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Montserrat
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
                                 to 1871
 
[Leeward Islands]
               1871 - 10 Apr 1909 Leeward Islands
 
[Montserrat flag 1909-1999]
                   10 Apr 1909 - 25 Jan 1999
 
[Montserrat]
                        Adopted 25 Jan 1999
 


Map of Montserrat
Hear National Anthem
 "God Save the Queen"
Hear  Local Anthem
"Motherland"
Adopted 29 Jul 2013
------------------------------------

Unofficial Local Anthem

"Montserrat My Country"
1992-2013
Constitution Order
(27 Sep 2011)
------------------------------------
Former Constitution
(19 Dec 1989-27 Sep 2011)
Capital: Brades (interim)
(Plymouth 1712 - 1997;
Stapletown 1668-1712)
Currency: East Caribbean
Dollar (XCD)
National Holiday:
2nd Sat in Jun. (1926)
Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
----------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 3 Aug (1834)
Emancipation Day
Population: 5,189 (2013)
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees
left the island following the
volcanic activity in Jul 1995,
some have returned.
GDP: $43.7 million (2006)
Exports: $3.6 million (2013)
Imports: $30 million (2013)
Ethnic groups: African/black 88.4%, mixed 3.7%, hispanic/
Spanish 3%, caucasian/white 2.7%, East Indian/Indian 1.5%,
other 0.7% (2011)
Total Police Force: 80-90 plus 40 defense force (2003)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.K.
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Protestant 67.1% (includes Anglican 21.8%,
Methodist 17%, Pentecostal 14.1%, Seventh Day
Adventist 10.5%, and Church of God 3.7%), Roman
Catholic 11.6%, Rastafarian 1.4%, other 6.5%, none 2.6%,
unspecified 10.8% (2001)
International Organizations/Treaties: Caricom, CDB, ECCB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
Montserrat
Chronology

11 Nov 1493                Discovered and claimed by Spain by Columbus,
                             named Isla de Santa Marķa de Montserrate.
1632                       English colony; part of Antigua.
22 Feb 1667 - 1668         French occupation.
1668 - 1816                Part of Leeward Islands colony (see Antigua).
 7-20 Jul 1712             French invasion force repulsed.
22 Feb 1782 - Jan 1784     French occupation.
1816 - 1832                Part of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat colony 
                             (see Antigua).
1833 -  1 Jan 1960         Part of Leeward Islands (see under Antigua).
 1 Jul 1956                Separate colony.
 3 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962  Part of the Federation of the West Indies
                             (see under Trinidad and Tobago).
18 Jul 1995                Eruptions by Soufriere Hills volcano begin,
                             eventually making 2/3 of island uninhabitable.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Governors
1632 - 1649                Anthony Brisket                    (d. 1649)
1649 - 1662                Roger Osborne (acting to 1654)
1662 - 22 Feb 1667         Anthony Brisket II (1st time)
22 Feb 1667 - 1667         Joseph Antoine Lefebvre de         (b. 1662 -  d. 1688)
                             La Barre
(French commander)
1667 - 1668                Anthony Brisket II (2nd time)  
                             (French governor)
Lieutenant governors

1668 - 1671                William Stapleton                  (d. 1686)
1672 - 1679                Edmond Stapleton
1675                       John Carroll
                             (acting for Edmond 
Stapleton)
1679 - 1680                Peter Cove                
1680 - 1685                James Cotter (Cottar)
1685 - 1687                Redmond Stapleton                  (d. 1687)
1687 - 1695                Nathaniel Blackistone
1695 - 1701                Thomas Delavall
1701 - 1710                Anthony Hodges
1710 - 1713                John Pearney
1713 - 1714                John Marshall
1714 - 1715                George Hay
1715 - 1722                Thomas Talmash
1722 - 1724                Charles Dilke
1724 - 1728                Paul George
13 Dec 1728 - 1728         Adam Pancier
1728 - 1729                John Osborne
1729 - 1734                Thomas Diggs
1734 - 1738                William Forbes
1738 - 1745                Robert Carpenter                   (d. 1745)

27 May 1745 - 1782         Benjamin Carpenter (1st time)      (d. 1788)  

22 Feb 1782 - Mar 1782     Jacques-Melchior, comte de         (b. 1719 - d. 1792)
                             Barras
(French commander)
1782 - 1784                Louis Joseph de Goullon
                             (French governor)
Jan 1784 - 1785            Michael White (acting)             (d. 1785)
1785 - 1788                Benjamin Carpenter (2nd time)      (s.a.)  
22 Mar 1788 - 1807         Henry Charles Selwyn               (b. 1751 - d. 1807)
 
1807 - 1809                Vacant?
28 Sep 1809 - 1833         Samuel P. Steward
Presidents
1723 - 17 May 1736         William Frye                       (d. 1736)
                             (suspended Mar 1723 - Apr 1725
)
c.1750 - 1753              George Frye                        (d. 1754)
1755 - 1764                George Wyke                        (d. 1764)
30 May 1764 - 1782         Michael White                      (s.a.)
1787 - Jun 1790            Alexander Gordon                   (b. 1732 - d. 1790)
1792 - 1796?               Richard Iles
1796? - 1818               Joseph Herbert (1st time)          (b. 1758 - d. 1836)
1818 - 1819                ....
1819 - 1836               
Joseph Herbert (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1836 - Mar 1840            Henry Hamilton                     (d. 1840)
Mar 1840 - Aug 1841        William Shiell (1st time)(acting)  (b. 1758 - d. 1853)
Aug 1841 - Aug 1846
       Edward Dacres Baynes (1st time)    (b. 1790 - d. 1863)
Aug 1846 - 1847            William Shiell (2nd time)(acting)  (s.a.)
1847 - 1854                Edward Dacres Baynes (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1854 - 1855                Hercules George Robert Robinson    (b. 1824 - d. 1897)
1855 - 1862                Edward Everard Rushworth           (b. 1818 - d. 1877)
1862 - 1866                William Cleaver Francis Robinson   (b. 1834 - d. 1897)
1867 - 1869                William Rowland Pyne (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1885)
May 1869 - Jul 1870        Robert French Sheriff
1870 - 1871?               William Rowland Pyne (2nd time)    (s.a.)
c.1871 - 1872              W.S.S. Odlum

 6 Feb 1872 - 1883         Neale Porter
1883 - 1888                James Meade
Commissioners
1888 - 1889                John Kemys Spencer-Churchill       (b. 1835 - d. 1913)
1889 - 1900                Edward Baynes
1900 - 1906                Frederick Henry Watkins            (b. 1859 - d. 1928)
1906 - 1918                Wilfred Bennett Davidson-Houston   (b. 1870 - d. 1960)
1918 - 1922                Claude Forlong Condell             (b. 1865 - d. 19..)
1922 - 1929                Herbert Walter Peebles             (b. 1877 - d. 1955)
18 May 1927 - 14 Aug 1927  A.C.K. Tibbits (acting for Peebles)
Jun 1929 - Sep 1929        Thomas Edwin Percival Baynes       (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
                             (1st time)(acting)
1929 - 1931                Hugh Houston Hutchings             (b. 1869 - d. 1937)
1932 - 1946                Thomas Edwin Percival Baynes       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1946 - 1949                Hugh Burrowes                      (b. 1909)
1949 - 1956                Charles Worth Ross                 (b. 1910)
Administrators
1956 - 1960                Arthur Francis Dawkins             (b. 1916)
Mar 1960 - 1964            Donald Alonzo Wiles                (b. 1912 - d. af.1998)
30 Sep 1964 - Jun 1971     Dennis Raleigh Gibbs               (b. 1922 - d. 1985)
 1 Jul 1971 -  1 Nov 1971  Willoughby Harry Thompson          (b. 1919)
Governors
 2 Nov 1971 - 1974         Willoughby Harry Thompson          (s.a.)
1974 - 1976                Norman Derek Matthews              (b. 1922 - d. 1976)
1977 - 1980                Gwilym Wyn Jones                   (b. 1926 - d. 1993)
1980 - 18 Dec 1984         David Kenneth Hay Dale             (b. 1927 - d. 2001)
1985 - 1987                Arthur Christopher Watson          (b. 1927 - d. 2001)
1987 - 1990                Christopher J. Turner              (b. 1933)
23 May 1990 - 1993         David George Pendleton Taylor      (b. 1933 - d. 2007)
16 Jul 1993 - Sep 1997     Frank Savage                       (b. 1943)
17 Sep 1997 - 28 Apr 2001  Tony Abbott                        (b. 1941)
28 Apr 2001 - 11 May 2001  Howard Archibald Fergus (1st time) (b. 1937)
                             (acting)
11 May 2001 -  2 Apr 2004  Anthony "Tony" J. Longrigg         (b. 1944)
 2 Apr 2004 - 10 May 2004  Sir Howard Archibald Fergus        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)
10 May 2004 -  6 Jul 2007  Deborah Vavasseur Barnes Jones(f)  (b. 1956)
 6 Jul 2007 - 13 Jul 2007  John Skerritt (acting)
13 Jul 2007 - 27 Jul 2007  Sir Howard Archibald Fergus        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)(acting)
27 Jul 2007 - 
 3 Mar 2011  Peter Andrew Waterworth            (b. 1957)
 3 Mar 2011 - 
8 Apr 2011  Sarita Francis (f) (acting)
 8 Apr 2011 -              Adrian Derek Davis

Chief ministers
Jan 1960 - Dec 1970        William Henry Bramble              (b. 1901 - d. 1988)  MLP
Dec 1970 - Nov 1978        Percival Austin Bramble            (b. 1931)            PDP
Nov 1978 - 11 Oct 1991     John Osborne (1st time)            (b. 1936 - d. 2011)  PLM
11 Oct 1991 - 13 Nov 1996  Reuben T. Meade (1st time)         (b. 1952)            NPP 
13 Nov 1996 - 22 Aug 1997  Bertrand Osborne                   (b. 1935)            Non-party
22 Aug 1997 -  5 Apr 2001  David Samuel Brandt                                     Non-party
 5 Apr 2001 -  2 Jun 2006  John Osborne (2nd time)            (s.a.)               NPLM 
 2 Jun 2006 - 10 Sep 2009  Lowell Lewis                       (b. 1952)            MDP
10 Sep 2009 - 27 Sep 2011  Reuben T. Meade (2nd time)         (s.a.)               MCAP
Premier
27 Sep 2011 -              Reuben T. Meade                    (s.a.)               MCAP

Party abbreviations: MCAP = Movement for Change and Prosperity (est.2005); MDP = Montserrat Democratic Party (social democratic, est.2006); MLP = Montserrat Labour Party (est.1952); NPLM = New People's Liberation Movement (former PLM, est.2001);
- Former parties: NPP = National Progressive Party (1991-2005, then part of MCAP); PDP = Progressive Democratic Party (est.1970); PLM = People's Liberation Movement (center-right, predecessor of PPA, 1973-1996, then NPLM); PPA = People's Progressive Alliance (1996-2001, merged into NPLM)








©  Ben Cahoon