Khan
                             Shaikh Ismail
1920 - 1925                Shaikh Mohamed Kadir
1925 - 1926                Muhammad Yakub Khan
1927 - 1931                the Nawab
May 1931 - May 1932        I.H. Taunton
May 1932 - Mar 1937        Joseph Maurice Sladen              (b. 1896 - d. 1956)
13 Mar 1937 - c.1942       Syed Ijaz (Aijaz) Ali
12 Jul 1947 - 16 Sep 1951  Mir Ghulam Hussain Talpur
16 Sep 1951 - 14 Oct 1955  Mumtaz Hasan Kizilbash



Mirpur

1801                       Mirpur state founded by branch of the Talpur clan.
12 Feb 1843                Britain extinguishes the state, its territory being eventually 
                             incorporated into British India and, from 15 Aug 1947, 
                             into Pakistan.

Rulers (title Mir)
1801 - 1829                Tharo Khan ibn Morad `Ali
1829 - 12 Feb 1843         Shir Mohammad ibn Tharo



Baluchistan states

1839                       Eastern Baluchistan within British sphere of influence;
                             for Western Baluchistan see under Iran.
 1 Oct 1887                Baluchistan a British protectorate, part of British India.
15 Aug 1947 - 1948         Ruler of Kalat declares Baluchistan independent.
 3 Oct 1952 - 14 Oct 1955  The four Baluchistan states form the Baluchistan States
                             Union, with the Wali of Kalat as Khan-e A`zam of the Union.
20 Jun 1958 - 1958         Ruler of Kalat again declares Baluchistan independent. 


Kalat

[Kalat]
                          c.1680 - 1952

Map of Kalat Capital: Kalat
Population314,363, (1931)

1638                       Kalat State founded.
14 May 1854                Under British protection.
1876                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Independence proclaimed.
31 Mar 1948                Kalat accedes to Pakistan.

 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished.

Rulers (titles Wali, [and from 1730 Begler Begi] Khan)
1695                       Mehrab Khan I
1695 - 1714                Samander Khan
1714 - 1734                Abdullah Khan                      (d. 1738)
1734 - 1749                Muhabat Khan                       (d. 1749)
1749 - 1817                Hosayn Nasur Khan I   
1817 - 13 Nov 1839         Mahmud Khan I                      (b. 1781 - d. 1839)
1839 - 1840                Mehrab Khan II                     (b. 1795 - d. 1846) 
1840 - 1857                Hosayn Nasir Khan II               (b. 1836 - d. 1857)
1857 - Mar 1863            Khodadad Khan (1st time)           (b. 1844 - d. 1893)
Mar 1863 - May 1864        Shirdil Khan                       (d. 1864)
May 1864 - 15 Aug 1893     Khodadad Khan (2nd time)           (s.a.)
10 Nov 1893 -  3 Nov 1931  Mahmud Khan II                     (b. 1864 - d. 1931)
 3 Nov 1931 - 10 Sep 1933  Mohammad A`zam Jan Khan            (b. 1876 - d. 1933)
10 Sep 1933 - 14 Oct 1955  Ahmad Yar Khan (1st time)          (b. 1902 - d. 1979)
20 Jun 1958 - 1958         Ahmad Yar Khan (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                             (in dissidence)

British Agent
1945 - 1947                Tom Hickinbotham                   (b. 1903 - d. 1983)



Las Bela

[Las Bela (Princely state,
                british India)]

Capital: Bela
Population: 63,008 (1931)

1333                       Las Bela State founded.
1742                       Las Bela State re-founded.
17 Mar 1948                Las Bela accedes to Pakistan.
 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished.

Rulers (title Jam Saheb)
.... - 1742                Izzat Khan I
1742                       Bibi Chaguli (f)
1742 - 1765                `Ali Khan I
1765 - 1776                Gholam Shah
1776 - 1818                Mir Khan I
1818 - 1830                `Ali Khan II
1830 - 1869                Mir Khan II (1st time)             (d. 1888)
1869 - 1886                `Ali Khan III (1st time)           (b. 1849 - d. 1896) 
1886 - 1888                Mir Khan II (2nd time)             (s.a.)
21 Jan 1888 - Jan 1896     `Ali Khan III (2nd time)           (s.a.)
May 1896 - 1921            Kamal Khan                         (b. 1874 - d. 1921) 
Mar 1921 - 1937            Gholam Mohammad Khan               (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
1937 - 14 Oct 1955         Gholam Qader Khan                  (b. 1920 - d. 1988)



Makran

[Makran]

Capital: Turbat
Population: 73,000 (1903 est.)

1725                       Makran established as a vassal state of Kalat.
1917 - 1922                No rulers.
17 Mar 1948                Makran ceases being a vassal of Kalat and accedes to Pakistan.
 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished.

Ruler (title Nazem)
1725 - 1730                Harun Makrani Khan
1730 - 1731                Muhabat Khan (1st time)            (d. 1751)
1731 - 1739                Muhammad Khan I
1739 - 1740                Isa Khan
1740 - 1750                Nasir Khan
1750 - 1751                Muhabat Khan (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1751 - 1816                Mahmud Khan I
1816 - 1839                Mehrab Khan
1839 - ....                Mihran Khan
.... - ....                Hajjaz Khan
.... - 1905                Muhammad Khan II
1905 - 1917                Mehr Allah Mahmud Khan II
1917 - 1922                Vacant
Rulers (title Nawwab)
1922 - 1948                A`zam Jan

1948 - 14 Oct 1955         Bai Khan Baloch Gikchi             (b. 1890 - d. 19..)



Kharan

[Kharan (Princely state,
                british India)]

Capital: Kharan
Population:  27,738 (1921)

bf.1697                    Kharan established as a vassal state of Kalat.
1940                       Kharan ceases being a vassal of Kalat.
17 Mar 1948                Kharan accedes to Pakistan.
 3 Oct 1952                Joins Baluchistan States Union.
14 Oct 1955                State extinguished.

Rulers (title Mir; from 1921, Sardar Bahadur Nawab)
.... - ....                Dosten Khan II
.... - ....                Shahdad Khan I
.... - ....                Rahmat Khan                        (d. 1711)
1711 - 1759                Purdil Khan
1759 - 1764                Shahdad Khan II
1764 - 1796                `Abbas Khan II
1796 - 1804                Jahangir
Khan                      (d. 1806) 
1804 - 1835                `Abbas Khan III                    (d. 1835)
1835 - 1885                Azad Khan                          (b. 1793 - d. 1885)
1885 - Jun 1909            Nowruz Khan                        (b. 1855 - d. 1909)
1909 - 19 Apr 1911         Mohammad Ya`qub Khan               (b. 1873 - d. 1911)
1911                       Amir Khan (usurper)                (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
1911 - 14 Oct 1955         Habibullah Khan                    (b. 1897 - d. 1958)



Frontier states

British Political Agents in South Waziristan (in Wana)
1895 - 1898                A.J. Grant 
1898                       A.W. Mercer 
1899 - 1900                St.D. Watson 
1900 - 1901                S.S. Waterfield 
1901 - 1903                P.W. Johnston 
1903 - 1904                Bowring 
1905                       Evelyn Howell 
1905 - 1908                Crump 
1908 - 1909                Patterson 
1909 - 1910                James 
1910 - 1914                Dodd 
1914 - 1916                F.B. Copeland 
1916 - 1919                J.A.O. Fitzpatrick (1st time)
1919 - 1920                Crosthwaite 
1920 - 1921                J.A.O. Fitzpatrick (2nd time)
1921 - 1923                A.E.B. Parsons 
1923 - 1924                J.W. Thomson-Glover 
1924 - 1925                W.R. Hay (1st time)
1925                       K.B. Maulvi Ahmad Din 
1925 - 1928                W.R. Hay (2nd time)
1928 - 1930                C.E.U. Bremner 
1930 - 1934                H.H. Johnson 
1934 - 1937                H.A. Barnes (1st time)
1937 - 1938                Abdur Rahim (1st time)
1938                       H.A. Barnes (2nd time) 
1938 - 1940                Abdur Rahim (2nd time)
1940 - 1942                A.J. Dring 
1942 - 1943                C.B. Duke
1943                       P.J. Duncan
1943 - 1946                G.C.S. Curtis 
1946                       J.O.S. Donald 
1946                       R.V.E. Hodson
1946 - 1947                W.G. Raw 


Amb (Tanawal)

[flag of Tanawal State,
                commonly known as Amb]

Capital: Darband
Summer Capital: Shergarh

Population: 36,000 (1936)

....                       Tanawal State, commonly known as Amb, founded.
31 Dec 1947                Amb accedes to Pakistan.
28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan.
1973                       Royalty extinguished.

Rulers (title Mir; from 1919, Nawwab)
1800 - 1803                Haibat Khan
1803 - 1805                Hashim Ali Khan
1805 - 1818                Nawab Khan                         (d. 1818)
1818 - 1843                Painda Khan                        (d. 1843)
1843 - 1858                Jahandad Khan                      (d. 1858)
1858 - 1907                Mohammad Akram Khan                (b. 1849 - d. 1907)
                             (personal style Nawab Bahadur from 1868
                            
(from 1889, Sir Mohammad Akram Khan)  
1907 - 26 Feb 1936         Khan-i-Zaman Khan                  (b. 1877 - d. 1936)
                            
(from 3 Jun 1921, Sir Khan-i-Zaman Khan)
1936 - 1971                Mohammad Farid Khan                (b. 1893 - d. 1977)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1946, Sir Mohammad Farid Khan)
1971 - 1973                Saeed Khan                         (b. 1934 - d. 1973)

1973                       Salahuddin Khan 



Chitral

[Chitral]

Capital: Chitral
Population: 107,000 (1951)

c.1585                     Chitral State re-founded by Katur dynasty.
1634 - 1712                Under Badakhshan suzerainty (see under Afghanistan). 
19 Apr 1895                British protectorate.
18 Feb 1948                Chitral accedes to Pakistan.
28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan (formally 1 Jan 1971).

Rulers (title Mehtar) 
.... - 1700                Ghulam M
ohammad
1700 - 17..                Shah Alam
17.. - 17..                M
ohammad Shafi
17.. - 1755                Interregnum
1755 - 1770                Faramurz Shah                      (d. 1790)
1770 - 1775                Shah Afzal I
1775 - 1778                Shah Fazil
1778 - 1788                
Mohammad Mohtaram Shah II          (d. 1841)
                             (1st time) 
1788 - 1798                Shah Nawaz Khan (1st time?)
1798 - 1817                Shah K
hairullah Kushqte            (d. c.1818)
1817 - 1833                Shah Nawaz Khan (2nd time?)
1833 - 1837                M
ohammad Mohtaram Shah II          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1837 - 1853                Shah M
ohammad Afzal II             (d. 1853)
1853 - 1858                
Mohammad Mohtaram Shah III         (d. 1858)
1858 - 30 Aug 1892         Shah Mohammad Aman al-Molk II      (b. 1820 - d. 1892)
30 Aug 1892 -  1 Dec 1892  Mohammad Afzal al-Molk             (b. 1875 - d. 1892)
 1 Dec 1892 - 12 Dec 1892  Shir Afzal Khan                    (b. 1873 - d. 1895)
12 Dec 1892 -  1 Jan 1895  Mohammad Nizam al-Molk             (b. 1874 - d. 1895)
 1 Jan 1895 -  1 May 1895  Mohammad Amin al-Molk              (b. 1878 - d. 1924)
 1 May 1895 - 13 Oct 1936  Mohammad Shoja` al-Molk            (b. 1882 - d. 1936)
13 Oct 1936 - 29 Jun 1943  Mohammad Naser al-Molk             (b. 1897 - d. 1943)
29 Jun 1943 -  7 Jan 1949  Mohammad Mozaffar al-Molk          (b. 1901 - d. 1949)
 7 Jan 1949 - 14 Oct 1954  Sayf ar-Rahman                     (b. 1926 - d. 1954)
14 Oct 1954 - 28 Jul 1969  Mohammad Naser Sayf al-Molk        (b. 1950 - d. 2011)
14 Oct 1954 - May 1966     Shahzada Asad ar-Rahman -Regent    (b. 1928 - d. 2005)



Dir (Dhir)

[Dir state]

Capital: Dir (Dhir)
Population: 250,000 (1931)
107,000 (1951)

....                       Dir (Dhir) State founded.
1890 - 1895                Occupied by Jandol.
 8 Feb 1948                Dir accedes to Pakistan.

28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan.

Rulers (title Khan; from Jun 1897, Nawwab Khan Bahador)
1826 - 18..                Akhund Baba (= Mulla Illas Khan)
18.. - 18..                Gholam Khan Baba
18.. - 18..                Zafar Khan
18.. - 1863                Qasem Khan
1863 - 1874                Ghazzan Khan
1875 - 1886                Rahmat Allah Khan                   (d. 1925)
1886 - 1890                Mohammad Sharif Khan (1st time)     (b. 1848 - d. 1904)
1890 - 1895                Mohammad `Omara Khan                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
1895 - Dec 1904            Mohammad Sharif Khan (2nd time)     (s.a.)
Dec 1904 - 1913            Awrangzeb Badshah Khan (1st time)   (d. 1925)
1913 - 1914                Miangul Jan Khan                    (d. 1914)
1914 - Feb 1925            Awrangzeb Badshah Khan (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1925                       Alamzeb Khan (usurper)
 
1925 -  9 Nov 1960         Mohammad Shah Jahan Khan            (b. 1890? - d. 1960)
 9 Nov 1960 - 28 Jul 1969  Mohammad Shah Khosru Khan           (b. 1936)



Hunza

[Hunza]

Capital: Baltit  
(Altit 1560-1710;
from 1960 Karimabad)

Population: 13,241 (1931)

15..                       Hunza State founded.
1891                       Under suzerainty of Kashmir.
18 Nov 1947                Hunza accedes to Pakistan.
25 Sep 1974                Incorporated into Pakistan.

Rulers (title Mir; 1909-1947 Raja)
.... - ....                Salim Khan I
.... - ....                Shah Sultan Khan
.... - 1710                Hari Thum Khan
1710 - 1740                Shahbaz Khan
1740 - 17..                Shah Khan II
17.. - 17..                Ghulam Nasir Khan
17.. - 1750                Shahbeg Khan
1750 - 1780                Shah Khisro Khan
1780 - 1790                Mirza Khan II 
1790 - 1825                Salim Khan II                      (d. 1825)
1825 - 1864                Ghazanfar `Ali Khan                (d. 1864)
1864 - 1886                Mohammad Ghazan Khan I             (d. 1886)
1886 - 15 Sep 1892         Safdar `Ali Khan                   (b. 1865 - d. 1930)
15 Sep 1892 - 22 Jul 1938  Mohammad Nazim Khan                (b. 1861 - d. 1938)
22 Jul 1938 - 1946         Mohammad Ghazan Khan II            (b. 1895 - d. 1946)
1946 - 25 Sep 1974         Mohammad Jamal Khan                (b. 1912 - d. 1976)



Jandol

Capital: Barwa
Population: N/A

....                       Jandol Khanate founded.

Rulers (title Khan)
.... - ....                Faiz Talab Khan 
.... - 1879                Aman Khan 
1879 - 1881                .... Khan                           (d. 1881)
1881 - 1895                
Mohammad `Omara Khan                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
1895 - c.1917              Abdul Latif Khan 



Nagar

Capital: Nagar
Population: 13,672 (1931)

13..                       Nagar State founded.
1435                       Divided into Nagar and Hunza.
....                       Under suzerainty of Kashmir.
18 Nov 1947                Nagar accedes to Pakistan.

25 Sep 1974                Incorporated into Pakistan.

Rulers (title Tham; from 1905 Mir)
.... - ....                Fadl Khan 
.... - ....                Da`ud Khan 
.... - ....                `Ali Dad Khan (1st time) 
.... - ....                Hari Tham Khan
.... - ....                `Ali Dad Khan (2nd time)
.... - ....                Kamal Khan 
1828 - 1837                Rahim Khan I 
1837                       Asgar Khan
1837 - 1840                Eskandar Khan I                    (d. 1840)
1840 - 1845                Rahim Khan II                      (d. 1839)
1845 - 1891                Ja`far Zahed Khan (1st time)       (d. 1904)
1891                       Gauri Khan                         (d. 1891) 
1891 - 1892                Raja Ozor Khan (usurper)           (d. 1922)
1892 - 1904                Ja`far Zahed Khan (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1905 - 17 Mar 1940         Shah Eskandar Khan Bahadur II      (b. 1871 - d. 1940) 
1940 - 25 Sep 1974         Showkat `Ali Khan                  (b. 1909 - d. 2003)


Phulra

Capital: Phulra
Population: N/A

1828                       Phulra founded when ruler of Amb grants the
                             area of Phulra to his brother.
....                       Under suzerainty of Kashmir.
1919                       Recognized as a state
1947                       Under Pakistani suzerainty.
28 Jul 1969                Incorporated into Pakistan.
1973                       Royalty extinguished.

Rulers (title Khan Sahib)
1828 - 1878                Madat Khan 
1878 - 1888                Abdulla Khan
1888 - 1897                Abdurrahman Khan
1897 - 1935                Muhammad Khan                      (b. 1879 - d. 1935)
1935 - 1973?               Abdul Latif Khan                   (b. 1907 - d. ....)



Swat

[Swat]

Capital: Saidu Sharif
Population: 216,000 (1931)

Note: Swat had been ruled sporadically by religious leaders (akhonds). The "secular" state was established 1849 and was in abeyance 1863-1915.

1849                       Swat "secular" state founded.
1863 - 28 Apr 1914         State in abeyance. 
 3 May 1926                Recognized as a fully-fledged princely state.
11 Nov 1947                Swat accedes to Pakistan.
28 Jul 1969                State extinguished.

Rulers (title Amir-e Shariyat; from Nov 1918, Badshah; from 3 May 1926, Wali)
1849 - 11 May 1857         Sayyed Akbar Shah                  (b. 1793 - d. 1857)
11 May 1857 - 1863         Sayyed Mubarak Shah Sahib
1863 - 28 Apr 1914         Interregnum
28 Apr 1914 - Sep 1917     Sayyed `Abd al-Jabbar Khan         (b. c.1878 - d. 1925)
Sep 1917 - 12 Dec 1949     Miyangol Golshahzada `Abd al-Wadud (b. 1882 - d. 1971)
12 Dec 1949 - 28 Jul 1969  Miyangol `Abd al-Haqq Jahanzib     (b. 1908 - d. 1987)



Yasin

Capital: Yasin
Population: 8,083 (1931)
 
c.1640                     Yasin state founded.
....                       Under suzerainty of Kashmir.
1947                       Under Pakistani suzerainty.
1972                       State extinguished.

Rulers (title Mehtar; from 1960, Raja)

c.1640 - 1700              Shah K
huswaqte I
1700 - 17..                Shah Alam
17.. - 1798                Faramurz Shah
1798 - 1817                Shah Khairullah K
huswaqte
1817 - 1833                Malik Aman Shah I
1833 - 1855                Gohar Aman Shah K
huswaqte          (d. 1860)
1856 - 1860                Karim Khan I
1860 - 1862                Malik Alam Shah II (1st time)
1862 - 1870                Ghulam Muhiuddin K
huswaqte
                             (1st time)
1870                       Malik Alam Shah II (2nd time)
1870 - 1872                ....
1872 - 1880                Ghulam Muhiuddin K
huswaqte
                             (2nd time)
1880 - 1892                Shah Muhammad Aman al-Molk         (b. 1820 - d. 1892)
30 Aug 1892 -  1 Dec 1892  Afzal al-Molk I                    (b. 1875 - d. 1892)
 1 Dec 1892 - 1893         Sher Afzal                         (b. 1873 - d. 1922)
1893 -  1 Jan 1895         Nizam al-Molk                      (b. 1874 - d. 1895)
 1 Jan 1895 -  1 May 1895  Muhammad Amir al-Molk              (d. 1924)
 1 May 1895 - 1906         Afzal al-Molk II  
1906 - 1911                Jao Abdul Rahman Khan (1st time)   (b. 1877 - d. 1948)
1911 - 1912                Shahid al-Alam Khan
1912 - 1922                Sifat Bahadur Khan                 (d. 1922)
1922 - 1948                Jao Abdur Rahman Khan (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1948 - 1972?               Karim Khan II 



Azad Kashmir

Baltistan

12..                       sBal-ti (a Western Tibetan kingdom) founded.
1780 - 1785                Occupied by Shigar.
May 1840                   Baltistan becomes subject to Jammu, later Jammu and Kashmir,
                             now Azad Kashmir.

Kings (title rGyal-po)
1680 - 1710                Shir Khan
1710 - 1745                Muhammad Rafi
1745 - 1780                Sultan Murad II
1780 - 1785                `Azam Khan
1785 - 1787                Muhammad Zafar Khan
1787 - 1800                `Ali Shir Shah
1800 - 1841                Ahmed Shah                          (d. 1841)
1841 - ....                Mahmud Shah
.... - ....                `Ali Shah
.... - ....                Shah `Abbas


Gilgit

[Islamic Republic of
                Gilgit, 1947]
            1 Nov 1947 - 16 Nov 1947

....                       Gilgit state established in remote (legendary) antiquity.
1842 - 1848                Occupied by Sikhs.
1848                       Gilgit becomes annexed to Jammu, later Jammu and Kashmir,
                             (now Azad Kashmir).
18.. - 1860                Occupied by Chitral.
 1 Nov 1947                Islamic Republic of Gilgit proclaimed (claiming the area
                             of Gilgit-Baltistan, Kargil, Ladakh and several 
                             princely states), with aim of joining Pakistan.
16 Nov 1947                Pakistan takes possession.

Rulers (title Raas)
1689 - 1705                Malika Jawar Khatun (f)
1705 - ....                Raja Shah Goritham
1800 - 1802                Sulaiman Shah (1st time)            (d. 1826)
1802 - 1822                Raja Muhammad Khan I                
(d. c.1826)
1822 - 1825                Raja Abbas Khan (Asghar Khan)       (d. c.1826)
1825 - 1826                Sulaiman Shah (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1826 - 1828                Malika Sahibnuma (f)
1826 - 1827                Izzat Khan of Punial -Regent
1827 - 1828                
Raja Tahir Shah of Nagar -Regent
1828 - 1836                
Raja Azar Khan  
1836 - 1837                
Raja Tahir Shah  
1837 - 1840                Raja Shah Sikandar
1840 - 1842               
Raja Gohar Aman
1842 - 1844                Raja Karim Khan
1844 - 1847                Raja Muhammad Khan II               (d. 1847)
1847 - 1848                Raja Malik Aman

President
 1 Nov 1947 - 16 Nov 1947
 Shah Rais Khan


British Political Agents for Gilgit
1878 - 1881                J
ohn Biddulph                      (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
1881 - 1889                agency closed
17 Jul 1889 -  1 Nov 1893  Algernon George Arnold Durand      (b. 1854 - d. 1923)
 2 Nov 1893 - 26 Jan 1894  A.M.C. Bruce (acting)
27 Jan 1894 - 28 Sep 1896  George Scott Robertson
29 Jul 1896 - 13 Aug 1897  Stuart Hill Godfrey
14 Aug 1897 - 30 Sep 1898  Arthur Henry MacMahon              (b. 1862 - d. 1949)
 1 Oct 1898 - 21 Oct 1901  John Manners Smith
22 Oct 1901 - 18 Oct 1903  William H.M.S. Stewart
19 Oct 1903 -  4 Oct 1906  Bertrand Evelyn Mollish
                             Gurdon
15 Oct 1906 - Apr 1908     Arthur Francis Bruce
Apr 1908 - Oct 1908        Archibald Duncan Macpherson
                             (1st time)(acting)
28 Oct 1908 - 29 May 1911  Armine Brereton Dew                (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
30 May 1911 - 12 Oct 1916  Archibald Duncan Macpherson 
                             (2nd time)
13 Oct 1916 - 20 May 1917  E.H.C. James
21 May 1917 - 22 Sep 1920  Charles Aitchison Smith
23 Sep 1920 - 20 Sep 1924  David Lockhart Robertson Lorimer   (b. 1870 - d. 1962)
21 Sep 1924 - 10 Oct 1927  Gordon Dalyell                     (d. 1953)
11 Oct 1927 - 28 Sep 1931  Herbert J. Todd
29 Sep 1931 - 21 Sep 1934  George Van Baerle Gillan           (b. 1890 - d. 1974)
22 Sep 1934 -  4 Oct 1937  George Kirkbride
 5 Oct 1937 - 13 Jun 1939  Ian W. Galbraith
14 Jun 1939 -  2 Oct 1939  R.K.M. Battye (acting)
             (b. 1905 - d. 1958)
 3 Oct 1939 -  8 Jul 1942  G.C.L. Crichton
 8 Jul 1942 -  5 Sep 1945  Evelyn Hey Cobb
 5 Sep 1945 - 31 Jul 1947  Roger N. Bacon
Governor
(for the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir)
 1 Aug 1947 -  1 Nov 1947  Ghansara Singh Jamwal              (b. 1892 - d. 19..)







© Ben Cahoon