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Czech Republic
 
[Flag of Czech
                Republic]
                Adopted 1 Jan 1993
 
Map of Czech Republic
Hear National Anthem
"Kde domov můj?"
(Where is My Home?)
Text of National Anthem
   Adopted 1 Jan 1993
Constitution
  (1 Jan 1993)
Capital: Prague (Praha)
Currency: Czech Koruna (CZK)
National Holiday: 28 Oct (1918)
Czech Founding Day
Population: 10,609,762 (2013)
GDP: $286.5 billion (2013)
Exports: $136.9 billion (2013)
Imports: $128 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Czech 64.3%, Moravian 5%,
Slovak 1.4%, other 1.8%, unspecified 27.5% (2011)
Total Active Armed Forces: 17,932 (2010)
Merchant marine: 1 ship (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant  (includes
 Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other
and unspecified 54%, none 34.5% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: AG, ANT (consultative), APM, BIS, BSEC (observer), BTWC, CCM, CE, CFE, CEI, CERN, CTBT, CWC, DC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ENMOD, ESA, ESCR, EU, Eutelsat, FAO, IAEA, IBEC, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, IIB, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA (signatory), ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, MTCR, NATO, NEA, NPT, NSG, NTBT, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SELEC (observer), UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Czech Republic
Index
Chronology
15 Sep 1915                Czech External Committee was established in Paris exile.
                             On 14 Nov 1915 it became the Czech National Council,
                             it was afterwards recognized as supreme Czech
                             authority by all Czech organizations in exile and
                             by the Allies.
28 Oct 1918                Czechoslovak State
14 Nov 1918                Czechoslovak Republic
 8 May 1919                Ruthenia joins the Czechoslovak Republic.
 1 Oct 1938 -  8 May 1945  Sudentenland annexed by Germany.
 2 Oct 1938                Tesin (Teschen) ceded to Poland.
23 Nov 1938                Semi-officially styled Czecho-Slovak Republic
                             (Slovakia and Carpatho-Ukraine autonomous).
15 Mar 1939 -  8 May 1945  Occupied by Germany.
16 Mar 1939                Separation into Protectorate of Bohemia and
                             Moravia (see below) under German rule 
                             (Reichsprotektorat Böhmen und Mähren)
                             and Slovakia.
 3 Apr 1945                Czechoslovak Republic reconstituted.
29 Jun 1945                Ruthenia ceded to U.S.S.R
11 Jul 1960                Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
29 Mar 1990                Czechoslovak Federal Republic (in Slovak:
                             Czecho-Slovak Federal Republic).
20 Apr 1990                Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
 1 Jan 1993                Separation into Czech Republic (Czechia)
                             and Slovakia.
Czech Republic
(since 1993)
Regions
(since 2000)
Bohemia
(722-1918)
---------------
Moravia
(830-1918)
---------------
Silesia
(1526-1918)
Czechoslovakia
(1918-1992)
Teschen/Cieszyn
(1918-1920)
Bohemia-Moravia
(1939-1945)
Czechoslovak
Government in Exile

(1939-1945)
Sudetenland
(1918, 1938-1945)
  • Bohmerwaldgau
  • Deutschböhmen
  • Sudetenland
  • Südmähren
  • Historical Maps of
    Czech Republic

     

    Lands of the Bohemian Crown

    Note: These three "lands" are roughly the territory of the modern Czech Republic and were called the "Lands of the Crown of St. Wenceslas," over which the emperor of Austria (1527 to 1867 a purely dynastic, rather than territorial, title) ruled in his capacity as king of Bohemia and, margrave of Moravia, and duke of Upper and Lower Silesia. 

    Bohemia

    [Bohemia Landesfarben]
     
       
    Map of Bohemia
    Capital: Prague
    (Praha)
    Population: 6,769,548 (1910) 
    c.670                      Existence of various Slavonian tribal entities, one of them 
                                 being the Czechs.
    7th cent.                  Slavonic settlement, under Avar domination.
    c.722                      Legendary beginning of rule by the Premyslid dynasty.
    Jul 895                    Duchy of Bohemia (some rulers carry title of king, but only
                                 as a personal distinction, title is not hereditary).
    28 Sep 995                 Unification of present day territory under Czech control.
    Mar 1003 -  5 Sep 1004     Occupied by, or annexed to, Poland.
    15 Aug 1198                Kingdom of Bohemia (elective kingship, confirmed under 
                                 Premyslid dynasty rule.
    26 Sep 1212                Golden Bull of Sicily confirms the paramount status of Bohemia
                                 in the Holy Roman Empire and confirms the right of the
                                 Premyslid dynasty to the kingship.
     
    6 Dec 1251 - 21 Nov 1276  Bohemian rule over duchies of Austria (from 6 Dec 1251), 
                                 Styria (to 1254, then from 25 Dec 1259) and Carinthia 
                                 (from 27 Oct 1269).
    10 Jan 1356                Golden Bull formalizes sovereignty of Bohemia and its status
                                 as an electoral member of the Holy Roman Empire.
    15 Jul 1490 - 29 Aug 1526  In personal union with Hungary.
    24 Oct 1526                Bohemia in personal union with Austria (Königreich Böhmen).
     4 Nov 1619 -  8 Nov 1620  Friedrich V Elector of Palatinate "the Winter King",
                                 Bohemian king in opposition to Habsburgs.
    24 Oct 1648                Peace of Westphalia confirms Habsburg possession of Bohemia
                                 elective kingship abolished making Bohemia a
                                 hereditary possession of the archdukes of Austria.
    11 Aug 1804                Kingdom under the Emperor of Austria.
     8 Dec 1849                Bohemia a separate Austrian crownland (Königreich Böhmen).
     
    8 Jul 1866 - 18 Sep 1866  Prussian occupation.
    21 Dec 1867                Part of the "Austrian" half of the Austro-Hungarian 
                                 Monarchy (i.e. of the "kingdoms and Lands Represented in
                                 the Imperial Diet").
    28 Oct 1918                Part of the Czechoslovak State.

    Princesą
    c.722 - 745                Premysl "Orác"
    745 - 783                  Nezamysl
    783 - 804                  Mnata
    804 - 831                  Vojen
    831 - 833                  Vnislav
    833 - 851                  Kresomysl
    851 - ...                  Neklan
    ... - 856                  Hostivít
    856 - 894                  Borivoj I                          (b. c.852 - d. c.894)
    870                        Spytimír (Silfrid) (in dissidence)
    894 - 905/915              Spytihnev I                        (b. 875 - d. 915?)
    905/915 - 13 Feb 921       Vratislav I                        (b. c.888 - d. 921)
    13 Feb 921-28 Sep 929/935  Václav I "Svatý"                   (d. 935)
    28Sep929/935-15Jul967/972  Boleslav I "Ukrutný"               (b. c.915 - d. 967/972)
    15 Jul 967/972 - 7 Feb 999 Boleslav II "Dobrý", "Pobozný"     (b. c.932 - d. 999)
     7 Feb 999 - 1002          Boleslav III "Cervený",            (b. c.965 - d. 1037)
                                 "Rysavý" (1st time)
    1002 - Jan 1003            Vladivoj                           (b. c.981 - d. 1003)
    Jan 1003 - Feb 1003        Jaromír (1st time)                 (b. 96. - d. 1035) 
    Feb 1003 - Feb 1003        Boleslav III "Cervený",            (s.a.)
                                 "Rysavý" (2nd time)
    Feb 1003 -  5 Sep 1004     Polish rule
     5 Sep 1004 - 12 Apr 1012  Jaromír (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
    12 Apr 1012 - 1033         Oldrich (1st time)                 (b. 97. - d. 1034/37)
    1033 - 1034                Jaromír (3rd time)                 (s.a.)
    1034 -  9 Nov 1035/1037    Oldrich (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
    9Nov 1035/1037-10Jan 1055  Bretislav I                        (b. c.1002 - d. 1055)
    10 Jan 1055 - 28 Jan 1061  Spytihnev II                       (b. 1031 - d. 1061)
    28 Jan 1061 - 1085         Vratislav II                       (d. 1092) 
    King˛
    1085 - 14 Jan 1092         Vratislav II                       (s.a.) 
                                (coronation 15 Jun 1086)
    Princesą
    20 Jan 1092 -  6 Sep 1092  Konrád I Ota                       (d. 1092)
     6 Sep 1092 - 22 Dec 1100  Bretislav II                       (b. c.1060 - d. 1100)
    22 Dec 1100 - 14 May 1107  Borivoj II (1st time)              (b. c.1064 - d. 1124)
    14 May 1107 - 21 Sep 1109  Svatopluk                          (d. 1109)
     2 Oct 1109 - Dec 1117     Vladislav I (1st time)             (b. c.1065 - d. 1125)
    Dec 1117 - 16 Aug 1120     Borivoj II (2nd time)              (s.a.)
    16 Aug 1120 - 12 Apr 1125  Vladislav I (2nd time)             (s.a.)
    16 Apr 1125 - 14 Feb 1140  Sobeslav I Oldrich                 (b. c.1085 - d. 1140)
    17 Feb 1140 - 18 Jan 1158  Vladislav II                       (b. c.1110 - d. 1174)
    King˛
    18 Jan 1158 - 1172         Vladislav II                       (s.a.)
                                (coronation 8 Sep 1158)
    Princesą
    1172 - 1173                Bedrich (1st time)                 (b. c.1142 - d. 1189)
    1173 - 1178                Sobeslav II                        (b. 1128 - d. 1180)
    1178 - 25 Mar 1189         Bedrich (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
    Apr 1189 -  9 Sep 1191     Konrád II Ota                      (b. 1136/41 - d. 1191)
    Oct 1191 - Dec 1191        Václav II                          (b. 1137 - d. af.1192)
    Jan 1192 -  6 Dec 1193     Premysl I Otakar (1st time)        (b. c.1155 - d. 1230)
    Aug 1193 - 19 Jun 1197     Jindrich Bretislav III             (d. 1197)
                                 (in dissidence to 6 Dec 1193)
    22 Jun 1197 -  6 Dec 1197  Vladislav III Jindrich             (b. 1160/65 - d. 1222)
     6 Dec 1197 -  8 Sep 1198  Premysl I Otakar (2nd time)        (s.a.)
    Kings˛ (1527-1619, 1620-1918 also rulers of Austria)
     8 Sep 1198 - 15 Dec 1230  Premysl I Otakar                   (s.a.) 
                                (coronation 8 Sep 1198)
     6 Feb 1228 - 22 Sep 1253  Václav I "Jednooký"                (b. c.1205 - d. 1253)
                                (coronation  6 Feb 1228)
    22 Sep 1253 - 26 Aug 1278  Premysl II Otakar "Vítezný"        (b. c.1233 - d. 1278)
                                (coronation 25 Dec 1261)
    26 Aug 1278 - 21 Jun 1305  Václav II "Dobrý"                  (b. 1271 - d. 1305) 
                                (coronation 2 Jun 1297)
    21 Jun 1305 -  4 Aug 1306  Václav III                         (b. 1289 - d. 1306)
    22 Aug 1306 - Sep 1306     Jindrich "Korutanský" (1st time)   (b. c.1270 - d. 1335)
    16 Oct 1306 -  3 Jul 1307  Rudolf I
    15 Aug 1307 -  9 Dec 1310  Jindrich "Korutanský" (2nd time)   (s.a.)
    31 Aug 1310 - 26 Aug 1346  Jan "Slepý"                        (b. 1296 - d. 1346)
                                (coronation 7 Feb 1311; 
                                in dissidence to 9 Dec 1310)
    26 Aug 1346 - 29 Nov 1378  Karel I                            (b. 1316 - d. 1378) 
                                (coronation 2 Sep 1347)
    15 Jun 1363 - 16 Aug 1419  Václav IV                          (b. 1361 - d. 1419) 
                                (coronation 15 Jun 1363)
    16 Aug 1419 -  7 Jun 1421  Zikmund (1st time)                 (b. 1368 - d. 1437)
                                (coronation 28 Jul 1420)
     7 Jun 1421 - 28 Sep 1421  Keepers of the Land (regents)
                               (also styled Keepers of the Crown and the Bohemian Kingdom)
                               - Jan z Knezevsi (to 2 Jul 1421)
                               - Lidér z Radkovic (to 2 Jul 1421)
                               - Pavlík z domu rychtárova
                                 (to 2 Jul 1421)
                               - Jan Charvát
                                 (to 2 Jul 1421)
                               - Oldrich IV Vavák z Hradce        (b. 1372? - d. 1421)
                                 (to 22 Sep 1421)
                               - Oldrich z Rozmberka (1st time)   (b. 1403 - d. 1462)
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Cenek z Vartemberka (1st time)   (b. c.1385 - d. 1425)
                                 (Vinzenz von Wartenberg der jüngere)
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Hynek Krusina z Lichtenburka     (b. 1392 - d. 1454)
                                 (1st time)(to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Jindrich Berka z Dubé na Housce  (b. c.1369 - d. c.1437)
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Jan Zizka z Trocnova a Kalicha   (b. c.1370 - d. 1424)
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Zbynek Buchovec z Buchova
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Jan Sádlo ze Smilkova na         (d. 1421)
                                   Kostelci nad Sázavou
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Mikulás z Barchova
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Milota z Chrenovic (to 28 Sep 1421)
                                 (in other sources Milota z Bohdance)
                               - Ones z Mekovic (to 28 Sep 1421)
                                 (in other sources Ones z Mikovic)
                               - Jindrich z Boharyne
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Franc Lev z Rozmitálu
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Vanek (in other sources Vacha)
                                 (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Matej Prazák (to 28 Sep 1421)
                               - Petr Hostic (to 28 Sep 1421)
                                (in other sources Matej z Hostic)
     7 Jun 1422 - 25 Mar 1423  Zikmund Korybut -Regent (1st time) (b. c.1395 - d. 1435)
                                (Keeper of the Bohemian Kingdom)
                                (nominally for king-designate Vitold 
                                 Alexander, elected 4 Sep 1421)
                                (recognized by city of Prague 18 May 1422)
     1 Nov 1423 - 1424         Keepers of the Land (regents)
                               (also styled Keepers of Bohemian Kingdom)
                               - Jan z Mihalovic
                               - Cenek z Vartemberka (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                               - Oldrich z Rozmberka (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                                (in other sources Hynek z Rozmberka, 
                                  or Jindrich z Rozmberka)
                               - Fridrich Libstejnský z Kolovrat
                               - Oldrich Hlavác z Lipého          (d. 1432)
                               - Ales Holický ze Sternberka       (b. c.1380 - d. 1455)
                                   na Týrove
                               - Hasek Ostrovský z Valdstejna     (d. 1452)
                               - Hynek Koldstejnský z Valdstejna  (d. 1427)
                               - Hynek Krusina z Lichtenburka     (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
                               - Herman z Landstejna na Borotíne  (d. 1425)
                               - Divis Borek z Miletínka          (d. 1437)
                               - Jan Smirický ze Smiric           (d. 1453)
    19 Jul 1424 - 17 Apr 1427  Zikmund Korybut -Regent (2nd time) (s.a.)
                                (Keeper of the Bohemian Kingdom)
                                (officially recognized only by City of Prague)
    27 Feb 1432 -  1 Dec 1433  Keepers of the Land (regents)
                               (also styled Keepers of the Bohemian Kingdom)
                               - Twelve persons [names unknown]
     1 Dec 1433 - 1434         Ales Vrestovský z Rýzmburka -Regent(b. c.1380 - d. 1442)
                                (Keeper of the Land)
    14 Aug 1436 -  9 Dec 1437  Zikmund (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
     9 Dec 1437 - 27 Dec 1437  Menhart z Hradce -Regent (1st time)(b. 1398 - d. 1449)
                                (Supreme Burgrave of Prague)
    27 Dec 1437 - 27 Oct 1439  Albrecht                           (b. 1397 - d. 1439)
                                (coronation 29 Jun 1438)
    27 Oct 1439 -  3 Sep 1448  Menhart z Hradce -Regent (2nd time)(s.a.)
                                (Supreme Burgrave of Prague)
     3 Sep 1448 - 28 Oct 1448  Jirí z Podebrad a z                (b. 1420 - d. 1471)
                                 Kunstátu -Regent (1st time)
                                (self-styled Keeper)
                                (conducts the government without official authority)
    28 Oct 1448 - 27 Apr 1452  Zdenek Konopistský ze              (b. c.1420 - d. 1476) 
                                 Sternberka -Regent
                                (Supreme Burgrave of Prague)
    27 Apr 1452 - 19 Oct 1453  Jirí z Podebrad a z                (s.a.)
                                 Kunstátu -Regent (2nd time)
                                 (Keeper of the Land)
    19 Oct 1453 - 23 Nov 1457  Ladislav "Pohrobek"                (b. 1440 - d. 1457)
                                (coronation 28 Oct 1453)
    23 Nov 1457 -  2 Mar 1458  Jirí z Podebrad a z                (s.a.)
                                 Kunstátu -Regent (3rd time)
                                (Keeper of the Land)
     2 Mar 1458 - 22 Mar 1471  Jirí (Jirí z Podebrad a z Kunstátu)(s.a.)
                                (coronation 7 May 1458)
     3 May 1469 - 25 Jul 1479  Matyás (I) "Korvín" (in dissidence)(b. 1440 - d. 1490) 
                                (conserved the style king for life)
    22 Mar 1471 - 27 May 1471  Jan Jenec z Janovic a z            (b. 14.. - d. 1503)
                                 Petrspurka -Regent (in dissidence)
                                (Johann Jenetz von Janowitz und Petersburg)
                                (Supreme Burgrave of Prague)
    27 May 1471 - 13 Mar 1516  Vladislav IV "král Dobre"          (b. 1456 - d. 1516)
                                (coronation 22 Aug 1471) 
                                (in dissidence from 3 Mar 1509)
     3 Mar 1509 - 29 Aug 1526  Ludvík                             (b. 1506 - d. 1526)
                                (coronation 11 Mar 1509)
    29 Aug 1526 - 24 Oct 1526  Zdenek Lev z Rozmitálu -Regent     (b. 1470 - d. 1535)
                                (Supreme Burgrave of Prague)
    24 Oct 1526 - 25 Jul 1564  Ferdinand I                        (b. 1503 - d. 1564) 
                                (coronation 24 Feb 1527)
    19 Feb 1549 - 12 Oct 1576  Maxmilián                          (b. 1527 - d. 1576) 
                                (coronation 20 Feb 1549)
     6 Sep 1575 - 23 May 1611  Rudolf II                          (b. 1552 - d. 1612)
                                (coronation 22 Sep 1575)
    23 May 1611 - 23 May 1611  Adam Freiherr von Sternberg-Regent (b. c.1548 - d. 1623)
                                (Supreme Burgrave of Prague)
    23 May 1611 - 20 Mar 1619  Matyás (II)                        (b. 1557 - d. 1619)
                                (coronation 23 May 1611)
     6 Jun 1617 - 19 Aug 1619  Ferdinand II "Stýrský" (1st time)  (b. 1578 - d. 1637)
                                (coronation 29 Jun 1617)
    19 Aug 1619 - 26 Aug 1619  Václav Vilém Roupovský z Roupova   (b. 1580 - d. 1634)
                                (Chairman of the Council of Directors)
    26 Aug 1619 -  8 Nov 1620  Fridrich I "Falcký", "zimní král"  (b. 1596 - d. 1632)
                                (Friedrich I "the Winter King") 
                                (coronation 4 Nov 1619)
    13 Nov 1620 - 15 Feb 1637  Ferdinand II "Stýrský" (2nd time)  (s.a.)
    21 Nov 1627 -  2 Apr 1657  Ferdinand III                      (b. 1608 - d. 1657)
                                (coronation 25/26 Nov 1627)
    23 Jun 1646 -  9 Jul 1654  Ferdinand IV                       (b. 1633 - d. 1654)
                                (coronation 5 Aug 1646)
    14 Sep 1656 -  5 May 1705  Leopold I                          (b. 1640 - d. 1705)
                                (coronation 14 Sep 1656)
     5 May 1705 - 17 Apr 1711  Josef I                            (b. 1678 - d. 1711)
    17 Apr 1711 - 20 Oct 1740  Karel II                           (b. 1685 - d. 1740)
                                (coronation 5 Sep 1723)
    20 Oct 1740 - 29 Nov 1780  Marie Terezie -Queen               (b. 1717 - d. 1780)
                                (coronation 12 May 1743) 
     7 Dec 1741 - 20 Jan 1745  Karel III Albrecht (in dissidence) (b. 1697 - d. 1745)
                                (Karl Albrecht, duke of Bavaria)
    29 Nov 1780 - 20 Feb 1790  Josef II                           (b. 1741 - d. 1790)
    20 Feb 1790 -  1 Mar 1792  Leopold II                         (b. 1747 - d. 1792)
     1 Mar 1792 -  2 Mar 1835  Frantisek I                        (b. 1768 - d. 1835) 
     2 Mar 1835 -  2 Dec 1848  Ferdinand V                        (b. 1793 - d. 1875) 
     2 Dec 1848 - 21 Nov 1916  Frantisek Josef I                  (b. 1830 - d. 1916) 
    21 Nov 1916 - 11 Nov 1918  Karel III                          (b. 1887 - d. 1922)
    Oberstburggrafen (Supreme B
    urgraves of Prague)
    1403 - 1407                Jan Krusina z Lichtenburka         (b. ​​1432? - d. 1407)
                                 (Johann Kruschina von Lichtenburg)
    1407/08 - 1411             Ladislav "Lacek" z Kravar ​a
           (b. c.1348 - d. 1416)
                                 Helfstejna  
                                (Ladislaus "Latzek" von Krawarn auf Helfenstein)
    1411 - 1413                Jan Vavák III z Hradce​             (b. c.1371 -  d. 1420)
    1414 - 1420                Cenek z Vartenberka                (s.a.)
                                (Czeniek von Wartenberg)
     5 Oct 1436 - 1448         
    Menhart z Hradce                   (s.a.)
                                 (Meinhard von Neuhaus)  
    1448 - 1467                
    Zdenek Konopistský ze Sternberka   (s.a.) 
                                 (Zdenko von Sternberg auf Konopischt
    )        
    1467 -  2 Oct 1468         Zdenek Kostka von Postupitz        (b. 1438 - d. 1468)
                                 (Zdenek Kostka z Postupic
    )
    1469 - 21 Apr 1503         Johann Jenetz von Janowitz und     (s.a.)
                                 Petersburg 
                                 (Jan Jenec z Janovic a z Petrspurka
    )
    1503 - Jan 1507            Heinrich IV von Neuhaus            (b. 1442 - d. 1507)
                                 (Jindrich IV z Hradce
    )
    1507 - 1523                Zdenek Leo von Rosental
    (1st time) (b. 1470? - d. 1535)
                                 (Zdenek Lev z Rozmitálu
    )
    1523 - 1525                Johann von Wartenberg (1st time)   (b. 1496 - d. 1583)
                                 (Jan z Vartenberka)
    1525 - 1530                Zdenek Leo von
    Rosental (2nd time) (s.a.)
    1530 - 1542                Johann von Wartenberg (2nd time)   (s.a.)
    1542 - 17 Jan 1554         Wolf der Ältere Krajir von Krajek  (b. c.1482 - d. 1554)
                                 (Volf starsí Krajír z Krajku)

    1554 - 12 Apr 1570         Johann IV Reichsfreiherr Popel     (b. 1510 - d. 1570)
                                 von Lobkowitz​ "der Jüngere"
                                 (Jan IV mladsí svobodný pán Popel z Lobkovic)
    )
    1570 - 31 Aug 1592         Wilhelm von Rosenberg              (b. 1535 - d. 1592)
                                 (Vilém z Rozmberka)
    1592 - 24 Nov 1596         
    Adam II von Neuhaus                (b. 1549 - d. 1596)
                                 (Adam II z Hradce)  
    1596 - 1599                Vacant?
    1599 - 1608                Christoph Reichsfreiherr Popel  
      (b. 1549 - d. 1609)
                                 von
    Lobkowitz ​ "der Jüngere"
                                 (Krystof mladsí
    svobodný pán Popel z Lobkovic)
    1608 - 1619               
    Adam II "der Ältere" Freiherr von  (s.a.)
                                 Sternberg
    (1st time)             (s.a.)
                                 (
    Adam II "starsí", svobodný pán ze Sternberka)
    1619 - 1620               
    Bohuch​w​​​​​​​​al Berka von Duba und Lipa  (d. 1623)
                                 (Bohuchval Berka z Dubé a Lipé
    )
    1620 - 10 Apr 1623         Adam II "der Ältere" Freiherr von  (s.a.)
                                 Sternberg
    (2nd time)             (s.a.)
    1623 - 1627                Vacant
    1627 - 24 Aug 1638         Adam von Waldstein              
       (b. 1569/70 - d. 1638)
                                 (Adam mladsí z Valdstejna)
    1638 - 21 Nov 1649         Jaroslaw Reichsgraf Borzita von    (b. 1581/82 - d. 1649)
                                 Martinitz
                                
    (Jaroslav hrabe Borita z Martinic)

    1649 -  3 Jan 1650         Franz Ulrich von Kolowrat-         (b. 1607 - d. 1650)
                                 Liebsteinsky
                                 (Frantisek Oldrich hrabe Libstejnský z Kolovrat)
    1651 -  7 Jan 1685         Bernhard Ignaz Johann Graf Borzita (b. 1603 - d. 1685)
                                 von Martinitz
                                 (Bernard Ignác Jan hrabě Bořita z Martinic)

    1685 -  4 Sep 1703         Adolf Wratislaw von Sternberg      (b. 1627 - d. 1703)
                                 (Oldrich Adolf Vratislav ze Sternberka)
    1704 - 28 Aug 1710         Hermann Jakob Graf Czernin         (b. 1659 - d. 1710)
                                 (Herman Jakub hrabe Cernín z Chudenic)

    28 Aug 1710 - 1712         Vacant
    1712 - 14 Aug 1734         Johann Joseph Graf von Wrtby       (b. 1669 - d. 1734)
                                 (Jan Josef hrabe z Vrtby)
    1734 -  9 Jul 1747         Johann Ernst Graf von Schaffgotsch (b. 1685 - d. 1747)
                                 (Jan Arnost Antonín hrabe Schaffgotsch)
    Jul 1747 - 1748            Vacant
    1748 - 1771                Philipp Graf Kolowrat-Krakowsky    (b. 1688 - d. 1773)
                                 (Filip hrabe Krakovský z Kolovrat)
    1771 - 1782                Karl Egon Fürst von Fürstenberg    (b. 1729 - d. 1787)
                                 (Karel Egon kníze z Fürstenberka)
    Nov 1782 - Aug 1787        Franz Anton Reichsgraf von Nostitz (b. 1725 - d. 1794)
                                 und Rieneck
                                
    (Frantisek Antonín hrabe z Nostic a Rienecka
    )
    Aug? 1787 - 1791           Ludwig Graf von Cavriani           (b. 1739 - d. 1802​?​)  
                                 (Ludvík hrabe Cavriani)    
    1791 - 1792                Heinrich Franz Graf von Rottenhann (b. 1738 - d. 1809)
                                 (Jindrich Frantisek hrabe z Rottenhanu)
    1792 - 1794                Prokop I Graf Lazansky​ Freiherr    (b. 1741 - d. 1804)
                                 von Bukowa
                                (Prokop I hrabe Lazanský svobodný pán z Bukové)
    22 Jan 1794 - 1802         Franz Wenzel Graf Kager von        (b. 1742 - d. 1804)
                                 Stampach
                               
    (Frantisek Václav hrabe Kager ze Stampachu)
    1802 - 1805                Johann Rudolf Graf Chotek von      (b. 1748 - d. 1824)
                                 Chotkowa (Jan Rudolf hrabe Chotek z Chotkova)​​
    1805 - 1809               
    Joseph Franz Graf von Wallis       (b. 1767 - d. 1818)
                                Freiherr von Karighmain
                                (Josef Frantisek hrabe Wallis, svobodný pán z Karighmainu)
    1809 - 1826                Franz Anton Graf von Kolowrat-     (b. 1778 - d. 1861)
                                 Liebsteinsky         
                                
    (Frantisek Antonín hrabe Libstejnský z Kolovrat)    
    Oberstburggraf und Gubernial-Präsident
    1826 - 1843                Karl Graf Chotek von Chotkowa
          (b. 1783 - d. 1868)
                                 (Karel hrabe Chotek z Chotkova)
    Landeschef
     3 Jan 1844 - 21 Aug 1847  Stephan Franz Victor Erzherzog     (b. 1817 - d. 1867)
                                 von Österreich
                                (Stepán Frantisek Viktor, arcivévoda Rakouský)
    21 Aug 1847 - Jan 1848     Robert Altgraf zu Salm-            (b. 1804 - d. 1875)
                                 Reifferscheid (acting)
    Oberstburggrafen und Gubernial-Präsidenten
    14 Feb 1848 - Apr 1848     Philipp Joseph Rudolf Graf von     (b. 1808 - d. 1882)
                                 Stadion-Warthausen           
                                (Filip Josef Rudolf hrabe Stadion-Warthausen)

     2 May 1848 - 17 Jul 1848  Leopold Leo Graf von Thun und      (b. 1811 - d. 1888)
                                
    Hohenstein (acting)
                                 (Leopold Lev hrabě z Thunu a Hohenštejna)
     2 Jun 1848 - Jun 1848     Frantisek Palacký                  (b. 1798 - d. 1876)
                                 (President of the Pan-Slav Congress; in rebellion)
    17 Jul 1848 -  1 Jan 1850  Karl Freiherr von Mecséry de Tsoor (b. 1804 - d. 1886) 
                                 (Karel svobodný pán Mecséry-Tsoor)
                                 (Gubernial-Präsident acting to Jul/Aug 1849)
    Statthalter
     1 Jan 1850 - 1860         Karl Freiherr von Mecséry de Tsoor (s.a.) 

     
    8 Dec 1860 - 1861         Anton Graf Forgách von Ghymes      (b. 1819 - d. 1885)
                                 und Gács
                                 (Antonín hrabe Forgách z Gýmese a Halice)
    1861 - 1863                Ernst Freiherr von Kellersperg     (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
                                 (1st time)(Arnošt svobodný pán Kellersperg)  
    May 1863 - 1865            Richard Graf von Belcredi          (b. 1823 - d. 1902) 
                                 (Richard hrabe Belcredi)
                                 (administrator to May 1864)
    1865 -  6 Jul 1866         Anton Graf Lazansky Freiherr von   (b. 1812 - d. 1883)
                                 Bukowa
    (administrator) 
                                 (Antonín hrabe Lazanský svobodný pán z Bukové
    )
    Prussian Governor-general
    19 Jul 1866 - 27 Aug 1866  Eduard Vogel von Falckenstein      (b. 1797 - d. 1885)

    Statthalter
    26 Sep 1866 -  8 Mar 1867  Karl Graf von Rothkirch und Panthen(b. 1807 - d. 1870)
                                
    (Karel hrabe Rothkirch-Panthen)
    1867 - 1868                Ernst Freiherr von Kellersperg     (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time) (administrator)
    1868 - 1870                Alexander Freiherr von Koller      (b. 1813 - d. 1890)
                                 (Alexandr svobodný pán Koller)
                                 (1st time) (administrator)   
    1870 - 14 Feb 1871         Alexander Konstantin Albrecht      (b. 1813 - d. 1871)
                                 Graf von Mensdorff-Pouilly, Fürst
                                 von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg
                                (Alexandr Konstantin Albrecht hrabě
                                 Mensdorff-Pouilly, kníže z Ditrichštejna
                                 na Mikulově)(administrator)
    1871                       Bohuslav Graf Chotek von Chotkowa  (b. 1829 - d. 1896)
                                 (Bohuslav hrabe Chotek z Chotkova)
    1871 - 1874                Alexander Freiherr von Koller      (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    Jun 1874 - 1881            Philipp Freiherr Weber von Ebenhof (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
                                 (Filip svobodný pán Weber z Ebenhofu)
     8 Jul 1881 - 1889         Alfred Freiherr von Kraus          (b. 1824 - d. 1909) 
                                 (Alfréd svobodný pán Kraus)
                                 (administrator to 1882)
    1889 - 1896                Franz Fürst von Thun und           (b. 1847 - d. 1916)
                                 Hohenstein (1st time)
                                 (František kníže z Thunu a Hohenštejna)
    1896 - 1911                Karl Graf von Coudenhove           (b. 1855 - d. 1913)
                                 (Karel hrabě Coudenhove)
    1911 - Mar 1915            Franz Fürst von Thun und           (s.a.) 
                                 Hohenstein (2nd time)
    27 Mar 1915 - 28 Oct 1918  Maximilian "Max" Julius Viktor     (b. 1865 - d. 1928)
                                 Maria Graf von Coudenhove    
                                (Maxmilián "Max" Julius Viktor Maria hrabě Coudenhove)


    Oberstlandmarschälle
    (Nejvyšší Zemský Maršálek [Supreme Marshals of the Land])

    31 Mar 1861 - 31 Jul 1863  Albert Franz Reichsgraf von        (b. 1807 - d. 1871)
                                 Nostitz und Rieneck (1st time)
                                
    (Albert Frantisek hrabe z Nostic a Rienecka)
     9 Nov 1863 - 30 Sep 1866  Karl Graf von Rothkirch und Panthen(s.a.)

     
    8 Jul 1866 - 27 Aug 1866  Georg Maximilian Franz Steinmann   (b. 1830 - d. 1901) 
                                 (Prussian civil commissioner)
     
    4 Oct 1866 - 27 Feb 1867  Albert Franz Reichsgraf von        (s.a.)
                                 Nostitz und Rieneck (2nd time)
     4 Apr 1867 -  3 Aug 1867  Edmund Graf Hartig                 (b. 1812 - d. 1883)
     4 Aug 1867 - 31 Mar 1870  Adolf Fürst Auersperg              (b. 1821 - d. 1885)
    26 Aug 1870 - 23 Dec 1870  Albert Franz Reichsgraf von        (s.a.)
                                 Nostitz und Rieneck (3rd time) 
    11 Sep 1871 - 23 Apr 1872  Georg Christian Franz Fürst von    (b. 1835 - d. 1908) 
                                 Lobkowitz (1st time) 
                               
    (Jirí Kristián Frantisek kníze z Lobkovic)
    23 Apr 1872 - 31 May 1883  Karl Wilhelm Philipp Fürst         (b. 1814 - d. 1890)

                                 Auersperg 
     
    4 Jul 1883 - 10 Dec 1907  Georg Christian Franz Fürst von    (s.a.)
                                 Lobkowitz (2nd time)
    28 Aug 1908 - 26 Jul 1913  Ferdinand Zdenko Maria Fürst       (b. 1858 - d. 1938)
                                 Lobkowitz 
    Chairman of the Provincial Administrative Commission
    1913 - 1918                Adalbert Joseph Maria Franz        (b. 1854 - d. 1924) 
                                 Graf Schönborn-Buchheim-
                                 Wolfstahl 

     ąStyle of ruler was: 722-1085, 1092-1158 and 1172-1198: Kníze ceský ("Bohemian Prince"). 

     ˛Style of ruler was:
    (a) 1085 - 1192, 1158 - 1172, 1198 - 19 Oct 1306: Král český ("Bohemian King"); 
    (b) 19 Oct 1306 - 6 Aug 1806: König/Königin von Bohaim und Erzschenk und Kurfürst des 
    Heiligen Römischen Reichs, Latin form: Rex/Regina Bohemiae et Archipincerna, et Sacri 
    Romani Imperii princeps elector ("King/Queen of Bohemia, Archbutler and Prince-Elector
    of the Holy Roman Empire");
    (c) 6 Aug 1806 - 11 Nov 1918: König/Königin von Bohaim ("King/Queen of Bohemia").


    Moravia
    [AH Flag of Moravia]
                     7 Dec 1462 - 1918
     
    Map of Moravia
    Capital: Brünn (Brno)
    Population: 2,622,271 (1910) 
    830 - 906                  Great Moravian Principality
    893 - 1028                 Hungarian occupation.
    961 - 995                  Principality; polity style unknown/unavailable/non-existent.
    1028                       Principality of Morava.
    1054 - 1200                Principality split into three, with respective seats
                                 at Olomouc, Brno, and Znojmo. Although each ruler was still 
                                 styled Kníze moravský, they are referred to by the styles 
                                 indicated below.
    1182                       Margraviate of Moravia, within Bohemia.
    1197 - 1224                In personal union with Bohemia.
    1239 - 1246                In personal union with Bohemia. 
    1278 - 1283                Moravia was under imperial administration, Brno (Brünn)
                                 being an imperial city.
    1252 - 1349                In personal union with Bohemia. 
    1414                       In personal union with Bohemia.
    28 Oct 1526                Under Habsburg dynasty (in personal union with Austria).
     
    1 Jul 1782 -  8 Dec 1849  Union of Moravia and (Austrian) Silesia (fully from 15 Mar 1783).
     8 Dec 1849                Moravia a separate Austrian crownland (
    Markgrafschaft Mähren).
    12 Jul 1866 - Sep 1866     Prussian occupation. 
    21 Dec 1867                Part of the "Austrian" half of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.

    30 Oct 1918                Part of the Czechoslovak State.

    Princesą
    830 - 846                  Mojmír I
    846 - 869                  Rastislav
    869 - 871                  Svatopluk I (1st time)             (d. 894)
    871                        Slavomír 
                                 (probably identical with Sklagamar)
    871 - 894                  Svatopluk I (2nd time)             (s.a.)
    894 - 906                  Mojmír II                          (d. 906?)
    961 - 18 Mar 981           Slavník                            (d. 981)
    18 Mar 981 - 28 Sep 995    Sobeslav                           (d. 1004)
    1028 - 1034                Bretislav (1st time)               (b. c.1002 - d. 1055)
    1034 -  9 Nov 1034/1037    Oldrich                            (b. 97. - d. 1034/37)
     9 Nov 1034/1037 - 1054    Bretislav (2nd time)               (s.a.)
    Princes in Olomouc (style Kníze Olomoucký)
    1054 - 1056                Vratislav I (1st time)
    1058 - 1061                Vratislav I (2nd time)
    1061 -  9 Jun 1087         Ota I "Slicný"                     (d. 1087)
                                 (formerly in Brno)
     9 Jun 1087 - 10 Aug 1091  Boleslav                           (b. c.1064 - d. 1091)
    10 Aug 1091 - 1107         Svatopluk                          (d. 1109)
    1107 - Apr 1110            Ota II "Cerný" (1st time)          (b. c.1099 - d. 1126) 
    Apr 1110 - 1113            Vladislav I                        (b. c.1065 - d. 1125)
    1113 - 18 Feb 1126         Ota II "Cerný" (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                                 (also in Brno)
    18 Feb 1126 - 1126         Sobeslav Oldrich (1st time)        (b. c.1080 - d. 1140) 
    1126 -  1 Mar 1130         Václav I Jindrich                  (b. c.1107 - d. 1130)
    1130 - 1135                Sobeslav Oldrich (2nd time)        (s.a.)
    1135 - 1137                Lupold                             (b. c.1102 - d. 1143)
    1137 - 14 Feb 1140         Sobeslav Oldrich (3rd time)        (s.a.)
    1140 - 12 May 1160         Ota III Detleb                     (b. 1122 - d. 1160)
    1160 - 1164                Vladislav II                       (b. c.1100 - d. 1174)
    1164 - 1173                Bedrich                            (b. c.1142 - d. 1189)
    1174 - 1176                Oldrich                            (b. 1134 - d. 1177)
    1176 - 1179                Václav II                          (b. 1137 - d. 1192)
    1179 - 1189                Konrád II Ota                      (b. 1136/41 - d. 1191) 
    1189 - 1191                Vladimír (1st time)                (b. 1145 - d. 1200) 
                                (jointly with Bretislav [s.a.])
    1194 - 10 Dec 1200         Vladimír (2nd time)                (s.a.)
    Princes in Brno (style Kníze Brnenský)
    1055 - 1061                Ota I "Slicný"                     (d. 1087)
                                 (later in Olomouc)
    1061 -  6 Sep 1092         Konrád I Ota                       (b. c.1035 - d. 1092)   
     6 Sep 1092 - 1097         Oldrich (1st time)                 (s.a.)
    1097 - 1100                Borivoj                            (b. c.1064 - d. 1124) 
    1100 - 11 Nov 1115         Oldrich (2nd time)                 (s.a.) 
                                 (also in Znojmo)
    1115 - 1123                Sobeslav Oldrich                   (s.a.) 
    1123 - 1125                Ota II "Cerný"                     (s.a.) 
                                 (also in Olomouc)
    1125 - 16 Aug 1156         Vratislav II                       (b. c.1113 - d. 1156)
    1174 - 1176                Václav II                          (s.a.)
    1176 - 1189                Konrád II Ota                      (s.a.) 
    1189 - 1191                Spytihnev (1st time)               (b. 1031 - d. 1061)
    1191 - 1194                Vladislav III Jindrich             (b. 1160/65 - d. 1222)   
    1194 - 1197                Spytihnev (2nd time)               (s.a.)
    Princes in Znojmo (style Kníze Znojemský
    1054 -  6 Sep 1092         Konrád I Ota                       (s.a.) 
     6 Sep 1092 - 1097         Litold (1st time)                  (d. 1112)
    1097 - 1100                Borivoj                            (s.a.) 
    1100 - 1112                Litold (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
    1113 - 11 Nov 1115         Oldrich (also in Brno)
    1115 - 1123                Sobeslav Oldrich                   (s.a.) 
    1123 - 13 Dec 1150         Konrád II
    1159 - 1174                Konrád III
    1174 -  9 Sep 1191         Konrád II Ota                      (s.a.) 
    1191 - 1194                Vladislav III Jindrich             (s.a.) 
    1194 - 1197                Jindrich Bretislav                 (d. 1197) 
    Margraves˛ 
    Sep 1182 -  9 Sep 1191     Konrád Ota                         (b. 1136/41 - d. 1191)
     6 Dec 1197 - 12 Aug 1222  Vladislav I Jindrich               (b. 1160/65 - d. 1222)
    12 Aug 1222 - 1224         Premysl I Otakar                   (b. c.1155 - d. 1230)
    1224 - 18 Feb 1227         Vladislav II Jindrich              (b. 1207 - d. 1227)
    1228 - 16 Oct 1239         Premysl                            (b. 1209 - d. 1239)
    16 Oct 1239 - Apr 1246     Václav I "Jednooký"                (b. 1205 - d. 1253)
    Apr 1246 -  3 Jan 1247     Vladislav III                      (b. 1227 - d. 1247)
    1247 - 26 Aug 1278         Premysl II Otakar "Vítezný"        (b. c.1233 - d. 1278)
    26 Aug 1278 - 21 Jun 1305  Václav II "Dobrý"                  (b. 1271 - d. 1305)
    21 Jun 1305 -  4 Aug 1306  Václav III                         (b. 1289 - d. 1306) 
    16 Oct 1306 -  3 Jul 1307  Rudolf I                           (b. 1281 - d. 1307)
    15 Aug 1307 -  9 Dec 1310  Jindrich "Korutanský"              (b. c.1270 - d. 1335)
    31 Aug 1310 - Dec 1333     Jan "Slepý"                        (b. 1296 - d. 1346)
    Dec 1333 - 26 Dec 1349     Karel I                            (b. 1316 - d. 1378)
    26 Dec 1349 - 12 Nov 1375  Jan Jindrich                       (b. 1322 - d. 1375)
    12 Nov 1375 - 17 Jan 1411  Jost                               (b. 1354 - d. 1411) 
                               - together with following two -
    12 Nov 1375 - 24 Sep 1405  Prokop                             (b. 1354/55 - d. 1405) 
    12 Nov 1375 - 12 Oct 1394  Jan Sobeslav                       (b. 1352/55 - d. 1394)
    17 Jan 1411 - 16 Aug 1419  Václav IV                          (b. 1361 - d. 1419)
    16 Aug 1419 - 19 Jul 1421  Zikmund (1st time)                 (b. 1368 - d. 1437)
    1421 - 1421                Vilém z Pernstejna                 (b. c.1360 - d. 1422/26)  
    17 Nov 1421 -  4 Oct 1423  Zikmund (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
     7 Jun 1422 - 25 Mar 1423  Zikmund Korybut -Regent            (b. c.1395 - d. 1435)
                                (in dissidence)
                                (Keeper of the Moravian Margraviate)
                                (nominally for Margrave-designate Vitold 
                                 Alexander, elected 4 Sep 1421)
                                (nominally Vitold Alexander elected 4 Sep 1421)
     4 Oct 1423 - 27 Oct 1439  Albrecht                           (b. 1397 - d. 1439)
    27 Oct 1439 - 22 Feb 1440  Jan Tovacovský z Cimburka -Regent  (b. c.1400 - d. 1464)
                                 (Captain of the Land)
    22 Feb 1440 - 23 Nov 1457  Ladislav "Pohrobek"                (b. 1440 - d. 1457)
    23 Nov 1457 -  9 Apr 1458  Jirí z Podebrad a z Kunstátu-Regent(b. 1420 - d. 1471)
                                 (Captain of the Land)
     9 Apr 1458 - 22 Mar 1471  Jirí (Jirí z Podebrad a z Kunstátu)(s.a.) 
    22 Mar 1471 - 27 May 1471  Ctibor II Tovacovský z             (b. 1438 - d. 1494)
                                 Cimburka -Regent
                                 (Captain of the Land)
    27 May 1471 - 25 Jul 1479  Vladislav IV "král Dobre"          (b. 1456 - d. 1516) 
                                 (1st time)
    25 Jul 1479 -  6 Apr 1490  Matyás "Korvín"                    (b. 1440 - d. 1490) 
                                 (in dissidence from 3 May 1469) 
    1490 - 13 Mar 1516         Vladislav IV "král Dobre"          (s.a.) 
                                 (2nd time)
    13 Mar 1516 - 29 Aug 1526  Ludvík                             (b. 1506 - d. 1526)
    21 Sep 1526 - 28 Oct 1526  Jan IV z Pernstejna -Regent        (b. 1487 - d. 1548)
                                 (Captain of the Land)
    28 Oct 1526 - 30 Oct 1918  the rulers of Austria
    Governors (style Gubernátor)
     1 Nov? 1783 - 1787        Ludwig Graf von Cavriani           (b. 1739 - d. 1802)
                                 (Ludvík hrabe Cavriani)
    1787 - 1802                Alois Graf von Ugarte              (b. 1749 - d. 1817) 
                                 (Alois hrabe Ugarte)
    21/31 Aug 1802-10 Sep 1804 Joseph Karl Ferdinand Graf von     (b. 1763 - d. 1825)
                                 Dietrichstein, Freiherr zu Hollenburg,
                                 Finkenstein und Thalberg 
                                 (Josef Karel Ferdinand hrabe z Ditrichstejna,
                                 svobodný pán na Holenburku, Finkenštejně a Talberku
    )
     1 Jan 1805 - 17 May 1805  Joseph Franz Graf von Wallis       (b. 1767 - d. 1818)
                                Freiherr von Karighmain
                                (Josef Frantisek hrabe Wallis, svobodný pán z Karighmainu)
    1805 - 1813                Prokop II Graf Lazansky von Bukowa (b. 1771 - d. 1823?) 
                                 (Prokop II hrabe Lažanský z Bukové)
    1813                       Johann Joseph Anton Graf Larisch   (b. 1766 - d. 1820)
                                 von Moennich (did not take office) 
                                (Jan Josef Antonín hrabe z Larisch-Moennichu)
     3 Sep 1813 - 21 Apr 1815  Ignaz Karl Graf Chorinsky Freiherr (b. 1770 - d. 1823)
                                 von Ledske
                                 (Ignác Karel hrabě Chorynský, svobodný pán z Ledské)
                                
    (plenipotentiary court commissioner)
    27 Apr 1815 - 23 Jan 1827 
    Anton Friedrich I Graf von         (b. 1770 - d. 1842)
                                 Mittrowsky von Mittrowitz und Nemischl              
                                (Antonín​ Bedrich I hrabe Mitrovský z Mitrovic a Nemyšle)
    1827 - 1834                Carl Borromäus Graf von Inzaghy    (b. 1777 - d. 1856)
                                 (Karel Rudolf hrabe Inzaghi)
    29 Nov 1834 - 23 Apr 1845  Alois Graf von Ugarte              (b. 1784 - d. 1845) 
                                 (Alois hrabe Ugarte)
    1845 - 1847                Philipp Joseph Rudolf Graf von     (b. 1808 - d. 1882)
                                 Stadion-Warthausen
                                 (Filip Josef Rudolf hrabe Stadion-Warthausen)
    1847 - 31 Dec 1849         Leopold Graf Lazansky von Bukowa   (b. 1808 - d. 1860)
                                 (Leopold hrabe Lazanský z Bukové)
                                
    (acting as gubernial-vizepräzident to 8 Dec 1849)
    Statthalter
     
    1 Jan 1850 -  1 Aug 1860  Leopold Graf Lazansky von Bukowa   (s.a.)

    11 Aug 1860 - 20 Nov 1860  Anton (Antal) Graf Forgách von     (b. 1819 - d. 1885)
                                
    Ghymes und Gács
                                 (Antonín hrabe Forgách z Gýmese a Halice)
    20 Nov 1860 - 21 May 1862  Gustav Ignaz Graf Chorinsky        (b. 1806 - d. 1873)
                                 Freiherr von Ledske
                                 (Gustav Ignác hrabe Chorynský svobodný pán z Ledské)
    21 May 1862 - Jul 1866     Adolf Freiherr von Poche (1st time)(b. 1811 - d. 1893)
                                 (Adolf svobodný pán Poche)
    Prussian Governor-general

    25 Jul 1866 - Sep 1866     Friedrich Wilhelm Eugen Karl
                                 Hugo Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Öhringen,
                                 Herzog von Ujest                 (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
    Statthalter
    Sep 1866 - 20 Sep 1870     Adolf Freiherr von Poche (2nd time)(s.a.)
    10 Oct 1870 - 29 Jun 1872  Siegmund Ignaz Graf von Thun       (b. 1827 - d. 1897) 
                                 und Hohenstein
                                 (Sigmund Ignác hrabe z Thunu a Hohenstejna)
    29 Jun 1872 - 14 Jun 1874  Philipp Freiherr Weber von Ebenhof (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
                                 (Filip svobodný pán Weber z Ebenhofu)
    26 Jun 1874 - 18 Mar 1880  Ludwig Freiherr Possinger-         (b. 1823 - d. 1905)
                                 Choborski
                                 (Ludvík svobodný pán Possinger-Choborský)
    18 Mar 1880 - 10 Jul 1880  Franz Ritter Kallina von Urbanow   (b. 1820 - d. 1880)
                                 (Frantisek rytír Kalina z Urbanova)
    17 Sep 1880 -  7 Nov 1881  Karl Freiherr Korb von Weidenheim  (b. 1836 - d. 1881) 
                                 (Karel svobodný pán Korb z Weidenheimu)
     8 Nov 1881 - 13 Oct 1888  Friedrich Erwein Graf von          (b. 1841 - d. 1907) 
                                 Schönborn
                                 (Bedrich Ervín hrabe z Schönbornu)
    16 Nov 1888 - 14 Sep 1893  Hermann Freiherr von Loebl         (b. 1835 - d. 1907)
                                 (Herman svobodný pán Loebl)
     3 Oct 1893 - 18 Jan 1900  Alois Freiherr von Spens und Boden (b. 1835 - d. 1919)
                                 (Alois svobodný pán ze Spens a Boden)
    15 Feb 1900 - 17 Sep 1906  Karl Emmanuel Graf Zierotin        (b. 1850 - d. 1934)
                                 Freiherr von Lilgenau
                                 (Karel Emanuel hrabe ze Zerotína, svobodný pán z Lilgenau)
    1906 - 10 Oct 1907         Hermann Freiherr von Pillersdorf   (b. 1850 - d. 1907)
                                 (Herman svobodný pán z Pillersdorfu)
                                
    (acting)
    26 Jan 1908 -  3 Nov 1911  Karl Freiherr von Heinold-Udynski  (b. 1862 - d. 1943)

                                 (1st time)
      ​                           (Karel svobodný pán Heinold-Udynski)
    15 Dec 1911 - 29 Nov 1915  Oktavian Freiherr Regner von       (b. 1866 — d. 1945)
                                 Bleyleben
                                 (Oktavián svobodný pán Regner z Bleylebenu)
     3 Dec 1915 - 30 Oct 1918  Karl Freiherr von Heinold-Udynski  (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)

    Landeshauptleute (Zemský Hejtman [Captains of the Land])
    1300 - 1308                Jan z Mezirící                     (d. 1349)​ 
    1320 -  26 Aug 1329        Jindrich z Lipé                    (b. 1270/75 - d. 1329)  ​​
    1376 - 1379                Jan III Mezirícský z Lomnice       (d. 1399)
    1411 - 1416                Ladislav "Lacek" z Kravar a ​       (b. c.1348 - d. 1416)
                                 Helfstejna
    1419 -  1 Nov 1420         Jindrich Plumlovský z Kravar       (d. 1420)
    1420 - 1421                Vilém z Pernstejna                 (s.a.)
    1422 - 1425                Petr Stráznický z Kravar           (d. 1434)
    1425                       Leopold Krajír z Krajku            (d. 1433)  
    1425 - 1427                Hasek Ostrovský z Valdstejna       (d. 1452)
    1427 - 1434/36             Jan IV starsí z Lomnice            (d. 1451)
    1436 - 1440                Vanek z Boskovic
    1440 - 1459                Johann Towachowsky von Cimburk     (s.a.)
                                 (Jan Tovacovský z Cimburka)
    1459 - 1461                Viktorin von Podebrad Fürst von    (b. 1443 - d. 1500)
                                 Münsterberg und Troppau (1st time)
                                 (Viktorín z Podebrad, kníze
                                 Minsterberský a Opavský)
    1462 - 1464?               Heinrich von Lipa                  (b. bf.1415 - d. 1469)
                                 (Jindrich II z Lipé)  
    1465 - 1469                Viktorin von Podebrad Fürst von    (s.a.)
                                 Münsterberg und Troppau (2nd time) 
    1469 - 26 Jun 1494         Ctibor II Tovacovský z Cimburka    (s.a.)
    1494 - 16 Jan 1496         Vratislav von Pernstein            (b. c.1463 - d. 1496)
                                 (Vratislav I z Pernstejna)
    1496 - 20 Mar 1515         Johann von Lomnitz                 (d. 1515)
                                 (Jan mladsí Mezirícský z Lomnice)
    1515 - 1519                Johann von Pernstein (1st time)    (s.a.)
                                 (Jan IV z Pernstejna)
    1519 - 1523                Arkleb von Boskovitz               (d. 1528)
                                 (Arkleb Trnavský z Boskovic)
    1523 - 1525/26             Johann Kuno von Kunstadt           (d. 1540)
                                 (Jan Kuna II z Kunstátu)(1st time)
    24 Sep 1526 - 1528         Johann von Pernstein (2nd time)    (s.a.)
    1528 - 1530                ....
    1530                       Johann von Pernstein (3rd time)    (s.a.)
    1530 - 1539/40             Johann Kuno von Kunstadt (2nd time)(s.a.)
    1540                       Krystof Cernohorský z Boskovic     (b. c.1495 - d. 1550)​
    1540                       Václav Bucovický z Boskovic        (d. 1554)
                                 (acting)
    1541 - 1556                Wenzel von Ludanitz                (d. 1557) 
                                 (Václav z Ludanic) 
    1557 -  4 Oct 1561         Zdenek von Waldstein auf Pirnitz   (d. 1561)
                                 (Zdenek Brtnický z Valdstejna)
    1561 - 1566                Pertold von Lippa                  (b. 1525 - d. 1575)
                                 (Pertold z Lipé)
    1567 - 1572                Zacharias von Neuhaus              (b. 1527 - d. 1589)
                                 (Zachariás z Hradce)
    1572 - 1573                Vacant
    1573 - 1578                Zdenek Leo von Rosental            (d. 1580)
                                 (Zdenek Lev z Rozmitálu)
    1579 - 11 Aug 1580         Johann Haugwitz von Biskupitz      (d. 1580)
                                 (Hanus Haugvic z Biskupic)
    1582 - 1589                Hynek Brtnicky von Waldstein       (b. 1545 - d. 1595)
                                 (Hynek Brtnický z Valdstejna)
    1590 - 1594                Hynek der Ältere von Würben        (d. 1596)  
                                 (Hynek starsí Bruntálský z Vrbna)
    1594 - 31 May 1598         Friedrich der Ältere von Zierotin  (d. 1598)
                                 (Fridrich starsí ze Zerotína)
    1598                       Ladislav Berka von Duba (1st time) (b. c.1560 - d. 1613)
                                 (Ladislav Berka z Dubé)(acting)
    1598 - 1601                Joachim Haugwitz von Biskupitz     (d. 1607)
                                 (Jáchym Haugvic z Biskupic)
    1601 - 13 Jan 1603         Johann der Ältere von Würben       (d. 1608)
                                 (Hanus starsí Bruntálský z Vrbna)  
                                 (administrator)
    1603 - 1604                Ladislav Berka von Duba (2nd time) (s.a.)
    1604 - 1607                Karl von Liechtenstein             (b. 1569 - d. 1627)
                                 (Karel z Lichtenstejna)
    1607 - 14 Apr 1608         Ladislav Berka von Duba (3rd time) (s.a.)
    16 Jun 1608 - 26 Feb 1615  Karl der Ältere von Zierotin       (b. 1564 - d. 1636)
                                 (Karel starsí ze Zerotína)
    1615 - 1619                Ladislav Reichsfreiherr Popel von  (b. 1566 - d. 1621)
                                 Lobkowitz "der Jüngere" (1st time)
                                 (Ladislav mladsí "Lacek" svobodný pán Popel z Lobkovic)
    1619 - 1620                Johann von Würben (Jan z Vrbna)
     7 Aug 1619 - 1621         Ladislav Velen von Zierotin        (b. 1579 - d. 1638)
                                 (Ladislav Velen ze Zerotína)
    1621 - 20 Mar 1621         Ladislav Reichsfreiherr Popel von  (s.a.)
                                 Lobkowitz "der Jüngere" (2nd time)
    1621 - 19 Sep 1636         Kardinal Franz I Reichsfreiherr    (b. 1570 - d. 1636)
                                 von Dietrichstein (from 26 Mar 1624,
                                 Kardinal Franz I Reichsfürst von Dietrichstein)
                                (Kardinál Frantisek I kníze z Ditrichstejna)
    Dec 1636 - Jul 1637        Julius II Graf von Salm-Neuburg    (b. 1600/12 - d. 1655)
                                 (Julius II hrabe ze Salmu a Neuburku)
                                 (1st time)(administrator)

    Jul 1637 - 22 Oct 1637     Maximilian Reichsfürst von         (b. 1596 - d. 1655)
                                 Dietrichstein
                                 (Maxmilián kníze z Ditrichstejna)
    Oct 1637 - 1640            Julius II Graf von Salm-Neuburg    (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    18 Jun 1640 - 23 Mar 1643​  Administrators
                               - Christoph Paul Graf von
                                  Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn        (b. c.1600 - d. 1648)
                                 (Krystof Pavel hrabe z Lichtenstejna-Kastelkornu)
                                 (1st time)
                               - Johann Anton Freiherr von Rottal (b. c.1605 - d. 1674)

                                 (from 12 Dec 1641, Johann Anton Graf von Rottal)
                                 (Jan Antonín hrabe z Rottalu)
                                 (1st time)
                               - Franz Reichsgraf von Magnis auf 
    (b. 1598 - d. 1652)
                                   Strassnitz             
                                 (Frantisek hrabe z Magnis a Stráznice)
    23 Mar 1643 - 30 Aug 1648  Christoph Paul Graf von            (s.a.)
                                 Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn (2nd time) 
    Oct? 1648 - 1655           Johann Anton Graf von Rottal       (s.a.)
                                 (from 1651, Johann Anton Reichsgraf von Rottal)
                                
    (2nd time)
    1655 -  6 May 1664         Gabriel Freiherr v
    on Serényi       (b. 1598 - d. 1664)
                                 (from 7 Apr 1656, Gabriel Graf von Serényi)
                                 (Gabriel hrabe Serényi)
                                 (provisional to ... 1655)
    1664 - 1666                Ferdinand Joseph Reichsfürst von   (b. 1628/36 - d. 1698)
                                 Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg, Freiherr
                                 zu Hollenburg, Finkenstein und Thalberg 
                                 (Ferdinand Josef kníze z Ditrichstejna na Mikulove,
                                 svobodný pán na Holenburku, Finkenštejně a Talberku
    )
    1667                       Georg Stephan Graf von Würben-     (b. 1615? - d. 1682)
                                 Freudenthal  
                                 (Jirí Stepán hrabe Bruntálský z Vrbna)
    1667 -  5 May 1700         Franz Karl I Reichsgraf von        (b. 1620 - d. 1700)
                                 Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky 
                                 (Frantisek Karel I hrabe Libstejnský z Kolovrat)
    1701 - 1704                Karl Maximilian Graf von Thurn und (b. 1643 - d. 1716)
                                 Valsassina
                                 (Karel Maxmilián hrabe z Thurnu a Valsassiny)
    1704 - 23 May 1714         Franz Joseph Graf von Oppersdorff  (b. 1660 - d. 1714) 
                                 (Frantisek Josef hrabe z Oppersdorfu)
    1714 - 1718                Hieronymus IV Graf Colloredo       (b. 1674 - d. 1726)
                                 (Jeroným IV hrabe Colloredo)
    1717 - 1719                Franz Joseph Graf von Waldstein    (b. 1680 - d. 1722)
                                 (Frantisek Josef hrabe z Valdstejna)
     5 Jul 1720 - 10 Sep 1746  Maximilian Ulrich Graf von Kaunitz (b. 1679 - d. 1746)
                                 -Rietberg
                                (Maxmilián Oldrich hrabe z Kounic a Rietbergu)
    1746 - 1748                Vacant
    1748 - 12 Jul 1753         Franz Joseph Graf Heissler von     (d. 1753)
                                 Heitersheim
                                 (Frantisek Josef hrabe Heissler z Heitersheimu)
    28 Aug 1753 - 1763         Heinrich Cajetan Freiherr von      (b. 1715 - d. 1788)
                                 Blümegen (
    from 7 Mar 1759, Heinrich Cajetan Graf
                                 von Blümegen
    ; from 1761, Reichsgraf von
    Blümegen)
                                 (Jindrich Kajetán hrabe z Blümegenu)
    1763 - 1770                Franz Anton Xaver Graf von        
    (b. 1712 - d. 1783)
                                 Schrattenbach
                                 (Frantisek Antonín Xaver hrabe ze Schrattenbachu)
    Apr 1770 - Nov 1772        Ernst Christoph Graf von Kaunitz-  (b. 1737 - d. 1797)
                                 Rietberg
                                 (Arnost Krystof hrabe z Kounic a Rietberku)                  
    1772 - 17 May 1782         Johann Christoph Reichsgraf von    (b. 1722 - d. 1802) 
                                 Blümegen (provisional to 1773)
                                (Jan Krystof hrabe z Blümegenu)
    1782 -  8 Dec 1849         the Governors as Gubernial Präsidenten              
     8 Dec 1849 -  1 Aug 1860  Leopold Graf Lazansky von Bukowa   (b. 1808 - d. 1860)
                                (Leopold hrabe Lažanský z Bukové)
     1 Aug 1860 - 11 Aug 1860  Karl Johann Joseph Fürst von       (b. 1814 - d. 1879)
                                 Lobkowitz
                                (Karel Jan Josef kníze z Lobkovic)
    11 Aug 1860 - 20 Nov 1860 
    Anton (Antal) Graf Forgách von     (s.a.)
                                
    Ghymes und Gács
    31 Mar 1861 - 15 Feb 1867  Emanuel Leopold Ulrich Graf Dubsky (b. 1806 - d. 1881)
                                 Freiherr von Trzebomyslitz (1st time)
                                 (Emanuel Leopold Oldřich hrabě
                                 Dubský svobodný pán z Třebomyslic) 
    28 Jul 1866 - Sep 1866     Robert Viktor von Puttkamer        (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
                                 (Prussian civil commissioner)
    15 Feb 1867 - 1867         Hugo Karl Eduard Fürst und Altgraf (b. 1803 - d. 1888)
                                 zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Raitz (1st time)
                                 (Hugo II Karel Eduard kníže a starohrabě
                                
    Salm-Reifferscheidt-Raitz)
     
    3 Apr 1867 - 16 Aug 1870  Emanuel Leopold Ulrich Graf Dubsky (s.a.)
                                 Freiherr von Trzebomyslitz
    (2nd time)
    16 Aug 1870 - 1871         Adalbert Freiherr von Widmann      (b. 1804 - d. 1888)
                                 (1st time)(Vojtech svobodný pán Widmann)
    11 Sep 1871 - 1871         Hugo Karl Eduard Fürst und Altgraf (s.a.)
                                 zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Raitz (2nd time) 
    16 Dec 1871 - 1884         Adalbert Freiherr von Widmann      (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    1884 - 1906                Felix Graf Vetter von der Lilie    (b. 1830 - d. 1913)
                                 (Felix hrabe Vetter z Lilie)
    23 Dec 1906 - Oct 1918     Otto Graf Serényi von Kis-Serényi  (b. 1855 - d. 1927)
                                 (Otto Jan hrabe Serényi z Kis-Serényi) 

     ąStyle of ruler was: 
    (a) 830 - 906 and 1028 - 1054: Kníze moravský ("Moravian Prince");
    (b) 961 - 995: unknown.

     ˛Style of ruler was:
    (a) Sep 1182 - 28 Oct 1526: Markrabí moravský/Markrabenka moravská ("Moravian Margrave");
    (b) 28 Oct 1526 - 30 Oct 1918: Markgraf von Mähren ("Margrave of Moravia").


    Silesia
    Silesia
                         1848 - 1918
     
    Map of Silesia
    Capital: Troppau (Opava)
    Population: 756,949 (1910) 


    1138                       Polish Duchy of Silesia established.
    1177                       Divided into (some 17) duchies in Lower and Upper Silesia.
    1327                       Upper Silesian dukes becomes vassals of Bohemia.
    1329                       Lower Silesian dukes becomes vassals of Bohemia.
    1335                       Silesia a possession of the Bohemian Crown. 
    24 Oct 1526                Under Habsburg dynasty (in personal union with Austria).
    1675                       Remaining Piast dynasty territories annexed by Austria.
    11 Jan 1742                Habsburgs forced to cede most of Silesia to Prussia by the 
                                 Peace of Breslau. The districts (kreise) of Teschen and Troppau
                                 remain Austrian, administered by governors of Bohemia.
     
    1 Jul 1782 -  8 Dec 1849  Amalgamated with Moravia (fully from 15 Mar 1783).
     8 Dec 1849                Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia
    a separate Austrian crownland
                                 (Herzogtum Ober- und Niederschlesien).
     1 Aug 1860 -  1 Apr 1861  Amalgamated with Moravia.
     
    5 Jul 1866 - Sep 1866     Prussian occupation. 
    21 Dec 1867                Part of the "Austrian" half of the Austro-Hungarian
    Monarchy.
    30 Oct 1918                Polish National Council of the Principality established.
    31 Oct 1918 -  2 Nov 1918  Most of the area taken over by local Polish authorities.
     1 Nov 1918                Czech National Committee for Silesia established.
     2 Nov 1918                Divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia by interim agreement.
    Jan 1920                   Allied Plebiscite commissioners arrived.
    10 Jul 1920                Poland and Czechoslovakia renounced the idea of plebiscite
                                 and entrust a conference of ambassadors with the decision.
    28 Jul 1920                Allied Conference of Ambassadors divides the area giving 58%
                                 of Cieszyn Silesia to Czechoslovakia.
     1 Oct 1938 -  1 Sep 1939  Zaolzie (eastern Czech Cieszyn) annexed by Poland.

    Dukes (style Herzog von Ober- und Niederschlesien)
    24 Oct 1526 -  2 Nov 1918  the rulers of Austria

    Oberlandeshauptleute
    (more rarely Oberlandeshautmänner)
    (Vrchní Zemský Hejtman [Chief captains of the Land])
    16 Apr 1422 – 14..         Konrad IV "der Ältere" Herzog von  (b. c.1384 - d. 1447)
                                
    Oels, Bernstadt, Fürstbischof von
                                 Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und Herzog von Grottkau
                                (Konrád IV "Starší" vévoda Olesnický, Bernstatský,
                                 kníze-biskup Vratislavský, kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    Mar 1439 -  14..           Albrecht Achilles von Brandenburg  (b. 1414 - d. 1486)
                                 (from 1440, Albrecht I Achilles Markgraf von Brandenburg-Ansbach)
                                 (Albrecht I Achilles markrabe Braniborsko-Ansbasský)
    1474 – 1480                Stephan Zápolya, Graf von Zips​​     (d. 1499)
                                 (Stepán Zápolský, hrabe Spisský)
    1480 – 1481                Johann Filipec, Bischof von
           (b. 1431 - d. 1509)
                                 Grosswardein
                                 (Jan Filipec, biskup velkovaradínský) 
    1481 - 1488                Höchster Landesbeamter
                               - Johann Bjelik von Kornitz        (b. c.1434 - d c.1496)
                                 (Jan Belík z Kornic)(Oberschlesien)
                               - Georg von Stein (Niederschlesien)(d. 1497)
                                 (Jirí ze Steinu)
    1488 -  9 May 1488         Friedrich I Herzog von
    Liegnitz,   (b. 1446 - d. 1488)
                                 Brieg und Wohlau
                                (Fridrich I kníze Lehnický a Brezský,
    Olovský)  
    1488 - 1490
                   Vacant
    1490 – 1497                Johann IV Roth, Fürstbischof von   (b. 1426 - d. 1506)
                                 Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau
    (Jan IV Roth,
    kníze-biskup
                                 Vratislavský, kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský
    )   
    1497 – 1504                Kasimir II, Herzog von Teschen     (b. 1449/52 - d. 1528)
                                
    und Glogau (1st time)
                                 (Kazimír II vévoda Tesínský a Hlohovský)
    1504 – 1507                Sigismund I "der Alte", Herzog 
       (b. 1467 - d. 1548)
                                
    von Glogau und Troppau
                                (Zikmund I "Starý", vévoda Hlohovský a Opavský)
    1507                       Johann V Thurzo, Fürstbischof von 
    (b. 1466? - d. 1520)
                                
    Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau

                                (Ján V Turzo, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                 kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1507 – 1517               
    Kasimir II, Herzog von Teschen     (s.a.)
                                
    und Glogau (2nd time)
    1517 – 1528                Friedrich II Herzog von Liegnitz,  (b. 1480 - d. 1547)
                                 Brieg und Wohlau
                                 (Fridrich II kníze Lehnický, Brezský, Volovský)
                                 (Landeshauptmann von Niederschlesien)
    1517 – 13 Dec 1528        
    Kasimir II, Herzog von Teschen     (s.a.)
                                
    und Glogau (3rd time)
    Dec 1528 – 31 May 1536     Karl I von Podiebrad Herzog
    von    (b. 1476 - d. 1536)
                                 Münsterberg und Oels Graf von Glatz

                                (Karel I z Podebrad vévoda Minsterberský a Olesnický, hrabe Kladský)
    1536 - 25 Aug 1539         Jakob von Salza, Fürstbischof
    von  (b. 1481 - d. 1539)
                                
    Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau

                               
    (Jakub ze Salzy, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                 kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský
    )            
    1540 - 20 Jan 1562         Balthasar Friedrich von Promnitz, 
    (b. c.1488 - d. 1562)
                                 Fürstbischof von
    Breslau, Fürst
                                 von Neisse und Herzog von Grottkau

                                (Baltazar Fridrich z Promnic,
    kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                 kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský
    )
    1562                       Johann Freiherr von Oppersdorff zu (b. 1517 - d. 1584)
                                
    Aich und Friedstein (1st time)(acting)
                                (Jan svobodný pán z Oppersdorfu, na Dubu a Frýdstejne)
    1562 -  4 Jun 1574         Kaspar von Logau, Fürstbischof 
        (b. c.1524 - d. 1574)
                                 von
    Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau

                                (Kaspar z Logau, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                
    kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1574                      
    Johann Freiherr von Oppersdorff zu  (s.a.)
                                 Aich und Friedstein (2nd time)(acting)
    1574 - 23 May 1585         Martin von Gerstmann, Fürstbischof
      (b. 1527 - d. 1585)
                                 von
    Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau

                                (Martin Gertsmann, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
     
                                kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1585 -  5 Nov 1596         Andreas von Jerin, Fürstbischof    (b. c.1540 - d. 1596)
                                 von Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau
                                 (Ondrej Jerin, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                 kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1597 - 1599                Vacant?

    1599 -  6 May 1600         Paul Albert,
    Fürstbischof von      (b. 1557 - d. 1600)
                                 Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau

                                (Paul Albert, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,

                                 kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský
    )
    1600 - 25 Apr 1608         Johann VI von Sitsch,
    Fürstbischof (b. 1552 - d. 1608)
                                 von Breslau, Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau
                     
                                (Jan VI ze Zice, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                
    kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1608 – 28 Jan 1617         Karl II von Münsterberg
    Herzog     (b. 1545 - d. 1617)
                                 von Oels
                                (Karel II Minsterberský, kníze Olesnický)
    1617 - 13 Jul 1617         Adam Wenzel Herzog von Teschen
        (b. 1574 - d. 1617)
                                (Adam Václav kníze​​ Tesínský)  
    21 Aug 1617 -  1 Apr 1621  Johann Christian Herzog von Brieg,  (b. 1591 - d. 1639)
                                 Liegnitz, Wohlau und Ohlau
                                (Jan Kristán vévoda Brezský, Lehnický, Volovský a Olavský)
    1621 - 1628                
    Georg Rudolf Herzog von Liegnitz   (b. 1595 - d. 1653)
                                 und Wohlau (1st time)
                                (Jirí Rudolf kníze ​​Lehnický a Volovský)
    1629 – 21 Aug 1639         Heinrich Wenzel "der Jüngere" von 
    (b. 1592 - d. 1639)
                                 Podiebrad, Herzog von Oels, Bernstadt,
                                 Graf von Glatz
                                (Jindrich Václav mladsí z Podebrad, vévoda  
                                
    Olešnický, Bernštatský, hrabe Kladský)
    1639 – 1641                Karl Eusebius Reichsfürst von
         (b. 1611 - d. 1684)
                                
    Liechtenstein, Herzog von Troppau und Jägerndorf
                               
    (Karel Eusebius kníze z Lichtenstejna, vévoda Opavský a Krnovský)
    1641 – 14 Jan 1653        
    Georg Rudolf Herzog von Liegnitz   (s.a.)
                                 und Wohlau (2nd time)
    1653 –  4 Jul 1664         Georg III Herzog von Brieg und     (b. 1611 - d. 1664)
                                 Liegnitz
                                (Jirí III kníze Brezský a Lehnický) 
    1664 –  9 Jun 1671         Sebastian Ignaz von Rostock,
          (b. 1607 - d. 1671)
                                 Fürstbischof von Breslau, Fürst
                                 von Neisse und Herzog von Grottkau

     
                                (Sebastián Ignác z Roztoku, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,

                                 kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský
    )
    1671 – 1674                Wenzel Eusebius Franz Fürst von    (b. 1609 - d. 1677)
                                 Lobkowitz, Herzog von Sagan  
                                
    Gefürsteter Graf von Sternstein
                                (Václav Eusebius Frantisek kníze z Lobkovic,
                                 vévoda Zahánský, okneznený hrabe ze Sternsteinu)
    1672 – 1676?               Christoph Leopold Gotthard Graf    (b. 1623 - d. 1703)
                                 von Schaffgotsch (acting)
                                 (Krystof Leopold hrabe Schaffgotsch)
    Mar 1676 – 19 Feb 1682     Friedrich II Kardinal Landgraf von (b. 1616 - d. 1682)
                                 Hessen-Darmstadt, Fürstbischof 
                                 von Breslau,
    Fürst von Neisse und
                                 Herzog von Grottkau

                                (Fridrich II kardinál landkrabe
    Hesensko-
                                 Darmstadtský, kníze-biskup Vratislavský,
                                
    kníže Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1682 –  9 Sep 1684         Johann Kaspar II von Ampringen,    (b. 1619 - d. 1684)
                                 Herzog von Freudenthal
                                (Jan Kaspar II z Ampringenu, vévoda Bruntálský)
    1684 – 1719                Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg,    (b. 1664 - d. 1732)
                                 Fürstbischof von Breslau,
    Fürst
                                 von Neisse und Herzog von Grottkau

                               
    (Frantisek Ludvík Falcko-Neuburský,
                                kníze-biskup Vratislavský, kníze Niský a vévoda Grotkovský)
    1719 – 1738                Johann Anton Gotthard Reichsgraf   (b. 1675 - d. 1742)
                                 von Schaffgotsch (acting)
                               
    (Jan Antonín Gotthard hrabe Schaffgotsch)
    Administrators of Troppau-Jägerndorf

    1738 - 1743                Franz Bernhard Graf Lichnowsky     (b. 1664 - d. 1747)
                                (Frantisek Bernard hrabe Lichnovský z Vostic)
    1744 - 1745                Franz Heinrich Rzeplinski Freiherr
                                 von Bereczko                     (b. 16.. - d. 1754)

                                (Frantisek Jindrich Replínský svobodný pán z Berecka)
    Landeshauptleute of Troppau-Jägerndorf
    1745 - 1751               
    Franz Heinrich Rzeplinski Freiherr (s.a.)
                                 von Bereczko
     
    7 Jun 1751 - 1767?        Karl Franz Alexander Freiherr      (b. 1694/95 - d. 1770)
                                
    Orlik von Laziska (from 16 Aug 1753, Karl
                                
    Franz Alexander Graf Orlik Freiherr von Laziska)
                                (Karel Frantisek Alexandr hrabe Orlík, svobodný pán z Laziska)
    1770 - 30 Nov 1792         Ignatz Dominik Graf von Chorinsky  (b. 1729 - d. 1792)
                                 (Ignác Dominik hrabe Chori​​nský z Ledské)
                               (
    Landeshauptmann of Prussian Silesia 1760-1770)
    1793 -  4 Apr 1813         Cajetan Freiherr Sobek von Kornitz (b. 1746 - d. 1813)
                                 (Kajetán svobodný pán Sobek z Kornic)
    1813 - 1829                Anton Reichsgraf Sedlnitzky-Odrowaz(b. 1776 - d. 1850)
                                
    Freiherr von Choltitz
                                 (Antonín hrabě Sedlnický-Odrowaz, svobodný pán  z Choltic)
    1829 - 20 Aug 1832         Ignatz Freiherr Sobek von Kornitz  (b. 1784 - d. 1832)
                                 (Ignác svobodný pán Sobek z Kornic)
    1833 - 12 Nov 1838         Wenzel Karl II Franz Freiherr      (b. 1775 - d. 1838)
                                 Sedlnitzky-Odrowaz von Choltitz

                                
    (Václav Karel II František svobodný pán Sedlnický-Odrowaz z Choltic)
    1839 - 1848                Wilhelm Freiherr Czeike von        (b. 1799 - d. 1863)
                                 Badenfeld     
                                (Vilém svobodný pán Cejka z Badenfeldu)
    Landeshauptleute of Teschen

    1685? - 1696?              Rudolf Freiherr Sobek von Kornitz  (d. c.1699)   
                                (Rudolf
    svobodný pán Sobek z Kornic)
    1696 - 1699                Heinrich Ferdinand Freiherr von
                                 Larisch von Ellgoth und Karwin   (d. 1730)
                                (Jindrich Ferdinand svobodný pán Larys ze Lhoty a Karviné)
    1699 - 24 Oct 1727         Adam Wenzel Graf Paczinsky von     (b. 1650 - d. 1727)
                                
    Tenczin 
                               
    (Adam Václav hrabě Pačinský z Tenčína)
    1727 - 1738                Maximilian Graf Wratislaw von
                                 Mitrowitz
                                 (Maxmilián hrabe Vratislav z Mitrovic)
    1738 - 18/26 Oct 1768?     Karl Franz Freiherr Skrbensky 
        (b. 1683/84 - d. 1768)
                                 von Hrzistie               
                                (Karel Frantisek svobodný pán Skrbenský z Hríste)
    1774 - 29 Nov 1780         Otto Freiherr von Skrbensky von
       (b. 1720 - d. 1780)
                                 Hrzistie          
                                 (Otto svobodný pán Skrbenský z Hríste)
    1781 - 1789                Johann Rudolph Ignaz Freiherr      (d. 1789)
                                 Czelesta von Czelestin
                                 (Jan Rudolf Ignác svobodný pán Celesta z Celestinu)       
    1789 - 1799                Johann Graf Larisch Freiherr von   (b. 1766 - d. ​1820) 
                                 Ellgoth und Karwin
                                
    (Jan Josef hrabe Larys, svobodný pán ze Lhoty a Karviné) 
    1799 - 15 May 1819         Georg II Freiherr von Bees und
        (b. 1750 - d. 1819)
                                 Chrostin                    
                                 (Jirí II Bedrich svobodný pán Bees z Chrostiny)
    29 May 1819 - 22 Jan 1828  Emanuel Freiherr von Spens und     (b. 1773 - d. 1828]
                                 Boden (Emanuel svobodný pán Spens z Bodenu)
     1 Feb 1828 - 1843         Karl Ritter Harrasowsky von Harras (d. 1873)
                                 (Karel rytír Harasovský z Harasova)
    1843 - 1848                Franz Ritter Schaarschmidt von
        (b. 1800 - d. 1887)
                                 Adlertreu                   
                                
    (Frantisek rytír Schaarschmidt z Adlertreu
    )
    Statthalter of Upper and Lower Silesia

     8 Dec 1849 - 23 Feb 1853  Joseph Freiherr Kalchegger von     (b. 1801 - d. 1882)
                                 Kalchberg 
                                (Josef svobodný pán Kalchegger z Kalchbergu)
    23 Feb 1853 - 23 Dec 1853  Anton Halbhuber
    (Antonín Halbhuber)(b. 1809 - d. 1886)
    Landespräsidenten

    23 Dec 1853 -  1 Aug 1860  Anton Halbhuber                    (s.a.)

                                (from 2 Jul 1854, Anton Freiherr Halbhuber von Festwill)
                                (Antonín svobodný pán Halbhuber z Festwill)
     1 Aug 1860 -  1 Apr 1861  Amalgamated with Moravia
     1 Apr 1861 - 28 Mar 1863  Richard Graf von Belcredi          (b. 1823 - d. 1902)
                                 (Richard hrabe Belcredi)
                                 (administrator to 10 Oct 1862)
    28 Mar 1863 - 25 Jun 1866  Hermann Freiherr von Pillersdorf   (b. 1817 - d. 1887)
                                 (1st time)
                                 (Herman svobodný pán z Pillersdorfu)
    25 Jun 1866 - 24 Jul 1868  August Wilhelm Ritter von Merkl    (b. 1807 - d. 1883)

                                 (August Vilém rytír Merkl) 
    24 Jul 1868 - 30 Sep 1870  Hermann Freiherr von Pillersdorf   (s.a.)

                                 (2nd time)
     4 Oct 1870 - 26 Apr 1882  Alexander Ritter von Summer        (b. 1820 - d. 1882) 
                                
    (Alexandr rytír Summer)
     8 May 1882 - 26 Jun 1886  Olivier Marquis de Bacquehem       (b. 1847 - d. 1917)
                                 (Olivier markýz de Bacquehem)
     4 Jul 1886 - 10 Jul 1889  Franz Karl Graf von Merveldt       (b. 1844 - d. 1916)
                                
    (Frantisek Karel hrabe Merveldt)
    24 Jul 1889 - 13 Sep 1894  Karl Ritter von Jaeger             (b. 1836 - d. 1920)
                                 (Karel rytír Jäger) ​
    13 Sep 1894 - 13 Feb 1896  Karl Maria Graf von Coudenhove     (b. 1855 - d. 1913)
                                 (Karel Maria hrabe Coudenhove)
    25 Feb 1896 - 30 Nov 1898  Manfred Graf von Clary und         (b. 1852/62 - d. 1928)
                                
    Aldringen (Manfréd hrabe Clary z Aldringenu)
    30 Nov 1898 - 28 Jun 1905  Joseph Graf von Thun und Hohenstein(b. 1856 - d. 1932)
                                
    (Josef hrabe z Thunu a Hohenstejna)
    15 Sep 1905 - 26 Jan 1908  Karl Freiherr von Heinold-Udynski  (b. 1862 - d. 1942)
                                 (Karel svobodný pán Heinold-Udynski)
    26 Jan 1908 - 27 Mar 1915  Maximilian "Max" Julius Viktor     (b. 1865 - d. 1928)
                                 Maria Graf von Coudenhove 
                                 (Maxmilián Julius Viktor Maria hrabě Coudenhove)
    27 Mar 1915 -  2 Nov 1918  Adalbert Freiherr von Widmann      (b. 1868 - d. 1945) 
                                 (Vojtech svobodný pán Widmann)

    Landeshauptleute
    1861 - 20 Nov 1865         Johann Graf von Larisch-Mönnich    (b. 1821 - d. 1884)
                                (Jan hrabe z Larisch-Mönichu)
    1865 - 24 Mar 1886         Amand Joseph Graf von Kuenburg     (b. 1809 - d. 1886)

                                (Amand Josef hrabe z Kuenburgu)
    1886 - Nov 1918            Heinrich Graf von Larisch-Mönnich  (b. 1850 - d. 1918)

                                (Jindrich hrabe z Larisch-Mönnichu)


    Teschen/Cieszyn

    13 Nov 1281                Duchy of Teschen (Herzogtum von Teschen) established. 
    19 May 1653                Becomes a Habsburg possession as part of Silesia.
    12 May 1722                Granted as mediate (non-sovereign) fief to the House of 
                                 Lothringen (Lorraine).
    10 Feb 1822                Granted as mediate fief to a Habsburg collateral branch.
    19 Oct 1918                Polish National Council of the Duchy of Cieszyn/Teschen formed.
     2 Nov 1918                Partitioned; east bank of the Olsa river going to Poland
                                 (Cieszyn/Teschen city) and west bank area to Czechoslovakia
                                 (Freistadt and suburbs).
     5 Nov 1918                Czech and Polish councils agreed on the division of the administration
                                 in the disputed areas on the basis of nationality, division is temporary.
    Jan 1919                   Czechoslovak occupation of the entire territory.
    10 Jan 1920 - 10 Feb 1920  Upper Silesia occupied by Allied forces and the Inter-Allied Commission
                                 established in Opole (see under Prussian Provinces).
     3 Feb 1920                Inter-Allied Commission takes over the government of Cieszyn/Teschen region,
                                 it draws the demarcation line and issues regulations changing the
                                 administration of the occupied territory.
    28 Jul 1920                Division confirmed by Ambassadors conference.
     2 Oct 1938 -  3 May 1945  Both parts of Teschen are annexed to Germany (made a Kreis
                                 [district] of the Regierungsbezirk Kattowitz in Prussian 
                                 ([Upper-] Silesia).
    19 Jun 1945                Former territorial division between Poland and Czechoslovakia restored.

    Czech government:

    Chairman of the Land National Council for Silesia

    1918 - 1920                Zikmud Witt                        (b. 1875 - d. 1942)


    Polish government:

    Chairman of the National Council of the Duchy of Cieszyn

    19 Oct 1918 - Aug 1920     Józef Londzin                      (b. 1863 - d. 1929)

    Chairmen of the Executive Committee of the National Council of the Duchy of Cieszyn
    1918 - Mar 1919            Józef Kazimierz Piatkowski         (b. 1874 - d. 1942)
    Mar 1919 - 1920?           Eugeniusz Brzuska                  (b. 1885 - d. 1938)

    Head of government of the Provisional Land Government of the Duchy of Cieszyn
    18 Dec 1918 -  3 Feb 1920  Jan Michejda                       (b. 1853 - d. 1927) 

    Czechoslovakia 
     
    [Semi-official
                            Flag of Czechoslovakia 1918-1920]
       28 Oct 1918 - 30 Mar 1920 Semi-official
     
     
    [Flag of
                            Czechoslovakia]
                30 Mar 1920 - 15 Mar 1939;
                16 May 1945 - 31 Dec 1992
     
    Map of Czechoslovakia
    (1946-1993)
    Hear National Anthem
    "Kde domov můj?"
    (Where is My Home?)
    Text of National Anthem
    (13 Dec 1918 - 31 Dec 1992)
    Constitution
      (1920,1948,1968; in German)
    Capital: Prague
    Currency: Czechoslovak
    Koruna (CSK); 1919-39 & 1945
     Czechoslovak Koruna (CSO);
    1944-45 Czechoslovak Red Army
     Korunu (CSR)
    National Holidays:
    9 May (1945)
    National Liberation Day
    -----------------------------------

    28 Oct (1918)
    Founding of the Republic
    Population: 15,725,680 (1992)
    GDP: $108.9 billion (1991)
    Exports: $12.0 billion (1990)
    Imports: $13.3 billion (1990)
    Ethnic groups: Czech 54.1%, Slovak 31%,
    Moravian 8.7%, Hungarian 3.8%, Gypsy (Roma) 0.7%,
    Silesian 0.3%, Polish, Ruthenian,
    Ukrainian, other 1.4%  (1991)
    Total Armed Forces: 257,000 (1987)
    Merchant marine: 22 ships (1992)
    Religions: Roman Catholic 46.4%, Evangelical (Lutheran) 5.3%,
    Atheist 29.5%, unknown/other 16.7% (1991)
    International Organizations/Treaties 1918-1992: ANT, BIS, BTWC, CCC, CFE, Comecon, CSCE, DC, EBRD, ENMOD, ESCR, FAO, GATT,  IAEA, IBEC, IBRD, ICAO, ICSID, IFCTU, IIB, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NPT, NSG, NTBT, PCA, UIBPIP, UN, UNCLOS (signatory), UNCTAD, UNDP, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WP, WToO, ZC 

    28 Oct 1918                Czechoslovak State
    14 Nov 1918                Czechoslovak Republic (from 23 Nov 1938 semi-officially
                                 Czecho-Slovak Republic).
    15 Mar 1939                Separation into Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
                                 (under German rule) and Slovakia.
     3 Apr 1945                Czechoslovak Republic reconstituted.
    11 Jul 1960                Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
    29 Mar 1990                Czechoslovak Federal Republic (in Slovak: Czecho-Slovak Federal Republic).
    20 Apr 1990                Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
     1 Jan 1993                Separation into Czech Republic and Slovakia.


    Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC)
     8 Apr 1945 - 14 Mar 1953  Klement Gottwald                   (b. 1896 - d. 1953)
     8 Apr 1945 -  6 Sep 1951  Rudolf Slánský (chief secretary)   (b. 1901 - d. 1952)
    First secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
    14 Mar 1953 -  5 Jan 1968  Antonín Novotný                    (b. 1904 - d. 1975)
                                 (head of the secretariat to 11 Sep 1953)
     5 Jan 1968 - 17 Apr 1969  Alexander Dubcek                   (b. 1921 - d. 1992)
    17 Apr 1969 - 29 May 1971  Gustáv Husák                       (b. 1913 - d. 1991)
    General secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
    29 May 1971 - 17 Dec 1987  Gustáv Husák                       (s.a.)
    17 Dec 1987 - 24 Nov 1989  Milos Jakes                        (b. 1922)
    24 Nov 1989 - 20 Dec 1989  Karel Urbánek                      (b. 1941)
    20 Dec 1989 -  1 Sep 1990  Ladislav Adamec (chairman)         (b. 1926 - d. 2007)
                               ("leading role" abolished 30 Nov 1989)


    Chairman of the Czech National Committee
    (from 26 Sep 1918 of Provisional Czechoslovak Government)
    15 Sep 1915 - 28 Oct 1918  Tomás Garrigue Masaryk             (b. 1850 - d. 1937)
                                 (in Italy, then London, finally in Paris exile)
    Chairman of the National Committee
    28 Oct 1918 - 14 Nov 1918  Karel Kramár                       (b. 1860 - d. 1937)  CStD
    28 Oct 1918 -  2 Nov 1918  Presidium of the National Committee
                               (acting for absent Kramár)
                               - Alois Rasín                      (b. 1867 - d. 1923)  CStD
                               - Frantisek Soukup                 (b. 1871 - d. 1940)  CSDSD
                               - Jirí Stríbrný                    (b. 1880 - d. 1955)  CSS 
                               - Vavro Srobár                     (b. 1867 - d. 1950)  Non-party?
                               - Antonín Svehla                   (b. 1873 - d. 1933)  CSA
    Presidents
    14 Nov 1918 - 14 Dec 1935  Tomás Garrigue Masaryk             (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (arrived 21 Dec 1918)
    14 Dec 1935 - 18 Dec 1935  Milan Hodza (acting)               (b. 1878 - d. 1944)  RSZML
    18 Dec 1935 -  5 Oct 1938  Edvard Benes (1st time)            (b. 1884 - d. 1948)  CSNS
     5 Oct 1938 - 30 Nov 1938  Jan Syrový (acting)                (b. 1888 - d. 1970)  Mil
    30 Nov 1938 - 15 Mar 1939  Emil Hácha                         (b. 1872 - d. 1945)  Non-party
    15 Mar 1938 -  8 May 1945  Post abolished
     8 May 1945 - 11 May 1945  Albert Prazák                      (b. 1880 - d. 1956)  Non-party
                                 (chairman of the national council)
     3 Apr 1945 -  7 Jun 1948  Edvard Benes (2nd time)            (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (at Kosice to 16 May 1945)
     7 Jun 1948 - 14 Mar 1953  Klement Gottwald                   (s.a.)               KSC
                                 (acting to 14 Jun 1948)
    14 Mar 1953 - 13 Nov 1957  Antonín Zápotocký                  (b. 1884 - d. 1957)  KSC
                                 (acting to 21 Mar 1953)
    13 Nov 1957 - 19 Nov 1957  Viliam Siroký (acting)             (b. 1902 - d. 1971)  KSC
    19 Nov 1957 - 22 Mar 1968  Antonín Novotný                    (s.a.)               KSC
    22 Mar 1968 - 30 Mar 1968  Jozef Lenárt (acting)              (b. 1923 - d. 2004)  KSC
    30 Mar 1968 - 29 May 1975  Ludvík Svoboda                     (b. 1895 - d. 1979)  KSC
    29 May 1975 - 10 Dec 1989  Gustáv Husák                       (s.a.)               KSC
    10 Dec 1989 - 29 Dec 1989  Marián Calfa (acting)              (b. 1946)            KSC
    29 Dec 1989 - 20 Jul 1992  Václav Havel                       (b. 1936 - d. 2011)  OF;Apr 1991 Non-party
    20 Jul 1992 - 31 Dec 1992  Jan Stráský (acting)               (b. 1940)            ODS
     

    Prime Ministers
    16 Nov 1918 -  8 Jul 1919  Karel Kramár                       (s.a.)               CStD; 1919 CsND
     8 Jul 1919 - 16 Sep 1920  Vlastimil Tusar                    (b. 1880 - d. 1924)  CSDSD
    16 Sep 1920 - 20 Sep 1921  Jan Cerný (1st time)               (b. 1866 - d. 1959)  RSZML
    20 Sep 1921 -  8 Oct 1922  Edvard Benes                       (s.a.)               CSS
     8 Oct 1922 - 18 Mar 1926  Antonín Svehla (1st time)          (s.a.)               RSZML + P
    18 Mar 1926 - 12 Oct 1926  Jan Cerný (2nd time)               (s.a.)               RSZML
    12 Oct 1926 -  1 Feb 1929  Antonín Svehla (2nd time)          (s.a.)               RSZML + P
     1 Feb 1929 -  9 Oct 1932  Frantisek Udrzal                   (b. 1866 - d. 1938)  RSZML
     9 Oct 1932 -  5 Nov 1935  Jan Malypetr                       (b. 1873 - d. 1947)  RSZML
     5 Nov 1935 - 22 Sep 1938  Milan Hodza                        (s.a.)               RSZML
    22 Sep 1938 -  1 Dec 1938  Jan Syrový                         (s.a.)               Mil/Non-party
     1 Dec 1938 - 15 Mar 1939  Rudolf Beran                       (b. 1887 - d. 1954)  SNJ
    15 Mar 1939 -  7 Apr 1945  Post abolished
     7 Apr 1945 -  3 Jul 1946  Zdenek Fierlinger                  (b. 1891 - d. 1976)  CSSD
                                 (at Kosice to 10 May 1945)
     3 Jul 1946 - 15 Jun 1948  Klement Gottwald                   (s.a.)               KSC
    15 Jun 1948 - 14 Mar 1953  Antonín Zápotocký                  (s.a.)               KSC
    14 Mar 1953 - 22 Sep 1963  Viliam Siroký                      (s.a.)               KSC
    22 Sep 1963 -  4 Apr 1968  Jozef Lenárt                       (s.a.)               KSC
     4 Apr 1968 - 28 Jan 1970  Oldrich Cerník                     (b. 1921 - d. 1994)  KSC
    28 Jan 1970 - 11 Oct 1988  Lubomír Strougal                   (b. 1924)            KSC
    11 Oct 1988 - 10 Dec 1989  Ladislav Adamec                    (s.a.)               KSC
    10 Dec 1989 -  1 Jul 1992  Marián Calfa                       (s.a.)           KSC;1990 VPN;1991 ODU-VPN
     1 Jul 1992 - 31 Dec 1992  Jan Stráský                        (s.a.)               ODS

    Czechoslovakia Government in Exile (recognized 21 Jul 1940)

    [Flag of Czechoslovakia]

    Deputy Chairman of the Czechoslovak National Committee
    17 Nov 1939 - 21 Jul 1940  Jan Srámek (in Paris, France exile)(b. 1870 - d. 1956)  CSL
    President
    21 Jul 1940 -  2 Apr 1945  Edvard Benes (in London exile)     (s.a.)               Non-party

    Prime minister
    21 Jul 1940 -  2 Apr 1945  Jan Srámek (in London exile)       (s.a.)               CSL
     

    Allied Occupation

    Commander in Chief of the (Soviet) First Ukrainian Army Group
    (operating in northern Czechoslovakia)
    16 May 1944 - 15 May 1945  Ivan Stepanovich Konev             (b. 1897 - d. 1973)
    Commander in Chief of the (Soviet) Second Ukrainian Army Group
    (operating in southern Czechoslovakia)
    16 May 1944 - Jun 1945     Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky      (b. 1898 - d. 1967)
    Commander of the U.S. Third Army
    (operating in Pilsen and western Czechoslovakia)
     6 May 1945 - 30 Sep 1945  George Smith Patton, Jr.           (b. 1885 - d. 1945)

    International Disputes (1948-1993): Liechtenstein's royal family claims restitution for 1,600 sq km of land in the Czech Republic confiscated in 1918; individual Sudeten Germans seek restitution for property confiscated in connection with their expulsion after World War II; Austria has minor dispute over the Temelin Nuclear Power Plant.

    Party abbreviations: CSL = Československá Strana Lidová (Czechoslovak People's Party, nationalist, conservative, from 1948 member of National Front, est.1919); CSSD = Česká Strana Sociálně Demokratická  (Czech Social Democratic Party, social-democratic, 1878-1938, 1945-1948, merged into KSC Jun 1948; renewed as Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party [CSSD] Mar 1990); CSNS/CSS = Československá Strana Národně Sociální (Czechoslovak National Socialist Party, social-liberal, Česká Strana Sociální [Czech Socialist Party] CSS 1898-1926, 1948-1989 member of KSC-led national front); KSC = Komunistická Strana Československá (Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, communist, only legal party 1948-1989, 1921-1992); ODS = Občanská Demokratická Strana (Civic Democratic Party, est.1991); OF = Občanské Fórum (Civic Forum, Apr 1991 OF split into ODS, the Civic Democratic Alliance [ODA] and the Civic Movement [OH], 1989-1991); OH = Občanské Hnutí (Civic Movement, social liberal, 1991-1994); ODU-VPN = Občianska Demokratická Únia - Veřejnost' Proti Násiliu (Civic Democratic Union-Public Against Violence, 1989-1992); VPN = Veřejnost' Proti Násiliu (Public Against Violence, former communist dissidents, conservative, Slovak partner of the Czech-based Civic Forum to Apr 1991, 1989-1992); Mil = Military;
    - Former parties: CSA = Českoslovanská Strana Agrární (Czech-Slavic Agrarian Party, agrarian, 1905-1922); CStD = Česká Státoprávní Demokracie (Czech State-Rights Democracy, center-right, 1918-Mar 1919, renamed CsND); CSDSD = Československá Sociálně Demokratická Strana Dělnická (Czechoslovak Social Democratic Workers' Party, center-left, 1918-1938); CsND = Československá Národní Demokracie (Czechoslovak National Democracy, right-wing, former CStD, 1919-1935); P = Pětka (The Five, coalition of the RSZML, CSDS, CSNN, CSL, and CsND, 1922-1929); RSZML = Republikánská Strana Zemědělského a Malorolnického Lidu (Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants, agrarian, 1919-Nov 1938); SNJ = Strana Národní Jednoty (Party of National Unity, all rightist parties and large part CNSS, quasi-fascist, 21 Nov 1938-Mar 1939)


    Czech Republic
     
    [Flag of Czech
                          Republic 1990-1992]
           13 Mar 1990 - 31 Dec 1992 
    [Flag of Czech
                          Republic]
                 Adopted 1 Jan 1993 

     1 Jan 1969                Czech Socialist Republic (within Czechoslovakia).
    29 Mar 1990                Czech Republic (Czechia)(within Czechoslovakia).
     1 Jan 1993                Czech Republic independent.

    Chairmen of the Czech National Committee
    10 Jul 1968 - 26 Nov 1969  Cestmír Císar                      (b. 1920 - d. 2013)  KSC
    26 Nov 1969 - 18 Jun 1981  Evzen Erban                        (b. 1912 - d. 1994)  KSC
    18 Jun 1981 - 18 Dec 1989  Josef Kempný                       (b. 1920 - d. 1996)  KSC
    18 Dec 1989 - 26 Jun 1990  Jaroslav Safarík                   (b. 1942)            CSS
    26 Jun 1990 - 30 Jun 1992  Dagmar Buresová (f)                (b. 1929)            OF;Apr 1991 OH
    30 Jun 1992 - 31 Dec 1992  Milan Uhde                         (b. 1936)            ODS
    Presidents
     1 Jan 1993 -  2 Feb 1993  Václav Klaus (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1941)            ODS 
     2 Feb 1993 -  2 Feb 2003  Václav Havel                       (b. 1936 - d. 2011)  Non-party
     2 Feb 2003 -  7 Mar 2003  Vladimír Spidla (acting)           (b. 1951)            CSSD
     7 Mar 2003 -  7 Mar 2013  Václav Klaus (2nd time)            (s.a.)               ODS 
     8 Mar 2013 -              Milos Zeman                        (b. 1944)            SPOZ

    Prime ministers
     8 Jan 1969 - 29 Sep 1969  Stanislav Rázl                     (b. 1920 - d. 1999)  KSC
    29 Sep 1969 - 28 Jan 1970  Josef Kempný                       (s.a.)               KSC
    28 Jan 1970 - 20 Mar 1987  Josef Korcák                       (b. 1921 - d. 2008)  KSC
    20 Mar 1987 - 12 Oct 1988  Ladislav Adamec                    (b. 1926 - d. 2007)  KSC
    12 Oct 1988 -  6 Feb 1990  Frantisek Pitra                    (b. 1932)            KSC
     6 Feb 1990 -  2 Jul 1992  Petr Pithart                       (b. 1941)            OF;Apr 1991 OH
     2 Jul 1992 - 17 Dec 1997  Václav Klaus                       (s.a.)               ODS
    17 Dec 1997 - 17 Jul 1998  Josef Tosovský                     (b. 1950)            Non-party
    17 Jul 1998 - 12 Jul 2002  Milos Zeman                        (s.a.)               CSSD 
    12 Jul 2002 - 26 Jul 2004  Vladimír Spidla                    (s.a.)               CSSD
    26 Jul 2004 - 25 Apr 2005  Stanislav Gross                    (b. 1969)            CSSD 
    25 Apr 2005 -  4 Sep 2006  Jirí Paroubek                      (b. 1952)            CSSD 
     4 Sep 2006 -  8 May 2009  Mirek Topolánek                    (b. 1956)            ODS
     
    8 May 2009 - 13 Jul 2010  Jan Fischer                        (b. 1951)            Non-party
    13 Jul 2010 - 10 Jul 2013  Petr Necas                         (b. 1964)            ODS
    10 Jul 2013 - 29 Jan 2014  Jirí Rusnok                        (b. 1960)            Non-party
    29 Jan 2014 -              Bohuslav Sobotka                   (b. 1971)            CSSD

    International Disputes: While threats of international legal action never materialized in 2007, 915,220 Austrians, with the support of the popular Freedom Party, signed a petition in Jan 2008, demanding that Austria block the Czech Republic's accession to the EU unless Prague closes its controversial Soviet-style nuclear plant in Temelin, bordering Austria; in Feb 2005, the ICJ refused to rule on the restitution of Liechtenstein's royal family land and property assets in the Czech Republic confiscated in 1945 as German property; individual Sudeten Germans seek restitution for property confiscated in connection with their expulsion after World War II.

    Party abbreviations: CSSD = Česká Strana Sociálně Femokratická (Czech Social Democratic Party, social-democratic, 1878-1938, 1945-1948, re-est.1990); KDU-CSL = Křest'anská a Demokratická Unie – Československá Strana Lidová (Christian and Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party, moderate conservative, est.1919); ODS = Občanská Demokratická Strana (Civic Democratic Party, conservative, est.1991); SPO = Strana Práv Občanů (Citizens' Rights Party, social-democratic, former SPOZ, est.2014);
    - Former parties: DEU = Unie Svobody – Demokratická Unie (Freedom Union – Democratic Union, conservative, 1998-2011); KSC = Komunistická Strana Československa (Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, communist, 1921-1992, only legal party 1948-1989); OF = Občanské Fórum (Civic Forum, Apr 1991 OF split into ODS, Civic Democratic Alliance [ODA], and OH, 1989-1991); OH = Občanské Hnutí (Civic Movement, social liberal, 1991-1994); SPOZ = Strana Práv Občanů - Zemanovci (Citizens' Rights Party-Zemanites, social-democratic, split from CSSD, 2009-Mar 2014, renamed SPO)



    Bohemia-Moravia
     
    [Flag of Protectorate of Boheimia
                          and Moravia 1939-1945]
                15 Mar 1939 - 8 May 1945 
     
    [Bohemia and
                          Moravia President's flag]
             Reichs Protectors Flag
     
    Map of Bohemia-Moravia
    Administrative Map
     of Bohemia-Moravia
    National Anthem
    (none)
    Constitution
    (none)
    Capital: Prague
    Currencies: 1939-1945
    Bohemia-Moravia
    Koruna (CSM);
    German Reichsmark (DER)
    National Holiday: 23 Apr (1889)
    Fuhrer's Birthday
    Population: 7,380,000 (1939)
    GDP: $N/A
    Exports: $N/A
    Imports: $N/A
    Ethnic groups: Czech, German
    Total Armed Forces: 6,935 (1944 est.)
    Merchant marine: N/A
    Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant,
    Eastern Orthodox, Jewish
    International Organizations/Treaties: IOC, ITU, UPU

    15 Mar 1935                German occupation begins.
    16 Mar 1939                Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia established
                                 (Reichsprotektorat Böhmen und Mähren).
     8 May 1945                End of German occupation.

    Military governors
    15 Mar 1939 - 15 Apr 1939  Johannes Albrecht von Blaskowitz   (b. 1883 - d. 1948)
                                (in Prague, Bohemia)
                               + Wilhelm List (in Brünn, Moravia) (b. 1880 - d. 1971)
    Reichs Protectors (Reichsprotektor)(de facto heads of state)
    15 Apr 1939 - 20 Aug 1943  Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath    (b. 1873 - d. 1956)  NSDAP
    27 Sep 1941 -  4 Jun 1942  Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich    (b. 1904 - d. 1942)  NSDAP
                                 (acting for Neurath) 
    27 May 1942 - 28 May 1942  Karl Hermann Frank                 (b. 1898 - d. 1946)  NSDAP
                                 (acting for Heydrich)
    28 May 1942 - 14 Oct 1943  Kurt Daluege                       (b. 1897 - d. 1946)  NSDAP
                                 (acting [to 5 Jun 1942 for Heydrich])
    14 Oct 1943 -  4 May 1945  Wilhelm Frick                      (b. 1877 - d. 1946)  NSDAP 
    26 Apr 1945 -  8 May 1945  Ferdinand Schörner                 (b. 1892 - d. 1973)  Mil
                                 (military commander with unrestricted executive power)

    State president 
    16 Mar 1939 -  8 May 1945  Emil Hácha                         (b. 1872 - d. 1945)  None;1939 NS

    Minister-presidents (Prime ministers) 
    16 Mar 1939 - 28 Apr 1939  Rudolf Beran (acting)              (b. 1887 - d. 1954)  Non-party
    28 Apr 1939 - 28 Sep 1941  Alois Eliás                        (b. 1890 - d. 1942)  NS
    28 Sep 1941 - 19 Jan 1945  Jaroslav Krejcí                    (b. 1892 - d. 1956)  NS
                                 (acting to 19 Jan 1942)
    19 Jan 1945 -  8 May 1945  Richard Bienert                    (b. 1881 - d. 1949)  NS 

    Secretary of State for Bohemia-Moravia
    15 Apr 1939 - 20 Aug 1943  Karl Hermann Frank                 (s.a.)               NSDAP
    Reichsminister and Minister of State for Bohemia-Moravia
    20 Aug 1943 -  8 May 1945  Karl Hermann Frank                 (s.a.)               NSDAP  

    Chief of Civil Administration in Bohemia
    15 Mar 1939 - 15 Apr 1939  Konrad Ernst Eduard  Henlein       (b. 1898 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
    Land Presidents of Bohemia
    (in Prague)
    1939 - Jan 1942            Richard Bienert                    (s.a.)               NS     
    Jan 1942 - May 1945        Horst Naudé (acting)               (b. 1895 - d. 1983)
    Chief of Civil Administration in Moravia
    15 Mar 1939 - 15 Apr 1939  Josef Bürckel                      (b. 1895 - d. 1944)  NSDAP
    Land Presidents of Moravia-Silesia (in Brünn)
    15 Mar 1939 - Jul 1939     Jan Černý                          (b. 1874 - d. 1959)  Non-party
    Jul 1939 - 23 Jan 1941     Jaroslav Jan Caha                  (b. 1883 - d. 1941)  Non-party
    23 Jan 1941 - 30 Apr 1941  Karl Schwabe (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1899 - d. 1946)  NSDAP 
     1 May 1941 -  7 Nov 1941  Jaroslav Mezník                    (b. 1884 - d. 1941)  Non-paty
     7 Nov 1941 - 12 May 1945  Karl Schwabe (2nd time)(acting)    (s.a.)               NSDAP

    Party abbreviations: NS = Národní Souručenství (National Partnership, only authorized Czech 
    political organization, quasi-fascist, 6 Apr 1939-May 1945); NSDAP = Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party, Nazi fascist, German nationalist, 1920-1945)



    Sudetenland
    [Sudeten Germans
                  (Sudetendeutsche) flag 1919-1938 (Czechoslovakia)]
           1919 - 1938 Sudeten German Flag
    Map of Sudetenland
    Capital: Reichenberg (Liberec)
    (1938-1945)
    Population: 542,500 (1939)

    29 Oct 1918                German communities begin to proclaim union with German Austriaą
                                 (not recognized by the Czechs or by the Allies).
    Nov/Dec 1918               Incorporated into Czechoslovakia.
     1 Oct 1938                Sudetenland annexed by Germany.
     1 May 1939                Reichsgau Sudetenland created.
     4 May 1945                Re-incorporated into Czechoslovakia.

    Military governor
     1 Oct 1938 - 20 Oct 1938  Wilhelm Keitel                     (b. 1882 - d. 1946)
    Reichskommissar
    21 Oct 1938 -  1 May 1939  Konrad Henlein                     (b. 1898 - d. 1945)  SdP; Dec 1938
    Reichsstatthalter                                                                  NSDAP
     1 May 1939 -  4 May 1945  Konrad Henlein                     (s.a.)               NSDAP

    Party abbreviations: NSDAP = Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party, Nazi fascist, German nationalist, xenophobic, only legal party in Sudetenland, 1938-1945);
    - Former parties:
    SdP = Sudetendeutsche Partei (Sudeten German Party, German fascist, Sudeten regionalist, named Sudetendeutsche Heimatfront [Home Front] to 1935, merged into NSDAP, 1933-11 Dec 1938)


    Böhmerwaldgau

    30 Oct 1918                Böhmerwaldgau, the region Bohemian Forest/South Bohemia,
                                 proclaimed a district (kreis) of the existing Austrian
                                 Land of Oberösterreich. 
    28 Nov 1918                Czech conquest.

    Kreishauptmann
    30 Oct 1918 - 28 Nov 1918  Friedrich Wichtl                   (b. 1872 - d. 1922)


    Deutschböhmen

    29 Oct 1918                Deutschböhmen, the regions North and West Bohemia,
                                 proclaimed a Land of the German Austrian State.
    16 Dec 1918                Czech conquest of the last principal city Reichenberg.

    Landeshauptleute
    29 Oct 1918 -  6 Nov 1918  Rafael Pacher                      (b. 1857 - d. 1936)
     6 Nov 1918 - 16 Dec 1918  Rudolf Ritter von Lodgman von Auen (b. 1877 - d. 1962)
                                (continued in exile first at Zittau
                                 in Saxony, then in Vienna to 24 Sep 1919)


    Sudetenland

    30 Oct 1918                Sudetenland, the regions North Moravia and Austrian Silesia,
                                 proclaimed a Land of the German Austrian State.
    18 Dec 1918                Czech conquest of the principal city Troppau.

    Landeshauptmann
    30 Oct 1918 - 18 Dec 1918  Robert Freissler (provisional)    (b. 1877 - d. 1950)


    Südmähren

    30 Oct 1918                Südmähren (South Moravia), the region of the same name, 
                                 proclaimed a district (kreis) of the existing Austrian
                                 Land of Niederösterreich.
    16 Dec 1918                Czech conquest of the principal city Znaim.

    Kreishauptmann
    30 Oct 1918 - 16 Dec 1918  Oskar Teufel                       (b. 1880 - d. 1946)

     ąGerman enclaves in the interior (like Brünn, Iglau, and Olmütz) also proclaimed their union with German Austria, but were immediately occupied by the Czechs.


    Slovak Socialist Republic: see Slovakia





    © Ben Cahoon