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Sint Maarten
 
[National flag of
                            the Netherlands]
                 1634 - 15 Dec 1959
 
[Netherlands
                            Antilles flag, 1959-86]
            15 Dec 1959 - 13 Jun 1985
[Sint Maarten flag]
                Adopted 13 Jun 1985
 
Map of Sint Maarten Hear National Anthem
"Wilhelmous van Nassouwe"
(William of Nassau)
Hear Local Anthem
"Volkslied van Sint Maarten"
(St. Martin National Anthem
a.ka. O Sweet Saint Martin's
Land
)
Constitution
(10 Oct 2010)
Capital: Philipsburg
(Fort Amsterdam 1631-1633,
1648-1763)
Currency: Netherlands
Antillean Guilder (ANG)
National Holiday: 27 Apr (1967)
King's Day
------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 11 Nov (1493)
St. Maarten Day
Population: 39,689 (2013)
GDP: $900 million (2013) Exports: 116 million ANG (2008)
Imports: 813 million ANG (2008)
Ethnic groups: mixed black/Creole, Dutch, 
Surinamese, East Asian, Dominican and other 
Total Police Force: 370 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of The Netherlands
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 39%, Protestant 44.8% (Pentecostal
 11.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, other Protestant 27%),
none 6.7%, other 5.4%, Jewish 3.4%, not reported 0.7% (2001)

International Organizations/Treaties: ACS (associate), Caricom (observer), DLU (candidate), ILO, IMF, Interpol, LAP, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCO, WMO, WTO
Sint Maarten
Chronology

11 Nov 1493                Discovered and claimed for Spain by Columbus, 
                             named Isla de San Martin.
1631                       Dutch colony
1633 - 1647                Spanish colony. 
23 Mar 1648                Divided into French (Saint-Martin)(north) and Dutch 
                            (Sint Maarten)(south) zones (Dutch zone subordinate
                             to St. Eustatius until 1672).
1679 - 1689                French occupy entire island (see Saint-Martin).
1689 - 1792                Dutch zone under Dutch West India Company 
                             administration.
1690 - 1699                English occupy entire island.
1699 - 1702                French occupy entire island.
1703 - 1713                Dutch occupy French zone.
24 Feb 1779 -  3 Feb 1781  French occupy entire island. 
 3 Feb 1781 - 26 Nov 1781  British occupy entire island. 
18 May 1793 -  5 Apr 1794  Dutch administer entire island 
29 Apr 1795 - 24 Mar 1801  French occupy entire island.
24 Mar 1801 -  1 Dec 1802  British occupy entire island.
 9 Jul 1810                Annexed along with Holland by France (not effected).
15 Feb 1810 - 1816         British occupy entire island.
1816                       French and Dutch zones resumed.
1919 -  1 Apr 1983         Saba, Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten united
                             as Netherlands Windward Islands.
1828                       Sint Maarten, Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, 
                             Sint Eustatius, and Dutch Guiana united as 
                             the Dutch West Indies; with the governor
                             of Dutch Guiana as the governor-general
                             (see Suriname).
27 Jan 1848                Islands united under the name of Curaçao and
                             Dependencies (from 20 Sep 1948, renamed
                             Netherlands Antilles, see under Curaçao).
1936                       Duch zone officially adopts the Dutch spelling 
                             Sint Maarten.
29 Dec 1954                Netherlands Antilles an autonomous part of 
                             the Netherlands.
23 Jun 2000                Referendum supports a "status aparte" as a
                             separate entity within The Netherlands by 68.9%.
 2 Nov 2006                Sint Maarten and Curaçao sign agreement with
                             The Netherlands on "status aparte"
10 Oct 2010                Sint Maarten an autonomous country of Netherlands.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Commander
1631 - 1633                Jan Claesz. van Campen             (d. 1642)
Governors
1633 - 1635                Cebrian de Lizarazu
1635 - 1639                Luis de Valdes
1639 - 1648                Diego Guajardo Fajardo
Commanders
14 Feb 1648 - 1650         Martin Thomas
1650 - 1655                Adriaen de Vos
1655 - 1660                Edmondt de Fosse
1667?                      Jan Sympson
1672?                      Jan Simonsz. de Buck
Royal Lieutenants
1672? - 1676?              Laurent chevalier de Maynie
1676? - 1685               ....
1685 - 1689                chevalier de Rionville
1690 - 1699                .... -English commanders
1699 - 1701                Jean Dyel du Parquet
1701 - 1702                Louis de Cacqueray Valmenière      (b. 1672 - d. 1724)
Vice-commanders
1703 - 170.                Lucas van Beverhoudt
1705?                      Olivier Graval
1708?- 1710                Charles Devezaen
1710 - 1712                François Lemaire
1712 - 1713                Jean Buretel
1713 - 1718                Martinus Meyer (1st time)
1718 - 1720                Louis Guillaume Durepaire
1720 - 1721                Jan de Windt, Sr.
1721 - 1733                Martinus Meyer (2nd time) 
1733 - 1735                Jacobus Barry
1735 - 1736                John Philips (1st time)            (b. 1689? - d. 1746)
1736 - 1737                Pieter Hassell (acting)
1737 - 1746                John Philips (2nd time)            (s.a.) 
1746 - 1748                Jan de Wever (acting)
1748 - 1781                Abraham Heijliger Pzn.             (b. 1717 - d. 1783)
 3 Feb 1781 - 26 Nov 1781  And. Edhouse -British commander
Governors
1781 - 23 Jul 1783         Abraham Heijliger Pzn.             (s.a.)
1783 - 1784                Charles Chabert, Jr.               (b. 1761 - d. 1810)
Vice-commanders
1784 - 1785                Thomas Aertsen (acting)
1785 - 1786                Salomon Gibbes
Commanders
1786 - Jan 1790            Salomon Gibbes
10 Jun 1790 - 1800         Willem Hendrik Rink (1st time)     (b. 1756 - d. 1848)
29 Apr 1795 - 1797         La Bruyère -Commissioner
1797 - 1801                P.Ch. Dormoy -Commissioner
1800 - 1801                Remt Folkerus Muller
1801                       Bresson -Commissioner
1801 - 24 Mar 1801         Willem Hendrik Rink (2nd time)     (s.a.)
24 Mar 1801 -  1 Dec 1802  Robert Nicholson -Commandant
 1 Dec 1802 - 1807         Willem Hendrik Rink (3rd time)     (s.a.)
1807 - 1810                Jan Verveer Jzn.                   (d. 1838)
15 Feb 1810 - 1810         George William Richard Harcourt
1810 - 1813                John Skinner                       (b. c.1750 - d. 1827)

1813 - 1814                James Alexander Farquharson        (b. 1775 - d. 1834)
                             (1st time)
1814 - 1815                William McCaskill
1815                       Robert Ferry (acting)
1815                       James Alexander Farquharson        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1815                       Francis Edden
1815 - 1816                Robert Douglas
Lieutenant governors (gezaghebber)
1816 - 1820                Paulus Roelof Cantz'laar           (b. 1771 - d. 1831)
1820 - 1840                Diederik Johannes van Romondt      (b. 1781 - d. 1849)
1822 - 1823                Abraham Heijlinger
                             (acting for van Romondt)
1840 - 1849                Johannes Willem van Romondt        (b. 1805 - d. 1849)
1849 - 1850                Pieter Petersen (acting)
1850 - 1859                Johannes Didericus Crol            (b. 1806 - d. 1870)
1859 - 1860                Lucas Percival (acting)
1860 - 1865                Willem Hendrik Johan van Idsinga   (b. 1822 - d. 1896)
1865                       Diederik Chr. van Romondt (acting) (b. 1807 - d. 1865)
1865 - 1866                Philogène Philippe Maillard        (b. 1806 - d. 1886)
                             (acting)
1866 - 1870                Herman François Gerardus Wagner    (b. 1822 - d. 1904)
1870 - 1871                Robert van Romondt (acting)
1871 - 1883                Edouard Dénis Ernest van den       (b. 1831 - d. 1908)
                             Bossche
1874 - 1844                Diederik Charles van Romondt       (b. 1835 - d. 1904) 
                             (acting for van den Bossche)
1883                       Diederik Charles van Romondt       (s.a.) 
                             (1st time) (acting)
1883 - 1885                Jan Hendrik Rudeloff Beaujon       (b. 1838 - d. 1930)
1885 - 1889                Theophilus George Groebe           (b. 18.. - d. 1919)
1889 - 1891                Jan Hero Adriaan van Daalen        (b. 1842 - d. 1899)
1891 - 1893                Frans Johannes Olivier             (b. 1850 - d. ....)
1893 - 1894                Diederik Charles van Romondt       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
1894 - 1901                Joseph Möller
1898 - 1900                Diederik Charles van Romondt       (s.a.)
                             (acting for Möller)
1901 - 1918                Abraham Jan Cornelis Brouwer       (b. 1858 - d. 1919)
1918 - 1919                Frits Koenraad Thielen (acting) 
1919 - 1920                G.J. Tijmstra (acting)
1920                       A.W. de Haseth (acting)
1920 - 1923                J. van der Zee Rz. (acting)
1923 - 1927                Richard Johannes "Hensi"           (b. 1883 - d. 19..)
                             Beaujon, Jr.
1927                       C.F. Boskaljon (acting)
1927 - 1930                Willem Frederik Meinhardt Lampe    (b. 1896 - d. 1973)
                             (acting)
1930 - 1943                Johan Diderich Meiners
1938 - 1939                Anthony Hendrik Marinus van Weel   (b. 1900 - d. ....) 
                             (acting for Meiners)
1943 - 1947                Pieter Hendrik van Leeuwen         (b. 1893 - d. ....)
1947 - 1948                Maximiliaan Joseph Huith (acting)
1948 - 1957                Johannes Christiaan Paap
1953                       Ir.K.A. van Rijswijk
                             (acting for Paap)
1957                       Walter Granville Buncamper         (b. 1908 - d. 1978)
                             (1st time) (acting)
1957 - 1958                Hendrik Anthonius Hessling (acting)
1958 - 1959                Walter Granville Buncamper         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
1959 - 1968                Jan Jacob "Japa" Beaujon
Aug 1968 -  1 Mar 1975     Reinier Oswald van Delden          (b. 1928 - d. 2011)  
                             (acting to 3 Mar 1969)
 1 Mar 1975 - 1981         Theodore Maxwell "Max" Pandt       (b. 1939)
1981 - 1992                Ralph R.H. Richardson              (b. 1937)
1992 - 1994                Wilfred Russell Voges              (b. 1943)
Sep 1994 - 12 Sep 2000     Dennis L. Richardson               (b. 1946)
22 Sep 2000 - 31 May 2010  Franklyn E. Richards               (b. 1950)
31 May 2010 - 10 Oct 2010  Reynold A. Groeneveldt (acting)
Governor
10 Oct 2010 -              Eugene Holiday                     (b. 1962)
 

Leaders of the government (unofficial post until 19..)
1954 - 1991                Claude Wathey                      (b. 1926 - d. 1998)  SDP
1991 - 1995                Edgar Hubert Lynch                 (b. 1952)            SPA
1995 -  1 Jul 1999         William Marlin (1st time)          (b. 1955)            SPA 
 1 Jul 1999 -  8 Jun 2009  Sarah A. Wescott-Williams (f)      (b. 1956)            SDP
 8 Jun 2009 - 10 Oct 2010  William Marlin (2nd time)          (s.a.)               NA
Prime minister
10 Oct 2010 -              Sarah A. Wescott-Williams (f)      (s.a.)               SDP

Party abbreviations: NA = Nationale Alliantie (National Alliance, electoral alliance of SPA and National Progressive Party); SDP = Democratische Partij Sint Maarten (Democratic Party St. Maarten); SPA = St. Maarten Patriottische Alliantie (St Maarten Patriotic Alliance(); VP = Verenigde Volkspartij (United People's Party) 






 © Ben Cahoon