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Norfolk Island 
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
                              1788 - 1901 

[Australian
                                    flag]
                             Adopted 1901 
 
[Norfolk
                                    Island]
                Local Flag Adopted 17 Jan 1980
 
Map of Norfolk Island
Hear National Anthem
 "God Save the Queen" 
Hear Local Anthem
"Come Ye Blessed"
("Pitcairn Anthem")
Norfolk Island Act
(30 May 1979)
Capital: Kingston 
Currency: Australian Dollar
(AUD)
National Holiday: 26 Jan (1788)
Australia Day
---------------------------------------
Local Holidays: 8 Jun (1856)
  Bounty Anniversary Day
--------------------------------------
6 Mar (1788)
Foundation Day 
Population: 2,196 (2013)
GDP: $N/A 
Exports: $1.5 million (FY1991/92)
Imports: $17.9 million (FY1991/92)
Ethnic groups: Australian 79.5%, New Zealander 13.3%,
Filipino 1.1%, English 1%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2011)
Total Police Force: 13 (2002)
Defense is the Responsibility of Australia
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Protestant 49.6% (Anglican 31.8%, Uniting Church in
 Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%), Roman Catholic
 11.7%, other 8.6%, none 23.5%, unspecified 6.6% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: UPU
Norfolk Island
Chronology

10 Oct 1774                Discovered by Captain James Cook and named 
                             Norfolk Island.
 6 Mar 1788                First British settlement; part of New South Wales.
15 Feb 1814 -  6 Jun 1825  Abandoned.
29 Sep 1844                Part of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania).
 5 May 1855 -  8 Jun 1856  Abandoned.
 8 Jun 1856                Pitcairn islanders resettled on Norfolk.
 1 Nov 1856                Separate territory; subordinated to New South 
                             Wales.
15 Jan 1897 - 10 Aug 1979  Self-government revoked.
 1 Jul 1914                Australian territory.
30 Mar 1976                High Court of Australia confirms Norfolk Island 
                             is part of Australia.
 4 Dec 1991                Referendum rejects inclusion in Australia's
                             Canberra district for electoral purposes.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Lieutenant governors
 6 Mar 1788 - 24 Mar 1790  Philip Gidley King (1st time)      (b. 1758 - d. 1808)
24 Mar 1790 - Nov 1791     Robert Ross                        (b. c.1740 - d. 1794)
 4 Nov 1791 - Oct 1796     Philip Gidley King (2nd time)      (s.a.)
23 Oct 1796 - Nov 1799     John Townson                       (b. 1760 - d. 1835)
Nov 1799 - Jun 1800        Thomas Rowley                      (b. c.1748 - d. 1806)
26 Jun 1800 -  9 Sep 1804  Joseph Foveaux                     (b. 1767 - d. 1846)
 9 Sep 1804 - Jan 1810     John Piper                         (b. 1773 - d. 1851)
25 Jan 1810 - 15 Feb 1814  Tankerville Alexander Crane
Superintendent
15 Feb 1813 - 15 Feb 1814  William Hutchinson (acting for Crane) 
Commandants
15 Feb 1814 -  6 Jun 1825  Abandoned
 6 Jun 1825 - Mar 1826     Richard Turton
Mar 1826 - Aug 1827        Vance Young Donaldson              (b. 1791 - d. 1861)
Aug 1827 - Nov 1828        Thomas Edward Wright
Nov 1828 - Feb 1829        Robert Hunt
Feb 1829 - 29 Jun 1829     Joseph Wakefield
29 Jun 1829 - 1834         John Thomas Morisset               (b. 1782 - d. 1852)
 1 Jan 1834 - 14 Apr 1834  Foster Fyans (acting)              (b. 1790 - d. 1870)
1834 - Apr 1839            Joseph Anderson                    (b. 1790 - d. 1877)
Apr 1839 - Jul 1839        Thomas Bunbury                     (b. 1791 - d. 1861)
Jul 1839 - Mar 1840        Thomas Ryan (acting)               (b. c.1790 - d. 18..)
17 Mar 1840 - 1844         Alexander Maconochie               (b. 1787 - d. 1860)
 8 Feb 1844 -  5 Aug 1846  Joseph Childs                      (b. 1787 - d. 1870)
 6 Aug 1846 - 18 Jan 1853  John Giles Price                   (b. 1808 - d. 1857)
Jan 1853 - Sep 1853        Rupert Barber Deering
Sep 1854 -  5 May 1855     H. Day
Caretaker
 5 May 1855 -  8 Jun 1856  Thomas Samuel Stewart              (b. 1818 - d. 1892) 
Chief magistrates
 8 Jun 1856 - 1857         George Martin Frederick Young      (b. 1822 - d. 1899)
                             (1st time)
1858                       Isaac Christian                    (b. 1825 - d. 1877)
1859                       George Martin Frederick Young      (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1860 - 1861                Thomas Buffett                     (b. 1825 - d. 1900)
1862 - 1865                Arthur Quintal II (1st time)       (b. 1816 - d. 1902)
1866                       William Quintal (1st time)         (b. 1817 - d. 1905)
1867 - 1870                John Buffett (1st time)            (b. 1826 - d. 1906)
1871                       David Buffett                      (b. 1827 - d. 1924)
1872 - 1873                William Quintal (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1874 - 1875                Fletcher Christian Nobbs           (b. 1833 - d. 1912)
1876 - 1880                Francis Mason Nobbs (1st time)     (b. 1835 - d. 1909)
1881 - 1882                John Buffett (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1883 - 1884                Francis Mason Nobbs (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1885                       Arthur Quintal II (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1886 - 1887                Stephen Christian (1st time)       (b. 1843 - d. 1918)
1888                       Henry Seymour Buffett              (b. 1847 - d. 1931)
1889 - 1890                Stephen Christian (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1891 - 1892                Byron Stanley Mitchell Adams       (b. 1847 - d. 1902)
                             (1st time) 
1893                       Stephen Christian (3rd time)       (s.a.)
1894                       Francis Mason Nobbs (3rd time)     (s.a.)
1895 - 1896                Byron Stanley Mitchell Adams       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
Administrators
1896 - 1898                Warner Wright Spalding             (b. 1844 - d. 1920)
1898 - 1903                Charles McArthur King              (b. 1824 - d. 1903)
1903 - 1907                Walton Drake                       (b. 1850 - d. 1940)
1907 - 1913                Charles Sinclair Elliot            (b. 1853 - d. 1915)
21 Aug 1913 - 1919         Michael Vincent Murphy (1st time)  (b. 1859 - d. 1935)
1919 - 31 Aug 1920         Alexander Stoney Patton (acting)   (b. 1862 - d. 1940)
 1 Sep 1920 - 30 Jun 1924  John William Parnell               (b. 1860 - d. 1931) 
 1 Jul 1924 - 16 Oct 1926  Edwin Thomas Leane                 (b. 1867 - d. 1928)
1926                       Henry Stephenson Edgar (1st time)  (b. 1849? - d. 1937)
                             (acting)
1926 -  1 Feb 1927         Michael Vincent Murphy (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 1 Feb 1927 - 25 Jan 1928  Victor Conradsdorf Morisset        (b. 1866 - d. 1928)
                             Sellheim 
25 Jan 1928 -  6 Jun 1928  Henry Stephenson Edgar (2nd time)  (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 6 Jun 1928 - 21 Jan 1929  Charles Edward Herbert             (b. 1860 - d. 1929)
 1 May 1929 - 30 Jun 1932  Alfred Joshua Bennett              (b. 1865 - d. 1946)
 1 Jul 1932 -  3 Dec 1937  Charles Robert Pinney              (b. 1883 - d. 1945)
 4 Dec 1937 - 31 Dec 1945  Sir Charles Rosenthal              (b. 1875 - d. 1954)
 1 Jan 1946 - 31 Dec 1952  Alexander Wilson                   (b. 1880 - d. 1954)
 1 Jan 1953 - 30 Apr 1958  Colin Hugh Boyd Norman             (b. 1904 - d. 1996)
 1 May 1958 - 1962         Reginald Sylvester Leydin          (b. 1905 - d. ....)
Aug 1962 - Aug 1964        Robert Hurley Wordsworth           (b. 1894 - d. 1984)
Aug 1964 - Oct 1964        James Francis Donovan (acting)
Oct 1964 - Jun 1966        Roger Bede Nott                    (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
Jun 1966 - Jun 1968        Reginald Marsh                     (b. 1906 - d. 2005)
Jun 1968 - Jul 1968        John Geoffrey Cowap (acting)
Jul 1968 - Aug 1972        Robert Nixon Dalkin                (b. 1914 - d. 1991)
Aug 1972 - 31 Aug 1975     Edward Thomas Pickerd (1st time)   (b. 1917 - d. 2012)
 1 Sep 1975 - 31 May 1976  Charles Ivens Buffett (acting)     (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
 1 Jun 1976 -  4 Sep 1976  Edward Thomas Pickerd (2nd time)   (s.a.) 
                             (acting)
 4 Sep 1976 -  4 Sep 1979  Desmond Vincent O'Leary            (d. 1996)
 5 Sep 1979 - 19 Mar 1981  Peter Coleman                      (b. 1928)
19 Mar 1981 - 10 May 1981  Ian Hutchinson (acting)
11 May 1981 - 27 Jan 1982  Thomas Ferguson Paterson (acting)
28 Jan 1982 - 28 Apr 1985  Raymond Edward Trebilco            (b. 1926 - d. 1998)
29 Apr 1985 - 31 Dec 1988  John Alexander Matthew             (b. 1928)
31 Dec 1988 - 12 Apr 1989  William McFadyen Campbell (acting)
13 Apr 1989 - 12 Apr 1992  Herbert Bruce MacDonald
13 Apr 1992 - 30 Jun 1997  Alan Gardner Kerr
 1 Jul 1997 -  3 Aug 1997  Ralph Alexander Condon (acting)
 4 Aug 1997 - 30 Jul 2003  Anthony "Tony" John Messner        (b. 1939)
30 Jul 2003 -  1 Nov 2003  Michael Stephens (acting)
 1 Nov 2003 -  8 Aug 2007  Grant Ernest John Tambling         (b. 1943)
 8 Aug 2007 - 31 Mar 2012  Owen Edward John Walsh             (b. 1963?)
                             (acting to 2 Oct 2008)
 1 Apr 2012 - 30 Jun 2014  Neil Albert Pope                   (b. 1949)
 1 Jul 2014 -              Gary Douglas Hardgrave             (b. 1960)


Presidents of the Council of Elders
1896 - 1899                Oliver Masey Quintal               (b. 1841 - d. 1922)
1899 - 1900                John Buffett                       (b. 1826 - d. 1906)
1900 - 1903                John Forrester Young               (b. 1852 - d. 1913)
Presidents of the Executive Council 
1903 - 1909                Francis Mason Nobbs                (s.a.) 
1909 - 1915                Joseph Allen McCleave Buffett      (b. 1851 - d. 1921) 
1915 - 1916                Charles Chase Ray Nobbs (1st time) (b. 1859 - d. 1938)
1916 - 1919                Matthew Frederick Howard Christian (b. 1859 - d. 19..)
1919 - 1920                Albert Randall (1st time)          (b. c.1878 - d. 19..) 
1921 - 1922                Enoch Cobbcroft Robinson (1st time)(b. 1875 - d. 1964)
1922 - 1923                Albert Randall (2nd time)          (s.a.) 
1924 - 1928                Eustace Buffett Christian          (b. 1869 - d. 1944)
                             (1st time) 
1928 - 1933                Enoch Cobbcroft Robinson (2nd time)(s.a.)
1933 - 19 May 1934         Charles Chase Ray Nobbs (2nd time) (s.a.)
1934                       Eustace Buffett Christian          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1934 - 20 Jul 1935         Francis Rawdon M. Crozier
Presidents of the Advisory Council
 1 Aug 1935 - 31 Jul 1936  Charles Chase Ray Nobbs            (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1936 - 31 Jul 1937  Enoch Cobbcroft Robinson           (s.a.)
                             (1st time) 
 1 Aug 1937 - 31 Jul 1941  William McLachlan
 1 Aug 1941 - 31 Jul 1947  George Hunn Nobbs Buffett          (b. 1885 - d. 1957)
 1 Aug 1947 - 31 Jul 1948  Ray Herbert Hastings Nobbs         (b. 1901 - d. 1985)
                             (1st time) 
 1 Aug 1948 - 31 Jul 1949  David Campbell Dunsmere Buffett    (b. 1918 - d. 1997)
 1 Aug 1949 - 31 Jul 1950  Ray Herbert Hastings Nobbs         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Aug 1950 - 31 Jul 1951  Leonard Dixon Holloway             (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
                             (1st time) 
 1 Aug 1951 -  5 Jun 1952  Enoch Cobcroft Robinson            (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Aug 1952 - 31 Oct 1952  Leonard Dixon Holloway             (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Nov 1952 - 31 Jul 1953  Charles Marie Gustav Adams 
 1 Aug 1953 - 31 Jul 1956  Ray Herbert Hastings Nobbs         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time) 
 1 Aug 1956 - 15 Jun 1959  Wilfrid Metcalfe Randall           (b. 1913 - d. 1981)
15 Jun 1959 - 22 Jun 1960  Vacant
Presidents of the Island Council
22 Jun 1960 - 1967         Frederick James Needham            (b. 1918 - d. 2001)
1967 - 1974                William M. Randall 
1974 - 1976                Richard Albert Bataille            (b. 1922 - d. 1993)
1976 - 1978                William Arthur Blucher             (b. 1931)
Chief minister
10 Aug 1979 - 21 May 1986  David Ernest Buffett (1st time)    (b. 1942)             Non-party
Presidents of the Legislative Assembly
21 May 1986 - 22 May 1989  John Terence Brown                 (b. 1948)             Non-party
22 May 1989 - 20 May 1992  David Ernest Buffett               (s.a.)                Non-party
Heads of government
20 May 1992 -  4 May 1994  John Terence Brown                 (s.a.)                Non-party
 4 May 1994 -  5 May 1997  Michael William King               (b. 1948)             Non-party
Chief ministers
 5 May 1997 - 28 Feb 2000  George Charles Smith               (b. 1948)             Non-party
28 Feb 2000 -  5 Dec 2001  Ronald Coane Nobbs                 (b. 1938)             Non-party
 5 Dec 2001 -  2 Jun 2006  Geoffrey Robert Gardner            (b. 1960?)            Non-party
 2 Jun 2006 - 28 Mar 2007  David Ernest Buffett (2nd time)    (s.a.)                Non-party
28 Mar 2007 - 24 Mar 2010  Andre Neville Nobbs                (b. 1965)             Non-party
24 Mar 2010 - 20 Mar 2013  David Ernest Buffett (3rd time)    (s.a.)                Non-party
20 Mar 2013 -              Lisle Denis Snell                                        Non-party

No Political Parties Exist.







Ben Cahoon