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Austrian Lands before 1918

Austrian Crownlands Österreich - Österreich ob der Enns - Österreich unter der Enns - Görz und Gradisca - Illyrien - Istrien - Kärnten - Küstenland - Salzburg - Steiermark - Tirol - Vorarlberg - Vorlande (Vorderösterreich) - 

Note: Under this heading are included those Länder that ended up constituting the present-day Austria (with the exceptions of the Illyria components and the Vorlande [Vorderösterreich]). Note that common rulers of several or all of these polities are often recorded with different ordinal numbers; e.g., Emperor Karl I (1916-18) may be listed as Karl IV, archduke of Austria (apart from his very official style Károly IV, apostolic king of Hungary). In this record the normative numbering is that of Austria. In the time covered by this record, the common style of the ruler, with reference to these lands, is Erzherzog/Erzherzogin von Österreich, Herzog/Herzogin von Steiermark, Kärnten und Krain, Gefürsteter Graf/Gefürstete Gräfin von Tirol ("Archduke/Archduchess of Austria, Duke/Duchess of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola, Princely Count/Countess of Tyrol"). The exception is Salzburg, for which see below.

  From the 16th century, Innerösterreich was the collective name for the duchies of Styria and Carinthia as well as Carniola and the County of Gorizia, as opposed to Tyrol and the western Domains. When the Habsburg lands were divided in 1379, Albrecht III received the countries on the Danube (Upper and Lower Austria); Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol, the old Habsburg lands in the west, and central Istria fell to his brother Leopold III. After Albrecht's death in 1395, new conflicts arose in the Habsburg family. Under the Vienna Treaty, the line of Leopold III split into Styrian and Tyrolean branches, resulting in three complexes of Austrian territory - a state of affairs that was to reappear in the 16th century. The individual parts came to be known by the names of Niederösterreich (then comprising Lower and Upper Austria), Innerösterreich (comprising Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, and the Adriatic possessions), and Oberösterreich (comprising Tyrol and the western domains, known as the Vorlande, from after 1500 as Vorderösterreich ("Austrian Forelands"). When Karl V abdicated, Ferdinand I became emperor in 1558, and thus the leadership of the empire was taken over by the Austrian (German) line of the Habsburgs. Maximilian II succeeded his father in Bohemia, Hungary, and the Austrian Danubian territories in 1564. Ferdinand, was endowed with Tyrol and the Vorlande; Karl received the Inner Austrian lands and took up residence in Graz. After Ferdinand II, Karl's son, was elected German emperor at Frankfurt in 1619, the name Innerösterreich was no longer used. After 1619, Vienna became the center of the Empire. From that time onwards, the former government of Innerösterreich (superior to the governors of Graz, Klagenfurt, Laibach and Görz, and those of Trieste, Fiume, Aquileia and Flitsch) was considered an intermediate government headed by a Statthalter.
 
Noble titles: Edler/Edle = Noble; Erzherzog/Erzherzogin = Archduke/ArchduchessFreiherr/Freifrau = Baron/Baroness; Fürst/Fürstin = Prince/Princess; Gefürsteter Graf/Gräfin = Princely Count/Countess; Graf/Gräfin = Count/Countess; Grossherzog/Grossherzogin = Grand Duke/Duchess; Herr/Herrin = Lord/Lady; Herzog/Herzogin = Duke/Duchess; Kaiser/Kaiserin = Emperor/Empress; König/Königin = King/Queen; Landgraf/Landgräfin = Landgrave/Landgravine; Markgraf/Markgräfin = Margrave/Margravine; Pfalzgraf/Pfalzgräfin = Count/Countess Palatine; Prinz/Prinzessin = Prince/Princess; Reichsfreiherr = Imperial Baron; Reichsgraf/Reichsgräfin = Imperial Count/Countess; Ritter = Knight.

Party abbreviations: Con = Conservative; Lib = Liberal (Liberal, 1867-79 as Deutschliberale Partei [German Liberal Party], 1848-1918); FPP = Friuli People's Party (Friuli nationalist, Gradisca regionalist, 1880-1918); NL = National-Liberal (conservative liberal, Slovenes split into NL-/Gabršček & clerical/Gregorčič, Italians split into NL-Pajer & PCI); PCI = Partito Cattolico Italiano/Italienische Katholische Partei (Italian Catholic Party, Italian conservative); PPI = Partito Progressivo Italiano/Italienische Fortschrittliche Partei (Italian Progressive Party); SLS = Slovenska Ljudska Stranka/Slowenische Volkspartei (Slovenian People's Party, Slovene catholic conservative, 1905-1945) Soc = Christlichsoziale Partei (Christian Social Party, right-wing conservative, 1895-1907 named Katholische Volkspartei [Catholic People's Party], 1907-1934); VP = Verfassungspartei (Constitution Party, Austrian constitutional liberal, 1861-1896); NFP = National-Fortschrittliche Partei/Narodno-napredna stranka (National Progressive Party, in Görz, est.1900)



CISLEITHANIAN (from 1867, AUSTRIAN) CROWNLANDS

Note: Habsburg Empire was divided in Cisleithania and Transleithania, that after 
1867 became known as Austrian and Hungarian Crown Lands, respectively. Bosnien und Herzegowina was part of neither and was jointly administered by the joint ministry of finance. Lands that
from 1918 are part of other countries are listed there (i.e. Bohemia under the Czech Republic).


Böhmen: see Bohemia under Czech Republic


Österreich (Austria)
 
[Austrian flag]
              c.1230 - 30 Mar 1786
              Archduchy of Austria 
[Austrian Naval
                          and Merchant Ensign, 1786]
        20 Mar 1786 - 23 Dec 1894
              Archduchy of Austria 
[Austrian Naval
                          Ensign, 1894]
           23 Dec 1894 - 11 Nov 1918
             Archduchy of Austria 


Sep 955 - 17 Sep 1156      Part of Bavaria and organized as the Marca Orientalis (Ostarrîchi),
                             from Jul 976 under the Babenberg dynasty.
17 Sep 1156                Duchy of Austria (Herzogtum Österreich), elevated by the Privilegium
                             Minus, independent of the Duchy of Bavaria;
under the Babenberg
                             dynasty until 15 Jun 1246.

27 Dec 1282                Habsburg dynasty established (Habsburg-Lothringen dynasty
                             from 29 Nov 1780).
 6 Jan 1453                Archduchy of Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich); later in
                             official use in full: Archduchy of Austria above and below
                             the Enns (Erzherzogtum Österreich ob und unter der Enns);
                            
from this date Archdukes are continually elected Holy Roman                              Emperor (except 1741-1745)(see under Germany).
30 Dec 1849                Divided into Upper Austria (Oberösterreich), officially
                             Archduchy of Austria above the Enns (Erzherzogtum Österreich
                             ob der Enns), and Lower Austria (Niederösterreich),
                             officially Archduchy of Austria below the Enns (Erzherzogtum
                             Österreich unter der Enns).
 
6 Apr 1861                Last links between the two regions are formally dissolved;
                             both regions are made separate crownlands of Austria.

Dukes
17 Sep 1156 - 19 Aug 1493
  the rulers of Austria
Archdukes
19 Aug 1493 - 12 Nov 1918  the rulers of Austria

Oberste Hauptmänner
1501 - 1512                Wolfgang Freiherr von Polheim      (b. 1458 - d. 1512)
1513 - 1521                Georg von Rottal zu Thalberg       (d. 1525)
Statthalter
1521 - 1523                Peter Bonomus, Bischof von Triest  (b. 1458 - d. 1546)
1523 - 1524                Sigismund Freiherr von             (b. 1484 - d. 1533)
                             Dietrichstein
1524 - 1525                Leonhard von Harrach zu Rohrau     (b. 1481 - d. 1527)
                             (acting)
1526 - 1527                Cyriak Freiherr von Polheim und    (b. 1495 - d. 1533)
                             Wartenburg
1528 - 1531                Georg von Pucheim Freiherr zu      (d. 1531)
                             Raabs und Krumbach
1532 - 1536                C
hristoph von Rauber, Bischof      (b. c.1466 - d. 1536)
                             zu Laibach   

1537 - 1541                Trojan von Auersperg               (b. 1495 - d. 1541)
1542 - 1544                Hans Ungnad Freiherr von Sonneck   (b. 1493 - d. 1564)
1544 - 1551                Christoph Freiherr von Eyczing     (b. 1501 - d. 1563)
1552 - 1564                Gabriel Ritter von Kreuzer         (d. 1565)
1565 - 1572                Joachim Freiherr von Schönkirchen  (b. 1517 - d. 1572)
1572 - 1587                Oswald Freiherr von Eyczing        (b. 1512 – d. 1587)
1587 - 1591                Seifried Freiherr von Breuner      (b. 1538 - d. 1594)
1592 - 1600                Ruprecht Freiherr von Stotzingen   (b. 1542? - d. 1600)
1600 - 1601                Wolfgang Freiherr von Hofkirchen   (b. 1555 - d. 1611) 
1601 - 1606                Ernst Mollart Freiherr von Reinegg (b. 1576? - d. 1621)
                             und Trosendorf
        
1608 - 1621                Paul Sixtus Trautson Graf zu       (b. 1548 - d. 1621)
                             Falkenstein 
1621 - 1626                Leonhard Helfried Graf von Meggau, (b. 1577 - d. 1644)
                             Freiherr von Creuzen            
1626 - 1640                Seifried Christoph Breuner Freiherr(b. 1569 - d. 1651)
                             von Stübing, Fladnitz und
                             Rabenstein
 
1640 - 1642                Georg Freiherr von Teufel auf      (b. 1580 - d. 1642)
                             Gundersdorf, Eckartsau und
                             Esslingen
        
1642 - 1663                Johann Franz Trautson Graf zu      (b. 1609 - d. 1663)
                             Falkenstein
1663 - 1687                Konrad Balthasar Graf von          (b. 1612 - d. 1687)
                             Starhemberg
1687 - 1705                Johann Quintin Reichsgraf von      (b. 1624 - d. 1705)
                             Jörger 
1705 - 1711                Ferdinand Karl Graf von Weltz      (b. 1653 - d. 1711)
1711 - 1742                Sigismund Friedrich Graf           (b. 1666 - d. 1742)
                            (from 1725, Reichsgraf) von  
                             von Khevenhüller
1742 - 1746                Leopold Johann Victorin Reichsgraf (b. 1686 - d. 1746)
                             von Windischgrätz 
1746 - 1749                Johann Ferdinand Graf von          (b. 1686 - d. 1755)
                             Kuefstein 
Präsidenten
1749 - 1750                Adam Philipp Losy
Graf von         (b. 1705 - d. 1781)
                             Losymthal (Losinthal)
 
1750 - 1753                Philipp Joseph Graf von Orsini     (b. 1691 - d. 1765)
                             und Rosenberg 
1753 - 1758                Heinrich Wilhelm Freiherr von      (b. 1711 - d. 1758)
                             Haugwitz 
Statthalter
1759 - 1770                Franz Ferdinand Graf von 
          (b. 1707 - d. 1785)
                             Schrattenbach
1770 - 1779                Christian August Graf von Seilern  (b. 1717 - d. 1801)
                             und Aspang 
1779 - 1782                Joseph Johann Nepomuk Graf von     (b. 1725 - d. 1809)
                             Herberstein 
Präsidenten
1782 - 1790                Johann Anton Graf von Pergen       (b. 1725 - d. 1814)
1791 - 1795                Wenzel Graf Sauer von und zu       (b. 1742 - d. 1799)
                             Ankenstein
1795 - 1797                Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau       (b. 1760 - d. 1832)
                             (1st time) 
1797 - 1802                Jakob Reichsfreiherr von Wöber zu
 
                            Hagenberg
1802 - 1804                Joseph Thaddäus Vogt Freiherr von  (b. 1749 - d. 1817)
                             Sumerau 
1804 - 1805                Joseph Karl Graf Dietrichstein     (b. 1763 - d. 1825)
1805 - 1807                Ignaz Karl Graf Chorinsky,         (b. 1770 - d. 1823)
                             Freiherr von Ledske (1st time)
1807 - 1809                Ferdinand Graf von Bissingen und   (b. 1749 - d. 1831)
                             Nippenburg 
Jul 1809                   Antoine-Bernard Finot, Jr.         (b. 1780 - d. 1844)
                             (French Intendant in Vienna)

Jul 1809 - Nov 1809        Jules Jean-Baptiste, baron Anglès  (b. 1778 - d. 1828)
                             (French Intendant in Vienna)
Statthalter
1809 - 1814                Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1815 - 1816                Ignaz Karl Graf Chorinsky,         (s.a.)
                             Freiherr von Ledske (2nd time) 
1817 - 1828                Augustin Freiherr Reichmann von    (b. 1754 - d. 1828)
                             Hochkirchen 
1828 - 1829                Alois Graf von Ugarte              (b. 1784 - d. 1845)
1829 - 1830                Franz Graf von Klebelsberg,        (b. 1774 - d. 1857)
                             Freiherr zu Thumburg 
1830 - 1848                Johann Adam (from 1834 Freiherr)   (b. 1778 - d. 1858) 
                             Talatzko von Gestieticz 
1848                       Anton Raimund Graf von Lamberg     (b. 1795 - d. 1869)

Landmarschälle der Österreichischen Landstände
1282 – 1306                Hermann von Landenberg             (b. 1256 - d. 1306)
                             (from 1300, Hermann von Landenberg-Greifensee)
1306 – 1326                Dietrich von Pillichsdorf          (d. 1326)
1330 – 1354                Ulrich Graf von Pfannberg          (b. c.1287 – d. 1354)
1358 – 1360                Hermann II von Landenberg-
                             Greifensee                       (b. c.1300 – d. 1361)
1360 – 1367                Leuthold II von Stadeck (Stattegg) (d. 1367)
1367 – 1368                Friedrich von Wallsee              (d. 1368)
1368 – 1375                Heidenreich von Maissau (1st time) (d. 1381)
1375 – 1377                Bernhard von Maissau
1378 – 1380                Heidenreich von Maissau (2nd time) (s.a.)
1384 – 1397                Rudolf von Wallsee                 (d. 1397)
1397 – 1402                Ulrich von Dachsberg               (d. 1402)
1403 – 1405                Friedrich von Wallsee
1406 – 1406                Johann Graf von Maidburg-Hardegg
1407 – 1407                Otto von Maissau                   (d. 1440)
1409 – 1413                Hartneid von Pottendorf            (b. c.1389 – d. 1426)
1417 – 1422                Pilgrim von Puchheim
1424 - 1424                Johann Graf von Schaunberg         (b. 1396 – d. 1453)
                             (1st time)
1425 – 1425                Hans von Winden                    (b. c.1369 – d. 1431)
1427 – 1433                Hans von Ebersdorf                 (d. 1444)
1437 – 1439                Johann Graf von Schaunberg         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)        
1441 – 1446                Rüdiger von Starhemberg
1447 – 1454                Bernhard Graf von Schaunberg       (b. 1421 – d. 1473)
Landmarschälle der Niederösterreichischen Landstände
1454 – 1459                Bernhard Graf von Schaunberg       (s.a.)
1460 – 1464                Jörg von Kuenring
1466 – 1472                Jörg von Pottendorf                (d. 1486)
1475 – 1483                Michael Graf von Maidburg-Hardegg  (d. 1483)
1487 – 1501                Christoph von Liechtenstein von
                             Nikolsburg                       (d. 1506)
1502 – 1509                Benesch von Ebersdorf
1509 – 1514                Wilhelm von Puchheim (1st time)    (d. 1542)
1515 – 1522                Kaspar von Volkensdorf             (d. 1525)
1522 – 1527                Christoph von Puchheim             (d. 1554)
1527 – 1531                Georg von Puchheim                 (d. 1531)
1532 – 1533                Wolfgang von Rogendorf             (b. 1483 – d. 1540)
1533 – 1541                Wilhelm von Puchheim (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1542 – 1544                Christoph Freiherr von Eyczing     (s.a.)
1545 – 1558                Andreas von Puchheim               (b. 1510 – d. 1558)
1559 – 1563                Joachim Freiherr von Schönkirchen  (s.a.)
1566 – 1590                Hans Wilhelm Freiherr von          (b. 1531 – d. 1590)
                             Rogendorf              
1590 – 1592                Ludwig Freiherr von Schönkirchen
1592 – 1606                Sigismund Freiherr von Lamberg-
                             Ortenegg-Ottenstein              (b. 1536 – d. 1616)
1606 – 1620                     Georg Bernhard Ritter von
                             Urschenbeck                      (b. 1551 – d. 1620)
1620 – 1626                Seifried Christoph Breuner,        (s.a.)
                             Freiherr von Stübing, Fladnitz
                             und Rabenstein  
1626 – 1632                Hans Balthasar (der Ältere)        (s.a.)
                            Graf von Hoyos            
1632 – 1637                Sigmund Adam Graf von Abensperg    (b. 1573 – d. 1637)
                             und Traun-Meissau            
1637 – 1642                Johann Franz Trautson, Graf zu     (s.a.)
                             Falkenstein                
1642 – 1651                Georg Achaz Graf von Losenstein    (b. 1597 – d. 1653)
1651 – 1668                Ernst Graf von Abensperg und       (b. 1608 – d. 1668)
                             Traun-Meissau              
1668 – 1678                Ferdinand Maximilian Graf von      (b. 1625 - d. 1679)
                             Sprinzenstein
1679 – 1681                Hans Balthasar (der Jüngere) Graf
                             von Hoyos                        (b. 1626 – d. 1681)
1681 – 1690                Franz Maximilian Graf von Mollart
1690 – 1715                Otto Ehrenreich Reichsgraf von
                             Abensperg und Traun-Meissau      (b. 1644 – d. 1715)
1715 – 1742                Alois Thomas Raimund Graf von
                             Harrach-Rohrau-Thannhausen       (b. 1669 – d. 1742)
1742 – 1744                Ferdinand Leopold Graf von
                              Herberstein                     (b. 1695 – d. 1744)
1744 – 1745                Friedrich August Gervasius Graf
                             von Harrach-Rohrau-Thannhausen   (b. 1696 – d. 1779)
1745 – 1750                Ferdinand Bonaventura Anton Graf   (b. 1708 – d. 1778)
                             von Harrach-Rohrau und Thannhausen
1750 – 1753                Karl Ferdinand Graf von Königsegg-
                             Rothenfels-Erps                  (b. 1696 – d. 1759)
1753 – 1775                Johann Wilhelm Trautson, Fürst von
                             Falkenstein                      (b. 1700 – d. 1775)
1775 – 1790                Johann Anton Graf von Pergen       (s.a.)
1790 – 1791                Leopold Christoph Graf von
                             Schallenberg                     (b. 1712 – d. 1800)
1791 – 1797                Johann Franz Anton Graf von
                             Khevenhüller-Metsch              (b. 1737 – d. 1797)
1798 – 1802                Ludwig Graf von Cavriani           (b. 1739 – d. 1802)
1802 – 1802                Carl Graf von Zinzendorf und
                             Pottendorf                       (b. 1739 – d. 1813)
1803 – 1805                Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau       (s.a.)
1807                       Joachim Egon Landgraf von
                             Fürstenberg-Weitra               (b. 1749 – d. 1828)
1808 – 1809                Johann Nepomuk Graf von und zu
                             Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg        (b. 1757 – d. 1809)
1811 – 1825                Joseph Karl Graf von Dietrichstein (s.a.)
1825 – 1846                Peter Graf von Goëss               (b. 1774 – d. 1846)
1846 – 1848                Albert Graf von Montecuccoli-
                             Laderchi                         (b. 1802 – d. 1852)


Landeshauptleute

1686 - 1712                Franz Joseph Fürst von Lamberg     (b. 1637 - d. 1712)
1713 - 1738                Christoph Wilhelm Graf von         (b. 1661 - d. 1738)
                             
Thürheim
1739 - 26 Sep 1748         Ferdinand Bonaventura Graf von     (b. 1693 - d. 1781)
                             Weissenwolff
Präsident der Hofdeputation in militari mixta contributionali et camerali
26 Sep 1748 - 18 May 1749  Franz Reinhold Graf von Andlern    (b. 1697 - d. 1771) 
                             und Witten 
Präsident der Repräsentation und Kammer
18 May 1749 - 30 Mar 1754  Franz Reinhold Graf von Andlern    (s.a.) 
                             und Witten 
Landeshauptmann von Oberösterreich

30 Mar 1754 - 1765         Franz Reinhold Graf von Andlern    (s.a.) 
                             und Witten 
1765 -  1 Nov 1783         Christian Graf von Thürheim  
Präsidenten der Landesregierung
 1 Nov 1783 - 1786         Christian Graf von Thürheim
1787 - 1791                Heinrich Franz Graf von Rottenhahn (b. 1737 - d. 1809)
1791 - 1805                August Graf von Auersperg          (b. 17.. - d. 1827)
1806 - 1810                Johann Freiherr von Hackelberg zu 
                             Landau
1810 - 1815                Christian Graf von Aicholt         (b. 1754 - d. 1838)
                             (acting to 1812)
1815 - 1827                Bernhard Gottlieb Freiherr von     (b. 1760 - d. 1833)
                             Hingenau 
1827 - 1834                Alois Graf von Ugarte              (b. 1784 - d. 1845)
1834 - 27 Jan 1836         Rudolph Fürst Kinsky von Wchinitz  (b. 1802 - d. 1836)
                             und Tettau 
13 Jul 1836 - 1848         Philipp Freiherr von Skrbensky-    (b. 1789 - d. 1876)
                             Hrzistie
 

Österreich ob der Enns (Austria above the Enns)
 

[AH Flag of Upper Austria]
                     1849 - 1918 
         Upper Austria or Oberösterreich 
 

Statthalter
 1 Jan 1849 -  4 May 1851  Alois Fischer                      (b. 1796 - d. 1883)
 4 May 1851 - 22 May 1862  Eduard Freiherr von Bach           (b. 1815 - d. 1884)
28 Apr 1863 -  8 Jan 1867  Franz Freiherr von Spiegelfeld     (b. 1802 - d. 1885)
 8 Jan 1867 -  6 Mar 1867  Eduard Graf Taaffe                 (b. 1833 - d. 1895)
 7 Mar 1867 - 24 Jul 1868  Ignaz Freiherr von Schurda         (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
24 Jul 1868 -  6 Feb 1871  Karl Sigmund Graf Hohenwart        (b. 1824 - d. 1899)
19 May 1871 -  9 Oct 1872  Sigmund Conrad Freiherr von        (b. 1821 - d. 1898)
                             Eybesfeld

 9 Oct 1872 -  5 Aug 1877  Otto Freiherr von Wiedenfeld       (b. 1818 - d. 1877)
 9 Dec 1877 - 12 Aug 1879  Bohuslav Ritter von Widmann        (b. 1836 - d. 1888)
13 Aug 1879 - 14 Jan 1881  Felix Freiherr Pino von            (b. 1826 - d. 1906)
                             Friedenthal 
14 Jan 1881 -  5 Sep 1881  Klemens Wenzel Lothar Prinz von    (b. 1837 - d. 1904)
                             Metternich-Winneburg
(acting)
 5 Sep 1881 -  8 Jul 1889  Philip Freiherr Weber von Ebenhof  (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
 9 Jul 1889 - 24 Jun 1890  Franz Carl Graf Merveldt           (b. 1844 - d. 1916)
24 Jun 1890 - 13 Feb 1902  Viktor Freiherr von Puthon         (b. 1842 - d. 1919)
13 Dec 1902 -  1 Jan 1905  Arthur Graf Bylandt-Rheidt         (b. 1854 - d. 1915)
20 Jan 1905 - 27 Aug 1916  Erasmus Freiherr von Handel        (b. 1860 - d. 1928)
                             (1st time) 
27 Aug 1916 - 31 Jan 1917  Vacant
31 Jan 1917 - 30 Oct 1917  Rudolf Graf Meran                  (b. 1872 - d. 1959)
20 Oct 1917 -  2 Nov 1918  Erasmus Freiherr von Handel        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 


Landeshauptleute

31 Mar 1861 - 15 May 1868  Dominik Lebschy                    (b. 1799 - d. 1884)  Con
15 May 1868 - 24 Jun 1868  Karl Wiser (acting)                (b. 1800 - d. 1889)  Lib
24 Jun 1868 - 13 Sep 1871  Moritz Eigner (1st time)           (b. 1822 - d. 1900)  Lib
13 Sep 1871 - 17 Dec 1871  Julius Graf von Falkenhayn         (b. 1829 - d. 1899)  Con
18 Dec 1871 -  9 Sep 1884  Moritz Eigner (2nd time)           (s.a.)               Lib
 9 Sep 1915 - 14 Sep 1884  Karl Grienberger (acting)          (b. 1824 - d. 1908)  Con
14 Sep 1884 - 26 Jan 1897  Leonard Achleuthner, Abt des       (b. 1826 - d. 1905)  Con
                             Kremsmünster-stiftes 
26 Jan 1897 -  6 May 1898  Michael Freiherr von Kast          (b. 1859 - d. 1932)  Con
 6 May 1898 - 30 Dec 1907  Alfred Ebenhoch                    (b. 1855 - d. 1912)  Con
30 Dec 1907 -  4 May 1908  Ernst Jäger (acting)               (b. 1847 - d. 1929)  Soc 
 4 May 1908 -  8 Feb 1927  Johann Nepomuk Hauser              (b. 1866 - d. 1927)  Soc


Österreich unter der Enns (Austria below the Enns)(Niederösterreich)
 
[AH Flag of Lower
                Austria]
                    1848 - 1918
      Lower Austria or Niederösterreich
          (Österreich unter der Enns)
 


Statthalter 

1849                       Gustav Ignaz Graf Chorinsky,
       (b. 1806 - d. 1873)
                             Freiherr Ledske (1st time)
1849 - 1858                Joseph Wilhelm (from 1856 Freiherr (b. 1801 - d. 1858)
                             von) Eminger
1858 - 1860                Karl Prinz von Lobkowitz           (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
1860 - 1862                Anton Freiherr Halbhuber von       (b. 1809 - d. 1886)
                            
Festwill
1862 - 1868                Gustav Ignaz Graf Chorinsky,       (s.a.)
                             Freiherr Ledske (2nd time)
1868 - 1872                Philipp Ritter Weber von Ebenhof   (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
Oct 1872 - 1880            Sigismund Conrad Freiherr von      (b. 1821 - d. 1898)
                             Eybesfeld                 
1880 - 1889                Ludwig Freiherr Possinger von      (b. 1823 - d. 1899)
                             Choborski
1889 - 1895                Erich Graf von Kielmannsegg        (b. 1847 - d. 1923)
                             (1st time) 
1895                       Friedrich Freiherr Bourguignon     (b. 1846 - d. 1907)
                             von Baumberg (acting)
1895 - 1911                Erich Graf von Kielmannsegg        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1911 - 1915                Richard Freiherr von Bienerth      (b. 1863 - d. 1918)
Nov 1915 - Nov 1918        Oktavian Freiherr Regner von       (b. 1866 - d. 1945)
                             Bleyleben 


Senioren des Herrenstands als Stellvertreter des Landmarschälle
1848 – 1860                Franz Joseph Graf von Beroldingen  (b. 1779 – d. 1860)
1860 – 1861                Anton Graf von Pergen-Thomasberg   (b. 1804 – d. 1873)
Landmarschälle

1861 - 1867                Joseph Franz Hieronymus Fürst von  (b. 1813 - d. 1895)
                             Colloredo-Mannsfeld   
1867 - 1870                Adolf Freiherr Pratobevera von     (b. 1806 - d. 1875)
                             Wiesborn
1870 - 1880                Othmar Ritter von Helferstorfer,   (b. 1810 - d. 1880)
                             Abt des Schotten-stiftes
1880 - 1884                Cajetan Freiherr von Felder        (b. 1814 - d. 1894)
1884 - 1893                Christian Graf Kinsky zu Wchinitz  (b. 1822 - d. 1894)
                             und Tettau
1893 - 1894                Leopold Freiherr von Gudenus       (b. 1843 - d. 1913)
1894 - 1896                Otto Ehrenreich Maria Graf         (b. 1848 - d. 1899)
                             Abensberg-Traun
1896 - 1902                Joseph Freiherr von Gudenus        (b. 1841 - d. 1919)
1902 - 1906                Frigdian Schmolk, Propst des       (b. 1842 - d. 1912)
                             Stifts Herzogenburg                   
1906 - 1918                Alois Prinz von und zu             (b. 1846 - d. 1920)
                             Liechtenstein 


Bukowina: see Bukovina under Ukraine

Krakau: see Cracow under Poland

Krain (Carniola): see Slovenia


Kärnten (Carinthia)
 
[AH Flag of
                Karintia]
                     1848 - 1918
 
c.658                      Part of Slavic principality of Carantania.
c.745                      Carinthia voluntarily submits to Duchy of Bavaria
                             in exchange for protection against the Avars.
Oct 788                    Frankish rule in Bavaria, thereby replacing Bavarian
                             suzerainty with Frankish suzerainty, represented by the
                             margrave of Friuli.

Feb 828                    Carinthia annexed as Carantanian March (Marca Carantana), native
                             rulers replaced by Frankish margraves attached to Bavaria.

Jul 976                    Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnthen), separated from Bavaria.
 2 May 1335                Habsburg dynasty established (Habsburg-Lothringen dynasty
                             from 29 Nov 1780).
1782 - 1791                Subordinated to Steiermark.
29 Mar 1797 - 1797         French occupation.

1804 - 1849                Subordinated to Steiermark.
27 Nov 1805 - 11 Feb 1806  French occupation.

Sep 1809 - 13 Aug 1813     Villach was ceded annexed by France (from 25 Oct 1809, organized as
                             the province of Willach; from 15 Apr 1811 as Intendance of
                             Carinthie), within
the Illyrian Provinces (see Illyria). The
                             remainder (
Klagenfurt) continues under Austrian rule
                            (subordinate to Steiermark).
30 Aug 1813                Austria re-occupies Villach (continuing under Illyria).
30 May 1814                Austrian rule formally restored at Villach (under Illyria).
 
1 May 1825 - 31 Dec 1849  Klagenfurt district also incorporated into Illyrian Kingdom.
                            (within Krain as Klagenfurter Kreis).
11 Mar 1849                Kreisamt Klagenfurt
provisionally made a separate state agency.
 1 Jan 1850               
Kärnten a separate Austrian crownland.
15 Nov 1860 - 25 Apr 1861  Administered directly by
governor of Steiermark (but keeping
                             crownland status).

Dukes
 2 Apr 1657 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
Landeshauptleute 
1270                       Ulrich II Graf von Heunburg        (d. 1308)
1271 - 1273                Ulrich von Dürrenholz              (d. 1273)
1273 - 1274                Ulrich von Towers (Taufers)
1275 - 1276                Heinrich Graf von Pfannberg        (b. c.1241 - d. 1282)
1276 - 1279                Meinhard Graf von Görz-Tirol       (b. c.1238 - d. 1295)
1284                       Cholo von Saldenhofen
1294 - 1335                Conrad von Aufenstein
1335 - 1354                Ulrich Graf von Pfannberg          (b. 1287 - d. 1354)
1357 - 1360                Johann Graf von Pfannberg
1360 - 1362                Friedrich von Aufenstein
1363                       Johann (II) Ribi von Lenzburg
,     (b. 1310/20 - d. 1374)
                             Bischof von Gurk      
1365 - 1367                Conrad I von Kraiger von Kraigk    (b. 1339 - d. 1376)
1370                       Meinhard Graf von Görz-Tirol
1381 - 1384                Ulrich von Liechtenstein
1385 - 1398                Conrad II von Kraiger von Kraigk
1399 - 1401                Otto von Ehrenfels
1404 - 1405                Rudolf Graf von Sulz
1407                       Rudolf von Liechtenstein
1408 - 1409                Rudolf Graf von Sulz
1412 - 1446                Conrad III von Kraiger von Kraigk  (d. 1446)
1493                       Jacob Székely
1500 - 1503                Ulrich von Weisspriach             (b. c.1437 - d. 1530)
1520 - 1537                Veit Weltzer                       (b. 1452 - d. 1540)
1540 - 1557                Christoph Freiherr von
                             Khevenhüller                  
1557 - 1565                Christoph Freiherr von Thannhausen
1565 - 1587                Georg Freiherr von Khevenhüller
   (b. 1533 - d. 1587)
1587 - 1601                Johann Graf von Ortenburg
1602 - 1609                Georg Graf von Nogarol
1610 - 1636                Christoph David Graf von           (b. 1576 - d. 1536)
                             Urschenbeck
1636 - 1648                Georg Sigmund Freiherr von
                             Paradeiser
1649 - 1665                Georg Andre Reichsgraf von und zu  (b. 1602 - d. 1665)
                             Kronegg
1666 - 1667                Johann Karl Fürst von Porcia       (d. 1667)
1668 - 1686                Sigmund Helfried Graf von          (b. 1635 - d. 1690)
                             Dietrichstein
1686 - 1698                Franz Andreas Reichsgraf von       (b. 1653 - d. 1698)
                            
Orsini und Rosenberg
1698 - 1712                Sigmund Friedrich Graf von         (b. 1666 - d. 1742)
                             Khevenhäller zu Hohen-Osterwitz
1712 - 13 Mar 1716         Johann Peter Graf Goëss            (b. 1667 - d. 1716)
1716 - 1726                Hannibal Alphons Fürst von Porcia  (b. 1679 - d. 1738/42)
1726 - 1728                Sigmund Rudolf Graf von Wagensberg (b. 1674 - d. 1734)
1728 - 1734               
Wolf Sigmund Graf von Orsini-      (b. 1682 - d. 1739)
                             Rosenberg
1734 - 1759                Johann Anton Graf von Goëss 
1759 - 1763                Felix Erdmann Sobeck Graf von      (b. 1709 - d. 1768)
                             Kornitz                   
1763 - 1773                Johann Gottfried Graf von Heister  (b. 1718 - d. 1800)
1773 - 1774                Franz Anton Graf von Khevenhüller  (b. 1737 - d. 1797)
                             (1st time)
1774 - 1782                Vinzenz Orsini Graf von Rosenberg  (b. 1722 - d. 1794)
1782 - 1790                
Franz Anton Graf von Khevenhüller  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

1791                       Philipp Graf von Welsberg
Dec 1791 - 1794            Joseph Franz Graf von O'Donell     (b. 1756 - d. 1810)    
1794 - 29 Mar 1797        
Franz Joseph Graf von Wurmbrand-   (b. 1753 - d. 1801)
                            
Stuppach
(1st time)
French Commanders

29 Mar 1797 - Apr 1797     André Masséna                      (b. 1758 - d. 1817)
Apr 1797 - 1797            Joseph Antoine René Joubert        (b. 1772 - d. 1843)
Landeshauptleute
31 Mar 1797 -  1 Jun 1797  Franz Joseph Reichsgraf von        (b. 1747 - d. 1821)
                            Enzenberg zum Freyen und
                            Jöchelsthurm (acting)
                            (Präsident der Zentralregierung)
 1 Jun 1797 -  1 Jul 1801  Franz Joseph Graf von Wurmbrand-   (s.a.)
                            
Stuppach (2nd time)
1801 - 1804                Johann Nepomuk Graf von Brandis    (b. 1753 - d. 18..)
 1 Aug 1804 - 27 Nov 1805  see Styria
27 Nov 1805 - 11 Feb 1806  Jean-Baptiste Dominique            (b. 1766 - d. 1855)
                             Darmagnac -French commander
27 Nov 1805 - 11 Feb 1806  Peter Graf von Goëss               (b. 1774 - d. 1846) 
                            (Präsident der Landesadministrationskommission)
22 Dec 1805 - 1806         Louis Bouvier-Dumolart -Intendant  (b. 1780 - d. 1855)
11 Feb 1806 - 20 May 1809  Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau       (b. 1760 - d. 1832)
French Governor
1809 - 1810                Jean Barthélemy Claude Toussaint   (b. 1759 - d. 1814)
                             Rusca

Präsident der Landesadministrationskommission
1809                       Franz Xaver Ritter Frad von        (b. 1767 - d. 18..)
                             Fradeneck (Fraydenegg) (acting)
Governor-general (of the provinces of Carinthia, Carniola, and Istria and the
territories of Fiume and Trieste)
28 Jul 1809 - 1809         Louis, comte Baraguey d'Hilliers   (b. 1764 - d. 1813)
Intendants
of Carinthie

Dec 1809 - 1810            Achille Le Tonnelier, comte de
    (b. 1781 - d. 1864)
                             Breteuil                    
1810 - Jun 1811            Louis Toussaint de La Moussaye     (b. 1779 - d. 1854)
1811                       Wilcher
1811 - 1813                Edouard Dunod de Charnage          (b. 1788 - d. 1853)

Austrian Commanding general of the Inner Austrian army
13 Aug 1813 - 13 Oct 1813  Johann Karl Freiherr von Hiller    (b. 1748 - d. 1819)
Provisional Civil and Military Governor
13 Oct 1813 - 18 Mar 1815  Christoph Freiherr von Lattermann  (b. 1753 - d. 1835)

1815 - 11 Mar 1849         incorporated into Illyria/Krain
Statthalter

11 Mar
1849 - 1860         Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von        (b. 1809 - d. 1883)
                             Schloissnigg
                            (provisional Landes-Chef to 1 Jan 1850)

1860 - 1861                the Statthalter of Steiermark
Landespräsidenten

 1 Jun 1861 - 30 Jan 1867  Franz Sales Freiherr von Schluga   (b. 1818 - d. 1889)
                             von Rastenfeld
30 Jan 1867 - 19 Aug 1868  Karl Sigmund Graf Hohenwart        (b. 1824 - d. 1899)
19 Aug 1868 - 12 Jun 1870  Guido Freiherr Käbeck von Käbau    (b. 1829 - d. 1907)
12 Jun 1870 -  4 Oct 1870  Kaspar Graf von Lodron-Laterano    (b. 1815 - d. 1895)
                             (1st time)
27 Oct 1870 - Jul 1872     Alois Freiherr von Ceschi a        (b. 1825 - d. 1905) 
                             Santa Croce
28 Apr 1873 -  2 Dec 1880  Kaspar Graf von Lodron-Laterano    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1880 - 1897                Franz Freiherr von Schmidt-        (b. 1826 - d. 1899)
                             Zabiérow
14 Dec 1897 - Feb 1903     Otto Ritter Frad von Fradeneck     (b. 1851 - d. 1939)
                             (Fraydt von Fraydenegg
)
1903 - 1912                Robert Freiherr von Hein           (b. 1848 - d. 1918)
1912 - 1915                Alfred Freiherr von Fries-Skene    (b. 1870 - d. 1947)
1915 - Nov 1918            Karl Graf von Lodron-Laterano      (b. 1866 - d. 1938) 

Landeshauptleute
Mar 1861 -  7 Jul 1861     Georg Graf von Thurn und           (b. 1788 - d. 1866)                              Valsassina
 7 Jul 1861 - 1876         Johan Anton Graf von Goëss         (b. 1816 - d. 1883)
Dec 1876 - 21 Jan 1884     Johann Stieger                     (b. 1809 - d. 1884)
1882 - 1884                Gabriel Ritter von Jessernigg      (b. 1818 - d. 1887)
                             (acting for Stieger)
1884 - 1897                Joseph Erwein                      (b. 1818 - d. 1909)
1897 - 1909                Zeno Vinzenz Graf von Goëss        (b. 1846 - d. 1911)
1909 - Nov 1918            Leopold Freiherr von               (b. 1853 - d. 1926)
                             Aichelburg-Labia


Dalmatien: see Dalmatia under Croatia

Galizien und Lodomerien (Galicia and Lodomeria): see Galicia under Poland


Illyrien (Illyria)

[Austrian Illyrian kingdom
                1816-1849]

 
14 Oct 1809                Illyrian Provinces (Provinces illyriennes) annexed to France;
                            (consisting of Carniola, Cattaro, Dalmatia, Fiume, Görz and
                             Gradisca, Istria, Ragusa, Trieste, part of Kärnten (Villach), the
                             Hungarian Littoral and the Croatian lands southwest of the Sava
                             River). From 25 Dec 1809 internally organized into 11 provinces
                           
(Adelsberg [Postoina], Bouches-du-Cattaro [Bay of Kotor], Croatie
                             [Croatia], Dalmatie [Dalmatia], Fiume [Rijeka], Gorice [Gorizia],
                             Laybach [Laibach], Neustadt [Novo Mesto], Raguse [Dubrovnik],
                             Trieste, and Willach [Villach]).
15 Apr 1811                Illyrian Provinces internally re-organized into seven intendances
                           
(Carinthie, Carniole, Croatie Civile, Croatie Militaire, Dalmatie,
                             Istrie, and Raguse).
19 Aug 1813                Austria occupies Karlstadt (Karlovac).
26 Aug 1813                Austria occupies Fiume (Rijeka).
30 Aug 1813                Austria occupies Villach.
11 Sep 1813                Austria occupies Pola (Pula).
29 Sep 1813                Austria occupies Laibach (Ljubljana).
 6 Oct 1813                Austria occupies Görz (Gorizia).
29 Oct 1813                Austria occupies Triest (Trieste).
 
2 Nov 1813                Austria occupies Split (Spalato).
 6 Dec 1813               
Austria occupies Zara (Zadar).
30 May 1814                Illyria is formally ceded to Austria by France. 

 3 Aug 1816                Illyrian Kingdom (Königreich Illyrien) is  formed by Austria, with a
                             capital at Laibach (Ljubljana). It is divided into two constituent
                             parts - the Landesgubernium in dem Königreiche Illyrien zu Laibach
                            
(composed of: Laibacher, Neustädter and Adelsberger Kreise
                            
[the former Krain] and Villacher Kreis [eastern Kärnten] and from
                             from 1825 Klagenfurter Kreis [western Kärnten]) - and the
                             Landesgubernium in dem Königreiche Illyrien zu Triest
(composed
                             of: Fiumaner Kreis [Fiume, eastern Istria, Hungarian Littoral and
                             the Quarnero Islands], Goerzer Kreis [Görz and Gracisca], Triester
                             Kreis [Trieste and western Istria], Karlstädter Kreis [part of
                             Croatia "beyond the Sava" River that were part of the Illyrian
                             Provinces]. The ruler of Austria adds the title "König von
                             Illyrien
" to the royal style.
 1 Nov 1822                Fiume, those parts of (Civil) Croatia "beyond the Sava" that had
                             been part of Illyria, and the Hungarian Littoral, are restored
                             to Hungary. The Quarnero Islands remain as part of Triester Kreis.
31 Dec 1849                Dissolved into Kärnten, Krain, and Österreichisches Küstenland.
                             However, the title "König von Illyrien" remains part of the long
                             form Habsburg royal style until 1918.


Governors-general of the Illyrian Provinces

14 Oct 1809 - 25 Jan 1811  Auguste Frederic Louis Viesse de       (b. 1774 - d. 1852)
                             Marmont, duc de Raguse 
                             (acting to 25 Dec 1809)
21 Feb 1811 -  9 Apr 1811  Alexis Joseph Delzons (acting)         (b. 1775 - d. 1812)
 9 Apr 1811 - Feb 1812     Henri Gatien, comte Bertrand           (b. 1773 - d. 1844)
21 Feb 1812 - 29 Jul 1813  Jean-Andoche Junot, duc d'Abrantès     (b. 1771 - d. 1813)
Jun 1813 - 29 Jul 1813     Charles-Nicolas, comte Danthouars      (b. 1773 - d. 1852)
                             (acting for
Junot)
29 Jul 1813 - 16 Sep 1813  Joseph Fouché, duc d'Otrante           (b. 1763 - d. 1820)
                            
(Aug-Sep 1813 in Trieste, from Sep 1813 Gorizia)
Intendants
general of
the Illyrian Provinces
14 Oct 1809 - 1810         Luc Jacques Édouard Dauchy             (b. 1757 - d. 1817)
                             (from 3 May 1810, Luc Jacques Édouard,
                             comte Dauchy)
10 Jun 1810 - Aug 1811     Charles Godefroy Redon de Belleville   (b. 1748 - d. 1820)
                             (from 13 Jul 1810, Charles Godefroy,
                             baron Redon de Belleville)
16 Aug 1811 - Sep 1813     Christophe André Jean, comte de        (b. 1771 - d. 1836)
                             Chabrol de Crouzol
Austrian Commanding general of the Inner Austrian army

29 Sep 1813 - 13 Oct 1813  Johann Karl Freiherr von Hiller        (b. 1748 - d. 1819)
Austrian Provisional Civil and Military Governor of Illyria
13 Oct 1813 - 18 Mar 1815  Christoph Freiherr von Lattermann      (b. 1753 - d. 1835)
Landes-Gouverneure
1815 - 14 Nov 1849         the Landes-Gouverneure in dem Königreiche
                           Illyrien zu Triest
(see below)

1815 - 31 Dec 1849         the Landes-Gouverneure in dem Königreiche
                           Illyrien zu Laibach (see Slovenia)



Küstenland

[AH Flag of Istria]
 
Map of Küstenland


1815                      
Küstenländisches Gubernium organized, within Illyria.
 3 Aug 1816               
Österreichisches Küstenland (Austrian Littoral) is part of Illyrian
                             Kingdom (see above). Küstenland is composed of Triest (which
                             includes Istria, Görz and Gradisca, Fiume, Hungarian Littoral and
                            
parts of former (Civil) Croatia "beyond the Sava." It is
                             administered as the Landesgubernium in dem Königreiche Illyrien zu
                             Triest
, by the (the Landes-Gouverneure of Triest).
 1 Nov 1822                Fiume, those parts of (Civil) Croatia "beyond the Sava" that had
                             been part of Illyria, and the Hungarian Littoral are restored
                             to Hungary.

 4 Mar 1849 - 15 Nov 1849 
Görz und Gradisca and Istria are declared an Austrian crownlands,
                             but not effected.
 2 Oct 1849                Triest becomes a separate and immediate city, with status of a
                             crownland.
15 Nov 1849                Görz and Gradisca combined with Istria and subordinated to Triest
                             (by decree of 18 Oct 1849) as one crownland which is called
                             Österreichisches Küstenland (Austrian Littoral).
25 Jan 1850                Imperial patent grants a constitution, but it is not implemented.
15 Nov 1860 -  6 Apr 1861  Separate Kreisämter (county) administrations of the Littoral are
                             abolished and the Bezirke (districts) are placed directly under
                             the Küstenland governor.
 6 Apr 1861                Princely County of Görz and Gradisca and the Margraviate of Istria
                             are made separate Austrian crownlands, but continue to share
                             a governor (the governor of Küstenland) with Triest. The entire
                             area continues to be referred to as "Küstenland"
 3 Nov 1918                Trieste occupied by Italy, end of Austrian rule.
10 Sep 1919                Istria, Trieste, Görz and Gradisca formally ceded to Italy by
                             Austria. 


Präsident des Küstenländischen Guberniums

1815 - 29 Oct 1815         Anton
Freiherr von Spiegelfeld         (b. 1767 - d. 1822)       
29 Oct 1815 - Aug 1816     Bernhard
Freiherr von Rossetti zu      (b. 1756 - d. 1817)
                             Roseneck
(Rosenegg)    
Landes-Gouverneure in dem Königreiche Illyrien zu Triest

(= Gouverneure des Küstenlandes)
Aug 1816
- 24 May 1817     Bernhard Anton Maria Vincenz           (s.a.)
                            
Freiherr von Rossetti zu Roseneck

24 May 1817 - Jun 1818     Karl Graf Chotek von Chotkowa (acting) (b. 1783 - d. 1868)
Jun 1818 - 13 Feb 1822     Anton Freiherr von Spiegelfeld         (s.a.)
                             (acting to Oct 1819, then Präsident
                             des Küstenländischen Guberniums)
13 Feb 1822 - Nov 1833    
Alphons Gabriel Fürst von Porcia       (b. 1761 - d. 1835)
                             (acting to 19 Feb 1823)
Nov 1833 - 1834            Philipp
Freiherr von Skrbensky (acting)(b. 1789 - d. 1876)
1834 - 1835                Aloys Graf Pálffy von Erdőd (acting)   (b. 1801 - d. 1876)
                             (
Alajos Pálffy Erdődi)
1835 - Mar 1841            Joseph Ritter von Weingarten           (b. 1786 - d. 1855)
                             (from 27 Mar 1841,
Joseph Freiherr von Weingarten)
Mar 1841 - Jul? 1847       Franz Seraph Graf von Stadion          (b. 1806 - d. 1835)
                             von Warthausen und Thannhausen
1847 -  2 Feb 1848         Heinrich Graf O'Donell (acting)        (b. 1802 - d. 1872)
 2 Feb 1848 - Dec 1848     Robert Altgraf zu Salm-Reifferscheid   (b. 1804 - d. 1875)
Civil- und Militär-Gouverneur des Küstenlandes
Dec 1848 - 14 Nov 1849     Franz Graf Gyulai von Maros-Németh     (b. 1798 - d. 1868)
                             und Nádaska

Militär- und Civil-Gouverneure von Triest, Statthalter im Küstenlande
15 Nov 1849 -  1 Oct 1854 
Franz Emil Lorenz Graf von Wimpffen    (b. 1797 - d. 1870)
 
1 Oct 1854 - 27 Nov 1854  .... (acting)
27 Nov 1854 - 14 Jan 1856
  Karl Freiherr von Mertens              (b. 1790 - d. 1863)
Statthalter im Küstenland, Gouverneur von Triest
14 Jan 1856 - 24 May 1859  Karl Freiherr von Mertens              (s.a.)
Statthalter in Triest und im Küstenlande
24 May 1859 - 20 Aug 1859  Carl Freiherr von Pascotini von        (b. 1797 - d. 1879)
                             Ehrenfels (acting)
20 Aug 1859 - 10 Sep 1862 
Friedrich Moritz Freiherr von Burger   (b. 1804 - d. 1873)
10 Sep 1862 - Jun 1863     Sigmund Conrad, Edler von Eybesfeld    (b. 1821 - d. 1898)
                             (acting)
Jun 1863 -  7 Mar 1867     Ernst Freiherr von Kellersperg         (b. 1822 - d. 1879)

 
7 Mar 1867 - 10 May 1867  Karl Fidler (1st time) (acting)   
10 May 1867 -  5 Aug 1868  E
duard Freiherr von Bach               (b. 1814 - d. 1884)
 
5 Aug 1868 - 13 Oct 1870  Karl Moering (Möring)                  (b. 1810 - d. 1870)
Mar 1870 - 27 Feb 1871     Karl Fidler (2nd time)
                             (acting [for
Moering to 13 Oct 1870])    
27 Feb 1871 - Jan 1872    
Sisinio Freiherr von Pretis-Cagnodo    (b. 1828 - d. 1890)
                             (1st time)
Jan 1872 - 29 Jul 1872     Gabriel Ritter von Jenny (1st time)    (b. 1810 - d. 1891)
                             (acting) 
29 Jul 1872 - 15 Jul 1874  A
loys Freiherr von Ceschi a Santa      (b. 1825 - d. 1905) 
                             Croce
15 Jul 1874 -  3 Aug 1874  Gabriel Ritter von Jenny (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                             (acting)   
 
3 Aug 1874 - Aug 1879     Felix Pino Freiherr von Friedenthal    (b. 1826 - d. 1906)
12 Aug 1879 - Jul 1889     Sisinio Freiherr von Pretis-Cagnodo    (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time)
Jul 1889 - Dec 1897        Teodoro Ritter von Rinaldini           (b. 1839 - d. 1911)
                            
(acting to 1890)
Dec 1897 - Oct 1904        Leopold Graf Goëss                     (b. 1848 - d. 1922)

Oct 1904 - May 1906        Konrad Maria Eusebius Prinz zu         (b. 1863 - d. 1918)
                            
Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1st time)
May 1906 - Jun 1906        Andreas Gotthard Graf Schaffgotsch     (b. 1858 - d. 1921)
                             gen. Semperfrei von und zu Kynast
                             und Greiffenstein (acting)
1906 - Feb 1915            Konrad Maria Eusebius Prinz zu         (s.a.)
                             Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (2nd time)
Feb 1915 - Nov 1918        Alfred Freiherr von Fries-Skene        (b. 1870 - d. 1947)
Italian Military Governor
 3 Nov 1918 - 1919         Carlo Petitti di Roreto                (b. 1862 - d. 1933)


Görz und Gradisca
 
[AH Flag of Görz
                und Gradisca]
                     1848 - 1918

28 Apr 1001                Gorizia was recorded for the first time in a document, in which
                             Holy Roman Emperor Otto III donated the castle and the village of
                             Gorizia to the Patriarch of Aquileia John II and to Count Verihen
                             Eppenstein of Friuli.
1107                       Meinhard, with possessions around Lienz in Tyrol, is mentioned as
                             as a vogt of the Patriarchate of Aquileia. He was enfeoffed with
                             large estates in the former March of Friuli, including Gorizia.
c.1127                     From this date Meinhard I (b. c.1070 - d. 1142) calls himself Graf
                             von Görz ("Count of Gorz").
1176                       Gradisca is mentioned for the first time, it then belonged to the
                             estate of Farra, held by the Patriarchs of Aquileia.
1307                       County Görz (Grafschaft Görz)
22 Jul 1253 - 26 Jan 1363  Görz united with Tirol (Grafschaft Tirol-Görz) after Meinhard III
                             inherits Tirol.
1365                       Count Meinhard VI is granted the title Prince by Emperor Karl IV,
                             Princely County of Görz (Gefürstete Grafschaft Görz).
1420 - Sep 1511            Gradisca is part of the Venetian Republic (annexed in 1473).
12 Apr 1500                Upon death of Leonhard last Count of Görz (b. 1440 - d. 1500), Görz
                             is bequeathed to the Habsburgs, who (re-)unite Lienz and Görz with
                             the County of Tirol.
22 Apr 1508 - Aug 1509     Venetian occupation of Görz/Gorizia.
Sep 1511                   Gradisca id occupied by Imperial forces and is then a Habsburg
                             possession.
12 Mar 1647                Emperor Ferdinand II elevated the Görz town of Gradisca to an
                             immediate County for the descendants of privy councillor Prince
                             Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg (Grafschaft Gradisca).
23 Feb 1717                Eggenberg dynasty becomes extinct, Gradisca under Habsburg rule.
1747 - 1754                Görz and Gradisca a dependency of Krain (Carniola).
1754                       Gradisca is re-unified with Gorizia, creating the County of Görz
                             (Gorizia) and Gradisca (Grafschaft Görz und Gradisca).
Mar 1797 - Apr 1797        French occupation.
1805 - 1806                French occupation.
26
Dec 1805                Austrian territories on the right bank of the Isonzo river
                             (including the town of Gradisca and the westernmost suburbs of
                             Gorizia) are ceded to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, but the
                             majority of Görz territory remained part Austria.
14 Oct 1809 - 1813        
Gorizia annexed by France, as part of Illyrian Provinces.
25 Dec 1809                Province of Gorice (Gorizia), within Illyrian Provinces.
15 Apr 1811                Province abolished and fused with Trieste to form the intendance
                             Istrie.
 6 Oct 1813                Austria re-occupies Görz (Gorizia).
30 May 1814                Austrian rule formally restored (remains within Illyria).
 3 Aug 1816                Görz and Gradisca a component of the Austrian Illyrian Kingdom
                            (Königreich Illyrien). It is a part of Triester Kreis (as
                             Kreisamt zu Görz/Gorizia).
 4 Mar 1849 - 15 Nov 1849  Princely Counties of Görz and Gradisca is declared an Austrian
                             crownland (not effected).
15 Nov 1849                Görz and Gradisca combined with Istria and is subordinated to Triest
                             (by decree of 18 Oct 1849) as one crownland called
                             Österreichisches Küstenland (Austrian Littoral)(see above).
25 Jan 1850                Imperial patent grants a constitution, but it is not implemented.
15 Nov 1860 -  6 Apr 1861  Administered directly by the governor of Küstenland.
 6 Apr 1861                Princely County of Görz and Gradisca (Gefürstete Grafschaft Görz
                             und Gradisca) made an Austrian crownland, but continues to share
                             a governor (the governor of "Küstenland") with Triest and Istria.
21 Dec 1867                Part of Austrian "half" of the Austro-Hungarian state.
May 1915 - Nov 1917        Italian occupation of parts of Görz (Gorizia) under Luigi
                             Capello (b. 1859 - d. 1941)
 4 Nov 1918                Görz (Gorizia) occupied by Italy.
10 Sep 1919                Gorizia ceded to Italy.

Gradisca (Gradiska)

Venetian Provveditori (governors)
1488 - 1489                Domenigo Bon
1489 - 1491                Fantino Pesaro
1491 - 1492                Bernardo Molin
1492 - 1494                Andrea Rina
1494 - 1495                Francesco Querini
1495 - 1496                Alvise Loredan
1496 - 1498                Sebastiano Centani
1498 - 1499                Alvise Zorzi
1499                       Maria Boldú
1499 - 1500                Bortalamio Priuli
1500 - 1501                Giacomo Contarini
1501 - 1502                Giacomo Barbo
1502 - 1503                Vicenzo Trón
1503 - 1505                Francesco Contarini
1505 - 1506                Francesco Valaresso
1506 - 1508                Zuane Alvise Bondumier
1508 - 1509                Lorenzo Minio
1509 - 1510                Giacomo Canal
1510 - 1510                Fantin Memmo
1511                       Michele Barbarigo (did not take office)
Princely-Counts (title Gefürsteter Graf
/Gräfin von Gradisca)
12 Mar 1647 - 19 Feb 1649  Johann Anton I Fürst zu Eggenberg,      (b. 1610 - d. 1649)
                            
Herzog zu Krumau
19 Feb 1649 - 14 Dec 1710  Johann Christian I
Fürst zu Eggenberg,  (b. 1641 - d. 1610)
                             Herzog zu Krumau
                           - jointly with -
19 Feb 1649 -  5 Oct 1713  Johann Seifried
Fürst von Eggenberg     (b. 1644 - d. 1713)
 5 Oct 1713 -  9 Jan 1716 
Johann Anton II Joseph Fürst zu         (b. 1669 - d. 1716)
                             Eggenberg, Herzog zu Krumau
 9 Jan 1716 - 23 Feb 1717  Johann Christian II Fürst zu Eggenberg  (b. 1704 - d. 1717)
                             Herzog zu Krumau
23 Feb 1717 - 1754         the archdukes of Austria (s.a.) 
Landesverwalter (administrators representing the Eggenberg dynasty)
1647 - 1650                Abbate Franz Boffi
1650 - 1695                Franz Ulrich Graf von Thurn-Hofer       (b. 1629 - d. 1695)
1695 - 1717                Ludwig Anton Graf von Thurn-Hofer       (b. 1662 - d. 1721)
Captains of Gradisca
1717 - 1719                the captain of Görz
1719 - 1754                Anton Freiherr De Fin                   (b. 1676 - d. 1756)
                             (vizekapitan subordinated to Görz to 1744)

Görz (Gorizia)

[County of Gorizia]

Counts (title Grafen von Görz)
12 Apr 1500 - 1754         the archdukes of Austria (s.a.) 
Capitans
of Görz
1315                       Leonhard von Dornberg
1317                       Eberhard von Herberstein
1318                       Ulrich von Dornberg
1323 - 1328                Hugo von Duino
1328 - 1331                Albrecht III Graf von Görz
1329                       Ulvinus von Pevma (acting)
1331                       Grifo von Reutenberg
1336                       Georg von Duino
1343                       Heinrich von Salcano (Solkan)
1350                       Simon von Neyhaus
1360                       Heinrich von Salcano
der Jüngere
1363 - 1368                Nikolaus von Eberstein
1368 - 1374                Leonhard Uras
1374 - 1378                Hugo VIII von Duino
1378 - 1385                Heinrich Burggraf von Lienz
1385                       Johann, Bischof von Gürk
1387                       Friedrich von Clevnizer (Gleynichzer)
1391                       Albertino degli Alberti
1397 - 1400                Johann von Rabatta (Giovanni Rabatta)
                           + Georg von Dornberg
1398                       Erhard Zappel (acting?)
1400                       Johann von Dornberg
1401                       Leonhard von Dornberg (1st time)
1404                       Erasmus von Dornberg
1405 - 1408                Johann von Rabatta

1408                       Conrad, Burggraf von Lienz
                             (1st time)
1411                       Johann Ungnad
1413                       Franz ....
1415                       Leonhard von Dornberg (2nd time)
1417                       Johann Raumburger
1417                       Berthold Sench
1421                       Thomas von Dornberg
1423                       Conrad, Burggraf von Lienz
                             (2nd time)
1429                       Burckhard von Holzhausen
                           + Martin B.
1436 - 1440                Graf Heinrich IV
1440                       Conrad Ungnad
1446                       Ulvin von Dornberg
1446                       Achaz von Dornberg
1449 - 1452                Nikolaus von Ponteroz
1452                       Peter Flojaner
1454                       P
hoebus von Thurn "der Ältere"      
                             (1st time)
1456                       Bartolomäus Peham
1458                       Georg von Dornberg
1459                       Phoebus von Thurn "der Ältere"
                             (2nd time)
1460                       P
hoebus von Thurn "der Jüngere"
                             (1st time)
1461                       Veit von Dornberg
1463                       Nicolaus von Strassoldo (1st time)
1464                       Phoebus
von Thurn "der Jüngere"
                             (2nd time)
1465                       Nicolaus von Strassoldo (2nd time)
1469                       Saldoniero von Strassoldo
1471                       Friedrich von Attems
1472                       Phoebus von Thurn
"der Jüngere"
                             (3rd time)
1477                       Georg von Dornberg
1479                       Peregrin von Andrian
1479                       Johan Schrott
1482                       Johann Schwab (Suob)
1485                       Ludwig Crassiacher (or Roschauer)
1489                       Ulvinus von Dornberg
1490                       Virgil von Graben (1st time)
1500 - 1504               
Virgil von Graben (2nd time)
                           + Erasmus von Dornberg "der
Ältere"
1504 - 1508                E
rasmus von Dornberg "der Ältere"
1508                       Heinrich Herzog von Braunschweig
                             und Lüneburg (1st time)
1508 - 1509                Pietro Venier -Venetian governor
1509 - 1510                Heinrich Herzog v
on Braunschweig
                             und Lüneburg (2nd time)

1510 - 1527                Georg von Egkh und Ungrischpach       (b. 1462 - d. 1535)
1527 - 12 Dec 1539         Gabriel Graf von Salamanca-Ortenburg  (b. 1489 - d. 1539)
1539 - 1542                ....
1542 - 1569                Franz Graf Thurn Freiherr von

                             Heiligenkreuz
1569 - 1587                Georg von Thurn
1588 - 1606                Johann Freiherr Khevenhüller          (b. 1538 - d. 1606)
                             von Aichelberg
1606 - 1609                Balthasar Freiherr Thonhausen
1610 - 1624                Johann Sforza Graf Porcia und         (b. 1576 - d. 16..)
                             Brugnera
1624 - 1642                Friedrich Graf Lanthieri
1643 - 1656                Franz Graf Lanthieri
1657 - 1661                Ernst Friedrich Graf von Herberstein  (d. 1678)
1661 - 1664                Ludwig Graf Rabatta
1664 - 1667                Johann Otto Freiherr von Rindsmaul    (b. c.1620 - d. ....)
1667 - 1672                Carl Graf von Thurn und Valsassina
1672 - 1681                Johann Erhard Graf von Katzianer
1682 - 1685                Georg Siegfried Graf von Dietrichstein(b. 1645 - d. 1714)
1686 - 1695                Franz von Stubenberg
1695 - 1697                Johann Erhard Graf von Auersperg
1698 - 1712                Johann Philipp Graf von Cobenzl
1713 - 1714                Johann Caspar Graf von Cobenzl        (b. 1664 - d. 1742)
1715 - 1721                Johann Joseph Graf von Wildenstein    (b. 1668 - d. 1747)
                            
(1st time)
1721 - 1729                Franz Graf von Lanthieri

1729 - 1732                Johann Joseph Graf von Wildenstein    (s.a.)
                            
(2nd time)
1732 - 1733                Leopold Adam Graf von Strassoldo
1733 - 1741                Anton Graf von Rabatta
1741 - 1747                Wenzel Carl Graf von Purgstall        (b. 1681 - d. 1749)
Statthalter  of Görz
1588 - 1595                Joseph von Rabatta
1595 - 1608/10             ....
1608/1610 - 1624           Philipp Freiherr von Cobenzl
1657 - 1661                Bernhard Valerius von Soldan
1664 - 1667                Vitus Valentin von Weberspach
1671 - 1672                Johann Philipp Graf von Cobenzl
1672 - 1679                Ludwig Vincenz Graf Coronini von      (b. 1628 - d. 1694)
                             Cronberg

1684 - 1732                Leopold Adam Graf von Strassoldo
1733 - 1741                Wenzel Carl Graf von Purgstall        (s.a.)
1741 - 1747                Sigismund Graf von Attems, Freiherr
                             zu Petzenstein                      (b. 1708 - d. 1758)

Görz and Gradisca

Princely-Counts (title Gefürsteter Graf/Gräfin von Görz und Gradisca)
1754 - 14 Oct 1809         the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
30 May 1814 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)

Hofkommissär of Görz
1748 - 1754                Anton Freiherr De Fin                  (s.a.)
                             (politischer Landesverwalter)
                           + Johann Ignatz Graf Coronini
                             (repräsentant in Justizangelegenheiten)

1754                       Ferdinand Philipp Graf Harrach         (b. 1678 - d. 1764)
                             (1st time)
1755 - 1756                Heinrich Graf Auersperg (1st time)     (b. 1721 - d. 1793)
1756 - 1757                Ferdinand Philipp Graf Harrach         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1757                      
Joseph Maria Graf Auersperg (1st time) (b. 1729 - d. 1793)
1757 - 1758               
Sigismund Graf von Attems, Freiherr
                             zu Petzenstein                       (s.a.)
1759 - 1764                Anton Graf della Puebla
1764 - 1765               
Joseph Maria Graf Auersperg (2nd time) (s.a.)
1765 - 1773                Heinrich Graf Auersperg (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (präsident des Provinzialrathes)
1773                       Rudolf Graf von Wagensperg
                             (präsident des Provinzialrathes)
1773 - 1774                Franz Adam Graf Lamberg zu Stein       (b. 1730 - d. 1803)
1774 - 1781                Rudolf Graf Coronini-Cronberg          (b. 1731 - d. 1791)
1781 - 1783                Pompeo Graf von Brigido und            (b. 1729 - d. 1811)
                             Bresowitz

1783 - 1790                
Alphons Anton Graf von Porcia
President of the Görz Capitanalrat
1790 - 1797                Raimund Reichsgraf von Thurn-          (b. 1748 - d. 1817)
                            
Valsassina und Hofer
Kreishauptleute
of Görz
1797 - 1801                Raimund Reichsgraf von Thurn-          (s.a.)
                            
Valsassina und Hofer
                            (präsident des Provinzialrathes)
1801 - 1803
               Pompeo Graf von Brigido und            (s.a.)
                             Bresowitz (
provisorischen Landes-Chef)
1803 - 1806                Anton Freiherr von Codelli
1806 - 1808                Ignaz Ludwig Paul Freiherr von Lederer (b. 1768 - d. 1849)
1808 - 1809                Bernhard Anton Maria Vincenz           (b. 1756 - d. 1817)
                            
Freiherr von Rossetti zu
                             Roseneck (Rosenegg)

1809                       Peter von Flaminio
                             (präsident der provisorischen regierung)
Intendants of Gorice (Gorizia)
Jul 1809 - 1809            Lucien-Émile Arnault                   (b. 1787 - d. 1863)        
1809 - 1810                Adrien-Louis Jules Cochelet            (b. 1788 - d. 1858)
1810 - 1811                Leopold Stanislas Lichtenberg          (b. 1780 - d. 18..)
                            (from 28 Nov 1810,
Leopold Stanislas, baron Lichtenberg)
1811                       ... Tournal 
1811 - 1813                Post abolished
Kreishauptleute
in Görz (Gorizia)
1813 - 1814                Ludwig Freiherr von Rassauer
                             (provisional)
1814 - 1830                Anton Freiherr von Lago
11 Jun 1830 - 1836         Friedrich Freiherr von Waidmannsdorf   (b. 1805 - d. 1853)
1836 - 1850                Wenzel Alois Graf von Gleispach        (b. 1792 - d. 1853)
Kreispräsidenten in Görz und Gradisca
1850 - 1858                Franz Freiherr Buffa von 
Castellalto   (b. 1793 - d. 1862)
                             und Lilienberg
                             (from 1854, Vorsteher der Kreisbehörde)
1859 - 1861                
Friedrich Moritz Ritter von Burger     (b. 1804 - d. 1873)  Statthalter of Görz und Gradisca
 
6 Apr 1861 - 11 Nov 1918  the Statthalter of Küstenland


Landeshauptleute of Görz and Gradisca (in Görz/Gorizia)
(Italian: Capitani Provinciali; Slovene: Pokrajinski kapetani
 6 Apr 1861 - 20 Aug 1870  Wilhelm Paul Eugen Graf Pace von       (b. 1819 - d. 1896)
                             Friedensberg
20 Aug 1870 - 28 May 1877  Franz Graf Coronini-Cronberg           (b. 1830 - d. 1901)
                             (1st time)
28 May 1877 - 16 Aug 1883  Luigi Pajer de Monriva (1st time)      (b. 1829 - d. 1913)  PPI
16 Aug 1883 -  3 Jan 1899  Franz Graf Coronini-Cronberg           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 3 Jan 1899 - 15 Apr 1899  Anton Gregorčič (1st time)(acting)     (b. 1852 - d. 1925)  SLS
15 Apr 1899 - 17 Feb 1913  Luigi Pajer de Monriva (2nd time)      (s.a.)               PPI
17 Feb 1913 - 21 Sep 1913  Anton Gregorčič (2nd time)(acting)     (s.a.)               SLS
21 Sep 1913 - 24 Oct 1918  Luigi (Alois) Faidutti                 (b. 1861 - d. 1931)  PCI 


Istrien (Istria)
 
[AH Flag of
                Istria]
                      1848 - 1918

Aug 952                    Istria and Friulia part of Duchy of Bavaria when March of Verona
                             and Aquileia (Marca Veronensis et Aquileiensis) is transferred to
                             Bavaria.
Jul 976                    Carinthia, and Istria with it, separated from Bavaria as
                             the Duchy of Carinthia.
1040/54                    Istria, along with Slovenia, separated from Carinthia as two marches
                             March of Carniola (Marca Carniolae/Creina marcha) and the
                             Windic Mark (Marca Vendica) - that are soon combined. The
                             Carniolan margraves gradually acquired the northeastern
                             territories of Istria, while the western and southern coast was
                             gradually occupied by Republic of Venice.
11 Jun 1077 - 11173        Territories of Friuli in the east and Istria are placed under
                             suzerainty of
Aquileia Patriarchate (with interruptions).
1173 - 1209                Emperor Frederick Barbarossa enfeoffed the Bavarian noble House of

                             Andechs, who attached Istria to their Duchy of Merania.
1209                       Restored to Aquileia Patriarchate.
1267                       Istrian interior under the Counts of Görz (Gorizia).
1374                       Görz territories in Istr
ian interior (County of Pisino/Mitterburg)
                            
inherited by the Habsburg
archdukes of Austria.
 7 Jun 1420                Istria Margraviate territories of Aquileia Patriarchate are divided
                             between Venetian Republic and Austria, with Venice controlling all
                             the maritime cities and most of the seaboard.
May 1797 - Jun 1797        French occpation.
11 Jun 1797                Venetian Istria occupied by Austria.
17 Oct 1797                Venetian Istria annexed to Austria (as part of Dalmatia).

19 Nov 1805                French occupation.
25 Dec 1805                Ceded to France by Austria.
 1 May 1806                Reunited and annexed by Kingdom of
Italy (département of Istrie).
14 Oct 1809 - 1813         Annexed to France as part of Illyrian Provinces and divided 
                             between the provinces of Trieste (Triest) and Gorice 
                             (de jure 25 Dec 1809?).
15 Apr 1811                Formation of Intendance of Istrie.
30 Jun 1811 - 18 Sep 1811  Division between two military subdivisions: Capo-d'Istria
                             and Rovigno.
11 Sep 1813                Pola occupied by Austria.
30 May 1814                Austrian rule formally restored (remains within Illyria).

13 Sep 1814                Istria divided between Triest and Fiume counties.
 3 Aug 1816                Istria reunited as a component of the Austrian Illyrian Kingdom
                            (Königreich Illyrien). It is a part of
Triester Kreis (as
                            
Istrianer Kreis [including Veglia, Cherso and Lussin Islands]).
1822?                      Administered as Istrianer Kreis by Istrianer Kreisamt zu
                             Mitterburg/Pisino
.
 4 Mar 1849 - 15 Nov 1849  Margraviate of Istria declared an Austrian crownland (not effected).
15 Nov 1849                Istria
is combined with Görz and it is subordinated to Triest (by
                             decree of 18 Oct 1849) as one crownland called
Österreichisches
                             Küstenland
(Austrian Littoral)(see above).
25 Jan 1850                Imperial patent grants a constitution, but it is not implemented.
15 Nov 1860 -  6 Apr 1861  Administered directly by the governor of Küstenland.
 
6 Apr 1861                Margraviate
of Istria (Markgrafschaft Istrien) made as a separate
                             crownland
, but continues to share a governor (the governor of
                            
"Küstenland") with Triest and Görz.
21 Dec 1867                Part of Austrian "half" of the Austro-Hungarian state.

 9 Nov 1918                Occupied by Italy.
10 Sep 1919                Formally ceded to Italy by Austria.
May 1945 - 15 Sep 1947     Occupied by Yugoslavia (except the coastal town of Pola which
                             forms an exclave of Allied occupied Trieste Zone A within
                             the territory of Yugoslav Zone B).

15 Sep 1947               
Istria and Pola ceded to Yugoslavia, by Italy; Pola renamed Pula.

Provveditori in Istria
1364                       Vittore Pisani 
1371                       Pietro Mocenigo
1579 - 1581                Giovan Battista Calbo  
1581 - 1583                Marino Malipiero  
1583 - 1585                Giacomo Renier  
1585 - 1587                M. Nicolò Salamon  
1587 - 1589                Lodovico Memo  
1589 - 1592                Girolamo Capello (did not take office)

1589 - 1592                Nicolò Salomon (acting)
1592 - 1624                ....
1624 - 1633                Francesco Basadonna 
1633?                      Morosini 
1633 - 1634                Emilio da Canal 
1634 - 1635                Lorenzo Minio 
1635 - 1636                Gerolamo Priuli 
1636                       Pietro Basadonna 
1636 - 1637                Vincenzo Bragadin 
1637 - 1638                Paolo Minio
Provveditori generali in Istria
Sep 1614 - Jun 1615        Marco Loredan 
Dec 1615 - Jun 1616        Marco Loredan 
Jun 1616 - 1616            Antonio Barbaro 
Dec 1616 - 1617            Maffeo Michiel 
Jan 1617 - Sep 1617        Bernardo Tiepolo
1617 - 1638                ....
Venetian governors of Istria (title Conte di Pola e Provveditore Istria)
1638                       Paolo Minio
1638 - 1640?               Vincenzo Bragadin
1640 - 25 Aug 1640         Francesco Querini                  (d. 1640)

12 Sep 1640 - 1643?        Pietro Basadonna
 5 Jan 1643 - 1643         Antonio Bragadin
 1 Oct 1643 - 1645         Giovanni Contarini
14 Feb 1645 - 1646         Gerolamo Zusto
31 Oct 1646 - 1647         Domenico Orio
27 Dec 1648 - 1649         Daniele Trevisan
 1 May 1650 - 1651         Antonio
Gritti
23 Sep 1651 - 1652         Vincenzo Malipiero
1652 - 1653                Lorenzo Malipiero
 2 Mar 1653 - 1654         Ottaviano Zorzi
16 Jun 1654 - 1655         Filippo Balbi
 8 Nov 1655 - 1656         Nicolò Foscarini
24 May 1657 - 1658         Benedetto Contarini
27 Sep 1658 - 1660         Almoro Barbaro
16 Feb 1660 - 1661         Antonio da Mosto
 5 Jun 1661 - 1662         Baldissera Dolfin
 6 Nov 1662 - 1663         Nicolò Bragadin
 5 May 1663 - 1664         Angelo Bembo
 1 Apr 1665 - 1666         Carlo Corner
17 Aug 1666 - 24 Sep 1667  Giovanni Soranzo                   (d. 1667)

1667                       Marchi
ò Coppo
19 Dec 1667 - 1668         Giacomo Foscarini
28 Jun 1669 - 1670         Matteo Soranzo
28 Oct 1670 - 1672         Lucio Balbi
13 Mar 1672 - 1673         Marco Loredan
14 Jul 1673 - 1674         Marino Riva
14 Nov 1674 - 1676?        Bernardo Gritti
15 Apr 1676 - 1677         Camillo Zane
15 Aug 1677 - 1678         Paolo Pasqualigo
27 Dec 1678 - 1679         Giovan Andrea Trevisan
30 Apr 1680 - 1681         Alessandro Priuli
 7 Sep 1681 - 1682         Benetto Trevisan
1682 - 1683                Giacomo Morosini
19 May 1684 - 1685         Alessandro Priuli
26 Sep 1685 - 1686         Marco Balbi
1686 - 1687                Fernando Priuli
 9 Jun 1688 - 1660         Angelo Corner
15 Oct 1690 - 1691         Gerolamo Marcello
21 Feb 1691 - 1692         Giacomo Vetturi
21 Jun 1692 - 1693         Pelegrin Baseggio
28 Oct 1693 - 1695         Lodovico Balbi
 7 Mar 1695 - 16 Aug 1695  Stae Duodo                         (d. 1695)

27 Sep 1695 - 1696         Alessandro Dona
1696 - 1697                Francesco Trevisan
1697                       Giovanni Barbaro
1697 - 1699                Gerolamo Barbaro
14 Oct 1699 - 1700         Marco Bragadin
1700                       Marco Priuli
24 Sep 1700 - 1702         Tomaso Morosini
 2 Feb 1702 - 1702        
Domenico Giulio Pasqualigo
 9 Jun 1703 - 1704         Domenico
Balbi
17 Oct 1704 - 1705         Giacomo Barbaro
 1 Mar 1706 - 1707         Andrea Baseggio
20 Mar 1708 - 1709         Domenico Semitecolo
21 Jul 1709 - 1710         Piero Loredan
15 Dec 1710 - 1711         Bernardo Balbi
 8 Apr 1712 - 1713         Marino Badoer
14 Aug 1713 - 1714         Nicolò Giustinian (or Zustignan)

22 Dec 1714 - 1715         Domenico Trevisan
25 Apr 1716 - 1717         Marc'Antonio Semitecolo
 7 Sep 1717 - 1718         Giustiniano
Dona
1718                       Dandolo Giustino
 9 Jan 1719 - 1720         Nicolò Venier
18 May 1720 - 1721         Giovanni Vetturi
24 Sep 1721 - 1723         G
iovan Battista Baseggio
26 Jan 1723 - 1724         Giacomo Pasqualigo
 5 Jun 1724 - 1725         Angelo Dona
 3 Oct 1725 - 1726         Giovanni Baseggio
10 Feb 1727 - 1728         Giovan Pasqualigo
18 Jun 1728 - 1729         Giovanni Falier
18 Oct 1729 - 1731         Andrea Trevisan
27 Feb 1731 - 1732         Michelangelo
Semenzi
1732                       Iseppo Priuli
 4 Jul 1732 - 1733         Almorò Tiepolo
12 Nov 1733 - 1735         Benedetto Marcello
25 Oct 1735 - 1737         Girolamo Soranzo
 5 Mar 1737 - 1738         Francesco Antonio Pasqualigo
14 Jul 1738 - 1739         Giovan Battista Malipiero
20 Nov 1739 - 1741         Pasqual Cicogna
27 Mar 1741 - 1742         Giovan Francesco Sagredo
 4 Aug 1742 - 1743         Piero Morosini
11 Dec 1743 - 1745         Agostino Soranzo 
18 Apr 1745 - 1746         
Giovan Battista Corner 
25 Aug 1746 - 1748         Pier Vincenzo Sagredo
 1 Jan 1748 - 1749         Alvise Bragadin
 8 May 1749 - 1750         Pier Antonio Bembo
15 Sep 1750 - 1752         Giovan Francesco Moro
13 Mar 1752 - 1753         Domenico Soranzo
21 Jul 1753 - 1754         Francesco Dona
29 Nov 1754 - 1756         Antonio Cicogna
 6 Jun 1756 - 1757         Bembo Valier
13 Oct 1757 - 1759         Antonio Longo
21 Feb 1759 - 1760         Lunardo Balbi
29 Jun 1760 - 1761         Giovan Domenico Loredan
 6 Nov 1761 - 1763         Simon Marin
30 May 1763 - 1764         Giovanni Querini
23 Sep 1764 - 1766         Girolamo Marcello
 1 Feb 1766 - 1767         Gaetano Minotto
 9 Jun 1767 - 1768         Mario Contarini
16 Oct 1768 - 1770         Giovanni Balbi
24 Apr 1770 - 1771         Girolamo Zorzi
31 Oct 1771 - 1773         Antonio Corner
 8 May 1773 - 1776         Pietro Porta
16 Jan 1776 - 1777         Pier Alessandro Manolesso
23 May 1777 - 1778         Pasquale Cicogna
 1 Oct 1778 - 1779         Nicolò Pisani
 9 Feb 1780 - 1781         Vincenzo Dona
17 Jun 1781 - 1782         Giovanni Cicogna
25 Oct 1782 - 1783         Francesco Bembo
 4 Mar 1784 - 1785         Antonio Morosini
12 Jul 1785 - 1786         Alessandro Bon
20 Nov 1786 - 1787         Marchi
ò Balbi
20 Mar 1788 - 1789         Angelo Maria Orio
20 Jul 1789 - 1790         Antonio Barbaro
27 Nov 1790 - 1791         Almoro Gabriele Ranieri
 4 Apr 1792 - 1793         Francesco Balbi
12 Aug 1793 - 1794         Andrea Dolfin
20 Dec 1794 - 1795        
Giovanni Alvise da Mosto
29 Apr 1796 - Jul 1797     Antonio Cicogna
Margraves (title Markgraf von Istrien/Marchese d'Istria)
17 Oct 1797 - 25 Dec 1805  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
30 May 1814 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
Prefect
Feb 1806 -  7 Sep 1810     Angelo Calafati                    (b. 1765 - d. 1822)
Intendants of Istrie

27 Jun 1811 -  8 Apr 1813  L
ucien-Émile Arnault               (b. 1787 - d. 1863)
 8 Apr 1813 - Aug 1813     Angelo Calafati                    (s.a.)
(Nominal) Duke (title
duc d'Istrie)
28 May 1809 -  1 May 1813  Jean-Baptiste Bessières            (b. 1768 - d. 1813) 
Chairmen of the Provincial Commission
(in Capodistria)
22 Sep 1813 - 1814         .... (provisional)
1814 - 1816                ....

Kreishauptleute im Istrianer Kreis (in Trieste; from 1822? in Pola)
Aug 1816 - 1822?           Ludwig
Freiherr von Rassauer
1822? - 1826              
Franz Michael Ogrissigg (acting)
                             (Francesco Michele Ogrissigg)
28 Sep 1826 - 11 Jun 1830  Friedrich Freiherr von             (b. 1805 - d. 1853)
                             Waidmannsdorf

1830 - 1832
                Philipp Freiherr von Skrbensky-    (b. 1789 - d. 1876)
                             Hrzistie
1832 - 1861                Friedrich Freiherr von Grimschitz  (b. 1793 - d. 1863)
                             (from 1850, Kreispräsident)
Statthalter
 
6 Apr 1861 - 11 Nov 1918  the Statthalter of Küstenland
Yugoslav Military Governors

1945                       Petar "Peko" Dapčević              (b. 1913 - d. 1999) 
1945 - 1947                Većeslav Holjevac                  (b. 1917 - d. 1970) 


Landeshauptleute (Italian: Capitani Provinciali; Slovene/Croat: Pokrajinski kapetani)(in Pola)
 6 Apr 1861 - 25 Sep 1861  Gian Paolo, marchese Polesini      (b. 1818 - d. 1882)
25 Sep 1861 - Mar 1868     Francesco, marchese Polesini

Mar 1868 - 23 Jan 1889     Francesco Vidulich
(Franjo Vidulić)(b. 1819 - d. 1889)
                             (acting to Apr 1868)    
23 Jan 1889 - 1889         .... (acting)
1889 - Dec 1903            Matteo Campitelli                  (b. 1828 - d. 1906)  Lib
Dec 1903 -  9 Nov 1918     Lodovico Rizzi                     (b. 1859 - d. 1945)  Lib
 


Stadt und Gebiet Triest: see Trieste under Italy
Königreich Lombardo-Venetien (Lombaro-Venetia): see Lombardy and Venetia under Italian states to 1860


Mähren: see Moravia under Czech Republic


Salzburg 
 
[AH Flag of
                Salzburg]
                        to 1918
           
c.543                      Bishopric of Salzburg founded by St. Rupert.
798                        Archbishopric of Salzburg (Erzstift Salzburg).
1278                       The archbishop becomes prince-archbishop (Fürsterzbischof).
11 Feb 1803                Salzburg is secularized as Duchy of Salzburg (Herzogtum Salzburg).
27 Apr 1803 - 26 Dec 1805  The duke is made an elector of the Holy Roman Empire
                            (Kurfürst des Heiligen Römischen Reichs) by the Final Act,
                             and keeps his electoral status (until the dissolution of the
                             Holy Roman Empire 6 Aug 1806) when transferred to Würzburg.
30 Oct 1805 - Feb 1806     Occupied by France and Bavaria.
26 Dec 1805                Habsburg-Lothringen dynasty established.
30 Apr 1809 - 26 Sep 1810  Occupied by France (captured by Bavaria on 29 Apr 1809).
12 Sep 1810                Incorporated into Bavaria.
 1 May 1816                Restored to the Austria (as a kreis of Österreich ob der Enns).
 
1 Jan 1850                Duchy of Salzburg a separate crownland.
 1 May 1860 - 15 May 1861  Briefly re-incorporated into
Österreich ob der Enns.

Prince-Archbishops (title Fürsterzbischof zu Salzburg)
30 Jul 1668 -  3 May 1687  Maximilian Gandolf Graf Cardinal   (b. 1622 - d. 1687)
                             von Kuenburg
30 Jun 1687 - 20 Apr 1709  Johann Ernst Graf von Thun und     (b. 1643 - d. 1709)
                             Hohenstein
20 Apr 1709 - 18 Jul 1727  Franz Anton Fürst von Harrach zu   (b. 1663 - d. 1727)
                             Rorau    
 4 Oct 1727 - 22 Oct 1744  Leopold Anton Eleutherius          (b. 1679 - d. 1744)
                             von Firmian (in contemporary documents, 
                             later sources Graf von Firmian)
13 Jan 1745 - 12 Jun 1747  Jakob Ernst Graf von               (b. 1690 - d. 1747)
                             Liechtenstein-Kastelcorn
10 Sep 1747 -  6 Jan 1753  Andreas Jakob Graf von             (b. 1689 - d. 1753)
                             Dietrichstein
 5 Apr 1753 - 16 Dec 1771  Siegmund III Christoph Graf von    (b. 1698 - d. 1771)
                             Schrattenbach
14 Mar 1772 - 11 Feb 1803  Hieronymus Joseph Franz de Paula   (b. 1732 - d. 1812)
                             Graf von Colloredo-Mels und Waldsee
                            (in Vienna exile from 1800)
Imperial Commissioner
1800 - 10 Oct 1803         Heinrich Freiherr von Crumpipen    (b. 1738 - d. 1811)
Dukes (title Herzog von Salzburg)
11 Feb 1803 - 26 Dec 1805  Ferdinand Joseph Johann Baptist,   (b. 1769 - d. 1824)
                             Grossherzog Toskana (arrived 29 Apr 1803)
 
                            (from 27 Apr 1803, also Prince-Elector
                             of the Holy Roman Empire)
26 Dec 1805 - 12 Sep 1810  the archduke of Austria (s.a.)
12 Sep 1810 -  1 May 1816  the king of Bavaria
 1 May 1816 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
Miliary governors

30 Oct 1805 -  9 Nov 1805  Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (France)  (b. 1763 - d. 1844)
 9 Nov 1805 -  6 Dec 1805  Franz Graf von Minuzzi (Bavaria)
 6 Dec 1805 - 1806         Michel Ney (France)                (b. 1769 - d. 1815)
1806 - Feb 1806            Flotze (Bavaria)
French Military Governors
1809 - 15 Apr 1810         Georges, baron Kister              (b. 1755 - d. 1832)
Apr 1810 - 18 Aug 1810     Pierre-Paul Fourn                  (b. 1751 - d. 1815)
Intendants
10 May 1809 -  6 Aug 1809  Jules Jean-Baptiste baron Anglès   (b. 1778 - d. 1828)
Aug 1809 - 14 Jun 1810     Camille Joseph Périer              (b. 1781 - d. 1844)
14 Jun 1810 - 26 Sep 1810  Jean-Joseph chevalier Thomas
Governor-general
30 Sep 1810 -  1 May 1816  Ludwig von Bayern                  (b. 1786 - d. 1868)
Generalkreiskommissär
30 Sep 1810 -  1 May 1816  Johann Carl Graf von Preysing-     (b. 1767 - d. 1827)
                             Hohenaschau        
Kreishauptleute
 1 May 1816 - 1825         Carl Joseph Anton Graf zu          (b. 1779 - d. 1873)
                             Welsperg, Raitenau und Primör
1825 - 1831                Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von        (b. 1791 - d. 18..)
                             Stiebar
1831 - 1838                Albert Graf von Montecuccoli-      (b. 1802 - d. 1852)
                             Laderchi
1838                       Franz Graf Mercandiu
1838 - 1840                Leopold Friedrich Graf Stolberg-   (b. 1799 - d. 1840)
                             Stolberg
1840 - 31 Dec 1849         Gustav Ignaz Graf Chorinsky von    (b. 1806 - d. 1873)
                             Ledske
Landespräsidenten

1850 - 1852                Friedrich Graf von Herberstein     (b. 1810 - d. 1861)
1852 - 1855                Karl Prinz von Lobkowitz           (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
1855 - 1859                Otto Franz Graf von Fünfkirchen    (b. 1800 - d. 1872)
 1 Jan 1860 - Apr 1860     Eduard Freiherr von Bach (acting)  (b. 1815 – d. 1884)
30 Apr 1860 - 11 Jul 1861  Ernst Graf von Gourcy-Droitaumont  (b. 1821 - d. 1870)
                             (1st time)(Landeshauptmann to 15 May 1861)
Jul 1861 - Apr 1863        Franz Freiherr von Spiegelfeld     (b. 1802 - d. 1885)
Apr 1863 -  8 Jan 1867     Eduard Graf Taaffe                 (b. 1833 - d. 1895)
 8 Jan 1867 - 22 Sep 1869  Karl Graf von Coronini-Cronberg    (b. 1818 - d. 1910)
30 Sep 1869 - 10 Feb 1870  Ernst Graf von Gourcy-Droitaumont  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
15 Mar 1870 - 25 Nov 1871  Adolf Wilhelm Fürst Auersperg      (b. 1821 - d. 1885)
1872 -  7 Sep 1897         Siegmund Ignaz Graf Thun und       (b. 1827 - d. 1897)
                             Hohenstein
14 Dec 1897 - 23 Aug 1908  Clemens Graf Saint-Julien-Wallsee  (b. 1845 - d. 1908)
 
1 Oct 1908 -  1 Aug 1913  Levin Graf Schaffgotsch            (b. 1854 - d. 1913)
1913 - 1918                Felix von Schmitt-Gasteiger        (b. 1865 - d. 1932)


Räte und Hofkanzler
1718 - 1731                Heinrich Fichtl
1731 - 28 Jun 1751         Hieronymus Nikolaus Anton          (b. 1692/93 - d. 1751)
                             Cristani Freiherr von Rall
1751 - 1752                Franz Joseph Ayblinger (acting)
1752 - 1774                Franz Felix Anton Edler von Mölk   (b. 1714 - d. 1776)
1774 - 1796                Franz Anton Ignaz Freiherr von     (b. 1727 - d. 1799)
                             Kürsinger
1796 - 1799                Johann Franz Thaddä von Kleimayrn  (b. 1733 - d. 1800)
                             (interim)
1799 - 1800                Johann Heinrich Reichsfreiherr
                             von Bleul                        (b. 1765 - d. 1807)
1800 - 1803                Sigmund Christoph Graf von         (b. 1754 - d. 1814)
                             Zeil und Trauchburg,
                             Fürstbischof vom Chiemsee 
Ministers of State
1803 - 10 Oct 1803         Heinrich Freiherr von Krumpipen    (b. 1738 - d. 1811)
                             (Hofkommissär für die Besitzergreifung)
1803 - Feb 1806            Federigo, marchese Manfredini      (b. 1743 - d. 1829)      
Commissioners
Feb 1806 - Jul 1807        Ferdinand Ernst Maria Graf von     (b. 1749 - d. 1831)
                             Bissingen und Nippenburg
 3 Jul 1807 - Apr 1809     Christian Graf von Aicholt         (b. 1754 - d. 1838)
                             (Präsidiumsverweser der Landesregierung)
Apr 1809 - May 1809        Joseph Philip Felner (interim)     (b. 1769 - d. 1850)
Präsident der General-Landesadministration
May 1809 - 10 Oct 1810     Sigmund Christoph Graf von         (s.a.)
                             Zeil und Trauchburg,
                             Fürstbischof vom Chiemsee 
Regierungsdirektor (Kanzleidirektor)
30 Sep 1810 -  1 May 1816  Arnold von Mieg                    (b. 1778 - d. 1842)
Landeshauptleute

31 Mar 1861 - 30 Sep 1872  Josef Ritter von Weiss             (b. 1805 - d. 1887)
30 Sep 1872 - 15 Jun 1880  Hugo Raimund Reichsgraf von        (b. 1833 - d. 1884)
                             Lamberg  
17 Jun 1880 - 13 Oct 1890  Carl Graf Choroinsky               (b. 1828 - d. 1897)
Oct 1890 - 17 Jan 1897     Albert Schumacher, Ritter von      (b. 1844 - d. 1913)  Lib
                             Tännengau (1st time)
17 Jan 1897 - 12 Dec 1902  Alois Winkler (1st time)           (b. 1838 - d. 1925)  Soc 
12 Dec 1902 - 21 Jul 1909  Albert Schumacher, Ritter von      (s.a.)               Lib
                             Tännengau (2nd time)
21 Jul 1909 - 23 Apr 1919  Alois Winkler (2nd time)           (s.a.)               Soc   


Schlesien: see Silesia under Czech Republic


Steiermark (Styria)
 
[AH Flag of
                Styria]
                       1848 - 1918

976                        March of Styria (Steiermark).
18 Sep 1180                Duchy of Styria (Herzogtum Steier, later Steiermark).
27 Dec 1282                Habsburg dynasty established (Habsburg-Lothringen dynasty
                             from 29 Nov 1780).
 4 Mar 1849                Steiermark a crownland of the Austrian Monarchy.

Dukes
 2 Apr 1657 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
Statthalter
16 Jan 1565 - 1570         Ludwig Graf von Löwenstein
 4 Sep 1570 - 1573         Urban Sagstette
r, Bischof zu       (b. 1529 - d. 1573)
                             Gurk
1574 - 1584                Christoph Andreas 
Freiherr von     (b. 1543 - d. 1613)
                             Spauer,
Bischof zu Gurk
24 Sep 1584 - 24 Aug 1597  Johann B
ischof zu Laibach          (d. 1597)
30 Sep 1598 - 1609         Georg Stobäus von Palmburg,
                            
Bischof zu Lavant
19 Sep 1609 - 1611         Sigmund Graf Wagen zu Wagensberg   (b. 1574 - d. 1640)
14 Nov 1611 - 1614         Johann (VII) Jakob von Lamberg,    
(b. 1561 - d. 1630)
                             Freiherr von Ortenegg und 
                             
Ottenstein, Bischof zu Gurk
29 Dec 1614 - 1621         Thomas Chrön,
Bischof zu Laibach   (b. 1560 - d. 1630)
 6 Sep 1621 - 1630         Leonhard von Götz,
Bischof zu      (d. 1640)
                             Lavant
26 Aug 1630 - 1638         Rainold B
ischof zu Triest
14 May 1638 - 1638         Balthasar Freiherr von Galler

15 Nov 1638 - 1655         Johann Markus Graf von Altringen,
                             
Bischof zu Seckau                (d. 1664)
10 Jun 1655 -  5 Apr 1666  Wolfgang Rupert Freiherr von
       (d. 1666)
                             Rindsmaul                
1666 - 10 Aug 1666         Erasmus Wilhelm Graf von Saurau    (d. 1666)
1666 - 1667                Johann Maximilian Graf von
                             Herberstein (acting to Sep 1666)
13 Jan 1667 - 28 Sep 1667  Johann Otto Graf von Rindsmaul
    (d. 1667)
                             (acting)
28 Sep 1667 - 1677         Georg Christian Graf von Saurau
                             (acting from 12 Jun 1668)
30 Aug 1677 - 1690         Georg Friedrich Graf von Mersberg
 3 Aug 1690 - 26 Jun 1693  Johann Balthasar Graf von
         (d. 1693)
                             Wagensberg              
11 Apr 1694 - 24 Mar 1695  Johann Ernest Graf von Burgsthal   (d. 1695)
 8 Nov 1695 - 1714         Georg Ferdinand Graf von
                             Falkenhaupt
14 May 1714 - 17 Jan 1742  Johann Christoph Graf von
                             Wildenstein                      (d. 1742)
 8 May 1742 - 1763        
Corbinian Graf von Saurau          (b. 1692 - d. 1761)
29 Aug 1763 - 1773         Johann Maximilian Graf von
                             Wildenstein
23 Oct 1773 - 1782         Alois Graf Podstatzky-
Lichtenstein (b. 1723 - d. 1793)
                             Freiherr von Prussinowitz
11 Jan 1783 - 1791        
Franz Anton Xaver Graf von         (b. 1737 - d. 1797)
                            
Khevenhüller
1791 - 19 Nov 1791         Franz Anton Graf von Stürgkh
1791 - 1806                Philipp Graf von Wilsperg-
                             Reittenau                        (b. 1735 - d. 1806)
13 Jan 1806 - 1808         Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau       (b. 1760 - d. 1832)
 1 Aug 1808 - 1810         Peter Graf von Goëss               (b. 1774 - d. 1846)
Jul 1809 - Dec 1809        
Achille Le Tonnelier, comte de     (b. 1781 - d. 1864)
                             Breteuil (French Intendant of Styrie)
 4 Jan 1810 - 1815         Ferdinand Graf von Bissingen-      (b. 1749 - d. 1831)
                             Nippenburg
1815 - 1822                Christian Graf von Aicholt         (b. 1754 - d. 1838)
25 Jan 1822 - 1825         Ludwig Graf Taaffe                 (b. 1791 - d. 1855)
 3 Feb 1823 - 1830         Franz Graf von Hartig              (b. 1789 - d. 1865) 
1830 - 1848                Mathias Constantin Capello         (b. 1794 - d. 1880)
                             Reichsgraf von Wickenburg
1848 - 1849                von Marquet (acting)
26 Sep 1849 - 1858         Friedrich Moritz Ritter von Burger (b. 1804 - d. 1873) 
                             (from 1853, Freiherr von Burger)
1858 - 1865                Michael Graf Strasoldo-            (b. 1798 - d. 1873)
                             Graffenberg
 
1865 - 1869                Karl Freiherr von Mécsery de Tsoor (b. 1804 - d. 1885)
28 May 1870 - 1895         Guido Freiherr Kübeck von Kübau    (b. 1829 - d. 1907)
10 Oct 1895 -  1 Dec 1898  Olivier Marquis de Bacquehem       (b. 1847 - d. 1917)
1898 - 1918                Manfred Graf von Clary und         (b. 1852 - d. 1928) 
                             Aldringen

Landeshauptmänner
1236/37                    Ekbert Bischof von Bamberg         (b. c.1173 - d. 1237) 
1237 - 1239                Eberhard Graf von Eberstein
1247/48                    Otto Graf von Eberstein
1248 - 1250                Meinhard Graf von Görz
1255 - 1259                Stephan von Agram
1260                       Heinrich von Liechtenstein-
                             Nikolsburg
1260 - 1262                Woko von Rosenberg
1262 - 1269                Bruno von Schauenburg,             (b. c.1205 - d. 1281)
                            
Bischof von Olmütz
1269/70                    Otto von Haslau
1270/71                    Burkhard von Klingenberg
1271 - 1275                Conrad von Tulln
1275/76                    Milota von Diedlitz
1285                       Otto d.J. von Saldenhofen
1285/86 - 1290             Heinrich II Abt von Admont
                             (1st time)
1290                       Leopold Bischof von Seckau         (d. 1291)
1290 - 1292                Heinrich II Abt von Admont
                             (2nd time)
1292 - 1299                Hartnid I von Stadeck (Stattegg)   (d. 1299?)
1299 - 1328/29             Ulrich I von Walsee                (d. 13/2829)
1328/29 - 1359             Ulrich II von Walsee               (d. 1359)
1360 - 1361                Eberhard von Walsee
1361 - 1362                Alberto von Puchheim
1362 - 1363/64             Leutold II von Stadeck (Stattegg)  (d. 1367)
1363/64 - 1366             Cholo von Saldenhofen
1368                       Wernhard von Maissau
1369                       Friedrich von Walsee
1370 - 1375                Ulrich von Liechtenstein-Murau
1376 - 1379                Rudolf von Walsee
1384                       Ulrich von Walsee
1386                       Nikolaus Schenk von Osterwitz
1388 - 1394                Hertlein von Liechtenstein-
                             Nikolsburg
1394/95                    Rudolf von Perneck
1396                       Hans Graf von Maidburg-Hardegg
1396 - 1399                Johann  von Stadeck (Stattegg)     (d. 1399)
1399 - 1402                Bernhard von Liechtenstein-Murau
1402 - 1404/08?            Moritz Weltzer
1408 - 1412                Friedrich von Fladnitz
1413 - 1415                Hugo Graf von Montfort
1416/1417                  Rudolf von Liechtenstein-Murau
1418/1419                  Jakob von Stubenberg
1420                       Hans von Winden (1st time)
1423                       Hans von Winden (2nd time)
1427                       Wilhelm von Perneck
1428 - 1431                Hans von Winden (3rd time)
1432                       Friedrich von Pettau
1435 - 1450                Hans von Stubenberg
1453 - 1469                Leuthold von Stubenberg            (b. 1423 - d. 1469)
1472 - 1475                Wilhelm Graf von Thirnstein
1479 - 1480                Georg von Tschernembl
1491 - 1493                Jörg von Losenstein
1494 - 1505                Reinprecht von Reichenburg         (b. 1434 - d. 1505)
1515 - 1529                Siegmund von Dietrichstein         (b. 1484 - d. 1533)
1530 - 1556                Hans Ungnad von Sonnegg            (b. 1493 - d. 1564)
1553 - 1560                Georg Freiherr von Herberstein     (b. 1529 - d. 1586) 
                             (1st time)
1562 - 1580                Hans von Schärfenberg
1580 - 1586                Georg Freiherr von Herberstein     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1586 - 1590                Johann Graf von Montfort           (d. 1619)
1591 - 1593                Maximilian Freiherr von            (b. 1537 - d. 1618)
                             Schrottenbach (Schrattenbach)
1595 - 1621                Siegmund Friedrich Freiherr von    (b. 1549 - d. 1621) 
                             Herberstein
1621 - 1634                Johann Ulrich Freiherr von         (b. 1568 - d. 1634)
                             Eggenberg (from 31 Aug 1623,
                            
Fürst zu Eggenberg; also from 
                             15 Apr 1628,
Herzog zu Krumau)
1635 - 1648                Carl Graf von Saurau               (d. 1648)
1648 - 1660                Johann Maximnillian Graf von       (b. 1601 - d. 1680)
                             Herberstein
1660 - 1674                Siegmund Friedrich Graf von 
                             Trautmannsdorff
1675 - 1679                Johann Max d.J. von Herberstein    (b. 1626 - d. 1701)
1680 - 1687                Georg Christian Graf von Saurau
1687 - 1702                Georg von Stubenberg               (b. 1632 - d. 1702)
1703 - 1714                Georg Seifried Graf von            (b. 1645 - d. 1714)
                             Dietrichstein        
1715 - 1729                Carl Weikhard Graf Breuner         (b. 1666 - d. 1729)
1730                       Siegmund Rudolf von Wagensperg     (b. 1674 - d. 1734)
1730 - 1749                Carl Adam Graf Breuner             (b. 1689 - d. 1777)
1749 - 12 Aug 1750         Thaddäus Cajetan Graf Attems       (b. 1691 - d. 1750)
21 Sep 1750 -  4 Jul 1762  Franz Ludwig Graf von Khünburg     (b. 1705 - d. 1762)
 
4 Jul 1762 - 14 Aug 1765  Vacant
14 Aug 1765 -  6 Apr 1782  Carl Leopold Graf von Herberstein  (b. 1712 - d. 1789)
1782 - 1791                Franz Anton Graf von Khevenhüller  (s.a.)
1791 -  7 Jun 1800         Carl Thomas Graf Breuner           (b. 1719 - d. 1800)
28 Jan 1801 - 23 May 1820  Ferdinand Maria Graf Attems        (b. 1746 - d. 1820)
1820 - 14 Feb 1852         Ignaz Maria Graf Attems            (b. 1774 - d. 1861)
14 Feb 1852 -  3 Apr 1861  Vacant
Landeshauptleute
 3 Apr 1861 - 1870         Karl Graf von Gleispach            (b. 1811 - d. 1888)
1871 - 26 Aug 1884         Moritz Ritter von Kaiserfeld,
                             Edler von Blagatinschegg         (b. 1811 - d. 1885)
 3 Sep 1884 - 12 Oct 1893  Ladislas Gundaker Graf
                             Wurmbrand-Stuppach (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
14 Dec 1893 - 23 Dec 1896  Edmund Graf Attems (1st time)      (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
28 Dec 1896 - 14 Dec 1897  Ladislas Gundaker Graf
                             Wurmbrand-Stuppach (2nd time)    (s.a.)
16 Dec 1897 -  5 Nov 1918  Edmund Graf Attems (2nd time)      (s.a.)



Tirol und Vorarlberg

Tirol (Tyrol)
 

[AH Flag of Tyrol]
                       1848 - 1918


1096                       Albert I of Vinschgau receives the county of Vinschgau in fief from

                             Bishop Altmann of Trent and builds Tyrol Castle.
1141                       The Counts of Vinschgau call themselves "Counts of Tyrol" for the
                             first time, County of Tirol/Tyrol (Grafschaft Tirol).
1248                       Dominium Comitis Tyrolis
22 Jul 1253                Albert III, the last count of Tyrol, dies and the land passes to
                             Meinhard III of Gorizia (Görz), (Gorizia-Tyrol).
26 Jan 1363                Meinhard III, dies and Habsburg dynasty established (Habsburg-
                             Lothringen from 29 Nov 1780).
1406 - 19 Aug 1493         Tirol part of a separate Habsburg polity.
1493                       Princely County of Tirol (Gefürstete Grafschaft Tirol).
1512                       Joined the Austrian Circle in the Holy Roman Empire.
25 Jul 1564 - 25 Jun 1665  Tirol and Vorarlberg a separate Habsburg polity.
 9 Mar 1801                Bishopric of Trent secularized and incorporated into Tirol.
 5 Nov 1805                French occupy Innsbruck (by the 6th Corps).
 6 Dec 1805                Occupied by Bavaria.
26 Dec 1805                Tirol (with Trient and Brixen) and Voralberg ceded to Bavaria.
11 Feb 1806                Annexed by Bavaria.
12 Apr 1809                Pro-Austrian peasant uprising launched in concert with Austrian
                             invasion. Provisional administration organized 8 Apr 1809.
19 May 1809 - 29 May 1809  Bavaria re-occupies Innsbruck.
30 May 1809 - 30 Jul 1809  Austria re-occupies Innsbruck.
30 Jul 1809 -  8 Aug 1809  French occupy Innsbruck (by 7th corps de l'armée d'Allemagne).
14 Aug 1809                Bavarian forces withdrawn.
15 Aug 1809 -  1 Nov 1809  Austrian rule restored.
 1 Nov 1809 - 15 Nov 1809  Franco-Bavarian occupation of Innsbruck.
12 Nov 1809                Insurgency unsuccessfully revived (Hofer captured on 28 Jan 1810,
                             executed 19 Feb 1810).
15 Nov 1809                Bavarian rule restored.
 1 Nov 1810                Organized by Bavaria as Innkreis (Inn county).
28 Feb 1810                Southern Tirol (Trient/Trento, Brixen/Bressanone, Bozen/Bolzano)
                             ceded by Bavaria to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy.
Oct 1813                   Austria occupies Southern Tirol (in Brixen 11 Sep 1813, Bozen 11 Oct
                             1813,
Trient 16 Oct 1813).
26 Jun 1814                Tyrol reunified and formally restored to Austria.
 1 May 1815                Landes-Gubernium inaugurated (covering 7 Kreis-Ämter in Roveredo,
                             Trient/Trento, Botzen/Bolzano, Bruneck, Imst, Schwatz/Schwaz,
                             and Bregenz).
 4 Mar 1849                Princely County of Tirol and Land Vorarlberg (Gefürstete Grafschaft
                             Tirol mit dem Lande Vorarlberg) made a crownland of Austria.
 6 Apr 1861                Princely County of Tirol (Gefürstete Grafschaft Tirol) a crownland.
May 1915 -  4 Nov 1918     Italian occupation of Austrian Trentino border areas.
 4 Nov 1918                Southern Tirol occupied by Italy.
10 Sep 1919                Southern Tirol (Trentino/Alto-Adige) formally ceded to Italy.

Princely Counts
25 Jun 1665 - 25 Dec 1805  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
25 Dec 1805 - 25 Jun 1814  the kings of Bavaria
26 Jun 1814 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes of Austria (s.a.)
Gouverneure     
21 Feb 1797 - 31 Dec 1802  Ferdinand Ernst Graf von Bissingen (b. 1749 - d. 1831)
                             -Nippenburg
 1 Jan 1803 - 11 Feb 1806  Johann Graf und Landgraf zu        (b. 1751 - d. 1812)
                             Brandis, F
reiherr von Leonburg
 3 Nov 1805 - 11 Feb 1806  Johann Franz von Strobl zu Stein   (b. 1738 - d. 1807)
                             (acting for Brandis)
Bavarian Hof-Commissär (from Jul 1806,
General-Kommissär) in Tirol
11 Feb 1806 - 30 Sep 1808  Carl Maria Rupert Graf von Arco    (b. 1769 - d. 1856)
Bavarian General-Kommissär des Innkreises
 1 Oct 1808 - 12 Apr 1809  Maximilian Graf zu Lodron          (b. 1757 - d. 1823)
Austrian Kommissär
12 Apr 1809 - 15 Apr 1809  Martin Rochus Teimer               (b. 1778 - d. 1838)
Austrian Commanding generals of the 8th Army Corps and in Tyrol
15 Apr 1809 - 19 May 1809  Johann Gabriel,
marquis du         (b. 1763 - d. 1825)
                            
Chasteler de Courcelles  
20 Apr 1809 -  2 May 1809  Joseph Ignaz Freiherr Buol zu      (b. 1749 - d. 1817)
                             Berenberg und Mühlingen (acting)

Austrian Intendant
16 Apr 1809 - 19 May 1809  Josef Ignaz
Freiherr von Hormayr   (b. 1741 - d. 1848)
                             zu Hortenburg (1st time)
19 Apr 1809 -  2 May 1809  Anton Leopold Ritter von Roschmann (b. 1777 - d. 1830)
                             -Hörburg (acting for
von Hormayr)
Bavarian Military Commandants of Tirol
19 May 1809 - 23 May 1809  Carl Philipp
Freiherr von Wrede    (b. 1767 - d. 1838)
                             (of 2. Armee-Division)  
23 May 1809 - 30 May 1809  Bernhard Erasmus Graf Deroy        (b. 1743 - d. 1812)

Austrian Intendant
30 May 1809 - 30 Jul 1809  Josef Ignaz Freiherr von Hormayr   (s.a.)
                             zu Hortenburg (2nd time)
Supreme Commander of the
French and Allied troops in Tirol

30 Jul 1809 -  8 Aug 1809  François-Joseph Lefebvre, duc de   (b. 1755 - d. 1820)
                             Dantzig (of 7 corps, armée d'Allemagne)
Bavarian Hof-Kommissär für den Inn-, Eisack- und Etsch-Kreis
 8 Aug 1809 - 14 Aug 1809  Aloys Franz Xaver Maximilian Franz (b. 1766 - d. 1849)
                             de Paula Graf Rechberg und
                             Rothenlöwen
Austrian High Commander in Tirol
15 Aug 1809 -  1 Nov 1809  Andreas (Andräa) Hofer             (b. 1767 - d. 1810)
Bavarian Commanding of the Royal Bavarian Army Corps
 1 Nov 1809 - 15 Nov 1809  Jean Baptiste Drouet, comte        (b. 1765 - d. 1844)
                             d'Erlon
President of the Provisional Administrative Commission
 3 Nov 1809 - Nov 1809     Joseph Freiherr von Reinhart zu    (b. 1745 - d. 1821)
                             Thurnfels und Ferklehen

Bavarian Hof-Kommissär für den Inn-, Eisack- und Etsch-Kreis
15 Nov 1809 - 31 Oct 1810  Friedrich Karl Graf Thürheim       (b. 1763 - d. 1832)
Bavarian General-Gouverneur in dem Inn- und Salzach-Kreise (in Innsbruck)
 1 Nov 1810 -  9 Oct 1811  Ludwig von Bayern                  (b. 1786 - d. 1868)

Bavarian General-Kommissär
Innkreis  
 1 Nov 1810 - 25 Jun 1814  Maximilian Emanuel
Freiherr von    (b. 1778 - d. 1843)
                             Lerchenfeld

Austrian Plenipotentiary Einrichtungs-Hofkommissär in Tyrol und Vorarlberg
26 Jun 1814 - 30 Apr 1815  Anton Leopold Ritter von Roschmann (b. 1777 - d. 1830)
                             -Hörburg

Gouverneure (in Tyrol und Vorarlberg)
 1 May 1815 - Oct 1819     Ferdinand Graf von Bissingen-      (s.a.)
                             Nippenburg
Oct 1819 - May 1825        Karl Graf Chotek von Chotkowa      (b. 1783 - d. 1868)

May 1825 - 20 Jul 1837     Friedrich Graf von Wilczek         (b. 1790 - d. 1861)
                             (acting to Oct 1825)
20 Jul 1837 - 31 Mar 1841  Robert
Freiherr von Benz, Ritter   (b. 1780 - d. 1850)
                             von Alpkron (1st time) (acting)
 1 Apr 1841 - 17 Jul 1848  Clemens Franz Graf und Landgraf    (b. 1798 - d. 1863)
                             zu Brandis
17 Jul 1848 -  7 Jan 1849 
Robert Freiherr von Benz, Ritter   (s.a.)
                             von Alpkron (2nd time) (acting)
Landes-Chef
 6 Jan 1849 - 31 Dec 1849  Cajetan Alexander Graf von         (b. 1806 - d. 1890)
                             Bissingen-Nippenburg

Statthalter (in der Gefürsteten Grafschaft Tirol und dem Lande Vorarlberg)
 1 Jan 1850 - 18 Aug 1855  Cajetan Alexander Graf von         (s.a.)
                             Bissingen-Nippenburg

18 Aug 1855 - 26 Sep 1855  Lothar Graf von Terlago (acting)
26 Sep 1855 - 19 Jul 1861  Karl Ludwig Erzherzog von          (b. 1833 - d. 1896)
                             Österreich
19 Jul 1861 - 24 Jul 1861  .... (acting) 
24 Jul 1861 - 25 Oct 1866  Karl
Johann Prinz von Lobkowitz    (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
25 Oct 1866 - 31 Dec 1866  Karl Graf Coronini-Cronberg        (b. 1818 - d. 1910)
                            (acting)
31 Dec 1866 - 21 Feb 1868  Georg Otto Ritter von Toggenburg   (b. 1811 - d. 1888)
21 Feb 1868 -  3 Mar 1868  Alfons von Klinkowström (acting)   (b. 1818 - d. 1891)
 3 Mar 1868 - 14 Oct 1870  Josef Anton Freiherr Lasser von    (b. 1815 - d. 1879)
                             Zollheim
14 Oct 1870 - 20 Oct 1870  Alois
Freiherr von Ceschi a Santa  (b. 1825 - d. 1905)
                             Croce
20 Oct 1870 - May 1871     Kaspar Graf von Lodron-Laterano    (b. 1815 - d. 1895)
May 1871 - 30 May 1871     Johann Ritter von Vorhauser        (b. 1811 - d. 1890)
                             (acting)
30 May 1871 -  7 Mar 1879  Eduard Graf Taaffe                 (b. 1833 - d. 1895)           
16 Feb 1879 - 20 Sep 1879  Johann Ritter von Vorhauser        (b. 1811 - d. 1890)
                             (acting [for
Taaffe to 7 Mar 1879])
20 Sep 1879 -  2 Jul 1890  Bohuslav
Ritter von Widmann        (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
                             (from 27 Jun 1881,
Bohuslav Freiherr von Widmann)
 2 Jul 1890 -  7 Jul 1890  Victor
Freiherr von Puthon (acting)(b. 1842 - d. 1919) 
 7 Jul 1890 - 13 Dec 1901  Franz Carl Graf Merveldt           (b. 1844 - d. 1916)
13 Dec 1901 - 21 Dec 1901  Benedict Ritter von Hebenstreit    (b. 1840 - d. 1904)
                             (acting for Merveldt)
21 Dec 1901 - 26 Mar 1906  Erwin
Freiherr von Schwartzenau    (b. 1858 - d. 1926)
19 Mar 1906 -  7 Apr 1913  Markus
Freiherrvon Spiegelfeld     (b. 1858 - d. 1943) 
                             (acting [for
Schwartzenau to 26 Mar 1906] to 4 Sep 1907)
 5 Apr 1913 - Apr 1913     Adolf
Freiherr von Rungg           (b. 1858 - d. 1944)
                             (acting for
Spiegelfeld)
 7 Apr 1913 - Jun 1917     Friedrich Graf von Toggenburg      (b. 1866 - d. 1956)
Jun 1917 -  8 Nov 1917     Georg Pockels (acting)             (b. 1864 - d. 1953)
 8 Nov 1917 - 12 Nov 1918  Rudolf Graf von Meran              (b. 1872 - d. 1959)


Landeshauptleute
 6 Apr 1636 - 1647         Dominik Vigil Graf Spaur           (b. 1598 - d. 1647)
 5 Apr 1647 - 1651         Veit Benno Graf Brandis            (b. 1606 - d. 1662)
1651 - 20 Nov 1660         Anton Freiherr Girardi zu Castell  (b. 1602 - d. 1660)
21 Jan 1661 - 25 Mar 1675  Johann Dominik Graf von Wolkenstein(b. 1620 - d. 1675)
                             -Trostburg
13 Mar 1676 - 1695         Johann Georg Graf Künigl-Ehrenburg (b. 1628 - d. 1697)
1695 - May 1739            Sebastian Johann Georg Graf        (b. 1663 - d. 1739)
                             Künigl-Ehrenburg
May 1739 -  6 Feb 1774     Paris Kaspar Dominik Graf          (b. 1696 - d. 1774)
                             Wolkenstein zu Trostburg
 6 Feb 1774 -  7 Jan 1787  Johann Gottfried Graf Heister      (b. 1718 - d. 1800)
 7 Jan 1787 - 17 Aug 1790  Wenzel Graf Sauer von und zu       (b. 1742 - d. 1799)
                             Ankenstein, Freiherr von Kosiak 
1790 - 15 Mar 1791         Franz Joseph Graf von Lodron-      (b. 1745 - d. 1791)
                             Laterano
19 Aug 1791 - 23 Sep 1793  Johann Nepomuk Graf Spaur          (b. 1724 - d. 1793)
1793 - 11 Feb 1806         Paris Graf von Wolkenstein-        (b. 1740 - d. 1814)
                             Rodenegg 
1806 - 1860                Post abolished
27 Nov 1860 - 28 Feb 1861  Leopold Graf von Wolkenstein zu    (b. 1800 - d. 1862)
                             Trostburg
22 Mar 1861 - 26 Feb 1862  Hieronymus Graf von Klebelsberg    (b. 1800 - d. 1862)
                             zu Thumburg
26 Feb 1862 - 22 Dec 1866  Johann Kiechl                      (b. 1804 - d. 1893)
15 Feb 1867 - 15 Jun 1869  Johann Baptist Hasslwanter         (b. 1805 - d. 1869)
29 Jul 1869 - Aug 1871     Eduard Grebmer von Wolfsthurn      (b. 1821 - d. 1875)
14 Sep 1871 - 11 Apr 1877  Franz Xaver Maria Joseph Ritter    (b. 1823 - d. 1889) 
                             von Rapp-Heidenburg (1st time)
11 Apr 1877 -  8 Jul 1881  Wilhelm von Bossi-Fedrigotti       (b. 1823 - d. 1905)
                             von Belmonte
 9 Jul 1881 - 29 Jul 1881  Arthur Graf von Wolkenstein-       (b. 1837 - d. 1907) 
                             Rodenegg (acting)
29 Jul 1881 - 19 Sep 1889  Franz Xaver Maria Joseph Freiherr  (s.a.) 
                             von Rapp-Heidenburg (2nd time) 
19 Sep 1889 - 30 Sep 1889  Karl Freiherr von Hippoliti        (b. 1826? - d. ....)
                            
(acting)
30 Sep 1889 - 25 Apr 1904  Anton Graf von Brandis             (b. 1832 - d. 1907)
27 Aug 1904 -  1 Oct 1916  Theodor Kathrein                   (b. 1842 - d. 1916)
                             (from 22 Jan 1910, Theodor Freiherr von Kathrein)
 4 Oct 1916 -  2 Jun 1917  Aemilian Schöpfer                  (b. 1858 - d. 1936)  Soc
 2 Jun 1917 -  6 Jun 1921  Josef Schraffl                     (b. 1855 - d. 1922)  Soc


Vorarlberg
 
[AH Flag of
                Vorarlberg]
                      1861 - 1918
 

Note: Unlike most of the other territories which became part of the Habsburg realm
the region which was to become Vorarlberg, did not form one polity before its
annexation. The area was divided into several minor polities units, which were taken over by
the Habsburgs between 1363 and 1814. 

 8 Apr 1363                Lordship of Neuburg a Habsburg possession (Herrschaft Neuburg).
 8 Apr 1363 -  9 Mar 1801  Vorarlberg a district of Vorderösterreich
30 Apr 1379                County of Feldkirch (est. 8 Nov 1260) incorporated
                             (under imperial administration 1415-1436)
                             (Grafschaft Feldkirch).
 5 Apr 1394                Lordship of Bludenz incorporated (Herrschaft Bludenz).
12 Jul 1451                County of Bregenz (est. 8 Nov 1260) incorporated
                             (southern portion added 5 Sep 1523)(Grafschaft Bregenz).
13 Mar 1473                County of Sonnenberg (16 Jul 1455-11 Aug 1463 Lordship of
                             Sonnenberg) incorporated (Herrschaft Sonnenberg).
11 Mar 1765                Imperial County of Hohenems (24 Jan 1333 founded;
                             from 27 Apr 1560 Imperial County) incorporated
                             (Reichsherrschaft Hohenems).
 8 May 1767                Imperial Ranch (or farm) of Lustenau incorporated (annexed
                             by Bavaria 1 Sep 1806-7 Jun 1814) (Reichshof Lustenau).
 1 Dec 1783                Kreis- und Oberamt in Vorarlberg organized within Tirol.
23 Jun 1804                Imperial Free County of St. Gerold (est. 25 Nov 1648) and

                             Imperial County of Blumenegg (est. 1396) incorporated
                            (Reichsfreie Herrschaft St. Gerold & Reichsherrschaft Blumenegg).
13 Nov 1805 - 24 Dec 1805  French occupation
24 Dec 1805 - 13 Mar 1806  Bavarian occupation
13 Mar 1806 - 19 May 1809  Annexed to Bavaria (formally from 1 Jun 1806).
19 May 1809 - 25 May 1809  Pro-Austrian rebellion interrupts Bavarian rule.
25 May 1809 - 29 May 1809  French occupation.
29 May 1809 -  6 Aug 1809  Austrian rule restored (subordinate to Tirol).
 6 Aug 1809 - 29 Aug 1809  French occupation.
29 Aug 1809 - Nov 1809     Occupied by Württemberg.
Nov 1809 -  7 Jul 1814     Bavarian rule restored (from 7 Mar 1813, merged with Brünn
                             [see Tirol]).
 7 Jul 1814                Austrian rule restored (part of Tirol as Kreis Vorarlberg).
 1 Jan 1850                Vorarlberger Kreis, kreisregierung (county government) for
                             Vorarlberg established (within Tirol).
14 Sep 1852                Reorganized as Kreisbehörde (district office) with a Kreisvorsteher
                            
(county magistrate).
30 Nov 1854                Kreis Bregenz established, Kreisregierung abolished.
 1 Sep 1860 -  6 Apr 1861  Kreisamt abolished, Vorarlberg ruled directly by Tirol.
 
6 Apr 1861                Vorarlberg a separate Austrian crownland (no central imperial
                             authority in Vorarlberg itself, different Bezirkhauptmannschaften
                             [since 1868 Bludenz, Bregenz, and Feldkirch] being directly
                             dependent of the government in Tirol).

Rulers (title Herr von Neuburg, Graf von Bregenz und Montfort, Graf von Montfort zu Feldkirch, Herr von Bludenz, Reichsgraf von [from 1765 Hohenems,] Sonnenberg, Reichsherr von Blumenegg, 
Reichsfreier und Herr von St. Gerold, etc.)
 8 Apr 1363 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes Austria (s.a.) 
25 Dec 1805 -  7 Jul 1814  the kings of Bavaria
 7 Jul 1814 - 11 Nov 1918  the archdukes Austria (s.a.) 
Reichsgrafen von Hohenems
20 Oct 1675 - 16 Mar 1716  Franz Karl Anton                   (b. 1650 - d. 1716)
16 Mar 1716 -  5 Nov 1759  Franz Wilhelm                      (b. 1692 - d. 1759)
 5 Nov 1759 - 11 Mar 1765  Maria Rebekka Josepha Gräfin       (b. 1742 - d. 1806)
                             von Harrach (f)
Landvögte und Kreishauptleute in Vorarlberg   
 1 Dec 1783 - 1789         Karl von Schenk
1789 - 10 Aug 1796         Ignaz Anton von Indermauer         (b. 1759 - d. 1796)
                             (acting to 1791)
Jan 1797 - 1805            Johann Jakob Matthäus Ritter von   (b. 1740 - d. 1805)
                             Vicari
1805 - 1806                .... (acting)
1806 - 13 Mar 1806         Franz von Vintler, Ritter zu       (b. 1768 - d. 1807)
                             Platsch und Rungglstein
                           (Kreis-Kommissär 1 Jan 1807 - 22 Apr 1807)   
13 Mar 1806 - 19 May 1809  annexed to Bavaria
Austrian Spezial-Landes-Kommissär in Vorarlberg 
19 May 1809 - 25 May 1809  Anton Schneider (in rebellion)     (b. 1777 - d. 1820)   
French Commandant (in Bregenz) 
25 May 1809 - 29 May 1809  Joseph-Denis Picard                (b. 1761 - d. 1826)
Austrian General-Kommissär 
29 May 1809 -  6 Aug 1809  Anton Schneider                    (s.a.)
French Commandant 
 6 Aug 1809 - 29 Aug 1809  Marc-Antoine Bonin, comte de       (b. 1763 - d. 1830)
                             Beaumont 
Württemberg Commandant (of Observationskorps am Bodensee)
29 Aug 1809 - Nov 1809     Ludwig Wilhelm von Koseritz        (b. 1756 - d. 1817)
Nov 1809 -  7 Jul 1814     annexed to Bavaria
Austrian Kreishauptleute           
1814 - 1822                Franz Anton Daubrawa von           (b. 1763 - d. 1836)
                             Daubraweik
1822 - 31 Dec 1849         Johann Nepomuk Ebner von           (b. 1790 - d. 1876)
                             Rofenstein (from 30 Mar 1839, Johann
                             Nepomuk Ebner, Ritter von Rofenstein)
Kreis-Präsident (county president) 
 1 Jan 1850 - 30 Nov 1854  Silvester von Hammerer             (b. 1791 - d. 1861)
                             (from 16 Jul 1851, Silvester Ritter von Hammerer)
Kreisvorsteher (county magistrate)
 1 Dec 1854 - 27 Mar 1856  Silvester Ritter von Hammerer      (s.a.)
27 Mar 1856 -  1 Aug 1856  .... (acting)
 1 Aug 1856 - 31 Aug 1860  Sebastian Franz Xaver Aloys von    (b. 1801 - d. 1884)
                             Froschauer
 1 Sep 1860 -  6 Apr 1861  direct rule by Tirol
Statthalter
 
6 Apr 1861 - 12 Nov 1918  the Statthalter of Tirol 

Landeshauptleute
 6 Apr 1861 - 1873         Sebastian Froschauer               (s.a.)
27 Jun 1873 - 1878         Anton Jussel                       (b. 1816 - d. 1878)
21 Sep 1878 - 1890         Karl Graf Belrupt-Tissac           (b. 1826 - d. 1903)
21 Sep 1890 - 1918         Adolf Rhomberg                     (b. 1851 - d. 1921)



Vorderösterreich (Vorlande)

[Austrian flag]

Map of  Vorderösterreich
(after 1648)
Capital: Freiburg im Breisgau (Günzburg 1803-1805;
Ensisheim 1415-1651;
Baden in Aargau
11th cent - 1445)

Note: Unlike most of the other territories which became part of the Habsburg realm the region of Anterior Austria which was called Vorderösterreich (Further Austria) or the Vorlande, did not form one contiguous polity. The area was divided into several minor polities, which were taken over by the Habsburgs between 1301 and 1780. The Habsburg dynasty ruled over a number of territories scattered over southwestern Germany - the Sundgau, in the Alsace (until 1648); the Breisgau; the Burgau with the (future) Vorarlberg being final remaining part. Summarily they were referred to as Vorlande or Vorderösterreich.

1089                       Landgraviate of Upper-Alsace (Nordgau) a Habsburg possession.
1172/73                    West of Zürichgau in hands of the Habsburgs who hold the Aargau.
1120 - 1219                Freiburg im Breisgau a Free Imperial City. 1301                       Margraviate of Burgau (Markgrafschaft Burgau) a Habsburg possession.
1324 - 1648                Sundgau a Habsburg possession (occupied by Sweden 1632-34
                             and by France 1634-48). 
1330                       Rheinfelden and Schaffhausen Habsburg possessions. 
1331                       Neuenburg am Rhein and Breisach (occupied by France 1639-97,
                             1703-14) acquired.
 8 Apr 1363 -  9 Mar 1801  (Future) Vorarlberg area a district of Vorderösterreich
1368                       Breisgau a Habsburg possession.
26 Oct 1381                County of Hohenberg (Grafschaft Hohenberg) a Habsburg possession.
1415                       Schaffhausen and also the Aargau with Baden, seat of the Habsburg
                             administration is lost; Ensisheim (in Alsace) new seat of
                             the Vorlande - subordinated to Tyrol.
1458                       Rapperswil lost to the Swiss Confederation.
1458 - 1735                County of Falkenstein (Grafschaft Falkensteina Habsburg possession
1465                       Landgraviate of Nellenburg (Landgrafschaft Nellenburg) a Habsburg
                             possession.
1469 - 1474                Vorderösterreich pawned to Charles, duke of Burgundy.
1480                       Thurgau lost to the Swiss Confederation.
1484                       Sold to Duke of Bavaria, but later retaken by Emperor Maximilian I.
1491 - 13 Aug 1802         Fricktal a Habsburg possession (occupied by France 1797-1802,
                             then part of Switzerland).
11 Oct 1548                Free Imperial City of Constance annexed to Austria
                             (formerly a free imperial city 1192-1548).
1556                       Ortenau a Habsburg possession.
1632 - 1634                Occupied by France.
1638 - 1651                Regency of Ensisheim ceases all activities.
May 1644 -  2 Aug 1644     Occupied by France.
24 Oct 1648                Sundgau, Nordgau (Alsace) and the territories on the left bank of
                             the Rhine ceded to France.
1651                       Freiburg im Breisgau new seat of government, remains subordinate
                             to Tyrol.
1677 - 1678                Breisgau occupied by France.
1713 - 1714                Breisgau occupied by France.
1741 - 1745                Breisgau occupied by France.
1753                       Vorderösterreich a separate province (separated from Tyrol) with 2
                             seats: Freiburg and Constance, from 1759 Freiburg only.
1755                       Argen, Schomburg and Wasserburg become Habsburg possessions.
1780                       Imperial County of Tettnang (Reichsgrafschaft Tettnang) a Habsburg
                             possession.
 9 Mar 1801                Duchy of Modena-Breisgau (Herzogtum Modena-Breisgau); Breisgau and
                             Ortenau transferred effectively in 1803.
13 Aug 1802                Fricktal annexed to Switzerland (see under Aargau).
18 May 1803                Swabian bailiwicks formed into Schwäbish-Österreich (Austrian
                             Swabia) province, also called Vorderösterreich; with seat at
                             Günzburg in Burgau.
25 Dec 1805                Altdorf, Breisgau, Breisach, Constance, Nellenburg, Neuenburg am
                             Rhein and Ortenau annexed by Baden; Hohenberg and Freiburg im
                             Breisgau annexed by Württemburg; Burgau, Tettnang and the
                             Vorarlberg annexed by Bavaria.
28 Feb 1810                Freiburg im Breisgau ceded to Baden and Tettnang to Württemburg.
 7 Jul 1814                Vorarlberg is restored to Austria (see Vorarlberg).


Regenten zu Vorderösterreich (
Regents of Vorderösterreich)
1402 - 24 Jun 1439         Friedrich IV                         (b. 1382 - d. 1439)
1446 - 1490                Siegmund (Sigismund)                 (b. 1427 - d. 1496) 
25 Jul 1564 - 24 Jun 1595  Ferdinand II von Tirol               (b. 1529 - d. 1595)
1595 - 1602                Rudolf II                            (b. 1552 - d. 1612)
1602 - 12 Nov 1618         Maximilan III                        (b. 1558 - d. 1618)
1619 - 13 Sep 1632         Leopold V (governor to 1623)         (b. 1586 - d. 1632)
13 Sep 1632 - 30 Dec 1662  Ferdinand Karl                       (b. 1628 - d. 1662) 
30 Dec 1662 - 25 Jun 1665  Sigismund Franz                      (b. 1630 - d. 1665)
Dukes (title Herzog von Modena)

 9 Mar 1801 - 14 Oct 1803  Ercole von Este Herzog von Modena    (b. 1727 - d. 1803) 
                             (did not take office)
14 Oct 1803 - 29 Dec 1805  Ferdinand Karl Erzherzog von         (b. 1754 - d. 1806)
                             Österreich-Este

Statthalter
1579 - 12 Nov 1600         Andreas von Österreich Bischof von   (b. 1558 - d. 1600)
                             Konstanz (from 19 Nov 1576, Kardinal
                             Adreas von Österreich

1600 - 1605?               ....
1605? - 1629               Johann Christoph von Stadion
1629 - 1635?               Hans Reinhard von Schauenburg
1635? - 1651               Vacant?
1651 - 1653?               Klaus Dietrich Freiherr von          (b. 1600 - d. 1653)
                             Sperreuter
1653 - 1663                Humbert von Wessenberg
1663 - 1671                Johann Reinhard von Pfirt (Pfirdt)   (d. 1675)
1672 - 1705                Johann Friedrich von Kageneck        (b. 1633 - d. 1705)
1705 - 1717                Dionysius
Freiherr von Rost          (d. 1730)
1705 - May 1717            Karl Philipp Pfalzgraf von Neuburg   (b. 1661- d. 1742)
                            (gubernator Tirol und zu Ober-und
                             Vorderösterreichischen landen; in Innsbruck)
1717 - 1741                Ferdinand Hartmann von Sickingen-
                             Hohenburg                          (b. 1673 - d. 1742)
1741 - 1752                Joseph Graf von Welsperg
Regierungspräsidenten
1752 - 1769                Anton Thaddäus Freiherr Vogt von
                             Summerau
                             (in Freiburg for Breisagu 1752-1759)
26 Apr 1752 - 24 Jul 1759
 Joseph Graf von Welsperg
                             (in 
Constance for Vorarlberg and Bregenz)
1769 - 1781                Ferdinand Karl Freiherr von Ulm      (b. 1725 - d. 1781)
                             auf Erbach
1782 - 1791                Johann Freiherr von Posch            (b. 1722 - d. 1803)
1791 - 1805                Joseph Johann Nepomuk Freiherr Vogt  (b. 1749 - d. 1817)
                             von Sumerau


Landvögte
1531 - 1538                Gangolf von Geroldseck (1st time)
1534 - 12 Dec 1539         Gabriel von Salamanca Graf von
                             Ortenburg                          (d. 1539)
1540 - 1546                Gangolf von Geroldseck (2nd time)
1546 - 1554                Hans Marquard von Königseck
1554 - 1557                Georg von Helfenstein
1557 - 1560                Johann Christoph von Falkenstein     (b. c.1500 - d. 1568)
1560 - 1562                Philipp von Eberstein
1563 - 1566                Ulrich von Montfort
1567 - 1572                Alwig von Sulz                       (d. 1572)
1572 - 1579                Carl von Zollern
1580 - 1585                Georg von Thurn zu Valsassina
1585 - 12 Nov 1600         Andreas von Österreich Bischof von
   (s.a.)
                             Konstanz (from 19 Nov 1576, Kardinal
                             Adreas von Österreich

1601 - 1616                Rudolf Freiherr von Bollweiler       (b. c.1560 - d. 1616)
1617 - 1622                Frobenius Graf von Helfenstein       (b. 1573 - d. 1622)
                             Freiherr zu Gundelfingen
1623 - 1629                Ludwig Ernst Graf von Sulz
                           + Johann Ernst von Fugger
                           + Egon VIII von Fürstenberg          (b. 1588 - d. 1635)
                           + Jacob von Fürstenberg
1629 - 11 Oct 1630         Johann Jakob von Bronckhorst-
       (b. 1582 - d. 1630)
                             Batenburg Graf von Bronckhorst-
                             Anholt                    
1630 - 1638/42?            Wilhelm Markgraf von Baden-Baden     (b. 1593 - d. 1677)

1638/42? - 1651            Vacant?

President of the Ober und Vorderösterreichischen Gubernium
14 Dec 1772 - Feb 1774     Johann Gottfried Graf von Heister    (b. 1718 - d. 1800) 


Westgalizien (1796-1809): see West Galicia under Poland


TRANSLEITHANIAN (from 1867, HUNGARIAN) CROWN LANDS

Ungarn: see Hungary

Kroatien: see Croatia

Stadt und Gebiet Fiume: see Fiume under Croatia

Ruthenien: see Ruthenia under Ukraine

Siebenbürgen: see Transylvania under Romania

Slawonien (Slavonia): see Croatia

Wojwodschaft Serbien: see Vojvodina under Serbia


JOINT AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN PROVINCE


Bosnien und die Herzegovina: see Bosnia-Hercegovina






© Ben Cahoon