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Northern Mariana Islands
 
                 to 12 Feb 1899 
 
[German
                                    Empire 1870-1919 (Germany)]
              12 Feb 1899 - 14 Oct 1914 
 
[Japan]
           14 Oct 1914 - 19 Jun 1944
 
[US
                                    flag]
                      Adopted 19 Jun 1944 
 
[Flag of
                                    UNO]
  18 Jul 1947 - 19 Aug 1965 Pacific Is.Trust Terr.
 
[ Pacific
                                    Is.Trust Terr. -Six Star Flag ]
    19 Aug 1965 - 31 Mar 1972 Pacific Is.Trust Terr.
 
[Flag
                                    of the Nortern Mariana Islands
                                    1972-1976]
                   31 Mar 1972 - 1 Jul 1989
 
[Flag of the Nortern Mariana
                                    Islands 1976-1989]
                        1 Jul 1989 - 1991
 
[Flag of the Nortern Mariana
                                    Islands 1991-1995]
                         1991 - 4 Jul 1995
 
[Flag of
                                    the Nortern Mariana Islands]
                        Adopted 4 Jul 1995
 


Map of the Northern
Mariana Islands
Hear National Anthem
 "Star Spangled Banner"
Text of Local Anthem
"Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi"/
"Satil Matawal Pacifico"
(In the Middle of the Sea)

Adopted 3 Oct 1996
Constitution
(1 Jan 1978)
Capital: Saipan
(Garapan 1920-1944)
Currency: US Dollar (USD);
1914-1944 Japanese Yen (JPY)
National Holiday: 4 Jul (1776)
U.S. Independence Day
--------------------------------------
Local  Holiday: 24 Mar (1976)
Commonwealth Covenant Day
Population: 51,170 (2013)
GDP: $701 million (2012)
Exports: $268 million (2012)
Imports: $496 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Filipino 35.3%, Chamorro 23.9%, Chinese 6.8%,
 
Carolinians 4.6%, Korean 4.2%, Chuukese 2.3%, Palauan 2.2%,
Japanese, and other Asian 3.6%,
other Pacific Islander 1.9%,
 white 2.1%, multi-ethnic 12.7%, other 0.4% (2010)
Total Police Forces: 126 (2005)
Defense is the Responsibility of the U.S.
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Roman Catholic 59.6%, Protestant 18.7%,
other Christian 1.4%, other 20.3% (1995)
International Organizations/Treaties:  Interpol (subbureau), PC, PIF (observer), UPU
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Chronology

 6 Mar 1521                Discovered by Ferdinand Magellan and claimed for
                             Spain, named Las Isles de las Velas 
                             Latinas [Islands of the Latine Sails]).
 9 Mar 1521                Renamed Las Islas de los Ladrones (Islands of 
                             the Thieves). 
22 Jan 1565                Island reclaimed as a Spanish possession by
                             Miguel López de Legazpi.
14 Jun 1668                Settlement begins, named Islas de las Marianas
                             (see Guam); subordinated to New Spain (Mexico).
1817                       Subordinated to the Philippines.
21 Jun 1898                Northern Marianas separated from Guam when it
                             becomes U.S. territory.
12 Feb 1899                Sold to Germany by Spain (Marianen Inseln)
                             from 1907 part of German New Guinea 
                             ([see under Papua New Guinea]; subordinated
                             to district officers in Caroline Islands).
14 Oct 1914                Japanese occupation (see under Marshall Islands;
                             from 28 Dec 1914 see under Palau).
28 Jun 1919                Germany formally renounces claims to the islands.
17 Dec 1920                League of Nations mandate (from 1 Apr 1922 part 

                             of South Seas Agency [see under Palau]).
 9 Jul 1944                U.S. occupation of Saipan (Tinian from 1 Aug 1944, 
                             Rota from 2 Sep 1945)(see under Micronesia).
 9 Jul 1944 -  7 May 1962  Administered by U.S. Navy (briefly by the U.S.
                             Department of Interior 1 Jul 1951 - 1 Jan 1953).
18 Jul 1947                Japanese mandate formally revoked; part of the UN
                             Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (see
                             under Micronesia)(Marianas District [named
                             10 Mar 1955 - 1 Jul 1962 Saipan District] and
                             separate Rota district 10 Mar 1955 - 1 Jul 1962).
 7 May 1962 -  9 Jan 1978  Administered by U.S. Department of Interior.
 9 Nov 1969                Northern Marianas vote for reintegration with Guam,
                             but voters on Guam reject the plan.
 9 Jan 1978                Autonomy.
 4 Nov 1986                Commonwealth status (Commonwealth of the Northern
                             Mariana Islands).
10 Jul 1987                Trust territory effectively dissolved.
22 Dec 1990                Security Council ratifies termination of 
                             trusteeship.

 Rota
(1955-1978)

 Saipan Mayors
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Governors 
16 Jun 1668 - 21 Jun 1898  the governors of Mariana Islands 
                            (see Guam)
21 Jun 1898 -  9 May 1899  ....
 9 May 1899 - 16 Nov 1899  Eugenio Blanco y Leison             (b. 18.. - d. 1925)
16 Nov 1899 - 14 Oct 1914  the governors of German New Guinea
 1 Apr 1922 -  2 Feb 1944  the Administrators of South
                           Seas Agency (see Palau)
Bezirksamtmann (District commissioners)
16 Nov 1899 - Apr 1907     Georg Fritz (on Saipan)             (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
1904 - 1907                Volker Reichel (on Rota)
Stationsleiter (Station chiefs)
Apr 1907 - 1910            Karl Kirn (acting to 1908)
1910 - May 1911            Otto Paulisch (acting)
May 1911 - May 1914        Georg von Heynitz 
May 1914 - 14 Oct 1914     Walter Boehme (acting)
Military Governors
(the Commanders of U.S. Naval Forces Mariana Islands)
1944 - 1945                Chester W. Nimitz                   (b. 1885 - d. 1966)
1945 - Aug 1945            John Howard Hoover                  (b. 1887 - d. 1970)
Aug 1945 - 1946            George Dominic Murray               (b. 1889 - d. 1956)
1946 - 
18 Jul 1947         Charles A. Pownall                  (b. 1887 - d. 1975)
Deputy High Commissioners
of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

(resident Saipan, Northern Marianas)

18 Jul 1947 - Jan 1948     Carleton H. Wright                  (b. 1892 - d. 1970)
Jan 1948 - Jul 1948        Dewitt C. Ramsey                    (b. 1888 - d. 1961)
24 Jul 1948 - 31 May 1951  Leon S. Fiske
 1 Jun 1951 - 23 Apr 1954  James A. McConnell

15 Aug 1954 -
26 Nov 1956  Delmas Henry Nucker                 (b. 1907 - d. 1985)
Feb 1957 - Oct 1958        Eugene R. Gilmartin                 (d. 1961)
Oct 1958 - May 1961        Joseph C. Putnam

May 1961 - Feb 1964
       Jose "Pepe" A. Benitez              (d. 1975)  
10 Apr 1964 - 31 Jan 1966  Richard F. Taitano                  (b. 1921 - d. 1997)
31 Jan 1966 -  6 Dec 1966  Vacant
 6 Dec 1966 - 1969
        Martin P. Mangan                    (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
1969 - 1977                Peter Tali Coleman                  (b. 1919 - d. 1997)  
 3 Feb 1978 - 1981         Juan A. Sablan                      (d. 1996)
Mariana Islands
(1955-1962, Saipan) District Administrators
(Distad)
(1947-1951,
Civil Administrators)
1945 - 1947                L. Gordon Findley
Sep 1947 - Dec 1948        Ralph A. Wilhelm
Mar 1949 - Sep 1949        Fletcher L. Sheffield, Jr.
Dec 1949 - Mar 1950        James R. Gray
Jun 1950 - Sep 1950        William R. Lowades
Dec 1950 - Jun 1951        James B. Johnson
 1 Jul 1951 -  1 Jan 1953  H
enry M. Hedges                     (b. 1901 – d. 1969)
Jan 1953 - Aug 1954        ....
30 Aug 1954 - 1956?        Charles E. Miller
bf.Jul 1958 - af.Feb 1959  David N. Morey
1959?                      E.C. Shy
1959 - 1960                Ralph H. Mortensen
1960 - Sep 1960            Leroy Hippe (acting)
1960 - Jun 1962            Paul W. Bridwell
                    (b. 1916 - d. 1996)
 1 Jul 1962 - 1963        
Francis B. Mahoney                  (b. 1922 - d. 1981)
May 1963 - 1965            Roy Trent Gallemore                 (b. 1895 – d. 1977)  
1965 - 1969                Peter Tali Coleman                  (s.a.)  
1969 - 1976                Francisco "Frank" C. Ada            (b. 1934 - d. 2010)
Resident Commissioner

 1 Apr 1976 -  9 Jan 1978  Erwin Dain Canham                   (b. 1904 - d. 1982)
Governors
 9 Jan 1978 - 11 Jan 1982  Carlos Sablan Camacho               (b. 1937)            Dem
11 Jan 1982 -  8 Jan 1990  Pedro Pangelinan Tenorio (1st time) (b. 1934)            Rep
 8 Jan 1990 - 10 Jan 1994  Lorenzo I. De Leon Guerrero         (b. 1935 - d. 2006)  Rep
10 Jan 1994 - 12 Jan 1998  Froilan Cruz Tenorio                (b. 1939)            Dem
12 Jan 1998 - 14 Jan 2002  Pedro Pangelinan Tenorio (2nd time) (s.a.)               Rep
14 Jan 2002 -  9 Jan 2006  Juan Nekai Babauta                  (b. 1953)            Rep
 9 Jan 2006 - 20 Feb 2013  Benigno "Ben" Repeki Fitial         (b. 1945)          CP;2011 Rep
 4 Oct 2006 - 23 Dec 2006  Timothy Pangelinan Villagomez       (b. 1962)            CP
                             (acting for Fitial)
20 Feb 2013 -              Eloy Songao Inos                    (b. 1949)         CP;9-2013 Rep

Party abbreviations: CP = Covenant Party (CNMI populist, est.2001); Dem = Democratic Party (liberal, center-left, est.1829); Rep = Republican Party (conservative, center-right, est.1854)



Rota

10 Mar 1955                Rota separated from Saipan as a district of
the Trust
                             Territory of the Pacific
Islands.
 1 Jul 1962                Rota reunited with Saipan as Mariana Islands District.

Rota District Administrators
(Distad)
1955 - af.Nov 1956         Edward N. Kobayashi (acting)        (b. 1924 - d. 1993) 

195. - 1958               
Robert W. Wion                      (b. 1921 – d. 1966)
1958 - 1959                Albert L. Warner
1959 - 1961                Raymond J. McKay (acting to 1960)
1961 - 1962                Prudencio T. Manglona




©  Ben Cahoon