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Tokelau
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
                     22 Jun 1889 - 1 May 1937 
[Gilbert and Ellice Islands
                                    flag]
                      1 May 1937 - 1 Jan 1949 
[Flag of
                                    New Zealand]
                      1 Jan 1949 - 21 Oct 2009
[Tokelau unofficial flag
                                    1989-2008]
                 1989 - 21 Oct 2009 Unofficial flag 
[Tokelau
                                    flag]
                      Adopted 21 Oct 2009

Map of Tokelau Hear National Anthem
"God Defend New Zealand"
Hear Local Anthem
"Viki o Tokelau"
(Anthem of Tokelau)

Adopted 24/25 Feb 2012
Tokelau Islands Act
(1 Jan 1949)
---------------------------
Draft Constitution
(21 Nov 2005)
Capital: Fakaofo (officially
None,
each atoll has its
own
administrative center)
(Fakaofu 1926-1946)
Currency: New Zealand
Dollar (NZD) 
National Holiday: 6 Feb (1840)
Waitangi Day
-------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 3 Sep (1983) Tokehega Day
Population: 1,337 (2014)
GDP: $1.5 million (1993)
Exports: $0 (2002)
Imports: $969,200 (2002) 
Ethnic groups: Tokelauan 65.3%, part Tokelauan/Samoan 8.7%,
part Tokelauan/Tuvaluan 6.9%, part Tokelauan/other Pacific i
slander 1.9%, part Tokelauan/European 1%, Samoan 6.7%,
Tuvaluan 2.8%, other Pacific islander 1.1%, other 5.1%,
unspecified 0.4% (2011)
Total Police Force: 9 (2013)
Defense is the Responsibility of New Zealand
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Congregational Christian Church 58.2%, Roman
Catholic 36.6%, Presbyterian 1.8%, other Christian 2.8%,
 Spiritualism and New Age 0.1%, unspecified 0.5% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: FAO (associate), PC, PIF (associate), UNESCO (associate), UPU, WHO (associate) 
Tokelau Index
Chronology

bf.1600             Fakaofo (the senior polity) founded; Nukunonu and 
                      Atafu become independent after c.1863.
21 Jun 1765         Atafu, then uninhabited, visited by U.K. Commodore John
                      Byron
on HMS
Dolphin and is named Duke of York's Island.
12 Jun 1791         Nukunonu visited by U.K. Capt. Edward Edwards on HMS
                      Pandora
and is named Duke of Clarence Island.
14 Feb 1839         Fakaofo's South Island visited by U.S. Capt. Stephen R.
                      Crocker on General Jackson and is named DeWolf Island
                      (for the owners of the ship, William and James DeWolf).
28 Jan 1841         Fakaofo visited by the U.S. Commander William Levereth
                      Hudson on USS Peacock
and is named Bowditch Island
                      (for navigator Nathaniel Bowditch [b. 1773 - d. 1838]).

12 Feb 1863         Peruvian slavers kidnapped half the population of Fakaofo.
22 Jun 1889         British protectorate declared (on Fakaofo 20 Jun 1889, on
                     
Nukunonu 21 Jun 1889 and Atafu 22 Jun 1889) by Commander
                     
Cecil Frederick Oldham (b. 1852 - d. 1937) aboard the
                     
HMS Egeria (Union Islands or Union Group).
15 May 1916         Union Islands (Tokelau Islands) annexed to the Gilbert 
                      and
Ellice Islands (see Kiribati)(administration carried
                      out by the District officer at Funafuti who was
                      responsible to the Resident Commissioner of the Gilbert
                      and Ellice Islands based in Tarawa)
(by order of 29 Feb
                      1916).
11 Feb 1926        
Separated from the Gilbert and Ellice Islands; Governor-
                      general of New Zealand
made the Governor of Tokelau
                      (by order of 4 Nov 1925).
 8 Mar 1926         P
owers of the Governor delegated to the Administrator
                     
(from 10 Mar 1948, High Commissioner) of Western Samoa.
 
7 May 1946         Renamed Tokelau Islands (and Fakaofu is re-spelled Fakaofo
                     
and Nukunono re-spelled Nukunonu).
 1 Jan 1949         Incorporated into New Zealand (governor-general ceases
                      to be governor of Tokelau).
 
1 Jan 1962 - 1972  High Commissioner for New Zealand in Western Samoa made
                      Administrator of Tokelau.
 1 Jan 1972 - 1975  Tokelau placed under administration of the Secretary for
                      Maori and Island Affairs.
 1 Dec 1975 - 1980  Tokelau
administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
                      the Secretary of Foreign Affairs becomes administrator.
 9 Dec 1976         Renamed Tokelau.

25 Sep 1980         Office of Administrator separated from that of Secretary
                      of Foreign Affairs (from 23 Feb 1987 the A
dministrator's
                     
powers delegated to the Official Secretary).
 2 Dec 1980         U.S. waives claims to Atafu, F
akaofo, and Nukunonu Atolls;
                      and U.S.-Tokelau border defined by Treaty of Tokehega
                      (ratified 3 Sep 1983).

 1 Oct 1993         Office of Administrator redefined, authorized to delegate
                      powers to General Fono ([from Jan 2004 Council for the
                      Ongoing Government] from 27 Jan 1994, all powers
                      delegated to
General Fono and Council of Faipule; the
                      office of 
Official Secretary is abolished).
 1 Aug 1996         General Fono (Fono Fakamua) is given power to make rules
                      for Tokelau (which may be disallowed by administrator).
30 Jun 2001         Considered "self-governing" (separate Tokelau Public
                      Service Commissioner established).
13-15 Feb 2006      Referendum on self-government status in free association

                      with New Zealand fails (349 yes to 232, short of the
                      the 2/3 required for approval).
22-24 Oct 2007      Referendum on self-government status in free association
                      with New Zealand fails again (446 yes to 246 no, falling
                      16 votes short of the 2/3 required).

Tokelau
(since 1926)
Fakaofo
Nukunonu
Atafu
 
 

 
 
 

Fakaofo

Rulers (title Aliki)
.... - ....                Letaiolo
.... - ....                Poufau
1841?                      Taupe
1846 - 1852?               Havaiki I
1858?                      Lika
1871?                      Longotahi
18.. - May 1881            Vaopuka
1881 - 1890                Te Taulu
1892?                      Tavita Te Fuli
1902 - 29 Feb 1916         Ielemia Havaiki II 
Faipule o Fakaofo (Chief Heads of Council)
1916 - 1987                ....
Jan 1987 - Jan 1993        Peniuto Semisi
Jan 1993 - Jan 1996        Keli Neemia                     (b. 1941?)
Jan 1996 - Jan 1999        Falima Teao                     (b. 1931?)
Jan 1999 - Jan 2008        Ionatana Kolouei O'Brien        (b. 1939 - d. 2015)
Jan 2008 - 2014            Foua Toloa                      (b. 19.. - d. 2015)

2014 -                     Afega Gaualofa


Nukunonu

Rulers (title Aliki)
.... - ....                Sunga
.... - ....                Kakaia
.... - ....                Ngala
.... - ....                Ulua
.... - ....                Falevai
.... - 29 Feb 1916         Takua 
Faipule o Nukunonu (Chief Heads of Council)
1916 - 1990                ....
Jan 1990 - Jan 1996        Salesio Lui (1st time)         
(b. 1951?)
Jan 1996 - Jan 2011        Pio Tuia                        (b. 1943?)
Jan 2011 - 2014            Salesio Lui (2nd time)          (s.a.)
2014 -                     Siopili Perez    


Atafu

Rulers (title Aliki)
.... - ....                Toniua
.... - ....                Foli
.... - ....                Tongia
.... - ....                Fafie
.... - 29 Feb 1916         Tuilaka 
Faipule o Atafu (Chief Heads of Council)
1916 - 1987                ....
Jan 1987 - Jan 1993        Kuresa Nasau (1st time)
Jan 1993 - Jan 1996        Lepaio Simi                        (b. 1947?)
Jan 1996 - 2003            Kuresa Nasau (2nd time)
2003 - 2005                Patuki Isaako
2004 - 2005                Kerisiano (Kelihiano) Kalolo       (b. 1946?)
                            
(acting for Isaako)
2005 - Jan 2011            Kuresa Nasau (3rd time)
Jan 2011 - 2014            Kerisiano (Kelihiano) Kalolo       (s.a.)
2014 -
                    Kuresa Nasau (4th time)



Tokelau

Governors (in Wellington)
11 Feb 1926 -  1 Jan 1949  the Governors-general of New Zealand
Administrators
(in Apia to 31 Dec 1971, then in Wellington)

 8 Mar 1926 - 31 Dec 1961 
the Administrators (from 10 Mar 1948,
                           High Commissioners) of Western Samoa

 
1 Jan 1962 - Jun 1965     John Bird Wright                   (b. 1909 - d. 1990)
Jun 1965 - May 1968        Owston Paul Gabites                (b. 1913 - d. 1993)
May 1968 - 31 Dec 1971     Richard Basil Taylor               (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
 
1 Jan 1972 -  8 Dec 1972  Duncan MacIntyre                   (b. 1915 - d. 2001)
 
8 Dec 1972 - 1973         Matiu Rata                         (b. 1934 - d. 1997)
1973 - 30 Nov 1975         William Gray Thorp                 (b. 1922 - d. 1998)
 1 Dec 1975
- 31 Jan 1985  Frank Henry Corner                 (b. 1920 - d. 2014)
 
1 Feb 1985 - 31 Jan 1988  Harold Huyton Francis              (b. 1928 - d. 2016)
 
1 Feb 1988 - Jul 1990     Neil Douglas Walter (1st time)     (b. 1942)
Jul 1990 - Jan 1992        Graham Keith Ansell                (b. 1931)
Jan 1992 - 28 Feb 1993     Brian William Peter Absolum        (b. 1938)
 
1 Mar 1993 - 28 Feb 2003  Lindsay Johnstone Watt             (b. 1939)
 1 Mar 2003 - 17 Oct 2006  Neil Douglas Walter (2nd time)     (s.a.)
17 Oct 2006 - 2009         David Bruce Payton                 (b. 1952)
2009 - 31 Jan 2011         John Allen (acting)
 
1 Feb 2011 - 2015         Jonathan Kings
2015 -                     Linda Te Puni (f) (acting to 2016)


Heads of Tokelau (Ulu o Tokelau)
Jan 1993 - Jan 1994        Salesio Lui (1st time)             (b. 1951?)
Jan 1994 - Jan 1995        Keli Neemia                        (b. 1941?)
Jan 1995 - Jan 1996        Lepaio Simi                        (b. 1947?)
Jan 1996 - Jan 1997        Pio Tuia (1st time)                (b. 1943?)
Jan 1997 - Jan 1998        Falima Teao                        (b. 1931?)
Jan 1998 - Jan 1999        Kuresa Nasau (1st time)
Jan 1999 - Jan 2000        Pio Tuia (2nd time)                (s.a.)
Jan 2000 - Jan 2001        Ionatana Kolouei O'Brien (1st time)(b. 1939 - d. 2015)
Jan 2001 - Feb 2002        Kuresa Nasau (2nd time)
Feb 2002 - Jan 2003        Pio Tuia (3rd time)                (s.a.)
Jan 2003 - Jan 2004        Ionatana Kolouei O'Brien (2nd time)(s.a.)
Jan 2004 - Jan 2005        Patuki Isaako 

2004 - 2005               
Pio Tuia (acting for Isaako)       (s.a.)
Jan 2005 - 15 Feb 2006     Pio Tuia (4th time)                (s.a.)
15 Feb 2006 - 27 Feb 2007  Ionatana Kolouei O'Brien (3rd time)(s.a.)
27 Feb 2007 - 23 Feb 2008  Kuresa Nasau (3rd time)
23 Feb 2008 - 21 Feb 2009  Pio Tuia (5th time)                (s.a.)
21 Feb 2009 - 23 Mar 2010  Foua Toloa (1st time)              (b. 19.. - d. 2015)
23 Mar 2010 - 11 Mar 2011  Kuresa Nasau (4th time)
11 Mar 2011 - 24 Feb 2012  Foua Toloa (2nd time)              (s.a.)
24 Feb 2012 -  1 Mar 2013  Kerisiano (Kelihiano) Kalolo       (b. 1946?)
 1 Mar 2013 - 24 Feb 2014  Salesio Lui (2nd time)             (s.a.)
24 Feb 2014 - 23 Feb 2015  Kuresa Nasau (5th time)
23 Feb 2015 - 10 Mar 2016  Siopili Perez
10 Mar 2016 -              Afega Gaualofa


New Zealand Secretaries of Samoan Affairs, District Officers
for the Tokelau Islands
(in Apia, Western Samoa)

1926 - Mar 1931            Frank George Lewis                 (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
1931 - 1933                William McBride                    (b. 1895 - d. 1972)
1933 - Oct 1943            Cyril Gilbert Reeves McKay         (b. 1900 - d. 1976)

1943 - 1955?               Frederick James Henry Grattan      (b. 1909 - d. 1983)
District Officers for Tokelau (in Apia, Western Samoa)
Mar 1955 -  3 Oct 1955     Roger Derrick "Pe
te" Pearless      (b. 1925 - d. 1955)
 
3 Oct 1955 - 1956         .... (acting)
1956 - c.1967              Howard Lloyd Webber               
(b. 1926 - d. 2006)
196. - 1971                Godfrey Wentworth Garnett          (b. 1924 - d. 1986)
1971 - 1975                Donald William Joseph Stewart      (b. 1941)
Official Secretaries, Office of Tokelau Affairs (in Apia, Western Samoa)
1976 - 1978                Neil Douglas Walter                (s.a.)
1978 - 1980                Simon Stratton Carlaw              (b. 1945)
1980 - 1981                Vacant?
1981 - 1983                John Peter Larkindale 
            (b. 1946)
1983 - Jan 1985            Anthony Patrick Francis Browne     (b. 1948)
1985 - 1987                Adrian H. Macey                    (b. 1948)
1988 - 1992                Casimilo J. Perez
1992 - 1994                Bryan Lawrence (acting to 1993)
1994                       Post abolished      

No Political Parties Exist

International Dispute: Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (as Olosega Island) in its 2006 draft constitution.






Ben Cahoon