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Montenegro

Ottoman
                                    Empire
               de jure to 13 Jul 1878
 
 
[Montenegro merchant flag
                                    1878-1880]
            c.1763 - c.1773 Prince's Flag 

            1878 - c.1880 Merchant Flag
 
[Montenegro Prince's Flag
                                  1852-1861]
  c.1852 - c.1861 Prince's Flag
 
 
[Montenegro Royal flag 1878-1881,
                                  1910-1918]
c.1861 - 1878, 1910 - 26 Nov 1918 Royal Flag
 
[Montenegro merchant flag
                                    1879-1880]
              1879 - 1880  Civil Ensign
 
[Montenegro merchant
                                    flag 1880-1881]
            1880 - 1881  Civil Ensign
 
[Montenegro merchant flag
                                  1881-1918]
  1881 - 28 Nov 1918, Jul 1941 Civil Ensign
 
[Montenegro state flag
                                    1910-1918]
    15 Aug 1910 - 28 Nov 1918 State Flag
 
[Flag
                                    of Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1919-1946]
  1 Dec 1918 - 17 Apr 1941, 15 Dec 1944 - 31 Dec 1946
 
[Flag
                                    of SR Montenegro 1946-1993]
                   31 Dec 1946 - 21 Dec 1993
 
[Flag of
                                    Montenegro 1993-2004]
                     21 Dec 1993 - 12 Jul 2004
 
[Flag of
                                    Montenegro]
                       Adopted 12 Jul 2004
Map of Montenegro
Hear National Anthem
 "Oj, Svijetla Majska Zoro"
(O' The Bright Dawn of May)
Adopted 12 Jul 2004
Hear Former Anthem
"Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori"
 (To Our Beautiful Montenegro)
(17 Oct 1870-28 Nov 1918)
Constitution
(22 Oct 2007)
------------------------------------

1992  Constitution
(12 Oct 1992 - 22 Oct 2007)
Capital: Podgorica
(Titograd 13 Jul 1946-2 Apr 1992;
Cetinje 1482-1946;
Obod 1475-1482;
Žabljak Crnojevića 1466-1475;
Bar [Antivari] 1403-1408;
Ulcinj [Dulcigno] 1385-1403;
Skadar [Shkodra] c.1042-1385
and 1408-1466;
Prapratna to 1042)
Historic Capital: Cetinje
(designated 12 Oct 1992)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
German Mark (DEM)
2 Nov 1999 - 28 Feb 2002;
Yugoslav Dinar (YUD)
1920- 1999; Montenegro
Perper (MEP) 1906-1918 
National Holiday: 13 Jul (1878)
Dan Državnosti
(Statehood Day)
-----------------------
1860-1918: 25 Sep (1841)
Birthday of King Nikola
Population: 653,474 (2013)
615,035 (1991)
311,341 (1921)
436,800 (1918)
200,000 (1852)
GDP: $7.42 billion (2013)
Exports: $489.2 million (2012)
Imports: $2.4 billion (2012)
Ethnic groups: Montenegrin 43.16%, Serbs 31.99%, 
Bosniaks 7.77%, Albanian 5.03%, Slavic 
Muslim 3.97%, Croat 1.10%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.42%, 
Yugoslav 0.30%, others 4.69% (2003) 
Total Active Armed Forces: 3,127 (2010)
37,000 (1914)
Merchant marine: 2 ships (2010)
(22 ships [1909]) 
Religions: Montenegrin and Serbian  Orthodox 74.24%,
Muslim 17.74%, Roman Catholic 3.54%, Protestant 0.06%
 other 0.39%, non-religious and atheist 3.2% (2003)
International Organizations/Treaties: before 1918: ICRM, ITU, PCA, UPU; from 2006: APM, BSEC (dialogue partner), BIS (candidate), BTWC, CCM, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CTBT, CWC, DC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, ESCR, EU (candidate), Eutelsat, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, NTBT, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PAM, PCA, PFP, SECP, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Montenegro
Index
Chronology
   
18 Jan 395                 Part of Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire.
7th cent.                  Settled predominantly by Slavs, nominally under
                             Greek suzerainty, the coastal cities, if not
                             abandoned, remained Greek..
83.                        State under Byzantine suzerainty.
924 - 931                  Bulgarian occupation
96.                        Principality of Dioclea (Diókleia), a Byzantine
                             vassal.
c.1010 - 1014              Bulgarian vassal.
Aug 1036 - Dec 1037        Byzantine occupation.
1077                       Kingdom of Dioclea (Serbian: Duklja) recognized
                             as independent by the Pope.
1102 - 1113                Byzantine vassal.
1131 - 1186                Byzantine vassal
Jan 1186                   Incorporated into the Serbian Empire, with autonomy.
1216                       Autonomy revoked.
1296                       Name Crna Gora (Italian: Monte Negro, "Black
                             Mountain") first used as a geographical
                             designation for the mountainous parts of modern
                             Montenegro (in a Serbian royal grant to the local
                             bishop), eventually coming to mean the quasi-
                             autonomous bishopric within Ottoman Empire and
                             thus later the independent state of Montenegro.
1376                       Quasi-independence (Lordship of Zeta).
14 Apr 1396                Skadar/Scutari/Shkodra ceded to Venice.
28 Apr 1421 - 27 Jun 1441  Zeta under Serbian rule.
1477 - 1482                Ottoman occupation.
12 Jan 1479                Ottoman rule in Shkodra (treaty ratified 25 Apr
                             1479); part of Eyalet of Rumelia.
Nov 1496                   Definitive Ottoman Turkish occupation of the
                             remaining parts of Zeta; administered as part of
                             the Sanjak of Işkodra (see Albania); (the event is
                             sometimes incorrectly dated to 1516 with a second
                             set of lords Stěpan, Ivan and Gjurʹgʹ/Đurađ listed
                             to fill the perceived gap). From this era Bishops
                             begins de facto rule over mountainous interior.
1513 - 1528                Karadağ ("Black Mountain") a separate Ottoman Sanjak
Nov 1691 - 1702?           Ottoman occupation of Cetinje.
25 Dec 1702                De facto independence by uprising (New style date
                             4 Jan 1703), community is led by the local Bishop,
                             with that office, that had been elective, becoming
                             de facto hereditary under the Petrović-Njegoš
                             dynasty.
Jul 1712                   Ottoman brief occupation of Cetinje.
22 Sep 1796                Brda highlands incorporated.
1799                       Forged (1837) "ferman" claimed the Ottoman Sultan
                             recognized that Montenegro was no longer under
                             Ottoman suzerainty from 1799.
13 Mar 1852                Principality of Montenegro (Old Style date
                             1 Mar 1852).
May 1858                   Montenegro acquires Grahovo, Rudine, and Kolašin
                             (ratified Apr 1860).
31 Aug 1862                Montenegro forced to acknowledge Ottoman vassal
                             status by the Convention of Shkodër/Scutari.
 3 Mar 1878                By Treaty of San Stefano the Ottomans recognize

                             independence of Montenegro (not ratified).
13 Jul 1878                Independence recognized by the Congress of Berlin
                             (ratified 3 Aug 1878). Montenegro annexes areas
                             of Bar, Ulcinj [from 30 Nov 1880], and Podgorica.
10 Sep 1879 - 28 Oct 1908  Austria-Hungary occupies the Sanjak of Novi 
                             Pazar, however it remains part of the Ottoman
                             Empire.
28 Aug 1910                Kingdom of Montenegro (Old Style date 15 Aug 1910).
23 Apr 1913 -  6 May 1913  Montenegro occupies Shkodra/Shkodër in Albania.
10 Aug 1913                Sanjak of Novi Pazar partitioned between Serbia
                             and Montenegro (Montenegro acquires Berane,
                        Bijelo, Brodarevo, Dečani, Đakovica [Djakovica],
                        Péc, Plav, Pljevlja, Polje, and Rožaje).
14 Jun 1915 - 23 Jan 1916  Montenegro re-occupies Shkodra/Shkodër in Albania.
14 Jan 1916 -  4 Nov 1918  Occupied by Austria-Hungary (Montenegro Military
                             General-government).
 5 Nov 1918                Occupied by Serbia (in Podgorica from 31 Oct 1918).
26 Nov 1918                Unification with Serbia proclaimed.
 1 Dec 1918                Merged into what becomes Yugoslavia (see Serbia).
29 Apr 1919                Formally part of Yugoslavia by ceremony.
11 Dec 1920                By Treaty of Rapallo the Allies recognize de facto
                             the union of Montenegro with Serbia.
13 Jul 1921                Paris Ambassadors conference recognizes de jure
                             the unification of Montenegro with Serbia.
28 Apr 1922                Organized as Zeta (oblast) region within Yugoslavia.
14 Sep 1929                Mihajlo Petrović-Njegoš, exile king, renounces his
                             dynasty's claim to the throne of Montenegro and
                             declares allegiance to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
 4 Oct 1929                Part of Zetska banovina (Banate of the Zeta), within
                             Yugoslavia.
18 Apr 1941 - 12 Sep 1943  Occupied by Italy (subordinated to Albania)(Kotor
                             is annexed to Italy 18 May 1941 - 15 Sep 1943; and
                             from 3 Dec 1941 areas of Bar, Gusinje, Plav,
                             Péc, and Ulcinj are annexed to Albania).
12 Jul 1941                Independence declared as sovereign and independent
                             State of Montenegro (styled Kingdom of Montenegro)
                             as a constitutional monarchy (under Italian
                             protectorate). Exiled King Mihajlo refuses 
                             the throne, the crown is then offered to Russian
                             Prince Roman Petrovich Romanov (b. 1896 - d. 1978)
                             who also refuses the throne.
13 Jul 1941 - Nov 1941     Partisan uprising in Montenegro liberates most of
                             the country (except Podgorica, Cetinje, Niksic,
                             and Pljevlja).
24 Jul 1941                Independence canceled by Italy, military rule
                             instituted (Governorate of Montenegro).
12 Sep 1943 - 15 Dec 1944  Occupied by Germany (subordinated to Albania to 1
                             Jun 1944); in Cetinje to 17 Nov 1944, Podgorica to
                             18 Nov 1918, Kotor to 21 Nov 1944, in Budva to 22
                             Nov 1944.
29 Nov 1943                Re-incorporation into Yugoslavia declared in
                             opposition to occupation (see under Serbia).
29 Nov 1945                Part of Yugoslavia.
31 Jan 1946                People's Republic of Montenegro.
11 Apr 1963                Socialist Republic of Montenegro
 3 Aug 1991                Republic of Montenegro (confirmed 12 Oct 1992).
27 Apr 1992                With Serbia forms Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
                             (see under Serbia).
 4 Mar 2003 -  3 Jun 2006  Part of Serbia and Montenegro (a loose
                             confederation)(see under Serbia).
21 May 2006                Independence referendum approved 55.5% to 44.5%.
 3 Jun 2006                Independence declared (Republic of Montenegro).
 8 Jun 2006                Independence recognized by Serbia (formally from 
                             15 Jun 2006). 
22 Oct 2007                Montenegro
Socialist Republic of
Montenegro
(1945-1991)
Kingdom
in Exile

(1917-1922)
Boka Kotorska
(Cattaro)
(1420-1814,
1941-1944)
Montenegrin
Orthodox Church
 Montenegrin
Orthodox Church

(Schismatic
from 1993)
Ethnic map of
Montenegro

(2002) 
Historical Maps
of Montenegro
 
 

Note: dates before 1/13 Mar 1852 are given according to Old Style (Julian) calendar, and after according to New Style (Gregorian) calendar. New Style was formally introduced in Montenegro under occupation on 1 Mar 1916, and was officially adopted from 28 Jan 1919.

Archons of Serbs/Grand Zupans
ą (in Destiníka [Desnica])
(names in Greek to 924 with Slavic in parentheses)
83. - 86.                  Vlastimiros Prosigóiou            
(b. 80. - d. 86.)         
                             (Vlastimir Prosogoević)         
86. - c.891                Mountimiros Vlastimirou            (b. 83. - d. af.c.891)
                             (Mőtimir Vlastimirović)        
c.891 - c.892              Pribésthlavos Mountimirou          (b. 86. - d. af.892)
                             (Pribeslav Mőtimirović)     
c.892 - c.917              Pétros Goďníkou (Petr Goďniković)  (b. 86. - d. af.917)
c.917 - c.920              Paũlos Bránou (Pavl' Branović)     (b. 87. - d. af.920)
c.920 - 924                Zakharías Pribésthlavou
                             (Zaharija Pribislavić)           (b. 88. - d. af.924)
924 - 931                  Bulgarian occupation
931 - c.957                Časlav Klonimirović                (b. 88. - d. c.957)
c.957 - 96.                Tihomir (Tugomir)                        
Princes of Dioclea (Diókleia)    
96. - 99.                  Petr
' Hvalimirović (Petrislav)     (b. 9.. - d. 99.)     
99. - 22 May 1016          Vladimir Petrović                  (b. 9.. - d. 1016)
22 May 1016 - 1018         Dragomir Hvalimirović              (b. 9.. - d. 1018)
1018 - Aug 1036            Voďslav Dragomirović (1st time)    (b. 9.. - d. 1043)
                             (Vojislav Dragomirović)
Aug 1036 - Dec 1037        Byzantine occupation
Dec 1037 - 1043            Voďslav Dragomirović (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1043 - 1054                Goďslav Voďslavić                  (b. 102. - d.1054)
                             (Gojislav Vojislavljević)
1054 - 1077                Mihailo Voďslavić                  (b. 102. - d. 1081)      
                             (Mihailo Vojislavljević)
Kings of
Diocleaą (in Skadar [Shkodra])
1077 - 1081                Mihailo I Voďslavić                (s.a.)
1081 - 110.                Konstantin Budin Mihailović        (b. 10.. - d. 1101/08)
                             (1091 - .... Byzantine prisoner)
1091 - ....                Jakvinta (f) -Regent               (d. af.1115)
110.                       Dobroslav Mihailović               (b. 107. - d. af.1114)

110. - 110.                Kočapar Radoslavić                 (b. 10.. - d. 110.)
110. - 1114                Vladimir Vladimirović              (b. 10.. - d. 1114)
1114 - 1118                Gjurʹgʹ Konstantinović (1st time)   (b. 10.. - d. 1131)
                             (Đorđe [Djordje] Konstantinović)
1118 - 1125                Grŭbeša Branislavić                (b. 10.. - d. 1125)
                             (Grubeša Branislavljević)
1125 - 1131                Gjurʹgʹ Konstantinović (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1131 - 1146                Gradina Branislavić                (b. 10.. - d. 1146)
                             (Gradinja Branislavljević)
1146 - 1162                Radoslav Gradinić (Gradišnić)      (b. 11.. - d. 1162)
1162 - Jan 1186            Mihailo II Radoslavić              (b. 11.. - d. 1186)
Grand Princes of Zeta
ą (in Skadar [Shkodra])
Jan 1186 - May 1208        Stefan Vlʹkan Nemanić               (b. 115. - d. 1209)
                            
(Stefan Vukan Nemanjić)
May 1208 - 1216            Gjurʹgʹ Vlʹkanović                   (b. 118. - d. 1248?)

                            
(Djordje Vukanović)
1216 - 1276                direct Serbian rule

1276 -  8 Feb 1314         Elena (f)('Eléni Angelína)         (b. 124. - d. 1314)
 8 Feb 1314 -  6 Jan 1322  Stefan Konstantin                  (b. 128. - d. 1323)
 6 Jan 1322 - 21 Aug 1331  Stefan Dušan                       (b. 1308 - d. 1355)
21 Aug 1331 - May 1362     direct Serbian rule
Lords of Zeta and Littoral
ą (in Skadar [Shkodra])
May
1362 - 15 Jan 1373     Sracimir Balšić                    (b. 133. - d. 1373)
                           - jointly with the following two -
May 1362 - 13 Jan 1378     Gjurʹgʹ (Đurađ) Balšić              (b. 133. - d. 1378)
                             (Djuradj Balšić)  
May 1362 - 18 Sep 1385     Balša Balšić                       (b. 133. - d. 1385)
18 Sep 1385 - Apr 1403     Gjurʹgʹ (Đurađ) Sracimirović        (b. 136. - d. 1403)
                             (Djuradj Sracimirović)(in Ulcinj)
Apr 1403 - 28 Apr 1421     Balša Gjurgević (Đurađović)        (b. 1387 - d. 1421)
                            
(Balša Djuradjović)
Apr 1403 - 1405            Elena Lazarević
(f) -Regent        (b. c.1370 - d. 1443)
28 Apr 1421 - 1435         direct Serbian rule
Lords of Zeta
ą (in Skadar [Shkodra])
1435 - Jan 1465            Stěpan Gjurʹgʹević (Gjurgević)      (b. 13.. - d. 1465)
Jan 1465 - Jul 1490        Ivan (Jovan) Stěpanović            (b. 143. - d. 1490)
Jul 1490 - Nov 1496        Gjurʹgʹ (Đurađ) Ivanović            (b. 147. - d. 1504)
                             (Djuradj Ivanović)
Sanjak Bey of Karadağ
1513 - 1528/30             Iskender-beg Ivanbegovic           (d. 1528/30)
                             (Staniša Crnojević)    

Bishops and Vladike (in Cetinje)ą
Nov 1496 - 1...            Vavila (Vavil)(bishop from c.1493)
1... - 152.                German
152. - 153.                Vasilije I
153. - 154.                Nikodim 
154. - c.1560              Romil                              (b. 15.. - d. c.1560)
c.1550 - 156.              Ruvim I                            (b. 15.. - d. 156.)
156. - 157.                Pahomije (Pachomius) Komanin       (b. 15.. - d. 157.)
157. - 159.                Venijamin                          (b. 15.. - d. 159.)
1593 - c.1640              Ruvim II Njeguš                    (b. 15.. - d. c.1640)
c.1640 - c.1662            Mardarije Kornećanin               (b. 15.. - d. c.1662)
c.1662 - Aug 1685          Ruvim III Boljević                 (b. 16.. - d. 1685)
1685                       Vasilije II (not consecrated?)
1685 - Jul 16
92            Visarion Borilović Bajica          (b. 16.. - d. 1692)
1692 - 1697                Savatije (Sava I) Kaluđeričić      (b. 1612? - d. 1697)
                            (Kaluđerović)(Kaludjerović) Očinić     
                            (consecrated 27 Nov 1694)
19 Jul 1697 -  4 Jan 1735  Danil I Šćepčev Petrović           (b. c.1670 - d. 1735)
 4 Jan 1735 -  7 Mar 1781  Sava II Ivanov Petrović            (b. c.1700 - d. 1781)
11 Aug 1750 - 10 Mar 1766  Vasilije Radulov Petrović -Regent  (b. 1709 - d. 1766)
17 Oct 1767 - 22 Sep 1773  Šćepan "Mali" ("the Short")        (b. c.1734 - d. 1773) 
                             (false Russian Emperor Peter III; titled 
                             Czar and given civil authority by Sava II)
 7 Mar 1781 - 15 May 1784  Arsenije Plamenac -Regent          (b. c.1700 - d. 1784)
1782 - 18 Oct 1830         Petar I Petrović Njegoš            (b. 1747 - d. 1830)
19 Oct 1830 - 19 Oct 1851  Petar II Petrović Njegoš           (b. 1813 - d. 1851)
20 Oct 1851 -  1 Jan 1852  Pero Petrović Njegoš -Regent       (b. 1811 - d. 1854)
                             (regent; assumes style, but not position, of Prince)
 1 Jan 1852 - 13 Mar 1852  Danil II Petrović Njegoš           (b. 1826 - d. 1860)
Princesą
13 Mar 1852 - 13 Aug 1860  Danil I (= Danil II)               (s.a.)
13 Aug 1860 - 28 Aug 1910  Nikola I                           (b. 1841 - d. 1921)
Kingą
28 Aug 1910 - 26 Nov 1918  Nikola I                           (s.a.)
                             (from 14 Jan 1916, in France exile)
Austro-Hungarian Military Governors-general
14 Jan 1916 - 29 Feb 1916  Hermann Albin Josef Freiherr       (b. 1854 - d. 1924)
                             Kövess von Kövessháza
                            (commandant of the 3rd Army)
 1 Mar 1916 - 16 Jul 1917  Viktor Weber, Edler von Webenau    (b. 1861 - d. 1932)  
16 Jul 1917 - 11 Oct 1918  Heinrich Karl Maria Graf Clam-     (b. 1863 - d. 1932)
                             Martinitz
12 Oct 1918 -  4 Nov 1918  Karl Freiherr von Pflanzer-Baltin  (b. 1855 - d. 1925)
                            (commandant of the Army Group Albania)
Serbian Military Commander (of Adriatic Troops)       
 5 Nov 1918 - 29 Nov 1918  Dragutin Milutinović               (b. 1865 - d. 1941)

President of the Central Executive Committee for the Union of Serbia and Montenegro 
 5 Nov 1918 - 26 Nov 1918  Svetozar Tomić (in Berane)           
President of the Grand National Assembly of the Serbian People in Montenegro
26 Nov 1918 - 29 Nov 1918  Savo Cerović
President of the National Executive Council
29 Nov 1918 - 29 Apr 1919  Stevo Petrović Vukotić             (b. 1861 - d. 1922)  Mil
Yugoslav Commissioner of the Royal Government of Montenegro 
29 Apr 1919 - 28 Apr 1922  Ivan "Ivo" Pavićević               (b. 1869 - d. 1926)   
Bans of the Zeta
 9 Oct 1929 - 1931         Krsto Smiljanić                    (b. 1868 - d. 1944)
1931 - 1932                Uroš Krulj                         (b. 1875 - d. 1961)
1932 - 1934                Aleksa Stanišić                    (b. 1877 - d. 19..)
1934 - 1936                Mujo Sočica                        (d. 1942)
12 Aug 1936 - 1939         Petar Ivanišević                   (b. 1878 - d. 1961)
1939 - 1941                Božidar Krstić
1941 - 17 Apr 1941         Blažo Đukanović (Djukanović)       (b. 1883 - d. 1943) 
Italian Commandant (of 14th Army Corps)(in Podgorica)
18 Apr 1941 - Jul 1941     Luigi Mentasti                     (b. 1883 - d. 1958)
Italian Civil Commissioner (from 19 Jun 1941, High Commissioner) for Montenegro
(from 12 Jul 1941, also styled Regent)
29 Apr 1941 - 23 Jul 1941  Serafino, conte Mazzolini          (b. 1890 - d. 1945)  PNF 
President of the Assembly

12 Jul 1941 - Jul 1941     Mihailo Ivanović                   (b. 1874 - d. 1949)  CFS
Italian Governors of Montenegro
(in Cetinje)
23 Jul 1941 - 30 Jun 1943  Alessandro, principe Pirzio Biroli (b. 1877 - d. 1962)  Mil
 1 Jul 1943 - 10 Sep 1943  Curio, conte Barbasetti di Prun    (b. 1885 - d. 1962)  Mil
German Military Commander in Albania and Montenegro
 9 Sep 1943 - 31 May 1944  Theodor Geib                       (b. 1885 - d. 1944)
German General Representative in Montenegro     
 1 Jun 1944 - 17 Nov 1944  Wilhelm Keiper                     (b. 1893 - d. 1957)  Mil
German Commanding General (of the 21st Mountain Army Corps)
21 Oct 1944 - 17 Nov 1944  Ernst Ulrich Hans von Leyser       (b. 1889 - d. 1962)   
Presidents
23 Dec 1990 - 15 Jan 1998  Momir Bulatović                    (b. 1956)           SKCG;1991 DPS
15 Jan 1998 - 25 Nov 2002  Milo Đukanović (Djukanović)        (b. 1962)            DPS
25 Nov 2002 - 19 May 2003  Filip Vujanović (1st time)         (b. 1954)            DPS
                             (acting)
19 May 2003 - 22 May 2003  Rifat Rastoder                     (b. 1950)            SDP
                           + Dragan Kujović                   (b. 1948 - d. 2010)  DPS
                           (acting)
22 May 2003 -              Filip Vujanović (2nd time)         (s.a.)               DPS


Governors (Guvernadur)
16.. - 1...                Đikan Vukotić(Dijkan Vukotić)
1... - 1718                Vukota/Vukajle Vukotić (Ozrinić)  
1718 - 17..                Staniša (Stano) Popov Randonjić
171. - 173.                Stefan Kovačević
173. - 17..                Vukadin Vukotić        
Nov 1756 - 17 Mar 1758     Stanislav Vukolajev Radonjić       (b. 1690 - d. 1758)   
1758 - 1762                Vukolaj Stanov Radonjić            (b. 17.. - d. 1765)
1762 - 1764                ... Vukotić
1764 -  8 Jul 1803         Jovan Stanov Radonjić              (b. 1748 - d. 1803)
15 May 1804 - 17 Nov 1831  Vukolaj Jovanov Randonjić          (b. c.1770 - d. 1832)
17 Nov 1831                Post abolished
Prime ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)
20 Mar 1879 - 18 Dec 1905  Božo Petrović-Njegoš               (b. 1846 - d. 1929)  Non-party
18 Dec 1905 - 23 Nov 1906  Lazar Mijušković (1st time)        (b. 1867 - d. 1936)  PNS
23 Nov 1906 - 31 Jan 1907  Marko Radulović                    (b. 1866 - d.af.1935)Non-party
31 Jan 1907 - 16 Apr 1907  Andrija Radović (1st time)         (b. 1872 - d. 1947)  NS
16 Apr 1907 - 18 Jun 1912  Lazar Tomanović                    (b. 1845 - d. 1932)  Non-party 
18 Jun 1912 -  7 May 1913  Mitar Boškov Martinović            (b. 1870 - d. 1954)  Mil
 7 May 1913 - 15 Jul 1915  Janko Stankov Vukotić              (b. 1866 - d. 1927)  Mil
16 Jul 1914 - 15 Jul 1915  Risto Popović (acting for Vukotić) (b. 1871 - d. 1924)  PNS   
15 Jul 1915 -  2 Jan 1916  Milo Matanović (1st time)          (b. 1879 - d. 1955)  Mil
 2 Jan 1916 - 11 May 1916  Lazar Mijušković (2nd time)        (s.a.)               PNS
                             (in France exile from 13 Jan 1916)
11 May 1916 - 16 Jan 1917  Andrija Radović (2nd time)         (s.a.)               NS
                             (in Bordeaux, France exile to Oct 1916;
                             from Oct 1916 in Neuilly-sur-Seine)
16 Jan 1917 - 10 Jun 1917  Milo Matanović (2nd time)          (s.a.)               Mil
                             (in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France exile)
10 Jun 1917 - 26 Nov 1918  Evgenije Popović                   (b. 1842 - d. 1931)  Non-party
                             (in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France exile)
Chairman of the Advisory Council 
28 Apr 1941 - 22 May 1941  Jovo Popović                       (b. 1905 - d. 1952)  Non-party?
Prime minister
12 Jul 1941 - 1941         Sekula Drljević                    (b. 1884 - d. 1945)  CFS
Presidents of the National Committee (in opposition)
1941 - 1943                Blažo Đukanović (Djukanović)       (s.a.)               Mil/chetnik
1943                       Ljubo Vukčević                     (d. 1943)            Mil/chetnik
Jul 1944 - 1945            Sekula Drljević                    (s.a.)               Mil/chetnik
                            (chairman Montenegrin State Council, in Croatia exile)
Prime ministers 
15 Feb 1991 -  5 Feb 1998  Milo Đukanović (Djukanović)        (s.a.)              SKCG;1991 DPS
                             (1st time)
 5 Feb 1998 -  8 Jan 2003  Filip Vujanović                    (s.a.)               DPS
 5 Nov 2002 -  8 Jan 2003  Dragan Đurović (Djurović)          (b. 1959)            DPS
                             (acting for Vujanović)
 8 Jan 2003 - 10 Nov 2006  Milo Đukanović (2nd time)          (s.a.)               DPS
10 Nov 2006 - 29 Feb 2008  Željko Šturanović                  (b. 1960 - d. 2014)  DPS
29 Feb 2008 - 29 Dec 2010  Milo Đukanović (3rd time)          (s.a.)               DPS
29 Dec 2010 -  4 Dec 2012  Igor Lukšić                        (b. 1976)            DPS
 4 Dec 2012 -              Milo Đukanović (4th time)          (s.a.)               DPS
 

Kingdom of Montenegro in Exile

[Montenegro state flag
                1910-1918]

Kingsą
26 Nov 1918 -  1 Mar 1921  Nikola I Petrović Njegoš         (s.a.)
                            (in France exile from 14 Jan 1916
                             [to Mar 1916 in Lyon; Mar - Oct 1916
                             in Bordeaux; Oct 1916 - 1920 in
                             Neuilly-sur-Seine; from 1920 in Antibes])
 1 Mar 1921 -  7 Mar 1921  Danilo I Petrović Njegoš         (b. 1871 - d. 1939)
                            (in San Remo, Italy exile)
 7 Mar 1921 - 14 Sep 1929  Mihajlo I Petrović Njegoš        (b. 1908 - d. 1986)
                            (in San Remo, Italy exile)
 7 Mar 1921 - 14 Sep 1929  Regents
                            (in San Remo, Italy exile)
                           - Queen Milena Petrov Vukotić (f)(b. 1847 - d. 1923)
                              (to 16 Mar 1923) 
                           - Anto Mićunov Gvozdenović       (b. 1853 - d. 1935)  Mil 
 

Prime ministers 
26 Nov 1918 - 17 Feb 1919  Evgenije Popović                 (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France exile)
Dec 1918 - 17 Feb 1919     Pero Đ. Šoć (acting for Popović) (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
17 Feb 1919 - 28 Jun 1921  Jovan S. Plamenac (1st time)     (b. 1873 - d. 1944)  PNS
                             (in San Remo, Italy exile)
28 Jun 1921 - 14 Sep 1922  Milutin Mijajlov Vučinić         (b. 1869 - d. 1922)  Mil
                             (in San Remo, Italy exile)
14 Sep 1922 - 23 Oct 1923  Jovan S. Plamenac (2nd time)     (s.a.)               PNS
23 Oct 1923 - 14 Sep 1929  Anto Mićunov Gvozdenović         (s.a.)               Mil

 ątitle of the rulers:
(a) 83. - 96.: Árchontes Serblías/Velie Župani ("Archons of Serbs/Grand Zupans");
(b) 1077 - Jan 1186: Dioclie atque Dalmatie Rex ("Dioclean and Dalmatian King");
(c) Jan 1186 - 1331: Knezi velie zetskie ("Grand Princes of Zeta");
(d) May 1362 - 1435: Samodržavnie gospodini vsoi zetskoi i pomorskoi zemli ("Sovereign Lords of All Lands of the Zeta and Littoral");
(e) 1435 - Nov 1496: Gospodari Zetě ("Grand Princes of Zeta");
(f) 18th cent.: Vladika Cetinjski ("Lord of Cetinji");
(g) c.1830 - 1852:
Vladika Crnogorski i Brcki ("Lord of Montenegro and the Highlands");
(h) 13 Mar 1852 - 28 Aug 1910: Po milosti Božjoj, knjaz i gospodar slobodne Crne Gore i Brdah ("By the grace of God, Prince and Lord of Free Montenegro and the Highlands"); 
(i) 28 Aug 1910 - 26 Nov 1918/1929: Po milosti Božjoj, kralj i gospodar Crne Gore ("By the grace of God, King and Lord of Montenegro").

Territorial Disputes: None

Party abbreviations: DPS = Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crna Gore (Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, social-democratic, former SKGC, est.22 Jul 1991); SDP = Socijaldemokratska Partija Crne Gore (Social Democratic Party of Montenegro, socialist, est.1993); SNP = Socijalistička Narodna Partija Crne Gore (Socialist People's Party of Montenegro, center-left, pro-Serbia, split from DPS, est.1998); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: CFS = Crnogorska Federalistička Stranka (Montenegrin Federalist Party, Montenegro nationalist, 1922-1945); KPCG = Komunistička Partija Crne Gore (Communist Party of Montenegro, 1948-1952, renamed SKCG); LSCG = Liberalnu Savez Crne Gore (Liberal Alliance of Montenegro, liberal, pro-Montenegro independence, 1990-2005); NS = Narodna Stranka (People's Party, pro-democracy, union with Serbia, 1906-1919); PNF = Partito Nazionale Fascista (National Fascist Party, Italian fascist, 1921-1943); PNS = Prava Narodna Stranka (Right People's Party, supporters of King Nikola, split form NS, 1907-1913, merged into NS); RS = Radikalna Stranka (Radical Party); SKCG = Savez Komunista Crne Gore (League of Communists of Montenegro, former KPCG, 1952-22 Jul 1991, renamed DPS)


Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor) (Cattaro)

 
1391 - 1420                Kotor an independent city state.
1420                       Part of Venetian Republic (Bocche di Cattaro)(see Dalmatia
                             under
Croatia).
1687                       Venetian possessions in present-day Montenegro (Boka Kotorsha and
                             coastal Montenegro )organized
as one administrative unit named:
                             Albania Veneta, which is subordinated
to Dalmatia.
 4 Oct 1797                Occupied by Austria.
24 Aug 1798                Part of Austria.
26 Dec 1805                Ceded to France by Austria in the Treaty of Pressburg.
 4 Mar 1806 - 12 Aug 1807  Russian occupation.
 7 Jul 1807                Ceded to France by Russia by the Treaty of Tilsit.
12 Aug 1807                French rule; part of Dalmatia; from 14 Oct 1809 annexed
                             to France as part of the Illyrian provinces.
 5 Jan 1814                French garrison in Kotor fort surrenders.
 5 Jan 1814 - 10 Jun 1814  Ruled by a central commission, based in Dobrota under the
                             ruler of Montenegro.
10 Jun 1814                Restored to Austria; part of Austrian crownland of Dalmatia
                             (see under Croatia).
 1 Dec 1918                Part of Yugoslavia (part of Croatia).
17 Apr 1941                Italian occupation.
18 May 1941 - 15 Sep 1943  Annexed by Italy (as province of Cattaro [within Dalmatia until
                             19 Aug 1943]).
10 Sep 1943 - 21 Nov 1944  German military administration (Militärverwaltung Kotor).
21 Nov 1944                Re-incorporated into Yugoslavia.
15 Apr 1945                Part of Montenegro.

Venetian governors (Conte e capitano)
1418 - 1421                Antonio delle Boccole
1421 - 1423                Marco Barbarigo
1423 - 1425                Stefano Querini
1425 - 1427                Pietro Duodo
1427 - 1429                Zuanne Balbi
1429 - 1432                Niccolň Pisani
1432 - 1434                Antonio Pesaro
1434 - 1436                Lorenzo (or Vincenzo) Vitturi
1436 - 1438                Paolo Contarini  
1438 - 1440                Albano Sagredo
1440 - 1442                Pietro Dalmario
1442 - 1444                Leonardo Bembo
1444 - 1447                Zuanne Nani
1447                       Nicolň Miani
1447 - 1449                Jacopo (or Giacomo) Morosini
1449                       Leone da Molin
1449 - 1451                Zuanne Lion
1451 - 1453                Lodovico Barbo
1453                       Nicolň Soranzo
1453 - 1454                Nicolň Trevisan
1454 - 1456                Zuanne Barbo
1456 - 1457                Paolo Barbo
1457 - 1459                Alvise Duodo
1459 - 1462                Antonio Donŕ (or Donato)
1462 - 1465                Paolo Priuli
1465 - 1467                Alvise (or Lodovico) Bon
1467 - 1469                Eustachio ("Stae") Balbi
1469 - 1472                Bertuccio Gabriel
1472 - 1474                Michele Michiel
1474 - 1477                Giovanni Donato
1477 - 1480                Francesco Lippomano
Venetian governors (Rettori e provveditori)
1480 - 1483                Antonio Ferro di Giovanni
1483 - 1485                Marin Zeno
1485 - 1486                Francesco Lion
1486 - 1488                Francesco Basadonna
1488 - 1489                Priamo Trón
1489 - 1491                Paolo Erizzo
1491 - 1492                Michele Emo
1492 - 1494                Girolamo Orio
1494                       Lorenzo Gritti
1494 - 1496                Zuanne Nani
1496 - 1497                Piero Lion
1497 - 1498                Francesco Cicogna
1498 - 1500                Francesco Querini
1500 - 1501                Zan Paolo Gradenigo
1501 - 1503                Sebastiano Contarini
1503 - 1504                Girolamo Foscarini
1504 - 1505                Alvise Zeno
1505 - 1507                Oliviero Contarini
1507 - 1509                Nicolň Coppo
1509 - Nov 1510            Paolo Vallaresso
1510 - 1511                Marco Arimondo
1511 - 1513                Anzolo Malipiero
Aug 1513 - 1515            Francesco Gradenigo
1515 - 1516                Pietro Zeno
1516 - 1517                Bernardino da Riva
1517 - 1519                Simone Capello
1519 - 1520                Vincenzo Trón
1520 - 1521                Alvise Capello
1521 - 1523                Vettore Diedo
1523 - 1525                Moise Venier
1525 - 1526                Francesco Taiapiera
1526 - 1527                Domenico Gritti
1527 - 1528                Marco Barbo
1528 - 1530                Alvise Muazzo
1530 - 1532                Benedetto Valier
1532 - 1533                Trifon Gradenigo
1533 - 1534                Francesco Sanudo
1534 - 1536                Andrea Valerio
1536 - 1538                Melchiorre Michiel
1538 - 1540                Givanni Matteo Bembo
1540 - 1542                Alvise da Riva
1542 - 1544                Lorenzo Salamon
1544 - 1545                Alvise Renier
1545 - 1546                Francesco (or Federigo) da Mosto
1546 - 1548                Gianbattista Barbaro
1548 - 1549                Francesco Pisani 
1549 - 1551                Valerio da Mosto  
1551 - 1552                Zan Francesco da Canal
1552 - 1553                Paolo Donŕ (or Donato)
1553 - 1554                Lunardo Bollani
1554 - 1556                Benardino Renier
1556 - 1558                Domenico Priuli
1558 - 1560                Marin Pisani
1560 - 1562                Delfin Valier
1562 - 1563                Francesco Priuli
1563 - 1565                Andrea Duodo
1565 - 1567                Jacopo Celsi
1567 - 1569                Alvise Minotto
1569 - 1570                Zaccaria Salamon
1570 - 1571                Bernardo Contarini
1571 - 1572                Antonio Bragadin
1572 - 1574                Zanbattista Calbo
1574 - 1576                Benetto Erizzo
1576 - 1579                Pellegrino Bragadin
1579 - 1581                Marco Diedo
1581 - 1583                Vincenzo da Canal
1583 - 1586                Marcantonio Venier
1586 - 1588                Andrea Gabriel
1588 - 1590                Girolamo Pisani
1590 - 1592                Giovanni (or Zuanne) Loredano
1592 - 1594                Zuanne Lippomano
1594 - 1596                Alvise Barbaro
1596 - 1598                Zuanne Garzoni
1598 - 1600                Zuanne Magno
1600 - 1602                Antonio Grimani
1602 - 1604                Zuan Marco da Molin
1604 - 1606                Zuanfrancesco Bragadin
1606 - 1608                Tomaso Contarini
1608 - 1610                Francesco Morosini
1610 - 1612                Girolamo da Molin
1612 - 1614                Zaccaria Soranzo
1614 - 1616                Zanfrancesco Dolfin
1616 - 1618                Camillo Michiel
1618 - 1620                Marcantonio Contarini
1620 - 1623                Paris Malipiero
1623 - 1625                Iseppo Michiel
1625 - 1627                Pietro Morosini
1627 - 1628                Francesco Contarini
1628 - 1630                Girolamo Loredan
1630 - 1633                Francesco Tiepolo
1633 - 1635                Agostino da Canal
1635 - 1637                Girolamo Molin
1637 - 1638                Alesandro Contarini
1638 - 1640                Zorzi (or Giorgio) Morosini
1640 - 1641                Anzolo Gabriel
1641 - 1644                Marino Pisauro
1644 - 1646                Zuan Trevisan
1646 - 1648                Paolo Donato
1648 - 1650                Alvise Gabriel
1650 - 1652                Antonio Diedo
1652 - 1654                Francesco Bragadin
1654 - 1656                Francesco Battaglia
1656 - 1657                Tommaso Tron
1657 - 1658                Zuan Briani
1658 - 1659                Marcantonio Pasqualigo
1659 - 1660                Pietro Gabriel
1660 - 1661                Zuan Paolo Foscarini
1661 - 1663                Nicola Calergi
1663 - 1666                Antonio Maria Bernardo
1666 - 1668                Alvise Foscarini
1668 - 1670                Santo Barbaro
1670 - 1672                Leonardo Venier
1672 - 1674                Girolamo Morosini
1674 - 1676                Lorenzo Bembo
1676 - 1678                Vincenzo da Riva
1678 - 1679                Alvise Foscarini
1679 - 1681                Lorenzo Tiepolo
1681 - 1683                Benetto Valier
1683 - 1685                Alessandro Beregano
1685 - 1687                Lucio Balbi
1687 - 1690                Zuan Michele Pizzamano
1690 - 1692                Stefano Balbi
1692 - 1694                Ferigo Papafava
1694 - 1695                Francesco Foscarini
1695 - 1697                Filippo Bragadin
1697 - 1699                Giovanni Silvestro Zane
1699 - 1701                Andrea Bembo
1701 - 1703                Francesco Dandolo
1703 - 1704                Domenico Malipiero
1704 - 1706                Andrea Pasqualigo
1706 - 1708                Nicolň Barbaro
1708 - 1709                Paolo Foscolo
1709 - 1711                Pietro Donato
1711 - 1713                Zanfrancesco Zorzi
1713 - 1715                Girolamo Loredan
1715 - 1716                Foscarino Foscarini
1716 - 1718                Bartolo Pisani
1718 - 1720                Angelo Barbaro
1720 - 1722                Pietro Badoer
1722 - 1724                Marino da Riva
1724 - 1726                Gianantonio Balbi
1726 - 1729                Francesco Barozzi
1729 - 1731                Jacopo (or Giacomo) Foscarini
1731 - 1733                Gian Giacomo Querini
1733 - 1735                Marco da Riva
1735 - 1737                Lodovico Balbi
1737 - 1739                Marcantonio Badoer
1739 - 1741                Pietro Donato
1741 - 1744                Marino Gheltof
1744 - 1746                Pietro Bembo
1746 - 1747                Marino Morosini
1747 - 1749                Antonio Delfin
1749 - 1751                Iseppo Contarini
1751 - 1753                Lorenzo Pasqualigo
1753 - 1755                Giorgio Pizzamano
1755 - 1757                Girolamo Bragadin
1758 - 1760                Daniel Renier
1760 - 1763                Pietro Angelo Magno (or Manin?)
1763 - 1765                Nicolň Soranzo
1765 - 1767                Lorenzo Paruta
1767 - 1769                Pasquale Cicogna
1769 - 1771                Pier Alvise Barbaro
1771 - 1773                Gaetano da Molin
1773 - 1775                Gian Carlo Zorzi
1775 - 1777                Alvise Balbi
1777 - 1779                Zuanantonio Maria Dolfin (or Delfin)
1779 - 1781                Agostino Soranzo
1781 - 1783                Alvise Soranzo
1783 - 1785                Gerardo Sagredo
1785 - 1787                Zuan Longo
1787 - 1789                Alvise Soranzo
1789 - 1791                Marchio (or Marco) Querini
1791 - 1793                Vincenzo Dolfin
1793 - 1794                Francesco Dandolo
1794 - 1795                Marco Zorzi
1795? - 1797               Lorenzo conte di Soranzo
Austrian Civil and Military Governor of the Province of Albania
13 Oct 1797 - 1801         Thomas Freiherr von Brady          (b. 1752 - d. 1827)
Austrian Military Governors
1801 - Jul 1801            Gauss von Starnberg
Jul 1801 - 1804            Franz von Nicoletti                (b. 17.. - d. 1808)
Jun 1804 - 1806            Thomas Freiherr von Brady          (s.a.)
1806 -  4 Mar 1806         Filippo, marchese Ghisilieri
                             (commissioner)
Civil Governors

1801 - 1805                Bernhard Anton Maria Vincenz       (b. 1756 - d. 1817)
                             Freiherr von Rossetti zu
                             Roseneck (Rosenegg)
1805 - 1806                Gian-Pietro Baroni-Cavalcabň       (b. 1773 - d. 1850?)
Russian Military Governor
 4 Mar 1806 - 12 Aug 1807  Dmitry Nikolayevich Senyavin       (b. 1763 - d. 1831)
Russian Imperial Commissioner
 4 Mar 1806 - 12 Aug 1807  Stepan Andreyevich Sankovsky       (b. 17.. - d. 1818)
Sub-delegate of Bouches-du-Cattaro
1810 -  5 Jan 1814         Luigi Paulucci                     (b. 1774 - d. 1844)
President of the Central Commission

 5 Jan 1814 - 10 Jun 1814  Petar I Petrović-Njegoš            (s.a.)
Italian Commandant of the Cattaro district
17 Apr 1941 -  7 Jun 1941  Giuseppe Pafundi                   (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
Prefects of the Province of Cattaro

 7 Jun 1941 - 15 Jun 1943  Francesco Scassellati Sforzolini   (b. 1901 - d. 1967)  PNF
15 Jun 1943 - 15 Aug 1943  Mario Pigli                        (b. 1904 - d.af.1966)PNF
 1 Sep 1943 - 15 Sep 1943  Umberto Sciorilli Borrelli         (b. 1892 - d. 1969)  Mil
German Military Commanders
15 Sep 1943 - 1943         Josef Kübler                       (b. 1896 - d. 1947)
                             (commander 118th jäger division)
1943 -  1 Oct 1944         Hermann Fischer                    (b. 1894 - d. 1968)
                             (commander 181st infantry division)
 1 Oct 1944 - 21 Nov 1944  Eugen Heinrich Bleyer              (b. 1896 – d. 1979)
                             (commander 181st infantry division)

Party abbreviations: PNF = Partito Nazionale Fascista (National Fascist Party, Italian fascist, 1921-1943); Mil = Military



Socialist Republic of Montenegro

  [Flag of SR Montenegro
              1946-1993]                
                      31 Dec 1946 - 27 Apr 1992

 
31 Jan 1946                People's Republic of Montenegro
11 Apr 1963                Socialist Republic of Montenegro

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
(from 1952, League of Communists)
May 1943 - 29 Jun 1963     Blažo Jovanović                    (b. 1907 - d. 1976)
29 Jun 1963 - 14 Dec 1968  Đorđije "Đoko" Pajković            (b. 1917 - d. 1980) 
                             (Djordjije "Djoka" Pajković)        
14 Dec 1968 - 21 Mar 1977  Veselin Đuranović (Djuranović)     (b. 1925 - d. 1997)
21 Mar 1977 -  1 Jul 1982  Vojo Srzentić                      (b. 1934)
 1 Jul 1982 - May 1984     Dobroslav "Toro" Culafić           (b. 1926 - d. 2011)
May 1984 - 30 Jul 1984     Vidoje Žarković                    (b. 1927 - d. 2000)
30 Jul 1984 - May 1986     Marko Orlandić                     (b. 1930)
May 1986 - 11 Jan 1989     Miljan Radović                     (b. 1933)
11 Jan 1989 - 26 Apr 1989  Veselin Vukotić (acting)           (b. 1949)
26 Apr 1989 - 28 Apr 1989  Milica Pejanović Đurišić (f)       (b. 1959)
                             (Milica Pejanović Djurisić)
28 Apr 1989 - 22 Jun 1991  Momir Bulatović                    (b. 1956)
 

Chairmen of the Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of
Montenegro and Boka Kotorska
15 Nov 1943 - 14 Jul 1944  Nikola Miljanić                    (b. 1892 - d. 1957)  Non-party
President of the Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation
14 Jul 1944 - 15 Apr 1945  Nikola Miljanić                    (s.a.)               Non-party
President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
15 Apr 1945 - 21 Nov 1946  Miloš Rašović                                           KPJ
President of the Presidium of the Constitutional Assembly
21 Nov 1946 -  1 Jan 1947  Miloš Rašović                                           KPJ
Presidents of the Presidium of the National Assembly
 1 Jan 1947 -  6 Nov 1950  Miloš Rašović                                          KPJ;1948 KPCG
 6 Nov 1950 -  4 Feb 1953  Nikola Kovačević                   (b. 1890 - d. 1964)  KPCG;
Presidents of the People's Assembly                                                1952 SKCG
 4 Feb 1950 - 15 Dec 1953  Nikola Kovačević                   (s.a.)               SKCG
15 Dec 1953 - 14 Jul 1962  Blažo Jovanović                    (s.a.)               SKCG
14 Jul 1962 -  5 May 1963  Filip Bajković                     (b. 1910 - d. 1985)  SKCG
Presidents of the National Assembly
 5 May 1963 -  5 May 1967  Andrija Mugoša                     (b. 1912 - d. 2006)  SKCG
 5 May 1967 -  6 Oct 1969  Veljko Milatović                   (b. 1921 - d. 2004)  SKCG
 6 Oct 1969 -  6 May 1974  Vidoje Žarković                    (s.a.)               SKCG
Presidents of the Presidency
 6 May 1974 -  7 May 1982  Veljko Milatović                   (s.a.)               SKCG
 7 May 1982 -  6 May 1983  Veselin Đuranović                  (s.a.)               SKCG
 6 May 1983 -  7 May 1984  Marko Orlandić                     (s.a.)               SKCG
 7 May 1984 -  7 May 1985  Miodrag Vlahović                                        SKCG
 7 May 1985 -  6 May 1986  Branislav Šoškić                   (b. 1922)            SKCG
 6 May 1986 -  6 May 1988  Radivoje Brajović                  (b. 1935)            SKCG
 6 May 1988 - 15 Feb 1989  Božina Ivanović                    (b. 1931 - d. 2002)  SKCG
15 Feb 1989 - 17 Mar 1989  Slobodan Simović (acting)                               SKCG
17 Mar 1989 - 25 Dec 1990  Branko Kostić                      (b. 1939)            SKCG
25 Dec 1990 -  2 Aug 1991  Momir Bulatović                    (s.a.)               SKCG
President

 2 Aug 1991 - 15 Jan 1998  Momir Bulatović                    (s.a.)              SKCG;1991 DPS

Minister for Montenegro (part of Yugoslav government)
 7 Mar 1945 - 17 Apr 1945  Milovan Đilas (Djilas)             (b. 1911 - d. 1993)  KPJ
Prime minister (president of national government)
17 Apr 1945 -  4 Feb 1953  Blažo Jovanović                    (s.a.)             KPJ;1948 KPCG;
Chairmen of the Executive Council                                                  1952 SKCG
 4 Feb 1953 - 16 Dec 1953  Blažo Jovanović                    (s.a.)               SKCG
16 Dec 1953 - 14 Jul 1962  Filip Bajković                     (s.a.)               SKCG
14 Jul 1962 - 25 Jun 1963  Đorđije "Đoko" Pajković            (s.a.)               SKCG
25 Jun 1963 -  8 Dec 1966  Veselin Đuranović                  (s.a.)               SKCG
 8 Dec 1966 -  5 May 1967  Mijuško Šibalić                    (b. 1915 - d. 1995)  SKCG 
 5 May 1967 -  7 Oct 1969  Vidoje Žarković                    (s.a.)               SKCG 
 7 Oct 1969 -  6 May 1974  Žarko Bulajić                      (b. 1922 - d. 2009)  SKCG
 6 May 1974 - 28 Apr 1978  Marko Orlandić                     (s.a.)               SKCG
28 Apr 1978 -  7 May 1982  Momčilo Cerović                    (b. 1928 - d. 2001)  SKCG
 7 May 1982 -  6 Jun 1986  Radivoje Brajović                  (s.a.)               SKCG 
 6 Jun 1986 - 29 Mar 1989  Vuko Vukadinović                   (b. 1937 - d. 1993)  SKCG
29 Mar 1989 - 15 Feb 1991  Radoje Kontić                      (b. 1937)            SKCG 

Party abbreviations: DPS = Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crna Gore (Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, former SKCG, est.22 Jun 1991); KPCG = Komunistička Partija Crne Gore (Communist Party of Montenegro, communist, 1948-1952, renamed SKCG); KPJ = Komunisticka Partija Jugoslavije (Communist Party of Yugoslavia, authoritarian, communist, 1920-1952); SKCG = Savez Komunista Crne Gore (League of Communists of Montenegro, communist, former KPCG, 1952-22 Jul 1991, renamed DPS)






© Ben Cahoon