World Statesmen.org HOME > return to Australia>>


 

 



 

 

Christmas Island
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
     6 Jun 1889 - May 1900, 1 Jan 1958 - 1 Oct 1958
 
[British Straits Settlements,
                                    1900-1925]
                          1 Sep 1900 - 1925
 
[British Straits Settlements,
                                    1925-1942]
      1925 - 31 Mar 1942, 1 Apr 1946 - 13 Sep 1948
 
[Japan]
              31 Mar 1942 - Oct 1945
 
[British
                                    Colonial Ensign (Singapore)
                                    1948-1959]
                    13 Sep 1948 - 31 Dec 1957
[Australian
                                    flag]
                         Adopted 1 Oct 1958 

[flag of
                                    Christmas Island]
                         Adopted 26 Jan 2002
                     (unofficial from 14 Apr 1986)  
 


Map of Christmas Island
 Hear National Anthem
  "Advance Australia Fair"
 Text of National Anthem
 Christmas Island Act
(1 Oct 1958)
Capital: The Settlement 
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD) 
National Holiday: 26 Jan (1788)
Australia Day
------------------------------------
Local Holiday:
1st Monday in  Oct (1958)
Territory Day
Population: 1,513 (2013)
GDP: $19.7 million (2005)
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: Chinese 70%, European 20%,
Malay 10% (2001)
Total Police Force: 7 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of Australia 
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%,
Christian 18%, other 21% (1997) 
International Organizations/Treaties: None
Christmas
Island
Chronology

 3 Feb 1615                Discovered by English Capt. John Milward of
                             East India Co. ship Thomas
25 Dec 1643                Re-discovered by English Capt. William Mynos of
                             the East India Co. ship Royal Mary, named 
                             Christmas Island.
 6 Jun 1888                Annexed for U.K. by Capt. W.H. May on the
                             HMS Imperieuse.
1889 - 1899                Leased to Clunies-Ross family (see Cocos Islands).
1899                       Leased to the British Phosphate Company.
 1 Sep 1900 - 1942         Administered by Straits Settlements (as a
                             dependency of Singapore).
31 Mar 1942 - Aug 1945     Japanese occupation (renamed Kurisumasu-jima).
Dec 1943                   Japanese deport two-thirds of population to Java.
18 Oct 1945 - 1946         British military administration.

 1 Apr 1946 - 31 Dec 1957  Administered by Singapore.
 1 Jan 1958                British crown colony
 1 Oct 1958                Australian territory (Territory of Christmas
                             Island).
21 Feb 1980                National park of covering over 65% of island
                             composed mainly of rainforest established.
May 1994                   Proposal to secede from Australia rejected in
                             an unofficial referendum.
 1 Jul 1996                Part of Australian Indian Ocean Territories
                             (Christmas Island and Cocos Islands).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Settlers
 6 Jun 1888 - 1888         George Clunies-Ross                (b. 1842 - d. 1910)
Nov 1888 - 1900            Andrew Ferguson Clunies-Ross       (b. 1859 - d. 1918)
District Officers
 4 Jun 1901 - 1904         Lewis Hare Clayton                 (b. 1872 - d. 1921)
1902 - 1903                Walter Peacock (acting)            (b. 1875 - d. 1950)
1902 - 1904                David Beatty (acting)              (b. 1876 - d. 1952)
1904                       William Summer Gibson (acting)     (b. 1876 - d. 1946)
1904 - 1907                Arthur Walter Bailey               (b. 1873 - d. 1914)
1904 - 1905                William T. Chapman (acting)        (b. 1875 - d. 1949)
1906                       Frank Morrish Baddely (acting)     (b. 1874 - d. 1966)
1906 - 1908                Percy Tothill Allen (1st time)     (b. 1878 - d. 1968) 
1907 - 1909                Paul August Felix David            (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
                             (acting to 1908)
1909 - 1910                Percy Tothill Allen (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1910                       Stewart Codrington                 (b. 1874 - d. 1948)
1910 - 1911                Lachlan McLean                     (b. 1877 - d. 1937)
1911 - 1912                James Startin Wills Arthur         (b. 1881 - d. 1955)
                            
(acting)
1912 - 1913                George Hawthorn Minot Robertson    (b. 1886 - d. 1919)

1913                       Henry Augustus Forrer (1st time)   (b. 1886 - d. 1969)
1913 - 1915                John Lynd McFall                   (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
1915 - 1917                Henry Augustus Forrer (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1917 - 1918                John Vivian Gottlieb Mills         (b. 1887 - d. 1987)
1918 - 1919                John Davis Murray                  (b. 1864 - d. 1929)
1919 - 1920                George McMicken                    (d. 1934)
1920                       Ernest Cheers                      (b. 1890 - d. 1930)
1920 - 1921                F.E. Harmer
1921 - 1922                N.D. Lindon
1922                       Arthur Harold Dickinson (acting)   (b. 1892 - d. 1978)
1922 - 1923                George Christopher Dodd            (b. 1890 - d. 1932)
1923 - 1924                William Edward Rigby               (b. 1897 - d. 1972)
1924                       Stanley Musgrave Middlebrook       (b. 1898 - d. 1944)
                             (acting)
1924 - 1925                William Herbert Gatfield           (b. 1895 - d. 1966)
1925 - 1926                Sydney Noel King                   (b. 1897 - d. 1981)
1926                       Victor William Williams Saunders   (b. 1896 - d. 1965)
                             Purcell
1926 - 1927                William Donald Horne               (b. 1894 - d. 19..)
1927                       Alistair William Hay               (b. 1899 - d. 1944)
1927 - 1928                Christopher Patrick Smith          (b. 1894 - d. 19..)
 
1 Mar 1928 - 29 Oct 1928  Thomas Percy Ferguson McNiece      (b. 1901 - d. 1998)
1928 - 1929                Frank Leslie Williams              (b. 1899 - d. 1943)
1929 - 1930                Trevor Davis Hughes                (b. 1901 - d. 1945)
1930                       John Francis Fitzgerald Gregg      (b. 1903 - d. 1943)
1930 - 1931                Robert Porter Bingham              (b. 1903 - d. 1982)
1931                       Bernard Stratton Davis             (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
1931 - Jun 1932            John Percival Biddulph             (b. 1904 - d. 1997)
 
3 Jul 1932 - 1933         Hugh Graham Moles (acting)         (b. 1905 - d. ....)
1934 - 1935                Edward Cecil Stapleton Adkins      (b. 1903 - d. 1963)
13 Nov 1935 - Apr 1936     Robert William Ingram Band         (b. 1907 - d. 1996)
                             (1st time) (acting)

Apr 1936 - 1937            Noel Lancaster Alexander           (b. 1908 - d. 1983)
1937 - 1938                Richard Neville Broome             (b. 1909 - d. 1986)
1939 - 1940                Geoffrey Williams Davis            (b. 1906 - d. 1971)
1940 - 1941                Robert William Ingram Band         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

1941 - 31 Mar 1942         Tom Pearson Cromwell               (b. 1909 - d. 1976)
                            
(prisoner of mutinying Indian troops from 11 Mar 1942)
British Commander

Mar 1942 - 11 Mar 1942     Leonard W.T. Williams              (b. 1905? - d. 1942)
Japanese Commanders
31 Mar 1942 - 1942         Hara Kensaburo      
1942 - Aug 1945            .... 
District Officers
18 Oct 1945                Bryan Humfrey Craig Rodgers
                             (British commander, HMS Rother)
1946 - 1948                Alfred William Douglas James       (b. 1916)
1948                       J. Balshaw
1949 - 1950                G. de Banzie
1949 - 1950                John Miles Devereaux-Colebourne    (d. 1995)
1951 - 1952                Albert Eric Goodwin                (b. 1914 - d. 1986)
1952 - 1953                James Gowing Godwin                (b. 1923 - d. 1995)
1953 - 1955                C. McLaren-Reid (1st time)
1955                       R.W. Home-Davies
1955 - 1958                C. McLaren-Reid (2nd time)
1958 - 30 Sep 1958         F.L. Harding
Official Representatives
 1 Oct 1958 - 31 Sep 1960  D.E. Nickels
 1 Oct 1960 - 12 Jun 1966  John William Stokes                (b. 1910 - d. 1995)
13 Jun 1966 - 30 Apr 1968  Charles Ivens Buffett              (b. 1914 - d. 1995)
Administrators (from 1 Jul 1996, also Administrators of Australian Indian Ocean Territories)
 1 May 1968 - 30 Apr 1970  Leslie Dudley King                 (b. 1909)
 1 May 1970 - 14 Mar 1973  John Sampson White                 (b. 1916 - d. 1999)
15 Mar 1973 - 14 Mar 1974  F.S. Evatt
15 Mar 1974 -  8 Oct 1975  Charles Harry Webb                 (b. 1908 - d. 2000)
 1 Nov 1975 - 31 Oct 1977  William Worth                      (b. 1912)
 1 Nov 1977 -  4 May 1980  F.C. Boyle
19 May 1980 - 25 May 1982  Rendle McNeilage Holten            (b. 1922 - d. 1996)
26 May 1982 -  9 Aug 1983  William Yates                      (b. 1921 - d. 2010)
10 Aug 1983 - 15 Apr 1986  Thomas "Tom" Ferguson Paterson     (b. 1923)
15 Apr 1986 -  3 Aug 1986  C. Stephens (acting)
 4 Aug 1986 - 24 Feb 1990  Alexander Donald Taylor            (b. 1928)
25 Feb 1990 -  2 May 1991  W.A. McKenzie
 2 May 1990 -  4 Jul 1991  A. Mitchell (acting)
 5 Jul 1991 -  9 Mar 1992  P. Gifford (acting)
10 Mar 1992 -  9 Mar 1994  Michael John Grimes
10 Mar 1994 - 30 Jun 1994  Peter Woods (acting)
 1 Jul 1994 - 30 Jun 1996  Danny Ambrose Gillespie
 1 Jul 1996 - 24 Apr 1997  Merrilyn Ann Chilvers (f)(acting) 
25 Apr 1997 - 30 Sep 1997  Graham Nicholls (1st time)(acting)
 1 Oct 1997 - 30 Oct 1998  Ron G. Harvey                      (b. 1934)
 1 Nov 1998 -  3 Feb 1999  Graham Nicholls (2nd time)(acting)
 4 Feb 1999 - 30 Jul 2003  William "Bill" Leonard Taylor      (b. 1938)
30 Jul 2003 -  1 Nov 2003  Ray Stone (acting)
 1 Nov 2003 - 31 Oct 2005  Evan John Williams                 (b. 1949)
30 Jan 2006 - 22 Feb 2008  Neil Lucas                         (b. 1945)
22 Feb 2008 - 28 Feb 2008  Julian Yates (acting)
28 Feb 2008 - 2009         Sheryl Klaffer (f) (acting)
2009 -  5 Oct 2009         Stephen Clay (acting)
 5 Oct 2009 - 29 Sep 2012  Brian James Lacy                   (b. 1943)
 5 Oct 2012 -  6 Oct 2014  Jon Stanhope                       (b. 1951)
 6 Oct 2014 -              Barry Haase                        (b. 1945)

Chief Executive Officer
2010 -                     Kelvin J. Matthews

Chairmen of the Christmas Island Assembly
 6 Oct 1985 - 1988         Gordon Bennett (1st time)
1989 - 1990                Alexander Donald Taylor            (s.a.)
1990 - 1991                Gordon Bennett (1st time)
1991 - 1992                P. Goh
Presidents of the Christmas Island Shire Council
(from 2004, Presidents of Shire of Christmas Island)
 1 Jul 1992 - 1995         Lillian Oh (f)
1995 - 1997                Jeffery Tan (acting)
1998 - 1999                Andrew Smolders (1st time)         (b. 1968)
1999 - 2001                Dave McLane
2001 - 2003                Andrew Smolders (2nd time)         (s.a.)
2003 - 14 Oct 2011         Gordon Thomson (1st time)
18 Oct 2011 - 18 Oct 2013  Foo Kee Heng
21 Oct 2013 -              Gordon Thomson (2nd time)

Christmas Island Phosphate Commissioners
- Australia -
1952 - 1962                James Reginald Halligan            (b. 1894 - d. 1968)
1962 - 1970                Sir William E. Dunk                (b. 1897 - d. 1984)
 1 Jul 1970 -  1 Jul 1976  Sir Allen Stanley Brown            (b. 1911 - d. 1990)
 1 Jul 1976 - 1984         Maurice Carmel Timbs               (b. 1917 - d. 1994)
- New Zealand -
1951 - 1958                C.M. Richwhite
1958 - 1971                R.B. Tennent
1971 - 1973                R.H. Bevin
1973 - 1975                S.C. Gainey
1975                       A.T. Johns (acting)
1975 - 1984                W.D.M. Bremmer
- United Kingdom -
1952 - 1954                A. Harold Gaze                     (b. 18.. - d. 1954)
1954 - 1975                J.A. Bissett
1975 - 1984                W.B. Marston
- Managers on Christmas Island -
1949                       J.R. Paris
1949 - 1951                L.E. Cameron
1951 - 1960                N.L. Nevile
1960 - 1966                N.H. Cooke
1966 - 1969                K. Lourey
1969 - 1971                R.F. Cox
1971 - 1974                A.P. Kershaw
1974 - 1977                N.D. Duke
1977 - 1979                D.A. Rob
1979 - 1981                R. Elliott

No Political Parties Exist






Ben Cahoon