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Christmas Island
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
     6 Jun 1889 - May 1900, 1 Jan 1958 - 1 Oct 1958
[British Straits Settlements,
                                    1900-1925]
                          1 Sep 1900 - 1925
[British Straits Settlements,
                                    1925-1942]
      1925 - 31 Mar 1942, 1 Apr 1946 - 13 Sep 1948

[Japan]
              31 Mar 1942 - Oct 1945
[British
                                    Colonial Ensign (Singapore)
                                    1948-1959]
                    13 Sep 1948 - 31 Dec 1957
[Australian
                                    flag]
                         Adopted 1 Oct 1958 
[flag of
                                    Christmas Island]
                         Adopted 26 Jan 2002
                     (unofficial from 14 Apr 1986)  


Map of Christmas Island
 Hear National Anthem
  "Advance Australia Fair"
 Text of National Anthem
 Christmas Island Act
(1 Oct 1958)
Capital: The Settlement 
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD) 
National Holiday: 26 Jan (1788)
Australia Day
------------------------------------
Local Holiday:
1st Monday in  Oct (1958)
Territory Day
Population: 1,513 (2013)
GDP: $19.7 million (2005)
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: Chinese 70%, European 20%,
Malay 10% (2001)
Total Police Force: 7 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of Australia 
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%,
Christian 18%, other 21% (1997) 
International Organizations/Treaties: None
Christmas
Island
Chronology

 3 Feb 1615                Discovered by English Capt. John Milward of
                             East India Co. ship Thomas
25 Dec 1643                Re-discovered by English Capt. William Mynors of
                             the East India Co. ship Royal Mary, named 
                             Christmas Island.
 6 Jun 1888                Annexed for U.K. by Capt. W.H. May on the
                             HMS Imperieuse.
1889 - 1899                Leased to Clunies-Ross family (see Cocos Islands).
1899                       Leased to the British Phosphate Company.
 1 Sep 1900 - 1942         Administered by Straits Settlements (as a
                             dependency of Singapore).
31 Mar 1942 - 18 Oct 1945  Japanese occupation (renamed Kurisumasu-jima).
Dec 1943                   Japanese deport two-thirds of population to Java.
18 Oct 1945 - 1946         British military administration.

 1 Apr 1946 - 31 Dec 1957  Administered by Singapore.
 1 Jan 1958                British crown colony
 1 Oct 1958                Australian territory (Territory of Christmas
                             Island).
 
1 May 1968                Office of Administrator of the Indian Ocean
                             Territories established (resident on Christmas I)
21 Feb 1980                National park of covering over 65% of island

                             (composed mainly of rain forest) established.
 
1 Jul 1992                Becomes subject to Western Australia laws (and
                             from 17 Jul 1996 part of Northern Territory
                             federal electoral division
of Lingiari).
May 1994                   Proposal to secede from Australia rejected in

                             an unofficial referendum.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Settlers
 6 Jun 1888 - 1888         George Clunies-Ross                (b. 1842 - d. 1910)
Nov 1888 - 1900            Andrew Ferguson Clunies-Ross       (b. 1859 - d. 1918)
District Officers
 4 Jun 1901 - 1904         Lewis Hare Clayton                 (b. 1872 - d. 1921)
1902 - 1903                Walter Peacock (acting)            (b. 1875 - d. 1950)
1902 - 1904                David Beatty (acting)              (b. 1876 - d. 1952)
1904                       William Summer Gibson (acting)     (b. 1876 - d. 1946)
1904 - 1907                Arthur Walter Bailey               (b. 1873 - d. 1914)
1904 - 1905                William T. Chapman (acting)        (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
1906                       Frank Morrish Baddely (acting)     (b. 1874 - d. 1966)
1906 - 1908                Percy Tothill Allen (1st time)     (b. 1878 - d. 1968) 
1907 - 1909                Paul August Felix David            (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
                             (acting to 1908)
1909 - 1910                Percy Tothill Allen (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1910                       Stewart Codrington                 (b. 1874 - d. 1948)
1910 - 1911                Lachlan McLean                     (b. 1877 - d. 1937)
1911 - 1912                James Startin Wills Arthur         (b. 1881 - d. 1955)
                            
(acting)
1912 - 1913                George Hawthorn Minot Robertson    (b. 1886 - d. 1919)

1913                       Henry Augustus Forrer (1st time)   (b. 1886 - d. 1969)
1913 - 1915                John Lynd McFall                   (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
1915 - 1917                Henry Augustus Forrer (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1917 - 1918                John Vivian Gottlieb Mills         (b. 1887 - d. 1987)
1918 - 1919                John Davis Murray                  (b. 1864 - d. 1929)
1919 - 1920                George McMicken                    (d. 1934)
1920                       Ernest Cheers                      (b. 1890 - d. 1930)
1920 - 1921                F.E. Harmer
1921 - 1922                N.D. Lindon
1922                       Arthur Harold Dickinson (acting)   (b. 1892 - d. 1978)
1922 - 1923                George Christopher Dodd            (b. 1890 - d. 1932)
1923 - 1924                William Edward Rigby               (b. 1897 - d. 1972)
1924                       Stanley Musgrave Middlebrook       (b. 1898 - d. 1944)
                             (acting)
1924 - 1925                William Herbert Gatfield           (b. 1895 - d. 1966)
1925 - 1926                Sydney Noel King                   (b. 1897 - d. 1981)
1926                       Victor William Williams Saunders   (b. 1896 - d. 1965)
                             Purcell
1926 - 1927                William Donald Horne               (b. 1894 - d. 19..)
1927                       Alistair William Hay               (b. 1899 - d. 1944)
1927 - 1928                Christopher Patrick Smith          (b. 1894 - d. 19..)
 
1 Mar 1928 - 29 Oct 1928  Thomas Percy Ferguson McNiece      (b. 1901 - d. 1998)
1928 - 1929                Frank Leslie Williams              (b. 1899 - d. 1943)
1929 - 1930                Trevor Davis Hughes                (b. 1901 - d. 1945)
1930                       John Francis Fitzgerald Gregg      (b. 1903 - d. 1943)
1930 - 1931                Robert Porter Bingham              (b. 1903 - d. 1982)
1931                       Bernard Stratton Davis             (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
1931 - Jun 1932            John Percival Biddulph             (b. 1904 - d. 1997)
 
3 Jul 1932 - 1933         Hugh Graham Moles (acting)         (b. 1905 - d. ....)
1934 - 1935                Edward Cecil Stapleton Adkins      (b. 1903 - d. 1963)
13 Nov 1935 - Apr 1936     Robert William Ingram Band         (b. 1907 - d. 1996)
                             (1st time) (acting)

Apr 1936 - 1937            Noel Lancaster Alexander           (b. 1908 - d. 1983)
1937 - 1938                Richard Neville Broome             (b. 1909 - d. 1986)
1939 - 1940                Geoffrey Williams Davis            (b. 1906 - d. 1971)
1940 - 1941                Robert William Ingram Band         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

1941 - 31 Mar 1942         Tom Pearson Cromwell               (b. 1909 - d. 1976)
                            
(prisoner of mutinying Sikh garrison from 11 Mar 1942)
British Commander

Mar 1942 - 11 Mar 1942     Leonard W.T. Williams              (b. 1905? - d. 1942)
Japanese Commanders
31 Mar 1942 -  3 Apr 1942  Hara Kenzaburo                     (b. 1887 - d. 1971)    
                            
(commander 2nd Southern Expeditionary Fleet Occupation Force)
 3 Apr 1942 - 18 Oct 1945  ....

                             (commanders of 21st Special Base Force)
District Officers

18 Oct 1945                Bryan Humfrey Craig Rodgers
                             (British commander, HMS Rother)
1946 - 1948                Alfred William Douglas James       (b. 1916)
1948                       J. Balshaw
1949 - 1950                G. de Banzie
1949 - 1950                John Miles Devereaux-Colebourne    (d. 1995)
1951 - 1952                Albert Eric Goodwin                (b. 1914 - d. 1986)
1952 - 1953                James Gowing Godwin                (b. 1923 - d. 1995)
1953 - 1955                C. McLaren-Reid (1st time)
1955                       R.W. Home-Davies
1955 - 1958                C. McLaren-Reid (2nd time)
1958 - 30 Sep 1958         F.L. Harding
Official Representatives
 1 Oct 1958 - 31 Sep 1960  D.E. Nickels
 1 Oct 1960 - 12 Jun 1966  John William Stokes                (b. 1910 - d. 1995)
13 Jun 1966 - 30 Apr 1968  Charles Ivens Buffett              (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
Administrators (also Administrators of Australian Indian Ocean Territories)
 1 May 1968 - 30 Apr 1970  Leslie Dudley King                 (b. 1909 - d. 2005)
 1 May 1970 - 14 Mar 1973  John Sampson White                 (b. 1916 - d. 1999)
15 Mar 1973 - 14 Mar 1974  F.S. Evatt
15 Mar 1974 -  8 Oct 1975  Charles Harry Webb                 (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
 1 Nov 1975 - 31 Oct 1977  William Worth                      (b. 1912)
 1 Nov 1977 -  4 May 1980  F.C. Boyle
19 May 1980 - 25 May 1982  Rendle McNeilage Holten            (b. 1922 - d. 1996)
26 May 1982 -  9 Aug 1983  William Yates                      (b. 1921 - d. 2010)
10 Aug 1983 - 15 Apr 1986  Thomas "Tom" Ferguson Paterson     (b. 1923)
15 Apr 1986 -  3 Aug 1986  C. Stephens (acting)
 4 Aug 1986 - 24 Feb 1990  Alexander Donald Taylor            (b. 1928)
25 Feb 1990 -  2 May 1991  W.A. McKenzie
 2 May 1990 -  4 Jul 1991  A. Mitchell (acting)
 5 Jul 1991 -  9 Mar 1992  P. Gifford (acting)
10 Mar 1992 -  9 Mar 1994  Michael John Grimes
10 Mar 1994 - 30 Jun 1994  Peter Woods (acting)
 1 Jul 1994 - 30 Jun 1996  Danny Ambrose Gillespie
 1 Jul 1996 - 24 Apr 1997  Merrilyn Ann Chilvers (f)(acting) 
25 Apr 1997 - 30 Sep 1997  Graham Nicholls (1st time)(acting)
 1 Oct 1997 - 30 Oct 1998  Ron G. Harvey                      (b. 1934)
 1 Nov 1998 -  3 Feb 1999  Graham Nicholls (2nd time)(acting)
 4 Feb 1999 - 30 Jul 2003  William "Bill" Leonard Taylor      (b. 1938)
30 Jul 2003 -  1 Nov 2003  Ray Stone (acting)
 1 Nov 2003 - 31 Oct 2005  Evan John Williams                 (b. 1949)
30 Jan 2006 - 22 Feb 2008  Neil Lucas                         (b. 1945)
22 Feb 2008 - 28 Feb 2008  Julian Yates (acting)
28 Feb 2008 - 2009         Sheryl Klaffer (f) (acting)
2009 -  5 Oct 2009         Stephen Clay (acting)
 5 Oct 2009 - 29 Sep 2012  Brian James Lacy                   (b. 1943)
 5 Oct 2012 -  6 Oct 2014  Jon Stanhope                       (b. 1951)
 6 Oct 2014 -              Barry Haase                        (b. 1945)

Chief Executive Officer
2010 -                     Kelvin J. Matthews

Chairmen of the Christmas Island Assembly
 6 Oct 1985 - 1988         Gordon Bennett (1st time)
1989 - 1990                Alexander Donald Taylor            (s.a.)
1990 - 1991                Gordon Bennett (1st time)
1991 - 1992                P. Goh
Presidents of the Christmas Island Shire Council
(from 2004, Presidents of Shire of Christmas Island)
 
1 Jul 1992 - 1995         Lillian Oh (f)
1995 - 1997                Jeffery Tan (acting)
1998 - 1999                Andrew Smolders (1st time)         (b. 1968)
1999 - 2001                Dave McLane
2001 - 2003                Andrew Smolders (2nd time)         (s.a.)
2003 - 14 Oct 2011         Gordon Thomson (1st time)
18 Oct 2011 - 18 Oct 2013  Foo Kee Heng
21 Oct 2013 -              Gordon Thomson (2nd time)


Christmas Island Phosphate Commissioners

- Australia -
1952 - 1962                James Reginald Halligan            (b. 1894 - d. 1968)
1962 - 1970                Sir William E. Dunk                (b. 1897 - d. 1984)
 1 Jul 1970 -  1 Jul 1976  Sir Allen Stanley Brown            (b. 1911 - d. 1990)
 1 Jul 1976 - 1984         Maurice Carmel Timbs               (b. 1917 - d. 1994)
- New Zealand -
1951 - 1958                C.M. Richwhite
1958 - 1971                R.B. Tennent
1971 - 1973                R.H. Bevin
1973 - 1975                S.C. Gainey
1975                       A.T. Johns (acting)
1975 - 1984                W.D.M. Bremmer
- United Kingdom -
1952 - 1954                A. Harold Gaze                     (b. 18.. - d. 1954)
1954 - 1975                J.A. Bissett
1975 - 1984                W.B. Marston
- Managers on Christmas Island -
1949                       J.R. Paris
1949 - 1951                L.E. Cameron
1951 - 1960                N.L. Nevile
1960 - 1966                N.H. Cooke
1966 - 1969                K. Lourey
1969 - 1971                R.F. Cox
1971 - 1974                A.P. Kershaw
1974 - 1977                N.D. Duke
1977 - 1979                D.A. Rob
1979 - 1981                R. Elliott

No Political Parties Exist






Ben Cahoon