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Bosnia and Hercegovina
 
[Ottoman
                                    flag (to 1908)]
    to 13 Jul 1878 (de jure to 7 Oct 1908) 
 
 
[Austria-Hungary National Civil
                                    Flag, 1869-1918]
            13 Jul 1878 - 30 Nov 1918 
               (de facto to 7 Oct 1908)
 
[Austria-Hungary Occupied
                                    Region of Bosnia, Bosnien
                                    Okkupationsgebiet]
             7 Oct 1908 - 1 Dec 1918  Bosnia flag
 
 
[Austria-Hungary Occupied
                                    Region of Herzegovina, Herzegowina
                                    Okkupationsgebiet]
          7 Oct 1908 - 1 Dec 1918 Herzegovina flag
 
[Previous Flag of Bosnia and
                                    Herzegovina 1992-98]
                   20 May 1992 - 5 Feb 1998 
[Bosnia and
                                    Herzegovina]
                        Adopted 5 Feb 1998
 
Map of Bosnia
and Hercegovina
Hear National Anthem
"Drzavna himna Bosne i
 Hercegovine" (The National
 Anthem of Bosnia and
 Hercegovina)

Adopted 25 Jun 1999
(lyrics Feb 2009)
Hear Former Anthem
"Jedna si Jedina"
(You Are One and Only)
 (Nov 1992-25 Jun 1999)
Constitution
   (14 Dec 1995)
---------------------------------------
Dayton Accord
(21 Nov 1995)
Capital: Sarajevo
(Banja Luka c.1553-1638)
Currency: Bosnian Marka
(BAM) 
National Holiday: 25 Nov (1943)
National Day
Population: 3,875,723 (2013)
GDP: $32.16 billion (2013)
Exports: $3.57 billion (2013)
Imports: $8.73 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Bosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%,
other 0.6% (2000)

note: Bosniak has replaced Bosnian Muslim as an ethnic term.
Total Active Armed Forces: 11,099 (2010)
EU Troops (EUFOR): 900 (2012)
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Sunni Muslim 40%, Serbian Orthodox 31%,
Roman Catholic 15%, Protestant 4%,
 non-religious/other 10% (2002)
International Organizations/Treaties: APM, BIS, BTWC, CCM, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CTBT, CWC, EAPC, EBRD, ESCR, EU (potential candidate), Eutelsat, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, NTBT, OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PAM, PFP, SECP, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Bosnia and
Hercegovina
Index
Chronology
 
535 – 753                  Byzantine rule over coastal area.
753 – 817                  Part of Croatia.
924 – 931                  Bulgarian occupation.
931                        Part of Croatia (which from 1102 was in personal
                             union with Hungary).
93. - 960                  Occupied by Serbia.
1081 - 1085                Occupied by Duklja (Dioclea)(present-day
                             Montenegro), a regional governor is
                             appointed and soon the governors assume
                             the title of knez (prince).
1085 – 1137                Occupied by Serbia.
1137                       Part of Hungary (from 1299, under semi-autonomous
                            local Bans).
26 Oct 1377                Kingdom of Bosnia
1448 - 1482                Stjepan Vukcic Kosaca declares himself Herceg
                             (duke), after which title his estate (the
                             region from Prijepolje, Pljevlje, Niksic and
                             Boka Kotorska to Omis and Poljice, Livno and
                             upper Vrbas) was named 'Hercegovina' which
                             survives to 1482, when Ottomans conquer the
                             last stronghold Herceg Novi.
1453                       Ottomans erect Hodidjed (Hodide) Vilayet 
                             from occupied parts of Bosnia.
Jun 1463 – 1528            Part of Hungary.
Jun 1463                   Part of the Ottoman Empire (Sandjak of Bosnia).
1580                       Ottoman Vilayet (province) of Bosnia.
 6 Sep 1689 - 10 Sep 1691  Austrian occupation of northeastern Bosnia
                             (see under Serbia).
22 Aug 1717 -  4 Sep 1739  Austrian occupation of northeastern Bosnia
                             (see under Serbia).
14 Oct 1831 -  4 Jun 1832  Bosnia de facto autonomous.
13 Jul 1878                Administered by Austria-Hungary (nominally 
                             under Ottoman sovereignty [from 26 Feb 1879
                             administered by the joint Austro-Hungarian
                             Ministry of Finance]).
 7 Oct 1908                Annexed by Austria-Hungary (crownland of
                             Bosnia and province of Hercegovina [Bosnien und
                             Herzegowina]).
29 Oct 1918                Proclamation of the establishment of the State of
                             the Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.
 1 Dec 1918                Part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and 
                             Slovenes (later Yugoslavia).
10 Sep 1919                Austria formally renounces claim to Bosnia and
                             Hercegovnia by Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye.
 4 Oct 1929                Divided into the Banovinas of Vrbas and Drina;
                             (Vrbas Banovina and Drina Banovina).
10 Apr 1941 -  6 May 1945  Part of independent Croatia.
29 Nov 1943                Re-incorporation into Yugoslavia declared in
                             opposition to occupation.
29 Nov 1945                Part of Yugoslavia.
 7 Jul 1963                Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina
21 Dec 1991                Serbs declare separate state (not recognized)
                             (Republika Srpska).
 3 Mar 1992                Independence declared.
 9 Apr 1992                Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina
29 Aug 1993 - 17 Dec 1996  Bosnian Croats proclaim independence 
                             as Herceg-Bosna (not recognized).
27 Sep 1993 - 21 Aug 1994  Nominally independent state of Western Bosnia 
                             declared (not recognized).
31 May 1994                Formation of the Croat-Muslim Federation.
 5 Oct 1996                Bosnia and Hercegovina (under United Nations
                             and NATO protection).
Federation of
Bosnia-Hercegovina
Federation of Bosnia-
Hercegovina
Cantons
Republika Srpska
Brcko District
 Hercg-Bosna
(1993-1994)
Western Bosnia
(1993-1995)
Yugoslav Republic
of Bosnia-
Hercegovina
(1945-1990)
 Ethno-linguistic
map of Bosnia
c.1991
 
 

Princes
1083 - 1...                Stjepan 
1... - 1102                ....
Bans
1105 - 1154                ....
1154 - 1163                Boric 
1163 - 1172                Manuel I Komnen                    (b. 1118 - d. 1180)
1180 - 1204                Kulin                              (d. 1204) 
1204 - 1232                Stjepan                            (d. 1236) 
1232 - 1253                Mateja Ninoslav                    (d. 1250) 
1235 - 1240                Sibislav (in opposition)
1254 - 1287                Prijezda I                         (d. 1287) 
1267 - 1313                Stjepan I Kotromanic               (d. 1313) 
1287 - 1290                Prijezda II                        (d. 1290) 
Feb 1299 - 1304            Mladen I Subic (in opposition)     (d. 1304) 
1304 - 1322                Mladen II Subic (in opposition) 
1314 - Sep 1353            Stjepan II Kotromanic              (d. 1353) 
1314 - 13..                Jelisaveta Nemanjic (f) -Regent    (d. 1331) 
Sep 1353 - 26 Oct 1377     Tvrtko I Kotromanic                (b. 1338 - d. 1391) 
Sep 1353 - 1354            Vladislav Kotromanic -Regent       (d. 1354) 
1354 - 1359                Jelena Subic (f) -Regent           (d. 1378?) 
1354                       Pavle Kulisic (in opposition)      (d. 1354) 
Feb 1366 - 1367            Stjepan Vuk (1st time)
                             (in opposition)
1370                       Stjepan Vuk (2nd time) 
                             (in opposition)
Kings
26 Oct 1377 - 10 Mar 1391  Stjepan Tvrtko I                   (s.a.) 
Mar 1391 -  8 Sep 1395     Stjepan Dabisa                     (d. 1395) 
Sep 1395 - May 1398        Jelena Gruba -Queen                (d. af.1399)
May 1398 - Jun 1404        Stjepan Ostoja (1st time)          (d. 1418)
Jun 1404 - Sep 1408        Tvrtko II Kotromanic (1st time)    (b. 1381 - d. 1443)
Sep 1408 - Sep 1418        Stjepan Ostoja (2nd time)          (s.a.)
Sep 1418 - Jul 1420        Stjepan Ostojic                    (d. 1422) 
Jul 1420 - 1433            Tvrtko II Kotromanic (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1433 - Apr 1435            Radivoj Ostojic (1st time)         (d. 1463) 
Apr 1435 - 15 Nov 1443     Tvrtko II Kotromanic (3rd time)    (s.a.)
Nov 1443 - 10 Jul 1461     Stjepan Tomas                      (d. 1461)
1443 - 1446                Radivoj Ostojic (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                             (in opposition) 
1443 - 1444                Ulrih Celjski (in opposition)      (b. 1406 - d. 1456) 
10 Jul 1461 - Jun 1463     Stjepan Tomasevic                  (b. 1438 - d. 1463) 
Jun 1463 - 25 Oct 1478     Katarina Kosaca -Queen             (b. 1425 - d. 1478) 
                             (pretender; in Italy exile)
1465 - 1471                Matija Kotromanic 
                             (titular; imposed by Ottomans)
1474 - 1476                Matija Vojsalic 
                             (titular; imposed by Ottomans)
Sep 1471 - 1477            Nikola of Ilok                     (d. 1477)
                             (titular; imposed by Hungary)
Walis 
1393 - 1414                Pasha Jigit-beg
1414 - 1439                Ishak-beg
1439 - 1454                Himmeti-Zade Nesuh-beg
1454 - 1463                Isa-beg Ishakovic
(1st time)
Sanjak Beys
1463 - 1464                Minnetoglu Mehmed-beg 
1464 - 1470                Isa-beg Ishakovic (2nd time)
1470 - 1474                Ajas-beg (1st time)                (b. 1450 - d. 1486) 
1474                       Sinan-beg (1st time)
1474 - 1474                Arnaut Davud-beg (1st time)
1475 - 1477                Bali-beg Malkocevic
1477 - 1479                Skender-beg Mihaloglu (1st time)
1479 - 1480                Arnaut Davud Pasha (2nd time)
1480 - 1482                Skender-beg Mihaloglu (2nd time)
1482 - 1483                Jahja-beg (1st time)
Jul 1483 - 1484            Ajas-beg (2nd time)                (s.a.)
1484 - 1485                Mehmed-beg Ishakovic
1485 - 1490                Sinan-beg (2nd time)
1490 - 1493                Hadum Jakub Pasha
 
1493 - 1496                Jahja Pasha (2nd time) 
1496 - 1498                Feriz-beg (1st time)
1498 - 1505                Skender Pasha Mihaloglu
1505 - 1512                Feriz-beg (2nd time)
1512 - 1513                Hadum Sinan-beg Borovinic
1513 - 14 Apr 1515         Yunus-beg
14 Oct 1515 - 17 Apr 1516  Mustafa Pasha Skenderpasic
17 Apr 1516 - 1517         Gazi Hasan-beg (1st time)
1517 - 1519                Gazi Mehmed-beg Mihalzade
1519 - 15 Sep 1521         Gazi Bali-beg Jahjapasic
15 Sep 1521 - Jun 1525     Gazi Husrev-beg (1st time)         (b. 1480 - d. 1541) 
1525 - 1526                Gazi Hasan-beg (2nd time)
Jan 1526 - Mar 1534        Gazi Husrev-beg (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1534 - 1536                Ulama Pasha (1st time)
May 1536 - 18 Jun 1541     Gazi Husrev-beg (3rd time)         (s.a.)
18 Jun 1541 - 1547         Ulama Pasha (2nd time)
1547 - 1549                Sofi Ali-beg
1549 - 1550                Muhamed Khan Zulkadrioglu
1550 - 1551                Hadim Ali-beg
1551 - 1553                Sofi Mehmed Pasha
1553                       Hadim Gazi Ali Pasha
1553 - 1554                Dugali Malkoc-beg                  (d. 1565)
1554 - 1555                Kara Osman Khan
1555 - 1557                Kara Mustafa-beg Sokolovic
1557 - 1561                Hamza-beg Biharovic
1561 - 1562                Hasan-beg Sokolovic
1562 - 1564                Sinan-beg Boljanic
1564 - 1566
               Mustafa-beg Sokolovic
1566 - 1568                Mehmed-beg Sokolovic (1st time)
1568 - 25 Jun 1568         Ferhad-beg Desisalic
1568 - 1574                Mehmed-beg Sokolovic (2nd time)
1574 - 23 Sep 1580         Ferhad-beg Sokolovic
Walis

23 Sep 1580 - 1588         Gazi Ferhad Pasha Sokolovic 
1588                       Shehsuvar Pasha
1588 - 1590                Halil Pasha
1590 - 1591                Sufi Mehmed Pasha
1591 - 22 Jun 1593         Gazi Hasan Pasha Predojevic
       (d. 1593) 
22 Jun 1593 - Jun 1594     Mustafa Pasha Ajaspasic
Jun 1594 - Nov 1594        Mihalidzi Ahmed Pasha
1594 - 1595                Husein Pasha Boljanic
1595                       Arpad Ismail Pasha
1595 - 1596                Ajardi Mehmed Pasha
1596                       Hafiz Ahmed Pasha
1596 - Apr 1597            Hodaverdi Pasha
Apr 1597 - Nov 1597        Idris Pasha
1597 - 1598                Gazi Hasan Pasha Tiro
1598 - 1599                Ahmed
PashaDugalic
1599 - 1600                Dervish Pasha Bajazidagic          (d. 1603) 
                             (1st time)
Oct 1600 - Apr 1601        Sofi Sinan Pasha (1st time)

1601 - 1602                Tatar Mehmed Pasha
1602                       Dervish Pasha Bajazidagic          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1602 - 1604                Dzelali Hasan Pasha

1604 - 1605                Ahmed
Pasha Dugalic
1605 - 1606                Hadim Husrev
Pasha
1606 - Apr 1608            Gurdzi Mehmed Pasha
Apr 1608 - Jul 1608
        Sofi Sinan Pasha (2nd time)
1608 - 1609                Kurshumdzi Mustafa Pasha (1st time)
1609 - 1610                Ibrahim Khan Sokolovic (1st time)
1610 - 1612                Kurshumdzi Mustafa Pasha (2nd time)
Dec 1612 - Oct 1613        Karakas Mehmed Pasha
               (d. 1621) 
Oct 1613 - May 1615        Iskender Pasha (1st time)
May 1615 - Jan 1616        Abdulbaki Pasha 
Jan 1616 - Feb 1618        Iskender Pasha (2nd time)  
1618 - 1619                Kurshumdzi Mustafa Pasha (3rd time)
1619 - 1620                Ibrahim Khan Sokolovic (2nd time)
1620 - 1621                Baltadzi Mehmed Pasha
Oct 1621 - Jun 1622        Bajram Pasha (1st time)     
1622                       Sarhosh Ibrahim Pasha
Sep 1622 - Oct 1623
       Bajram Pasha (2nd time)    
1623 - 1626                Murteza Pasha
1626 - 1627                Gazi Mustafa Pasha
1627                       Arnaut Ali Pasha
1627 - 1628                Bekir Pasha
1628 - 1629                Abaza Mehmed Pasha
1629 - 1630                Hersek Murat Pasha
1630 - 1632                Mehmed Pasha Papasoglu
1632                       Hattat Hasan Pasha (1st time)
1632 - 1633                Arnaut Mustafa Pasha
1633 - 1634
                Hattat Hasan Pasha (2nd time)
1634 - 1635                Sulejman Pasha Mostarac
1635 - 1638                Salih
Pasha Mostarac
1638 - 1639                Mehmed Pasha Vuco
1639 - 1640                Shahin Hasan Pasha
       
May 1640 - Dec 1641        Kurshumdzi Mehmed Pasha  
1641 - 1644                Deli Husein Pasha  
1644                       Vojnik Ahmed Pasha  
1644 - 1645                Varvar Ali Pasha
                   (b. 1580 - d. 1648) 
1645 - 1646                Shahindzi Omer Pasha  
1646 - 1647                Gabeleli Ibrahim Pasha  
1647 - 1648                Tekeli Mustafa Pasha  
1648                       Dervish Mehmed Pasha  
1648 - 1650                Hasan Pasha Memibegovic
1650                       Mehmed
Pasha Defterdarevic
1650 - 1651                Fadil Ahmed Pasha Maglajlija
                             (1st time)
 
1651                       Jadigar Mustafa Pasha
1651 - 1652 
              Fadil Ahmed Pasha Maglajlija
                             (2nd time)
 
1652                       Sijavush Pasha
1652 - 1654
                Fadil Ahmed Pasha Maglajlija
                             (3rd time)
 
1654 - 28 Feb 1656         Delak Mustafa Pasha 
28 Feb 1656 - 22 Nov 1656  Ermeni Sulejman
Pasha 
22 Nov 1656 - 12 Dec 1656  Fadil Ahmed Pasha Maglajlija
                             (4th time)
 
12 Dec 1656 - 24 Mar 1659  Sejdi Ahmed Pasha 
24 Mar 1659 - 24 Feb 1660  Melek Ahmed Pasha 
24 Feb 1660 - 1663         Serdar Gazi Ali Pasha 
1663 -  1 Aug 1664         Ismail Pasha 
 1 Aug 1664 - 1665         Arnaut Mustafa Pasha 
1665 -  9 Nov 1665         Muharem Pasha 
 9 Nov 1665 - 1666         Suhrab Mehmed Pasha 
1666 - 1668                Köse Ali Pasha 
1668 - 1669                Ibrahim Pasha Tesnjak
1669 - 1670                Mufettis Mehmed
Pasha 
Dec 1670 - Apr 1671        Mahmud Pasha Maglajlija
Apr 1671 - May 1672        Husein
Pasha Dzanpoladzade
May 1672 - Dec 1672        Arnaut Kodza Ibrahim
Pasha
                             (1st time) 

1672 - 1673                Kemankesh Sulejman
Pasha 
1673 - 1675                Kara Mehmed Pasha 
1675 - 1677                Hadzi Bekir
Pasha 
1677 - 1678                Defterdar Ahmed
Pasha (1st time) 
Mar 1678 - 26 Oct 1678     Arnaut Kodza Ibrahim Pasha 
                             (2nd time)
 
26 Oct 1678 - 1679         Arnaut Kodza Halil Pasha
1679 - 1681                Defterdar Ahmed Pasha (2nd time)  
1681 - 1682                Abdurahman Pasha 
1682 - 11 Oct 1683         Hizr
Pasha 
11 Oct 1683 - 1684         Ahmed Pasha Osmanpashaoglu
1684                       Hersek Osman
Pasha 
1685                       Funduk Mustafa Pasha 
1685 - 1686                Sijavus
h Pasha 
1686 - May 1688            Mehmed Pasha Atlagic               (d. 1689)
1688                       Topal Gazi Husein
Pasha (1st time)
1688                       Jegen Osman Pasha
1688 - 1689                Topal Gazi Husein Pasha (2nd time)
1689 - 1692                Bujuk Dzafer Pasha
1692 - 1697                Bosnjak Gazi Mehmed Pasha
1697 - 1698                Sari Ahmed Pasha
1698                       Daltaban Gazi Mustafa Pasha
1698 - 1702                Köse Halil Pasha
1702 - 12 Oct 1703         Sejfullah Pasha
12 Oct 1703 -  6 Mar 1704  Dogramadzi Mehmed Pasha

 6 Mar 1704 - 21 Aug 1705  Elci Ibrahim Pasha
21 Aug 1705 - 20 Jun 1708  Sirke Osman Pasha
20 Jun 1708 - 1709         Mustafa Pasha Ferhadpasic
1709                       Sefer Pasha Maglajlija
1709 - 1711                Karajilan Ali Pasha
1711 - 1712                Sari Ahmed Pasha
1712 - 1713                Arnaut Ali Pasha
1713 - 1715                Mehmed Numan Pasha Kuprilik        (b. 1670 - d. 1719)
                             (1st time)
1715 - 13 Jan 1716         Sari Mustafa Pasha
13 Jan 1716 - 19 Jul 1716  Uzun Hadzi Yusuf Pasha
19 Jul 1716 - 28 Aug 1716  Kabakulak Ibrahim Pasha
28 Aug 1716 - 10 Jun 1717  Kara Mustafa Pasha
10 Jun 1717 - 18 Aug 1718  Mehmed Numan Pasha Kuprilik        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
18 Aug 1718 - 10 Mar 1720  Defterdar Emin Osman Pasha
10 Mar 1720 - 1720         Topal Osman Pasha (1st time)
1720 - 1727                Abdullah Pasha Muhsinzade          (b. 1660 - d. 1749)
                             (1st time)
1727 - 1728                Topal Osman Pasha (2nd time)
1728 - 1730                Gazi Ahmed Pasha Rustempasic
1729 - 1730                Kabakulak Ibrahim Pasha            (d. 1742)
1730                       Sirke Osman Pasha
1730 - 11 Oct 1733         Hadzi Ibrahim Pasha
11 Oct 1733 - 1735        
Abdullah Pasha Muhsinzade          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1735 - 1740                Ali Pasha Hekimoglu (1st time)     (b. 1689 - d. 1758)
1740 - 1741                Abdullah Pasha Muhsinzade          (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
1741 - 1742                Ajvaz Gazi Mehmed Pasha            (b. 1675 - d. 1743)
1742 - 1744                Jeghen Mehmed Pasha                (d. 1745)
1744 -  6 Oct 1745         Ali Pasha Hekimoglu (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 6 Oct 1745 - 28 Apr 1746  Bostandzi Sulejman Pasha
28 Apr 1746 -  1 Apr 1748  Ali Pasha Hekimoglu (3rd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1748 - 25 Apr 1748  Abdullah Pasha Muhsinzade          (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
25 Apr 1748 -  7 Jul 1750  Kodza Hadzi Bekir Pasha
17 Jul 1750 - 1751         Seid Abdullah Pasha
1751 - 18 Apr 1752         Sherif Halil Pasha
18 Apr 1751 - 10 Dec 1752  Hadzi Seid Ahmed Pasha 
Kuprilik
                             (1st time)
10 Dec 1752 -  6 Dec 1756  Hadzi Mehmed Pasha Kukavica        (d. 1762)
                             (1st time)
 6 Dec 1756 - 28 Aug 1757  Sopasalan Kamil Ahmed Pasha
28 Aug 1757 - 13 Aug 1760  Hadzi Mehmed Pasha Kukavica        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)               
13 Aug 1760 -  8 Apr 1764  Mehmed Pasha Muhsinzade
 8 Apr 1764 - 24 Mar 1765  Maldovan Ali Pasha
24 Mar 1765 - 11 Apr 1766  Kapudan Mehmed Pasha
11 Apr 1766 -  5 Mar 1767  Hadzi Seid Ahmed Pasha Kuprilik
                             (2nd time)
 5 Mar 1767 -  9 Dec 1770  Silahdar Mehmed Pasha (1st time)   (b. 1710 - d. 1771)
 9 Dec 1770 -  7 Sep 1772  Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha            (b. 1706 - d. 1773)
 7 Sep 1772 - 11 Oct 1773  Osman Pasha Topaloghlu
11 Oct 1773 - 25 Jan 1775  Dagestanli Ali Pasha (1st time)
25 Jan 1775 - 20 May 1777  Silahdar Mehmed Pasha (2nd time)   (s.a.)
20 May 1777 - 24 Jul 1778  Dagestanli Ali Pasha (2nd time)
24 Jul 1778 - 21 Oct 1779  Silahdar Mehmed Pasha (3rd time)   (s.a.)
21 Oct 1779 - 15 Nov 1780  Nishandzi Mustafa Pasha
15 Nov 1780 - 1785         Silahdar Abdullah Pasha
 4 Mar 1785 - 13 May 1785  Ajdosli Kara Mehmed Pasha
13 May 1785 - 28 Jul 1785  Ismail Pasha
28 Jul 1785 -  2 Mar 1786  Morali Ahmed Pasha
 2 Mar 1786 - 21 Dec 1787  Selim Sirri Pasha
21 Dec 1787 - 29 Apr 1789  Agribozli Bekir Pasha
29 Apr 1789 - 15 Oct 1789  Arslan Mehmed Pasha
15 Oct 1789 - 18 Dec 1789  Mehmed Pasha Miralem
18 Dec 1789 -  5 Jan 1791  Hadzi Salih Pasha
 5 Jan 1791 -  9 Mar 1791  Yusuf Pasha
 9 Mar 1791 - 30 Dec 1792  Hadzi Salih Pasha
30 Dec 1792 - 28 May 1797  Husamudin Pasha
28 May 1797 - 14 Feb 1799  Perishan Mustafa Pasha
14 Apr 1799 - 22 Apr 1799  Gurdzi Hadzi Osman Pasha
22 Apr 1799 -  3 Aug 1799  Vanli Mehmed Pasha (1st time)
 3 Aug 1799 - 15 Sep 1799  Zihneli Hadzi Hasan Pasha
15 Sep 1799 -  9 Apr 1801  Vanli Mehmed Pasha (2nd time)
 9 Apr 1801 -  2 Sep 1801  Hakki Hadzi Mehmed Pasha
 2 Sep 1801 - 12 Sep 1801
 Vanli Mehmed Pasha (3rd time)
12 Sep 1801 -  8 Jan 1802  Bekir Pasha (1st time)
 8 Jan 1802 -  6 Feb 1802  Gurdzi Hadzi Osman Pasha
 6 Feb 1802 -  6 Jan 1805  Bekir Pasha (2nd time)
 6 Jan 1805 - 25 Mar 1806  Mustafa Pasha Smailpasic
25 Mar 1806 - 20 Jan 1808  Husrev Mehmed Pasha
20 Jan 1808 -  4 Mar 1813  Ibrahim Hilmi Pasha
 4 Mar 1813 - 30 Mar 1815  Ali Pasha Darendeli
30 Mar 1815 - 27 Oct 1815  Hurshid Ahmed Pasha
27 Oct 1815 - 23 Jan 1818  Sulejman Pasha Skopljak
23 Jan 1818 - 29 Jan 1818  Morali Bekir Pasha
29 Jan 1818 - 27 Jul 1819  Dervish Mustafa Pasha
27 Jul 1819 -  8 Dec 1819  Mehmed Ruzdi Pasha
 8 Dec 1819 - 28 Nov 1822  Ali Dzelaluddin Pasha
28 Nov 1822 - 12 May 1826  Sherif Selim Sirri Pasha
12 May 1826 - 22 Dec 1826  Belenli Hadzi Mustafa Pasha
12 Dec 1826 - 18 Aug 1828  Abdurahim Pasha
18 Aug 1828 - 27 Jun 1831  Morali Ali Namik Pasha
27 Jun 1831 - 14 Oct 1831  Vedzihi Ibrahim Pasha
14 Oct 1831 -  4 Jun 1832  Husein Kapetan Gradasceni          (b. 1802 - d. 1834)
 4 Jun 1832 - 24 Jun 1833  Mahmud Hamid Pasha
24 Jun 1833 - 13 Jul 1835  Davud Pasha
13 Jul 1835 - 28 Sep 1840  Mehmed Vedzihi Pasha
28 Sep 1840 -  6 Nov 1840  Mehmed Husrev Pasha 
 6 Nov 1840 - 11 Nov 1844  Morali Kamil Mehmed Pasha
11 Nov 1844 -  1 Nov 1845  Osman Nuri Pasha
 1 Nov 1845 -  4 Jun 1847  Hadzi Kamil Pasha
 4 Jul 1847 - 22 May 1850  Mehmed Tahir Pasha
22 May 1850 - 16 Nov 1850  Cerkez Hafiz Mehmed Pasha
16 Nov 1850 -  8 Mar 1852  Hajrudin Pasha
 8 Mar 1852 - 14 Sep 1852  Velijudin Pasha
14 Sep 1852 - 26 Oct 1856  Mehmed Hurshid Pasha
26 Oct 1856 -  1 Jul 1858  Reshid Mehmed Pasha (1st time)     (d. 1876)
 1 Jul 1858 - 18 Sep 1858  Kani Mehmed Pasha (1st time)
18 Sep 1858 - 18 Nov 1858  Arnaut Mehmed Akif Pasha
18 Nov 1858 - 10 Jun 1859  Kani Mehmed Pasha (2nd time)
10 Jun 1859 - 23 Jan 1861  Osman Mahzar Pasha Skopljak
23 Jan 1861 - 21 Jan 1869  Topal Sherif Osman Pasha           (b. 1804 - d. 1874)
                             (1st time)
21 Jan 1869 - 17 Feb 1869  Omer Fevzi Pasha

17 Feb 1869 - 25 May 1869
 Topal Sherif Osman Pasha           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
25 May 1869 - 27 Apr 1871  Tatar Safvet Pasha                 (d. 1895)
27 Apr 1871 - 10 Sep 1871  Arnaut Mehmed Akif Pasha
                             (1st time)
10 Sep 1871 - 23 Aug 1872  Mehmed Asim Pasha
23 Aug 1872 -  7 Nov 1872  Mehmed Rashid Pasha
 7 Nov 1872 - 27 Nov 1873  Mustafa Asim Pasha
27 Nov 1873 -  6 Apr 1874  Arnaut Mehmed Akif Pasha
                             (2nd time)
 6 Apr 1874 -  4 Sep 1875  Dervish Ibrahim Pasha
 4 Sep 1875 - 30 Oct 1875  Ahmed Hamdi Pasha
30 Oct 1875 -  6 Jan 1876  Kerkez Reuf Pasha
 6 Jan 1876 - 1877         Yenisehirli Ibrahim Pasha
1877 -  18 May 1877        Mehmed Nazif Pasha
18 May 1877 - 12 Jul 1878  Ahmed Mazhar Pasha                 (b. 1834 - d. 190.)
12 Jul 1878 - 20 Aug 1878  Hafiz Ahmed Pasha
Austro-Hungarian Commander
13 Jul 1878 - 18 Nov 1878  Joseph Freiherr Philippovich von   (b. 1819 - d. 1889)
                             Philippsburg 
Governors
1878 - 1882                Stefan Freiherr von Jovanovic      (b. 1828 - d. 1885)
                             (governor of Herzegovina)
18 Nov 1878 -  6 Apr 1881  Wilhelm Nikolaus Herzog von        (b. 1828 - d. 1896)
                             Württemberg
                            (head of provincial government)
 6 Apr 1881 -  9 Aug 1882  Hermann Freiherr Dahlen von        (b. 1828 - d. 1896)
                             Orlaburg
 9 Aug 1882 -  8 Dec 1903  Johann Freiherr von Appel          (b. 1828 - d. 1906)
 8 Dec 1903 - 25 Jun 1907  Eugen Freiherr von Albori          (b. 1838 - d. 1915)
30 Jun 1907 -  7 Mar 1909  Anton von Winzor                   (b. 1844 - d. 1910)
                            (from 1909, Anton Freiherr von Winzor)
 7 Mar 1909 - 10 May 1911  Marian von Varesanin-Vares         (b. 1847 - d. 1917)
10 May 1911 - 22 Dec 1914  Oskar Potiorek                     (b. 1853 - d. 1933)
22 Dec 1914 -  3 Nov 1918  Stefan Freiherr von Sarkotic-      (b. 1858 - d. 1939)
                             Lovcen 
President of the Supreme Board of National Council of Bosnia and Hercegovina
 1 Nov 1918 - 31 Dec 1918  Gligorije Jeftanovic               (b. 1840 - d. 1929) 
Presidents of the Provincial Government of Bosnia-Hercegovina
Nov 1918 - 1920            Atanasije Sola                     (b. 1878 – d. 1955)
1920 - Jul 1921            Milan Srskic                       (b. 1880 - d. 1937)
1921 - Mar 1923            Nikola Djurdjevic                  (b. 1864 - d. 1933)
Provincial Commissioner
Aug 1922 - Feb 1924        Ljubomir Vulovic                   (b. 1872 - d. 1933)
Bans of Vrbas 
 9 Oct 1929 - 18 Apr 1934  Svetislav Tisa Milosavljevic       (b. 1882 - d. 1960)
1934 - 1935                Dragoslav Dordevic                 (b. 1887 - d. 1973)
1935 - 1937                Bogoljub Kujundzic                 (b. 1887 - d. 1949)  
1937 - 22 Mar 1938         Todor Lazarevic
                   (d. 1938)
22 Mar 1938 - 1939         Petar Cvetkovic (acting)
1939 - 1941                Nikola Stojanovic                  (b. 1880 - d. 1964)
Bans of Drina

 9 Oct 1929 - 1934         Velimir Popovic                    (b. 1886 - d. 19..)
31 May 1935 - 1937         Predrag Lukic
 9 Dec 1937 -  5 Jan 1938  Dusan Davidovic                    (b. 1892 - d. 1938)
 5 Jan 1938 - 1939         Mihailo Kreckovic (acting)

1939                       Radoslav M. Dunjic                 (b. 1871 - d. 1948)
1939                       Vladimir Jevtic                    (b. 1887 - d. 1952)
1939 - 1940                Ilija Popovic
1940 - 17 Apr 1941         Stanoje Mihaldzic
Chairman of the State Presidency
20 Dec 1990 -  5 Oct 1996  Alija Izetbegovic                  (b. 1925 - d. 2003)  SDA
                             (Bosniak) 
Chairmen of the Presidency of the Republicą
 5 Oct 1996 - 13 Oct 1998  Alija Izetbegovic (1st time)       (s.a.)               SDA 
                             (Bosniak)
13 Oct 1998 - 15 Jun 1999  Zivko Radisic (1st time)(Serb)     (b. 1937)            SPRS 
15 Jun 1999 - 14 Feb 2000  Ante Jelavic (Croat)               (b. 1963)            HDZ-BiH
14 Feb 2000 - 14 Oct 2000  Alija Izetbegovic (2nd time)       (s.a.)               SDA
14 Oct 2000 - 14 Jun 2001  Zivko Radisic (2nd time)(Serb)     (s.a.)               SPRS
14 Jun 2001 - 14 Feb 2002  Jozo Krizanovic (Croat)            (b. 1944 - d. 2009)  SDP
14 Feb 2002 - 28 Oct 2002  Beriz Belkic (Bosniak)             (b. 1946)            SBiH
28 Oct 2002 -  2 Apr 2003  Mirko Sarovic (Serb)               (b. 1956)            SDS
 2 Apr 2003 - 10 Apr 2003  Dragan Covic (1st time)(acting)    (b. 1956)            HDZ-BiH
                             (Croat)
10 Apr 2003 - 27 Jun 2003  Borislav Paravac (Serb) (1st time) (b. 1943)            SDS
27 Jun 2003 - 28 Feb 2004  Dragan Covic (2nd time) (Croat)    (s.a.)               HDZ-BiH
28 Feb 2004 - 28 Oct 2004  Sulejman Tihic (1st time)(Bosniak) (b. 1951)            SDA
28 Oct 2004 - 28 Jun 2005  Borislav Paravac (2nd time)        (s.a.)               SDS
28 Jun 2005 - 28 Feb 2006  Ivo Miro Jovic (Croat)             (b. 1950)            HDZ-BiH
28 Feb 2006 -  6 Nov 2006  Sulejman Tihic (2nd time)          (s.a.)               SDA
 6 Nov 2006 -  6 Jul 2007  Nebojsa Radmanovic (1st time)(Serb)(b. 1949)            SNSD
 6 Jul 2007 -  6 Mar 2008  Zeljko Komsic (1st time)(Croat)    (b. 1964)            SDP
 6 Mar 2008 -  6 Nov 2008  Haris Silajdzic (1st time)(Bosniak)(b. 1945)            SBiH
 6 Nov 2008 -  6 Jul 2009  Nebojsa Radmanovic (2nd time)      (s.a.)               SNSD
 6 Jul 2009 -  6 Mar 2010  Zeljko Komsic (2nd time)           (s.a.)               SDP
 6 Mar 2010 - 10 Nov 2010  Haris Silajdzic (2nd time)(Bosniak)(s.a.)               SBiH
10 Nov 2010 - 10 Jul 2011  Nebojsa Radmanovic (3rd time)      (s.a.)               SNSD
10 Jul 2011 - 10 Mar 2012  Zeljko Komsic (3rd time)           (s.a.)               SDP
10 Mar 2012 - 10 Nov 2012  Bakir Izetbegovic (1st time)       (b. 1956)            SDA
                            
(Bosniak)      
10 Nov 2012 - 10 Jul 2013  Nebojsa Radmanovic (4th time)      (s.a.)               SNSD
10 Jul 2013 - 10 Mar 2014  Zeljko Komsic (4th time)           (s.a.)               DF
10 Mar 2014 -              Bakir Izetbegovic (2nd time)       (s.a.)               SDA


President of the People's Government 
 3 Nov 1918 -  1 Dec 1918  Atanasije Shola                    (b. 1878 - d. 1955)
Prime ministers
20 Dec 1990 -  9 Nov 1992  Jure Pelivan (Croat)               (b. 1928)            HDZ-BiH
 9 Nov 1992 - 25 Oct 1993  Mile Akmadzic (Croat)              (b. 1939)            HDZ-BiH 
25 Oct 1993 - 30 Jan 1996  Haris Silajdzic (Bosniak)          (s.a.)               SDA
30 Jan 1996 -  3 Jan 1997  Hasan Muratovic (Bosniak)          (b. 1940)            Non-party
Co-prime ministers
 3 Jan 1997 -  3 Feb 1999  Haris Silajdzic (1st time)         (s.a.)               SBiH
                           + Boro Bosic (Serb)                (b. 1950)            SDS
 3 Feb 1999 -  6 Jun 2000  Haris Silajdzic (2nd time)         (s.a.)               SBiH
                           + Svetozar Mihajlovic (Serb)       (b. 1949)            SPRS
Prime ministers
 6 Jun 2000 - 18 Oct 2000  Spasoje Tusevljak (Serb)           (b. 1952)            Non-party
18 Oct 2000 - 22 Feb 2001  Martin Raguz (Croat)               (b. 1958)            HDZ-BiH
22 Feb 2001 - 18 Jul 2001  Bozidar Matic (Croat)              (b. 1937)            SDP
18 Jul 2001 - 15 Mar 2002  Zlatko Lagumdzija (Bosniak)        (b. 1955)            SDP + AP
15 Mar 2002 - 23 Dec 2002  Dragan Mikerevic (Serb)            (b. 1955)            PDP
23 Dec 2002 - 11 Jan 2007  Adnan Terzic (Bosniak)             (b. 1960)            SDA
11 Jan 2007 - 12 Jan 2011  Nikola Spiric (Serb)               (b. 1956)            SNSD
12 Jan 2011 -              Vjekoslav Bevanda (Croat)          (b. 1956)            HDZ-BiH

 

 [Office the High
                Representative]

International High Representatives
14 Dec 1995 - 18 Jun 1997  Carl Bildt (Sweden)                (b. 1949)
18 Jun 1997 - 18 Aug 1999  Carlos Westendorp y Cabeza         (b. 1937)
                             (Spain)
18 Aug 1999 - 27 May 2002  Wolfgang Petritsch (Austria)       (b. 1947)
27 May 2002 - 31 Jan 2006  Jeremy John Durham "Paddy"         (b. 1941)
                             Ashdown, Baron Ashdown 
                             (United Kingdom) 
31 Jan 2006 -  2 Jul 2007  Christian Schwarz-Schilling        (b. 1930)
                             (Germany)
 2 Jul 2007 - 26 Mar 2009  Miroslav Lajcák (Slovakia)         (b. 1963)

26 Mar 2009 -              Valentin Inzko (Austria)           (b. 1949)

Special Representatives of the Secretary-General and Coordinators
of U.N. Operations in Bosnia and Hercegovina (UNIBH)
 5 Jan 1996 - 31 Jan 1996  Antonio Pedauye y González         (b. 1944)
                             (interim)(Spain)
 1 Feb 1996 - 11 Feb 1997  Syed Iqbal Riza (Pakistan)         (b. 1934)
11 Feb 1997 - 15 Jan 1998  Kai Aage Eide (Norway)             (b. 1949) 
16 Jan 1998 - 15 Jul 1999  Elisabeth Rehn (f)(Finland)        (b. 1935)
16 Jul 1999 - 31 Dec 2002  Jacques Paul Klein (U.S.)          (b. 1939)
                             (acting to 2 Aug 1999)

UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR) Military Commanders
29 Jun 1992 -  6 Oct 1992  Lewis W. Mackenzie (Canada)        (b. 1940)
 6 Oct 1992 -  1 Jul 1993  Philippe Morillon (France)         (b. 1935)
 1 Jul 1993 - 24 Jan 1994  Francis Briquemont (Belgium)       (b. 1935)
24 Jan 1994 - 23 Jan 1995  Sir Michael Rose (U.K.)            (b. 1940)
23 Jan 1995 - 20 Dec 1995  Rupert Smith (U.K.)                (b. 1943)
International Force (IFOR) Military Commanders
20 Dec 1995 - 31 Jul 1996  Leighton W. Smith, Jr. (U.S.)      (b. 1940)
31 Jul 1996 -  7 Nov 1996  Thomas Joseph Lopez (U.S.)         (b. 1940)
 7 Nov 1996 - 20 Dec 1996  William Wright Crouch (U.S.)       (b. 1941)
Stabilization Force (SFOR) Military Commanders
20 Dec 1996 - 30 Jul 1997  William Wright Crouch (U.S.)       (s.a.)
30 Jul 1997 - 23 Oct 1998  Eric K. Shinseki (U.S.)            (b. 1942)
23 Oct 1998 - 18 Oct 1999  Montgomery C. Meigs (U.S.)         (b. 1945)
18 Oct 1999 -  8 Sep 2000  Ronald Emerson Adams (U.S.)        (b. 1943)
 8 Sep 2000 -  7 Sep 2001  Michael L. Dodson (U.S.)           (b. 1945)
 7 Sep 2001 -  8 Oct 2002  John B. Sylvester (U.S.)           (b. c.1946)
 8 Oct 2002 -  2 Oct 2003  William "Kip" E. Ward (U.S.)       (b. 1949)
 2 Oct 2003 -  5 Oct 2004  Virgil L. Packett II (U.S.)        (b. 1947)
 5 Oct 2004 -  2 Dec 2004  Steven Paul Schook (U.S.)          (b. 1953)
European Union Peacekeeping Force (EUFOR) Military Commanders
 2 Dec 2004 -  2 Dec 2005  A. David Leakey (U.K.)             (b. 1952)
 6 Dec 2005 -  5 Dec 2006  Gian Marco Chiarini (Italy)        (b. 1952)
 5 Dec 2006 -  4 Dec 2007  Hans-Jochen Witthauer (Germany)    (b. 1950)
 4 Dec 2007 -  4 Dec 2008  Ignacio Martín Villalaín (Spain)   (b. 1947)
 4 Dec 2008 -  3 Dec 2009  Stefano Castagnotto (Italy)        (b. 1956)
 4 Dec 2009 -  6 Dec 2011  Bernhard Bair (Austria)            (b. 1955)
 6 Dec 2011 -  3 Dec 2012  Robert Brieger (Austria)           (b. 1956)
 3 Dec 2012 -              Dieter Heidecker (Austria)         (b. 1954)

 

Austro-Hungarian Joint Ministers of Finance & Ministers for Bosnia and Hercegovina (in Vienna)
16 Sep 1878 - 26 Feb 1879  Common Council of Ministers
                           - Gyula gróf Andrássy de           (b. 1823 - d. 1890)
                              Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka 
                             (minister of the Imperial and Royal
                              House and of Foreign Affairs)
                           - Leopold Freidrich Freiherr       (b. 1822 - d. 1885)
                              von Hofmann (1st time)
                             (minister of finance) 
                           - Arthur Maximilian Adrian Graf    (b. 1821 - d. 1891)
                              Bylandt Freiherr zu Rheydt 
26 Sep 1879 -  8 Apr 1880  Leopold Freidrich Freiherr von     (s.a.)
                             Hofmann (2nd time)
 8 Apr 1880 -  4 Jun 1882  József Szlávy de Erkenéz et        (b. 1818 - d. 1900)
                             Okány
 4 Jun 1882 - 13 Jul 1903  Benjámin Kállay de Nagy-Kálló      (b. 1839 - d. 1903)
14 Jul 1903 - 24 Jul 1903  Agenor Graf Goluchowski von        (b. 1849 - d. 1921)
                             Goluchowo (acting)
24 Jul 1903 - 20 Feb 1912  István báró Burián de Rajec        (b. 1851 - d. 1922)
                             (1st time) 
20 Feb 1912 -  7 Feb 1915  Leo Ritter von Bilinski            (b. 1846 - d. 1923)
 7 Feb 1915 - 28 Oct 1916  Ernst von Koerber                  (b. 1850 - d. 1919)
28 Oct 1916 -  2 Dec 1916  István báró Burián de Rajec        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
 2 Dec 1916 - 22 Dec 1916  Konrad Prinz zu Hohenlohe-         (b. 1863 - d. 1918)
                             Schillingfürst
22 Dec 1916 -  7 Sep 1918  István báró (from 9 May 1918 gróf)
                             Burián de Rajec (3rd time)       (s.a.)
 7 Sep 1918 -  4 Nov 1918  Alexander Freiherr Spitzmüller     (b. 1862 - d. 1953)
                             von Harmersbach
 4 Nov 1918 - 10 Nov 1918  László Szalay (acting)             (b. 1858 - d. 1941)

 ąFollowing the post-war general elections a three-man collective presidency was formed. Alija Izetbegovic (Bosniak)(s.a.) took over as first holder of the rotating chair. The other two were Momcilo Krajisnik (Serb)(b. 1945) and Kresimir Zubak (Croat)(b. 1947).

Note: From 1991 ethnic groups, which played a preeminent role in politics, are listed in parentheses after the name i.e. Adnan Terzic (Bosniak).

Territorial Disputes: Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Hercegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute

Party abbreviations: DF = Demokratska Fronta (Democratic Front, social-democratic, split from SDP, est.2013); HDZ-BiH = Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine (Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croat conservative, est.1990); NHI = Nova Hrvatska Inicijativa (New Croatian Initiative, Croat moderate, split from HDZ, est.1992); PDP = Partija Demokratskog Progresa (Democratic Progress Party, conservative, est.1999); SBiH = Stranka za Bosniu i Hercegovinu (Party for Bosnia-Hercegovina, social-democratic, est.1996); SDA = Stranka Demokratski Akcije (Party of Democratic Action, center-right, Bosniak nationalist, est.1990); SDP = Socijaldemokratska Stranka za Bosniu i Hercegovinu (Social-democratic Party of Bosnia and Hercegovinacenter-left, multi-ethnic party, est.1990); SDS = Srpska Demokratska Stranka (Serbian Democratic Party, far-right, est.1990); SNSD = Stranka Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata (Party of Independent Social Democrats, Serb nationalist, social-democratic, est.2001); SPRS = Socialisticka Partija Republike Srpske (Socialist Party of Republika Srpska, social-democratic, est.1990);
- Former parties: AP = Alijansa za Promjene (Alliance for Change, coalition incl. SDP, SBiH, NHI, 2001-2002)


Federation of Bosnia-Hercegovina
 
[former flag of
                Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina]
                5 Nov 1996 - 14 Jun 2007
 
Map of Croat-Muslim
Federation
Hear National Anthem
Text of National Anthem
(None adopted)
Constitution
(31 May 1994)
Capital: Sarajevo
Currency: Bosnian Marka
(BAM) 
National Holiday: 25 Nov (1943)
National Day
 Population: 2,371,603 (2013)
GDP: $N/A
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: Bosniak 70%,
Croat 28%, Serb 1.4%, others 0.6% (2002)
Total Armed Forces: N/A
Religions: Muslim, Roman Catholic, Serbian Orthodox
Cantons

31 May 1994                Croat-Muslim Federation established (officially the 
                             Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina)
                             (Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine).

Presidents
31 May 1994 - 18 Mar 1997  Kresimir Zubak (Croat)             (b. 1947)            NHI
18 Mar 1997 - 29 Dec 1997  Vladimir Soljic (Croat)            (b. 1943)            HDZ-BiH
29 Dec 1997 -  1 Jan 1999  Ejup Ganic (1st time)(Bosniak)     (b. 1946)            SDA 
 1 Jan 1999 -  1 Jan 2000  Ivo Andric-Luzanski (1st time)     (b. 1956)            HDZ-BiH
                             (Croat)
 1 Jan 2000 -  1 Jan 2001  Ejup Ganic (2nd time)              (s.a.)    SDA;May 2000 Non-party
 1 Jan 2001 - 28 Feb 2001  Ivo Andric-Luzanski (2nd time)     (s.a.)               HDZ-BiH
28 Feb 2001 -  1 Jan 2002  Karlo Filipovic (Croat)            (b. 1954)            SDP
 1 Jan 2002 - 27 Jan 2003  Safet Halilovic (Bosniak)          (b. 1951)            SBiH 
27 Jan 2003 - 22 Feb 2007  Niko Lozancic (Croat)              (b. 1957)            HDZ-BiH
22 Feb 2007 -
17 Mar 2011  Borjana Kristo (f)(Croat)          (b. 1961)            HDZ-BiH
17 Mar 2011 -              Zivko Budimir (Croat)              (b. 1962)
           HSP-BiH

Prime ministers
31 May 1994 - 31 Jan 1996  Haris Silajdzic (Bosniak)          (b. 1945)            SDA
31 Jan 1996 - 18 Dec 1996  Izudin Kapetanovic (Bosniak)       (b. 1953)            SDA
18 Dec 1996 - 11 Jan 2001  Edhem Bicakcic (Bosniak)           (b. 1952)            SDA
11 Jan 2001 -  2 Mar 2001  Dragan Covic (acting) (Croat)      (b. 1956)            HDZ-BiH
 2 Mar 2001 - 14 Feb 2003  Alija Behmen (Bosniak)             (b. 1940)            SBiH
14 Feb 2003 - 22 Mar 2007  Ahmet Hadzipasic (1st time)        (b. 1952 - d. 2008)  SDA
                             (Bosniak)
22 Mar 2007 - 23 Mar 2007  Nedzad Brankovic (1st time)        (b. 1962)            SDA
                             (Bosniak)
23 Mar 2007 - 30 Mar 2007  Ahmet Hadzipasic (2nd time)        (s.a.)               SDA
30 Mar 2007 - 25 Jun 2009 
Nedzad Brankovic (2nd time)        (b. 1962)            SDA
25 Jun 2009 - 
17 Mar 2011  Mustafa Mujezinovic (Bosniak)      (b. 1954)            SDA
17 Mar 2011 -              Nermin Niksic
(Bosniak)            (b. 1960)            SDP

Party abbreviationsHDZ-BiH = Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine (Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatian conservative, est.1990) HSP-BiH = Hrvatska Stranka Prava Bosne i Hercegovine (Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatian nationalist, conservative, populist, est.1992); NHI = Nova Hrvatska Inicijativa (New Croatian Initiative, moderate, split from HDZ, est.1992); SBiH = Stranka za Bosniu i Hercegovinu (Party for Bosnia-Hercegivina, social-democratic, est.1996); SDA = Stranka Demokratski Akcije (Party of Democratic Action, center-right, Bosniak nationalist, est.1990); SDP = Socijaldemokratska Stranka za Bosniu i Hercegovinu (Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Hercegovina, center-left, multi-ethnic party, est.1990)


Republika Srpska 
 
    From 9 Jan 1992, Adopted 24 Nov 1992
 
Map of Republika Srpska Hear National Anthem
"Moja Republika"
(My Republic)
Adopted 16 Jul 2008 
Former National Anthem
  "Boze Pravde"
(God of Justice) 
27 Mar 1992 - 16 Jul 2008
(No lyrics from 31 May 2007)
Constitution
  (27 Mar 1992)
Capital de jure: Sarajevo
Capital de facto: Banja Luka
(seat of government
1992-1998: Pale)
Currency: Convertible Marka
(BAM); to 1997: Serbian
Republic Dinar (BASO)
National Holiday: 9 Jan (1992)
 Day of the Republika Srpksa
(St. Stephen's Day)
 Population: 1,326,991 (2013)
1,391,593 (1996)
GDP: 8.66 million BAM (2012)
Exports: €1.2 million (2012)
Imports: €2.2 million (2012)
(not including trade with the
Federation of Bosnia and
Hercegovnia or Brcko district)

Ethnic groups: Serb 88%, Bosniak 8%,
Croat 4% (2006)
Armed Forces: 6,600 (2002)
fully integrated into B-H forces from 6 Jun 2006
10,185 (2000)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox, Muslim,
Roman Catholic
International Organizations/Treaties: None
Autonomous Regions
(1991-1992)


21 Dec 1991                Establishment of Assembly of the Serb People in Bosnia
                             and Hercegovina (not recognized by Bosnia-Hercegovnia).
 9 Jan 1992                Self-declared Republika Srpska Bosna i Hercegovina
                             Serb Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina) proclaimed.
 7 Apr 1992                Secession from Bosnia-Hercegovina, but not Yugoslavia, declared
                             (
recognized only by Serbia).

12 Aug 1992                Republika Srpska (Serb Republic)

Speaker of the People's Assembly
21 Dec 1991 -  7 Apr 1992  Momcilo Krajisnik                  (b. 1945)            SDS
Presidents of the Presidency
28 Feb 1992 -  7 Apr 1992  Biljana Plavsic (f)                (b. 1930)            SDS
                           + Nikola Koljevic                  (b. 1936 - d. 1997)  SDS
Presidents
 7 Apr 1992 - 19 Jul 1996  Radovan Karadzic                   (b. 1945)            SDS 
                            (to 18 Dec 1992 president of the presidency)
19 Jul 1996 -  4 Nov 1998  Biljana Plavsic (f) "Iron Lady"    (s.a.)          SDS;1997 SNSRS+S
 4 Nov 1998 -  5 Mar 1999  Nikola Poplasen                    (b. 1951)            SRS
                            (removal by international High Representative, 
                             not accepted by Poplasen, enforced 2 Sep 1999)
26 Jan 2000 -  2 Feb 2000  Mirko Sarovic (1st time)           (b. 1956)            SDS
                            (not recognized by High Representative)
16 Dec 2000 - 28 Nov 2002  Mirko Sarovic (2nd time)           (s.a.)               SDS
28 Nov 2002 -  9 Nov 2006  Dragan Cavic                       (b. 1958)            SDS 
 9 Nov 2006 - 30 Sep 2007  Milan Jelic                        (b. 1956 - d. 2007)  SNSD
 1 Oct 2007 - 28 Dec 2007  Igor Radojicic (interim)           (b. 1966)            SNSD
28 Dec 2007 - 15 Nov 2010  Rajko Kuzmanovic                   (b. 1931)            SNSD
15 Nov 2010 -              Milorad Dodik                      (b. 1959)            SNSD
 

President of the Ministerial Council
21 Dec 1991 - 22 Apr 1992  Miodrag Simovic                    (b. 1952)            SDS
Prime ministers
22 Apr 1992 - 20 Jan 1993  Branko Djeric                      (b. 1948)            SDS
20 Jan 1993 - 18 Aug 1994  Vladimir Lukic                     (b. 1933)            SDS 
18 Aug 1994 - 16 Oct 1995  Dusan Kozic                        (b. 1958)            SDS
16 Oct 1995 - 18 May 1996  Rajko Kasagic                      (b. 1942)            SDS
18 May 1996 - 31 Jan 1998  Gojko Klickovic                    (b. 1955)            SDS
31 Jan 1998 - 16 Jan 2001  Milorad Dodik (1st time)           (s.a.)               SNSD + S
16 Jan 2001 - 17 Jan 2003  Mladen Ivanic                      (b. 1958)            PDP 
17 Jan 2003 - 17 Feb 2005  Dragan Mikerevic                   (b. 1955)            PDP
17 Feb 2005 - 28 Feb 2006  Pero Bukejlovic                    (b. 1946)            SDS 
28 Feb 2006 - 15 Nov 2010  Milorad Dodik (2nd time)           (s.a.)               SNSD
15 Nov 2010 - 
 3 Feb 2011  Anton Kasipovic (acting)           (b. 1956)            Non-party
 3 Feb 2011 -
13 Mar 2013  Aleksandar Dzombic                 (b. 1968)            SNSD
13 Mar 2013 -              Zeljka Cvijanovic (f)              (b. 1967)            SNSD


Party abbreviations: PDP
= Partija Demokratskog Progresa (Democratic Progress Party, conservative, est.1999); SDS = Srpska Demokratska Stranka (Serbian Democratic Party, Serb nationalist, est.1990); SNSD = Stranka Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata (Party of Independent Social Democrats, Serb nationalist, social-democratic, est.2001); SNSRS = Srpski Narodni Savez Republike Srpske (Serbian People's Union of Republika Srpska, B. Plavšic personalist, moderate); SRS = Srpska Radikalna Stranka Republike Srpske (Serb Radical Party of Republika Srpska, xenophobic Serb-nationalist, est.1992);
- Former parties: S = Sloga ("Unity", moderate-Serb reformist coalition of SNS, SPRS, & SNSD, 1998-2000)


Brcko
[Bosnia and Herzegovina]
Map of Brcko District
Hear National Anthem
"Drzavna himna Bosne i
 Hercegovine" (The National
 Anthem of Bosnia and
 Hercegovina)
Hear Local Anthem
(None adopted)
Brcko Statue
(7 Dec 1999)
Capital: Brcko
Currency: Bosnian Marka
(BAM) 
National Holiday: 25 Nov (1943)
National Day
 Population: 93,028 (2013)
GDP: $N/A
(included in B-H figure)
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
(included in B-H figures)
Ethnic groups: Serb 46.5%, Bosniak 43.9%,
Croat 11.5% (2006)
Total Police Forces: 180 (2000)
Religions: Serbian Orthodox, Muslim,
Roman Catholic

14 Feb 1997                International arbitration panel decides to put Brcko area
                             under international supervision.
 8 Mar 2000                District of Brcko created, part of neither Republika Srpska
                             nor Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina (though for some
                             purposes part of both)(The Brcko District of Bosnia and
                             Hercegovina).

International Supervisors
 7 Mar 1997 -  2 Jun 2000  Robert William Farrand (U.S.)      (b. 1934)
 2 Jun 2000 - 14 Mar 2001  Gary L. Matthews (U.S.)            (b. 1938)
14 Mar 2001 - 20 Apr 2001  Gerhard Sontheim (Germany)
                             (1st time)(acting) 
20 Apr 2001 -  1 Oct 2003  Henry Lee Clarke (U.S.)            (b. 1941)
 1 Oct 2003 - 16 Jan 2004  Gerhard Sontheim (Germany)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
16 Jan 2004 -  1 Oct 2006  Susan Rockwell Johnson (f) (U.S.)  (b. 1951?)
 1 Oct 2006 -  2 Aug 2010  Raffi Gregorian (U.S.)             (b. 1964)
 2 Aug 2010 - 22 Sep 2010  Gerhard Sontheim (Germany)
                             (3rd time)(acting)
22 Sep 2010 - 21 Oct 2013  Roderick W. Moore (U.S.)           (b. 1964)
                             (suspends functions from 31 Aug 2012)
21 Oct 2013 -              Tamir G. Waser (U.S.)              (b. 1956?)


Mayors

Mar 1994 - 13 Nov 1997     Miodrag Pajic (Serb)               (b. 1950)            SDS
13 Nov 1997 - 15 Apr 1999  Borko Reljic (Serb)                (b. 1952)            SDS
15 Apr 1999 - 12 Nov 2003  Sinisa Kisic (Serb)                (b. 1954)            SPRS
12 Nov 2003 -  3 Dec 2003  Ivan Krndelj (Croat) (acting)      (b. 1959)            NHI
 3 Dec 2003 -  8 Dec 2004  Branko Damjanac (Serb)             (b. 1947)            SPRS
 8 Dec 2004 - 12 Feb 2009  Mirsad Djapo (Bosniak)             (b. 1953)            SDP
12 Feb 2009 - 
14 Sep 2011  Dragan Pajic (Serb)                (b. 1956)            SNSD
14 Sep 2011 - 23 Nov 2012  Miroslav Gavric (Serb)             (b. 1971)            SNSD
23 Nov 2012 -              Anto Domic (Croat)                 (b. 1967)            HDZ-BiH


Party abbreviations:
HDZ-BiHHrvatska Demokratska Zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine (Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatian conservative, est.1990); NHI = Nova Hrvatska Inicijativa (New Croatian Initiative, moderate, split from HDZ, est.1992); SDP = Socijaldemokratska Stranka za Bosniu i Hercegovinu (Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Hercegovina, multi-ethnic party); SDS = Srpska demokratska stranka (Serbian Democratic Party, Serb nationalist, est.1990); SNSD = Stranka Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata (Party of Independent Social Democrats, Serb nationalist, social-democratic, est.2001); SPRS = Socialisticka Partija Republike Srpske (Socialist Party of Republika Srpska, social-democratic, est.1990)



Herceg-Bosna
 
[Herzeg-Bosnia]
                    28 Aug 1993 - 17 Dec 1996
 
Map of Herceg-Bosna
Hear National Anthem
 "Lijepa nasa domovino"
(Our Beautiful Homeland)
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 1993
Constitution
(none)
Capital: Mostar
(Headquarters: Grude)
Currency: Croatian Kuna
(HRK) 
Local Holiday: N/A
 Population: 169,000
(1996 est.)
GDP: $N/A
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: Croat, Bosniak
Total Armed Forces: 4,000 (1996)
Merchant marine: None (1996)
Religions: Roman Catholic, other
International Organizations/Treaties: None

18 Nov 1991                Establishment of Croatian Community of Herceg-Bosna 
                             (Hrvatska Zajednica Herceg-Bosna) declared in Grude.
28 Aug 1993                Croatian Republic of Herceg-Bosna (Hrvatska Republika Herceg-Bosna)
                             within Bosnia-Hercegovina.
31 May 1994                Herceg-Bosna part of the Federation of Bosnia-Hercegovina.
17 Dec 1996                Formally dissolved.

President of the Croatian Community
18 Nov 1991 - 28 Aug 1993  Mate Boban                         (b. 1939 - d. 1997)  HDZ-BiH
Presidents
28 Aug 1993 - 16 Feb 1994  Mate Boban                         (s.a.)               HDZ-BiH
16 Feb 1994 - 17 Dec 1996  Kresimir Zubak                     (b. 1947)            HDZ-BiH
 1 Jun 1994 - 17 Dec 1996  Ivan Bender (acting for Zubak)     (b. 1947)            HDZ-BiH

President of the Croatian Defense Council
14 Aug 1992 - 20 Nov 1993  Jadranko Prlic                     (b. 1959)            HDZ-BiH
Prime ministers
20 Nov 1993 - 15 Jun 1996  Jadranko Prlic                     (s.a.)               HDZ-BiH
16 Jun 1996 - 17 Dec 1996  Pero Markovic                                           HDZ-BiH

Party abbreviation: HDZ-BiHHrvatska Demokratska Zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine (Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatian conservative, est.1990)



Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia
 
[Western Bosnia
                          (Zapadna Bosna) (Bosnia and Herzegovina,
                          1993-1995)]
                     27 Sep 1993 - 21 Aug 1994, 
                     16 Nov 1994 - 7 Aug 1995
 
Map of Western Bosnia
Hear National Anthem
Text of National Anthem
Constitution
Capital: Velika Kladusa
Currency: Bosnian Marka
(BAM) 
National Holiday: N/A
 Population: N/A
GDP: $N/A
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: Bosniak, Serb, Croat
Total Armed Forces: N/A
Merchant marine: None
Religions: Muslim, other
International Organizations/Treaties: None
 
27 Sep 1993                Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia (Autonomna
                             Pokrajina Zapadna Bosna) proclaimed in Cazinska Krajina                               around Bihac (not recognized).
21 Aug 1994                Bosnian/Croatian forces take control.
16 Nov 1994                Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia (restored).
26 Jul 1995                Independence proclaimed as the Republic of Western Bosnia
                             (Republika Zapadna Bosna)(not recognized).
 7 Aug 1995                Bosnian/Croatian forces regain control. 

President
27 Sep 1993 - 21 Aug 1994  Fikret Abdic "Babo" (1st time)     (b. 1939)            DNZ
                             (acting)(Bosnian Muslim)
16 Nov 1994 -  7 Aug 1995  Fikret Abdic "Babo" (2nd time)     (s.a.)               DNZ
                             (acting)

Prime minister
27 Sep 1993 - 21 Aug 1994  Zlatko Jusic (Croat)               (b. 1949)

Party abbreviation: DNZ = Demokratska Narodna Zajednica (Democratic People's Union, right-wing, est.1993)



Socialist Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina
 
                     1944 - 31 Dec 1946 (unofficial) 
[Flag of
                            Former Bosnia-Herzegovina]
                     31 Dec 1946 - 3 Jul 1990

 2 Dec 1945                People's Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina
 7 Jul 1963                Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina

Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party 
(from 1952, League of Communists)
Dec 1943 - Mar 1965        Djuro "Stari" Pucar                (b. 1899 - d. 1979)
Mar 1965 - 1969            Cvijetin Mijatovic                 (b. 1913 - d. 1993)
1969 - Apr 1978            Branko Mikulic                     (b. 1928 - d. 1994)
Apr 1978 - May 1982        Nikola Stojanovic                  (b. 1933)
23 May 1983 - 28 May 1984  Hamdija Pozderac                   (b. 1923 - d. 1988)
28 May 1984 - Jun 1986     Mato Andric                        (b. 1928)
Jun 1986 - May 1988        Milan Uzelac                       (b. 1932 - d. 2005)
May 1988 - 29 Jun 1989     Abdulah Mutapcic                   (b. 1932)
29 Jun 1989 - Dec 1990     Nijaz Djurakovic                   (b. 1949 - d. 2012)

Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation
25 Nov 1943 - 26 Apr 1945  Vojislav "Djedo" Kecmanovic        (b. 1881 - d. 1961)  KPBiH
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
26 Apr 1945 - Nov 1946     Vojislav "Djedo" Kecmanovic        (s.a.)               KPBiH
Nov 1946 - Sep 1948        Djuro "Stari" Pucar                (s.a.)               KPBiH
Sep 1948 - Mar 1953        Vlado Segrt                        (b. 1907 - d. 1991)  KPBiH;1952
Presidents of the People's Assembly                                                SKBiH
Mar 1953 - Dec 1953        Vlado Segrt                        (s.a.)               SKBiH
Dec 1953 - Jun 1963        Djuro "Stari" Pucar                (s.a.)               SKBiH
Jun 1963 - 1967            Ratomir "Rato" Dugonjic            (b. 1916 - d. 1987)  SKBiH
1967 - 1971                Dzemal Bijedic                     (b. 1917 - d. 1977)  SKBiH
1971 - May 1974            Hamdija Pozderac                   (s.a.)               SKBiH
Presidents of the Presidency
May 1974 - Apr 1978        Ratomir "Rato" Dugonjic            (s.a.)               SKBiH
Apr 1978 - Apr 1982        Raif Dizdarevic                    (b. 1926)            SKBiH
Apr 1982 - 26 Apr 1984     Branko Mikulic                     (s.a.)               SKBiH
26 Apr 1984 - 26 Apr 1985  Milanko Renovica                   (b. 1928 - d. 2013)  SKBiH
26 Apr 1985 - Apr 1987     Munir Mesihovic                    (b. 1928)            SKBiH
Apr 1987 - Apr 1988        Mato Andric                        (s.a.)               SKBiH
Apr 1988 - Apr 1989        Nikola Filipovic                   (b. 1928)            SKBiH
Apr 1989 - 20 Dec 1990     Obrad Piljak                       (b. 1933)            SKBiH

Minister for Bosnia and Hercegovina (part of Yugoslav government)
 7 Mar 1945 - 27 Apr 1945  Rodoljub Colakovic                 (b. 1900 - d. 1983)  KPBiH
Prime ministers
27 Apr 1945 - Sep 1948     Rodoljub Colakovic                 (s.a.)               KPBiH
Sep 1948 - Mar 1953        Djuro "Stari" Pucar                (s.a.)          KPBiH;1952 SKBiH
Chairmen of the Executive Council
Mar 1953 - Dec 1953        Djuro "Stari" Pucar                (s.a.)               SKBiH
Dec 1953 - 1956            Avdo Humo                          (b. 1914 - d. 1983)  SKBiH
1956 - 1963                Osman Karabegovic                  (b. 1911 - d. 1996)  SKBiH
1963 - 1965                Hasan Brkic                        (b. 1913 - d. 1965)  SKBiH
1965 - 1967                Rudi Kolak                         (b. 1918 - d. 2004)  SKBiH
1967 - 1969                Branko Mikulic                     (s.a.)               SKBiH
1969 - Apr 1974            Dragutin Kosovac                   (b. 1924 - d. 2012)  SKBiH
Apr 1974 - 28 Apr 1982     Milanko Renovica                   (s.a.)               SKBiH
28 Apr 1982 - 28 Apr 1984  Seid Maglajlija                    (b. 1940)            SKBiH
28 Apr 1984 - Apr 1986     Gojko Ubiparip                     (b. 1927 - d. 2000)  SKBiH
Apr 1986 - Apr 1988        Josip Lovrenovic                   (b. 1929)            SKBiH
Apr 1988 - 20 Dec 1990     Marko Ceranic                                           SKBiH

Party abbreviations: SKBiH = Savez Komunista Bosniu i Hercegovinu (League of Bosnia-Hercegovina Communists, 1952-1990);
- former Parties: KPBiH = Komunisticka Partija Bosniu i Hercegovinu (Communist Party of Bosnia-Hercegovina, 1945-1952, renamed SKBiH)



© Ben Cahoon