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Hungary
 
[Kingdom of Hungary 997-1307,
                                    1382-1804]
                       997 - 1307; 
                      1382 - 1804
 
[Kingdom of Hungary 1307-1382]
                      1307 - 1382
 
[Austria-Hungary, 1804]
                  1804 - 22 Mar 1848; 
            13 Aug 1849 - 21 Dec 1867
[Flag of
                                    Hungary (Transleithania 1867-1918)]
          22 Mar 1848 - 13 Aug 1849;
          12 Nov 1918 - 20 Mar 1919;
          (22 Mar 1919 -  6 Aug 1919 
           Arad Counter Government)
 
[State Flag of the Hungarian
                                    revolution]
  22 Mar 1848 - 13 Aug 1849 Revolt Flag
[Hungarian Ensign, 1848 –
                                    1918]
         1867 - 1918  Hungarian Ensign
[Hungary State Flag 1867-1915,
                                    1920-1945 variant]
            21 Dec 1867 - 15 Oct 1915;
            1920 - 1 Feb 1946 Alternate
[Hungarian State Flag
                                    1915-1918]
            15 Oct 1915 - 12 Nov 1918
[Austria-Hungary Merchant
                                    Ensign, 1869 - 1918]
           1 Aug 1869 - 12 Nov 1918
        Austria-Hungary Merchant Flag
[Hungarian Soviet Republic
                                    1919]
           21 Mar 1919 - 3 Aug 1919
 
[Hungarian State Flag
                                    1919-1946]
            6 Aug 1919 -  1 Feb 1946
[Hungarian State flag
                                    1946-1949, 1956-57]  
             1 Feb 1946 - 18 Aug 1949; 
             25 Oct 1956 - 1 Oct 1957
[Flag of
                                    People's Republic of Hungary
                                    1949-1956]
            18 Aug 1949 - 25 Oct 1956
 
[Hungarian State Flag
                                    1957-1989]
              1 Oct 1957 - 23 Oct 1989 

[Flag of
                                    Hungary]
              Re-adopted 23 Oct 1989 
Map of Hungary Hear National Anthem
 "Himnusz" (Hymn)
Text of National Anthem
 Adopted 1844
Constitution
(1 Jan 2012)
-------------------------------
Former Constitution

(20 Aug 1949 - 31 Dec 2011)
Capital: Budapest
(Székesfehérvár and
Esztergom 1000-1256;
Buda 1265-1536;
 Pozsony [Pressburg/
Bratislava] 1536-1848;
Pest 1848-14 Nov 1873)
Currency: Forint (HUF);
1925-1946 Hungarian Pengoe
(HUP);
1946 Hungarian
Red Army Pengoe (HRU);
 1918-1925 Hungarian Korona (HUK)
National Holidays: 20 Aug
Szent István Ünnepe
(Saint Stephen's Day)
------------------------------------
15 Mar (1848)
Nemzeti Ünnep
(National Day)
Population: 9,939,470 (2013)
Map of Hungary
1918-1920
Currency 1524-1918:
1892-1918 Austro-Hungarian
Kronen (ATK); 1857-1892
 Austro-Hungarian Gulden
 (ATG); 1524-1857 Austrian
 Gulden (XATC)
1849 Declaration of
Independence
(14 Apr 1849)
Historic Population:
25,000,000 (1914)
4,679,600 (1942)
GDP: $196.6 billion (2013)
Exports: $92.9 billion (2013)
Imports: $89.5 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or
unknown 5.8% (2001)
Total Armed Forces: 29,450 (2010)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%,
Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%,
none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: AG, ANT, APM, BIS, BSEC (dialogue partner), BTWC, CCM, CE, CEI, CERN, CFE, CTBT, CWC, DC, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ENMOD, ESA (cooperating state), ESCR, EU, Eutelsat, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, MTCR, NATO, NEA, NPT, NSG, NTBT, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Hungary Index
Chronology
 

c.400 - c.455              Huns power based in Pannonia.
c.435 – 568                Lombard rule in western Panonia.
c.558 – 527                Avars rule Pannonia.
810 – 899                  Moravian rule in northern Pannonia.
827 - 896                  Frankish and Bulgarian in rule southern Pannonia.
896                        Magyars begin to settle in southern Pannonia.
 4 Jul 907                 Magyar rule over entire are of modern Hungary
                             and Slovakia.
25 Dec 1000                Kingdom of Hungary
Mar 1241 - 1243            Mongol occupation in eastern Hungary.
10 Nov 1526                János Szapolyai is elected king of Hungary and
                             crowned the next day.
16 Dec 1526                Habsburg Ferdinand of Austria is elected king of
                             Hungary, he ousts János on 20 Aug 1527 by
                             capturing the capital and is formally crowned on
                             3 Nov 1527.

16 Dec 1526 - 13 Nov 1918  In personal union with Austria.
11 Sep 1529 - 21 Jul 1540  King János I Szapolyai submits to Ottoman
                             suzerainty.
29 Aug 1541 - 26 Jan 1699  Partitioned between Austria and Ottoman Empire,                              (Austria rules neighboring border areas,                               southern and central Hungary under Ottoman
                             rule); on 2 Sep 1686 Austrian forces occupy
                             Buda and Pest. 18 Sep 1705 - 21 Feb 1711
                              Anti-Habsburg revolt; Diet elects the Prince 

                             of Transylvania Ferenc Lipót Rákóczy 
                             Felsövadászi as Prince of Hungary
                             (Magyarországi fejedelem). On 13 Jun 
                             1707 the Diet declared the king deposed and 
                             Rákóczy to the official head of state
                             (Habsburg royal military forces did not 
                             submit). The civil war that ensued ended by
                             agreement (not accepted by Rákóczy) on 
                             21 Feb 1711, and more permanently by the Peace 
                             of Szatmár on 1 May 1711.
14 Apr 1849                Hungary
17 Jun 1849 - 13 Aug 1849  Russian invasion on behalf of Austria.
13 Aug 1849                Hungarian Kingdom (in personal union with
                             Austria).
24 Oct 1849 - 21 Dec 1867  Dis-annexation of Croatia and Transylvania from 
                             Hungary by Austria. Hungary itself is 
                             partitioned into 15 military districts (and 
                             Governorate of Temesch and Serbian Vojvodina
                             18 Nov 1849 - 27 Dec 1860).
13 Sep 1850 - 19 Apr 1860  Hungary province partitioned into five
                             territories: new territories are Pressburg,
                             Kaschau, Grosswardein, Pest-Ofen, and Ödenburg.
21 Dec 1867                "Hungarian half" of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
                             ("Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown")
                             (incl. Croatia, Fiume, Slavonia, & Transylvania).
28 Oct 1918                Independence of Czechoslovakia declared.
29 Oct 1918                Independence of Croat and Slovene State declared.
31 Oct 1918                Hungary declares independence
14 Nov 1918 - 20 Aug 1920  Baranya region occupied by Serbian forces.
16 Nov 1918                Hungarian People's Republic
21 Mar 1919                Hungarian Conciliar ("Soviet") Republic 
23 Jun 1919                Socialist Federative Conciliar Republic of Hungary
 2 Aug 1919                Hungarian People's Republic
 4 Aug 1919 - 14 Nov 1919  Occupied by Romania.
 7 Aug 1919                Hungary.
21 Mar 1920                Hungarian Kingdom ("kingdom with vacant throne").
 4 Jun 1920                By the Treaty of Trianon Hungary formally 
                             surrenders Fiume; cedes Croatia, Slavonia,
                             Vojvodina, western Banat, Bosnia-Hercegovia, 
                             and Prekmurje-Medjimurje to the Yugoslav
                             state; Transylvania and eastern Banat 
                             ceded to Romania; Carpatho-Ruthenia,
                             Slovakia and Pressburg (Bratislava) are 
                             ceded to Czechoslovakia; Burgenland is
                             ceded to Austria.
21 Mar 1921                Parliament decrees that the House of 
                             Habsburg was excluded from kingship.
20 Oct 1921 - 26 Oct 1921  Restoration rebellion by ex-King Károly IV.
30 Aug 1940 - 11 Mar 1945  Northern Transylvania annexed from Rumania.
 1 Apr 1944 -  4 Apr 1945  Occupied by Germany.
19 Oct 1944 - 15 Sep 1947  Allied (Soviet) occupation.
21 Dec 1944                Hungarian State
 1 Feb 1946                Hungarian Republic
20 Aug 1949                Hungarian People's Republic
 1 Oct 1956 -  5 Nov 1956  Anti-Communist rebellion; ended by an invasion
                             of U.S.S.R. and Warsaw Pact forces.
23 Oct 1989                Hungarian Republic (Republic of Hungary)
 1 Jan 2012                Hungary
Ottoman Hungary
(1541 - 1686)
Romanian
Occupation

(1919)
German Occupation
(1944 - 1945)
Allied Occupation
(1944 - 1947)
Hungarian Catholic
Church
 
Historical Maps
of Hungary
 
 
 
 

General Secretaries of the Hungarian Workers' Party (MKP/MDP)
Feb 1945 - 18 Jul 1956     Mátyás Rákosi                      (b. 1892 - d. 1971)
                            (acting 2 Jul - 31 Oct 1953)
 2 Jul 1953 - 31 Oct 1953  Lajos Ácz                          (b. 1922 - d. 1968)
                           + Béla Vég                         (b. 1922)
                           (acting)
18 Jul 1956 - 25 Oct 1956  Ernö Gerö                          (b. 1898 - d. 1980)
First Secretaries of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (MSzMP) 
25 Oct 1956 - 22 May 1988  János Kádár                        (b. 1912 - d. 1989)
22 May 1988 -  7 Oct 1989  Károly Grósz                       (b. 1930 - d. 1996)
                           ("leading role" of the party abolished 20 Feb 1989)
 

Sacred rulers (style Kende)(in Don/Dnepr region to 896)
8.. – af.833               Ugek (in Don region)
c.850 – 88.                Előd
88. - 904                  Kurszán (Kuzan)                    (d. 904)
War rulers (style Gyula)(in Don/Dnepr region to 896)
8.. - af.889               Álmos (Olom)       
bf.894 - 896               Árpád (1st time)(acting)           (d. 907)
895  89.                   Gelu (in Transylvania)
896 – 907                  Árpád (2nd time)                   (s.a.)
Princes (style Fejedelem)
904 - 907                  Árpád                              (s.a.) 
904 - 946                  Zoltán (Solt)                      (b. c.895 - d. 949)
 946 – 972                 Taksony (Toxus)                    (b. c.931 – d. 972)
972 -  1 Feb 997           Géza (Gyécsa)                      (b. c.943 - d. 997) 
 1 Feb 997 - 25 Dec 1000   Vajk                               (b. 969 - d. 1038) 

Kingsą (17 Dec 1526 - 13 Nov 1918, also rulers of Austria)
25 Dec 1000 - 15 Aug 1038  István I ("Szent István")          (s.a.)
                            
(= Vajk)
15 Aug 1038 - 1041         Péter Orseolo (1st time)           (b. 1012 - d. 1059)
1041 -  3 Jul 1044         Sámuel Aba                         (b. c.990 - d. 1044)
Jul 1044 - 1046            Péter Orseolo (2nd time)           (s.a.)
Sep 1046 - Dec 1060        András I (or Endre I)              (b. 1014 - d. 1060)
 6 Dec 1060 - 11 Sep 1063  Béla I                             (b. 1016 - d. 1063)
11 Sep 1063 - Nov 1074     Salamon                            (b. 1052 - d. 1087)
                             (co-ruler 1057 - 11 Sep 1063)
14 Mar 1074 - 25 Apr 1077  Géza I (Magnus)                    (b. 1044 - d. 1077)
25 Apr 1077 - 29 Jul 1095  László I ("Szent László")          (b. 1040 - d. 1095)
Aug 1095 -  3 Feb 1116     Kálmán "Könyves Kálmán"            (b. c.1065 - d. 1116)
                            
("the Bibliophile")
1095 - 1108                Álmos                              (b. 1068 - d. 1129)
                             (in opposition, punctuated by reconciliations)
 3 Feb 1116 -  1 Mar 1131  István II (co-ruler from 1105)     (b. 1101 - d. 1131)
Mar 1131 - 13 Feb 1141     Béla II "Vak Béla" ("the Blind")   (b. 1109 - d. 1141) 
1131 -  5 May 1135         Borisz (pretender)                 (b. c.1113 - d. af.1155)
16 Feb 1141 - 31 May 1162  Géza II                            (b. c.1129 - d. 1162)
13 Feb 1141 - 1147         Belos (Beloš Urošić) -Regent       (d. af.1163)
Jun 1162 - 15 Jul 1162     István III (1st time)              (b. 1147 - d. 1172) 
15 Jul 1162 - 14 Jan 1163  László II                          (b. 1132 - d. 1163)
27 Jan 1163 - 19 Jun 1163  István IV                          (b. c.1133 - d. 1165)
Feb 1163 -  4 Mar 1172     István III (2nd time)              (b. 1147 - d. 1172)
 4 Mar 1172 - 23 Apr 1196  Béla III (Béla Alexiosz)           (b. 1148 - d. 1196)
                             (crowned 13 Jan 1173)
23 Apr 1196 - 30 Nov 1204  Imre (co-ruler from 16 May 1182
)   (b. 1174 - d. 1204)
                           - together with -
26 Aug 1204 -  7 May 1205  László III                         (b. 1199 - d. 1205)
29 May 1205 - 21 Sep 1235  András II "Jeruzálemi"             (b. 1176 - d. 1235)
                             (or Endre II)
14 Oct 1235 -  3 May 1270  Béla IV (co-ruler from 1214)       (b. 1206 - d. 1270)
Mar 1241 - 1243            Sayban -Mongolian Commander 
                             (in eastern Hungary)
May 1270 -  6 Aug 1272     István V (co-ruler from 1246)      (b. 1240 - d. 1272)
Aug 1272 - 10 Jul 1290     László IV "Kun László" (the Cuman) (b. 1262 - d. 1290)
 1 Aug 1272 - 1277         Elisabeth (f) -Regent              (b. 1240 - d. af.1290)
28 Jul 1290 - 14 Jan 1301  András III (or Endre III)          (b. c.1265 - d. 1301) 
                             (pretender 1278 - 1287)
12 Sep 1290 -  6 Jan 1292  Mária -Queen (in dissidence)       (b. c.1257 - d. 1323)
Oct 1290 - Nov 1290        András (Endre) (pretender)         (d. 1290)
 6 Jan 1292 - 19 Aug 1295  Martell Károly                     (b. 1271 - d. 1295)
                             (takes office 7 Feb 1292)
13 May 1301 - 1301         Károly I Robert (1st time)         (b. 1288 - d. 1342)
1301 -  6 Dec 1305         Vencel ("László")                  (b. 1289 - d. 1306)
                             (coronation 27 Aug 1301)
                             (in Poland as King Waclaw III and Václav III in Bohemia)
 6 Dec 1305 - 1308         Ottó ("Béla")                      (b. 1261 - d. 1312)
                             (in Bavaria as Duke Otto III)
1308 - 16 Jul 1342         Károly I Robert (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (recognized as king by Papal bull 31 May 1303;
                             proclaimed 27 Nov 1308; coronation 15 Jun 1309
                             and again 27 Aug 1310)
16 Jul 1342 - 11 Sep 1382  Lajos I "Nagy Lajos" ("the Great") (b. 1326 - d. 1382)
                             (coronation 21 Jul 1342)
11 Sep 1382 - 31 Dec 1385  Mária -Queen (1st time)            (b. 1370 - d. 1395) 
                             (coronation 17 Sep 1382)
11 Sep 1382 - Sep 1385     Garai Miklós -Regent               (b. c.1340 - d. 1386)
 6 Oct 1385 - 31 Dec 1385  Szécsi Miklós -Regent              (b. 1320 - d. 1387)
24 Feb 1386 -  8 Feb 1386  Károly II "Kis Károly"             (b. 1345 - d. 1386)
                             ("the Short")
                             (Charles of Durazzo/Carlo III of Sicily)
                             (coronation 31 Dec 1385)
                             (wounded by conspirators at Buda on 7 Feb 1386;
                             disputed death dates 17 Feb 1386 or 24 Feb 1386)
 8 Feb 1386 - 17 May 1395  Mária -Queen (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                           - together with -
31 Mar 1387 -  9 Dec 1437  Zsigmond I "Luxemburgi"            (b. 1368 - d. 1437)
 5 Aug 1403 - Oct 1403     László (V) "Nápolyi László"        (b. 1377 - d. 1414)
                             ("the Neapolitan")(in dissidence)
                             (coronation 5 Aug 1403)
18/19 Dec 1437-27 Oct 1439 Albert I                           (b. 1397 - d. 1439) 
                             (coronation 1 Jan 1438)
27 Oct 1439 - 15 May 1440  Erzsébet -Queen                    (b. 1409 - d. 1442)
22 Feb 1440 - 16 Dec 1442  László V "Utószülött László"       (b. 1440 - d. 1457)
                             ("the Posthumous")(1st time) 
                             (coronation 15 May 1440)
15 May 1440 - 17 Jul 1440  Friedrich von Habsburg -Regent     (b. 1415 - d. 1493)
                             (1st time)
29 Jun 1440 - 10 Nov 1444  Ulászló I "Varnai Ulászló"         (b. 1423 - d. 1444) 
                             (coronation 17 Jul 1440)
10 Nov 1444 - 1446?        Government carried on in ignorance 
                           of the ruler's death by
                           Hédervári Lőrinc -Palatine         (b. 1413 - d. 1447)
May 1446 - 23 Nov 1457     László V (2nd time)                (s.a.)
Mar 1446 -  4 Sep 1452     Friedrich von Habsburg -Regent     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
23 Nov 1457 - 24 Jan 1458  Garai László -Palatine             (b. c.1410 - d. 1459)
                             (ex officio locum tenens regius)
24 Jan 1458 -  6 Apr 1490  Mátyás I Hunyadi "Corvin Mátyás"   (b. 1443 - d. 1490) 
17 Feb 1458 - 17 Jul 1463  Frigyes Habsburg (in dissidence)   (b. 1415 - d. 1493)
                             (= Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich III)
                             (coronation 4 Mar 1459)
 6 Apr 1490 - 15 Jul 1490  Dóczy Orbán -King's lieutenant     (b. c.1440 - d. 1492)
                             (Locum tenens regius)
15 Jul 1490 - 13 Mar 1516  Ulászló II "Dobzse Ulászló"        (b. 1456 - d. 1516)
                             (coronation 18 Sep 1490)
                           - together with -
 4 Jun 1508 - 29 Aug 1526  Lajos II                           (b. 1506 - d. 1526)
                             (coronation 8 Dec 1522)
1490 -  7 Nov 1491         Miksa Habsburg (pretender)         (b. 1459 - d. 1519)
                             (Maximilian Erzherzog von Österreich)
                             (agreed to abandon claim 7 Nov 1491) 
29 Aug 1526 - 10 Nov 1526  Báthory István -Palatine           (b. 1477 - d. 1534)
                             (ex officio Locum tenens regius)
10 Nov 1526 - 21 Jul 1540  János I Szapolyai                  (b. 1487 - d. 1540) 
                             (coronation 11 Nov 1526)
                             (submits to Ottoman suzerainty Jul 1529) 
                           - opposed by -
16 Dec 1526 - 24 Feb 1538  Ferdinánd I (1st time)             (b. 1503 - d. 1564)
                             (elected by rival Diet; coronation 3 Nov 1527)
17 Jul 1540 - 25 Jul 1564  Ferdinánd I (2nd time)             (s.a.)
                           - opposed by -
13 Sep 1540 - Aug 1551     János II Zsigmond Szapolyai        (b. 1540 - d. 1571)
22 Jul 1540 - 29 Dec 1541  Izabella Szapolyai (f) -Regent     (b. 1519 - d. 1559)
                             (1st time)
22 Jul 1540 - 29 Dec 1541  Fráter György -Regent              (b. 1482 - d. 1551)
                             (Juraj Utiesenovic-Martinuzzi)
22 Oct 1556 - 16 Aug 1570  János Zsigmond Szapolyai           (b. 1540 - d. 1571)
                             (pretender)
25 Nov 1556 - 15 Sep 1559  Izabella Szapolyai (f) -Regent     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 8 Sep 1563 - 25 Sep 1572  Miksa II                           (b. 1527 - d. 1576)
                             (coronation 8 Sep 1563)
25 Sep 1572 - 25 Jun 1608  Rudolf (Rezsö)                     (b. 1552 - d. 1612)
25 Jun 1608 - 16 Nov 1608  Mátyás -Governor                   (b. 1557 - d. 1619)
Jun 1605 - 29 Dec 1606     István Bocskai Bocskói-Kismarjai,  (b. 1557 - d. 1606)
                             Prince Erdélyi (pretender)
16 Nov 1608 - 20 Mar 1619  Mátyás II                          (s.a.)
                             (coronation 19 Nov 1608)
18 May 1618 - 15 Feb 1637  Ferdinánd II                       (b. 1578 - d. 1637)
                             (coronation 1 Jul 1618)
25 Aug 1620 - 31 Dec 1621  Gábor Bethlen Iktári               (b. 1580 - d. 1629)
                             (in dissidence)
26 Nov 1625 -  2 Apr 1657  Ferdinánd III                      (b. 1608 - d. 1657)
                             (coronation 8 Dec 1626)
16 Jun 1647 -  9 Jul 1654  Ferdinánd IV Ferenc                (b. 1633 - d. 1654)
                             (coronation 16 Jun 1647)
27 Jun 1655 -  5 May 1705  Lipót I Ignác József               (b. 1640 - d. 1705)
                             (coronation 27 Jun 1655)
1674 - 14 Jan 1688         Imre Thököly Késmárkai (pretender) (b. 1657 - d. 1705)
 9 Dec 1687 - 17 Apr 1711  József I                           (b. 1678 - d. 1711)
                            (13 Jun 1707 - 21 Feb 1711 deposed by Hungarian Diet)
13 Jun 1707 - 21 Feb 1711  Ferenc Lipót Rákóczy               (b. 1676 - d. 1735)
                             Felsövadászi -Prince (in dissidence)
17 Apr 1711 - 20 Oct 1740  Károly III                         (b. 1685 - d. 1740)
20 Oct 1740 - 29 Nov 1780  Mária Terézia -Queen               (b. 1717 - d. 1780)
29 Nov 1780 - 20 Feb 1790  József II                          (b. 1741 - d. 1790)
20 Feb 1790 -  1 Mar 1792  Lipót II                           (b. 1747 - d. 1792)
 1 Mar 1792 -  2 Mar 1835  Ferenc I                           (b. 1768 - d. 1835)
28 Sep 1830 -  2 Dec 1848  Ferdinánd V                        (b. 1793 - d. 1875)
 2 Dec 1848 - 14 Apr 1849  Ferenc József I (1st time)         (b. 1830 - d. 1916)
Governor-Presidents
14 Apr 1849 - 11 Aug 1849  Lajos Kossuth de Kossuthfalva      (b. 1802 - d. 1894)
11 Aug 1849 - 13 Aug 1849  Artúr Görgey                       (b. 1818 - d. 1916)
                             (acting civil and military authority) 
Kingsą (also rulers of Austria)
13 Aug 1849 - 21 Nov 1916  Ferenc József I (2nd time)         (s.a.)
21 Nov 1916 - 16 Nov 1918  Károly IV (1st time)               (b. 1887 - d. 1922)
                            (declares withdrawal from politics of Hungary 13 Nov 1918)
Chairman of the National Council
 1 Nov 1918 - 16 Nov 1918  János Hock                         (b. 1859 - d. 1936)  EF48
Prime minister (acting as head of state)
16 Nov 1918 - 11 Jan 1919  Mihály gróf Károlyi de Nagykároly  (b. 1875 - d. 1955)  F48
Provisional President
11 Jan 1919 - 21 Mar 1919  Mihály gróf Károlyi de Nagykároly  (s.a.)               F48
Chairman of the Revolutionary Governing Council
21 Mar 1919 -  1 Aug 1919  Sándor Garbai                      (b. 1879 - d. 1947)  MSzP
                             (from 24 Jun 1919, ex officio Chairman
                              of the Federal Central Executive Committee)
 5 May 1919 - 12 Aug 1919  Governing Council
                           (counter-government in Arad and then in Szeged)
                           - Béla Fülöp                       (b. 1869 - d. 1932)
                           - Gyula Gömbös de Jákfa            (b. 1886 - d. 1936)
                           - Károly Hencz                     (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
                           - Lajos Varjassy                   (b. 1852 - d. 1934)
Prime minister
(acting as head of state)
 1 Aug 1919 -  6 Aug 1919  Gyula Peidl                        (b. 1873 - d. 1943)  SzDP
Governor (usually referred to as Regent)
 8 Aug 1919 - 23 Aug 1919  Archduke and Royal Duke József     (b. 1872 - d. 1962)  Non-party
                             Ágost Viktor Kelemen Mária Habsburg 
                            (de facto head of state 6 - 8 Aug 1919)
Prime ministers (acting as heads of state)
23 Aug 1919 - 24 Nov 1919  István Friedrich                   (b. 1883 - d. 1951)  KNEP
24 Nov 1919 -  1 Mar 1920  Károly Huszár                      (b. 1882 - d. 1941)  KNEP
King
21 Mar 1920 -  2 Feb 1946  Vacant
20 Oct 1921 - 24 Oct 1921  Károly IV (in dissidence)          (s.a.)
Governor (Magyarország kormanyzója)(always referred to as Regent)
 1 Mar 1920 -  3 Nov 1944  Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya         (b. 1868 - d. 1957)  Mil
                            (deported by the Germans on 16 Oct 1944)
16 Oct 1944 - 28 Mar 1945  Governing Council (Regency)
                           (acting for absent Horthy to 3 Nov 1944;
                           inactive after 4 Nov 1944)
                           - Károly Beregfy                   (b. 1888 - d. 1946)  Mil
                           - Ferenc Rajniss                   (b. 1893 - d. 1946)  Non-party
                           - Sándor Csia                      (b. 1894 - d. 1946)  NPHM
                           - together with -
National Leader (styled Nemzetvezetö)
 4 Nov 1944 - 28 Mar 1945  Ferenc Szálasi                     (b. 1897 - d. 1946)  NPHM
                             (in Germany exile to May 1945)
Chairmen of the Provisional National Assembly
21 Dec 1944                István Vásáry (provisional)        (b. 1887 - d. 1955)  FKgP
21 Dec 1944 - 26 Jan 1945  Béla Zsedényi Löcsei               (b. 1894 - d. 1955)  Non-party
26 Jan 1945 -  7 Dec 1945  National Supreme Council
                           - Béla Zsedényi Löcsei             (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (to 29 Nov 1945)
                           - Béla Miklós de Dálnok            (b. 1890 - d. 1948)  Mil
                             (to 15 Nov 1945)
                           - Ernö Gerö (12 Mar - 11 May 1945) (s.a.)               MKP
                           - József Révai                     (b. 1898 - d. 1959)  MKP
                             (11 May - 27 Sep 1945)
                           - Mátyás Rákosi (from 27 Sep 1945) (s.a.)               MKP
                           - Ferenc Nagy (from 29 Nov 1945)   (b. 1903 - d. 1979)  FKgP
                           - Zoltán Tildy (from 15 Nov 1945)  (b. 1889 - d. 1961)  FKgP
 7 Dec 1945 -  1 Feb 1946  National Supreme Council
                           - Ferenc Nagy                      (s.a.)               FKgP
                           - László Rajk                      (b. 1909 - d. 1949)  MKP
                           - Béla Varga (to 4 Jan 1946)       (b. 1903 - d. 1995)  FKgP
                           - Ferenc Szeder (from 4 Jan 1946)  (b. 1881 - d. 1952)  FKgP  
Presidents
  1 Feb 1946 -  3 Aug 1948  Zoltán Tildy                       (s.a.)               FKgP
 3 Aug 1948 - 23 Aug 1949  Árpád Szákasits                    (b. 1888 - d. 1965)  MDP 
Chairmen of the Presidential Council
23 Aug 1949 -  8 May 1950  Árpád Szákasits                    (s.a.)               MDP 
 8 May 1950 - 14 Aug 1952  Sándor Rónai                       (b. 1892 - d. 1965)  MDP 
14 Aug 1952 - 14 Apr 1967  István Dobi                        (b. 1898 - d. 1968)MDP;1956MZsMP
14 Apr 1967 - 25 Jun 1987  Pál Losonczi                       (b. 1919 - d. 2005)  MSzMP 
25 Jun 1987 - 29 Jun 1988  Károly Németh                      (b. 1922 - d. 2008)  MSzMP 
29 Jun 1988 - 23 Oct 1989  Brunó Ferenc Straub                (b. 1914 - d. 1996)  MSzMP 
Presidents
23 Oct 1989 -  2 May 1990  Mátyás Szürös (interim)            (b. 1933)            MSzP 
 2 May 1990  (hours)       Kálmán Kéri (interim)              (b. 1901 - d. 1994)  MDF
 2 May 1990 -  4 Aug 2000  Árpád Göncz                        (b. 1922)            SzDSz 
                             (interim to 3 Aug 1990) 
 4 Aug 2000 -  4 Aug 2005  Ferenc Mádl                        (b. 1931 - d. 2011)  Non-party
 5 Aug 2005 -  6 Aug 2010  László Sólyom                      (b. 1942)            Fidesz-MPP
 6 Aug 2010 -  2 Apr 2012  Pál Schmitt                        (b. 1942)            Fidesz-MPP
 2 Apr 2012 - 10 May 2012  László Kövér (acting)              (b. 1959)            Fidesz-MPP
10 May 2012 -              János Áder                         (b. 1959)            Fidesz-MPP

 
Palatines˛
18 Dec 1322 - 19 May 1327  Fülöp Drugeth                      (b. 1288 - d. 1327) 
31 Oct 1328 -  6 May 1333  János Drugeth                      (b. 129. - d. 1334) 
 2 Jun 1334 - 21 Jul 1342  Vilmos Drugeth                     (d. 1342) 
Sep 1342 - Jan 1356        Miklós Gilétfi  
 6 Apr 1356 - 24 Apr 1367  Miklós Kont Újlaki                 (d. 1367) 
 1 May 1367 - 15 Spe 1372  László II Oppelni                  (b. c.1330 - d. 1401)
 6 Oct 1372 - 31 Apr 1375  Imre Lackfi Simontornyai           (b. c.1347 -  d. 1375)
26 Jan 1376 - Sep 1385     Garai Miklós                       (s.a.) 
 6 Oct 1385 - Apr 1387     Szécsi Miklós                      (s.a.)
 8 Apr 1387 - Nov 1392     István Lackfi Csáktornyai          (b. 1352 - d. 1397)
24 Nov 1392 - Apr 1397     Leusták Ilsvay 
 4 May 1397 - Sep 1402     Bebek Detre                        (b. c.1340 - d. 1404) 
21 Sep 1402 - Nov 1433     Garai Miklós                       (b. c.1366 - d. 1433)
1434 - 1434                György Pálóczy (acting)            (d. 1439) 
 8 Mar 1435 - 11 Jan 1437  Máté Pálóczy                       (d. 1437)
 7 Mar 1437 - Aug 1447     Hédervári Lőrinc                   (s.a.) 
15 Sep 1447 - 23 Jul 1458  Garai László                       (s.a.)
27 Jul 1458 - 11 Nov 1484  Mihály Orságh (Ország) Guthi       (b. 1410 - d. 1484)
1482 - 1484                Dóczi Orbán (1st time)(acting)     (s.a.)
Jan 1486 -  7 Sep 1487     Imre Szapolyai                     (b. c.1440 - d. 1487) 
 5 Dec 1487 - 1491         Dóczi Orbán (2nd time)(acting)     (s.a.)
29 Mar 1492 - 23 Dec 1499  István Szapolyay                   (b. c.1445 - d. 1499)
24 Apr 1500 - 1503         Péter Geréb Vingárti               (b. 14.. - d. 1503)
24 Apr 1504 -  5 Feb 1519  Imre Perényi Siklósi               (b. 14.. - d. 1519) 
17 Feb 1519 - 23 May 1523  István Báthory Somlyói (1st time)  (b. 1477 - d. 1534) 
 8 Sep 1524 -  4 Jul 1525  István Báthory Somlyói (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1525 - 28 Apr 1526  István Verboczy                    (b. c.1458 - d. 1541)
28 Apr 1526 -  8 May 1530  István Báthory Somlyói (3rd time)  (s.a.)
May 1530 - Mar 1533        János Bánffy Alsólindvai           (d. 1534) 
1534                       Thurzó Elek (1st time)(acting)     (b. 1490 - d. 1543)
29 Jan 1536 - Mar 1540     Gergely Pöstényi Martonosi (acting)
29 Jun 1532 - 23 Nov 1542  Thurzó Elek gróf Tamás Szalaházy   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
26 Nov 1542 - 31 Oct 1553  Ferenc Révay Szklabinai            (b. 1489 - d. 1553)
                             Blathniczai
12 Apr 1550 - 20 Feb 1554  Ferenc Újlaky (acting)
Apr 1554 -  2 Jun 1562     Tamás gróf Nádasdy Nádasdi         (b. 1498 - d. 1562)
                             Fogarasföldi 
25 Sep 1562 - 14 Jan 1568  Miklós Oláh (acting)               (b. 1493 - d. 1568)
25 Sep 1562 - Mar 1572     Mihály Mérey de Kaposmére          (b. 1500 - d. 1572)
Apr 1572 -  8 Jan 1581     Imre báró Czobor                   (b. 1520 - d. 1581)
                             Czoborszentmihályi 
19 Jan 1582 -  4 Jun 1608  Miklós Istvánffy Baranyavári       (b. 1538 - d. 1615)
                             Kisasszonyfalvai
21 Mar 1606 - 23 Jun 1606  Mátyás (acting) (1st time) 
28 Mar 1608 - 16 May 1608  Mátyás (acting) (2nd time)
20 Nov 1608 -  5 May 1609  István Illyesházy Illésházai       (b. 1541 - d. 1609)
10 Dec 1609 - 24 Dec 1616  György Thurzó gróf Bethlenfalvai   (b. 1567 - d. 1616)
15 May 1617 - 20 Jun 1621  Zsigmond gróf Forgách              (b. 1559 - d. 1621)
16 May 1622 -  1 May 1625  Szaniszló Thurzó Bethlenfalvai     (b. 1576 - d. 1625)
22 Nov 1625 - 11 Sep 1645  Miklós gróf Esterházy Galánthai    (b. 1582 - d. 1645)
25 Sep 1646 -  8 Nov 1648  Ivan gróf Draskovic                (b. 1603 - d. 1648)
1649 - 26 Nov 1653         Pál gróf Pállfy Erdödi             (b. 1590 - d. 1653)
26 Nov 1653 - 15 Mar 1655  Vacant
15 Mar 1655 - 28 Mar 1667  Ferenc gróf Wesselény Hadadi       (b. 1605 - d. 1667)
1667 - 1670                Ferenc gróf Nádasdy Nádasdi        (b. 1622 - d. 1671)
                             Fogarasfoldi (acting) 
18 Oct 1670 - 13 Jun 1681  György Szelepcsényi (acting)       (b. 1595 - d. 1685)
13 Jun 1681 - 24 Mar 1713  Pál gróf Esterházy de Galanthai    (b. 1635 - d. 1713)
                             (from 1687, herceg Esterházy)
26 Mar 1713 - 15 Oct 1714  Vacant
15 Oct 1714 - 20 Mar 1732  Miklós gróf Pálffy de Erdödi       (b. 1657 - d. 1732)
20 Mar 1732 -  5 Apr 1732  Vacant
 5 Apr 1732 - 20 Jun 1741  Franz Stephan Herzog von           (b. 1708 - d. 1765)
                             Lothringen -Governor
22 Jun 1741 - 24 Mar 1751  János gróf Pálffy de Erdödi        (b. 1664 - d. 1751)
24 Mar 1751 - 11 May 1751  .... (acting)
11 May 1751 - 26 Oct 1765  Lajos Ernst gróf Batthyány         (b. 1696 - d. 1765)
                             Német-Ujvári 
1765 - 1780                Albert Kasimir August von Sachsen  (b. 1738 - d. 1822)
                             Herzog von Teschen -Governor
1780 - 12 Nov 1790         Vacant
12 Nov 1790 - 12 Jul 1795  Alexander Leopold Johann Joseph    (b. 1772 - d. 1795)
                             Erzherzog von Österreich
12 Jul 1795 - 12 Nov 1795  Vacant
12 Nov 1795 - 13 Jan 1847  Joseph Anton Johann Baptist        (b. 1776 - d. 1847)
                             Erzherzog von Österreich
12 Nov 1847 - 25 Sep 1848  Stephan Franz Viktor Erzherzog     (b. 1817 - d. 1867)
                             von Österreich
Prime ministers
17 Mar 1848 -  2 Oct 1848  Lajos gróf Batthyány de Nemetujvár (b. 1807 - d. 1849)
 3 Oct 1848 - 26 Nov 1848  Ádám báró Récsey (acting)          (b. 1775 - d. 1852)
26 Nov 1848 - 11 Aug 1849  Lajos Kossuth de Kossuthfalva      (s.a.)
                             (acting to 14 Apr 1849)
11 Aug 1849 - 13 Aug 1849  Bertalan Szemere de Szemere        (b. 1812 - d. 1869)
Commissioners
13 Aug 1849 - Jul 1850     Julius Freiherr von Haynau         (b. 1786 - d. 1853)
                             (military commander)
13 Aug 1849 - Sep 1851     Károly báró Geringer de Ödenberg   (b. 1806 - d. 1889)
                             (acting)
Sep 1851 - 20 Oct 1860     Albrecht Friedrich Rudolf          (b. 1817 - d. 1895)
                             Erzherzog von Österreich
20 Oct 1860 -  6 Nov 1861  Ágost Benedek de Felsö-Eör (acting)
 6 Nov 1861 - 18 Aug 1865  Moritz gróf Pallfy Erdödi          (b. 1812 - d. 1897)
18 Aug 1865 - 12 Jun 1867  Pál báró Sennyey Kis-Sennyey       (b. 1824 - d. 1888)
Chancellors
20 Oct 1860 - 13 Dec 1860  Miklos báró Vay de Vaja et Luskod  (b. 1802 - d. 1894)
13 Dec 1860 -  4 Feb 1861  Károly báró Mecséry                (b. 1804 - d. 1886)
18 Jul 1861 - 22 Jul 1864  Antal gróf Forgách de Ghymes et
                             Gács                             (b. 1819 - d. 1885)
22 Jul 1864 - 27 Jul 1865  Ármin gróf Zichy de Zich et
                             Vásonkeö                         (b. 1814 - d. 1880)
27 Jul 1865 - 17 Feb 1867  György Mailáth de Székhely         (b. 1818 - d. 1883)
Prime ministersł
17 Feb 1867 - 14 Nov 1871  Gyula gróf Andrássy de             (b. 1823 - d. 1890)  DP
                             Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka
14 Nov 1871 -  4 Dec 1872  Menyhért gróf Lónyay de Nagylónya  (b. 1822 - d. 1884)  DP
                             et Vásáros-nameny 
 4 Dec 1872 -  1 Mar 1874  József Szlávy de Erkenéz et Okány  (b. 1818 - d. 1900)  DP
 1 Mar 1874 -  2 Mar 1875  István Bittó de Sárosfalva         (b. 1822 - d. 1903)  DP
 2 Mar 1875 - 20 Oct 1875  Béla báró Wenckheim                (b. 1811 - d. 1879)  DP
20 Oct 1875 - 13 Mar 1890  Kálmán Tisza de Borosjenö et       (b. 1830 - d. 1902)  SzP
                             Szeged 
13 Mar 1890 - 17 Nov 1892  Gyula gróf Szapáry de Szapár       (b. 1832 - d. 1905)  SzP
17 Nov 1892 -  1 Jan 1895  Sándor Wekerle (1st time)          (b. 1848 - d. 1921)  SzP
14 Jan 1895 - 26 Feb 1899  Dezsö báró Bánffy de Losoncz       (b. 1843 - d. 1911)  SzP
26 Feb 1899 - 27 Jun 1903  Kálmán Széll de Duka et            (b. 1845 - d. 1915)  SzP
                             Szentgyörgyvölgy 
27 Jun 1903 -  3 Nov 1903  Károly gróf Khuen-Héderváry de     (b. 1849 - d. 1918)  SzP
                             Hédervár (1st time) 
 3 Nov 1903 - 18 Jun 1905  István gróf Tisza de Borosjenö     (b. 1861 - d. 1918)  SzP
                             et Szeged (1st time)
18 Jun 1905 -  8 Apr 1906  Géza báró Fejérváry de             (b. 1833 - d. 1914)  Mil
                             Komlós-Keresztes 
 8 Apr 1906 - 17 Jan 1910  Sándor Wekerle (2nd time)          (s.a.)               F48 or EF48
17 Jan 1910 - 22 Apr 1912  Károly gróf Khuen-Héderváry de     (s.a.)               NMP
                             Hédervár (2nd time) 
22 Apr 1912 - 10 Jun 1913  László Lukács                      (b. 1850 - d. 1932)  NMP
10 Jun 1913 - 15 Jun 1917  István gróf Tisza de Borosjenö     (s.a.)               NMP
                             et Szeged (2nd time) 
15 Jun 1917 - 20 Aug 1917  Móric gróf Esterházy de Galantha   (b. 1881 - d. 1960)  Non-party
20 Aug 1917 - 31 Oct 1918  Sándor Wekerle (3rd time)          (s.a.)               F48
31 Oct 1918 -  1 Nov 1918  János gróf Hadik de Futak          (b. 1863 - d. 1933)
 1 Nov 1918 - 11 Jan 1919  Mihály gróf Károlyi de Nagykároly  (s.a.)               F48
18 Jan 1919 - 20 Mar 1919  Dénes Berinkey                     (b. 1871 - d. 1948)  OPRP
Chairman of the Revolutionary Governing Council
21 Mar 1919 -  1 Aug 1919  Sándor Garbai                      (s.a.)               MSzP
Prime ministersł
 5 May 1919 - 12 Jul 1919  Gyula gróf Károlyi de Nagykároly   (b. 1871 - d. 1947)  F48
                             (prime minister of counter-government,
                             in Arad to 30 May 1919, then in Szeged)
12 Jul 1919 - 22 Aug 1919  Dezö Pattanyús-Ábrahám             (b. 1875 - d. 1977)  F48
                             (prime minister of counter-government, in Szeged)
 1 Aug 1919 -  6 Aug 1919  Gyula Peidl                        (s.a.)               SzDP
 6 Aug 1919 - 24 Nov 1919  István Friedrich                   (s.a.)               KNEP
24 Nov 1919 - 15 Mar 1920  Károly Huszár                      (s.a.)               KNEP
15 Mar 1920 - 19 Jul 1920  Sándor Simonyi-Semadam             (b. 1864 - d. 1946)  NEP
19 Jul 1920 - 14 Apr 1921  Pál gróf Teleki de Szék            (b. 1879 - d. 1941)  Non-party;
                             (1st time)                                            1926 NEP
14 Apr 1921 - 19 Aug 1931  István gróf Bethlen de Bethlen     (b. 1874 - d. 1946)  NEP
21 Oct 1921 - 26 Oct 1921  István Rakovszky                   (b. 1858 - d. 1931)  KN
                             (at Sopron in dissidence [with Károly IV])
19 Aug 1931 -  4 Oct 1932  Gyula gróf Károlyi de Nagykároly   (s.a.)               NEP
 4 Oct 1932 -  6 Oct 1936  Gyula vitéz Gömbös de Jákfa        (s.a.)               NEP
 1 Sep 1936 - 14 May 1938  Kálmán Darányi de                  (b. 1886 - d. 1939)  NEP
                             Pusztaszentgyörgy et Tetétlen 
                             (acting [for Gömbös] to 10 Oct 1936)
14 May 1938 - 16 Feb 1939  Béla Imrédy de Ómoravica           (b. 1891 - d. 1946)  NEP
16 Feb 1939 -  3 Apr 1941  Count Pál Teleki de Szék           (s.a.)               MEP
                             (2nd time)           
 3 Apr 1941                Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer           (b. 1881 - d. 1948)  MEP
                             (1st time) (acting) 
 3 Apr 1941 -  7 Mar 1942  László Bárdossy de Bárdos          (b. 1890 - d. 1946)  Non-party
 7 Mar 1942 -  9 Mar 1942  Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer           (s.a.)               MEP
                             (2nd time) (acting)
 9 Mar 1942 - 23 Mar 1944  Miklós Kállay de Nagy-Kálló        (b. 1887 - d. 1967)  MEP
23 Mar 1944 - 29 Aug 1944  Döme Sztójay                       (b. 1883 - d. 1946)  Mil
29 Aug 1944 - 15 Oct 1944  Géza Lakatos Csíkszentsimoni       (b. 1890 - d. 1967)  Mil
16 Oct 1944 - 28 Mar 1945  Ferenc Szálasi (acting)            (s.a.)               NPHM
22 Dec 1944 - 15 Nov 1945  Béla Miklós de Dálnok (acting)     (s.a.)               Mil
                             (at Debrecen to 13 Feb 1945 [in opposition to Szálasi])
15 Nov 1945 -  1 Feb 1946  Zoltán Tildy                       (s.a.)               FKgP 
 1 Feb 1946 -  4 Feb 1946  Mátyás Rákosi (1st time) (acting)  (s.a.)               FKgP
 4 Feb 1946 - 31 May 1947  Ferenc Nagy                        (s.a.)               FKgP
31 May 1947                Mátyás Rákosi (2nd time) (acting)  (s.a.)               FKgP
31 May 1947 - 10 Dec 1948  Lajos Dinnyés                      (b. 1900 - d. 1961)  FKgP
                             (acting 4 - 24 Nov 1948)
10 Dec 1948 - 14 Aug 1952  István Dobi                        (s.a.)             FKgP;1948 MDP
                             (acting 20 May - 10 Jun 1949)
14 Aug 1952 -  4 Jul 1953  Mátyás Rákosi (3rd time)           (s.a.)               MDP
 4 Jul 1953 - 18 Apr 1955  Imre Nagy (1st time)               (b. 1896 - d. 1958)  MDP
18 Apr 1955 - 24 Oct 1956  András Hegedüs                     (b. 1922 - d. 1999)  MDP
24 Oct 1956 -  4 Nov 1956  Imre Nagy (2nd time)               (s.a.)            MDP;1956 MSzMP
 4 Nov 1956 - 28 Jan 1958  János Kádár (1st time)             (s.a.)               MSzMP
28 Jan 1958 - 13 Sep 1961  Ferenc Münnich                     (b. 1886 - d. 1967)  MSzMP
13 Sep 1961 - 30 Jun 1965  János Kádár (2nd time)             (s.a.)               MSzMP
30 Jun 1965 - 14 Apr 1967  Gyula Kállai                       (b. 1910 - d. 1996)  MSzMP
14 Apr 1967 - 15 May 1975  Jenö Fock                          (b. 1916 - d. 2001)  MSzMP
15 May 1975 - 25 Jun 1987  György Lázár                       (b. 1924)            MSzMP
25 Jun 1987 - 23 Nov 1988  Károly Grósz                       (s.a.)               MSzMP
23 Nov 1988 - 23 May 1990  Miklós Németh                      (b. 1948)        MSzMP;1989 MSzP
23 May 1990 - 12 Dec 1993  József Antall                      (b. 1932 - d. 1993)  MDF
12 Dec 1993 - 15 Jul 1994  Péter Boross                       (b. 1928)            MDF 
                             (acting to 21 Dec 1993)
15 Jul 1994 -  6 Jul 1998  Gyula Horn                         (b. 1932 - d. 2013)  MSzP
 6 Jul 1998 - 27 May 2002  Viktor Orbán (1st time)            (b. 1963)            Fidesz-MPP
27 May 2002 - 29 Sep 2004  Péter Medgyessy                    (b. 1942)            MSzP
26 Aug 2004 - 14 Apr 2009  Ferenc Gyurcsány                   (b. 1961)            MSzP
                             (acting for Medgyessy to 29 Sep 2004)
14 Apr 2009 - 29 May 2010  Gordon Bajnai                      (b. 1968)            MSzP
29 May 2010 -              Viktor Orbán (2nd time)            (s.a.)               Fidesz-MPP
 

Romanian Occupation 

Commander of Romanian Troops in Hungary
 4 Aug 1919 - 14 Nov 1919  Gheorghe D. Mărdărescu             (b. 1866 - d. 1938)

German Occupation
 
Commander of the German Army in Hungary 
 1 Apr 1944 -  4 Apr 1945  Hans von Greiffenberg              (b. 1893 - d. 1951)

Allied (Soviet) Occupation

Commander of Soviet Troops in Hungary
19 Oct 1944 - 20 Jan 1945  Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko  (b. 1895 - d. 1970)
Chairmen of the Allied Control Council
20 Jan 1945 - Apr 1946     Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov     (b. 1881 - d. 1969)
                             (Soviet Union)
Apr 1946 - 15 Sep 1947     Vladimir Petrovich Sviridov        (b. 1897 - d. 1963)
                             (Soviet Union)  

Noble titles: gróf = Count; báró = Baron; fejedelem = Prince.
                      
 ąFull style of rulers:
(a) before 1528: Isten Kegyelméböl Magyarország Királya/Kyrálynö (Latin: Dei gratia Hungariae Rex)("by grace of God, King/Queen of Hungary");
(b) after 1528: There is no extended form of the style (at least after 1528) that does not begin with the imperial style (Holy Roman Empire to 1806, Austria from 1804). If only Hungary itself is to be singled out, we might have: Isten kedvezókegyelméböl magyar apostoli király/királynö ("by the grace of God, Hungarian apostolic king/queen-regnant").
  The term apostoli (apostolic) became official in 1758. The term Kyrálynö (queen-regnant) literally means "female-king", and was rendered Rex (not as Regina) in the official Latin, the term királynö is therefor different from Kyrályné (queen-consort}.
 ˛The Palatine (palatinus regni), in Hungarian Nádorispán, was the traditional highest court official of the kingdom, who stood at the head of the magnates and if necessary was called upon to mediate between the crown and the estates. No appointments to this exalted office were made after the 1848 revolution.

 łFormal styles of the prime ministers: Miniszterelnök (minister-president) to 5 Sep 1949, 24 Oct - 4 Nov 1956, and from 23 Oct 1989; a Minisztertanács elnöke (president of the Council of Ministers) 5 Sep 1949 - 24 Oct 1956, 28 Jan 1958 - 30 Jun 1965, and 15 May 1975 - 23 Oct
1989; a Magyar Forradalmi Munkás-Paraszt Kormány elnöke (president of the Hungarian Revolutionary Workers' and Peasants' Government) 4 Nov 1956 - 28 Jan 1958 and 30 Jun 1965 - 15 May 1975.

Territorial Disputes: Bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continue in 2006 with Slovakia over Hungary's failure to complete its portion of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Hungary has implemented the strict Schengen border rules

Party abbreviations: Fidesz-MPP = Fidesz–Magyar Polgári Szövetség (Fidesz–Hungarian Civic Union, conservative, center-right, 1988-2003 as Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége [Alliance of Young Democrats], est.1988); MDF = Magyar Demokrata Fórum (Hungarian Democratic Forum, center-right, christian-democratic, est.1987); MSzP = Magyar Szocialista Párt (Hungarian Socialist Party, socialist, former MSzMP, est.7 Oct 1989); SzDSz = Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége – a Magyar Liberális Párt (Alliance of Free Democrats–Hungarian Liberal Party, liberal, est.1988); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: BP = Balközép Párt (National Party, center-left, pro-independence, 1867-1875, merged into SzP); DP = Deák-párt (Deak Party, liberal reform, 1867-1875, merged into SzP); EF48 = Egyesült Függetlenségi és '48-as Párt (United Independence and 1848 Party, formerly F48, 1913-1919); F48 = Függetlenségi és 48-as Párt Károlyi Párt (Independence and 1848 Party - Karoly Party, 1884-1913, renamed EF48, re-established by split from EF48, 17 Aug 1915-1919); FK = Független Kisgazdapárt (Independent Smallholders Party, Oct 1930 - 28 Mar 1944, part of FKgP 1944-1988); FKgP = Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás és Polgári Párt (Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party, agrarian, conservative, Dec 1944-1948, merged into MDP); KN = Katolikus Néppárt (Catholic People's Party, christian-socialist, 1894-1918); KNEP = Keresztény Nemzeti Egyesülés Pártja (Christian Party of National Unity, conservative, christian-democratic, 1919-1922); MDP = Magyar Dolgozók Pártja (Hungarian Workers' Party, merger of FKgP and MKP, 12 Jun 1948-30 Oct 1956 then MSzMP); MEP = Magyar Élet Pártja (Party of Hungarian Life, conservative,  22 Feb 1939-1944); MFP = Magyar Függetlenségi Párt (Hungarian Independence Party, conservative, nationalist, 1947-1956); MKP = Magyar Kommunista Párt (Hungarian Communist Party, 8 Oct 1944 - 13 Jun 1948, merged into MD); MSzDP = Magyar Szociáldemokrata Párt (Hungarian Social Democratic Party, social-democratic [briefly merged in 1919 with MKP] 1890-1948 & 1989-2013); MSzMP = Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt (Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, communist 1 Nov 1956 - 7 Oct 1989, former MDP); MSzP = Magyar Szocialista Párt (Hungarian Socialist Party, merger of MSzDP and KMP, 21 Mar 1919 - 1 Aug 1919); NEP = Nemzeti Egyesülés Pártja (National Unity Party, FKgP and Legitimist Christian National Union coalition, conservative, populist, Feb 1919-1944); NMP = Nemzeti Munkapárt (National Labor Party, center-left, 1910-1918); NP = Nemzeti Párt (National Party, conservative, opposed the BP, 1878-1900 & 1903-1905, merged into SzP); NPHM = Nyilaskeresztes Párt–Hungarista Mozgalom (Arrow Cross Party-Hungarist Movement, fascist, 8 Mar 1939-1945); OPRP = (Országos) Polgári Radikális Párt ([National] Civil Radical Party, radical liberal, 6 Jun 1914-1919); SzP = Szabadelvü Párt (Liberal Party, liberal, merger of BP and DP, 1875-1906)



Serbian-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic 

14 Nov 1918 - 20 Aug 1920  Baranya region of around
Pécs is occupied by Serbian forces.
25 Nov 1918 - 11 Mar 1919  People's Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja
                             formed (see under Vojvodina); not recognized by Yugoslavia.
14 Aug 1921                Proclamation of the Serbian-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic
                             (Baranya-Bajai Szerb-Magyar Köztársaság; Srpsko-Madjarska
                             Republika Baranya
) in Baranja province
20-25 Aug 1921             Region is divided between Hungary and Yugoslavia, as noted
                             in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon.


President of the Executive Committee of Hungarian-Serbian Baranya Republic

14 Aug 1921 - 25 Aug 1921  Petar Dobrović (Peter Dobrovits)    (b. 1890 - d. 1942)

Serbian Commander
19.. - 20 Aug 1921         Đoka Đorđević (Djoka Djordjević)
Hungarian Commissioner in Pécs
20 Aug 1921 - 25 Aug 1921  Károly Soós Bádoki                  (b. 1869 - d. 1953)

Chairman of Inter-Allied Military Commission (in Pécs)
11 Aug 1921 - Aug 1921     F.W. Gosset (U.K.)                  (b. 1876 - d. 1931)



Ottoman Hungary 1541 - 1686

[Ottoman Empire flag 1517 -
              1793]

29 Aug 1541 - 26 Jan 1699  Hungary partitioned between Austria and Ottoman Empire,
 
                           Austria rules neighboring border areas, southern and central
                             Hungary under Ottoman 
rule; on 2 Sep 1686 Austrian forces
                             occupy
 Buda and Pest.  


Beylerbey
s of Buda (Ofen)
Sep 1541 - Feb 1542        Suleiman Pasha
Feb 1542 - May 1543        Kücük Bali Beg
16 May 1543 - Aug 1548     Yahyapashazade Muhammad Pasha       (d. 1548)
Sep 1548 - May 1551        Kasim Pasha (1st time)
May 1551 - Aug 1553        Hadim Ali Pasha (1st time)
 2 Oct 1553 - 23 Feb 1556  Tuighun Pasha (1st time)
23 Feb 1556 - 14 Feb 1557  Hadim Ali Pasha (2nd time)
14 Feb 1557 -  6 Aug 1557  Hadji Muhammad Pasha
19 Aug 1557 -  4 Nov 1558  Kasim Pasha (2nd time)
 4 Nov 1558 - Jun 1559     Tuighun Pasha (2nd time)
21 Jun 1559 - Nov 1563     Gürildche Rustem Pasha              (d. 1563)
18 Nov 1563 - Jun 1564     Sal Mahmud Pasha
Jun 1564 - Jul 1564        Hasan Beg (acting)
                             (governor of Gran)
Jul 1564 - Nov 1564        Arslan Beg (acting)
                             (governor of Semendria)
Oct 1564 - 19 May 1565     Iskender Pasha
19 May 1565 -  3 Aug 1566  Arslan Pasha
 3 Aug 1566 -  1 Oct 1578  Sokollu Mustafa Pasha
Oct 1578 - May 1580        Kara Uveis Pasha                    (d. 1591)
May 1580 -  9 Oct 1583     Kalailisof Ali Pasha (1st time)
 9 Oct 1583 - May 1586     Frenk Yusuf Pasha (1st time)
May 1586 - 22 Feb 1587     Kalailisof Ali Pasha (2nd time)
Mar 1587 - 28 Nov 1588     Frenk Yusuf Pasha (2nd time)
29 Nov 1588 - Sep 1590     Ferhad Pasha
Nov 1590 - 31 Jan 1592     Sufi Sinan Pasha
31 Jan 1592 - 28 Jan 1593  Sinanpashazade Muhammad Pasha
                             (1st time)
Jan 1593 - Aug 1594        Muhammadpashazade Vesir Hasan
                             Sokollu
Aug 1594 -  9 May 1595     Sinanpashazase Muhammad Pasha
                             (2nd time)
 9 May 1595 - Aug 1595     Michalioglu Ahmed Pasha (1st time
Aug 1595 - May 1596        Sufi Sinan Pasha
May 1596 - 13 Oct 1596     Michalioglu Ahmed Pasha (2nd time)
Oct 1596 - 31 Jan 1597     Ali Pasha
Feb 1597 - 11 Oct 1598     Michalioglu Ahmed Pasha (3rd time)
11 Oct 1598 - Aug 1599     Diw Suleiman Pasha
Aug 1599 - Nov 1599        Teriali Hasan Pasha (1st time)      (d. 1614)
Nov 1599 - Sep 1600        Lala Muhammad Pasha (1st time)
Sep 1600 - Apr 1601        Teriali Hasan Pasha (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Apr 1601 - 15 Oct 1601     Mankirkushi Muhammad Pasha
15 Oct 1601 - Jul 1602     Lala Muhammad Pasha (2nd time)
Jul 1602 - Aug 1604        Kadizade Ali Pasha (1st time)
Aug 1604 - May 1605        Begtash Pasha
May 1605 - Oct 1605        Mustafa Pasha
12 Oct 1605 - 28 Nov 1609  Kadizade Ali Pasha (2nd time)
28 Nov 1609 - Jan 1614     Teriali Hasan Pasha (3rd time)      (s.a.)
Feb 1614 - 17 Oct 1614     Sefer Pasha
17 Oct 1614 - Dec 1616     Kadizade Ali Pasha (3rd time)
 3 Dec 1616 - Jun 1617     Sufi Muhammad Pasha (1st time)(d. 1626)
 3 Jun 1617 -  6 May 1618  Rassash Hasan Pasha
 6 May 1618 - Feb 1621     Karakash Muhammad Pasha
Feb 1621 -  9 Dec 1621     Sufi Muhammad Pasha (2nd time)
 9 Dec 1621 - Feb 1622     Kena'an Pasha
Feb 1622 - 14 Oct 1622     Sufi Muhammad Pasha (3rd time)
14 Oct 1622 - Oct 1622     Deli Derwish Pasha
Nov 1622 - Sep 1623        Sufi Muhammad Pasha (4th time)
Sep 1623 - Oct 1623        Beber Muhammad Pasha
Oct 1623 - Aug 1626        Sufi Muhammad Pasha (5th time)
Aug 1626 - Feb 1630        Murtaza Pasha
Feb 1630 - Oct 1631        Adchem Hasan Pasha
Oct 1631                   Bairam Pasha
Oct 1631 - 30 Jun 1634     Musa Pasha (1st time)
30 Jun 1634 - Jul 1634     Husein Pasha
Jul 1634                   Musa Pasha (2nd time)
Jul 1634 - 29 May 1635     Jafar Pasha                   (d. 1635)
29 May 1635 - Feb 1637     Nasuhpashazade Husein Pasha
20 Feb 1637 - 23 Feb 1638  Musa Pasha (3rd time)
23 Feb 1638 -  5 Feb 1639  Tabani Yassi Muhammad Pasha
 5 Feb 1639 - 19 Feb 1640  Ipshir Mustafa Pasha
19 Feb 1640 - 21 Feb 1640  Silihdar Mustafa Pasha
Feb 1640 - 12 Mar 1644     Musa Pasha (4th time)
12 Mar 1644 - Oct 1644     Osman Pasha
Oct 1644 - 11 Aug 1645     Deli Hussein Pasha
11 Aug 1645 -  9 Sep 1646  Nakash Mustafa Pasha
 9 Sep 1646 -  2 Nov 1647  Murtaza Pasha
 2 Nov 1647 -  5 Nov 1647  Hamzapashazade Muhammad Pasha       (d. 1658)
                             (1st time)
 5 Nov 1647 - Nov 1647     Vesir Fazil Pasha
Nov 1647 - 30 Mar 1648     Hamzapashazade Muhammad Pasha       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
30 Mar 1648 -  6 Aug 1650  Siawush Pasha                       (d. 1656)
 6 Aug 1650 -  9 Sep 1653  Murad Pasha
 9 Sep 1653 - 11 Sep 1655  Saari Kena'an Pasha                 (d. 1655)
Sep 1655 -  2 May 1656     Gurdji Kena'an Pasha (1st time)
 2 May 1656 - 20 Nov 1656  Fazil Pasha
20 Nov 1656 - 12 Nov 1658  Gurdji Kena'an Pasha (2nd time)
12 Nov 1658 - Dec 1658     Deli Husein Pasha
 3 Dec 1658 - Jun 1659     Gurdji Kena'an Pasha (3rd time)
21 Mar 1659 - 28 May 1660  Deli Sidi Ahmed Pasha
28 May 1660 - Feb 1663     Bosnak Ismail Pasha
Feb 1663 - May 1663        Gurdji Muhammad Pasha
(1st time)    (d. 1666)
May 1663 - 20 Oct 1664     Sari Husein Pasha                   (d. 1683)
20 Oct 1664 - Mar 1666     Vesir Gurdji Muhammad Pasha         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 7 Apr 1666 - 22 May 1667  Djerrah Kasim Pasha
19 May 1667 - 22 Oct 1667  Sohrab Muhammad Pasha  
28 Oct 1667 - 30 Oct 1670  Mahmud Pasha
30 Oct 1670 - Feb 1672     Arnavut Usun Ibrahim Pasha          (d. 1683)
                             (1st time)
Feb 1672 - 13 Apr 1673     Cambuladzade Husein Pasha
13 Apr 1673 - 14 Sep 1675  Arnavut Usun Ibrahim Pasha          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
14 Jun 1675 - Mar 1677     Sirjolji Ali Pasha
Mar 1677 - Oct 1677        Halil Pasha
Oct 1677 - 14 Sep 1683     Arnavut Usun Ibrahim Pasha          (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
14 Sep 1683 - 10 Aug 1684  Kara Muhammad Pasha                 (d. 1684)
Aug 1684 - Nov 1684        Shaitan Ibrahim Pasha
Nov 1684 -  1 Sep 1686     Arnavut Abdi Abdurrahman Pasha






© Ben Cahoon