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Burkina Faso 
 
            20 Feb 1895 - 9 Dec 1959 
 
[Flag of Upper
                            Volta 1959-1984]
             9 Dec 1959 - 4 Aug 1984 
 
[Flag of Burkina
                            Faso]
                Adopted 4 Aug 1984
 
Map of Burkina Faso Hear National Anthem
   "Le Ditanye"
(Anthem of the Victory)
Adopted 2 Aug 1984
Former National Anthem
"Hymne Nationale Voltaïque"
 (National Anthem of
Upper Volta) (
1960-1984)
Constitution
(2  Jun 1991)
Capital: Ouagadougou 
Currency: Communauté
Financière Africaine
Franc (XOF)
National Holiday: 11 Dec (1958)
Republic Day
Population: 17,812,961 (2013)
GDP: $26.51 billion (2013)
Exports: $2.84 billion (2013)
Imports: $2.94 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Mossi 47.9%, Fulani 10.3%,
Lobi 6.9%, Bobo 6.9%, Mande 6.7%, Senufo 5.3%,
Grosi 5%, Gurma 4.8%, Tuareg 3.1% (1995)
Total Active Armed Forces: 11,450 (2010)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Muslim 60.5%, Roman Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%,
Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4% (2006)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACP, AfDB, APM, AU, BTWC, CCM, CEMAC, CEN-SAD, CTBT, CWC, ECOWAS, ESCR, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISESCO, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM, NPT, NTBT (signatory), OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Burkina Faso
Index
Chronology
 
20 Feb 1895                French protectorate of Haute-Volta (Upper Volta).
18 Oct 1904                Part of Haut-Sénégal-Niger (see Mali).
 1 Mar 1919                French colony of Haute Volta (Upper Volta)
                             (part of French West Africa; see Senegal).
 1 Jan 1933                Partitioned between French Sudan, Ivory Coast,
                             and Niger.
 1 Jan 1938 - 29 Jul 1940  Upper Ivory Coast (part of Ivory Coast).
16 Jun 1940 - Nov 1942     Administration loyal to Vichy France (from Nov
                             1942, Free French).
 4 Jan 1947                French territory of Haute-Volta (Upper Volta).
11 Dec 1958                Autonomy (Republic of Upper Volta [République de
                             Haute-Volta]; also in official use to 1959:
                             Voltaic Republic [République Voltaïque]).
 5 Aug 1960                Independence from France (Republic of Upper
                             Volta).
 4 Aug 1984                Burkina Faso.
Traditional
States
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Commandants
20 Feb 1895 - 26 Jul 1898  Georges Matthieu Destenave         (b. 1854 - d. 1928)
Jul 1898 - 18 Oct 1904     Crane
18 Oct 1904 -  1 Mar 1919  part of Senegal
Lieutenant governors
 9 Nov 1919 -  7 Aug 1927  Frédéric Charles Édouard           (b. 1869 - d. 1934)
                             Alexandre Hesling
 6 Aug 1921 - 26 May 1922  Louis Jacques Eugène Fousset       (b. 1882 - d. 1949)
                             (1st time)(acting for Hesling)
 9 May 1924 - 10 Dec 1924  Louis Jacques Eugène Fousset       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting for Hesling)
May 1926 - Nov 1926        Louis Jacques Eugène Fousset       (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)(acting for Hesling)
 7 Aug 1927 - 13 Jan 1928  Robert Arnaud (acting)             (b. 1873 - d. 1950)
13 Jan 1928 - 22 Dec 1932  Albéric Auguste Fournier           (b. 1878 - d. 19..)
10 Jan 1929 -  1 Dec 1929  Louis Jacques Eugène Fousset       (s.a.)  
                             (4th time)(acting for Fournier)
 1 Dec 1929 - 20 Jan 1930  Henri Louis Chessé (1st time)      (b. 1874 - d. 19..) 
                             (acting for Fournier)
 1 Aug 1930 - 20 Jan 1931  François Bernard 
                             (acting for Fournier)
22 Dec 1932 - 31 Dec 1932  Gabriel Omer Descemet              (b. 1879 - d. 1961)
31 Dec 1931 -  1 Jan 1933  Henri Louis Chessé (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (interim) 
 1 Jan 1933 -  5 Sep 1947  divided between French Sudan, 
                           Ivory Coast, and Niger
Resident Superior
of Upper Ivory Coast
 1 Jan 1938 - 29 Jul 1940  Edmond Louveau                     (b. 1895 - b. 1973)
29 Jul 1940 -  6 Sep 1947  direct rule by Ivory Coast
Governors
 6 Sep 1947 - 29 Apr 1948  Gaston Mourgues (acting)           (b. 1895 - d. 1966)
29 Apr 1948 - 23 Feb 1953  Albert Jean Mouragues              (b. 1908 - d. 1976)
22 Mar 1950 - Oct 1950     Lucien Eugène Geay                 (b. 1900 - d. 1976)
                             (acting for Mouragues)
25 Apr 1952 - Oct 1952     Roland Joanes Louis Pré            (b. 1907 - d. 1980)
                             (acting for Mouragues)
23 Feb 1953 -  3 Nov 1956  Salvador Jean Étcheber             (b. 1901 - d. 1967)
 3 Nov 1956 - 15 Jul 1958  Yvon Bourges                       (b. 1921 - d. 2009)
15 Jul 1958 - 11 Dec 1958  Max Guillaume Berthet (acting)     (b. 1909 - d. 1961)
High Commissioners
11 Dec 1958 - Feb 1959     Max Guillaume Berthet              (s.a.)
Feb 1959 -  5 Aug 1960     Paul Jean Marie Masson             (b. 1920 - d. 2009)
Presidents
11 Dec 1959 -  4 Jan 1966  Nawalagmba Maurice Yaméogo         (b. 1921 - d. 1993)  UDV-RDA
 4 Jan 1966 - 25 Nov 1980  Aboubakar Sangoulé Lamizana        (b. 1916 - d. 2005)Mil;1970 None
25 Nov 1980 -  7 Nov 1982  Saye Zerbo                         (b. 1932 - d. 2013)  Mil
                            (president of Military Committee
                             of Recovery for National Progress)
 8 Nov 1982 -  4 Aug 1983  Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo            (b. 1942)            Mil
                            (chairman Provisional Committee
                             of Popular Salvation [provisional
                             to 11 Nov 1982] to 26 Nov 1982,
                             then Head of State) 
 4 Aug 1983 - 15 Oct 1987  Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara        (b. 1949 - d. 1987)  Mil
                            (chairman National Revolutionary 
                             Council and Head of State)
15 Oct 1987 -              Blaise Compaoré                    (b. 1951)        Mil/FP;Dec 1991
                             (President of Popular Front [from 31 Oct 1987     ODP-MT;1996 CDP
                             also Head of State] to 24 Dec 1991)

Vice President of the Government Council
18 May 1957 - 26 Jul 1958  Daniel Ouézzin Coulibaly           (b. 1909 - d. 1958)  UDV
Presidents of the Government Council 
26 Jul 1958 -  7 Sep 1958  Daniel Ouézzin Coulibaly           (s.a.)               UDV-RDA
 7 Sep 1958 - 11 Dec 1958  Nawalagmba Maurice Yaméogo         (s.a.)               UDV-RDA
                            (acting to 21 Oct 1958)
Prime ministers
11 Dec 1958 - 11 Dec 1959  Nawalagmba Maurice Yaméogo         (s.a.)               UDV-RDA
11 Dec 1959 - 13 Feb 1973  Post abolished
13 Feb 1971 -  8 Feb 1974  Gérard Kango Ouédraogo             (b. 1925)            UDV-RDA
 8 Feb 1974 -  7 Jul 1978  Aboubakar Sangoulé Lamizana        (s.a.)               Non-party
 7 Jul 1978 - 25 Nov 1980  Issoufou Joseph Conombo            (b. 1917 - d. 2008)  UDV-RDA
25 Nov 1980 -  7 Nov 1982  Saye Zerbo                         (s.a.)               Mil
 7 Nov 1982 - 10 Jan 1983  Vacant
10 Jan 1983 - 17 May 1983  Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara        (s.a.)               Mil
16 Jun 1992 - 22 Mar 1994  Youssouf Ouédraogo                 (b. 1952)            ODP-MT
22 Mar 1994 -  6 Feb 1996  Roch Marc Christian Kaboré         (b. 1957)            ODP-MT
 6 Feb 1996 -  7 Nov 2000  Kadré Désiré Ouédraogo             (b. 1953)            CDP
 7 Nov 2000 - 11 Jun 2007  Paramanga Ernest Yonli             (b. 1956)            CDP
11 Jun 2007 - 18 Apr 2011  Tertius Zongo                      (b. 1957)
            CDP
18 Apr 2011 -              Luc Adolphe Tiao                   (b. 1954)            CDP

Territorial Disputes: Adding to illicit cross-border activities, Burkina Faso has issues concerning unresolved boundary alignments with its neighbors; demarcation is currently underway with Mali, the dispute with Niger was referred to the ICJ in 2010, and a dispute over several villages with Benin persists; Benin retains a border dispute with Burkina Faso around the town of Koualou.

Party abbreviations: CDP = Congrès pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (Congress for Democracy and Progress, socialist, left-wing, former ODP-MT, est.1996); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: FP = Front Populaire (Popular Front, 1987-1991); MNR = Mouvement National pour le Renouveau (National Movement for Renewal, pro-Lamizana organization, 1974-1980); ODP-MT = Organisation pour la Démocratie Populaire-Mouvement du Travail (Organization for People's Democracy-Worker's Movement, communist, 1989-1996, renounced Marxism-Leninism in Mar 1991, merged into CDP); UDV = Union Démocratique du Voltaïque (Voltaic Democratic Union, only from 1958 legal party, 1947-1958, renamed UDV-RDA); UDV-RDA = Union Démocratique du Voltaïque-Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (Voltaic Democratic Union-Rally for a Democratic Africa, 1960-66 only legal party, 1958-1980)






© Ben Cahoon