World Statesmen.org HOME > return to France >>

 







 

Provinces of France before 1791

Provinces and Governments Alsace - Anjou - Artois - Aunis - Auvergne - Béarn et Navarre - Berry - Boulonnais - Bourbonnais - Bourgogne (Burgundy) - Bretagne (Brittany) - Champagne et Brie - Corse (Corsica) - Dauphiné - Dombes - Flandre-Hainaut - Foix, Donnezan, et Andorre - Franche-Comté - Guyenne - Ile de France - Languedoc - Le Havre - Limousin - Lorraine et Bar - Lyonnais - Maine et Perche - Marche - Metz - Nice - Nivernais -  Normandie - Orléanais - Paris - Picardie - Poitou - Provence - Orange - Roussillon - Saintonge et Angoumois - Saumurois - Sedan - Toulois - Touraine  Generalities Aix-en-Provence - Alençon - Amiens - Auch - Besançon - Bordeaux - Bourges - Caen - Chalons - Dijon - Grenoble - La Rochelle - Lille - Limoges - Lyon - Metz - Montauban - Montpellier - Moulins - Nancy - Orléans - Paris - Pau - Perpignan - Poitiers - Rennes - Riom - Rouen - Soissons - Strasbourg - Trévoux - Toulouse - Tours - Valenciennes -


Provinces and Governments

   In 1789, there were three kinds of administrative divisions in the Kingdom of France.
The dioceses were ecclesiastic divisions, which dated back to the Roman times. Roman Catholicism was the official religion of France, which was known as La Fille Aînée de l'Eglise ("The Church's Elder Daughter"), following King Louis XIII's vow.
   The provinces were military gouvernements (governments), mostly established in the 14th century. By the law of 18 Mar 1776 their number was fixed at 39 of which 32 were grands grouvernements (greater governments) and 7 were lesser ones or petits grouvernements enclaved into the greater ones.  Smaller feudal divisions remained as subdivisions of the governments. They were called bailliages (bailiwicks) in the north of France, sénéchaussées in the south-west, and vigueries in Provence. These are not covered in this record.
   The généralités (generalities) and the intendances (intendancies) were financial divisions, mostly established in the XVI-XVIIth centuries. An intendance was the territory administrated by an intendant, who was the direct representative of the King. In 1555, the first maîtres de requêtes, later renamed intendants, were appointed. The intendants were the most powerful people of the kingdom after the King himself, and their position was often dynastic.
   The borders of the different divisions did not match each other. This lack of unity was caused by the heterogeneous historical formation of France. The kings progressively incorporated to their own domain (domaine royal) large feudal and princely states, whose institutions and privileges they promised to respect. Some provinces (Brittany, Provence, Béarn) recognized the King only as their Duke, Count, or Lord. Several of these states kept their political institutions (Etats [states]) and administrated taxes. As an example,
Provence, incorporated to France in 1481, kept its Etats in Aix-en-Provence and had a specific "Provencal Constitution". Provence was divided into vigueries, but its two main cities, Arles and Marseilles, had a specific status of terres adjacentes à régime spécial ("adjacent areas with specific regime").
   As explained by Alexis de Tocqueville in "L'Ancien Régime et la Révolution" (1856), "the administrative centralization was an institution of the Ancient Regime and not a realization
of the Revolution and the Empire, as often wrongly assumed." As direct representatives of the Kings, the intendants gained more and more power, whereas the military governor's function became purely honorific as early as in the 17th century. At that time, Richelieu, one of the great reformers of the French state, believed that powerful military governors were more a threat than a protection for the royal power, and ordered the demolition of most fortresses located quite far from the borders. In parallel, Richelieu consolidated the power of the intendants, which was a convenient means to collect taxes from reluctant local lords and thereby consolidate royal power.
   The tax status of the provinces was also complex, at least nominally: in the pays d'élections (most provinces), the taxes were administered in each circumscription, called élection, by local representatives, called élus; in the pays d'Etats (Bretagne, Bourgogne, Béarn, County of Foix, Languedoc, Provence and Dauphiné), the taxes were administered by a provincial assembly, or Etats (States). Some former feudal states, although no longer governments, kept their States, e.g. Gévaudan, Velay and Vivarais. Of course, the King did not enjoy those States, who often opposed to his decisions, and progressively suppressed them or diminished their power; in the pays d'imposition (Flandre, Artois, Lorraine, Alsace, Franche-Comté and Roussillon), which had been incorporated in the 17th to the 18th centuries, there were neither élections nor états, and the taxes were administered directly by the intendants.
   The governments were formally abolished 1 Jan 1791. (2 or 3) denotes a second or third order government, all the others are of the first order.

Noble titles: chevalier = knight; comte/comtesse = count/countess; duc/duchesse = duke/duchess; empereur/impératrice = emperor/empress; roi/reine = king; marquis/marquise = marquess/marchioness; prince/princesse = prince/princess; seigneur/seigneuresse = lord/lady; viscomte/vicomtesse = viscount/viscountess

Ecclesiastical titles: abbé = abbot; archevêque = archbishop; cardinal = cardinal; evêque = bishop


Alsace

[Alsace]

24 Oct 1648                Haute-Alsace (Upper-Alsace) annexed by France.
 5 Feb 1679                Basse-Alsace (Lower-Alsace) annexed by France.
30 Sep 1681                Strasbourg (Strassburg) annexed.

Governors
20 Apr 1649 - Dec 1659     Henri de Lorraine, comte        (b. 1601 - d. 1666)
                             d'Armagnac et d'Harcourt 
Dec 1659 -  9 Mar 1661     Cardinal Jules Mazarin,         (d. 1661)
                             duc de Nevers
 9 Mar 1661 -  9 Feb 1713  Armand Charles de La Porte,     (b. 1632 - d. 1713)
                             duc de La Meilleraye, duc
                             de Rethel
14 Feb 1713 - 10 Apr 1730  Nicolas Du Blé, marquis         (b. 1652 - d. 1730)
                             d'Huxelles 
11 Apr 1730 - 15 Jan 1739  Léonor Marie Du Maine,          (b. 1655 - d. 1739)
                             comte Du Bourg
26 Jan 1739 - 18 Dec 1759  François de Franquetot,         (b. 1670 - d. 1759)
                             duc de Coigny
19 Dec 1759 -  7 Feb 1762  Jean Baptiste Demaretz,         (b. 1682 - d. 1762)
                             marquis de Maillebois
 1 Mar 1762 - 17 Sep 1788  Emmanuel Armand de Vignerot,    (b. 1720 - d. 1788) 
                             duc d'Aiguillon
16 Nov 1788 - 30 May 1789  Jacques Philippe de Choiseul,   (b. 1727 - d. 1789)
                             duc de Choiseul-Stainville 
30 May 1789 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant


Angoumois: see Saintonge and Angoumois



Anjou (2)

[Anjou]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
908                        County of Anjou
1214                       Part of the Royal domain (confiscated in 1202). 
20 Aug 1560 - Oct 1567     Anjou part of the Government of Tourraine.
 8 Feb 1566 - 30 May 1574  Duchy of Anjou an apanage for Henri de France (future 
                             King Henri III).
May 1576 - 10 Jun 1584     Duchy of Anjou an apanage for François de France,
                             duc d'Alençon, brother of King Henri III.

Governors
Aug 1666 - 1718            Louis de Lorraine,              (b. 1641 - d. 1718)
                             comte d'Armagnac, comte de 
                             Brionne et de Charny
1718 - 1740                Louis de Lorraine, prince de    (b. 1692 - d. 1743)
                             Lambesc, comte de Brionne
                             et de Braine 
 8 Jul 1740 - 28 Jun 1761  Charles Louis de Lorraine,      (b. 1725 - d. 1761)
                             prince de Lambesc, comte 
                             de Brionne 
 1 Aug 1761 -  1 Jan 1791  Charles Eugène de Lorraine,     (b. 1751 - d. 1825)
                             duc d'Elbeuf, prince de 
                             Lambesc, comte de Brionne



Artois(2)

[Artois]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
932                        Part of Flanders.
1180 - 1226                French rule. 
1226                       Part of the Royal domain.
1237                       County of Artois
1382 - 16 Mar 1405         Part of Flanders.
1390 - 1688                County of Charolais a Burgundian (from 1482 Habsburg, from 1556
                             Spanish) possession.

16 Mar 1405 - 1482         Burgundian possession.

1482 - 1492                French rule. 
1492 - 1659                Burgundian (later Habsburg) possession.
1764                       Artois a separate government; detached from Picardy.

Governors
22 Sep 1764 - 26 Nov 1787  François Gaston, marquis        (b. 1720 - d. 1787)
                             (from 1784 duc) de Lévis
 1 Jan 1788 -  1 Jan 1791  Adrien Louis de Bonnières de    (b. 1735 - d. 1805)
                             Souastre, duc de Guines



Aunis (2)

[Aunis]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1223                       County of Anuis part of the Royal Domain.
1626                       Government separated from Saintonge.

Governors
 8 Jan 1688 - 1710         Charles Auguste de Goüyon,      (b. 1647 - d. 1729)
                             comte de Matignon 
10 May 1710 - 27 Aug 1747  Louis Jean Baptiste de Goüyon,  (b. 1682 - d. 1747)
                             comte de Matignon 
19 Sep 1747 - 1761         Louis Charles César Le Tellier, (b. 1695 - d. 1771)
                             marquis de Courtanvaux, comte 
                             (later duc) d'Estrées 
25 Apr 1761 - 23 Jan 1771  Jean Charles, marquis de        (b. 1685 - d. 1771)
                             Sennetère 
c.Feb 1771 - Oct 1771      Jean Paul Timoléon de Cossé,    (b. 1698 - d. 1790)
                             duc de Brissac
21 Oct 1771 -  1 Jan 1791  Guy André Pierre de Montmorency,(b. 1723 - d. 1798) 
                             duc de Laval



Auvergne (2)

[Auvergne]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1213                       County of Auvergne part of the Royal domain.
21 May 1652 - 1556/63      Abolished (from 21 Jun 1547 part of Lyonnais). 

Governors
24 Apr 1662 - 1717         Godefroy Maurice de La Tour,    (b. 1641 - d. 1721)
                             duc d'Albret, duc de Château-
                             Thierry, duc de Bouillon 
 7 Aug 1717 - 17 May 1730  Emmanuel-Théodose de La Tour,   (b. 1668 - d. 1730)
                             duc d'Albret, duc de Château-
                             Thierry, duc de Bouillon 
17 May 1730 - 24 Oct 1771  Charles Godefroy de La Tour,    (b. 1706 - d. 1771)
                             duc d'Albret, duc de Chäteau-
                             Thierry, duc de Bouillon 
11 Nov 1771 -  1 Jan 1791  Godefroy Charles de La Tour,    (b. 1728 - d. 1792)
                             duc d'Albret, duc de Château-
                             Thierry, duc de Bouillon



Béarn et Navarre
 
[Béarn]
                     Flag of Bearn 
[Standard of the
                        Kings of Navarra since 1212, also used as flag
                        of Basse Navarre]
           Flag of Kingdom of Navarre

824                        Separated from Gascogne by revolt; Kingdom of Pamplona
                             (see under Spain).

843                        Viscounty of Béarn under the suzerainty of the King of France.
18 Oct 1035                Pamplona divided into separate Kingdom of Navarra (Regnum Navarre)
                             (see under
Spain), Kingdom of Aragón and Kingdom of Castile.
26 Apr 1290                Counts of Foix acquire Béarn
.
19 Jan 1479                Foix in union with Navarre.
25 Jul 1512                Upper Navarra (Kingdom of Navarra south of the Pyrenees)
                             is annexed to the
Spanish monarchy, but retaining its many
                             fueros (privileges); oath of allegiance of Estates 23 Mar 1513
.
May 1521 - 30 Jun 1521     Navarrese-Béarnese army supporting the House of Albret occupies
                             Spanish Navarra.

 2 Aug 1589                Lower Navarre (Basse-Navarre) is inherited by the King of France.
Jul 1607                   Edict on union of Béarn and N
avarre within the French Royal domain.
20 Oct 1620                Béarn and Navarre fully incorporated into royal domain of France.
12 Oct 1789                French National Assembly removes the style Roi de Navarre (king of
                             Navarre) from the French royal style.
28 Oct 1789                Separate privileges of
Béarn abolished.
 
4 Mar 1790                Benapara, Lapurdi and Zuberoa merged with neighboring Béarn into
                             the French department of Basse-Pyrénées.
14 Sep 1791                Remaining privileges of Basse-Navarre are abolished by France.

Kings/Queens¹
- from 25 Jul 1512 in Basse-Navarre at Béarn only -
30 Jan 1483 – 12 Feb 1517  Catharina I (
Katalina I) –Queen (b. 1468 – d. 1517)
                           - jointly with -
14 Jul 1484 – 14 Jun 1516  Jean III d'Albret (
Joanes III)  (b. 1469 – d. 1516)
12 Feb 1517 – 25 May 1555  Henri II (
Henrike II)           (b. 1503 – d. 1555)
25 May 1555 –  8 Jun 1572  Jeanne III (
Joana III) –Queen   (b. 1528 – d. 1572)
                           - jointly with -
25 May 1555 – 17 Nov 1562  Antoine I de Bourbon (
Antonio I)(b. 1518 – d. 1562)
 9 Jun 1572 – 14 May 1610  Henri III (Henrike III)         (b. 1553 – d. 1610)
                             (from 2 Aug 1589, Henri IV King of France)

14 May 1610 – 20 Oct 1620  Louis II (Luis II)              (b. 1601 – d. 1643)
                             (Louis XIII King of France)
20 Oct 1620 - 14 Sep 1791  the kings of France

Governors
 2 Jul 1678 - 25 Oct 1720  Antoine IV Charles,             (b. 1641 - d. 1720)
                             duc de Gramont
1720 - 16 Sep 1725         Antoine V, duc de Gramont       (b. 1671 - d. 1725)
1725 - 16 May 1741         Louis Antoine Amand, duc de     (b. 1688 - d. 1741)
                             Gramont dit "duc de Louvigny"
22 May 1741 - 11 May 1745  Louis Antoine, duc de Gramont   (b. 1689 - d. 1745)
15 May 1745 -  1 Jan 1791  Antoine Antonin, duc de Gramont (b. 1722 - d. 1801) 
 

 ¹The full style 2 Aug 1589 - 14 Sep 1791: par la grâce de Dieu, Roi de France et de Navarre/Dei Gratia Francorum et Navarrae Rex ("by the grace of God, king of France and of Navarre")



Berry (Berri) (2)

[Berry]

c.750                      Counties of Berry et Bourges
843                        Berry part of the Royal domain.
c.878 - 92.                Part of Auuvergne.
972                        County of Berry et Vicomtes de Bourges
1101                       Vicomté de Bourges annexed by France.
1360                       Duchy of Berry
1221                       Seigneuries of Châteauroux et d'Issoudun annexed. 
May 1576 - 10 Jun 1584     Berry an apanage for François de France, 
                             duc d'Alençon, brother of King Henri III.

Governors
14 Mar 1698 - 1715         Adrien-Maurice, duc de Noailles (b. 1678 - d. 1766)
12 Aug 1715 - 21 Aug 1736  Louis, marquis d'Arpajon        (d. 1736)
1737 - 1751                Louis Jean Claude de Talleyrand,(d. 1757) 
                             prince de Chalais
 1 Jan 1752 - 1760         Gabriel Marie de Talleyrand-    (b. 1726 - d. 1795)
                             Périgord, comte de Périgord 
19 Jun 1760 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis François Joseph de        (b. 1734 - d. 1814)
                             Bourbon, comte de La Marche
                             (from 1776, prince de Conti)



Boulonnais (2)

[historic flag of
                  Bolonnais (France)]

20 Jul 1752                Government of the Boulonnais detached 
                             from Picardy (or Flanders?).

Governors
20 Jul 1752 - 15 Apr 1782  Louis-Marie-Augustin,           (b. 1709 -d . 1782)
                             duc d'Aumont
15 Apr 1782 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Alexandre Céleste         (b. 1736 - d. 1814)
                             d'Aumont, duc de Villequier



Bourbonnais (2)

[Bourbonnais]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
c.1028                     County of Bourbonnais
1327                       Duchy of Bourbonnais
1400                       Duchy of Bourbonnais apanage of the Royal domain.
1527                       Confiscated by the Royal domain.
c.1562                     Government of Bourbonnais, detached from Lyonnais.

Governors
20 Oct 1676 - 22 Jul 1739  Charles François De La Beaume   (b. 1670 - d. 1739)
                             Le Blancduc de La Vallière 
1739 - Apr 1754            Louis César de La Beaume Le     (b. 1708 - d. 1780) 
                             Blanc, duc de La Valière 
15 Jul 1754 -  1 Jan 1791  Jean Henri de Moret Giroléèe,   (b. 1736 - d. 1812)
                             marquis de Montarnel, et de Pagas,
                             comte de Peyre, etc.



Bourgogne (Burgundy) 

[Burgundy]

436                        Teutonic Kingdom of the Burgunds
534                        Merovingian (Frankish) Kingdom of Burgundy.
19 Jan 639                 Part of Frankish kingdom.
879                        Kingdom of Burgundy
882 - 884                  Part of Frankish kingdom.
884 - 890                  Part of Germany.
888                        Kingdom of Arles (Upper Burgundy).
915                        (Free) County of Burgundy (see Franch-Comte).
c.1025                     Duchy of Burgundy.
1032                       Upper Burgundy part of Holy Roman Empire.
1361                       Duchy of Burgundy an apanage of the French Royal domain.
1477                       Duchy of Burgundy part of the Royal domain.

Governors
1686 -  1 Apr 1709         Henri-Jules de Bourbon,         (b. 1643 - d. 1709)
                             prince de Condé, duc de Bourbon 
1709 -  4 Mar 1710         Louis III de Bourbon,           (b. 1668 - d. 1710)
                             prince de Condé, duc de Bourbon 
 4 Mar 1710 - 27 Jan 1740  Louis Henri de Bourbon,         (b. 1692 - d. 1740)
                             prince de Condé, duc de Bourbon 
28 Jan 1740 - 1754         Paul Hyppolyte de Beauvilliers, (d. 1776)
                             duc de Saint-Aignan 
19 May 1754 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis-Joseph de Bourbon,        (b. 1736 - d. 1818)
                             prince de Condé, duc de Bourbon 


Dombes

[flag of Principality of
                  Dombes, to 1762]

Map of Dombes
Capital: Trévoux

1402                       Sovereign Principality of Dombes (or Dombe)
                             founded under Bourbon dynasty.
Jan 1532                   Confiscated by the French Crown.
27 Sep 1560                Granted to the Bourbon-Montpensier family.
24 Oct 1681                Given to the duke of Maine, a legitimized natural 
                             child of King Louis XIV.
28 May 1762                Ceded to the French crown, part of Burgundy.

Princes
Mar 1682 - 14 May 1736     Louis-Auguste I de Bourbon,        (b. 1670 - d. 1736)
                             duc du Maine 
14 May 1736 -  1 Oct 1755  Louis-Auguste II de Bourbon        (b. 1700 - d. 1755) 
 1 Oct 1755 - 28 May 1762  Louis Charles de Bourbon,          (b. 1701 - d. 1775)
                             comte d'Eu 

Chancellors
bf.1721 - af.1721          de Torpanne
bf.1732 - af.1732          de Malezieu
bf.1752 - af.1752          du Tours

French Governors 

1691 - 1732                François Joseph de Damas d'Antigny 
1732 - 1736                Joseph François de Damas d'Antigny 
1736 - 1740                Jacques François de Damas d'Antigny 
1740 - 1762                Joseph François de Damas d'Antigny  (d. 1782)


Charolais

1236 - 1272                Possession of Duke of Burgundy.
1270/1316                 
County of Charolais
1272 - 1390                Possession of the House of Bourbon.
1390                       Sold to Philippe "le Hardi" duc de Bourgogne

1390 - 1477                Part of the Duchy of Burgundy.
1477 - 1493                Annexed by France.
1493                       Transferred to the Habsburgs by Treaty of Senlis.
1507 - 1509                Confiscated by France.
1521 - 1526 
              Confiscated by France.
1536 - 1544
               Confiscated by France.
1551 - 1559
               Confiscated by France.
1559 - 1684                Possession of Spanish Habsburgs.
1635 - 1668                Confiscated by France.
1674 - 1678                Confiscated by France.

1684                       Sold by Philip IV of Spain to the Louis II de Bourbon,
                             prince de Condé of France.

1760                       Charolais annexed to the French crown domain.

Counts (title comte de Charolais)
1684 - 11 Dec 1686         Louis II de Condé                     (b. 1621 - d. 1686)
11 Dec 1686 -  1 Apr 1709  Henri III de Bourbon-Condé            (b. 1643 - d. 1709)
 1 Apr 1709 -  4 May 1710  Louis III de Bourbon-Condé            (b. 1668 - d. 1710)
 4 May 1710 - 23 Jul 1760  Charles de Bourbon-Charolais          (b. 1700 - d. 1760)
1760 - 1789                the kings of France



Bretagne (Brittany)

[Duchy of Brittany]

383                        Armorica under Rei Bret's (kings of the Bretons).
753 - 840                  Breton March of the Frankish Kingdom.
840 - 874                  Kingdom of Brittany.
843 - 851                  Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
952                        Duchy of Brittany (Dukelezh Vreizh/Duché de Bretagne).
1169 - 21 Oct 1221         Under Plantagenet dynasty.
1202                       Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
26 Sep 1345 - 20 Jul 1524  Under the Blois dynasty.
1485                       Duke Francis II establishes a sovereign parliament at Vannes.
20 Jul 1524                Duchy of Brittany in personal union with the Royal domain.
1532                       Estates of Brittany proclaim the perpetual union of Brittany
                             to the crown of France.
 3 Feb 1790                Breton parliament is dissolved.

Governors
19 Mar 1695 -  2 Dec 1736  Louis Alexandre de Bourbon,     (b. 1678 - d. 1737)
                             comte de Toulouse
Dec 1736 -  1 Mar 1744     Louis de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans (b. 1703 - d. 1752)
 1 Mar 1744 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Hean Marie de Bourbon,    (b. 1725 - d. 1793)
                             duc de Penthièvre, duc de 
                             Chateauvillain, duc de Rambouillet


Belle-Île

 7 Jun 1761 - 10 May 1763  British occupation of Belle-Île (Belle-Île-en-Mer).

British military governors

 7 Jun 1761 - Oct/Nov 1761 Studholme Hodgson               (b. 1708 - d. 1798)
Oct/Nov 1761 - 17 Mar 1762 John Crawford (Craufurd)
17 Mar 1762 -  6 Jul 1762  Hamilton Lambert (
Lambart)
 6 Jul 1762 - 10 May 1763  Forester (Forster)



Champagne et Brie 

[Champagne]
                 Flag of Champagne

581 - 709                  Frankish Duchy of Champagne.
814                        County of Champagne.
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1019 - 15 Mar 1335         Under Blois dynasty.
1336                       Part of the Royal domain.
1415 - 14..                Burgundian occupation.
1423 - 1427                English occupation.

English Governors
1423 - 1426                Thomas de Montagu, comte de 
                             Salisbury et de Perche
1423 - ....                William, Earl of Suffolk 
                             (exact position not known)
Governors
 9 Nov 1691 - 24 Aug 1712  François de Rohan,              (b. 1631 - d. 1712)
                             prince de Soubise
1712 - 1741                Hercule Mériadec,               (b. 1699 - d. 1747)
                             duc de Rohan-Rohan 
 1 Jul 1741 - 1751         Charles, duc de Rohan-Rohan     (b. 1715 - d. 1757)
19 Sep 1751 - 1769         Louis de Bourbon, comte de      (b. 1709 - d. 1771)
                             Clermont, duc de Châteauroux 
11 Feb 1769 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis-Henri-Joseph de Bourbon,  (b. 1756 - d. 1830)
                             duc de Bourbon, prince de Condé 


Comtat Venaissin: see see under France

Corisca (Corse): see under Regions of France


Dauphiné

[Dauphiné]

855                        Duchy of Viennois
870                        County of Viennois
1140                       County of Dauphiné
1349                       Dauphiné under French suzerainty (from 1447, Montélimar and
                             from 1450, Vienne).
1460                       Dauphiné part of the Royal domain.

Governors
12 Oct 1691 - 1719         Louis d'Aubusson, duc de        (b. 1673 - d. 1725)
                             Roannais 
 6 Sep 1719 -  4 Feb 1752  Louis de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans (b. 1703 - d. 1752)
Feb 1752 - 18 Nov 1785     Louis Philippe de Bourbon,      (b. 1725 - d. 1785)
                             duc d'Orléans
21 Nov 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis-Philippe Joseph de        (b. 1747 - d. 1793)
                             Bourbon, duc d'Orléans dit 
                             Philippe Egalité



Flanders (Flanders-Hainaut) 

[Flanders]

843                        Flanders under the suzerainty of the King of France.
862                        County of Flanders
1668                       Hainaut in southeast and Cambrésis annexed.
1668                       Flanders part of the Royal domain.

Governors
31 Aug 1694 - 1711         Louis François, duc de          (b. 1644 - d. 1711)
                             Boufflers 
 2 Apr 1711 -  2 Jul 1747  Joseph Marie, duce de Boufflers (b. 1706 - d. 1747)
13 Jul 1747 - 13 Sep 1751  Charles Joseph Marie, duc       (d. 1751) 
                             de Boufflers
26 Sep 1751 -  2 Jul 1787  Charles, duc de Rohan-Rohan     (b. 1715 - d. 1787)
 4 Sep 1787 -  1 Jul 1791  Charles Eugène Gabriel de La    (b. 1727 - d. 1801)
                             Croix, marquis de Castries


Dunkerque (Dunkirk)

  [Dunkerque
                  (Dunkirk) flag]

12 Oct 1646                Conquered and made part of government of Picardie
                             with its own gouverneur-particulier.
1652 - 1662                Spanish occupation.
1687                       Dunkerque made a separate government.
12 Nov 1728                Government abolished, territory part of the
                             government of Flanders.
 

Governors(-general?)
 1 Oct 1692 - ....         Jacques Léonor Rouxel,          (b. 1655 - d. 1725)
                             comte de Médavy 
1714 - 17..                François Rouxel, marquis de     (b. 1666 - d. 1729)
                             Grancey 



Foix, Donnezan et Andorre 

[County of Foix]
                     Flag of Foix

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1035                       County of Foix
1396 - 1396                Foix occupied by Aragón.
1483                       Foix union with Navarre.
Jul 1607                   Part of the French Royal domain.
20 Oct 1620                Incorporation of Navarra and Béarn into French Royal domain.

Counts/Countesses of Foix (title Dei gratia comes Fuxi)
23 Jan 1483 - 11 Feb 1517  Catherine
(f)                   (b. 1468 - d. 1517)
14 Jun 1484 - 26 Jun 1516  Jean II de Labrit               (b. 1469 - d. 1516) 
11 Feb 1517 - 29 May 1555  Henri II de Labrit              (b. 1503 - d. 1555)
29 May 1555 -  9 Jun 1572  Jeanne
III de Labrit (f)        (b. 1528 - d. 1572)
                           - jointly with -
29 May 1555 - 17 Nov 1562  Antoine
                        (b. 1518 - d. 1562)
 9 Jun 1572 - 14 May 1610  Henri III 
le Grand (Henri IV)   (b. 1553 - d. 1610)
14 May 1610 - 14 May 1643  
Louis le Juste (Louis XIII)     (b. 1601 - d. 1643)
14 May 1643 -  1 Sep 1715  Louis Deudat le Grand           (b. 1638 - d. 1715)
                             (Louis XIV)
 1 Sep 1715 - 10 May 1774  Louis le Bien-Aime (Louis XV)   (b. 1710 - d. 1774)
10 May 1774 - 21 Sep 1792  Louis August (Louis XVI)        (b. 1754 - d. 1793)

Governors
(also in charge of relations with Andorra)
1646 - 16..                Armand Jean du Peyré, comte     (b. 1598 - d. 1672)
                             de Trois
1687 - 16..                Gaston Jean Baptiste de Lévis,  (d. 1699)

                             marquis de Mirepoix 
1699 - 25 Apr 1701         Vacant
25 Apr 1701 - 1702         Camille de La Beaumr d'Hostun,  (b. 1652 - d. 1728)
                             duc d'Hostun
1704 - 10 Jul 1737         Henri-Joseph de Ségur           (b. af.1655 - d. 1737)
1737 - 18 Jun 1751         Henri-François, comte de Ségur  (b. 1689 - d. 1751)
1751 -  1 Jan 1791         Philippe-Henri, comte de Ségur  (b. 1724 - d. 1801) 



Franche-Comté

[Franche-Comté]

915                        (Free) County of Burgundy, within Holy Roman Empire
                             based at Besançon. 
16 Mar 1405 - 16 Jan 1556  Burgundian possession.
16 Jan 1556                Possession of the Spanish Habsburg monarchy.
10 Aug 1678                Part of French Royal domain.

Governors
16 Jun 1674 - 12 Oct 1704  Jacques Henri de Durfort,       (b. 1625 - d. 1704)
                             duc de Duras 
14 Oct 1704 - 30 Mar 1728  Camille de La Beaume d'Hostun,  (b. 1652 - d. 1728)
                             duc d'Hostun 
30 Mar 1728 -  6 Sep 1755  Marie Joseph de La Beaume       (b. 1684 - d. 1755)
                             d'Hostun, duc d'Hostun
11 Sep 1755 -  8 Jul 1770  Jean Baptiste de Durfort,       (b. 1684 - d. 1770)
                             duc de Duras 
 8 Jul 1770 -  8 Sep 1789  Emmanuel Félicité de Durfort,   (b. 1715 - d. 1789)
                             duc de Duras 
 8 Sep 1789 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant


Gascony: see Guyenne



Guyenne (Aquitaine)

[Guyenne]

5..                        Frankish Duchy of Aquitaine
732 - 732                  Brief Arab occupation.
768                        Duchy of Gascony
781                        Kingdom of Aquitaine
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
845                        Duchy of Aquitaine
1039 - 1052                Gascony under Navarre.
1052 - 1137                Gascony under Aquitaine.
1152 - 1449                Gascony under English rule.
 6 Apr 1199 - 1294         Aquitaine under English rule.
1213                       Aquitaine part of French Royal domain.
1259 - 1294                Most of Guyenne under English rule.
1271                       Quercy et Périgord méridional part of French Royal domain.
1303 - 1324                Aquitaine under English rule. 
1360 - 12 Oct 1453         Aquitaine under English rule. 
1306                       Soule part of French Royal domain. 
1322                       Bigorre part of French Royal domain.
1325                       Agenais et Bazadais part of French Royal domain.
12 Oct 1453                Bordeaux, Chalosse et Labourd part of French Royal domain.
1607                       Gascony and Périgord part of French Royal domain.

English Governors of Guyenne
1259 - 1294               ....
1303 - 1324               ....
1324 - 13..                Edmund, Earl of Kent
 1 Apr 1338 - 1338         Olivier de Ingham
1338 - 13..                Bernard Ezy II d'Albret 
                             (1st time)
 3 Jan 1340 - 134.         Hugues de Gebenis
134.                       Bernard Ezy II d'Albret 
                             (2nd time)
1341 - 134.                Antoine d'Usemer
10 Mar 1345 - 134.         Henry of Lancaster 
                            (Lieutenant and Captain-general)
 6 Mar 1352 - 135.         Rodolphe de Straffort
1357 - 13..                d'Albret
13.. - 13..                de Lesparre
13.. - 13..                de Pommieres
13.. - 13..                de Rosenh
13.. - 13..                Jehan Chandos, comte de 
                             Saint-Sauveur
30 Apr 1372 - 137.         Earl of Pembrock
16 Apr 1378 - 13..         John de Nevill
25 Mar 1388 - 13..         John, Duke of Lancaster
 9 Jun 1394 - 139.         Henry Percy
 1 Sep 1398 - ....         John de Beaufort, 
                             Marques of Dorset
28 Aug 1401 - 14..         Edward, Earl of Rutland and Cork
11 Jun 1412 - 14..         Thomas, Duke of Clarence
1438 - 14..                John of Huntingdon
1452 - 145.                John Talbot, Earl of Salop
Governors
27 Mar 1698 -  5 Nov 1712  Charles-Honoré d'Albert,        (b. 1646 - d. 1712)
                             duc de Laynes, duc de Chevreuse 
28 Dec 1712 - Oct 1755     Louis Charles de Bourbon,       (b. 1701- d. 1775)
                             duc d'Aumale, comte d'Eu 
 4 Dec 1755 -  8 Aug 1788  Louis-François Armand de        (b. 1696 - d. 1788)
                             Vignerot, duc de Richelieu, 
                             duc de Fronsac 
 8 Aug 1788 -  1 Jan 1791  Vacant 



Île de France

[Ile-de-France]

843                        Duchy of Île de France part of Royal domain.
1016                       Counties of Paris et de Melun annexed to the Royal domain. 
1029                       County of Dreux annexed. 
1055                       County of Sens annexed. 
1068                       County of Gâtinais annexed.
1074                       County of Vexin annexed. 
1112                       County of Corbeil annexed. 
1118                       County of Montlhéry annexed. 
1213                       County of Valois annexed. 
1218                       County of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis annexed. 
1223                       Counties of Beaumont-sur-Oise et de Montfort-l'Amaury annexed. 
15th cent.                 Coucy, Roucy, Soissons, Laon and Noyon annexed.
27 May 1418 - 141.         Burgundian occupation.
Dec 1420 - c.1429          English occupation.
11 Dec 1528 - 12 Mar 1533  Divided into two governments: Île-de-France and Paris.
24 Jan 1596                Re-divided into two governments.

English Governors
Dec 1420 - 142.            Thomas of Lancaster,            (d. 1421)
                             Duke of Clarence
 8 Jul 1421 - 142.         Jean de La Baume-Montrevel, 
                             seigneur de Valtin,
                            (from 14 Mar 1421, Prévot de Paris)
1423 - 142.                John, Duke of Bedford
Jun/Jul 1429 - 14..        Jean de Villiers, seigneur      (b. 1384 - d. 1437)
                             de l'Isle-Adam
Governors
12 Sep 1698 - 1719         Louis-Armand, duc d'Estrées     (b. 1682 - d. 1723)
22 Apr 1719 - 1741         Henri-Louis de La Tour,         (b. 1679 - d. 1751)
                             comte d'Evreux 
17 Mar 1741 - 23 May 1741  Charles-René-Armand de La       (b. 1708 - d. 1741)
                             Trémouille, duc de Thouars 
29 Dec 1741 - 19 Sep 1757  François-Joachim-Bernard Potier,(d. 1757)
                             duc de Gesvres 
22 Sep 1757 - 28 Dec 1774  Léon-Louis Potier, duc de       (b. 1695 - d. 1774)
                             Gesvres
28 Dec 1774 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis-Joachim-Paris Potier,     (b. 1713 - d. 1794)
                             duc de Gesvres 



Languedoc 

[Languedoc]

843                        Count of Toulouse under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1180                       Vivarais part of the Royal domain.
1219                       Bas-Languedoc (Lower-Langedoc) part of the Royal domain.
1229                       Government of Languedoc
1271                       Haut-Languedoc (Upper-Langedoc) part of the Royal domain.

Governors
29 May 1682 - 14 May 1736  Louis-Aiguste de Bourbon,       (b. 1670 - d. 1736)
                             duc de Maine, duc d'Aumale, 
                             comte d'Eu
14 May 1736 - 14 Oct 1755  Louis-Auguste de Bourbon,       (b. 1700 - d. 1755)
                             prince de Dombes, duc d'Aumale,
                             comte d'Eu
23 Oct 1755 - 13 Jul 1775  Louis-Charles de Bourbon,       (b. 1701 - d. 1775)
                             duc d'Aumale, comte d'Eu
27 Jul 1775 - 1785         Louis-Antoine de Gontaut,       (b. 1701 - d. 1788)
                             duc de Biron 
1785 - 1789                Gabriel Marie de Talleyrand-    (b. 1726 - d. 1795)
                             Périgord, comte de Périgord 
1789 -  1 Jan 1791         Vacant



Le Havre (2)

1518                       Le Havre-de-Grâce founded under a gouverneur-particulier;
                             part of Normandy.
20 Sep 1562 - 28 Jul 1563  Ceded to England.
1675                       Le Havre becomes a separate Government.
 

English Governors
c.1562                     John Dudley, Earl of Warwick
156. - May 1563            Jean de La Fin, seigneur de     (d. 1599)
                             Beauvoir, Le Noche, Lurcy, Les
                             Argères, La Mothe-au-Fournier 
Governors
20 Jun 1687 - 31 Aug 1714  Paul de Beauvilliers, duc de    (b. 1648 - d. 1714)
                             Saint-Aignan dit duc de 
                             Beauvilliers 
 7 Sep 1714 - 1719         Louis II de Rochechouart,       (b. 1681 - d. 1746)
                             duc de Mortenart 
22 Sep 1719 - 22 Jan 1776  Paul Hippolyte de Beauvilliers, (b. 1684 - d. 1776)
                             duc de Saint-Aignan 
22 Jan 1776 -  1 Jan 1791  Charles Paul François de        (b. 1746 - d. 1828)
                             Beauvilliers, duc de Saint-Aignan 



Limousin (2)

[Limousin]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
877                        Vicomtes Limoges
1360 – 1374                English occupation.
1371                       Eastern part of Limousin of French Royal domain.
1607                       Western part of Limousin of French Royal domain (Viscounty
                             of Limoges part of Royal domain).

Governors (incomplete before 1470)
1328 – 13..                ... Captain
1333 – 1342                Jourdain de Loubres
                            (seneschal, from 1341 governor and sovereign captain)
31 Mar 1342 – 1343         Jean III de Sauvigny
1243 – 13..                Regnault de Pons, sire          (d. 1356)
                             de Monfort

c.1350 – 13..              Jean de Pierre-Buffière         (d. bf.1393)
1360 – 1374                English occupation
1380 – 138.                Louis, comte de Sancerre        (b. c.1342 – d. 1402)
1388                       Guy de Naillac
1389 – 13..                Enguerrand de Coucy, seigneur
                             de Marle de La Fère et d'Oisy,
                             comte de Soissons             (d. 1397)
13.. – 1422                ....
1422 – 14..                Geoffroy, seigneur de Mareuil,
                             Villebois, Anglac, Vibrac et
                             Dompierre
1435/41 – 144.             Bernard d'Armagnac, comte de
                             Pardiac puis de La Marche et
                             de Castres, vicomte de Carlat
                             et de Murat                   (d. bf.1462)
1443 – 14..                Charles III d'Anjou,
                             duc du Maine (1st time)       (d. 1473)
1452 – 14..                Jean II, duc de Bourbon         (d. 1488)
1461 – 146.                Charles III d'Anjou, duc
                             du Maine (2nd time)           (s.a.)
21 Aug 1466 – 14..         Philippe, duc de Savoie         (d. 1497)
24 Mar 1468 – 14..         Jean de Foix, vicomte de
                             Narbonne, comte de Pardiac
Seneschals and Governors
Bf.20 Sep 1470 – 14..      Gilbert de Chabannes, seigneur
                             de Corton, comte de Rochefort,
                             baron d'Aurière et de Madec,
                             seigneur de Charlus et de
                             Laroche de la Daille et de
                             Cousade
1490 – 149.                Jean II, seigneur de Pompadour,
                             de Cromières et de Chanac
1494 – 149.                Gabriel d'Albret, sieur
                             de l'Esparre et d'Avesnes
1497                       Antonie de Bonneval             (d. 1505)
 3 Sep 1497 - ....         Germain de Bonneval             (d. 1523)
20 Aug 1424 – 15..         Galiot de Lastours
 4 Mar 1532 – 153.         Marin de Montchenu, seigneur
                             de Pierre-Buffière
1537 – 15..                François de Vivonne de La       (d. 1547)
                             Châtaignerie, seigneur
                             d'Ardeley

15 May 1543 – 1568         François de Pontbriant,
                             seigneur de Montréal,
                             de Chadeuil et de Verteillac  (b. 1502 – d. 1569)
1568                       Jacques de Pérusse, baron
                             ou comte d'Escars
1569                       Mérigou de Béon de Massez       (d. 1569)
1570 – 157.                Gilbert III de Lévis            (d. 1590/91)
12 Sep 1577 – 31 Dec 1578  Claude de Bourbon, comte
                             de Busset
27 Oct 1581 – 158.         Edme de Hautefort, seigneur     (d. 1589)
                             de Thénon
c.Jun 1591 – 1592          Anne de Lévis, duc de Ventadour (d. 1622)
1592 – 1593                Jean Louis de Nogaret,
                             duc d'Epernon (1st time)      (d. 1642)
Governors
1592 – 21 Jul 1596         Diane de France, duchesse
                             d'Estampes et d'Angoulème (f) (b. 1539 – d. 1619)
21 Jul 1596 – 1622         Jean Louis de Nogaret,
                             duc d'Epernon (2nd time)      (s.a.)
28 Aug 1622 – 17 Nov 1632  Henry de Schomberg, marquis
                             d'Epinay                      (d. 1632)
19 May 1633 – 1649         Charles de Lévis, duc de
                             Ventadour                     (b. 1600 – d. 1649)
21 May 1649 – 1651         François Christophe de Lévis,
                             duc de Damville               (b. 1601/04 – d. 1661)
18 Nov 1651 – 1653         Anne de Lévis, archevêque de
                             Bourges                       (b. 1605 – d. 1662)
16 Jun 1653 – 27 Jul 1675  Henri de La Tour, vicomte
                             de Turenne                    (b. 1611 – d. 1675)
Aug 1675 - 23 Nov 1707     Frédéric-Murice de la Tour,     (b. 1642 - d. 1707)
                             comte d'Auvergne 
24 Nov 1707 -  1 Oct 1718  Jacques Fitz-James,             (b. 1670 - d. 1734)
                             duc de Fitz-James, Maréchal 
                             de Berwick 
 1 Oct 1718 - 13 Oct 1721  Jacques Fitz-James, duc de      (b. 1700 - d. 1721)
                             Fitz-James 
Oct 1721 - 1729            Henry Fitz-James, comte de      (b. 1711 - d. 1731)
                             Fitz-James 
28 Dec 1729 - 22 Mar 1787  Charles Fitz-James, duc de      (b. 1712 - d. 1787)
                             Fitz-James 
22 Mar 1787 -  1 Jan 1791  Jacques-Charles Fitz-James,     (b. 1743 - d. 1805)
                             duc de Fitz-James 



Lorraine et Bar

[Duchy of Lorraine
                        flag]
             Flag of Duchy of Lorraine
[Duchy of Bar
                        (France) flag]
               Flag of Duchy of Bar
Capital: Nancy
Population: N/A (1766)
 
11 Aug 843                 Kingdom of Francia Occidentalis (Eastern France) founded at the
                             division of the original Frankish Empire (included the 
                             Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, part of eastern France and of 
                             western Switzerland and northern Italy.
29 Sep 855                 At the death of King Lothaire, the Kingdom is divided between his
                             three sons. The northern part called Lotharii Regnum including 
                             Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and part of eastern France.
 9 Aug 870                 Treaty of Meersen, territory divided between France and Germany.
880                        Treaty of Ribemont, the whole territory united with Germany.
                             With a few exceptions this would remain so until the 17th century
                             for most of the Netherlands and to the end of the 18th century at
                             as far as Belgian territories are concerned.
May 895 - Aug 900          Separate Kingdom of Lotharingen/Lorraine.
Aug 900 - 925              Formally again part of German Empire, but in fact independent 
                             without real central authority.
925                        Duchy of Lotharingia (Lorraine)(Herzogtum Lothringen) part of
                             the (German) Holy Roman Empire.
951                        County of of Barrois (Bar) founded (959 - 1033 under Lotharingia).
959                        Administrative division of the Duchy: Upper Lorraine (more or less
                             present French Lorraine and Luxembourg) and Lower Lorraine (more
                             or less present Belgium, Brabant, and the Netherlands).
af.1139                    No new dukes were appointed in Lower Lorraine. By then the 
                             territory had however already become divided into several
                             feudal principalities. 
1301                       France annexes territories east of Meuse River.
13 Mar 1354                County of Bar becomes Duchy of Bar (le-Duc); from 1473 in 
                             union with Lorraine.
1552                       France annexes the Bishoprics of Metz, Toul and Verdun.
1552 - 1559                Lorraine occupied by France.
1633 -  7 Dec 1659         Lorraine (and 1634-1661, Bar) occupied by France.
24 Oct 1648                Treaty of Westphalia formally cedes Metz, Toul and Verdun to France
1670 - 30 Oct 1697         Duchies of Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
1702 - 1714                Lorraine and Bar occupied by France.
23 Feb 1766                Lorraine annexed to France; part of the Royal domain.
King of Francia Orientalis/Lotharingia
11 Aug 843 - 29 Sep 855    Lothaire I (Lotharius)          (b. 795 - d. 855)
Dukes (title Herzog von Lothringen und Bar)
959 - 978                  Frédéric I                      (d. 978)
978 - 1027                 Thierry I                       (d. 1033)
1027 - 1033                Frédéric II                     (d. 1033)
1033 - 1044                Gozelon                         (d. 1044)
1044 - 1047                Godefroy l Barbu                (d. 1047)
1047 - 1048                Adalbert                        (d. 1048)
1048 - 1070                Gérard d'Alsace                 (d. 1070)
1070 - 1115                Thierry II                      (d. 1115)
1115 - 1139                Simon I                         (d. 1139)
1139 - 1176                Mathieu I                       (d. 1176)
1176 - 1205                Simon II                        (d. 1205)
1205 - 1206                Frederick I                     (d. 1206)
1206 - 1213                Frederick II                    (d. 1213)
1213 - 1220                Thiébaut I                      (d. 1220)
1220 - 1251                Mathieu II                      (d. 1251)
1251 - 1303                Ferry III                       (d. 1303)
1303 - 1312                Thiébaut II                     (d. 1312)
1312 - 1329                Ferry IV                        (d. 1329)
1329 - 1346                Raoul                           (d. 1346)
1346 - 1390                Jean I                          (d. 1390)
1390 - 1431                Charles II                      (d. 1431)
1431 - 1453                René I                          (b. 1409 - d. 1480)
1453 - 1470                Jean II                         (d. 1470)
1470 - 1473                Nicolas                         (d. 1473)
1473                       Yolande
1473 - 1508                René II                         (b. 1451 - d. 1508)
1508 - 1544                Antoine                         (d. 1544)
1544 - 1545                François I                      (d. 1545)
1545 - 1608                Charles III                     (d. 1608)
1608 - 1624                Henri II                        (d. 1624)
1624 - 1625                Nicole                          (d. 1657)
1625                       François II                     (d. 1632)
1625 - 1634                Charles IV                      (b. 1604 - d. 1675)
1634 - 1675                Nicolas-François                (d. 1675)
 8 Sep 1675 - 18 Apr 1690  Charles V                       (b. 1643 - d. 1690)
30 Oct 1697 - 27 Mar 1729  Léopold                         (b. 1679 - d. 1729)
27 Mar 1729 - 15 Dec 1736  François III Stephan,           (b. 1708 - d. 1765)
                             Grand Duke of Tuscany
                             (also Holy Roman Emperor)
15 Dec 1736 - 23 Feb 1766  Stanislas                       (b. 1677 - d. 1766)
                             (Stanislaw Leszczynksi ex-king of Poland)
Governors
30 Nov 1634 - 1635         Jean de Galard de Béarn,        (d. 1645)
                             comte de Brassac 
1635 - 1636                Gabriel de la Vallée Fossez,    (d. 1636)
                             marquis d'Everly 
10 Oct 1636 - Apr 1639     Georges de Monchy, marquis      (d. 1645)
                             d'Hocquincourt 
26 Apr 1639 - Mar 1643     François de L'Höpital,          (b. c.1583 - d. 1660)
                             duc de Rosney 
Jul 1643 -  7 Nov 1659     Henri II de Saint Nectaire,     (b. 1599 - d. 1681)
                             marquis Pius (from Nov 1665 duc) 
                             de La Ferré
 3 Aug 1672 - 167.         Henri Louis d'Aloigny,          (d. 1676)
                             marquis de Rochefort 
                            (Commandant general)
18 May 1679 - 1687         François de Blanchefort de      (d. 1687)
                             Crépuy, marquis des Marines
11 Aug 1687 - Aug 1694     Louis François duc de Boufflers (b. 1644 - d. 1711)
Aug/Sep 1694 - 169.        Guy Aldonce de Durfort,         (b. 1630 - d. 1702)
                             duc de Logne-Quintin
24 Oct 1737 - 13 Apr 1788  André Hercule de Rosset de      (b. 1715 - d. 1788)
                             Rocozel, duc de Fleury 
                            (appointed by Stanislaw Leszczynksi, 
                             confirmed by the French King) 
Apr 1788 -  1 Jan 1791     Louis George Erasme,            (b. 1704 - d. 1793)
                             marquis de Contados 

Chanceliers, Garde des Sceaux, Intendants de Justice, de Police et des Finances
18 Jan 1737 - 1758         Antoine-Martin de Chaumont de   (b. 1697 - d. 1783)
                             la Galaiziere 
1758 - 23 Feb 1766         Antoine de Chaumont de la 
                             Galaiziere 


Étival

1146                       Praemonstratensian Abbey of Étival (Stivagium)(Abbaye
                             d'Étival-en-Charnie
or Abbaye Notre-Dame d'Étival-
                             en-Charnie
)(Stift Etival)(the convent of Saint-Pierre d'Étival
                             was subordinated to Abbess of Andlau).
1308                       Abbots of Étival considered Bishops by the Holy See
                             (droits quasi-épiscopaux), abbey de facto independent.
 2 Aug 1739                Abbey of Étival given in commendam to the Bishops of Toul.

Abbots (title Abbé d'Étival/Äbt von Etival)
 3 Feb 1554 – 11 Feb 1554  Antoine-Nicolas Saffrois (Saffroy)
                             de Moyenmoutier
1554 – 11 May 1581         Jean de Maisières
1581 – 23 Mar 1609         Antoine Doridant de Rambervillers
1609 – 24 May 1617         Didier Frouard
1619 – 29 Oct 1655         Jean Frouard
1655 – 12 Mar 1663         Hilarion Rampant
1663 – 23 Sep 1682         Epiphane Louis                        (b. 1614 - d. 1682)
1682 –  4 Oct 1723         Siméon Godin                          (d. 1723)
22 Oct 1723 –  2 Aug 1739  Charles-Louis Hugo                    (b. 1667 - d. 1739)
                            (co-adjutor 12 Aug 1710 - 22 Oct 1723; from
                             15 Dec 1728, Bishop of Ptolemais in partibus)
Priors
1739 - 1740                Jean Desboeufs
1740 - 1742                Charton
1742 - 1747                Sigisbert Journal
1747 - 1754                Pierre Bouton
c.1761                     J. Desmoulin
17.. - 1786                Claude Mansuet, dit le jeune
1786 - 1790                Dominique Baudot


Remiremont

Remiremont Abbey arms from
                  c.1645
                    c.1645 - 1790

c.620                      Augustinian Abbey of Remiremont Abbey (Stift Remiremont/Romberg)
818                        Transferred to its present location (later had possessions in
                             Alsace, Franche-Comté, and Lorraine 72 lordships in all).
28 Sep 1070                Directly dependent upon the Emperor (Abbaye impériale de Remiremont/
                             Reichskloster Romberg).
24 Apr 1088                Abbey directly responsible to the Pope.
1290                       Abbesses made Princesses of the Holy Roman
                             Empire (Princesse d'Empire).
....                       Benedictine nuns were replaced by a chapter of 98 canonesses who
                             had to prove 200 years of nobility.
1556                       War of the Escutcheons (French: panonceaux) the Duke of Lorraine
                             and the Abbess ended in favor of the duke.
1623                       Becomes a Benedictine abbey.
1638 (month)               French troops of Marshal de Turenne occupy Remiremont.
1693                       Seigniorial rights over town of Remiremont
                             confirmed by king of France.
 7 Dec 1790                Secularized and annexed to France.

Princess-Abbesses (title Abbesse-Princesse d'Empire de Remiremont/Fürstäbtissin zu Romberg)
20 Nov 1660 -  4 Nov 1702  Dorothée-Marie de Salm             (b. 1651 - d. 1702)
                             (Dorothea Maria zu Salm)
1660 - 1662                Hélène d'Anglure                   (d. 1662)
                             (joint Administratrice)
1660 - 1677                Bernarde de Cléron de Saffre
                             (joint Administratrice)
1702 - 1710                Christine de Salm-Salm             (b. 1663 - d. 17..)
                             (administratrice)
1703 - 1711                Elisabeth Charlotte Gabrielle de   (b. 1700 - d. 1711)
                             Lorraine
 4 Aug 1710 -  9 Feb 1738  Béatrix Hiéronyme de Lorraine-     (b. 1662 - d. 1738)
                             Lillebonne
                             (co-adjutrice 1705 - 4 Aug 1710)
 
 7 May 1738 -  7 Nov 1773  Anne Charlotte I de Lorraine-      (b. 1714 - d. 1773)
                             Brionne 
1744 - 1759                Hélène de Cleron (administratrice) (d. 1759)
1760 - 1789                Hyacinthe Céleste de Briey de      (b. 1713 - d. 1789)
                             Landres
(administratrice)
1773 - 1775                Christine de Saxe                  (b. 1735 - d. 1782)
                             (Marie Christine von Sachsen)              
                             (co-adjutrice to 1764 - 1773) 
1782 - 22 May 1786         Anne Charlotte II de Lorraine-     (b. 1756 - d. 1786)
                             Brionne
(co-adjutrice 1775 - 1782)   
15 Sep 1786 - 1790         Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon-Condé   (b. 1758 - d. 1824)



Lyonnais

[Lyonnais]

1137                       Forez under French suzerainty.
1307                       Lyon under French suzerainty.
1532                       Beaujolais under French suzerainty.
1532                       County of Lyonnais part of the Royal domain.

Governors
28 Nov 1685 - 18 Jul 1730  François de Neuville, duc de    (b. 1644 - d. 1730)
                             Villeroy 
29 Jul 1730 - 22 Apr 1734  Louis-Nicolas de Neuville, duc  (b. 1663 - d. 1734)
                             de Villeroy 
 6 May 1734 - 1763         Louis-François-Anne de Neuville (b. 1695 - d. 1766)
                             duc de Villeroy
29 Nov 1763 -  1 Jan 1791  Gabriel-Louis-François de       (b. 1731 - d. 1794)
                             Neuville, duc de Villeroy



Maine et Perche (2)

[Maine]
                   Flag of Maine

749                        Frankish Duchy of Maine.
c.830                      County of Maine
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1110 - 1122                Part of Anjou.
1129 - 12 Dec 1481         Part of Anjou.
1214                       County of Maine part of the Royal domain (confiscated 1202).
1227/1326                  County of Perche part of the Royal domain (county since 11..)
20 Aug 1560 - Oct 1567     Part of the government of Touraine.
Oct 1567 - 1587/89         Part of the government of Anjou.
 

Governors
1698 - 1715                Charles-Denis deBullion,        (d. 1721)
                             marquis de Fervacques 
 8 May 1715 - 23 Apr 1745  Anne-Jacques de Bullion,        (b. 1679 - d. 1745)
                             marquis de Fervacques 
 5 May 1745 - 1749         Charles-Paul-Sigismond de       (b. 1697 - d. 1785)
                             Montmorency, duc de Bouteville
15 Oct 1749 - 1765         Philippe-Antoine-Gabriel-Victor (b. 1723 - d. 1794)
                             -Charles de La Tour Du Pin, 
                             marquis de La Charce 
23 Nov 1765 - 1785         Raphaël-Lucien de Fayolle,      (b. 1727 - d. 1 804)
                             comte de Mellet de Neufvic
14 Aug 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Pierre-Charles-Etienne-Maignard,(b. 1730 - d. 1816)
                             marquis de La Vaupallière 



Marche (2)

[Marche]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1249 - 1301                Part of Angouleme
1308                       Part of the Royal domain.
1327                       Marquisate of Marche an apanage of the Royal domain.
1527                       Part of the Royal domain.

Governors
Apr 1674 - 1711            Louis Foucault, marquis de      (b c.1645 - d. 1719)
                             Saint-Germain-Beaupré
1711 -  9 May 1752         Armad Louis François, marquis   (b. 1679 - d. 1752)
                             de Saint-German-Beaupré 
27 May 1752 -  1 Jan 1791  Marie Louis Caillebot, seigneur (b. 1716 - d. 1796)
                             de Montpinçon, marquis de La Salle 



Metz

[ancient flag of Metz
                  (France)

1189 - 1648                Metz an Imperial free city of Metz (Reichsstadt Metz).
12.. - 1648                Toul an Imperial free city (Reichsstadt Tull).
1374 - 1648                Verdun an Imperial free city (Reichsstadt Wirten).
15 Jan 1552                Trois-Évêchés (Three Bishoprics)- Metz, Toul and Verdun -
                             are confirmed under French overlordship by Treaty of Chambord.
21 Apr 1552                Metz part of the Royal domain as the Government of Metz
                             and Pays Messin (and from c.1640 the Verdunois).
24 Oct 1648                Annexation of Metz, Toul and Verdun by France recognized by
                             Treaty of Westphalia.

Governors
1681 -  1 Aug 1703         Henri-Françàis de Senneterre,   (b. 1657 - d. 1703)
                             duc de La Ferté
12 Aug 1703 -  1 Jul 1710  Jean Armand de Joyeuse-Grandpré (b. c.1631 - d. 1710)
                             dit marquis de Joyeuse 
 1 Jul 1710 - 1712         Charles-Louis-Hector, duc de    (b. 1653 - d. 1734)
                             Villars 
18 Oct 1712 - 23 Jul 1723  Jean-Philippe d'Estaing, comte  (d. 1723)
                             de Saillans
10 Aug 1723 -  9 Mar 1733  Yves, marquis d'Alègre et de    (b. c.1653 - d. 1733)
                             Tourzel 
 9 Mar 1733 - 1756         Charles Louis Auguste Foucquet, (b. 1684 - d. 1761)
                             duc de Gisors dit Maréchal 
                             de Belle-Isle (1st time)
1756 - 26 Jun 1758         Louis-Marie Foucquet,           (b. 1732 - d. 1758)
                             comte de Gisors 
Jul 1758 - 26 Jan 1761     Charles Louis Auguste Foucquet, (s.a.)
                             duc de Gisors dit Maréchal
                             de Belle-Isle (2nd time)
Feb 1761 -  2 Jan 1771     Louis-Charles-César Le Tellier, (b. 1695 - d. 1771)
                             duc d'Estrées 
15 Feb 1771 -  1 Jan 1791  Victor-François, duc de         (b. 1718 - d. 1804) 
                             Broglie



Nice

bf.1388                    Part of Provence.
28 Sep 1388                Nice places itself under the protection of the Counts
                             of Savoy, area known as "Terres Neuves de Provence"
                             (New Territories of Provence).
c.1526                     Style of Count of Nice starts to be by Dukes of Savoy.
 8 Apr 1691                French occupation of the fortress of Nice.
27 May 1691                King of France assumes the style of Comte de Nice.
24 Aug 1696                By Peace Treaty of Torino, Nice is returned to Savoy.
10 Apr 1705                French occupation of the town of Nice and some parts of 
                             the county.
13 Jul 1713                By Peace Treaty of Utrecht France returns all 
                             occupied areas of Nice to Savoy.
 2 Apr 1744                French-Spanish occupation of the town of Nice. In the
                             course of the following months all of the county except 
                             the fortress of Saorge is occupied.
Nov 1746                   Nice is liberated by an Austria and Sardinia.
Jun 1747                   French-Spanish reconquest of the county, Saorge fortress.
17 Oct 1748                By Peace Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle France and Spain return
                             return Nice to Sardinia (completed by Feb 1749).
29 Sep 1792                French occupation.
31 Jan 1793                Annexation to France.
 4 Feb 1793                The county becomes part of the département des Alpes-Maritimes
                             (forming its districts of Nice and of Puget-Théniers
                             24 Mar 1793 - 17 Feb 1800, there after Arrondissements of Nice 
                             and of Puget-Théniers). Formed from the Sardinian counties
                             of Nice and the County of Tende.
11 May 1800 - 29 May 1800  Brief Austrian occupation of Nice.
May 1805                   San Remo ceded by Ligurian Republic and incorporated into
                             Alpes-Maritimes.
30 May 1814                By Peace Treaty of Paris the Counties of Nice and Tende returned 
                             to Piedmont-Sardinia.
24 Mar 1860                Ceded to France by Sardinia.
23 Jun 1860                Part of the re-established département des Alpes-Maritimes.

Governors
1388 - 1395                Jean de Grimaldi, baron de Beuil
1396                       François de Compey
1396 - 1399                Oddon de Villars (1st time)
1399                       Boniface de Challant (1st time)
1399 - 1402                André de Grolée
1402 - 1405                Jean de Conflans
1405                       Boniface de Challant (2nd time)
1405                       Guillaume de Grolée
1406 - 1411                Oddon de Villars (2nd time)
1411 - 1415                Jean de la Chambre
1415                       Claude de Saix
1415 - 1422                Pierre Bonivard
1422 - 1427                Louis Ravoyre
1427 - 1435                Pierre de Beaufort
1435 - 1440                Nicod de Menthon
1440 - 1449                Lancelot de Layrieux
1449 - 1456                Théobald d'Avanchy
1457 - 1458                Jacques de Montbel
1459 - 1462                Janus de Savoie
1462 - 1466                Jacques de Grimaldi, seigneur
                             de Massoins
1466 - 1473                Jacques de Montbel
10 Apr 1473 - 1476         Antoine de Orly, seigneur de 
                             Saint-Innocent
14 Nov 1476 - 1477         Philippe de Savoie, comte de 
                             Bourg-en-Bresse
21 Apr 1477 - 1478         Ludovic, seigneur d'Aranchieri
27 Jul 1478 - 1480         Philippe de Camperio
1480 - 1482                Ludovic, comte de Challant
20 May 1482 - 28 May 1482  Jean-Ludovic de Savoie, 
                             évêque de Genève
28 May 1482 - 1483         Hugues de la Forêt
13 Oct 1483 - 1488         Antoine de la Forêt, 
                             seigneur de Riant
14 Nov 1488 - 1490         Pierre de Pesines, 
                             seigneur de Brondy
10 Apr 1490 - 1496         Richard, comte de Frissonnus
14 Mar 1496 - 1501         Jacques de Bussy, 
                             seigneur de Mériac
1501 - 1502                René, grand bâtard de Savoie, 
                             comte de Villars et Beaufort
31 Aug 1502 - 1507         Claude de Cordone
 5 Jan 1507 - 1514         Claude de Pallude
14 Aug 1514 - 1516         Alexandre, seigneur d'Altavilla
26 Nov 1516 - 13 Oct 1519  Ludovic de Bellegarde
13 Oct 1519 - 1521         Ludovic Malingri, seigneur 
                             de Bagerolo (1st time)
 5 Oct 1521 - 1524         Alexandre, seigneur d'Aula Nova
 9 Aug 1524 - 1526         François de Belletranchiis,
                             seigneur de Chenay
22 Jan 1526 - 1527         Ludovic Malingri, seigneur 
                             de Bagerolo (2nd time)
 9 Aug 1527 - 1529         Claude de Belletranchiis
23 Mar 1529 - 1530         Nicodus de Beaufort, 
                             seigneur de Salegrine
29 Dec 1530 - 1537         Alexandre, baron de Sales
1537 - 1529                Antoine de Belletranchiis
19 Apr 1539 - 1556         Andreas, comte de Montfort 
                             (1st time)
1556 - 1557                Etienne Doria, seigneur de
                             Dolceacqua, comte de la Roquette
 8 Oct 1557 - 1562         Andreas, comte de Montfort 
                             (2nd time)
21 Jan 1562 - 1580         Honoré de Grimaldi, 
                             comte de Beuil (1st time)
1580 - 1581                Claude, comte de Challant
25 May 1581 - 1591         Honoré de Grimaldi,
                             comte de Beuil (2nd time)
15 Dec 1591 - 1615         Annibal de Grimaldi, 
                             comte de Beuil
1615 - 1625                Ludovic Solaro, 
                             marquis de Dogliani 
20 Jul 1625 - 1630         Félix de Savoie 
1630 - 1632                comte de Cartignano (acting)
1632 - 1638                Philibert del Carretto, 
                             marquis del Carretto
 3 Jun 1638 - 1642         Jérôme, comte de Roussillon
15 Jun 1642 - 1660         Prince Maurice de Savoie
12 Feb 1660 - 1688         Antoine de Savoie, Abbé de
                             Saint-Michel della Chiesa
15 Jun 1688 - 1691         Victor-Amédée Maillard,
                             marquis d'Alby
27 Mar 1691 - 29 Sep 1696  chevalier de la Fare
                             (French governor)
29 Sep 1696 - 1705         Guido Biandrate, marquis de 
                             Saint-Georges
11 Apr 1705 - 16 Nov 1707  marquis d'Usson (French governor)
16 Nov 1707 - 29 May 1713  marquis de Mont-Georges 
                             (French governor)
29 May 1713 - 1714         Paul-Dominique Doria,
                             comte de Prelà
30 Aug 1714 - 1720         Joseph Cauda, comte de
                             Caseletti
16 Dec 1720 - 1733         Charles Foschieri, 
                             marquis de Reveredo
1733 - 1736                Charles André Baptiste 
                             Saint-Martin d'Aglié, 
                             marquis de Rivarolo
1736 - 1741                Luigi Poccone, comte de la Perosa
1741 - 1743                François Ludovic Emmanuel 
                             d'Alinges, comte d'Aspremont
24 Nov 1743 - 1744         Victor-Amédée François de 
                             Savoie, marquis de Suse
 5 Apr 1744 -  3 Jun 1744  Comte de Joseph Aramburo
 3 Jun 1744 - 18 Feb 1746  marquès de Castellar
18 Feb 1746 -  2 Jun 1747  Charles-Emmanuel III 
 2 Jun 1747 - 26 Feb 1749  marquis de Mirepoix
26 Feb 1749 -  9 Jul 1749  Victor Amédée Joseph Philibert 
                             Costa, comte de la Trinité
 9 Jul 1749 - 16 Feb 1752  Joseph Marie del Carretto, 
                             marquis de Santa Giulia 
Vice governors
16 Feb 1752 - 17 Jun 1752  Jean-Baptiste de Bellegarde,
                             comte de Naugy (1st time)
17 Jun 1752 - 16 Apr 1763  Jacques de Patterson 
18 Apr 1763 - 13 Mar 1771  Jean-Baptiste de Bellegarde,
                             comte de Naugy (2nd time)
13 Mar 1771 - 1778         Philippe Antoine de Blonay      (d. 1778)
1778                       Gavino Pagliacciu de la 
                             Planargia (1st time)(acting)
30 Jan 1778 -  9 Sep 1789  Philippe-Valentin Asinari de 
                             Saint-Marsan 
1789 - 28 Aug 1792         Gavino Pagliacciu de la 
                             Planargia (2nd time)(acting)
28 Aug 1792 - 28 Sep 1792  Pierre Obrenant
Intendants
25 Jun 1688 - Apr 1697     Luigi Francesco, cavaliere
                             Morozzo
26 Apr 1697 - Jun 1697     François-Hyacinthe, comte
                             de Galinati 
17 Jun 1697 - May 1699     Francesco Nicola, conte di
                             Robilant e Sant'Albano
22 May 1699 - May 1702     Pierre Mellarède (or Mellaredo)
25 May 1702 - 1705         Gian Giacomo, conde Fontana
1709 - 1713?               Gayot -French governor
1713                       Giulio Luigi Torrini
26 May 1713 - Oct 1715     conde Ruschis
27 Oct 1715 - Dec 1717     Gian Carlo Fecia di Cossato
15 Dec 1717 - Sep 1722     Carlo Pavia
1722 - 1723                cavaliere Luigi Lovera
1724 - Jun 1724            Marc Antoine Gondona (acting)
 3 Jun 1724 - Feb 1733     Giovanni Stefano Sapellani
                             (or Zappeloni)
 3 Feb 1733 - Mar 1742     Carlo Alfonso Dalmazzone 
13 Mar 1742 - Jan 1750     Secundo Domenico Bolla
17 Jan 1750 - Aug 1759     Gaspard Joanini 
25 Aug 1759 - Nov 1772     Giuseppe Mattone di Benevello
10 Nov 1772 - Apr 1775     Giuseppe Felix Angiono
29 Apr 1775 - Oct 1779     Felix Vacca
12 Oct 1779 - Dec 1785     Domenico Benedetto conte
                             Cortina di Malgra
19 Dec 1785 - Nov 1792     Lorenzo Perpetuo Cristiani
 6 Nov 1792 - Apr 1794     Giovanni-Battista Mattone de 
                             Benevello
French Commander

29 Sep 1792 - 31 Jan 1793  Jacques Bernard Modeste         (b. 1740 - d. 1814)
                             d'Anselme
Commissioners of the Directory to the Army of Italy
Oct 1792 - 13 Nov 1792     Paul Barras (1st time)
         (b. 1755 - d. 1829) 
                             (to ... 1792)       
                           - François Aubry (from ... 1792)
(b. 1747 - d. 1802)
                           - Maximin Isnard
(from ... 1792)(b. 1758 - d. 1830)
                           - Antoine-Joseph-Marie
         (b. 1757 - d. 1829)
                               Despinassy (from ... 1792)         
18 Nov 1792 -  1 Mar 1793  Jean-François Goupilleau de     (b. 1754 - d. 1823)
                             Fontenay                  
                           - Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois   (b. 1750 - d. 1796)
                           - Marie-David-Albin Lasource    (b. 1762 - d. 1793)
                           - Abbé Henri-Jean-Baptiste      
(b. 1750 - d. 1831)   
                               Grégoire
                           - Grégoire Jagot                (b. 1750 - d. 1838)   
May 1793 - Aug 1793        Paul Barras (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           - Louis-Stanislas Fréron        (b. 1755 - d. 1822)
Sep 1793 - Jun 1794        Augustin-Bon-Joseph de
         (b. 1763 - d. 1794)
                             Robespierre
                             (on leave 26 Dec 1793 - Feb 1794)
                           - Jean-François Ricord          (b. 1760 - d. 1818)
                           - Cristoforo Saliceti
          (b. 1757 - d. 1809)
                              (1st time)(25 Feb 1794 - Apr 1794)
Jun 1794 -  5 Aug 1794     Jean-François Ricord            (s.a.)
                           - François-Sébastien-Christophe
(b. 1760 - d. 1823)
                               Laporte
Aug 1794 - Sep 1794        François-Sébastien-Christophe   (s.a.)
                              Laporte
                           - Cristoforo Saliceti           (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
                           - Antoine-Louis Albitte         (b. 1761 - d. 1812)
                              (to 21 Aug 1794)
                           - Louis Turreau                 (b. 1761 - d. 1797)

                              (from 21 Aug 1794)

 6 Sep 1794 - Jun 1795     François-Joseph Ritter
         (b. 1758 - d. 1809)
                              (1st time)
                           - 
Louis Turreau (to Jan 1795)   (s.a.)
                           - Louis-Etienne Beffroy de     
(b. 1754 - d. 1826)
                               Beauvoir
 8 Jan 1795 - 22 Jun 1795  Ange Chiappe                    (b. 1766 - d. 1826)
                           - Jacques-Marie Dumaz (or Dumas)
                               (from ... 1795)             (b. 1762 - d. 1839)
                           - André Réal                    (b. 1752 - d. 1832)
Jun 1795 - Sep? 1795       François-Joseph Ritter          (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
                           - Pétré
                           - Jacques-Henri-Marie Maisse    (b. 1756 - d. 1806)
Commissioners of the Executive Directory
Sep 1795 - Apr 1798        André Gastaud
                  (b. 1755 - d. 1821)
Apr 1798 - 1799            Rufin Massa                     (b. 1743 - d. 1831)
Austrian commanders
11 May 1800 - 18 May 1800  Melas
18 May 1800 - 29 May 1800  Freiherr Elnitz
Prefects of Alpes-Maritimes
département
31 May 1800 - Nov 1801     Joseph Antoine Florens          (b. 1762 - d. 1842)
 3 Nov 1801 - 1803         Alexandre Paul Guérin           (b. 1757 - d. 1816)
                             de Châteauneuf-Randon
1803                       Capelle (acting)
1803 - 18 May 1814         François Joseph de Gratet du    (b. 1746 - d. 1829)
                             Bouchage
18 May 1814 - 27 May 1814  Sauvaigue (acting)
Governors
1814 - 1820                Polycarpe Capchenaz, comte
                             d'Osasc
1820 - 1822                Annibal di Saluzzo              (b. 1775 - d. 1852)
1822 - 1827                Emilio Roero di San Severino
1827 - 1830                Henri Milliet de Faverges et de
                             Challes
, maquis de Faverges   (b. 1775 - d. 1839)
1830 - 1831                Louis Bongioanni de Castelborgo (b. 1756 - d. 1834)
1831 - 1834                Bernardino, conte Morra de      (b. 1769 - d. 1851)
                             Lavriano
1834 - 1837                Etienne de Candia
1837 - May 1848            Rodolphe de Maistre
, comte de   (b. 1789 - d. 1866)
                             Maistre     
May 1848 - 1849            Hippolyte Gerbaix de Sonnaz     (b. 1783 - d. 1871)

Intendants

27 May 1814 - 1816         Jean-François Fighiera          (b. 1754 - d. 1826) 
1816 - 1819                cavaliere di Guidici
12 Aug 1819 - 1827         Alessandro Crotti di Castiglioni
1827 - 1828                Pullino (acting)
1828 - 1831                Pierre Bianchi
1831 - 1837                Joseph Fernex
1837 - 1841                Pantaleone Gandolfo
 2 Oct 1841 - Aug 1844     Luigi Des Ambrois de Nevache    (b. 1807 - d. 1874)
Aug 1844 - 1848/49         Felice barone di Boccard
Intendants general
1849 - 1850                Teodoro de Rossi di Santa Rosa
1850 - 1851                Alessandro Radicati di Marmorito
1851 - 1856                Ottavio Ferrero Della Marmora   (b. 1806 - d. 1868)
                             (1st time)
1856 - 1858                Pietro Boschi
1858 - 1859                
Ottavio Ferrero Della Marmora   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)  
Governors
23 Oct 1859 - 1860         Enrico Cordero di Montezemolo
1860                       Louis Lubonis (provisional)     (b. 1815 - d. 1893)



Nivernais (2)

[Nivernais]

8..                        County of Nivernais
843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
887 - 918                  Part of Burgundy.
966 - 987                  Part of Burgundy.
 6 May 1545 - 1566         Government abolished?
1659                       County of Nivernais part of the Royal domain.

Governors
30 Jul 1661 -  8 May 1707  Philippe-Julien Mancini,        (b. 1641 - d. 1707)
                             duc de Nevers
May 1707 - 1717            Jacques Léonor Rouxel,          (b. 1655 - d. 1725)
                             comte de Médavy 
1717 - 14 Sep 1768         Philippe Jules François Mancini,(b. 1676 - d. 1768)
                             duc de Nevers 
12 Oct 1768 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis Jules Barbon Mancini,     (b. 1716 - d. 1798)
                             duc de Nevers dit Duc du
                             Nivernais 



Normandy (Normandie)

[Flag of Normandy]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
845                        Lordship of Normandy
911                        County of Normandy
987                        Duchy of Normandy
1066 - 1202                English rule.
1214                       Part of the French Royal domain (confiscated in 1202).
1346 - 1360                English rule.
1415 - 1453                English rule.

English Governors
1066 - 1204                ....
1345 - 1360                ....
Dec 1420 - 142.            Thomas of Lancaster,
                             Duke of Clarence
1422 - 1432                John of Lancaster,              (b. 1389 - d. 1435)
                             Duke of Bedford 
af.31 Jul 1435 - 14..      Jehan, seigneur de Talbot       (b c.1373 - d. 1453)
1435 - 1447                Richard, Duke of York           (d. 1460)
1448 - 1450                Edmond Beaufort, Duke of Somerset
Governors
 9 May 1691 - 1718         Charles François Frédéric de    (b. 1662 - d. 1726)
                             Montmorency, duc de Piney 
 3 Oct 1718 - 18 May 1764  Charles François Frédéric II    (b. 1702 - d. 1764)
                             de Montmorency, duc de Piney
15 Jun 1764 - 1775         Anne-Pierre, duc d'Harcourt     (b. 1701 - d. 1783)
17 Sep 1775 -  1 Jan 1791  François Henri, duc d'Harcourt  (b. 1726 - d. 1800)


Orange: see under Provence



Orléanais (2)

[Orléanais]

8..                        County of Orléans
843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1199                       County of Gien part of the Royal domain.
1214                       County of Vendôme part of the Royal domain.
1286                       County of Chartres part of the Royal domain.
1300                       Seigneury of Beaugency part of the Royal domain.
1344                       Duchy of Orléanais
 1 Sep 1375                First royal governor appointed.
1391                       County of Blois part of the Royal domain.
 7 Apr 1498                Part of the Royal domain.

Governors
 8 Jan 1680 - 21 Sep 1707  François d'Escoubleau,          (d. 1707)
                             comte de Sourdis, seigneur de 
                             Gaujac, d'Estillac et de
                             Chabanais 
28 Sep 1707 -  2 Nov 1736  Louis-Antoine de Pardaillan de  (b. 1665 - d. 1736)
                             Gondrin, marquis d'Antin et de
                             Montespan, duc d'Antin
 2 Nov 1736 -  9 Dec 1743  Louis de Pardaillan de Gondrin, (b. 1707 - d. 1743)
                             duc d'Antin
11 Dec 1743 - 13 Sep 1757  Louis de Pardaillan de Gondrin, (b. 1727 - d. 1757)
                             duc d'Antin 
 2 Nov 1757 - 25 Aug 1784  François Charles, comte de      (b. 1703 - d. 1784)
                             Rochechouart-Faudoas 
 7 Nov 1784 -  1 Jan 1791  Aymery Louis Roger, comte de    (b. 1744 - d. 1791)
                             Rochechouart-Faudoas 



Paris (2 [from 18 Mar 1776 3])

[Paris (France)]

27 May 1418 - 141.         Burgundian occupation.
Dec 1420 - c.1429          English occupation.
11 Dec 1528 - 12 Mar 1533  Paris separated from Île-de-France.
24 Jan 1596                Paris again separated from Île-de-France.
18 Mar 1776                Paris becomes a minor government of the 3rd rank.

Governors
13 Feb 1687 -  9 Dec 1704  Léon Potier, duc de Tresmes     (d. 1704)
10 Dec 1704 - 12 Apr 1739  François-Bernard Potier,        (b. 1635 - d. 1739)
                             duc de Tresmes 
12 Apr 1739 - 19 Sep 1757  François-Joachim-Bernard Potier,(b. 1692 - d. 1757)
                             duc de Gesvres 
22 Sep 1757 -  8 Oct 1771  Marie-Charles-Louis d'Albret,   (b. 1717 - d. 1771)
                             duc de Luynes 
21 Oct 1771 - 177.         Jean-Paul Timoléon de Cossé,    (b. 1698 - d. 1780)
                             duc de Brissac 
12 Feb 1775 - 10 Oct 1789  Louis Hercule Timoléon de Cossé,(b. 1734 - d. 1792)
                             duc de Brissac



Picardie (Picardy)

[Picardie]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1185                         Amiénois part of the Royal domain.
1191                       County of Vermandois part of the Royal domain. 1212                       County of Boulogne part of the Royal domain.
1279 - 1369                Ponthieu occupied by England.
1299                       Picardy constituted of the Bailiwick of Amiens.
4/8 Oct 1347 - 20 Jan 1558 Calais under English rule.
1369                       County of Ponthieu part of the Royal domain.
1372 - 1435                Ponthieu occupied by England.
1435 - 1477                Picardy (incl. Ponthieu) ceded to the Duchy of Burgundy.
1486                       Government of Picardie
16th cent.                 Picardy increased by the pays reconquis ("reconquered lands")
                             surrounding the towns of Calais and Boulogne.

Governors
 4 May 1692 - 12 May 1748  Henri de Lorraine, duc d'Elbeuf (b. 1661 - d. 1748)
12 May 1748 - 29 Dec 1751  Charles de Lorraine, comte      (b. 1684 - d. 1751)
                             d'Armagnac 
 1 Jan 1752 - 23 Sep 1769  Michel Ferdinand d'Albert, duc  (b. 1714 - d. 1769)
                             de Chaulnes 
24 Sep 1769 -  1 Jan 1791  Gabriel-Marie de Talleyrand-    (b. 1726 - d. 1795)
                             Périgord, comte de Périgord 


Calais

[Flag of Calais]

4/8 Oct 1347 - 20 Jan 1558 Calais under English rule.

Governors and Captains-General
 4 Oct 1347 -  8 Oct 1347  Gautier de Manny (Walter de Maney)
 8 Oct 1347 -  1 Dec 1347  John Montgomery 
 1 Dec 1347 - 1349         John Chivereston 
Jan 1349 - 1350            John Beauchamp (1st time)
Mar 1350 - 1350/51         Robert de Herle (1st time)
1350/51 - Jun 1361         John Beauchamp (2nd time)
20 Jun 1351 - 1353         Robert de Herle (2nd time)
29 Jun 1353 - 1355         Reginald de Cobham 
1355 - 1356                Roger Beauchamp (1st time)
1353 - 1358                John Beauchamp (3rd time)
1358 - 1361                Ralph de Ferrers 
1361 - 1365                Henry le Scrope (1st time)
1365 - 1366                Bartholomew de Burghersh 
1366 - 1370                Henry le Scrope (2nd time)
1370 - 1372                Nicholas de Tamworth 
1372 - 1373                Roger Beauchamp (2nd time)
1373 - 1375                John de Burley
1375 - 1377                Hugh de Calverley 
1377                       Thomas Fogg 
1377 - 1378                Bernard Brocas 
1378/1379 - Jan 1380       William Montacute (or Montague),
                             Earl of Salisbury 
1380 - 1381                William, Lord Latimer 
1381 - 1383                John Devereux
                           + John de Burley (to 1382?) 
1383 - 1391                William Beauchamp, Lord 
                             Abergavenny 
1391 - 1398                Thomas Mowbray, Earl of 
                             Nottingham, Duke of Norfolk 
Jan 1398 - 1398            Thomas Percy, Lord Worcester 
1398 - 1401                Peter Courtenay                 (b. 1349 - d. 1409)
1401 - 1407                John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset (d. 1410)
1407 - 1410                Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter 
18 Mar 1410 - Apr 1413     Henry, Prince of Wales          (b. 1387 - d. 1422)
                             (from 20 Mar 1413, King Henry V)
May 1413 - 1414?           William de la Zouche
Jul 1414 - 1432            Richard Woodville, Earl of Warwick 
                             (1st time)
1432 - 1435                John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford 
Jan 1435 - Oct 1435        Richard Woodville, Earl of Warwick
                             (2nd time)
 1 Nov 1435 - 1439         Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester 
1439 - 1442                Thomas Kyryel 
1442 - 1450                Humphrey Stafford, Duke of 
                             Buckingham 
Sep 1451 - 1454            Edmund Beaufort,earl of Somerset 
                             (1st time)
1454                       Anthony Woodville, Earl Rivers
                             (acting) 
28 Jul 1454 -  6 Mar 1455  Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York 
1455 - Aug 1456            Edmund Beaufort,earl of Somerset 
                             (2nd time)
Aug 1456 - Apr 1471        Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick 
17 Jul 1471 - Jun 1488     William, Lord Hastings 
28 Jun 1483 - 16 Jul 1483  John Blount, Lord Mountjoy
16 Jul 1483 - Mar 1484     John de Bynham 
Mar 1484 - 1485?           Ralph Hastings 
11 Mar 1485 - 1486         John Plantagenet, Duke of 
                             Gloucester
 7 Mar 1486 - 1493?        Giles, Lord Daubeney            (d. 1508) 
1493 - 1494                Edward Poynings 
1494/96 - 1503?            Gilbert, Lord Talbot (1st time) (d. 1517)
1503 - 15..                Anthony Browne                  (d. 1506) 
1504? - 1507               Richard Nanfant                 (d. 1507)
Sep 1509 - 151.            Gilbert, Lord Talbot (2nd time) (s.a.) 
1514 - 15..                Maurice de Berkeley
1513 - 1520                Richard Carew
                           - jointly with -
Aug 1514 - 1519            Richard Wingfield 
1519 - Nov 1520            John Peeche
28 Nov 1520 - Mar 1532     John Bourchier, Lord Berners    (d. 1532) 
Jun 1533 - 1540            Arthur Plantagenet, Lord Lisle  (d. 1542)
                           - jointly with -
1537 - 1539                Robert Wingfield 
                             (acting for Lisle)
24 Sep 1538 - 1540         John Dudley, Duke of 
                             Northumberland 
Jul 1540 - Feb 1544        Henry Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel (d. 1580)
1544 - 1550                George Brooke, Lord Cobham 
Aug 1550 - Oct 1552        Christopher Willoughby
Oct 1552 - Dec 1553        William Howard, Baron Howard of 
                             Eppingham 
Dec 1553 -  7 Jan 1558     Thomas Wentworth 



Poitou (2)

[Poitou]

...                        County of Poitou
843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1152 - 1204                English rule.
1223                       County of Poitou part of the Royal domain.
1356 - 1373                English rule.
Jul 1560                   Separate government of Poitou was created 
                             (previously part of government of Guyenne).

Governors
Jan 1676 -  9 Jun 1719     René-François, marquis de La    (b. 1652 - d. 1719)
                             Vieuville 
 9 Jun 1719 -  4 May 1727  Louis Armand de Bourbon,        (b. 1695 - d. 1727)
                             prince de Condé 
 7 Jun 1727 -  2 Aug 1776  Louis-François de Bourbon,      (b. 1717 - d. 1776)
                             prince de Condé 
 5 Aug 1776 - 18 Nov 1785  Louis-Philippe Joseph, duc de   (b. 1747 - d. 1793)
                             Chartres (from 18 Jan 1785, 
                             duc d'Orléans) 
 5 Dec 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis-Philippe, duc de Chartres (b. 1773 - d. 1850)
                            (later, duc d'Orléans) 



Provence 

[Provence]

855                        Kingdom of Provence
863                        Divided between Italy (south) and Lothringia (Lorraine)(north).
869 - 877                  French rule.
879                        County of Provence
933                        Part of Kingdom of Arles (Upper Burgundy).
1032 - 1246                Within the Holy Roman Empire.
1246                       French fief.
11 Dec 1481                In personal union with the French Royal domain.

Governors
 9 Aug 1669 - 11 Jun 1712  Louis-Joseph de Bourbon,        (b. 1654 - d. 1712)
                             duc de Vendôme, duc de Mercoeur 
20 Oct 1712 - 17 Jun 1734  Charles Henri Hector, duc de    (b. 1653 - d. 1734)
                             Villars 
Jun 1734 - 27 Apr 1770     Honoré Armand, duc de Villars   (b. 1702 - d. 1770)
 6 May 1770 - 12 Apr 1782  Camille-Louis de Lorraine,      (b. 1725 - d. 1782)
                             prince de Marsan 
26 Apr 1782 -  1 Jan 1791  Charles Just de Beauvau,       (b. 1720 - d. 1793)
                             prince de Craon et du Saint
                             Empire


Orange

flag of Principality of
                  Orange

Map of Orange
Capital: Orange

10..                       County of Orange
1150                       Ruling line splits into two lines ("Line A" which consists
                             of Guillaume II, Guillaume III, Tiburge II, and 
                             Raimbaud IV and "Line B" which is the "princely" line and 
                             consists of Raimbaud III, Tiburge III, Bertrand Ier de Baux,
                             Guillaume IV). 
1173                       Principality of Orange 
1180                       Tiburge II bequeaths his portion to the Order of the Knights 
                             Hospitaller (later Knights of Malta). 
1190                       Raimbaud IV also bequeaths his portion to the Knights Hospitaller. 
1218                       The princely line ("Line B") splits into "Line B1" and "Line B2."
                             (Line B1 consists of Guillaume V, Guillaume VI, Raymond II, 
                             and Bertrand II; Line B2 consists of Raymond I and
                             Bertrand III).
1289                       Bertrand III reunites the principality.
1307                       Count of Provence acquires the portion ceded to the 
                             Knights Hospitaller and in 1308 cedes to Bertrand III.
1376                       Princes also Princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
Oct 1417                   Under the Châlons dynasty.
 5 Aug 1530                Under the Nassau dynasty.
1660 - 1665                Occupied by France.
1672 - 19 Mar 1702         Occupied by France.
19 Mar 1702                At the death of Guillaume X, Prince of Orange (from 1689 
                             King William III of U.K.), his closest heir is 
                             Friedrich I, King of Prussia, but his will grants
                             Orange to Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz;
                             succession is disputed by Prussia and France.
                             France annexes Orange incorporating it into Provence.
11 Apr 1713                French annexation recognized by Prussia in Treaty of Utrecht.
14 May 1732                Netherlands surrenders claim to Orange in Treaty of Berlin/Partage,
                             Prussia and Duchy of Nassau agree to joint use of the title
                             "Prince of Orange."
 4 Mar 1790                Part of département Drôme.
25 Jun 1793                Part of département Vaucluse.

Princes (title: Prince d'Orange/Reichsfürst zu Oranien)
23 Apr 1625 - 14 Mar 1647  Frédéric Henri (Frederik Hendrik)  (b. 1584 - d. 1647)
14 Mar 1647 -  6 Nov 1650  Guillaume IX (Willem)              (b. 1626 - d. 1650)
 6 Nov 1650 - 19 Mar 1702  Guillaume X Henri (Willem Hendrik) (b. 1650 - d. 1702)
                            (titular from 1660; from 23 Feb 1689
                             also King William III of U.K.) 
1697 - 22 Feb 1709         François Louis de Bourbon,         (b. 1664 - d. 1709)
                             comte de La Marche, prince du Conti
                             (in opposition)
19 Mar 1702 - 11 Apr 1713  Various claimants of Prussia and Nassau

Governors
 1 Jul 1637 - 1649         Ursula Gräfin zu Solms-Braunfels(f)(b. 1594 - d. 1657)
1649 - 1660                Friedrich Burggraf zu Dohna        (b. 1621 - d. 1688)
1660 - 1665                Vacant
1665 - 18 Jul 1665         (Huygens?) de Zulichem
166. - Nov 1673            de Berckoffer (Berghofer?)
1673 - 16..                d'Alauzier
1697 - 11 Apr 1713         François de Castellane cmote de    (b. 1632 - d. 1714)
                             Grignan (lieutenant-governor of Provence)



Roussillon

[Roussillon]

843                        Under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1180                       Under the suzerainty of Catalonia/Aragón (accepted by 
                             France 1258).
 9 Jan 1463                Annexed by France.
19 Jan 1493                Retroceded to Arag
ón by France.
16 Jan 1556                Possession of the Spanish Habsburg monarchy.
23 Mar 1642                County of Roussillon is annexed by France.
19 Sep 1642 - 17 Nov 1659  French occupation.

17 Nov 1659                Ceded to France by Treaty of the Pyrénées.
1660                       County of Roussillon part of French Royal domain.

Lieutenant-generals
14 Jun 1463 - 1463         Jean de Foix, comtede Candale,  (d. af.1483)
                             de Benauges et de Castres 
                            (also Viceroy and governor) 
31 Aug 1463 - 146.         Bernard d'Olms seigneur de Corbère d 1474,
                             (also governor and captain-general of Perpignan) 
20 Sep 1467 - 146.         Jean d'Anjou, duc de Calabre et (b. 1427 - d. 1470)
                             de Lorraine
1468 - 14..                Tanneguy III Du Châtel          (d. 1477)
21 Dec 1471 - 147.         Antoine de Châteauneuf,         (d. 1484)
                             seigneur Du Lau 
Sep 1472 - 147.            Pierre de Roquebertin,
                             comte d'Ille et de Canet
1473 - 147.                Boffille de Juge,               (d. 1502)
                             comte de Castres (also Viceroy)
 9 Oct 1474 - 147.         Louis d'Amboise, bishop of Albi(d. 1503)
23 Mar/15 May 1475 - 1475  Ymbert de Bastarnay,            (b. 1438 - d. 1523)
                             seigneur Du Bouchage, 
bf.15 Aug 1475-25 Jul 1490 Boffille de Juge s.a.
 1 Jan 1492 - 149.         Gilbert de Bourbon, comte de    (b. 1438 - d. 1496)
                             Montpensier, dauphin d'Auvergne,
                            (also Viceroy and governor) 
Governors
 8 May 1642 - 164.         Raymond de Bass                 (b. bf.1643)
30 Jan 1643 - 1651         Thomas de Banyuls               (d. 1652)
27 Apr 1654 - 16..         Françoise de Sagarra            (d. 1668)
 1 Feb 1660 - 16..         Anne, duc de Noailles           (b. af.1613 - d. 1678)
 1 Feb 1678 - 16..         Anne-Jules, duc de Noailles     (b. 1650 - d. 1708)
 6 Mar 1698 - 24 Jun 1766  Adrien-Maurice, duc de Noailles (b. 1678 - d. 1766)
24 Jun 1766 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis I, duc de Noailles        (b. 1713 - d. 1793) 
 6 Mar 1698 - 24 Jun 1766  Adrien-Maurice, duc de Noailles (b. 1678 - d. 1766)
24 Jun 1766 -  1 Jan 1791  Louis I, duc de Noailles        (b. 1713 - d. 1793) 



Saintonge et Angoumois (2)
 
[Poitou]
                Flag of Saintonge
[Angoumois]
                  Flag of Angoumois

843                        Angoumois and Saintonge under the suzerainty of the King of France.
1224                       County of Saintonge part of the Royal domain.
1308                       County of Angoumois part of the Royal domain.
26 Jan 1529 - 30 Dec 1545  Governments of Angoumois and Saintonge united.
1575 - 1622                Governments of Angoumois and Saintonge united.
 8 Apr 1626                Governments of Angoumois and Saintonge reunited.

Governors
1693 - 20 Jul 1739         Jean-Charles de Crussol,        (b. 1675 - d. 1739)
                             duc d'Uzès 
20 Jul 1739 - 1752         Charles Emmanuel de Crussol,    (b. 1707 - d. 1762)
                             duc d'Uzès 
 1 Jan 1753 -  1 Jan 1791  François-Emmanuel de Crussol,   (b. 1728 - d. 1802)
                             duc d'Uzès



Saumurois (2)

[Saumurois (France)]

1589                       Government of Saumurois, detached from Anjou.

Governors
Apr 1670 - 21 May 1712     Louis de Comminges              (b. c.1646 - d. 1712)
28 May 1712 - 1744         Louis François d'Aubigny de     (b. c.1685 - d. 1745)
                             Tigny, comte d'Aubigny 
 8 May 1744 - 20 Jun 1770  Louis Henri d'Aubigny de Tigny, (b. c.1716 - d. 1770)
                             marquis d'Aubigny
 9 Aug 1770 -  6 Aug 1781  Charles François, comte de      (b. 1719 - d. 1781)
                             Broglie 
 4 Sep 1781 -  1 Jan 1791  Casimir, comte d'Egmont-        (b. 1727 - d. 1801)
                             Pignatelli 



Sedan (2)

1560                       Principality of Sedan
15 Sep 1642                Principality of Sedan ceded to France (Government of Sedan).

Princes
1560 - 1574                Henri-Robert de La Marck        (b. 1540 - d. 1574)
1580 - 11 Jan 1588         Guillaume-Robert de La Marck    (b. 1563 - d. 1588)
11 Jan 1588 - 1594         Charlotte de La Marck -Princess (b. 1574 - d. 1594)
1591 - 25 Mar 1623         Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne     (b. 1555 - d. 1623)
25 Mar 1623 - 1626         Élisabeth de Nassau (f) -Regent (b. 1577 - d. 1642)
1626 - 15 Sep 1642         Frédéric-Maurice de La Tour
     (b. 1605 - d. 1652)
                             d'Auvergne              
Governors
 5 May 1692 - 1720         Louis de Guiscard, comte de     (b. 1651 - d. 1720)
                             Neuville-sur-Loire, marquis 
                             de Magny-Guiscard, seigneur de
                             Foudrnoy et de La Boullie 
 7 Sep 1720 -  6 Feb 1725  Jacques Léonor Rouxel, comte de (b. 1655 - d. 1725)
                             Médavy 
23 Feb 1725 - Jan 1739     François de Franquetot, duc de  (b. 1670 - d. 1759)
                             Coigny 
26 Jan 1739 - 1750         François duc d'Harcourt         (b. 1689 - d. 1750)
11 Jul 1750 - 1777         Anne Pierre, duc d'Harcourt     (b. 1707 - d. 1783)
1777 -  1 Jan 1791         Guy André Pierre de Montmorency,(b. 1723 - d. 1798)
                             duc de Laval



Toulois (2)

[historic flag of Toul
                  (France)]

21 Apr 1552                Toul part of the Royal domain.
1585                       Government of Toulois (also including the Verdunois
                             until c.1640).

Governors
1685 - 20 Apr 1702         François de L'Hôpital           (d. 1702)
24 Nov 1702 - 1714         Louis IV de Melun, marquis      (b. c.1634 - d. 1721)
                             de Maupertuis 
24 May 1714 - 27 IX 1763   Louis Alexandre de Verjus,      (b. c.1682 - d. 1763)
                             marquis de Crécy 
28 Oct 1763 -  2 Nov 1782  Charles Antoine de Guérin,      (b. c.1720 - d. 1785)
                             marquis de Lugeac 
22 Dec 1782 -  1 Jan 1791  Florent Louis Marie Du Chatelet,(b. 1727 - d. 1793)
                             marquis de Cirey, puis duc Du
                             Chatelet 



Touraine (2)

[Touraine]

5..                        County of Touraine
843                        Under the suzerainty of the Kings of France.
1024 - 1417                Part of Anjou.
1214                       Part of the Royal domain.
 1 Apr 1483                Elevated to rank of government (previously a bailiwick).
May 1576 - 10 Jun 1584     Touraine granted as an apanage to François de France 
                             duc d'Alençon (b. 1554 - d. 1584).

Governors
 4 Mar 1667 -  9 Sep 1720  Philippe de Courcillon,         (b. 1638 - d. 1720)
                             marquis de Dangeau 
 9 Sep 1720 - 22 Jul 1760  Charles de Bourbon,             (b. 1700 - d. 1760)
                             comte de Charolais 
27 Jul 1760 -  8 May 1785  Étienne-François, duc de        (b. 1719 - d. 1785)
                             Choiseul-Stainville 
16 May 1785 -  1 Jan 1791  Jean-Baptiste Charles Henri     (b. 1729 - d. 1794)
                             Hector, comte d'Estaing 



Generalities

  The first generalities or intendancies were created in the early 16th century.  They were headed by intendants. At first these were a kind of financial assistants to the governors, but later their power was gradually extended and since the reign of Louis XIV, and they became the real heads of the regional administrations, being styled Intendants de Justice, Police et Finances. At the end of the ancien régime there were 34 generalities. I have no date for their formal abolition, apparently some intendants functioned until the newly created departmental institutions took over (somewhere between Jun and Sep 1790) while others resigned or fled after the revolution Jul 1789. Note that the frontiers of the generalities and of the governments were not always coextensive. 


Aix-en-Provence

Note: the government of Provence est.1542.

Intendants
1687 - 1704                Pierre Cardin Le Bret
1704 - 1734                Cardin Le Bret II, comte de 
                             Selles
1734 - 1744                Charles-Jean-Baptiste des       (b. 1681 - d. 1747)
                             Gallois, seigneur de la Tour 
1744 - 1771                Jean-Baptiste des Gallois, 
                             seigneur de la Tour (1st time)
1771 - 1773                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Robert    (b. 1733 - d. 1820)
                             Auget de Montyon 
Sep 1773 - Sep 1775        Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan        (b. 1730 - d. 1803)
1775 - 1790                Jean-Baptiste des Gallois, 
                             seigneur de la Tour (2nd time) 



Alençon

Note: the central part of the government of Normandy est.1636.

Intendants
1699 - 1702                Anne Pinon, sieur de Quincy
1702 - 1705                Nicolas Prosper Bauyn           (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers 
1705 - 1708                Pierre-Hector Le Guerchois
1708 - 1713                André Jubert de Bouville
1713 - 1715                Paul-Esprit Feydeau de Brou     (b. 1682 - d. 1767) 
1715 - 1717                E.H.A. Foullé de Martangis
1717 - 1720                Jacques Barberie de Courteille 
1720 - 1726                M.G.R. de Pomereu
1726 - 1766                Louis-François Lallemant de
                             Lévignen 
1766 - 1790                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Alexandre (d. 1794)
                             Jullien



Amiens 

Note: the governments of the Boulonnais and of Artois (this until 1754) and most of the
government of Picardy est.1542.

Intendants
1694 - 1708                Jérôme Bignon
1708 - 1718                Louis de Bernage de Saint Maurice
1718 - 1751                Jacques-Bernard Chauvelin
1751 - 1754                Etienne Jean François Marie     (b. 1717 - d. 1757)
                             d'Aligre de Boislaudry 
1754 - 1766/67             Etienne Maynon d'Invau
1766/67 - 1771             Guillaume-Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt 
Nov 1771 - 18 Aug 1790     François Marie Bruno,           (b. 1722 - d. 1805)
                             comte d'Agay



Auch

Note: the southern part of the government of Guyenne est.1716.

1716                       Auch detached from Montauban.

Intendants
1716 - 1718                Gaspard-François Le Gendre
1718 - 1731                C.N. Leclerc de Lesseville 
1735 - 1737                P. Mailhard de Balosse 
1737 - 1739                François-Dominique de Barberie  (b. 1701 - d. 1754)
                             de Saint-Conest
1739 - 1744                J.N. Mégret de Serilly 
1744 - 1749                Caze de la Bove 
1749 - 1751                Etienne-François d'Aligre de 
                             Boislandry
1751 - 1767                Antoine Mégret d'Etigny
1768 - 1775                Etienne-Louis Journet 
1776 - 1782                Douet de la Boullaye
1782 - 1783                Gravier de Vergennes
1785 - 1786                P. Charles Fournier de La Chapelle
1787 - 1790                Claude-François-Bertrand de
                             Boucheporn


Bastia: see Corsica under France


Besançon 

Note: the government of Franche-Comté est.1676.

Intendants
Feb 1698 - Aug 1700        Jean-Baptiste Desmarets de
                             Vaubourg
Aug 1700 - Jan 1703        André d'Harrouys
Jan 1703 - May 1708        Louis de Bernage de Saint-
                             Maurice
1708 - 1717                Pierre-Hector Le Guerchois 
Dec 1717 - 1734            Charles Deschiens de La
                             Neuville
1734 - 1743                Barthélemy de Vanolles
1744 - 1750                Jean-Nicolas Mégret de Sérilly
1750 - 1754                Jean Louis Moreau de Beaumont
1754 - 1761                Pierre-Étienne Bourgeois de     (b. 1718 - d. 1783)
                             Boynes
1761 - 1784                Charles-André de Lacoré         (b. 1720 - d. 1784)
1784 - 1790                Marc Antoine Le Fèvre de 
                             Caumartin de Saint Ange 



Bordeaux

[Bordeaux (France)]

Note: the western coastal part of the government Guyenne est.1542.

Intendants
1686 - 1700                Louis Bazin de Bezons 
1700 - 1709                Yves de La Bourdonnaye 
1709                       Jean-Charles Doujat
Oct 1709 - 1720            Urbain-Guillaume de Lamoignon,  (b. 1674 - d. ....)
                             comte de Courson
1720 - 1743                Claude Boucher, marquis d'Orsay
1743 - 1760                Louis Urbain Aubert, marquis de (b. 1695 - d. 1760)
                             Tourny 
1760 - 1766                René Boutin
1766 - 1770                François Farges de Polisy       (b. 1738 - d. 1792)
Mar 1770 - 1775            Charles François Hyacinthe      (b. 1736 - d. 1793)
                             Esmangart
1775 - 1776                Jean-Étienne-Bernard-Ogier de   (b. 1729 - d. 1776)
                             Clugny de Nuits
1776 - 1785                Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur     (b. 1732 - d. 1791)
1785 - 1790                Le Camus de Neuville



Bourges

Bourges France)

Note: more or less the government of Berry and the northern part of the government 
of Marche est.1542.

Intendants 
1682 - 1702                L.F. Déi de Serancourt
1702 - 1706                Etienne-Nicolas Roujaut de
                             Villemain
1706 - 1709                G. Carré de Montgéron
1709 - 1715                E.H.A. Foulé de Martangis
1715 - 1720                M.A.Turgot de Saint-Clair
1720 - Aug 1728            Jean Barberie de Courteille 
1728 - 1767                Denys Dodart                    (b. 1698 - d. 1775)
1767 - 1776                Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur     (b. 1732 - d. 1791)
1776 - 1780                Claude Henri Feydeau de Brou
1780 - 1790                Dufour de Villeneuve



Caen

Note: the western part of the government of Normandy est.1542.

Intendants
Mar 1689 - Aug 1709        Nicolas-Joseph Foucault de Magny(b. 1643 - d. 1757) 
1709 - 1712                Pierre-Armand de La Briffe
1712 - 1723                Jean Guynet, sieur d'Arteil
1723 - 1727                François Richer d'Aube          (b. 1686 - d. 1752)
1727 - 1739                Felix Aubery de Vastan,
                             baron de Vieux-Pont 
1739 - 1740                François-Dominique de Barberie  (b. 1701 - d. 1754)
                             de Saint-Contest
1740 - 1751                Louis Arnaud de La Briffe de la (d. 1756)
                             Ferrière

1752 - 1775                François-Jean d'Orceau de       (b. 1718 - d. 1794)
                             Fontette, seigneur d'Essoye
Aug 1775 - 1783            Charles François Hyacinthe      (b. 1736 - d. 1793)
                             Esmangart 
1783 - 1787                Claude Henri Feydeau de Brou
1787 - 1790                Louis Guillaume René Cordier    (d. 1826)
                             de Launay de Valeri



Chalons

Note: the governments of Champagne et Brie and of Sedan est.1542.

Intendants
1699 - 1703                Jean-Baptiste Pomereu de Breteche
1703 - 1771                André d'Harrouys
1711 - 1730                César-Charles de Lescalopier
1730 - 1739                François Aubery, marquis de Vastan
1739 - 1749                Le Pelletier de Beaupré
1749 - 1750                Gaspard-Henri Caze, baron 
                             de La Bove
1750 - 1764                Barberie de Saint-Contest
1764 - 1790                Gaspard Louis Rouillé, comte d'Orfeuil



Dijon

Note: nearly all of the government of Burgundy est.1542.

Intendants 
1694 - 1705                Antoine François Ferrand
May 1705 - Mar 1710        Anne Pinon, vicomte de Quincy
Mar 1710 - 1711            Charles de Trudaine, sieur de
                             Montigny 
1712 - 1740                Pierre-Armand de La Briffe,
                             marquis de Ferrière 
1740 - 1749                François-Dominique Barberie     (b. 1701 - d. 1754)
                             de Saint-Contest 
1749 - 1761                Jean-François Joly de Fleury    (b. 1718 - d. 1802)
1761 - 1764                Dufour de Villeneuve
1764 - 1774                Antoine Jean Amelot de Chailloux 
1775 - 1781                Guillaume Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt
1781 - 1784                Claude Henri Feydeau de Brou
1784 - 1790                A.L. Amelot de Chailloux 



Grenoble

[Grenoble (France)]

Note: the government of Dauphiné est.1542.

Intendants 
Mar 1686 - May 1705        Etienne-Jean Bouchu
May 1705 - 1716            Nicolas-Prosper Bauyn           (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers 
1716 - 1724?               Charles Boucher d'Orsay
1724 - 1740                Gaspard-Moïse de Fontanieu      (b. 1694 - d. 1767)
1740 - 1744                Louis Jean Bertier de Sauvigny  (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
1744 - 1761                Jean François de La Porte
1761 - 1784                Christophe Pajot de Marcheval   (b. 1724 - d. 1792)
1784 - 1790                Gaspard-Louis Caze,             (b. 1740 - d. 1824)
                             baron de La Bove



La Rochelle

Note: the government of Aunis and western part of the government of Saintogne and
Angoumois (the whole of Saintogne and western part of Angoumois) est.1694. 

Intendants
1694 - 1710                Michel Bégon                    (b. 1628 - d. 1710)
1710 - 1715                François de La Boische,         (b. 1666 - d. 1746)
                             seigneur de Beauharnois 
1716 - 1719                Jean de Creil
1720 - 1725                Jean-Jacques Amelot de          (b. 1666 - d. 1749)
                             Chailloux 
1726 - 1736                Jéröme Brignon
1737 - 1747                Charles Aimable Honoré Barentin (b. 1702 - d. 1804)
1747 - 13 Jun 1749         Gabriel-Jean de Pleurre de      (b. 1713 - d. 1749)
                             Romilly                

1749 - 1754                Louis Guillaume de Blair de     (b. 1716 - d. 1778)
                             Boisement 
1755 - 1762                Jean de Baillon
1764 - 1765                Le Pelletier de Morfontant
Oct 1766 - 1773            Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan        (b. 1730 - d. 1803) 
1773 - 1775                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Robert    (b. 1733 - d. 1820)
                             Auget de Montyon 
1776 - 1781                Marie Pierre Charles Meulan 
                             d'Ablois
1781 - 1790                Jacques Philippe "Guèau"
                             Reverseaux



Lille

[Lille (France)]

Note: the northern part of the government of Flanders, and from 1754 the government of Artois
est.1691?.

Intendants 
1684 - 1708                Dreux-Louis Dugué,              (b. 1645 - d. 1709)
                             seigneur de Bagnols
1708 - 1715                Charles-Etienne Maignart,       (b. 1667 - d. 1717)
                             marquis de Bernières
1715 - 1718                Philibert d'Orry                (b. 1689 - d. 1747)
1718 - 1730                Antoine-François Méliand
1730 - 1743                Jean Louis Bidé de La           (b. 1688 - d. 1760)
                             Grandeville 
1743 - 1754                Jean Moreau, seigneur de        (b. 1690 - d. 1760)
                             Séchelles 
1754 - 1756                Jean Louis Moreau de Beaumont
1756 - 1778                Le Fèvre de Caumartin
1778 - 1783                Charles Alexandre de Calonne    (b. 1734 - d. 1802)
Nov 1783 - 8 Sep 1789      Charles François Hyacinthe      (b. 1736 - d. 1793)
                             Esmangart 



Limoges 

Note: the government of the Limousin, southern part of the government of Marche and 
eastern Angoumois of the Saintogne-Angoumois government est.1558.

Intendants
1694 - 1702                Louis Bernage de Saint-Maurice
1703 - 1708                Rouillé de Fontaine 
1708 - 1710                Carré de Montgeron
1710 - 1717                Charles Boucher, marquis d'Orsay
                             (1st time)
1717 - 1719                Le Clère de Tourellesseville 
1719 - 1724                Le Tonnelier de Breteuil
1724 - 1730                Charles Boucher, marquis d'Orsay
                             (2nd time)
1730 - 1743                Louis Urbain Aubert, marquis    (b. 1695 - d. 1760)
                             de Tourny 
1743 - 1751                Barberie de Saint-Contest
1750 - 1756                Chaumont de La Millière
1756 - 1761                Christophe Pajot de Marcheval   (b. 1724 - d. 1792)
 8 Aug 1761 - 1774         Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot,     (b. 1727 - d. 1781)
                             baron de Laune
1774 - 1783                Marius Jean-Baptiste Nicolas
                             d'Aine 
1783 - 1790                Marie Pierre Charles Meulan
                             d'Ablois



Lyon

Lyon municipal banner of
                  arms

Note: the government of the Lyonnais est.1542.

Intendants 
1694 - 1701                Henri-François Lambert-d'Herbigny
1701 - 1704                François Guyet de la Farge,     (d. 1736)
                             marquis de Bantanges    
1704 - 1711                Charles Trudaine, seigneur
                             de Mantigny
1710 - 1718                Antoine-François Melliand       (b. 1670 - d. 1747) 
1718 - 1739                Pierre Poulletier, seigneur     (b. 1680 - d. 1765)
                             de Nainville
1739 - 1751                Bertrand-René Pallu
1751 - 1754                Bonaventure Rossignol
1754 - 1757                Henri-Léonard Bertin,           (b. 1719 - d. 1792)
                             seigneur de Chatou 
1757 - 1762                Jean-Baptiste François de La    (b. 1720 - d. 1797)
                             Michodière 
1762 - 1767                Jean de Baillon
1768 - 1784                Jacques de Flesselles           (b. 1721 - d. 1789)
1784 - 1790                Antoine Jean Terray



Metz

[ancient flag of Metz
                  (France)

Note: the governments of Metz and of the Toulois est.1737?.

Intendants
1700 - May 1715            Dominique Claude Barberie de 
                             Saint-Contest
1716 - 1719                Harlay de Bonneuil
1720 - 1752                Jean de Creil
1754 - 1756                Antoine-Louis-François Le Fèvre (b. 1725 - d. ....)
                             de Caumartin de Saint-Ange

1756 - 1767                Jean-Louis Bernage de Vaux
1768 - 1778                Charles Alexandre de Calonne    (b. 1734 - d. 1802) 
1778 - 1790                Jean de Pont



Montauban

Note: the eastern part of the government of Guyenne (until 1716 and the creation of Auch
also the southern part) est.1635.

Intendants
1699 - 1702                Félix Le Pelletier de La
                             Houssaye
1702 - 1713                Gaspard-François Le Gendre de
                             Lormoy
1714 - 1720                Jean-Baptiste Laugeois 
                             d'Imbercourt
1720 - 1726                Louis-Basile de Bernage
1726 - 1740                Pierre Pajot de Nozeau          (b. 1691 - d. af.1747)
1740 - 1756                Gaspard-Charles-César           (b. 1700 - d. 1792)
                             L'Escalopier
1756 - 1758                Antoine de Chaumont de la 
                             Galaiziere 
1758 - 1761                Charles-André de Lacoré         (b. 1720 - d. 1784)
1761 - 1773                Armand de Gourgues
1773 - 1781                Antoine Jean Terray
1781 - 1783                Marie Pierre Charles Meulan
                             d'Ablois 
1783 - 1789                Daniel-Victor de Trimond



Montpellier

[Montpellier
                  (France)]

Note: the northern part of the government of Languedoc est.1542.

Intendants
1685 - 1718                Nicolas Lamoignon de Basville   (b. 1648 - d. 1724)
1718 - 1724                Louis de Bernage de 
                             Saint-Maurice
1724 - 1743                Louis Basile de Bernage de
                             Saint-Maurice
1743 - 1751                Jean Le Nain                    (d. 1751)
1751 - 1785                Jean-Emmanuel de Guignard de 
                             Saint-Priest
1785 - 1786                Marie-Joseph de Guignard de
                             Saint-Priest
1786 - 1790                Charles Bernard de              (b. 1757 - d. 1835)
                             Ballainvilliers



Moulins 

Note: the government of the Boubonnais, north eastern part of Marche and southern part
of the Nivernais est.1587 or 1558.

Intendants
1699 - Feb 1702            Jean de Turmenyes de Nointel
1702 - 1708                Gilles de Maupéou d'Ableiges
Jan 1708 - Aug 1709        Jacques Hardouin Mansart de 
                             Sagonne
1709 - 1716                Jacques-Etienne Turgot de
                             Sousmons
1716 - 1719                Jacques-Etienne Turgot de 
                             Saint-Clair
1719 - 1723                Jean-Charles Doujat
1723 - 1729                Brunet d'Evry
1729 - 1734                Barthélemy de Vanolles
1734 - 1737                Bertrand-René Pallu du Ruau
1737 - 1740                Louis Jean Bertier de Sauvigny  (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
1740 - 1744                Jean-François de La Porte       (b. 1710 - d. ....)
1744 - 1756                Jean-Louis de Bernage de Vaux
1756 - 1760                Amable-Pierre-Thomas de Bérulle
1760 - 1762                Le Nain
1762 - 1766                Jacques de Flesselles           (b. 1721 - d. 1789)
1766 - 1777                Jean de Pont
1777 - 1781                Jacques Philippe Guéau
                             Gravelle de Reverseaux
1781 - 1784                Antoine Jean Terray
1784 - 1788                Barbarat de Mazirot 
1788 - 1789                Foullon de Doué



Nancy

Note: the Duchy later government of Lorraine.

Intendants 
18 Jan 1737 - 1758         Antoine-Martin de Chaumont de   (b. 1697 - d. 1783)
                             la Galaiziere 
1758 - 1777                Antoine de Chaumont de la 
                             Galaiziere 
1777 - 1790                Jean Baptiste François Moulins
                             de La Porte



Orléans

Municipal banner of
                  Orléans

Note: the Government of the Orléanais and northern part of the Nivernais est.1558 or 1587.

Intendants
1698 - 1709                André Jubert de Bouville
1709 - 1713                Yves de La Bourdonnaye 
1713 - 1731                Jubert de Bouville
1731 - 1740                François de Baussan             (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
1740 - 1747                Pierre Pajot de Nozeau          (b. 1691 - d. af.1747)

1747 - 1760                Charles Aimable Honoré Barentin (b. 1702 - d. 1804) 
1760 - 1785                Jean-François Claude Perrin     (b. 1727 - d. 1789)
                             de Cypierre
1785 - 1790                Perrin de Cypierre 
                            (different from above)



Paris

[Paris (France)]

Note: the most of the government of Ile-de-France and the southern part of Picardy est.1542.

Intendants
1690 - Aug 1709            J. Phélypeaux
17 Aug 1709 - 1724         Roland-Armand Bignon de Blanzy
1724 - 1728                Nicolas-Prosper Bauyn           (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers 
1728 - 1739                Achille De Harlay
1740 - 1742                Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, (b. 1696 - d. 1764)
                             comte d'Argenson
1742 - 1744                Paul-Esprit Feydeau de Brou     (b. 1682 - d. 1767) 
1744 - 13 Sep 1776         Jean-Louis Bertier de Sauvigny  (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
13 Sep 1776 - 22 Jul 1789  Louis-Bénigne Bertier de        (b. 1737 - d. 1789)
                             Sauvigny 



Pau

Note: the governments of Béarn-Navarre and Foix.

1716                       Merged with Auch.

Intendants
Dec 1699 - Jul 1701        François Guyet, marquis de
                             Bautange
1701 -  5 Apr 1704         Pierre Cardin Le Bret
Apr 1704 - Mar 1710        Antoine-François Méliand
15 Mar 1710 - 17 Jul 1710  Etienne-Léon Le Camus, sieur de
                             Lagrange
 2 Aug 1710 - 29 Apr 1711  Charles Deschiens de Laneuville
30 Apr 1711 -  2 Oct 1712  Antoine Barrillon d'Abancourt,
                             marqus de Branges 
 2 Oct 1712 -  3 Jan 1716  Louis-Auguste-Achille Harlay,
                             comte de Cély
1716 - 1790                the Intendants of Auch



Perpignan

Note: the government of Rousillon est.1660.

Intendants
May 1689 - Feb 1710        Etienne de Ponte, comte 
                             d'Albaret 
13 Feb 1710 - Dec 1710     Antoine de Barrillon
                             d'Amoncourt
26 Apr 1711 - 14 Nov 1715  Charles Deschiens de La 
                             Neuville 
1716 - 1723                Jean Baptiste Louis Picon
                             d'Andrezel 
1723 - 1727                François Le Gras de Luart
1727 - 1728                Philibert Orry de Vignory       (b. 1689 - d. 1747)
1728 - 1730                Barthélemy de Vanolles 
1730 - 1740                Bauyn de Jalais
1740 - 1751                Ponte d'Albaret
1751 - 1753                Henri-Léonard Bertin, seigneur  (b. 1719 - d. 1792)
                             de Chatou 
1753 - 1773                Louis-Guillaume Bon de 
                             Saint-Hilaire
1773 - 1774                Jean-Étienne-Bernard-Ogier de   (b. 1719 - d. 1776)
                             Clugny de Nuits 
1775 - 1777                Jean Baptiste François Moulins
                             de La Porte
1777 - 1789                Raymond de Saint-Sauveur



Poitiers

Note: the government of Poitou est.1542.

Intendants
1689 - 1704                G.F. de Maupéou d'Ableiges
1704 - 1706                Antoine Pinon 
1706 - 1708                Jean-Charles Doujat
1708 - 1709                Y.M. de La Bourdonnaye de
                             Coëtlogon
1709 - 1713                E.N. Roujault de Villemain 
1713 - 1715                Quentin de Richebourg
1715 - 1728                Jean-Baptiste des Gallois, 
                             seigneur de la Tour
1728 - 1731                François de Baussan             (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
1731 - 1743                Jean Le Nain                    (d. 1751)
1743 - 1747                Nicolas Berryer, comte de La    (b. 1703 - d. 1762)
                             Ferrière
1747 - 1750                Jean Louis Moreau de Beaumont
1751 - 1784                Paul Esprit Marie de La         (b. 1716 - d. 1800)
                             Bourdonnaye, comte de Blossac
1784 - 1790                Antoine-François-Alexandre      (b. 1746 - d. ....)
                             Boula de Nanteuil 



Rennes

[Rennes (France)]

Note: the government of Britanny. First intendant appointed 1634, however, the function of
intendant became permanent only in 1689.

Intendants
16 Feb 1689 - Jan 1692     Auguste-Robert de Pomereu de 
                             la Bretesche
Feb 1692 - Jun 1705        Louis Béchameil, marquis de 
                             Nointel 
1705 - 1715                Antoine Ferrand, seigneur de 
                             Villemilan
1715 - 1727                Paul Esprit Feydeau de Brou     (b. 1682 - d. 1767)
1727 - 1735                Jean-Baptiste des Gallois, 
                             seigneur de la Tour
1735 - 1753                Jean-Baptiste Camus Pontcarré 
                             de Viarmes
1753 - 1765                Cardin-François-Xavier Le Bret  (b. 1719 - d. 1765)
1765 - 1767                Jacques de Flesselles           (b. 1721 - d. 1789)
1767 - 1770                François Marie Bruno,           (b. 1722 - d. 1805)
                             comte d'Agay
1770 - 1775                Guillaume Joseph Dupleix de     (b. 1727 - d. 1794)
                             Bacquencourt 
1775 - 1784                Gaspard-Louis Caze, baron de    (b. 1740 - d. 1824)
                             La Bove 
1784                       Marc Antoine Le Fèvre de
                             Caumartin de Saint Ange 
1784 - 1788                Antoine François de Bertrand    (b. 1744 - d. 1818)
                             de Molleville 
1788 - 1789                François Dufaur de Rochefort



Riom

Note: more or less the government of Auvergne est. 1542.

Intendants 
1695 - 1704                Lefèvre d'Ormesson
1704 - 1708                Louis Le Blanc
1709 - 1714                Marc-Antoine Turgor de Saint-Clair
1714 - 1715                Louis de Béchameil de Nointel
1715 - 1717                d'Ormesson
1717 - 1720                Claude Boucher, marquis d'Orsay
1720 - 1723                Evry Bruent
1723 - 1730                Jean Louis Bidé de La           (b. 1688 - d. 1760)
                             Grandeville 
1730 - 1734                Daniel-Charles Trudaine,        (b. 1703 - d. 1769)
                             sieur de Montigny et de Champigny 
1734 - 1750                Bonaventure-Robert Rossignol
1750 - 1752                François-Marie Peyrenc de Moras (b. 1718 - d. 1771)
1752 - 1758                Jean-Baptiste François de       (b. 1720 - d. 1797)
                             La Michodière 
1758 - 1767                Simon Charles Sebastien Bernard (b. 1721 - d. 1767)
                             de Ballainvilliers 
1767 - 1771                Antoine Jean-Baptiste Robert    (b. 1733 - d. 1820)
                             Auget de Montyon 
1772 - 1790                Charles Antoine Claude de Chazerat



Rouen 

Note: the eastern part of the government of Normandy and the government of Le Havre est.1542.

Intendants 
1697 - 1702                Yves M. de La Bourdonnaye de
                             Coëtlogon 
1702 - 1704                Henri-François d'Herbigny de 
                             Thibouville
Jun 1704                   Claude-Joseph Sanson
1704 - 1709                Urbain-Guillaume de Lamoignon 
                             de Courson
1709 - 1712                Quentin de Richebourg
1715 - 1732                Jean Goujon
1732 - 1755                Louis-François de La Bourdonnaye
1755 - 1762                Feydeai de Brou
1762 - 1768                Jean-Baptiste François de La    (b. 1720 - d. 1797)
                             Michodière
1768 - 1777                Louis Thiroux de Crosne         (b. 1736 - d. 1794)
                             (1st time)
1777 - 1778                J.S. de Pont
1778 - 1787                Louis Thiroux de Crosne         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1787 - 1790                Etienne Thomas Maussion



Soissons

Note: the north eastern part of the government of Ile-de-France est.1595.

Intendants
1698 - 1705                Claude Joseph Samson
1705 - 1712                Antoine François Lefèvre
                             d'Ormesson, seigneur de Cheray
1712 - 1714                Jean-Baptiste Laugeois 
                             d'Imbercourt
1714 - 1717                André-Robert Lefèvre d'Eaubonne,
                             seigneur de Rizeis
1717 - 1720                Claude de Béchameil, seigneur
                             de Nointel
1720 - 1722                Marc-Antoine Turgot de 
                             Sainte-Clair
1722 - 1727                Philibert d'Orry                (b. 1689 - d. 1747)
1727 - 1731                François Richer d'Aube          (b. 1686 - d. 1752) 
1731 - 1737                Antoine-Martin de Chaumont de   (b. 1697 - d. 1783)
                             la Galaiziere
1737 - 1743                Jérôme Bignon
1743 - 1765                Charles Blaise de Melliant
1764 - 1784                Louis Le Pelletier, marquis
                             de Morfontaine
1784 - 1790                Paul Esprit Marie de La         (b. 1716 - d. 1800)
                             Bourdonnaye, comte de Blossac



Strasbourg

Strasbourg banner of arms

Note: the government of Alsace est.1682.

1272 - 1681                Imperial Free City of Strasbourg (Freistädte Strassburg).
30 Sep 1681                Annexed by France.
20 Sep 1697                Annexation recognized by the Holy Roman Empire in Treaty
                             of Ryswick
.

Intendants
1698 - 1700                Claude Lafond
1700 - 1715                Le Pelletier de La Houssaye
1715 - 1724                Nicolas Prosper Bauyn           (b. 1675 - d. 1740)
                             d'Angervilliers 
1724 - 1727                Louis-Auguste-Achille de Harlay,
                             comte de Cély

1728 - 1742                Paul-Esprit Feydeau de Brou     (b. 1682 - d. 1767) 
1743 - 1744                Jean Louis Bidé de La           (b. 1688 - d. 1760)
                             Grandeville 
1744 - 1752?               Barthélemy de Vanolles
1752 - 1764                Jacques Pineau de Viennay       (b. 1709 - d. ....)
1764 - 1777                Louis Guillaume de Blair de     (b. 1716 - d. 1778)
                             Boisement
1777 - 1790                Antoine de Chaumont de La 
                             Galaizière



Trévoux

Note: the former Principality of Dombes

1762                       Generality of Trévoux formed from former 
                             Principality of Dombes
1786                       Incorporated into Generality of Lyon.
17..                       Incorporated into Generality of Dijon.

Governors of Dombes
1691 - 1732                François-Joseph de Damas d'Antigny 
1732 - 1736                Joseph-François de Damas d'Antigny 
1736 - 1740                Jacques-François de Damas d'Antigny 
1740 - 1762                Joseph-François de Damas d'Antigny    (d. 1782)
Intendants of Trévoux
1758 - 1782                Cachet de Garnerans
1782 - 1786                Vacant



Toulouse

[Toulouse (France)]

Note: the southern part of the government of the Languedoc est.1542.

Intendants 
1685 - 1718                Nicolas Lamoignon de Basville   (b. 1648 - d. 1724)
1718 - 1724                Louis de Bernage de 
                             Saint-Maurice
1724 - 1743                Louis Basile de Bernage de
                             Saint-Maurice
1743 - 1751                Jean Le Nain                    (d. 1751)
1751 - 1785                Jean-Emmanuel de Guignard de 
                             Saint-Priest
1785 - 1786                Marie-Joseph de Guignard de
                             Saint-Priest
1786 - 1790                Charles Bernard de              (b. 1757 - d. 1835)
                             Ballainvilliers



Tours 

Tours (France)

Note: the governments of Anjou, Maine, Saumurois and Touraine est.1542.

Intendants
1680 - 1702                Thomas Hue de Miromesnil
1702 - 1704                Marc-Antoine Turgot de Saint-
                             Clair
1704 - 1710                Jacques-Etienne de Turgot de
                             Sousmones 
1710 - 1714                Louis de Chauvelin 
1714 - 1717                B. Chauvelin de Beauséjour
1717 - 1721                Gilbert-Charles Le Gendre,
                             marquis de Saint-Aubin

1722 - 1725                René Hérault de Vaucresson
1725 - 1726                J.B. Ravot d'Ombreval
1726 - 1731                M.G. de Pommereu de Ricoys 
1731 - 1743                Charles-N. Leclerc de Lesseville
1743 - 1745                Jacques Pineau de Viennay       (b. 1709 - d. ....)
1745 - 1756                Charles P. de Savalette de 
                             Magnanville
1756 - 1766                Gaspard-César-Charles           (b. 1700 - d. 1792)
                             L'Escalopier
1766 - 1783                François-Pierre du Cluzel de    (b. 1734 - d. 1783)
                             la Chabrerie de Montpipeau 
1786 - 1790                Marius Jean-Baptiste Nicolas
                             d'Aine 



Valenciennes

Valenciennes
                  (Municipality, France)

Note: the southern part of the government of Flanders est. c.1678.

Intendants
1698 - 1705                Charles-Etienne Maignart,       (b. 1667 - d. 1717)
                             marquis de Bernières
Dec 1705 - Jul 1708        Nicolas-Etienne Roujault
Jul 1708 - 1719            Jean-Charles Doujat 
 7 Jan 1720 - 1724         Louis-René de Voyer,            (b. 1694 - d. 1757)
                             marquis d'Argenson 
1725 - 1727                Félix Aubery, marquis de Vastan,(d. 1740) 
                             baron de Vieux-Pont 
1727 - 1743                Jean Moreau, seigneur de        (b. 1690 - d. 1760)
                             Séchelles
Mar 1743 - 1745            Jean-Baptiste Machault          (b. 1701 - d. 1794)
                             d'Arnouville
1745 - 1752                Jacques Pineau de Viennay       (b. 1709 - d. ....)
1752 - 1754                François-Marie Peyrenc de Moras (b. 1718 - d. 1771)
1754 - 1764                Louis Guillaume de Blair de     (b. 1716 - d. 1778)
                             Boisement 
11 Nov 1764 - 1775         Louis-Gabriel Taboureau des     (b. 1718 - d. 1782)
                             Réaux
Aug 1775 -  6 Jun 1790     Gabriel Sénac de Meilhan        (b. 1730 - d. 1803) 






© Ben Cahoon