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Updates by Year 2017 2016
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New Leaders
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New Flags, Constitutions, Anthems and Currencies
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(abbreviations: Admin. = Administrator, Gov. = Governor, PM = Prime minister, Pres. = President, Sec.-gen. = Secretary-general)

New Heads of State, Governors and Other Leaders in 2015


12/30/15      update to Georgia (PM).
12/29/15      updates to Burkina Faso (Pres.), Guinea (PM), Northern Mariana Islands (Gov.),
                     and Papua New Guinea prov.: Hela (Gov.), South Sudan abolishes its
                     10 states creating 28 new states.
12/24/15      update to Pakistan prov.: Balochistan (PM).
12/23/15      update to Moldova: Transnistria (PM).
12/22/15      update to Peru reg.: Ayacucho (Pres.)
12/21/15      update to Eritrean Orthodox Church (Patr.)
12/18/15      updates to France reg.: Bretagne, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Île-de-France,
                Martinique, Pays de la Loire and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Pres.),
                     and Ukraine prov.: Kherson, Khmel'nyts'kyy, Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
12/17/15      update to France reg.: Corse (Pres. Asmb., Pres. Exec.)
12/15/15      update to Argentina prov.: Tierra del Fuego (Gov.)
12/14/15      updates to Canada prov.: Newfoundland & Labrador (PM), Central African
                Republic: Republic of Logone declared.
12/12/15      update to U.S. city election: Houston, TX (runoff): Sylvester Turner (Dem.)
                defeats Bill King (Rep.), 50.9%-49.04%.
12/11/15      updates to Argentina prov.: Entre Ríos, Santa Fe (Gov.)
12/10/15      updates to Argentina (Pres., Cabinet chf.), Argentina prov.: Buenos Aires,
                Chaco, Chubut, Córdoba, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Misiones, Neuquén,
                San Juan, San Luis and Santa Cruz (Gov.)
12/09/15      updates to Argentina prov: Buenos Aires Ciudad (Chief), Mendoza (Gov.)
12/08/15      updates to U.S. state: Kentucky (Gov.), Palau state: Aimeliik (Gov.),
                     Poland prov.: Dolnośląskie, Kujawsko-pomorskie, Łódzkie, Lubelskie, Lubuskie,
                     Małopolskie, Mazowieckie, Opolskie, Podkarpackie, Podlaskie, Pomorskie,
                     Śląskie, Świętokrzyskie, Warmińsko-mazurskie, Wielkopolskie,
                Zachodniopomorskie (Gov.)
12/04/15      update to China prov.: Jiangsu (Gov.)
12/02/15      update to Moldova: Transnistria (PM).
12/01/15      update to U.S. city election: Savannah, GA (runoff): Eddie DeLoach (Rep.)
                     defeats Mayor Edna Jackson (f)(Dem.), 53%-47%.
11/30/15      update to U.S. city: Juneau (Mayor).
11/26/15      updates to Portugal (PM), China prov.: Fujian (Gov.), Russia rep.:
                Bashkortostan (PM).
11/25/15      update to Finland: Aland Islands (PM).
11/24/15      update to Pakistan prov.: Gilgit-Baltistan (Gov.)
11/21/15      update to U.S. State election - Louisiana: in runoff John Bel Edwards (Dem.)
                defeats David Vitter (Rep.) 56.1%-43.9%
11/20/15      updates to Tanzania (PM), Taiwan city: Sinbei (Mayor).
11/19/15      update to Sint Maarten (PM).
11/17/15      update to Romania (PM).
11/13/15      update to Poland (PM).
11/12/15      update to Fiji (Pres.)
11/11/15      update to Nigeria: Capital Terr. (FCT Min.)
11/05/15      updates to Romania (PM) and Tanzania (Pres.)
11/04/15      update to Canada (PM).
     11/03/15      updates to U.S. govt.: Army (Secy.), U.S. State elections - Kentucky:
                     Matt Bevin (Rep.) defeats Jack  Conway (Dem.) and Drew Curtis (Ind.)
                     52.5%-43.8%-3.6%; Mississippi: Gov. Phil Bryant (Rep.) defeats Robert Gray
                     (Dem.) and Shawn O'Hara (Reform), 66.6%-32%-1.4%;  
              U.S. Mayor elections: 
              - Akron, OH: Dan Horrigan (Dem.) defeats Eddie Sipplen (Rep.) and William
                Melver (Ind.), 72%-24%-4%;
              - Boise, ID: Mayor David Bieter (Dem.) defeats Judy Peavey-Derr (f)(Rep.) and
                Seth Holden (Ind.), 69.01%-26.47%-4.52%;
              - Charleston, SC: John J. Tecklenburg (Dem.), Leon Stravrinakis (Dem.), Ginny
                Deerin (f)(Dem.), William Dudley Gregorie (Dem.), Maurice Washington (Rep.)
                and Toby Smith (f)(Ind.) win 35.6%-34.5%-17.4%-5.6%-5.5%-1.06%, in runoff
                on 17 Nov 2015 Tecklenburg defeats Stravrinakis, 57.5%-42.5%;
              - Charlotte, NC: Jennifer Roberts (f)(Dem.) defeats Edwin Peacock (Rep.),
                     52.2%-47.6%;
                   - Columbus, OH: Andrew Ginther (Dem.) defeats Zach Scott (Dem.) 58.7%-40.2%;
                   - Des Moines, IA: Mayor Frank Cownie (Dem.) is re-elected over Anthony Taylor
                     (Ind.), 80.2%-18.8%;
                   - Hartford, CT: Luke Bronin (Dem.) defeats Joel Cruz Jr. (Ind.) and Theodore
                     Cannon (Rep.), 76%-18%-4%;
                   - Houston, TX: Sylvester Turner (Dem.), Bill King (Rep.), Adrian Garcia (Dem.),
                     Ben Hall (Dem.), Chris Bell (Dem.), Stephen Costello (Rep.) win 32%-24.9%-
                     17%-9.6%-7.3%-6.6%, a runoff between Turner and King will be held on
                     12 Dec 2015;
                   - Indianapolis, IN: Joe Hogsett (Dem.) defeats Chuck Brewer (Rep.), 62%-38%;
              - Manchester, NH: Mayor Ted Gatsas (Rep.) defeats Joyce Craig (f)(Dem.),
                49.74%-49.32%;
              - Orlando FL: Mayor Buddy Dyer (Dem.) is re-elected over Paul Paulson (Ind.),
                62.5%-33.1%;
              - Philadelphia, PA: James Kenney (Dem.) defeats Melissa Murray Bailey (f)(Rep.)
                and James Foster (Ind.), 85%-13%-1%;
              - Salt Lake City, UT: Jackie Biskupski (f)(Dem.) defeats Mayor Ralph Becker
                (Dem.), 52.19%-47.81%;
              - San Francisco, CA: Mayor Edwin M. Lee (Dem.) is re-elected over Francisco
                Herrera (Green), Amy Farah Weiss (f) (Ind), Stuart Schuffman (Ind.),
                     Kent Graham (Ind.), Reed Martin (Ind.), 56.7%-14.7%-11.6%-9.5%-4.7%-2.4%;
              - Savannah, GA: Mayor Edna Jackson (f)(Dem.), Eddie DeLoach (Rep.), Murray
                Silver (Ind.) and Louis Wilson (Ind.) win 44%-42%-12%-2%, a runoff between
                Jackson and DeLoach will be held on 1 Dec 2015;
                   - Toldeo, OH: incumbent Mayor Paula Hicks-Hudson (f)(Dem.) wins re-election
                     over ex-Mayor Mike Bell (Ind.), ex-Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (Dem.), Sandy
                     Drabik Collins (f)(Ind.), Sandy Spang (f)(Ind.), Mike Ferner (Ind.) and Opal
                     Covey (f)(Rep.), 35.4%-17.4%-15.7%-14.6%-11%-5%-1%;
              - Tucson, AZ: Mayor Jonathan Rothschild (Dem.) re-elected unopposed with 93%.
11/01/15      updates to Mexico state: Colima (Gov.), BIS (Chair.), CoE (Court Pres.)
10/30/15      update to Moldova (PM).
10/29/15      updates to Nepal (Pres.), U.S. govt.: House of Rep. (Speaker), Argentina prov.:
                Tucumán (Gov.), Congo (Kinshasa) provinces: Bas-Uélé, Équateur, Haut-Katanga,
                Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï Oriental, Kongo
                Central, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Kivu,
                Nord-Ubangi, Sankuru, Sud-Kivu, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo & Tshuapa
               (Special Com.)
10/28/15      updates to Parlacen (Pres.), Cocos Islands (Council Pres.)
10/27/15      update to Mexico state: Guerrero (Gov.)
10/26/16      update to India terr.: Lakshadweep (Lt. Gov.)
10/24/15      update to U.S. state election - Louisiana: John Bel Edwards (Dem.) wins 39.8%
                David Vitter (Rep.) 23%, Scott Angelle (Rep.) 19.3%, Jay Dardenne (Rep.)
                14.9% and Cary Deaton (Dem.) 1.06%. Runoff is held on 11/21/2015 between
                Edwards and Vitter.
10/20/15      update to U.S. city: Juneau, AK (Mayor).
10/19/15      update to ACTO (Secy.-gen.)
10/13/15      update to Haiti (MINUSTAH cmdr.)
10/16/15      updates to Palau state: Hatohobei (Gov.), China prov.: Guizhou (Gov.)
10/12/15      updates to Nepal (PM), Peru reg.: La Libertad (Pres.)
10/10/15      update to Micronesia state: Pohnpei (Gov.)
10/09/15      update to Kosovo (UN Special Rep.)
10/08/15      update to EU (Pres. Court), U.S. city election: Memphis, TN: Jim Strickland
                (Dem.) defeats Mayor A.C. Wharton Jr. (Dem.), Harold Collins (Dem.) and Mike
                Williams (Dem.), 41.6%-22.1%-18.4%-16.1%
10/06/15      updates to U.S. city elections: Juneau, AK: Greg Fisk (Ind.) defeats
                Mayor Merrill Sanford (Ind.), 65.9%-32.8%; Raleigh, NC: Mayor Nancy
                McFarlane (f)(Ind) wins re-election over Bob Weltzin (Ind.), 74.4%-25.2%.
10/04/15      update to Mexico state: Nuevo León (Gov.)
10/02/15      updates to Russia admin.: Irkutsk (Gov.), Solomon Islands prov.: Temotu (PM).
10/01/15      updates to San Marino (Capt.-Regt.), Mexico states: Michoacán, Querétaro
                (Gov.), Belgium prov.: Liège, Walloon Brabant (Gov.), U.S. govt.:
                     Library of Congress (Librarian), Norway: Svalbard (Gov.).
09/30/15      updates to Russia rep.: Komi (Pres.), India state: Manipur (Gov.)
09/28/15      update to Gibraltar (Gov.)
09/27/15      update to India state: Manipur (Gov.), Mexico state: San Luis Potosí (Gov.),
                     Assyrian Church of East (Patr. 1)
09/25/15      updates to U.S. govt.: Joint Chiefs (Chair.), U.S. city: Nashville (Mayor).
09/24/15      updates to Canada prov.: Quebec (Lt. gov.), U.S. govt.: Marine Corps (Cmdt.),
                     Russia rep.: North Ossetia (PM).
09/23/15      update to Burkina Faso (Pres., PM).
09/21/15      updates to Greece (PM), Indonesia prov.: Sulawesi Utara (Gov.)
09/19/15      update to Egypt (PM).
09/18/15      update to U.S. govt. U.S. Navy (CNO).
09/17/15      updates to Burkina Faso (Pres., PM), Guinea-Bissau (PM).
09/16/15      update to Mexico state: Campeche (Gov.)
09/15/15      updates to Australia (PM), Faeroe Islands (PM), United Nations (Gen. Asm.
                Pres.), Sri Lanka prov.: Uva (PM), Bosnia-Hercegovina: Brcko (Sup.)
09/13/15      update to Mexico state: Sonora (Gov.)
09/11/15      update to Kazakhstan admin.: Aktobe, Kostanay (Gov.)
09/10/15      updates to Mexico state: Baja California Sur (Gov.), U.S. city election:
                Nashville, TN (runoff): Megan Barry (f) (Dem.) defeats David A. Fox (Rep.),
                54.9%-45.9%;
09/09/15      updates to Trinidad and Tobago (PM), United Kingdom: Queen Elizabeth II
                becomes the longest reigning monarch in British history;
09/08/15      update to Sri Lanka prov.: Northwestern, Western (PM).
09/06/15      update to Guernsey (Lt. Gov.)
09/03/15      update to Guatemala (Pres.)
09/01/15      updates to Curaçao (PM), Sweden county: Dalarna (Gov.), AfDB (Pres.)
08/31/15      update to Kosovo (UN Special Rep.)
08/30/15      update to Haiti (MINUSTAH cmdr.)
08/27/15      updates to Greece (PM), Mexico state: Querétaro (Gov.), Russia rep.:
                Karachayevo-Cherkessksia (PM).
08/26/15      update to Myanmar state: Rakhine (PM).
08/25/15      updates to U.S. city elections: Montgomery, AL: Mayor Todd Strange (Rep.)
                     is re-elected defeating Arthur Davis (Rep.), Dan Harris (Dem.) and Ella
                     Bell (f)(Dem.), 57%-27%-11%-4%; Phoenix, AZ: Mayor Greg Stanton (Dem.)
                     is re-elected with 65.39% defeating Anna Maria Brennan (f)(Rep.) 29.04%
                and Matthew Jette (Ind.) 5.58%.
08/21/15      update to Indonesia prov.: Kepulauan Riau (Gov.)
08/20/15      update to Guinea-Bissau (PM).
08/16/15      update to India states: Bihar (Gov.)
08/15/15      updates to Indonesia prov.: Kalimantan Selatan, Sumatera Barat (Gov.)
08/14/15      update to U.S. govt.: Army (CoS).
08/13/15      update to ECO (Secy.-gen.)
08/12/15      updates to Suriname (VP), India state: Himachal Pradesh (Gov.), Indonesia
                prov.: Banten (Gov.)
08/11/15      update to Russia: Chechnya (Emir).
08/09/15      update to Kazakhstan prov.: Almaty city (Akim).
08/08/15      update to Kazakhstan prov.: Yuzhno-Kazakhstan (Akim).
08/07/15      update to Kosovo (KFOR Cmdr.)
08/06/15      updates to Poland (Pres.), U.S. city election Nashville, TN: Megan Barry (f)
                (Dem.) wins 23.5%, David A. Fox (Rep.) 22.8%, Bill Freeman (Dem.) 21.3%,
                Howard Gentry (Dem.) 11.6%, Charles Robert Bone (Dem.) 10.5%, Linda Eskind
                Rebrovick (f) (Dem.) 5.6% and Jeremy Kane (Dem.) 4.6%; runoff will be
                held on 10 Sep 2015 between Barry and Fox.
08/05/15      updates to Montserrat (Gov.), Indonesia prov.: Jambi, Kalimantan Tengah (Gov.)
08/01/15      updates to Malaysia: Putrajaya (Pres), Sweden county: Gävleborg (Gov.),
                ICAO (Secy.-gen.), ISO (Sec.-gen.)
07/30/15      updates to Moldova (PM), U.S. govt.: U.S. PTO (Com.)
07/29/15      update to Palau state: Hatohobei (Gov.)
07/25/15      update to Armenian Catholic Church (Patr.)
07/23/15      update to Somalia: Galmudug (Pres.)
07/22/15      updates to Spain reg.: Navarra (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Luhans'k (Gov.)
07/21/15      update to New Development Bank (Secy.-gen.)
07/18/15      update to Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur (Mayor).
07/17/15      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina (Pres.)
07/15/15      updates to Northern Cyprus (PM), Germany state: Bremen (Mayor), Ukraine prov.:
                Luhans'k, Zakarpattya (Gov.)
07/09/15      update to Spain reg.: Canary Islands (Pres.)
07/08/15      updates to Latvia (Pres.), Spain reg.: La Rioja (Pres.)
07/07/15      updates to Montserrat (Gov.), Spain reg.: Cantabria (Pres.)
07/05/15      update to Spain reg.: Aragón (Pres.)
07/04/15      updates to UNPO (Asmb. Pres.), Spain reg.: Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura
                (Pres.), U.S. govt.: TSA (Admin.)
07/02/15      update to Spain reg.: Baleares (Pres.)
07/03/15      update to Spain reg.: Murcia (Pres.)
07/01/15      updates to U.S. cities: Anchorage, AK and Jacksonville, FL (Mayors),
                Australia state: Victoria (Gov.), Swiss cantons: Basel-Land, Nidwalden
                and Obwalden; U.S. govt. Smithsonian Institution (Secy.), U.S. PTO (Com.);
                BSEC (Secy.-gen.)
06/28/15      updates to Denmark (PM), Spain reg.: Valencia (Pres.)
06/26/15      updates to Italy reg.: Puglia (Pres.), Pakistan prov.: Gilgit-Baltistan (PM).
06/25/15      updates to Armenian Catholic Church (Patr.), Spain reg,: Madrid (Pres.)
06/23/15      update to U.S. city election: Kansas City, MO: Mayor Sly James (Dem.) is
                re-elected defeating Vincent "General" Lee (Ind.), 87.3%-12.7%.
06/22/15      updates to Moldova (PM), Denmark reg.: Syddanmark (Chair.)
06/19/15      update to Canada prov.: Manitoba (Lt. gov.)
06/18/15      updates to Benin (PM), South Korea (PM), Italy reg.: Campania (Pres.).
06/17/15      update to Norfolk Island (PM).
06/16/15      update to Austria state: Steiermark (PM).
06/13/15      update to U.S. city election: San Antonio, TX (runoff): Mayor Ivy Taylor (f)
                (Dem.) defeats Leticia Van de Putte (f)(Dem.), 51.7%-48.3%.
06/12/15      updates to Canada prov.: Alberta (Lt. gov.), Italy reg.: Marche (Pres.)
06/11/15      updates to Vanuatu (PM), Italy reg.: Liguria (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Donet'sk
                (Gov.), U.S. city: Akron (Mayor).
06/10/15      updates to Togo (PM), Russia rep.: North Ossetia (PM).
06/08/15      updates to China prov.: Anhui (Gov.), Saint-Martin (Pref.)
06/05/15      updates to Mauritius (Pres.), Russia rep.: North Ossetia-Alania (Pres.)
06/04/15      updates to U.S. govt.: TSA (Admin.), Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (Patr.),
06/01/15      updates to India state: Arunachal Pradesh (Gov.), Swiss cantons: Appenzell-
                Ausserrhoden, Bern, Neuchâtel, Sankt Gallen, and Thurgau; and U.S.
                govt.: TSA (Admin.)
05/31/15      updates to U.S. city: Akron (Mayor), Bolivia dept.: Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz,
                Oruro, Potosí and Tarija (Gov.)
05/30/15      update to Ukraine prov.: Odessa (Gov.)
05/29/15      updates to Finland (PM), Mauritius (Pres.), Nigeria (Pres.), Nigeria states:
                Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Bauchi, Benue, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Enugu,
                Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Lagos, Niger, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto,
                and Taraba (Gov.), African Union (Parl. Pres.)
05/26/15      updates to OAS (Secy.-gen.), India state: Mizoram (Gov.), Venezuela state:
                Distrito Capital (chief).
05/25/15      updates to Russia admin.: Penza, Tambov (Gov.)
05/24/15      updates to Canada prov.: Alberta (PM), Sudan: Abeyi (Chief Admin.)
05/23/15      update to India state: Tamil Nadu (PM).
05/20/15      updates to Guyana (PM), St. Kitts & Nevis (Gov.-gen.), India states: Meghalaya
                and Tripura (Gov.)
05/19/15      updates ECOWAS (Chair.),  U.S. city: Jacksonville, FL (runoff): Lenny Curry
                (Rep.) defeats Mayor Alvin Brown (Dem.), 51.3%-48.7%
05/18/15      updates to India state: Jharkhand (Gov.), Swiss canton: Zürich, U.S. govt.:
                     DEA (Dir.)
05/16/15      updates to Guyana (Pres.), India state: Manipur (Gov.), Parlatino (Secy.-gen.,
                and Pres.)
05/12/15      update to Nunavut (Comm.)
05/11/15      updates to Federated States of Micronesia (Pres.), United Kingdom: Scotland
                (Secy. of State).
05/10/15      update to Pakistan prov.: Punjab (Gov.)
05/09/15      updates to U.S. city elections: Dallas, TX: Mayor Mike Rawlings (Dem.) is
                re-elected defeating Marcos Ronquillo (Dem.), 73%-27%; Fort Worth, TX: Mayor
                Betsy Price (f)(Rep.) is re-elected unopposed; San Antonio, TX: Leticia
                     Van de Putte (f)(Dem.), Mayor Ivy Taylor (f)(Dem.), Mike Villarreal (Dem.),
                     Tommy Adkisson (Dem.) and Paul Martinez (Ind.) win, 30.4%-28.4%-26%-9.7%-
                2.2%, a runoff between Taylor and Van de Putte is held on 13 Jun 2015.
05/08/15      update to China prov.: Liaoning (Gov.)
05/06/15      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina canton: West Bosnia (PM).
05/05/15      updates to U.S. city elections: Anchorage, AK (runoff): Ethan Berkowitz (Dem.)
                defeats Amy Dembowski (f)(Rep.), 59.35%-40.65%; Denver, CO: Mayor Michael B.
                Hancock (Dem.) is re-elected over Marcus Giavanni (Ind.), Paul Noël Fiorino
                (Ind.) and Sekú (Ind.), 80.17%-8.5%-5.69%-3.15%; Lincoln, NE: Mayor Chris
                     Beutler (Dem.) is re-elected defeating Andy Stebbing (Rep.), 52.9%-46.98%
05/04/15      update to Sweden county: Örebro (Gov.)
05/02/15      update to Kyrgyzstan (PM)
05/01/15      update to Swiss canton: Valais.
04/30/15      update to Cyprus: Turkish Northern Cyprus (Pres.)
04/27/15      updates to South Korea (PM), U.S. govt.: Justice Dept. (Attny.-gen.)
04/26/15      update to Swiss canton: Appenzell-Innerrhoden.
04/23/15      updates to Anguilla (PM), Swiss canton: Ticino.
04/22/15      updates to Papua New Guinea prov.: West Sepik (Gov.), Russia admin.:
                Krasnodar (Gov.), Indonesia prov.: Kalimantan Utara (Gov.)
04/20/15      update to Portugal: Madeira (PM).
04/19/15      update to Russia: Chechnya (Emir).
04/17/15      update to U.S. govt.: Guantanamo Bay (Cmdr.)
04/15/15      updates to Moldova: Gagauzia (Gov.), IMSO (Dir. gen.)
04/07/15      updates to U.S. cities: Anchorage, AK election: Ethan Berkowitz (Dem.) wins
                37.01%, Amy Dembowski (f)(Rep.) 24.13%, Andrew Halcro (Ind.) 21.6%, Dan
                Coffey (Ind.) 14.4%, Dustin Darden (Ind.) 1.03% and Lance Ahern (Ind.) 0.71%,
                a runoff between Berkowitz and Dembowski is held 5 May 2015; Chicago, IL
                runoff election: Mayor Rahm Emanuel (Dem.) defeats Jesús "Chuy" García
                (Dem.), 55.7%-44.3%; Las Vegas, NV election: Mayor Carolyn Goodman (f)(Ind.)
                     wins re-election over Stavros Anthony (Rep.), Phil Cory (Ind.) and Abdul
                     Shabazz (Dem.), 54.5%-42.05%-2.5%-0.87%.
04/04/15      update to India state: Mizoram (Gov.)
04/02/15      updates to Peru (PM), Ukraine prov.: Ternopil' (Gov.); and Guadeloupe,         
                Mayotte and Réunion (Pres. Dept. Council), Armenia prov.: Kotayk (Gov.)
04/01/15      updates to Andorra (PM), Bosnia-Hercegovina: Federation (PM), Libya
                (rebel PM), New Caledonia (Pres.), San Marino (Capt.-reg.), Antigua and
                Barbuda reg.: Barbuda (Council Chair.), OIF (Admin.), U.S. govt.: FDA
                (Comm.), ATF (Dir.), Sweden county: Västernorrland (Gov.)
03/31/15      update to Ukraine reg.: Chernihiv (Gov.)
03/26/15      updates to Assyrian Church of East (Patr.), Ukraine prov.: Dnipropetrovs'k
                and Zaporizhzhya (Gov.); Bosnia canton: Bosnian Posavina (PM);
03/25/15      updates to Russia prov.: Amur, Sakhalin (Gov.)
03/24/15      update to U.S. city: Jacksonville, FL election: Mayor Alvin Brown (Dem.) wins
                     42.6%, Lenny Curry (Rep.) 38.4%, Bill Bishop (Rep.) 16.8%, and Omega Allen
                     (Ind.) 2.2%; a runoff between Brown and Curry will be held on 19 May 2015. 
03/23/15      updates to Andorra (PM), Bosnia canton: Sarajevo (PM).
03/21/15      update to Namibia (Pres., PM).
03/20/15      update to Georgia region: Abkhazia (PM).
03/17/15      update to Lesotho (PM).
03/13/15      update to Greece (Pres.)
03/12/15      update to Palau state: Sonsorol (Gov.)
03/11/15      updates to Bosnia canton: Zenica-Doboj (PM), Intl. Criminal Court (Pres.)
03/09/15      update to Czech reg.: Karlovarský (Gov.)
03/06/15      update to Ukraine prov.: Khmel'nyts'kiy (Gov.)
03/04/15      update to Russia reg.: Sakhalin (acting Gov.)
03/03/15      update: U.S. mayor election: Tampa, FL: Mayor Bob Buckhorn (Dem.) is re-elected
                     defeating Jose Vazquez (Dem.), 95.9%-4%.
03/01/15      updates to ACP (Secy-gen.), Uruguay (Pres.), India state: Jammu & Kashmir (PM).
02/27/15      update to Ukraine prov.: Vinnytsya (Gov.)
02/26/15      update to Argentina (Cabinet chief).
02/25/15      update to Russia prov.: Yevreyskaya (Gov.)
02/24/15      updates to Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (Patr.), U.S. mayor election:
                Chicago, IL Mayor Rahm I. Emanuel (Dem.) wins 45.4% of vote, Jesús
                "Chuy" García (Dem.) 33.8%, Willie Wilson (Dem.) 10.6%, Robert Fioretti
                (Dem.) 7.4%, and William "Dock" Walls (Dem.) 2.8%, a runoff between Emanuel
                Garcia will be held on 7 Apr 2015.
02/23/15      updates to Tokelau (Head of govt.), Canada prov.: Prince Edward Is. (PM).
02/22/15      update to India state: Bihar (PM).
02/20/15      update to Bosnia canton: Tuzla (PM); Ukraine prov.: Zaporizhzhya (Gov.)
02/18/15      updates to Croatia (Pres.), Moldova (PM), St. Kitts & Nevis (PM), U.S. state:
                Oregon (Gov.)
02/17/15      updates to South Korea (PM), Japan pref.: Yamanashi (Gov.), U.S. govt.:
                Defense Dept. (Secy.).
02/16/15      updates to Timor-Leste (PM), Pakistan prov.: Gilgit-Baltistan (Gov.)
02/15/15      update to PAM (Pres.)
02/14/15      updates to Australia state: Queensland (PM), India state: Delhi (PM).
02/13/15      update to U.S. govt.: GSA (Admin.)
02/12/15      update to Bosnia canton: Una-Sana (PM).
02/11/15      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina (PM).
02/09/15      update to Bosnia-Hercegovina: Muslim-Croat Fed. (Pres.)
02/06/15      updates to Yemen (Pres, PM), Tunisia (PM), ICJ (Pres.), U.S. city: Toledo
                (Mayor), Sri Lanka prov.: Eastern (PM).
02/05/15      update to Ukraine prov.: Chernivtsi (Gov.)
02/03/15      updates to Italy (Pres.), Ukraine prov.: Kharkiv (Gov.)
02/02/15      update to Norway county: Oppland (Gov.)
02/01/15      update to U.S. govt.: Postal Service (Postmaster gen.)
01/31/15      update to Czech reg.: Karlovarsky (Gov.)
01/30/15      update to AU (Chair.)
01/29/15      update to Jersey (Bailiff), Pakistan prov.: Punjab (Gov.)
01/28/15      updates to India state: Himachal Pradesh (Gov.), Sri Lanka prov.:
                North Central (PM).
01/27/15      updates to Sri Lanka prov.: Central, Eastern, North Central, Northern,
                Sabaragamuwa and Uva (Gov.)
01/26/15      updates to Greece (PM), Poland prov.: Lubuskie (Gov.), Wallis & Futuna (Admin.)
01/25/15      update to Zambia (Pres.)
01/23/15      updates to Saudi Arabia (King, PM), Sri Lanka prov.: North Western, Southern
                     and Western (Gov.)
01/22/15      update to India state: Punjab (Gov.)
01/21/15      updates to Cyprus British Sovereign Base Areas (Admin.), U.S. state: Maryland
                (Gov.), U.S. govt.: Guantanamo Bay (Cmdr.)
01/20/15      updates to U.S. states: Pennsylvania, Texas (Gov.), Palau state: Ngatpang (Gov)
01/17/15      updates to Madagascar (PM), Mozambique (PM).
01/16/15      update to Haiti (PM).
01/15/15      update to Mozambique (Pres.)
01/14/15      updates to Italy (Pres.), Japan pref.: Saga (Gov.), Solomon Islands prov.:
                Temotu (PM), Sri Lanka prov.: Uva (PM).
01/13/15      update to U.S. state: Arkansas (Gov.)
01/12/15      updates to U.S. state: Illinois (Gov.), Micronesia state: Yap (Gov.), Northern
                Marianas: Saipan (Mayor), U.S. govt.: US Mint (Dir.)
01/09/15      updates to Mali (PM), Sri Lanka (Pres., PM), Mozambique (PM), India
                states: Jammu & Kashmir (PM), Mizoram (Gov.)
01/08/15      updates to U.S. states: Massachusetts, Nebraska (Gov.), India state:
                Uttarakhand (Gov.), Bosnia canton: Bosnian-Podrinje (PM)
01/06/15      updates to U.S. state: Rhode Island (Gov.), U.S. city: Austin (Mayor),
                and U.S. govt.: U.S. Senate (Pres. Pro Tem., Majority Ldr.), 
                     India state: Meghalaya (Gov.)
01/05/15      updates to U.S. state: Arizona (Gov.), U.S. cities: Oakland, Providence
                (Mayor), U.S. Virgin Islands (Gov.) and Andorra (French Rep.), Syria
                (SNC Pres.)
01/04/15      update to China prov.: Hainan (Gov.)
01/02/15      update to U.S. city: Washington, DC (Mayor).
01/01/15      updates to Switzerland (Pres.); Palau state: Angaur (Gov.); ISO (Pres.), ITU
               (Secy.-gen.), Norden (Pres.), OIF (Secy.-gen.), OSCE (Chair.); U.S. govt.:
                NRC (Chair.), TSA (Admin.), Smithsonian (Secy.); U.S. city: San José, CA
               (Mayor); Brazil states: Alagoas, Amapá, Bahia, Ceará, Distrito Federal,
                Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais,
                Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do SulRoraima and
                Tocantins (Gov.); Swiss cantons: Aargau, Fribourg, Graubünden, Jura, Luzern,
                Schaffhausen, Solothurn and Zug; Peru reg.: Lima (Mayor), Amazonas, Ancash,
                Apurimac, Arequipa, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Ica, Junín,
                Libertad, Lima Region, LoretoMadre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno,
                San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes & Ucayali (Gov.); Eurasian Economic Union (Chair.),
                G-8 (Chair.)

  Additions to WorldStatesmen.org in 2015 


12/14/15      added Republic of Logone to Central African Republic
11/11/15      added Western Kurdistan to Syria.
11/08/15      added State of Muskogee (1799-1803) and Republic of the Floridas (1817)
                to Florida.
03/20/15      added Tucson, AZ to U.S. cities.
02/07/15      added U.S. Lighthouse Service to U.S. government.

    New Polities and International Organizations in 2015


12/29/15      update South Sudan abolishes its 10 states creating 28 new states.
12/18/15      updates to French Guiana and Martinique become territorial authorities.
12/14/15      update to Central African Republic: Republic of Logone declared.
10/29/15      update to Congo (Kinshasa) 21 new provinces effected: Bas-Uélé, Équateur,
                Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Uélé, Ituri, Kasaï, Kasaï Central, Kasaï
                Oriental, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Mai-Ndombe, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi,
                Sankuru, Sud-Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo and Tshuapa.
07/08/15      update New Development Bank (NDB) established.
06/17/15      update Norfolk Island self-government abolished.
01/01/15      update Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) established.
12/25/14      update to Taiwan new special municipality: Taoyuan city.

    New Anthems, Flags, Constitutions and Currencies in 2015


12/10/15      update to The Gambia (country name).
09/20/15      update to Nepal (new constitution).
07/30/15      update to Peru reg.: San Martin (flag).
07/01/15      update to U.S. state: Virginia (state song).
03/01/15      update to Belgium reg.: Brussels-Capital (flag).
01/28/15      update to Taiwan city: Tainan (flag).
01/17/15      update to France reg.: Centre-Val de Loire (name).
01/01/15      update to Lithuania (currency).

 International Organization Membership Updates in 2015

 
12/31/15      Belgium withdraws from UNIDO.
12/31/15      Brazil the 28th member of CDB.
12/29/15      Palestine the 118th member of PCA.
12/04/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of IFRCS.
11/30/15      Kazakhstan the 162nd member of WTO.
11/23/15      Eritrea, Kiribati, Saint Kitts & Nevis,
                Saint Lucia, São Tomé & Príncipe join the IOM.
11/20/15      Barbados the 167th member of IAEA.
11/18/15      Tuvalu the 190th member of ICRM.
11/11/15      Ecuador the 101st member of IMSO.
11/06/15      District of Columbia admitted to UNPO.
11/03/15      Montserrat the 10th associate member of UNESCO.
10/16/15      Angola the 192nd member of OPCW.
10/14/15      Antigua and Barbuda the 166th member of IAEA.
10/13/15      Iceland the 53rd member of ANT.
10/09/15      Norway withdraws from UNWTO.
09/14/15      Barbados and Samoa become members of UNWTO.
09/09/15      Vanuatu the 165th member of IAEA.
08/07/15      Myanmar the 191st member of OPCW.
08/06/15      Kyrgyzstan the 5th member of EAEU.
08/02/15      South Sudan the 206th member of IOC.
07/17/15      Bolivia the 6th member of Mercosur.
07/01/15      Bretagne admitted to UNPO.
06/12/15      Cook Islands the 186th member of ILO.
05/25/15      Rwanda rejoins the ECCAS.
04/30/15      South Sudan the 80th member of AfDB.
04/26/15      Seychelles the 161st member of WTO.
04/01/15      Palestine the 123rd member of ICCt.
03/20/15      Angola the 164th member of CTBTO.
03/26/15      Brunei the 85th member of IHO.
03/24/15      Palestine the 180th member of WCO.
03/23/15      Mongolia the 52nd member of ANT.
03/22/15      Georgia the 117th member of PCA.
03/16/15      Marshall Islands the 170th member of UNIDO.
03/06/15      Djibouti the 164th member of IAEA.
03/02/15      Georgia and Vietnam the 83rd and 84th 
                members of IHO.
02/16/15      Micronesia, Montenegro and Palau join IFAD.
02/10/15      Palestine the 191st member of NPT.
02/02/15      Order of Malta an associate of PAM.
01/27/15      Guyana the 163rd member of IAEA.
01/27/15      Kazakhstan the 51st member of ANT.
01/12/15      Georgia the 100th member of IMSO.
01/08/15      Niue the 188th member of WIPO.
01/02/15      Palestine the 167th member of ISA.
01/02/15      Armenia the 4th member of EAEU.
01/01/15      Eurasian Economic Union est.

  2015 International & U.S. Elections


 
Date

 
Location

 
Election Type

 4 Jan 2015
Uzbekistan
parliament (runoff)
 8 Jan 2015
Sri Lanka
president
 8 Jan 2015 Vermont (US)
governor (runoff)
(by legislature)
11 Jan 2015
Croatia
president (runoff)
13-14 Jan 2015
Uzbekistan
senate (indirect)
20 Jan 2015
Zambia
president
22 Jan 2015
New Caledonia
(France)

president (2nd try)
(by parliament)
25 Jan 2015
Comoros
parliament
25 Jan 2015
Greece
parliament
29-31 Jan 2015
Italy
president
(by parliament)
14 Feb 2015
Nigeria
president, senate,
parliament
(rescheduled)
16 Feb 2015
St. Kitts and Nevis
parliament
17 Feb 2015
New Caledonia
(France)
president (3rd try)
(by parliament)
18 Feb 2015
Greece
president
(by parliament)
22 Feb 2015
Comoros
parliament
(2nd round)
24 Feb 2015
Chicago, IL (US)
mayor
28 Feb 2015
Lesotho
parliament
 1 Mar 2015
Andorra
parliament
 1 Mar 2015
Estonia
parliament
 1 Mar 2015
El Salvador
parliament
 1 Mar 2015
Tajikistan parliament
 3 Mar 2015
Fed. States of
Micronesia
parliament,
referendum
 3 Mar 2015
Chuuk (Fed. States
of Micronesia)

independence referendum
(postponed)
 3 Mar 2015
Pakistan
senate (indirect)
(rescheduled)
 5 Mar 2015 Pakistan
senate (indirect)
 5 Mar 2015 Tampa, FL (US)
mayor
 8 Mar 2015 Andorra
parliament (rescheduled)
17 Mar 2015 Israel
parliament
18 Mar 2015 Bonaire (Neth.)
island council
18 Mar 2015 Saba (Neth.)
island council
18 Mar 2015 Sint Eustatius (Neth.) island council
19 Mar 2015 Tuvalu
parliament
(postponed)
22 Mar 2015
Gagauzia (Moldova)
governor
22-23 Mar 2015
Egypt
parliament
(cancelled)
22 Mar 2015 Sweden
parliament (cancelled)
24 Mar 2015 Barbuda
(Antigua & Barbuda)

island council
24 Mar 2015
Jacksonville,FL (US)
mayor
26 Mar 2015
Tuvalu
parliament
(rescheduled)
28-29 Mar 2015
Nigeria
president, senate,
parliament
29 Mar 2015
Madeira (Portugal)
assembly
29 Mar 2015
Uzbekistan
president
31 Mar 2015
Tuvalu
parliament
 1 Apr 2015 New Caledonia
(France)
president (4th try)
(by parliament)
 1 Apr 2015
San Marino
captains-regent
 7 Apr 2015 Anchorage, AK (US)
mayor
 7 Apr 2015 Chicago, IL (US)
mayor (runoff)
 7 Apr 2015 Las Vegas, NV (US)
mayor
13-16 Apr 2015
The Sudan
president,
parliament
15 Apr 2015 Togo
president
(postponed)
19 Apr 2015 Finland
parliament
19 Apr 2015 Northern Cyprus
president
21 Apr 2015 Navajo Nation (US)
tribal president
22 Apr 2015 Anguilla (UK)
parliament
25 Apr 2015 Togo
president
26 Apr 2015 Benin
parliament
26-27 Apr 2015 Egypt
parliament
(cancelled)
26 Apr 2015 Kazakhstan
president
26 Apr 2015 Northern Cyprus
president (runoff)
30 Apr 2015 Tanzania
constitutional
referendum

(postponed)
 3 May 2015
Nagorno-Karabakh
(Azerbaijan)

parliament
 5 May 2015
Anchorage, AK (US) mayor (runoff)
 5 May 2015
Denver, CO (US)
mayor
 5 May 2015
Lincoln, NE (US)
mayor
 7 May 2015
United Kingdom
parliament
 8 May 2015
Norfolk Island
(Australia)

referendum on
local autonomy
 9 May 2015
Dallas, TX (US)
mayor
 9 May 2015
Ft. Worth, TX (US)
mayor
 9 May 2015
San Antonio, TX (US)
mayor
10 May 2015
Poland
president
11 May 2015
Guyana
parliament,
president
11 May 2015
Micronesia Fed.
States

president
(by parliament)

11-25 May 2015
Bougainville
(Papua New Guinea)
president,
parliament

19 May 2015
Jacksonville,FL (US)
mayor (runoff)
22 May 2015
Ireland
referendum
24 May 2015
Ethiopia
parliament
24 May 2015
Poland
president (runoff)
25 May 2015
Suriname
parliament
26 May 2015
Burundi
parliament
(postponed)
26 May 2015
The Netherlands
senate (indirect)
 3 Jun 2015 Latvia
president
(by parliament)
 4 Jun 2015 Mauritius
president
(by parliament)
 5 Jun 2015 Burundi
parliament
(delayed)
 7 Jun 2015 Luxembourg
referendums
 7 Jun 2015 Mexico
congress
 7 Jun 2015
Turkey
parliament
 8 Jun 2015
British Virgin Is.
parliament
13 Jun 2015
San Antonio, TX (US)
mayor (runoff)
18 Jun 2015
Denmark
parliament
23 Jun 2015
Kansas City, MO (US)
mayor
26 Jun 2015
Burundi
president
(delayed)
26 Jun 2015
Somaliland (Somalia) president, senate,
parliament
(postponed)
29 Jun 2015
Burundi
parliament
30 Jun 2015 South Sudan
president, senate,
parliament
(cancelled)
 4 Jul 2015
Galmudug (Somalia)
president
(by parliament)
 5 Jul 2015
Greece
debt bailout
referendum

14 Jul 2015
Suriname
president
(by parliament)
15 Jul 2015
Burundi
president
(postponed)
17 Jul 2015
Burundi
senate (indirect)
(delayed)
21 Jul 2015
Burundi
president
25 Jul 2015
Burundi
senate (indirect)
 6 Aug 2015
Nashville, TN (US)
mayor
 9 Aug 2015
Haiti
parliament, senate
15 Aug 2015
Jubaland (Somalia)
president
(by parliament)
17 Aug 2015
Sri Lanka
parliament
20 Aug 2015
Kurdistan (Iraq)
president
(delayed)
25 Aug 2015
Montgomery, AL (US)
mayor
25 Aug 2015
Phoenix, AZ (US)
mayor
 1 Sep 2015
Faroe Islands
(Denmark)

parliament
 6 Sep 2015
Guatemala
president,
parliament
 6 Sep 2015
Poland
referendum
 7 Sep 2015
Trinidad and Tobago parliament
10 Sep 2015
Nashville, TN (US) mayor (runoff)
11 Sep 2015
Singapore
parliament
12 Sep 2015
Switzerland
national anthem
referendum (unofficial)
20 Sep 2015
Greece
parliament
27 Sep 2015
Catalonia (Spain)
parliament
 1 Oct 2015
San Marino
captains-regent
 2 Oct 2015 Morocco
senate (indirect)
 3 Oct 2015 United Arab Emirates
parliament
 4 Oct 2015 Central African Rep. new constitution
referendum

(postponed)
 4 Oct 2015 Kyrgyzstan
parliament
 4 Oct 2015 Portugal
parliament
 6 Oct 2015
Juneau, AK (US)
mayor
 6 Oct 2015
Raleigh, NC (US)
mayor
 8 Oct 2015
Memphis, TN (US)
mayor
11 Oct 2015
Belarus
president
11 Oct 2015
Burkina Faso
parliament,
president
(delayed)
11 Oct 2015
Côte d'Ivoire
president
(rescheduled)
11 Oct 2015
Guinea
president
12 Oct 2015
Fiji
president
(by parliament)
17 Oct 2015 Christmas Island (Australia)
shire council
17 Oct 2015 Cocos Islands (Australia)
shire council
18 Oct 2015
Aland Is. (Finland)
parliament
18-19 Oct 2015 Egypt
parliament
18 Oct 2015
Central African Rep. parliament,
president
(postponed)
18 Oct 2015
Switzerland
parliament, senate
19 Oct 2015
Canada
parliament
24 Oct 2015
Louisiana (US)
governor
25 Oct 2015
Argentina
president
25 Oct 2015
Congo (Brazzaville)
constitutional
referendum

25 Oct 2015
Côte d'Ivoire
president
25 Oct 2015
Haiti
president
25 Oct 2015
Guatemala
president (runoff)
25 Oct 2015
Oman
parliament
25 Oct 2015
Poland
parliament, senate
25 Oct 2015
Tanzania
parliament,
president
25 Oct 2015 Zanzibar (Tanzania)
parliament,
president
28 Oct 2015
United States
speaker of the house
of rep. (indirect)
29 Oct 2015 United States
speaker of house
of rep.
(indirect)
(rescheduled)
 1 Nov 2015
Azerbaijan
parliament
 1 Nov 2015
Kyrgyzstan
parliament
(rescheduled)
 1 Nov 2015
Turkey
parliament
 3 Nov 2015
Kentucky (US)
governor
 3 Nov 2015 Mississippi (US)
governor
 3 Nov 2015 Akron, OH (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Boise, ID (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Charleston, SC (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Charlotte, NC (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Columbus, OH (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Des Moines, IA (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Hartford, CT (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Houston, TX (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Indianapolis,IN (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Manchester, NH (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Orlando, FL (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Philadelphia,PA (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Salt Lake City,
UT (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 San Francisco, CA
(US)

mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Savannah, GA (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Toledo, OH (US)
mayor
 3 Nov 2015 Tucson, AZ (US)
mayor
 4 Nov 2015 Belize
parliament
 8 Nov 2015
Croatia
parliament
 8 Nov 2015
Myanmar
parliament, senate
 9 Nov 2015
Pitcairn Is. (UK)
island council
15 Nov 2015
Republika Srpska
(Bosnia-Hercegovina)
referendum on the
authority of the
National Court

(postponed)
16 Nov 2015
Marshall Islands
parliament
17 Nov 2015
Charleston, SC (US) mayor (runoff)
19-21 Nov 2015
Seychelles
president
(postponed)
20 Nov-11 Dec 2015
New Zealand
referendum on flag
(1st round)
21-23 Nov 2015
Egypt
parliament
(2nd round)
21 Nov 2015
Louisiana (US)
governor (runoff)
22 Nov 2015
Argentina
president (runoff)
26 Nov 2015
Gibraltar (UK) parliament
29 Nov 2015
Burkina Faso
parliament,
president
29 Nov 2015
Transnistria
(Moldova)
parliament,
president
 1 Dec 2015
Savannah, GA (US) mayor (runoff)
 3 Dec 2015
Denmark
EU justice & home
affairs opt-in
referendum
 3-5 Dec 2015
Seychelles
president
 6 Dec 2015
Armenia
constitutional
referendum

 6 Dec 2015
French Guiana (Fr.)
region election
 6 Dec 2015
Guadeloupe (Fr.)
region election
 6 Dec 2015
Martinique (Fr.) region election
 6 Dec 2015
Réunion (Fr.)
region election
 6 Dec 2015
Venezuela
parliament
 9 Dec 2015
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines

parliament
 9 Dec 2015
Switzerland
president
(by parliament)
12 Dec 2015
Houston, TX (US)
mayor (runoff)
13 Dec 2015
Central African Rep.
parliament,
president
(postponed)
13-14 Dec 2015
Central African Rep. new constitution
referendum

13 Dec 2015
French Guiana (Fr.) region election
(2nd round)
13 Dec 2015
Guadeloupe (Fr.)
region election
(2nd round)
13 Dec 2015
Martinique (Fr.) region election
(2nd round)
13 Dec 2015
Réunion (Fr.)
region election
(2nd round)
16-18 Dec 2015
Seychelles
president (runoff)
18 Dec 2015
Rwanda
Referendum on
removing president
terms limit

20 Dec 2015
Spain
parliament, senate
27 Dec 2015
Central African Rep.
parliament,
president
(postponed)
27 Dec 2015
Haiti
president (runoff)
(postponed)
29 Dec 2015
Algeria
senate (indirect)
29 Dec 2015
Madagascar
senate (indirect)
30 Dec 2015
Central African Rep.
parliament,
president
30 Dec 2015
Kiribati (1st round)
parliament




Sources: Herrera Electoral Calendar, IFES Election Guide, Ballotpedia and IPU .

Contact:  To suggest additions, corrections, updates or to request academic or private use please e-mail the Editor
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© Ben M. Cahoon