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Provinces of France before 1791

Provinces and Governments Alsace - Anjou - Artois - Aunis - Auvergne - Béarn et Navarre - Berry - Boulonnais - Bourbonnais - Bourgogne (Burgundy) - Bretagne (Brittany) - Champagne et Brie - Corse (Corsica) - Dauphiné - Flandre et Hainaut - Foix, Donnezan, et Andorre - Franche-Comté - Guyenne et Gascogne - Ile de France - Languedoc - Le Havre - Limousin - Lorraine et Barrois - Lyonnais - Maine et Perche - Marche - Metz et Verdun - Nice - Nivernois - Normandie - Orléanais - Paris - Picardie - Poitou - Provence - Roussillon - Saintonge et Angoumois - Saumur et Saumurois - Sedan - Toul et Toulois - Touraine - Generalities: Aix-en-Provence - Alençon - Amiens - Auch - Besançon - Bordeaux - Bourges - Caen - Chȃlons - Dijon - Grenoble - La Rochelle - Lille - Limoges - Lyon - Metz - Montauban - Montpellier - Moulins - Nancy - Orléans - Paris - Perpignan - Poitiers - Rennes - Riom - Rouen - Soissons - Strasbourg - Toulouse - Tours - Valenciennes - Former Governments: Bar - Belle Ile - Calais - Charolais - Dombes - Dunkerque - Éitval - Orange - Pau - Remiremont - Savoie - Trévoux -


Provinces and Governments

   In 1789, there were three kinds of administrative divisions in the Kingdom of France.
The dioceses were ecclesiastic divisions, which dated back to the Roman times. Roman Catholicism was the official religion of France, which was known as La Fille Aînée de l'Eglise ("The Church's Elder Daughter"), following King Louis XIII's vow.
   The provinces were military gouvernements (governments), mostly established in the 14th century. By the law of 18 Mar 1776 their number was fixed at 39 of which 32 were grands grouvernements (greater governments) and 7 were lesser ones or petits grouvernements enclaved into the greater ones.  Smaller feudal divisions remained as subdivisions of the governments. They were called bailliages (bailiwicks) in the north of France, sénéchaussées in the south-west, and vigueries in Provence. These are not covered in this record.
   The généralités (generalities) and the intendances (intendancies) were financial divisions, mostly established in the XVI-XVIIth centuries. An intendance was the territory administrated by an intendant, who was the direct representative of the King. In 1555, the first maîtres de requêtes, later renamed intendants, were appointed. The intendants were the most powerful people of the kingdom after the King himself, and their position was often dynastic.
   The borders of the different divisions did not match each other. This lack of unity was caused by the heterogeneous historical formation of France. The kings progressively incorporated to their own domain (domaine royal) large feudal and princely states, whose institutions and privileges they promised to respect. Some provinces (Brittany, Provence, Béarn) recognized the King only as their Duke, Count, or Lord. Several of these states kept their political institutions (Etats [states]) and administrated taxes. As an example,
Provence, incorporated to France in 1481, kept its Etats in Aix-en-Provence and had a specific "Provencal Constitution". Provence was divided into vigueries, but its two main cities, Arles and Marseilles, had a specific status of terres adjacentes à régime spécial ("adjacent areas with specific regime").
   As explained by Alexis de Tocqueville in "L'Ancien Régime et la Révolution" (1856), "the administrative centralization was an institution of the Ancient Regime and not a realization
of the Revolution and the Empire, as often wrongly assumed." As direct representatives of the Kings, the intendants gained more and more power, whereas the military governor's function became purely honorific as early as in the 17th century. At that time, Richelieu, one of the great reformers of the French state, believed that powerful military governors were more a threat than a protection for the royal power, and ordered the demolition of most fortresses located quite far from the borders. In parallel, Richelieu consolidated the power of the intendants, which was a convenient means to collect taxes from reluctant local lords and thereby consolidate royal power.
   The tax status of the provinces was also complex, at least nominally: in the pays d'élections (most provinces), the taxes were administered in each circumscription, called élection, by local representatives, called élus; in the pays d'Etats (Bretagne, Bourgogne, Béarn, County of Foix, Languedoc, Provence and Dauphiné), the taxes were administered by a provincial assembly, or Etats (States). Some former feudal states, although no longer governments, kept their States, e.g. Gévaudan, Velay and Vivarais. Of course, the King did not enjoy those States, who often opposed to his decisions, and progressively suppressed them or diminished their power; in the pays d'imposition (Flandre, Artois, Lorraine, Alsace, Franche-Comté and Roussillon), which had been incorporated in the 17th to the 18th centuries, there were neither élections nor états, and the taxes were administered directly by the intendants.
   The governments were formally abolished 1 Jan 1791. (2 or 3) denotes a second or third order government, all the others are of the first order.

Noble titles: chevalier = knight; comte/comtesse = count/countess; duc/duchesse = duke/duchess; empereur/impératrice = emperor/empress; roi/reine = king; marquis/marquise = marquess/marchioness; prince/princesse = prince/princess; seigneur/seigneuresse = lord/lady; viscomte/vicomtesse = viscount/viscountess

Ecclesiastical titles: abbé = abbot; archevêque = archbishop; cardinal = cardinal; evêque = bishop


Alsace
[Alsace Region flag
                    1949-2003 (France)]

24 Oct 1648                Haute-Alsace (Upper-Alsace) annexed by France.
 5 Feb 1679                Basse-Alsace (Lower-Alsace) annexed by France.
30 Sep 1681                Strasbourg (Strassburg) annexed.

Governors
1648 - Dec 1659            Henri de Lorraine, comte        (b. 1601 - d. 1666)
                             d'Harcourt, d'Armagnac, de
                             Brionne et vicomte de Marsan
                            (lieutenant-general of the King in Haute and
                            
Basse-Alsace and Grand bailie of Haguenau)
Dec 1659 -  9 Mar 1661     Jules Cardinal Mazarin,         (b. 1602 - d. 1661)
                             duc de Nevers
 9 Mar 1661 -  9 Feb 1713  Armand Charles de La Porte      (b. 1632 - d. 1713)
                             de La Meilleraye, duc de
                             Mazarin, 2e duc de La Meilleraye,
                             duc de Mayenne, prince de Château-
                             Porcien, marquis de Montcornet,
                             comte de La Fère et comte de Marle

14 Feb 1713 - 10 Apr 1730  Nicolas Chalon du Blé, marquis  (b. 1652 - d. 1730)
                             marquis d'Uxelles et de Cormatin,
                             chevalier du Saint-EspriHuxelles 

11 Apr 1730 - 15 Jan 1739  Eléonor Marie du Maine,         (b. 1655 - d. 1739)
                             comte Du Bourg, baron de
                             1'Espinasse

26 Jan 1739 - 18 Dec 1759  François de Franquetot de Coigny(b. 1670 - d. 1759)
                             duc de Coigny
19 Dec 1759 -  7 Feb 1762  Jean-Baptiste François          (b. 1682 - d. 1762)
                             Deamarets, marquis de Maillebois
 1 Mar 1762 -  1 Sep 1788  Emmanuel Armand de Vignerot du  (b. 1720 - d. 1788) 
                             Plessis-Richelieu, duc
                             d'Aiguillon

16 Nov 1788 -  2 Jun 1789  Jacques Philippe de Choiseul,   (b. 1727 - d. 1789)
                             comte et duc de Choiseul-Stainville,
                             baron de Dommanges

  2 Jun 1789 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant


Angoumois: see Saintonge and Angoumois



Anjou (2)

[Anjou (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
908                        County of Anjou
1214                       Part of the Royal domain (confiscated in 1202). 
20 Aug 1560 - Oct 1567     Anjou part of the Government of Tourraine.
 8 Feb 1566 - 30 May 1574  Duchy of Anjou an apanage for Henri de France (future 
                             King Henri III).
May 1576 - 10 Jun 1584     Duchy of Anjou an apanage for François de France,
                             duc d'Alençon, brother of King Henri III.

Governors
Aug 1666 - 1712            Louis de Lorraine, comte        (b. 1641 - d. 1718)
                             d'Armagnac, comte de 
                             Brionne et de Charny,
                             (from 1692) prince de Lambesc

1712 - 1740                Louis de Lorraine, prince de    (b. 1692 - d. 1743)
                             Lambesc, comte de Brionne
                             et de Braine 
 8 Jul 1740 - 28 Jun 1761  Charles Louis de Lorraine,      (b. 1725 - d. 1761)
                             prince de Lambesc, comte 
                             de Brionne 
 1 Aug 1761 - 1789         Charles Eugène de Lorraine,     (b. 1751 - d. 1825)
                             prince de Lambesc, comte de
                             Brionne, (from 1763) duc
                             d'Elbeuf



Artois(2)

[Artois (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
932                        Part of Flanders.
1180 - 1226                French rule. 
1226                       Part of the Royal domain.
1237                       County of Artois
1382 - 16 Mar 1405         Part of Flanders.
1390 - 1688                County of Charolais a Burgundian (from 1482 Habsburg, from 1556
                             Spanish) possession.

16 Mar 1405 - 1482         Burgundian possession.

1482 - 1492                French rule. 
1492 - 1659                Burgundian (later Habsburg) possession.
1764                       Artois a separate government; detached from Picardy.

Governors
22 Sep 1764 - 20 Nov 1787  François Gaston de Lévis,       (b. 1719 - d. 1787)
                             (from 1784 duc de Lévis)
 1 Jan 1788 - 1789         Adrien Louis de Bonnières,      (b. 1735 - d. 1806)
                             comte de Souastre, duc de Guines



Pays d'Aunis et de La Rochelle  (2)

[Aunis (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1223                       County of Anuis part of the Royal Domain.
1626                       Government separated from Saintonge.

Governors
 8 Jan 1688 - 1710         Charles Auguste de Goyon de     (b. 1647 - d. 1729)
                             Matignon, comte de Gacé 
10 May 1710 - 27 Aug 1747  Louis Jean-Baptiste de Goyon    (b. 1682 - d. 1747)
                             de Matignon, comte de Gacé 
19 Sep 1747 - 1761         Louis Charles César Le Tellier, (b. 1695 - d. 1771)
                             marquis de Courtanvaux, comte 
                             d'Estrées 
25 Apr 1761 - 23 Jan 1771  Jean Charles Saint-Nectaire,    (b. 1685 - d. 1771)
                             marquis de Sénectère, marquis de
                             Saint Victour, marquis de Brinon-
                             sur-Sandres et de Pisani, baron
                             de Didonne et de Saint-Germain-
                             sur-Vienne dans la Marche,
                             seigneur de Brillac

c.Feb 1771 - Oct 1771      Jean Paul Timoléon de Cossé-    (b. 1698 - d. 1784)
                             Brissac, duc de Brissac
21 Oct 1771 -  1 Jan 1791  Guy André Pierre de Montmorency (b. 1723 - d. 1798) 
                             -Laval, duc de Laval, baron de
                             la Marche, marquis de Lezay



Auvergne (2)

[Auvergne (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1213                       County of Auvergne part of the Royal domain.
21 May 1652 - 1556/63      Abolished (from 21 Jun 1547 part of Lyonnais). 

Governors
1659 - 1721                Godefroy Maurice de La Tour     (b. 1636 - d. 1721)
                             d'Auvergne, duc d'Albret, duc
                             de Château-
Thierry, duc de
                             Bouillon 

1721 - 17 May 1730         Emmanuel Théodose de la Tour    (b. 1668 - d. 1730)
                             d'Auvergne, duc d'Albret, duc
                             de Château-
Thierry, duc de
                             Bouillon 

17 May 1730 - 24 Oct 1771  Charles Godefroy de la Tour     (b. 1706 - d. 1771)
                             d'Auvergne, duc d'Albret, duc
                             de Chäteau-
Thierry, duc de
                             Bouillon 

11 Nov 1771 -  1 Jan 1791  Godefroy Charles de la Tour,    (b. 1728 - d. 1792)
                             d'Auvergne, duc d'Albret, duc
                             de Château-
Thierry, duc de
                             Bouillon



Haute et Basse Navarre et Béarn
 
[Béarn (Traditional
                        province, France)]
Flag of Béarn
[Standard of the Kings
                        of Navarre since 1212, also used as flag of
                        Basse Navarre]
Flag of Kingdom of Navarre

824                        Separated from Gascogne by revolt; Kingdom of Pamplona
                             (see under Spain).

843                        Viscounty of Béarn under the suzerainty of the King of France.
18 Oct 1035                Pamplona divided into separate Kingdom of Navarra (Regnum Navarre)
                             (see under
Spain), Kingdom of Aragón and Kingdom of Castile.
26 Apr 1290                Counts of Foix acquire Béarn
.
19 Jan 1479                Foix in union with Navarre.
25 Jul 1512                Upper Navarra (Kingdom of Navarra south of the Pyrenees)
                             is annexed to the
Spanish monarchy, but retaining its many
                             fueros (privileges); oath of allegiance of Estates 23 Mar 1513
.
May 1521 - 30 Jun 1521     Navarrese-Béarnese army supporting the House of Albret occupies
                             Spanish Navarra.

 2 Aug 1589                Lower Navarre (Basse-Navarre) is inherited by the King of France.
Jul 1607                   Edict on union of Béarn and N
avarre (revoking the letters patent of
                             1590 and 1591), united to the crown all estates which were within
                             the Kingdom of France.
20 Oct 1620                Béarn and Navarre fully incorporated into royal domain of France.
12 Oct 1789                French National Assembly removes the style Roi de Navarre (king of
                             Navarre) from the French royal style.
28 Oct 1789                Separate privileges of
Béarn abolished.
 
4 Mar 1790                Benapara, Lapurdi and Zuberoa merged with neighboring Béarn into
                             the French department of Basse-Pyrénées.
14 Sep 1791                Remaining privileges of Basse-Navarre are abolished by France.

Kings/Queens¹
- from 25 Jul 1512 in Basse-Navarre at Béarn only -
30 Jan 1483 – 12 Feb 1517  Catharina I (
Katalina I) –Queen (b. 1468 – d. 1517)
                           - jointly with -
14 Jul 1484 – 14 Jun 1516  Jean III d'Albret (
Joanes III)  (b. 1469 – d. 1516)
12 Feb 1517 – 25 May 1555  Henri II (
Henrike II)           (b. 1503 – d. 1555)
25 May 1555 –  8 Jun 1572  Jeanne III (
Joana III) –Queen   (b. 1528 – d. 1572)
                           - jointly with -
25 May 1555 – 17 Nov 1562  Antoine I de Bourbon (
Antonio I)(b. 1518 – d. 1562)
 9 Jun 1572 – 14 May 1610  Henri III (Henrike III)         (b. 1553 – d. 1610)
                             (from 2 Aug 1589, Henri IV King of France)

14 May 1610 – 20 Oct 1620  Louis II (Luis II)              (b. 1601 – d. 1643)
                             (Louis XIII King of France)
20 Oct 1620 - 14 Sep 1791  the kings of France

Viceroys of Béarn and Navarre
 2 Jul 1678 - 25 Oct 1720  Antoine IV Charles, comte de    (b. 1641 - d. 1720)
                             Guiche, duc de Gramont
1720 - 16 Sep 1725         Antoine V, duc de Guiche, duc   (b. 1671 - d. 1725)
                             de Gramont
1725 - 16 May 1741         Antoine VI Louis Armand, duc de (b. 1688 - d. 1741)

                             Gramont
31 May 1741 - 11 May 1745  Louis, duc de Gramont           (b. 1689 - d. 1745)
15 May 1745 -  1 Jan 1791  Antoine VII, duc de Gramont,    (b. 1722 - d. 1801)
                             comte de Lescun

 ¹The full style 2 Aug 1589 - 14 Sep 1791: par la grâce de Dieu, Roi de France et de Navarre/Dei Gratia Francorum et Navarrae Rex ("by the grace of God, king of France and of Navarre")



Haut et Bas Berri (Berry) (2)

[Berry (Traditional
                  province, France)]

c.750                      Counties of Berry et Bourges
843                        Berry part of the Royal domain.
c.878 - 92.                Part of Auuvergne.
972                        County of Berry et Vicomtes de Bourges
1101                       Vicomté de Bourges annexed by France.
1360                       Duchy of Berry
1221                       Seigneuries of Châteauroux et d'Issoudun annexed. 
May 1576 - 10 Jun 1584     Berry an apanage for François de France, 
                             duc d'Alençon, brother of King Henri III.

Governors
14 Mar 1698 - May 1715     Adrien Maurice de Noailles,     (b. 1678 - d. 1766)
                             comte d'Ayen, duc de Noailles, 
                             marquis de Montclar, comte de
                             La Motte Tilly et de Nogent-le-
                             Roi, vicomte de Carlux

12 Aug 1715 - 21 Aug 1736  Louis d'Arpajon, marquis        (b. 1667 - d. 1736)
                            
d'Arpajon, marquis de Châtres 
1737 - 1751                Louis Jean Claude de Talleyrand (b. 1680 - d. 1757) 
                             -Périgord, prince de Chalais
 1 Jan 1752 - 1760         Gabriel Marie de Talleyrand-    (b. 1726 - d. 1795)
                             Périgord, comte de Périgord 
19 Jun 1760 - 18 Jul 1789  Louis François Joseph de        (b. 1734 - d. 1814)
                             Bourbon, comte de La Marche,
                             (from 1776, prince de Conti)



Pays Boulonnais (2)

[historic flag of
                  Boulonnais (France)]

1212 - 1501                County of Boulogne
1501                       Confiscated by the Royal domain.
20 Jul 1752                Government of Boulonnais disunited from the

                             government general of Picardie.

Governors
20 Jul 1752 - 15 Apr 1782  Louis Marie Augustin
d'Aumont   (b. 1709 - d. 1782)
                             de Rochebaron, duc d'Aumont
15 Apr 1782 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Alexandre Céleste         (b. 1736 - d. 1814)
                             d'Aumont, duc d'Aumont, marquis
                             et duc de Villequier, marquis
                             de Genlis



Bourbonnais (2)

[Bourbonnais (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
c.1028                     County of Bourbonnais
1327                       Duchy of Bourbonnais
1400                       Duchy of Bourbonnais an apanage of the Royal domain.
1527                       Confiscated by the Royal domain.
c.1562                     Government of Bourbonnais, detached from Lyonnais.

Governors
13 Oct 1676 - 1709?        Françoise Louise de La Baume Le (b. 1644 - d. 1710)
                             Blanc, duchesse de La
                             Vallière (f)
                            (during minority of Charles François)
1676 - 22 Jul 1739         Charles François de La Baume    (b. 1670 - d. 1739)

                             Le Blanc, marquis (from Feb 1723)
                             duc de La Vallière 

1739 - Apr 1754            Louis César de la Baume Le      (b. 1708 - d. 1780) 
                             Blanc, duc de la Valière 
15 Jul 1754 -  1 Jan 1791  Jean Henri de Moret,            (b. 1736 - d. 1812)
                             seigneur de Peyre, marquis de
                             Montarnal, seigneur de
                             Marchastel et de Marvejouls                            



Duché de Bourgogne (Burgundy)

[Burgundy (Traditional
                  province, France)]

411 - 535                  Teutonic Kingdom of the Burgundians
535                        Part of Frankish kingdom.
879                        Kingdom of Burgundy
882 - 884                  Part of Frankish kingdom.
884 - 890                  Part of Germany.
933 - 1033                 Kingdom of Arles (Regnum Arelatens)(nominally to 1378).
982                        (Free) County of Burgundy (see
Franch-Comte).
1004                       Duchy of Burgundy (Ducatus Burgundiae).

1032                       Upper Burgundy part of Holy Roman Empire.
1272 - 1601                Bresse under the House of Savoy.
21 Nov 1361                King of France Jean II recovers the duchy and grants it to his son
                             Philippe "le Hardi" as apanage.

 5 Jan 1477                Duke Charles "the Bold" dies in battle, his territories in France
                             including Burgundy proper, Flanders, Artois and the Picardy are
                             seized as reverted fiefs by the French king.
 5 Jan 1477 - 1482         Possesion of Duchy of Burgundy disputed between France and Habsburgs.
23 Dec 1482                Recognized as part of France by Treaty of Arras.
17 Jan 1601                Bresse and Bugey ceded to France by Savoy in Treaty of Lyon.

Governors
1676 -  1 Apr 1709         Henri Jules de Bourbon,         (b. 1643 - d. 1709)
                             (from 1686 prince de Condé),
                             duc de Bourbon, duc de Bellegarde,
                             duc de Châteauroux, duc de
                             Montmorency, duc d'Enghien, duc
                             de Guise, marquis de Graville,
                             comte de Sancerre, comte de
                             Charolais, seigneur de Chantilly

 1 Apr 1709 -  4 Mar 1710  Louis III de Bourbon-Condé,     (b. 1668 - d. 1710)
                             duc de Bourbon, duc de Montmorency,
                             duc d'Enghien, prince de Condé,
                             comte de Sancerre, comte de
                             Charolais, seigneur de Chantilly

 4 Mar 1710 - 27 Jan 1740  Louis IV Henri de Bourbon-Condé,(b. 1692 - d. 1740)
                             prince de Condé, duc de Bourbon, 
                             duc d'Enghien, duc de Guise,
                             duc de Bellegarde, comte de
                             Sancerre 

28 Jan 1740 - 1754         Paul Hippolyte de Beauvilliers, (b. 1684 - d. 1776)
                             duc de Saint-Aignan 
                            (during minority of Louis V)
19 May 1754 - 1789         Louis V Joseph de Bourbon
-Condé,(b. 1736 - d. 1818)
                             prince de Condé


Dombes

[flag of Principality of
                  Dombes, to 1762 (France)]

Map of Dombes
Capital: Trévoux

1402                       Sovereign Principality of Dombes (or Dombe)
                             founded.
Jan 1532                   Confiscated by the French Crown.
27 Sep 1560                Granted to the Bourbon-Montpensier family.
24 Oct 1681                Given to the duke of Maine, a legitimized natural 
                             child of King Louis XIV.
28 May 1762                Ceded to the French crown, part of Burgundy.
1771                       Parlement of Dombes abolished.

Princes (title Prince de Dombes)
May 1682
- 14 May 1736     Louis Auguste I de Bourbon, duc     (b. 1670 - d. 1736)
                             du Maine, duc d'Aumale, comte d'Eu
14 May 1736 -  1 Oct 1755  Louis Auguste II de Bourbon         (b. 1700 - d. 1755) 
 1 Oct 1755 - 28 May 1762  Louis Charles de Bourbon, comte     (b. 1701 - d. 1775)
                             d'Eu 

Chancellors (title Chancelier de Dombes)
1682 - 1727                Nicolas de Malézieu (Malézieux)     (b. 1650 - d. 1727)
1727 -  6 Jan 1737         Pierre Chol de Torpanne             (b. 1664 - d. 1737)
1737 - 1759                Jacques Marie du Tour Vuillard de   (b. 1695 - d. 1759)
                             Saint-Nizier

 
3 Jan 1760 -  1 Jul 1762  Antoine Terrasson                   (b. 1705 - d. 1782)


Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Trévoux
1696 - 1699                Benoît Cachet de Montézan
1699 - 1712                Antoine Des Rioux, comte de Messimy,(b. 1667? - d. 1712)
                             baron d'Albigny, seigneur de Bully,
                             de Mizérieux and de Sainte-Euphémie
1712 - 1730                Nicolas Bellet de Tavernost         (b. 1662 - d. 1730)
1730 - 1738                Pierre Cholier, comte de Cibeins    (b. 1664 - d. 1738)
1730 - 1758?               Louis Cachet de Montézan, comte de  (b. 1690 - d. 1787)
                             Garnerans (1st time)
1758? - 1769               ....
1769 - 1771                Louis Mathieu Benoît, baron de      (b. 1744 - d. 1790)
                             Fumel de Montségur


French Governors of the Principality of Dombes 
24 Mar 1630 - 1660         César Louis de Campet, comte        (b. c.1605 - d. bf.1670)
                             de Saujon (Saujeon)
Dec 1660 - 1691            Claude de Damas, marquis d'Antigny, (d. 1691)
                             comte de Ruffey,baron de Chevrault,
                             seigneur du Breuil, d'Arbain, de
                             Buisson et de Pravains
1691 - 1731                François Joseph de Damas, marquis   (b. 1656 - d. 1731)
                             d'Antigny, comte de Ruffey, baron
                             de Chevreault, seigneur du Breuil,
                             de Corberon et de Villy-Le-Brûlé
1732 - 30 May 1736         Joseph François de Damas, marquis   (b. 1699 - d. 1736)
                             d'Antigny, comte de Ruffey, baron
                             de Chevreau, seigneur du Breuil

1736 - 1740                Jacques
François de Damas, marquis  (b. 1732 - d. 1811)
                             d'Antigny, comte de Ruffey,
                             seigneur du Breuil
1740 - 1771                François Joseph de Damas, comte     (b. 1700 - d. 1782)
                             de Ruffey


Charolais (Charollais)

[County of
                  Charolais (comte de Charolais)(France)]

972 - 1237                 Possession of the comte de Chalon.
1237 - 1310                Possession of
Duchy of Burgundy.
1270/1316                 
County of Charolais (comte de Charolais)
1310 - 1364                Possession of the comte de Clermont.
1364 - 1391                Possession of the comte d'Armagnac.
1391                       Sold to Philippe "le Hardi" duc de Bourgogne by
Bernard VII,
                             comte d'Armagnac.
1391 -  5 Jan 1477         Possession of Duchy of Burgundy.
 
5 Jan 1477 - 23 May 1493  Annexed by France.
23 May 1493                Transferred to Habsburgs under Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I
                             by the Treaty of Senlis.
1507 - 1509                Confiscated by France.
1521 - 14 Jan 1526 
       Confiscated by France.
1536 - 18 Sep 1544
        Confiscated by France.
1551 -  3 Apr 1559
        Confiscated by France.
 
3 Apr 1559 - 20 Aug 1684  Possession of the Spanish Habsburgs.
1635 -  2 May 1668         Confiscated by France.
1674 - 17 Sep 1678         Confiscated by France.

20 Aug 1684                Sold by Philip IV of Spain to Louis II de Bourbon,
                             prince de Condé of France by Treaty of Ratisbonne.

23 Jul 1760                Charolais annexed to the French crown domain.

Counts
(title comte de Charolais)
23 May 1493 -  20 Aug 1684 the kings of Spain
20 Aug 1684 - 11 Dec 1686  Louis II de Condé, prince de Condé    (b. 1621
- d. 1686)
                             "le Grand Condé"
11 Dec 1686 -  1 Apr 1709  Henri III Jules de Bourbon-Condé,     (b. 1643 - d. 1709)
                             prince de Condé
 1 Apr 1709 -  4 May 1710  Louis III de Bourbon-Condé, prince    (b. 1668 - d. 1710)
                             de Condé
 4 May 1710 - 23 Jul 1760  Charles de Bourbon-Charolais          (b. 1700 - d. 1760)

23 Jul 1760 - 14 Sep 1791  the kings of France



Bretagne (Brittany)

[Duchy of Brittany
                        (Traditional province, France)]
Duchy of Brittany Flag
[Duchy of Brittany
                        (Traditional province, France)]
Duchy of Brittany Banner of Arms

383                        Armorica under Rei Bret's (kings of the Bretons).
753 - 840                  Breton March of the Frankish Kingdom.
840 - 874                  Kingdom of Brittany.
843 - 851                  Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
952                        Duchy of Brittany (Dukelezh Vreizh/Duché de Bretagne).
1169 - 21 Oct 1221         Under Plantagenet dynasty.
1202                       Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
26 Sep 1345 - 20 Jul 1524  Under the Blois dynasty.
1485                       Duke Francis II establishes a sovereign parliament at Vannes.
20 Jul 1524                Duchy of Brittany in personal union with the Royal domain.
1532                       Estates of Brittany proclaim the perpetual union of Brittany
                             with the crown of France.
 3 Feb 1790                Breton parliament is dissolved.

Governors
26 Mar 1695 -  2 Dec 1736  Louis Alexandre de Bourbon,     (b. 1678 - d. 1737)
                             comte de Toulouse, duc de
                             Penthièvre, d'Arc, de
                             Châteauvillain et de Rambouille

 4 May 1738 -  7 Feb 1747  Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans  (b. 1703 - d. 1752)
                            (during minority of
Louis de Bourbon)
 7 Feb 1747 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon,    (b. 1725 - d. 1793)
                             duc de Rambouillet, de Gisors,
                             de Châteauvillain, d'Arc-en-
                             Barrois, d'Amboise, comte d'Eu
                             et seigneur du duché de Carignan,

                             (from 1775) duc de Penthièvre,
                             d'Aumale (appointed 31 Dec 1736)


Belle-Île

 8 Jun 1761 - 10 May 1763  British occupation of Belle-Île (Belle-Île-en-Mer).

British Governors and Commanders-in-chief of Belleisle

 8 Jun 1761 - Oct/Nov 1761 Studholme Hodgson               (b. 1708 - d. 1798)
Oct/Nov 1761 - 17 Mar 1762 John
Craufurd (Crawford)        (b. 1720 - d. 1764)
17 Mar 1762 -  6 Jul 1762  Hamilton
Lambart (Lambert)      (d. 1774)
 6 Jul 1762 - 10 May 1763  James Forrester                 (d. 1765)



Champagne et Brie 

[Champagne (Traditional
                  province, France)]

581 - 709                  Frankish Duchy of Champagne.
814                        County of Champagne.
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1019 - 15 Mar 1335         Under Blois dynasty.
1336                       Part of the Royal domain.
1415 - 14..                Burgundian occupation.
1423 - 1427                English occupation.

English Governor
1423 - 1427                Thomas de Montagu (Montacute),  (b. 1388 - d. 1428)
                             Earl of Salisbury, Baron Montagu,
                             Baron Monthermer, Count of Perche

Governors
 9 Nov 1691 - 1693         François de Rohan, prince       (b. 1630 - d. 1712)
                             de Soubise, comte de Rochefort
  7 Nov 1693 -  1 Jul 1741  Hercule Mériadec de Rohan,      (b. 1669 - d. 1749)
                             duc de Rohan-Rohan, prince
                             de Soubise

 1 Jul 1741 - 1751         Charles de Rohan, duc de Rohan, (b. 1715 - d. 1787)
                             prince de Soubise, comte de
                             Saint-Pol

19 Sep 1751 - 1769         Louis de Bourbon-Condé, comte   (b. 1709 - d. 1771)
                             de Clermont-en-Argonne, abbé
                             de Saint-Germain-des-Prés

11 Feb 1769 - 17 Jul 1789  Louis Joseph de Bourbon-Condé,  (b. 1736 - d. 1818)
                             prince de Condé


Comtat Venaissin: see Avignon under France

Corse (Corisca): see under Regions of France


Dauphiné

[Dauphiné (Traditional
                  province, France)]

855                        Duchy of Viennois
870                        County of Viennois
1140                       County of Dauphiné
1349                       Dauphiné under French suzerainty (from 1447, Montélimar and
                             from 1450, Vienne).
1457                       Dauphiné part of the Royal domain.

Governors
12 Oct 1691 - 29 Jan 1725  Louis d'Aubusson de la          (b. 1673 - d. 1725)
                             Feuillade, duc de Roannais,
                             baron de la Borne, baron de
                             Pérusse, comte de la Feuillade,
                             seigneur de Felletin 
 6 Sep 1719 -  4 Feb 1752  Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans  (b. 1703 - d. 1752)
 4 Feb 1752 - 18 Nov 1785  Louis Philippe d'Orléans,       (b. 1725 - d. 1785)
                             duc d'Orléans, de Valois, de
                             Nemours et de Montpensier
21 Nov 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans,(b. 1747 - d. 1793)
                             duc d'Orléans
                            (from 1792, "Philippe Egalité")



Flandre et Hainaut (Flandres Françaises)

[Flanders (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Flanders under the suzerainty of the King of France.
862                        County of Flanders
1668                       Hainaut in southeast and Cambrésis annexed.
1668                       Flanders part of the Royal domain.

Governors of Flanders and Hainaut
31 Aug 1694 - 1711         Louis François de Boufflers,    (b. 1644 - d. 1711)
                             duc de Boufflers 
 2 Apr 1711 -  2 Jul 1747  Joseph Marie, duce de Boufflers (b. 1706 - d. 1747)
13 Jul 1747 - 13 Sep 1751  Charles Joseph Marie, duc       (d. 1751) 
                             de Boufflers
26 Sep 1751 -  2 Jul 1787  Charles, duc de Rohan-Rohan     (b. 1715 - d. 1787)
 4 Sep 1787 -  1 Jul 1791  Charles Eugène Gabriel de La    (b. 1727 - d. 1801)
                             Croix, marquis de Castries


Dunkerque (Dunkirk)

  [Dunkerque
                  (Dunkirk) flag (France)]

12 Oct 1646                Conquered by France from Spanish Netherlands (Flanders) and made
                             part of government of Picardie
with its own gouverneur-particulier.
16 Sep 1652 - 24 Jun 1658  Spanish re-occupation of Dunkerque.
25 May 1658 – 24 Jun 1658  Anglo-French siege.
24 Jun 1658 - 29 Nov 1662  English occupation of Dunkirk (by treaty with France).
27 Oct 1662                Dunkirk sold to France by England for 5 million livres.
c.1687                     Dunkerque independent of provincial government of Picardie.

12 Nov 1728                Government-general abolished, territory part of the
                             government of Flanders.

Governors
1646 - 14 Sep 1650          Josias de Rantzau, comte de     (b. 1609 - d. 1650)
                              Rantzau (Josias von Rantzau)
1650 - 1651                 Godefroi, comte d'Estrades      (b. 1607 - d. 1686)
                              (1st time)
1652 - 1658                 Spanish occupation
English Governors  
24 Jun 1658 - 14 Jun 1660   William Lockhart                (b. 1621 - d. 1675)
14 Jun 1660 - 22 May 1661   Sir Edward Harley               (b. 1624 - d. 1700)
22 May 1661 - 29 Nov 1662   Andrew Rutherford (Rutherfurd), (d. 1664)
                              Earl of Teviot
Governors

1662 - 26 Feb 1686          Godefroi, comte d'Estrades      (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
1686 - 1692                 Louis Godeffroi, marquis        (b. 16.. - d. 1717)
                              d'Estrades
 
1 Oct 1692 - 1714          Jacques Eléonor Rouxel, comte   (b. 1655 - d. 1725)
                              de Grancey, baron de Médavy
1714 - 20 Aug 1728          Louis François Rouxel, comte    (b. 1667 - d. 1728)
                              de Grancey



Foix, Donnezan et Andorre 

[County of Foix
                          (Traditional province, France)]
Adopted 13th cent. Flag of Foix

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1050                       County of Foix
1208                       Donnezan enfeoffed to the counts of Foix.
 8 Sep 1287                Counts of Foix also Co-princes of Andorra.
26 Apr 1290                United with the Viscounty of Béarn.
1396 - 1396                Foix occupied by Aragón.

1458                       Becomes a comté-pairie.
12 Feb 1479                Foix in personal union with Navarra/Navarre.
 
2 Aug 1589                Navarra and Foix personal union with France.
Jul 1607                  
Foix, Bigorre incorporated into the French Royal domain.
20 Oct 1620                Navarra and Béarn incorporated into French Royal domain.
1666                       Independent of Languedoc.

Counts/Countesses of Foix (title Dei gratia comes Fuxi)
24 Feb 1265 -  3 Mar 1302  Roger-Bernard (Bernat) III      (b. 12.. - d. 1302)
 3 Mar 1302 - 13 Dec 1315  Gaston I                        (b. 1287 - d. 1315)
13 Dec 1315 - 26 Sep 1343  Gaston II                       (b. 1308 - d. 1343)
13 Dec 1315 - 1319         Marguerite de Béarn (f) -Regent (b. c.1250 - d. 1319)
26 Sep 1343 -  1 Aug 1391  Gaston III (Gaston-Fébus)       (b. 1331 - d. 1391)
26 Sep 1343 - 13..         Aliénor de Comminges (f)-Regent (b. 13.. - d. 1402)
 1 Aug 1391 - Aug 1398     Mathieu (
Matheus)               (b. c.1363 - d. 1398)
Aug 1398 - 12 Feb 1412     Isabelle (Isabella) (f)         (b. 1360 - d. 1428)
                           - jointly with -
10 May 1399 - 12 Feb 1412  Archambaud de Grailly           (b. c.1329 - d. 1412)
12 Feb 1412 -  4 May 1436  Jean I                          (b. 1382 - d. 1436)
 4 May 1436 - 21 Jul 1472  Gaston IV                       (b. c.1423 - d. 1472)
21 Jul 1472 -  7 Jan 1483  François I (François-Febus)     (b. 1467 - d. 1483)
23 Jan 1483 - 11 Feb 1517  Catherine
(f)                   (b. 1468 - d. 1517)
14 Jun 1484 - 26 Jun 1516  Jean II de Labrit               (b. 1469 - d. 1516) 
11 Feb 1517 - 29 May 1555  Henri II de Labrit              (b. 1503 - d. 1555)
29 May 1555 -  9 Jun 1572  Jeanne
III de Labrit (f)        (b. 1528 - d. 1572)
                           - jointly with -
29 May 1555 - 17 Nov 1562  Antoine
                        (b. 1518 - d. 1562)
 9 Jun 1572 - 14 May 1610  Henri III
(Henri IV)            (b. 1553 - d. 1610)
14 May 1610 - 14 May 1643  
Louis I (Louis XIII)            (b. 1601 - d. 1643)
14 May 1643 -  1 Sep 1715  Louis II (Louis XIV)            (b. 1638 - d. 1715)
 1 Sep 1715 - 10 May 1774  Louis III (Louis XV)            (b. 1710 - d. 1774)
10 May 1774 - 21 Sep 1792  Louis IV August (Louis XVI)     (b. 1754 - d. 1793)

Governors
(also in charge of relations with Andorra)
1646 - 1673                Armand Jean de Peyré, comte     (b. 1598 - d. 1672)
                             de Trois-Villes
1673 - 1678                Jean Roger de Foix-Rabat, dit
                             le marquis de Foix
1678 - 1687                Gaston Jean de Lévis, marquis   (b. 1635 - d. 1687)
                             de Mirepoix
1687 - 1699                Gaston Jean-Baptiste de Lévis,  (b. 1660 - d. 1699)

                             marquis de Mirepoix 
1699 - 25 Apr 1701         Vacant
25 Apr 1701 - 1702         Camille d'Hostun de La Baume    (b. 1652 - d. 1728)
                             Tallard, duc de Tallard 
1704 - 10 Jul 1737         Henri Joseph de Ségur, comte    (b. 1661 - d. 1737)
                             de Ségur,
1737 - 18 Jun 1751         Henri François de Ségur, comte  (b. 1689 - d. 1751)
                             de Ségur, baron de Romainville,
                             seigneur de Ponchat et de
                             Fougueyrolles, 

1751 -  1 Jan 1791         Philippe Henri de Ségur, marquis(b. 1724 - d. 1801)
                             de Ségur 



Franche-Comté (Comté Bourgogne)

[Franche-Comté
                  (Traditional province, France)]

915                        (Free) County of Burgundy , within Holy Roman Empire
                             based at Besançon. 
16 Mar 1405 - 16 Jan 1556  Burgundian possession (Comté Bourgogne).
16 Jan 1556                Possession of the Spanish Habsburg monarchy.
10 Aug 1678                Part of French Royal domain.

Governors
16 Jun 1674 - 12 Oct 1704  Jacques Henri de Durfort,       (b. 1625 - d. 1704)
                             duc de Duras 
14 Oct 1704 - 30 Mar 1728  Camille de La Beaume d'Hostun,  (b. 1652 - d. 1728)
                             duc d'Hostun 
30 Mar 1728 -  6 Sep 1755  Marie Joseph de La Beaume       (b. 1684 - d. 1755)
                             d'Hostun, duc d'Hostun,
                             seigneur de Silan

11 Sep 1755 -  8 Jul 1770  Jean-Baptiste de Durfort,       (b. 1684 - d. 1770)
                             duc de Duras 
 8 Jul 1770 -  8 Sep 1789  Emmanuel Félicité de Durfort,   (b. 1715 - d. 1789)
                             duc de Duras 
 8 Sep 1789 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant


Gascony: see Guyenne



Guyenne et Gascogne

[Guyenne and Gascony
                  (Traditional province, France)]

5..                        Frankish Duchy of Aquitaine
732 - 732                  Brief Arab occupation.
768                        Duchy of Gascony
781                        Kingdom of Aquitaine
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
845                        Duchy of Aquitaine
1039 - 1052                Gascony under Navarre.
1052 - 1137                Gascony under Aquitaine.
1152 - 1449                Gascony under English rule.
 6 Apr 1199 - 1294         Aquitaine under English rule.
1213                       Aquitaine part of French Royal domain.
1259 - 1294                Most of Guyenne under English rule.
1271                       Quercy et Périgord méridional part of French Royal domain.
1303 - 1324                Aquitaine under English rule. 
1360 - 12 Oct 1453         Aquitaine under English rule. 
1306                       Soule part of French Royal domain. 
1322                       Bigorre part of French Royal domain.
1325                       Agenais et Bazadais part of French Royal domain.
12 Oct 1453                Bordeaux, Chalosse et Labourd part of French Royal domain.
1607                       Gascony and Périgord part of French Royal domain.

English Governors of Guyenne
1259 - 1294                ....
1297                       Edmond de Lancastre, comte de
                             Lancastre
1303 - 13294                ....

1329 - 13..                Edmund, Earl of Kent
 1 Apr 1338 - 1338         Olivier de Ingham               (b c.1287 - d. 1344)
1338 - 13..                Bernard Ezy II d'Albret 
                             (1st time)
 3 Jan 1340 - 134.         Hugues de Gebenis
134.                       Bernard Ezy II d'Albret 
                             (2nd time)
1341 - 134.                Antoine d'Usemer  
1343                       Henry de Grosmont, comte de     (b. c.1310 - d. 1361)
                             Derby
10 Mar 1345 - 134.         Henry of Lancaster 

                            (Lieutenant and Captain-general)
 6 Mar 1352 - 135.         Rodolphe de Straffort
1357 - 13..                d'Albret
13.. - 13..                de Lesparre
13.. - 13..                de Pommieres
13.. - 13..                de Rosenh
13.. - 13..                Jehan Chandos, comte de 
                             Saint-Sauveur
30 Apr 1372 - 1375         John de Hastngs, Earl of        (b. 1347 - d. 1375)
                             Pembrock

16 Apr 1378 - 13..         John de Neville                 (b. c.1337 - d. 1388) 
25 Mar 1388 - 13..         John, Duke of Lancaster         (b. 1340 - d. 1399)
 9 Jun 1394 - 139.         Henry Percy
 1 Sep 1398 - ....         John de Beaufort, 
                             Marquess of Dorset
28 Aug 1401 - 14..         Edward, Earl of Rutland and Cork(b. c.1373 - d. 1415)
11 Jun 1412 - 14..         Thomas, Duke of Clarence        (b. 1388 - d. 1421)
1413 - 14.                 Thomas Beaufort, Earl of Dorset (b. 1377 - d. 1426)
1417 - 141.                Jean de Beaufort, Earl of       (b. 1404 - d. 1444)
                             Sommerset
1419 - 14..                Jean de Lancastre, Duke of      (b. 1389 - d. 1435)
                             Bedford
1422                       Charles, Duke of Bedford
1438 - 14..                John of Huntingdon

1452 - 145.                John Talbot, Earl of Salop      (b. c.1387 – d. 1453)
Governors
27 Mar 1698 -  5 Nov 1712  Charles Honoré d'Albert,        (b. 1646 - d. 1712)
                             duc de Luynes, duc de Chevreuse
28 Dec 1712 -  4 Dec 1755  Louis Charles de Bourbon,       (b. 1701 - d. 1775)
                             duc d'Aumale, comte d'Eu 
 4 Dec 1755 -  8 Aug 1788  Louis François Armand de        (b. 1696 - d. 1788)
                             Vignerot, duc de Richelieu, 
                             duc de Fronsac 
 8 Aug 1788 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant 



Île-de-France

[Île-de-France
                          (Traditional province, France)]
Adopted c.1365

843                        Duchy of Île de France part of Royal domain.
1016                       Counties of Paris et de Melun annexed to the Royal domain. 
1029                       County of Dreux annexed. 
1055                       County of Sens annexed. 
1068                       County of Gâtinais annexed.
1074                       County of Vexin annexed. 
1112                       County of Corbeil annexed. 
1118                       County of Montlhéry annexed. 
1213                       County of Valois annexed. 
1218                       County of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis annexed. 
1223                       Counties of Beaumont-sur-Oise et de Montfort-l'Amaury annexed. 
15th cent.                 Coucy, Roucy, Soissons, Laon and Noyon annexed.
27 May 1418 - 141.         Burgundian occupation.
Dec 1420 - c.1429          English occupation.
11 Dec 1528 - 12 Mar 1533  Divided into two governments: Île-de-France and Paris.
24 Jan 1596                Re-divided into two governments.

English Governors
Dec 1420 - 22 Mar 1421     Thomas of Lancaster,            (b. 1387 - d. 1421)
                             Duke of Clarence
 8 Jul 1421 - 1422         Jean de La Baume, comte de      (b. c.1360 - d. 1435)
                             Montrevel, seigneur de Valtin
                           (from 14 Mar 1421, Prévot de Paris)
1423 - 1429                John of Lancaster, Duke of      (b. 1389 - d. 1435)
                             Bedford 

Jun/Jul 1429 - 1429        Jean de Villiers, seigneur      (b. 1384 - d. 1437)
                             de l'Isle-Adam
Governors
12 Sep 1698 - 1719         Louis Armand d'Estrées, duc     (b. 1682 - d. 1723)
                             d'Estrées, pair de France

22 Apr 1719 - 1741         Henri Louis de La Tour,         (b. 1674 - d. 1753)
                             comte d'Evreux 
29 Dec 1741 - 19 Sep 1757  François Joachim Bernard Potier,(b. 1692 - d. 1757)
                             duc de Gesvres 
22 Sep 1757 - 28 Dec 1774  Louis Léon Potier, duc de       (b. 1695 - d. 1774)
                             Tresmes
28 Dec 1774 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Joachim Paris Potier,     (b. 1713 - d. 1794)
                             duc de Gesvres


Governor of
Saint-Germain en Laye
 3 Sep 1685 -  2 Jun 1706   Henri de Mornay, marquis de    (b. 1622 - d. 1706)
                              Montchevreuil



Languedoc 

[Languedoc (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Count of Toulouse under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1180                       Vivarais part of the Royal domain.
1219                       Bas-Languedoc (Lower-Langedoc) part of the Royal domain.
1229                       Government of Languedoc
1271                       Haut-Languedoc (Upper-Langedoc) part of the Royal domain.

Governors
29 May 1682 - 14 May 1736  Louis Auguste de Bourbon,       (b. 1670 - d. 1736)
                             prince de Dombes, duc de
                             Maine, duc d'Aumale, comte 

                             d'Eu
14 May 1736 -  1 Oct 1755  Louis Auguste de Bourbon,       (b. 1700 - d. 1755)
                             prince de Dombes, duc d'Aumale,
                             comte d'Eu
23 Oct 1755 - 13 Jul 1775  Louis Charles de Bourbon,       (b. 1701 - d. 1775)
                             duc d'Aumale, comte d'Eu,
                             duc de Gisors, comte de Dreux,
                             prince d'Anet et baron de Sceaux

27 Jul 1775 - 29 Oct 1788  Louis Antoine de Gontaut,       (b. 1701 - d. 1788)
                             duc de Lauzun, comte et duc
                             de Biron

29 Oct 1788 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant



Le Havre-de-Grâce (2)

[Le Havre historic
                    flag (France)]

1518                       Le Havre-de-Grâce founded under a gouverneur-particulier;
                             part of Normandy.
20 Sep 1562 - 28 Jul 1563  Occupied by England.
1675                       Le Havre definitively independent from Normady.
 

English Governors
1562 - 1563                Ambrose Dudley, Earl of Warwick (b. c.1530 - d. 1590)
1563                       Jean de La Fin, seigneur de     (d. 1599)
                             Beauvoir-la-Nocle, Lurcy, Les
                             Argères, La Mothe-au-Fournier 
Governors
20 Jun 1687 - 31 Aug 1714  Paul de Beauvilliers, duc de    (b. 1648 - d. 1714)
                             Saint-Aignan dit duc de 
                             Beauvilliers 
 7 Sep 1714 - 1719         Louis II de Rochechouart,       (b. 1681 - d. 1746)
                             duc de Mortemart 
22 Sep 1719 - 22 Jan 1776  Paul Hippolyte de Beauvilliers, (b. 1684 - d. 1776)
                             duc de Saint-Aignan 
22 Jan 1776 -  1 Jan 1791  Charles Paul François de        (b. 1746 - d. 1828)
                             Beauvilliers, comte de Buzançais,
                             duc de Saint-Aignan 



Haut et Bas Limousin (2)

[Limousin (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
877                        Vicomtes Limoges
1360 – 1374                English occupation.
1371                       Eastern part of Limousin of French Royal domain.
1607                       Western part of Limousin of French Royal domain (Viscounty
                             of Limoges part of Royal domain).

Governors (incomplete before 1470)
1328 – 13..                ... Captain
1333 – 1342                Jourdain de Loubres
                            (seneschal, from 1341 governor and sovereign captain)
31 Mar 1342 – 1343         Jean III de Sauvigny
1243 – 13..                Regnault de Pons, sire          (d. 1356)
                             de Monfort

c.1350 – 13..              Jean de Pierre-Buffière         (d. bf.1393)
1360 – 1374                English occupation
1380 – 138.                Louis, comte de Sancerre        (b. c.1342 – d. 1402)
1388                       Guy de Naillac
1389 – 13..                Enguerrand de Coucy, seigneur
                             de Marle de La Fère et d'Oisy,
                             comte de Soissons             (d. 1397)
13.. – 1422                ....
1422 – 14..                Geoffroy, seigneur de Mareuil,
                             Villebois, Anglac, Vibrac et
                             Dompierre
1435/41 – 144.             Bernard d'Armagnac, comte de
                             Pardiac puis de La Marche et
                             de Castres, vicomte de Carlat
                             et de Murat                   (d. bf.1462)
1443 – 14..                Charles III d'Anjou,
                             duc du Maine (1st time)       (d. 1473)
1452 – 14..                Jean II, duc de Bourbon         (d. 1488)
1461 – 146.                Charles III d'Anjou, duc
                             du Maine (2nd time)           (s.a.)
21 Aug 1466 – 14..         Philippe, duc de Savoie         (d. 1497)
24 Mar 1468 – 14..         Jean de Foix, vicomte de
                             Narbonne, comte de Pardiac
Seneschals and Governors
Bf.20 Sep 1470 – 14..      Gilbert de Chabannes, seigneur
                             de Corton, comte de Rochefort,
                             baron d'Aurière et de Madec,
                             seigneur de Charlus et de
                             Laroche de la Daille et de
                             Cousade
1490 – 149.                Jean II, seigneur de Pompadour,
                             de Cromières et de Chanac
1494 – 149.                Gabriel d'Albret, sieur
                             de l'Esparre et d'Avesnes
1497                       Antonie de Bonneval             (d. 1505)
 3 Sep 1497 - ....         Germain de Bonneval             (d. 1523)
20 Aug 1424 – 15..         Galiot de Lastours
 4 Mar 1532 – 153.         Marin de Montchenu, seigneur
                             de Pierre-Buffière
1537 – 15..                François de Vivonne de La       (d. 1547)
                             Châtaignerie, seigneur
                             d'Ardeley

15 May 1543 – 1568         François de Pontbriant,
                             seigneur de Montréal,
                             de Chadeuil et de Verteillac  (b. 1502 – d. 1569)
1568                       Jacques de Pérusse, baron
                             ou comte d'Escars
1569                       Mérigou de Béon de Massez       (d. 1569)
1570 – 157.                Gilbert III de Lévis            (d. 1590/91)
12 Sep 1577 – 31 Dec 1578  Claude de Bourbon, comte
                             de Busset
27 Oct 1581 – 158.         Edme de Hautefort, seigneur     (d. 1589)
                             de Thénon
c.Jun 1591 – 1592          Anne de Lévis, duc de Ventadour (d. 1622)
1592 – 1593                Jean Louis de Nogaret,
                             duc d'Epernon (1st time)      (d. 1642)
Governors
1592 – 21 Jul 1596         Diane de France, duchesse
                             d'Estampes et d'Angoulème (f) (b. 1539 – d. 1619)
21 Jul 1596 – 1622         Jean Louis de Nogaret,
                             duc d'Epernon (2nd time)      (s.a.)
28 Aug 1622 – 17 Nov 1632  Henri de Schomberg, marquis
                             d'Epinay                      (b. 1575 - d. 1632)
19 May 1633 – 1649         Charles de Lévis, duc de
                             Ventadour                     (b. 1600 – d. 1649)
21 May 1649 – 1651         François Christophe de Lévis,   (b. 1603 – d. 1661)
                             duc de Damville, comte de Brion   
18 Nov 1651 – 1656         Anne de Lévis, archevêque de
                             Bourges                       (b. 1605 – d. 1662)
1656 – 27 Jul 1675         Henri de La Tour, vicomte
                             de Turenne                    (b. 1611 – d. 1675)
Aug 1675 - 23 Nov 1707     Frédéric Murice de la Tour,     (b. 1642 - d. 1707)
                             comte d'Auvergne 
24 Nov 1707 -  1 Oct 1718  Jacques Fitz-James,             (b. 1670 - d. 1734)
                             duc de Fitz-James, maréchal 
                             de Berwick 
 1 Oct 1718 - 13 Oct 1721  Jacques Fitz-James, duc de      (b. 1700 - d. 1721)
                             Fitz-James 
Oct 1721 - 1729            Henry Fitz-James, comte de      (b. 1711 - d. 1731)
                             Fitz-James 
28 Dec 1729 - 22 Mar 1787  Charles Fitz-James, duc de      (b. 1712 - d. 1787)
                             Fitz-James 
22 Mar 1787 -  1 Jan 1791  Jacques Charles Fitz-James,     (b. 1743 - d. 1805)
                             duc de Fitz-James 



Lorraine et Barrois (Lorraine and Bar)

[Lorraine (Traditional
                        province, France)]
Flag of Duchy of Lorraine
Capital: Nancy
(Metz de facto 903-959;
Aachen 843-869, 895-900)
Population: N/A (1766)
 
11 Aug 843                 Kingdom of Francia Media (Middle France) founded at the
                             division of the original Frankish Empire by the Treaty of
                             Verdun (it included modern Belgium, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, part
                             of eastern France, Switzerland, and part of northern Italy).
29 Sep 855                 At the death of King Lothaire I, the kingdom is divided between his
                             three sons. By the Treaty of Prüm, the northern part of Francia
                             Media (Middle France) is established as the Lotharii Regnum
                             (
Kingdom of Lotharingia); including modern Netherlands, Belgium,
                             Luxembourg, and parts of eastern France and western Germany.
 8 Aug 869                 At the death of Lothaire II his lands are divided between his
                             uncles Ludwig II King of East Francia and Karl (Charles) II King
                             of the West Franks (Francia Occidentalis).
 9 Aug 870                 Treaty of Meersen formally divides Lotharingia - the western
                             half goes to West Francia and the eastern half to East Francia.
880                        Treaty of Ribemont settles conflict between East and West Francia,
                             whereupon the western part of Lotharingia is added to East
                             Francia.
May 895 - 13 Aug 900       Lotharingia (Lotharii Regnum (or Regnum quondam Lotharii ["kingdom
                             once Lothair's"] restored for Zwentibold, son of Arnulf King
                             of East Francia (Germany).
13 Aug 900                 Lotharingia effectively integrated into the East Frankish (German)
                             kingdom following the death of Zwentibold, but this was contested
                             the West Franks.
24 Jun 903 - c.910         Gebhard (Gebehart) is appointed Dux regni quod a multis Hlotharii
                             dicitur ("duke of the kingdom that many call Lothair's") by King
                             Ludwig IV of Germany.
928                        King Heinrich I of East Franks (Germany) creates Giselbert, son of
                             Reginar I, as dux (duke), effectively creating the Duchy of
                             Lotharingia, as a fief of the East Franks. 
959                        Duchy of Upper Lotharingia (Lorraine)(more or less modern French
                             Lorraine and Luxembourg) and Duchy of Lower Lotharingia
                             (Lorraine) created (within Lotharingia to 965).
1183                       Decline of the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia (Lorraine) is hastened by
                             the rivalry between the counts of Limburg and Louvain. The Duke of
                             Lower Lorraine, Henri de Louvain, adopts the title "Duke of
                             Brabant" (confirmed by Emperor
Heinrich VI in 1090) and drops the
                             title Duke of (Lower) Lotharingia (although the last recorded use
                             of the latter title was as late as 1222).
1301                       France annexes territories east of Meuse River.
26 Jun 1430 - 1766         Duchy of Bar in personal union with Duchy of Lorraine (formally
                             from 10 Dec 1508).
30 Nov 1475 -  5 Jan 1477  Lorraine occupied by the Duchy of Burgundy.
 5 Jan 1477                Battle of Nancy, upholding ducal sovereignty.
25 Aug 1542                Duchy is defined as under the protection of the Holy Roman Empire,
                             but free (liber et non incorporatus; free and not incorporated)
                             by the Treaty of Nuremberg (effected 1561).
1552                      
Lorraine cedes the bishoprics of Metz, Toul, and Verdun to France.
1552 - 1559                Lorraine occupied by France.
 1 Apr 1634 -  2 Apr 1641  Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
Jul 1641 - 28 Feb 1661     Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
24 Oct 1648                Treaty of Westphalia formally cedes Metz, Toul and Verdun to France
1670 - 1697                Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
1702 - 1714                Parts of Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
Oct 1733 - 1736            Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
15 Dec 1736                Duchy of Lorraine (restored) for Stanisław Leszczyński, ex-king of
                             Poland and father-in-law of King Louis XV of France, to be
                             ceded to France upon his death (effected 13 Feb 1737).
Jun 1751                   Territorial reorganization.
23 Feb 1766                Lorraine annexed to France (as the grand-gouvernement de Lorraine-
                             et-Barrois
)(see under Nancy).

King of Middle France (
Francia Media)
11 Aug 843 - 29 Sep 855    Hlóthar I                       (b. 795 - d. 855)
                             (Lotharius I, Lothaire I)
Kings of
Lotharingia (
Lotharii Regnum)
29 Sep 855 -  8 Aug 869   
Hlóthar II                      (b. 835 - d. 869)
                             (Lotharius II, Lothaire II)
 8 Aug 869 - May 895       Post abolished
May 895 - 13 Aug 900       Zwentibold                      (b. c.870 - d. 900)
                            (Zventibold, Swentiboldo, Sventibaldo, Sanderbald)
Dukes of Lotharingia (title dux regni quod a multis Hlotharii dicitur)
24 Jun 903 - c.910         Gebhard (Gebehart)              (b. c.860 - d. 910)
911 - 915                  Rainerus (Régnier, Reginar)     (b. 850 - d. 915)
                             (count palatine of Lotharingia)
915 - c.921/22             Wigeric (Wigéric, Wéderic)      (d. c.921/22)
                             (count palatine of Lotharingia)
c.921 - 923                Gottfried (Godefroid)           (b. c.905 – d. 949)
                             (count palatine of Lotharingia)
928 -  2 Oct 939           Giselbert (Gisleberto)          (b. c.880 - d. 939)
940                        Heinric I (Heinrich, Henri)     (b. c.919 - d. 955)
940 - 943                  Otto (Oddone)                   (d. 943)
945 - 953                  Conrad (Konrad "der Rote")      (b. c.922 - d. 955)
953 - 11 Oct 965           Bruno (Brunon)                  (b. 925 - d. 965)
Dukes of Lower Lorraine (title dux Lotharingiae)
959 - 964                  Gottfried (Godefridi)           (d. 964)
May 977 - 12 Jun 991       Karl (Karolus)                  (b. 953 - d. 991)
991 - 1012                 Otto (Ottone)                   (b. c.970 - d. 1012)
1012 - 26 Sep 1023         Godefroi I (Godefrid, Godefrido)(d. 1023)
1023 - 19 Apr 1044         Gozelon I (Gothelo)             (b. c.968 - d. 1044)
1044 - 1046                Gozelon II (Gothelo)            (b. c.1008 – d. 1046)
1046 - 28 Aug 1065         Frederic (Ferry) I              (d. 1065)
1065 - 30 Dec 1069         Godefroi II "le Barbu"          (b. c.1010 - d. 1069)
1069 - 26 Feb 1076         Godefroi III "le Bossu"         (b. c.1030 - d. 1076)
1076 - 30 May 1087         Conrad (Conradus)               (b. 1074 - d. 1101)
                            (Konrad [III] King of Germany 30 May 1087 - 1 Apr 1098)
1087 - 18 Jul 1100         Godefroi IV                     (b. c.1060 - d. 1100)
1101 - 1106                Heinrich (Henri) I              (b. c.1059 - d. 1119)
1106 - 1029                Godefroi V                      (b. c.1060 - d. 1139)
1129 -  6 Aug 1139         Walram (Waleran)                (b. c.1085 - d. 1139)
1140 - 1142                Godefroi VI                     (b. c.1100 - d. 1142)
1142 - 1180                Godefroi VII                    (b. 1142 - d. 1190)
1180 - 1222                Henri "le Guerroyeur"           (b. 1165 - d. 1235)
Dukes of (Upper) Lorraine
(title dux Lotharingiae; from 14th cent. Duc de Lorreigne)
959 - Jun/Jul 978          Frederic (Ferry) I              (b. c.910 - d. 978)
Jun/Jul 978 - 11 Apr 1027  Thierry (Theoderic) I           (b. c.962 - d. 1027)
Jun/Jul 978 - 987          Beatrix de France (f) -Regent   (b. c.938 - d. 1003)
1016? - May 1026           Frederic (Ferry) II -co-ruler   (b. c.995 - d. c.1026)
11 Apr 1027 - 22 May 1033  Frederic (Ferry) III            (b. c.1020 - d. 1033)
1033 - 19 Apr 1044         Gozelon (Gothelo)               (s.a.)
19 Apr 1044 - Sep 1044     Godefroi "le Barbu" (1st time)  (b. c.1010 - d. 1069)
1046 - 1047                Godefroi "le Barbu" (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1047 - 11 Nov 1048         Adalbert (Albert)               (b. c.1000 - d. 1048)
1048 - 1070                Gerard (Gérard, Gerardo)        (b. c.1030 - d. 1070)
1070 - 30 Dec 1115         Thierry (Theodoric) II          (d. c.1040 - d. 1115)
30 Dec 1115 - 13 Jan 1139  Simon I "le Gros"               (b. c.1096 - d. 1139)
13 Jan 1139 - 13 May 1176  Mathieu (Matthias) I            (b. c.1110 - d. 1176)
13 May 1176 -  1 Apr 1206  Simon II                        (b. c.1140 - d. 1206)
 1 Apr 1206 -  7 Apr 1206  Ferry (Frédéric) I              (b. c.1143 - d. 1206)
 7 Apr 1206 - 10 Oct 1213  Ferry (Frédéric) II             (b. c.1162 - d. 1213)
10 Oct 1213 - 17 Feb 1220  Thiébaut (Thiébaud) I           (b. c.1191 - d. 1220)
17 Feb 1220 - 24 Jun 1251  Mathieu (Matthias) II           (b. c.1193 - d. 1251)
24 Jun 1251 - 31 Dec 1302  Ferry (Frédéric) III            (b. c.1240 - d. 1302)
24 Jun 1251 - 24 Mar 1255  Catherine de Limbourg (f)-Regent(b. c.1215 - d. 1255)
31 Dec 1302 - 10 Oct 1213  Thiébaut (Thiébaud) II          (b. 1263 - d. 1312)
10 Oct 1213 - 23 Aug 1328  Ferry (Frédéric) IV "le Luteur" (b. 1282 - d. 1328)
23 Aug 1328 - 26 Aug 1346  Raoul (Rodolphe) "le Vaillant"  (b. 1320 - d. 1346)
23 Aug 1328 - 1334         Élisabeth d'Autriche (f)-Regent (b. 1285 - d. 1382)
26 Aug 1346 - 23 Sep 1390  Jean I                          (b. 1346 - d. 1390)
26 Aug 1346 - 1360         Marie de Châtillon (f) -Regent  (b. 1323 - d. 1363)
27 Sep 1390 - 25 Jan 1431  Charles II "le Hardi"           (b. 1364 - d. 1431)
25 Jan 1431 - 28 Feb 1453  Isabelle -Duchess               (b. 1400 - d. 1453)
                           - jointly with -
25 Jan 1431 - 26 Mar 1453  René I                          (b. 1409 - d. 1480)
                            (also Renato I King of Naples 2 Feb 1435 - 2 Jun 1442;
                             duke of Bar 3 Aug 1419 - 10 Jul 1480)
26 Mar 1453 - 16 Dec 1470  Jean II                         (b. 1424 - d. 1470)
                             (administrator 1 Jul 1445-28 Feb 1453)
16 Dec 1470 - 24 Jul 1473  Nicolas I                       (b. 1448 - d. 1473)
                             (administrator 1466-16 Dec 1470)
24 Jul 1473 - 11 Aug 1473  Yolande -Duchess                (b. 1428 - d. 1483)
11 Aug 1473 - 10 Dec 1508  René II                         (b. 1451 - d. 1508)
30 Nov 1475 -  5 Jan 1477  Charles "le Téméraire"          (b. 1433 - d. 1477)
                             (also
Charles I duke of Burgundy; in dissidence)
10 Dec 1508 - 14 Jun 1544  Antoine "le Bon"                (b. 1489 - d. 1544)
14 Jun 1544 - 12 Jun 1545  F
rançois I                      (b. 1517 - d. 1545)
12 Jun 1545 - 14 May 1608  Charles III                     (b. 1543 - d. 1608)
12 Jun 1545 - 15 Apr 1552  Christine de Danemark (f)-Regent(b. 1521 - d. 1590)
12 Jun 1545 - 1559         Nicolas de Mercoeur -Regent     (b. 1524 - d. 1577)
14 May 1608 - 31 Jul 1624  Henri II "le Bon"               (b. 1563 - d. 1624)
31 Jul 1624 - 25 Nov 1625  Nicole -Duchess                 (b. 1608 - d. 1657)
25 Nov 1625 - 14 Oct 1632  F
rançois II                     (b. 1572 - d. 1632)
14 Oct 1632 - 18 Jan 1634  Charles IV (1st time)           (b. 1604 - d. 1675)
18 Jan 1634 - 25 Jan 1670  Nicolas II François             (b. 1609 - d. 1670)
25 Jan 1670 - 18 Sep 1675  Charles IV (2nd time)           (s.a.)
18 Sep 1675 - 18 Apr 1690  Charles V Léopold               (b. 1643 - d. 1690)
18 Apr 1690 - 27 Mar 1729  Léopold Joseph                  (b. 1679 - d. 1729)
27 Mar 1729 - 13 Feb 1737  François III Stephen            (b. 1708 - d. 1765)
                             (= Franz I Holy Roman Emperor from 1745;
                             Francesco II Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1737)
1730 - 13 Feb 1737         Élisabeth-Charlotte d'Orléans(f)(b. 1676 - d. 1744)
                             (regent for absent François III)
13 Feb 1737 - 23 Feb 1766  Stanislas I Leszczynski         (b. 1677 - d. 1766)
                             (= Stanisław I Leszczyński ex-king of Poland)

Governors

23 Feb 1766
- 13 Apr 1788  André Hercule de Rosset de      (b. 1715 - d. 1788)

                             Rocozel, duc de Fleury 
Apr 1788 -  1 Jan 1791     Louis George Érasme de Contades,(b. 1704 - d. 1793)
                             marquis de Contades 
French Governors
30 Nov 1634 - 1635         Jean de Galard de Béarn,        (b. 1579 - d. 1645)
                             comte de Brassac 
1635 - 1636                Gabriel de la Vallée Fossés,    (b. c.1570 - d. 1636)
                             marquis d'Everly 
10 Oct 1636 - Apr 1639     Georges de Monchy, marquis      (b. c.1595 - d. 1645)
                             d'Hocquincourt 
26 Apr 1639 - Mar 1643     François de L'Hôpital, duc      (b. 1583 - d. 1660)
                             de Rosney 
Jul 1643 - 1663            Henri de Saint Senneterre,      (b. 1599 - d. 1681)
                             marquis Pius, (from Nov 1665,
                             duc de La Ferré)
1663 - 1679                Vacant
 3 Aug 1672 - 167.         Henri Louis d'Aloigny,          (b. 1636 - d. 1676)

                             marquis de Rochefort 
                            (commandant general)
18 May 1679 - 1687         François de Blanchefort de      (b. 1625 - d. 1687)
                             Crépuy, marquis des Marines
11 Aug 1687 - Aug 1694     Louis-François, duc de Boufflers(b. 1644 - d. 1711)
Aug/Sep 1694 - 1697        Guy Aldonce de Durfort-Duras,   (b. 1630 - d. 1702)
                             duc de Lorge
1697 - 1737                Vacant
24 Oct 1737 -
23 Feb 1766  André Hercule de Rosset de      (s.a.)
                             Rocozel, duc de Fleury  

French Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Lorraine and of Barrois
26 Oct 1633 - Apr 1637     Louis Chantereau Le Febvre      (b. 1588 - d. 1658)
Apr 1637 - Nov 1640        Anne Mangot de Villarceaux      (b. 1594 - d. 1665)
Nov 1640 - Jan 1646        Nicolas Vignier de Ricey
Apr 1646 - Sep 1651        Jacques Hector de Marle de      (d. 1651)
                             Beaubourg
1651 - 1657                Charles Lejay, baron de Tilly   (d. 1674)
Oct 1657 - 1661            Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Saint- (b. 1602 - d. 1663)
                             Pouange
1662 - 1663                Charles Colbert de Croissy      (b. 1629 - d. 1696)
Sep 1663 - 1663            Jean-Paul de Choisy de Beaumont (d. 1697)
                             (1st time)
Sep 1670 - Jun 1673        Jean-Paul de Choisy de Beaumont (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Jul 1673 - Nov 1691        Jacques Charuel                 (b. 1615? - d. 1691)
1691 - 1697                Jean-Baptiste Desmarets de      (b. 1646 - d. 1740)
                             Vaubourg
Chancellors of Lorraine
18 Jan 1737 - 1758         Antoine Martin de Chaumont de   (b. 1697 - d. 1783)

                             La Galaizière
Dec 1758 - 23 Feb 1766     Antoine de Chaumont de La       (b. 1727 - d. 1812)
                             Galaizière
Intendants
of Justice, Police and Finances of Lorraine and of Barrois
23 Feb 1766 - Sep 1777     Antoine de Chaumont de La       (s.a.)
                             Galaizière
Jun 1778 - 1790            Jean Baptiste François Moulins  (b. 1743 - d. 1881)
                             de La Porte de Meslay


Bar

[Duchy of Bar flag to
                        1766 (France)]
Flag of Duchy of Bar
c.951                      County of Bar (Barrois)(Comté de Bar/Grafschaft Bar)
                             (under Lotharingia 959-1033).
 4 Jun 1301                King Philippe IV of France makes the Count of Bar into a vassal of
                             France for all of Bar west of the Meuse River, which becomes
                             "royal Bar" or Barrois mouvant ("dependant Bar") and Bar
                             east of the Meuse, still in the Duchy of Lorraine, was then
                             "ducal Bar" or Barrois non mouvant ("non-dependant Bar")(St-Mihiel,
                             Pont-à-Mousson, and Longwy) by the Treaty of Bruges.
13 Mar 1354                Raised to a Duchy by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV; Duchy of Bar
                             (Duché de Bar/Herzogtum Bar).
26 Jun 1430                Duchy of Bar in personal union with Duchy of Lorraine (formally
                             from 10 Dec 1508).
1482                       Prévôté of Virton (part of Duchy of Luxembourg) annexed to Bar.
 1 Apr 1634 -  2 Apr 1641  Bar and Lorraine occupied by France.
Jul 1641 - 28 Feb 1661     Bar and Lorraine occupied by France.
1670 - 1697                Bar and Lorraine occupied by France.
1702 - 1714                Bar and Lorraine occupied by France.
23 Feb 1766                Bar annexed along with Lorraine annexed to France.

Counts 
c.951 - 978                Ferry (Frédéric) I              (b. c.912 - d. 978)
978 - 1027                 Thierry (Theodoric) I           (b. c.965 - d. 1027)
978 - 987                  Béatrice de France (f) -Regent  (b. c.938 - d. 1003)
1019 - c.1026              Ferry (Frédéric) II -co-ruler   (b. c.995 - d. c.1026)
1027 - 1033                Ferry (Frédéric) III            (b. c.1020 - d. 1033)
1033 - 21 Jun 1093         Sophie -Countess                (b. c.1018 – d. 1093)
1038 - c.1073              Louis de Montbéliard -co-ruler  (b. c.1010 - d. c.1073)
1093 -  2 Jan 1103         Thierry (Theodoric) II          (d. c.1045 - d. 1103)
 2 Jan 1103 - 10 Mar 1149  Renaud (Rainald) I "le Borgne"  (b. c.1080 - d. 1149)
10 Mar 1149 - 25 Jul 1170  Renaud (Rainald) II             (b. c.1122 - d. 1170)
25 Jul 1170 - Oct 1190     Henri I                         (b. 1158 - d. 1190)
25 Jul 1170 - 1173         Agnès de Blois (f) -Regent      (b. 1138 - d. 1207)
Oct 1190 - 13 Feb 1214     Thiébaut (Theobald) I           (b. 1158 - d. 1214)
13 Feb 1214 - 12 Nov 1239  Henri II                        (b. 11.. - d. 1239)
13 Nov 1239 - Oct 1291     Thiébaut (Theobald) II          (b. 12.. - d. 1291)
Oct 1291 - Sep 1302        Henri III                       (b. 1259 - d. 1320)
Sep 1302 - Nov 1336        Édouard I                       (b. c.1295 - d. 1336)
Sep 1302 - 1310            Regency
                           - Jean, seigneur de Puisaye     (b. 1262d. 1317)
                           - Thiébaud, évêque de Liège     (b. c.1260 - d. 1312)
                           - Renaud, évêque de Metz        (d. 1316)
Nov 1336 - 24 Dec 1344     Henri IV                        (b. c.1315 - d. 1344)
24 Dec 1344 - May 1352     Édouard II                      (b. 1339 - d. 1352)
24 Dec 1344 - 10 Oct 1349  Yolande de Flandre (f) -Regent  (b. 1326 - d. 1395)
May 1352 - 13 Mar 1354     Robert I                        (b. 1344 - d. 1411)
Dukes
13 Mar 1354 - 12 Apr 1411  Robert I                        (s.a.)
12 Apr 1411 - 25 Oct 1415  Édouard III                     (b. 1377 - d. 1415)
25 Oct 1415 -  3 Aug 1419  Louis I Cardinal-duc de Bar     (b. c.1370 - d. 1430)
 
3 Aug 1419 - 10 Jul 1480  René I                          (b. 1409 - d. 1480)
                            (also Renato I King of Naples 2 Feb 1435 - 2 Jun 1442;
                             duke of Lorraine from 25 Jan 1431)
10 Jul 1480 - 23 Feb 1766  the dukes of Lorraine


Étival

963                        Diploma of the Emperor Otto for Etival.
1146                       Praemonstratensian Abbey of Étival (Stivagium)(Abbaye
                             d'Étival-en-Charnie
or Abbaye Notre-Dame d'Étival-
                             en-Charnie
)(Stift Etival)(the convent of Saint-Pierre d'Étival
                             was subordinated to Abbess of Andlau).
1177                       Diploma of the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa.
1308                       Abbots of Étival considered Bishops by the Holy See
                             (droits quasi-épiscopaux), abbey de facto independent.
1464                       Charter of the ban d'Etival given by the Duke of Lorraine Jean II.
1739                       Abbey of Étival given in commendam to the Bishops of Toul
                             (sanctioned by Bull of 5 Jun 1747).

Abbot-Provosts (title Abbé Prévôt d'Étival)
 3 Feb 1554 – 11 Mar 1554  Antoine Nicolas Saffroy (Saffrois)    (d. 1554)
                             de Moyenmoutier
1554 – 17 Mar 1581         Jean de Maizières                     (d. 1581)
1581 – 23 Mar 1609         Antoine Doridan de Ramberviller       (d. 1609)
1609 – 24 May 1617         Didier Frouard de Ravon               (d. 1617)
1619 – 29 Oct 1655         Jean Frouard de Baccarat              (d. 1655)
1655 – 12 Mar 1663         Hilarion Rampant                      (d. 1663)
1663 – 23 Sep 1682         Epiphane Louis                        (b. 1614 - d. 1682)
1682 –  4 Oct 1723         Siméon Godin                          (d. 1723)
22 Oct 1723 –  2 Aug 1739  Charles Louis Hugo                    (b. 1667 - d. 1739)
                            (co-adjutor 12 Aug 1710 - 22 Oct 1723; from
                             15 Dec 1728, Bishop of Ptolemais in partibus)
Priors (Prieurs)
1739 - 1740                Jean Desboeufs
1740 - 1742                Charton
1742 - 1747                Sigisbert Journal
1747 - 1754                Pierre Bouton
c.1761                     J. Desmoulin
17.. - 1786                Claude Mansuet, dit le jeune
1786 - 1790                Dominique Baudot


Remiremont

[Remiremont Abbey
                          arms from c.1645 (France)]
c.1645 - 1790

c.620                      Augustinian Abbey of Remiremont Abbey (Stift Remiremont/Romberg)
818                        Transferred to its present location (later had possessions in
                             Alsace, Franche-Comté, and Lorraine 72 lordships in all).
28 Sep 1070                Directly dependent upon the Emperor (Abbaye impériale de Remiremont/
                             Reichskloster Romberg).
24 Apr 1088                Abbey directly responsible to the Pope.
1290                       Abbesses made Princesses of the Holy Roman Empire
                             (Princesse d'Empire).
....                       Benedictine nuns were replaced by a chapter of 98 canonesses who
                             had to prove 200 years of nobility.
1556                       War of the Escutcheons (French: panonceaux) the Duke of Lorraine
                             and the Abbess ended in favor of the duke.
1623                       Becomes a Benedictine abbey.
1638 (month)               French troops of Marshal de Turenne occupy Remiremont.
1693                       Seigniorial rights over town of Remiremont
                             confirmed by king of France.
 7 Dec 1790                Secularized and annexed to France.

Princess-Abbesses (title Abbesse-Princesse d'Empire de Remiremont/Fürstäbtissin zu Romberg)
20 Nov 1660 -  4 Nov 1702  Dorothée-Marie de Salm             (b. 1651 - d. 1702)
                             (Dorothea Maria zu Salm)
1660 - 1662                Hélène d'Anglure                   (d. 1662)
                             (joint Administratrice)
1660 - 1677                Bernarde de Cléron de Saffre       (b. 1594 - d. 16..)
                             (joint Administratrice)
1702 - 1710                Christine de Salm-Salm             (b. 1663 - d. 17..)
                             (administratrice)
1703 - 1711                Elisabeth Charlotte Gabrielle de   (b. 1700 - d. 1711)
                             Lorraine
1705 -  9 Feb 1738         Béatrix Hiéronyme de Lorraine-     (b. 1662 - d. 1738)
                             Lillebonne
                             (co-adjutrice to 4 Aug 1710)
 
 7 May 1738 -  7 Nov 1773  Anne Charlotte I de Lorraine-      (b. 1714 - d. 1773)
                             Brionne 
1744 - 1758                Hélène de Cléron (administratrice) (d. 1758)
1760 - 1789                Hyacinthe Céleste de Briey de      (b. 1713 - d. 1789)
                             Landres
(administratrice)
1764
- 19 Nov 1782         Anne Christine de Saxe             (b. 1735 - d. 1782)
                             (Marie Christine von Sachsen)              
                             (co-adjutrice to 7 Nov 1773) 
1775 - 22 May 1786         Anne Charlotte II de Lorraine-     (b. 1756 - d. 1786)
                             Brionne
(co-adjutrice to 22 May 1782)   
15 Sep 1786 -  7 Dec 1790  Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon-Condé   (b. 1758 - d. 1824)



Lyonnais, Forez et Beaujolais

[Lyonnais (Traditional
                  province, France)]

1137                       Forez under French suzerainty.
1307                       Lyon under French suzerainty.
1532                       Beaujolais under French suzerainty.
1532                       County of Lyonnais part of the Royal domain.

Governors
28 Nov 1685 - 18 Jul 1730  François de Neufville de Villeroy(b. 1644 - d. 1730)
                             marquis et duc de Villeroy et
                              pair de France

29 Jul 1730 - 22 Apr 1734  Louis Nicolas de Neufville de   (b. 1663 - d. 1734)
                             Villeroy, duc de Retz, marquis
                             d'Alincourt puis, duc de Villeroy,
                             et duc de Beaupréau 

 6 May 1734 - Nov 1763     Louis François Anne de Neufville(b. 1695 - d. 1766)
                             de Villeroy, duc de Retz, 
                             duc de Villeroy

29 Nov 1763 - 31 Dec 1790  Gabriel Louis François de       (b. 1731 - d. 1794)
                             Neufville de Villeroy, duc
                             d'Alincourt, duc de Villeroy,
                             marquis de Neufville, comte de
                             Sault, duc de Retz



Maine, Perche et Comté de Laval

[Maine (Traditional
                  province, France)]

749                        Frankish Duchy of Maine.
c.830                      County of Maine
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1110 - 1122                Part of Anjou.
1129 - 12 Dec 1481         Part of Anjou.
1214                       County of Maine part of the Royal domain (confiscated 1202).
1227/1326                  County of Perche part of the Royal domain (county since 11..)
17 Jul 1429                County of Laval created.
20 Aug 1560 - Oct 1567     Part of the government of Touraine.

Oct 1567 - 1587/89         Part of the government of Anjou.
 

Governors
1698 - Oct 1715            Charles Denis de Bullion,       (b. 1651 - d. 1721)
                             marquis de Gallardon, seigneur
                             de Bonnelles, comte d'Esclimont

1715 - 23 Apr 1745         Anne Jacques de Bullion,        (b. 1679 - d. 1745)
                             marquis de Fervaques et de
                             Bonnelles, seigneur de Longchêne,
                             de Montlouet, de Bonnelles et
                             d'Esclimont

 5 May 1745 - 1749         Charles Paul Sigismond de       (b. 1697 - d. 1769)
                             Montmorency, duc de Châtillon
                             et Bouteville, marquis de Royan,
                             comte de Hallot et d'Olonne

15 Oct 1749 - 1765         Philippe Antoine Gabriel Victor (b. 1723 - d. 1794)
                             Charles de La Tour Du Pin, 
                             marquis de La Charce 
23 Nov 1765 - 1785         Raphaël Lucien de Fayolle,      (b. 1727 - d. 1804)
                             comte de Mellet 
14 Aug 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Pierre Charles Étienne Maignard,(b. 1730 - d. 1816)
                             marquis de La Vaupalière 



Haute et Basse Marche (2)

[Marche (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1249 - 1301                Part of Angouleme
1308                       Part of the Royal domain.
1327                       Marquisate of Marche an apanage of the Royal domain.
1527                       Part of the Royal domain.

Governors
Apr 1674 - 1719            Louis Foucault, marquis de      (b. 1643 - d. 1719)
                             Saint-Germain-Beaupré
1719 -  9 May 1752         Armand Louis François, marquis  (b. 1679 - d. 1752)
                             de Saint-German-Beaupré 
27 May 1752 -  1 Jan 1791  Marie Louis Caillebot, seigneur (b. 1716 - d. 1796)
                             de Montpinçon, marquis de La
                             Salle 



Metz et Pays Messin, Verdun et Verdunois (Trois-Évêchés)

[ancient flag of Metz
                  (France)]

1189 - 1648                Metz an Imperial free city of Metz (Reichsstadt Metz).
12.. - 1648                Toul an Imperial free city (Reichsstadt Tull).
1374 - 1648                Verdun an Imperial free city (Reichsstadt Wirten).
15 Jan 1552                Trois-Évêchés (Three Bishoprics)- Metz, Toul and Verdun -
                             are confirmed under French overlordship by Treaty of Chambord.
21 Apr 1552                Metz part of the Royal domain as the Government of Metz
                             and Pays Messin (and from c.1640 the Verdunois).
24 Oct 1648                Annexation of Metz, Toul and Verdun by France recognized by
                             Treaty of Westphalia.

Governors
1674 -  1 Aug 1703         Henri François de Senneterre,   (b. 1657 - d. 1703)
                             seigneur de Saint Nectaire,
                             duc de La Ferté-Senneterre

12 Aug 1703 -  1 Jul 1710  Jean Armand de Joyeuse, marquis (b. 1631 - d. 1710)
                             de Grandpré, dit le marquis
                             de Joyeuse 

 1 Jul 1710 - 1712         Claude Louis Hector de Villars, (b. 1653 - d. 1734)
                             duc de  Villars 
18 Oct 1712 - 23 Jul 1723  Jean Philippe d'Estaing, comte  (d. 1723)
                             de Saillant
10 Aug 1723 -  3 Mar 1733  Yves d'Alègre, marquis d'Alègre (b. 1653 - d. 1733)
                             et de Tourzel, seigneur de
                             Montaigu, de Saint-Flour-le-
                             Châtel, d'Aurouze, et d'Aubusson,
                             comte de Flageac

 9 Mar 1733 - 1756         Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet,  (b. 1684 - d. 1761)
                             duc de Gisors, dit maréchal 
                             de Belle-Isle (1st time)
1756 - 26 Jun 1758         Louis Marie Foucquet de Belle-  (b. 1732 - d. 1758)
                             Isle, comte de Gisors 
26 Jul 1758 - 26 Jan 1761  Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet,  (s.a.)
                             duc de Gisors, dit maréchal
                             de Belle-Isle (2nd time)
Feb 1761 -  2 Jan 1771     Louis Charles César Le Tellier, (b. 1695 - d. 1771)
                             marquis de Courtanvaux, comte
                             et duc d'Estrées, baron de
                             Montmirail, baron de Tigecourt,
                             chevalier de Louvois

15 Feb 1771 -  1 Jan 1791  Victor François de Broglie, duc (b. 1718 - d. 1804) 
                             de Broglie


Navarre: see Bearn et Navarre

Nice

[County of Nice
                    Traditional province, France)]

bf.1388                    Part of Provence.
28 Sep 1388                Nice places itself under the protection of the Counts
                             of Savoy, area known as Terres Neuves de Provence
                             (New Territories of Provence).
c.1526                     Style of "Count of Nice" starts to be by Dukes of Savoy.
 8 Apr 1691                French occupation of the fortress of Nice.
27 May 1691                King of France assumes the style of Comte de Nice.
24 Aug 1696                By Peace Treaty of Torino, Nice is returned to Savoy.
10 Apr 1705                French occupation of the town of Nice and some parts of 
                             the county.
13 Jul 1713                By Peace Treaty of Utrecht France returns all 
                             occupied areas of Nice to Savoy.
 2 Apr 1744                French-Spanish occupation of the town of Nice. In the
                             course of the following months all of the county except 
                             the fortress of Saorge is occupied.
Nov 1746                   Nice is liberated by an Austria and Sardinia.
Jun 1747                   French-Spanish reconquest of the county, Saorge fortress.
17 Oct 1748                By Peace Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle France and Spain return
                             return Nice to Sardinia (completed by Feb 1749).
29 Sep 1792                French invasion.
14 Feb 1793                Comité de Nice annexed to France by decree (effected 24 Feb 1793).
24 Feb 1793                The county becomes part of the département des Alpes Maritimes
                             (forming its districts of Nice and of Puget-Théniers
                             24 Mar 1793 - 17 Feb 1800, there after Arrondissements of Nice 
                             and of Puget-Théniers). Formed from the former Sardinian County
                             of Nizza and the County of Tende.
11 May 1800 - 29 May 1800  Brief Austrian occupation of Nice.
May 1805                   San Remo ceded by the Ligurian Republic (Genoa) and incorporated into
                             Alpes Maritimes.
30 May 1814                Counties of Nice and Tende returned by Peace Treaty of Paris the
                             to Sardinia-Piedmont (ratified 31 May 1814, effected 17 Jun 1814).
24 Mar 1860                Ceded to France by Sardinia-Piedmont (effective 14 Jun 1860).
23 Jun 1860                Part of the re-established département des Alpes-Maritimes.
 2 Feb 1861                Monaco cedes all rights to Menton and Roquebrune to France
                             (effective 12 Feb 1861).

Governors
1388 - 1395                Jean de Grimaldi, baron de Beuil
1396                       François de Compey
1396 - 1399                Oddon de Villars (1st time)
1399                       Boniface de Challant (1st time)
1399 - 1402                André de Grolée
1402 - 1405                Jean de Conflans
1405                       Boniface de Challant (2nd time)
1405                       Guillaume de Grolée
1406 - 1411                Oddon de Villars (2nd time)
1411 - 1415                Jean de la Chambre
1415                       Claude de Saix
1415 - 1422                Pierre Bonivard
1422 - 1427                Louis Ravoyre
1427 - 1435                Pierre de Beaufort
1435 - 1440                Nicod de Menthon
1440 - 1449                Lancelot de Layrieux
1449 - 1456                Théobald d'Avanchy
1457 - 1458                Jacques de Montbel
1459 - 1462                Janus de Savoie
1462 - 1466                Jacques de Grimaldi, seigneur
                             de Massoins
1466 - 1473                Jacques de Montbel
10 Apr 1473 - 1476         Antoine de Orly, seigneur de 
                             Saint-Innocent
14 Nov 1476 - 1477         Philippe de Savoie, comte de 
                             Bourg-en-Bresse
21 Apr 1477 - 1478         Ludovic, seigneur d'Aranchieri
27 Jul 1478 - 1480         Philippe de Camperio
1480 - 1482                Ludovic, comte de Challant
20 May 1482 - 28 May 1482  Jean-Ludovic de Savoie, 
                             évêque de Genève
28 May 1482 - 1483         Hugues de la Forêt
13 Oct 1483 - 1488         Antoine de la Forêt, 
                             seigneur de Riant
14 Nov 1488 - 1490         Pierre de Pesines, 
                             seigneur de Brondy
10 Apr 1490 - 1496         Richard, comte de Frissonnus
14 Mar 1496 - 1501         Jacques de Bussy, 
                             seigneur de Mériac
1501 - 1502                René, grand bâtard de Savoie, 
                             comte de Villars et Beaufort
31 Aug 1502 - 1507         Claude de Cordone
 5 Jan 1507 - 1514         Claude de Pallude
14 Aug 1514 - 1516         Alexandre, seigneur d'Altavilla
26 Nov 1516 - 13 Oct 1519  Ludovic de Bellegarde
13 Oct 1519 - 1521         Ludovic Malingri, seigneur 
                             de Bagerolo (1st time)
 5 Oct 1521 - 1524         Alexandre, seigneur d'Aula Nova
                            (de Sallenoves)

 9 Aug 1524 - 1526         François de Belletranchiis,
                             seigneur de Chenay
22 Jan 1526 - 1527         Ludovic Malingri, seigneur 
                             de Bagerolo (2nd time)
 9 Aug 1527 - 1529         Claude de Belletranchiis (Belletruch)
23 Mar 1529 - 1530         Nicodus de Beaufort, 
                             seigneur de Salegrine
29 Dec 1530 - 1537         Alexandre, baron de Sales
1537 - 1529                Antoine de Belletranchiis
19 Apr 1539 - 1556         Andreas, comte de Montfort 
                             (1st time)
1556 - 1557                Etienne Doria, seigneur de
                             Dolceacqua, comte de la Roquette
 8 Oct 1557 - 1562         Andreas, comte de Montfort 
                             (2nd time)
21 Jan 1562 - 1580         Honoré de Grimaldi, 
                             comte de Beuil (1st time)
1580 - 1581                Claude, comte de Challant
25 May 1581 - 1591         Honoré de Grimaldi,
                             comte de Beuil (2nd time)
15 Dec 1591 - 1615         Annibal de Grimaldi, 
                             comte de Beuil
1615 - 1625                Ludovic Solaro, 
                             marquis de Dogliani 
20 Jul 1625 - 1630         Félix de Savoie 
1630 - 1632                comte de Cartignano (acting)
1632 - 1638                Philibert del Carretto, 
                             marquis del Carretto
 3 Jun 1638 - 1642         Jérôme, comte de Roussillon
15 Jun 1642 - 1660         Prince Maurice de Savoie
12 Feb 1660 - 1688         Antoine de Savoie, Abbé de
                             Saint-Michel della Chiesa
15 Jun 1688 - 1691         Victor-Amédée Maillard,
                             marquis d'Alby
27 Mar 1691 - 29 Sep 1696  chevalier de la Fare
                             (French governor)
29 Sep 1696 - 1705         Guido Biandrate, marquis de 
                             Saint-Georges
11 Apr 1705 - 16 Nov 1707  marquis d'Usson (French governor)
16 Nov 1707 - 29 May 1713  marquis de Mont-Georges 
                             (French governor)
29 May 1713 - 1714         Paul-Dominique Doria,
                             comte de Prelà
30 Aug 1714 - 1720         Joseph Cauda, comte de
                             Caseletti
16 Dec 1720 - 1733         Charles Foschieri, 
                             marquis de Reveredo
1733 - 1736                Charles André Baptiste 
                             Saint-Martin d'Aglié, 
                             marquis de Rivarolo
1736 - 1741                Luigi Poccone, comte de la Perosa
1741 - 1743                François Ludovic Emmanuel 
                             d'Alinges, comte d'Aspremont
24 Nov 1743 - 1744         Victor-Amédée François de 
                             Savoie, marquis de Suse
 5 Apr 1744 -  3 Jun 1744  Comte de Joseph Aramburo
 3 Jun 1744 - 18 Feb 1746  marquès de Castellar
18 Feb 1746 -  2 Jun 1747  Charles-Emmanuel III 
 2 Jun 1747 - 26 Feb 1749  marquis de Mirepoix
26 Feb 1749 -  9 Jul 1749  Victor Amédée Joseph Philibert 
                             Costa, comte de la Trinité
 9 Jul 1749 - 16 Feb 1752  Joseph Marie del Carretto, 
                             marquis de Santa Giulia 
Vice governors
16 Feb 1752 - 17 Jun 1752  Jean-Baptiste de Bellegarde,
                             comte de Naugy (1st time)
17 Jun 1752 - 16 Apr 1763  Jacques de Patterson 
18 Apr 1763 - 13 Mar 1771  Jean-Baptiste de Bellegarde,
                             comte de Naugy (2nd time)
13 Mar 1771 - 1778         Philippe Antoine de Blonay      (d. 1778)
1778                       Gavino Pagliacciu de la 
                             Planargia (1st time)(acting)
30 Jan 1778 -  9 Sep 1789  Philippe-Valentin Asinari de 
                             Saint-Marsan 
1789 - 28 Aug 1792         Gavino Pagliacciu de la 
                             Planargia (2nd time)(acting)
28 Aug 1792 - 28 Sep 1792  Pierre Obrenant
Intendants
25 Jun 1688 - Apr 1697     Luigi Francesco, cavaliere
                             Morozzo
26 Apr 1697 - Jun 1697     François-Hyacinthe, comte
                             de Galinati 
17 Jun 1697 - May 1699     Francesco Nicola, conte di
                             Robilant e Sant'Albano
22 May 1699 - May 1702     Pierre Mellarède (or Mellaredo)
25 May 1702 - 1705         Gian Giacomo, conde Fontana
1709 - 1713?               Gayot -French governor
1713                       Giulio Luigi Torrini
26 May 1713 - Oct 1715     conde Ruschis
27 Oct 1715 - Dec 1717     Gian Carlo Fecia di Cossato
15 Dec 1717 - Sep 1722     Carlo Pavia
1722 - 1723                cavaliere Luigi Lovera
1724 - Jun 1724            Marc Antoine Gondona (acting)
 3 Jun 1724 - Feb 1733     Giovanni Stefano Sapellani
                             (or Zappeloni)
 3 Feb 1733 - Mar 1742     Carlo Alfonso Dalmazzone 
13 Mar 1742 - Jan 1750     Secundo Domenico Bolla
17 Jan 1750 - Aug 1759     Gaspard Joanini 
25 Aug 1759 - Nov 1772     Giuseppe Mattone di Benevello
10 Nov 1772 - Apr 1775     Giuseppe Felix Angiono
29 Apr 1775 - Oct 1779     Felix Vacca
12 Oct 1779 - Dec 1785     Domenico Benedetto, conte Cortina
                             di Malgrà di Castellamonte
19 Dec 1785 - Nov 1792     Lorenzo Perpetuo Cristiani
 6 Nov 1792 - Apr 1794     Giovanni-Battista Mattone di 
                             Benevello
French Commander

29 Sep 1792 - 31 Jan 1793  Jacques Bernard Modeste         (b. 1740 - d. 1814)
                             d'Anselme
Commissioners of the Directory to the Army of Italy
Oct 1792 - 13 Nov 1792     Paul Barras (1st time)
         (b. 1755 - d. 1829) 
                             (to ... 1792)       
                           - François Aubry (from ... 1792)
(b. 1747 - d. 1802)
                           - Maximin Isnard
(from ... 1792)(b. 1758 - d. 1830)
                           - Antoine-Joseph-Marie
         (b. 1757 - d. 1829)
                               Despinassy (from ... 1792)         
18 Nov 1792 -  1 Mar 1793  Jean-François Goupilleau de     (b. 1754 - d. 1823)
                             Fontenay                  
                           - Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois   (b. 1750 - d. 1796)
                           - Marie-David-Albin Lasource    (b. 1762 - d. 1793)
                           - Abbé Henri-Jean-Baptiste      
(b. 1750 - d. 1831)   
                               Grégoire
                           - Grégoire Jagot                (b. 1750 - d. 1838)   
May 1793 - Aug 1793        Paul Barras (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           - Louis-Stanislas Fréron        (b. 1755 - d. 1822)
Sep 1793 - Jun 1794        Augustin-Bon-Joseph de
         (b. 1763 - d. 1794)
                             Robespierre
                             (on leave 26 Dec 1793 - Feb 1794)
                           - Jean-François Ricord          (b. 1760 - d. 1818)
                           - Cristoforo Saliceti
          (b. 1757 - d. 1809)
                              (1st time)(25 Feb 1794 - Apr 1794)
Jun 1794 -  5 Aug 1794     Jean-François Ricord            (s.a.)
                           - François-Sébastien-Christophe
(b. 1760 - d. 1823)
                               Laporte
Aug 1794 - Sep 1794        François-Sébastien-Christophe   (s.a.)
                              Laporte
                           - Cristoforo Saliceti           (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
                           - Antoine-Louis Albitte         (b. 1761 - d. 1812)
                              (to 21 Aug 1794)
                           - Louis Turreau                 (b. 1761 - d. 1797)

                              (from 21 Aug 1794)

 6 Sep 1794 - Jun 1795     François-Joseph Ritter
         (b. 1758 - d. 1809)
                              (1st time)
                           - 
Louis Turreau (to Jan 1795)   (s.a.)
                           - Louis-Etienne Beffroy de     
(b. 1754 - d. 1826)
                               Beauvoir
 8 Jan 1795 - 22 Jun 1795  Ange Chiappe                    (b. 1766 - d. 1826)
                           - Jacques-Marie Dumaz (or Dumas)
                               (from ... 1795)             (b. 1762 - d. 1839)
                           - André Réal                    (b. 1752 - d. 1832)
Jun 1795 - Sep? 1795       François-Joseph Ritter          (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
                           - Pétré
                           - Jacques-Henri-Marie Maisse    (b. 1756 - d. 1806)
Commissioners of the Executive Directory
Sep 1795 - Apr 1798        André Gastaud
                  (b. 1755 - d. 1821)
Apr 1798 - 1799            Rufin Massa                     (b. 1743 - d. 1831)
Austrian commanders
11 May 1800 - 18 May 1800  Melas
18 May 1800 - 29 May 1800  Freiherr Elnitz
Prefects of Alpes-Maritimes
département
31 May 1800 - Nov 1801     Joseph Antoine Florens          (b. 1762 - d. 1842)
 3 Nov 1801 - 1803         Alexandre Paul Guérin           (b. 1757 - d. 1816)
                             de Châteauneuf-Randon
1803                       Capelle (acting)
1803 - 18 May 1814         François Joseph de Gratet du    (b. 1746 - d. 1829)
                             Bouchage
18 May 1814 - 27 May 1814  Sauvaigue (acting)
Governors
1814 - 1820                Polycarpe Cacherano, comte      (b. 1744 - d. 1824)
                             d'Osasco
1820 - 1822                Annibal di Saluzzo              (b. 1775 - d. 1852)
1822 - 1827                Emilio Roero di San Severino
1827 - 1830                Henri Milliet de Faverges et de
                             Challes
, maquis de Faverges   (b. 1775 - d. 1839)
1830 - 1831                Louis Bongioanni de Castelborgo (b. 1756 - d. 1834)
1831 - 1834                Bernardino, conte Morra de      (b. 1769 - d. 1851)
                             Lavriano
1834 - 1837                Étienne de Candia
1837 - May 1848            Rodolphe de Maistre
, comte de   (b. 1789 - d. 1866)
                             Maistre     
May 1848 - 1849            Hippolyte Gerbaix de Sonnaz     (b. 1783 - d. 1871)

Intendants

27 May 1814 - 1816         Jean-François Fighiera          (b. 1754 - d. 1826) 
1816 - 1819                cavaliere di Guidici
12 Aug 1819 - 1827         Alessandro Crotti di Castiglioni
1827 - 1828                Pullino (acting)
1828 - 1831                Pierre Bianchi
1831 - 1837                Joseph Fernex
1837 - 1841                Pantaleone Gandolfo
 2 Oct 1841 - Aug 1844     Luigi Des Ambrois de Nevache    (b. 1807 - d. 1874)
Aug 1844 - 1848/49         Felice, barone de Boccard       (b. 1799 - d. 1876)
Intendants general
1849 - 1850                Teodoro de Rossi di Santa Rosa  (d. 1890)
1850 - 1851                Alessandro Radicati di Marmorito
1851 - 1856                Ottavio Ferrero Della Marmora   (b. 1806 - d. 1868)
                             (1st time)
1856 - 1858                Pietro Boschi
1858 - 1859                
Ottavio Ferrero Della Marmora   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)  
Governors
23 Oct 1859 - 1860         Enrico Cordero di Montezemolo   (b. 1811 - d. 1887)
 2 Apr 1860 - 23 Jun 1860? Louis Lubonis (provisional)     (b. 1815 - d. 1893)



Nivernois (Nivernais) (2)

[Nivernais (Traditional
                  province, France)]

8..                        County of Nivernais
843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
887 - 918                  Part of Burgundy.
966 - 987                  Part of Burgundy.
 6 May 1545 - 1566         Government abolished?
1659                       County of Nivernais part of the Royal domain.

Governors
30 Jul 1661 -  8 May 1707  Philippe Julien Mancini,        (b. 1641 - d. 1707)
                             duc de Nevers
May 1707 - 1717            Jacques Léonor Rouxel,          (b. 1655 - d. 1725)
                             comte de Médavy 
1717 - 14 Sep 1768         Philippe Jules François Mancini,(b. 1676 - d. 1768)
                             duc de Nevers 
12 Oct 1768 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Jules Barbon Mancini,     (b. 1716 - d. 1798)
                             duc de Nevers dit Duc du
                             Nivernais 



Normandie (Normandy)

[Normandy
                          (Traditional province, France)]
Adopted c.1160

843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
845                        Lordship of Normandy
911                        County of Normandy
987                        Duchy of Normandy
1066 - 1202                English rule.
1214                       Part of the French Royal domain (confiscated in 1202).
1346 - 1360                English rule.
1415 - 1453                English rule.

English Governors
1066 - 1202                ....
1346 - 1360                ....
Lieutenant of France
Dec 1420 - 1421            Thomas of Lancaster,
            (b. 1388 - d. 1421)
                             Duke of Clarence
1422 - 14 Sep 1435         John of Lancaster,              (b. 1389 - d. 1435)
                             Duke of Bedford 
1435 - 1436                John, seigneur de Talbot        (b. c.1387 - d. 1453)
 8 May 1436 - Dec 1447     Richard, Duke of York           (b. 1411 - d. 1460)
Dec 1447 - 1449            Edmund Beaufort, Duke of        (b. 1406 – d. 1455)
                             Somerset
Governors
 9 May 1691 - 1726         Charles François Frédéric de    (b. 1662 - d. 1726)
                             Montmorency, duc de Piney 
1726 - 18 May 1764         Charles François Frédéric II    (b. 1702 - d. 1764)
                             de Montmorency, duc de Piney
15 Jun 1764 - 1775         Anne-Pierre, duc d'Harcourt     (b. 1701 - d. 1783)
17 Sep 1775 -  1 Jan 1791  François Henri, duc d'Harcourt  (b. 1726 - d. 1800)


Orange: see under Provence



Orléannais (2)

[Orléanais (Traditional
                  province, France)]

8..                        County of Orléans
843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1199                       County of Gien part of the Royal domain.
1286                       County of Chartres part of the Royal domain.
1300                       Seigneury of Beaugency part of the Royal domain.
1344                       Duchy of Orléanais
 1 Sep 1375                First royal governor appointed.
1391                       County of Blois part of the Royal domain.
 7 Apr 1498                Part of the Royal domain.
1589
                       Duchy of Vendôme part of the Royal domain.

Governors
 8 Jan 1680 - 21 Sep 1707  François d'Escoubleau, comte    (b. 16.. - d. 1707)
                             de Sourdis, seigneur de 
                             Gaujac, d'Estillac et de
                             Chabanais 
28 Sep 1707 -  2 Nov 1736  Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de  (b. 1665 - d. 1736)
                             Gondrin, marquis d'Antin et
                             de Montespan, duc d'Antin
 2 Nov 1736 -  9 Dec 1743  Louis de Pardaillan de Gondrin, (b. 1707 - d. 1743)
                             duc d'Antin
11 Dec 1743 - 13 Sep 1757  Louis de Pardaillan de Gondrin, (b. 1727 - d. 1757)
                             duc d'Antin 
 2 Nov 1757 - 25 Aug 1784  François Charles, comte de      (b. 1703 - d. 1784)
                             Rochechouart-Faudoas 
 7 Nov 1784 -  1 Jan 1791  Aymery Louis Roger, comte de    (b. 1744 - d. 1791)
                             Rochechouart-Faudoas 



Ville, Prévoté et Vicomté de Paris 

[Paris (France)]

27 May 1418 - 141.         Burgundian occupation.
Dec 1420 - c.1429          English occupation.
11 Dec 1528 - 12 Mar 1533  Paris separated from Île-de-France.
24 Jan 1596                Paris again separated from Île-de-France.
18 Mar 1776                Paris becomes a minor government of the 3rd rank.

Governors
13 Feb 1687 -  9 Dec 1704  Léon Potier, duc de Tresmes     (b. 1620 - d. 1704)
10 Dec 1704 - 12 Apr 1739  François Bernard Potier,        (b. 1635 - d. 1739)
                             duc de Tresmes 
12 Apr 1739 - 19 Sep 1757  François Joachim Bernard Potier,(b. 1692 - d. 1757)
                             duc de Gesvres 
22 Sep 1757 -  8 Oct 1771  Marie Charles Louis d'Albret,   (b. 1717 - d. 1771)
                             duc de Luynes 
21 Oct 1771 - 177.         Jean-Paul Timoléon de Cossé,    (b. 1698 - d. 1780)
                             duc de Brissac 
12 Feb 1775 - 10 Oct 1789  Louis Hercule Timoléon de Cossé,(b. 1734 - d. 1792)
                             duc de Brissac



Picardie (Picardy)

[Picardy
                          (Traditional province, France)]
Adopted c.1640

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1185                         Amiénois part of the Royal domain.
1191                       County of Vermandois part of the Royal domain. 1212                       County of Boulogne part of the Royal domain.
1279 - 1369                Ponthieu occupied by England.
1299                       Picardy constituted of the Bailiwick of Amiens.
4/8 Oct 1347 - 20 Jan 1558 Calais under English rule.
1369                       County of Ponthieu part of the Royal domain.
1372 - 1435                Ponthieu occupied by England.
1435 - 1477                Picardy (incl. Ponthieu) ceded to the Duchy of Burgundy.
1486                       Government of Picardie
16th cent.                 Picardy increased by the pays reconquis ("reconquered lands")
                             surrounding the towns of Calais and Boulogne (Artois-Boulonnais).

Governors
 4 May 1692 - 12 May 1748  Henri de Lorraine, duc d'Elbeuf (b. 1661 - d. 1748)
12 May 1748 - 29 Dec 1751  Charles de Lorraine, comte      (b. 1684 - d. 1751)
                             d'Armagnac 
 1 Jan 1752 - 23 Sep 1769  Michel Ferdinand d'Albert, duc  (b. 1714 - d. 1769)
                             de Chaulnes 
24 Sep 1769 -  1 Jan 1791  Gabriel-Marie de Talleyrand-    (b. 1726 - d. 1795)
                             Périgord, comte de Périgord 


Calais

[Flag of Calais (France)]

4/8 Oct 1347 - 20 Jan 1558 Calais under English rule.

Governors and Captains-General
 4 Oct 1347 -  8 Oct 1347  Gautier de Manny (Walter de Maney)
 8 Oct 1347 -  1 Dec 1347  John Montgomery 
 1 Dec 1347 - 1349         John Chivereston 
Jan 1349 - 1350            John Beauchamp (1st time)
Mar 1350 - 1350/51         Robert de Herle (1st time)
1350/51 - Jun 1361         John Beauchamp (2nd time)
20 Jun 1351 - 1353         Robert de Herle (2nd time)
29 Jun 1353 - 1355         Reginald de Cobham               (b. c.1295 - d. 1361)
1355 - 1356                Roger Beauchamp (1st time)
1353 - 1358                John Beauchamp (3rd time)
1358 - 1361                Ralph de Ferrers 
1361 - 1365                Henry le Scrope (1st time)       (b. c.1312 - d. 1392)
1365 - 1366                Bartholomew de Burghersh         (d. 1369)
1366 - 1370                Henry le Scrope (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1370 - 1372                Nicholas de Tamworth 
1372 - 1373                Roger Beauchamp (2nd time)
1373 - 1375                John de Burley                   (d. c.1416)
1375 - 1377                Sir Hugh de Calverley            (d. 1394)
1377                       Thomas Fogg 
1377 - 1378                Sir Bernard Brocas               (b. 1330 – d. 1395) 
1378/1379 - Jan 1380       William de Montague,             (b. 1328 - d. 1397)
                             Earl of Salisbury 
1380 - 1381                William, Baron Latimer           (b. c.1330 - d. 1381)
1381 - 1383                John Devereux                    (b. c.1337 - d. 1393)
                           + John de Burley (to 1382?) 
1383 - 1391                William de Beauchamp, Baron      (b. c.1343 - d. 1411)
                             Bergavenny,                             
1391 - 1398                Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of       (b. 1366 - d. 1399) 
                             Norfolk, Earl of Norfolk 
Jan 1398 - 1398            Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester  (b. 1343 - d. 1403)
1398 - 1401                Peter Courtenay                  (b. 1349 - d. 1409)
1401 - 1407                John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset  (b. 1373 - d. 1410)
1407 - 1410                Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter  (b.c.1377 - d. 1426)
18 Mar 1410 - Apr 1413     Henry, Prince of Wales           (b. 1387 - d. 1422)
                             (from 20 Mar 1413, King Henry V)
May 1413 - 1414?           William de la Zouche, Baron      (b. c. 1373 – d. 1415)
                              Zouche

Jul 1414 - 1432            Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers   (b. 1405 - d. 1469)
                             (1st time)
1432 - 1435                John Lancaster, Duke of Bedford  (b. 1389 - d. 1435)
Jan 1435 - Oct 1435        Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1435 - 1439         Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester     (b. 1390 - d. 1447)
1439 - 1442                Sir Thomas Kyriell               (b. 1396 – d. 1461)
1442 - 1450                Humphrey Stafford, Duke of       (b. 1402 - d. 1460)
                             Buckingham 
Sep 1451 - 1454            Edmund Beaufort,earl of Somerset (b. 1406 - d. 1455)
                             (1st time)
1454                       Anthony Woodville, Earl Rivers   (b. c.1440 - d. 1483)
                             (acting) 
28 Jul 1454 -  6 Mar 1455  Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York(b. 1411 - d. 1460)
1455 - Aug 1456            Edmund Beaufort,earl of Somerset (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Aug 1456 - Apr 1471        Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (b. 1428 - d. 1471)
17 Jul 1471 - Jun 1488     William Hastings, Baron Hastings (b. c.1431 - d. 1483)
28 Jun 1483 - 16 Jul 1483  John Blount, Baron Mountjoy      (b. c.1450 - d. 1485)
16 Jul 1483 - Mar 1484     John Dynham, Baron Dynham        (b. c.1433 – d. 1501) 
Mar 1484 - 1485?           Sir Ralph Hastings               (d. 1495)
11 Mar 1485 - 1486         John Plantagenet, Duke of        (d. 1499?)
                             Gloucester
 7 Mar 1486 - 1493?        Giles, Baron Daubeney            (b. 1451 - d. 1508) 
1493 - 1494                Edward Poynings                  (b. 1459 – d. 1521) 
1494/96 - 1503?            Gilbert, Lord Talbot (1st time)  (b. 1452 - d. 1517)
1503 - 15..                Anthony Browne                   (b. 1443 - d. 1506) 
1504? - 1507               Richard Nanfant                  (d. 1507)
Sep 1509 - 151.            Gilbert, Lord Talbot (2nd time)  (s.a.) 
1514 - 15..                Maurice de Berkeley
1513 - 1520                Richard Carew
                           - jointly with -
Aug 1514 - 1519            Richard Wingfield                (b. c.1469 - d. 1525)
1519 - Nov 1520            John Peeche
28 Nov 1520 - Mar 1532     John Bourchier, Baron Berners    (b. 1467 - d. 1533) 
Jun 1533 - 1540            Arthur Plantagenet, Viscount     (d. 1542)
                             Lisle

                           - jointly with -
1537 - 1539                Robert Wingfield                 (d. 1554)
                             (acting for Lisle)
24 Sep 1538 - 1540         John Dudley, Duke of             (b. 1504 - d. 1553)
                             Northumberland  
Jul 1540 - Feb 1544        Henry Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel  (b. 1512 - d. 1580)
1544 - 1550                George Brooke, Baron Cobham      (b. c.1497 - d. 1558)
Aug 1550 - Oct 1552        Christopher Willoughby
29 Oct 1552 - Dec 1553     William Howard, Baron Howard of  (b. 1510 - d. 1573)
                             Effingham 
Dec 1553 -  7 Jan 1558     Thomas Wentworth, Baron Wentworth(b. 1525 - d. 1584)



Poitou (2)

[Poitou (Traditional
                  province, France)

...                        County of Poitou
843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1152 - 1204                English rule.
1223                       County of Poitou part of the Royal domain.
1356 - 1373                English rule.
Jul 1560                   Separate government of Poitou was created 
                             (previously part of government of Guyenne).

Governors
Jan 1676 -  9 Jun 1719     René-François, marquis de la    (b. 1652 - d. 1719)
                             Vieuville 
 9 Jun 1719 -  4 May 1727  Louis Armand de Bourbon,        (b. 1695 - d. 1727)
                             prince de Condé 
 7 Jun 1727 -  2 Aug 1776  Louis-François de Bourbon,      (b. 1717 - d. 1776)
                             prince de Condé 
 5 Aug 1776 - 18 Nov 1785  Louis-Philippe Joseph, duc de   (b. 1747 - d. 1793)
                             Chartres (from 18 Jan 1785, 
                             duc d'Orléans) 
 5 Dec 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis-Philippe, duc de Chartres (b. 1773 - d. 17850)
                            (later, duc d'Orléans) 



Pays et Comté de Provence

[Provence (Traditional
                  province, France)]

855                        Kingdom of Provence
863                        Divided between Italy (south) and Lothringia (Lorraine)(north).
869 - 877                  French rule.
879                        County of Provence
933                        Part of Kingdom of Arles (Upper Burgundy).
1032 - 1246                Within the Holy Roman Empire.
1246                       French fief.
11 Dec 1481                In personal union with the French Royal domain.
1643 - 1706                Quercy a separate province.
1643 - 1680                Périgord a separate province.   

Governors
 9 Aug 1669 - 11 Jun 1712  Louis Joseph de Bourbon, duc    (b. 1654 - d. 1712)
                             de Vendôme, duc d'Étampes,
                             comte de Penthièvre
                             "le Grand Vendôme"

20 Oct 1712 - 17 Jun 1734  Claude Louis Hector, duc de     (b. 1653 - d. 1734)
                             Villars 
17 Jun 1734 - 27 Apr 1770  Honoré Armand, duc de Villars,  (b. 1702 - d. 1770)
                             duc et pair de France, prince
                             de Martigues, vicomte de Melun,
                             comte de Rochemiley, marquis
                             de la Melle

 6 May 1770 - 12 Apr 1782  Camille Louis de Lorraine,      (b. 1725 - d. 1782)
                             comte de Marsan, "prince Camille"
26 Apr 1782 - 1790         Charles Juste de Beauvau,       (b. 1720 - d. 1793)
                             prince de Beauvau et prince
                             de Craon

Seneschals and governors of Quercy
1655 - 1679                Emmanuel Galiot de
Lostanges    (d. 1679)
                             de
Saint-Alvère, marquis de
                             Saint-Alvère
1679 - 1706                Louis de Lostanges              (b. 1654 - d. 1706)
Seneschals and governors of Périgord
1652 - 1679                Philibert Hélie de Pompadour,
                             marquis de Laurière, baron
                             de Nontron, seigneur du
                             Bourdeix and de Puyagut
1679 - 1680                Léonard Elie de Pompadour,
                             marquis de Laurières


Orange

[flag of Principality of
                  Orange (France)]

Map of Orange
Capital: Orange

10..                       County of Orange
1150                       Ruling line splits into two lines ("Line A" which consists
                             of Guillaume II, Guillaume III, Tiburge II, and Raimbaud IV
                             and "Line B" which is the "princely" line and
consists of
                             Raimbaud III, Tiburge III, Bertrand I de Baux,
and Guillaume IV). 
1163                       Principality of Orange (Principauté d'Orange), sovereign principality
                             within the Holy Roman Empire.
1180                       Tiburge II bequeaths his portion to the Order of the Knights 
                             Hospitaller (later named Knights of Malta). 
1190                       Raimbaud IV also bequeaths his portion to the Knights Hospitaller. 
1218                       The princely line ("Line B") splits into "Line B1" and "Line B2."
                             (Line B1 consists of Guillaume V, Guillaume VI, Raymond II, 
                             and Bertrand II; Line B2 consists of Raymond I and Bertrand III).
1289                       Bertrand III reunites the principality.
1307                       Count of Provence acquires the portion ceded to the Knights
                             Hospitaller and in 1308 cede it to Bertrand III.

1376                       Princes also Princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
Oct 1417 - 15 Jul 1544     Under the Châlons-Arlay (from 1530, Châlon-Orange) dynasty.
1431                       The Count of Provence waived taxation duties for Orange's rulers
                             (Mary of Baux-Orange and Jean de Châlons of Burgundy) in exchange
                             for liquid assets to be used for a ransom.
15 Jul 1544-8/19 Mar 1702  Under Orange-Nassau dynasty (from 1586 stadholders of Netherlands).
1660 - 1665                Occupied by France.
1672 -  8/19 Mar 1702      Occupied by France.
 
8/19 Mar 1702             At the death of Guillaume X, Prince of Orange (from 23 Feb 1689, King
                             William III of England), his closest heir is Friedrich I King of
                             Prussia, but his will grants
Orange to Johan Willem Friso van
                             Nassau-Dietz;
the succession is disputed by Prussia and France and
                            
France annexes Orange incorporating it into Province of Dauphiné.
11 Apr 1713                By the Treaty of Utrecht, Friedrich I of Prussia cedes the
                             principality to France (without surrendering the princely title), in
                             which cession the Holy Roman Empire as suzerain concurred, though
                             Johan Willem Friso van Nassau-Dietz, the other claimant to the
                             principality, did not concur.

14 May 1732                By the Treaty of Partage, William IV, Prince of Orange (successor to
                             Johan Willem Friso) renounces his claims to the territory but,
                             like Friedrich I, he does not renounce his claim to the title.
                             In the same treaty an agreement was made between both claimants,
                             stipulating both houses to be allowed to use the title of "Prince
                             of Orange" (prince d'Orange/prins van Oranje/
fürst von Oranien).
 4 Mar 1790                Part of département Drôme.
25 Jun 1793                Part of département Vaucluse.

Princes (title Prince d'Orange/Reichsfürst zu Oranien)
23 Apr 1625 - 14 Mar 1647  Frédéric Henri (Frederik Hendrik)  (b. 1584 - d. 1647)
14 Mar 1647 -  6 Nov 1650  Guillaume IX (Willem)              (b. 1626 - d. 1650)
 6 Nov 1650 - 19 Mar 1702  Guillaume X Henri (Willem Hendrik) (b. 1650 - d. 1702)
                            (from 23 Feb 1689, also King
                             William III of England) 
1697 - 22 Feb 1709         François Louis de Bourbon, comte   (b. 1664 - d. 1709)
                             de La Marche, prince du Conti
                             (in opposition)
19 Mar 1702 - 11 Apr 1713  Claims of France, Prussia and Nassau

Governors
 1 Jul 1637 - 1649         Ursula Gräfin zu Solms-Braunfels(f)(b. 1594 - d. 1657)
1649 - 1660                Friedrich Burggraf zu Dohna        (b. 1621 - d. 1688)
1660 - 1665                Vacant
1665 - 18 Jul 1665         (Huygens?) de Zulichem
166. - Nov 1673            de Berckoffer (Berghofer?)
1673 - 16..                d'Alauzier
1697 - 11 Apr 1713         François de Castellane, comte de   (b. 1632 - d. 1714)
                             Grignan (lieutenant-governor of Provence)



Comté de Roussillon 

[Roussillon (Traditional
                  province, France)]

843                        Under the suzerainty of France.
1180                       Under the suzerainty of Catalonia/Aragón (accepted by 
                             France 1258).
 9 Jan 1463                Annexed by France.
19 Jan 1493                Retroceded to Arag
ón by France.
16 Jan 1556                Possession of the Spanish Habsburg monarchy.
23 Mar 1642                County of Roussillon is annexed by France.
19 Sep 1642 - 17 Nov 1659  French occupation.

17 Nov 1659                Ceded to France by Treaty of the Pyrénées.
1660                       County of Roussillon part of French Royal domain.

Lieutenant-generals
14 Jun 1463 - 1463         Jean de Foix, comte de Candale, (d. 1485)
                             de Benauges et de Castres 
                            (also Viceroy and governor) 
31 Aug 1463 - 146.         Bernard d'Oms, seigneur de      (d. 1474)
                             Corbère -Senechal
                            (also governor and captain-general of Perpignan) 

20 Sep 1467 - 146.         Jean d'Anjou, duc de Calabre et (b. 1427 - d. 1470)
                             de Lorraine
1468 - 14..                Tanneguy III du Châtel (Chastel)(d. 1477)
21 Dec 1471 - 147.         Antoine de Châteauneuf,         (d. 1484)
                             seigneur Du Lau 
Sep 1472 - 147.            Pierre de Roquebertin, comte
                             d'Ille et de Canet
1473 - 147.                Boffille de Juge, comte de      (d. 1502)
                             Castres (also viceroy)
 9 Oct 1474 - 147.         Louis d'Amboise, bishop of Albi (d. 1503)
23 Mar/15 May 1475 - 1475  Ymbert de Bastarnay,            (b. 1438 - d. 1523)
                             seigneur Du Bouchage, 
bf.15 Aug 1475-25 Jul 1490 Boffille de Juge, comte de      (s.a.)
                             Castres 

 1 Jan 1492 - 149.         Gilbert de Bourbon, comte de    (b. 1438 - d. 1496)
                             Montpensier, dauphin d'Auvergne,
                            (also Viceroy and governor) 
Governor-generals of Roussillon
 8 May 1642 - 1643         Raymond de Bass                 (b. bf.1643)
1643 - 1645                François de Noailles, comte     (b. 1584 - d. 1645)
                             d'Ayen
30 Jan 1643 - 1651         Thomas de Banyuls, baron de     (b. 1619 - d. 1659)
                             Nyer, seigneur de Montferrer,
                             Réal, Odeillo, Puig et Léca

1651 - 1654                Jacques de Souillac, marquis de (d. 1681)
                             Châtillon et de Souillac
                             (acting)
27 Apr 1654 - 1660         François de Sagarre             (d. 1688)
 1 Feb 1660 - 15 Feb 1678 
Anne de Noailles, marquis de    (b. 1620 - d. 1678)
                             de Montclar, comte d'Ayen, duc 
                             de Noailles, marquis de Mouchy,

                             baron de Chambres et de Malemort
Feb 1678 - 1698            Anne Jules de Noailles, comte   (b. 1650 - d. 1708)
                             d'Ayen, duc de Noailles

 6 Mar 1698 - 24 Jun 1766  Adrien Maurice de Noailles,     (b. 1678 - d. 1766)
                             comte d'Ayen, (from 8 Oct 1708)
                             duc de Noailles, marquis de Montclar,
                             comte de La Motte-Tilly et de
                             Nogent-le-Roi, vicomte de Carlux

24 Jun 1766 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis de Noailles, comte d'Ayen,(b. 1713 - d. 1793)
                             duc de Noailles, marquis de Montclar
                             et de Maintenon, comte de
                             Nogent-le-Roi, baron de Chambres

Viceroys of French Catalonia (Catalogne française)
1641 - 1642                Urbain de Maillé, marquis de    (b. 1598 - d. 1650)
                              Brezé
1642 - 1644                Philippe de la Mothe-           (b. 1605 - d. 1657)
                             Houdancourt, comte de la Mothe
1644 - 1647                Henri de Lorraine, comte        (b. 1601 - d. 1666)
                             d'Harcout
1647 - 1648                Michel Mazarin Cardinal de      (b. 1605 - d. 1648)
                             Sainte-Cécile
1648 - 1649                Charles de Schomberg, duc       (b. 1601 - d. 1656)
                             d'Halwin (Halluin)
1649 - 1651                Louis de Bourbon, duc de        (b. 1612 - d. 1669)
                             Mercoeur



Saintonge et Angoumois (2)
 
[Saintonge (Traditional
                        province, France)]
Flag of Saintonge
[Angoumois (Traditional
                        province, France)]
Flag of Angoumois

843                        Angoumois and Saintonge under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1224                       County of Saintonge part of the Royal domain.
1308                       County of Angoumois part of the Royal domain.
26 Jan 1529 - 30 Dec 1545  Governments of Angoumois and Saintonge united.
1575 - 1622                Governments of Angoumois and Saintonge united.
 8 Apr 1626                Governments of Angoumois and Saintonge reunited.

Governors
1693 - 20 Jul 1739         Jean-Charles de Crussol,        (b. 1675 - d. 1739)
                             duc d'Uzès 
20 Jul 1739 - 1752         Charles Emmanuel de Crussol,    (b. 1707 - d. 1762)
                             duc d'Uzès 
 1 Jan 1753 -  1 Jan 1791  François-Emmanuel de Crussol,   (b. 1728 - d. 1802)
                             duc d'Uzès



Saumur et Saumurois (2)

[Saumurois (France)]

1589                       Government of Saumurois, detached from Anjou.

Governors
Apr 1670 - 21 May 1712     Louis de Comminges, comte       (b. 1650 - d. 1712)
                            
Comminges
28 May 1712 - 1744         Louis-François d'Aubigné de     (b. 1685 - d. 1745)
                             Tigny, comte d'Aubigné 
 8 May 1744 - 20 Jun 1770  Louis Henri d'Aubigné de Tigny, (b. 1716 - d. 1770)
                             marquis d'Aubigné
 9 Aug 1770 -  6 Aug 1781  Charles François, comte de      (b. 1719 - d. 1781)
                             Broglie 
 4 Sep 1781 -  1 Jan 1791  Casimir, comte d'Egmont-        (b. 1727 - d. 1801)
                             Pignatelli


Savoie: see Savoy under Italian States to 1861



Sedan (2)

1560                       Principality of Sedan (Principauté de Sedan).
15 Sep 1642                Principality of Sedan ceded to France (Government of Sedan).

Princes
1560 - 1574                Henri-Robert de La Marck        (b. 1540 - d. 1574)
1580 - 11 Jan 1588         Guillaume-Robert de La Marck    (b. 1563 - d. 1588)
11 Jan 1588 - 1594         Charlotte de La Marck -Princess (b. 1574 - d. 1594)
1591 - 25 Mar 1623         Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne     (b. 1555 - d. 1623)
25 Mar 1623 - 1626         Élisabeth de Nassau (f) -Regent (b. 1577 - d. 1642)
1626 - 15 Sep 1642         Frédéric-Maurice de La Tour
     (b. 1605 - d. 1652)
                             d'Auvergne              
Governors
 5 May 1692 - 1720         Louis de Guiscard, comte de     (b. 1651 - d. 1720)
                             Neuville-sur-Loire, marquis 
                             de Magny-Guiscard, seigneur de
                             Foudrnoy et de La Boullie 
 7 Sep 1720 -  6 Feb 1725  Jacques Léonor Rouxel, comte de (b. 1655 - d. 1725)
                             Médavy 
23 Feb 1725 - Jan 1739     François de Franquetot, duc de  (b. 1670 - d. 1759)
                             Coigny 
26 Jan 1739 - 1750         François duc d'Harcourt         (b. 1689 - d. 1750)
11 Jul 1750 - 1777         Anne Pierre, duc d'Harcourt     (b. 1707 - d. 1783)
1777 -  1 Jan 1791         Guy André Pierre de Montmorency,(b. 1723 - d. 1798)
                             duc de Laval



Toul et Toulois (2)

[historic flag of Toul
                  (France)]

21 Apr 1552                Toul part of the Royal domain.
1585                       Government of Toulois (also including the Verdunois
                             until c.1640).

Governors
1685 - 20 Apr 1702         François de l'Hôpital, dit le   (b. 16.. - d. 1702)
                             marquis de l'Hôpital  

24 Nov 1702 - 1721         Louis de Melun, marquis         (b. 1635 - d. 1721)
                             de Maupertuis 
1721 - 27 Oct 1763         Louis Alexandre de Verjus,      (b. 1676 - d. 1763)
                             marquis de Crécy 
28 Oct 1763 -  2 Nov 1782  Charles Antoine de Guérin,      (b. 1720 - d. 1782)
                             marquis de Lugeac 
22 Dec 1782 -  1 Jan 1791  Florent Louis Marie Du Chatelet,(b. 1727 - d. 1793)
                             marquis de Cirey, puis duc Du
                             Chatelet 



Touraine  (2)

[Touraine (Traditional
                  province, France)]

5..                        County of Touraine
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1024 - 1417                Part of Anjou.
1214                       Part of the Royal domain.
 1 Apr 1483                Elevated to rank of government (previously a bailiwick).
May 1576 - 10 Jun 1584     Touraine granted as an apanage to François de France 
                             duc d'Alençon (b. 1554 - d. 1584).

Governors
1638 -  9 Sep 1720         Philippe de Courcillon,         (b. 1638 - d. 1720)
                             marquis de Dangeau 
1642 - 1643                Louis-François Potier, marquis  (b. 1610 - d. 1643)
                             de Gesvres
                             (acting for Courcillon)
16.. - 1661                César d'Aumont, marquis de      (b. 1604 - d. 1661)
                             Clairvaux
                             (acting for Courcillon)
1661 - 1661                François de Beauvillier, comte  (b. 1607 - d. 1687)
                             de Saint-Aignan
                             (acting for Courcillon)
 9 Sep 1720 - 22 Jul 1760  Charles de Bourbon, comte       (b. 1700 - d. 1760)

                             de Charolais 
27 Jul 1760 -  8 May 1785  Étienne-François, duc de        (b. 1719 - d. 1785)
                             Choiseul-Stainville 
16 May 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Jean-Baptiste Charles Henri     (b. 1729 - d. 1794)
                             Hector, comte d'Estaing 



Generalities

  The first generalities (généralités) headed by an intendant were created in 1542. At first these were a kind of financial assistant to the governors, but later their power was gradually extended and from the reign of Louis XIV they became the real heads of the regional administrations, being styled Intendant de Justice, Police et Finances. At the end of the ancien régime there were 34 generalities. Some intendants functioned until the newly created departmental institutions took over (somewhere between Jun and Oct 1790) while others resigned or fled after the revolution in 1789. Note: the frontiers of the generalities and of the governments were not always coextensive. 


Aix-en-Provence

Note: the government of Provence.

1542                       Généralité of Provence (also called généralité of Aix).

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Provence
1687 - 1704                Pierre Cardin Le Bret,          (b. 1640 - d. 1710)
                             seigneur de Flacourt

1704 - 16 Oct 1734         Cardin Le Bret, comte de        (b. 1675 - d. 1734)
                             Selles, seigneur de Flacourt,
                             Pantin

1734 - 1744                Charles-Jean-Baptiste des       (b. 1681 - d. 1747)
                             Gallois, seigneur de la Tour  
1744 - 1771                Charles Jean-Baptiste des       (b. 1713 - d. 1802)
                             Gallois, seigneur de la Tour
                             (1st time)

1771 - 1773                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Robert    (b. 1733 - d. 1820)
                             Auget, baron de Montyon                             

Sep 1773 - Sep 1775        Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan        (b. 1736 - d. 1803)
1775 - 1790                Charles Jean-Baptiste des       (s.a.)
                             Gallois, seigneur de la Tour
                             (2nd time) 



Alençon

Note: the central part of the government of Normandy and Grande Perche.

1636                       Généralité of Alençon established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Alençon
1689 - 1701                Jean-Baptiste de Pomereu,       (b. 1656 - d. 1732)
                             seigneur de la Bretèche,
                             marquis de Riceys
1702 - 1704                Anne Pinon, vicomte de Quincy   (b. 1652 - d. 17..)

1704 - 1706                Nicolas Prosper Bauyn, seigneur (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers
1706 - 1708                Pierre Hector Le Guerchois,     (b. 1675  - d. 1740)
                             seigneur de Sainte-Colombe

1708 - 1713                Louis Guillaume Jubert de       (b. 1673 - d. 1741)
                             Bouville, marquis de Bizy

1714 - 1715                Paul Esprit Feydeau de Brou,    (b. 1682 - d. 1767)
                             seigneur de Brou, Prunelay,
                             la Villeneuve

1715 - 1718                Étienne Hyacinthe Antoine       (b. 1678 - d. 1736)
                             Foullé, marquis de Martangis

1718 - 1720                Jacques Barberie de Courteille, (b. 1675 - d. 1731)
                             marquis de Courteille

1720 - 1726                Michel Gervais Robert de        (b. 1685 - d. 1734)
                             Pomereu, marquis des Riceys

1726 - 1766                Louis François Lallemant de     (b. 1686 - d. 1767)
                             Levignen, comte de Levignen,
                             seigneur d'Ormoy, Maqueline et
                             de Betz 

1766 - 1790                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Alexandre (b. 1715 - d. 1794)
                             Jullien



Amiens 

Note: the governments of Picardy (Picardie) and later Boulogne, Calais et Montreuil.

1542                       Généralité of Amiens established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Picardie and Artois
1694 - 1708                Jérôme Bignon                   (b. 1658 - d. 1725)
1708 - 1718                Louis de Bernage, seigneur de   (b. 1663 - d. 1737)
                             Saint-Maurice 

1718 - 1731                Bernard Chauvelin, seigneur de  (b. 1673 - d. 1755)
                             Beauséjour

1731 - 1751                Jacques Bernard Chauvelin,      (b. 1701 - d. 1767)
                             seigneur de Beauséjour
1751 - 1754               
Étienne Jean François Marie     (b. 1711 - d. 1757)
                             d'Aligre de Boislandry 
24 Aug 1754 - 1767         Étienne Maynon d'Invault        (b. 1721 - d. 1801)
 6 Oct 1767 - 1771         Guillaume Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt, seigneur de Bucy,
                             de Bacquencourt

Oct 1771 - 18 Aug 1789     François Marie Bruno d'Agay,    (b. 1722 - d. 1805)
                             comte d'Agay, seigneur de
                             Villey, Bémond 



Auch

Note: the southern part of the government of Guyenne.

Apr 1716                  Généralité of Auch and Pau separated from Montauban.
1767                       Pau is reunited with Bayonne.
1774 - 1784                Bayonne is attached to Auch.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Auch
 2 May 1716 -  7 Mar 1718  Gaspard François Le Gendre de   (b. 1668 - d. 1740)
                             Lormoy, seigneur de Lormoy
et
                             de Saint-Aubin, baron de Monclar

1719 -  3 Apr 1731         Charles Nicolas Leclerc de      (b. 1679 - d. 1749)
                             Lesseville, seigneur puis comte
                             de Charbonnières, baron d'Authon,
                             seigneur du Grand-Bouchet, Les
                             Buis, Saint-Leu, Saint-Prix,
                             Rubelles

 1 May 1731 - 27 Oct 1734  Michel Gervais Robert de        (b. 1685 - d. 1734)
                             Pomereu, marquis des Riceys
Feb 1735 - Mar 1737        Paul Mailhard de Balosre

Mar 1737 - 29 May 1739     François Dominique Barberie     (b. 1701 - d. 1754)
                             de Saint-Conest, marquis de
                             Saint-Contest et de La
                             C
hastaigneraire
1739 -  2 Feb 1744         Jean Nicolas Mégret de Sérilly, (b. 1702 - d. 1752)
                             comte de Chapelaine, seigneur
                             de Sommessous, Auximont et
                             Vassimont

Feb 1744 -  1 Mar 1749     Gaspard Henri Caze de la Bove   (b. 1711 - d. 1750)
Jun 1749 - 1751            Étienne Jean-François d'Aligre  (b. 1717 - d. 1757)
                             de Boislandry
10 May 1751 - 24 Aug 1767  Antoine Mégret d'Étigny         (b. 1719 - d. 1767)
 9 Jan 1768 - 25 Dec 1775  Étienne Louis Journet           (b. 1716 - d. 1775)
28 Jan 1776 - 1782         Gabriel Isaac Douet de La
                             Boullaye

24 Jun 1782 - Feb 1784     Charles Bonaventure François    (b. 1751 - d. 1794)
                             Xavier Gravier de Vergennes,
                             marquis de Vergennes

1784 - 26 May 1786         Pierre Charles Fournier de La   (b. 1746 - d. 1794)
                             Chapelle, marquis de La Chapelle,
                             seigneur de Laval, Roisette et
                             Argilliers

1787 -  6 Oct 1790         Claude François Bertrand de     (b. 1741 - d. 1794)
                             Boucheporn


Bastia: see Corse under Regions of France


Besançon 

[Banner of arms /
                      "Imperial flag" of Besançon (France)]

Note: the government of Franche-Comté.

1676                       Généralité of Besançon established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Franche-Comté
Feb 1698 - Aug 1700        Jean-Baptiste Desmarets de      (b. 1646 - d. 1700)
                             Vaubourg, seigneur de Cramaille
                             et de Saponay
Aug 1700 - Nov 1702        André d'Harouys de La Seilleraye(b. 1661 - d. 1731)
                             seigneur de La Rivière et de
                             La Seilleraye
Jan 1703 - May 1708        Louis de Bernage, seigneur de   (b. 1663 - d. 1737)
                             Saint-Maurice et de Vaux

24 May 1708 - Sep 1717     Pierre Hector Le Guerchois,     (b. 1670 - d. 1740)
                             seigneur de Sainte-Colombe
 4 Sep 1717 - 30 Mar 1718  Olivier François de Paule       (b. 1686 - d. 1718)
                             Lefèvre d'Ormesson, seigneur
                             de Cheray
11 Apr 1718 - Jul 1734     Charles Deschiens de La Neuville(b. 1667 - d. 1737)
30 Jul 1734 -  1 Mar 1743  Barthélémy de Vanolles          (b. 1684 - d. 1770)
18 Feb 1744 - 1750         Jean Nicolas Mégret de Sérilly, (b. 1702 - d. 1752)
                             comte de Chapelaine, seigneur
                             de Sommessous, Auximont et
                             Vassimont
30 Jul 1750 - 1754         Jean Louis Moreau de Beaumont,  (b. 1715 - d. 1785)
                             seigneur de Beaumont
26 Sep 1754 - 1761         Pierre Étienne Bourgeois de     (b. 1718 - d. 1783)
                             Boynes, marquis de Boynes,
                             comte de Gueudreville, marquis
                             de Sains, baron de Laas
Apr 1761 - Apr 1784        Charles André de Lacoré         (b. 1720 - d. 1784)
1784 - 1790                Marc Antoine Le Fèvre de        (b. 1751 - d. 1803)
                             Caumartin de Saint-Ange 



Bordeaux

[Bordeaux (France)]

Note: the western coastal part of government Guyenne (headquarters Bordeaux, Agen 1542-1566).

 7 Dec 1542                Généralité of Bordeaux established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Guyenne
Mar 1686 - Aug 1700        Louis Bazin de Bezons,          (b. 16.. - d. 1700)
                             seigneur de Bezons

 3 Sep 1700 - 1709         Yves Marie de La Bourdonnaye    (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
                             de Coëtion, marquis de La
                             Bourdonnaye, vicomte de C
oëtion
14 Aug 1709 - 1720         Guillaume Urbain de Lamoignon,  (b. 1674 - d. 1742)
                             de Courson, marquis de La Mothe,
                             comte de Launay-Courson et de
                             Montrevault
Oct 1720 - Jul 1743        Claude Boucher                  (b. 1673 - d. 1752)
15 Jul 1743 - Jun 1757     Louis Urbain Aubert, marquis de (b. 1695 - d. 1760)
                             Tourny, baron de Naly 
20 Jun 1757 - 14 Sep 1760  Claude Louis Aubert de Tourny   (b. 1722 - d. 1760)
Sep 1760 - 1766            Charles Robert Boutin, dit      (b. 1722 - d. 1810)
                            
Boutin de La Coulommière
Oct 1766 - 1770            François Fargès de Polisy,      (b. 1730 - d. 1792)
                             seigneur de Polisy
29 Mar 1770 - 1775         Charles François Hyacinthe      (b. 1736 - d. 1793)
                             d'Esmangart 
 7 Sep 1775 - 1776         Jean Étienne Bernard Ogier de   (b. 1729 - d. 1776)
                             Clugny, baron de Nuits
1776 - 1785                Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur     (b. 1732 - d. 1791)
1785 - 1790                François Claude Michel Benoit   (b. 1750 - d. 1813)
                             Le Camus de Neville



Bourges

[Bourges (France)]

Note: more or less the government of Berry and the northern part of the government 
of Marche.

1542                       Généralité of Bourges established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Berry
Oct 1682 - 1702            Louis François d'Y de Séraucourt(b. 1645 - d. 1744)
1702 - 1706                Nicolas Étienne Roujault,       (b. 1662 - d. 1723)
                             seigneur de Villemain

1706 - 1709                Guy Carré, seigneur de Montgeron
1709 - 1715                Étienne Hyacinthe Antoine       (b. 1678 - d. 1736)
                             Foullé, marquis de Martangis

1716 - 1720                Marc Antoine Turgot de Saint-   (b. 1668 - d. 1748)
                             Clair, seigneur de Saint Clair

1720 - Aug 1728            Jacques Barberie de Courteille, (b. 1675 - d. 1731)
                             marquis de Courteille

1728 - 1767                Denis Dodart                    (b. 1698 - d. 1775)
1767 - 1776                Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur     (b. 1732 - d. 1791)
1776 - 1779                Charles Henri de Feydeau,       (b. 1754 - d. 1802)
                             marquis de Brou et de
                             Dampierre-en-Burly, comte
                             de Gien

1780 - 1790                Jean-Baptiste Claude Dufour de  (b. 1737 - d. 1797)
                             Villeneuve



Caen

Note: the western part of the government of Normandy (Normandie).

1542                       Généralité of Caen established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Caen
Mar 1689 - 1706            Nicolas Joseph Foucault         (b. 1643 - d. 17521) 
Aug 1706 - 1709            Nicolas Joseph Foucault,        (b. 1677 - d. 1772)
                             marquis de Magny
Aug 1709 - 1711            Pierre Arnauld de Labriffe      (b. 1678 - d. 1740)
                             de Ferrières, chevalier, marquis
                             de Ferrières, seigneur de Passy

1711 - 1721                Jean Guinet, seigneur d'Arthel  (d. 1737)
1721 - 1727                François Richer d'Aube, seigneur(b. 1686 - d. 1752)
                             d'Aube, de Drubec

1727 - 1739                Félix Aubéry de Vastan, baron   (b. 1682 - d. 1743)
                             de VieuxPont 
1739 - 1740                François-Dominique de Barberie  (b. 1701 - d. 1754)
                             de Saint-Contest
May 1740 - 1751            Louis Arnauld Labriffe de       (b. 1705 - d. 1752)
                             Ferrières

Aug 1752 - 1775            François Jean d'Orceau de       (b. 1718 - d. 1794)
                             Fontette, chevalier, marquis
                             de Tilly d'Orceau, baron de
                             Fontette

Aug 1775 - 1783            Charles François Hyacinthe      (b. 1736 - d. 1793)
                             d'Esmangart, seigneur de Montigny,
                             des Bordes, de Feynes, Pierrerue 

1783 - 1787                Claude Henri Feydeau, marquis   (b. 1754 - d. 1802)
                             de Brou et de Dampierre-en-Burly,
                             comte de Gien

1787 - 1790                Louis Guillaume René Cordier    (b. 1746 - d. 1820)
                             de Launay de Valéry


Corse (île de Corse) généralité: see under French regions

Châlons

Note: the governments of Champagne et Brie.

1542                       Généralité of Châlons-en-Champagne established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Champagne
1700 - 1702               Jean-Baptiste de Pommereu,       (b. 1656 - d. 1732)
                             seigneur de la Bretèche,
                             marquis de Riceys

1703 - 1711                André d'Harouys de La Seilleraye,(b. 1661 - d. 1731)
                             seigneur de La Rivière et de
                             La Seilleray

1712 - 1730                César Charles de Lescalopier,    (b. 1671 - d. 1753)
                             seigneur de Nourard

1730 - 1739                Félix François Aubéry, marquis   (b. 1681 - d. 1743)
                             de Vastan, baron de VieuxPont

1739 - 1750                Charles Étienne Lepeletier       (b. 1702 - d. 1785)
                             de Beaupré, seigneur de
                             Pesselières

1751 - 1764                Henri Louis Barberie de Saint-   (b. 1708 - d. 1772)
                             Contest de la C
hataigneraie,
                             sieur de la Chataigneraie

1764 - 1790                Gaspard Louis Rouillé d'Orfeuil  (b. 1732 - d. 1791)



Dijon (Bourgogne)

Note: nearly all of the government of Burgundy (Bourgogne).

1542                       Généralité of Burgundy (Bourgogne) established.

Intendants of Burgundy (Bourgogne)
Feb 1694 - Jun 1705        François Antoine Ferrand,       (b. 1657 - d. 1731)
                             seigneur de Villemillon

Jul 1705 - Mar 1710        Anne Pinon, vicomte de Quincy   (b. 1652 - d. 17..)
Mar 1710 - Mar 1711        Charles de Trudaine, seigneur   (b. 1660 - d. 1721)
                             de Montigny 
1712 -  7 Apr 1740         Pierre Arnaud de Labriffe,      (b. 1678 - d. 1740)
                             marquis de Ferrières 
1740 - 1749               François Dominique Barberie     (b. 1701 - d. 1754)
                             de Saint-Contest, seigneur de
                             la Chastaigneraire 

1749 - 1761                Jean-François Joly de Fleury    (b. 1718 - d. 1802)
                             de la Valette

1761 - 1764                François Dufour de Villeneuve   (b. 1701 - d. 1781)
1764 - 1775                Antoine Jean Amelot, seigneur   (b. 1732 - d. 1795)
                             de Chaillou

1775 - 1781                Guillaume Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt, seigneur de Bucy
1781 - 1783                Claude Henri de Feydeau         (b. 1754 - d. 1802)
1784 - 1790                Antoine Léon Amelot de Chaillou (b. 1760 - d. 1824)



Grenoble

[Grenoble (France)]

Note: the government of Dauphiné.

1628                       Généralité of Grenoble established.
1658 - 1679                Attached to généralité of Lyon.       

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Dauphiné
Mar 1686 - May 1705        Étienne Jean Bouchu, marquis    (b. 1655 - d. 1715)
                             de Sancergue et de Lessart,
                             baron de Loisy et de Pont-de-Vesle

1706 - 1716                Nicolas Prosper Bauyn, seigneur (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers
1716 - 1724                Charles Boucher d'Orsay,        (b. 1675 - d. 1730)
                             seigneur d'Orsay

1724 - 1740                Gaspard Moïse Augustin de       (b. 1693 - d. 1767)
                             Fontanieu 

1740 - 1744                Louis Jean Bertier de Sauvigny, (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
                             vicomte de Tharot

1744 - 1761                Pierre Jean François de la Porte
1761 - 1784                Christophe Pajot de Marcheval,  (b. 1724 - d. 1792)
                             seigneur de Marcheval, Millançay,
                             Nung

1784 - 1790                Gaspard Louis Caze de La Bove,  (b. 1740 - d. 1824)
                             baron de la Bove



La Rochelle

Note: the government of Aunis and western part of the government of Saintogne and
Angoumois (the whole of Saintogne and western part of Angoumois). 

1694                       Généralité of La Rochelle established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of La Rochelle
1694 - 1710                Michel Bégon, seigneur de la    (b. 1638 - d. 1710)
                             Picardière et de Mirbelin    

1710 - 1715                François de Beauharnais de La   (b. 1665 - d. 1746)
                             Boëche, baron de Beauville 
1716 - 1719                Jean-François de Creil, marquis (b. 1684 - d. 1762)
                             de Creil, Bournezeau, baron
                             de Brillac

1720 - 1726                Jean-Jacques Amelot de          (b. 1689 - d. 1749)
                             Chaillou, marquis de Combronde,  
                             baron de Châtillon-sur-Indre

1726 - 1736                Jérôme Bignon de Blanzy         (b. 1688 - d. 1743)
1737 - 1747                Charles Aimable Honoré Barentin (b. 1702 - d. 1804)
1747 - 13 Jun 1749         Gabriel-Jean de Pleurre de      (b. 1713 - d. 1749)
                             Romilly, seigneur d’Hardivilliers               

1749 - 1754                Louis Guillaume de Blair de     (b. 1716 - d. 1778)
                             Boisemont, seigneur de Boisemont 
1755 - 1762                Jean de Baillon, seigneur de    (b. 1706 - d. 1771)
                             Servon, Courtys, Boiton

1762 - 1764                Gaspard Louis Rouillé d'Orfeuil (b. 1732 - d. 1791)
1764 - 1765                Louis Le Peletier de            (b. 1730 - d. 1799)
                             Morfontaine, marquis de
                             Montmélian

1765 - 1766                Guillaume Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt, seigneur de Bucy
Oct 1766 - 1773            Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan        (b. 1736 - d. 1803) 

1773 - 1775                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Robert    (b. 1733 - d. 1820)
                             Auget, baron de Montyon
1775 - 1781                Marie Pierre Charles Meulan     (b. 1739 - d. 1814)
                             d'Ablois
1781 - 1790                Jean-Jacques Philippe Isaac     (b. 1739 - d. 1794)
                             Gueau de Gravelle, marquis
                             de Reverseaux, comte de Miermaigne



Lille

[Lille (France)]

Note: the northern part of the government of Wallon Flanders, Maritime Flanders, and
from 1754 the government of Artois
.

1691                       Généralité of Lille established.
1716                       Généralité of Dunkerque (or Flandre Maritime) attached to Lille.
1717                      
Valenciennes detached from Lille.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Flanders (Artois)
Aug 1684 - 1709            Dreux Louis Dugué de Bagnols,   (b. 1645 - d. 1709)
                             seigneur de Bagnols
1709 - 1715                Charles Étienne Maignart,       (b. 1667 - d. 1717)
                             marquis de Bernières, la
                             Rivière-Bourdet

1715 - 1718                Philibert d'Orry                (b. 1689 - d. 1747)
1718 - 1730               Antoine François Méliand        (b. 1670 - d. 1747)
1730 - 1743                Julien Louis Bidé de La         (b. 1688 - d. 1760)
                             Grandville 
Mar 1743 - Jul  1754       Jean Moreau de Séchelles,       (b. 1690 - d. 1761)
                             seigneur de Séchelles
Aug 1754 - 1756            Jean Louis Moreau de Beaumont,  (b. 1715 - d. 1785)
                             seigneur de Beaumont

21 Mar 1756 - 1778         Antoine Louis François Lefebvre (b. 1725 - d. 1803)
                             de Caumartin, marquis de
                             Saint-Ange, comte de Moret

13 May 1778 -  3 Nov 1783  Charles Alexandre de Calonne    (b. 1734 - d. 1802)
Nov 1783 - 1790            Charles François Hyacinthe      (b. 1736 - d. 1793)
                             d'Esmangart, seigneur de
                             Montigny, des Bordes, de
                             Feynes, Pierrerue 



Limoges 

Note: the government of the Limousin, southern part of the government of Marche and 
eastern Angoumois of the Saintogne-Angoumois government.

1558                       Généralité of Limoges established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Limousin, of the Marche, and of Angoumois
 1 Jan 1694 - Nov 1702     Louis Bernage, seigneur de      (b. 1663 - d. 1737)
                             Saint-Maurice et de Vaux

1703 - 1708                Jean Rouillé de Fontaine,       (b. 1672 - d. 1738)
                             chevalier, seigneur de Fontaine-
                             Guérin et de La Coste

1709 - Apr 1710            Guy Carré, seigneur de Montgeron
1710 (8 months)            Marc Antoine Bosc du Bouchet    (b. 1671 - d. 1734)
21 Dec 1710 - 1715         Charles Boucher d'Orsay,        (b. 1675 - d. 1730)

                             seigneur d'Orsay
Oct 1715 - Mar 1718        Charles Nicolas Le Clerc de     (b. 1679 - d. 1749)
                             Lesseville, baron d'Authon

 8 Mar 1718 - Jul 1723     François Victor Le Tonnelier de (b. 1686 - d. 1743)
                             Breteuil, seigneur de Montgeron

20 Jan 1724 - 1730         Pierre Pajot de Nozereau        (b. 1691 - d. 1772)
1730 - 1743                Louis Urbain Aubert de Tourny,  (b. 1695 - d. 1760)
                             chevalier, marquis de Tourny,
                             baron de Nully, seigneur de
                             Pressaigny, Laqueudaix, Thil 

Nov 1743 - 1750            Henri Louis Barberie de         (b. 1708 - d. 1772)
                             Saint-Contest de la
                             Chataigneraie, sieur de la
                             Chataigneraie 

1750 - 1756                Jacques Louis Chaumont de La    (b. 1711 - d. 1756)
                             Millière, chevalier, seigneur
                             de Vallençay, Luçay 

1756 - 1761                Christophe Pajot de Marcheval,  (b. 1724 - d. 1792)
                             seigneur de Marcheval,
                             Millançay, Nung

 8 Aug 1761 - 1774         Anne Robert Jacques Turgot,     (b. 1727 - d. 1781)
                             baron de l'Aulne
1774 - Nov 1783            Marius Jean-Baptiste Nicolas    (b. 1730 - d. 1804)
                             d'Aine, chevalier, seigneur de
                             Grandval  

26 Nov 1783 - 1790         Marie Pierre Charles Meulan     (b. 1739 - d. 1814)
                             d'Ablois 



Lyon

[Lyon municipal banner of
                  arms (France)]

Note: the government of the Lyonnais.

1542                       Généralité of Lyon established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of the Lyonnais
Nov 1694 - 1701            Henri François Lambert-         (d. 1704)
                             d'Herbigny 

Nov 1701 - 1704            François Guyet de la Faye,      (d. 1736)
                             marquis de Bantange, comte de
                             Louhans, baron de Saint-
                             Germain-du-Plain 
1704 - 1710                Charles de Trudaine, seigneur   (b. 1660 - d. 1721)
                             de Montigny
27 Mar 1710 - Dec 1717     Antoine François Méliand        (b. 1670 - d. 1747) 
Dec 1717 - Jul 1738        Pierre Poulletier, seigneur     (b. 1680 - d. 1765)
                             de Nainville et de La Salle
11 Jul 1738 - Aug 1750     Bertrand René Pallu, seigneur   (b. 1692 - d. 1758)
                             de Ruau en Touraine et de
                             Barboteau

 2 Aug 1750 - 26 Feb 1754  Bonaventure Robert Rossignol    (b. 1694 - d. 1754) 
17 Mar 1754 - 1757         Henri Léonard Jean-Baptiste     (b. 1720 - d. 1792)
                             Bertin
22 Nov 1757 - 1762         Jean-Baptiste François de La    (b. 1720 - d. 1797)
                             Michodière 
22 Aug 1762 - 1767         Jean de Baillon, seigneur de    (b. 1706 - d. 1771)
                             Servon, Courtys, Boiton

11 Nov 1767 - 1784         Jacques de Flesselles           (b. 1730 - d. 1789)
1784 -  1 Apr 1790         Antoine Jean Terray, vicomte    (b. 1750 - d. 1794)
                             de Rozières, seigneur de Changy
                             et Saint-Bonnet



Metz

[ancient flag of Metz
                  (France)]

Note: the government of Pays Messin and the three bishoprics (Trois-Évêchés) of
Metz, Toul, and Verdun.

1635                       Généralité of Metz established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of the Trois-Évêchés
1697 - 1700                Charles Étienne Turgot de       (b. 1670 - d. 1722)
                             Sousmont, chevalier, seigneur
                              de Sousmont
 5 May 1700 - May 1715     Dominique Claude Barberie de    (b. 1668 - d. 1730)

                             Saint-Contest, seigneur de
                             Saint-Contest

 9 Oct 1715 - 1721         Louis Auguste Achille de Harlay (b. 1679 - d. 1739)
                             de Cély, comte de Cély

1721 - 1754                Jean-François de Creil de       (b. 1684 - d. 1762)
                             Bournezeau, marquis de Creil,
                             Bournezeau, baron de Brillac 

1754 - 1756                Antoine Louis François Lefèvre  (b. 1725 - d. 1803)
                             de Caumartin, marquis de
                             Saint-Ange, comte de Moret

1756 - 1766                Jean-Louis de Bernage de Vaux,  (b. 1716 - d. 1780)
                             seigneur de Vaux

1766 - 1778                Charles Alexandre de Calonne    (b. 1734 - d. 1802) 
1778 - 1790                Jean Samuel de Pont de          (b. 1725 - d. 1805)
                             Monderoux, seigneur de Monderoux



Montauban

Note: the eastern part of the government of Guyenne (and until the 1716 creation of Auch
also the southern part).

 4 Jan 1523                Généralité of Guyenne established.
Jan 1635                   Généralité of Montauban established.
Apr 1716                   Auch removed from Montauban.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Montauban (of Haute-Guyenne)
 
8 Nov 1699 - 1714         Gaspard François Le Gendre de   (b. 1668 - d. 1740)
                             Lormoy, seigneur de Lormoy et
                             de Saint-Aubin, baron de Monclar
1714 - 1720                Jean-Baptiste Louis Laugeois,   (b. 1670 - d. 1734)
                             seigneur d'Imbercourt
1720 - 1725                Louis Basile de Bernage,        (b. 1691 - d. 1767)
                             seigneur de Saint-Maurice,
                             de Vaux et de Chassy
1726 - 1740                Pierre Pajot de Nozereau,       (b. 1691 - d. 1772)
                             seigneur de Nozereau

1740 - 1756                Gaspard Charles César           (b. 1706 - d. 1792)
                             L'Escalopier, seigneur de
                             Liencourt

1756 - 1758                Antoine de Chaumont de la       (b. 1697 - d. 1783)
                             Galaizière 
1758 - 1761                Charles-André de Lacoré         (b. 1720 - d. 1784)
1761 - 1773                Alexis François Joseph de       (b. 1725 - d. 1818)
                             Gourgues

1773 - 1781                Antoine Jean Terray, vicomte de (b. 1751 - d. 1794)
                             Rozières, seigneur de Changy
                             et Saint-Bonnet

1781 - 1783                Marie Pierre Charles Meulan     (b. 1739 - d. 1814)
                             d'Ablois 
26 Nov 1783 - 1790         Daniel Victor de Trimond        (b. 1745 - d. 1813)



Montpellier

[Montpellier
                  (France)]

Note: the northern part of the government of Languedoc.

1542                       Généralité of Montpellier established.

Intendants
1542 - Apr 1790            the Intendants of Languedoc (see Toulouse)



Moulins 

Note: the government of the Boubonnais, north eastern part of Marche and southern part
of the Nivernais.

1587                       Généralité of Moulins established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Bourbonnais
1699 - Feb 1702            Jean II de Turmenyes de Nointel (b. 1668 - d. 1727) 
1702 - 1707                Gilles IV de Maupeou d'Ableiges,(b. 1647 - d. 1727)
                             comte d'Ableiges

 3 Dec 1707 - Aug 1709     Jacques Hardouin-Mansart, comte (b. 1677 - d. 1762)
                             de Sagonne
1709 - 1713                Jacques Étienne Turgot de       (b. 1671 - d. 1722)
                             Sousmons
1713 - 1720                Marc Antoine Turgot de Saint-   (b. 1668 - d. 1748)
                             Clair

1720 - 1723                Jean-Charles Doujat             (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
1723 - 1729                Gilles Brunet d'Evry, seigneur  (b. 1683 - d. 1762)
                             d'Evry

1729 - 1734                Barthélemy de Vanolles          (b. 1684 - d. 1770)
1734 - 1738                Bertrand René Pallu, seigneur   (b. 1692 - d. 1758)
                             de Ruau  

1738 - 1740                Louis Jean Bertier de Sauvigny  (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
                             vicomte de Tharot

1740 - 1744                Pierre Jean François de La Porte(b. 1710 - d. 1793)
1744 - 1756                Jean-Louis de Bernage, seigneur (b. 1716 - d. 1780)
                             de Vaux

1756 - 1760                Aimable-Pierre-Thomas de        (b. 1726 - d. 1794)
                             Bérulle

1760 - 26 Aug 1762         Jean Vincent Claude Le Nain     (b. 1724 - d. 1762)
1762 - 1765                Jacques de Flesselles           (b. 1730 - d. 1789)
1766 - 1777                Jean Samuel de Pont de          (b. 1725 - d. 1805)
                             Monderoux, seigneur de Monderoux

1777 - 1781                Jean-Jacques Philippe Isaac     (b. 1739 - d. 1794)
                             Gueau de Gravelle de Reverseaux,
                             marquis de Reverseaux, comte de
                             Miermaigne, seigneur, châtelain
                             de Theuville, Allonne, Beaumont,
                             Argenvilliers 
       
1781 - 1784                Antoine Jean Terray,            (b. 1751 - d. 1794)
                             vicomte de Rozières, seigneur
                             de Changy et Saint-Bonnet

1784 - 1788                Charles François Antoine de     (b. 1740 - d. 1788)
                             Barbarat de Mazirot, comte de
                             Muret, seigneur de Neuvron

27 Jul 1788 - 1789         Joseph Pierre François-Xavier   (b. 1750 - d. 1828)
                             Foullon de Doué, baron de Doué,
                             marquis de La Tournelle 



Nancy

Note: the government of Lorraine and Barrois.

23 Feb 1766                Duchy of Lorraine annexed to France.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Lorraine and of Barrois
23 Feb 1766 - Sep 1777     Antoine de Chaumont de La       (b. 1727 - d. 1812)
                             Galaizière
Jun 1778 - 1790            Jean Baptiste François Moulins  (b. 1743 - d. 1881)
                             de La Porte de Meslay



Orléans

[Municipal banner of
                  Orléans (France)]

Note: the Government of the Orléans and northern part of the Nivernais.

1558                       Généralité of Orléans established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Orléans

20 Jan 1694 - 18 Jun 1709  Michel André Jubert de Bouville,(b. 1645 - d. 1720)
                             marquis de Bizy, marquis de
                             Clere-Panisseuse

15 Aug 1709 - 21 Apr 1713  Yves Marie de La Bourdonnaye,   (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
                             marquis de La Bourdonnaye

Apr 1713 - 21 Apr 1731     Louis Guillaume Jubert de       (b. 1673 - d. 1743)
                             Bouville, marquis de Clere-
                             Panisseuse 

Aug 1731 - 28 Feb 1740     François de Baussan, seigneur   (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             de Richegrou

Apr 1740 - Aug 1747        Pierre Pajot de Nozereau,       (b. 1691 - d. 1772)
                             seigneur de Nozereau

Aug 1747 - Sep 1760        Charles Amable Honoré Barentin, (b. 1703 - d. 1762)
                             seigneur d'Hardivilliers

Sep 1760 - Jan 1787        Jean-François Claude Perrin,    (b. 1727 - d. 1789)
                             seigneur de Cypierre, Volesvre,
                             Masoncle et Chevagny

Jan 1787 - Dec 1789        Adrien Philibert Perrin de      (b. 1759 - d. 1848)
                             Cypierre, baron de Chevilly



Paris

[Paris (France)]

Note: the most of the government of Île-de-France and the southern part of Picardy.

1542                       Généralité of Paris established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Paris
13 Dec 1690 - Aug 1709     Jean-Baptiste Phélypeaux de     (b. 1646 - d. 1711)
                             Pontchartrain
, seigneur d'Arzille
17 Aug 1709 - 1724         Armand Roland Bignon de Blanzy  (b. 1666 - d. 1724)
 1 Mar 1724 - 1728         Nicolas Prosper Bauyn           (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers  
 1 Jun 1728 - 1739         Louis-Auguste-Achille de Harlay (b. 1679 - d. 1739)
                             de Bonneuil
, comte de Cély
30 Dec 1739 -  2 Aug 1740  René Hérault, seigneur de       (b. 1691 - d. 1740)
                             Fontaine-l'Abbé et de Vaucresson
 
5 Aug 1740 - 1742         Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy  (b. 1696 - d. 1764)
                             d'Argenson, comte d'Argenson
 3 Oct 1742 - Nov 1744     Paul Esprit Feydeau de Brou,    (b. 1682 - d. 1767)
                             seigneur de Brou, Prunelay,
                             la Villeneuve
 1 Dec 1744 -  1 Sep 1776  Louis Jean Bertier de Sauvigny, (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
                             seigneur de Sauvigny 
13 Sep 1776 - 22 Jul 1789  Louis Bénigne François Bertier  (b. 1737 - d. 1789)
                             de Sauvigny, seigneur de Sauvigny 



Pau

Note: the governments of Béarn and Navarre.

Apr 1716                   Merged with Auch.
1767                       Pau is reunited with Bayonne.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Béarn and of Navarre
30 Nov 1699 - Jul 1701     François Guyet, marquis de       (d. 1736)
                             Bantange, comte de Louhans,
                             baron de Saint-Germain-du-Plain

 3 Apr 1701 -  5 Apr 1704  Cardin Le Bret, comte de Selles, (b. 1675 - d. 1734)
                             seigneur de Flacourt et de Pantin

 6 Apr 1704 - 15 Mar 1710  Antoine François Méliand         (b. 1670 - d. 1747)
15 Mar 1710 - 14 Jul 1710  Léon Étienne Le Camus, sieur de  (b. 1671 - d. 1710)
                             La Grange
 2 Aug 1710 - 29 Apr 1711  Charles Deschiens de Laneuville, (b. 1667 - d. 1737)
                             seigneur de Lalongue et Vialer

30 Apr 1711 -  2 Oct 1712  Antoine de Barillon d'Amoncourt, (b. 1671 - d. 1741)
                             marquis de Branges, vicomte de Binson

 2 Oct 1712 -  3 Jan 1716  Louis Auguste Achille de Harlay  (b. 1679 - d. 1739)
                             de Bonneuil, comte de Cély
Apr 1716 - 1790            the Intendants of Auch



Perpignan

Note: the government of Rousillon and County of Foix.

1660                       Généralité of Perpignan established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Rousillon and County of Foix
May 1689 - Feb 1710        Félix Marie Étienne de Ponte    (b. 1652 - d. 1727)
                             d'Albaret, comte d'Albaret
13 Feb 1710 - 10 Dec 1710  Antoine de Barillon d'Amoncourt,(b. 1671 - d. 1741)
                             marquis de Branges, vicomte de
                             Binson

26 Apr 1711 - 14 Nov 1716  Charles Deschiens de La Neuville(b. 1667 - d. 1737)
                             seigneur de La Longue et Vialer
Nov 1716 -  6 Mar 1724     Jean-Baptiste Louis Picon       (b. c.1663 - d. 1727)
                             d'Andrezel, marquis d'Andrezel
                             et de Mayanne 

17 Jun 1724 - May 1726     François Le Gras du Luart,      (b. 1691 - d. 1737)
                             baron du Tertre, marquis du Luart 

26 Jun 1727 - Sep 1728     Philibert Orry, comte de Vignory(b. 1689 - d. 1747)
10 Jun 1730 - 1740         Prosper André Bauyn de Jallais, (b. 1668 - d. 1758)
                             seigneur de Bersan, de Jallais

1740 - 13 Dec 1750         Antoine Marie de Ponte d'Albaret(b. c.1690 - d. 1750)
1751 - 1753                Henri Léonard Jean Baptiste     (b. 1720 - d. 1792)
                             Bertin
 9 Nov 1753 - 28 Jun 1773  Louis-Guillaume Bon, marquis    (b. 1715 - d. 1773)
                             de Saint-Hilaire, baron de
                             Fourques

21 Oct 1773 - 23 Mar 1774  Pierre Philippe Peyronnel du
                             Tressan
Jul 1774 - 1775            Jean Étienne Bernard Ogier de   (b. 1729 - d. 1776)

                             Clugny, baron de Nuits 
1775 - 1778                Jean-Baptiste François Moulins  (b. 1743 - d. 1818)
                             de La Porte de Meslay
1778 - 1790                Louis Hyacinthe Raymond de      (b. 1728 - d. 1792)
                             Saint-Sauveur, seigneur de la
                             Grange-du-Milieu



Poitiers

Note: the government of Poitou.

1542                       Généralité of Poitiers established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Poitou
1695 - 1703                Gilles IV de Maupeou, comte     (b. 1647 - d. 1727)
                            
d'Ableiges
1703 - 1705                Anne Pinon, vicomte de Quincy   (b. 1652 - d. 17..)
1705 - 1708                Jean-Charles Doujat             (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
1708 - 1713                Nicolas Étienne Roujault,       (b. 1662 - d. 1723)
                             seigneur de Villemain

1713 - 1716                Charles Bonaventure Quentin de  (b. 1673 - d. 1733)
                             Richebourg, seigneur de Richebourg 

1716 - 1728                Jean-Baptiste des Gallois,      (d. 1747)
                             seigneur de la Tour
1728 - 1731                François de Baussan, seigneur   (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             de Richegrou, de Blanville

1732 - 1743                Jean Le Nain, baron d'Asfeld    (b. 1698 - d. 1751)
1743 - 1748                Nicolas René Berryer            (b. 1703 - d. 1762)
1748 - 1750                Jean Louis Moreau de Beaumont,  (b. 1715 - d. 1785)
                             seigneur de Beaumont

1751 - 1782                Paul Esprit Marie de La         (b. 1716 - d. 1800)
                             Bourdonnaye, comte de Blossac
1782 - 1784                Charles Esprit Marie de La      (b. 1753 - d. 1840)
                             Bourdonnaye de Blossac
1784 - 1790                Antoine François Alexandre      (b. 1746 - d. 1816)

                             Boula de Nanteuil, seigneur
                             de Mareuil, Saint-Clair, Lignères,
                             Saint-Denis, La Grange-du-Mont,
                             Nanteuil-lez-Meaux, Truet, Clermont



Rennes (Brittany)

[Rennes (France)]

Note: Intendancy of Brittany was created in 1689 by Louis XIV, after two attempts in 1636 and 1647. It includes the Generality of South Brittany (généralité de Bretagne Sud) (existing until 1774 - sitting in Nantes and having for guilds Quimper, Vannes and Lorient) and the Generality of North Brittany (généralité de Bretagne Nord)(headquartered in Rennes and having for guilds Brest, Morlaix, Guingamp, Saint-Brieuc, Saint-Malo and Dinan). The headquarters of the intendant was in Rennes at the Hôtel de Brie.

1689                       Intendancy of Brittany (Intendance de Bretagne).

Intendants of Brittany
16 Feb 1689 - Jan 1692     Auguste Robert de Pomereu,      (b. 1627 - d. 1702)
                             baron des Riceys, seigneur de
                             la Bretesche et Valmartin

Feb 1692 -  4 May 1703     Louis Béchameil, marquis de     (b. 1630 - d. 1703)
                             Nointel 
1705 - 1716                François Antoine Ferrand de     (b. 1657 - d. 1731)
                             Villemilan, seigneur de 

                             Villemilan
Jun 1716 - 1728            Paul Esprit Feydeau de Brou     (b. 1682 - d. 1767)
1728 - 1735                Jean-Baptiste des Gallois,      (d. 1747)
                             seigneur de la Tour
1735 - 1753                Jean-Baptiste Élie Camus de     (b. 1702 - d. 1775)
                             Pontcarré, seigneur de Viarmes

1753 - 1765               Cardin François Xavier Le Bret  (b. 1719 - d. 1765)
1765 - 1767                Jacques de Flesselles           (b. 1730 - d. 1789)
1767 - 1771                François Marie Bruno d'Agay,    (b. 1722 - d. 1805)
                             comte d'Agay
1771 - 1775                Guillaume Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt 
1775 - 1784               Gaspard Louis Caze, baron de    (b. 1740 - d. 1824)
                             La Bove 
1784                       Marc Antoine Le Fèvre de        (b. 1751 - d. 1803)
                             Caumartin
1784 - 1788                Antoine François de Bertrand    (b. 1744 - d. 1818)
                             de Molleville 
14 Dec 1788 - 15 Jan 1790  Germain François Faure, comte   (b. 1754 - d. 1822)
                             de Rochefort



Riom

Note: more or less the government of Auvergne.

1542                       Généralité of Riom established.

Intendants of Auvergne and Royal Commissioners
1695 - 1703                Antoine François Lefèvre        (b. 1651 - d. 1712)
                             d'Ormesson

1704 - 1708                Louis Le Blanc                  (b. 1669 - d. 1728)
1708 - 1714                Marc-Antoine Turgot             (b. 1668 - d. 1748)
1714 - 1717                Louis-Claude Béchameil de       (b. 1682 - d. 1761)
                             Nointel

1717 - 1720                Claude Boucher, marquis d'Orsay (b. 1673 - d. 1752)
1720 - 1723                Gilles Brunet d'Évry            (b. 1683 - d. 1762)
1723 - 1730                Jean Louis Bidé de La           (b. 1688 - d. 1760)
                             Granville 
1730 - 1734                Daniel Charles Trudaine,        (b. 1703 - d. 1769)
                             sieur de Montigny et de Champigny 
1734 - 1750                Bonaventure-Robert Rossignol    (b. 1697 - d. 1754)
1750 - 1752                François-Marie Peyrenc de Moras (b. 1718 - d. 1771)
1752 - 1757                Jean-Baptiste François de       (b. 1720 - d. 1797)
                             La Michodière
1758 - 1767                Simon Charles Sebastien Bernard (b. 1721 - d. 1767)
                             de Ballainvilliers 
1767 - 1773                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Robert    (b. 1733 - d. 1820)
                             Auget, baron de Montyon
1774 - 1789                Charles Antoine Claude de       (b. 1728 - d. 1824)
                             Chazerat, comte de Lezoux,
                             vicomte d'Aubusson



Rouen 

[flag of Rouen
                      (France)]

Note: the eastern part of the government of Normandy and the government of Le Havre.

 7 Dec 1542                Généralité of Rouen established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Rouen
24 Oct 1695 - 15 May 1700  Yves-Marie de La Bourdonnaye de (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
                             Coëtlogon
 
1700 - 1701                Jean-Baptiste Desmarets de      (b. 1646 - d. 1740)
                             Vaubourg, seigneur de Vaubourg,
                             baron de Cramailles
1701 - 1704                Henri François Lambert          (d. 1704)
                             d'Herbigny de
Thibouville,
                             seigneur d'Herbigny, marquis
                             de Thibouville

Jun 1704                   Claude Joseph Sanson
 3 Sep 1704 -  4 Aug 1709  Urbain-Guillaume de Lamoignon   (b. 1674 - d. 1742)
                             de Courson, marquis de La Mothe
14 Sep 1709 - 1712         Charles Bonaventure Quentin de  (b. 1673 - d. 1733)
                             Richebourg 

1712 - 1715                Nicolas Étienne Roujault        (b. 1662 - d. 1723)
1715 - 1732                Jean Prosper Goujon de Gasville,(b. 1684 - d. 1755)
                             sieur de Gasville

1732 - 1755                Louis François de La Bourdonnaye(b. 1702 - d. 1779)
                             seigneur de Launay

23 Jun 1755 -  3 Jun 1762  Antoine Paul Joseph Feydeau,    (b. 1731 - d. 1762)
                             marquis de Brou

1762 - 1768                Jean-Baptiste François de La    (b. 1720 - d. 1797)
                             Michodière                             

1768 - 1777                Louis Thiroux de Crosne         (b. 1736 - d. 1794)
                             (1st time)
1777 - 1778                Jean Samuel de Pont seigneur de (b. 1725 - d. 1805)
                             Monderoux

1778 - 30 Jul 1785         Louis Thiroux de Crosne         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1785 - 1787                Pierre-Charles Laurent de       (b. 1747 - d. 1828)
                             Villedeuil, sieur de Villemenon
1787 - 1790                Étienne Thomas Maussion,        (b. 1750 - d. 1794)
                             seigneur de Jambville et 
                             Frémainville



Soissons

Note: the north eastern part of the government of Île-de-France.

1595                       Généralité of Soissons established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Soissons
1698 - 1704                Claude Joseph Samson            (d. 1704)
1705 - 21 Feb 1712         Antoine François de Paule       (b. 1651 - d. 1712)
                             Lefèvre d'Ormesson, seigneur
                             de Cheray

26 Feb 1712 - 1714         Jean-Baptiste Louis Laugeois    (b. 1670 - d. 1734)
                             d'Imbercourt
1714 - 1716                André Robert Lefèvre d'Eaubonne,(b. 1681 - d. 1735)
                             seigneur de Rizeis
Jan 1717 - 1718            Louis Claude Béchameil de       (b. 1682 - d. 1761)
                             Nointel, marquis de Nointel
15 Jan 1720 - 1722         Marc-Antoine Turgot de          (b. 1668 - d. 1748)
                             Sainte-Clair, marquis de Nointel
23 Jun 1722 - 1727         Philibert d'Orry                (b. 1688 - d. 1747)
18 Jan 1727 - 1731         François Richer d'Aube,         (b. 1686 - d. 1752)
                             seigneur d'Aube

May 1731 - 1737            Antoine Martin de Chaumont de   (b. 1697 - d. 1783)
                             la Galaizière, marquis de la
                             Galaizière

Jan 1737 - 1743            Jérôme Bignon de Blanzy,        (b. 1698 - d. 1743)
                             marquis de Blanzy, baron de Semoine

 4 Mar 1743 - 1765         Charles Blaise Méliand,         (b. 1703 - d. 1768)
                             seigneur de Toizy

Dec 1765 - 1785            Louis Le Pelletier de           (b. 1730 - d. 1799)
                             Mortefontaine, marquis de
                            
Montmeillan, seigneur de
                             Mortefontaine

Jan 1785 - 1790            Charles Esprit Marie de la      (b. 1753 - d. 1840)
                             Bourdonnaye de Blossac



Strasbourg

[Strasbourg banner of arms
                  (France)]

Note: the government of Alsace.

30 Sep 1681                City of Strasbourg (Strassburg) annexed to France.
1682                       Généralité of Strasbourg established.
20 Sep 1697                Annexation of
Strasbourg recognized by the Holy Roman Empire
                             in Treaty of Ryswick.

20 Sep 1697                Annexation recognized by the Holy Roman Empire in Treaty
                             of Ryswick
.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Alsace
1698 - 1700                Claude Lafond, sieur de La      (d. 1719)
                             Beuvrière

1700 - 1715                Félix Le Pelletier de La        (b. 1663 - d. 1723)
                             Houssaye

1716 - 1724                Nicolas Prosper Bauyn           (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers 
1724 - 1728                Louis Auguste Achille de Harlay (b. 1679 - d. 1739)
                             de Bonneuil, comte de Cély

1728 - 1743                Paul Esprit Feydeau de Brou,    (b. 1682 - d. 1767)
                             seigneur de Brou 

1743 - 1744                Jean-Louis Bidé de La           (b. 1688 - d. 1760)
                             Granville 
1744 - 1750                Barthélemy de Vanolles          (b. 1684 - d. 1770)
1750 - 1752                Jean Nicolas Mégret de Serilly  (b. 1702 - d. 1750)

1753 - 1764                Jacques Pineau de Lucé,         (b. 1709 - d. 1764)
                             seigneur de Viennay

1764 - 1777                Louis Guillaume de Blair de     (b. 1716 - d. 1778)
                             Boisement, seigneur de Boisemont
1777 - 1789                Antoine de Chaumont de la       (b. 1727 - d. 1812)
                             Galaizière



Trévoux

Note: the former Principality of Dombes

1762                       Généralité of Trévoux formed from the former 
                             Principality of Dombes
1787                       Incorporated into Generality of Lyon.
17..                       Incorporated into Generality of Dijon.

 
Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances
1769 - 1771                Louis Mathieu Benoît, baron de   (b. 1744 - d. 1790)
                             Fumel de Montségur
1771 - 1787                Claude Cachet, comte de          (b. 1690 - d. 1787)
                             Garnerans (2nd time)



Toulouse (Languedoc)

[Toulouse (France)]

Note: the southern part of the government of the Languedoc.

1542                       Généralité of Toulouse established.
 1 Oct 1790                Intendantcy of Languedoc abolished.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Languedoc (resident at Montpellier)
13 Aug 1685 - May 1718     Nicolas Lamoignon de Bâville,   (b. 1648 - d. 1724)
                            
marquis de La Mothe en Poitou,
                             comte de Launay-Courson et de
                             Montrevaux, baron de Bohardy,
                             seigneur de Chavaignes
May 1718 - 11 Feb 1725     Louis de Bernage, seigneur de   (b. 1663 - d. 1737)
                             Saint-Maurice et de Vaux
Sep 1724 - 1743            Louis Basile de Bernage,        (b. 1691 - d. 1767)
                             seigneur de Saint-Maurice,
                             de Vaux et de Chassy
1743 - 28 Dec 1750         Jean Le Nain, baron d'Asfeld    (b. 1698 - d. 1750)
 1 Jan 1751 - 18 Oct 1785  Jean Emmanuel de Guignard,      (b. 1714 - d. 1785)
                            vicomte de Saint-Priest,
1786 - Apr 1790            Charles Bernard de              (b. 1757 - d. 1835)
                             Ballainvilliers, baron de
                             Ballainvilliers 



Tours 

[Tours (France)]

Note: the governments of Anjou, Maine, Saumurois and Touraine est.1542.

1577                       Généralité of Tours established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Tours
Feb 1689 - Aug 1701        Thomas Hue de Miromesnil,       (b. 1634 - d. 1702)
                             marquis de Miromesnil
Aug 1701 - Aug 1709        Jacques-Étienne de Turgot de    (b. 1670 - d. 1722)
                             Sousmont, seigneur de Sousmont
Aug 1709 - Nov 1717        Bernard Chauvelin, seigneur de  (b. 1672 - d. 1755)
                             Beauséjour
 8 Mar 1718 - Feb 1721     Gaspard-François Le Gendre de   (b. 1688 - d. 1740)
                             Lormoy, seigneur de Lormoy
18 Feb 1721 - Mar 1722     Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, (b. 1696 - d. 1764)
                             comte d'Argenson
23 Mar 1722 - 29 Aug 1725  René Hérault, seigneur de       (b. 1691 - d. 1740)
                             Fontaine-Labbé 
Sep 1725 - Aug 1726        Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Ravot,    (b. 1680 - d. 1729)
                             seigneur d'Ombreval
Aug 1726 - Mar 1731        Michel Gervais Robert de        (b. 1685 - d. 1734)
                             Pommereu, marquis des Riceys
Mar 1731 - May 1743        Charles Nicolas Leclerc de      (b. 1679 - d. 1749)
                             Lesseville
May 1743 - Oct 1745        Jacques Pineau de Viennay       (b. 1709 - d. 1764)
Oct 1745 - Jun 1756        Charles Pierre de Savalette,    (b. 1713 - d. 1790)
                             marquis de Magnanville
Jun 1756 - Oct 1766        Gaspard-César-Charles de        (b. 1706 - d. 1792)
                             Lescalopier, seigneur de
                             Liencourt
Oct 1766 -  9 Aug 1783     François-Pierre du Cluzel,      (b. 1734 - d. 1783)
                             marquis de Montpipeau
Sep 1783 - Dec 1789        Marius Jean-Baptiste Nicolas    (b. 1730 - d. 1804)
                             d'Aine 



Valenciennes

[Valenciennes
                  (Municipality, France)]

Note: the southern part of the government of Flanders (Hainaut).

c.1678                     Généralité of Valenciennes established.

Intendants of Justice, Police and Finances of Hainaut
1698 - 1705                Charles-Étienne Maignart,       (b. 1667 - d. 1717)
                             marquis de Bernières
Dec 1705 - Jul 1708        Nicolas-Étienne Roujault        (b. 1662 - d. 1723)
Jul 1708 - 1719            Jean-Charles Doujat             (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
 7 Jan 1720 - 1724         Louis-René de Voyer de Paulmy,  (b. 1694 - d. 1757)
                             marquis d'Argenson 
1725 - 1727                Félix Aubrey, marquis de Vastan (b. 1681 - d. 1743) 
1727 - 1743                Jean Moreau, seigneur de        (b. 1690 - d. 1761)
                             Séchelles
Mar 1743 - 1745            Jean-Baptiste Machault          (b. 1701 - d. 1794)
                             d'Arnouville 
1745 - 1752                Jacques Pineau, baron de Lucé,  (b. 1709 - d. 1764)
                             seigneur de Viennay
1752 - 1755                François-Marie Peyrenc de Moras (b. 1718 - d. 1771)
1755 - 1764                Louis Guillaume de Blair,       (b. 1716 - d. 1778)
                             seigneur de Boisemont et Courtemanche
11 Nov 1764 - 1775         Louis-Gabriel Taboureau des     (b. 1718 - d. 1782)
                             Réaux
Aug 1775 -  6 Jun 1790     Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan        (b. 1736 - d. 1803) 






© Ben Cahoon