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(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Sec.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders


12/31/16      update to India state: Delhi (Lt. Gov.)
12/30/16      updates to China prov: Guangdong (Gov.), Chongqing (Mayor), India state:
                     Dadra and Nagar-Haveli (Admin.), Indonesia prov.: Sulawesi Barat (Gov.)
12/23/16      updates to Curaçao (PM), Moldova (Pres.)
12/20/16      updates to Congo (Kinshasa)(PM), Lebanon (PM), Turks and Caicos (PM), China
                prov.: Qinghai (Gov.)
12/17/16      update to Moldova: Transnistria (PM).
12/16/16      updates to Moldova: Transnistria (Pres.), China prov.: Yunnan (Gov.)
12/15/16      update to U.S. state: North Dakota (Gov.)
12/14/16      updates to Uzbekistan (PM), Order of Malta (Grand Chancellor), Indonesia
                prov.: Sulawesi Barat (Gov.)
12/13/16      updates to Lithuania (PM), Malaysia (King), U.S. city: Sacramento (Mayor).
12/12/16      updates to Italy (PM), New Zealand (PM), China prov.: Jilin (Gov.)
12/10/16      update to Order of Malta (Grand Chancellor).
12/09/16      update to South Korea (acting Pres.)
12/06/16      updates to France (PM), U.S. city: Baltimore (Mayor).
12/05/16      updates to Bermuda (Gov.), India state: Tamil Nadu (PM), U.S. city: Tulsa
                (Mayor).
12/03/16      update to Canada prov.: Yukon (PM).
12/01/16      updates to Thailand (King), Mexico states: Aguascalientes, Oaxaca, Veracruz
                (Gov.), Nicaragua reg.: Costa Caribe Sur (Cordr.)
11/30/16      update to St. Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.)
11/28/16      updates to Montenegro (PM), Yemen (Huthi PM), Georgia: Adjaria (Pres.)
11/23/16      update to Estonia (PM).
11/22/16      update to Czech reg.: Karlovarský (Gov.)
11/21/16      update to Czech reg.: Plzeňský (Gov.)
11/20/16      update to Uzbekistan rep.: Karakalpakstan (PM)
11/18/16      updates to updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Czech reg.: Středočeský (Gov.),
                Russia rep.: Ingushetia (PM).
11/17/16      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovina (Pres.), OIC (Secy.-gen.)
11/16/16      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovina: Brčko (Mayor), Czech reg.: Jihomoravský (Gov.)
11/14/16      updates to Czech reg.: Královéhradecký (Gov.), Uzbekistan rep.: Karakalpakstan
                (PM).
11/12/16      update to Nigeria state: Edo (Gov.)
11/11/16      update to Pakistan prov.: Sindh (Gov.)
11/10/16      updates to Czech reg.: Moravskoslezský (Gov.), INTERPOL (Pres.)
11/09/16      update to Ukraine prov.: Odesa (Gov.)
11/08/16      updates to Czech reg.: Olomoucký (Gov.), United States election results -
                in the presidential election Donald J. Trump (Rep.) wins election with
                about 46.1% of vote (winning about 62.9 million votes) in 30 states with
                306 electoral votes, defeating former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham
                Clinton (f)(Dem.) who wins about 48.2% of vote (with about 65.8 million
                votes) but only 20 states and District of Columbia with 232 electoral
                votes, Gary Johnson (Libertarian) 3.3%, Jill E. Stein (f) (Green) 1%, 
                Evan McMullin (Independent) 0.4%, Darrell Castle (Constitution) 0.14%,
                Gloria LaRiva (f)(Socialism and Liberation) 0.05%, and Rocky De La Fuente
                (Reform & American Delta parties) 0.02%;
         U.S. Congress: elections to all 435 seats in the House of Representatives,
           and to 34 of 100 seats in the Senate. Republicans retain their majorities in 
           the House and in the Senate. In the House of Rep. Republicans will have at
           least 239 seats and Democrats at least 194 seats (previous balance was
           247 Rep. vs. 188 Dem.); while the Senate will be composed of at least 51
           Republicans and at least 48 Democrats (including 2 independents who caucus
           with them)(the previous balance was 54 Rep. vs. 46 Dem.); In 10 Dec 2016
           runoffs in Louisiana, the Republicans win another seat in the Senate (for a
           total of 52) and 2 in the House of Representatives (for a total of 241);
           Party abbreviations: Dem = Democrat, Rep. = Republican, Grn. = Green Party,
           Const. = Constitution, Libt. = Libertarian, Ind. = Independent;
         Governor elections: 
         - Delaware: former Lt. Gov. John Carney (Dem.) defeats Colin Bonini (Rep.),
           Andrew Groff (Grn.) and Sean Goward (Libt.), 58.3%-39.2%-1.4%-1.1%;
         - Indiana: Lt. Gov. Eric Holcomb (Rep.) defeats John R. Gregg (Dem.), Rex
           Bell (Libt.), 51.4%-45.4%-3.2%;
         - Missouri: Eric Greitens (Rep.) defeats Attny. Gen. Chris Koster (Dem.),
           Cisse Spragins (f) (Libt.), Les Turilli Jr. (Ind.), Don Fitz (Grn.),
           51.3%-45.4%-1.5%-1.1%-0.7%;
         - Montana: incumbent Gov. Steve Bullock (Dem.) is re-elected over Greg
           Gianforte (Rep.), and Ted Dunlap (Libt.), 50.2%-46.4%-3.4%;
         - New Hampshire: Chris Sununu (Rep.) defeats Colin Van Ostern (Dem.),
           Max Abramson (Libt.), 49%-46.7%-4.3%;
         - North Carolina: Attny. Gen. Roy A. Cooper (Dem.) defeats incumbent Gov. Pat
           McCrory (Rep.), and Leon Cecil (Libt.) win 49%-48.9%-2.2%;
         - North Dakota: Doug Burgum (Rep.) defeats Marvin Nelson (Dem./NPL),
           Marty Riske (Libt.), 76.7%-19.4%-3.9%;
         - Oregon: incumbent Gov. Kate Brown (f) (Dem.) is elected over Bud Pierce
           (Rep.), Cliff Thomason (Independent Party of Oregon), James Foster (Libt.),
           and Aaron Auer (Const.), 50.5%-43.8%-2.4%-2.2%-1%;
         - Utah: incumbent Gov. Gary Herbert (Rep.) is re-elected over Mike Weinholtz
                (Dem.), Brian Kamerath (Libt.), and Dell Schanze (Ind. American), 66.6%-
                28.7%-2.9%-1.5%;
         - Vermont: Lt. Gov. Phil Scott (Rep.) is elected over Sue Minter (f) (Dem.), 
           and Bill Lee (Liberty Union), 52.9%-44.2%-2.8%;
         - Washington: incumbent Gov. Jay R. Inslee (Dem.) is re-elected over Bill
           Bryant (Rep.), 54.9%-45.5%;
         - West Virginia: Jim Justice (Dem.) defeats Bill Cole (Rep.), Charlotte Jean
           Pritt (f)(Mountain Pty.), David Moran (Libt.), and Phil Hudok (Const.),
           49.1%-42.3%-5.9%-2.1%-0.6%; 
         - American Samoa: incumbent Gov. Lolo Matalasi Moliga (Dem.) is re-elected
           over Faoa Aitofele Sunia (Dem.), and Tuika Tuika (Ind.), 60.2%-35.8%-4%;
         - Puerto Rico: Ricardo Rosselló Nevares (New Progressive [PNP]) defeats David
           Bernier (Popular Democratic [PDP]), Alexandra Lúgaro (f)(Ind.), Manuel Cidre
           (Ind.), María de Lourdes Santiago (f)(Puerto Rican Independence [PIP]), and
           Rafael Bernabe Riefkohl (Party of Working People [PPT]), 41.8%-38.9%-
           11.1%-5.7%-2.1%-0.34%;
         Mayor elections:
         - Baltimore, MD: Catherine Pugh (f)(Dem.) defeats Joshua Harris
(Grn.), and
           Alan Walden (Rep.), 57.4%-10.2%-9.5% with another 22.9% write-in votes,
           mainly for former Mayor Sheila Dixon (f)(Dem.);
         - Fresno, CA: Lee Brand (Rep.) defeats Henry Perea (Dem.), 53.4%-46.3%;
         - Hagåtña, GU: Mayor John Aguon Cruz (Rep.) is re-elected unopposed;
         - Honolulu, HI (runoff): incumbent Mayor Kirk Caldwell (Dem.) is re-elected
           over Charles Djou (Rep.), 52.7%-47.3%;
         - Key West, FL (runoff): incumbent Mayor Greg Cates (Rep.) is re-elected
           defeating write-in candidate Sloan Bashinsky (Ind.), 88.6%-11.4%;
         - Miami-Dade County, FL (runoff): incumbent Mayor Carlos Gimenez (Rep.) is
           re-elected defeating Raquel Regalado (f) (Rep.), 55.8%-44.2%;
         - Richmond, VA: ex-Sec. of State Levar Stoney (Dem.) defeats Jack Berry (Dem.),
           Joe Morrissey (Ind.), Michelle Mosby (f)(Dem.), Jon Baliles (Dem.), Lawrence
           Williams (Ind.), Bruce Tyler (Rep.), and Bobby Junes (Ind.), 36.1%-33.7%-
           21.3%-5.8%-1.7%-0.5%-0.5%-0.4%;
         -
San Juan, PR: incumbent Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz Soto (f)(PDP) is re-elected
           over Leo Díaz Urbina (PNP), Adrián González Costa (PIP), and Antonio Carmona
           Báez (PPT), 52.5%-43.8%-2.8%-0.9%;
              - Washington, DC: Referendum supporting U.S. statehood passes, 85.8%-14.2%.
11/07/16      update to Greece reg.: Anatoliki Makedonia kai Thraki (Gov.)
11/02/16      update to Czech Rep. reg.: Zlínský (Gov.)
11/01/16      updates to Sweden county: Uppsala (Gov.)  OIC (Secy.-gen.)
10/31/16      updates to Lebanon (Pres.), China admin.: Beijing (Mayor).
10/29/16      update to China prov.: Hubei (Gov.)
10/28/16      updates to Parlacen (Pres.), Indonesia prov.: Bangka-Belitung, Banten,
                Gorontalo, Jakarta, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Kyyiv
                (Gov.), Congo (DRC) prov.: Tshuapa (Gov.)
10/25/16      updates to Japan pref.: Niigata (Gov.), Russia rep.: Sakha (PM).
10/23/16      updates to Ethiopia reg.: Oromiya (Pres.), Somalia admin.: HirShabelle (Pres.)
10/20/16      update to Greece reg.: Anatoliki Makedonia kai Thraki (Gov.)
10/19/16      update to Croatia (PM).
10/17/16      updates to Turks and Caicos (Gov.), Somalia state: HirShabelle (Pres.)
10/16/16      update to Seychelles (Pres.)
10/14/16      update to Catholic Church: Jesuits (Supr. Gen.)
10/13/16      update to Thailand (King
Bhumibol Adulyadej dies).
10/12/16      update to Mexico state: Veracruz (Gov.)
10/11/16      update to U.S. govt.: Border Patrol (Chief).
10/10/16      updates to Cyprus: UNFICYP (Cdr.), Estonia (Pres.), Turks and Caicos (Gov.)
10/07/16      update to Kazakhstan prov.: Zapadno-Kazakhstan (Gov.)
10/06/16      updates to Russia admin.: Kaliningrad (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Mykolayiv (Gov.),
                     Armenia prov.: Syunik (Gov.), Peru reg.: Áncash (Pres.), Venezuela state:
                     Cojedes (Gov.)
10/05/16      updates to Sark (Pres. Chief Pleas), Russia rep.: Sakha (PM).
10/04/16      updates for Isle of Man (PM), Mexico state: Chihuahua (Gov.), India state:
                     Dadra and Nagar-Haveli (Admin.)
10/03/16      update to Falkland Islands (Chf. Exec.)
10/01/16      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), Mexico state: Tamaulipas (Gov.), IsDB
                (Pres.), Sweden counties: Jönköping, Kronoberg, Skåne (Gov.)
09/29/16      update to Gabon (PM).
09/28/16      updates to New Zealand (Gov.-gen.), St. Helena: Tristan da Cunha (Admin.),
                     Russia rep.: Adygeya (PM).
09/25/16      update to Mexico state: Quintana Roo (Gov.)
09/22/16      update to Russia rep.: Karachayevo-Cherkessia (PM).
09/20/16      update to French Holy Land Domain (Cons.-gen.)
09/18/16      update to Non-Aligned Movement (Chair.)
09/15/16      update to Mexico state: Durango (Gov.)
09/14/16      updates to China prov.: Hubei (Gov.), Tianjin (Mayor), U.S. govt.:
                Library of Congress (Libr.)
09/13/16      updates to Armenia (PM), China city: Tianjin (Secy.), India state:
                Arunachal-Pradesh (Gov.), Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.),
                Netherlands prov.: Friesland (Gov.), UN (Asmb Prs.)
09/12/16      update to Mexico state: Zacatecas (Gov.)
09/09/16      update to Ukraine prov.: Kyyiv (Gov.)
09/08/16      updates to Kazakhstan (PM), Uzbekistan (Pres.), India state: Madhya Pradesh
                     (Gov.)
09/05/16      updates to China prov.: Hunan (Gov.), Mexico state: Hidalgo (Gov.)
09/03/16      update to São Tomé and Príncipe (Pres.)
09/02/16      updates to Uzbekistan (Pres.), India state: Tamil Nadu (Gov.)
09/01/16      updates to China prov.: Anhui (Gov.), Kosovo (EUSR, KFOR Cmdr.), CBSS
                (Dir.-gen.), Sweden county: Uppsala (Gov.)
08/31/16      updates to Brazil (Pres.), New Zealand (Gov.-Gen.), Australia
                state: Northern Terr. (PM), Ukraine prov.: Zhytomyr (Gov.)
08/30/16      update to U.S. city elections: Miami-Dade County: Mayor Carlos Gimenez (Rep.),
                     Raquel Regalado (f)(Rep.), Frederick Byrant (Ind.), Alfred Santamaria
                    (Rep.), B.J. Chiszar (Dem.), Farid Khavari (Ind.), Miguel Eizmendiz (Ind.) win
                     47.6%-32%-8.9%-8.7%-1%-1.2%-0.60%, a runoff between Gimenez and Regalado will
                     be held on 8 Nov 2016; Key West, FL: Mayor Craig Cates (Rep.) defeats Randy
                     Becker (Ind.) and Ed Karsch (Ind.), 62.5%-30.4%-7%, a runoff between Cates
                     and write in candidate Sloan Bashinsky (Ind.) will be held on 8 Nov 2016.
08/29/16      updates to Ukraine prov.: Kharkiv (Gov.), China prov.: Anhui, Nei Mongol
                Xinjiang (Party Secy.) and Shanxi (Gov.)
08/28/16      updates to China prov.: Hunan, Yunnan, Xizang (Party Secy.)
08/27/16      update to Tunisia (PM).
08/24/16      update to Solomon Islands prov.: Central (PM).
08/22/16      updates to India states: Assam, Punjab (Gov.), Andaman & Nicobar Is (Lt. Gov.),
                     Solomon Islands prov.: Honiara (Mayor).
08/21/16      update to India state: Manipur (Gov.)
08/19/16      update to OSCE (National Minorities High Com.)
08/17/16      update to Russia: Chechnya (Emir).
08/15/16      update to Yemen (Huthi Pres.)
08/13/16      update to U.S. mayor election: Honolulu, HI: Mayor Kirk Caldwell (Dem.) wins
                44.6% of the vote, Charles Djou (Rep.) 43.7%, and former Mayor Peter B.
                Carlisle (Ind.) 9.4%, a runoff will be held on 8 Nov 2016.
08/10/16      update to Solomon Islands prov.: Western (PM).
08/07/16      update to India state: Gujarat (PM).
08/05/16      updates to Georgia: Abkhazia (PM), Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
08/04/16      updates to Nepal (PM), U.S. govt.: NGB (Chief).
08/02/16      updates to Bermuda (Gov.), Japan pref.: Tokyo (Gov.)
08/01/16      updates to Iceland (Pres.), ACS (Secy.-gen.), OPEC (Sec.-gen.), Sweden
                county: Skåne (Gov.)
07/31/16      update to Pakistan: Azad Kashmir (PM).
07/29/16      update to Pakistan prov.: Sindh (PM).
07/28/16      updates to Peru (Pres., PM), Russia admin: Krymskiy, Severo-Kavkazskiy,
                Severo-Zapadny, Sibirskiy, Yuzhny (Plenp.), Kaliningrad, Kirov, Sevastopol,
                Yaroslavl (Gov.), Japan pref.: Kagoshima (Gov.), U.S.: DNC (Chair.)
07/26/16      update to Georgia: Abkhazia (PM).
07/23/16      update to Parlandio (Pres.)
07/17/16      update to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (PM).
07/16/16      updates to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (PM), Sudan: Darfur TRDA (dissolved)
                and COI (Secy.-gen.), WCO (Council Pres.)
07/15/16      update to Georgia: Adjaria (PM).
07/14/16      update to United Kingdom: Northern Ireland (Secy. of State).
07/13/16      update to United Kingdom (PM).
07/12/16      update to Western Sahara (Pres.)
07/10/16      update to Bosnia-Hercegovnia canton: Una-Sana (PM).
07/08/16      updates to Austria (Pres.), China prov.: Jiangxi (Gov.). U.S. govt.: Treasury
                Dept. (Treasurer).
07/07/16      updates to Mongolia (PM), Sweden county: Kalmar (Gov.)
07/06/16      update to Australia: Norfolk Island (Mayor).
07/05/16      update to OSCE (Parl. Pres.)
04/04/16      update to China prov.: Zhejiang (Gov.)
07/03/16      updates to Syria (PM), Sark (Seigneur), China prov.: Ningxia Hui (Gov.)
07/01/16      updates to U.S. city: Norfolk, VA (Mayor), Palau state: Kayangel (Gov.);
                Swiss cantons: Basel-Land, Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden and Schwyz;
                Arab League (Secy.-gen.), U.S. govt.: Air Force (CoS).
06/30/16      updates to The Philippines (Pres.), China prov.: Jiangsu, Shanxi (Party Secy.)
06/29/16      updates to Ukraine prov.: Mykolayiv (Gov.), China prov.: Qinghai (Party Secy.)
06/28/16      updates to China prov.: Jiangxi (Party Secy.), U.S. city election: Tulsa, OK:
                G.T. Bynum (Rep.) defeats Mayor Dewey F. Bartlett, Jr. (Rep.), Tom McCay
                (Ind.), Lawrence Kirkpatrick (Ind.) and Paul Tay (Ind.), 55.8%-38.8%-1.94%-
                1.79%-1.65%.
06/27/19      update to UNEP (Exec. Dir.)
06/25/16      update to U.S. govt.: Solicitor General.
06/23/16      updates to Equatorial Guinea (PM), United Kingdom: referendum votes 51.8% to
                leave the European Union vs. 48.1% to remain.
06/21/16      updates to Japan pref.: Tokyo (Gov.), Kazakhstan admin.: Astana (Akim).
06/20/16      updates to New Caledonia (High Com.), Serbia: Vojvodina (PM).
06/15/16      updates to Andorra (French Rep.), Ethiopia reg.: Benishangul-Gumuz (Admin.),
                     Italy reg.: Trentino-Alto Adige (Pres.)
06/14/16      update to Greece: Mount Athos (Chair.)
06/07/16      updates to Saint Lucia (PM), Wallis and Futuna: Alo (King), U.S. city
                elections: Sacramento, CA: Darrell Steinberg (Dem.) defeats Angelique
                Ashby (f)(Dem.), Tony Lopez (Rep.), Marlene Andrade (f)(Ind.), Michael
                Edwards (Ind.), and Russell Rawlings (Democratic Socialist), 58.9%-26.2%-
                8.8%-1.9%-1.7%-1.2%; San Diego, CA: Mayor Kevin Faulconer (Rep.) is
                re-elected defeating Lori Saldaña (f)(Dem.) and Ed Harris (Dem.), 58.2%-
                22.5%-19.3%.
06/06/16      update to India state: Puducherry (PM).
06/04/16      update to ECOWAS (Chair.)
06/01/16      updates to Jordan (PM), Swiss cantons: Bern, Neuchâtel, St. Gallen, Thurgau,
                and Uri
05/31/16      update to Western Sahara (Pres.)
05/30/16      update to French Polynesia (High Com.)
05/29/16      update to India state: Puducherry (Lt. Gov.)
05/27/16      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Isle of Man (Lt. Gov.)
05/26/16      update to Comoros (Pres.)
05/25/16      updates to India state: Kerala (PM), Indonesia prov.: Kalimantan Tengah,
                Riau, Sumatera Utara (Gov.)
05/24/16      updates to Turkey (PM), India state: Assam (PM), South Africa prov.:
                     KwaZulu-Natal (PM).
05/23/16      updates to Mayotte (Pref.), Comoros states: Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mohéli
                (Gov.)
05/20/16      update to Republic of China (Pres., PM) and prov.: Taiwan, Fukien (Gov.)
05/19/16      update to U.S. govt.: Army Corps of Engineers (Chf. Engr.)
05/18/16      update to U.S. govt.: U.S. Army (Secy.)
05/16/16      update to Syria (rebel PM).
05/17/16      updates to Austria (PM), U.S. city election: Portland, OR: Ted Wheeler (Dem.)
                is elected mayor defeating Jules K. Bailey (Dem.), Sarah Iannarone (f)(Dem.),
                Bruce Broussard (Rep.), Sean Davis (Ind.), David Schor (Ind.), and Jessie
                Sponberg (Ind.), 54.9%-16.4%-11.8%-3.8%-2.69%-2.61%-1.7%.
05/14/16      update to Wallis and Futuna: Alo (King).
05/12/16      updates to Guinea-Bissau (PM), Brazil (acting Pres.), Pious Establishments of
                France in Rome (Amb.)
05/11/16      update to India state: Uttarakhand (PM).
05/10/16      update to Canada prov.: Northwest Territories (Com.)
05/09/16      update to Austria (PM).
05/06/16      update to Canada, Newfoundland: Nunatsiavut (Pres.)
05/04/16      updates to Guernsey (PM), NATO (SACEUR).
05/05/16      update to AMU (Secy.-gen.)
05/03/16      updates to Canada prov.: Manitoba (PM), U.S. city election: Norfolk, VA:
                     Kenny C. Alexander (Dem.) elected mayor defeating Andrew A. Protogyrou (Ind.)
                     and Robert J. McCabe (Dem.), 51.6%-25.3%-22.9%
05/01/16      updates to Swiss cantons: Glarus, Valais, Zürich.
04/30/16      update to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Haut-Lomami (Gov.)
04/29/16      updates to Palau state: Sonsorol (Gov.), Ukraine prov.: Luhan'sk (Gov.)
04/28/16      updates to Ukraine prov.: Rivne, Khmel'nyts'kyy, Kherson (Gov.), Papua New
                Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
04/26/16      update to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Équateur (Gov.)
04/25/16      updates to St. Helena (Gov.), EAC (Secy.-gen.)
04/23/16      update to Congo (Brazzaville)(PM).
04/22/16      updates to Cabo Verde (PM), Laos (Pres., PM).
04/21/16      update to Russian rep.: Karelia (PM).
04/18/16      updates to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Sud-Ubangi, Bas-Uélé, Haut-Uélé (Gov.),
                     Indonesia prov.: Kepulauan Riau (Gov.), Netherlands prov.: Groningen (Gov.)
04/16/16      updates to Cyprus: Northern Cyprus (PM), Wallis and Futuna: Wallis (King, PM).
04/14/16      update to Ukraine (PM).
04/13/16      updates to Kyrgyzstan (PM), Madagascar (PM).
04/12/16      update to Congo (Kinshasa) prov.: Haut-Katanga (Gov.)
04/08/16      updates to Indonesia prov.: Kepulauan Riau (Gov.),  ECOWAS (Pres.)
04/07/16      updates to Iceland (PM), Kosovo (Pres.), Vietnam (PM).
04/06/16      updates to Benin (Pres., PM), Myanmar (State Couns.), Swiss canton: Ticino.
04/05/16      update to U.S. city election: Milwaukee: Mayor Tom Barrett (Dem.) defeats
                     Robert G. Donovan (Ind.), 70.01%-29.7%.
04/04/16      updates to Yemen (PM), India state: Jammu & Kashmir (CM).
04/02/16      updates to Central African Republic (PM), Vietnam (Pres.)
04/01/16      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Reg.), Commonwealth (Secy.-gen.), China prov.:
                     Gansu, Shaanxi (Gov.); Sint Eustatius (Lt. gov.).
03/31/16      update to Br. Indian Ocean Terr. (Admin.)
03/30/16      updates to Central African Republic (Pres.), Myanmar (Pres.), Myanmar states:
                     Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan, regions: Ayeyarwady,
                     Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon (CM) and Naypyidaw
                     (Mayor), China reg.: Nei Mongol (Gov.) 
03/29/16      update to Solomon Islands prov.: Guadalcanal (PM).
03/28/16      updates to Haiti (PM), U.S. city: Juneau (Mayor).
03/27/16      updates to India state: Uttarakhand (PM), China prov.: Shaanxi (Party Secy.)
03/26/16      updates to China prov.: Henan (Gov.), Kazakhstan admin.: Atyrau, Pavlodar,
                Zapadno-Kazakhstan (Gov.)
03/19/16      update to United Kingdom: Wales (Sec. of State).
03/17/16      updates to Bosnia-Hercegovina (Pres.), Sri Lanka prov.: Central (Gov.)
03/15/16      update to U.S. city election: Juneau, AK: Ken Koelsch defeats Karen Crane (f)
                     59.1%-40.3%.
03/14/16      updates to Guernsey (Lt.Gov.), Sri Lanka prov.: Central (Gov.), India state:
                     Dadra and Nagar-Haveli (Admin.)
03/11/16      update to Kiribati (Pres.)
03/10/16      updates to Tokelau (Head of State), Russia rep.: Komi (PM).
03/09/16      updates to Portugal (Pres.), Armenia prov.: Aragatsotn, Shirak (Gov.)
03/05/16      updates to Syria (SNC Pres.), Wallis & Futuna: Sigave (King).
03/04/16      updates to Pakistan prov.: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (Gov.), Islamabad (Mayor).
03/03/16      update to Jamaica (PM).
03/02/16      updates to Afghanistan (NATO Cmdr.), Russia prov.: Tver (Gov.)
03/01/16      update to Russia rep.: North Ossetia-Alania (PM).
02/25/16      update to Haiti (PM).
02/22/16      update to U.S. govt. FDA (Com.)
02/19/16      updates to Russia rep.: North Ossetia (Pres.), Indian state: Arunachal Pradesh
                     (CM).
02/17/16      update to Russia reg.: Zabaikalskiy (Gov.)
02/16/16      update to Sri Lanka prov.: Northern (Gov.)
02/15/16      update to Chad (PM).
02/14/16      update to Haiti (Pres.)
02/12/16      updates to Parlatino (Pres.), Indonesia prov.: Bengkulu, Jambi, Kalimantan
                Selatan, Kalimantan Utara, Kepulauan Riau, Sulawesi Utara, Sumatera
                Barat (Gov.)
02/11/16      updates to Latvia (PM), Vanuatu (PM), Mexico state: Colima (Gov.)
02/07/16      update to Haiti (Pres.)
02/04/16      update to Malaysia state: Kedah (CM).
02/03/16      update to Ukraine prov.: Kiev (Gov.)
02/02/16      update to Russia prov.: Tula (Gov.)
02/01/16      updates to Monaco (Min. of State), Taiwan (ROC)(PM).
01/30/16      update to AU (Chair.)
01/28/16      update to Marshall Islands (Pres.)
01/27/16      update to Nigeria state: Kogi (Gov.)
01/26/16      update to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (CM).
01/25/16      update to CE (Pres. Parl.)
01/22/16      updates to Croatia (PM), Laos (Gen. Secy.), China prov: Sichuan (Gov.)
01/21/16      update to Belgium prov.: Luxembourg (Gov.)
01/20/16      update to Moldova (PM).
01/18/16      updates to Macedonia (PM), Taiwan city: Sinbei (Mayor).
01/19/16      update to Gibraltar (Gov.)
01/16/16      update to AIIB (Pres.)
01/14/16      update to Guatemala (Pres.)
01/13/16      update to Burkina Faso (PM).
01/12/16      updates to Spain region: Catalonia (Pres.), Solomon Islands prov.: Makira
                     and Ulawa (PM), SCO (Secy.-gen.)
01/11/16      updates to Marshall Islands (Pres.), United Kingdom: Northern Ireland (FM),
                French Guiana (Pref.), U.S. state: Louisiana (Gov.), U.S. city: Charleston,
                SC (Mayor), U.S. govt.: Army (Secy.), Venezuela state: Distrito Capital
               (Chief Govt.), Andean Community (Secy.-gen.)
01/10/16      update to U.S. govt: Bureau of Prisons (Supt.)
01/08/16      update to Palau state: Melekeok (Gov.)
01/07/16      updates to India state: Jammu-Kashmir (CM), Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.)
                     and Venezuela states: Anzoátegui, Portuguesa (Gov.)
01/06/16      updates to Venezuela (Vice Pres.), Palau state: Ngaremlengui (Gov.)
01/05/16      update to U.S. city: Savannah (Mayor).
01/04/16      updates to U.S. cities: Philadelphia, Salt Lake City (Mayors), France
                regions: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Languedoc-
           Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, and Normandie (Pres.)
01/02/16      update to U.S. city: Houston (Mayor).
01/01/16      updates to Switzerland (Pres.), U.S. govt.: Dept. of Education (Secy.); Swiss
                cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura, Schaffhausen & Solothurn; and
                France regions: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-
                Charentes, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Languedoc-
                Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie, Normandie (Pres.);
                Norway counties: Aust-Agder, Østfold, Vest-Agder (Gov.); U.S. cities: Akron,
                Columbus,Hartford, Indianapolis, and Memphis (Mayors); IMO (Secy.-gen.),
                Norden (Pres.), OSCE (Chair.), UNHCR (High Com.), WMO (Secy.-Gen.), Mercosur
                (Parl. Pres.), U.S. govt.: Indian Affairs (Asst. Secy.), G-8 (Chair.)

 Recent Additions to WorldStatesmen.org  


09/07/16      added South Vietnam 1967-75 constitution.
06/14/16      added Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

    New Polities and International Organizations


10/05/16      update to Somalia: HirShabelle administration.
07/28/16      update to Russia: federal district Krymskiy (abolished).
07/16/16      update to The Sudan: Darfur TRDA (abolished).
03/31/16      update Nicaragua Autonomous Regions are renamed.
01/30/16      update to Mexico: Distrito Federal becomes Ciudad de México.
01/16/16      update Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) opens.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies


11/01/16      update to Norden (flag).
10/05/16      update to Somalia: HirShabelle (flag).
09/30/16      updates to France regions: Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine,
                and Occitanie (names).
07/12/16      update to U.S.: Washington, DC (draft statehood constitution).
07/01/16      update to Czech Republic (English short-form polity name).
03/06/16      update to Algeria (new constitution).

 International Organization Membership Updates

12/31/16      Denmark and Greece withdraw from UNIDO.
12/28/16      Philippines the 50th member of AIIB.
12/05/16      Tonga the 166th member of IOM.
11/30/16      Uzbekistan the 49th member of AIIB.
11/30/16      Indonesia suspends membership in OPEC.
11/29/16      Belarus the 172nd member of IMO.
11/27/16      New Caledonia an associate member of OIF.
11/16/16      Honduras the 103rd member of IMSO.
10/27/16      Cook Islands the 189th member of WIPO.
10/24/16      Swaziland the 171st member of IPU.
10/13/16      Maldives withdraws from the Commonwealth.
09/21/16      Myanmar and Swaziland the 165th & 166th members of CTBTO.
09/19/16      IOM becomes part of the UN system.
09/10/16      French Polynesia, New Caledonia full members of PIF.
09/05/16      South Sudan the 6th member of EAC.
08/19/16      Australia withdraws from UNWTO.
07/29/16      Afghanistan the 164th member of WTO.
07/14/16      Liberia the 163rd member of WTO.
07/01/16      Latvia the 35th member of OECD.
07/01/16      Gabon rejoins OPEC.
06/30/16      China, Solomon Islands & Tuvalu members of IOM.
06/16/16      Azerbaijan the 168th member of ISA.
06/13/16      The Bahamas the 121st member of PCA.
06/04/16      Saint Martin an associate member of ACS.
05/15/16      Guyana the 57th member of IDB.
04/29/16      South Arabia admitted to the UNPO.
04/12/16      Nauru the 189th member of IBRD and IMF.
04/17/16      Djibouti the 120th member of PCA.
04/07/16      Martinique the 3rd associate member of OECS.
03/20/16      Comoros, Egypt and Guyana rejoin the IPU.
03/08/16      Fiji the 102nd member of IMSO.
03/03/16      El Salvador the 124th member of ICCt.
02/24/16      Tonga the 187th member of ILO.
02/16/16      Turkmenistan the 168th member of IAEA.
02/09/16      Kiribati the 170th member of UNIDO.
01/16/16      the AIIB opens.
01/15/16      China the 67th member of EBRD.
01/05/16      Kosovo the 119th member of PCA.
01/01/16      Indonesia rejoins OPEC.

  2016 International & U.S. Elections


 
Date

 
Location

 
Election Type

 4 Jan 2016 Marshall Islands
president (indirect)
 7 Jan 2016 Kiribati
parliament
(2nd round)
10 Jan 2016 Catalonia (Spain)
president
(by parliament)
16 Jan 2016
Republic of China
(Taiwan)

president,
parliament
17 Jan 2016
Haiti
president (runoff)
(delayed)
17 Jan 2016
Veneto Region
(Italy)

advisory referendum
on independence
(cancelled)
22 Jan 2016
Vanuatu
parliament
24 Jan 2016
Haiti
president (runoff)
(postponed)
24 Jan 2016
Portugal
president
27 Jan 2016
Marshall Islands
president (indirect)
(repeat)
31 Jan 2016
Central African Rep.
president (runoff)
(delayed)
14 Feb 2016
Central African Rep.
president (runoff)
14 Feb 2016
Haiti
interim president
(by parliament)
18 Feb 2016
Uganda
president,
parliament
21 Feb 2016
Bolivia
referendum on new
presidential term
21 Feb 2016
Comoros
president
21-22 Feb 2016
Niger
president,
parliament
25 Feb 2016
Jamaica
parliament
26 Feb 2016
Iran
parliament, senate
26 Feb 2016
Ireland
parliament
26 Feb 2016
Kosovo
president
(by parliament)
28 Feb 2016
Benin
president
(delayed)
28 Feb 2016
Switzerland
referendums
Feb - 19 Mar 2016
Western Sahara
parliament
 3-24 Mar 2016
New Zealand
referendum on flag
(2nd round)
 4 Mar 2016
Samoa
parliament
 5 Mar 2016
Slovakia
parliament
 6 Mar 2016
Benin
president
 9 Mar 2016
Kiribati
president
 9 Mar 2016
Tristan da Cunha
(Saint Helena)
island council
15 Mar 2016
Myanmar
president
(by parliament)
15 Mar 2016
Juneau, AK (US)
mayor
17 Mar 2016
Myanmar
president
(by parliament)

(date moved up)
18 Mar 2016
Isle of Man (UK)
local authority
20 Mar 2016
Benin
president (runoff)
20 Mar 2016
Cabo Verde
parliament
20 Mar 2016
Congo (Brazzaville)
president
20 Mar 2016
Kazakhstan
parliament
20 Mar 2016
Laos
parliament
20 Mar 2016
Niger
president (runoff)
20 Mar 2016
Senegal
constitutional referendum
20 Mar 2016
Tibetan Exile Govt.
parliament
20 Mar 2016
Zanzibar (Tanzania)
president (rerun),
parliament (rerun)
 1 Apr 2016
San Marino
captains-regent
 2 Apr 2016
Vietnam
president
(by parliament)
 5 Apr 2016
Milwaukee, WI (US)
mayor
 8 Apr 2016
Djibouti
president
10 Apr 2016
Chad
president
10 Apr 2016
Comoros
president (runoff)
10 Apr 2016
Peru
parliament,
president
11-13 Apr 2016
Darfur (Sudan)
referendum on
administrative
status
13 Apr 2016
South Korea
parliament
13 Apr 2016
Syria
parliament
19 Apr 2016
Laos
president
(by parliament)
24 Apr 2016
Austria
president
24 Apr 2016
Equatorial Guinea
president
24 Apr 2016
Haiti
president (runoff),
parliament
(postponed)

24 Apr 2016
Macedonia, FYR
parliament
(delayed)
24 Apr 2016
Serbia
parliament
24 Apr 2016
Vojvodina (Serbia)
assembly
25 Apr 2016
Ireland
senate (indirect)
27 Apr 2016 Guernsey (UK)
parliament
29 Apr 2016 Iran
parliament (runoff)
 3 May 2016 Norfolk, VA (US) mayor
 5 May 2016
Northern Ireland(UK)
parliament
 5 May 2016 Scotland (UK)
parliament
 5 May 2016 Wales (UK)
parliament
 9 May 2016 The Philippines
president, parliament, senate
 9 May 2016 Muslim Mindanao
(Philippines)

governor
11 May 2016 Comoros
president (runoff)
(partial re-run)
15 May 2016
Dominican Republic
president, parliament, senate
17 May 2016 Portland, OR (US)
mayor
22 May 2016
Austria
president (runoff)
22 May 2016
Cyprus
parliament
22 May 2016
Tajikistan
constitutional referendum
22 May 2016
Vietnam
parliament, senate
28 May 2016
Norfolk Island
(Australia)

regional council
 1 Jun 2016
Somaliland (Somalia)
president, parliament, senate
(postponed)
 5 Jun 2016
Macedonia FYR
parliament
(cancelled)
 5 Jun 2016
Peru
president (runoff)
 5 Jun 2016
Switzerland
referendums
 6 Jun 2016
Saint Lucia
parliament
 7 Jun 2016
Sacramento, CA (US)
mayor
 7 Jun 2016
San Diego, CA (US)
mayor
15 Jun 2016
Central State
(Somalia)

president (indirect)
(postponed)
23 Jun 2016
United Kingdom
referendum on
EU membership
25 Jun 2016
Iceland
president
26 Jun 2016
Spain
parliament (2nd try)
28 Jun 2016
Tulsa, OK (US) mayor
29 Jun 2016
Mongolia
parliament
 2 Jul 2016 Australia
parliament, senate
 6 Jul 2016 Norfolk Island
(Australia)

mayor
(by region council)

 9 Jul 2016 Nauru parliament
 9 Jul 2016 Western Sahara
president
(by parliament)
10 Jul 2016 Abkhazia (Georgia)
referendum on early
president election
10 Jul 2016
Japan
senate
13 Jul 2016 Nauru
president
(by parliament)
17 Jul 2016 São Tomé and Príncipe president
18 Jul 2016 African Union
commission chair
(internal)(1st try)
 7 Aug 2016 São Tomé and Príncipe president (runoff)
 7 Aug 2016 Thailand
new constitution referendum
11 Aug 2016
Zambia
president, parliament,
constitutional
referendum

13 Aug 2016
Honolulu, HI (US)
mayor
28 Aug 2016
Gabon
president
29 Aug 2016
Estonia
president (1st try)
(by parliament)
30 Aug 2016
Estonia
president (2nd try)
(by parliament)
30 Aug 2016
Key West, FL (US)
mayor
30 Aug 2016
Miami-Dade, FL (US) mayor
Aug 2016
South Ossetia (Georgia)
constitutional referendum (postponed)
 1 Sep 2016
Ascension Island (Saint Helena)(UK)
island council
 4 Sep 2016
Hong Kong (China)
legislative council
(indirect)

 8-10 Sep 2016
Seychelles
parliament
11 Sep 2016
Belarus
parliament
11 Sep 2016
Cape Verde
president
(delayed)
11 Sep 2016
Croatia
parliament
18 Sep 2016
Chechnya (Russia)
president
18 Sep 2016
Russia
parliament
20 Sep 2016
Jordan
parliament
22 Sep 2016
Isle of Man (UK)
parliament
24 Sep 2016
Estonia
president (3rd try)
(indirect)
24 Sep-10 Oct 2016
Somalia
parliament
(
indirect)(delayed)
25 Sep 2016
Basque Country
(Spain)

parliament
25 Sep 2016
Republika Srpska
(Bosnia-Hercegovina)
referendum on 9 Jan
as
Republika Srpska
national day

25 Sep 2016
Somalia
senate (indirect)
(delayed)
25 Sep 2016
Switzerland
referendums
26 Sep 2016
Azerbaijan
constitution
referendum
26 Sep 2016
Sint Maarten (Neth.)
parliament
30 Sep 2016
Curaçao (Neth.)
parliament
(postponed)
 1 Oct 2016
San Marino
captains-regent
 2 Oct 2016 Austria
president (runoff)
(re-run)
(delayed)
 2 Oct 2016 Brčko District
(
Bosnia-Hercegovina)
city assembly
 2 Oct 2016 Cape Verde
president
 2 Oct 2016 Colombia
referendum on peace
process with FARC
 2 Oct 2016 Hungary
referendum on
EU migrant plan
 3 Oct 2016 Estonia
president (4th try)
(by parliament)
 5 Oct 2016 Curaçao (Neth.)
parliament
 5 Oct 2016 Sark (Guernsey)(UK)
president of
chief pleas

(
by chief pleas)
 6 Oct 2016 United Nations
secretary-general
(internal)

 7-8 Oct 2016 Czech Republic
senate (indirect)
 7 Oct 2016
Morocco
parliament
 8 Oct 2016
Georgia
parliament
 9 Oct 2016 Haiti
president (re-run)
(postponed)
 9 Oct 2016
Lithuania
parliament
10 Oct 2016 Somalia
senate (indirect)
14 Oct 2016 Malaysia
king
(by rulers council)

15 Oct 2016
Afghanistan
parliament
16 Oct 2016 Azores (Portugal) parliament
16 Oct 2016 Montenegro
parliament
18 Oct 2016 Hiiraan-Shabelle
Admin. (Somalia)
president (indirect)
23 Oct 2016 Lithuania
parliament
(2nd round)
23 Oct-10 Nov 2016 Somalia
parliament
(indirect)
29 Oct 2016 Iceland
parliament
30 Oct 2016 Côte d'Ivoire
constitution
referendum
30 Oct 2016 Moldova
president
30 Oct 2016 Somalia
president
(
by parliament)
(delayed)
31 Oct 2016 Lebanon
president (45th try)
(by parliament)
 1 Nov 2016
Alderney (Guernsey)
(UK)

president
 1 Nov 2016
Palau
president, senate,
parliament

 6 Nov 2016
Bulgaria
president,
referendum on
political reforms
 6 Nov 2016
Nicaragua
president,
parliament
 7 Nov 2016
Ghana
president, parliament
(re-scheduled)
 8 Nov 2016
American Samoa (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Hagåtña, Guam (US)
mayor
 8 Nov 2016
Northern Mariana
Islands (US)

parliament, senate
 8 Nov 2016
Puerto Rico (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
San Juan, PR (US)
mayor
 8 Nov 2016
United States
president, senate,
house of rep.

 8 Nov 2016
Delaware (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Indiana (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Missouri (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Montana (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
New Hampshire (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
North Carolina (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
North Dakota (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Oregon (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Utah (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Vermont (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Washington (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
West Virginia (US)
governor
 8 Nov 2016
Baltimore, MD (US)
mayor
 8 Nov 2016
Fresno, CA (US)
mayor
 8 Nov 2016
Honolulu, HI (US)
mayor (runoff)
 8 Nov 2016
Key West, FL (US)
mayor (runoff)
 8 Nov 2016
Miami-Dade, FL (US)
mayor (runoff)
 8 Nov 2016
Richmond, VA (US)
mayor
 8 Nov 2016
Washington, DC (US)
statehood referendum
 9 Nov 2016
Pitcairn Is. (UK)
mayor
13 Nov 2016
Bulgaria
president (runoff)
13 Nov 2016
Moldova
president (runoff)
15 Nov 2016
Brčko District
(
Bosnia-Hercegovina)
mayor
(by city assembly
)
20 Nov 2016
Gagauzia (Moldova)
local assembly
20 Nov 2016
Haiti
president
(rescheduled)
20 Nov 2016
San Marino
parliament
24 Nov 2016
Grenada
constitutional referendum
26 Nov 2016
Alderney (Guernsey)
parliament
26 Nov 2016
Kuwait
parliament
27 Nov 2016
Congo (Kinshasa)
president,
parliament

(delayed)
27 Nov 2016
Switzerland
referendum
30 Nov 2016
Somalia
president (2nd try)
(by parliament)
(postponed)
 1 Dec 2016
The Gambia
president
 4 Dec 2016
Austria
president (runoff)
(re-run)
 4 Dec 2016
Italy
referendum on
constitution changes
 4 Dec 2016
Uzbekistan
president
 5 Dec 2016
Turks & Caicos (UK) parliament
(rescheduled)
 7 Dec 2016
Ghana
president,
parliament

 7 Dec 2016
Switzerland
president
(by parliament)
11 Dec 2016
Kyrgyzstan
constitutional
referendums
11 Dec 2016
Macedonia FYR
parliament
11 Dec 2016
Romania
parliament, senate
11 Dec 2016
Transnistria (Moldova)
president
14 Dec 2016
Sark (Guernsey)(UK)
parliament
15 Dec 2016
Somaliland (Somalia)
parliament
(postponed)
15 Dec 2016
Turks & Caicos (UK)
parliament
17 Dec 2016
Côte d'Ivoire
parliament, senate
(indirect)
27 Dec 2016
Gabon
parliament
(postponed)
28 Dec 2016
Somalia
president
(by parliament)
(delayed)




Sources: Herrera Electoral Calendar, IFES Election Guide, Ballotpedia and IPU .

Contact:  To suggest additions, corrections, updates or to request academic or private use please e-mail the Editor
 type the words Statesmen or Update in the subject line to avoid the spam filter.

© Ben M. Cahoon