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Princely States of India  A-J 


Note: The British ruled India with two administrative systems: British Provinces and Indian "princely" states; about 60% of the territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and 40% were princely states. Provinces were British territories directly administered by the colonial government of British India. Princely states were states with native rulers which had entered into treaty relations with the British. 
   Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Kodagu, Mahratta states, Pańjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. If no date of accession is noted, 15 Aug 1947 is understood. This list is selective, there were more than 565 states when Britain granted the Indian independence 15 Aug 1947; about 210 are listed here. However, only "states" are included; "estates" (jagir), "estate revenue grants" (thikana), and "land holders" (zamindar) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled their their jagirdars, thakurs, or zamindars were. Obsolete but once official English-language names  of the polities are given in parentheses, i.e., Awadh (Oudh). The princely states of India entered into protectorate/tributary relations with Britain by the end of the 19th century, where exact dates are known they are noted. The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity.

Ahmadnagar: see Idar


Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)

[Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)]

Capital: Ajaygarh
 (Ajaigarh)

Population: 96,596 (1941)
 53,000
(1871) 

1731                       Ajaygarh state founded.
 
8 Jul 1807                British protectorate.
1855 - 1859                Occupied by British India.

Rajas
1731 - 1758                Jagat Raja
1758 - 1765                Pahar Singh                        (d. 1765)
1765 - 1792                Guman Singh                        (d. 1792)
1792 - 1793                Bakht Singh (1st time)             (b. 17.. - d. 1837)
1793 - 1802                `Ali Bahadur (usurper)
1802 - 1804                Shamsher Bahadur (usurper)
1804 - 1807                Lakshman Dada (usurper)
1807 - 21 Jun 1837         Bakht Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1837 - 1849                Madho Singh                        (d. 1849)
1849 - 22 Jun 1853         Mahipat Singh                      (d. 1853)
1853 - 12 Sep 1855         Bijai Singh                        (d. 1855)
12 Sep 1855 -  4 Sep 1859  Interregnum
 4 Sep 1859 -  1 Jan 1877  Ranjor Singh                       (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
1858 - 1868                Rajmata of Ajaygarh (f) -Regent
Rulers (title Sawai Maharaja)
 1 Jan 1877 - 1919         Ranjor Singh                       (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1897, Sir Ranjor Singh)
 7 Jun 1919 - 1942         Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
11 Jul 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Punya Pratap Singh                 (b. 1884 - d. 1958)



Akkalkot (Akalkot)

[Akalkot]

Capital: Akkalkot
Population: 82,047 (1901)

 7 Jul 1708                Akkalkot founded as a fief of Satara.
1848                       Akkalkot recognized as a state.
1866 - 1896                British India administration.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India.

Rajas
 7 Jul 1708 - 1760         Fattehsingh Rao I Bhonsle          (d. 1760)
1760 - 1789                Shahaji Rao I Fattehsingh Rao      (d. 1789)
                             Bhonsle "Baba Sageb Raje"
1789 - 1822               Fattehsingh Rao II Shahaji Rao     (b. 1770 - d. 1822)
                             Bhonsle "Aba Saheb Raje"
1822 - 1828                Maloji Rao I Fattehsingh Rao       (b. 1803 - d. 1828)
                             Bhonsle "Baba Saheb Raje"
1828 - 1857                Shahaji Rao II Maloji Rao Bhonsle  (b. 1821 - d. 1857)
                             "Appa Saheb Raje"
1828 - 1830                Pratapsinha "Bowa Sahib" of        (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
                             Satra -Regent
1830 - 1838                Jameson -Regent
1857 - 1870                Maloji Rao II Shahaji Rao Bhonsle  (b. 1838 - d. 1870)
                             "Bhuwa Saheb Raje"
1866 - 1867                Mahadeo Govind Ranade -Regent      (b. 1842 - d. 1901)
1867 - 1870                .... -Regent
1870 - 31 Dec 1896         Shahaji Rao III Maloji Rao Bhonsle (b. 1867 - d. 1896)
                             "Baba Saheb Raje"
1870 - Nov 1891            .... -Regent
31 Dec 1896 -  4 Apr 1923  Fattehsingh Rao III Bhonsle        (b. 1894 - d. 1923)
31 Dec 1896 - 20 Aug 1916  Rani Lakshmibai Raje Bhonsle (f)-Regent
 4 Apr 1923 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasingh Rao Bhonsle            (b. 1915 - d. 1952)
 4 Apr 1923 - 27 Feb 1936  Rani Tarabai Bhonsle (f) -Regent   (b. 1899 - d. 1942)



Alipura

1757                       State founded.
1808                       Named Alipura

Rulers (title Rao)
1757 - 1790                Achal Singh                       (d. 1790)
1790 - 1835                Pratap Singh
1835 - 1840                Pancham Singh
1840 - 1841                Daulat Singh
1841 - 1871                Hindupat Singh                    (d. 1871)

 3 Nov 1871 - 1922         Chhatrapati Singh                 (b. 1853 - d. 1922)
26 Mar 1922 - Nov 1934     Harpal Singh                      (b. 1882 - d. 1934)
                             (regent 1919 - 1922)
Nov 1934 - 1934            Bhopal Singh Ju Deo
1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Raghuraj Singh Ju Deo             (b. 1901 - d. 1987)  



Ali Rajpur

[Ali Rajpur]

Capital: Rajpur
Population: 112,754 (1941)
 101,963
(1931) 

1437                       Ali Rajpur (Alirajpur) state founded.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Dip Deo
.... - ....                Pahad Deo I               
.... - ....                Udai Deo
.... - 1765                Pahad Deo II                       (d. 1765)
1765 - 1818                Pratap Singh I                     (d. 1818)
1818                       Musafir Mekran (usurper)
1818 - 17 Mar 1862         Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1818 - d. 1862)
1818 - 1839                Musafir Mekran -Manager
1862 - 1869                Gang Deo                           (b. c.1845 - d. 1871)
1869 - 29 Oct 1881         Rup Deo                            (b. 1847 - d. 1881)
1869 - 1873                Muhammad Najaf Khan -Superintendent
1881 - 16 Aug 1890         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1881 - d. 1890)
16 Aug 1890 - 14 Feb 1891  Interregnum
14 Feb 1891 - 1911         Pratap Singh II                    (b. 1881 - d. af.1950)
                             (installed Mar 1892)  
Rajas
1911 - 1941                Pratap Singh II                    (s.a.)
                             (from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Pratap Singh II)
                             (personal style of Maharaja from 1941)
1941 - 23 Oct 1941         Fateh Singh                        (b. 1904 - d. 1941)
23 Oct 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1923 - d. 1996)
23 Oct 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Pratap Singh -Regent           (s.a.)



Alwar

[Alwar (India)
                          c.1775-1931]
                           c.1775 - 1931
[Alwar (India)
                          1931-1947]
                               1931 - 1947

Nov 1775                   Alwar state founded (previously part of Jaipur).
14 Nov 1803                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao Raja)
Nov 1775 - Nov 1791        Pratap Singh                       (b. 1740 - d. 1791)
                             (personal style Maharao Rana Shri Sawai)
Nov 1791 - 27 Jan 1815     Bakhtawar Singh                    (b. 1779 - d. 1815)
27 Jan 1815 - Aug 1857     Banni Singh                        (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
                           - jointly with following -
1815 - 1826                Balvant Singh                      (d. 1845)
Aug 1857 - 11 Oct 1874     Sheodan Singh                      (b. 1845 - d. 1874)
1858 - 1863                Kunwar Lakhdir Singh -Regent
11 Oct 1874 - Apr 1889     Mangal Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1892)
                             (from 1 Jan 1886, Sir Mangal Singh)
11 Oct 1874 - Dec 1877    
the political agent -Regent
Maharajas

Apr 1889 - 22 May 1892     Sir Mangal Singh                   (s.a.)
22 May 1892 - 19 May 1937  Jai Singh (exiled from 1933)       (b. 1882 - d. 1937)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Jai Singh)
22 May 1892 - 10 Dec 1903  the political agent -
Regent
19 May 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Tej Singh (installed 22 Jul 1937)  (b. 1911 - d. 2009)
                             (from 2 Jun 1943, Sir Tej Singh)



Amarnagar

17 Sep 1883                Thana Devli State, known as Amarnagar, founded.

Rulers (title Darbar)
17 Sep 1883 - 12 May 1922  Laksman Meran                      (b. 1849 - d. 1922)
12 May 1922 - 12 Oct 1922  Regency
12 Oct 1922 - 1947         Amra Laskman                       (b. 1895 - d. 1960)


Amb (Tanawal State): see Pakistani Princely States

Amber: see Jaipur

Ambalaria

c.1619                     Ambalaria state founded.

 
Rulers (title Thakur)

1689 - 1724                Roop Singhji
1724 - 1773                Moghaji
1773 - 1796                Bhalji
1796 - 1814                Bhathhiji                          (d. 1814)
1814 - 1838                Nathu Singhji                      (b. 1799 - d. 1838)
1838 - 1876       
        Amar Singhji                       (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
1838 - 1858                .... -Regents
23 Apr 1876 -  7 Mar 1908  Jhalamsinghji Amarsinghji          (b. 1860 - d. 1908)
 7 Mar 1908 - 1947         Keshrisinghji Jalamsinghji         (b. 1887 - d. 1963)



Angul 

16 Sep 1848                Annexed to British India.

Rajas
.... - ....                Dhanujjaya Singh Jagadeo
.... - ....                Nityananda Singh Jagadeo
1803                       Krishna Chandra Singh Jagadeo      (d. 1803)
1803 - 1806                Achala Man Singh Jagadeo
1806 - 1809                Jarawar Singh                      (d. 1809)
1809                       Jaya Singh                         (d. 1809)
1809 - 1813                Prithvi Singh
1814 - 1848                Somanath Singh                     (b. 1800 - d. 18..)


Arakan: see under Burma


Arkat (Arcot/Carnatic)

[Arcot]

1692                       State of Arkat (Arcot) also called, Karnataka (Carnatic)
                             after the region it dominated, founded (initially under Haydarabad).
10 Feb 1763                Recognized by the Treaty of Paris as an independent ruler
                             (recognized by the Emperor in Delhi 26 Aug 1765).
26 Jul 1801                Arkat is de facto absorbed by the U.K. colonial government.
 7 Oct 1855                State extinguished, annexed to British India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1692 - 1703                Zulfikar Ali Khan
1703 - 1710                Daud Khan
1710 - 1732                Mohammad Saadatullah Khan I
1732 - 1740                Dost Ali Khan                      (d. 1740)
1740 - 1742                Safdar Ali Khan                    (d. 1742)
1742 - 1744                Mohammad Saadatullah Khan II       (d. 1746)
1744 - 31 Jul 1749         Anwaruddin Mohammad Khan           (b. c.1672 - d. 1749)
31 Jul 1749 - 16 Oct 1795  Mohammad Ali Khan                  (b. 1723 - d. 1795)
16 Oct 1795 - 15 Jul 1801  Omdat al-Omara                     (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
15 Jul 1801 -  2 Aug 1819  Azim al-Dowla                      (b. 1775 - d. 1819)
 2 Aug 1819 - 12 Nov 1825  Azam Jah                           (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
12 Nov 1825 -  7 Oct 1855  Gholam Mohammad Ghows Khan         (b. 1824 - d. 1855)
12 Nov 1825 - 25 Aug 1842  Azim Jah Bahadur -Regent



Assam

1228                       The Ahom people (Ahom is a dialectal version of Assam).
                             found a state, frequently under Burmese suzerainty.
Mar 1817 - Apr 1817
       Occupied by Burma.
Mar 1819 - Jun 1825        Occupied by Burma.
1824 - 1826                Occupied by Britain.
24 Feb 1826                Burma formally cedes Assam to Britain
                             (incorporated in Bengal).
1832 - Oct 1838            A briefly revived Ahom state in Upper Assam.

Rajas
1679 - 1681                Lora Rojaa Sulikphaa Ratnadhwaj    (d. 1681)
1681 - Feb 1696            Gadapani Supaatphaa Gadadhar Singh (d. 1796)
1696 - 1714                Sukhrungphaa Rudra Singh           (d. 1714) 
1714 - 1744                Sutanphaa Siva Singh (Xiba Xingha) (d. 1744)
1744 - 1751                Sunenphaa P
ramatta Singh           (d. 1751) 
1751 - 1769                Suramphaa Rajesvar Singh           (d. 1769)
1769 - 1780                Sunyeopha Lakshmi Singh
1780 - 1792                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha 
                             Juvaraja (1st time)
1792 - 1793                Baratha Singh Mahamari (1st time)
1793 - 1796                Sarvananda Singh
1796                       Baratha Singh Mahamari (2nd time)
1796 - 1808                Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha 
                             Juvaraja (2nd time)
1808 - 1811                Suklingpha Kamaleshvarasimha       (d. 1811)
1811 - 1818                Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (d. 182.)
                             Narendra (1st time)
1818 -  9 Mar 1819         Purendrasimha Narendra (1st time)
Mar 1819 - Apr 1821        Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (2nd time) 
Apr 1821 - 1822            Yogeshvarasimha (1st time)
1822 - 21 Jun 1822         Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha         (s.a.)
                             Narendra (3rd time)
21 Jun 1822 - 1825         Mingyi Maha Thilawa -Burmese official  
1822 - 24 Feb 1826         Yogeshvarasimha (2nd time)
1832 - Oct 1838            Purendrasimha Narendra (2nd time)

British Commanders
1824                       George McMorine                    (b. 1763 - d. 1824)       
1824 - 1826                Arthur Richards
British Agent
1832 - 1838                Adam White                         (b. 1790 - d. 1839)  



Athgarh

1178                       Athgarh state founded.

Rajas
1681 - 1709                Karan Narayana Bawarta Patnaik
1709 - 1741                Karan Rama Krishna Bawarta Patnaik
1741 - 1771                Karan Debia Singh Bawarta Patnaik
1771 - 1821                Karan Gopinath Bawarta Patnaik
1821 - 1825                Karan Krishna Chandra Bawarta Patnaik
1825 - 1837                Karan Rama Chandra Bawarta 
1837 - 1862                Karan Bhubaneswar Bawarta Patnaik
1862 - 1869                Karan Jagunath Bawarta Patnaik II  (d. 1869)
1869 - 1893                Karan Bhagirathi Bawarta Patnaik   (b. c.1844 - d. 1893)
1893 - 25 Jan 1896         Karan Raghunath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
25 Jan 1896 - 22 Jun 1918  Karan Vishvanath Bawarta Patnaik   (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
25 Jan 1896 - 1908         .... -Regent
22 Jun 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Karan Radhanath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1909 - d. ....)
22 Jun 1918 -  5 Sep 1932  .... -Regent



Athmallik

1874                       Athmallik estate (jagir) is recognized as a state.

Rajas
1874 -  4 Feb 1877         Jogendra Samant                     (b. 1821 - d. 1877)
 4 Feb 1877 - 1902         Mahendra Deo Samant                 (b. c.1848 - d. 1902)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1890)
1902 -  3 Nov 1918         Bibhendra Deo Samant                (d. 1918)
 3 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Samant           (b. 1904 - d. c.1971)
 3 Nov 1918 - 24 Dec 1925  
L.E.B. Cobden-Ramsay -Regent



Aundh

[Aundh]

1699                       Aundh state founded.
1806 - 1818                Administered by Peshwa.

Rulers (title Pant Pratinidhi)
1699 - 27 May 1718         Parusharam Trimbak                 (b. 1660 - d. 1718)
1718 - 25 Nov 1746         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (d. 1746)
                             "Shripat Rao"
1746 - 1749                Jagjivanrao Parashuram "Dadobha"   (d. 1754)
                             (1st time)
1749 - 1752                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (1st time)  (d. 1777)
1752 - 1754                Jagjivanrao Parashuram "Dadobha"   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1754 - 1762                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1762                       Bhaskarrao                         (d. 1762)
1763 - 1765                Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (3rd time)  (s.a.)
1766 - 17
76                Bhagwantrao Trimbak                (d. 1776)
1776 - 30 Aug 1777         Shrinivasrao Gangadhar (4th time)  (s.a.)
                             (in rebellion from 1765, then co-ruler 1768-1776)
30 Aug 1777 - 11 Jun 1848  Parashuramrao Shrinivas            (b. 1777 - d. 1848)
                             "Thoto Pant"
                             (Peshwa prisoner 1806-1818)
11 Jun 1848 - 1901         Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (b. 1833 - d. 1901)
                             "Anna Sahib"
1901 - 1905                Parashuramrao Shrinivas
                             "Dada Sahib"                     (b. 1858 - d. 1905)
 3 Nov 1905 -  4 Nov 1909  Gopalkrishnarao Parashuram
                             "Nana Sahib"
 4 Nov 1909 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanrao Shrinivas "Bala Sahib"   (b. 1868 - d. 1951)

Prime minister
1944 - 1948                Parshuram Rao Pant                 (b. 1912 - d. 1992) 



Avuku

1473                       Avuku state
1805                       Annexed to Haydarabad.

Rulers
1691 - 1735                Pedda Kumara Raghava
1735 - 1737                Appa Naransinha
1737 - 1739                Shellama
1739 - 1743                Narasinha II
1743 - 1751                Kishama
1751 - 1759                Olajapati II
1759 - 1767                Kumara Raghava
1767 - 1771                Venkata Narasinha
1771 - 1785                Narayana
1785 - 1805                Krishna



Awadh (Oudh)

[Awadh (Oudh)]
                 c.1842 - 13 Feb 1856

1732                       A senior official of the Mughal Empire establishes a
                             hereditary polity (under Mughal sovereignty) in Awadh (Oudh).
 1 May 1816                British protectorate.
 8 Oct 1819                The ruler takes the style of padshah (king), signaling 
                             formal independence.
 7 Feb 1856                King deposed and Awadh incorporated into British India.
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Brief rebellion by son of deposed king.

Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
1732 - 19 Mar 1739         Borhan al-Molk Mir Mohammad Amin
                             Musawi Sa`adat `Ali Khan I       (b. c.1680 - d. 1739)
19 Mar 1739 - 28 Apr 1748  AbuŽl Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan
                             (1st time)                       (b. c.1708 - d. 1754)
Ruler (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
28 Apr 1748 - 13 May 1753  AbuŽl Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
 5 Nov 1753 -  5 Oct 1754  AbuŽl Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 5 Oct 1754 - 15 Feb 1762  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (b. 1732 - d. 1775)
                             Haydar 
Rulers (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
15 Feb 1762 - 26 Jan 1775  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla       (s.a.)
                             Haydar 
26 Jan 1775 - 21 Sep 1797  Asaf ad-Dowla Amani                (b. 1748 - d. 1797)
21 Sep 1797 - 21 Jan 1798  Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan              (b. 1780 - d. 1817)
21 Jan 1798 - 11 Jul 1814  Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk
                             Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur     (b. bf.1752 - d. 1814)
11 Jul 1814 - 19 Oct 1818  Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla      (b. 1769 - d. 1827)
                             AbuŽl-Mozaffar Haydar Khan
Kings (title Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman)
19 Oct 1818 - 19 Oct 1827  Ghazi ad-Din Mo`izz ad-Din         (s.a.)
                             AbuŽl-Mozaffar Haydar Shah 
19 Oct 1827 -  7 Jul 1837  Naser ad-Din Haydar Solayman       (b. 1803 - d. 1837)
                             Jah Shah 
 7 Jul 1837 - 17 May 1842  Mo`in ad-Din AbuŽl-Fath Mohammad   (b. 1777 - d. 1842)
                             `Ali Shah 
17 May 1842 - 13 Feb 1847  Naser ad-Dowla Amjad `Ali Thorayya (b. 1801 - d. 1847)
                             Jah Shah 
13 Feb 1847 -  7 Feb 1856  Naser ad-Din `Abd al-Mansur        (b. 1822 - d. 1887)
                             Mohammad Wajed `Ali Shah 
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858  Berjis Qadr (in rebellion)         (b. 1845? - d. 1893)

British Residents (Agents) in Lucknow
1773 - 1774                Nathaniel Middleton (1st time)     (b. 1750 - d. 1807)
1774 - 1776                John Bristow (1st time)            (b. 1750 - d. 1802)
1776 - 1779                Nathaniel Middleton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1779 - 1780                Charles H. Purling
1780 - 1781                John Bristow (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1781 - 1782                Nathaniel Middleton (3rd time)     (s.a.)
1782 - 31 Dec 1783         John Bristow (3rd time)            (s.a.)
1784 - 1793                Edward Otto Ives                   (b. 1754 - d. 1809) 
1793 - 1796                George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)
1796 - 1799                John Lumsden 
1799 - 1804                William Scott                      (b. 1754? - d. 1804) 
1804 - 11 Jun 1807         John Ulrich Collins                (b. 1752 - d. 1807)
1807 - 1815                John Baillie                       (b. 1772 - d. 1833)
1815 - 1817                Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847)
1818 - 1820                J.R. Monckton                      (d. 1857) 
1820 - 1823                Felix Vincent Raper                (d. 1849)
1823 - 1827                Mordaunt Ricketts                  (b. 1786 - d. 1862)
1829 - 1831                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1831 - 1842                John Low                           (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1839 - 1841                James Caulfield (acting for Low) 
1842 - 1843                William Nott                       (b. 1782 - d. 1845)
Dec 1843 - 1844            George Pollock                     (b. 1786 - d. 1872)
Sep 1844 - Jan 1849        Archibald Richmond                 (b. 1789 - d. 1866)
1849 - 1854                William Henry Sleeman              (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1854 - 1856                James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)          


Baad: see Idar


Baghal

c.1643                     Baghal state founded.
1805 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Rana)
1670 - 1727                Prithvi Chand                      (d. 1727)
1727 - 1743                Mehar Chand                        (d. 1743)
1743 - 1778                Bhup Chand                         (d. 1778)
1778 - 1805                Jagat Singh (1st time)             (d. 1828)
                            (in Nalagarh exile 1805 - 1815)
1805 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
 3 Sep 1815 - Aug 1828     Jagat Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1828 - 16 Jan 1840         Shiv Saran Singh                   (b. 1793 - d. 1840)
1840 - 12 Mar 1875         Kishan Singh                       (b. 1817 - d. 1877)
                            (personal style Raja from 1860)
Rajas
12 Mar 1875 - 23 Jul 1877  Kishan Singh                       (s.a.)
23 Jul 1877 - 12 Oct 1877  Moti Singh                         (d. 1877)
1877 - 1904                Dhian Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1904)
23 Apr 1904 -  3 Oct 1922  Bikram Singh                       (b. 1893 - d. 1922)
 3 Oct 1922 - 21 Dec 1945  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1909 - d. 1945)
21 Dec 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1928 - d. 2010)



Baghat

Middle Ages                Baghat state founded.
1815                       British protectorate.
11 Jul 1839 - 1842         Part of British India.

Jan 1849 - 1861            Part of British India.

Rulers (title Rana)
1777 - 1787                Fateh Pal
1787 - 1810                Raghunath Pal                      (d. 1810)
1810 - 1821                Dalel Singh  
1821 - 11 Jul 1839         Mohindar Singh                     (d. 1839)
11 Jul 1839 - 1842         part of British India
1842 - Jan 1849            Bije Singh                         (d. 1849)
Jan 1849 - 1861            part of British India
1861                       Umaid Singh                        (b. 1825 - d. 1861)
1861 - 30 Dec 1911         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1911)
30 Dec 1911 -  4 Jun 1928  Durga Singh                        (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
Raja
 4 Jun 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Durga Singh                        (s.a.)


Bahawalpur: see Pakistani Princely States


Balasinor

[Balasinor
                          (India) State flag]
                 State Flag
[Balasinor
                          (India) Royal flag]
                Royal Flag

1758                       Balasinor state independent.

Rulers (title Nawab Babi)
28 Sep 1758 - 17..         Muhammad Khanji Bahadur Khanji
17.. - ....                Jamiyat Khanji I Muhammad Khanji
.... - May 1820            Salabat Khanji I Jamiyat Khanji    (d. 1820)
May 1820 - 1822            Abid Khanji
1822 -  2 Dec 1831         Jalal Khanji (Edul Khanji)         (d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1831 - 30 Nov 1882  Zorawar Khanji                     (b. 1826 - d. 1882)
 2 Dec 1831 - 20 May 1841  Shri Yamuna Bibi                   (d. 1841)
                             Sahiba (f) -Regent
30 Nov 1882 - 24 Mar 1899  Munawar Khanji Zorawar Khanji      (b. 1846 - d. 1899)
24 Mar 1899 -  2 Feb 1945  Jamiyat Khanji II  Munawar Khanji  (b. 1894 - d. 1945)
                             (suspended 30 Aug 1933, exiled Feb 1938)
24 Mar 1899 -  9 Nov 1915  .... -Regent

 2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Muhammad Salabat Khanji II         (b. 1944)
 2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  .... -Regent



Balsan (Balson)

.... - 1815                Vassal state of Sirmur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.

Rulers (title Thakur)
.... - ....                Jai Singh
.... - 1815                Dharam Singh
1815 - 1858                Jog Raj Singh                      (b. 1780 - d. 1867)
Rulers (title Rana)
1858 - 29 Nov 1867         Jog Raj Singh                      (s.a.)
29 Nov 1867 - 17 Nov 1884  Bhup Singh                         (b. 1820 - d. 1884)
17 Nov 1884 - 1918         Bir Singh                          (b. 1860 - d. 19..)
1918 - 19 May 1936         Atar Singh                         (b. 1868 - d. 1936)
19 May 1936 - 1943         Ran Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
1943 - 15 Aug 1947         Vidya Bhushan Singh                (b. 1938 - d. 1979)


Baltistan: see Pakistani Princely States


Bamra

c.1545                     Bamra state founded according to tradition.

Rajas
1673 - 1713                Bhagirath Deb
1713 - 1745                Pratap Deb
1745 - 1779                Sidasar Deb
1779 - 1819                Arjun Deb
1819 - 1832                Balunkabrusabha Deb
1832                       Khageswar Deb
1832 - 12 May 1869         Brajasundar Deb "Tribhuban Singh"  (d. 1869)
12 May 1869 - 19 Nov 1903  Basu Deb Sudhal Deb                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
                             (from 1 Jan 1895, Sir Basu Deb Sudhal Deb)
12 May 1869 - 1871         .... -Regent
19 Nov 1903 - 11 Mar 1916  Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb        (d. 1916/18)
11 Mar 1916 -  1 Jan 1920  Dibyashankar Sudhal Deb            (d. 1920)
 1 Jan 1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb           (b. 1914 - d. 1982)
 1 Jan 1920 - 1935         .... -Regent



Banaras (Benares)

[Banaras (Benares)]

....                       Kashi (or Banaras) state
1194                       Part of Awadh (Oudh).
1740                       Estate (zamindari) transformed into Banaras state.
21 May 1775 -  9 Nov 1910  Part of British India.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to India, renamed Varanasi.

Rajas
1740 - 19 Aug 1770         Balwant Singh                      (b. 1711 - d. 1770)
19 Aug 1770 - 14 Sep 1781  Chait Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
14 Sep 1781 - 12 Sep 1795  Mahipat Narayan Singh              (b. 1756 - d. 1795)
12 Sep 1795 -  4 Apr 1835  Udit Narayan Singh                 (b. 1778 - d. 1835)
 4 Apr 1835 - 13 Jun 1889  Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh       (b. 1822 - d. 1889)
                             (personal style Maharaja Bahadur from 11 Aug 1859)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh)
13 Jun 1889 -  1 Apr 1911  Prabhu Narayan Singh               (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
                             (personal style Maharaja Bahadur from 23 Sep 1889)
                             (from 1 Jan 1891, Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh)
Rulers (title Maharaja Bahadur)

 1 Apr 1911 -  4 Aug 1931  Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh           (s.a.)
 4 Aug 1931 -  5 Apr 1939  Aditya Narayan Singh               (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
                             (from 3 Jun 1933, Sir Aditya Narayan Singh)
 5 Apr 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Vibhuti Narayan Singh              (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
 5 Apr 1939 - 11 Jul 1947  .... -Regent


British Resident

1793 - 14 Jan 1799         George Frederick Cherry            (b. 1761 - d. 1799)



Banda 

1790                       Banda state founded.
1858                       Annexed by British India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1790 - 28 Aug 1802         Ali Bahadur I                      (b. 1758 - d. 1802)
1802 - 1823                Shamsher Bahadur                   (b. 1788 - d. 1823)
1823 - 1849                Zulfikar Ali Bahadur               (d. 1849)
1849 - 1858                Ali Bahadur II                     (b. 1835 - d. 1873)


Bandhora: see Jaso


Bangahal

c.1200                      Bangahal state founded.
1770                        Divided between Kangra and Guler.

Rajas
1709 - 1720                 Prithvi Pal                       (b. 1686 - d. 1720/28)
1720 - 1735                 Raghunath Pal                     (b. 1708 - d. 1735/49)
1735 - 1749                 Dalel Pal                         (b. 1728 - d. 1749)
1749 - 1770                 Man Pal                           (b. 1747 - d. 1770)


Bangala: see Bangladesh


Banganapalle

[Banganapalle]

1665                       Banganapalle founded.
1783 - 1790                Annexed by
Mahisur (Mysore).
1790                       Banganapalle state liberated from Mahisur (Mysore).
1831 - 12 Jul 1848         Nominally annexed by Haydarabad (Hyderabad),
                             but under British administration.
 1 Feb 1905 - 21 Apr 1905  Administered by British India.
1939 - 1947                Administered by British India.

Rulers (title Kiladar)
1665 - 1686                Muhammad Beg Khan                  (d. c.1686)
1686 - 1725                Muhammad Beg Khan-i-lung           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1728                Ata Khan                           (d. 1728)
1728 - 1737                Fazil `Ali Khan I                  (d. 1737)
1737 - 1769                Fazil `Ali Kahn II                 (d. 1769)
 7 Apr 1769 - 26 Aug 1783  Saiyid Husain Ali Khan             (d. 1783)
                             (personal style Khan Bahadur)
1784 - 1790                Muhammad Yusuf -
Mysore Administrator
1790 - 1814                Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan
                           - jointly with following-
1790 -  8 Sep 1822         Gholam `Ali Khan I                 (d. 1825)
 8 Sep 1822 - 1831         Hosayn `Ali Khan (1st time)        (d. 1848)
12 Jul 1848 - 1848         Hosayn `Ali Khan (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1848 -  7 Oct 1868         Gholam Mohammad `Ali Khan II       (d. 1868)
 7 Oct 1868 - 24 Jan 1876  Fath `Ali Khan                     (b. 1849 - d. 1905)
Rulers (title Nawab)
24 Jan 1876 - 21 Apr 1905  Fath `Ali Khan                     (s.a.)
21 Apr 1905 - 22 Jan 1922  Gholam `Ali Khan III               (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
21 Apr 1905 - 12 Dec 1908  John Chartres Molony -Regent       (b. 1877 - d. 1948)
22 Jan 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Fadli `Ali Khan III                (b. 1901 - d. 1948)
                             (forced to reside outside state 1939-1947)



Bansda

[Bansda (India)
                          c.1877]
                  bf.1877 -  ....
[Bansda]
                       ....  - 1947

c.1250                     Bansda state founded.

Rulers (title Raja Sahib; from c.1829, Maharaja Sahib)
.... - 1701                Udaisimhji II
1701 - 1716                Virsimhji I                        (d. 1716)
1716 - 1739                Ralbhamji                          (d. 1739)
1739 - 1753                Ghulabsimhji I                     (d. 1753)
1753 - 1770                Udaisimhji III                     (d. c.1770)
1770 - 1780                Kiratsimhji Las                    (d. 1780)
1780 - 1789                Virsimhji II                       (d. 1789)
1789 - 1793                Naharsimhji                        (d. 1793)
1793 - 1815                Raisimhji                          (d. 1815) 
1815 - 27 Oct 1828         Udaisimhji IV                      (d. 1828) 
1828 - 1862                Hamirsimhji                        (b. 1826 - d. 1862)
1862 - 13 Feb 1876         Ghulabsimhji II                    (b. 1838 - d. 1876)
 6 Mar 1876 - 21 Sep 1911  Pratapsimhji Ghulabsimhji          (b. 1863 - d. 1911)
21 Sep 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji           (b. 1888 - d. 1951)
                             (from 11 May 1937, Sir Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji)



Banswara

[Banswara]

1527                       Banswara state founded.
16 Nov 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1688 - 1706                Ajab Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1706)
1706 - 1713                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1713)
1713 - 1737                Bishan Singh                       (d. 1737)
1737 - 1747                Udai Singh II                      (d. 1747)
1747 - 1786                Prithvi Singh                      (d. 1786)
1786 - 1816                Bijai Singh                        (b. 17.. - d. 1816)
1816 - 1819                Umaid Singh                        (d. 1819)
1819 -  6 Nov 1838         Bhawani Singh                      (b. c.1803 - d. 1838)
 6 Nov 1838 -  2 Feb 1844  Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1788 - d. 1844)
 2 Feb 1844 - 29 Apr 1905  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1838 - d. 1905)
 2 Feb 1844 - 1856         .... -Regent
29 Apr 1905 - 27 Feb 1913  Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1868 - d. 1914)

27 Feb 1913 - 28 Jul 1944  Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
                             (from 2 Jan 1933, Sir Prithvi Singh)
29 Jul 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandra Vir Singh                  (b. 1909 - d. 1985)


Bantva-Manavadar: see Manavadar


Baoni

[Baoni-Bundelkhand]

1784                       Baoni state founded.
1806                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1784 -  1 Sep 1800         `Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan    (b. 1736 - d. 1800)
 1 Sep 1800 - 11 May 1815  Naser ad-Dowla                     (b. c.1756 - d. 1815)
11 May 1815 - 18 Oct 1838  Amir al-Molk                       (d. 1838)
18 Oct 1838 - 18 Aug 1859  Mohammad Hosayn                    (d. 1859)
18 Aug 1859 -  5 Oct 1883  Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn               (d. 1895)
 5 Oct 1883 - 27 Jun 1893  Mohammad Hasan Khan                (b. 1863 - d. 1893)
27 Jun 1893 - 27 Oct 1911  Riaz al-Hasan Khan                 (b. 1876 - d. 1911)
                             (recognized 2 Aug 1894)
27 Oct 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan     (b. 1896 - d. 1977)



Baramba

[Baramba]

1305                       Baramba state founded.

Rulers (title Rawat)
1679 - 1711                Balabhadra Mangaraj
1711 - 1743                Fakir Mangaraj
1743 - 1748                Banadhar Mangaraj
1748 - 1793                Padmanava Birbar Mangaraj
1793 - 1842                Pindik Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1842 - 1869                Gopinath Birbar Mangaraj
1869 - 1874                Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj         (b. 1851 - d. ....)
                             Mahapatra
Rajas
1874 - 1881                Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj         (s.a.)
                             Mahapatra
15 Jul 1881 - 20 Aug 1922  Bishambhar Birbar Mangaraj         (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
                             Mahapatra
20 Aug 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Chandra Birbar Mangaraj
                             Mahapatra                        (b. 1914 - d. 1954)
20 Aug 1922 - 16 Jan 1935  .... -Regent



Baraundha Pathar Kachhar

bf.1549                     Baraundha Pathar Kachhar state founded.
1807                        British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1790 -  4 Jan 1827          Mohan Singh                        (d. 1827)
1827 - 1867                 Sarabjit Singh                     (d. 1867)
1867 - 1870                 Dharampal Singh
1870 - 1874                 Chhatarpal Singh                   (d. 1874)
1874 - 1885                 Raghubar Dayal Singh               (b. 1840 - d. 1885)
                             (personal style Raja Bahadur from 1 Jan 1877)
18 Aug 1886 -  8 Jul 1908   Pratap Singh                       (b. 1847 - d. 108)
Rajas 
1908 - 1933                 Gaya Prasad Singh                  (b. 1865 - d. 1933)
1933 - 15 Aug 1947          Ram Pratap Singh                   (d. af.1970)



Bariya (Baria)

[Baria (Bariya)]

c.1524                     Bariya state founded.

Rajas
.... - ....                Rayasimhji Udaisimhji
.... - ....                Vijaysimhji Rayasimhji
.... - c.1720              Mansimhji I Vijaysimhji            (d. c.1720)
17.. - 17..                Prithvirajji I Mansimhji           (d. af.1732)
.... - ....                Rayadharji Prithviraji
.... - ....                Gangdasji I Rayadharji
.... - ....                Gambhirsimhji Gangdasji
.... - ....                Dhiratsimhji Gambhirsimhji
1803?                      Jashwantsimhji Sahibsimhji
18.. - Aug 1819            Gangdasji II Jashwantsimhji        (d. 1819)
1819                       Prithvirajji II Gangdasji          (d. 1864)
                             (1st time)
1819                       Rupji (usurper)
1819 - 1820                Bhimsimhji Gangdasji
1820 - 1864                Prithvirajji II Gangdasji          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Rulers (title Maharawal)

 5 Mar 1864 - 25 Feb 1908  Mansimhji II Prithirajji           (b. 1855 - d. 1908)
25 Feb 1908 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1949)
                             (from 1 Jan 1922, Sir Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji)



Baroda
 
[Baroda]
[Baroda c.1875 - 1936
                        Maharaja's flag]
           c.1875 - 1936  Maharaja's flag
[Baroda 1936 -
                          1947 Maharaja's flag]
           1936 - 1947  Maharaja's flag
[Baroda Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag
 


Map of Baroda
Capital: Baroda
Population: N/A

Apr 1731                   Baroda state founded by Mahratta general.
1780                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharaja Gaekwar)
Apr 1731 - 14 May 1732     Pilaji Rao Gaekwar                 (d. 1732)
14 May 1732 - 18 Aug 1768  Damaji Rao II Gaekwar              (d. 1768)
18 Aug 1768 - 1771         Govind Rao Gaekwar (1st time)      (d. 1778)
1771 - 1774                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (1st time)
1771 - 1774                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (d. 1789)
                             (1st time)
1774 - 1778                Govind Rao Gaekwar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1778 - 1792                Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (2nd time)
1778 - 1779                Fateh Singh I Rao Gaekwar -Regent  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1779 - 1792                Manaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (d. 1793)
1792 - 27 Jul 1793         Manaji Rao Gaekwar                 (s.a.)
27 Jul 1793 - 19 Sep 1800  Govind Rao Gaekwar "Mama Sahib"    (b. 17.. - d. 1800)
19 Sep 1800 -  2 Oct 1819  Anand Rao Gaekwar                  (b. 17.. - d. 1819)
19 Sep 1800 - 23 Jun 1818  Fateh Singh II Rao Gaekwar -Regent (b. 1769 - d. 1818)
23 Jun 1818 -  2 Oct 1819  Sayaji Rao Gaekwar -Regent         (b. 1800 - d. 1847)
 2 Oct 1819 - 28 Dec 1847  Sayaji Rao II Gaekwar              (s.a.)
28 Dec 1847 - 19 Nov 1856  Ganpat Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1816 - d. 1856)
19 Nov 1856 - 28 Nov 1870  Khande Rao II Gaekwar              (b. 1828 - d. 1870)
                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Khande Rao II Gaekwar)
28 Nov 1870 - 19 Apr 1875  Malhar Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1831 - d. 1882)

                             (regent to 5 Jul 1871; suspended from 13 Jan 1875)
19 Apr 1875 - 25 May 1875  Madhav Rao Tanjochkar
                             (chairman regency council)
25 May 1875 -  6 Feb 1939  Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar             (b. 1863 - d. 1939)
                             (from 15 Feb 1887, Sir
Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar)
25 May 1875 - 28 Dec 1881  Jamna Bai Sahib Gaekwar (f)-Regent (b. 1853 - d. 1898)

 6 Feb 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar           (b. 1908 - d. 1968)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1743 - 17..                Diwanji Takapir 
                           + Mahadaji Govind Kakirde
17.. - 17..                Madhav Nimbaji Vanikar
17.. - 17..                Ramchandra Basvant
17.. - 17..                Balaji Yamaji
                             (acting for
Basvant)
17.. - 17..                Gopal Naik Tambekar
c.1777                     Antaji Ganesh
17.. - 1780                Govind Pandit
17.. - 17..                Hiramand (acting)
17.. - 17..                Baloba
17.. - 17..                Gumaji Patel
c.1787                     Ramchandra Bhaskar

Dec 1793 - 20 Sep 1800    
Raoji Appaji (1st time)
1800 - 1820
               Vithalrao Devaji (Dewan of Kathiawar)
                           - jointly with following -
20 Sep 1800 - 27 Jan 1801  Shrimant Sardar Khanjirao
                             Maharaja Sahib Gaekwar
27 Jan 1801 - 18 Jul 1803  Raoji Appaji (2nd time)
1803 - 1807                Sitaram Raoji
1807 - Nov 1810            Babaji Rao
1810 - 1812                Vithalrao Bhau (1st time)
                             (Vithal Rao Bhau)
1812 - 14 Jul 1815         Gangadhar Shastri                   (d. 1815)
Jul 1815 - Oct 1819        Bhimashankar
12 Oct 1819 - Jan 1820     Dhakji Dadaji
Jan? 1820 - 1828           Vithalrao Bhau
(2nd time)
                           + Vithalrao Devaji

1828 - 1829                Veniram Aditram
                           + Prabhaka Dikshit
1829 - 1833                Gopal Atmaram Devadar
1833 - 28 Nov 1839         Veniram Aditram

1839 - 1848                Vacant
1848 - 1849                Balasaheb Dhaibar
1849 - 1854                Bhau Tambekar
1854 - 10 Nov 1867         
Govindrav Pandurang Rode
                           + Ganesh Sadashiv Ojhe (to Mar 1861)
17 Nov 1867 - 24 Nov 1869  Bhau Shinde
25 Nov 1869 - Nov 1870     Nimbaji Rao Dhole
(or Davale)
                             (acting)
Nov 1870 - Mar 1871        Hariba Gaikvad
22 Mar 1871 - 1872         Gopal Rav Mairal                   (d. 1872)

Nov 1872? - Mar 1873?      Balvantrav Khanvelkar (Balwant Rao)
1873 - 1874                
Shahabuddin Kazi                   (b. 1832 - d. 1900)
 4 Aug 1874 - Jan 1875     Dadabhai Naoroji                   (b. 1825 – d. 1917)

10 May 1875 - 1882         Sir Madhava Rao                    (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
29 Sep 1882 - 31 Jul 1886  Khan Bahadur Kazi Shahabuddin
 1 Aug 1886 - 30 May 1890  
Bahadur Lakshman Jagannath Vaidya
31 May 1890 - 21 Nov 1895  
Manibhai Jasbhai
15 Jul 1896 -  2 Oct 1901  S. Srinivasa Raghava Iyengar       (b. 18.. - d. 1903)
 3 Oct 1901 - 30 Jun 1904
 R.V. Dhamnaskar
 1 Jul 1904 - 28 Feb 1909  
Kersaspji Rustamji Dadachanji
 1 Jun 1909 - 30 Nov 1909  Shri Romesh Chunder Dutt
 1 Dec 1909 -  3 Jan 1912  V.P. Madhava Rao                   (b. 1850 - d. 1930)
 1 Dec 1912 - 16 Mar 1914  Bihari Lal Gupta                   (b. 1849 - d. 1916)
17 Mar 1914 -  7 May 1916  Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao    (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
 9 May 1916 - 1927         Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
1927 - 1945                Vangal Thiruvenkatachari           (b. 1881 - d. 1946)
                             Krishnamachari

Jan 1945 - 1947            Brojendra Lal Mitter               (b. 1875 - d. 1950) 
1947                       Jivraj N. Mehta                    (b. 1887 - d. 1977) 
  

British Residents
11 Jul 1802 - 1809         Alexander Walker (1st time)
1809 - 1810                James Rivett-Carnac (1st time)     (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
                              (acting)
1810       
               Alexander Walker (2nd time)
1810 - May 1820            James Rivett-Carnac (2nd time)     (s.a.)
May 1820                   C. Norris (acting)

May 1820 - Nov 1837        James Williams
Nov 1837 - Jun 1840        James Sutherland
26 Jun 1840 - Jul/Aug 1844 William Sprot Boyd                 (b. 1799 - d. 1845)
Aug 1844 - Jul 1845        T. Ogilvie (acting)
Jul 1845 - Apr 1846        Robert Keith Arbuthnot             (b. 1801 - d. 1873)
Apr 1846 - May 1847        William Charles Andrews (acting)
May 1847 - Oct 1848        James Outram (1st time)            (b. 1803 - d. 1863)
Oct 1848 - May 1850        Patrick Theodor French (acting)
May 1850 - Jan 1852        James Outram (2nd time)            (s.a.)
Jan 1852 - Jun 1853        J.M. Davies
Jun 1853 - Mar 1854        G.B. Seton Karr (acting)
Mar 1854 - May 1854        James Outram (3rd time)            (s.a.)
May 1854 - Nov 1855        D.A. Malcolm

Feb 1856 - Mar 1857        Cuthbert Davidson                  (b. 1810 - d. 1862)
Mar 1857 - May 1859        Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
Aug 1859 - Jan 1866        R. Wallace
Jan 1866 - May 1867        J.T. Barr
(1st time)
May 1867 - Nov 1867        E.P. Arthur (acting)
Nov 1867 - Apr 1872        J.T. Barr (2nd time)
Apr 1872 - Mar 1873        A.G. Shortt (acting)

Mar 1873 - Dec 1874        Robert Phayre                      (b. 1820 - d. 1897)
Dec 1874 - Apr 1875        Lewis Pelley                       (b. 1825 - d. 1892)
18 Apr 1875 - Nov 1875     R
ichard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1899)
Agents
16 Nov 1875 -  2 Apr 1881  Philipp Sandys Melvill (1st time)  (b. 1827 - d. 19..)

 2 Apr 1881 - 10 Apr 1881  J.H. Seller (acting)
11 Apr 1881 -  1 Jul 1881  W.G. Waterfield (acting)
 2 Jul 1881 -  2 Jan 1881
 Philipp Sandys Melvill (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 3 Jan 1882 - 15 Sep 1883  John Watson (1st time)
16 Sep 1883 - 15 Nov 1883  Freeman Henry Jackson
(1st time)
                             (acting)
16 Nov 1883 - 26 Aug 1885
 John Watson (2nd time)
27 Aug 1885 - 24 Oct 1885  C.K.M. Walter (acting)
25 Oct 1885 -  3 Mar 1886
 John Watson (3rd time)
 4 Mar 1886 -  4 Nov 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (2nd time)
                             (acting)

 4 Dec 1886 -  7 Jul 1886  James Cavan Berkeley (1st time)
 8 Jul 1886 - 10 Jul 1886  Freeman Henry Jackson (3rd time)
                             (acting)

10 Aug 1886 - 29 Dec 1887  James Cavan Berkeley (2nd time)
30 Dec 1887 -  1 Oct 1888  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John 
 2 Oct 1888 - 17 Jan 1889  Freeman Henry Jackson (4th time)
                             (acting)

18 Jan 1889 - 26 Mar 1889  Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
                             (1st time)
27 Mar 1889 - 22 Oct 1889
 Freeman Henry Jackson (5th time)
                             (acting)

23 Oct 1889 - Apr 1890     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

Apr 1890 - Jul 1890        Freeman Henry Jackson (6th time)
                             (acting)

Jul 1890 -  6 Feb 1891     Harry North Dalrymple Prendergast  (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)

 6 Mar 1891 -  4 Jan 1893  Edward Swalman Reynolds
11 Jan 1893 - 27 Apr 1893  John Biddulph (1st time)           (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
27 Apr 1893 - 27 Jul 1893  P.W. Snell (acting)
28 Jul 1893 - 24 Feb 1895
  John Biddulph (2nd time)           (s.a.)
25 Feb 1895 - 23 Jul 1896  Norton Charles Martelli (1st time)
24 Jul 1896 - Oct 1896     P.Z. Cox (acting)
Oct 1896 - 1899
           Norton Charles Martelli (2nd time)
Residents
30 Aug 1899 - 13 Mar 1901  Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1835 - d. 1935)
14 Mar 1901 -  9 Oct 1901  W.H.M. Stewart (acting)
 4 Nov 1901 -  2 May 1902  Malcolm John Meade (1st time)      (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
 3 May 1902 -  3 Nov 1902  H.C.J. Carnegy (acting)
 4 Nov 1902 - 30 Mar 1906  Malcolm John Meade (2nd time)      (s.a.)
31 Mar 1906 - 13 Apr 1906  H. Harrison (acting)
14 Apr 1906 - 11 Dec 1906  C.H. Pritchard (acting)
12 Dec 1906 -  3 Sep 1908
 Malcolm John Meade (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 4 Sep 1908 - 29 Oct 1908  R.S. Pottinger (acting)
30 Oct 1908 - 18 Feb 1909  Malcolm John Meade (4th time)      (s.a.)
19 Feb 1909 - 30 Sep 1910 
Oswald Vivian Bosanquet (acting)   (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
 1 Oct 1910 -  1 May 1912  Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
 5 May 1912 - 13 Mar 1914  Lawrence Impey (1st time)          (b. 1862 - d. 1944)

                             (acting to 17 May 1913)
14 Mar 1914 - 11 Apr 1914  W.M.P. Wood (acting)
12 Apr 1914 - 14 Dec 1914  W.E. Jardine (acting)
15 Dec 1914 -  3 Mar 1917
  Lawrence Impey (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1917 - 16 Feb 1918  F.W.P. Macdonald (acting)
17 Feb 1918 - 23 Mar 1918  Kenneth Samuel Fitze
(acting)      (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
23 Mar 1918 -  7 Apr 1919  Charles Lennox Russell
                             (acting to 19 Apr 1918)
 8 Apr 1919 -  5 May 1919  T.B. Russell (acting)
 6 May 1919 - 28 May 1919  
William Pell Barton (1st time)     (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
 1 Jun 1919 -  9 Sep 1919  W.H. Wilkinson (acting)
10 Sep 1919 -  2 Feb 1920  William Pell Barton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 3 Feb 1920 - 30 Oct 1920  Charles Joseph Windham             (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
31 Oct 1920 - 21 Jul 1921  Denys Brooke Blakeway              (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
22 Jul 1921 - 12 Dec 1922  L.M. Crump (acting)
13 Dec 1922 - 1923         Reginald I.R. Glancy

1923 - 1927                Herbert Kealy
Jul 1926 - Nov 1926        Henry Stuart Strong
                             (acting for Kealy)
1927 - 1929               
Richard John Charles Burke         (b. 1878 - d. 1960)
Nov 1929 - 1930            D.G. Wilson
1930 - 1932                Frederick M. Bailey

1932 - 1933                Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
1933 - 1937                James Leslie Rose Weir             (b. 1883 - d. 1950)
1933 - 1939?               Elliott James Dowell Colvin        (b. 1885 - d. 1950)
1939 - 1940                Clive K. Daly

1940 - 1942                Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards          (b. c.1896 - d. 1964)
1943 - 1944                Lionel W. Jardine                  (b. 1895 - d. 1980)
Residents for Baroda, Western India States and Gujarat
 5 Nov 1944 -  6 May 1947  Sir Cyril P. Hancock               (b. 1896 - d. 1990)

                             (acting to 4 Jul 1945)
 7 May 1947 - 14 Aug 1947  Leonard Coke Wallis                (b. 1900 - d. 1974)



Barwani

[Barwani (India) state
                flag]

Capital: Barwani
(Sidhanagar c.1640 ....)

Population: 176,666 (1941)
141,110 (1931) 

836                        Barwani state founded, originally called Avasgarh.
1819                       British protectorate.
1861 - 1873                British India administration.

Rulers (title Rana)
1675 - 1700                Jodh Singh                         (d. 1700)
1700                       Mohan Singh I (1st time)           (d. 1731)
1700 - 1708                Parbat Singh                       (d. 1708)
1708 - 1730                Mohan Singh I (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1730 - 1760                Anup Singh                         (d. 1760)
1760 - 1794                Umed Singh                         (d. 1794)
1794 - 1839                Mohan Singh II                     (d. 1839)
1839 - 1861                Jashwant Singh (1st time)          (d. 1880)
1839 - 1854                .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent
1861 - 1873                Vacant
1873 - 1880                Jashwant Singh (2nd time)          (s.a.)
19 Aug 1880 - 1894         Indrajit Singh                     (b. 1840 - d. 1894)
19 Aug 1880 - 1886         .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent
14 Dec 1894 - 1921         Ranjit Singh II                    (b. 1888 - d. 1930)
                             (from 2 Jan 1918, Sir Ranjit Singh II)
14 Dec 1894 - 1910         Rajmata Dhan Kunwar
                             Basaheba (f) -Regent
Rulers (title Maharana)
1921 - 21 Apr 1930         Sir Ranjit Singh II                (s.a.)
21 Apr 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Devi Singhji                       (b. 1922 - d. 2007)

21 Apr 1930 - 1943         .... Rajmata of Barwani (f) -Regent



Bashahr

1412                       Bashahr state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
 5 Aug 1914 - 30 Nov 1917  British India administration.

Ruler (title Rana)
.... - 1708                Vijay Singh
1708 - 1725                Udai Singh
1725 - 1761                Ram Singh                           (d. 1761)
1761 - 1785                Udar Singh                          (d. 1785)
1785 - 1803                Ugar Singh                          (d. 1810)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - Jan 1816            Mahendra Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1850)
Rajas

Jan 1816 - 1850            Mahendra Singh                      (s.a.)
1850 - 1887                Shamsher Singh (1st time)           (b. 1838 - d. 1914)
1887 - Feb 1898            Raghunath Singh                     (b. 1868 - d. 1898)
Feb 1898 -  5 Aug 1914     Shamsher Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 5 Aug 1914 - Apr 1947     Padam Singh (installed 30 Nov 1917) (b. 1873 - d. 1947)
                             (from 1 Jan 1945, Sir Padam Singh)
1914 - 30 Nov 1917         A.A. McMitchell -Manager
Apr 1947 - 15 Aug 1947     Virbhadra Singh                     (b. 1934)



Basoda

1753                       Basoda state founded as a vassal state of Gwalior.
1817 - 1822                Occupied by Gwalior.
1822                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1753 - 1786                Ahsan Allah Khan                    (d. 1786)
1786 - 1800                BaqaŽ Allah Khan
1800 - 1817                Asad `Ali Khan (1st time)           (d. 1864)
1817 - 1822                occupied by Gwalior
1822 - 1864                Asad `Ali Khan (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 6 Feb 1864 - 1896         `Omar `Ali Khan                     (b. c.1830 - d. ....)
12 Jun 1896 -  2 Jul 1929  Haydar `Ali Khan Firuz Jung         (b. 1854 - d. 19..)
1929 - 15 Aug 1947         Mohammad Ayyub `Ali Khan Firuz Jung (d. 1947)



Basohli

c.750 AD                   Basohli state founded.
1836                       Incorporated into Jammu.

Rajas
1693 - 1725                Diraj Pal                           (d. 1725)
1725 - 1736                Medini Pal                          (b. 1717? - d. 1736)
1736 - 1757                Ajit Pal                            (d. 1757)
1757 - 1776                Amrit Pal                           (b. 1745 - d. 1776)
1776 - 1806                Vijay Pal                           (b. 1763 - d. 1806)
1806 - 1813                Mahendra Pal                        (d. 1813)
1813 - Nov 1834            Bhupendra Pal                       (b. c.1806 - d. 1834)
17 Dec 1834 - 1836         Kalyan Pal                          (b. 1834 - d. 1857) 



Bastar

[Bastar]

1324                       Bastar state founded.

Rajas
1680 - 1709                Digpal Deo
1709 - 1721                Rajpal Deo
1721 - 1731                Mama
1731 - 1774                Dalpat Deo
1774                       Daryao Deo (1st time)
1774 - 1777                Ajmar Singh Deo
1777 - bf.1819             Daryao Deo (2nd time)
1819?                      Mahipal Deo
1830 - 1853                Bhopal Deo
27 Aug 1853 - 20 Jul 1891  Bhairam Deo                        (b. 1839 - d. 1891) 
20 Jul 1891 - 1921         Rudra Pratap Deo                   (b. 1885 - d. 1921)
23 Nov 1922 - 28 Feb 1936  Prafulla Kumari Devi (f) -Rani     (b. 1910 - d. 1936)
Maharaja
28 Oct 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo           (b. 1929 - d. 1966)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1842 - 1862                Lal Dalganjan Singh                (d. 1863)
1862 - 1867                Moti Singh
1867 - 1881?               Gopinath Kapardas

1881 - 1886                Kalendra Singh
1886 - 1888                Krishna Rao
1888 - Mar 1890            Ganpat Rao Gokle
1890 - 1891                Gopinath Guru                      (d. 1891)

Superintendents
1891 - 1893               
Rama Krishna Rao
1893 - 1896                Pandit Alamchand
1896 - 1899                L.J. Fagan (administrator)
Mar 1899 - Jul 1903        G.W. Gayer (administrator)
1903 - 1908                R.B. Panda Baijnath
Dewans
1908 - 1910                R.B. Panda Baijnath
1913 - 1917                Frederick James Langhorne          (d. 1936)
1917 - 1927                ....
1927 - 1931                W.V. Grigson
1931 - 1934                D.R. Rutnam
1934 - Mar 1940            Edgar Stanley Hyde
Apr 1940 - 1942            A. Norval Mitchell
1942 - 194.                Battye
194. - c.1946              Alderson
c.1947                     Rao Sahib Ragho Raj



Baudh

[Baudh (India) state flag]

21 May 1874                Baudh estate becomes a state.

Rajas
21 May 1874 - 1879         Pitambar Deo                       (b. 1821 - d. 1879)
 5 Oct 1879 - 10 Mar 1913  Jogendra Deo                       (b. c.1857 - d. 1913)
10 Mar 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Prasad Deo                 (b. 1904 - d. bf.1971)


Bayar: see Idar


Beja

c.1350                     Beja founded.
1790                       Independence from Bilaspur (confirmed 4 Sep 1815).


Rulers (title Thakur)
1773 - 1817                Man Chand                          (d. 1817)  
1817 - 1841                Pratap Chand                       (d. 1841)
1841 - 20 Jun 1905         Udai Chand                         (b. 1831 - d. 1905)
1905 - 1943                Puran Chand                        (b. c.1895 - d. 1943)
1905 - 22 Jan 1918         Regency
1943 - 1947                Lakshmi Chand                      (b. 1916 - d. 1949)

Benares: see Banaras

Bengal: see Bangladesh

Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand)

[Beri-Bundelkhand]

c.1750                     Beri (Beri-Bundelkhand) state founded.
1809                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Diwan)
c.1750                     Acharju Singh
17.. - c.1780              Khuman Singh                        (d. c.1780) 
Rulers (title Rao)
c.1780 - 1814              Jugal Prasad                        (d. 1814)
1814 - 1857                Phairan Singh                       (d. 1857)
1857 - 1862                Vishvanath Singh                    (d. 1862)
18 Mar 1862 - 1892         Vijay Singh                         (b. 1848 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1904                Raghuraj Singh                      (b. 18.. - d. 1904)
 8 Jun 1904 - 1946         Lokendra Singh                      (b. 1891 - d. 19..)
 8 Jun 1904 - 1915         .... -Regent
Raja

1946 - 1947                Yadvendra Singh                     (b. 1918 - d. 1984)



Bhadrawa (Bhadrawah)

1483                       Bhadrawa founded possibly as an estate (jagir) later becoming a state.
Jun 1821                   Annexed to Chamba.
16 Mar 1846                Annexed to Jammu and Kashmir.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1691 - 1707                Abhaya Pal                          (d. 1707)
1707 - 1735                Medini Pal
1735 - 1770                Sampat Pal                          (b. 1710 - d. 1770)
1770 - 1790                Fateh Pal                           (b. 1732 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1794                Daya Pal (1st time)                 (b. 1756 - d. 1810)
1794 - ....                Bhup Chand
.... - 1810
               Daya Pal (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
1810 - Jun 1821            Pahar Chand                         (b. 1789 - d. 18..)



Bhaisaunda

1812                       Bhaisaunda state founded.

Rulers (title Chaube; from 1885, Rao Chaube)
1812 - 1829                Newal Kishor                        (d. 1829)
1829 - 18..                Acharju Sing                        (b. c.1819 - d. ....)
1829 - 1840                Zirat Prasad -Regent
1840? - 10 Oct 1885        Tirath Prasad                       (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
10 Oct 1885 -  8 Jan 1916  Chhatarsal Prasad                   (b. 1877 - d. 1916)
10 Oct 1885 - 1896         .... -Regent
 8 Jan 1916 -  4 Nov 1916  Bharat Prasad                       (b. 1884 - d. 1916)

 4 Nov 1916 - 1947         Govind Prasad                       (b. 1884 - d. af.1948) 



Bhajji

bf.1800                    Bhajji state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
21 Sep 1815                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - ....                Amrit Pal
1800 - 1803                Rudrapal (1st time)                (d. 1842)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1842                Rudrapal (2nd time)                (s.a.)
1842 - 1875                Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1824 - d. 1875)
18 Nov 1875 -  8 May 1913  Durga Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1913)
 9 May 1913 -  8 Sep 1940  Bipal Indra Singh                  (b. 1906 - d. 1961)
 8 Sep 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Chandra Pal Singh              (b. 1928 - d. 2012)



Bharatpur
 
[Bharatpur
                          1880-c.1943]
                    1880 - c.1943
[Bharatpur
                          c.1943-1948]
                  c.1943 - 1947

1752                       Bharatpur founded and becomes name of state.
18 Jan 1828                British protectorate.

Maharajas
1752 -  7 Jun 1756         Badan Singh                        (d. 1756)
                             (styled Raja Mahendra)
 7 Jun 1756 - 25 Dec 1763  Suraj Mal                          (b. 1707 - d. 1763)
25 Dec 1763 - 27 Aug 1768  Jawahir Singh                      (d. 1768)
27 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Ratan Singh                        (d. 1769)
22 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Dan Shahi -Regent
11 Apr 1769 - 28 Mar 1778  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1778)
11 Apr 1769 - 11 Aug 1775  Nihal Singh -Regent                (b. 17.. - d. 1775)
11 Aug 1775 - 28 Mar 1778  Ranjit Singh -Regent               (d. 1805)
28 Mar 1778 -  6 Dec 1805  Ranjit Singh                       (s.a.)
 6 Dec 1805 -  7 Oct 1823  Randhir Singh                      (d. 1823)
 7 Oct 1823 - 26 Feb 1825  Baldeo Singh                       (d. 1825)
26 Feb 1825 - 28 Mar 1825  Balwant Singh (1st time)           (b. 1819 - d. 1853)
28 Mar 1825 - 19 Jan 1826  Durjan Sal (usurper)
19 Jan 1826 - 21 Mar 1853  Balwant Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
19 Jan 1826 - 1835         Gangawaue Miraj Kaur (f) -Regent
21 Mar 1853 - 12 Dec 1893  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1851 - d. 1893)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Jashwant Singh)
21 Mar 1853 - 10 Jun 1869  .... -Regent
12 Dec 1893 - 27 Aug 1900  Ram Singh                          (b. 1873 - d. 1929)
                             (suspended from 10 Aug 1900)
27 Aug 1900 - 27 Mar 1929  Kishen Singh                       (b. 1899 - d. 1929)
                             (from 1 Jan 1926, Sir Kishen Singh)
27 Aug 1900 - 28 Nov 1918  Bibiji Girraj Kaur (f) -Regent     (b. 18.. - d. 1922)
27 Mar 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Brijendra Singh                    (b. 1918 - d. 1995)
27 Mar 1929 - 22 Oct 1939  Regents
                           - Duncan George Mackenzie          (b. 1883 - d. 1965)
                             (to 1930)
                           - Robson (1930-1932)
                           - Cyril Percy Hancock              (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
                              (May 1932 - Aug 1935)
                           - George Richard Tottenham         (b. 1890 - d. 1977)
                              (1935-1936 and 1938 - 22 Oct 1939)
                           - K.P.S. Menon (1936-1938)

Dewans
1940 - Feb 1943            K.P.S. Menon
Feb 1943 - c.1944          A.V. Ramanathan



Bhavnagar
 
[Bhavnagar]
                        to 1947
[Bhavnagar
                          Merchant flag 1921-1947]
         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Merchant Flag

1194                       Predecessor state of Sejakpur founded.
1254                       Rainpur state.
1309                       Umrala state.
1570                       Sihor state.
1723                       Bhavnagar founded and becomes name of state.
1807                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1660 - 1703                Ratanji II Akherajji               (b. 16.. - d. 1703)
1703 - 1764                Bhavsinhji I Ratanji               (b. 1683 - d. 1764)
1764 - 1772                Akherajji III Bhavsimhji           (b. 1714 - d. 1772)
1772 - 1816                Wakhatsimhji Akherajji             (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
1816 - 1852                Wajesimhji Wakhatsimhji            (b. 1780 - d. 1852)
1852 - 1854                Akherajji IV Bhavsimhji            (b. 1817 - d. 1854)
1854 - 11 Apr 1870         Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji          (b. 1827 - d. 1870)
                             (from 24 May 1866, Sir Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji)
11 Apr 1870 - 29 Jan 1896  Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji        (b. 1858 - d. 1896)

                             (from 24 May 1881, Sir Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji)
11 Apr 1870 - Mar 1877     Azam Gavarishankar                 (b. 1805 - d. 1891)
                             Udayashankar -Regent
29 Jan 1896 -  1 Jan 1918  Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji         (b. 1875 - d. 1919)

                             (from 24 Jun 1904, Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji)
                             (personal style Maharaja Rao from 1 Jan 1909)

Rulers (title Maharaja Rao)

 1 Jan 1918 - 16 Jul 1919  Sir Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji     (s.a.)
16 Jul 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji      (b. 1912 - d. 1965)
                             (from 9 Jun 1938, Sir Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji)
16 Jul 1919 - 18 Apr 1931 
Sir Pattani Prabhashankar          (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
                             Dalpatram
-Regent

                             (chairman of council administration)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1846 - 1879                Azam Gaurishankar Udayashankar     (s.a.)
1902 - 1937                Sir Pattani Prabhashankar          (s.a.)
                             Dalpatram

1937 - Jan 1948            Anantrai Prabhashankar Pattani



Bhopal

[Bhopal]

Map of Bhopal
Capital: Bhopal
Population: 729,955 (1931)

1723                       Bhopal state founded
1817                       British protectorate.
26 Aug 1947                Accession to India.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1723 - Mar 1728            Dost Mohammad Khan                 (b. c.1672 - d. 1728)
Mar 1728 - 1742            Soltan Mohammad Khan               (b. 1720 - d. ....)
Mar 1728 - 30 Aug 1728     Sardar Aqil Muhammad Khan -Regent
30 Aug 1728 - 1742         Yar Mohammad Khan -Regent          (b. 1709 - d. 1742)
1742 - 12 Dec 1777         Fayz Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1731 - d. 1777)
12 Dec 1777 - 30 Dec 1807  Hayat Mohammad Khan                (b. 1736 - d. 1807)
30 Dec 1807 - 28 Aug 1826  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. 1767 - d. 1826)
30 Dec 1807 - 16 Mar 1816  Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad       (b. 1765 - d. 1816)
                             Khan -Regent
17 Mar 1816 - 11 Nov 1819  Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad      (b. c.1798 - d. 1819)
                             Khan -Regent
11 Nov 1819 - 30 Nov 1837  Qodsiyya Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1801 - d. 1881)
28 Aug 1826 - 30 Nov 1837  Mo'izz Mohammad Khan               (b. bf.1808 - d. 1869)
30 Nov 1837 -  9 Dec 1844  Jahangir Mohammad Khan             (b. 1816 - d. 1844)
Rulers (title Nawab Begam)
 9 Dec 1844 - 30 Apr 1860  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
                             (1st time)              
 9 Dec 1844 -  3 Jan 1847  Fawdjar Mohammad Khan -Regent      (b. 1811 - d. af.1847)
 3 Jan 1847 - 30 Apr 1860  Sikander Begam (f) -Regent         (b. 1818 - d. 1868)
30 Apr 1860 - 30 Oct 1868  Sikander Begam (f)                 (s.a.)
                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Dame Sikander Begam)
30 Oct 1868
- 16 Jun 1901  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
                             (from 31 May 1872, Dame
Soltan Shah Jahan Begam)           
16 Jun 1901 - 29 Apr 1926  Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam (f)  (b. 1858 - d. 1930)
                             (from 1 Jan 1910, Dame Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam)
Ruler (title Nawab) 
29 Apr 1926 - 26 Aug 1947  Mohammad Hamidollah Khan Iskandar
                             Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur  (b. 1894 - d. 1960)
                            (from 3 Jun 1929, Sir
Mohammad Hamidollah
                             Khan Iskandar
Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur)

British Political Agents
1818 - 24 Jun 1824         William Henley                     (d. 1824)
1824 - 1828                Thomas Herbert Maddock             (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1828 - 1834                Nathaniel Alves
1834 - 1841                Lancelot Wilkinson                 (d. 1841)  
1841 -  9 Dec 1845         Henry Willoughby Trevelyan         (b. 1803 - d. 1876)
1845 - 1846                William Frederick Eden (1st time)  (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
                             (acting)
1846 - 1849                Joseph Davey Cunningham            (b. 1812 - d. 1851)
1849 - 1853                Henry Marion Durand                (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
1853 - 1854                Samuel Charteris MacPherson        (b. 1806 - d. 1860)
1854 - Aug 1856            William Frederick Eden (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Aug 1856 - 1858            William Henry Rickards
1858 - 1860?               A.R.E. Hutchinson
1860 - 1862?               A.L. MacMullen
1862 - 1874                John William Willoughby Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881)
                             (1st time)
1869 - 1870                Edward Thompson (acting)
1870                       Ousely (acting)
Feb 1874 - Oct 1875        Henry Clement Barstow (acting)     (b. 1838 - d. 1922)
1875 - 1876                John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Aug 1876 - Jul 1878        William Kincaid
1878 - 1879                John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Mar 1879 - Nov 1880        William Francis Prideaux           (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
1880 - 1881                Patrick Wilson Bannerman           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
Jun 1881 - 1887            Malcolm J. Meade (1st time)        (b. 1854 - d. 1933)
Feb - May 1885             Donald Robertson (acting)
Mar 1887 - 1890            Henry Wylie                        (b. 1844 - d. 1918)
Jul 1890 - 1891            Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
Dec 1891 - 1897            Malcolm J. Meade (2nd time)        (s.a.)
May - Jun 1895             Lawrence Impey (1st time)(acting)
May 1897 - 1900            Lindsay Sherwood Newmarch          (b. 1857 - d. 1930)
1899 - 1900                Oswald Vivian Bosanquet (acting)   (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
Dec 1900 - Mar 1902        John Lang
Mar 1902 - Jun 1904        Lawrence Impey (2nd time)
Jun 1904 - 1905            John Manners-Smith
Mar 1905 - 1906?           Charles Hamerton Pritchard
1906 - 1911?               Steuart Farqharson Bayley         (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
                             (1st time)
1911 - 1912                P.T.A. Spence
Mar 1912 - Jul 1920        William Stewart Davis             (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
1913 - 1914                Steuart Farqharson Bayley         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)
1918 - 1919                C.A. Smidt (acting)
1919 - 1920
                Charles Eckford Luard (1st time)  (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
1920 - 1921                C.B. McConaghy (acting)
Apr 1921 - 1921            Hugh Robert Norman Pritchard
                             (acting)
1921 - 1923                Charles Eckford Luard (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1923 - 1924                L.M. Crump
1924 - 1925                Arthur Roylance Jelf
1925 - 1926                Cecil Hamilton Gabriel            (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
1926 - 1929?               Walter Gordon Neale               (b. 1880 - d. 19..)
1929                       W.J. Simpson (acting)
1929 - 1930                L.G.L. Evans
1930 - 1931                Duncan Mackenzie
1931 - 1932                Reginald Graham Hinde             (b. 1887 - d. 1971)
1932 - 1933                L.E. Lang
1933 - 1939?               James Ferguson Dyer               (b. 1880 - d. 1940)
1934                       H.W.C. Robson (acting?)
1939 - 1940                Philip Gaisford                   (b. 1891 - d. 1973)
1940                       Leonard Coke Wallis               (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
1940 - 1942                Cosmo Grant Niven Edwards         (b. 1896 - d. 1964)
1942 - 1944?               George Arthur Falconer            (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
1943 - 1944                Cecil Walter Lewery Harvey        (d. 1958)
1945 - 1947                Basil Woods-Ballard
1947 - Aug 1947            Edward Gains Davy
                            (to 1949 as political advisor to 
Nawab)      



Bhor

[Bhor]

1697                       Bhor state founded.

Rulers (title Pant Sachiv)
1697 - 1707                Shankarji Narayan                  (d. 1707) 
1707 - Mar 1737            Naro                               (d. 1737)
1737 - 1757                Chimnaji I                         (d. 1757) 
1757 - 1787                Sadasiv Rao                        (d. 1787)
1787 - 1791                Raghunath Rao                      (d. 1791)
1797 - 1798                Shankr Rao I                       (d. 1798)
1798 - 1827                Chimnaji Rao II                    (d. 1827)
1827 - 1837                Raghunath Rao I Chimnaji Rao       (d. 1837)
1837 - 12 Feb 1871         Chimnaji Rao III Raghunath Rao     (d. 1871)
12 Feb 1871 - 17 Jul 1922  Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao         (b. 1854 - d. 1922)
1922 - Jun 1936            Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao        (b. 1878 - d. 1951)
                             "Baba Sahib"
Raja
Jun 1936 - 15 Aug 1947     Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao        (s.a.)
                             "Baba Sahib"
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Raghunath Rao II Shankarrao)


Bhutan (Bhootan): see Bhutan

Bihar see: Koch Bihar


Bija

bf.1803                    Bija state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1815 - 1817                Man Chand                          (d. 1817)
1817 - 1841                Pratap Chand                       (d. 1841)
1841 - 1905                Udai Chand                         (b. 1829 - d. 1905)
1905 - 15 Aug 1947         Puran Chand



Bijawar

1765                       Bijawar state founded.
27 Mar 1811                British protectorate.

Rajas
1765 - 1793                Bir Singh Deo                      (d. 1793)
1793 - 1802                Himmat Bahadur (usurper)           (d. 1804)
1802 - Dec 1810            Keshri Singh                       (d. 1810)
1811 - 17 Dec 1833         Ratan Singh                        (d. 1833)
1833 - 1847                Lakshman Singh                     (d. 1847)
23 Nov 1847 - 1866         Bham Pratap Singh                  (b. 1842 - d. 1899)
Maharajas (title from 1877, Sawai Maharaja)
1866 - 15 Sep 1899         Bham Pratap Singh                  (s.a.)
15 Sep 1899 - 30 Oct 1940  Savant Singh                       (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
                            
(from 12 Dec 1911, Sir Savant Singh)
30 Oct 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1934 - d. 1983)



Bikanir (Bikaner)

[Bikanir (Bikaner)]

1465                       Bikanir state founded.
 9 Mar 1818                British protectorate.

Maharajas
19 Jun 1698 - 15 Dec 1700  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1689 - d. 1700)
15 Dec 1700 - 16 Dec 1735  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1690 - d. 1735)
16 Dec 1735 - 15 May 1746  Zorawar Singh                      (b. 1713 - d. 1746)
15 May 1746 - 25 Mar 1787  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1723 - d. 1787)
25 Mar 1787 - 25 Apr 1787  Raj Singh II                       (b. 1744 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 -  9 Oct 1787  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1781 - d. 1787)
25 Apr 1787 - 25 Mar 1828  Surat Singh (Regent to 9 Oct 1787) (b. 1766 - d. 1828)
25 Mar 1828 -  7 Aug 1851  Ratan Singh                        (b. 1790 - d. 1851)
 7 Aug 1851 - 16 May 1872  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1818 - d. 1872)
16 May 1872 - 19 Aug 1887  Dungar Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1887)
19 Aug 1887 -  2 Feb 1943  Ganga Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1943)
                             (from 24 Jul 1901, Sir Ganga Singh)
19 Aug 1887 - 16 Dec 1898  the British Political Agents -
Regent
 2 Feb 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Sadul Singh                        (b. 1902 - d. 1950)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1946, Sir Sadul Singh)

Dewans (chief ministers)
17.. - 26 Feb 1733         Anand Ram Khawas                   (d. 1733)
1735? - Feb 1751           Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (1st time)  (b. 1707 - d. 1779)
Feb 1751 - 1752            Amar Singh Chaturbhujani
1752 - 1756                Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1756 - Dec 1757            Mohata Prithvi Singh
1757 - 1762                Mohata Bakhtawar Singh
(3rd time)  (s.a.)
1762 - Sep 1765            Shah Mool Chand Bardiya
Sep 1765 - 1779            Mohata Bakhtawar Singh (4th time)  (s.a.)
1779 - 178.                Mehta Swaroop Singh
178. - 1787                Mehta Thakursi
1787 - 1791                Mohata Madho Rai
1791 - 1794                Pratap Mal Baid
1794 - 1805                Mohata Rao Sahib Singh Gun Roop
Apr 1805 - Apr 1815        Amar Chand Surana
Apr 1815 - Feb 1816        Mohata Bhomji
Feb 1816 - 1828            Abhai Singh Mohata
1828 - 184.                Hindu Mal Baid
c.1841                     Sri Narayan Singh Bhati
1844 - 1852?               Sarana Shri Lakshmichand
1852 - 1853                Guman Singh Baid (1st time)
1853 - 1853                Leeladhar Mohata
                           + Jalam Chand Kochar
1853 - 1854                Lachhi Ram Rakhecha
1854 - 1856                Guman Singh Baid (2nd time)
1856                       Pandit Dojainant
1856 - 1863                Ram Lal Dwarkani (1st time)
1864 - 1865                Guman Singh Baid (3rd time)
1865 - 1866                Ram Lal Dwarkani (2nd time)
1866                       Man Mal Rakhecha
1866  (
3 months)           Sheo Lal Nahata                   
1867  (
15 days)            Fateh Chand Surana
1867                       Ganga Ram Purohit
1867                       Shah Mal Kochar
1868                       Man Mal Rakhecha
1868                       Sheo Lal Mohata
1868                       Lakshmi Chand Nahata
Jun 1868 - Aug 1869        Visayat Hussain
Aug 1869 - 13 Dec 1873     Pandit Manphool
Dec 1873 - 188.            Maharaj Lal Singh
188. - 1884?               Maharao Hira Singh Baid
1884 - 11 Oct 1888         Amin Muhammad
12 Dec 1888 - 1896         Sodhi Hukam Singh
1896 - 1898                Raghubar Singh Chauhan
1898 - 1903                Hamidu Zafar Khan
1903 - 1916                Post abolished
Chief ministers
1916 - 19..                Shri Bhairon Singh
 7 Sep 1920 - Jan 1925     Prince Kunwar Sardul Singh         (s.a.)
Dewans
1927 - 1934                Manubhai Nandshankar Mehta         (b. 1868 - d. 1946)
 3 Oct 1932 - 31 Oct 1934  Ram Prasad Dube (acting)
 1 Nov 1934 - Jan 1936     Maharaj Shri Bhairun Singh
Jan 1936 - Dec 1936        Thakur Sadul Singh
Dec 1936 - 1938?           V.N. Mehta
Dec 1938 - Jul 1939        Kailash Narain Haksar              (b. 1878 - d. 1954)
Jul 1939 - 1944?           Sire Mal Bapna                     (b. 1882 - d. 1964)
1944 - 13 Mar 1948         Kavalam Madhava Panikkar           (b. 1895 - d. 1963)
14 Mar 1948 - Oct 1948     Kanwar Jaswant Singh
Oct 1948 - 30 Mar 1949     Cadambi Sheshachar Venkatachar     (b. 1899 - d. 1999)



Bilaspur

[Bilaspur]

c.697                      Kahlur state (later called Bilaspur) founded.
1815/46                    British protectorate.

Rajas
1665 - 1712                Bhim Chand                         (b. c.1651 - d. c.1712)
1712 - 1741                Ajmer Chand                        (d. 1741)
1741 - 1778                Devi Chand                         (d. 1778)
1778 - 1824                Mohan Chand                        (b. 1772 - d. 1824)
1824 - 29 Mar 1839         Kharak Chand                       (b. 1813 - d. 1839)
Apr 1839 - 1850            Jagat Chand                        (d. 1857)
1850 - Jan 1883            Hira Chand                         (b. 1835 - d. 1883)
Jan 1883 -  3 Feb 1889     Amar Chand                         (b. 1854 - d. 1889)
 3 Feb 1889 - 18 Feb 1927  Bijai Chand                        (b. 1873 - d. 1931)
                             (from 4 Jun 1917, Sir Bijai Chand)
18 Feb 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Anand Chand                        (b. 1913 - d. 1983)
                             (from 14 Jun 1945, Sir
Anand Chand)
18 Feb 1927 -  9 Jan 1933  .... -Regent


Bonai

Rajas
1804 - 1851                Dayanidhi Chandra Deo              (d. 1851)
1851 - 1876                Chandra Deo                        (b. 1805 - d. 1876)
12 Sep 1876 - 1898         Indra Deo                          (b. 1836/38 - d. 1898)
1898 - 19 Feb 1902         Nilambar Chandra Deo               (b. 18.. - d. 1902)
19 Feb 1902 - 1947?        Dharani Dhar Deo                   (b. 1884 - d. 19..)



Bundi

[Bundi
                      (Indian Princely State) state flag]                             to 1947 State flag
[Bundi
                      (Indian Princely State) royal flag]                        18.. - 1947  Royal flag

1342                       Bundi state founded.
10 Feb 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao Raja; from 1821, Maharao Raja)
1696 - 1735                Budh Singh                         (d. 1739)
1735 - 1749                Dalel Singh
1749 - 1770                Umaid Singh (1st time)             (b. 1729 - d. 1804)
1770 - 1773                Ajit Singh                         (d. 1773)
1773 - 1804                Umaid Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1804 - 14 May 1821         Bishen Singh                       (d. 1821)
14 May 1821 - 28 Mar 1889  Ram Singh                          (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Ram Singh)
28 Mar 1889 - 26 Jul 1927  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1869 - d. 1927)

                             (from 1 Jan 1894, Sir Raghubir Singh)
26 Jul 1927 - 23 Apr 1945  Ishvari Singh                      (b. 1893 - d. 1945)

                             (from 11 May 1937, Sir Ishvari Singh)
23 Apr 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1920 - d. 1977)


Calicut: see Kozhikode
Cambay: see Kambay

Cannanore: see Kannanur

Carnatic: see Arkat


Chamba

[Chamba]

c.550                      Chamba state founded.
900                        Capital moved to Chamba.
1809 - 1846                Tributary to Jammu.
 9 Mar 1846                British protectorate.

Rajas
1690 - 1720                Udai Singh                         (d. 1720)
1720 - 1735                Ugra Singh -Regent                 (d. 1735)

1735 - 1748                Dalel Singh
1748 - 13 May 1764         Umed Singh                         (b. 1725 - d. 1764)
13 May 1764 - 1794         Raj Singh                          (b. 1755 - d. 1794)
1794 - 1808                Jit Singh                          (b. 1775 - d. 1808)
1808 - 1844                Charhat Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1844)
1808 - 1821                Rani Sarada Sahiba (f) -Regent
1844 -  3 Oct 1870         Sri Singh                          (b. 1839 - d. 1870)
 3 Oct 1870 - 17 Apr 1873  Gopal Singh                        (b. 1840 - d. 1895)
17 Apr 1873 - 22 Jan 1904  Sham Singh                         (b. 1866 - d. 1905)
17 Apr 1873 - 10 Nov 1884  .... -Regent
22 Jan 1904 -  6 Oct 1919  Bhuri Singh                        (b. 1869 - d. 1919)

                             (from 1 Jan 1906, Sir Bhuri Singh)
 6 Oct 1919 -  7 Dec 1935  Ram Singh                          (b. 1890 - d. 1935)

 7 Dec 1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Tikka Lakshman Singh               (b. 1924 - d. 1971)
 7 Dec 1935 -  8 May 1945  .... -Regent



Chang Bhakar (Changbhakar)

c.1790                     Changbhakar estate (zamindari) under Korea.
1819                       Changbhakar estate recognized as a state. 

 
Rajas (title from 1865, Bhaiya)
1819 - 18..                Man Singh Deo
1848 - 1865                Janjit Singh Deo
 1 Dec 1865 - 1897         Balabhadra Singh Deo               (b. c.1825 - d. ....)
1897 - 1932                Mahabir Singh Deo                  (b. 1879 - d. 1932)
1932 - 1947                Krishna Pratap Singh Deo
1932 - 1946                .... -Regent



Chanderi 

1858                       Annexed by Gwalior.

Rulers
1646 - 1714                Debi Singh
1717 - 1733                Duraj Singh
1733 - 17..                Durjan Singh
17.. - 1760                Man Singh
1760 - 1774                Anirudh Singh
1774 - 1778                Hati Singh
1778 - 1802                Ram Chand
1802                       Parjapal
1802 - 1842                Mur Pahlad
1842 - 1858                Mardan Singh



Charkhari

[Charkhari]
               c.1900 - 1947

1765                       Charkari state founded.

Rajas
1765 - 1782                Khuman Singh                       (d. 1782)
1782 - 22 Nov 1829         Vijay Bahadur Singh                (b. 17.. - d. 1829)
1829 - 1860                Ratan Singh                        (b. 1815 - d. 1860)
1860 - 1880                Jai Singh Deo                      (b. 1850 - d. 1880)
Maharajas
1880 -  6 Jul 1908         Malkhan Singh                      (b. 1872 - d. 1908)
                             (from 26 Jun 1902, Sir Malkhan Singh)
 6 Jul 1908 - 1914         Jujhar Singh

1914 -  5 Oct 1920         Ganga Singh
 6 Oct 1920 -  8 Nov 1941  Sir Arimardan Singh                (b. 1903 - d. 1941)
 8 Nov 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagendra Singh                     (b. 1929 - d. 1977)



Chhatarpur

[Chhatarpur]

1785                       Chhatarpur state founded.

Rajas
1785 - 1816                Kunwar Sone Shah                   (d. 1816)
1816 - 1854                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1854)
1854 - 14 Nov 1867         Jaghat Singh                       (b. 1846 - d. 1866)
14 Nov 1867 - 1919         Vishvanath Singh                   (b. 1866 - d. 1932)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 25 May 1895)
Maharajas

1919 -  5 Apr 1932         Vishvanath Singh                   (s.a.)
                             (from 2 Jan 1928, Sir Vishvanath Singh)
 5 Apr 1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1921 - d. 2006)


Chhaya: see Porbandar


Chhota Udaipur (Chhota Udepur)

[Chhota Udaipur]

1743                       Chhota Udaipur state founded.
21 Oct 1822                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1743 - 1762                Pratapsinhji
1762 - 1771                Arsisinhji
1771 - 1777                Hamirsinhji II
1777 - 1819                Bhimsinhji                         (d. 1819)
1819 - 1822                Prithi Raj                         (d. 1822)
1822 - 1851                Gumansimhji                        (d. 1851)
1851 - Jul 1881            Jitsimhji                          (b. 1832 - d. 1881)
 7 Jul 1881 - 1895         Motisimhji Jitsimhji               (b. 1859 - d. 1895)
30 Feb 1895 - 29 Aug 1923  Fatehsinhji Motisimhji             (b. 1884 - d. 1923)
30 Feb 1895 - Mar 1906     .... -Regent
29 Aug 1923 - 15 Oct 1946  Natwarsinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1906 - d. 1946)
15 Oct 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Virendrasinhji Natwarsinhji        (b. 1907 - d. 2005)



Chhuikadan

[Chhuikadan]

1750                       Chhuikadan state founded.

Rulers (title Mahant)
1750 - 1780                Rup Das
1780 - ....                Tulsi Das
.... - 1845                Balmakund Das
1845 - Dec 1887            Lakshman Das
13 Dec 1887 - 1896         Shyam Kishor Das                   (b. 1838 - d. 1896)
Apr 1897 - 1898            Radha Ballabh Kishor Das           (d. 1898)
1898 - 30 Sep 1903         Digvijay Yugal Kishor Das          (b. c.1883 - d. 1903)
30 Sep 1903 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhudav Kishor Das                  (b. 1891 - d. 19..)


Chitral: see Pakistani Princely States

Chuda (Chura)

1707                       Chuda state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1707 - 1747                Abhasinhji                         (d. 1747)
1747 - 1768                Raisinhji Abhasinhji               (d. 1768)
1768 - 1780                Gajsinhji Raisinhji                (d. 1780) 
1780 - 1820                Hathisinhji Gajsinhji              (d. 1820)
1820 - c.1830              Abhasinhji Hathisinhji
c.1830 - 1854              Raisinhji Abhasinhji
24 Jul 1854 - 13 Jan 1908  Bacharsinhji Raisinhji             (b. 1840 - d. 1908)
22 Feb 1908 - 20 Jan 1921  Jorawarsinhji Bacharsinhji         (b. 1886 - d. 1921)
20 Jan 1921 - 1947         Bahadursinhji Jorawarsinhji        (b. 1909 - d. ....)
20 Jan 1920 -  7 Feb 1929  .... -Regent


Cochin: see Kochin

Cooch Behar: see Koch Bihar

Coorg: see Kodagu

Cutch: see Kachh


Danta

[Danta]

1068                       Danta state founded.

Rulers (title Maharana)
1687 - 1743                Prithvisimhji Gajsimhji
1743                       Vikramdeoji
1743 - 17..                Karansimhji

17.. - 17.. (5 years)      Ratansimhji Karansimhji
17.. - 1795                Abhaisimhji Karansimhji
1795 - 1800                Mansimhji II Abhaisimhji
1800 - 1823                Jagatsimhji Abhaisimhji
1823 - 1847                Narsimhji Abhaisimhji
1847 - 1859                Jhalamsimhji Narsimhji
1859 - 1860                Sardarsimhji Jhalamsimhji
1860 - 1876                Harisimhji Narsimhji               (b. 1817 - d. 1876)
 1 Dec 1876 - 1908         Jashwantsimhji Harisimhji          (b. 1850 - d. 1908)
16 Jun 1908 - 1925         Hamirsimhji Jashwantsimhji         (b. 1869 - d. 1925)
20 Nov 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanisimhji Hamirsimhji          (b. 1899 - d. 1961)
                             (from 2 Jan 1939, Sir
Bhavanisimhji Hamirsimhji) 


Daphlapur (Daflepur)

1680                       Daphlapur (Daflepur) founded.
27 Jan 1917                Incorporated into Jath.
 
Rulers (title Deshmukh)
1680 - 1703                Satvaji Rao I                      (d. 1706)
1703 - 1704                Bovaji Rao                         (d. 1704)
1704 - 1748               
Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (f)            (d. 1754)
1748 - 1759                
Yeshwant Rao                       (d. 1759)
1759 - 1790                Amrit Rao I                        (d. 1790)
1790 - 1810                Khanji Rao                         (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
1810 - 1822                Renkuka Bai (f) -Regent            (d. 1822)
                             (administrator from 1816)
1822 - Dec 1885            Satvaji Rao II                     (b. 1797 - d. 1885)
Dec 1885 - 13 Jan 1917    
Ranibai Lakshmibai Saheb (f)       (b. 1834 - d. 1917)



Darkoti

10..                       Darkoti state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - 1787                ....
1787 - ....                Bal Ram        

.... - 1815                Jathu Ram                 
1815 - 1854                Sutes Ram                          (d. 1854)
1854 - 1856                Paras Ram                          (d. 1856)
1856 - 1883                Ram Singh                          (b. 1815 - d. 1883)
15 Oct 1883 - 24 Sep 1918  Ramsaran Singh                     (b. 1843 - d. 1918)
24 Sep 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Raghunath Singh                    (b. 1881 - d. 1951)



Daspalla

[Daspalla]

14..                       Daspalla state founded.

Rulers
1653 - 1701                Chakradhar Deo Bhanj 
1701 - 1753                Padmanav Deo Bhanj  
1753 - 1775                Trilochan Deo Bhanj 
1775 - 1795                Makunda Bhank Deo Bhanj 
1795 - 1805                Guri Charan Deo Bhanj 
1805 - 1845                Krishna Chanda Deo Bhanj  
1845 - 1861                Madhusudan Deo Bhanj  
1861 - Jan 1873            Narsimha Deo Bhanj  
28 Jan 1873 - 21 May 1874  Chaitan Deo Bhanj                  (b. 1854 - d. ....)
Rajas
21 May 1874 - 1896         Chaitan Deo Bhanj                  (s.a.)
1896 - 11 Dec 1913         Narayan Deo Bhanj                  (b. 1860 - d. 1913) 
11 Dec 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Bhanj           (b. 1908 - d. 1960)
11 Dec 1913 -  3 Mar 1930  .... -Regent



Datia

1626                       Datia state founded.
31 Jul 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao)
1683 - 1706                Dalpat Singh
1706 - 1733                Ramchandra Singh                   (d. 1733)
1733 - 1762                Indrajit Singh
1762 - 1801                Satrujit Singh
1801 - 182.                Parichhat Singh                    (d. 1839)
Rajas
182. - 1839                Parichhat Singh                    (s.a.)
1839 - 20 Nov 1857         Bijai Singh                        (b. 1826 - d. 1857)
20 Nov 1857 - 1865         Bhavani Singh                      (b. 1846 - d. 1907)
Maharajas (title from 1 Jan 1877, Maharaja Lokindra)
1865 -  4 Aug 1907         Bhavani Singh                      (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1898, Sir Bhavani Singh)
 5 Aug 1907 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1886 - d. 1951)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Govind Singh)



Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch)

[Dewas Junior Branch]

1728                       Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rajas
1728 - 15 Aug 1774         Jivaji Rao Puar "Dada Sahib"       (d. 1774)
15 Aug 1774 -  2 Dec 1790  Sadashiv Rao I Puar                (d. 1790)
 2 Dec 1790 - 1817         Rukmangad Rao Puar                 (b. 17.. - d. 1817)
1817 - 1840                Anand Rao Puar "Rao Sahib"         (d. 1840)
1840 - 12 May 1864         Haibat Rao Puar                    (d. 1864)
12 May 1864 - 19 Jan 1892  Narayan Rao Puar "Dada Sahib"      (b. 1860 - d. 1892)
12 May 1864 - 1877         Yamuna Bai Sahib -Regent
                           + Rao Bahadur R.J. Bhide
                             (superintendent)
19 Jan 1892 -  1 Jan 1918  Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"      (b. 1877 - d. 1934)
                             (from 1 Jan 1917, Sir
Malhar Rao Puar)
19 Jan 1892 - 10 Aug 1913  Lala Bisheshas Nath -Regent
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1934  Sir Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"  (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1934 -  2 Dec 1943  Sadashiv Rao II Puar "Khasi Sahib" (b. 1887 - d. 1943)
 2 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Yeshwant Rao Puar "Bhav Sahib"     (b. 1905 - d. 1965)
                             (from 14 Aug 1947, Sir
Yeshwant Rao Puar)



Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch)

(Dewas Senior Branch)

1728                       Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rajas
1728 - 16 Nov 1754         Tukaji Rao I Puar                  (b. c.1696 - d. 1754)
16 Nov 1754 - 24 Mar 1789  Krishnaji Rao I Puar               (b. 1740 - d. 1789)
16 Nov 1754 - 1756         Rani Savitribai (f) -Regent
24 Mar 1789 - 28 Sep 1827  Tukaji Rao II Puar                 (b. 1783 - d. 1827)

24 Mar 1789 -  4 Oct 1794  Rani Gangabai (f) -Regent
28 Sep 1827 - 26 Jul 1860  Rukmangad Tukaji Rao Puar          (b. 1821 - d. 1860)
                             "Khasi Sahib" 
28 Sep 1827 - 1835         Bhawanibai Raje Sahib (f) -Regent  (d. 1835)
26 Jul 1860 - 12 Oct 1899  Krishnaji Rao II Puar              (b. 1849 - d. 1899)
                             "Baba Sahib" 
26 Oct 1860 - 23 Mar 1867  Maharani Yamunabai (f) -Regent     (b. 1829 - d. 1909)
12 Oct 1899 -  1 Jan 1918  Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao     (b. 1888 - d. 1937)
                             Bapu Sahib"
                             (from 12 Dec 1911, Sir
Tukaji Rao III Puar)
Maharajas
 1 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1937  Sir Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao (s.a.)
                             Bapu Sahib"
                             (fled to
Pondicherry, French India 26 Jul 1934)
21 Dec 1937 - 23 Mar 1947  Vikramasimha Rao Puar "Nana Sahib" (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
                             (from 12 Jun 1941, Sir Vikramasimha Rao Puar)
                             (administrator from 26 Jul 1934)
11 Aug 1941 - 15 May 1943  Maharani Pramulabai (f) -Regent    (b. 1910 - d. 2008)
                             (1st time)

23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnaji Rao III Puar "Aba Sahib" (b. 1932 - d. 1999)
23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947
 Maharani Pramulabai (f) -Regent    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)



Dhadi

18..                       Dhadi state founded, split from Tharoch.
18.. - 18..                Tributary to Tharoch.
18.. - 1896                Tributary to
Bashahr.
1896 - 1947                Tributary to Jubbal.

Rulers (title Thakur)

18.. - 184.                Kesar Singh                        (d. 184.)
184. - 1868                Badri Singh                        (d. 1868)
1868 - 1897                Narayan Singh                      (d. 1897)
1897 - 1905                Bir Singh                          (b. 18.. - d. 1905)
16 Oct 1905 - 1947         Dharam Singh                       (b. 1888 - d. 1953)



Dhami

[Dhami]

.... - 1803                Tributary to Bilaspur.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815/39                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana)
1778 - 1803                Dalel Singh                        (d. 1803)
1803 - 1813                Pritam Singh                       (d. 1813)
1815 - 1868                Govardhan Singh                    (b. c.1802 - d. 1868)
1868 - 1894                Fateh Singh                        (b. 1855 - d. 1894)
1894 - Jan 1920            Hira Singh                         (b. 1878 - d. 1920)
Jan 1920 - 15 Aug 1947     Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1908 - d. 1987)



Dhar

[Dhar]

Capital: Dhar
(Dharanagar 1732 -....,
Multhan 1728-1732)
Population: 253,210  (1941)
243,430
(1931) 

1728                       Dhar state founded.
10 Jan 1819                British protectorate.
19 Jan 1858 -  1 May 1860  State confiscated by British India.

Rajas
1728 - 1732                Udaji Rao I Puar                   (d. 1742)
1732 - 1736                Anand Rao I Puar                   (d. 1749)
1736 -  6 Jan 1761         Jashwant Rao I Puar                (b. 1724 - d. 1761)
 6 Jan 1761 - 1782         Khande Rao Puar                    (b. c.1758 - d. 1782)
 6 Jan 1761 - 1777         Rani Gahena Bai Raje (f) -Regent
1782 - 10 Jun 1807         Anand Rao II Puar                  (b. 1782 - d. 1807)

1782 - 1798                Rani Nubadha Bai Raje (f) -Regent
Dec 1807 - 1810            Ramchandra Rao I Puar              (b. 1807 - d. 1810)
Dec 1807 - 1810            Maina Bai Raje (f) -Regent
1810 - 17 Oct 1833         Ramchandra Rao II Puar             (b. 1809 - d. 1833)
17 Oct 1833 - 23 May 1857  Jashwant Rao II Puar               (b. 1822 - d. 1857)
23 May 1857 - 19 Jan 1858  Anand Rao III Puar (1st time)      (b. 1843 - d. 1898)
23 Jan 1857 - 19 Jan 1858  Draupadi Bai Raje (f) -Regent
19 Jan 1858 -  1 May 1860  State confiscated

 1 May 1860 - 29 Jul 1898  Anand Rao III Puar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Anand Rao III Puar)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1877)
 1 May 1860 -  1 Oct 1864  .... -Regent
29 Jul 1898 -  1 Jan 1918  Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"     (b. 1886 - d. 1926)

                             (from 12 Dec 1911, Sir Udaji Rao II Puar)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 31 Jun 1899)

29 Jul 1898 -  6 Dec 1907  .... - Regent
Maharajas

 1 Jan 1918 - 30 Jul 1926  Sir Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib" (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Anand Rao IV Puar                  (b. 1920 - d. 1989)
30 Jul 1926 - 30 Oct 1931  Maharani Lakshmibai Devi           (b. 1890 - d. 1931)  
                             Sahiba Pura (f) -Regent

30 Oct 1931 - 16 Mar 1940  .... -Regent



Dharampur

[Dharampur]

1262                       Dharampur state founded.
1766                       Capital moved to Mandvegan and renamed
Dharampur.
31 Dec 1802                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rana Maharana Sahib)
Oct 1680 - 1727            Sahadevji                         (d. 1727)
1727 - 1758                Ramdevji II                       (d. 1758)
1758 - 1774                Dharamdevji                       (d. 1774)
1774 - 1777                Narandevji I (Guman Singh)        (d. 1777)
1774 - 1777                Maharani Baiji Kushal             (d. 1784)
                             Kunverba (f) (1st time) -Regent  
1777 - 1784                Somdevji II (Abhay Singh)         (d. 1784)
1777 - 1784                Maharani Baiji Kushal             (s.a.)
                             Kunverba (f) (2nd time) -Regent      
1784 - 1807                Rupdevji                          (b. 1783 - d. 1807)
1784 - 1800                Maharani Baiji Kushal Kunverba    (d. af.1808)
                             Sahib (f) -Regent
1807 - 1857                Vijaidevji I                      (d. 1857)
1857 - 20 Jan 1860         Ramdevji III Vijayadevji          (d. 1860)
20 Jan 1860 - 17 Sep 1891  Narandevji II Ramdevji            (b. 1840 - d. 1891)
17 Sep 1891 - 26 Mar 1921  Mohandevji Narayandevji           (b. 1863 - d. 1921)
26 Mar 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijaidevji II Mohandevji          (b. 1884 - d. 1952)



Dhenkanal

[Dhenkanal]

c.1529                     Dhenkanal state founded.

Rajas
1682 - 1708                Nrusingh Rai Singh Bhramarbar Rai
1708 - 1728                Kunja Behari Rai Singh Bhramarbar
                             Rai
1728 - 1741                Braja Behari Bhramarbar
1741 - 1743                Damodar Rai Singh Bhramarbar
1743 - 1785                Trilochan Singh Mahendra Bahadur 
1785 - 1796                Dayanidhi Mahendra Bahadur
1796 - 1807                Ramchandra Mahendra
1807 - 1822                Krishna Chandra Mahendra 
1822 - 1832                Shyam Chandra Mahendra
1832 - 1869                Bhagirath Mahendra                 (b. 1823 - d. 1877)
1832 - 1844                .... -Regent
Maharajas

1869 - 1877                Bhagirath Mahendra         
       (s.a.)
1877 - 1885                Dinabhandu Mahendra                (d. 1885)
29 Aug 1885 - 16 Oct 1918  Shura Pratap Singh Dev Mahendra    (b. 1885 - d. 1918)
29 Aug 1885 - 1906         ... -Regent
16 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Shankar Pratap Singh Dev Mahendra 
(b. 1904 - d. 1965)



Dholpur
 
[Dholpur to
                          c.1780]
                      to c.1780
[Dholpur]
                       c.1780 - 1947

c.700                      Dholpur (Dhavalapura) state founded.
1505                       Gohad state founded.
1740 - 1756                Occupied by Gwalior.
1761 - 1775                Dholpur annexed to Bharatpur.
1782 - Dec 1805            Dholpur annexed by Gwalior.
1784 - 1804                Gohad annexed by Gwalior.
10 Jan 1806                British protectorate.

1806                       Ruler of Gohad merges Gohad into Dholpur.

Rulers of Gohad (title Rana)
1699 - 1713                Gaj Singh                          (d. 1713)
1713 - 1717                Jaswant Singh                      (d. 1717)
1717 - 1756                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1756)
1756 - 1757                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1757)
1757 - 1784                Chhatrapat Singh                   (d. 1788) 
                             (personal style Maharaj Rana from 1771)
1784 - 1804                Interregnum
1804 - 1806                Kirat Singh                        (b. 1763 - d. 1836)

Rulers of Dholpur (title Maharaja Rana)
1806 - 21 Apr 1836         Kirat Singh                        (s.a.)
1836 - Dec 1836            Pohap Singh                        (d. 1836)
Dec 1836 -  7 Feb 1873     Bhagwant Singh                     (b. 1824 - d. 1873)
                             (from 2 Jun 1869, Sir Bhagwant Singh)
 7 Feb 1873 - 20 Jul 1901  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1863 - d. 1901)

 7 Feb 1873 - 1884         Maharani Sateha Devi               (b. 1845 - d. 1888)
                             Bhawa
(f) -Regent
20 Jul 1901 - 29 Mar 1911  Ram Singh                          (b. 1883 - d. 1911)

                             (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Ram Singh)
20 Jul 1901 - Mar 1905     .... -Regent
29 Mar 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Udai Bhan Singh                    (b. 1893 - d. 1954)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Udai Bhan Singh)
29 Mar 1911
 -  9 Oct 1913  .... -Regent



Dhrangadhra
 
[Dhrangadhra to
                          1946]
                      c.1911 - 1946
[Dhrangadhra]
                        1946 - 1948

1090                       Jhalawad state founded.
1742                       New capital Dhrangadhra founded; state renamed (earlier
                             names: Kuwa, Halwad; the state is sometimes styled 
                             Halwad-Dhrangadhra).

Rulers (title Raj Sahib)
1672 - 1718                Jaswantsimhji I Gajsimhji          (d. 1718)
1718 - 1730                Pratapsimhji Jaswantsimhji         (d. 1730)
1730 - 1745                Raisimhji II Pratapsimhji          (d. 1745)
1745 - 1782                Gajsimhji II Raisimhji             (d. 1782)
1782 - 1801                Jashwantsimhji II Gajsimhji        (b. 17.. - d. 1801)
                             (in opposition in Halwad from 1758)
1758 - 1782                Raniji Jijibai Kunverba (f) -Regent
                             (for Jashwantsimhji II; in opposition in Halwad)
1801 - 1804                Raisimhji III Jashwantsimhji       (b. 1761 - d. 1804)
1804 -  9 Apr 1843         Amarsimhji II Raisimhji            (b. 1782 - d. 1843)
 9 Apr 1843 - 16 Oct 1869  Ranmalsimhji Amarsimhji            (b. 1809 - d. 1869)
                             (from 24 May 1866, Sir Ranmalsimhji Amarsimhji)
16 Oct 1869 -  2 Dec 1900  Mansimhji II Ranmalsimhji          (b. 1837 - d. 1900)
                             (from 1 Jan 1877, Sir Mansimhji II Ranmalsimhji)
 2 Dec 1900 -  8 Feb 1911  Ajitsimhji Jashwantsimhji          (b. 1872 - d. 1911)
                             (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Ajitsimhji Jashwantsimhji)
 8 Feb 1911 -  1 Jan 1918  Ganshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji          (b. 1889 - d. 1942)
                             (from 1 Jan 1917, Sir Ganshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji)
Rulers (title Maharaja Shri Raj Sahib)

 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1942  Sir Gabshyamsimhji Ajitsimhji      (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Mayurdhwajsimhji Meghraji III      (b. 1923 - d. 2010)
                             Ganshyamsimhji (from 14 Aug 1947,(b. 1912 - d. 2010)
                             Sir Mayurdhwajsimhji Meghraji III 
                             Ganshyamsimhji



Dhrol

1595                       Dhrol state founded.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1644 - 1706                Kaloji I Panchanji
1706 - 1712                Junhoji I Kaloji
1712 - 1715                Ketoji Junoji
1715 - 1716                Kaloji II Junoji                   (d. 1716)
1716 - 1760                Vaghji Junoji
1760 - 1781                Jaysimhji I Vaghji
1781 - 1789                Junoji II Jaysimhji
1789 - ....                Nathoji Junoji
.... - 1803                Modji Nathoji 
1803 - 1844                Bhuptasimhji Modji 
1845 - 1886                Jaysimhji II Bhuptasimhji          (b. 1824 - d. 1886)
26 Oct 1886 - 31 Jul 1914  Harisimhji Jaisimhji               (b. 1846 - d. 19..)
 2 Sep 1914 - 31 Aug 1937  Daulatsimhji Harisimhji            (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
31 Aug 1937 - 1939         Jorawarsimhji Dipsinhji            (b. 1910 - d. 1939)
10 Oct 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandrasimhji Dipsinhji            (b. 1912 - d. ....)



Dhurwai

[Dhurwai-Bundelkhand]

17..                       Dhurwai state founded

Rulers (title Diwan)
.... - ....                Prithvi Raj
c.1823                     Budh Singh
18.. - 1851                Nahar Singh
14 Jan 1851 - Nov 1910     Ranjor Singh                       (b. c.1833 - d. 1910)

1910 - 1947?               Jugal Prasad Singh


Dir: see Pakistani Princely States


Dujana

[Dujana (India)]

1806                       Dujana state founded.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1806 - 1825                `Abd as-Samad Khan                 (b. 1764 - d. 1825)
1825 - 1850                Mohammad Dondi Khera Khan          (d. 1850)
1850 - 1867                Hasan `Ali Khan                    (d. 1867)
1867 - 15 Oct 1879         Mohammad Sa`adat `Ali Khan         (b. 1840 - d. 1879)
1879 - 1908                Momtaz `Ali Khan                   (b. 1864 - d. 19..)
21 Jun 1908 - 1925         Mohammad Khurshid `Ali Khan        (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
21 Jul 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Iqtidar `Ali Khan         (b. 1912 - d. bf.1970)



Dungarpur

[Dungarpur]

1197                       Dungarpur state founded.
11 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1691 - 1700                Khuman Singh                       (d. 1700)
1700 - 1728                Ram Singh                          (d. 1728)
1728 - 1783                Shiv Singh                         (d. 1783)
1783 - 1789                Vairi Sal                          (d. 1789)
1789 - 1808                Fateh Singh                        (d. 1808)
1808 - 19 Dec 1846         Jashwant Singh II                  (d. 1846)
 2 May 1825 - 1846         Maharawat Dalpat Singh -Regent     (b. 1808 - d. 1864)
28 Sep 1846 - 13 Feb 1898  Udai Singh II                      (b. 1838 - d. 1898)
28 Sep 1846 - 1852         Maharawat Dalpat Singh -Regent     (s.a.)
13 Feb 1898 - 15 Nov 1918  Bijai Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1918)

                             (from 14 Jun 1912, Sir Bijai Singh)
13 Feb 1898 - 27 Feb 1909  .... -Regent
15 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1908 - d. 1989)
                             (from 3 Jun 1935, Sir
Lakshman Singh) 



Faridkot

[Faridkot]

1643                       Kot Kapura state founded.
1763                       Joint rulers split Kot Kapura into Kot Kapura and Faridkot.
1807 - 1846                Kot Kapura incorporated into Pańjab.
 3 Apr 1809                British protectorate.

Rulers of Kot Kapura
1643 - 1708                Kapur Singh
1708 - 1720                Interregnum
1720 - 1732                Sukhia Singh
1732 - 1767                Jodh Singh
1767 - 1806                Tej Singh
1806 - 1807                Jagat Singh                        (d. 1825)
Rulers of Faridkot
1643 - 1708                Kapura Singh                       (b. 1628 - d. 1708)
1708 - 1710                Sajja Singh                        (d. 1710)
1710 - 1731                Sukha Singh                        (b. 1681 - d. 1731)
1731 - 1763                ....
1763 - 1782                Hamir Singh                        (d. 1782)

1782 - 1798                Mohar Singh                        (d. 1798)
1798 - 1804                Charat Singh                       (d. 1804)
1804  (one month)          Dal Singh                          (d. 1804)
1804 -  5 Nov 1826         Ghulab Singh                       (b. c.1797 - d. 1826)
 5 Nov 1826 - Aug 1827     Attar Singh                        (b. 1822 - d. 1827)
 5 Nov 1826 - Aug 1827     Pahar Singh -Regent                (b. 1799 - d. 1849)
Aug 1827 - 15 Apr 1846     Pahar Singh                        (s.a.)
Rajas
15 Apr 1846 - Apr 1849     Pahar Singh                        (s.a.) 
Apr 1849 - 22 Apr 1874     Wazir Singh                        (b. 1811 - d. 1874)
22 Apr 1874 -  8 Aug 1898  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1842 - d. 1898)
 8 Aug 1898 - 11 Feb 1906  Balbir Singh                       (b. 1869 - d. 1906)
11 Feb 1906 -  1 Jan 1918  Balbir Indar Singh                 (b. 1896 - d. 1918)
11 Feb 1906 - Nov 1916
    .... -Regent
Maharaja
 1 Jan 1918 - 22 Dec 1918  Balbir Indar Singh                 (s.a.)
Raja
23 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Har Indar Singh                    (b. 1915 - d. 1989)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir
Har Indar Singh)
23 Dec 1918 - 17 Oct 1934  .... -Regent



Farrukhabad 

1714                       Farrukhabad state founded.
1714 - 10 Nov 1801         Tributary to Awadh (Oudh).
 4 Jun 1802                Reduced to an estate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1714 - 1743                Mohammad Khan Ghanzanfar Jang     (b. 1665? - d. 1743)
1743 - 22 Nov 1748         Kaim Khan                         (d. 1748)
22 Nov 1748 - 1749         Imam Khan
1749 - Nov 1771            Ahmad Khan Ghalib Jang            (d. 1771)
Nov 1771 - 1796            Dilar Himmat Khan Muzaffar Jang   (b. 1758 - d. 1796)
1796 -  4 Jun 1802         Imdad Husain Khan Nasir Jang      (d. 1813)



Gangpur

Rulers
.... - 1804                Baijnath Shekhar Deo
1804 - 1820                Indra Shekhar Deo 
1820 - 26 Feb 1831         Parsharam Shekhar Deo              (d. 1831)
1831 - 1852                Jagadev Shekhar Deo
1852 - 1858                Chandrabhanu Shekhar Deo
1858                       Madan Mohand Shekhar Deo
28 Oct 1858 -
1874         Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (b. 1849 - d. 1917)
Rajas
1874 - 1917                Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (s.a.)

                             (personal style Maharaja from 1915)
10 Jun 1917 -  5 May 1930  Bhawani Shankar Shekhar Deo        (b. 1898 - d. 1930) 
 5 May 1930 - 26 Dec 1938  Bir Mitra Pratap Shekhar Deo       (b. 1920 - d. 1938)
 5 May 1930 - 26 Dec 1938  Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee 
                             of Kurupam (f) -Regent
26 Dec 1938 - 15 Aug 1947  Bir Pratap Shekhar Deo             (b. 1923 - d. 1967)
26 Dec 1938 - 27 Nov 1944
  Rani Janaki Rathnayammarjee 
                             of Kurupam (f) -Regent



Gaurihar

1807                       Gaurihar state, split from Ajaigarh.

Rulers (title Sardar Sawai; from 1859, R
ao)
1807 - 1846                Raja Ram                           (d. 1846)
1846 - 1877                Rajdhar Rudra Pratap               (b. 1811 - d. 18..)
1880 - 14 Nov 1887         Gajadhar Prasad                    (d. 1887)
1888 - 1904                Shamle Prasad                      (b. 1859 - d. 1904)
1904 - 1932                Pratipal (Prithvipal) Singh        (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
1932 - 1947                Avadhendra Pratap Singh            (b. 1902 - d. c.1970)


Gilgit: see Pakistani Princely States

Gohad: see Dholpur


Gondal

1634                       Gondal state founded.
1813                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur)
1648 - 1713                Sagramji I Kumbhoji                (b. 1634 - d. 1713)
1713 - 1752                Haloji Sagramji                    (b. 1676 - d. 1752)
1752 - 1789                Kumbhoji II Haloji                 (b. 1712 - d. 1789)
1789 - 1791                Muluji Sagramji (Malubhai Sahib)   (b. 1754 - d. 1791)
1792 - 1800                Dajibhai Muluji                    (b. 1775 - d. 1800)
1800 - 1812                Devaji Sagramji (Devabhai Sahib)   (b. 1769 - d. 1812)
1812 - 1814                Nathuji Devaji (Nathubhai Sahib)   (d. 1814)
1814 - 1821                Kanuji Devaji                      (d. 1821)
1821 - 1841                Chandrasimhji Devaji               (b. 1797 - d. 1841)
                             (Motibhai Sahib)            
1841 - 1851                Bhanabhai Devaji                   (d. 1851)
1851 - 1866                Sagramji II Devaji                 (b. 1822 - d. 1869)
                             (Sagramji Bhanabhai)
Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
1866 - 14 Dec 1869         Sagramji II Devaji                 (s.a.)

14 Dec 1869 - 10 Mar 1944  Bhagwatsimhji Sagram
simhji         (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
                             (from 15 Feb 1887, Sir
Bhagwatsimhji Sagramsimhji)
                             (personal style Maharaja from 1 Jan 1888)
16 Sep 1878 - 24 Aug 1884  Regency

                           - W. Scott (to Jun 1882)
                           - Jayashankar Lalshankar
                             (to
Feb 1882)
                           - Bhagvat Sinhji
                             (
from Feb 1882)
                           - Hancock (acting for Scott
Dec
                              1880 - Feb 1881
)
                           - Nutt (from Jun
1882 [and acting
                             for Scott
Aug 1881 - Jan 1882])
 9 Mar 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhojrajji 
Bhagwatsimhji            (b. 1883 - d. 1952)
                            (personal style Maharaja)



Guler

1405/50                    Guler state founded.
1813                       Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1695 - 1741                Dalip Singh                        (b. 1688 - d. 1741)
1695 - 1705                Bilas Devi (f)
-Regent
1730 - 1741                Govardhan Singh -Regent            (b. 1713 - d. 1773)
1741 - 1773                Govardhan Singh                    (s.a.)
1773 - 1790                Prakash Singh                      (b. 1748 - d. 1820)
1790 - 1813                Bhup Singh                         (b. 1765 - d. 1826)



Gwalior
 
[Gwalior]
 
[Gwalior state
                          flag]
           c.1908 - 1947 State flag
Map of Gwalior
Capital: Laskar
Population: 4,006,159 (1940)

c.900                      Gwalior state founded.
1232 - 1398                Annexed by Dihli (Delhi) sultanate.
1518 - 1731                Annexed by Mughal empire.
1731                       Sindhya (Scindia) state refounded by Mahratta general.
1766                       Gwalior capital of the state, gives it its name.
13 Oct 1781                British protectorate (and 30 Dec 1803). 

Rulers (title Maharaja Scindia)
1731 - 19 Jul 1745         Ranojirao Scindia                  (d. 1745)
19 Jul 1745 - 25 Jul 1755  Jayapparao Scindia                 (d. 1755)
25 Jul 1755 - 15 Jan 1761  Jankojirao I Scindia               (b. 1745 - d. 1761)
25 Jul 1755 - 10 Jan 1760  Dattaji -Regent                    (d. 1760)
15 Jan 1761 - 25 Nov 1763  Interregnum
25 Nov 1763 - 10 Jul 1764  Kadarjirao Scindia (Kedarjirao)

10 Jul 1764 - 18 Jan 1768  Manajirao Scindia                  (d. af.1777)
18 Jan 1768 - 12 Feb 1794  Madhavrao I Scindia                (b. c.1727 - d. 1794)
12 Feb 1794 - 21 Mar 1827  Daulatrao Scindia                  (b. 1779 - d. 1827)
21 Mar 1827 - 17 Jun 1827  Maharani Baija Bai (f) -Regent     (b. 1787 - d. 1862)
17 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843    (1st time)
17 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843  Jankojirao II Scindia              (b. 1805 - d. 1843)
                             (Jivajirao Scindia)
17 Jun 1827
- Dec 1832     Maharani Baija Bai (f) -Regent     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 7 Feb 1843 - 20 Jun 1886  Jayajirao Scindia                  (b. 1835 - d. 1886)

                             (from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Jayajirao Scindia)
 7 Feb 1843 - 13 Jan 1844  Maharani Tara Bai (f) -Regent      (b. 1831 - d. ....)

1843 - Jan 1844            Dada Khasjiwallah (in rebellion)
20 Jun 1886 -  5 Jun 1925  Madhavrao II Scindia               (b. 1876 - d. 1925)
                             (from 25 May 1895, Sir Madhavrao II Scindia)
17 Aug 1886 - 15 Dec 1894  Maharani Sakhya Bai
(f) -Regent    (b. 1862 - d. 1919)
 5 Jun 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  George Jivaji Rao Scindia          (b. 1916 - d. 1961)
                             (from 1 Jan 1941, Sir George Jivaji Rao Scindia)
 5 Jun 1925
23 Nov 1931  Maharani Chinku Bai (f) -Regent    (d. 1931)
23 Nov 1931 - 22 Nov 1936  Maharani Gajra Rajebai (f) -Regent (d. 1943)

British Residents
Nov 1781 - Dec 1783        David Anderson 
Dec 1783 - Aug 1784        James Anderson (acting)
20 Dec 1786 - 15 Oct 1787  William Kirkpatrick                (b. 1754 - d. 1812)
Apr 1787 - Jun 1787        James Macpherson (acting)
15 Oct 1787 - Sep 1797     William Palmer                     (b. 17.. - d. 1814)
Sep 1797 - 10 Oct 1798     Paris Bradshaw (acting)
10 Oct 1798 -  3 Aug 1803  John Collins                       (d. 1807)

Aug 1803 - Jan 1804        Vacant
12 Jan 1804 - 13 May 1804  Sir John Malcolm                   (b. 1769 - d. 1833)

13 May 1804 -  9 Nov 1804  Josiah Webbe (acting)              (b. 1768 - d. 1804) 
 9 Nov 1805 - Dec 1805     Richard Jenkins (acting)           (b. 1785 - d. 1853)
18 Dec 1805 - 29 May 1808  Graeme Mercer (1st time)
29 May 1808 - 11 Jul 1808  Mountstuart Elphinstone            (b. 1799 - d. 1859)
11 Jul 1808 - 22 Dec 1809  Robert Close (1st time)
22 Dec 1809 - 28 Jul 1810  Graeme Mercer (2nd time) 
28 Jul 1810 - 13 Apr 1811  Charles Theophilus Metcalfe        (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
13 Apr 1811 - 19 Nov 1815  Richard Charles Strachey           (b. 1781 - d. 1847) 
                             (1st time)
19 Nov 1815 - 16 Mar 1816  Gerald Wellesley 
Mar 1816 - Apr 1818        Robert Close (2nd time)
24 May 1817 - 14 Jun 1817  James Tod (acting for Close)
24 Apr 1818 - 1821         Josiah Stewart (1st time)
1821 - 1823                Sir Richard Strachey               (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1822                       Johnstone (acting)
1823 - 1824                Robert Close (3rd time)
1824 - 1828                Josiah Stewart (2nd time)
1829 - 1831                George Fielding (1st time) 
1831                       Sir John Low                       (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
1831 - 1832                George Fielding (2nd time) 
1832                       John Dixon Dyke 
1832 - 1835                Richard Cavendish 
1835 - 1837                John Sutherland 
1837 - 1838                Dundas
1838 - 1843                Alexander Speirs 
1843 - 1844                Sir William Henry Sleeman          (b. 1788 - d. 1856)
1844 - 1848                Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
                             (1st time)
1848 - 1849                D. Ross
1849                       Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1849 - 1852                Sir Henry Marion Durand            (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
1852 - 1854                Duncan A. Malcolm 
1854 - 1859                Samuel Charters Macpherson         (b. 1806 - d. 1880) 
1859 - 1862                Sir Richard John Meade             (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
1862 - 1863                Richard Harte Keatinge             (b. 1825 - d. 1904)
1863 - 1867                Alexander Ross Elliott Hutchinson
1867 - 1868                Sir Henry Dermot Daly              (b. 1821 - d. 1895)
1868 - 1869                Charles L. Showers 
1869 - 1872                Sir Crawford Trotter Chamberlain   (b. 1821 - d. 1902) 
1872 - 1874                Eugene Clutterbuck Impey           (b. 1830 - d. 1904) 
1874 - 1877                John William Willoughby Osborne    (b. 1833 - d. 1881) 
                             (1st time)
1877                       Sir John Watson (1st time)         (b. 1829 - d. 1919)
1877 - 1880                William Tweedie (1st time)         (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
1880 -  8 Oct 1881         John William Willoughby Osborne    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1881 - 1882                Sir John Watson (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1882                       William Tweedie (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1882 - 1883                Patrick W. Bannerman (1st time)    (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
1883 - 1884                James Cavan Berkeley               (b. 1838 - d. 1926) 
1884 - 1886                Patrick W. Bannerman (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1886 - 1887                Sir David William Keith Barr       (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
                             (1st time) 
1887 - 1888                Patrick W. Bannerman (3rd time)    (s.a.)
1888 - 1892                Sir David William Keith Barr       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1892 - 1893                John Biddulph (acting)             (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
1893 - 1894                Edward Swarman Reynolds 
Feb 1894 - Apr 1895        Sir Donald Robertson (1st time)    (b. 1847 - d. 1930)
1895 - 1896                Charles Withers Ravenshaw          (b. 1851 - d. 1935) 
1896                       Sir Donald Robertson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1896 - 1897                Ivor Mac Iver
1897                       Joseph Henry Newill
1897 - 1901                Thomas Caldwell Pears (1st time)   (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
1901                       Charles Herbert (1st time)
1901 - 1902                Thomas Caldwell Pears (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1902 - 1904                Charles Hamerton Pritchard 
1904                       Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser          (b. 1864 - d. 1963)
1904                       Charles Herbert (2nd time) 
Apr 1905 - 1907            Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
1907                       Herbert Lionel Showers             (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
1907 - 1909                Sir Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey     (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
1909 - 1912                Charles Arnold Kemball             (b. 1860 - d. 1943)
1912 - 1924                William Ellis Jardine              (b. 1867 - d. 1944)
1914                       Francis Granville Beville          (b. 1867 - d. 1923)
                             (acting for Jardine)
1922                       Edward Herbert Kealy               (b. 1873 - d. 19..) 
                             (acting for Jardine)
Apr 1924 - 1929            Leslie Maurice Crump               (b. 1875 - d. 1929)
1928 - 1929                Terence Humphrey Keyes             (b. 1877 - d. 1939)
                             (acting for Crump)
1929 - 1932                Cecil Hamilton Gabriel             (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
1932 - 1934                ....
1934 - 1937                Edmund C. Gibson
1937 - 1940                Gerald T. Fisher
1940 - 1942                George G.B. Gillan
1942 - 1944                Charles Gordon Herbert
1944 - 1946                ....
1946 - 1947                A.A. Russell                       (b. 1898 - d. 1967)


Halwad-Dhrangadhra: see Dhrangadhra

Hunza: see Pakistani Princely States


Haydarabad (Hyderabad)
 
[Haydarabad
                          (Hyderabad) to c.1900]
               c.1724 - c.1900
 
[Haydarabad (Hyderabad) state flag
                          c.1900-1948]
                           c.1900 - 1948
 
[Haydarabad
                          (Hyderabad) state flag 1948-50]
                             1948 - 1950
 
Map of Haydarabad Capital: Haydarabad
(Hyderabad)
Population: 16,338,500 (1941)
Constitution

1512 - 1687                Part of the Kingdom of Golkonda.
1687                       Part of the Mughal Empire.
20 Jun 1720                Mughal governor with style Nizam al-Molk establishes
                             a quasi-independent state.
 7 Dec 1724                Haydarabad made capital of the state.
12 Nov 1766                British protectorate (and 22 Aug 1809).
15 Aug 1947                Nizam refuses to accede to India.
17 Sep 1948                India occupies Haydarabad militarily.
24 Nov 1949                Accession to India agreed to as of Indian Republic Day,
                             effective 26 Jan 1950.

Rulers (title Nizam al-Molk [from 24 Oct 1936, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar])
20 Jun 1720 -  1 Jun 1748  Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan       (b. 1671 - d. 1748) 
                             (from 12 Jul 1737:) Asaf Jah I
 1 Jun 1748 - 16 Dec 1750  Nasir Jang Mir Ahmad               (b. 1712 - d. 1750)
16 Dec 1750 - 13 Feb 1751  Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat (d. 1751)
Feb 1751 - 16 Oct 1752     Ghazi ad-Din (in rebellion)        (d. 1752)
13 Feb 1751 -  8 Jul 1762  Asaf ad-Dowla Mir Ali Salabat Jang (b. 1718 - d. 1763)
 8 Jul 1762 -  6 Aug 1803  Ali Khan Asaf Jah II               (b. 1734 - d. 1803)
 7 Aug 1803 - 21 May 1829  Mir Akbar Ali Khan Asaf Jah III    (b. 1768 - d. 1829)
21 May 1829 - 16 May 1857  Naser ad-Dowla Farkhunda Ali       (b. 1794 - d. 1857)
                             Asaf Jah IV
18 May 1857 - 26 Feb 1869  Afzal ad-Dowla Mahbub Ali I Khan   (b. 1827 - d. 1869) 
                             Asaf Jah V (from 25 Jun 1861, Afzal
                            
ad-Dowla Mahbub Sir Ali I Khan Asaf Jah V)
28 Feb 1869 - 29 Aug 1911  Fath Jang Mahbub Ali II Khan Asaf  (b. 1866 - d. 1911) 

                             Jah VI (from 17 Nov 1884, Fath Jang
                             Jang Mahbub
Sir Ali II Khan Asaf Jah VI)
28 Feb 1869 -  5 Feb 1884  Regents
                           - Mir Turab Ali Khan Salar Jung I  (b. 1829 - d. 1883) 
                             (to 8 Feb 1883)
                           - Amir Kabir Nawab Rashid-ud-din   (d. 1881)
                             Khan Shams-al-Umara III
                             (to 6 Apr 1877)
                           - Iqtedar-ul-Mulk Vaqar-al-Umara I (d. 1881)
                             (6 Apr 1877 - 12 Dec 1881)
                           - Raja Narendra Prasad
                             (from senior member from 8 Feb 1883)
                           -
Laiq Ali Khan Salar Jung II      (b. 1868? - d. 1889)
                             (provisional, from 8 Feb 1883)
29 Aug 1911 - 26 Jan 1950  Fath Jang Mir Osman Ali Khan       (b. 1886 - d. 1967)

                             Asaf Jah VII (from 12 Dec 1911, Fath Jang
                            
Mir Sir Osman Ali Khan  Asaf Jah VII)
Indian Military Governor
17 Sep 1948 - Dec 1949     Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri             (b. 1908 - d. 1983)

Dewans (chief ministers)
1724 - 1730                Muhammad Iwaz Khan
1730 - 1742                Anwarullah Khan
1742 - 1748?               Khuda Banda Khan
1748 - 1750                Shah Nawaz Khan (1st time)
1750 - 1752                Raja Ragunath Dass
1752 - 1755                Syed Lashkar Khan
1755 - 1758                Shah Nawaz Khan (2nd time)
1758 - 1761                Basalat Jung
1761 - 1765                Vithal Sundur
1765 - 1775                Musa Khan Nawab Rukn ud-Daula
1775 - 1781                Viqar-ud-Daula
                           + Shams-ul-Mulk (to 1778)
1781 -  9 May 1804         Ghulam Sayyed Khan Aristu Jah
                            (Mahratta hostage 1795-97)
1795 - 1797                Mir Alam (1st time)                 (d. 1808)
                            (acting for Aristu Jah)
1804                       Raja Rajindra
1804 - Dec 1808            Mir Alam (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
1808 - 1832                Munir ul-Mulk
                           - together with -
1808 -  6 Sep 1843         Chandu Lal
1843 - 1846                Ram Baksh (1st time)
1846 - 1848                Siraj ul-Mulk (1st time)            (d. 1853)
Nov 1848 - Dec 1848        Amjad ul-Mulk
Dec 1848 - May 1849        Shams ul-Umara
Sep 1849 - Apr 1851        Ram Baksh (2nd time)
Apr 1851 - Jun 1851        Ganesh Rao
1851 - May 1853            Siraj ul-Mulk (2nd time)            (s.a.)

May 1853 -  8 Feb 1883     Mir Turab Ali Khan Salar Jung I     (s.a.) 
Feb 1883 - Apr 1887        Laiq Ali Khan Salar Jung II         (s.a.)
1887 - 1893                Bashir-ud-Daula Asman Jah
1893 - 1901                Nawab Sir Vikar-ul-Umra             (d. 1902)
Prime ministers (presidents of the executive council)
1901 - 11 Jul 1912         Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad         (b. 1862 - d. 1940)

                             (1st time)
Jul 1912 - Nov 1914        Nawab Yusuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III (b. 1889 - d. 1949)
Nov 1914 - 1919            the Nizam
Aug 1919 -  5 Sep 1922     Sir Sayyid Ali Imam
                (b. 1869 - d. 1932)
 5 Sep 1922 -  1 Apr 1924  Nawab Sir Faridoon-ul-Mulk Bahadur  (d. 1928)
 1 Apr 1924 - 25 Nov 1926  Wali-ud-Daula Bahadur

25 Nov 1926 - 18 Mar 1937  Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
18 Mar 1937 - Sep 1941     Sir Akbar Hydari                    (b. 1869 - d. 1941)
Sep 1941 - 1946            Nawab Sir Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan  (b. 1889 - d. 1983)
                             Chhatari (1st time)
Aug 1946 - May 1947        Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail           (b. 1883 – d. 1959)
1947 - 29 Oct 1947         Nawab Sir Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan  (s.a.)
                             Chhatari (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1947 - 28 Nov 1947  Nawab Mehdi Yar Jung (acting) 
29 Nov 1947 - 19 Sep 1948  Mir Laik Ali (provisional)          (d. 1971)
 

British Residents
Apr 1779 - 1781            John Holland
 2 Jul 1781 - 1784         James Grant
20 Jan 1784 - 1788         Richard Johnson                     (b. 1750 - d. 1802)
28 Apr 1788 - 1797         John Kennaway                       (b. 1758 - d. 1836)
15 Nov 1797 - 1798         William Kirkpatrick
15 Sep 1798 - 1805         James Achilles Kirkpatrick          (b. 1764 - d. 1805)
 1 Sep 1805 - Dec 1805     Henry Russell (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1783 - d. 1852)
 3 Jan 1806 - 1810         Thomas Sydenham                     (b. 1780 - d. 1816)
20 May 1810 - Mar 1811     Charles Russell (acting)
17 Apr 1811 - Dec 1820     Henry Russell (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 1 Dec 1820 - Aug 1825     Charles Theophilus Metcalfe         (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
29 Sep 1825 - 1830         William Byam Martin
1827 - 1830                John Sutherland (1st time)
                             (acting for Martin)
 7 Aug 1830 - Nov 1830     Edward Cockburn Ravenshaw (acting)

 6 Nov 1830 - Jan 1838     Josiah Stewart
1833 - 1834                John Sutherland (2nd time)
                             (acting for Stewart)
12 Jan 1838 - 15 Jun 1838  John Cameron (acting)               (d. 1838)
16 Jun 1838 - Jul 1838     James Wahab 
(acting)  
 8 Jul 1838 -  1 Sep 1838  George Tomkyns (acting)  
 1 Sep 1838 - Dec 1852     James Stuart Fraser                 (b. 1783 - d. 1869)
1841                       William J. Eastwick
                             (acting for Fraser)               
11 Dec 1852 - Mar 1853     Cuthbert Davidson (1st time)
       (b. 1810 - d. 1862)
Mar 1853 - Sep 1853        John Low (acting)                   (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
 5 Sep 1853 -  1 Dec 1853  Cuthbert Davidson (2nd time)      
  (s.a.)
 2 Dec 1853 - 31 Dec 1856  George Alexander Bushby             (b. 1800 - d. 1856)
31 Dec 1856 - Apr 1857     Anthony Robert Thornhill (1st time)
                             (acting)
1857 - 21 May 1862         Cuthbert Davidson (3rd time)        (s.a.)
 3 Aug 1862 - Jan 1863     Anthony Robert Thornhill (2nd time)
                             (acting)
31 Jan 1863 - 1867         George Udny Yule                    (b. 1813 - d. 1886)
                            
(from 24 May 1866, George Udny Yule)
14 Apr 1867 - Jan 1868     Sir Richard Temple                  (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
 5 Jan 1868 - Mar 1868     John Graham Cordery (1st time)
      (b. 1833 - d. 1900)
                             (acting)
28 Mar 1868 - 10 May 1868  Arthur Austin Roberts               (d. 1868)

11 May 1868 - Jun 1868     John Graham Cordery (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
10 Jun
1868 - Dec 1875     Charles Burslem Saunders            (b. 1821 - d. 1888)
16 Jul 1872 - Oct 1872
     Peter Stark Lumsden                 (b. 1829 - d. 1918) 
                             (acting for Saunders)  
 5 Dec 1875 - 1881         Richard John Meade                  (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
24 Mar 1881 - Apr 1882     Steuart Colvin Bayley               (b. 1836 - d. 1925)
 1 Jun 1882 - 30 Jun 1882  George Herbert Trevor (acting)
30 Jun 1882 - Apr 1883     William Brittain Jones              (b. 1834 - d. 1912)
21 Apr 1883 - 1888         John Graham Cordery (3rd time)      (s.a.)
10 Apr 1884 - Jul 1884     Sir Olivier Beauchamp Coventry
                             St. John (acting for
Cordery)
12 Apr 1886 - Oct 1886     Edward Charles Ross
                             (
acting for Cordery)
 1 Nov 1887 - 30 Nov 1887  Donald Robertson (acting for Cordery)
14 Mar 1888 - Aug 1889     Arthur Pearse Howell (acting)
 6 Aug 1889 - 1891         Sir 
Dennis Fitzpatrick              (b. 1827 - d. 1920)  
12 Nov 1891 - 1900         Trevor John Chichele Chichele-      (b. 1846 - d. 1905)
                             Plowden
23 Mar 1895 - Oct 1895     Kenneth James Loch Mackenzie
                             (acting for Chichele-Plowden
30 Jul 1898 - Oct 1898     James Adair Crawford
                             (acting for
Chichele-Plowden
1900 - 1905                David William Keith Barr            (b. 1846 - d. 1916)
1905 - 1908                Charles Stuart Bayley               (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
1908 - 1910                Michael Francis O'Dwyer             (b. 1864 - d. 1940)
1911 - 1916                Alexander Fleetwood Pinhey          (b. 1861 - d. 1918)
1916 - 1919                Sir Stuart Mitford Fraser           (b. 1864 - d. 1963)
1919 - 1925                Charles Lennox Russell
1921 - 1922                Stuart George Knox                  (b. 1863 - d. 1956)
                             (acting for Russell)
1925 - 1930                
William Pell Barton                 (b. 1871 - d. 1956)
1930 - 1933                Terence Humphrey Keyes              (b. 1877 - d. 1939)
1933 - 1938                Duncan Mackenzie
1938 - 1942                Claude H. Gidney                    (b. 1887 - d. 1968)
1942 - 1946                Arthur Cunningham Lothian           (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
1946 -  4 Aug 1947         Charles Gordon Herbert
Indian Agent General
1947 - 19 Sep 1948         Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi         (b. 1887 - d. 1971)


Hill Tipperah: see Tripura


Hindol

1554                       Hindol state founded.

Rajas
1691 - 1701                Achyuta Singh Narendra
1701 - 1733                Bhagabat Singh Narendra
1733 - 1770                Damodar Singh Narendra
1770 - 1781                Radhakant Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
1781 - 1786                Ram Chandra Singh Mardraj Jagadeb 
1786 - 1829                Kishan Chandra Mardraj Jagadeb
1829 - 1841                Harihar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
1841 - 1874                Ishwar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
1874 - 1877                Phokar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb       (b. 1853 - d. ....)
18 Jul 1877 - 10 Feb 1906  Janardan Mardraj Jagadeb           (b. 1855 - d. 19..)
10 Feb 1906 - 15 Aug 1947  Naba Kishor Chandra Mardraj        (b. 1891 - d. 1960)
                             Jagadeb 


Hyderabad: see Haydarabad


Idar

[Idar]
                           Adoptd 1741

c.1257                     Idar state founded.
1679 - 1731                Period of anarchy.
1791                       Idar split into five: Idar, Ahmadnagar, Morasa,
                             Baad (also called Bayar), and Soor.
1821                       Morasa absorbed by Ahmadnagar.
1826                       Baad absorbed by Idar and Ahmadnagar.
Oct 1843                   Idar reunited.

Rajas (from 1843, with personal style Maharaja)
1669 - 1679                Karan Singh
1679 - 1718                Chandra Singh (fled Idar 1718)
1718 - 1731               
anarchy
1731 - 1753                Anand Singh                        (d. 1753)
1753 - 1791                Shiv Singh Anand Singh             (b. 1736 - d. 1791)
1791  (12 days)            Bhawan Singh                       (b. 1755 - d. 1792)
1791 - 12 Aug 1833         Gambhir Singh                      (b. 1781 - d. 1833)
12 Aug 1833 - 26 Dec 1868  Jawan Singh                        (b. 1830 - d. 1868)
                            
(from 24 May 1867, Sir Jawan Singh)
12 Aug 1833 - 1847         
Council of Regency
26 Dec 1868 - 20 Feb 1901  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1864 - d. 1901)
                            
(from 15 Feb 1887, Sir Keshri Singh)
26 Dec 1868 - 1880
        Council of Regency
 4 Oct 1901 - 30 Nov 1901  Krishna Singh                      (b. 1901 - d. 1901) 
30 Nov 1901 - Jan 1902    
Interregnum
Jan 1902 - 1902            Sir Pratap Singh                   (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
Maharajas

1902 - May 1911            Sir Pratap Singh                   (s.a.)
May 1911 - 14 Apr 1931     Daulat Singh                       (b. 1878 - d. 1931)
                            
(from 1 Jan 1920, Sir Daulat Singh)
14 Apr 1931 - 15 Aug 1947  Hirmat Singh Daulat Singh          (b. 1899 - d. 1960)


Ahmadnagar (Ahmednagar)

1773                       Ahmadnagar (Ahmednagar) estate of Idar.
1791                       Ahmadnagar independent state.
29 Oct 1843                Re-united to Idar. 

Rajas
1791 - 1798                Sangram Singh                      (b. c.1758 - d. 1798)
1798 -  6 Feb 1835         Karan Singh                        (b. 1787 - d. 1835)
1798 - 1806                Zalim Singh of Morasa -Regent      (b. c.1760 - d. 1806)
1835 -  6 Dec 1839         Prithvi Singh                      (b. c.1818 - d. 1839)
 6 Dec 1839 - 28 Sep 1841  Takht Singh -Regent                (b. 1819 - d. 1873)
23 May 1840 - 28 Sep 1841  Balwant Singh                      (b. 1840 - d. 1841)

28 Sep 1841 - 29 Oct 1843  Takht Singh                        (s.a.)


Morasa

Rajas
1791 - 1806                Zalim Singh                        (b. c.1760 - d. 1806)
1806 - 1821                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1821)


Baad (Bayar)

Raja
1791 - 1826                Amir Singh                         (b. c.1762 - d. 1826)


Soor (Sur)

Rajas
1791 - bf.1833             Indar Singh                         (b. c.1765 - d. bf.1833)
bf.1833 - 18..             Hamir Singh                         (b. 1798 - d. af.1855)



Indaur (Indore)
 
[Indaur
                          (Indore) c.1731]
                  c.1731 - ....
[Indaur
                          (Indore)]
                            .... -  1947

1731                       Indaur state founded by Mahratta general.
24 Dec 1805                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharaja Holkar)
1731 - 20 May 1766         Malhar Rao I Holkar I              (b. 1694 - d. 1766)
20 May 1766 -  5 Apr 1767  Male Rao Holkar II                 (b. 1745 - d. 1767)
Apr 1767 - 13 Aug 1795     Ahalya Bai Holkar (III)(f)-Regent  (b. 1725 - d. 1795)
13 Aug 1795 - 29 Jan 1797  Tukoji Rao I Holkar IV             (b. 1723 - d. 1797)
                             (also listed as co-ruler from Apr 1767)
29 Jan 1797 - Jan 1799     Kashi Rao Holkar V                 (b. 17.. - d. 1808)
Jan 1799 - 1806            Khande Rao I Holkar VI             (b. 1798 - d. 1806)
1806 - 27 Oct 1811         Yashwant Rao I Holkar              (b. 1776 - d. 1811)
                             (regent Jan 1799 - 1806)
Nov 1811 - 27 Oct 1833     Malhar Rao III Holkar VII          (b. 1801 - d. 1833)
Nov 1811 - 20 Dec 1817     Maharani Tulsi Bai (f) -Regent     (d. 1817)
27 Oct 1833 -  2 Feb 1834  Martand Rao Holkar VIII            (b. 1830 - d. 1849)
 2 Feb 1834 - 24 Oct 1843  Hari Rao Holkar IX                 (b. 1795 - d. 1843)
24 Oct 1843 - 17 Feb 1844  Khande Rao II Holkar X             (b. 1828 - d. 1844)
24 Oct 1843 - 17 Feb 1844  Maharani Maji (f)-Regent (1st time)(d. 1849)        
27 Jun 1844 - 17 Jun 1886  Tukoji Rao II Holkar XI            (b. 1835 - d. 1886)
                            
(from 25 Jun 1861, Sir Tukoji Rao II Holkar XI)
27 Jun 1844 - Sep 1849     Maharani Maji
(f)-Regent (2nd time)(s.a.)
17 Jun 1886 - 31 Jan 1903  Shivaji Rao Holkar XII             (b. 1859 - d. 1908)
                            
(from 30 Jun 1887, Sir Shivaji Rao Holkar XII)
31 Jan 1903 - 26 Feb 1926  Tukoji Rao III Holkar XIII         (b. 1890 - d. 1978)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Tukoji Rao III Holkar XIII)
26 Feb 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Yashwant Rao II Holkar XIV         (b. 1908 - d. 1961)

                            
(from 1 Jan 1935, Yashwant Rao II Holkar XIV)
26 Feb 1926 -  9 Nov 1930  Siremal Bapna -
Regent              (b. 1882 - d. 1964)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1808 - 1811              Bala Ram Seth
1811 - Dec 1817            Ganpal Rao
1818 - Apr 1826            Tantia Jogh (
Tatya Joga)           (d. 1826)
Apr 1826 - 1827?           Raoji Trimbak
1827                       Daji Bakhshi
1827? - 1829               Appa Rao Krishna
1829 - 1834?               Madhav Rao Phadnis
Apr 1834 - Nov 1836        Sardar Revaji Rao Phanse
1836 - 1839?               Abbaji Ballal (or Bhawani Bin)
1839? - 1840?              Bhao Rao Phanse (1st time)
1840? - Oct 1841           Narayan Rao Palshikar
1841 - 1842?               the ruler
1842? - 1848               Bhao Rao Phanse (2nd time)
1848 - 1849?               Ram Rao Palshikar
1852 - 1873                the ruler
1873 - 1875               
Sir Madhava Rao                    (b. 1828 - d. 1891)
1875 - 1881                Ragunath Rao (1st time)            (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
1881? - 1884?              Shahamat Ali
1884 - 1886                Nana Moroji Trilokekar
1886 - 1888                Ragunath Rao (2nd time)            (s.a.)
c.189.                     Balkrishna Atmaram Gupte
189. - 1913?               Munshi Nanak Chand Agarwal
 4 Apr 1913 - Oct 1914     Narayan Ganesh Chandravarkar
1914 - 1916                ....
1916 - 19..                R
am Prasad Dube (1st time)
Nov 1921 - 1923?           Chettur Sankaran Nair              (b. 1857 - d. 1934)
1923? - 1926?              Ram Prasad Dube (2nd time)
Prime ministers
Feb 1926 - 1939            Siremal Bapna                      (s.a.)
1939 - 1942?               Sardar Dina Nath
1942 - 1947                Raja Gyannath Madan
1947                       R.G. Horton
 1 Sep 1947 -  3 Jan 1948  E.P. Menon
Jan 1948                   N.C. Mehta
26 Jan 1948 - Mar 1948     M.V. Bhide

British Residents in Indore
1840 - 1844                Sir Claude Martin Wade             (b. 1794 - d. 1861)
1845 - 1859                Robert North Collie Hamilton       (b. 1802 - d. 1887)

1859 - 1861                Sir Richmond Campbell Shakespear   (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
1861 - 1869                Richard John Meade                 (b. 1821 - d. 1899)
1869 - 1881                Henry D. Daly
1881 - 1888                Henry Lepel-Griffin
                (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
1888 - 1890                P.F. Henvey
1890 - 1894                R.J. Crosthwaite
1894 - 1899                David W.K. Barr

1899 - 1902                Robert Henry Jennings
1902 - 1903                Francis Younghusband               (b. 1863 - d. 1942)
1903 - 1907                
Oswald Vivian Bosanquet (1st time) (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
1907 - 1909                James Levett Kaye                  (b. 1861 - d. 1917)
1909 - 1910                Charles Beckford Luard
1910 - 1916                Charles Lennox Russell

1916 - 1919                Oswald Vivian Bosanquet (2nd time) (s.a.)
1919? - 1921               Francis Granville Beville
1921 - 1924                Denys Brooke Blakeway              (b. 1870 - d. 1933)
1924 - 1929                Sir Reginald Glancy
Mar 1927 - Oct 1927        Edward Herbert Kealy
                             (acting for Glancy)
1929 - 1930                H.R.N. Pritchard
1930 - 1931                Frederick Bailey
1931 - 1932                G.M. Ogilvie
1933 - 21 Mar 1935         Rawdon James MacNabb               (b. 1883 - d. 1935)
1935 - 1940                K
enneth Samuel Fitze               (b. 1887 - d. 1960)
1940 - 1942                Gerald Thomas Fisher
1942 - 1946                Walter F. Campbell
1946 - 1947                Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 -  d. 1973)

Agents to the Governor-General for Central India Agency
1845 - 1854                R
obert North Collie Hamilton       (s.a.)
1854 - 1899                the British Residents in Indore
1899 - 1900                David W.K. Barr
Mar 1900 - 1905            Charles S. Bayley
1905 - 1910                Hugh Daly
1910 - 1912                Michael Francis O'Dwyer            (b. 1864 - d. 1910)
1912 - 1913                John B. Wood
1913 - 1916                Oswald Vivian Bosanquet            (s.a.)
1916 - 1944                
the British Residents in Indore
1944 - 1946                Walter Campbell
1946 - 1947                
Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 - d. 1973)



Jafarabad (Jafrabad) and Janjira
 
[Jafarabad
                          (Jafrabad) and Janjira to c.1945]
           1924 - c.1945
[Jafarabad
                          (Jafrabad) and Janjira]
                     c.1945 - 1947
[Janjira
                          Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
   2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Janjira Merchant Flag
[Jafarabad
                          Merchant Flag 1921-1947]
  2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Jafarabad Merchant Flag

c.1650                     Jafarabad state founded.
1676                       Janjira state founded.
 6 Dec 1733                Defensive and offensive treaty signed with the British.
1759                       Jafarabad and Janjira states enter into personal union.
1834                       British protectorate.

Thanadars of Jafarabad
c.1650 - 16..              Fath Khan
16.. - 1678                Sambhol Yaqut Khan
1678 - 1734                Qasim Yaqut Khan
1734 - 1759                Surur Khan
Wazirs of Janjira
1676 - 1703                Kasim Yaqut Khan II                (d. 1703)
1703 - 1707                Amabat
Yaqut Khan II
1707 - 1732                Surur Yakut Khan II 
              (d. 1732)
1732 - 1734                Hasan Khan (1st time)              (d. 1746)

1734 - 1737                Sumbul Khan
1737 - 1740                `Abd al-Rahman Khan
1740 - 1745
               Hasan Khan (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1745 - 1757                Ibrahim Khan I (1st time)          (d. 1761)
1757                      
Mohammad Khan I                    (d. 1757)
1757 - 1759                Ibrahim Khan I (2nd time)          (s.a.)
Thanadars
of Jafarabad and Wazirs of Janjira

1759 - 1761                Ibrahim Khan I                     (s.a.)
1761 - 1772                Yaqut Khan (usurper to 6 Jun 1772) (d. 1772)

1772 - 1784                `Abd al-Rahim Khan                 (d. 1784)
1784 - 1789                Jowhar Khan                        (d. 1789)
                            - in dispute with -
1784 - 1789                `Abd al-Karim Yaqut Khan
1789 - 1794                Ibrahim Khan II                    (d. 1826)

1794 - 1803                Jumrud Khan                        (d. 1803)
Rulers (title Nawab)
1803 - 1826                Ibrahim Khan II                    (s.a.)
1826 - 31 Aug 1848         Mohammad Khan I                    (d. 1848)

31 Aug 1848 - 28 Jan 1879  Ibrahim Khan III                   (b. 1825 - d. 1879)
28 Jan 1879 -  2 May 1922  Ahmad Khan                         (b. 1862 - d. 1922)
                             (from 1 Jan 1895, Sir Ahmad Khan)
28 Jun 1879 - 11 Oct 1883  .... -Regent
 2 May 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Khan II                   (b. 1914 - d. 1972)

 2 May 1922 -  9 Nov 1933  Kulsum Begum (f) -Regent           (b. 1897 - d. 1959)


Jaintia

c.1500                     Jaintia state founded.
15 Mar 1835                Annexed to British India.

Rajas
1694 - 1708                Ram Singh I                        (d. 1708)
1708 - 1731                Jay Narayan
1731 - 1770                Bar Gosain
1770 - 1780                Chattra Singh
1780 - 1790                Bijay Narayan
1790 - 1832                Ram Singh II                       (d. 1832)
1832 - 1835                Rajendra Singh                     (d. 1861)



Jaipur
 
[Jaipur, c.1699
                          - 1818]
            c.1699 - 1818
 
[Jaipur, c.1630
                          - c.1699 and 1818 - 1877]
         c.1630 - c.1699, 1818 - 1877
 
[Jaipur,
                          1877-1922]
                     1877 - 1922
 
[Jaipur,
                          1922-1946]
                              1922 - 1946
[Jaipur, 1946]
                   Adopted 1946

1093                       Dhundhar state founded.
1300's - Nov 1727          Also known as Amber.
Nov 1727                   New capital, Jaipur (Jayapura), founded;
                             state takes name from capital.
 
2 Apr 1818                British protectorate.

Maharajas
31 Dec 1699 - 21 Sep 1743  Sawai Jai Singh I                  (b. 1688 - d. 1743)
21 Sep 1743 - 12 Dec 1750  Sawai Ishwari Singh                (b. 1721 - d. 1750)
1750 -  5 Mar 1768         Sawai Madho Singh I                (b. 1728 - d. 1768)
 5 Mar 1768 - 13 Apr 1778  Sawai Prithvi Singh II             (b. 1763 - d. 1778)
1768 - 1778                Rani Chandawatiji (f) -Regent
1778 - 1803                Sawai Pratap Singh                 (b. 1764 - d. 1803)

1803 - 21 Nov 1818         Sawai Jagat Singh II               (d. 1818)
22 Dec 1818 - 25 Apr 1819  Mohan Singh (Man Singh II) -Regent (b. c.1809 - d. 18..)
25 Apr 1819 -  6 Feb 1835  Sawai Jai Singh III                (b. 1819 - d. 1835)
25 Apr 1819 - 1834         Maharani Batianji (II)(f) -Regent  (d. 1834) 
27 Sep 1835 - 17 Sep 1880  Sawai Ram Singh II                 (b. 1835 - d. 1880)

                             (from 11 Nov 1863, Sir Ram Singh II)
27 Sep 1835 - 1839         Chandrawatji Maharani (f) -Regent  (b. 1821 - d. 1858)

17 Sep 1880 -  7 Sep 1922  Sawai Madho Singh II               (b. 1861 - d. 1922)
                             (from 2 Jan 1888, Sir Madho Singh II)
 7 Sep 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Sawai Man Singh II                 (b. 1911 - d. 1970)
                             (from 3 Jun 1935, Sir Man Singh II)


Dewans
(chief ministers)
1705 - 1706                Kishore Das Laxmi Das
1709 - 1713                Bihari Das
                           + Fateh Chand
1716                       Rai Narain Das Kirpa Ram
                             (1st time)
1717 - 1719                Kishore Das
                           + Tara Chand
1725 - 1731                Rai Narain Das Kirpa Ram
                             (2nd time)
1737 - 1741                Rai Narain Das Vidyadhar
                             (1st time)
                           + Fateh Ram (1739-1741)
1745                       
Rai Narain Das Vidyadhar
                             (2nd time)
                           + Fateh Ram

c.1745 -  9 Feb 1747       Raja Ayamal Khatri
Feb 1747 - Aug 1750        Keshavdas Khatri
Aug 1750 - c.1754          Hargovind Natani
c.1755                     Jago Pandit
c.1757                     Kaniram Nandlal
c.1761                     Shamram Trivedi
c.1764 - c.1771            Surat Ram Mehta
c.1771 - Jul 1781          Khushhali Ram Bohra
Jul 1781 - Apr 1786        Daulat Ram Haldia
Apr 1786 - Jan 1787        Khushhali Ram Bohra
1787 - 27 Aug 1791         Roda Ram Khawas
Aug 1791 - 1794            Daulat Ram Haldia                  (d. 1794)
1794 - 1798                Khushhali Ram Bohra (?)
1798 - 1800                Dinaram Bohra
1800 - 1808                Rai Chand
1808 - 1810                Rao Chaturbhuj Haldia
1810 - 1811                Megh Singh
Jul 1811 - 22 Apr 1812     Kushhali Ram Bohra                 (d. 1812)
1812 - 1815?               Misra Sheo Narayan
1815 - 1818                Purohit Manji Das
1818 - 1819                Nazir Mohan Ram
1819 - 1824                Rawal Bairisal
1824 - 1826                Hukm Chand Saraogi
                           + Megh Singh
1826 - 1828                Rao Chand Singh
1828 - 1835                Jhota Ram Saraogi
1835 - 1838                Rawal Bairi Sal                    (d. 1838)
1838 - 1854                Sheo Singh Nathawat
1854 - 1860               
Rawal Sheo Singh                   (d. c.1860)
1862                       Lakshman Sing                      (d. 1862)
186. - 1863                Pandit Sheodin
1863                       Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan            (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
1863 - 186.                Bishin Berdin
186. - c.1869              Hari Mohan Sen
18.. - 1873                Faiz Ali Khan
1876 - 1883                Thakur Fateh Singh Ji Naila
1883 - 1901                Shri Kanti Chandra Mukherjee
1901 - 1906                Mohammad Fayaz Ali Khan
1906 - 1909                Shri Sansar Chandra
1909 - 19..                Avinash Chandra Sen
1916 - 1922                Amar Nath Atal                     (b. 1892 - d. 1957)
1922 - 1923                Charles Cleveland
1923 - May 1923            S.B.A. Patterson

May 1923 - Apr 1924       
Bertrand James Glancy (1st time)   (d. 1954)
Apr 1924 - 1925            L.W. Reynolds
1925  (6 months)           G.D. Ogilvie (acting)
Oct 1925 - Mar 1927        L.W. Reynolds
Mar 1927 - Mar 1929        H.R. Lawrence
 8 Mar 1929 - 30 Sep 1929  A.S. Meek
30 Sep 1929 - 1930         Arthur Lothian
1930 - 1932                Bertrand James Glancy (2nd time)   (s.a.)

1933 - 1939                Beauchamp St. John                 (b. 1874 - d. 1954)
Oct 1939 - 1942            Raja Gyan Nath                     (b. 1885 - d. 19..)

Jun 1942 - Jul 1946
       Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail          (b. 1883 – d. 1959)
Aug 1946 - Apr 1949        Vangal Thiruvenkatachari           (b. 1881 - d. 1964)
                             Krishnamachari

British Residents
Mar 1821 - Feb 1824        Josiah Stewart                     (d. 1839)
23 Apr 1824 - Nov 1825     Felix Vincent Raper                (d. 1849)
12 Nov 1825 - 1830         John Low                           (b. 1788 - d. 1880)
Mar 1828 - 30 Nov 1829     George Clerk (acting for Low)
Nov 1830 - Sep 1838        the Agents to Governor-General for Rajputana
26 Sep 1838 - Aug 1839     Robert Ross                        (d. 1854)
14 Aug 1839 - Jan 1844     Charles Thoresby                   (d. 1862)
Nov 1843 - Jan 1844        Hervey Harris Greathead            (b. 1817 - d. 1857)
                             (acting for Thoresy)
24 Jan 1844 - 25 Dec 1847  John Ludlow                        (b. 1801 - d. 1882)
Dec 1847 - Sep 1856        William Henry Rickards             (b. 1809 - d. 1884)
Sep 1856 - Nov 1860?       William Frederick Eden             (b. 1814 - d. 1867)
1860 - 1864?               John Cheape Brooke (1st time)      (b. 1818 - d. 1899)
1864? - Mar 1864           R.L. Taylor (acting)
Mar 1864 - 1864            John Cheape Brooke (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Mar 1864 - 1881            William Howell Beynon              (b. c.1826 - d. 1903)
1870 - 1871                Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford    (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
                             (acting for Beynon)
1877                       Victor Edward Law                  (b. 1842 - d. 1910)

                             (acting for Beynon)
1880?                      Thomas Holbein Hendley             (b. 1847 - d. 1917)
                             (acting for Beynon)    
1881 - 1882                Adelbert Cecil Talbot              (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
27 Sep 1882 - 1885         John Proudfoot Stratton            (b. 1830 - d. 1895)
Dec 1885 - 1888            Frederick Henvey
May 1888 - Nov 1888?       Henry Phipson Peacock (1st time)   (b. 1838 - d. 1906)
                             (acting)
Nov 1888 - Dec 1890        William Francis Prideaux           (b. 1840 - d. 1914)
Dec 1890 - May 1892        ....
May 1892 - 1895            Henry Phipson Peacock (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1893                       Norton Charles Martelli
                             (acting for Peacock)
Apr 1894 - Jan 1895        William Francis Prideaux           (s.a.)
                             (acting for Peacock)
Apr 1895 - Apr 1897        Victor Edward Law                  (s.a.)
Apr 1897 - Apr 1898        Charles Bayley
Apr 1898 - Dec? 1900       George Robert Irwin                (b. 1855 - d. 1933)
Dec 1900 - Apr 1903        Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
Apr 1903 - 1904?           Thomas Caldwell Pears              (b. 1851 - d. 1921)
1905 - 1909                Charles Herbert
1909 - 1912                Herbert Lionel Showers             (b. 1861 - d. 1916)
1912 - 1916                Steuart Farquharson Bayley         (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
1913                       Arthur d'Arcy Gordon Bannerman     (b. 1866 - d. 1955) 
                             (acting for Bayley)
1914                       William Christopher Ramsay Stratton
                             (acting for Bayley)
Aug 1915/16 - Feb 1922     Robert Arthur Edward Benn          (b. 1867 - d. 19..)
1922 - 1923                Cecil Gabriel
1923 - 1924?               Gordon Hay Anderson
1924? - 1925?              Stewart Blakeley Agnew Patterson   (b. 1872 - d. 1942)
1925 - 1929                Alexander Norman L. Cates
May 1928 - Sep 1928        C.H. Gabriel (acting for Cates)
1929 - 1931                Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
                             (1st time)
1931 - 1933                Duncan George Mackenzie            (b. 1882 - d. 1965)
1933 - 1934                Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Apr 1934 - Nov 1935        Leslie Eric Barton                 (b. 1889 - d. 1952)
Nov 1935 - 1936            K.A.G. Evans-Gordon
1936 - 1937/38             Francis Vernon Wylie               (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
1938                       J. Herbert Thompson (acting)
Nov 1938 - 1940            Conrad Lawrence Corfield           (b. 1893 - d. 1980)
May 1939 - Oct 1939        J. Herbert Thompson
                             (acting for Corfield)
1942/43                    Charles Gordon Herbert
1944 - Apr 1947            Leonard George Coke-Wallis         (b. 1900 - d. 1974)
Apr 1947 - 14 Aug 1947     Louis Alexander Gordon Pinhey      (b. 1901 - d. 1988)


Jaisalmir (Jaisalmer)

[Jaisalmer]

c.731                      Deogarh state founded.
1156                       New capital Jaisalmir founded; state takes name from capital.
11 Dec 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Maharawal)
1661 - 1702                Amar Singh                         (b. 16.. - d. 1702)
1702 - 1708                Jaswant Singh                      (d. af.1722)
1708 - 1722                Budh Singh                         (d. 1722)
1722 - 1762                Akhai Singh
22 Oct 1762 -  8 Oct 1819  Mulraj II Singh                    (d. 1819)
18 Feb 1820 - 11 Nov 1846  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1800 - d. 1846)
1846 - Jun 1864            Ranjit Singh
1864 - 1891                Bairi Sal                          (b. 1848 - d. 1891)
10 Mar 1891 - 11 Apr 1914  Shyam (Salivahan) Singh            (b. 1887 - d. 1914)
26 Jun 1914 - 15 Aug 1947  Jawahir Singh                      (b. 1882 - d. 1949)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir
Jawahir Singh)
 
Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1885 - 1891              Mohata Nathmal
c.1890 - 1903              Mehta Jagjiwan
189. - 1900                Thakur Kushal Singh (acting)
1900                       Rawatmal
(acting)
c.1909                     Lakshmi Das Sapat
1911 - Jun 1912            Mohammed Niyaz Ali Kazi Hapiri     (b. 1866 - d. 19..)
Jun 1912 - 21 Mar 1930     Murarji Rooji (Moraji Rao) Sapat
19.. - 19..                M.L. Khosala
19.. - 19..                Pandit Jamana Lal
19.. - 19..                Munshi Nand Kishore
19.. - 19..                Lala Rakhpat Raj
19.. - 19..                P.K. Shurugula
19.. - 19..                Brij Mohan Nath Zutshi
19.. - 19..                Anand Swaroop
19.. - 19..                Onkar Singh
c.1940 - c.1942            Lakhpat Rai Sikund



Jaitpur 

1807                       British protectorate.
1849                       Annexed by British India.

Rajas
.... - 1758                Jagat Rai
1758 - 1765                Pahar Singh
1765 - ....                Gaj Singh
.... - 1812                Kesri Singh
1812 - 1842                Parikhat Singh
1842 - 1849                Khet Singh                         (d. 1849)



Jalaun 

1840                       Annexed to British India

Rajas
1776 - 1822                Govindrao I
1822 - 1832                Balarao
1831 - 1840                Govindrao II                       (d. 1840)



Jambughoda

[Jambughoda]

13..                       Jambugodha state founded.
1826 - 1829
                British protectorate.
1829 - 1838                Occupied by Baroda.
1839                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
.... - 1820                Amarsinghji
1820 - 1870                Jagatsinhji
1870 - 1911                Dipsinhji Jagatsinhji              (b. 1841 - d. 1911)

1911 - 27 Sep 1917         Gambhirsimhji                      (d. 1917)

27 Sep 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsinhji Gambhirsinhji         (b. 1892 - d. 1962)



Jamkhandi

[Jamkhandi]

1811                       Jamkhandi state founded.

Rajas
1811 - 18 Nov 1840         Gopal Rao Ramchandra Rao           (b. 1799 - d. 1840)
18 Nov 1840 - 12 Jan 1897  Ramchandra Rao Gopal Rao           (b. 1833 - d. 1897)
                             "Appa Sahib Patwardhan"
12 Jan 1897 - 25 Feb 1924  Parashuram Rao Ramchandra Rao      (b. 1883 - d. 1924)
                             "Bhav Sahib Patwardhan"
                             (from Jan 1913, Sir Parashuram Rao Ramchandra Rao)
25 Feb 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Sankar Rao Parashuram Rao          (b. 1906 - d. 1947)

                             "Appa Sahib Patwardhan" 


Jammu and Kashmir see under: India
Jandol: see Pakistani Princely States

Janjira: see Jafarabad and Janjira


Jaora
 
[Jaora to 1895]
                  c.1865 - 1895
[Jaora]
                  1895 - 1947

 6 Jan 1817                Jaora state founded.
 6 Jan 1818                British protectorate.

Rulers (title Nawab)
 6 Jan 1817 -  9 Sep 1825  Abdul Ghafur Mohammad Khan         (b. 1775 - d. 1825)
 9 Sep 1825 - 29 Apr 1865  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. 1823 - d. 1865)
 9 Sep 1825 - 1827         Musharraf Begum (f) -Regent        (d. 1827)
                           + Jahangir Khan
1827 - 1840                Borthwick -Regent
30 Apr 1865 -  6 Mar 1895  Ehtesam al-Dowla Mohammad IsmaŽil  (b. 1854 - d. 1895)
                             Khan                          
30 Apr 1865 - 1872         Regents
                           - Hazrat Nur Khan

                           - Political Agent Western Malwa
 6 Mar 1895 - 15 Aug 1947  Fakhr al-Dowla Mohammad Eftekhar   (b. 1883 - d. 1947)
                             `Ali Khan (from 12 Dec 1911, Fakhr
                             al-Dowla Sir Mohammad Eftekhar `Ali Khan)                   
 6 Mar 1895 - 20 May 1906  Sahibzada Yar Muhammad Khan -Regent



Jasdan

[Jasdan]

bf.1665                    Jasdan state founded.
1807/08                    British protectorate.

Rulers (title Darbar)
.... - 1809                Vajsur Odha Khachar                (d. 1809)
1809 - 27 Oct 1851         Chela Vajsur Khachar II            (d. 1851) 
1852 - 1904                Ala Chela Khachar Shri Vajdur Oda  (b. 1831 - d. 1904)
1904 - 21 Dec 1912         Odha Ala Khachar II                (d. 1912)
21 Dec 1912 - 10 Jul 1919  Vajsur Odha Khachar II             (d. 1919)
11 Jul 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Ala Vajsur Khachar                 (b. 1905 - d. 1973)
11 Jul 1919 -  1 Dec 1924  .... -Regent 



Jashpur

[Jashpur]

Rajas
.... - c.1813              Ranjit Singh                       (d. c.1813)
c.1813 - 1826              ....
1826 - 18..                Ram Singh

24 Oct 1845 - 1900         Pratap Narayan Singh Deo Bahadur   (b. c.1822 - d. 19..)
Apr 1900 - 1924            Bishan Pratap Singh Deo            (b. 1864 - d. 19..) 
1924 - 1926                Deo Saran Singh Ju Deo
 8 Feb 1926 - 1947         Vijay Bhushan Singh Ju Deo         (b. 1926 - d. 1982)



Jaso (Jassu)

1732                       Jaso state founded.
1750?                      State split into Bandhora and Jaso.
17..                       Jaso state reunited.
1816                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Dewan)
1732 - 1750                Bharti Chand                       (d. 1750)
1750 - 1775                Hari Singh
1775 - 1786                Chet Singh
1786 - 1830                Murat Singh
1830 - 1860                Ishwari Singh                      (d. 1860)
1860 - 1865                Ram Singh                          (d. 1865)
1865 - 1869                Shatrujit Singh
1869 - 1889                Bhopal Singh
Jul 1889 - 1905            Gajraj Singh
1905 - 1915                Girwar Singh
1915 - 1942                Ram Pratap Singh                   (b. 1910 - d. 1942)
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Anand Pratap Singh


Bandhora

Rulers (title Dewan)
1750?- 17..                Durjan Singh
17.. - 17..                Medni Singh



Jaswan

1170                       Jaswan state founded.
1815                       Annexed by British India.

Rajas
.... - ....                Ram Singh 
.... - ....                Ajit Singh 
.... - ....                Jaghar Singh 
.... - ....                Abhirai Singh 
.... - ....                Jagrup Singh 
.... - 1800?               Prit Singh 
1800 - 1815                Ummed Singh                        (b. c.1781 - d. 1849)



Jath (Joth)

[Jath (Joth)]

1686                       Jath state founded.

Rulers (title Deshmukh)
1686 - Jul 1706            Satvaji Rao "Satvaji Chavan"       (b. 16.. - d. 1706)
Jul 1706 - 1754            Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (f)            (d. 1754)
1754 - 1759                Yeshwant Rao                       (d. 1759)
1759 - 1790                Amrit Rao I                        (d. 1790)
1790 - 1810                Khanji Rao                         (b. 17.. - d. 1810)
1810 - 1822                Renkuka Bai (f)                    (d. 1822)
1822 - Dec 1823            Sali Bai (f)                       (d. 1823)
Dec 1823 - Aug 1835        Ram Rao I Narayan Rao              (d. 1835)
                             "Aba Sahib Daphle" 
Aug 1835 - 29 Jul 1846     Bhagirathi Bai (f)                 (d. 1846)
29 Jul 1846 - 11 Jan 1892  Amrit Rao II "Rao Sahib Daphle"    (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
                             (suspended 1874 - 1885 and from 1889)
29 Jul 1846 - 1853         .... -Regent
1853 - 1857                Lakshmi Bai (f) -Regent            (b. c.1830 - d. 1857)
1874 - 1885                .... -Administrator
1889 - 11 Jan 1892         ....
-Administrator
13 Jan 1892 - 14 Aug 1928  Ram Rao II Amrit Rao               (b. 1886 - d. 1928)
                             "Aba Sahib Daphle"
11 Jan 1892 - 28 Mar 1897  Lakshmi Bai Raje Sahib             (b. 1843 - d. 1897)
                             Daphle (f) -Regent  
28 Mar 1897 - 11 Jul 1907  .... -Regent
14 Aug 1928 - 23 Jun 1936  Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao            (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
                             "Baba Sahib Daphle"
14 Aug 1928 - 12 Jan 1929  Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati      (b. 1889 - d. 19..)  
                             Baghirathi Bai (f)
-Regent
Raja 

23 Jun 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao            (s.a.)
                             "Baba Sahib Daphle" 



Jawhar

[Jahwar]

 5 Jun 1343                Jawhar state founded.
1758 - 1768                Placed under managers appointed by the Peshwa.

Rajas
1678 - ....                Patangshah I                
.... - ....                Krishnashah II                    
.... - 1742                Vikramshah II                      (d. 1742)
1742 - 1758                Krishnashah III                    (d. 1758)                   
1758 - 1768                Interregnum
1768 - 1798                Patangshah II                      (d. 1798)

1798 - May 1821            Vikramshah III                     (d. 1821)
May 1821 - 11 Jun 1865     Patangshah III Vikramshah          (b. 1821 - d. 1865)
May 1821 - 1842            Rani Sagunabai (f) -Regent
11 Jun 1865 - 23 Jul 1865  Vikramshah IV Patangshah           (b. 1839 - d. 1865)
24 Jul 1865 - 1905         Patangshah IV Vikramshah           (b. 1854 - d. 1905)
24 Jul 1865 - 28 Mar 1875  Rani Gopikabai (f) -Regent         (d. 1875)
1905 - 16 Nov 1917         Krishnashah IV Patangshah          (b. 1879 - d. 1917)
16 Nov 1917 - 10 Dec 1927  Vikramshah V Patangshah            (b. 1885 - d. 1927)
10 Dec 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Patangshah V Vikramshah            (b. 1917 - d. 1978)
10 Dec 1927 - 16 Jan 1938  ... -Regent



Jhabua

[Jhabua]
                  1607 - 1947

1584                       Jhabua state founded.

Rajas
1677 - 1723                Kushal Singh
1723 - 1727                Anup Singh
1727 - 1758                Sheo Singh                         (d. 1758)
1758 - 1770                Bahadur Singh
1770 - 1821                Bhim Singh                         (d. 1829)
1821 - 1832                Pratap Singh                       (d. 1832)
1832 - 1840                Ratan Singh                        (d. 1840) 
Nov 1841 - 1895            Gopal Singh                        (b. 1841 - d. 1895)
26 Apr 1895 - 1942         Udai Singh                         (b. 1875 - d. af.1945)
1942 - 15 Aug 1947         Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1905 - d. 1965)



Jhalawar

[Jhalawar]

 8 Apr 1838                Jhalawar state founded from part of Kotah.
 1 Aug 1838                British protectorate.
 2 Mar 1896                Territories of the state united with Kotah.
 1 Jan 1899                Two former districts of Shahabad and Chaumahla formed into a 
                             new Jhalawar state, remainder is annexed to Kotah.

Rulers (title Rana)
 8 Apr 1838 - 1845         Madan Singh                        (b. 1808 - d. 1845)
1845 - 29 Aug 1875         Prithvi Singh                      (b. 1830 - d. 1875)
29 Aug 1875 -  2 Mar 1896  Zalim Singh                        (b. 1865 - d. 1912)
29 Aug 1875
 - 21 Feb 1884  .... -Regent
 2 Mar 1896 -  1 Jan 1899  interregnum 

 1 Jan 1899 - 13 Apr 1929  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1874 - d. 1929)
                             (from 26 Jun 1908, Sir Bhawani Singh)   
13 Apr 1929 -  2 Sep 1943  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1900 - d. 1943)

                             (from 9 Jun 1938, Sir Rajendra Singh)
 2 Sep 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Harisch Chandra Singh              (b. 1921 - d. 1967)



Jhansi

[Jhansi 1825-1853 (UK
                          flag)]
                               1825 - 1853
[Jhansi
                          1857-1858]
           1857 - 1858

 6 Feb 1801                British protectorate.
21 Nov 1853                Part of British India.

Rulers (title Rao)
1729 - 1740                Bajirao I (Pahila Bajirao)         (b. 1698 - d. 1740)
1742 - 1757                Naroshanker 
1757 - 17..                Madhav Govind Kakirde
17.. - 1766                Babulal Kanahai 
1766 - 1769                Vishwas Rao Laxman
1769 - 1796                Raghunath Rao I                    (d. 1796) 
1796 - 1814                Sheo Rao Bhow                      (d. 1814)
1814 - 1835                Ram Chand Rao                      (b. 1806 - d. 1835)
1835 - 1838                Raghunath Rao II                   (d. 1838)
1838 - 21 Nov 1853         Gangadhar Rao                      (b. 1834 - d. 1853)
1853 - 1854                Damodar Rao (not recognized)       (b. 1849 - d. 1906)
                             (unlawful adoption by L
akhsmi Bai)
1857 - 17 Jun 1858         Lakhsmi Bai (f)(in rebellion)      (b. 1835 - d. 1858)



Jigni

1730                       Jigni state founded.
1810                       British protectorate.

Rulers (title Rao)
1730 - 1790                Padam Rao                          (d. 1790)
1790 - 1806                Lakshman Singh I
1806 - 1830                Pirthi Singh                       (d. 1830)
1830 - 1870                Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1830 - d. 1870)
1870 - 1892                Lakshman Singh II                  (b. 1860 - d. 1892)
1892 - 1925                Bhanu Pratap Singh                 (b. 1878 - d. 1925)
1925 - 1934                Arimardan Singh                    (b. 1903 - d. 1941)
1934 - 15 Aug 1947         Bhupendra Vijai Singh  



Jind (Jhind)

1763                       Jind state founded.
25 Apr 1809                British protectorate.

Rajas
1763 - 11 Nov 1789         Gajpat Singh                       (b. 1738 - d. 1789)
                             (imprisioned in Delhi 1767 - 1770)
11 Nov 1789 - 16 Jun 1819  Bhag Singh                         (b. 1760 - d. 1819)

Mar 1813 - 23 Jun 1814     Rani Sobrahi Kaur (f) -Regent      (d. 1814)
23 Jun 1814 - 16 Jun 1819  Fateh Singh -Regent                (b. 1789 - d. 1822)
16 Jun 1819 -  3 Feb 1822  Fateh Singh                        (s.a.)
 3 Feb 1822 -  4 Nov 1834  Sangat Singh                       (b. 1810 - d. 1834)
30 Jul 1822 - 1827         Rani Mai Sahib Kaur (f)-Regent     (d. af.1847)
                             (1st time)
 4 Nov 1834 -  8 Mar 1837  Rani Mai Sahib Kaur (f)-Regent     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

 8 Mar 1837 - 26 Jan 1864  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1812 - d. 1864)
26 Jan 1864 - 24 May 1881  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1834 - d. 1887)

                             (from 31 Dec 1875, Sir Raghubir Singh)
Rulers (title Raja-i Rajgan)

24 May 1881 -  7 Mar 1887  Sir Raghubir Singh                 (s.a.)
 7 Mar 1887 - 12 Dec 1911  Ranbir Singh                       (b. 1879 - d. 1948)
                             (from 1 Jan 1909, Sir Ranbir Singh)
 7 Mar 1887 - 10 Nov 1899  ....
-Regent
Maharaja

12 Dec 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Ranbir Singh                   (s.a.)



Jobat

14..                       Jobat state founded.

Rulers (title Rana)
.... - 1864                Sabat Singh                        (d. 1864)

1864 - 1874                Ranjit Singh                       (d. 1874)
1874 - 1897                Sarup Singh                        (b. 1866 - d. 18..)
1897 - Mar 1916            Indrajit Singh
1916 - 20 May 1917         .... -Regent
20 May 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhim Singh                         (b. 1915 - d. 1968)



Jodhpur

[Jodhpur/Marwar]
                 Adopted 1877

c.1250                     Marwar state founded.
c.1450                     New capital Jodhpur founded; state later
                             named after capital.
 6 Jan 1818                British protectorate.
 9 Apr 1949                Jodhpur integrated into Rajasthan state.

Maharajas
19 Feb 1679 - 24 Jun 1724  Ajit Singh                         (b. 1679 - d. 1724)
24 Jun 1724 - 18 Jun 1749  Abhai Singh                        (b. 1702 - d. 1749)
13 Jul 1749 - Jul 1751     Ram Singh (1st time)               (b. 1730 - d. 1772)
Jul 1751 - 21 Sep 1752     Bakht Singh                        (b. 1706 - d. 1752)
21 Sep 1752 - 1753         Bijay Singh (1st time)             (b. 1729 - d. 1793)
31 Jan 1753
- Sep 1772     Ram Singh (2nd time)               (s.a.)
1772 - 17 Jul 1793         Bijay Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
13 Apr 1792 - 20 Mar 1793  Bhim Singh (in rebellion)          (d. 1803)
17 Jul 1793 - 17 Oct 1803  Bhim Singh                         (s.a.)
19 Nov 1803 -  4 Sep 1843  Man Singh                          (b. 1783 - d. 1843)
19 Apr 1817 -  6 Jan 1818  Chhatar Singh -Regent              (b. c.1800 - d. 1818)
14 Oct 1843 - 13 Feb 1873  Takht Singh                        (b. 1813 - d. 1873)
                             (from 12 Feb 1866, Sir Takht Singh)
14 Oct 1843
 - 1856         Maharani Kika Bai (f) -Regent
13 Feb 1873 - 11 Oct 1895  Jashwant Singh II                  (b. 1838 - d. 1895)

                             (from 31 Dec 1875, Sir Jashwant Singh II)
11 Oct 1895 - 21 Mar 1911  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1880 - d. 1911)

                             (from 26 Jun 1908, Sir Sardar Singh)
11 Oct 1895 - 18 Feb 1898  Pratap Singh, Raja of Idar -Regent (b. 1845 - d. 1922)

                             (1st time)
21 Mar 1911 -  3 Oct 1918  Sumer Singh                        (b. 1898 - d. 1918)
                             (from 1 Jan 1918, Sir Sumer Singh)
21 Mar 1911 - 26 Feb 1916  Pratap Singh, Raja of Idar -Regent (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
 3 Oct 1918 -  9 Jun 1947  Umaid Singh                        (b. 1903 - d. 1947)
                             (from 17 Mar 1922, Sir Umaid Singh)
 3 Oct 1918 -  4 Sep 1922  Pratap Singh, Raja of Idar -Regent (s.a.)

                             (3rd time)
 9 Jun 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Hanwant Singh                      (b. 1923 - d. 1952)

Dewans (chief ministers)
169. - 1705                Udai Singh Champawat as pradhan
1705? - 1709               Vithaldas Bhandari as diwan
Nov 1709 - 1715/16         Bhagwan Das Champawat as pradhan
1709 - 1713                Kheemsi Bhandari (1st time)
1712                       Maidas Bhandari
1712 - 1724                Raghunath Bhandari diwan
1724 - 1725                Kheemsi Bhandari (2nd time)
1725 - 1728                Raghunath Singh Bhandari
1728 - 1744                Amar Singh Bhandari
1744 - 1747                Girdhari Das Bhandari
1747 - 1749                Manroop Bhandari
1749 - 1750                Daulatram Bhandari
                           + Suratram Bhandari
1750 - 1751                Sawairam Bhandari
1763/65 - 1766?            Mohnot Rao Suratram
1766 - 1767                Narsingh Das Bhandari
1790 - 1794                Bhawani Bhandari
1794 - 1797                Shivchand Bhandari (1st time)
1798 - 1799                Shivchand Bhandari (2nd time)
 5 Nov 1803 - 180.         Gangaram Bhandari
                           + Sawai Singh
c.1806 - 1815              Inderraj Singhvi
1816 - 1819                Banda Mehta Shri Akhechand         (d. 1819)
1817                       Mehta Lakhshmichand                (b. 1793 - d. 1850)
c.1821                     Budhmalji Mehta
1834 - c.1835              Lakhshmi Bhandari
1845 - c.1846              Shivchand Bhandari
184. - 1850                Mehta Lakhshmichand
c.1853                     Vijaysingh Mehta
1851                       Mohnot Rai Bahadur Vijaysingh
1851 - 1857                Lodha Raoraja Rajmal               (b. 1816 - d. 1857)
c.1866 - 1869              Mehta Shri Pratapmal
bf.1873                    Bagrecha Mehta Sambhumal           (d. 1872)
1872 - 1878?               Mohnot Rai Bahadur Vijaysingh
1878 - 1902                Pratap Singh, Raja of Idar         (s.a.)
1902 - 1910                Sukhdeo Prasad Kak (1st time)      (b. 1864 - d. 1936)
1910 - 1916                Pratap Singh
1918 - 1922                Pratap Singh
1922 - 1924/25             Sukhdeo Prasad Kak (2nd time)      (s.a.)            
192. - 22 Apr 1929         Zalim Singh                        (b. 1865 - d. 1929)
1929 - 1931                Bhagat Sankar Mehta      
1931 - 1932                Kunwar Sir Maharaj Singh
1935 - 1946                Donald Mayle Field 
1946 - Feb 1948            Cadambi Sheshachar Venkatachar     (b. 1899 - d. 1999)
 3 Mar 1948 -  7 Apr 1949  Jai Narayan Vyas


British Political Agents

 9 Sep 1839 - Jan 1844     J. Ludlow
20 Jan 1844 - Jan 1845     P.T. French
16 Jan 1845 - 1848         H.H. Greathed
Nov 1846 -  1 Feb 1847     Sutherland (acting for 
Greathed)
1848 - 1851                D.A. Malcolm
Aug 1851 - 30 Dec 1851     E. Hardcastle (acting for Malcolm)
30 Dec 1851 - 28 Mar 1857  Richmond Shakespear
28 Mar 1857 - Jun 1857     
George Henry Monck Mason (acting)  (b. 1825 - d. 1857)
Oct 1857 - 1858            R. Morrieson (acting)
1858                       W. Anderson
1858 - 1859               
John Cheape Brooke (1st time)      (b. 1818 - d. 1899)
                             (acting)
1859 - 1865                J.P. Nixon
1865 - 1868                E.C. Impey (1st time)
1868 - 1870               
John Cheape Brooke (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1870 - 1873                E.C. Impey (2nd time)
1873 - 1877                C.K.M. Walter
1877 - 1878                Thomas Cadell
1878 - 1879                David W.K. Barr
1879                       Thomas Cadell
1879 - 1880                A.R.T. Macrae
Residents of Western Rajputana States Agency (Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Sirohi)  
 3 Jan 1880 - 24 Aug 1880  P.W. Powlett (1st time)
25 Aug 1880 -  1 Nov 1880  A.R.T. McRae
 2 Nov 1880 - 14 Dec 1881  W. Tweedie
15 Dec 1881 - 24 Sep 1884  P.W. Powlett (2nd time)
25 Sep 1884 - 24 Dec 1884  C.A. Bayley (acting)
25 Dec 1884 -  4 Apr 1886  P.W. Powlett (3rd time)
 5 Apr 1886 - 10 Dec 1886  H.P.Peacock
11 Dec 1886 - 19 Aug 1889  C.A. Bayley (or Powlett?)
20 Aug 1889 - 19 Nov 1889  W. Loch (acting)
20 Nov 1889 -  9 Apr 1892  P.W. Powlett (4th time)
10 Apr 1892 -  3 May 1893  H.B. Abbott (1st time)
 4 May 1893 -  2 Nov 1893  W.H.C. Wyllie (1st time)(acting)
 3 Nov 1893 - 21 Mar 1895  H.B. Abbott (2nd time)
22 Mar 1895 - 26 Jun 1895  J.H. Newill (acting)
27 Jun 1895 - 27 Oct 1895  A.H.T. Martindale
28 Oct 1895 - 17 Dec 1895  H.B. Abbott (3rd time)
18 Dec 1895 - 17 Jan 1896  A. Adams
18 Jan 1896 - 13 Apr 1897  H.B.Abbott
14 Apr 1897 - 16 Mar 1898  A.H.T. Martindale
17 Mar 1898 - 24 Apr 1898  T.C.Pears
25 Apr 1898 - 11 Dec 1898  C.E. Yate (acting)
12 Dec 1898 - 11 Apr 1899  W.H.C. Wyllie (2nd time)
12 Apr 1899 - 1899         C.E. Yate (acting)
1899 - 1900                W.H.C. Wyllie (3rd time)
1900 - 1901                A.P. Thornton (1st time)
Apr 1901 - 1902            Keith David Erskine (1st time)         
1902                       A.P. Thornton (2nd time)
1902 - Feb 1903            Keith David Erskine (2nd time)
1903 - 1905                R.H. Jennings
1905 - 1908                W.R. Stratton
1908                       
Henry Venn Cobb                    (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
1908 - 1909                E.V. Gabriel
1910 - 1918                Charles J. Windham
1919 - 1924                Leonard W. Reynolds
1925 - 1926                A.D. Macpherson
1926 - 1927                H S Strong
1928 - 1931?               C.H. Gabriel
1931 - 1932                D.G. Mackenzie
26 Mar 1933 - 1934?        Arthur C Lothian
1934 - (1936)              Wightwick
1937 - 1939                George V.B. Gillan
1939 - 1940                William Edgerton
1940 - 1943?               N.S. Alington
1943? - 194.               ....
c.1947                     G.B. Williams



Jubbal

c.1100                     Jubbal state founded.
1803 - 1815                Occupied by Nepal.
1815                       British protectorate.
1832 - 1840                Occupied by British India.

Rulers (title Rana)
1699 - 1720                Gohar Chand                        (b. c.1660 - d. 1720)
1720 - 1738                Narpat Chand                       (b. 1680 - d. 1738)
1738 - 1758                Yog Chand                          (b. 1712 - d. 1758)
1758 - 1773                Hukam Chand                        (b. 1740 - d. 1773)
1773 - 1802                Paras Chand                        (b. 1753 - d. 1802) 
1802 - 1803                Puran Chand (1st time)             (b. 1772 - d. 1843)
1803 - 1815                occupied by Nepal
18 Nov 1815 - 1839         Puran Chand (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1839 - 17 Mar 1877         Karam Chand                        (b. 1835 - d. 1877)
1839 - 1854                .... -Regent
17 Mar 1877 - 1898         Padam Chand                        (b. 1862 - d. 1898)

1898 - 29 Apr 1910         Gyan Chand                         (b. 1887 - d. 1910)
1898 - 1900                Wazir Baghwan Das -Regent
29 Apr 1910 - 1918         Baghat Chand                       (b. 1888 - d. 1951)

Rajas
1918 - 12 Oct 1946         Baghat Chand                       (s.a.)
                             (from 23 Jun 1936, Sir Baghat Chand)
12 Oct 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Digvijay Chand                     (b. 1913 - d. 1966)



Junagadh
 
[Junagadh flag to 1948]                             to 1948
[Junagadh Merchant flag 1921-1947]         2 Aug 1921 - 15 Aug 1947 Merchant Flag
Map of Junagadh
Capital: Junagadh
Population: 545,000 (1947)

1748                       Junagadh state founded.
1807                       British protectorate.
15 Aug 1947                Accedes to Pakistan.
15 Sep 1947                Accession to Pakistan accepted.
 9 Nov 1947                Occupied by India (Aarzi Hukumat Junagadh).
24 Feb 1948                Referendum approves accession to India.
25 Feb 1948                Accession to India in effect.

Rulers (title Nawab)
1748 - 28 Sep 1758         Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I          (d. 1758)
28 Sep 1758 - 1760         Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I          (d. 1774)
                             (1st time) 
1760 - 1762                Muzaffar Khanji
1762 -  2 Dec 1774         Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 2 Dec 1774 - 26 Feb 1811  Mohammad Hamid Khanji I            (b. 1766 - d. 1811)
26 Feb 1811 - 26 May 1840  Mohammad Bahadur Khanji II         (b. 1795 - d. 1840)
26 May 1840 - 1851         Mohammad Hamid Khanji II           (b. 1828 - d. 1851)
1851 - 29 Sep 1882         Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II         (b. 1838 - d. 1882)
                             (from 20 May 1871, Sir Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II)
1851 - 1858                
Anantji Amarchand Vasadava -Regent
29 Sep 1882 - 21 Jan 1892  Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III        (b. 1856 - d. 1892)
                             (from 21 May 1890, Sir Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III)
23 Jan 1892 - 22 Jan 1911  Mohammad Rasul Khanji              (b. 1858 - d. 1911)
                            
(from 31 Dec 1898, Sir Mohammad Rasul Khanji)
22 Jan 1911 - 25 Feb 1948  Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III        (b. 1900 - d. 1959)
                             (from 1 Jan 1926, Sir
Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III)
                             (from 26 Oct 1947 in Karachi, P
akistan exile)
22 Jan 1911 - 31 Mar 1920  
H.D. Rendall -Regent
President of the People's Provisional Government
 
9 Nov 1947 - 25 Feb 1948  Samaldas Gandhi                    (b. 1897 - d. 1953)
                             (in Bombay exile from 25 Sep 1947)

Dewans (chief ministers)
c.1747 - 1750/51           Dalpatram
1751 - 1757                Jaganatha Jhala
1757 - 17..                Somji Jikar (1st time)
17.. - 17..                Dayal "the Vania"
17.. - 17..                Somji Jikar (2nd time)
17.. - 17.. (2 yrs)        Mevalal Jagjivandas Sadanand
17.. (3 days)              Popat Parikh
17.. (
20 days)             Jhavarchand
17..
(1 month)             Mulchand Parikh
c.1764 -  6 Mar 1784       Amarji Kunvarji
1784 - 1785                Raghunathji Amarji (1st time
)      (d. 1820)
1785/1786                  Ranchodji Amarji
1786/1787                  Raghunathji Amarji (2nd time)      (s.a.)
1787                       Ranchodji Amarji
178? - 1790                Govindji
1790 - 1793                Raghunathji Amarji (3rd time
)      (s.a.)
1793 - 1802                Kalian Seth
1802 - 1806                Raghunathji Amarji (4th time
)      (s.a.)
1806 - 1810?               Mehta Rewashankar Trikamdas
1811 - 1812                Raghunathji Amarji
1812 - 1816                Jamadar Omar Makhâsam
1816 - 1818                Raghunathji Amarji (5th time)      (s.a.)
1818 - 1823                Sundarji Shivji                    (d. 1823)
1823 - 1825                Hansraj Jetha Khatri
1825 - 18..                Mehta Govindji Jhala
18333/4 - 1835             Sadashiva Rao
1835 - 1840?               Amratlál Amarchand
1840? - 1860               Anantji Amarchand Vasadava 
                            (chairman of Regency council 1851-58)
1859? - 1860               Syed Ahmed Edroos
1860 - 1861                Dungarshi Devshi
1861 - 1878                Gokalji Sampatram
                 (d. 1878)
                            (Sampattiram Jhala)    
1878 - 1888                Muhammad Saleh Hindi
1888 - 1893                Dewan Haridas Viharidas  
1893 - 1895                Shri Chunilal Sarabhai Hazrat
1895  (6 months)           Shyamji Krishna Varma
1895 - 1899                Sardar Bechardas Viharidas Desai
1899 - 1903                Shri Chunilal Sarabhai Hazrat
1903 - 1906                Sardar Bechardas Viharidas Desai
1906 - 1910                Sir Abbas Ali Baig                 (b. 1859 - d. 1933)
1910 - 1911?               Kureshi
22 Jan 1911 - 31 Mar 1920  H.D. Rendall -Regent
12 Dec 1911 - 1913         Lucas L. Robertson
                             (acting for Rendall)
1939 - 1941?               Sardar Muhammad Khansahib
1941 - May 1947            Khan Bahadur Abdulqader Muhammad
                             Hussain Sahib

May 1947 -  8 Nov 1947     Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto              (b. 1888 - d. 1957)







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