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Hungary
 
[Kingdom of Hungary 997-1307,
                                    1382-1804]
                      c.997 - 1307; 
                      1382 - 1804
 
[Kingdom of Hungary 1307-1382]
                      1307 - 1382
 
[Austria-Hungary, 1804]
                  1804 - 22 Mar 1848; 
            13 Aug 1849 - 21 Dec 1867
[Flag of
                                    Hungary (Transleithania 1867-1918)]
          22 Mar 1848 - 13 Aug 1849;
          12 Nov 1918 - 20 Mar 1919;
          (22 Mar 1919 -  6 Aug 1919 
           Arad counter government)
 
[State Flag of the Hungarian
                                    revolution]
  22 Mar 1848 - 13 Aug 1849 Revolt Flag
[Hungarian Ensign, 1848 –
                                    1918]
         1867 - 1918  Hungarian Ensign
[Hungary State Flag 1867-1915,
                                    1920-1945 variant]
            21 Dec 1867 - 15 Oct 1915;
            1920 - 1 Feb 1946 Alternate
[Hungarian State Flag
                                    1915-1918]
            15 Oct 1915 - 12 Nov 1918
[Austria-Hungary Merchant
                                    Ensign, 1869 - 1918]
           1 Aug 1869 - 12 Nov 1918
        Austria-Hungary Merchant Flag
[Hungarian Soviet Republic
                                    1919]
           21 Mar 1919 - 3 Aug 1919
 
[Hungarian State Flag
                                    1919-1946]
            6 Aug 1919 -  1 Feb 1946
[Hungarian State flag
                                    1946-1949, 1956-57]  
             1 Feb 1946 - 18 Aug 1949; 
             25 Oct 1956 - 1 Oct 1957
[Flag of
                                    People's Republic of Hungary
                                    1949-1956]
            18 Aug 1949 - 25 Oct 1956
 
[Hungarian State Flag
                                    1957-1989]
              1 Oct 1957 - 23 Oct 1989 

[Flag of
                                    Hungary]
              Re-adopted 23 Oct 1989 
Map of Hungary Hear National Anthem
 "Himnusz" (Hymn)
Text of National Anthem
 Adopted 1844
Constitution
(1 Jan 2012)
-------------------------------
Former Constitution

(20 Aug 1949 - 31 Dec 2011)
Capital: Budapest
(Székesfehérvár and
Esztergom 1000-1256;
Buda 1256-1315, 1408-1536;
 
Temesvár 1315-1323;
 Visegrád 1323-1408;
Pozsony [
Pressburg/
Bratislava] 1536-1784;
Buda 1784-14 Nov 1873,
Debrecen 1849, 1944)
Currency: Forint (HUF);
1925-1946 Hungarian Pengoe
(HUP);
1946 Hungarian
Red Army Pengoe (HRU);
 1918-1925 Hungarian Korona (HUK)
National Holidays: 20 Aug
Szent István Ünnepe
(Saint Stephen's Day)
------------------------------------
15 Mar (1848)
Nemzeti Ünnep
(National Day)
Population: 9,939,470 (2013)
Map of Hungary
1918-1920
Currency 1524-1918:
1892-1918 Austro-Hungarian
Kronen (ATK); 1857-1892
 Austro-Hungarian Gulden
 (ATG); 1524-1857 Austrian
 Gulden (XATC)
1849 Declaration of
Independence
(14 Apr 1849)
Historic Population:
25,000,000 (1914)
4,679,600 (1942)
GDP: $196.6 billion (2013)
Exports: $92.9 billion (2013)
Imports: $89.5 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or
unknown 5.8% (2001)
Total Armed Forces: 29,450 (2010)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%,
Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%,
none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: AG, ANT, APM, BIS, BSEC (dialogue partner), BTWC, CCM, CE, CEI, CERN, CFE, CTBT, CWC, DC, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ENMOD, ESA (cooperating state), ESCR, EU, Eutelsat, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, MTCR, NATO, NEA, NPT, NSG, NTBT, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Hungary Index
Chronology 

 9 BC - c.400 AD           West of the Danube River part of the Roman Empire.
c.400 - 454                Hun rule based in Pannonia.
454 - 526                  Ostrogothic rule.
526 - Apr 568              Lombard (Langobard) rule.
Apr 568 - c.805            Avar rule Pannonia.
c.805 - c.896              Frankish rule west of the Danube River, Bulgarian
                             rule to the east of the Danube.
c.896                      Hungarian (
Magyar) settlement of the Danube plain.
25 Dec 1000                Kingdom of Hungary
1102 - 1918                Croatia attached to the Kingdom of Hungary as
                             claimed in the Pacta Conventa.
11 Apr 1241 - 1242         Mongol invasion and occupation devastates large
                             areas of Hungary.
 8 Sep 1290 - 18 Aug 1295  Carlo Martello of Naples, son of Mária of Hungary
                             the daughter of King István V, is set up by Pope
                             Nicholaus IV as King of Hungary, as the successor
                             of his uncle the childless László IV, against
                             whom Pope had already earlier declared a crusade.
14 Jan 1301                End of the founding Árpád dynasty.
 4 Feb 1403 - Oct 1403     Insurrection in Croatia as Ladislao II of Naples
                             tries to restore Angevin rule in Hungary and is
                             crowned King of Hungary at Zara in Dalmatia.
15 May 1440 - 16 Dec 1442  Civil war erupts when the infant heir, László VI
                             "Uutószülött" ("the Posthumous"), is crowned
                             King, but the Diet of Hungary declares his
                             coronation invalid and elects the Polish
                             monarch as King. Guardianship over László VI is
                             given over to Habsburg Friedrich V Archduke
                             of Austria 23 Aug 1440 - 4 Sep 1452.
29 Jun 1440 - 10 Nov 1444  Personal union with Poland.
29 Jun 1490 - 29 Aug 1526  Personal union with Bohemia under the Jagiello
                             (Jagelló) dynasty.
17 Nov 1490                Habsburg Maximilian of Austria claims the crown
                            (by right of the 1463 treaty of succession) taking
                             Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg), which is
                             occupied until 29 Jul 1491.
 7 Nov 1491               
Maximilian waives his claim in exchange for renewed
                             right of succession (ratified 6 Dec 1491).
29 Aug 1526                At Battle of Mohács the Ottoman Empire defeats
                        Hungarian and Bohemian forces killing King Lajos
                        II and pillaging Buda.
10 Nov 1526                János Szápolyai (Zápolyai) voivode of Transylvania
                             is elected king of Hungary and crowned next day.
16 Dec 1526                Habsburg Archduke
of Austria Ferdinand is elected
                             King of Hungary, he ousts János on 20 Aug 1527 by
                             capturing the capital and is formally crowned on
                             3 Nov 1527.
16 Dec 1526 - 12 Nov 1918  In personal union with Austria under the Habsburg
                             (from 29 Nov 1780, Habsburg-Lothringen) dynasty.
20 Aug 1527                Ferdinand I occupies Buda and
Szápolyai flees to
                             Poland. Szápolyai is defeated again 20 Mar 1528.
14 Sep 1529 - 21 Jul 1540  János I Szápolyai
is restored by Ottoman
                             intervention and submits to Ottoman suzerainty.
24 Feb 1538                Hungarian civil war terminated by the Treaty of
                             Nagyvárad (or Grosswardein), both parties
                            (Habsburg Archduke Ferdinand I and former voivode
                             of Transylvania János Szápolyai [Zápolyai])
                             are recognized and both keep the title "king of
                             Hungary" and their current territories (Szápolyai
                             in eastern and Ferdinand in western or royal
                             Hungary), the potential Szápolyai heir becomes
                             a "duke" only (peace ratified 10 Jun 1538).
29 Aug 1541                Ottoman rule in Buda (Ofen) by submission.
                             Danube/Tisza area becomes an Ottoman province,
                             Ottoman intervention reduces the Habsburg
                             sphere, the area beyond Tisza River remains
                             under Transylvania rule under János II (in
                             opposition to Ferdinand).
29 Aug 1541 - 26 Jan 1699  Partitioned between Austria and Ottoman Empire.
 2 Sep 1686                Austrian Habsburg forces liberate Buda (Ofen).
26 Jan 1699                Austrian Habsburgs expel remaining Ottoman forces.
19 Jul 1831 - Aug 1831     Great peasant uprising in north eastern Hungary.
15 Mar 1848                Hungarian Revolution of 1848 begins.
13 Dec 1848                Austrian invasion begins (occupying Buda [Ofen] 
                             and Pest on 5 Jan 1849, briefly retaken by the
                             revolutionaries 21 May - 18 Jul 1849).
14 Apr 1849                Independence from Austria declared (Hungary).
17 Jun 1849                Russian begins invasion on behalf of Austria.
13 Aug 1849                Hungarian rebellious government surrenders (later
                             capitulations of fortresses: 26 Aug 1849 Munkács,
                             5 Sep 1849 Peterwardein and 27 Sep 1849 Komorn).
24 Oct 1849                Austria dis-annexes Croatia and Transylvania
                             from Hungary. Hungary is divided into five
                             military districts (Pressburg, Kaschau,
                             Grosswardein, Pest-Ofen and Ödenburg) and (18 Nov
                             1849 - 27 Dec 1860) the governorate of Temesch
                             and Serbian Vojvodina.
13 Sep 1850                Provisional civil administration established.
20 Oct 1860                Hungarian diet restored, limited self-rule.
10 Mar 1867                Kingdom of Hungary (restored) in personal union
                             with Austria.
21 Dec 1867                "Hungarian half" of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
                             ("Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown")(incl.
                             Croatia, Fiume, Slavonia and Transylvania).
28 Oct 1918                Independence of Czechoslovak State declared.
29 Oct 1918                Independence of Croat and Slovene State declared.
31 Oct 1918                Hungary declares independence
16 Nov 1918                Hungarian People's Republic
21 Mar 1919                Hungarian Conciliar ("Soviet") Republic 
 5 May 1919 - 22 Aug 1919  Hungary (counter-revolutionary government in Arad
                             then Szeged).
24 Jun 1919                Socialist Federative Conciliar ("Soviet") Republic
                             of Hungary
 2 Aug 1919                Hungarian People's Republic (restored).
 4 Aug 1919 - 14 Nov 1919  Occupied by Romania.
 6 Aug 1919                Hungary (monarchy tacitly restored).
 1 Mar 1920                Hungarian Kingdom ("kingdom with vacant throne").
 4 Jun 1920                Hungary reduced to ethnic core. Hungary formally 
                             surrenders Fiume; cedes Croatia, Slavonia,
                             Vojvodina, western Banat, Bosnia-Hercegovia, 
                             and Prekmurje-Medjimurje to Serb-Croat-Slovene
                             state; Transylvania and eastern Banat are
                             ceded to Romania; Carpatho-Ruthenia, Slovakia
                             including Pozsony/Pressburg (Bratislava) are
                             ceded to Czechoslovakia; and West Hungary
                        (Burgenland) is ceded to Austria by the Treaty
                             of Trianon (ratified on 21 Jun 1921).
21-24 Oct 1921             Attempted restoration of the
Habsburg monarchy;
                             Habsburg rights to throne are voided 6 Nov 1921.
30 Aug 1940 - 11 Mar 1945  Northern Transylvania annexed from Rumania.
 1 Apr 1944 -  4 Apr 1945  Occupied by Germany.
19 Oct 1944 - 15 Sep 1947  Allied (Soviet) occupation.
21 Dec 1944                Hungarian State
 1 Feb 1946                Hungarian Republic
20 Aug 1949                Hungarian People's Republic
24 Oct 1956 -  5 Nov 1956  Anti-Communist rebellion; ended by invasion of
                             Soviet Union forces.
23 Oct 1989                Republic of Hungary (Hungarian Republic)
 1 Jan 2012                Hungary
Ottoman Hungary
(1541 - 1686)
Romanian
Occupation

(1919)
German Occupation
(1944 - 1945)
Allied Occupation
(1944 - 1947)
Hungarian Catholic
Church
 
Historical Maps
of Hungary
 
 
 
 

General Secretaries of the Hungarian Communist Party (from 12 Jun 1948,
Hungarian Workers' Party)
22 Feb 1945 - 18 Jul 1956  Mátyás Rákosi                      (b. 1892 - d. 1971)
                            (acting 28 Jun - 31 Oct 1953)
28 Jun 1953 - 31 Oct 1953  József Révai                       (b. 1898 - d. 1959)
                           + Lajos Ácz                        (b. 1922 - d. 1968)
                           + Béla Vég                         (b. 1922)
                           (acting)
18 Jul 1956 - 25 Oct 1956  Ernő Gerő                          (b. 1898 - d. 1980)
25 Oct 1956 - 30 Oct 1956  János József Kádár                 (b. 1912 - d. 1989)
First Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
30 Oct 1956 - 28 Mar 1985  János József Kádár                 (s.a.)
General Secretaries of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
28 Mar 1985 - 22 May 1988  János József Kádár                 (s.a.)
22 May 1988 -  7 Oct 1989  Károly Grósz                       (b. 1930 - d. 1996)
                           ("leading role" of the party abolished 20 Feb 1989)


Ruler (style Gyula)
8.. - 904                  Kurszán (Kussan)                   (d. 904)
Rulers (style Kende)
c.895 - 907                Árpád fia Álmos                    (b. 85. - d. 907)

907 - 92.                  Tarhos fia Árpád                   (b. 87. - d. 92.)
92. - 92.                  Üllő fia Árpád                     (b. 88. - d. 92.)
92. - c.933                Jutas fia Árpád                    (b. 88. - d. 93.)   
c.933 - c.947              Solt (Zoltán) fia Árpád            (b. 89. - d. c.947)
c.947 - Oct? 955           Fajsz (Falicsi) fia Jutas          (b. 90. - d. 955?)
Oct? 955 – 971             Taksony fia Solt                   (b. 92. – d. 971)
971 -  1 Feb 997           Gyécsa (Géza) fia Taksony          (b. c.943 - d. 997) 
 1 Feb 997 - 25 Dec 1000   Vajk István fia Gyécsa             (b. c.969 - d. 1038) 
Kingsą (1526-1849, also rulers of Austria)
25 Dec 1000 - 15 Aug 1038  István I ("Szent István")          (s.a.)
                            
(= Vajk István)("Saint Stephen")
15 Aug 1038 - 1041         Péter I (1st time)                 (b. 1012 - d. 1060)
                            
(Pietro di Ottone Orseolo)
1041 -  5 Jul 1044         Sámuel Aba                         (b. c.990 - d. 1044)
 
5 Jul 1044 - Oct? 1046    Péter I (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
Oct? 1046 -  6 Dec 1060    András I "Fehér"("White")(Endre I) (b. 1014 - d. 1060)
 6 Dec 1060 - Aug 1063     Béla I "Bajnok" (Adalbert)         (b. 1016 - d. 1063)
                            
("the Champion")
Jul 1063 - 1063            .... -Palatine
                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
1063 - 14 Mar 1074         Salamon (Salomon)                  (b. 1052 - d. 1087)

14 Mar 1074 - 25 Apr 1077  Géza I (Geyza I) (Magnus)          (b. c.1044 - d. 1077)
25 Apr 1077 - 29 Jul 1095  László I ("Szent László")          (b. c.1046 - d. 1095)
                            
("Saint Ladislaus")
29 Jul 1095 -  3 Feb 1116  Kálmán "Könyves" (Colomanus)       (b. c.1065 - d. 1116)
                            
("the Book-Lover")
 3 Feb 1116 -  1 Mar 1131  István II (Stephanus)              (b. 1101 - d. 1131)
 
1 Mar 1131 - 28 Apr 1131  .... -Palatine
                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
28 Apr 1131 - 13 Feb 1141  Béla II "Vak" ("the Blind")        (b. 1109 - d. 1141) 
1131 - 22 Jul 1132         Borisz (Borić) (pretender)         (b. c.1114 - d. af.1155)
                            
(1st time)
13 Feb 1141 - 31 May 1162  Géza II (Geyza II)                 (b. c.1130 - d. 1162)
13 Feb 1141 - 1147         Belos (Beloš Urošić) -Regent       (b. 111. - d. af.1163)
1146 - 11 Sep 1146         Borisz (pretender) (2nd time)      (s.a.)
31 May 1162 - 15 Jul 1162  István III (1st time)              (b. 1147 - d. 1172) 

31 May 1162 - 15 Jul 1162  Regents
                           - Lukács Bánfi, érsek Esztergomi   (b. c.1120 - d. 1181)
                           - Hendrik Héder -Palatine
15 Jul 1162 - 14 Jan 1163  László II (Ladizlaus)              (b. 1132 - d. 1163)
14 Jan 1163 - 27 Jan 1163  Hendrik Héder (acting)  
27 Jan 1163 - 
4 Mar 1172  István III (2nd time)              (s.a.)
27 Jan 1163 - 11 Apr 1165 
István IV (pretender)              (b. 1133 - d. 1165)
 
4 Mar 1172 - 13 Jan 1173  Ampud -Palatine
                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
13 Jan 1173 - 23 Apr 1196  Béla III                           (b. 1148 - d. 1196)

23 Apr 1196 - 30 Nov 1204  Imre (Hemericus)                
  (b. 1174 - d. 1204)
30 Nov 1204 -  7 May 1205  László III (Ladizlaus)             (b. 1199 - d. 1205)
30 Nov 1204 - 29 May 1205  András, herceg Dalmáciai -Regent   (b. 1176 - d. 1235)
29 May 1205 - 21 Sep 1235  András II "Jeruzálemi"
(Endre II)  (s.a.)
                             (= András, herceg Dalmáciai)

1214 -  3 May 1270         Béla IV                            (b. 1206 - d. 1270)
                            
(co-ruler to 21 Sep 1235)
20 Aug 1245 -  6 Aug 1272  István V                           (b. 1239 - d. 1272)
                            
(co-ruler to 3 May 1270)
 6 Aug 1272 - 10 Jul 1290  László IV "Kun" ("the Cuman")      (b. 1262 - d. 1290)
 
6 Aug 1272 - 23 May 1277  Erzsébet (Elisabeth)(f) -Regent    (b. 1240 - d. af.1290)
10 Jul 1290 - 23 Jul 1290  Mizse -Palatine
                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
23 Jul 1290 - 14 Jan 1301  András III "Velencei" (Endre III)  (b. c.1266 - d. 1301) 
                             ("the Venetian")(pretender in 1278)
 6 Jan 1292
- 19 Aug 1295  Károly Martell (Carlo Martello)    (b. 1271 - d. 1295)
                             (pretender, in Naples)
14 Jan 1301 - 27 Aug 1301  Amadé (Omode) fia Dávid nembeli    (b. 12.. - d. 1311)
                             Aba -Palatine

                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
27 Aug 1301 -  9 Oct 1305  László V                           (b. 1289 - d. 1306)
                             (King of Poland
Waclaw III and Václáv III of Bohemia)
 
9 Oct 1305 -  5 Dec 1305  Jakab Kopasz fia Tamás nembeli     (b. 12.. - d. 1317)
                            
Borsa -Palatine 
                            
(ex officio locum tenens regius)
 
5 Dec 1305 - Jun 1307    
Béla V                             (b. 1261 - d. 1312)
                             (Duke of Bavaria
Otto III von Wittelsbach)
Jun 1307 - 10 Oct 1307     Palatines
                           - Loránd fia Lesuták nembeli Rátót (b. 12.. - d. af.1307)  
                           - István fia Erne nembeli Ákos     (b. 12.. - d. 131.)
                               (from Sep 1307)
                           - Máté fia Péter nembeli Csák      (b. c.1252 - d. 1321)
                           - Amadé fia Dávid
nemzetségi Alba  (s.a.)
                          
- Jakab Kopasz fia Tamás nembeli   (s.a.)
                               Borsa 
                           (ex officio locum tenens regius)
10 Oct 1307 - 16 Jul 1342  Károly I (
Károly Róbert)           (b. 1288 - d. 1342)
16 Jul 1342 - 11 Sep 1382  Lajos I "Nagy" ("the Great")       (b. 1326 - d. 1382)
                            
(from 5 Nov 1370, also King Ludwik I of Poland)
11 Sep 1382 - Dec 1385     Mária -Queen (1st time)            (b. 1371 - d. 1395)

11 Sep 1382 -  6 Oct 1385  Miklós Garai -Palatine             (b. 133. - d. 1386)
                            
(ex officio locum tenens regius)
 6 Oct 1385 - Dec 1385     Miklós Széchy felsőlendvai
-Palatine(b. 133. - d. 1387)
                            
(ex officio locum tenens regius)
Dec 1385 -  7 Feb 1386     Károly II "Kis"
("the Short")      (b. 1345 - d. 1386)
                             (King Carlo III of Naples ["Sicily"])
 
7 Feb 1386 -  4 Sep 1386  Mária -Queen (2nd time)            (s.a.)
25 Jul 1386 - 31 Mar 1387  Sigismund Markgraf zu Brandenburg  (b. 1368 - d. 1437)
                             (captain general
) (acting)
31 Mar 1387 -  9 Dec 1437  Zsigmond I "Luxemburgi"            (s.a.)
                            
(= Sigismund Markgraf zu Brandenburg)
                             (King of Germany Sigismund and Zikmund of Bohemia)
 
5 Aug 1403 - Oct 1403     László VI "Nápolyi"
("Neapolitan") (b. 1377 - d. 1414)
                             (in dissidence, in Dalmatia)
 
9 Dec 1437 -  1 Jan 1438  Lőrinc Hédervári -Palatine         (b. 140. - d. 1447)
                             (1st time)(ex officio locum tenens regius)
 1 Jan 1438 - 27 Oct 1439  Albert                             (b. 1397 - d. 1439) 
                             (from 15 Jun 1438, Archduke of Austria
                            
Albrecht V and King of Bohemia Albrecht)
27 Oct 1439 - 29 Jun 1440  Lőrinc Hédervári -Palatine         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(ex officio locum tenens regius)
22 Feb 1440 - 16 Dec 1442  László VI "Uutószülött" (1st time) (b. 1440 - d. 1457)
                             ("the Posthumous")
29 Jun 1440 - 10 Nov 1444  Ulászló I "Varnai"                 (b. 1423 - d. 1444)
                             (in Vienna 23 Aug 1440 - 4 Sep 1452)
                             (also King Wladysław III of Poland)
 1 Sep 1444 -  6 Jun 1446 
Lőrinc Hédervári -Palatine         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)(ex officio locum tenens regius)
 6 Jun 1446 -  9 Nov 1456  Vicar generals and governors
                           - János Hunyadi (to 11 Aug 1456)   (b. c.1386 - d. 1456)
                           - László Garai (acting)            (b. c.1410 - d. 1459)
                               (11 Aug 1456 - Oct 1456)
                           - Ulrich Graf zu Cilly und         (b. 1407 - d. 1456)
                              
Ortenburg (from Oct 1456)
2. Jan 1453 - 23 Nov 1457  László VI
"Uutószülött" (2nd time) (s.a.)
23 Nov 1457 - 24 Jan 1458  László Garai -Palatine             (s.a.)
                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
24 Jan 1458 -  6 Apr 1490  Mátyás I Hunyadi "Korvin" ("Raven")(b. 1443 - d. 1490) 
24 Jan 1458 - Aug 1458     Mihály Szilágyi horogszegi -Regent (b. 141. - d. 1461)
 
4 Mar 1459 - 19 Jul 1463  Frigyes  (in dissidence)           (b. 1415 - d. 1493)
                             (Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich III)
 
5 Dec 1487 -  9 Aug 1490  Orbán Dóczi nagylucsei, püspök     (b. 143. - d. 1491)
                            
Egri -Regent
 9 Aug 1490 - 13 Mar 1516  Ulászló II                         (b. 1456 - d. 1516)

                            
(King of Bohemia Vladislav V)
17 Nov 1490 -  7 Nov 1491  Miksa  (in dissidence)             (b. 1459 - d. 1519)
                             (Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I)
 4 Jun 1508 - 29 Aug 1526  Lajos II (Ludwik)                  (b. 1506 - d. 1526)

13 Mar 1516 - 11 Dec 1521  Regents
                           - Tamás
bíboros Bakócz (Bakács)    (b. 1442 - d. 1521)
                              (to 11 Jun 1521)  
                           - János Bornemisza                 (b. 14.. - d. 1527)
                           - Georg Markgraf zu Brandenburg    (b. 1484 - d. 1543)
                               in Ansbach   
29 Aug 1526 - 11 Nov 1526  István Báthory ecsedi
-Palatine    (b. 147. - d. 1530)
                             (ex officio Locum tenens regius)
11 Nov 1526 - 20 Aug 1527  János I Szápolyai (Zápolyai)       (b. 1487 - d. 1540)
                            
(1st time)
20 Aug 1527 - 14 Sep 1529  Ferdinánd I (1st time)             (b. 1503 - d. 1564)
                             (Archduke of Austria Ferdinand I)
14 Sep 1529 - 22 Jul 1540  János I
Szápolyai (2nd time)       (s.a.)
24 Dec 1530 - 29 Sep 1534  Aloisio Gritti -Regent             (b. 148. - d. 1534)

14 Sep 1529 - 22 Jul 1540  Ferdinánd I (in dissidence)        (s.a.)
22 Jul 1540 - 25 Jul 1564  Ferdinánd I (2nd time)             (s.a.)
13 Sep 1540 - 21 Jul 1551  János II (1st time) (in dissidence)(b. 1540 - d. 1571)
                             (János Zsigmond
Szápolyai [Zápolyai])
22 Oct 1556 - 14 Mar 1571
  János II
(2nd time) (in dissidence)(s.a.)
 
8 Sep 1563 - 12 Oct 1576  Miksa  (co-ruler to 25 Jul 1564)   (b. 1527 - d. 1576)
                             (also King Maxmilián I of Bohemia and from
                             25 Jul 1564 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II)
25 Sep 1572 - 19 Nov 1608  Rezsö 
(co-ruler to 12 Oct 1576)   (b. 1552 - d. 1612)
                             (Archduke of Austria Rudolf)
21 Mar 1606 - 19 Nov 1608  Matthias Erzherzog zu              (b. 1557 - d. 1619)  
                             Österreich -Regent
19 Nov 1608 -  1 Jul 1618  Mátyás II (=
Matthias)             (s.a.)
 
1 Jul 1618 - 15 Feb 1637  Ferdinánd II                       (b. 1578 - d. 1637)
 8 Dec
1626 -  2 Apr 1657  Ferdinánd III                      (b. 1608 - d. 1657)
                            
(co-ruler to 15 Feb 1637)
16 Jun 1647 -  9 Jul 1654  Ferdinánd IV -Co-ruler             (b. 1633 - d. 1654)
27 Jun 1655 -  5 May 1705  Lipót I                            (b. 1640 - d. 1705)
                             (co-ruler to 2 Apr 1657)
 9 Dec 1687 - 17 Apr 1711  József I (co-ruler to 5 May 1705)  (b. 1678 - d. 1711)
17 Apr 1711 - 20 Oct 1740  Károly III                         (b. 1685 - d. 1740)
20 Oct 1740 - 29 Nov 1780  Mária Terézia -Queen               (b. 1717 - d. 1780)
29 Nov 1780 - 20 Feb 1790  József II                          (b. 1741 - d. 1790)
20 Feb 1790 -  1 Mar 1792  Lipót II                           (b. 1747 - d. 1792)
 1 Mar 1792 -  2 Mar 1835  Ferenc I                           (b. 1768 - d. 1835)
 2 Mar 1835 -  2 Dec 1848  Ferdinánd V                        (b. 1793 - d. 1875)
 2 Dec 1848 - 14 Apr 1849  Ferenc József I (1st time)         (b. 1830 - d. 1916)
Governor-Presidents (in rebellion in Debrecen)
14 Apr 1849 - 11 Aug 1849  Lajos Kossuth udvardi és           (b. 1802 - d. 1894)  EP
                             kossutfalvai
11 Aug 1849 - 13 Aug 1849  Artúr Görgey görgői és toporczi    (b. 1818 - d. 1916)  Mil
                             (acting civil and military authority)
Kingsą (also rulers of Austria)
13 Aug 1849 - 21 Nov 1916  Ferenc József I (2nd time)         (s.a.)
21 Nov 1916 - 16 Nov 1918  Károly IV (1st time)               (b. 1887 - d. 1922)
                            (declares withdrawal from politics of Hungary 13 Nov 1918)
Chairmen of the National Council
31 Oct 1918 -  1 Nov 1918  Mihály gróf Károlyi nagykárolyi    (b. 1875 - d. 1955)  FNP/F48   
 1 Nov 1918 - 16 Nov 1918  János Hock                         (b. 1859 - d. 1936)  FNP/F48
Prime minister (acting as head of state)
16 Nov 1918 - 11 Jan 1919  Mihály gróf Károlyi nagykárolyi    (s.a.)               FNP/F48 
Provisional President
11 Jan 1919 - 21 Mar 1919  Mihály gróf Károlyi nagykárolyi    (s.a.)               Non-party
Chairman of the Revolutionary Governing Council
21 Mar 1919 -  1 Aug 1919  Sándor Garbai                      (b. 1879 - d. 1947)  MSzP
                             (from 24 Jun 1919, ex officio Chairman
                             of the Federal Central Executive Committee)
 5 May 1919 - 12 Aug 1919  Governing Council
                           (counter-government in Arad, from 31 May 1919 in Szeged)
                           - Béla Fülöp                                            FNP/F48
                           -
vitéz Gyula Gömbös jákfai        (b. 1886 - d. 1936)  OKFP
                           - Károly Hencz                     (b. 1877 - d. 1949?) FNP/F48?
                           - Lajos Varjassy                   (b. 1852 - d. 1934)  MSzDP
Prime minister
(acting as head of state)
 1 Aug 1919 -  6 Aug 1919  Gyula Peidl                        (b. 1873 - d. 1943)  MSzDP
Governor (usually referred to as Regent)
  6 Aug 1919 - 23 Aug 1919  József Ágost főherceg és magyar    (b. 1872 - d. 1962)  Mil
                             király herceg Habsburg-Lotharingiai
                            (de facto head of state 6 - 8 Aug 1919)
Prime ministers (acting as heads of state)
23 Aug 1919 - 23 Nov 1919  István Friedrich                   (b. 1883 - d. 1951)  KNEP
23 Nov 1919 -  1 Mar 1920  Károly Huszár                      (b. 1882 - d. 1941)  KNEP
King
21 Mar 1920 -  2 Feb 1946  Vacant
20 Oct 1921 - 24 Oct 1921  Károly IV (in dissidence)          (s.a.)
Governor (always referred to as Regent)
 1 Mar 1920 -  3 Nov 1944  Miklós Horthy nagybányai           (b. 1868 - d. 1957)  Mil
                             (from 21 Aug 1921, vitéz Miklós Horthy nagybányai)
                             (deported by Germans on 16 Oct 1944)
16 Oct 1944 -  3 Nov 1944  Ferenc Szálasi                     (b. 1897 - d. 1946)  NykP
                             (acting for absent Horthy)
16 Oct 1944 - 28 Mar 1945  Governing Council (Regency)
                           (acting for absent Horthy to 3 Nov 1944;
                           inactive after 4 Nov 1944)
                           - Károly Beregffy                  (b. 1888 - d. 1946)  NykP
                           - Ferenc Rajniss                   (b. 1893 - d. 1946)  Non-party
                           - Sándor Csia                      (b. 1894 - d. 1946)  NykP
                           - together with -
Leader of the Nation (Nemzetvezetője)
 4 Nov 1944 - 28 Mar 1945  Ferenc Szálasi                     (s.a.)               NykP
                             (in Vienna, then Munich exile Dec 1944 - 7 May 1945)
Chairmen of the Provisional National Assembly
21 Dec 1944                István Vásáry (provisional)        (b. 1887 - d. 1955)  FKgP
21 Dec 1944 - 26 Jan 1945  Béla Zsedényi lőcsei               (b. 1894 - d. 1955)  Non-party
26 Jan 1945 -  7 Dec 1945  National Supreme Council
                           - Béla Zsedényi lőcsei             (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (to 29 Nov 1945)
                           - vitéz Béla Miklós dálnoki        (b. 1890 - d. 1948)  Mil
                             (to 15 Nov 1945)
                           - Ernő Gerő (12 Mar - 11 May 1945) (s.a.)               MKP
                           - József Révai                     (b. 1898 - d. 1959)  MKP
                             (11 May - 27 Sep 1945)
                           - Mátyás Rákosi (from 27 Sep 1945) (s.a.)               MKP
                           - Ferenc Nagy (from 29 Nov 1945)   (b. 1903 - d. 1979)  FKgP
                           - Zoltán Tildy (from 15 Nov 1945)  (b. 1889 - d. 1961)  FKgP
 7 Dec 1945 -  2 Feb 1946  National Supreme Council
                           - Ferenc Nagy                      (s.a.)               FKgP
                           - László Rajk                      (b. 1909 - d. 1949)  MKP
                           - Béla Varga (to 4 Jan 1946)       (b. 1903 - d. 1995)  FKgP
                           - Ferenc Szeder                    (b. 1881 - d. 1952)  FKgP  
                             (4 Jan - 1 Feb 1946)
                           - Zoltán Tildy (from 1 Feb 1946)   (s.a.)               FKgP
Presidents
  2 Feb 1946 -  3 Aug 1948  Zoltán Tildy                       (s.a.)               FKgP
 3 Aug 1948 - 23 Aug 1949  Árpád Szákasits                    (b. 1888 - d. 1965)  MDP 
Chairmen of the Presidential Council
23 Aug 1949 -  8 May 1950  Árpád Szákasits                    (s.a.)               MDP 
24 Apr 1950 -  8 May 1950  Lajos Drahos (acting for Szákasits)(b. 1895 - d. 1983)  MDP
 8 May 1950 - 14 Aug 1952  Sándor Rónai                       (b. 1892 - d. 1965)  MDP 
14 Aug 1952 - 14 Apr 1967  István Dobi                        (b. 1898 - d. 1968)MDP;1956MZsMP
14 Apr 1967 - 25 Jun 1987  Pál Losonczi                       (b. 1919 - d. 2005)  MSzMP 
25 Jun 1987 - 29 Jun 1988  Károly Németh                      (b. 1922 - d. 2008)  MSzMP 
29 Jun 1988 - 23 Oct 1989  Ferenc Brunó Straub                (b. 1914 - d. 1996)  Non-party
Presidents
23 Oct 1989 -  2 May 1990  Mátyás Szűrös (interim)            (b. 1933)            MSzP 
 2 May 1990  (hours)       Kálmán Kéri (interim)              (b. 1901 - d. 1994)  MDF
 2 May 1990 -  3 Aug 2000  Árpád Göncz                        (b. 1922)            SzDSz 
                             (interim to 3 Aug 1990) 
 4 Aug 2000 -  4 Aug 2005  Ferenc Mádl                        (b. 1931 - d. 2011)  Non-party
 5 Aug 2005 -  6 Aug 2010  László Sólyom                      (b. 1942)            Non-party
 6 Aug 2010 -  2 Apr 2012  Pál Schmitt                        (b. 1942)            Fidesz-MPP
 2 Apr 2012 - 10 May 2012  László Kövér (acting)              (b. 1959)            Fidesz-MPP
10 May 2012 -              János Áder                         (b. 1959)            Fidesz-MPP

 
Palatines˛
c.1055                     Sámuel Aba                         (s.a.)
c.1057                     Zache (Zacha)
c.1066                     Radó                               (d. 1057)
c.1067                     Ottó nembeli Győr  
1075 - 1091                Radvány (Rodoan)                   (d. af.1070)
1091                       Gyula (1st time)
1094                       Péter
1108 - 1113                Gyula (2nd time)
1131 - c.1138              János fia Uros
c.1141                     Gyula (acting)
1146 - 1157  
             
Fancsal fia Bozeta
1157 - c.1159              Gereon (acting)
1162 - 1163 
               Belus (Beloš Urošić)               (s.a.)

1163                      
Henrik Héder                       (d. af.1163)
1165 - 1174                Tamás (1st time)
1174 - 1177                Lőrinc (acting)
1177 - 1183                Ampud

1184                       Farkas nembeli Bikács
1185 - 1186                Dénes
1188 - 1192                Mog (Moch) (1st time) (acting)
1192 - 1193                Tamás (2nd time)

1197 - 1198                Mog (2nd time)
1198 - 1199                Ézsau

1199 - 1201                Mog (3rd time)
1202 - 1204                Mika (Mihály) nembeli Ják

1205                       Benedek

1205 - 1206                Gyula (acting)
1206                       Miklós

1206 - 1209                Mog (4th time)

1209 - 1212                Csépán nembeli Győr
1212 - 1213                Pot nembeli Győr
1213 - 1214                Bánk nembeli Bór-Kalán             (d. af.1228)
1215 - 1217                Miklós nembeli Szák (1st time)
1219 - 1222                Gyula nembeli Kán (1st time)       (s.a.)
1222                       Miklós nembeli Szák (2nd time)
1222 - 1226                Tódor nembeli Csanád               (d. c.1234)
1226                       Gyula nembeli Kán (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1227 - 1228                Miklós nembeli Szák (3rd time)
1229 - 1230                Dénes fia Dénes nembeli Tomaj      (b. 11.. - d. 1241)
                             (1st time)

1231 - 1234                Mojs 
1234 - 1235                Benedek fia Samud (acting)
1235 - 11 Apr 1241         Dénes fia Dénes nembeli Tomaj      (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
1241 - 1242                Arnold fia Arnold nembeli Hahót    (b. 11.. - d. af.1244)
1242 - 1245                László nembeli Kaán               
1245 - Jul? 1246           Dénes nembeli Türje (1st time)     (d. 1255) 
Jul? 1246 - Apr 1248       István fia Dragun nembeli Gut-Keled(b. 12.. - d. 1259)
Apr 1248 - 1. Sep 1248     Dénes nembeli Türje (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1. Sep 1248 - Aug 1261     Loránd fia Domokos nembeli Rátót   (b. 12.. - d. 1277?)
                             (1st time)
Aug 1261 - Jan? 1267       Henrik Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli  (b. 12.. - d. 1274)
                             Héder
Jan? 1267 - 1. May 1270    Lőrinc fia Kemény (1st time)       (b. 12.. - d. af.1273)
1. May 1270 - Jun 1272     Mojs (Mois) fia Mojs (Mois)        (b. 12.. - d. 1280)
Jun 1272 - 27 Nov 1272     Lőrinc fia Kemény (2nd time)       (s.a.)
27 Nov 1272 - Nov 1273     Loránd fia Domokos nembeli Rátót   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Nov 1273 - 27 Sep 1274     Dénes fia György nembeli Pécz      (b. 12.. - d. 1284?)
                             (1st time)
27 Sep 1274 - Jun 1275     Loránd fia Domokos nembeli Rátót   (s.a.)
Jun 1275 - Nov? 1275       Miklós Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli  (b. 12.. - d. 1299)
                             Héder (1st time)
Nov? 1275 - Jun 1276       Péter fia Máté nembeli Csák        (b. 12.. - d. c.1280)
                             (1st time)
Jun 1276 - Jul 1277        Miklós Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli  (s.a.)
                             Héder (2nd time)
Jul 1277 - Nov 1277        Péter fia Máté nembeli Csák        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Nov 1277 - Mar 1278        Dénes fia György nembeli Pécz      (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Mar 1278 - Jun 1278        Péter fia Máté nembeli Csák        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Jun 1278 - Jul 1280        Máté fia Máté nembeli Csák         (b. 12.. - d. 1283)
Jul 1280 - Apr 1281        Finta fia Dávid nembeli Aba        (b. 12.. - d. 1287)
Apr 1281 - Aug 1282        Iván Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli    (b. 12.. - d. 1308)
                             Héder (1st time)
Aug 1282 - Oct 1286        Miklós Kőszegi fia Henrik Héder    (b. 12.. - d. 1299)
                             (1st time)
Oct 1286 - Jul 1287        Makján (Mokianus) fia Büken nembeli
                             Aba   
Jul 1287 - Aug 1288        Iván Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli    (s.a.)
                             Héder (2nd time)
Aug 1288 - Aug 1289        Amadé (Omode) fia Dávid nemzetségi (s.a.)
                             Aba (1st time)
Aug 1289 - 1290            Rénold fia Rénold nembeli Básztély (b. 12.. - d. c.1296)  
Sep 1289 - 20 Jun 1290     Miklós Kőszegi fia Henrik Héder    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
20 Jun 1290 - 2. Jul 1290  Mizse
2. Jul 1290 - Feb 1291     Amadé fia Dávid nembeli Aba        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Feb 1291 - Nov 1291        Miklós Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli  (s.a.)
                             Héder (3rd time)
Nov 1291 - 1293            Mihály nembeli Szente-Mágocs  
1293 - Nov 1293            Amadé fia Dávid nembeli Aba        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Nov 1293 - Nov 1295        Miklós Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli  (s.a.)
                             Héder (4th time)
Nov 1295 - Nov? 1296       Amadé fia Dávid nembeli Aba        (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
Nov? 1296 - Oct 1297       Máté fia Péter nembeli Csák        (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
Oct 1297 - Oct? 1298       Amadé fia Dávid nembeli Aba        (s.a.)
                             (5th time)
Oct? 1298 - Aug 1299       Apor fia Márk nembeli Pécz         (b. 12.. - d. af.1307)
                           + Loránd fia Lesuták nembeli Rátót (s.a.)
Aug 1299 - 1301            Amadé fia Dávid nembeli Aba        (s.a.)
                             (6th time)
1301 - 1302                Máté fia Péter nembeli Csák        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1302 - Jun 1303            István fia Erne nembeli Ákos       (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
Jun 1303 - Apr 1304        Iván Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli    (b. 12.. - d. 1308)
                             Héder (1st time)
Apr 1304 - 1305            István fia Erne nembeli Ákos       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1305 - Feb? 1306           Jakab Kopasz fia Tamás nembeli     (s.a.)
                             Borsa
Feb? 1306 - Jun 1307       Iván Kőszegi fia Henrik nembeli    (s.a.)
                             Héder (2nd time)
Jun 1307 - Jun 1310        Máté fia Péter nembeli Csák        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Jun 1307 - Jun 1310        Amadé fia Dávid nemzetségi Aba     (s.a.)
                             (7th time)
Jun 1307 - 1315            Jakab Kopasz fia Tamás nembeli     (s.a.)
                             Borsa
1315 - 1320                Domokos fia István Porch nembeli   (b. 12.. - d. af.1320)
                             Rátót
1321 - Aug 1322            Dózsa Debreceni                    (b. 12.. - d. 1322)
c.Sep 1322 - Sep 1327      Fülöp Drugeth                      (b. c.1288 - d. 1327)
Sep 1327 - Feb 1328        Sándor Köcski (acting)             (b. 12.. - d. 1328)
Feb 1328 - Sep 1328        Pál Nagymartoni (1st time)(acting) (b. 128. - d. c.1350)
Sep 1328 - Jun 1333        János Drugeth homonnai             (b. 129. - d. 1334)
Jun 1333 - Jul 1333        Pál Nagymartoni (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
Jul 1333 - Aug 1342        Vilmos Drugeth homonnai            (b. 131. - d. 1342)
Aug 1342 - Oct 1342        Pál Nagymartoni (3rd time)(acting) (s.a.)
Oct 1342 - Mar 1356        Miklós Gilétfi                     (b. 129. - d. 1356?)
Mar 1356 - Mar 1356        Miklós Szécsi felsőlendvai (acting)(b. 131. - d. 1387)
                             (1st time)
Mar 1356 - Apr 1367        Miklós Kont Újlaki                 (b. 131. - d. 1367)
Apr 1367 - 2. Apr 1367     István Bebek pelsőci (acting)      (b. 131. - d. 1369)
2. Apr 1367 - Oct 1372     László herceg Oppelni              (b. 133. - d. 1401)
                            
(= Władisław książę Opolski)
Oct 1372 - May 1375        Imre Lackfi kerekegyházi           (b. 133. - d. 1375)

May 1375 - Jul? 1375       Jakab Szepesi (acting)             (b. 133. - d. 1380)
Jul? 1375 - Sep 1385       Miklós Garai                       (s.a.)
Sep 1385 - Oct 1386        Miklós Szécsi felsőlendvai         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Oct 1386 - Nov 1392        István Lackfi csáktornyai          (b. 133. - d. 1397)
Nov 1392 - Jun 1397        Leusták Jolsvai                    (b. 133. - d. 1405)
                             (Ottoman prisoner from 28 Sep 1696)
28 Sep 1396 - Jun 1397     János Pásztói (acting)             (b. 134. - d. 1406?)
Jun 1397 -  2. Sep 1402    Detre Bebek vámosi                 (b. 135. - d. 1404)
2. Sep 1402 - Dec 1433     Miklós Garai                       (b. c.1367 - d. 1433)
Dec 1433 - Dec 1433        Máté Pálóczi (Pálóci) (1st time)   (b. 138. - d. 1437)
                             (acting)
Dec 1433 - 8? Mar 1435     György Pálóczi, érsek Esztergomi   (b. 138. - d. 1439)
 8? Mar 1435 - 2. Dec 1436 Máté Pálóczi (2nd time)            (s.a.)
2. Dec 1436 -  7 Mar 1437  István Báthori (acting)            (b. 139. - d. 1444)
 7 Mar 1437 - Jul 1447     Lőrinc Hédervári                   (s.a.)
Aug 1447 - 15 Sep 1447     László Pálóczi (Pálóci)(acting)    (b. 140. - d. 1470)
15 Sep 1447 - 27 Jul 1458  László Garai                       (s.a.)
27 Jul 1458 - 11 Nov 1484  Mihály Orságh (Ország) guthi       (b. 141. - d. 1484)
11 Nov 1484 - Jan 1486     István Báthori ecsedi (1st time)   (b. 1430 - d. 1493)
                             (acting)
Jan 1486 - 12 Sep 1487     Imre gróf Szápolyai (Zápolyai)     (b. 141. - d. 1487)
                             szepesi
12 Sep 1487 -  5 Dec 1487  István Báthori ecsedi (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 5 Dec 1487 - 21 Oct 1491  Orbán Dóczi Nagylucsei, püspök Egri(b. 143. - d. 1491)
21 Oct 1491 - 29 Mar 1492  István Báthori ecsedi (3rd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
29 Mar 1492 - 25 Dec 1499  István gróf Szápolyai (Zápolyai)   (b. 143. - d. 1499)
                             szepesi 
25 Dec 1499 - 22 Feb 1503  Péter Geréb Vingárti (von Wyngarth)(b. 144. - d. 1503)
                             (acting to 1 Feb 1500)
22 Feb 1503 - 24 Apr 1504  Péter gróf Szentgyörgyi és Bazini  (b. 146. - d. 1517)
                             (acting)
24 Apr 1504 -  5 Feb 1519  Imre fejedelem Perényi siklósi     (b. 146. - d. 1519)
 5 Feb 1519 - 28 May 1519  Lőrinc Újlaki (acting)             (b. c.1459 - d. 1524)
Royal Governors

18 May 1519 -  5 Jul 1525  István Báthory ecsedi (1st time)   (b. 147. - d. 1530)
 5 Jul 1525 - 28 Apr 1526  István Verbőczy (Werbőczy)         (b. c.1458 - d. 1541)
28 Apr 1526 - 14 Feb 1530  István Báthory ecsedi (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 3 Feb 1527 - 20 Aug 1527  Mária (f) (= Maria von Österreich) (b. 1505 - d. 1558)
                             (in dissidence)
14 Feb 1530 - 30 Jan 1534  János Bánffy alsólindvai           (b. 147. - d. 1534)

 4 Oct 1532 - 12 Nov 1542  Elek
báró Thurzó bethlenfalvi      (b. 1490 - d. 1543)
                             (in dissidence in Gran to 22 Jul 1540)
12 Nov 1542 - 26 Nov 1542  Tamás
báró Nádasdy nádasdi és      (b. 1498 - d. 1562)
                             fogarasföldi (acting)
26 Nov 1542 - 30 Dec 1542  Ferenc Révay szklabinai és         (b. 1489 - d. 1553)
                             blatniczai (1st time) (acting)
30 Dec 1542 - 12 Oct 1549  Pál Várdai kisvárdai               (b. 1481 - d. 1549)
12 Oct 1549 - 12 Apr 1550  Ferenc Révay szklabinai és         (s.a.)
                             blatniczai (2nd time) (acting)
12 Apr 1550 - 13 Mar 1554  Ferenc Újlaky                      (b. 1485 - d. 1555)
Palatine
s˛
13 Mar 1554 -  2 Jun 1562  Tamás gróf Nádasdy nádasdi
és      (b. 1498 - d. 1562)
                             fogarasföldi
 
2 Jun 1562 - 25 Sep 1562  András Báthori ecsedi (acting)     (b. 150. - d. 1566)
Royal Governors

25 Sep 1562 - 14 Jan 1568  Miklós Oláh (Nekulae Olah)         (b. 1493 - d. 1568)
14 Jan 1568 -  9 Apr 1568  Mihály
báró Mérey kapos-mérei      (b. 1500 - d. 1572)
                             (acting)
 9 Apr 1568 - 24 Jun 1572  Pál Bornemissza                    (b. 1499 - d. 1579)
24 Jun 1572 - 15 Jun 1573  Antal Verántz (Ante Verančić)      (b. 1504 - d. 1573)
15 Jun 1573 -  1 Sep 1573  Imre
báró Czobor czoborszentmihályi(b. 151. - d. 1581)
                             (acting)
 1 Sep 1573 -  4 Feb 1586  István Radéczi zemchei             (b. 151. - d. 1586)
 4 Feb 1586 - 24 Sep 1586  Miklós Istvánffy baranyavári       (b. 1538 - d. 1615)
                            
és kiasszonyfalvi (1st time)(acting)
24 Sep 1586 - 31 Jan 1587  György Draskovich trakostyáni      (b. 1515 - d. 1587)
                             (Juraj Drašković)
31 Jan 1587 - 13 Aug 1587  Miklós
báró Istvánffy baranyavári  (s.a.)
                             és kiasszonyfalvi (2nd time)(acting)
13 Aug 1587 - 20 Nov 1596  István Fejérkövy (Fehérkövy)       (b. 1522 - d. 1596)
20 Nov 1596 -  2 Jun 1597 
Miklós báró Istvánffy baranyavári  (s.a.)
                             és kiasszonyfalvi (3rd time)(acting)
 2 Jun 1597 - 16 Sep 1601  János Kutassy (Kutasi)             (b. c.1545 - d. 1601)
16 Sep 1601 -  8 Feb 1602 
Miklós báró Istvánffy baranyavári  (s.a.)
                             és kiasszonyfalvi (4th time)(acting)
 8 Feb 1602 -  5 Oct 1605  Márton Pethe hethesi               (b. 1552 - d. 1605)
 5 Oct 1605 -  4 Jul 1607
  Miklós báró Istvánffy baranyavári  (s.a.)
                             és kiasszonyfalvi (5th time)(acting)
 4 Jul 1607 - 19 Nov 1608  Ferenc
gróf Forgách ghymesi és     (b. 1566 - d. 1615)
                            
gácsi
Palatine
s˛
20 Nov 1608 -  5 May 1609  István
báró Illyesházy illésházai  (b. 1541 - d. 1609)
 5 May 1609 -  7 Nov 1609  Bálint Drugeth gereni és homonnai  (b. 1577 - d. 1609)
                             (acting)
 
7 Nov 1609 - 10 Dec 1609  Zsigmond báró Forgách ghymesi és   (b. 155. - d. 1621)
                             gácsi (1st time) (acting)
10 Dec 1609 - 24 Dec 1616  György
gróf Thurzó bethlenfalvi    (b. 1567 - d. 1616)
24 Dec 1616 - 30 Jun 1621  Zsigmond báró Forgách ghymesi és   (s.a.)
                            
gácsi (2nd time)(acting to 11 May 1618)
30 Jun 1621 - 16 May 1622  Tamás
gróf Erdődy monyorókeréki    (b. 1558 - d. 1624)
                             és monoszlói (acting)
16 May 1622 -  1 May 1625  Sztaniszló
gróf Thurzó bethlenfalvi(b. 1576 - d. 1625)
 
1 May 1625 - 11 Sep 1645  Miklós báró Esterházy galánthai    (b. 1582 - d. 1645)
                            
(acting to 25 Oct 1645)
11 Sep 1645 - 22 Nov 1645  János
gróf Drugeth homonnai        (b. 1609 - d. 1645)
                             (acting)
22 Nov 1645 -  6 Feb 1646  István
gróf Csáky körösszeghi és   (b. 1603 - d. 1662) 
                             adorjáni (acting)
 6 Feb 1646 - 25 Sep 1646  Pál
gróf Pálffy erdődi (1st time)  (b. 1590 - d. 1653)
                             (acting)
25 Sep 1646 -  5 Aug 1648  János
gróf Draskovich trakostyáni  (b. 1595 - d. 1648)
                            
(Ivan Drašković)
 5 Aug 1648 - 26 Nov 1653  Pál gróf Pálffy erdődi (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                            
(acting to 24 Mar 1649)
26 Nov 1653 - 14 Oct 1654  László
gróf Csáky körösszeghi és   (b. 159. - d. 1655)
                             adorjáni (acting) 
14 Oct 1654 - 15 Mar 1655  István
gróf Csáky körösszeghi és   (b. 1603 - d. 1662)
                            
adorjáni (acting)
15 Mar 1655 - 23 Mar 1667  Ferenc gróf Wesselényi hadadi és   (b. 1605 - d. 1667)
                            
murányi 
23 Mar 1667 -  3 Sep 1670  Ferenc gróf Nádasdy nádasdi        (b. 1622 - d. 1671)
                             (royal governor) 
 
3 Sep 1670 - 18 Oct 1670  Ádám gróf Forgách ghymesi és gácsi (b. 1601 - d. 1681)
                             (acting royal governor)
18 Oct 1670 - 13 Jun 1681  György Szelepcsényi pohronczi      (b. 1595 - d. 1685)
                            
(royal governor)
13 Jun 1681 - 26 Mar 1713  Pál
herceg Esterházy galánthai     (b. 1635 - d. 1713)
                             (from 8 Dec 1687, Pál fejedelem Esterházy galánthai)
26 Mar 1713 - 20 Mar 1732  Miklós gróf Pálffy erdődi          (b. 1657 - d. 1732)
                            
(acting to 15 Oct 1714)
20 Mar 1732 -  5 Apr 1732  János
gróf Pálffy erdődi (1st time)(b. 1664 - d. 1751)
                            
(acting)
 5 Apr 1732 - 22 Jun 1741  Franz Stephan Herzog von           (b. 1708 - d. 1765)
                             Lothringen und Bar (royal governor)
22 Jun 1741 - 24 Mar 1751  János gróf Pálffy erdődi (2nd time)(s.a.)
24 Mar 1751 - 11 May 1751  György gróf Erdődy monyorókeréki   (b. 1676 - d. 1759)
                             és monoszlói (acting)
11 May 1751 - 26 Oct 1765  Ludwig Ernst gróf Batthyány        (b. 1696 - d. 1765)
                             németújvári
26 Oct 1765 - 26 Dec 1765  Miklós gróf Pálffy erdődi (acting) (b. 1710 - d. 1773)
26 Dec 1765 - 1780         Albert Kasimir August von Sachsen  (b. 1738 - d. 1822)
                             Herzog zu Teschen (royal governor)
Presidents of the government council
1780 - 14 Aug 1783         György gróf Fekete galánthai       (b. 1711 - d. 1788)
14 Aug 1783 - 21 Dec 1786  János gróf Csáky körösszeghi és    (b. 1720 - d. 1795)
                             adorjáni
21 Dec 1786 - 26 Dec 1787  Kristóf gróf Niczky niczki         (b. 1725 - d. 1787)
26 Dec 1787 - 18 Dec 1788  Antal Jankovich pribéri (acting)   (b. 1730 - d. 1789)
18 Dec 1788 - 12 Nov 1790  Károly Zichy zichi és vásonykeői   (b. 1753 - d. 1826)
Palatine
s˛
12 Nov 1790 - 12 Jul 1795  Alexander Leopold Erzherzog        (b. 1772 - d. 1795)
                             von Österreich
12 Jul 1795 - 20 Jul 1795  Péter Végh verebi (acting)         (b. 1725 - d. 1802)
30 Jul 1795 - 13 Jan 1847  Joseph Anton Johann Erzherzog      (b. 1776 - d. 1847)
                             von Österreich
                             (royal governor to 12 Nov 1795)
13 Jan 1847 - 12 Nov 1847  György Mailáth székhelyi (1st time)(b. 1818 - d. 1883)
                             (acting)
12 Nov 1847 - 25 Sep 1848  Stephan Franz Erzherzog von        (b. 1817 - d. 1867)
                             Österreich
25 Sep 1848 - 14 Apr 1849  György Mailáth székhelyi (2nd time)(s.a.)
                             (acting)
Prime ministers
17 Mar 1848 -  2 Oct 1848  Lajos gróf Batthyányi németújvári  (b. 1807 - d. 1849)  EP   
 2 Oct 1848 - 14 Apr 1849  Lajos Kossuth udvardi és           (s.a.)               EP   
                             kossutfalvai (chairman of the National
                             Defense Committee; in rebellion, from
                             1 Jan 1849 in Debrecen)
 2 May 1849 - 11 Aug 1849  Bertalan Szemere szemerei          (b. 1812 - d. 1869)  EP
                             (in rebellion in Debrecen)
Austrian Army High Commanders

 5 Jan 1849 - 12 Apr 1849  Alfred Candidus Ferdinand Fürst zu (b. 1787 - d. 1862)  Mil
                             Windischgrätz
12 Apr 1849 - 30 May 1849  Franz Ludwig Freiherr von Welden   (b. 1782 - d. 1853)  Mil
30 May 1849 -  8 Jul 1850  Julius Freiherr von Haynau         (b. 1786 - d. 1853)  Mil  
                             (from 24 Oct 1849, commander of the Austrian
                             Imperial Army in Hungary and Transylvania)
Imperial Commissioner for the Civil Administration
 4 Jun 1849 - 12 Sep 1851  Carl Gabriel Freiherr von Geringer (b. 1806 - d. 1889)  Non-party
                             -Oedenberg
Austrian Military and Civil Governors

 8 Jul 1850 - 10 Oct 1851  Carl Gabriel Freiherr von Geringer (s.a.)               Non-party
                             -Oedenberg (acting)
10 Oct 1851 - 20 Apr 1860  Albrecht Friedrich Rudolf          (b. 1817 - d. 1865)  Mil
                             Erzherzog von Österreich
20 Apr 1860 - 20 Oct 1860  Ludwig August Ritter von Benedek   (b. 1804 - d. 1881)  Mil    
                             (acting)

Chairman of the Governing Council
20 Oct 1860 -  5 Nov 1861 
György Mailáth székhelyi           (s.a.)               Non-party
Governor

 6 Nov 1861 - 18 Jul 1865  Móric gróf P
állfy erdődi           (b. 1812 - d. 1897)  Mil
Chairman of the Governing Council
18 Jul 1865 - 12 Jun 1867  Pál báró Sennyey kis-sennyey       (b. 1824 - d. 1888)  Non-party
Royal Chancellors

20 Oct 1860 - 18 Jul 1861  Miklos
báró Vay vajai és luskodi   (b. 1802 - d. 1894)  Non-party
18 Jul 1861 - 22 Apr 1864  Antal
gróf Forgách ghymesi és      (b. 1819 - d. 1885)  Non-party
                             gácsi
22 Apr 1864 - 26 Jun 1865  Armin
gróf Zichy zichi és          (b. 1814 - d. 1880)  Non-party
                             vásonykeői
26 Jun 1865 - 10 Mar 1867  György Mailáth székhelyi           (s.a.)               Non-party

Prime ministersł
10 Mar 1867 - 13 Nov 1871  Gyula gróf Andrássy                (b. 1823 - d. 1890)  DP
                             csíkszentkirályi és krasznahorkai
13 Nov 1871 -  5 Dec 1872  Menyhért gróf Lónyay nagylónyai    (b. 1822 - d. 1884)  DP
                             és vásárosnaményi
 
5 Dec 1872 - 20 Mar 1874  József Szlávy okányi és érkenézi   (b. 1818 - d. 1900)  DP
20 Mar 1874 -  2 Mar 1875  István Bittó sárosfai és nádasdi   (b. 1822 - d. 1903)  DP
 2 Mar 1875 - 21 Oct 1875  Béla (Adalbert) báró von Wenckheim (b. 1811 - d. 1879)  SzP
21 Oct 1875 - 15 Mar 1890  Kálmán Tisza borosjenői és szegedi (b. 1830 - d. 1902)  SzP
15 Mar 1890 - 19 Nov 1892  Gyula gróf Szapáry szapári         (b. 1832 - d. 1905)  SzP
19 Nov 1892 - 16 Jan 1895  Sándor Wekerle (1st time)          (b. 1848 - d. 1921)  SzP
16 Jan 1895 - 27 Feb 1899  Dezsö báró Bánffy losonczi         (b. 1843 - d. 1911)  SzP
27 Feb 1899 - 28 Jun 1903  Kálmán Széll dukai és              (b. 1845 - d. 1915)  SzP
                             szentgyörgyvölgyi
28 Jun 1903 -  3 Nov 1903  Károly gróf Khuen-Héderváry        (b. 1849 - d. 1918)  SzP
                             hédervári (1st time) 
 3 Nov 1903 - 18 Jun 1905  István gróf Tisza borosjenői és    (b. 1861 - d. 1918)  SzP
                             szegedi (1st time)
18 Jun 1905 -  8 Apr 1906  Géza báró Fejérváry komlós-        (b. 1833 - d. 1914)  Non-party
                             keresztesi
 8 Apr 1906 - 18 Jan 1910  Sándor Wekerle (2nd time)          (s.a.)               OAP
18 Jan 1910 - 22 Apr 1912  Károly gróf Khuen-Héderváry        (s.a.)               NMP
                             hédervári (2nd time) 
22 Apr 1912 - 11 Jun 1913  László Lukács erzsébetvárosi       (b. 1850 - d. 1932)  NMP
11 Jun 1913 - 15 Jun 1917  István gróf Tisza borosjenői és    (s.a.)               NMP
                             szegedi (2nd time) 
15 Jun 1917 - 21 Aug 1917  Móric gróf Esterházy galanthai     (b. 1881 - d. 1960)  Non-party
             
               és fraknói
21 Aug 1917 - 30 Oct 1918  Sándor Wekerle (3rd time)          (s.a.)      FNP/F48;Jan 1918 A48
30 Oct 1918 - 31 Oct 1918  János Kelemen Béla gróf Hadik      (b. 1863 - d. 1933)  OAP
                            
futaki
31 Oct 1918 - 11 Jan 1919  Mihály gróf Károlyi nagykárolyi    (s.a.)               FNP/F48
11 Jan 1919 - 21 Mar 1919  Dénes Berinkey                     (b. 1871 - d. 1948)  PRP
                             (acting to 19 Jan 1919)
Chairman of the Revolutionary Governing
Council
21 Mar 1919 -  1 Aug 1919  Sándor Garbai                      (s.a.)               MSzP
24 Jun 1919 -  1 Aug 1919  Antal Dovcsák (acting for Garbai)  (b. 1879 - d. 1962)  MSzP   
Prime ministers
ł
 5 May 1919 - 12 Jul 1919  Gyula gróf Károlyi nagykárolyi     (b. 1871 - d. 1947)  Non-party
                             (prime minister of counter-government,
                             in Arad to 31 May 1919, then in Szeged)
12 Jul 1919 - 19 Aug 1919  Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám danczkai  (b. 1875 - d. 1977)  Non-party
                             (prime minister of counter-government, in Szeged)
 1 Aug 1919 -  6 Aug 1919  Gyula Peidl                        (s.a.)               SzDP
 6 Aug 1919 - 24 Nov 1919  István Friedrich                   (s.a.)               KNEP
24 Nov 1919 - 15 Mar 1920  Károly Huszár                      (s.a.)               KNEP
15 Mar 1920 - 19 Jul 1920  Sándor Simonyi-Semadam             (b. 1864 - d. 1946)  KNEP
19 Jul 1920 - 14 Apr 1921  Pál János Ede gróf Teleki széki    (b. 1879 - d. 1941)  Non-party
                             (1st time)                                           
14 Apr 1921 - 24 Aug 1931  István gróf Bethlen bethleni       (b. 1874 - d. 1947)KNEP;1922KFKP
21 Oct 1921 - 24 Oct 1921  István Rakovszky nagyrákói és      (b. 1858 - d. 1931)  KNEP
                             nagyselmeczi 
                           
(at Sopron in dissidence [with Károly IV])
24 Aug 1931 -  1 Oct 1932  Gyula gróf Károlyi nagykárolyi     (s.a.)               KFKP
 
1 Oct 1932 -  6 Oct 1936  vitéz Gyula Gömbös jákfai          (s.a.)               NEP
 3 Sep 1936 - 14 May 1938  Kálmán Darányi
pusztaszentgyörgy   (b. 1886 - d. 1939)  NEP
                             és tetétleni
                             (acting [for Gömbös to 6 Oct 1936] to 12 Oct 1936)
14 May 1938 - 16 Feb 1939 
vitéz Béla Imrédy ómoravicazi      (b. 1891 - d. 1946)  NEP
16 Feb 1939 -  3 Apr 1941  Pál János Ede gróf Teleki széki    (s.a.)               MEP
                             (2nd time)           
 3 Apr 1941                vitéz Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer     (b. 1881 - d. 1948)  MEP
                             (1st time) (acting) 
 3 Apr 1941 -  9 Mar 1942  László Bárdossy bárdosi            (b. 1890 - d. 1946)  Non-party
 
7 Mar 1942 -  9 Mar 1942  vitéz Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer     (s.a.)               MEP
                             (2nd time) (acting for
Bárdossy)
 9 Mar 1942 - 22 Mar 1944  Miklós Kállay nagykállói           (b. 1887 - d. 1967)  MEP
22 Mar 1944 - 29 Aug 1944  Döme Sztójay                       (b. 1883 - d. 1946)  Mil
29 Aug 1944 - 16 Oct 1944  vitéz Géza Lakatos csíkszentsimoni (b. 1890 - d. 1967)  Mil
16 Oct 1944 - 28 Mar 1945  Ferenc Szálasi                     (s.a.)               NykP
                            
(president of the government)
22 Dec 1944 - 15 Nov 1945 
vitéz Béla Miklós dálnoki          (s.a.)               Mil
                             (at Debrecen to 13 Feb 1945 [in opposition to Szálasi])
15 Nov 1945 -  1 Feb 1946  Zoltán Tildy                       (s.a.)               FKgP 
 1 Feb 1946 -  4 Feb 1946  Mátyás Rákosi (1st time) (acting)  (s.a.)               MKP
 4 Feb 1946 -  1 Jun 1947  Ferenc Nagy                        (s.a.)               FKgP
13 May 1947 -  1 Jun 1947  Mátyás Rákosi (2nd time)           (s.a.)               MDP
                            
(acting for Nagy)
 1 Jun 1947 - 10 Dec 1948  Lajos Dinnyés                      (b. 1901 - d. 1961)  FKgP

10 Dec 1948 - 14 Aug 1952  István Dobi                        (s.a.)               MDP
14 Aug 1952 -  4 Jul 1953  Mátyás Rákosi (3rd time)           (s.a.)               MDP
 4 Jul 1953 - 18 Apr 1955  Imre Nagy (1st time)               (b. 1896 - d. 1958)  MDP
18 Apr 1955 - 24 Oct 1956  András Hegedüs                     (b. 1922 - d. 1999)  MDP
24 Oct 1956 -  4 Nov 1956  Imre Nagy (2nd time)               (s.a.)            MDP;1956 MSzMP
 4 Nov 1956 - 27 Jan 1958  János József Kádár (1st time)      (s.a.)               MSzMP
27 Jan 1958 - 13 Sep 1961  Ferenc Münnich                     (b. 1886 - d. 1967)  MSzMP
13 Sep 1961 - 30 Jun 1965  János József Kádár (2nd time)      (s.a.)               MSzMP
30 Jun 1965 - 14 Apr 1967  Gyula Kállai                       (b. 1910 - d. 1996)  MSzMP
14 Apr 1967 - 15 May 1975  Jenő Fock                          (b. 1916 - d. 2001)  MSzMP
15 May 1975 - 25 Jun 1987  György Lázár                       (b. 1924 - d. 2014)  MSzMP
25 Jun 1987 - 24 Nov 1988  Károly Grósz                       (s.a.)               MSzMP
24 Nov 1988 - 23 May 1990  Miklós Németh                      (b. 1948)        MSzMP;1989 MSzP
23 May 1990 - 12 Dec 1993  József Antall                      (b. 1932 - d. 1993)  MDF
12 Dec 1993 - 15 Jul 1994  Péter Boross                       (b. 1928)            MDF
                             (acting to 21 Dec 1993)
15 Jul 1994 -  6 Jul 1998  Gyula Horn                         (b. 1932 - d. 2013)  MSzP
 6 Jul 1998 - 27 May 2002  Viktor Orbán (1st time)            (b. 1963)            Fidesz-MPP
27 May 2002 - 29 Sep 2004  Péter Medgyessy                    (b. 1942)            Non-party
27 Aug 2004 - 14 Apr 2009  Ferenc Gyurcsány                   (b. 1961)            MSzP
                             (acting for Medgyessy to 29 Sep 2004)
14 Apr 2009 - 29 May 2010  Gordon Gordon Bajnai               (b. 1968)            Non-party
29 May 2010 -              Viktor Orbán (2nd time)            (s.a.)               Fidesz-MPP
  

Allied (Soviet) Occupation

Soviet Military Representative of the Headquarters of the High Command
19 Oct 1944 - 20 Jan 1945  Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko  (b. 1895 - d. 1970)
Chairman of the Allied Control Commission
20 Jan 1945 - 15 Sep 1947  Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov     (b. 1881 - d. 1969)
                             (Soviet Union)(absent from Feb 1946)
Feb
1946 - 15 Sep 1947     Vladimir Petrovich Sviridov        (b. 1897 - d. 1963)
                             (Soviet Union)(acting for Voroshilov) 

German Occupation
 
Commander of the German Defense Force (Wehrmacht) in Hungary 
 1 Apr 1944 -  4 Apr 1945  Hans von Greiffenberg              (b. 1893 - d. 1951)

Romanian Occupation 

Commander of Romanian Forces in Hungary (in Budapest)
 4 Aug 1919 - 14 Nov 1919  Gheorghe D. Mărdărescu             (b. 1866 - d. 1938)

Noble and Ecclesiastical Titles: báró/freiherr = baron; bíboros = cardinal; érsek = archbishop; főherceg/erzherzog = archduke; fejedelem/fürst = prince; gróf/graf = count; herceg/herzog = duke; püspök = bishop; vitéz = sir (knighthood).
                      
 ąThe short style of the ruler:
(a) 25 Dec 1000 - 1102 (in Latin): Dei gratia, Hungariae rex; (in Hungarian): Isten kegyelméből, Magyarország Királya ("By the Grace of God, of Hungary King");
(b) 1102 - 22 Jul 1540 (in Latin): Dei gratia, Hungariae, Dalmaciae, Croaciae, &c. Rex; (in Hungarian): Isten kegyelméből, Magyarország, Dalmácia, Horvátország, stb. Királya ("By the Grace of God, of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, etc. King");
(c) 22 Jul 1540 - 1 Oct 1758 (in Latin): Dei gratia, Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae, Sclavoniae, &c. Rex, (from 1722) Transylvaniae Princeps; (in Hungarian): Isten kegyelméből, Magyarország, Dalmácia, Horvátország, Szlavónia, stb. Királya, (from 1722) Erdély Fejedelme; (in German): Von Gottes Gnaden, Ungarns, Dalmatiens, Kroatiens, Slawoniens, etc. König, (from 1722) Fürst von Siebenbürgen ("By the Grace of God, of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. King, [from 1722] Prince of Transylvania");
(d) 1 Oct 1758 - 10 Mar 1867 (in Hungarian): Isten kegyelméből, A Magyarország, Dalmácia, Horvátország, Szlavónia, stb. Apostoli Királya, (from 1765) Erdély Nagyfejedelme; (in Latin): Dei gratia, Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae, Sclavoniae, &c. Rex Apostolicus, (from 1765) Magnus Princeps Transylvaniae; (in German): Von Gottes Gnaden, Ungarns, Dalmatiens, Kroatiens, Slawoniens, etc. Apostolischer König, (from 1765) Grossfürst von Siebenbürgen ("By the Grace of God, of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Apostolic King, [from 1765] Grand Prince of Transylvania"), [for full style see under Austria];
(e) 10 Mar 1867 - 16 Nov 1918: Isten kegyelméből, Magyar, Dalmát, Horvát, Tót, stb. országok Apostoli Királya, Erdély Nagyfejedelme; (in German): Von Gottes Gnaden, Ungarns, Dalmatiens, Kroatiens, Slawoniens, etc. Länder Apostolischer König, Grossfürst von Siebenbürgen ("By the Grace of God, of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. lands Apostolic King, Grand Prince of Transylvania"), [for full style see under Austria];
  The style apostoli (apostolic) was granted by the Pope on 19 Aug 1758, effective 1 Oct 1758.
  The term Kyrálynö (queen-regnant) literally means "female-king", and was rendered Rex (not as Regina) in the official Latin, the term Királynö is therefor different from Kyrályné (queen-consort}.
 ˛The Palatine, in Latin palatinus regni, in Hungarian nádorispán, was the traditional highest court official of the kingdom, who stood at the head of the magnates and if necessary was called upon to mediate between the crown and the estates. No appointments to this exalted office were made after the 1848-49 revolution.

 łFormal styles of the prime ministers: Miniszterelnök (minister-president) 10 Mar 1867 - 5 Sep 1949, 24 Oct - 4 Nov 1956, and from 23 Oct 1989; a Minisztertanács elnöke (president of the Council of Ministers) 5 Sep 1949 - 24 Oct 1956, 278 Jan 1958 - 30 Jun 1965, and 15 May 1975 - 23 Oct 1989; a Magyar Forradalmi Munkás-Paraszt Kormány elnöke (president of the Hungarian Revolutionary Workers' and Peasants' Government) 4 Nov 1956 - 27 Jan 1958 and 30 Jun 1965 - 15 May 1975.

Territorial Disputes: Bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continue since 2006 with Slovakia over Hungary's failure to complete its portion of the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Hungary has implemented the strict Schengen border rules

Party abbreviations: Fidesz-MPP = Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége "Fidesz" - Magyar Polgári Szövetség (Alliance of Young Democrats "Fidesz"–Hungarian Civic Union, conservative, center-right, 1988-2003 as Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége [Alliance of Young Democrats], est.30 Mar 1988); FKgP = Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás és Polgári Párt (Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party, christian democratic, agrarian, radical populist, agrarian, 12 Jan 1908-2 Feb 1922, merged into KFKP, 12 Oct 1930-1949, re-est.18 Nov 1988); MDF = Magyar Demokrata Fórum (Hungarian Democratic Forum, center-right, christian-democratic, est.27 Sep 1987); MSzDP = Magyar Szociáldemokrata Párt (Hungarian Social Democratic Party, social-democratic, 7 Dec 1890-12 Jun 1948, merged into MDP, re-est.9 May 1989); MSzP = Magyar Szocialista Párt (Hungarian Socialist Party, socialist, former MSzMP, est.7 Oct 1989); SzDSz = Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége – a Magyar Liberális Párt (Alliance of Free Democrats–Hungarian Liberal Party, liberal, est.13 Nov 1988); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: 48AP = 48-as Alkotmánypárt ("48 Constitution Party, traditionalist conservative, former FNP, 25 Jan-7 Nov 1918); BP = Balközép Párt (National Party, center-left, pro-independence, 1867-1 Mar 1875, merged into SzP); DP = Deák-párt (Deák Party, liberal reform, moderate, 1867-1 Mar 1875, merged into SzP); EP = Ellenzéki Párt (Opposition Party, liberal nationalist, 15 Mar 1847-13 Aug 1849); FNP/F48 = Függetlenségi és Negyvennyolcas [48-as] Párt (Independence and Forty-eight ["48] Party, conservative, merger of FP and NFP/48FP, 29 Sep 1884-25 Jan 1918 then renamed 48AP; Mihály Károlyi faction of FNP separates as F48-"Károlyi Párt" [F48-Károlyi Party] 9 Aug 1916-1919); FP = Függetlenségi Párt (Independence Party, 1874-29 Sep 1884, merged into FNP/F48); KFKP = Keresztény-Keresztyén Földmíves-, Kisgazda- és Polgári Párt "Egységes Párt" (Christian Smallholders', Agricultural Labourers' and Citizens' Party "Unified Party", conservative, merger of FKgP, KNEP, and OKFP, 2 Feb 1922-27 Oct 1932, then NEP); KMP = Kommunisták Magyarországi Pártja (Hungarian Communist Party, communist, 24 Nov 1918-21 Mar 1919, then MSzP; re-est.1922-1943); KNEP = Keresztény Nemzeti Egyesülés Pártja (Christian National Union Party, conservative, christian-socialist, Aug-Oct 1919 named Keresztény Nemzeti Párt [Christian National Party], 25 Oct 1919-2 Feb 1922, merged into KFKP); KsP = Keresztényszociális Néppárt (Christian Social People's Party, christian social, catholic, 3 Feb 1918 - Apr 1919, merged into KNEP); MDP = Magyar Dolgozók Pártja (Hungarian Workers' Party, merger of MSzDP and MKP, 12 Jun 1948-30 Oct 1956, then MSzMP); MEP = Magyar Élet Pártja (Party of Hungarian Life, conservative, 22 Feb 1939-1944?); MKP = Magyar Kommunista Párt (Hungarian Communist Party, 8 Oct 1944 - 13 Jun 1948, merged into MD); MSzMP = Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt (Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, communist, split from MDP, 1 Nov 1956-7 Oct 1989); MSzP = Magyar Szocialista Párt (Hungarian Socialist Party, democratic socialist, merger of MSzDP and KMP, 21 Mar 1919-1 Aug 1919); NEP = Nemzeti Egység Pártja (National Unity Party, christian conservative, populist, union of FKgP and KFKP, 27 Oct 1932-1939?); NFP/48FP = Negyvennyolcas [48-as] Függetlenségi Párt (Forty-eight ["48] Independence Party, compromise opposition, radical liberal, 17 May 1874-29 Sep 1884, merged into FNP/F48); NMP = Nemzeti Munkapárt (National Labour Party, liberal, 19 Feb 1910-22 Oct 1918); NykP = Nyilaskeresztes Párt – Hungarista Mozgalom (Arrow Cross Party-Hungarist Movement, fascist, 8 Mar 1939-28 Mar 1945); OAP = Országos Alkotmánypárt (National Constitution Party, liberal, 18 Nov 1905-Nov 1918); OKFP = Országos Kisgazda- és Földmíves Párt (National Christian Smallholders' Party, agrarian, 29 Nov 1919-2 Feb 1922, merged into KFKP); PRP = (Országos) Polgári Radikális Párt ([National] Civil Radical Party, radical liberal, 6 Jun 1914-22 Mar 1919); SzP = Szabadelvű Párt (Liberal Party, liberal, merger of BP and DP, 1 Mar 1875-11 Apr 1906)



Serbo-Hungarian Republic of Baranya 

14 Nov 1918                Baranya county (capital Pécs/Pečuj) and Bács-Bodrog county (capital
                             Zombor/Sombor) of Hungary occupied Serbia/Yugoslavia.
19..                       Civil administration organized.
 4 Jun 1920                By peace Treaty of Trianon area to be partly restored to Hungary
                             (ratified 31 Jul 1921).
14 Aug 1921                Serbo-Hungarian Republic of Baranya (Baranyai Szerb-Magyar
                             Köztársaság/Srpsko-mađarska Republika Baranja) proclaimed in
                             rebellion.
21 Aug 1921                Yugoslav forces withdrawn, Hungarian forces take over (on 21 Aug
                             1921 in Baja, 22 Aug 1921 in Pécs, completed 25 Aug 1921).
                             Baranya county (mostly) restored to Hungary, Bács-Bodrog county
                             (mostly) remaining with Yugoslavia.

Serbian Commandants in Pečuj (Pécs) 
14 Nov 1918 - 1921         ....        
1921 - 21 Aug 1921         Đorđe (Đoka) M. Đorđević            (b. 1863 - d. 1935)  Mil
                             (Djordje "Djoka" Djordjević)
Serbian Government Commissioner
19.. - 20 Aug 1921         Svetislav Rajić                     (b. 1889 - d. 1941)
Chairman of the Management Committee of the Serbo-Hungarian Republic of Baranya
14 Aug 1921 - 22 Aug 1921  Petár Dobrovics (Petar Dobrović)    (b. 1890 - d. 1942)  PSP
                             (in rebellion)
Hungarian Commanding General in the Southern Marches

22 Aug 1921 - 1921         vitéz Károly Soós bádoki            (b. 1869 - d. 1953)  Mil
Hungarian Government Commissioner
22 Aug 1921 - 1921         Gyula Kiszely (Julius Kissely)

Chairmen of the Inter-Allied Military Mission in Pécs
28 May 1920 - 11 Aug 1921  Raoul Émile Derain (France)         (b. 1879 - d. 19..)  Mil
11 Aug 1921 - 1921         Francis William Gosset (U.K.)       (b. 1876 - d. 1931)  Mil

Party abbreviations: PSP = Pécsi Szocialista Párt (Socialist Party in Pécs, democratic-socialist, Baranya regionalist, split from MSzDP, 14 Jun 1920-1921); Mil = Military



Ottoman Hungary 1541 - 1686

[Ottoman Empire flag 1517 -
              1793]

29 Aug 1541                Ottoman rule in Buda (Ofen) by submission. The Danube/Tisza area
                             becomes an Ottoman province (Budin Eyalet), Ottoman intervention
                             reduces the Habsburg sphere.
 2 Sep 1686                Austrian Habsburg forces liberate Buda (Ofen).
26 Jan 1699                Austrian Habsburgs expel remaining Ottoman forces. 

Beylerbey
s of Buda
Sep 1541 - Feb 1542        Uzun Süleyman Pasha
Feb 1542 - May 1543        Küçük Bali Pasha
16 May 1543 - Aug 1548     Yahyapashazade Muhammad Pasha       (d. 1548)
Sep 1548 - May 1551        Gazi Gasim Pasha (1st time)
May 1551 - Aug 1553        Hadim Ali Pasha (1st time)          (d. 1557)
 2 Oct 1553 - 23 Feb 1556  Toygun Pasha (1st time)
23 Feb 1556 - 14 Feb 1557  Hadim Ali Pasha (2nd time)          (s.a.)
14 Feb 1557 -  6 Aug 1557  Haci Muhammad Pasha
19 Aug 1557 -  4 Nov 1558  Gazi Gasim Pasha (2nd time)
 4 Nov 1558 - Jun 1559     Toygun Pasha (2nd time)
21 Jun 1559 - Nov 1563     Güzelce Rüstem Pasha                (d. 1563)
18 Nov 1563 - Jun 1564     Zal Mahmut Pasha
Jun 1564 - Jul 1564        Hasan Bey (acting)
Jul 1564 - Oct 1564        Arslan Bey (acting)
Oct 1564 - 19 May 1565     Iskender Pasha
19 May 1565 -  3 Aug 1566  Yahyapashazade Arslan Pasha         (d. 1566)
 3 Aug 1566 -  1 Oct 1578  Sokullu Mustafa Pasha               (d. 1578)
Oct 1578 - May 1580        Kara Üveyis Pasha                   (d. 1591)
May 1580 -  9 Oct 1583     Kalaylikoz Ali Pasha (1st time)
 9 Oct 1583 - May 1586     Frenk (Payzen) Yusuf Pasha (1st time)
May 1586 - 22 Feb 1587     Kalaylikoz Ali Pasha (2nd time)
Mar 1587 - 28 Nov 1588     Frenk (Payzen) Yusuf Pasha (2nd time)
29 Nov 1588 - Sep 1590     Ferhad Pasha
Nov 1590 - 31 Jan 1592     Sofu Sinan Pasha (1st time)
31 Jan 1592 - 28 Jan 1593  Sinanpashazade Mehmet Pasha
                             (1st time)
Jan 1593 - Aug 1594        Mehmetpashazade Hasan Pasha
Aug 1594 -  9 May 1595     Sinanpashazade Mehmet Pasha
                             (2nd time)
 9 May 1595 - Aug 1595     Mihaliçli Ahmet Pasha (1st time)
Aug 1595 - May 1596        Sofu Sinan Pasha (2nd time)
May 1596 - 13 Oct 1596     Mihaliçli Ahmet Pasha (2nd time)
Oct 1596 - 31 Jan 1597     Ali Pasha
Feb 1597 - 11 Oct 1598     Mihaliçli Ahmet Pasha (3rd time)
11 Oct 1598 - Aug 1599     Dev Süleyman Pasha
Aug 1599 - Nov 1599        Tiryaki Hasan Pasha (1st time)      (b. 1530? - d. 1611)
Nov 1599 - Sep 1600        Lala Mehmed Pasha (1st time)
Sep 1600 - Apr 1601        Tiryaki Hasan Pasha (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Apr 1601 - 15 Oct 1601     Minkarkuşu Mehmet Pasha
15 Oct 1601 - Jul 1602     Lala Mehmed Pasha (2nd time)
Jul 1602 - Aug 1604        Kadizade Ali Pasha (1st time)
Aug 1604 - May 1605        Bektash Pasha
May 1605 - Oct 1605        Boşnak Mustafa Pasha
12 Oct 1605 - 28 Nov 1609  Kadizade Ali Pasha (2nd time)
28 Nov 1609 - Jan 1614     Teriali Hasan Pasha (3rd time)      (s.a.)
Feb 1614 - 17 Oct 1614     Sefer Pasha
17 Oct 1614 - Dec 1616     Kadizade Ali Pasha (3rd time)
 3 Dec 1616 - Jun 1617     Sofu Mehmet Pasha (1st time)        (d. 1626)
 3 Jun 1617 -  6 May 1618  Nakkash Hasan Pasha
 6 May 1618 - Feb 1621     Karakash Mehmet Pasha
Feb 1621 -  9 Dec 1621     Sofu Mehmet Pasha (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 9 Dec 1621 - Feb 1622     Kenaan Pasha
Feb 1622 - 14 Oct 1622     Sufi Mehmet Pasha (3rd time)        (s.a.)
14 Oct 1622 - Oct 1622     Deli Dervish Pasha
Nov 1622 - Sep 1623        Sufi Mehmet Pasha (4th time)        (s.a.)
Sep 1623 - Oct 1623        Pir Mehmet Pasha
Oct 1623 - Aug 1626        Sufi Mehmet Pasha (5th time)        (s.a.)
Aug 1626 - Feb 1630        Damat Murtaza Pasha
Feb 1630 - Oct 1631        Hasan Pasha
Oct 1631                   Bayram Pasha                        (d. 1638)
Oct 1631 - 30 Jun 1634     Boşnak Musa Pasha (1st time)
30 Jun 1634 - Jul 1634     Silahtar Hüseyin Pasha
Jul 1634                   Boşnak Musa Pasha (2nd time)
Jul 1634 - 29 May 1635     Cafer Pasha                         (d. 1635)
29 May 1635 - Feb 1637     Nasuhpashazade Hüseyin Pasha
20 Feb 1637 - 23 Feb 1638  Boşnak Musa Pasha (3rd time)
23 Feb 1638 -  5 Feb 1639  Tabaniyassi Mehmet Pasha            (d. 1639)
 5 Feb 1639 - 19 Feb 1640  İbshir Mustafa Pasha
19 Feb 1640 - 21 Feb 1640  Silahtar Mustafa Pasha
Feb 1640 - 12 Mar 1644     Koca Musa Pasha                     (d. 1647)
12 Mar 1644 - Oct 1644     Mirahor Osman Pasha
Oct 1644 - 11 Aug 1645     Deli Hüseyin Pasha                  (d. 1259)
11 Aug 1645 -  9 Sep 1646  Nakkash Mustafa Pasha
 9 Sep 1646 -  2 Nov 1647  Murteza Pasha
 2 Nov 1647 -  5 Nov 1647  Hamzapashazade Mehmet Pasha         (d. 1658)
                             (1st time)
 5 Nov 1647 - Nov 1647     Fazil Pasha
Nov 1647 - 30 Mar 1648     Hamzapashazade Mehmet Pasha         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
30 Mar 1648 -  6 Aug 1650  Siyavush Pasha                      (d. 1656)
 6 Aug 1650 -  9 Sep 1653  Kara Murat Pasha
 9 Sep 1653 - 11 Sep 1655  Sari Kenan Pasha                    (d. 1655)
Sep 1655 -  2 May 1656     Gürcü Kenan Pasha (1st time)
 2 May 1656 - 20 Nov 1656  Fazil Pasha
20 Nov 1656 - 12 Nov 1658  Gürcü Kenan Pasha (2nd time)
12 Nov 1658 - Dec 1658     Deli Hüseyin Pasha                  (d. 1659)
 3 Dec 1658 - Jun 1659     Gürcü Kenan Pasha (3rd time)
21 Mar 1659 - 28 May 1660  Seydi Ahmet Pasha                   (b. 1617 - d. 1660)
28 May 1660 - Feb 1663     Boşnak İsmail Pasha                 (d. 1664)
Feb 1663 - May 1663        Gürcü Mehmed Pasha (1st time)       (d. 1665)
May 1663 - 20 Oct 1664     Sari Hüseyin Pasha                  (d. 1683)
20 Oct 1664 - Mar 1666     Gürcü Mehmed Pasha (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 7 Apr 1666 - 22 May 1667  Cerrah Kasim Pasha
19 May 1667 - 22 Oct 1667  Söhrab Mehmet Pasha  
28 Oct 1667 - 30 Oct 1670  Mahmut Pasha
30 Oct 1670 - Feb 1672     Uzun İbrahim Pasha (1st time)       (d. 1683)
Feb 1672 - 13 Apr 1673     Canpulatzade Hüseyin Pasha
13 Apr 1673 - 14 Sep 1675  Uzun İbrahim Pasha (2nd time)       (s.a.)
14 Jun 1675 - Mar 1677     Suyolcu Ali Pasha
Mar 1677 - Oct 1677        Halil Pasha
Oct 1677 - 14 Sep 1683     Uzun İbrahim Pasha (3rd time)       (s.a.)
14 Sep 1683 - 10 Aug 1684  Kara Mehmet Pasha                   (d. 1684)
Aug 1684 - Nov 1684        Şeytan İbrahim Pasha                (d. 1685)
Nov 1684 -  1 Sep 1686     Arnavut Abdurrahman Abdi Pasha      (b. 1616 - d. 1686)





© Ben Cahoon