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Italian states before 1861  A-N


Noble titles: signore/signora = lord/lady; conte/contessa = count/countess; marchese/marchesa = marquess/marchioness; principe/principessa = prince/princess; duca/duchessa = duke/duchess;  granduca/granduchessa = grand duke/grand duchess; re/regina = king/queen.
 
Ecclesiastical titles:
arcivescovo = archbishop; cardinale = cardinal; vescovo = bishop

Ancona: see under Papal State
Avignon: see under France
Bellinzona: see Ticino under Swiss Cantons


Benevento: see under Papal State
Bologna: see under Papal State


Brixen (Bressanone)

Brixen Bishopric Flag to
                1801
                to 1801

Map of Bishopric
of Brixen
Capital: Brixen (Bressanone)
 Population: N/A

796                        Bishopric of Seben (Hochstift Säben).
1027                       Bishopric of Brixen (Hochstift Brixen)
1179                       Bishops of Brixen also Princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
 9 Mar 1801                Secularized and annexed to Austria.
 4 Feb 1803                Incorporated into Austrian Tyrol (see Austrian Crownlands).
26 Dec 1805                Annexed to Bavaria.
28 Feb 1810                Annexed to the Kingdom of Italy (see Lombardy) as
                             the département Haut-Adige (Alto Adige).
30 May 1814                Restored into Austria.

 3 Nov 1918                Annexed to Italy.

Prince-Bishops (title Fürstbischof zu Brixen/Principe vescovo di Bressanone)
15 Nov 1685 -  3 Apr 1702  Johann Franz Reichsgraf von Khuen zu    (b. 1649 - d. 1702)
                             Liechtenberg (ordained 29 Jun 1687)
 8 Jun 1702 -  2 Jul 1747  Kaspar Ignaz Freiherr von Künigle       (b. 1671 - d. 1747)
                             zu Ehrenburg (ordained 24 Jun 1703)
18 Oct 1747 - 31 Dec 1778  Leopold Maria Joseph Graf von Spaur     (b. 1696 - d. 1778)
31 Dec 1778 -  2 Mar 1779  Ignaz Franz Reichsgraf von Spaur        (b. 1729 - d. 1779)
26 May 1779 - 26 May 1791  Joseph Philipp Reichsgraf von Spaur     (b. 1718 - d. 1791)
16 Aug 1791 -  9 Mar 1801  Franz Karl Graf von Lodron              (b. 1748 - d. 1828)
                             (ordained 25 Mar 1792)



Camerino

Map of Camerino
Capital: Camerino
 Population: N/A

c.1000                     Camerino a free commune.
1262                       Lordship of Camerino
Sep 1433 - 26 Nov 1443     Occupied by Milan.
20 Jul 1502 - 25 Oct 1503  Papal occupation under Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino.
30 Apr 1515                Duchy of Camerino
14 Oct 1539 - 11 Jul 1541  Papal rule.
11 Jul 1541                Given to Ottavio Farnese, relative of the Pope.
24 Aug 1545                Re-incorporated into Papal State.

Lords (title Signore di Camerino)
1399 -  2 May 1424         Rodolfo III da Varano                   (b. 135. - d. 1424)
 2 May 1424 -  6 Sep 1433  Gentile Pandolfo da Varano              (b. 138. - d. 1434)
                           - jointly with the following three -
 2 May 1424 -  6 Sep 1433  Giovanni II da Varano                   (b. 139. - d. 1434)
 2 May 1424 -  6 Sep 1433  Pier Gentile da Varano                  (b. 1400 - d. 1433)
Sep 1433 - 26 Nov 1443     occupied by Milan
23 Nov 1443 - 1464         Rodolfo IV da Varano                    (b. 1426 - d. 1464)
                           - jointly with -
23 Nov 1443 - 20 Jul 1502  Giulio Cesare da Varano                 (b. 1434 - d. 1502)
21 Jul 1502 - 25 Oct 1503  Papal rule
 2 Sep 1502 - 25 Oct 1503  Giovanni Borgia, duca di Nepi           (b. 1498 - d. 1548)
                             (nominal Duke of Urbino)
25 Oct 1503 - 30 Apr 1515  Giovanni Maria da Varano                (b. 1481 - d. 1527)
Dukes (title Duca di Camerino)
30 Apr 1515 - 1521         Giovanni Maria (1s time)                (s.a.)
1521 - 22 Jun 1522         Sigismondo                              (b. 1499 - d. 1522)
22 Jun 1522 - 10 Aug 1527  Giovanni Maria (2nd time)               (s.a.)
10 Aug 1527 - 16 Dec 1534  Giulia (f)                              (b. 1523 - d. 1547)
10 Aug 1527 - 16 Dec 1534  Caterina Cybo (f) -Regent               (b. 1501 - d. 1557)
16 Dec 1534 - 14 Oct 1539  the dukes of Urbino
Papal Commissioner General
14 Oct 1539 - 11 Jul 1541  Filippo Archinto, vescovo di Borgo      (b. 1500 - d. 1558)
Duke (title Duca di Camerino)
11 Jul 1541 - 24 Aug 1545  Ottavio Farnese                         (b. 1524 - d. 1586)


Carrara: see Massa and Carrara


Castiglione delle Stiviere

Map of Castiglione
Capital: Castiglione
 delle Stiviere
 Population: N/A

1444                       Lordship of Castiglione delle Stiviere
22 Sep 1493                Lords made princes of Holy Roman Empire.
 
7 Jun 1559                Granted the imperial right of primogeniture. 
 4 Dec 1574                Marquisate of
Castiglione delle Stiviere
23 Dec 1691                Ruler exiled by uprising, Castiglione is placed under
                             Imperial administration.
24 Dec 1691 - 1773         Attached to the Duchy of Milan (see Lombardy). 
1702 - 1707                French occupation.
 3 Jun 1773                Annexed by Austria (incorporated into Milan).  
             
Lords (title Signore di Castel Goffredo, Castiglione e Solferino)
1444 - 16 Jan 1466         Alessandro                              (b. 1415 - d. 1466)
16 Jan 1466 - 22 Sep 1493  Rodolfo                                 (b. 1452 - d. 1495)
Princes (title Principe di Castiglione delle Stiviere)
22 Sep 1493 -  6 Jul 1495  Rodolfo                                 (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1495 - 19 Jan 1511  Ludovico                                (b. 1460 - d. 1511)
19 Jan 1511 - 19 Jul 1549  Aloisio (Luigi Alessandro)              (b. 1494 - d. 1549)
19 Jul 1549 -  4 Dec 1574  Ferrante                                (b. 1544 - d. 1586)
19 Jul 1549 -  2 Mar 1553  Ercole Cardinale Gonzaga -Regent        (b. 1505 - d. 1553)
Marquesses
(title Marchese di Castiglione delle Stiviere)
 4 Dec 1574 - 15 Feb 1586  Ferrante                                (s.a.)
15 Feb 1586 -  3 Jan 1593  Rodolfo                                 (b. 1569 - d. 1593)
 3 Jan 1593 - 23 Oct 1616  Francesco                               (b. 1577 - d. 1612)
23 Oct 1616 - 22 Feb 1636  Luigi I                                 (b. 1611 - d. 1636)
23 Oct 1616 - 20 Jan 162Cristierno marchese di Solferino-Regent (b. 1580 - d. 1630)
22 Feb 1636 - 23 Apr 1675  Ferdinando II                           (b. 1614 - d. 1675)
23 Apr 1675 - 21 May 1680  Carlo                                   (b. 1616 - d. 1680)
21 May 1680 - 23 Dec 1691  Ferdinando III                          (b. 1648 - d. 1723)
                             (in exile to 13 Feb 1723)
13 Feb 1723 -  7 Nov 1746  Luigi II (in exile)                     (b. 1680 - d. 1746)
 7 Nov 1746 -  3 Jun 1773  Luigi III (in exile)                    (b. 1745 - d. 1819)

Castro

Map of Castro
Capital: Castro
 Population: N/A

31 Oct 1537                Duchy of Castro, separated from Papal State.
 
2 Sep 1649                Annexed to Papal State.

Dukes
(title Duca di Castro e Ronciglione)
31 Oct 1537 – 10 Sep 1547  Pier Luigi                         (b. 1503 – d. 1547)
10 Sep 1547 – 18 Jul 1553  Orazio                             (b. 1532 – d. 1553)
18 Jul 1553 – 18 Sep 1586  Ottavio                            (b. 1524 – d. 1586)
18 Sep 1586 –  3 Dec 1592  Alessandro                         (b. 1545 – d. 1592)
 3 Dec 1592 –  5 Mar 1622  Ranuccio I                         (b. 1569 – d. 1622)
 5 Mar 1622 – 11 Sep 1646  Odoardo                            (b. 1612 – d. 1646)
11 Sep 1646 –  2 Sep 1649  Ranuccio II                        (b. 1630 – d. 1694)

Comacchio: see under Papal State


Correggio


Map of Correggio
Capital: Correggio
 Population: N/A

c.1009                     Lordship of Correggio
Oct 1371 - 1371            Occupied by Gianfrancesco Cagnolo, signore di Gualtieri.
18 May 1452                County of Correggio
13 Feb 1616                Principality of Correggio
1631 - 1634                Confiscated by the Emperor.
1634                       Annexed to Modena.

Lords (title Signore di Correggio)
1307 – 25 Jul 1321         Gilberto III da Correggio          (d. 1321)
                             (also Signore di Parma 1305-1316)
Jul 1321 – Nov 1346        Simone da Correggio
                           - jointly with the following three
Jul 1321 – Nov 1346        Guido IV da Correggio
Jul 1321 – Nov 1346        Azzone da Correggio                (b. 1303 – d. 1362)
Jul 1321 – Nov 1346        Giovanni da Correggio
1346 - 17 Jul 1373         Gilberto IV
da Correggio           (b. c.1320 - d. 1373)
                           - jointly with the following -
1371 - 1389                Guido V
da Correggio               (d. 1398)
1373 - 1410                Pietro
da Correggio                (d. 1410)
1389 - Dec 1446            Gilberto V
da Correggio            (d. 1446)
                           - jointly with the following three -
1389 - 1430                Gherardo VI
da Correggio           (d. 1430)
1389 - 1441                Galasso
da Correggio               (d. 1441)
.... - 1449                Niccolò I
da Correggio             (d. 1449)
1430 - 18 May 1552         Gilberto VI
da Correggio           (b. 1410 - d. 1457)
                           - jointly with the following two
1430 - 18 May 1452         Manfredo I
da Correggio            (d. 1476)
1430 - 18 May 1452         Antonio
da Correggio               (d. 1474)
Counts (title Conte Sovrano di Correggio)
18 May 1452 – Sep 1457     Gilberto VI                        (s.a.)
                           - jointly with the following four
18 May 1452 – Feb 1476     Manfredo I                         (s.a.)
18 May 1452 – 1469         Antonio                            (s.a.)
18 May 1452 – 1495         Niccolò II "il Postumo"            (b. 1450 - d. 1508)
1476 – 26 Aug 1518         Gilberto VII (X)                   (b. 14.. - d. 1518)
                           - jointly with the following three
1476 – Dec 1503            Borso                              (b. c.1450 - d. 1503)
27 May 1517 – 20 Mar 1546  Manfredo II                        (d. 1546)
27 May 1517 – 1531         Gianfrancesco II                   (d. 1531)
1509 – 1517                Giangaleazzo                       (b. 14.. - d. 1517)
16 Dec 1520 –  9 Oct 1572  Gerolamo I                         (b. 1511 - d. 1572)
                           - jointly with the following four
16 Dec 1520 – Dec 1552     Ippolito                           (b. 1520 - d. 1552)
29 Apr 1553 – 22 May 1580  Gilberto VIII                      (b. 1530 - d. 1580)
29 Apr 1553 –  3 Jun 1605  Camillo                            (b. 15.. - d. 1605)
29 Apr 1553 – 1592         Fabrizio                           (b. 15.. - d. 1592)
1591 – 1611                Gerolamo II                        (b. 15.. - d. 1612)
1612 – 13 Feb 1616         Siro                               (b. 1590 - d. 1645)
Prince (title Principe di Correggio)
13 Feb 1616 – 1631         Siro                               (s.a.)

Corsica: see under France

Dalmatia: see under Croatia


Desana

Map of Desana
Capital: Desana
 Population: N/A

15 Sep 1411                Lordship of Desana (Dezana), fief of Montferrat.
1413                       Desana made an Imperial fief.
 3 Jul 1510                County of Desana
1515 - 1529                Under French rule.
1676                       County of Desana annexed to Piedmont.


Lords (title Seigneur de Déciane/Signore di Desana)
1411 - 1439                Ludovico I de Tizzoni              (d. 1439)
1439 - 1459                Antonio Maria I de Tizzoni         (d. 1459)
1459 - 1483                Francesco de Tizzoni               (d. 1485)
1483 - 1510                Ludovico II de Tizzoni             (b. 14.. - d. 1522)
Counts (title Comte de Déciane/Conte de Desana)
1510 - 1515                Ludovico II                        (s.a.)
1515 - 1516                François de Mareuil,
                             seigneur de Montmoreau           (b. 1455 -  d. 15..)
1516 - 1529                Pierre de Berard, seigneur
                             de la Faucaudière
1517 - 1529                Filippo de Tornielli, conte
                             de Briona (administrator)
1529 - 1533                Giovanni Bartolomeo                (d. 1533)
1533 - 1542                Caio Cesare                        (d. 1551)
1542 - 1546                Gabriele (1st time)                (d. 1555)
1546 - 1551                Giovanni Maria                     (d. 1551)
1551 - 1555                Gabriele (2nd time)                (s.a.)
1555 - 1582                Giovanni Agostino                  (d. 1582)
1583 - 1598                Delfino                            (d. 1598)
1598 - 19 Apr 1641         Antonio Maria II                   (d. 1641)
1598 - 1616                Camilla Biandrate (f) -Regent
19 Apr 1641 -  8 Apr 1676  Carlo Giuseppe Francesco           (d. 1676)
19 Apr 1641 - 1652         Costanza Biandrate di
                             San Giorgio (f) -Regent


Faenza


 4 Jan 1313                Hereditary rule by the Manfredi begins.
1302 - 1319                Papal rule.
1322                       Lordship of Faenza
23 Jul 1328 -  8 Jan 1339  Papal rule.
13 Sep 1356 - 27 Apr 1377  Papal rule.
15 Sep 1404 - 28 Jun 1410  Papal rule.
Feb 1424 - 30 Dec 1426     Two castles occupied by Milan.
29 Apr 1501 - 19 Nov 1503  Papal occupation under Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino.
19 Nov 1503 - May 1509     Occupied by Republic of Venice.
May 1509                   Re-incorporated into the Papal State.
 
Lords (title Signore di Faenza)
27 Apr 1377 - 15 Sep 1404  Astorre I (Astorgio) de Manfredi   (b. 135. - d. 1405)
15 Sep 1404 - 28 Jun 1410  Papal rule
28 Jun 1410 - 17 Oct 1417  Giovanni Galeazzo de Manfredi      (b. c.1375 - d. 1417)
17 Oct 1417 - 20 Jun 1448  Guidantonio de Manfredi            (b. 1407 - d. 1448)
                             (Guidaccio)
17 Oct 1417 - Feb 1424     Gentile Malatesta (f) -Regent  
20 Jun 1448 - 12 Mar 1468  Astorre II de Manfredi             (b. 1412 - d. 1468)
12 Mar 1468 - 16 Nov 1477  Carlo II de Manfredi               (b. 1439 - d. 1484)
16 Nov 1477 - 31 May 1488  Galeotto de Manfredi               (b. 1440 - d. 1488)
31 May 1488 - 29 Apr 1501  Astorre III de Manfredi            (b. 1485 - d. 1502)
29 Apr 1501 - 19 Nov 1503  Cesare Borgia                      (b. 1475 - d. 1507)


Ferrara


Map of Ferrara
Capital: Ferrara
 Population: N/A

1115                       Ferrara a free commune.
1240                       Lordship of Ferrara
17 Feb 1264                Hereditary rule of d'Este begins.
10 Oct 1308 - 28 Aug 1309  Ceded to Republic of Venice.
28 Aug 1309 - 22 Aug 1317  Papal rule.
22 Aug 1317                Restored to the d'Este.
14 Apr 1471                Duchy of Ferrara.
16 Jan 1598                Annexed to the Papal State.
19 Jun 1796                French occupation.
 1 Oct 1796                Amministrazione Centrale del Ferrarese (called "Ferraran Republic")
18 Oct 1796                Part of Cispadane Republic.
 2 Jun 1797                Amministrazione Centrale del Departemento del Po.
29 Jun 1797                Part of Cisalpine Republic (see Lombardy).
23 May 1799 - 19 Jan 1801  Austrian occupation, Regia Cesarea Provvisoria Reggenza (Cesarea
                             Provisional Regency) created.
19 Jan 1801                French rule restored, part of Cisalpine Republic/Italian
                             Republic/Kingdom of Italy (see Lombardy).
Jan 1814 - Jul 1815        Austrian occupation.
 7 Apr 1815 - 13 Apr 1815  Occupied by "Sicily" (Naples).
15 Jul 1815                Part of Papal State (restored).
 7 Feb 1831 -  4 Mar 1831  Provisional Regency, in rebellion.
 
4 Mar 1831 -  6 Mar 1861  Part of United Italian Province.
17 Jul 1847 - Dec 1847     Austrian occupation.
 6 Mar 1831 - 15 Mar 1831  Austrian occupation.
14 Jul 1848 - Nov 1848     Austrian occupation.
Nov 1848 - 9 Feb 1849      Provisional government, in rebellion.
 9 Feb 1849 - 18 May 1849  Part of Roman Republic, in rebellion.
18 May 1849 - 22 Jun 1859  Papal rule restored, under Austrian garrison.
Jun 1859                   Provisional government (see Modena).
18 Mar 1860                Annexed by Kingdom of Sardinia.

Marquesses and Lords (title Marchese d'Este, Signore di Ferrara, Modena, Rovigo, etc.)
 
3 Nov 1361 - 26 Mar 1388  Niccolò II (Nicola II)            (b. 1338 - d. 1388)
26 Mar 1388 - 30 Jul 1393  Alberto                           (b. 1347 - d. 1393)
30 Jul 1393 - 26 Dec 1441  Niccolò III (Nicola III)          (b. 1383 - d. 1441)
                            (from 27 Jul 1409 also Signore di Parma)
30 Jul 1393 - 1402         Council of Regency
                           - Filippo de Roberti
                           - Tommaso degli Obizzi 
                           - Bartolomeo della Mella  
                           - Giovanni del Sale
26 Dec 1441 -  1 Oct 1449  Leonello (Lionello)                (b. 1407 - d. 1449)
 1 Oct 1450 - 14 Apr 1471  Borso d'Este                       (b. 1413 - d. 1471)
                            (from 18 May 1452, Duca di Modena e di Reggio, Marchese d'Este)
Dukes
and Marquesses (title Duca di Modena e di Reggio, Marchese d'Este; from 31 Oct 1534,
Duca di Ferrara, di Modena, di Reggio e di Chartres, Marchese d'Este)
14 Apr 1471 - 20 Aug 1471  Borso                              (s.a.)
20 Aug 1471 – 25 Jan 1505  Ercole I                           (b. 1431 – d. 1505)
25 Jan 1505 – 31 Oct 1534  Alfonso I                          (b. 1476 – d. 1534)
31 Oct 1534 –  3 Oct 1559  Ercole II                          (b. 1508 – d. 1559)
 3 Oct 1559 – 27 Oct 1597  Alfonso II                         (b. 1533 – d. 1597)
 3 Oct 1559 - 26 Nov 1559  Renata de Chartres (f) -Regent     (b. 1510 - d. 1574)
27 Oct 1597 - 16 Jan 1598  Cesare                             (b. 1552 – d. 1628)
Provisional Administration
23 Jun 1796 - 1796         Pietro Luigi Todeschi
Presidents of the Central Administration
Oct 1796 - 179.            Giovanni Battista Boldrini         (b. 1766 - d. 1836)
c.Jan 1797                 Giambattista Costabili Containi    (b. 1756 - d. 1841)
c.Mar 1797                 Antonio Massari
c.Apr 1797                 Domenico Gallizioli (1st time)
c.Apr 1797                 Francesco Raspi
c.May 1797 -  2 Jun 1797   Domenico Gallizioli (2nd time)
President of the Regia Cesarea Provvisoria Reggenza in Ferrara
23 May 1799 - 19 Jan 1800  Camillo marchese Bevilacqua        (b. 1745 - d. 1821)
                             Cantelli
Commissioner of the
Regia Cesarea Provvisoria Reggenza in Romagna
23 May 1799 - Jan 1801     Giuseppe Pellegrini (in Ravenna)
Provisional Administration
19 Jan 1801 - 1801         Gaetano Genta                      (b. 1750 - d. 1837)
Chairman of Provisional Regency
 7 Feb 1831 -  4 Mar 1831  Mangello
President of Provincial Government Commission

Nov 1848 -  9 Feb 1849     Carlo Mayr                         (b. 1840 - d. 1882)

French Military Agent
c.Aug 1796 - Dec 1796      Antoine-Romain Hamelin             (b. 1770 - d. 1855) 
Military Commanders
23 Jun 1796 - 29 Jun 1796  Jean Gilles André Robert           (b. 1755 - d. 1797)
29 Jun 1796 - 14 Jul 1796  Etienne Pourailly                  (b. 1763 - d. 1796)
14 Jul 1796 - 23 Mar 1797  Bertrand Yann
23 Mar 1797 - c.1798       Jean-Aimé Lautour                  (b. 1752 - d. 1846)

Finale

[Finale Marquisate Flag
                  (Liguria, Italy)]

Map of Finale
Capital: Finalborgo
(Savona 1162-1179)
 Population: N/A
10 Jun 1162                Lordship of Finale (confirmed 1226) as fief of the Holy
                             Roman Empire.
1185 - 1598                Under the del Carretto dynasty.
 8 May 1449 - 20 Dec 1450  Occupied by Genoa.
1496                       Marquisate of Finale
1558 - 1564                Oc
cupied by Genoa.
1567 - 1602                Imperial administration.
16 May 1598                Sold to the King of Spain, effective on 1602.
1564                       Marquess made a Princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
11 Apr 1571 - 1574         Occupied by Spain.

1602                       Spanish possession confirmed by Holy Roman Emperor.
 1 Nov 1700                After the death of Carlo II, possession is disputed by Spain,
                             Austria, Genoa and Piedmont.
1707 - 1711                Occupied by French and Austrian forces.
20 Aug 1713                Ceded by Spain to Republic of Genoa as a feudal possession.
15 Sep 1746 - 18 Oct 1748  Occupied by Piedmont-Sardinia.
18 Oct 1748                Genoese possession confirmed.
1796 - 1798                French occupation (marquisate abolished 1797).
28 May 1798                Annexed to the Ligurian Republic (see Genoa).

Lords
(title Marchese di Savona e Signore di Finale)
May 1393 - Aug 1412        Lazzarino II del Carretto      (b. 13.. - d. 1412)
Aug 1412 - 1448            Galeotto I
del Carretto        (b. c.1400 - d. 1450)
1448 - 1480                Genoese occupation
1450 - Apr 1468            Giovanni I Lazzarino del       (b. c.1410 - d. 1468)
                            
Carretto
Apr 1468 -  9 Feb 1482     Biagio Galeotto II
del Carretto(b. 1452 - d. 1482)
 9 Feb 1482 - 1496         Alfonso I
del Carretto         (b. 1457 - d. 1523)
Marquesses (title Marchese di Finale)
1496 - 1499                Alfonso I (1st time)           (s.a.)
1499 - 15 Aug 1514         Carlo Domenico (pretender)     (b. 1454 - d. 1514)
1514 - 1523                Alfonso I (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1523 - 30 Jun 1535         Giovanni II                    (b. 1503 - d. 1535)
30 Jun 1535 -  9 Nov 1583  Alfonso II (exiled from 1567)  (b. 1525 - d. 1583)
30 Jun 1535 - 1546         Marcantonio Del Carretto       (b. 1513 - d. 1578)
                             Doria -Regent
1564 - 1566                Giovanni Alberto Del Carretto  (b. c.1460 - d. 1505)
                             di Gorzegno -Regent
 9 Nov 1583 - 1596         Alessandro                     (b. 1528 - d. 1596)
1596 -  2 Mar 1602         Sforza Andrea                  (b. 1534 - d. 1602)
 2 Mar 1602 - 20 Aug 1713  the kings of Spain
1707 - 1711                Carlos (III) (in dissidence)   (b. 1685 - d. 1740)


Fiume: see under Croatia
Florence: see Tuscany


Forlì
1162                       Forì a free commune
1309 - 1315                Papal rule.
 2 Sep 1315                Lordship of Forlì
21 Nov 1331 - 12 Sep 1333  Papal rule, reduced to Forlimpopoli.
 1 Jan 1334 - 21 Jun 1357  Cesena annexed.
 4 Jul 1359 -  5 Jan 1376  Papal rule.
10 Sep 1405 -  7 Jun 1411  Papal rule.
14 May 1423 - 14 Jul 1426  Forì (and from 6 Sep 1423, Forlimpopoli) occupied by Milan.
14 Jul 1426 - 26 Dec 1433  Papal rule.
24 Jul 1436 - 26 May 1438  Papal rule.
 8 Aug 1480                Part of Imola.
19 Dec 1499 - 22 Oct 1503  Papal occupation under Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino.
 7 Apr 1504                Re-incorporated into Papal State.
 
Lords (title Signore di Forlì)
 6 Jan 1376 - 13 Dec 1385  Sinibaldo Ordelaffi                (b. c.1335 - d. 1386)
                           - jointly with -
 6 Jan 1376 - 16 Jul 1402  Pino II Ordelaffi                  (b. c.1356 - d. 1402)
                           - jointly with -
13 Dec 1385 -  8 Sep 1405  Francesco III (Cecco III) Ordelaffi(b. 136. - d. 1405)
 8 Sep 1405 - 10 Sep 1405  Antonio I Ordelaffi (1st time)     (b. 139. - d. 1448)

10 Sep 1405 -  7 Jun 1411  Papal rule
 7 Jun 1411 - 25 Jan 1422  Giorgio Ordelaffi                  (b. 139. - d. 1422)
25 Jan 1422 - 14 May 1423  Teobaldo Ordelaffi                 (b. 1413 - d. 1425)
25 Jan 1422 - 14 May 1423  Lucrezia Alidosi (f) -Regent       (b. 139. - d. c.1460)
14 May 1423 - 14 Jul 1426  occupied by Milan
14 Jul 1426 - 26 Dec 1433  Papal rule
26 Dec 1433 - 11 Jul 1436  Antonio I Ordelaffi (2nd time)     (s.a.)
11 Jul 1436 - 26 May 1438  Papal rule
26 May 1438 -  4 Aug 1448  Antonio I Ordelaffi (3rd time)     (s.a.)
 4 Aug 1448 - 26 Jan 1466  Francesco IV Ordelaffi (Cecco IV)  (b. 1435 – d. 1466)
                           - jointly with -
 4 Aug 1448 - 1454         Caterina Rangoni (f) -Regent       (d. 1467)
 4 Aug 1448 -  9 Feb 1480  Pino III Ordelaffi "il Magnifico"  (b. 1436 - d. 1480)
 9 Feb 1480 -  8 Jul 1480  Sinibaldo II Ordelaffi             (b. 1468 - d. 1480)
 9 Feb 1480 -  8 Jul 1480  Lucrezia Pico (f) -Regent          (b. 1458 - d. 1503)
 8 Jul 1480 -  8 Aug 1480  Antonio II Maria Ordelaffi         (b. 1460 - d. 1504)
                             (1st time)
                           - jointly with -
 8 Jul 1480 -  8 Aug 1480  Francesco V Ordelaffi              (b. 1461 - d. 1488)
 8 Aug 1480 - 19 Dec 1499  the Lords of Imola
19 Dec 1499 - 22 Oct 1503  Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino   (b. 1472 - d. 1507)
22 Oct 1503 -  6 Feb 1504  Antonio II Maria Ordelaffi         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 6 Feb 1504 -  7 Apr 1504  Ludovico Ordelaffi                 (b. 146. - d. 1504)

Fosdinovo
 
Map of Fosdinovo
Capital: Fosdinovo
 Population: N/A

1202                       Commune of Fosdinovo (Fosdenovum).
1289                       Lordship of Fosdinovo
1340 - 1796                Under the Malaspina family.
26 Jan 1355                Marquistate of Fosdinovo
12 Nov 1529                Imperial right of primogeniture granted by Emperor Karl V.
1796                       French occupation.
15 Nov 1796                Part of Transpadane/Cisalpine/Italian Republic (see Lombardy).
1815                       Incorporated into Massa and Carrara.
13 Jun 1859                Annexed, along with Massa and Carrara, by Modena.

Marquesses (title Marchese di Fosdinovo [from 1644 e di Gragnola])
1398 -  9 Apr 1445         Antonio Alberico I               (d. 1445)
                           - jointly with -
1398 - 1405                Gabriele III                     (d. 1405)
 9 Apr 1445 -  3 Feb 1508  Gabriele IV                      (b. 1435/38 - d. 1508)
                           - jointly with following four -
 9 Apr 1445 - 18 Nov 1467  Giacomo I                        (b. 1422/27 - d. 1481)
 9 Apr 1445 - 18 Nov 1467  Spinetta III                     (b. 1436/41 - d. 1505)
 9 Apr 1445 -  4 Jul 1451  Lazzaro                          (b. 1428/29 - d. 1451)
 9 Apr 1445 - 1466         Francesco                        (d. 1485)
 3 Feb 1508 - 1551         Lorenzo                          (d. 1551)
                           - jointly with -
1508 - 1523                Galeotto II                      (d. af.1523)
1551 - 1565                Giuseppe                         (d. 1565)
1565 - 1610                Andrea                           (b. 1544 - d. 1610)
1610 - 1663                Giacomo II                       (b. 1593 - d. 1663)
1663 -  8 Nov 1669         Pasquale                         (b. 1622 – d. 1669)
 8 Nov 1669 - 15 Feb 1671  Ippolito II                      (b. 1628 – d. 1671)
15 Feb 1671 - 1722         Carlo I Agostino                 (b. 1671 – d. 1722)
1722 - 1758                Gabriele V                       (b. 1695 – d. 1758)
1758 - 1796                Carlo II Emanuele                (b. 1752 – d. 1808)


Genoa
 
[Genoa flag]
               c.1218 - 4 Jun 1805;
           26 Apr 1814 - 26 Dec 1814
 
[Republic
                            of Genoa state flag, 1637-1797]
       c.1637 - 14 Jun 1797 State flag
 
 
Map of Republic of Genoa
Currency: 1580-1805 Italian
States Lira (XITL)
Capital: Genoa
 (Genova)
 Constitutions (in Italian)
(2 Dec 1797-1801
24 Jun 1802-1805)

af.780                     County of Genoa
961                        Marca Obertenga (or marca Januensis) created.
1052 - 1099                Ruled by the Bishops of Genoa.
1099                       Genoa a free commune.
1133                       Genoa purchases Portovenere.
1162                       Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa enfeoffs the Riviera from Monaco
                             to Capo Corvo and the Apennines to Genoa.
1261                       Genoa subjugates Ventimiglia.
1276                       Genoa obtains Porto Maurizio.
1284 - 1768                Corsica annexed.

1298 - 28 May 1576         Oneglia enclave a feudal dependency of the Doria.
27 Jul 1318 -  3 Dec 1334  Joint condominium of the Papal State and Kingdom of Naples.

23 Sep 1339                Republic of Genoa, formally the Most Serene Republic of Genoa
                             (Serenissima Repubblica di Genova).

 9 Oct 1353 - 14 Nov 1356  Occupied by Milan (see Lombardy).
27 Nov 1396 -  6 Sep 1409  French occupation.
30 Oct 1409 -  3 Jul 1415  Occupied by Montferrat.
 3 Jul 1415                Republic of Genoa (restored).
23 Nov 1421 - 27 Dec 1435  Occupied by Milan.
11 May 1458 -  9 Mar 1461  French occupation.
16 Apr 1464 –  7 Jul 1478  Occupied by Milan.
 
6 Jan 1488 - 26 Oct 1499  Occupied by Milan.
26 Oct 1499 - 10 Apr 1506  French occupation.

29 Apr 1507 - 29 Jun 1512  French occupation.
 7 Sep 1515 – 31 May 1522  French occupation.
Aug 1527 - 12 Oct 1528     French occupation.

17 Nov 1528                Savona commune annexed.
28 May 1576 - 27 Mar 1801  Port enclave of Oneglia (French: Oneille; modern Imperia) 

                             sold to Savoy.
1580                       Most Serene Republic of Genoa
20 Aug 1713                Finale sold to Genoa by Spain.
 6 Sep 1746 -  7 Dec 1746  Imperial (Austrian) occupation.
15 May 1768                Corsica sold to
France.
14 Jun 1797                French occupation.
 1 Jan 1798                Ligurian Republic
 6 Jun 1800                Austrian and British occupation.
 6 Jun 1800                Most Serene Republic of Genoa (restored).
24 Jun 1800                French occupation, Ligurian Republic (restored).
 4 Jun 1805                Annexed to France.
 8 Oct 1805                Divided into the French départements of Apennins,
                             Gênes (Genoa), and Montenotte.
26 Apr 1814                Most Serene Republic of Genoa (restored).
26 Dec 1814                British troops take over the administration on behalf
                             of Sardinia.
 3 Jan 1815                Annexation to Sardinia-Piedmont proclaimed; the king adds
                             the words "duke of Genoa" to the royal style 15 Jun 1815.


French Governors
21 Sep 1398 - Jan 1400     Colart de Colleville 
17 Jan 1400 - 21 Mar 1400  Battista Boccanegra
                             (not recognized by France)
26 Mar 1400 - 22 Sep 1401  Battista De Franchi-Luxardo
                             (not recognized by France)
22 Sep 1401 - 30 Oct 1401  Rinaldo d'Olivar 
31 Oct 1401 -  3 Sep 1409  Jean II Le Meingre "Boucicaut"         (b. 1364 - d. 1421)
22 Sep 1409 - 30 Oct 1409  Gilbert III Motier de La Fayette       (b. 1380 - d. 1464)
Doges
(official style Serenissimo Duce e governatore)
30 Oct 1409 - 21 Mar 1413  the marquess of Monferrat
21 Mar 1413 - 27 Mar 1413  Eight Rectors
27 Mar 1413 - 23 Mar 1415  Giorgio Adorno                         (b. 1350 - d. 1430)
23 Mar 1415 - 29 Mar 1415  Tomaso di Campofregoso                 (b. 1370 - d. 1453)
                           + Giacomo Giustiniani
                           (provisional government)
29 Mar 1415 -  3 Jul 1415  Barnaba Guarco                         (b. 1370 - d. 1454)
 4 Jul 1415 - 23 Nov 1421  Tomaso di Campofregoso (1st time)      (s.a.)
Milan govenors
25 Dec 1421 - 17 Jan 1422  Francesco Bussone (1st time)           (b. c.1385 - d. 1432)
17 Jan 1422 - 31 Mar 1422  Urbano di Sant'Alosio
31 Mar 1422 -  5 Dec 1422  Four Rectors
 5 Dec 1424 - 15 Nov 1424  Francesco Bussone (2nd time)           (s.a.)
15 Nov 1424 - Feb 1428     Giacomo degli Isolani                  (b. 1360 - d. 1431)
 3 Mar 1428 - Aug 1432     Bartolomeo della Capra                 (b. c.1365 - d. 1433)
1432 - 143.                Oldrado di Lampugnano
1425 - 25 Dec 1435         Oppizino di Alzate -Commissioner       (d. 1435)
1435 - 25 Dec 1435         Francesco Barbavara -Commissioner   
25 Dec 1435 - 25 Dec 1435  Erasmo da Trivulzio                    (d. 1459)
Doges
28 Mar 1436 -  3 Apr 1436  Isnardo Guarco                         (b. 1380 - d. 1458)
 3 Apr 1436 - 24 Mar 1437  Tomaso di Campofregoso (2nd time)      (s.a.)
24 Mar 1437                Batista I Fegoso                       (b. 1380 - d. 1442)
24 Mar 1437 - 18 Dec 1442  Tomaso di Campofregoso (3rd time)      (s.a.)
19 Dec 1442 - 28 Jan 1443  Eight Captains of Liberty
28 Jan 1443 -  4 Jan 1447  Raffaele Adorno                        (b. 1375 - d. 1458)
 4 Jan 1447 - 30 Jan 1447  Barnaba Adorno                         (b. 1385 - d. 1459)
30 Jan 1447 - 16 Dec 1448  Giano I di Campofregoso                (b. 1405 - d. 1448)
16 Dec 1448 -  4 Sep 1450  Lodovico di Campofregoso (1st time)    (b. 1415 - d. 1489)
 8 Sep 1450 - 11 May 1458  Pietro II di Campofregoso              (b. 1417 - d. 1459)
French governors
11 May 1458 - 11 Sep? 1459 Jean d'Anjou, duc de Calabre et        (b. 1425 - d. 1470)
                             de Lorraine 
11 Sep? 1459 -  9 Mar 1461 Louis de Laval, seigneur de Chastillon (b. 1411 - d. 1489)
Doges
 9 Mar 1461 - 12 Mar 1461  Eight Captains of the Craftsmen
12 Mar 1461 - 17 Jul 1461  Prospero Adorno (1st time)             (b. 1428 - d. 1485)
18 Jul 1461 - 11 Jul 1461  Spinetta di Campofregoso
25 Jul 1461 - 14 May 1462  Lodovico di Campofregoso (2nd time)    (s.a.)
14 May 1462 - 31 May 1462  Paolo Fregoso, arcivescovo di Genova   (b. 1427 - d. 1498)
                             (1st time)
31 May 1462 -  8 Jun 1462  Eight Captains of the Craftsmen
 8 Jun 1462 -  9 Jan 1463  Lodovico di Campofregoso (3rd time)    (s.a.)
 8 Jan 1462 - Apr 1464     Paolo Fregoso, arcivescovo di Genova   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Milan governors
16 Apr 1464 - 18 Sep? 1464 Gaspare da Vimercate                   (b. c.1410 - d. 1467)
28 Sep 1464 - 13 May 1466  Corrado da Fogliano (1st time)         (d. 1470)
May 1464 - Aug? 1466       Baldassarre della Corte
 1 Sep 1466 - 29 Sep 1468  Sagramoro Menclozzo Visconte
 7 Oct 1468 - 22 Aug 1470  Corrado da Fogliano (2nd time)         (s.a.)
23 Aug 1470 - 17 Dec 1470  Giacomo Bovarello
 3 Jan 1471 -  1 Jul 1473  Giovanni Pallavicino
 7 Jul 1473 - 19 Oct 1475  Guido Visconte 
Oct 1475 -  4 Feb 1477     Gian Francesco Pallavicino             (d. 1497)
26 Dec 1476 - 15 Mar 1477  Gian Galeazzo Maria Sforza             (b. 1468 - d. 1494)
20 Mar 1477 - 28 Apr 1477  Eight Defenders of the Fatherland
                             (in opposition to Milan)
30 Apr 1477 - 1478         Prospero Adorno                        (s.a.)
1478                       Branda Castiglioni
Doges
 7 Jul 1478 - 25 Nov 1478  Prospero Adorno (2nd time)             (s.a.)
23 Oct 1478 - 25 Nov 1478  Lodovico di Campofregoso               (s.a.)
                           + Prospero Adorno                      (s.a.)
26 Nov 1478 - 25 Nov 1483  Battista II Fregoso                    (b. 1450 - d. 1504)
25 Nov 1483 -  6 Jan 1488  Paolo Fregoso, arcivescovo di Genova   (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Milan governors
 6 Jan? 1488 - 7 Aug 1488  Paolo Fregoso, arcivescovo di Genova   (s.a.)
 7 Aug 1488 - 13 Sep 1488  Captains of the People (later Reformers of the Republic)
13 Sep 1488 - 26 Oct 1499  Agostino Adorno
1494 - 26 Oct 1499         Corrado Stanga -Commissioner
French governors
26 Oct 1499 -  3 Nov 1499  Scipione Barbavara                     (b. c.1442 - d. 1505)
 4 Nov 1499 - 25 Oct 1506  Philippe de Clèves, sieur de           (b. 1459 - d. 1528)
                             Ravenstein et Enghien
Jun 1506 - 12 Mar 1507     Filippo Roccabertin (lieutenant)
D
oge
10 Apr 1507 - 27 Apr 1507  Paolo da Novi                          (b. 1440 - d. 1507)
French governors
28 Apr 1507 - May 1507     Philippe de Clèves, sieur de           (s.a.)
                             Ravenstein et Enghien
May 1507 - Oct 1508        Rodolphe de Lanoyseigneur de         (b. 14.. - d. 1513)
                             Morvilliers et de Foleville
Oct 1508 - 20 Jun 1512     François de Rochechouart de            (b. 1450 - d. 1530)
                             Champdeniers-Saint-Denis
Doges (official style Serenissimo Duce e governatore)
29 Jun 1512 - 25 May 1513  Giano II di Campofregoso               (b. 1455 - d. 1525)
1513                       Antoniotto II Adorno -French Governor  (b. 1479 - d. 1528)
20 Jun 1513 -  7 Sep 1515  Ottaviano Fregoso                      (b. 1470 - d. 1524)
20 Nov 1515 - 31 May 1522  Ottaviano Fregoso -French Governor     (s.a.)
31 May 1522 - Aug 1527     Antoniotto II Adorno                   (s.a.)
Aug 1527 - 12 Sep 1528     Teodoro Trivulzio -French Governor     (b. 1458 - d. 1531)
12 Sep 1528 - 11 Oct 1528  twelve Reformers of Freedom
12 Oct 1528 -  4 Jan 1531  Oberto Cattaneo Lazzari                (b. 1473 - d. 1533)
 4 Jan 1531 -  4 Jan 1533  Battista Spinola                       (b. 1472 - d. 1539)
 4 Jan 1533 -  4 Jan 1535  Battista Lomellini                     (b. 1460 - d. 1540)
 4 Jan 1535 -  4 Jan 1537  Cristoforo Grimaldi Rosso              (b. 1480 - d. 1563) 
 4 Jan 1537 -  4 Jan 1539  Giovanni Battista Doria                (b. 1470 - d. 1563)
 4 Jan 1539 -  4 Jan 1541  Giannandrea Giustiniani Longo          (b. 1494 - d. 1554) 
 4 Jan 1541 -  4 Jan 1543  Leonardo Cattaneo della Volta          (b. 1487 - d. 1572)
 4 Jan 1543 -  4 Jan 1545  Andrea Centurione Pietrasanta          (b. 1471 - d. 1546)
 4 Jan 1545 -  4 Jan 1547  Giovanni Battista De Fornari           (b. 1484 - d. 1560) 
 4 Jan 1547 -  4 Jan 1549  Benedetto Gentile Pevere               (b. 1490 - d. 1555)
 4 Jan 1549 -  4 Jan 1551  Gaspare Grimaldi Bracelli              (b. 1477 - d. 1552)
 4 Jan 1551 -  4 Jan 1553  Luca I Spinola                         (b. 1489 - d. 1579)
 4 Jan 1553 -  4 Jan 1555  Giacomo Promontorio                    (b. 1508 - d. 1578)
 4 Jan 1555 -  4 Jan 1557  Agostino Pinello Ardimenti             (b. 1492 - d. 1566)
 4 Jan 1557 -  3 Dec 1558  Pietro Giovanni Chiavica Cibo          (b. 1481 - d. 1558)
 4 Jan 1559 -  4 Jan 1561  Girolamo Vivaldi                       (b. 1495 - d. 1577)
 4 Jan 1561 - 27 Sep 1561  Paolo Battista Giudice Calvi           (b. 1490 - d. 1561)
 4 Oct 1561 -  4 Oct 1563  Giovanni Battista Cicala Zoaglio       (b. 1484 - d. 1565) 
 7 Oct 1563 -  7 Oct 1565  Giovanni Battista I Lercari            (b. 1505 - d. 1592)
11 Oct 1565 - 11 Oct 1567  Ottavio Gentile Oderico                (b. 1499 - d. 1575)
15 Oct 1567 -  3 Oct 1569  Simone Spinola                         (b. 1497 - d. 1569)
 6 Oct 1569 -  6 Oct 1571  Paolo Giustiniani Moneglia             (b. 1506 - d. 1586) 
10 Oct 1571 - 10 Oct 1573  Gianotto Lomellini                     (b. 1519 - d. 1574)
16 Oct 1573 - 17 Oct 1575  Giacomo Durazzo Grimaldi               (b. 1503 - d. 1579)
17 Oct 1575 - 17 Oct 1577  Prospero Centurione Fattinanti         (b. 1510 - d. 1581)
19 Oct 1577 - 19 Oct 1579  Giovanni Battista Gentile Pignolo      (b. 1525 - d. 1595)
20 Oct 1579 - 20 Oct 1581  Nicolò Doria                           (b. 1525 - d. 1592)
21 Oct 1581 - 21 Oct 1583  Gerolamo I De Franchi Toso             (b. 1522 - d. 1586) 
 4 Nov 1583 -  4 Nov 1585  Gerolamo Chiavari                      (b. 1521 - d. 1586) 
 8 Nov 1585 - 13 Nov 1587  Ambrogio Di Negro                      (b. 1519 - d. 1601)
14 Nov 1587 - 14 Nov 1589  Davide Vacca (Vaccari)                 (b. 1518 - d. 1607) 
20 Nov 1589 - 15 Nov 1591  Battista Negrone                       (b. 1530 - d. 1592)
27 Nov 1591 - 26 Nov 1593  Giovanni Agostino Giustiniani Campi    (b. 1538 - d. 1613) 
27 Nov 1593 - 26 Nov 1595  Antonio Grimaldi Cebà (1st time)       (b. 1520 - d. 1599)
 5 Dec 1595 -  4 Dec 1597  Matteo Senarega                        (b. 1534 - d. 1606)
 7 Dec 1597 - 15 Feb 1599  Lazzaro Grimaldi Cebà (2nd time)       (s.a.) 
22 Feb 1599 - 21 Feb 1601  Lorenzo Sauli                          (b. 1535 - d. 1601)
24 Feb 1601 - 25 Feb 1603  Agostino Doria                         (b. 1540 - d. 1607)
26 Feb 1603 - 27 Feb 1605  Pietro De Franchi Sacco                (b. 1545 - d. 1611) 
 1 Mar 1605 -  2 Mar 1607  Luca Grimaldi De Castro                (b. 1645 - d. 1610) 
 3 Mar 1607 - 17 Mar 1607  Silvestro Invrea                       (b. 1530 - d. 1607)
22 Mar 1607 - 23 Mar 1609  Gerolamo Assereto                      (b. 1543 - d. 1627)
 1 Apr 1609 -  2 Apr 1611  Agostino Luciani Pinello               (b. 1537 - d. 1620)
 6 Apr 1611 -  6 Apr 1613  Alessandro Giustiniani Longo           (b. 1554 - d. 1631) 
21 Apr 1613 - 21 Apr 1615  Tomaso Spinola                         (b. 1557 - d. 1631)
25 Apr 1615 - 25 Apr 1617  Bernardo Clavarezza                    (b. 1560 - d. 1627) 
25 Apr 1617 - 29 Apr 1619  Giovanni Giacomo Imperiale Tartaro     (b. 1554 - d. 1622)  
 2 May 1619 -  2 May 1621  Pietro I Durazzo                       (b. 1560 - d. 1631)
 4 May 1621 - 12 Jun 1621  Ambrogio Doria                         (b. 1550 - d. 1621)
22 Jun 1621 - 22 Jun 1623  Giorgio Centurione                     (b. 1553 - d. 1629)
25 Jun 1623 - 16 Jun 1625  Federico De Franchi Toso               (b. 1560 - d. 1630) 
16 Jun 1625 - 25 Jun 1627  Giacomo Lomellini                      (b. 1570 - d. 1652) 
28 Jun 1627 - 28 Jun 1629  Giovanni Luca Chiavari                 (b. 1573 - d. 1657)
26 Jun 1629 - 26 Jun 1631  Andrea Spinola                         (b. 1562 - d. 1641) 
30 Jun 1631 - 30 Jun 1633  Leonardo Della Torre                   (b. 1570 - d. 1651)
 5 Jul 1633 -  5 Jul 1635  Giovanni Stefano Doria                 (b. 1578 - d. 1643) 
11 Jul 1635 - 11 Jul 1637  Giovanni Francesco I Brignole Sale     (b. 1582 - d. 1637) 
13 Jul 1637 - 13 Jul 1639  Agostino Pallavicini                   (b. 1577 - d. 1649) 
28 Jul 1639 - 28 Jul 1641  Giovanni Battista Durazzo              (b. c.1565 - d. 1642)
14 Aug 1641 - 19 Jun 1642  Giovanni Agostino De Marini            (b. 1572 - d. 1642)
 4 Jul 1642 -  4 Jul 1644  Giovanni Battista II Lercari           (b. 1576 - d. 1657)
21 Jul 1644 - 21 Jul 1646  Luca Giustiniani                       (b. 1586 - d. 1651)
24 Jul 1646 - 24 Jul 1648  Giovanni Battista Lomellini            (b. 1597 - d. 1674)
 1 Aug 1648 -  1 Aug 1650  Giacomo De Franchi Toso                (b. 1590 - d. 1650)
23 Aug 1650 - 23 Aug 1652  Agostino Centurione                    (b. 1584 - d. 1657)
 8 Sep 1652 -  8 Sep 1654  Gerolamo II De Franchi Toso            (b. 1590 - d. 1657)
 9 Oct 1654 -  9 Oct 1656  Alessandro Spinola                     (b. 1589 - d. 1676)
12 Oct 1656 - 12 Oct 1658  Giulio Sauli 
15 Oct 1658 - 15 Oct 1660  Giovanni Battista Centurione           (b. 1606 - d. 1692)
28 Oct 1660 - 22 Mar 1661  Gian Bernardo Frugoni                  (b. 1590 - d. 1661)
28 Mar 1661 - 29 Mar 1663  Antoniotto Invrea                      (b. 1588 - d. 1669) 
13 Apr 1663 - 12 Apr 1665  Stefano De Mari                        (b. 1593 - d. 1674)
18 Apr 1665 - 18 Apr 1667  Cesare Durazzo                         (b. 1593 - d. 1680)
10 May 1667 - 10 May 1669  Cesare Gentile                         (b. 1614 - d. 1681)
18 Jun 1669 - 18 Jun 1671  Francesco Garbarino                    (b. 1607 - d. 1672?)
27 Jun 1671 - 27 Jun 1673  Alessandro Grimaldi 
 5 Jul 1673 -  4 Jul 1675  Agostino Saluzzo                       (b. 1608 - d. 1700)
11 Jul 1675 - 11 Jul 1677  Antonio Da Passano 
16 Jul 1677 - 16 Jul 1679  Giannettino Odone                      (b. 1626 - d. 1698) 
29 Jul 1679 - 29 Jul 1681  Agostino Spinola                       (b. 1624 - d. 1692)
13 Aug 1681 - 13 Aug 1683  Luca Maria Invrea                      (b. 1624 - d. 1693)
18 Aug 1683 - 18 Aug 1685  Francesco Maria Lercari Imperiale      (b. 1629 - d. 1712) 
23 Aug 1685 - 23 Aug 1687  Pietro II Durazzo                      (b. 1632 - d. 1699)
27 Aug 1687 - 27 Aug 1689  Luca II Spinola                        (b. 1628 - d. 1715)
31 Aug 1689 -  1 Sep 1691  Oberto Della Torre 
 4 Sep 1691 -  5 Sep 1693  Giovanni Battista Cattaneo Della Volta (b. 1638 - d. 1721) 
 9 Sep 1693 -  9 Sep 1695  Francesco Invrea                       (b. 1641 - d. 1723)
16 Sep 1695 - 16 Sep 1697  Bendinelli Negrone
19 Sep 1697 - 26 May 1699  Francesco Maria Sauli                  (b. 1620 - d. 1699) 
 3 Jun 1699 -  3 Jun 1701  Gerolamo De Mari                       (b. 1644 - d. 1702)
 7 Jun 1701 -  7 Jun 1703  Federico De Franchi Toso               (b. 1640 - d. 1737)
 1 Aug 1703 -  1 Aug 1705  Antonio Grimaldi Cebà                  (b. 1640 - d. 1717)
22 Aug 1705 - 13 Aug 1707  Stefano Onorato Ferretti               (b. 1641 - d. 1720)
 9 Sep 1707 -  9 Sep 1709  Domenico Maria de Mari                 (b. 1653 - d. 1725) 
14 Sep 1709 - 14 Sep 1711  Vincenzo Durazzo                       (b. 1635 - d. 1712)
22 Sep 1711 - 22 Sep 1713  Francesco Maria Imperiale              (b. 1654 - d. 1737)
22 Dep 1713 - 22 Sep 1715  Giovanni Antonio Giustiniani Campi     (b. 1660 - d. 1735)
26 Sep 1715 - 26 Sep 1717  Lorenzo Centurione Becchignoni         (b. 1645 - d. 1735)
30 Sep 1717 - 30 Sep 1719  Benedetto Viale                        (b. 1660 - d. 1749)
 4 Oct 1719 -  4 Oct 1721  Ambrogio Imperiale Lomellini           (b. 1649 - d. 1729)
 8 Oct 1721 -  8 Oct 1723  Cesare De Franchi Toso                 (b. 1666 - d. 1739)
13 Oct 1723 - 13 Oct 1725  Domenico Negrone                       (b. 1672 - d. 1736)
18 Jan 1726 - 18 Jan 1728  Gerolamo Veneroso                      (b. 1660 - d. 1749)
22 Jan 1728 - 22 Jan 1530  Luca Grimaldi                          (b. 1675 - d. 1750)
26 Jan 1730 - 26 Jan 1732  Francesco Maria Balbi                  (b. 1671 - d. 1747)
29 Jan 1732 - 29 Jan 1734  Domenico Maria Spinola                 (b. 1666 - d. 1743)
 3 Feb 1734 -  3 Feb 1736  Giovanni Stefano Durazzo               (b. 1668 - d. 1744)
 7 Feb 1736 -  7 Feb 1738  Niccolò Cattaneo Della Volta           (b. 1679 - d. 1751)
11 Feb 1738 - 11 May 1739  Costantino Balbi                       (b. 1676 - d. 1741)
16 Feb 1740 - 16 Feb 1742  Niccolò Spinola                        (b. 1678 - d. 1743)
20 Feb 1742 - 20 Feb 1744  Domenico Maria Canevaro                (b. 1683 - d. 1745)
 1 Mar 1744 -  1 Mar 1746  Lorenzo De Mari                        (b. 1685 - d. 1772)
 3 Mar 1746 -  4 Mar 1748  Giovanni Francesco II Brignol Sale     (b. 1695 - d. 1760)
 7 Sep 1746 -  5 Dec 1746  Antoniotto Botta Adorno                (b. 1688 - d. 1774)
                             (Austrian governor)
 6 Mar 1748 -  6 Mar 1750  Cesare Cattaneo Della Volta            (b. 1680 - d. 1756)
10 Mar 1750 - 10 Mar 1752  Agostino Viale                         (b. 1692 - d. 1777)
28 Mar 1752 -  3 Jun 1752  Stefano Lomellini                      (b. 1683 - d. 1753)
 7 Jun 1752 -  7 Jun 1754  Giovanni Battista Grimaldi             (b. 1678 - d. 1757)
23 Jun 1754 - 16 May 1756  Giovanni Giacomo Stefano Veneroso      (b. 1701 - d. 1758)
22 Jun 1756 - 22 Jun 1758  Giovanni Giacomo Grimaldi              (b. 1705 - d. 1777)
22 Sep 1758 - 22 Aug 1760  Giovanni Matteo Francesco Maria        (b. 1680 - d. 1767)
                             Franzoni 
10 Sep 1760 - 10 Sep 1762  Agostino Lomellini                     (b. 1709 - d. 1791)
25 Nov 1762 - 25 Nov 1764  Rodolfo Emilio Maria Brignole Sale     (b. 1708 - d. 1774)
29 Jan 1765 - 29 Jan 1767  Francesco Maria Gaetano Della Rovere   (b. 1695 - d. 1768)
 3 Feb 1767 -  3 Feb 1769  Marcello Giuseppe Durazzo              (b. 1710 - d. 1791)
16 Feb 1769 - 26 Jan 1771  Giovanni Battista Negrone              (b. 1695 - d. 1771)
16 Apr 1771 - 23 Dec 1772  Giovanni Battista Cambiaso             (b. 1711 - d. 1772)
 7 Jan 1773 - 19 Jan 1773  Ferdinando Spinola                     (b. 1694 - d. 1778)
26 Jan 1773 - 26 Jan 1775  Alessandro Piero Francesco Grimaldi    (b. 1715 - d. 1791)
31 Jan 1775 - 31 Jan 1777  Fabrizio "Brizio" Giustiniani Banca    (b. 1713 - d. 1778)
 4 Feb 1777 -  4 Feb 1779  Giuseppe Lomellini                     (b. 1723 - d. 1803)
 4 Mar 1779 -  4 Mar 1781  Giacomo Maria Brignole (1st time)      (b. 1724 - d. 1801)
 8 Mar 1781 -  8 Mar 1783  Marco Antonio Gentile                  (b. 1723 - d. 1798)
 6 May 1783 -  6 May 1785  Giovanni Battista Airoli               (b. 1731 - d. 1808)
 6 Jun 1785 -  6 Jun 1787  Giovanni Carlo Pallavicini             (b. 1722 - d. 1794)
 4 Jul 1787 -  4 Jul 1789  Raffaele De Ferrari Rodino             (b. 1732 - d. 1801)
30 Jul 1789 - 30 Jul 1791  Alerame Maria Pallavicini              (b. 1730 - d. 1805)
 3 Sep 1791 -  3 Sep 1793  Michelangelo Agostino Cambiaso         (b. 1738 - d. 1813)
30 Sep 1793 - 30 Sep 1795  Giuseppe Maria Doria, duca di          (b. 1730 - d. 1816) 
                             Massanova
17 Nov 1795 - 14 Jun 1797  Giacomo Maria Brignole (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Doge (presiding Provisional Government)
14 Jun 1797 - 26 Jun 1797  Giacomo Maria Brignole                 (s.a.)
President of the Provisional Government
26 Jun 1797 - 17 Jan 1798  Giacomo Maria Brignole                 (s.a.)
17 Jan 1798 - Jul 1799     Executive Directory
                           - Luigi Emanuele Corvetto              (b. 1756 - d. 1821)
                             (to Jan 1799)
                           - Pietro Ferreri (from Jan 1799)       (b. 1758 - d. 18..)
                           - Giorgio Ambrogio Molfino
                           - Agostino Maglione                    (b. 1744 - d. 18..)
                           - Niccolò Littardi                     (b. 1748 - d. 18..)
                           - Paolo Costa
Jul 1799 - Oct 1799        Executive Directory
                           - Pietro Ferreri (1st time)            (s.a.)
                           - Luigi Lupi (1st time)
                           - Giovanni Battista Rossi 
                           - Francesco Masuccone
                           - Paolo Costa
Oct 1799 -  7 Dec 1799     Executive Directory
                           - Pietro Ferreri (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                           - Luigi Lupi (2nd time)
                           - Francesco Montaldo
                           - Domenico Assereto
                           - Giuseppe Morchio
 8 Dec 1799 - 31 Mar 1800  Commission of Government 
                           - Francesco Maria Boselli
                              (to Dec 1799)                       (b. 1768 - d. 1826)
                           - Emanuele Montebruno (to Dec 1799)
                           - Giuseppe Assereto (to Jan 1800)
                           - Domenico Mongiardini (to Jan 1800)
                           - Giuseppe Cambiaso (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Giovanni Battista Tanlongo 
                             (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Michelangelo Agostino Cambiaso
                             (1st time) (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Girolamo Luigi Francesco Durazzo     (b. 1739 - d. 1809)
                             (1st time) (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Luigi Emanuele Corvetto              (s.a.)
                             (1st time) (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Emanuele Balbi (to Feb 1800)
                           - Schiaffino (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Luigi Marchello (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Domenico Straforello (to 10 Feb 1800)
                           - Francesco Maria Ruzza (1st time)
                           - Giuseppe Bollo (1st time)
                           - Domenico Rivarola (1st time)
31 Mar 1800 -  4 Jun 1800  Commission of Government
                           - Michelangelo Agostino Cambiaso
                              (2nd time)
                           - Luigi Emanuele Corvetto (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                           - Emanuele Guecco (1st time)
                           - Girolamo Luigi Francesco Durazzo     (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
                           - Giuseppe Bollo (2nd time)
                           - Francesco Maria Ruzza (2nd time)
                           - Stefano Emanuele Sommariva 
                              (1st time)
                           - Antonio Boccardo (1st time)
                           - Domenico Rivarola (2nd time)
                           - Giuliano Arena (1st time)
 6 Jun 1800 - 24 Jun 1800  Provisional Commission of Government,
                           also known as Provisional Regency
                           - Pietro Paolo Celesia
                           - Carlo Cambiaso
                           - Agostino Spinola
                           - Giovanni Bernardo Pallavicini
                           - Girolamo Luigi Francesco Durazzo     (s.a.) 
                              (appointed but did not accept)
                           - Francesco Spinola
                           - Luigi Lambruschini                   (b. 1776 - d. 1854)
24 Jun 1800 - 2. Jun 1800  Provisional Commission of Government
                           - Antonio Boccardo (2nd time)
                           - Giuseppe Bollo (3rd time)
                           - Andrea Badarò
                           - Domenico Rivarola (3rd time)
2. Jun 1800 -  2 Jul 1800  Commission of Government
                           - Emanuele Guecco (2nd time)
                           - Girolamo Luigi Francesco Durazzo     (s.a.)
                              (3rd time)
                           - Giuseppe Bollo (4th time)
                           - Stefano Emanuele Sommariva (2nd time)
                           - Antonio Boccardo (3rd time)
                           - Domenico Rivarola (4th time)
                           - Giuliano Arena (2nd time) 
 2 Jul 1800 -  3 Jul 1802  Extraordinary Commission of Government
                           - Giovanni Battista Rossi
                           - Agostino Maglione (to 1800)          (s.a.)
                           - Giuseppe Fravega (1800-1801)
                           - Tommaso Langlade (from 1801)
                           - Agostino Pareto
                           - Girolamo Francesco Luciano Serra     (b. 1761 - d. 1837)
                           - Antonio Mongiardini
                           - Luigi Carbonara                      (b. 1753 - d. 1826)
                           - Luigi Lupi (to 1801)
                           - Giuseppe de Ambrosiis (from 1801)    (b. 1755 - d. 18..)
Doge of the Republic
 3 Jul 1802 -  4 Jun 1805  Girolamo Luigi Francesco Durazzo       (s.a.)
Governor-general
 4 Jun 1805 -  8 Oct 1805  Charles François Lebrun                (b. 1737 - d. 1824)
Prefects of Apennins département
 8 Oct 1805 - 1810         Jean-André Louis Rolland de            (b. 1764 - d. 1849)
                             Villarceaux
30 Nov 1810 - 1814         Maurice Jean Duval, dit Maruice        (b. 1778 - d. 1861)
                             Duval
Prefects of Gênes département
 8 Oct 1805 -  2 Feb 1806  Jean Xavier Bureaux de Puzy            (b. 1750 - d. 1806)
13 Mar 1806 - 11 Feb 1809  Marie-Just-Antoine de La Rivoire,      (b. 1751 - d. 1819)
                             marquis de La Tourette
11 Feb 1809 - 1814         Marc Antoine Bourdon de Vatry          (b. 1761 - d. 1828)
Prefects of Montenotte département
 8 Oct 1805 - 1806         Hugues Eugène Nardon                   (b. 1768 - d. 1812)
31 Jan 1806 - 23 Déc 1812  Gilbert Joseph Gaspard de Chabrol      (b. 1773 - d. 1843)
                             de Volvic (from 17 May 1810, baron
                             de Chabrol de Volvic)
 12 Mar 1813 - 1814         Antoine Jean Louis François Ignace,    (b. 1786 - d. 1863) 
                             comte de Brignole-Sale
President of the Provisional Government
26 Apr 1814 - 26 Dec 1814  Girolamo Francesco Luciano Serra       (s.a.)
Provisional Military Administrator
26 Dec 1814 -  7 Jan 1815  William Henry Cavendish-Bentnick       (b. 1774 - d. 1839)

French Plenipotentiary
Mar 1802 - Jun 1805        Cristoforo Salicetti                   (b. 1757 - d. 1809)



Guastalla

[France]
        21 Mar 1801 - 24 May 1806
 
Map of Guastalla
Capital: Guastalla
 Population: N/A

11.. - 1307                Part of Cremona.
1307 - 11 Nov 1344         Part of Parma.
11 Nov 1344 - Nov 1346     Part of Correggio.
Nov 1346 - 1402            Part of Duchy of Milan.
 9 Oct 1406                Guido di Marsilio di Torello made Lord of Guastalla and
                            
Montechiarugolo by the Duke of Milan.
1406 - 1539                Under Torelli dynasty.

 6 Jul 1428                County of Guastalla.
12 Oct 1456                Separation of
Montechiarugolo by division.
28 Jul 147
5 -  8 Oct 1476  Confiscated by Milan.

 3 Oct 1539                Sold to Ferrante Gonzaga (effective 12 Oct 1539).
12 Oct 1539 - 16 Aug 1746  Under Gonzaga dynasty.
 2 Jul 1621                Duchy of Guastalla
13 Jan 1678                Taken over by Mantua.
30 Aug 1702 -  6 Dec 1706  Occupied by France, administered from Modena.
16 Aug 1746 - 18 Oct 1748  Occupied by Austria.
18 Oct 1748                Part of Parma.
21 Mar 1801                French occupation.
30 Mar 1806                Duchy of Guastalla (French rule).
24 May 1806                Annexed to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy (see Lombardy).
 6 Jun 1814                Duchy of Guastalla (restored); union with Parma to 8 May 1848.
16 Jun 1848                Administered by Kingdom of Sardinia.
10 Aug 1848                Duchy of Guastalla (restored).
13 Jun 1859                Annexed by Modena.

Lords (title from 1406, Signore di Guastalla e Montechiarugolo)
29 Jul 1402 -  3 Oct 1406  Ottobuono (Ottone) di Nicolò Terzi       (b. 135. - d. 1409)
 3 Oct 1406 –  6 Jul 1428  Guido di Marsilio di Torello             (b. 1379 – d. 1449)
Counts (title Conte di Guastalla e Montechiarugolo; from 12 Oct 1456, Conte di Guastalla)
 6 Jul 1428 –  8 Jul 1449  Guido "il Grande"                        (s.a.)
 8 Jul 1449 – 18 Apr 1460  Pietro Guido I (Pier Guido)              (b. 141. - d. 1460)
                           - jointly with -
 
8 Jul 1449 – 12 Oct 1456  Cristoforo                               (b. 140. - d. 1460)

18 Apr 1460 – 28 Jul 1475  Francesco Maria (1st time)               (b. 145. - d. 1486)
18 Apr 1460 - 1474         Maddalena del Carretto (f) -Regent       (b. 1430 - d. 1496)
 
8 Oct 1476 - Feb 1486     Francesco Maria (2nd time)               (s.a.)

                           - jointly with -
18 Apr 1460 – 28 Jul 1475  Guido Galeotto (1st time)                (b. 145. - d. af.1495)
18 Apr 1460 - 1474         Maddalena del Carretto (f) -Regent       (s.a.)
 
8 Oct 1476 -  8 Oct 1479  Guido Galeotto (2nd time)                (s.a.)

Feb 1486 – 10 Aug 1494     Pietro Guido II (Pier Guido I)           (b. 147. - d. 1494)
11 Aug 1494 – 30 Nov 1522  Achille                                  (b. 147. - d. 1522)
 
1 Dec 1522 – 12 Oct 1539  L
odovica (f) -Countess                   (b. 1499 – d. 1569)
12 Oct 1539 – 15 Nov 1557  Ferrante I                               (b. 1507 – d. 1557)
15 Nov 1557 – 17 Feb 1575  Cesare I                                 (b. 1530 – d. 1575)
17 Feb 1575 –  2 Jul 1621  Ferrante II                              (b. 1563 – d. 1630)
17 Feb 1575 -  6 Sep 1583  Camilla Borromeo (f) -Regent             (b. c.1540 - d. 1583)
Dukes
(title Duca di Guastalla)
 2 Jul 1621 -  5 Aug 1630  Ferrante II                              (s.a.)
 5 Aug 1630 - 26 Feb 1632  Cesare II                                (b. 1592 - d. 1632)
26 Feb 1632 - 11 Jan 1678  Ferrante III                             (b. 1618 - d. 1678)
11 Jan 1678 -  4 May 1692  Ferdinando Carlo (1st time)              (b. 1652 - d. 1708)
 4 May 1692 - 30 Aug 1702  Vincenzo (1st time)                      (b. 1634 - d. 1714)
30 Aug 1702 -  6 Dec 1706  Ferdinando Carlo (2nd time)              (s.a.)
 6 Dec 1706 - 27 Apr 1714  Vincenzo (2nd time)                      (s.a.)
27 Apr 1714 - 19 Apr 1729  Antonio Fernando (Antonio Ferrante)      (b. 1687 - d. 1729)
19 Apr 1729 - 16 Aug 1746  Giuseppe Maria                           (b. 1690 - d. 1746)
16 Aug 1746 - 18 Oct 1748  Austrian occupation
18 Oct 1748 - Oct 1802     the dukes of Parma
Commissioner of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla
28 Oct 1802 - 19 Jan 1806  Louis Élie Moreau de Saint-Méry          (b. 1750 - d. 1819)
Duchesses
30 Mar 1806 - 24 May 1806  Paolina (Pauline Bonaparte)              (b. 1780 - d. 1825)
24 May 1806 -  6 Jun 1814 
part of Kingdom of Italy 
 
6 Jun 1814 - 17 Dec 1847  Maria Luigia                             (b. 1791 - d. 1847)

                            (Empress Marie Louise of France 1810-1814)
Dukes
17 Dec 1847 -  8 Jan 1848  Carlo II                                 (b. 1799 - d. 1883)
 8 Jan 1848 - 16 Jun 1848  Francesco V (1st time)                   (b. 1819 - d. 1875)
Head of the Provisional Government
16 Jun 1848 - Jun 1848     ....
Sardinian Commissioner of Guastalla
Jun 1848 - 10 Aug 1848     ....
Duke
10 Aug 1848 - 13 Jun 1859  Francesco V (2nd time)                   (s.a.)



Imola

26 May 1248 - 1334         Papal rule.
1334                       Lordship of Imola
24 Feb 1424 - 14 Jul 1426  Occupied by Milan.
14 Jul 1426 - 26 Apr 1434  Papal rule.
26 Apr 1439 - 20 Jun 1448  Ceded to Faenza.
 5 May 1473 -  6 Dec 1473  Occupied by Milan.
 6 Dec 1473                Papal rule.
25 Nov 1499 - 22 Oct 1503  Papal occupation under Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino.

22 Oct 1503                Part of Forlì.
26 Dec 1504                Re-incorporated into Papal State.

 
Lords (title Signore di Imola)
Nov 1391 - 24 Feb 1424     Ludovico Alidosi                   (b. 137. - d. 1430)
Nov 1391 - 14..            Elisa Alidosi (f) -Regent
24 Feb 1424 - 14 Jul 1426  occupied by Milan
14 Jul 1426 - 21 Jan 1434  Papal rule
21 Jan 1434 - 26 Apr 1439  occupied by Milan
26 Apr 1439 - 20 Jun 1448  the Lords of Faenza
20 Jun 1448 - 1473         Taddeo Manfredi                    (b. 1431 - c. 1484?)
1473 -  6 Dec 1473         Pietro Cardinale Riario (acting)   (b. 1445 - d. 1474)
 5 May 1473 -  6 Dec 1473  occupied by Milan
 
6 Dec 1473 - 14 Apr 1488  Girolamo Riario                    (b. 1443 - d. 1488)
14 Apr 1488 - 25 Nov 1499  Ottaviano Riario                   (b. 1479 - d. 1523)
14 Apr 1488 - 27 Aug 1495  Caterina Sforza (f) -Regent        (b. c.1463 - d. 1509)
25 Nov 1499 - 22 Oct 1503  Cesare Borgia, duca di Valentino   (b. 1475 - d. 1507)

22 Oct 1503 - 26 Dec 1504  the Lord of Forlì

Liguria: see Genoa
Locarno: see Ticino under Swiss Cantons



Lombardy (Milan)
 
[Duchy of Milan 1277-1302, 1311-29,
                          1499-1512, 1535-40]
      1277-1302, 1311-1329, 1499-1512,
                      1535-1540
 
 
[Banner and flag of the State of the
                        Visconti of Milan 1329-95, 1402-99, 1512-35]
      1329-1395, 1402-1499,
           and 1512-1535
 
[Duchy of Milan 1765-1796]   
                1765 -  9 May 1796; 
            28 Apr 1799 - 29 Apr 1800
 
[Transpadane Republic, 1796-1797]
          15  May 1796 - 17 Jan 1797
 
[Cispadane Republic, 1797]
     17 Jan 1797 - 9 Jul 1797
 
[Cisalpine Republic; 1798-1802]
11 May 1798 - 20 Aug 1802 Cisalpine Republic;
       22 Mar 1848 - 8 Jun 1848  Lombardy
 
[Italian Republic 1802-1805]
    20 Aug 1802 - Mar 1805
 
[Kingdom of
                                    Italy 1805-1814]
              Mar 1805 - 28 Apr 1814
Maps of Lombardy
Hear National Anthem
Text of National Anthem
 Constitutions (in Italian)
Cisalpine:
(1798 - 27 Aug 1800
7 Oct 1801-1802)
Kingdom of Italy: (1805 -1810)
Capital: Milan
(Milano)
Currency: 1474-1805 Italian
States Lira (XITL); 1815-1859
Itaian States Lira 
Austriaca (XITA)
National Holiday: N/A
Population: N/A
 
553 - 568                  Byzantine rule.
568 - 774                  Ostrogoth rule.
774 - 814                  Frankish rule.
814                        Part of the Kingdom of Italy (County of Milan).
979 - 16 Jan 1045          Archbishops of Milan as governors.
16 Jan 1045                Milan a free commune.
1075 - 1162                Under temporal authority of Archbishops of Milan.
  1 Mar 1162 - 1176         Imperial rule.
1176                       Milan a free commune.
1186                       Milan a free imperial city.
22 Jan 1277                Visconti dynasty begins rule (except for 1302-1311).
1315                       Pavia commune annexed.
 5 Jul 1327 - 23 Sep 1329  Imperial rule.
 2 May 1395                Duchy of Milan.
1416                       Como Lordship annexed.
14 Aug 1447                Ambrosian Republic (Aurea Repubblica Ambrosiana)
24 Mar 1450                Duchy of Milan (restored), under the Sforza.
 6 Sep 1499 -  5 Feb 1500  French occupation.
15 Apr 1500 - 16 Jun 1512  French occupation.
11 Oct 1515 - 19 Nov 1521  French occupation.
23 Oct 1524 - 24 Feb 1525  French occupation.
 7 Nov 1525 - 29 Nov 1529  Imperial rule.
 2 Nov 1535 - 11 Oct 1540  Imperial rule.
16 Jan 1556                Under Spanish rule.
10 Jan 1701 - 26 Sep 1706  French troops garrison Milan.
26 Sep 1706 - 11 Apr 1713  Austrian occupation.
11 Apr 1713                Austrian rule (confirmed 6 Mar 1714).
 4 Nov 1733 -  7 Sep 1736  Franco-Sardinian occupation.
16 Dec 1745 - 19 Mar 1746  Franco-Spanish occupation.
 9 May 1796                French occupation.
15 May 1796                Lombard Republic
15 Nov 1796                Transpadane Republic (including Lombardy, Mantua,
                             and western parts of Venetia); under French rule.
16 Apr 1797 - 12 May 1797  Re-occupied by Austria.
29 Jun 1797                Cispadane and Transpadane Republics united as
                             the Cisalpine Republic.
28 Apr 1799                Duchy of Milan (restored)
29 Apr 1800                Cisalpine Republic (restored by France).
26 Jun 1802                Italian Republic (composed of Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna).
18 Mar 1805                Kingdom of Italy (including Venetia and Dalmatia).
 3 Mar 1810                Dalmatia annexed by France, Tyrol annexed to Kingdom of Italy.
28 Apr 1814                Occupied by Austria, Kingdom of Italy abolished.
  7 Apr 1815                Component, with Venetia, of Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom
                             (Königreich Lombardo-Venetien = Regno Lombardo-Veneto) under the
                             emperor of Austria.
22 Mar 1848                Lombardy (provisional government).
 8 Jun 1848                Administered by the Kingdom of Sardinia.
 6 Aug 1848                Returned to Austria part of Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom.
 3 Jun 1859                French and Sardinian troops invaded Lombardy
                             (occupation of Milan from 8 Jun 1859).
 9 Jun 1859                Provisional Sardinian administration for Lombardy.
11 Nov 1859                Treaty of Zürich, formal cession of Lombardy 
                             by Austria to France and by France to Sardinia. 
30 Nov 1859                Annexation by Kingdom of Sardinia.

Captains of the People (title Capitaneum Populi/Capitani del Popolo)
1204 - 1247                Pagano della Torre                 (d. 1247)
1247 - 1257                Martino della Torre (1st time)     (d. 1263)
 
1 Jan 1253 - 1256         Manfredi Lancia, marchese d'Incisa (b. c.1185 - d.bf.1259)
                            
(Signore di Milano)
1257 - 11 Nov 1259         Martino della Torre (2nd time)     (s.a.)

11 Nov 1259 - 11 Nov 1264  Oberto Pelavicino                  (b. 1197 - d. 1269)

                            
(Captain general)
18 Dec 1263 - 24 Sep 1265  Filippo della Torre "Magno"        (d. 1265)

                            
(Signore Perpetual di Popolo)
24 Sep 1265 - 21 Jan 1277  Napoleone "Napo" della Torre       (d. 1278)

                           
(Imperial vicar 1273 - 20 Jan 1277)
21 Jan 1277 -  6 Aug 1278  Ottone Visconti, arcivescovo
      (b. 1207 - d. 1295)
                             di Milan (1st time)                   

 
6 Aug 1278 - 27 Dec 1282  Guglielmo VII di Monferrato        (b. 1240 - d. 1292)
27 Dec 1282 -  8 Aug 1295
  Ottone Visconti, arcivescovo       (s.a.)
                             di Milan (2nd time)  
 8 Aug 1295 - 13 Jun 1302  Matteo I Visconti (1st time)       (b. 1250 - d. 1322)

                            
(Imperial vicar 1294 - 13 Jun 1302)
Dec 1307 - Feb 1311        Guido della Torre                  (b. 1259 - d. 1312)

13 Jul 1311 - Apr 1317     Matteo I Visconti (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                            
(Imperial vicar)
Lords
(title Dominus generali/Signore generale)
Apr 1317 - 26 Jun 1322     Matteo I Visconti "il Grande"      (s.a.)
27 Jun
1322 -  8 Nov 1322  Galeazzo I Visconti (1st time)     (b. 1277 - d. 1328)
 8 Nov 1322 - 29 Dec 1322  Giovanni della Torre -Captain
29 Dec 1322 - 20 Jul 1327  Galeazzo I Visconti (2nd time)     (s.a.)

                            
(elected Lord and Captain 9 Dec 1322)
Jul 1327 - Feb 1329        Guglielmo, conte di Monforte
                             (Imperial vicar)
15 Jan 1329 - 16 Aug 1339  Azzone Visconti                    (b. 1302 - d. 1339)

                             (Imperial vicar to Apr 1330)
14 May 1339 - 24 Jan 1349  Luchino Visconti                   (b. 1287/92 - d. 1349)

Apr 1349 -  5 Oct 1354     Giovanni Visconti, arcivescovo     (b. 1290 - d. 1354)
 
                           di Milano
 5 Oct 1354 -  6 May 1385  Bernabò Visconti                   (b. 1323 - d. 1285)

                          
- jointly with the following two -
 5 Oct 1354 -  4 Aug 1378  Galeazzo II Visconti               (b. c.1320 - d. 1278)

 
5 Oct 1354 - 26 Sep 1355  Matteo II Visconti                 (b. c.1319 - d. 1355)
 4 Aug 1378 -  1 May 1395  Gian Galeazzo I Visconti           (b. 1351 - d. 1402)
Dukes
(title Duca di Milano)
 1 May 1395 -  3 Sep 1402  Gian Galeazzo I Visconti           (s.a.)
 
3 Sep 1402 - 16 May 1412  Giovanni Maria Visconti            (b. 1388 - d. 1412)
 
3 Sep 1402 - 14 Oct 1404  Regents
                           - Caterina Visconti (f)            (b. 1362 - d. 1404)
                           - Pietro di Candia,
arcivescovo    (b. c.1339 - d. 1410)
                              di Milano
                           - Antonio II di Urbino             (b. 1348 - d. 1404)
                           - Giacomo I Dal Verme
                           - Francesco conte Barbavara        (d. c.1415)
16 May 1412 - 12 Jun 1412  Estorre Visconti                   (b. 1346 - d. 1413)
12 Jun 1412 - 13 Aug 1447  Filippo I Maria Visconti           (b. 1392 - d. 1447)

14 Aug 1447 - 25 Feb 1450  Captains and defenders
14 Nov 1448 -  1 Sep 1449  Carlo Gonzaga                      (b. 1415 - d. 1456)
                             (Captain-general of the People)
25 Mar 1450 -  8 Mar 1466  Francesco I Sforza                 (b. 1401 - d. 1466)

                             (enters Milan on 26 Feb 1450)
 8 Mar 1466 - 20 Mar 1466  Bianca Maria Visconti-Sforza (f)   (b. 1425 - d. 1468)
20
Mar 1466 - 26 Dec 1476  Galeazzo III Maria Sforza          (b. 1444 - d. 1476)
26 Dec 1476 - 22 Oct 1494  Gian Galeazzo II Sforza            (b. 1469 - d. 1494)
26 Dec 1476 -  7 Oct 1480  Regents
                           - Bona di Savoia (f)               (b. 1449 - d. 1503)
                           - Cicco Simonetta                  (b. 1410 - d. 1480)
22 Oct 1494 -  2 Sep 1499
 Ludovico Sforza (1st time)         (b. 1452 - d. 1508)
 6 Sep 1499  - 5 Feb 1500  Louis XII (1st time)               (b. 1462 - d. 1515)
 
5 Feb 1500 - 10 Apr 1500  Ludovico Sforza (2nd time)         (s.a.)
17
Apr 1500 - 16 Jun 1512  Louis XII (2nd time)               (s.a.)
16 Jun 1512 -  8 Oct 1515  Massimiliano Sforza                (b. 1493 - d. 1530)
11 Oct 1515 - 19 Nov 1521  Francis I (1st time)               (b. 1494 - d. 1547)
19 Nov 1521 -  3 Oct 1524  Francesco II Sforza (1st time)     (b. 1495 - d. 1535)
23 Oct 1524 - 24 Feb 1525  Francis I (2nd time)               (s.a.)
26 Feb 1525 -  7 Nov 1525  Francesco II Sforza (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 
7 Nov 1525 - 29 Nov 1529  imperial rule
29 Nov 1529 -  1 Nov 1535  Francesco II Sforza (3rd time)     (s.a.)
 
2 Nov 1535 - 11 Oct 1540  imperial rule
11 Oct 1540 - 13 Sep 1598  Filippo II
                        (b. 1527 - d. 1598)
13 Sep 1598 - 31 Mar 1621  Filippo III                        (b. 1578 - d. 1621)
31 Mar 1621 - 17 Sep 1665  Filippo IV                         (b. 1605 - d. 1665)
17 Sep 1665 -  1 Nov 1700  Carlo II                           (b. 1661 - d. 1700)
10 Jan 1701 - 11 Apr 1713  Filippo V                          (b. 1683 - d. 1746)
24 Sep 1706 - 12 Jan 1707  Giuseppe I
12 Jan 1707 - 11 Dec 1733  Carlo VI
(1st time)                (b. 1685 - d. 1740)
25 Jan 1734 -  7 Sep 1736  Provisional Government Junta
 7 Sep 1736 - 20 Oct 1740  Carlo VI (2nd time)                (s.a.)
20 Oct 1740 - 16 Dec 1746  Maria Theresa -Duchess (1st time)  (b. 1717 - d. 1780)
16 Dec 1745 - 20 Mar 1746  Interim Government Junta
20 Mar 1746 - 29 Nov 1780  Maria Theresa -
Duchess (2nd time)  (s.a.)
23 Sep 1765 - 20 Feb 1790  Giuseppe II                        (b. 1741 - d. 1790)
                            
(co-ruler to 29 Nov 1780)
20 Sep 1790 -  1 Mar 1792  Leopoldo I                         (b. 1747 - d. 1792)

 1 Mar 1792 -  9 May 1796  Francesco III (1st time)           (b. 1768 - d. 1835)
                             (left Milan 7 May 1796)
 7 May 1796 -  9 May 1796  Interim Junta
 9 May 1796 - 29 Jun 1797  Executive Committee
29 Jun 1797 - 31 Aug 1798  First Directory
                           - Duca Giovanni Galeazzo
                               Serbelloni (to 13 Nov 1797)    (b. 1744 - d. 1802)
                           - Giovanni Battista Savoldi
                             (from 13 Nov 1797)
                           - Marco Alessandri (1st time)      (b. 1755 - d. 1830)
                           - Pietro Moscati (to 16 Apr 1798)  (b. 1739 - d. 1824)
                           - Jacopo Lamberti (1st time)       (b. 1758 - d. 1815)
                             (from 16 Apr 1798)
                           - Giovanni Paradisi                (b. 1760 - d. 1826)
                             (to 16 Apr 1798)
                           - Carlo Testi (from 16 Apr 1798)
                           - Giovanni Costabili Containi      (b. 1756 - d. 1841)
31 Aug 1798 - 14 Dec 1798  Second Directory
                           - Girolamo Adelasio (1st time)     (b. 1768 - d. 1828)
                             (to 17 Oct 1798)
                           - Antonio Sabbati
                             (from 17 Oct 1798)
                           - Marco Alessandri (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                           - Jacopo Lamberti (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                           - Giuseppe Luosi (1st time)        (b. 1755 - d. 1830)
                             (to 17 Oct 1798)
                           - Antonio Smancini
                             (from 17 Oct 1798)
                           - Fedele Sopransi (1st time)       (b. 1757 - d. c.1825)
                             (to 17 Oct 1798)
                           - Vincenzo Brunétti                (b. 1769 - d. 1839)
                             (from 17 Oct 1798)
14 Dec 1798 - 29 Apr 1799  Third Directory
                           - Girolamo Adelasio (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                           - Marco Alessandri (3rd time)      (s.a.)
                             (to Mar 1799)
                           - Ferdinando Marescalchi           (b. 1754 - d. 1816)
                             (from Mar 1799)
                           - Jacopo Lamberti (3rd time)       (s.a.)
                             (to Mar 1799)
                           - Fedele Vertemate Franchi
                             (from Mar 1799)
                           - Giuseppe Luosi (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                           - Fedele Sopransi (2nd time)       (s.a.)
Duke
29 Apr 1799 - 29 Apr 1800  Francesco III (2nd time)           (s.a.)
29 Apr 1800 - 21 Jun 1800  Provisional Government Committee (Regency)
                           - Giovanni Battista Sommariva      (b. 1760 - d. 1826)
                           - Francesco Ajmi Visconti
                           - Sigismondo Ruga
21 Jun 1800 - Sep 1800     Extraordinary Government Commission
                           - Conte Francesco Melzi d'Eril     (b. 1753 - d. 1816)
                           - Antonio Aldini                   (b. 1755 - d. 1826)
                           - Giovanni Battista Sommariva      (s.a.)
                           - Sigismondo Ruga
                           - Francesco Ajmi Visconti
                           - Conte Giovanni Paradisi          (s.a.)
                           - Raffaele Arauco
                           - Giulio Cesare Bargnani           (b. 1757 - d. 1825)
                           - Ambrogio Birago                  (b. 1754 - d. 1828)
Sep 1800 - 26 Jan 1802     Executive Committee of the
                           Extraordinary Government Commission
                           - Giovanni Battista Sommariva      (s.a.)
                           - Francesco Ajmi Visconti
                           - Sigismondo Ruga
President
26 Jan 1802 - 18 Mar 1805  Napoléon Bonaparte                 (b. 1769 - d. 1821)
King¹
18 Mar 1805 - 21 Apr 1814  Napoléon I                         (s.a.)
21 Apr 1814 - 28 Apr 1814  Provisional Government
                           - Carlo Verri                      (b. 1743 - d. 1823)
                           - Domenico Pino                    (b. 1760 - d. 1826)
                           - Conte Giacomo Mellerio           (b. 1777 - d. 1847)
                           - Conte Giberto Borromeo           (b. 1751 - d. 1837)
                           - Barone Giovanni Bazzetta         (b. 1753 - d. 1827)
Kings of Lombardo-Venetia
 7 Apr 1815 - 22 Mar 1848  the Emperors of Austria
22 Aug 1849 -  9 Jun 1859  the Emperors of Austria
President of the Provisional Government of Milan

(from 8 Apr 1848, President of the Central Provisional Government of Lombardy)

22 Mar 1848 -  8 Jun 1848  Conte Gabrio Casati                (b. 1798 - d. 1873)
Sardinian Royal Commissioner
 5 Jun 1859 -  8 Jun 1859  Paolo Onorato Vigliani             (b. 1814 - d. 1900) 
Lieutenant General
 
8 Jun 1859 - 30 Nov 1859  Paolo Onorato Vigliani             (s.a.)
Governor
30 Nov 1859 - Mar 1861     Alfonso Ferrero di La Marmora      (b. 1804 - d. 1878)


French Governors

 3 Nov 1499 -  5 Feb 1500  Gian Giacomo Trivulzio             (b. 1448 - d. 1518)
                             (Jean Jacques Trivulce)
Jan 1501 - Jun 1501        Louis II de la Trémoille (1st time)(b. 1460 - d. 1525)
                             (Lieutenant-general)
Jun 1501 - Oct 1501        Georges Cardinal d'Amboise         (b. 1460 - d. 1510)
                             (Lieutenant-general)
17 Apr 1500 - Feb 1511     Charles II d'Amboise               (b. 1473 - d. 1511) 
Feb 1511 - Jun 1511        Louis d'Orleans duc de Longueville (b. 1480 - d. 1516)
Jun 1511 - 11 Apr 1512     Gaston de Foix, duc de Nemours     (b. 1489 - d. 1512)
 3 Dec 1515 - Aug 1516     Charles III, duc de Bourbon        (b. 1490 - d. 1527)
Aug 1516 - 19 Nov 1521     Odet de Foix, seigneur de Lautrec  (b. 1485 - d. 1528)
1521                       Thomas de Foix, seigneur de Lescun (b. c.1485 - d. 1525)
                             (acting for Lautrec to ... 1521)
15 Sep 1524 - 1525         Michel Antoine, marquis de Saluces (b. 1504 - d. 1528)
Oct 1524 - 23 Feb 1525     Louis II de la Trémoille (2nd time)(s.a.)
                             (Lieutenant-general)
1525                       Teodoro Trivulzio                  (b. 1458 - d. 1531)
                             (Théodore de Trivulce)
Governors

 8 Apr 1686 - May 1691     Antonio López de Ayala Velasco y   (b. 16.. - d. 1709)
                             Cárdeñas, conde de Fuensalida
26 May 1691 - May 1698     Diego Dávila Mesía y Guzmán,       (b. 1666 - d. 1711)
                              marqués de Leganés
17 May 1698 -  7 Sep 1706  Charles Henri de Lorraine,         (b. 1649 - d. 1723)
                             prince de Vaudémont    
Military commander
24 Sep 1706 - 16 Apr 1707  Eugenio Francesco di Savoia-       (b. 1663 - d. 1736)
                             Carignano, principe di Carignano 
Governors-general
16 Apr 1707 - Jan 1717     Eugenio Francesco di Savoia-       (s.a.)
                             Carignano, principe di Carignano
 3 Jan 1717 - 26 Dec 1718  Maximilian Carl Fürst von          (b. 1656 - d. 1718)
                             Löwenstein und Wertheim 
18 Jan 1719 - Dec 1725     Hieronymus IV Graf Colloredo       (b. 1674 - d. 1726) 
24 Dec 1725 - 21 Oct 1733  Philipp Wirich Lorenz Graf von     (b. 1669 - d. 1741)
                             Daun
11 Dec 1733 - Aug 1736     Carlo Emanuele III, duca di Savoia (b. 1701 - d. 1773)
15 Dec 1736 - 17 Mar 1742  Otto Ferdinand Graf von Traun und
                             Abensberg                        (b. 1677 - d. 1748)
12 Sep 1743 - 16 Dec 1745  Johann Georg Christian Fürst von   (b. 1686 - d. 1755)
                             Lobkowitz
16 Jun 1745 - 22 Sep 1745  Giovanni Luca Pallavicini-         (b. 1697 - d. 1773)
                             Centurione (1st time)
                            (minister plenipotentiary)
Military governor
16 Dec 1745 - 19 Mar 1746  Felipe de Borbón, infante de       (b. 1720 - d. 1765)
                             España
Governors-general

25 Aug 1746 - 16 Sep 1747  Giovanni Luca Pallavicini-         (b. 1697 - d. 1773)
                             Centurione (2nd time)
19 Sep 1747 - 18 Sep 1750  Ferdinand Bonaventura Graf von     (b. 1708 - d. 1778)
                             Harrach
26 Sep 1750 - 23 Sep 1753  Giovanni Luca Pallavicini-         (s.a.)
                             Centurione (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1753 - Oct 1771     Francesco Maria, duca di Modena    (b. 1698 - d. 1780)
                             (administrator 14 Jan 1754)
Nov 1754 -  3 Jul 1758     Conte Beltrame Cristiani           (b. 1702 - d. 1758)
                             (minister plenipotentiary for duca di Modena)
29 Jul 1758 - 15 Oct 1771  Karl Joseph Graf von Firmian       (b. 1718 - d. 1782)
                             (minister plenipotentiary for duca di Modena)
15 Oct 1771 -  9 May 1796  Ferdinand Erzherzog von Österreich (b. 1754 - d. 1806)
15 Oct 1771 - 20 Jun 1782  Karl Joseph Graf von Firmian       (s.a.)
                             (minister plenipotentiary for Ferdinand)
29 Jul 1782 -  9 May 1796  Johann Joseph Graf von Wilczek     (b. 1738 - d. 1819)
                             (imperial commissioner for Ferdinand)
 9 May 1796 - 29 Apr 1799  part of Transpadane/Cisapline republic
29 Apr 1799 - 29 May 1800  Filippo Cocastelli, marchese di    (b. 1751 - d. 1831)
                             Montiglio
29 May 1800 - 18 Mar 1805  part of Cisapline/Italian republic
Viceroy

  7 Jun 1805 - 24 Apr 1814  Eugenio Napoleone di Francia,      (b. 1781 - d. 1824)
                             (from 20 Dec 1807) principe di Venezia,
                             (from 28 Oct 1813) granduca di Francoforte
                           (Eugène Napoléon de France,
                             from 20 Dec 1807 prince de Venise,
                             from 28 Oct 1813 grand-duc de Francoforte)

1809
- 1814                Francesco Melzi d'Eril, duc de     (s.a.)
                             Lodi (acting for absent
Eugenio)
Austrian Military governor
24 Apr 1814 - 25 May 1814  Heinrich XV Fürst zu Reuss-        (b. 1751 - d. 1825)
                             Plauen
Viceroys of Lombardy-Venetia
25 May 1814 -  7 Apr 1815  Friedrich Heinrich Graf von        (b. 1756 - d. 1845)
                             Bellegarde
                             (commissioner plenipotentiary)
 7 Mar 1816 - Jan 1818     Franz Joseph Anton Erzherzog von   (b. 1779 - d. 1835)
                             Österreich
 3 Jan 1818 - Mar 1848     Ranier Erzherzog von Österreich    (b. 1783 - d. 1853)
1825                       Johann Graf von Frémont            (b. 1759 - d. 1831)
                             (acting for Ranier)
Oct 1847 - Mar 1848        Karl Ludwig Graf Ficquelmont       (b. 1777 - d. 1857)
                             (acting for Ranier)
25 Oct 1849 - 28 Mar 1857  Johann Joseph Wenzel Radetzky Graf (b. 1766 - d. 1858)
                             von Radetz (governor-general)
 6 Sep 1857 -  4 Apr 1859  Ferdinand Maximilian Erzherzog von (b. 1832 - d. 1867)
                             Österreich
 4 Apr 1859 -  5 Jun 1859  Franz Gyulai Gróf von Maros-       (b. 1798 - d. 1868)
                             Németh und Nádaska
 8 Jun 1859 -  1 Aug 1859  Heinrich Hermann Joseph Freiherr   (b. 1788 - d. 1870)
                             von Hess (acting)
Governors of Lombardy
28 May 1814 -  7 Apr 1815  Friedrich Heinrich Graf von        (s.a.)
                             Bellegarde
                             (commissioner plenipotentiary)
21 Apr 1815 - 24 Feb 1818  Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau       (b. 1760 - d. 1832)
24 Feb 1818 -  3 May 1830  Julius Graf von Strassoldo         (b. 1771 - d. 1830)
                            
(Giulio conte di Strassoldo)

                             (president of government)
10 May 1830 - Dec 1840     Franz Graf von Hartig              (b. 1789 - d. 1865)
Dec 1840 - May 1841        Robert Altgraf zu Salm-            (b. 1804 - d. 1875)
                             Reifferscheidt-Raitz (acting)
May 1841 - 18 Mar 1848     Johann Baptist Graf von Spaur      (b. 1777 - d. 1852)
18 Mar 1848 - 22 Mar 1848  Heinrich Graf O'Donnell (acting)   (b. 1802 - d. 1872)
23 Mar 1848 -  6 Aug 1848  Carlo Alberto, duca de Savoia      (b. 1798 - d. 1849)
                             (military commander)
 6 Aug 1848 -  1 Sep 1848  Felix Fürst von Schwarzenberg      (b. 1800 - d. 1848)
                             (military governor)
 1 Sep 1848 - 24 Sep 1848  Franz Graf von Wimpfen             (b. 1797 - d. 1870) 
                             (military governor)
25 Sep 1848 - 1849         Albrecht von Montecuccoli-Laderchi (b. 1802 - d. 1873)
                             (minister plenipotentiary)
1849                       Karl II Borromäus Philipp          (b. 1802 - d. 1858) 
                             Fürst zu Schwarzenberg
25 Oct 1849 - 28 Mar 1857  Joseph Wenzel Radetzky Graf von    (s.a.) 
                             Radetzky von Radetz (governor-general) 
1857 - 1859                Friedrich Freiherr von Burger      (b. 1804 - d. 1873) 


Chief ministers
16.. - 1655                Francesco Rolando, marchese della
                             Calle
1655 - 1670                ....
1670 - 1671                Vincenzo, marchese Striggi Gonzaga
1671 - 1699                Giuseppe Varano                    (b. 1639 - d. 1699)
                           + Ferdinando Cavriani (1673-1683)  (b. 1625 - d. 1695)
170. - 1707                Ascano di Gonzaga                  (b. 1654 - d. 1728)
Grand Chancellor
18 Mar 1805 - 24 Apr 1814  Francesco Melzi d'Eril, duc de     (s.a.)
                             Lodi


French Ambassadors

May 1798 - 13 Oc 1798      Charles-Joseph Trouvé              (b. 1768 - d. 1860)
13 Oct 1798 -  7 Dec 1798  Joseph Fouché de Nantes            (b. 1759 - d. 1820)
 7 Dec 1798 - 27 Apr 1799  François Rivaud du Vignaud         (b. 1754 - d. 1836)

 ¹style of the ruler 1805 - 1814: per la grazia di Dio, e per le Costituzioni imperatore de' Francesi e re d'Italia ("By the grace of God, and the Constitutions, Emperor of the French and King of Italy")


Départements of the Cisalpine Republic/Italian Republic & Kingdom


Adda

 9 Jul 1797                Adda département of the Cisalpine Republic formed
                             from Swiss areas of Valtellina, Chiavenna and Bormio.
 5 Nov 1797                Renamed Adda-et-Oglio département.
 1 Sep 1798                Dissolved.
 8 Jun 1805                Adda département re-established as part of Italian Republic.

Commissioners of the Executive Power
18 Jun 1797 - 1797         Luigi Oliva (acting)
                            (for Adda, Lario, and Verbano)
Jul 1797 - 1798            Antonio Aldini                    (b. 1755 - d. 1826)
15 Sep 1798 - 1799         Carlo Rezia
Prefects
1805 - 1807                Giulio Pallavicini                (b. 1761 - d. 18..)
 5 Jun 1807 - 10 Oct 1809  Francesco Ticozzi                 (b. 1760 - d. 1824)
10 Oct 1809 - Apr 1812     Francesco Angiolini               (b. 1754 - d. 18..)
13 Apr 1812 - 1814         Carlo Rezia                       (b. 1771 - d. 18..)


Adriatico (Adriatique)

 1 May 1806                Adriatico département formed from Venice.

Prefects
 9 Apr 1806 - Sep 1809     Marco Serbelloni                  (b. 1748 - d. 1835)
 1 Oct 1809 - Sep 1814     Francesco de Galvagna             (b. 1775? - d. 1860)


Adige

 8 Jun 1805                Adige département formed from part of the Veneto.

Prefects
Jun 1805 - Mar 1806        V
incenzo Brunétti                 (b. 1761 - d. 1839)
20 Mar 1806 - 1806         Pio Eusebio Magenta               (b. 1771 - d. 1844)
25 Jul 1806 - 1809         Leonardo Thiene                   (b. 1763 - d. 1821)
1809 - 1814                Antonio Smancini                  (b. 1766 - d. 1831)


Agogna

1800                       Agogna département formed from parts of Piedmont.

Commissioners
14 Oct 1800 - Jun 1801     Benedetto conte Bòno              (b. 1765 - d. 1811)
Jun 1801 - Jul 1801        G. Borri
Jul 1801 - May 1802        Ludovico Lizzoli
Prefects
May 1802 - 1805            Raffaele Paravicini               (b. 1769 - d. 1853)
1805 - 1806                Giuseppe Tornielli                (b. 1764 - d. 1846)
1806  (2 1/2 months)       Lorenzo Romagnoli
 1 Nov 1806 - 1809         Alvise Mocenigo                   (b. 1760 - d. 1815)
10 Oct 1809 - 1814         Stefano Luini                     (b. 1769 - d. 1823)


Alto Adige (Haut-Adige)

 9 Jun 1810                Alto Adige
département of Kingdom of Italy formed from Trent.

Prefects
Jun 1810 - Dec 1811        Alessandro, conte Agucchi-Legnani (b. 1774 - d. 1853)
14 Dec 1811 - Oct 1813     Filippo del Fiume                 (b. 1762 - d. 1846)


Alto Po (Haut-Pô

 9 Jul 1797                Po département formed from Cremona and part of Mantua.
 5 Nov 1797                Renamed
Alto Po département.

Commissioners
30 Aug 1797 - 1798         Ubaldo Borsieri
1798 - 1799                Antonio Smancini                  (b. 1766 - d. 1831)
Prefects
Apr 1802 - Mar 1804        Marco Antonio Fé                  (b. 1762 - d. 1836)
1804 - 1806                Bartolomeo Masi                   (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
1806 - 30 Sep 1809         Francesco di Galvagna             (b. 1773 - d. 1860)
10 Oct 1809 - Feb 1814     Cesare Francesco Ticozzi          (b. 1760 - d. 1821)


Bacchiglione

 1 May 1806                Bacchiglione département formed from part of the Veneto.

Prefect
1806 - Dec 1813            Pio Eusebio Magenta               (b. 1771 - d. 1844)


Basso Po

 5 Jan 1797                Ferrara seat of Du Pô département of the Cisalpine Republic
                             formed from Ferrara and areas formerly part of Papal State.
 2 Jun? 1797               Renamed Basso Po (Pô Inférieur) département.
23 May 1799 - 1800         Austrian occupation.

Commissioners of the Executive Power
10 Aug 1797 - Sep 1798     Giambattista Boldrini             (b. 1764 - d. 1836)
15 Sep 1798 - 19 Oct 1798  Carlo Facci
19 Oct 1798 -  1 Apr 1799  Giuseppe Rangone                  (b. 1764 - d. 1830)
 1 Apr 1799 - 19 Apr 1799  Giambattista Masi
19 Apr 1799 - 22 May 1799  Vincenzo Bertolli
23 May 1799 - 1800         Austrian rule
1800 - Nov 1800            Giovanni Ristori                  (b. 1755 - d. 1830)
Nov 1800 - Apr 1801        Francesco Mocchetti (or Marchetti)
Apr 1801 - May 1802        Teodoro Somenzari                 (b. 1771 - d. 1859)
Prefects
May 1802 - Nov 1802        Teodoro Somenzari                 (s.a.)
Nov 1802 - 31 Mar 1803     Pio Eusebio Magenta               (b. 1771 - d. 1844)
                             (commissioner to 6 Feb 1803)
Apr 1803 - Jul 1807        Federico Cavriani                 (b. 1762 - d. 1833)
Jul 1807 - May 1808        Giovanni Scopoli                  (b. 1774 - d. 1854)
17 May 1808 - Jun 1814     Costantino Zacco                  (b. 1760 - d. 1841)


Brenta

 1 May 1806                Brenta département formed from part of the Veneto.

Prefects
1806 - 1809                Gaudenzio Maria Caccia, conte
    (b. 1765 - d. 1834)
                             di Romentino
12 Apr 1809 - 13 Aug 1812  Bonaventura Zecchini              (b. 1769 - d. 1824)
13 Aug 1812 - 1813         F
erdinando Porro                  (b. 1774 - d. 18..)


Crostolo: see Modena


Lario

 9 Jul 1797 -  1 Sep 1798  Lario département of the Cispadane/Cisalpine Republic formed
                             from Como and areas
of Lombardy.
1800
                       Lario département re-established.

Commissioners
18 Jun 1797 - 1797         Luigi Oliva (acting)
                            (for Adda, Lario, and Verbano)
1797 - 1798                Gaspare Rezia
Prefects
22 May 1802 - 20 Dec 1802  Antonio Roncalli
20 Dec 1802 - May 1804     Giuseppe Casati                   (b. 1762 - d. 1833)
 9 May 1804 - 1805         Gaetano Boari                     (b. 1760 - d. 18..)
23 Jul 1805 - 1810         Michele Vismara                   (b. 1760 - d. 1819)
28 Apr 1810 - 1814         Giovanni Tamassia                 (b. 1776 - d. 1839)


Mella

 5 Nov 1797                Mella département formed from part of the Veneto.

Commissioners
15 Sep 1798 - 1799         Antonio Sabatti (1st time)        (b. 1766 - d. 1843)
1800 - Aug 1801            Antonio Sabatti (2nd time)        (s.a.)
Aug 1801 - Apr 1802        Giacomo Greppi                    (b. 1774 - d. 1836)
Apr 1802 - May? 1802       Alfonso Banfi
Prefects
1802 - 29 Sep 1804         Carlo Verri                       (b. 1743 - d. 1823)
29 Sep 1804 - 1806         Francesco Mosca                   (b. 17.. - d. 1812)
1806 - 1811                Giuseppe Tornielli                (b. 1764 - d. 1846)
1811 - 1814                Teodoro Somenzari                 (b. 1771 - d. 1859)


Metauro (Métaure)

1798 - 1799                Metauro département of the Roman Republic formed
                             from Marche and Ancona formerly part of Papal State
.
11 May 1808                Metauro département re-established within Kingdom of Italy.

Prefects
1808 - Dec 1811            Giuseppe 
Casati                   (b. 1762 - d. 1833)
14 Dec 1811 - 1814         Giacomo Gaspari                   (b. 1767 - d. 18..)


Mincio

 5 Nov 1797 -  1 Nov 1798  Mincio département formed from Mantua.
....
                      Mincio département re-established.

Commissioners
Jul 1797 - 1797            Giovanni Tordoro (acting)         (b. 1755 - d. 1836)
 5 Nov 1797 - 28 Jul 1799  Teodoro Somenzari                 (b. 1771 - d. 1859)
1799 - summer 1800         Austrian occupation
summer 1800                Giovanni Tammassia
1800 - May 1802            Marchetti
Prefects
1802 - May 1804            Gaetano Boari (Bovari)            (b. 1760 - d. 18..)
 9 May 1804 - 1809         Stanislao Antonio Cossoni         (b. 1756 - d. 1845)
10 Oct 1809 - May 1810     Giovanni Tammassia                (b. 1776 - d. 1839)
May 1810 - Jul 1814        Michel Vismara                    (b. 1760 - d. 1819)


Musone

1798 - 1799                Musone département of the Roman Republic formed
                             from Marche formerly part of Papal State
.
11 May 1808                Musone département re-established within Italian Republic.

Prefects
1806 - Dec 1811            Giacomo Gaspari
14 Dec 1811 - 1814         Michele Villata                   (b. 1774 - d. 18..)


Olona

 9 Jul 1797                Olona département of the Cispadane/Cisalpine Republic formed
                             from Pavia, Milan area
of Lombardy.
 1 Sep 1798 - 1800
        Milan département.
1800                       Olona département re-established.

Commissioners
15 Sep 1798 - 1799         Michele Pedrazzini
               (b. 1745 - d. 18..)
1799 - 1800                see Lombardy
Prefects
Jun 1800 - 27 Jul 1800     Michele Pedrazzini                (s.a.)
                             (government commissioner)
27 Jul 1800 - 15 Oct 1800  Rota (government commissioner)
15 Oct 1800 - Jun 1802     Leopoldo Staurenghi               (b. 1766 - d. 18..)

                             (government commissioner)
1802 - 1809                Lucrezio Longo                    (b. 1758 - d. 1816)
1809 - May 1814            Gaudenzo Maria Caccia             (b. 1765 - d. 1834)
 5 May 1814 - 1814         Giovanni Minoja                   (b. 1763 - d. 1832)


Panaro: see Modena


Passariano

 1 May 1806                Passariano département formed from part of the Veneto.

Prefects
1806 - 1811                Teodoro Somenzari                 (b. 1771 - d. 1859)
14 Dec 1811 - 1814         Alessandro Agucchi Legnani        (b. 1774 - d. 1853)


Piave

 1 May 1806                Piave département formed from part of the Veneto.

Prefects
12 Jul 1806 - 1808         Carlo del Maino
1808 - 1811                Alessandro Frosconi               (b. 1780 - d. 18..)
14 Dec 1811 - 1814         Francesco Ferri                   (b. 1781 - d. 1823)


Reno

 5 Jan 1797                Reno département of the Cispadane/Cisalpine Republic formed
                             from Bologna and areas
formerly part of Papal State.
1797 - 1798                Département Haute-Paduse detached from Reno.

Commissioners
20 Aug 1797 - 13 Aug 1798  Carlo Caprara                     (b. 1755 - d. 1816)
13 Aug 1798 -  6 Sep 1798  Bernardo Monti
 6 Sep 1798 - 15 Sep 1798  Giacomo Pistorini
15 Sep 1798 - Apr 1799     Sebastiano Bológna                (b. 1752 - d. 1843)
Apr 1799 - 30 Jun 1799     Angelo Garimberti
1799 - 1800                Austrian occupation
 7 Jul 1800 -  7 Nov 1800  Giuseppe Cacciari                 (b. 1726 - d. 1802)
 7 Nov 1800 - Dec 1800     Domenico Pelosi
31 Dec 1800 - May 1801     Luigi Oliva
 9 May 1801 - Mar 1802     Alfonso Banfi
14 Mar 1802 - 26 Apr 1802  Antonio Cossoni
Prefects
Apr 1802 - Oct 1802        Alessandro Carlotti               (b. 1739 - d. 1828)
13 Oct 1802 - 1806         Teodoro Somenzari                 (b. 1771 - d. 1859)
Oct 1806 - 1809            Francesco Mosca                   (b. 17.. - d. 1812)
oct 1809 - 1813            Alvise Querini
Stampalia          (b. 1758 - d. 1834)
Aug 1813 - May 1814        Girolamo Tadini Oldofredi         (b. 1772 - d. 1839)


Rubicone

 5 Nov 1797 - 1799         Rubicone département of the Cisalpine Republic formed from
                             Forli, Pesaro and Montefeltro
formerly part of Papal State.
1799 - 13 Jul 1800         Austrian occupation.
Jul 1800                   Rubicone
département re-established within Italian Republic.
17 Dec 1800 - 23 Jan 1801  Austrian occupation.

Commissioners for the part Lamone
Mar 1798 - May 1798        Tommaso Galleppini
May 1798 - 1799?           Francesco Ginnasi
Extraordinary Commissioners for Lamone and Rubicone
Feb 1798 - Apr 1798        Diego Guicciardi
                  (b. 1756 - d. 1837)
Apr 1798 - 16 Jul 1798     Daniele Felici                    (b. 1756 - d. 1836)
Jul 1798 -  8 Sep 1798     Filippo Ronconi
 8 Sep 1798 - 15 Sep 1798  Dionigi Strocchi (1st time)       (b. 1762 - d. 1850)
15 Sep 1798 - 28 May 1799  Costantino Montaldi
1799 - 13 Jul 1800         Austrian occupation
Chairmen of the Regia-Cesarea Reggenza (
in Ravenna)
11 Jul 1799 - 15 Jan 1800  Camillo
marchese Spreti           (b. 1748 - d. 1830)
15 Jan 1800 - Jul 1800     Francesco
marchese Paulucci
Extraordinary Commissioners for Lamone and Rubicone
Jul 1800                   Psalidi

24 Jul 1800 - Oct 1800     Dionigi Strocchi (2nd time)       (s.a.)
20 Nov 1800 - 17 Dec 1800  Leopoldo Tangerini (1st time)     (b. 1741 - d. 1807)
17 Dec 1800 - 23 Jan 1801  Austrian occupation
23 Jan 1801 - 16 Jun 1801  Leopoldo Tangerini (2nd time)     (s.a.)
16 Jun 1801 - Aug 1801     Giovanni Margaritis
Sep 1801 - Mar 1802        Bianconi
Mar 1802 - May 1802        Tommaso Galleppini
Prefects
May 1802 - May 1804        Bartolomeo Masi                   (b. 1770 - d. 1828)
 9 May 1804 - 1805         Vincenzo Brunétti                 (b. 1761 - d. 1839)
 9 May 1805 - 13 Aug 1806  Lorenzo Romagnoli
1806 - 1809                Giuseppe Pallavicini              (b. 1776 - d. 1851)
1809 - 1811                Leopoldo Staurenghi               (b. 1766 - d. 18..)
14 Dec 1811 - 26 Dec 1813  Alessandro Frosconi


Serio

 9 Jul 1797                Serio département of the Cisalpine Republic formed from
                             the Bergamo area
of Lombardy.

Commissioners
18 Jun 1797 - Aug 1797    
Ottavio Mozzoni (acting)
 5 Aug 1797 - Nov 1797     Girolamo Adelasio                 (b. 1768 - d. 1828)
Nov?
1797 - Sep 1798       Francesco Ticozzi (1st time)
15 Sep 1798 - 1799         Alessandro Solza
1799 - 1800                Austrian occupation
1800 - Feb 1802            Francesco Ticozzi (2nd itme)
Prefects

26 Apr 1802 - 1804         Vincenzo Brunétti                 (b. 1761 - d. 1839)
 9 May 1804 - Jun 1806     Giuseppe Casati                   (b. 1762
- d. 1833)
1806 - 1809                Cinzio Frangipane                 (b. 1765 - d. 1857)
1809 - 1811                Giuseppe Pallavicini              (b. 1776 - d. 1851)
11 Dec 1811 - 1814         Francesco Cornalia                (b. 1767 - d. 1844)


Tagliamento

11 Jan 1806                Tagliamento département formed from Treviso and parts of Veneto.

Magistrate
 5 Nov 1801 - 1806         
Bernardo Pasini                   (b. 1747 - d. 18..)
                             (provisional to 11 Jan 1806)
Prefects

 1 Jul 1806 - 1808         Giuseppe Casati                   (b. 1762 - d. 1833)
1808 - 13 Nov 1808         Giovanni Scopoli                  (b. 1774 - d. 1854)
13 Nov 1808 - 1814         Carlo del Maino


Tronto

1798 - 1799                Tronto département of the Roman Republic formed
                             from Marche formerly part of Papal State
.
11 May 1808                Tronto département re-established within Kingdom of Italy.

Prefects
21 Apr 1808 - 1811         Franceso Cornalia                 (b. 1767 - d. 1844)
14 Dec 1811 - 1814         Leopoldo Staurenghi               (b. 1766 - d. 18..)



Lucca
 
[Lucca to 1799,
                          1801-1803]
               12th cent - 4 Feb 1799; 
       26 Dec 1801 - 8 Aug 1805 State flag
 
[Lucca merchant
                        engsign, 13th cent. - 1799]
    13th cent. - 4 Feb 1799 Merchant flag
 
 
[Lucchese
                          Republic, 1799-1801]
        Feb 1799 - 26 Dec 1801 Civil flag
 
 
[Lucca Merchant
                          Ensign 1803-1805]
   20 Jun 1803 - 8 Aug 1805 Merchant flag
 
[Lucca and
                          Piombino 1805-1809]
              8 Aug 1805 - 3 Mar 1809 
 
[France]
                3 Mar 1809 - Mar 1814
 
[Lucca,
                          1815-1818]
                  1815 - 7 Nov 1818
 
[Lucca State and Royal flag,
                          1818-1824]
            7 Nov 1818 - 13 Mar 1824
 
[Lucca State and Royal flag,
                          1824-1847]
            13 Mar 1824 - 4 Oct 1847

Maps of Lucca
Hear National Anthem
Text of National Anthem
 Constitutions (in Italian)
(17 Feb 1799-1801; 26 Dec
1801-1805; 26 Jun 1805-1809)
Capital: Lucca
Currency: 1700-1806, 
1815-1860 Italian States 
Lira (XITL)
National Holiday: N/A
Population: N/A
 
23 Jun 1081                Lucca granted various rights and liberties.
1107                       Communal government begins in Lucca.
1209                       Commune receives imperial privileges.
1288                       Commune purchases sovereignty (technically, imperial immediacy).
1314                       Lucca submits to King Roberto of Sicily.
14 Jun 1314                Uguccione della Faggiuola, signore di Pisa, becomes signore
                             di Lucca (Lord of Lucca).
Jun 1316                   Castruccio Castracani degli Antelminelli becomes signore.
17 Nov 1327                Castruccio becomes duca di Lucca e Lumigiana.
15 Apr 1329                The Emperor expels Arrigo, successor of Castruccio.
 2 Sep 1329                Lucca bought at auction by Gherardo Spinola, who proclaims
                             King Jan of Bohemia (John the Blind) as signore di Lucca
                             on 16 Mar 1331 (includes Pietrasanta 1370-1437 and 1496-1516).
 3 Oct 1333                Lucca mortgaged to the Rossi family of Parma.
14 Nov 1335                Lucca ceded by the Rossi to the Della Scala of Verona.
25 Sep 1341                Lucca ceded by the Della Scala to Florence (Firenze), whose 
                             government proclaims King Roberto of Sicily as signore 
                             di Lucca.
 6 Jul 1342 - 25 Aug 1368  Pisa occupies and annexes Lucca.
 4 Sep 1368                Pisa cedes Lucca to the Emperor.
 6 Apr 1369                Lucca again purchases sovereignty (technically imperial 
                             immediacy); Commune of Lucca from 11 Oct 1430.
 4 Feb 1799                Republic of Lucca (Lucchese Republic)(French occupation).
17 Jul 1799                Commune of Lucca (Austrian occupation).
 9 Jul 1800                Republic of Lucca (French occupation).
15 Sep 1800                Commune of Lucca (Austrian occupation).
 9 Oct 1800                Republic of Lucca (French occupation).
24 Jun 1805                Principality of Lucca (Principauté de Lucques)(French rule under
                             Felice Baciocchi, husband of Elisa Bonaparte).
 3 Mar 1809                Merged into Grand Duchy of Tuscany; part of France.
10-12 Dec 1813             Brief occupation by Anglo-Sicilian force under Col. Catinelli.
17 Mar 1814 -  6 Apr 1814  Occupied by "Sicily" (Naples).
 7 Apr 1814                State of Lucca
 7 Apr 1814 - 22 Nov 1817  Occupied by Austria.
22 Nov 1817                Duchy of Lucca
 5 Oct 1847                Annexation to Tuscany.
 
Gonfalonieri di Giustizia (Standard-bearers of Justice)
 1 Jan 1700 - 28 Feb 1700  Bartolommeo Conami
 1 Mar 1700 - 30 Apr 1700  Giuseppe Tucci 
 1 May 1700 - 30 Jun 1700  Orazio Guinigi (1st time?) 
 1 Jul 1700 - 31 Aug 1700  Giovanbattista Mansi (1st time?)
 1 Sep 1700 - 31 Oct 1700  Salavatore Franchi 
 1 Nov 1700 - 31 Dec 1700  Romano Garzoni (1st time)
 1 Jan 1701 - 28 Feb 1701  Pompeo Saminiati
 1 Mar 1701 - 30 Apr 1701  Giacomo Sarini
 1 May 1701 - 30 Jun 1701  Agostino Santini (1st time?)
 1 Jul 1701 - 31 Aug 1701  Nicolao Montecatini
 1 Sep 1701 - 31 Oct 1701  Girolamo Narducci (1st time?)
 1 Nov 1701 - 31 Dec 1701  Ippolito Bulamonti (1st time?)
 1 Jan 1702 - 28 Feb 1702  Massimiliano del Portico (1st time?)
 1 Mar 1702 - 30 Apr 1702  Iacopo Graziani (1st time?)
 1 May 1702 - 30 Jun 1702  Attilio Arnolfini (1st time?)
 1 Jul 1702 - 31 Aug 1702  Ferrante Cittadella (1st time?)
 1 Sep 1702 - 31 Oct 1702  Cesare Rapondi (1st time?) 
 1 Nov 1702 - 31 Dec 1702  Stefano Spada (1st time?) 
 1 Jan 1703 - 28 Feb 1703  Carlo Parensi
 1 Mar 1703 - 30 Apr 1703  Domenico Filippo Bartolomei
 1 May 1703 - 30 Jun 1703  Pompeo Micheli (1st time)
 1 Jul 1703 - 31 Aug 1703  Domenico Sesti (1st time)
 1 Sep 1703 - 31 Oct 1703  Girolamo Benassai
 1 Nov 1703 - 31 Dec 1703  Girolamo Boccella 
 1 Jan 1704 - 29 Feb 1704  Nicolao Gigli (1st time)
 1 Mar 1704 - 30 Apr 1704  Nicolao Diodati (1st time)
 1 May 1704 - 30 Jun 1704  Francesco Tegrimi
 1 Jul 1704 - 31 Aug 1704  Vincenzo Galganetti (1st time)
 1 Sep 1704 - 31 Oct 1704  Tommaso Sandonnini (1st time)
 1 Nov 1704 - 31 Dec 1704  Guglielmo Balbani
 1 Jan 1705 - 28 Feb 1705  Francesco Marcello Burlamacchi (1st time)
 1 Mar 1705 - 30 Apr 1705  Francesco Busdraghi (1st time)
 1 May 1705 - 30 Jun 1705  Vincenzo Pini (1st time)
 1 Jul 1705 - 31 Aug 1705  Carlo Minutoli
 1 Sep 1705 - 31 Oct 1705  Ferdinando Arnolfini
 1 Nov 1705 - 31 Dec 1705  Giovanbernardo Buonvisi (1st time)
 1 Jan 1706 - 28 Feb 1706  Massimiliano dal Portico (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1706 - 30 Apr 1706  Cesare Rapondi (2nd time)
 1 May 1706 - 30 Jun 1706  Agostino Santini (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1706 - 31 Aug 1706  Giovancarlo Ciuffarini
 1 Sep 1706 - 31 Oct 1706  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (1st time)
 1 Nov 1706 - 31 Dec 1706  Orazio Giunigi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1707 - 28 Feb 1707  Domenico Sessti
 1 Mar 1707 - 30 Apr 1707  Girolamo Narducci (2nd time)
 1 May 1707 - 30 Jun 1707  Attilio Arnolfini (2nd time) 
 1 Jul 1707 - 31 Aug 1707  Giovanbattista Mansi (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1707 - 31 Oct 1707  Iacopo Graziani (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1707 - 31 Dec 1707  Romano Garzoni (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1708 - 29 Feb 1708  Nicolao de' Nobili (1st time)
 1 Mar 1708 - 30 Apr 1708  Francesco Saminiati
 1 May 1708 - 30 Jun 1708  Ippolito Bulamonti (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1708 - 31 Aug 1708  Ferrante Citadella (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1708 - 31 Oct 1708  Iacopo Sardini (1st time) 
 1 Nov 1708 - 31 Dec 1708  Stefano Spada (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1709 - 28 Feb 1709  Nicolao Diodati (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1709 - 30 Apr 1709  Giovanlando Diversi (1st time)
 1 May 1709 - 30 Jun 1709  Lelio Guinigi (1st time)
 1 Jul 1709 - 31 Aug 1709  Nicolao Gigli (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1709 - 31 Oct 1709  Nicolao Gili
 1 Nov 1709 - 31 Dec 1709  Girolamo Benassai 
                           + Pompeo Micheli (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1710 - 28 Feb 1710  Francesco Marcello Burlamacchi (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1710 - 30 Apr 1710  Tommaso Sandonnini (2nd time) 
 1 May 1710 - 30 Jun 1710  Vincenzo Pini (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1710 - 31 Aug 1710  Carlo Minutoli (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1710 - 31 Oct 1710  Domenico Filippo Barolomei
 1 Nov 1710 - 31 Dec 1710  Filippo Fatinelli (1st time)
 1 Jan 1711 - 28 Feb 1711  Girolamo Parensi 
 1 Mar 1711 - 30 Apr 1711  Francesco Busdraghi (2nd time)
 1 May 1711 - 30 Jun 1711  Antonio Guidiccioni
 1 Jul 1711 - 31 Aug 1711  Vincenzo Galganetti (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1711 - 31 Oct 1711  Giovanbattista Trenta (1st time)
 1 Nov 1711 - 31 Dec 1711  Giovanpaolo Forteguerra (1st time)
 1 Jan 1712 - 29 Feb 1712  Nicolao de' Nobili (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1712 - 30 Apr 1712  Ascanio Ciuffarini
 1 May 1712 - 30 Jun 1712  Attilio Arnolfini (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1712 - 31 Aug 1712  Federigo Ottolini (1st time)
 1 Sep 1712 - 31 Oct 1712  Iacopo Graziani (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1712 - 31 Dec 1712  Agostino Santini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1713 - 28 Feb 1713  Baldassare Montecatini (1st time)
 1 Mar 1713 - 30 Apr 1713  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (2nd time)
 1 May 1713 - 30 Jun 1713  Stefano Spada (3rd time) 
 1 Jul 1713 - 31 Aug 1713  Ferrante Cittadella (3rd time) 
 1 Sep 1713 - 31 Oct 1713  Giovandomenico dal Portico
 1 Nov 1713 - 31 Dec 1713  Ippolito Bulamonti (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1714 - 28 Feb 1714  Domenic Sesti (2nd time) 
 1 Mar 1714 - 30 Apr 1714  Francesco Saminiati
 1 May 1714 - 30 Jun 1714  Giovanbernardo Buonvisi (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1714 - 31 Aug 1714  Lorenzo Cenami (1st time)
 1 Sep 1714 - 31 Oct 1714  Carloantonio Marchiò (1st time)
 1 Nov 1714 - 31 Dec 1714  Domenico Masai
 1 Jan 1715 - 28 Feb 1715  Carolo Bonfigli
 1 Mar 1715 - 30 Apr 1715  Cesare Rapondi (3rd time)
 1 May 1715 - 30 Jun 1715  Federigo Bernardini (1st time)
 1 Jul 1715 - 31 Aug 1715  Carlo Provenzali (1st time)
 1 Sep 1715 - 31 Oct 1715  Nicolao Santini 
 1 Nov 1715 - 31 Dec 1715  Lelio Giunigi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1716 - 29 Feb 1716  Lorenzo Cenami (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1716 - 30 Apr 1716  Buonviso Buonvisi
 1 May 1716 - 30 Jun 1716  Pompeo Micheli (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1716 - 31 Aug 1716  Nicolao Gigli (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1716 - 31 Oct 1716  Federigo Lucchesini
 1 Nov 1716 - 31 Dec 1716  Vincenzo Pini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1717 - 28 Feb 1717  Nicolao Parensi (1st time)
 1 Mar 1717 - 30 Apr 1717  Giovanbattista Spada (1st time)
 1 May 1717 - 30 Jun 1717  Filippo Fatinelli (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1717 - 31 Aug 1717  Giovanbattista Sesti (1st time)
 1 Sep 1717 - 31 Oct 1717  Giovanlando Diversi (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1717 - 31 Dec 1717  Giovanpaolo Forteguerra (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1718 - 28 Feb 1718  Nicolao de' Nobili (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1718 - 30 Apr 1718  Iacopo Filippo Graziani (1st time)
 1 May 1718 - 30 Jun 1718  Federigo Bernardini (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1718 - 31 Aug 1718  Baldassare Montecatini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1718 - 31 Oct 1718  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1718 - 31 Dec 1718  Attilio Arnolfini (4th time)
 1 Jan 1719 - 28 Feb 1719  Ferrante Cittadella (4th time) 
 1 Mar 1719 - 30 Apr 1719  Cesare Bonassai
 1 May 1719 - 30 Jun 1719  Ippolito Burlamacchi (1st time)
 1 Jul 1719 - 31 Aug 1719  Federigo Ottolini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1719 - 31 Oct 1719  Tommaso Narducci (1st time)
 1 Nov 1719 - 31 Dec 1719  Giovandomenico Aleogradi
 1 Jan 1720 - 29 Feb 1720  Carlo Orsucci 
 1 Mar 1720 - 30 Apr 1720  Carlantonio Marchiò (2nd time)
 1 May 1720 - 30 Jun 1720  Filippo Vanni (1st time)
 1 Jul 1720 - 31 Aug 1720  Nicolao Parensi (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1720 - 31 Oct 1720  Giovanbattista Trenta (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1720 - 31 Dec 1720  Agostino Santini (4th time)
 1 Jan 1721 - 28 Feb 1721  Lorenzo Cenami (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1721 - 30 Apr 1721  Cesare Rapondi (4th time)
 1 May 1721 - 30 Jun 1721  Pompeo Micheli (4th time)
 1 Jul 1721 - 31 Aug 1721  Ferrante Cittadella (5th time)
 1 Sep 1721 - 31 Oct 1721  Pierfrancesco Boccella (1st time)
 1 Nov 1721 - 31 Dec 1721  Lelio Guinigi (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1722 - 28 Feb 1722  Lodovico Garzoni (1st time)
 1 Mar 1722 - 30 Apr 1722  Pietro Serantoni
 1 May 1722 - 30 Jun 1722  Gregorio Tegrimi (1st time) 
 1 Jul 1722 - 31 Aug 1722  Carlo Provenzali (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1722 - 31 Oct 1722  Carlo de' Nobili (1st time)
 1 Nov 1722 - 31 Dec 1722  Alessandro Fanucci (1st time)
 1 Jan 1723 - 28 Feb 1723  Giovanbattista Sesti (2nd time) 
 1 Mar 1723 - 30 Apr 1723  Giovanbattista Spada (2nd time)
 1 May 1723 - 30 Jun 1723  Francesco Balbani (1st time)
 1 Jul 1723 - 31 Aug 1723  Nicolao Gigli (4th time)
 1 Sep 1723 - 31 Oct 1723  Giovanbattista Trenta (3rd time) 
 1 Nov 1723 - 31 Dec 1723  Cesare Antonio Buiamonti (1st time)
 1 Jan 1724 - 29 Feb 1724  Lorenzo Cenami (4th time) 
 1 Mar 1724 - 30 Apr 1724  Iacopo Filipo Graziani (2nd time)
 1 May 1724 - 30 Jun 1724  Attilio Arnolfini (5th time)
 1 Jul 1724 - 31 Aug 1724  Cerio Orsucci
 1 Sep 1724 - 31 Oct 1724  Alessandro Buonvisi (1st time)
 1 Nov 1724 - 31 Dec 1724  Alessandro Fanucci (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1725 - 28 Feb 1725  Nicolao de' Nobili (4th time)
 1 Mar 1725 - 30 Apr 1725  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (4th time) 
 1 May 1725 - 30 Jun 1725  Filippo Vanni (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1725 - 31 Aug 1725  Nicolao Parensi (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1725 - 31 Oct 1725  Carlantonio Marchiò (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1725 - 31 Dec 1725  Giovandomenico Altoradi
 1 Jan 1726 - 28 Feb 1726  Arrigo Galganetti (1st time)
 1 Mar 1726 - 30 Apr 1726  Cesare Benassai
 1 May 1726 - 30 Jun 1726  Federigo Bernardini (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1726 - 31 Aug 1726  Baldassare Montecatini (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1726 - 31 Oct 1726  Tommaso Narducci (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1726 - 31 Dec 1726  Ippolito Burlamacchi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1727 - 28 Feb 1727  Carlo Provenzali (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1727 - 30 Apr 1727  Cesare Rapondi (5th time)
 1 May 1727 - 30 Jun 1727  Lelio Guinigi (4th time)
 1 Jul 1727 - 31 Aug 1727  Pompeo Micheli (5th time)
 1 Sep 1727 - 31 Oct 1727  Carlo de' Nobili (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1727 - 31 Dec 1727  Pompeo Micheli (5th time)
 1 Jan 1728 - 29 Feb 1728  Ferrrante Cittadella (6th time)
 1 Mar 1728 - 30 Apr 1728  Giovanbattista Spada (3rd time)
 1 May 1728 - 30 Jun 1728  Stefano Buonvisi
 1 Jul 1728 - 31 Aug 1728  Cesare Burlamacchi (1st time)
 1 Sep 1728 - 31 Oct 1728  Pierfrancesco Boccella (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1728 - 31 Dec 1728  Francesco Balbani (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1729 - 28 Feb 1729  Lodovico Garzoni (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1729 - 30 Apr 1729  Pietro Serantoni
 1 May 1729 - 30 Jun 1729  Iacopo Filippo Mansi (1st time)
 1 Jul 1729 - 31 Aug 1729  Giovanbattista Sesti (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1729 - 31 Oct 1729  Giovanbattista Trenta (4th time)
 1 Nov 1729 - 31 Dec 1729  Cesare Antonio Bulamonti (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1730 - 28 Feb 1730  Iacopo Ciuffarini
 1 Mar 1730 - 30 Apr 1730  Iacopo Filippo Graziani (3rd time)
 1 May 1730 - 30 Jun 1730  Federigo Bernardini (4th time)
 1 Jul 1730 - 31 Aug 1730  Lorenzo Cenami (5th time)
 1 Sep 1730 - 31 Oct 1730  Alessandro Buonvisi (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1730 - 31 Dec 1730  Attilio Arnolfini (6th time)
 1 Jan 1731 - 28 Feb 1731  Cristoforo Orsucci (1st time)
 1 Mar 1731 - 30 Apr 1731  Girolamo Bartolomei (1st time)
 1 May 1731 - 30 Jun 1731  Giovandomenico Altogradi
 1 Jul 1731 - 31 Aug 1731  Nicolao Parensi (4th time)
 1 Sep 1731 - 31 Oct 1731  Carlantonio Marchiò (4th time)
 1 Nov 1731 - 31 Dec 1731  Filippo Vanni (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1732 - 29 Feb 1732  Baldassare Montecantini (4th time)
 1 Mar 1732 - 30 Apr 1732  Tommaso Narducci (3rd time)
 1 May 1732 - 30 Jun 1732  Alessandro Fanucci (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1732 - 31 Aug 1732  Arrigo Galganetti (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1732 - 31 Oct 1732  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (5th time)
 1 Nov 1732 - 31 Dec 1732  Alessandro Guinigi (1st time)
 1 Jan 1733 - 28 Feb 1732  Ferrante Cittadella (7th time)
 1 Mar 1733 - 30 Apr 1733  Cesare Rapondi (6th time)
 1 May 1733 - 30 Jun 1733  Gregorio Tegrimi (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1733 - 31 Aug 1733  Pompeo Micheli (6th time)
 1 Sep 1733 - 31 Oct 1733  Pierfrancesco Boccella (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1733 - 31 Dec 1733  Lelio Guinigi (5th time)
 1 Jan 1734 - 28 Feb 1734  Giovanbattista Sesti (4th time)
 1 Mar 1734 - 30 Apr 1734  Tomasso Narducci (4th time)
 1 May 1734 - 30 Jun 1734  Lorenzo Diodati (1st time)
 1 Jul 1734 - 31 Aug 1734  Lodovico Garzoni (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1734 - 31 Oct 1734  Carlo Domenico Tucci (1st time) 
 1 Nov 1734 - 31 Dec 1734  Iacopo Filippo Mansi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1735 - 28 Feb 1735  Cesare Burlamacchi (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1735 - 30 Apr 1735  Compagno Vittorio Compagni (1st time)
 1 May 1735 - 30 Jun 1735  Cesare Antonio Budamonti (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1735 - 31 Aug 1735  Giovanbattista Spada (4th time)
 1 Sep 1735 - 31 Oct 1735  Carlo Provenzali (4th time)
 1 Nov 1735 - 31 Dec 1735  Giovanbattista Spada (5th time)
                           + Francesco Balbani (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1736 - 29 Feb 1736  Cristoforo Orsucci (2nd time) 
 1 Mar 1736 - 30 Apr 1736  Bartolomeo Micheli (1st time)
 1 May 1736 - 30 Jun 1736  Federigo Bernardini (5th time)
 1 Jul 1736 - 31 Aug 1736  Arrigo Galganetti (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1736 - 31 Oct 1736  Alessandro Buonvisi (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1736 - 31 Dec 1736  Filippo Vanni (4th time)
 1 Jan 1737 - 28 Feb 1737  Alessandro Ottolini (1st time)
 1 Mar 1737 - 30 Apr 1737  Girolamo Bartolomei (2nd time)
 1 May 1737 - 30 Jun 1737  Paolo Ridolfo Arnolfini (1st time)
 1 Jul 1737 - 31 Aug 1737  Baldassare Montecatini (5th time)
 1 Sep 1737 - 31 Oct 1737  Carlo de' Nobili (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1737 - 31 Dec 1737  Giovan Tommaso Spada (1st time)
 1 Jan 1738 - 28 Feb 1738  Nicolao Parensi (5th time) 
 1 Mar 1738 - 30 Apr 1738  Carlantonio Marchiò (5th time)
 1 May 1738 - 30 Jun 1738  Alessandro Guinigi (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1738 - 31 Aug 1738  Guglielmo dal Portico (1st time)
 1 Sep 1738 - 31 Oct 1738  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (6th time)
 1 Nov 1738 - 31 Dec 1738  Alessandro Fanucci (4th time)
 1 Jan 1739 - 28 Feb 1739  Carlo Provenzali (5th time)
 1 Mar 1739 - 30 Apr 1739  Tommaso Narducci (5th time)
 1 May 1739 - 30 Jun 1739  Lelio Guinigi (6th time)
 1 Jul 1739 - 31 Aug 1739  Ferrante Cittadella (8th time)
 1 Sep 1739 - 31 Oct 1739  Iacopo Filippo Graziani (4th time)
 1 Nov 1739 - 31 Dec 1739  Gregorio Tegrimi (4th time)
 1 Jan 1740 - 29 Feb 1740  Iacopo Parensi 
 1 Mar 1740 - 30 Apr 1740  Giovanbattista Spada (6th time)
 1 May 1740 - 30 Jun 1740  Lorenzo Diodati (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1740 - 31 Aug 1740  Girolamo Sesti (1st time)
 1 Sep 1740 - 31 Oct 1740  Giovanbattista Sardini (1st time)
 1 Nov 1740 - 31 Dec 1740  Cesare Bulamonti
 1 Jan 1741 - 28 Feb 1741  Cesare Burlamacchi (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1741 - 30 Apr 1741  Scipione Lucchesini
 1 May 1741 - 30 Jun 1741  Michelangelo Orsucci (1st time)
 1 Jul 1741 - 31 Aug 1741  Lodovico Garzoni (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1741 - 31 Oct 1741  Carlo-Domenico Tucci (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1741 - 31 Dec 1741  Iacopo-Filippo Mansi (4th time)
 1 Jan 1742 - 28 Feb 1742  Baldassare Monteccatini (6th time)
 1 Mar 1742 - 30 Apr 1742  Giovanfrancesco Boccella (7th time)
 1 May 1742 - 30 Jun 1742  Federigo Bernardini (6th time)
 1 Jul 1742 - 31 Aug 1742  Nicolao Parensi (6th time) 
 1 Sep 1742 - 31 Oct 1742  Compagne Vittorio Compagni (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1742 - 31 Dec 1742  Paolo Ridolfo Arnolfini (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1743 - 28 Feb 1743  Guglielmo dal Portico (2nd time) 
 1 Mar 1743 - 30 Apr 1743  Carlo de' Nobili (4th time)
 1 May 1743 - 30 Jun 1743  Giovan Tommaso Spada (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1743 - 31 Aug 1743  Vincenzo Minutoli
 1 Sep 1743 - 31 Oct 1743  Girolamo Bartolomei (3rd time) 
 1 Nov 1743 - 31 Dec 1743  Giovanfrancesco Fanucci
 1 Jan 1744 - 29 Feb 1744  Carlo Mansi 
 1 Mar 1744 - 30 Apr 1744  Carlantonio Marchiò (6th time) 
 1 May 1744 - 30 Jun 1744  Angelo Bianchi 
 1 Jul 1744 - 31 Aug 1744  Alessandro Ottolini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1744 - 31 Oct 1744  Bartolomeo Micheli (3rd time)  
 1 Nov 1744 - 31 Dec 1744  Alessandro Ottolini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1745 - 28 Feb 1745  Iacopo Giusepi Parensi
 1 Mar 1745 - 30 Apr 1745  Tommaso Narducci (6th time)
 1 May 1745 - 30 Jun 1745  Gregorio Tegrimi (5th time)
 1 Jul 1745 - 31 Aug 1745  Cesare Burlamacchi (4th time)
 1 Sep 1745 - 31 Oct 1745  Cesare Santini
 1 Nov 1745 - 31 Dec 1745  Cesare Antonio Buiamonti (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1746 - 28 Feb 1746  Lodovico Garzoni (4th time)
 1 Mar 1746 - 30 Apr 1745  Francesco Pini (1st time)
 1 May 1746 - 30 Jun 1745  Tommaso Guinigi
 1 Jul 1746 - 31 Aug 1746  Filippo Gasparo Mansi (1st time)
 1 Sep 1746 - 31 Oct 1746  Carlo Domenico Tucci (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1746 - 31 Dec 1746  Giuseppe Maria Altogradi
 1 Jan 1747 - 28 Feb 1747  Alfonso Domenico Cittadella
 1 Mar 1747 - 30 Apr 1747  Giovan Vinenzo Spada (1st time)
 1 May 1747 - 30 Jun 1747  Michelangelo Orsucci (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1747 - 31 Aug 1747  Girolamo Sesti (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1747 - 31 Oct 1747  Scipione Lucchesini
 1 Nov 1747 - 31 Dec 1747  Lorenzo Diodati (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1748 - 29 Feb 1748  Baldassare Montecatini (7th time)
 1 Mar 1748 - 30 Apr 1748  Compagno Compagni (1st time)
 1 May 1748 - 30 Jun 1748  Angelo Bianchi
 1 Jul 1748 - 31 Aug 1748  Nicolao Parensi (7th time)
 1 Sep 1748 - 31 Oct 1748  Giovanbattista Sardini (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1748 - 31 Dec 1748  Gregorio Tegrimi (6th time)
 1 Jan 1749 - 28 Feb 1749  Girolamo Sesti (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1749 - 30 Apr 1749  Andrea Sbarra (1st time)
 1 May 1749 - 30 Jun 1749  Filippo Bottini
 1 Jul 1749 - 31 Aug 1749  Virginio Provenzali (1st time)
 1 Sep 1749 - 31 Oct 1749  Carlo Domenico Tucci (4th time)
 1 Nov 1749 - 31 Dec 1749  Paolo Ridolfo Arnolfini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1750 - 28 Feb 1750  Iacopo Galganetti (1st time)
 1 Mar 1750 - 30 Apr 1750  Bartolomeo Micheli (3rd time)
 1 May 1750 - 30 Jun 1750  Angelo Antonio Torre
 1 Jul 1750 - 31 Aug 1750  Alessandro Ottolini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1750 - 31 Oct 1750  Bartolomeo Boccella (1st time)
 1 Nov 1750 - 31 Dec 1750  Cristoforo Balbani (1st time)
 1 Jan 1751 - 28 Feb 1751  Alfonso Cittadella
 1 Mar 1751 - 30 Apr 1751  Cesare Santini
 1 May 1751 - 30 Jun 1751  Lorenzo Diodati (4th time)
 1 Jul 1751 - 31 Aug 1751  Cesare Burlamacchi (5th time)
 1 Sep 1751 - 31 Oct 1751  Tommaso Narducci (7th time)
 1 Nov 1751 - 31 Dec 1751  Cesare Buiamonti (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1752 - 29 Feb 1752  Filippo Gasparo Mansi (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1752 - 30 Apr 1752  Scipione Lucchesini (1st time)
 1 May 1752 - 30 Jun 1752  Francesco Bernardini (1st time)
 1 Jul 1752 - 31 Aug 1752  Bartolomeo Cenami (1st time)
 1 Sep 1752 - 31 Oct 1752  Francesco Pini (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1752 - 31 Dec 1752  Michelangelo Orsucci (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1753 - 28 Feb 1753  Alessandro Ottolini (4th time)
 1 Mar 1753 - 30 Apr 1753  Giovan Vincenzo Spada (2nd time)
 1 May 1753 - 30 Jun 1753  Giuseppe Maria Altogradi (1st time)
 1 Jul 1753 - 31 Aug 1753  Girolamo Sesti (4th time)
 1 Sep 1753 - 31 Oct 1753  Carlo Domenico Tucci (5th time)
 1 Nov 1753 - 31 Dec 1753  Paolo Ridolfo Arnolfini (4th time)
 1 Jan 1754 - 28 Feb 1754  Iacopo Galganetti (2nd time) 
 1 Mar 1754 - 30 Apr 1754  Tommaso Narducci (8th time)
 1 May 1754 - 30 Jun 1754  Angelo Bianchi
 1 Jul 1754 - 31 Aug 1754  Carlo Maria Andreozzi (1st time)
 1 Sep 1754 - 31 Oct 1754  Francesco Pini (3rd time) 
 1 Nov 1754 - 31 Dec 1754  Franesco Nieri (1st time)
 1 Jan 1755 - 28 Feb 1755  Virginio Provenzali (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1755 - 30 Apr 1755  Bartolomeo Boccella (2nd time)
 1 May 1755 - 30 Jun 1755  Filippo Bottini
 1 Jul 1755 - 31 Aug 1755  Guglielmo dal Portico (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1755 - 31 Oct 1755  Andrea Sbarra (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1755 - 31 Dec 1755  Cristoforo Balbani (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1756 - 29 Feb 1756  Carlo Maria Andreozzi (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1756 - 30 Apr 1756  Scipione Lucchesini (2nd time)
 1 May 1756 - 30 Jun 1756  Francesco Nieri (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1756 - 31 Aug 1756  Iacopo Galganetti (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1756 - 31 Oct 1756  Compagno Compagni (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1756 - 31 Dec 1756  Michelangelo Orsucci (4th time)
 1 Jan 1757 - 28 Feb 1757  Alessandro Ottolini (5th time)
 1 Mar 1757 - 30 Apr 1757  Andrea Sbarra (3rd time)
 1 May 1757 - 30 Jun 1757  Lorenzo Diodati (5th time)
 1 Jul 1757 - 31 Aug 1757  Bartolomeo Cenami (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1757 - 31 Oct 1757  Bartolomeo Boccella (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1757 - 31 Dec 1757  Giuseppe Maria Altogradi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1758 - 28 Feb 1758  Filippo Gasparo Mansi (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1758 - 30 Apr 1758  Giovan Vincenzo Spada (3rd time)
 1 May 1758 - 30 Jun 1758  Francesco Bernardini (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1758 - 31 Aug 1758  Alessandro Ottolini (6th time)
 1 Sep 1758 - 31 Oct 1758  Tommaso Narducci (9th time)
 1 Nov 1758 - 31 Dec 1758  Michelangelo Orsucci (5th time)
 1 Jan 1759 - 28 Feb 1759  Virginio Provenzali (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1759 - 30 Apr 1759  Francesco Pini (4th time)
 1 May 1759 - 30 Jun 1759  Fabio Guinigi
 1 Jul 1759 - 31 Aug 1759  Carlo Minutoli (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1759 - 31 Oct 1759  Giovanbattista Sardini (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1759 - 31 Dec 1759  Paolo Ridolfo Arnolfini  (5th time)
 1 Jan 1760 - 29 Feb 1760  Guglielmo dal Portico (4th time)
 1 Mar 1760 - 30 Apr 1760  Ippolito de Nobili (1st time)
 1 May 1760 - 30 Jun 1760  Cristoforo Balbani (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1760 - 31 Aug 1760  Nicolao Ciuffarini (1st time)
 1 Sep 1760 - 31 Oct 1760  Giuseppe Pagnini
 1 Nov 1760 - 31 Dec 1760  Filippo Bottini (1st time)
 1 Jan 1761 - 28 Feb 1761  Filippo Gasparo Mansi (4th time)
 1 Mar 1761 - 30 Apr 1761  Lucchesino Lucchesini (1st time)
 1 May 1761 - 30 Jun 1761  Francesco Nieri (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1761 - 31 Aug 1761  Carlo Minutoli (4th time)
 1 Sep 1761 - 31 Oct 1761  Bartolomeo Boccella (4th time)
 1 Nov 1761 - 31 Dec 1761  Ippolito Antonio Buiamonti
 1 Jan 1762 - 28 Feb 1762  Carlo Maria Andreozzi (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1762 - 30 Apr 1762  Francesco Gaetano Spada (1st time)
 1 May 1762 - 30 Jun 1762  Lorenzo Diodati (6th time)
 1 Jul 1762 - 31 Aug 1762  Bartholomeo Cenami (1st time)
 1 Sep 1762 - 31 Oct 1762  Carlo Domenico Tucci (6th time)
 1 Nov 1762 - 31 Dec 1762  Francesco Bernardini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1763 - 28 Feb 1763  Iacopo Antonio Galganetti
 1 Mar 1763 - 30 Apr 1763  Andrea Sbarra (4th time)
 1 May 1763 - 30 Jun 1763  Giuseppe Maria Altogradi (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1763 - 31 Aug 1763  Carlo Maria Andreozzi (4th time)
 1 Sep 1763 - 31 Oct 1763  Ippolito de Nobili (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1763 - 31 Dec 1763  Girolamo Palma
 1 Jan 1764 - 29 Feb 1764  Federigo Cittadella (1st time)
 1 Mar 1764 - 30 Apr 1764  Lucchesino Lucchesini (2nd time)
 1 May 1764 - 30 Jun 1764  Cristoforo Balbani (5th time)
 1 Jul 1764 - 31 Aug 1764  Virginio Provenzali (4th time)
 1 Sep 1764 - 31 Oct 1764  Carlo Guidiccioni (1st time)
 1 Nov 1764 - 31 Dec 1764  Michelantonio Bianchi (1st time)
 1 Jan 1765 - 28 Feb 1765  Iacopo Galganetti (4th time)
 1 Mar 1765 - 30 Apr 1765  Girolamo Benassai (1st time)
 1 May 1765 - 30 Jun 1765  Giovanbattista Saladini (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1765 - 31 Aug 1765  Nicolao Ciuffarini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1765 - 31 Oct 1765  Lodovico Sardini (1st time)
 1 Nov 1765 - 31 Dec 1765  Filippo Balbani
 1 Jan 1766 - 28 Feb 1766  Filippo Gasparo Mansi (6th time)
 1 Mar 1766 - 30 Apr 1766  Bartolomeo Boccella (6th time)
 1 May 1766 - 30 Jun 1766  Fabio Guinigi (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1766 - 31 Aug 1766  Bartholomeo Cenami (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1766 - 31 Oct 1766  Ottavio Micheli (1st time)
 1 Nov 1766 - 31 Dec 1766  Francesco Bernardini (4th time)
 1 Jan 1767 - 28 Feb 1767  Nicolao Ciuffarini (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1767 - 30 Apr 1767  Carlo Guidiccioni (2nd time)
 1 May 1767 - 30 Jun 1767  Lorenzo Diodati (7th time)
 1 Jul 1767 - 31 Aug 1767  Carlo Minutoli (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1767 - 31 Oct 1767  Francesco Gaetano Spada (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1767 - 31 Dec 1767  Francesco Nieri (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1768 - 29 Feb 1768  Paolino Ottolini (1st time)
 1 Mar 1768 - 30 Apr 1768  Andrea Sbarra (5th  time)
 1 May 1768 - 30 Jun 1768  Lorenzo Motroni (1st time)
 1 Jul 1768 - 31 Aug 1768  Federigo Cittadella (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1768 - 31 Oct 1768  Ippolito de Nobili (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1768 - 31 Dec 1768  Silvestro Mansi (1st time)
 1 Jan 1769 - 28 Feb 1769  Nicolao Donati (1st time)
 1 Mar 1769 - 30 Apr 1769  Lucchesino Lucchesini (3rd time)
 1 May 1769 - 30 Jun 1769  Giovanbattista Saladini (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1769 - 31 Aug 1769  Paolino Ottolini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1769 - 31 Oct 1769  Ludovico Sardini (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1769 - 31 Dec 1769  Michelantonio Bianchi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1770 - 28 Feb 1770  Carlo Minutoli (4th time)
 1 Mar 1770 - 30 Apr 1770  Girolamo Benassi (2nd time)
 1 May 1770 - 30 Jun 1770  Cristoforo Balbani (6th time)
 1 Jul 1770 - 31 Aug 1770  Virginio Provenzali (5th time)
 1 Sep 1770 - 31 Oct 1770  Girolamo Narducci
 1 Nov 1770 - 31 Dec 1770  Filippo Bottini (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1771 - 28 Feb 1771  Bartholomeo Cenami (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1771 - 30 Apr 1771  Bartolomeo Boccella (7th time)
 1 May 1771 - 30 Jun 1771  Francesco Nieri (4th time)
 1 Jul 1771 - 31 Aug 1771  Federigo Cittadella (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1771 - 31 Oct 1771  Carlo Guidiccioni (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1771 - 31 Dec 1771  Francesco Bernardini (5th time)
 1 Jan 1772 - 29 Feb 1772  Nicolao Ciuffarini (4th time)
 1 Mar 1772 - 30 Apr 1772  Ottavio Micheli (2nd time)
 1 May 1772 - 30 Jun 1772  Fabio Guinigi (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1772 - 31 Aug 1772  Girolamo Parensi (1st time)
 1 Sep 1772 - 31 Oct 1772  Andrea Sbarra (6th time)
 1 Nov 1772 - 31 Dec 1772  Nicolao Orsucci (1st time)
 1 Jan 1773 - 28 Feb 1773  Luigi Mansi (1st time)
 1 Mar 1773 - 30 Apr 1773  Francesco Spada
 1 May 1773 - 30 Jun 1773  Lorenzo Matroni (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1773 - 31 Aug 1773  Carlo Minutoli (5th time)
 1 Sep 1773 - 31 Oct 1773  Lucchesino Lucchesini (4th time)
 1 Nov 1773 - 31 Dec 1773  Filippo Bottini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1774 - 28 Feb 1774  Paolino Ottolini (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1774 - 30 Apr 1774  Gherardo Campagni (1st time)
 1 May 1774 - 30 Jun 1774  Cristoforo Balbani (7th time)
 1 Jul 1774 - 31 Aug 1774  Nicolao Donati (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1774 - 31 Oct 1774  Aurelio Baldassare Guinigi         (b. 1717-  d. 1796)
                             (1st time)
 1 Nov 1774 - 31 Dec 1774  Michelantonio Bianchi (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1775 - 28 Feb 1775  Virginio Provenzali (6th time)
 1 Mar 1775 - 30 Apr 1775  Girolamo Benassai (2nd time)
 1 May 1775 - 30 Jun 1775  Silvestro Mansi (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1775 - 31 Aug 1775  Bartolomeo Cenami (6th time)
 1 Sep 1775 - 31 Oct 1775  Iacopo Sardini
 1 Nov 1775 - 31 Dec 1775  Lorenzo Montroni (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1776 - 29 Feb 1776  Federigo Cittadella (4th time)
 1 Mar 1776 - 30 Apr 1776  Bartolomeo Boccella (8th time)
 1 May 1776 - 30 Jun 1776  Giovanbattista Saladini (4th time)
 1 Jul 1776 - 31 Aug 1776  Nicolao Ciuffarini (5th time) 
 1 Sep 1776 - 31 Oct 1776  Paolo Santini
 1 Nov 1776 - 31 Dec 1776  Nicolao Orsucci (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1777 - 28 Feb 1777  Girolamo Parensi (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1777 - 30 Apr 1777  Ottavio Micheli (3rd time)
 1 May 1777 - 30 Jun 1777  Francesco Bernardini (6th time)
 1 Jul 1777 - 31 Aug 1777  Carlo Minutoli (5th time)
 1 Sep 1777 - 31 Oct 1777  Bartolomeo Boccella (9th time)
 1 Nov 1777 - 31 Dec 1777  Cristoforo Balbani (8th time)
 1 Jan 1778 - 28 Feb 1778  Nicolao Donati (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1778 - 30 Apr 1778  Gherardo Campagni (2nd time)
 1 May 1778 - 30 Jun 1778  Carlo Burlamacchi (1st time)
 1 Jul 1778 - 31 Aug 1778  Lorenzo Bertolini (1st time)
 1 Sep 1778 - 31 Oct 1778  Girolamo Benassai (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1778 - 31 Dec 1778  Michelantonio Bianchi
 1 Jan 1779 - 28 Feb 1779  Paolino Ottolini (4th time)
 1 Mar 1779 - 30 Apr 1779  Aurelio Baldassare Guinigi         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 1 May 1779 - 30 Jun 1779  Silvestro Mansi (3rd time) 
 1 Jul 1779 - 31 Aug 1779  Federigo Cittadella (5th time)
 1 Sep 1779 - 31 Oct 1779  Lucchesino Lucchesini  (5th time)
 1 Nov 1779 - 31 Dec 1779  Giovanbattista Saladini (5th time)
 1 Jan 1780 - 29 Feb 1780  Nicolao Ciuffarini (6th time)
 1 Mar 1780 - 30 Apr 1780  Gherardo Campagni (3rd time)
 1 May 1780 - 30 Jun 1780  Lorenzo Matroni (3rd time) 
 1 Jul 1780 - 31 Aug 1780  Luigi Mansi (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1780 - 31 Oct 1780  Paolino Santini (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1780 - 31 Dec 1780  Nicolao Orsucci (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1781 - 28 Feb 1781  Nicolao Montecatini (1st time)
 1 Mar 1781 - 30 Apr 1781  Ottavio Micheli (4th time)
 1 May 1781 - 30 Jun 1781  Filippo Fatinelli (1st time)
 1 Jul 1781 - 31 Aug 1781  Nicolao Donati (4th time)
 1 Sep 1781 - 31 Oct 1781  Bartholomeo Boccella (10th time)
 1 Nov 1781 - 31 Dec 1781  Carlo Burlamacchi (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1782 - 28 Feb 1782  Giovan Vincenzo Bottini
 1 Mar 1782 - 30 Apr 1782  Lucchesino Lucchesini (6th time)
 1 May 1782 - 30 Jun 1782  Tommaso Mazzarosa (1st time)
 1 Jul 1782 - 31 Aug 1782  Lorenzo Bertolini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1782 - 31 Oct 1782  Aurelio Baldassare Guinigi         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1782 - 31 Dec 1782  Silvestro Arnolfini (1st time)     (b. 1723 - d. 1813)
 1 Jan 1783 - 28 Feb 1783  Paolino Ottolini (5th time)
 1 Mar 1783 - 30 Apr 1783  Girolamo Benassai (4th time)
 1 May 1783 - 30 Jun 1783  Silvestro Mansi (4th time)
 1 Jul 1783 - 31 Aug 1783  Federigo Cittadella (6th time)
 1 Sep 1783 - 31 Oct 1783  Pompeo Guidiccioni (1st time)
 1 Nov 1783 - 31 Dec 1783  Lorenzo Motroni (4th time)
 1 Jan 1784 - 29 Feb 1784  Luigi Mansi (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1784 - 30 Apr 1784  Gherardo Compagni (1st time)
 1 May 1784 - 30 Jun 1784  Giuseppe Guinigi 
 1 Jul 1784 - 31 Aug 1784  Agostino Sesti (1st time)
 1 Sep 1784 - 31 Oct 1784  Paolino Santini (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1784 - 31 Dec 1784  Filippo Fatinelli (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1785 - 28 Feb 1785  Nicolao Montecatini (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1785 - 30 Apr 1785  Ottavio Micheli (5th time)
 1 May 1785 - 30 Jun 1785  Nicolao Orsucci (4th time)
 1 Jul 1785 - 31 Aug 1785  Frediano Parensi (1st time)
 1 Sep 1785 - 31 Oct 1785  Gherardo Compagni (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1785 - 31 Dec 1785  Silvestro Arnolfini (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1786 - 28 Feb 1786  Nicolao Donati (5th time)
 1 Mar 1786 - 30 Apr 1786  Pompeo Guidiccioni (2nd time)
 1 May 1786 - 30 Jun 1786  Lorenzo Motroni (5th time)
 1 Jul 1786 - 31 Aug 1786  Lorenzo Bertolini (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1786 - 31 Oct 1786  Aurelio Baldassare Guinigi        (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
 1 Nov 1786 - 31 Dec 1786  Tommaso Mazzarosa (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1787 - 28 Feb 1787  Paolino Ottolini (6th time)
 1 Mar 1787 - 30 Apr 1787  Girolamo Benassai (5th time)
 1 May 1787 - 30 Jun 1787  Carlo Burlamacchi (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1787 - 31 Aug 1787  Federigo Cittadella (7th time)
 1 Sep 1787 - 31 Oct 1787  Cristoforo Boccella (1st time)
 1 Nov 1787 - 31 Dec 1787  Federigo Bernardini (1st time)
 1 Jan 1788 - 29 Feb 1788  Luigi Mansi (4th time)
 1 Mar 1788 - 30 Apr 1788  Girolamo Benassai (6th time)
 1 May 1788 - 30 Jun 1788  Filippo Fatinelli (3rd time)
 1 Jul 1788 - 31 Aug 1788  Agostino Sesti (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1788 - 31 Oct 1788  Carlo de' Nobili (1st time) 
 1 Nov 1788 - 31 Dec 1788  Nicolao Orsucci (5th time)
 1 Jan 1789 - 28 Feb 1789  Nicolao Montecatini (3rd time) 
 1 Mar 1789 - 30 Apr 1789  Paolino Santini (4th time)
 1 May 1789 - 30 Jun 1789  Scipione Serantoni (1st time)
 1 Jul 1789 - 31 Aug 1789  Carlo Provenzali (1st time)
 1 Sep 1789 - 31 Oct 1789  Pompeo Guidiccioni (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1789 - 31 Dec 1789  Lorenzo Motroni (6th time)
 1 Jan 1790 - 29 Feb 1790  Frediano Parensi (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1790 - 30 Apr 1790  Gherardo Compagni (3rd time)
 1 May 1790 - 30 Jun 1790  Silvestro Arnolfini (3rd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1790 - 31 Aug 1790  Paolino Ottolini (7th time)
 1 Sep 1790 - 31 Oct 1790  Aurelio Baldassare Guinigi         (s.a.)
                             (5th time)
 1 Nov 1790 - 31 Dec 1790  Carlo Burlamacchi (4th time)
 1 Jan 1791 - 28 Feb 1791  Lorenzo Bertolini (4th time) 
 1 Mar 1791 - 30 Apr 1791  Ottavio Micheli (6th time)
 1 May 1791 - 30 Jun 1791  Bernardino Torre (1st time)
 1 Jul 1791 - 31 Aug 1791  Federigo Cittadella (8th time)
 1 Sep 1791 - 31 Oct 1791  Cristoforo Boccella (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1791 - 31 Dec 1791  Federigo Bernardini (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1792 - 29 Feb 1792  Luigi Mansi (5th time)
 1 Mar 1792 - 30 Apr 1792  Gherardo Compagni (4th time)
 1 May 1792 - 30 Jun 1792  Filippo Fatinelli (4th time) 
 1 Jul 1792 - 31 Aug 1792  Nicolao Montecatini (4th time)
 1 Sep 1792 - 31 Oct 1792  Paolino Santini (5th time)
 1 Nov 1792 - 31 Dec 1792  Carlantonio Marchiò (1st time)
 1 Jan 1793 - 28 Feb 1793  Agostino Sesti (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1793 - 30 Apr 1793  Carlo de' Nobili (2nd time)
 1 May 1793 - 30 Jun 1793  Nicolao Orsucci (6th time)
 1 Jul 1793 - 31 Aug 1793  Frediano Parensi (3rd time)
 1 Sep 1793 - 31 Oct 1793  Cristoforo Boccella (3rd time) 
 1 Nov 1793 - 31 Dec 1793  Lorenzo Motroni (7th time)
 1 Jan 1794 - 28 Feb 1794  Carlo Provenzali (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1794 - 30 Apr 1794  Pompeo Guidiccioni (4th time)
 1 May 1794 - 30 Jun 1794  Silvestro Arnolfini (4th time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1794 - 31 Aug 1794  Lorenzo Bertolini (5th time)
 1 Sep 1794 - 31 Oct 1794  Carlo de' Nobili (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1794 - 31 Dec 1794  Berbardino Torre (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1795 - 28 Feb 1795  Nicolao Montecatini (5th time)
 1 Mar 1795 - 30 Apr 1795  Scipione Serantoni (2nd time)
 1 May 1795 - 30 Jun 1795  Carlo Burlamacchi (5th time)
 1 Jul 1795 - 31 Aug 1795  Paolino Ottolini (8th time)
 1 Sep 1795 - 31 Oct 1795  Gherardo Compagni (5th time)
 1 Nov 1795 - 31 Dec 1795  Francesco Mazzarosa (1st time)     (b. 1764 - d. 1800)
 1 Jan 1796 - 29 Feb 1796  Carlo Provenzali (3rd time)
 1 Mar 1796 - 30 Apr 1796  Pompeo Guidiccioni (5th time)
 1 May 1796 - 30 Jun 1796  Filippo Fatinelli (5th time)
 1 Jul 1796 - 31 Aug 1796  Federigo Cittadella (9th time)
 1 Sep 1796 - 31 Oct 1796  Ottavio Micheli (6th time)
 1 Nov 1796 - 31 Dec 1796  Federigo Bernardini (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1797 - 29 Feb 1797  Lorenzo Bertolini (6th time)
 1 Mar 1797 - 30 Apr 1797  Paolino Santini (6th time)
 1 May 1797 - 30 Jun 1797  Carlantonio Marchiò (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1797 - 31 Aug 1797  Frediano Parensi (4th time)
 1 Sep 1797 - 31 Oct 1797  Cristoforo Boccella (4th time)
 1 Nov 1797 - 31 Dec 1797  Francesco Mazzarosa (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1798 - 28 Feb 1798  Cosimo Bernardini
 1 Mar 1798 - 30 Apr 1798  Gherardo Compagni (6th time)
 1 May 1798 - 30 Jun 1798  Silvestro Arnolfini (5th time)     (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1798 - 31 Aug 1798  Lelio Oretti
 1 Sep 1798 - 31 Oct 1798  Scipione Serantoni (3rd time)
 1 Nov 1798 - 31 Dec 1798  Berbardino Torre (3rd time)
 1 Jan 1799 -  4 Feb 1799  Nicolao Montecatini (6th time)
 4 Feb 1799 - 17 Jul 1799  Executive Directory
                           Initial members:
                           - Giorgio Martinelli
                           - Giovanni Domenico Merli
                           - Giovanni Sebastiano Giusti
                           - Jacopo Pellegrini
                           - Jacopo Antonio Franchi
                           Four of the above replaced at different times by:
                           - Domenico Bertagna
                           - Pietro Martelli Leonardi
                           - Giuseppe Duccini
                           - Francesco Belluomini             (b. 17.. - d. 1808)
17 Jul 1799 - 24 Jul 1799  Balìa or Provisional Regency
                           - Gregorio Minutoli (1st time)
                           - Vincenzo Lucchesini
                           - Federico Bernardini
                           - Giovanni Battista Montecatini
                           - Pietro Compagni (1st time)
                           - Silvestro Arnolfini              (s.a.)
                           - Nicolao Santini
                           - Lelio Mansi
                           - Francesco Melchiorre Di Poggio
                           - Giacomo Trebiliani
24 Jul 1799 -  9 Jul 1800  Balìa or Provisional Regency
                           Initial members:
                           - Nicolao Montecatini
                           - Ferrante Cittadella
                           - Costantino de' Nobili
                           - Gregorio Minutoli (2nd time)
                           - Pietro Compagni (2nd time)
                           - Pierangelo Guinigi
                           - Giovanni Battista Trenta
                           - Carlo Antonio Marchiò
                           - Vincenzo Landucci
                           - Pietro Francesco Giuseppe Massei
                           [36 persons in all served, 10 at a time]
 9 Jul 1800 - 20 Jul 1800  (First) Provisional Government
                           - Giacomo Lucchesini (1st time)
                           - Carlo Franceschini (1st time)
                           - Vincenzo Cotenna
                           - Domenico Moscheni (1st time)
                           - Salvatore Bianchini
                           - Giuseppe Duccini
                           - Giovanni Rossi
                           - Gregorio Minutoli (1st time)
                           - Pietro Martelli
                           - Stefano Bezzani
20 Jul 1800 -  9 Sep 1800  (Second) Provisional Government
                           - Domenico Moscheni (2nd time)
                           - Luigi Matteucci (1st time)         (b. 1772 - d. 1841)
                           - Carlo Franceschini (2nd time)
                           - Giovanni Battista Giorgetti
                           - Francesco Martelli
                           - Paolo Garzoni (1st time)
                           - Gregorio Minutoli (2nd time)
 9 Sep 1800 - 15 Sep 1800  (Third) Provisional Government
                           - Orazio Saminiati
                           - Giacomo Luccesini (2nd time)
                           - Costantino de' Nobili
                           - Cosimo Bernardini
                           - Francesco Martelli Leonardi
                           - Paolino de' Giudici
                           - Bernardino Bandettini
                           - Luigi Matteucci (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                           - Paolo Garzoni (2nd time)
15 Sep 1800 -  9 Oct 1800  Balìa or Provisional Regency
                           [Membership unavailable]
 9 Oct 1800 -  3 Jan 1802  Provisional Government
                           - Giovanni Battista Montecatini
                             (to 16 Nov 1800)
                           - Domenico Pieri
                             (from 16 Nov 1800)
                           - Ferrante Cittadella
                             (to 15 Oct 1800)
                           - Giovanni Sebastiano Giusti
                             (15 Oct 1800 - 6 Jan 1801)
                           - Gregorio Minutoli
                             (to 23 Feb 1801)
                           - Pierangelo Guinigi
                             (to 20 Mar 1801)
                           - Giovanni Battista Trenta
                           - Alessandro Ottolini
                             (to 15 Oct 1800)
                           - Francesco Belluomini             (s.a.)
                             (from 15 Oct 1800)
                           - Lelio Mansi (to 4 Dec 1800)
                           - Giuseppe Duccini
                             (from 4 Dec 1800)
                           - Giuseppe Di Poggio
                             (to 4 Dec 1800)
                           - Rocco Giannini
                             (4 Dec 1800 - 20 Mar 1801)
                           - Ascanio Mansi (to 5 Jan 1801)
                           - Luigi Matteucci                  (s.a.)
                             (from 14 Oct 1800)
 3 Jan 1802 - 28 Feb 1802  Alessandro Paoli
 1 Mar 1802 - 30 Apr 1802  Domenico Merli (1st time)
 1 May 1802 - 30 Jun 1802  Francesco Belluomini (1st time)    (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1802 - 31 Aug 1802  Cesare Lucchesini (1st time)       (b. 1756 - d. 1832)
 1 Sep 1802 - 31 Oct 1802  Domenico Pieri (1st time)
 1 Nov 1802 - 31 Dec 1802  Pierangelo Guinigi
 1 Jan 1803 - 28 Feb 1803  Pietro Pellini (1st time)
 1 Mar 1803 - 30 Apr 1803  Giovanni Rossi (1st time)
 1 May 1803 - 30 Jun 1803  Raffaele Mansi
 1 Jul 1803 - 31 Aug 1803  Giacomo Pellegrini (1st time)
 1 Sep 1803 - 31 Oct 1803  Nicolao Giorgini (1st time)        (b. 1773 - d. 1854)
 1 Nov 1803 - 31 Dec 1803  Giovanni Filippo Santini (1st time)
 1 Jan 1804 - 29 Feb 1804  Domenico Merli (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1804 - 30 Apr 1804  Cesare Lucchesini (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 May 1804 - 30 Jun 1804  Domenico Pieri (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1804 - 31 Aug 1804  Pietro Pellini (2nd time)
 1 Sep 1804 - 31 Oct 1804  Giovanni Rossi (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1804 - 31 Dec 1804  Giacomo Pellegrini (2nd time)
 1 Jan 1805 - 28 Feb 1805  Giovanni Filippo Santini (2nd time)
 1 Mar 1805 - 30 Apr 1805  Nicolao Giorgini (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 May 1805 - 23 Jun 1805  Francesco Belluomini (2nd time)    (s.a.)
Prince¹
24 Jun 1805 - 14 Mar 1814  Felice I (Felice Baciocchi)        (b. 1762 - d. 1841)
14 Mar 1814 -  6 Apr 1814  Council of the Principality
                           - Luigi Matteucci (chairman)       (s.a.)
                           - Luigi Vannucci
                           - Francesco Martelli 
                           - Giuseppe Belluomini
                           - Cesare Lucchesini                (s.a.)
                           - Cosimo Bernardini
                           - Nicolao Giorgini                 (s.a.) 
                           - Giuseppe Duccini
 7 Apr 1814 -  3 May 1814  Superior Provisional Administration
                           - Luigi Matteucci (chairman)       (s.a.)
                           - Luigi Vannucci
                           - Francesco Martelli 
                           - Cesare Lucchesini                (s.a.)
                           - Cosimo Bernardini
                           - Nicolao Giorgini                 (s.a.) 
                           - Giuseppe Duccini
 3 May 1814 - 11 May 1814  Provisional Government Commission 
                           - Iacopo Paoli
                           - Lelio Orsetti 
                              (president from 6 May 1814)
                           - Rocco Felice Giannini
                           - Carlo Fascetti
                           - Pellegrino Marchiò
                           - Giuseppe Tommaso Di Poggio
                           - Raffaele Mansi
                           - Andrea Frediani
                           - Bernardino Bandettini
11 May 1814 - 31 May 1815  Provisional Government 
                           - Lelio Orsetti 
                              (president to 24? May 1815)
                           - Luigi Matteucci                  (s.a.)
                           - Pierangelo Guinigi
Governors
 3 May 1814 - 11 May 1814  Antonio Capece Minutolo, principe  (b. 1768 - d. 1838) 
                             di Canosa
11 May 1814 -  1 Mar 1815  Anton von Starhemberg              (b. 1776 - d. 1842)
                             (governor-general)
 1 Mar 1815 - 22 Nov 1817  Joseph Werklein                    (b. 1777 - d. 1829)
Duchess (title Duchessa di Lucca)
22 Nov 1817 - 13 Mar 1824  Maria Luisa                        (b. 1782 - d. 1824)
Duke (title Duca di Lucca)
13 Mar 1824 -  5 Oct 1847  Carlo Lodovico                     (b. 1799 - d. 1883)

French Governors
 2 Jan 1799 - Feb 1799     Jean-Mathieu-Philibert             (b. 1742 - d. 1819)
                             Sérurier 
Feb 1799 - 1799            Sextius Alexandre François de      (b. 1759 - d. 1828)
                             Miollis
1799                       François Philippe de Latour-Foissac(b. 1750 - d. 1804)
 8 Jul 1800 - 15 Sep 1800  Clément
15 Sep 1800 -  9 Oct 1800  Annibale Sommariva                 (b. 1755 - d. 1829)
                            (Austrian commander)
Executive Commissioners

 7 Nov 1801 -  9 Apr 1802  
Antoine-Christophe Saliceti        (b. 1750 - d. 1809)  
Dec 1802 - Aug 1803        Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke     (b. 1765 - d. 1818)
French Plenipotentiaries
Aug 1803 - Aug 1806        Claude-Joseph-Parfait Derville-    (b. 1774 - d. 1842)
                             Malechard
24 Aug 1806 - Apr 1809     Joseph Eschassériaux               (b. 1753 - d. 1823)
Prefect
10 Mar 1809 - 1814         Antoine-Marie-Pierre de Hautmesnil

 ¹full style 1805 - 1814: per la grazia di Dio e per le Costituzioni, Principe di Lucca e di Piombino ("by the grace of God and the Constitutions, Prince of Lucca and of Piombino").


Lugano: see Ticino under Swiss Cantons


Luzzara

1115 - 1311                Part of Cremona.
1311 - 1494                Part of Mantua.
1478                       Lordship of Luzzara, under the Gonzaga.
1557                       Sold to Mantua.
1630                       Part of Guastalla.

Lords (title Signore di Luzzara)
1478 -  6 Jul 1495         Rodolfo Gonzaga                    (b. 1452 - d. 1495)
 6 Jul 1495 - 11 Oct 1524  Gianfrancesco Gonzaga              (b. 1488 - d. 1524)
11 Oct 1524 - 1557         Massimiliano Gonzaga               (b. 1513 - d. 1578)

Malta: see separate entry for Malta

Mantua

[Mantua 1433-1707]
                    1433 - 2 Apr 1707
Map of Mantua
Capital: Mantua
 Population: N/A

820                        County of Mantua (Mantova)
1005 - 1115                Part of Tuscany.
1115                       Commune of Mantua
16 Aug 1328                Under the Gonzaga dynasty.
22 Sep 1433                Marquisate of Mantua
 8 Apr 1530                Duchy of Mantua
 2 Apr 1707                Austrian rule.
1735 - 1737                Occupied by Sardinia-Piedmont.
19 Mar 1745                Incorporated into Milan (see Lombardy).

Captains of the People (title Capitano del popolo)
16 Aug 1328 - 18 Jan 1360  Ludovico I Gonzaga                 (b. 1268 - d. 1360)
                             (formally elected 28 Aug 1328)
18 Jan 1360 - 22 Sep 1369  Guido Gonzaga                      (b. 1290 - d. 1369)
                             (formally elected 21 Feb 1360)
22 Sep 1369 -  4 Oct 1382  Ludovico II Gonzaga                (b. 1334 - d. 1382)
                             (formally elected 30 Mar 1370)
 4 Oct 1382 - 17 Mar 1407  Francesco I Gonzaga                (b. 1366 - d. 1407)
                             (formally elected 5 Oct 1388)
17 Mar 1407 - 22 Sep 1433  Gianfrancesco Gonzaga              (b. 1394 - d. 1444)
17 Mar 1407 - 13 Sep 1429  Carlo Malatesta -Regent            (b. 1368 - d. 1429)
Marquesses
(title Marchese di Mantova)
22 Sep 1433 - 23 Sep 1444  Gianfrancesco                      (s.a.)
23 Sep 1444 - 12 Jun 1478  Ludovico III                       (b. 1412 - d. 1478)
12 Jun 1478 - 15 Jun 1484  Federico I                         (b. 1441 - d. 1484)
15 Jun 1484 - 29 Mar 1519  Francesco II                       (b. 1466 - d. 1519)
29 Mar 1519 -  8 Apr 1530  Federico II                        (b. 1500 - d. 1540) 
Dukes (title Duca di Mantova; from 23 Jan 1575, Duca di Mantova e di Monferrato)
 8 Apr 1530 - 28 Aug 1540  Federico II                        (s.a.) 
28 Aug 1540 - 22 Feb 1550  Francesco III                      (b. 1533 - d. 1550)
28 Aug 1540 - 22 Feb 1550  Regency
                           - Margherita, marchesa del
        (b. 1510 - d. 1566)
                               Monferrato (f)(1st time)   
                           - Ercole Cardinale Gonzaga         (b. 1505 - d. 1563)
                              (1st time)    
22 Feb 1550 - 14 Aug 1587  Guglielmo                          (b. 1538 - d. 1587)

22 Feb 1550 - 23 Apr 1556  Regency
                           - Margherita, marchesa del
        (s.a.)
                               Monferrato (f)(2nd time)   
                           -
Ercole Cardinale Gonzaga         (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)  

14 Aug 1587 -  9 Feb 1612  Vincenzo I                         (b. 1562 - d. 1612)

 9 Feb 1612 - 22 Dec 1612  Francesco IV                       (b. 1586 - d. 1612)
22 Dec 1612 - 29 Oct 1626  Ferdinando                         (b. 1587 - d. 1626)
29 Oct 1626 - 25 Dec 1627  Vincenzo II                        (b. 1594 - d. 1627)
25 Dec 1627 - 20 Sep 1637  Carlo I                            (b. 1580 - d. 1637)
20 Sep 1637 - 14 Aug 1655  Carlo II                           (b. 1629 - d. 1665)
20 Sep 1637 - 30 Oct 1647  Maria Gonzaga (f) -Regent          (b. 1609 - d. 1660)
14 Aug 1655 -  2 Apr 1707  Ferdinando Carlo                   (b. 1625 - d. 1708)
14 Aug 1655 - 30 Aug 1669  Isabella Clara, arciduchessa       (b. 1629 - d. 1685)
                             d'Austria (f) -Regent
 9 Sep 1702 - 19 Nov 1703  Anna Isabella Gonzaga (f) -Regent  (b. 1655 - d. 1703)
19 Nov 1703 -  2 Apr 1707  Supreme Council of Regency
 2 Apr 1707 -  2 Feb 1797  the Dukes of Milan
French Governors
 2 Feb 1797 - 1798         Sextius Alexandre François         (b. 1759 - d. 1828)
                             de Miollis (1st time)
1798 - 28 Jul 1799         Foissac-Latour 
Nov 1801 - 1803            Joseph Marie de Casabianca         (b. 1742 - d. 1805)
28 Aug 1805 -  4 Dec 1805  Sextius Alexandre François         (s.a.)
                             de Miollis (2nd time)
Dec 1806 - 1809            Paul Grenier                       (b. 1768 - d. 1827)


Massa and Carrara
 
[Massa and
                          Carrara, 1670-1741]
                    c.1670 - 1741
 
[Massa and
                          Carrara, 1741-1790]
                 1741 - 25 Dec 1790 
 
[Massa and
                          Carrara, 1790-97, 1814-1829]
           25 Dec 1790 - 19 May 1797; 
                 1814 - 14 Nov 1829
[France]
            30 Mar 1806 - Jul 1814
 
[Massa and
                          Carrara, 1829-1859]
           14 Nov 1829 - 13 Jun 1859



Map of Massa & Carrara
Capitals: Massa  & Carrara
Currency: N/A
 Population: N/A

1313                       Carrara and Massa part of Pisa.
 1 Jul 1316                Massa part of Lucca.
21 Jun 1335                Carrara is taken by Verona.
 2 Jul 1342                Massa, along with Lucca, sold to Pisa
29 Sep 1404                Carrara acquired by Lucca.
 9 Oct 1406                Massa, along with Pisa, ceded to Florence.
28 Sep 1430                Carrara sold to Genoa.
26 Apr 1433                Massa, then under Florence, is recognized as an imperial
                             vassal by Milan.
1437 - 1441                Carrara occupied by Florence.
 8 Dec 1442                Lordship of Massa, under the Malaspina marquesses.
12 Aug 1448                Lordship of Carrara given to Spinetta Fregoso.
22 Feb 1473                Carrara is sold to Massa.
22 Feb 1473                Marquisate of Massa and Lordship of Carrara.
23 Aug 1568                Principality of Massa and Marquisate of Carrara.
 5 May 1664                Duchy of Massa and Principality of Carrara
30 Jun 1796                French occupation.
19 May 1797                Part of Cispadane Republic (see Modena).
 9 Jul 1797                Part of Cisalpine/Italian Republic/Kingdom of Italy
                             (see under Lombardy).
 1 May 1806                Massa, Carrara and Garafanga are attached to the Principality 
                             of Lucca (under French rule).
 4 May 1814                Duchy of Massa and Principality of Carrara (restored).
14 Nov 1829                Personal union with Modena.
25 Mar 1848                Tuscany occupied Massa (Carrara on 16 Mar 1848).
12 May 1848 - 10 Aug 1848  Briefly annexed by Tuscany.
13 Jun 1859                Annexed to Modena by Sardinia.

Lords of Carrara (title Signore di Carrara)
12 Aug 1448 - Aug 1467     Spinetta di Spinetta Fregoso         (b. c.1405 - d. 1467)  
Aug 1467 - 22 Feb 1473     Antoniotto Fileremo Fregoso          (b. c.1460 - d. 1532)
Aug 1467 - 22 Feb 1473     Francesco Simonetta -Regent          (b. 1410 - d. 1480)
Lords of Massa
(title Marchese e Signore di Massa)
 8 Dec 1442 -  9 Apr 1445  Antonio Alberico I Malaspina         (b. 139. - d. 1445)
 9 Apr 1445 – 22 Feb 1473  Giacomo                              (b. 142. - d. 1481)
Marquesses of Massa and Lords of Carrara
(title Marchese di Massa e Signore di Carrara)
22 Feb 1473 – 18 May 1481  Giacomo                              (s.a.)
18 May 1481 – 13 Apr 1519  Antonio Alberico II                  (b. 145. - d. 1519) 
13 Apr 1519 – 20 Sep 1546  Ricciarda (f)(1st time)              (b. 1497 – d. 1553)
28 Mar 1530 - 26 Sep 1541  Lorenzo Cybo -Co-ruler               (b. 1500 - d. 1549)
20 Sep 1546 – 20 Mar 1547  Giulio I                             (b. 1525 – d. 1548)
20 Mar 1547 - 27 Jun 1547  Innocenzo Cardinale Cybo (acting)    (b. 1491 - d. 1550)
27 Jun 1547 – 15 Jun 1553  Ricciarda (f)(2nd time)              (s.a.)
15 Jun 1553 – 23 Aug 1568  Alberico I                           (b. 1534 - d. 1623)
Princes and Marquesses
(title Principe di Massa e Marchese di Carrara)
23 Aug 1568 - 18 Jan 1623  Alberico I                           (s.a.)
18 Jan 1623 – 13 Feb 1662  Carlo I                              (b. 1581 – d. 1662)
13 Feb 1662 –  5 May 1664  Alberico II                          (b. 1607 – d. 1690)
Dukes and Princes 
(title Duca di Massa e Principe di Carrara)
 
5 May 1664 - 29 Jan 1690  Alberico II                          (s.a.)
29 Jan 1690 -  7 Dec 1710  Carlo II                             (b. 1639 - d. 1710)
 7 Dec 1710 - 20 Nov 1715  Alberico III                         (b. 1674 - d. 1715)
20 Nov 1715 - 18 Aug 1731  Alderano                             (b. 1690 - d. 1731)
Duchesses and Princesses (title Duchessa di Massa e Principessa di Carrara)
18 Aug 1731 - 25 Dec 1790  Maria Teresia                        (b. 1725 - d. 1790)
18 Aug 1731 - 23 Jun 1744  Ricciarda Gonzaga (f) -Regent        (b. 1698 - d. 1768)
25 Dec 1790 - 30 Jun 1796  Maria Beatrice Ricciarda III         (b. 1750 - d. 1829)
                             (1st time)
30 Jun 1796 - 19 May 1797  French occupation
19 May 1797 -  1 May 1806  incorporated into Cisalpine/Italian Republic
 
1 May 1806 -  4 May 1814  incorporated into Lucca
(Nominal) Duke of Massa (title Duc de Massa)
15 Aug 1809 - 20 Nov 1813  Claude Ambroise, comte Régnier       (b. 1746 - d. 1814)
Duchess and Princess (title Duchessa di Massa e Principessa di Carrara)
 
4 May 1814 - 14 Nov 1829  Maria Beatrice Ricciarda III         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Dukes and Princes
14 Nov 1829 - 21 Jan 1846  Francesco IV                         (b. 1779 - d. 1846)
21 Jan 1846-25/26 Mar 1848 Francesco V (1st time)               (b. 1819 - d. 1875)
Head of the Provisional Government
25/26 Mar 1848-12 May 1848 ....
Tuscan Administrator
12 May 1848 - 10 Aug 1848  .... 
Duke and Prince
10 Aug 1848 - 13 Jun 1859  Francesco V (2nd time)               (s.a.)



Masserano
 
[Masserano,
                          1614-1700]
             1614 - 1701
 
[Masserano,
                          1700-1767]
               1701 - 20 Mar 1767
 
Map of Masserano
Capital: Masserano
 Population: N/A

29 May 1394                Lordship of Masserano given by the Pope to the Fieschi family.
1506                       Elevated to a county by the Pope (County of Masserano).
 9 Apr 1517                Fieschi dynasty ends; county transmitted to Ferrero
                             (from 1584, Ferrero-Fieschi) dynasty.
 5 Aug 1547                Marquisate of Masserano.
13 Aug 1598                Principality of Masserano.
20 Mar 1767                Ceded to Kingdom of Sardinia.

Lords (title Signore di Masserano)
29 May 1394 - 1412         Antonio Fieschi                    (b. 13.. - d. 1412)
1412 - 1423                Ludovico I Fieschi                 (d. 1423)
1423 - 1492                Innocenzo Fieschi                  (d. 1492)
1492 - 1506                Ludovico II Fieschi (Pier Luca)    (d. 1531)
Counts
(title Conte di Masserano)
1506 -  3 May 1531         Ludovico II                        (s.a.)
 
3 May 1531 -  6 Aug 1547  Filiberto Ferrero                  (b. 1504 - d. 1559)
Marquesses (title Marchese di Masserano)
 
6 Aug 1547 -  6 Oct 1584  Besso                              (b. 1528 - d. 1584)
 6 Oct 1584 - 13 Aug 1598  Francesco Filiberto                (b. 1576 - d. 1629)
Princes
(title Principe di Masserano e Marchese di Crevacuore)
13 Aug 1598 - 15 Sep 1629  Francesco Filiberto                (s.a.)
15 Sep 1629 -  2 Jan 1667  Paolo Besso                        (b. 1608 - d. 1667)
 2 Jan 1667 -  8 Jun 1685  Francesco Ludovico                 (b. 1638 - d. 1685)
 8 Jun 1685 - 10 May 1720  Carlo Besso                        (b. 1663 - d. 1720)
10 May 1720 -  1 Oct 1743  Vittorio Amedeo                    (b. 1687 - d. 1743)
 1 Oct 1743 - 20 Mar 1767  Vittorio Filippo                   (b. 1713 - d. 1777)


Milan: see Lombardy

Mirandola and Concordia

 
Map of Mirandola
Capital: Mirandola
 Population: N/A

1311                       Lordship of Mirandola and Concordia
27 Nov 1321 - 23 Dec 1354  Union with Mantua.
23 Dec 1354                Separated from the territory of Reggio and declared
                             immediately subject to the Emperor, under the Pico family.
18 Feb 1432                Lordship of Mirandola and County of Concordia.
1548 - 1551                Occupied by France.
18 Oct 1596                Principality of Mirandola and County of Concordia. 
 
7 Nov 1602                Principality of Mirandola and Marquisate of Concordia.
1619                       Duchy of Mirandola
and Marquisate of Concordia. 
 
4 Jul 1708 - 1710         Austrian administration.
May 1710                   Sold to Modena.
1735 - 1742                Spanish occupation.
May 1742 - 1748            Austrian occupation.
18 Oct 1748                Restored to Modena.

Lords (title Signore di Mirandola e Concordia)
23 Dec 1354 - 1399         Francesco II Pico                    (d. 1399)
1399 - 18 Feb 1432         Francesco III Pico                   (b. 138. - d. 1461)
                           - jointly with the following two -
1399 - 1429                Aiace Pico                           (d. 1429)
1399 - 18 Feb 1432         Giovanni I Pico                      (b. 138. - d. 1451)     
Lords and Counts
(title Signore di Mirandola e Conte di Concordia)
18 Feb 1432 - 14 Nov 1461  Francesco III                        (s.a.)
                           - jointly with -
18 Feb 1432 - 15 Nov 1451  Giovanni I                           (s.s.) 
15 Nov 1451 - 11 Feb 1467  Gianfrancesco I                      (b. 1415 - d. 1467)
12 Feb 1467 -  9 Apr 1499  Galeotto I                           (b. 1442 - d. 1499)
18 May 1499 - Jul 1502     Gianfrancesco II (1st time)          (b. 1469 - d. 1533)
Jul 1502 - 15 Dec 1509     Ludovico I                           (b. 1469 - d. 1509)
                           - jointly with -
Jul 1502 - 1504            Federico I                           (b. 1470 - d. 1504)
15 Dec 1509 - 21 Jan 1511  Galeotto II (1st time)               (b. 1508 - d. 1551)
15 Dec 1509 - 21 Jan 1511  Francesca Trivulzio (f) -Regent      (b. 149. - d. 1560)
21 Jan 1511 -  4 Jun 1511  Gianfrancesco II (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1511 - 1514         Galeotto II (2nd time)               (s.a.)      
 4 Jun 1511 - 1514         Francesca Trivulzio (f) -Regent      (s.a.)
1514 - 15 Oct 1533         Gianfrancesco II (3rd time)          (s.a.)
15 Oct 1533 - 20 Nov 1550  Galeotto II (3rd time)               (s.a.)
20 Nov 1550 - 18 Dec 1568  Ludovico II                          (b. 1527 - d. 1568)
18 Dec 1568 - 18 Oct 1596  Galeotto III                         (b. 1563 - d. 1597)
18 Dec 1568 -  7 Oct 1590  Fulvia da Correggio (f) -Regent      (b. 1543 - d. 1590)
Princes
and Counts (from 7 Nov 1602, Marquesses)
(title Principe di Mirandola e Conte [from 7 Nov 1602 Marchese] di Concordia)
18 Oct 1596 - 18 Nov 1597  Galeotto III                         (s.a.)
16 Aug 1597 -  7 Sep 1602  Federico II                          (b. 1564 - d. 1602)
 7 Sep 1602 - 1619         Alessandro I                         (b. 1566 - d. 1637)
Dukes and Marquesses (title Duca della Mirandola e Marchese di Concordia)
1619 -  2 Sep 1637         Alessandro I                         (s.a.)
 2 Sep 1637 -  2 Feb 1691  Alessandro II                        (b. 1631 - d. 1691)
 
2 Feb 1691 -  4 Jul 1708  Francesco Maria                      (b. 1688 - d. 1747)
 
2 Feb 1691 - 1704         Brigitte Pico (f) -Regent            (b. 1636/37 - d. 1720)



Modena and Reggio
 
[Modena and
                          Reggio to 1796, 1814-1830]
               16th cent. - 4 Oct 1796; 
                    1814 - Jan 1830 
 
[Cispadane
                          Republic]
            16 Oct 1796 - 9  Jul 1797
 
 
[Modena and
                          Reggio, 1830-1859]
             Jan 1830 - 21 Mar 1848; 
            26 Aug 1848 - 11 Jun 1859
 
[Italy]
            21 Mar 1848 - 26 Aug 1848
   
 
Map of Modena
Map of Cispadane Rep.
Hear National Anthem
 Cispadane Constitution
(1797) (in Italian)
Capital: Modena
Currency: 1736-1796 Italian 
States Lira (XITL)
National Holiday: N/A
Population: 590,000 (1850) 

c.982                      Commune of Modena
1136                       Commune of Reggio
1289                       County of Modena (under the d'Este dynasty).

1322 - 1328                Reggio under Papal rule (under Fogliani 1328-1335).
Jul 1335                   Reggio
a possession of Mantua.
17 Apr 1336 - 18 May 1452  Modena
a possession of Ferrara.
17 May 1371                Reggio a possession of Milan.
29 Jun 1409                Reggio a possession of Ferrara
18 May 1452                Duchies of Modena and Reggio (under d'Este rule from Ferrara).

18 Aug 1510 -  1 Feb 1511  Papal occupation.
 
1 Feb 1511 - 17 Jun 1514  Imperial occupation.
17 Jun 1514 -  6 Jun 1527  Papal rule.
21 Mar 1530 - 21 Apr 1531  Imperial occupation.
 
1 Aug 1702 -  7 Feb 1707  French occupation.
20 Jul 1734 - 23 May 1736  French-Sardinian occupation.
26 Aug 1796                Reggio proclaims independence as Republic of Reggio
                             (Repubblica Reggiana).
 4 Oct 1796                Republic of Modena proclaimed.
 
6 Oct 1796                French occupation.
16 Oct 1796                Modena, Reggio, Bologna and Ferrara formed into the

                             Cispadane Confederation, which on 27 Dec 1796
                             becomes the Cispadane Republic.
 9 Jul 1797                Part of Cisalpine Republic (see under Lombardy).
 4 May 1799 - 12 Jun 1799  Austrian occupation.
12 Jun 1799                French occupation.
20 Jun 1799 -  9 Jul 1800  Austrian occupation.
 9 Jul 1800                Part of Cisalpine Republic/Italian Republic/Kingdom
                             of Italy (see under Lombardy); as départements of Panaro
                             and Crostolo.
21 Jan 1814 -  9 Feb 1814  Occupied by Naples.
 9 Feb 1814                Duchies of Modena and Reggio (restored).
 9 Feb 1831                Separate provisional governments in Modena and in 
                             Reggio.
22 Feb 1831                Joint provisional government of Modena and Reggio.
 9 Mar 1831                Duchies of Modena and Reggio
 5 Oct
1847                Fivizzano ceded to Modena by Tuscany.
24 Mar 1848                Separate provisional governments in Modena and in 

                             Reggio.
 2 Apr 1848                Joint provisional government of Modena and Reggio.
25 May 1848                Administered by Kingdom of Sardinia.
14 Aug 1849                Duchies of Modena and Reggio
13 Jun 1859                Annexation of Massa and Carrara.
13 Jun 1859                Administered by Kingdom of Sardinia.
28 Jul 1859                Modena (dictatorship)
21 Aug 1859                Administered by Kingdom of Sardinia.
 3 Dec 1859                Part of the United Provinces of Central Italy
                             (see under Tuscany).
25 Dec 1859                Part of Emilian Provinces (Modena and its territories,
                             Parma and Romagna) of Kingdom of Sardinia.
18 Mar 1860                Annexation by Kingdom of Sardinia.

Duk
es¹ (title Duca di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio; from 30 Jan 1598, Duca de Modena e di Reggio)
18 May 1452 - 18 Aug 1510
  the dukes of Ferrara
18 Aug 1510 -  1 Feb 1511  Papal occupation
 
1 Feb 1511 - 17 Jun 1514  Imperial occupation
17 Jun 1514 -  6 Jun 1527  Papal rule
 6 Jun 1527 - 27 Oct 1597  the dukes of Ferrara

27 Oct 1597 – 11 Dec 1628  Cesare                             (b. 1562 – d. 1628)
11 Dec 1628 - 24 Jul 1629  Alfonso III                        (b. 1591 – d. 1644)
24 Jul 1629 – 14 Oct 1658  Francesco I                        (b. 1610 – d. 1658)
14 Oct 1658 – 16 Jul 1662  Alfonso IV                         (b. 1634 – d. 1662)
16 Jul 1662 –  6 Sep 1694  Francesco II                       (b. 1660 – d. 1694)
16 Jul 1662 -  6 Mar 1674  Laura Martinozzi (f) -Regent       (b. 1639 - d. 1687)
 7 Sep 1694 - 26 Oct 1737  Rinaldo                            (b. 1655 - d. 1737) 

26 Oct 1737 - 22 Apr 1780  Francesco III Maria                (b. 1698 - d. 1780)
26 Oct 1737 - 
4 Dec 1737  Benedetta Ernestina Maria,         (b. 1697 - d. 1777)
                             principessa di Modena (f) -Regent
22 Apr 1780 -  6 Oct 1796  Ercole III Reinaldo (1st time)     (b. 1727 - d. 1803)

                             (left Modena May 1796)
 7 May 1796 - Oct 1796     Council of Regency
                           - Marchese Gherardo Rangoni Terzi  (b. 17.. - d. 1815)
                           - Conte Camillo Munarini
                           - Conte Bartolomeo Scapinelli 
                           - Conte di San Romano
                           - Giuseppe Antonio De Micheli
                           - Luigi Prandini
                           - Giuseppe Candrini 
                           - Francesco Ansaloni
26 Aug 1796 - Oct 1796     Senate of Reggio (in opposition)
Chairmen of Committee of the Provisional Government
18 Oct 1796 - 21 Nov 1796  Giuseppe Luosi                     (b. 1755 - d. 1830)
21 Nov 1796 - 1797         Luigi Valdrighi                    (b. 1767 - d. 1825)
Directory of the Cispadane Republic
28 Apr 1797 - 22 May 1797  Directors
                           - Lodovico Ricci                   (b. 1742 - d. 1799)
                           - Giovanni Battista Guastavillani  (b. 1753 - d. 1814)
                              (chairman)
                           - Ignazio Magnani                  (b. 1740 - d. 1809)
                           - Pietro Bianchetti
                           - Giovanni Battista Costabili      (b. 1756 - d. 1841)
                               Containi
22 May 1797 -  9 Jul 1797  Extraordinary Committee
 9 Jul 1797 - 20 Jul 1799  Incorporated into the Cisalpine Republic
Duke
12 May 1799 - 17 Oct 1799  Conte Bartolomeo Scapinelli
                             (chairman of Imperial government junta)
20 Jun 1799 -  9 Jul 1800  Ercole III Reinaldo (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (from 1800, prince of Brisgau)
17 Oct 1799 - 25 Jun 1800  Odoardo marchese Guerrieri         (b. 1748 - d. 1820)
                             (Imperial commissioner)
 9 Jul 1800 -  9 Feb 1814  Re-incorporated into the Cisalpine/Italian Republic
Commissioners of Alpi Apuane, Crostolo, and Panaro
Alpi Apuane (merged with Crostolo in Sep 1798)

18 Jun 1797 - 1797         Pellegrino Nobili (acting)         (b. 1754 - d. 1841)
30 Aug 1797 - Sep 1798     Ludovico Lizzoli                   (b. 1766 - d. 1820)
Commissioners of Panaro (and to 1800, Crostolo)‏ département
16 Nov 1797 - Sep 1798     Pier Luigi Leonelli
 7 Sep 1798 - 15 Sep 1798  Luigi Muzzarelli
15 Sep 1798 - 12 May 1799  Luigi Vaccari (1st time)           (b. 1766 - d. 1819)
1799 - 1800                Austrian occupation
 4 Jul 1800 - 23 Aug 1800  Luigi Vaccari (2nd time)           (s.a.)
Aug 1800 - 19 Nov 1800     Prospero Carandini
19 Nov 1800 - Apr 1801     Virginio Giannini
Apr 1801 -  6 Jun 1801     Lena Perpenti
 6 Jun 1801 -  3 Sep 1801  Bianconi
 3 Sep 1801 - 22 Sep 1801  Luigi Leonelli 
22 Sep 1801 - May 1802     Giovanni Margaritis
Commissioners of Panaro département
14 Jul 1800 - 30 Sep 1800  Ludovico Bolognini                 (b. 1739 - d. 1816)
Oct 1800 - Aug 1801        Giacomo Greppi
Sep 1801 - May 1802        Giovanni Tamassia                  (b. 1776 - d. 1839)
Prefects of Panaro département
May 1802 - 1806            Gaudenzio Maria Caccia, conte      (b. 1765 - d. 1834)
                             di Romentino                
1806 - 1807                Bernardo Pasini                    (b. 1747 - d. 18..)
1807 - 1809                Federico Cavriani                  (b. 1762 - d. 1833)
1809 - 1813                Girolamo Tadini Oldofredi          (b. 1772 - d. 1839)
25 Jun 1813 - 1814         Giovanni Minoia                    (b. 1763 - d. 1832)
Prefects of Crostolo département
27 May 1802 - Aug 1805     Paolo Fadigati                     (b. 1760 - d. 1844)
 7 Aug 1805 - 30 May 1809  Giacomo Lamberti                   (b. 1761 - d. 1837)
May 1809 - Apr 1812        Ferdinando Porro                   (b. 1774 - d. 18..)
13 Apr 1812 - 1814         Bonaventura Zecchini               (b. 1769 - d. 1824)
(Nominal) Duke of Reggio

14 Apr 1810 -  9 Feb 1814  Nicolas-Charles Oudinot            (b. 1767 - d. 1847)
Dukes¹
 9 Feb 1814 -  9 Feb 1831  Francesco IV (1st time)            (b. 1779 - d. 1846)
 9 Feb 1831 - 22 Feb 1831  Biagio Nardi (dictator; in Modena) (b. 1768 - d. 1835)
 9 Feb 1831 - 22 Feb 1831  Jacopo, conte Lamberti             (b. 1762 - d. 1838)
                            (president of provisional government; in Reggio)
22 Feb 1831 -  9 Mar 1831  Pellegrino Nobili                  (s.a.) 
                            (president of the Provisional Government)
 9 Mar 1831 - 21 Jan 1846  Francesco IV (2nd time)            (s.a.)
21 Jan 1846 - 24 Mar 1848  Francesco V (1st time)             (b. 1819 - d. 1875)
                            (in exile 21 Mar - 10 Aug 1848)
President of the Provisional Government
24 Mar 1848 - 17? Jun 1848 Giuseppe Malmusi                   (b. 1803 - d. 1865)
                            (to 2 Apr 1848 only in Modena)
24 Mar 1848 -  2 Apr 1848  Provisional Government (in Reggio)
                           - Luigi Peretti
                           - Jacopo Ferrari
                           - ....
Sardinian Commissioner of Modena
24 Jun 1848 - Aug 1848     Ludovico conte Sauli               (b. 1787 - d. 1874)  
Sardinian Commissioner of Reggio
Jun 1848 - Aug 1848        Pietro Santarosa
Duke¹
10 Aug 1848 - 13 Jun 1859  Francesco V (2nd time)             (s.a.)
11 Jun 1859 - 13 Jun 1859  Regency
                           - L. Giacobazzi
                           - G. Galvani
                           - G. Coppi
                           - P. Grandini
Provisional government

13 Jun 1859 - 15 Jun 1859  Municipal government (in Modena)
                           - Giuseppe Tirelli
                           - Pietro Muratori
                           - Emilio Nardi
                           - Giovanni Montanari
                           - Egidio Boni
                           - Agostino Soragni
13 Jun 1859 - 19 Jun 1859  Provisional Government Commission
                           (in Reggio)
                           - Carlo Baroni
                           - Jacopo Ferrari
                           - Gheraldo Strucchi
                           - Enrico Terrachini
                           - Pier Donnino Bongiovanni         (b. 1808 - d. 1868)
                           - Luigi Chiesi (from 19 Jun 1859)
Provisional Extraordinary Commissioner
15 Jun 1859 - 19 Jun 1859  Luigi Zini                         (b. 1821 - d. 1894)
Governor of the Modena Provinces
19 Jun 1859 - 28 Jul 1859  Luigi Carlo Farini                 (b. 1812 - d. 1866)
Dictator
28 Jul 1859 - 21 Aug 1859  Luigi Carlo Farini                 (s.a.)
Dictator of the Royal Provinces of Emilia
21 Aug 1859 - 25 Dec 1859  Luigi Carlo Farini                 (s.a.)
Governor of the Royal Provinces of Emilia
25 Dec 1859 - 18 Mar 1860  Luigi Carlo Farini                 (s.a.)


Austrian Plenipotentiary minister

181. - 181.                Ferdinando Marescalchi             (b. 1764 - d. 1816)
Austrian Ministers Resident
1849 - 1852                Giovanni conte Allegri
1852 - 1854                Eduard Freiherr von Lederer  
1854 - 1857                Eduard Freiherr von Lebzeltern     (b. 1812 - d. 1867)
1857 - 1859                Ludwig Graf Paar                   (b. 1817 - d. 1893)

 ¹Full style of the rulers:
(a) 18 May 1452 - 30 Jan 1598: Dux Ferrariae, Mutinae et Regij/Duca di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio ("Duke of Ferrara, Modena, and Reggio");
(b) 30 Jan 1598 - Apr 1711: Duca di Modena, e di Reggio ("Duke of Modena, and of Reggio");
(c) Apr 1711 - 6 Oct 1796 and 20 Jun 1799 - 9 Jul 1800: per la grazia di Dio, Duca di Modena, Reggio, Mirandola ec. ec. ec. ("By the Grace of God, Duke of Modena, Reggio, Mirandola, etc., etc. etc.");
(d) 9 Feb 1814 - 13 Jun 1859: per la grazia di Dio, Arciduca d'Austria-Este, Principe reale d'Ungheria e di Boemia, Duca di Modena, Reggio, Mirandola, Massa [from 14 Nov 1829], Carrara [from 14 Nov 1829] e [from 8 Jan 1848] Guastalla, ecc. ("By the Grace of God, Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Duke of Modena, Reggio, Mirandola, [from 14 Nov 1829] Massa, [from 14 Nov 1829] Carrara and [from 8 Jan 1848] Guastalla, etc.")


Monaco: see separate entry for Monaco

Montechiarugolo


Map of Montechiarugolo
Capital: Montechiarugolo
 Population: N/A

 9 Oct 1406                Guido di Marsilio di Torello made Lord of Guastalla and
                             Montechiarugolo by Duke of Milan.
 6 Jul 1428                Separated, along with Guastalla, from Cremona and raised to county
                             (County of Montechiarugolo).
12 Oct 1456                Separated from Guastalla by division.
 1 Jun 1500 – 16 Feb 1504  French occupation.
1612                       Annexed to Parma.

Lord (title Signore di Guastalla e Montechiarugolo)
 9 Oct 1406 –  6 Jul 1428  Guido di Marsilio di Torello       (b. 1379 – d. 1449)
Counts (title Conte di Guastalla e Montechiarugolo;
from 12 Oct 1456,
Conte di Montechiarugolo)
 6 Jul 1428 -  8 Jul 1449  Guido I Torelli Visconti           (s.a.)
 8 Jul 1449 –  6 Mar 1460  Cristoforo I                       (b. 140. - d. 1460)
                           - jointly with -
 8 Jul 1449 - 12 Oct 1456  Pietro Guido I (Pier Guido I)      (b. 141. - d. 1460)
 6 Mar 1460 – Aug 1462     Marcantonio                        (b. 144. - d. 1462)
Aug 1462 – 15 Aug 1490     Marsilio                           (b. 144. - d. 1490)
15 Aug 1490 – Feb 1497     Cristoforo II (1st time)           (b. 147. - d. 1543)
15 Aug 1490 - Feb 1497     Paola Secco (f) -Regent
Feb 1497 - Feb 1498        Guido II (usurper)                 (b. 14.. - d. 1501)
Feb 1498 -  1 Jun 1500     Cristoforo II (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1500 – 16 Feb 1504  French occupation
1504 –  6 Sep 1518         Francesco                          (b. 147. - d. 1518)
 6 Sep 1518 –  2 Jan 1545  Paolo                              (b. 1509 - d. 1545)
 6 Sep 1518 -  2 Mar 1527  Damigella Trivulzio (f) -Regent    (b. 148. - d. 1527)
 2 Jan 1545 –  9 Apr 1608  Pomponio "il Perduto"              (b. 1539 – d. 1608)
 2 Jan 1545 - Dec 1546     Beatrice Pico della                (d. 1546)
                             Mirandola (f) -Regent
Dec 1546 - 1561            Regents
                           - Angelo Cantelli
                           - Francesco Baratta 
                           - Gaspare Torelli                  (d. 1562)
 9 Apr 1608 -  4 May 1612  Pio                                (b. 1578 – d. 1612)
                             (arrested 10 Nov 1611)
10 Nov 1611 -  4 May 1612  .... (acting) 

Montferrat

[Duchy of Montferrat]

Map of Montferrat
Capital: Casale Monferrato
(Chivasso 1306-1435;
Moncalvo to 1306)
 Population: N/A

950                        Marca Aleramica (later March of Montferrat [Marchesato del
                             Monferrato
]
) created.
16 Sep 1306 - 30 Apr 1533  Under the Paleologo (Palaeologus) dynasty, which was branch of
                             the Byzantine Empire dynasty.
1533 - 1536                Occupied by Spain.
28 Dec 1536                Inherited by the Gonzaga family of Mantua (as agreed 3 Sep 1536),
                             fully incorporated upon death of
Margherita on 28 Dec 1566.
27 Nov 1548                Marquisate of Incisa annexed.
23 Jan 1575                Duchy of Montferrat (
Ducato di Monferrato).
 6 Apr 1631                One-third of Montferrat is assigned to the Duchy of Savoy
                             by the Treaty of Cherasco.
 5 Jul 1708                The remainder of Montferrat passes to Savoy.

Margraves (title Marchese di Monferrato)
25 Aug 1381 - 26 Apr 1418  Teodoro II                          (b. 1364 - d. 1418)
26 Apr 1418 - 12 Mar 1445  Giovanni Giacomo (Giangiacomo)      (b. 1395 - d. 1445)
12 Mar 1445 - 19 Jan 1464  Giovanni IV                         (b. 1412 - d. 1464)
19 Jan 1464 - 28 Feb 1483  Guglielmo VIII "Gran marchese"      (b. 1420 - d. 1483)
28 Feb 1483 - Mar 1494     Bonifacio III                       (b. 1424 - d. 1494)
Mar 1494 -  4 Oct 1518     Guglielmo IX                        (b. 1486 - d. 1518)
Mar 1494 - 27 Aug 1495     Maria di Serbia (f) -Regent         (b. 1466 - d. 1495)
                             (Marija Brankovic)
27 Aug 1495 - 1504         Costantino Arianiti Cominato,       (b. c.1456 - d. 1530)
                             duca di Macedonia -Regent
 4 Oct 1518 -  6 Jun 1530  Bonifacio IV                        (b. 1512 - d. 1530)
 4 Oct 1518 -  6 Jun 1530  Regency
                           - Anna di Alençon (f)               (b. 1492 - d. 1562)
                             (Anne d'Alençon)
                           - Giovanni Giorgio Paleologo        (b. 1488 - d. 1533)
 6 Jun 1530 - 30 Apr 1533  Giovanni Giorgio (Giangiorgio)      (s.a.)
30 Apr 1533 - 28 Dec 1566  Margherita (f)                      (b. 1510 - d. 1566)
                             (recognized by imperial diploma 3 Nov 1536)
28 Dec 1536 - 23 Jan 1575  the dukes of Mantua
Dukes (title Duca di Mantova e di Monferrato)
23 Jan 1575 -  5 Jul 1708  the dukes of Mantua


Naples: see under Two Sicilies

Novellara
 
Map of Novellara
Capital: Novellara
 Population: N/A

17 May 1371                Lordship of Novellara
17 May 1371 - 13 Oct 1737  Under the Gonzaga dynasty.
 7 Jul 1501                County of Novellara
12 Oct 1737                Annexed by Modena.

Lords (title Signore di Novellara)
17 May 1371 – 28 Dec 1374  Feltrino Gonzaga                   (b. c.1330 - d. 1374)
28 Dec 1374 - 1399         Guido Gonzaga                      (b. 13.. - d. 1399)
1399 - 1441                Giacomo Gonzaga                    (b. 13.. - d. 1441)
1441 –  8 Feb 1484         Francesco I Gonzaga                (b. c.1420 - d. 1484)
 
8 Feb 1484 -  7 Jul 1501  Giampietro Gonzaga                 (b. 1469 – d. 1515)
Counts
(title Conte di Novellara)
 7 Jul 1501 – 18 Nov 1515  Giampietro                         (s.a.)
18 Nov 1515 – Aug 1530     Alessandro I                       (b. 1496 – d. 1530)
Aug 1530 - 1577            Francesco II                       (b. 1519 – d. 1577)
1577 – 24 Apr 1595         Camillo I                          (b. 1521 – d. 1595)
                           - jointly with -
1577 - 1589                Alfonso I                          (b. 1529 – d. 1589)
1595 -  8 Nov 1650         Camillo II                         (b. 1581 – d. 1650)
                           - jointly with -
1640 - 10 Sep 1644         Alessandro II                      (b. 1611 - d. 1644)
10 Sep 1644 - 25 Jul 1678  Alfonso II                         (b. 1616 - d. 1678)
25 Jul 1678 - 16 Aug 1727  Camillo III                        (b. 1649 - d. 1727)
16 Aug 1727 - 13 Dec 1728  Filippo Alfonso                    (b. 1702 - d. 1728)
13 Dec 1728 - 12 Oct 1737  Ricciarda (f) -Countess            (b. 1698 - d. 1768)

Naples: see under Two Sicilies






 

© Ben Cahoon