World Statesmen.org HOME > return to Ethiopia >>

 





 


Ethiopia Regions

Federal Capital District Addis Ababa - Chartered City Dire Dawa - National Regional States Afar - Amhara - Benishangul Gumuz - Gambella - Harari - Oromiya - Somali - Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's State - Tigray -

Note: In Dec 1994, Ethiopia was reorganized into nine ethnically-based regions (kilil): Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumaz, Gambela, Harar, Oromiya, Somali, Southern Nations Nationalities and People's State, Tigray, the Addis Ababa federal capital district and from 1998, Dire Dawa chartered city (astedader akabibi).

Party abbreviations: AAPO = All-Amhara People's Organization; ALF = Afar Liberation Front (or Afar Sultanate Liberation Front, est.1975); ANDM = Amhara National Democratic Movement (est.1982); ANDP = Afar National Democratic Party (Afar regionalist, est.1999); APDO = Afar People's Democratic Organization (former ADU, est.1992); B-GPDUF = Benishangul-Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front (Benishangul-Gumuz regionalist, est.1996); BPLM = Benishangul People's Liberation Movement; EPRDF = Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (democratic-socialist, ethnic self-determination, coalition of OPDO, ANDM, SEPDF and TPLF, est.1989); GPDM = Gambella People's Democratic Movement (also called Gambella Peoples' Unity Democratic Movement, former GPLM, est.2003); HNL = Hareri National League (Hareri regionalist, est.1991); ONLF = Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya (Ogaden National Liberation Front, Ogaden separatist, est.1984); OPDO = Oromo People's Democratic Organization (ethnic Omoro, social-democratic, est.1982); SEPDM = Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (former SEPDF, est.1992); SPDP = Somali People's Democratic Party (Somali democratic-socialist, est.1998); TPLF = Hizbawi Weyane Harinet Tigray (Tigrayan People's Liberation Front, Tigre regionalist, democratic-socialist, est.1975);
- Former parties: ADU = Afar Democratic Union (Afar regionalist, 1990-1992, then APDO); EPDM = Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (1980-1982, later ANDM); GPDF = Gambella People's Democratic Front (1998-2003, successor GPDM); GPLM = Gambela People's Liberation Movement (1991-98, successor GPDM); SEPDF = Southern Ethiopia People's Democratic Front (renamed SEPDM); WSLF = Western Somali Liberation Front (Ogaden regionalist, Somali separatist, 1974-1989)



Addis Ababa 

  [Addis Ababa
                  Administrative Region (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Addis Ababa Federal Capital District.

Mayors and Chairmen of Administrative Council  
1993 - 1996                Tefera Walwa                                          ANDM
1996 - 24 Jan 2003         Ali Abdo                                              OPDO
24 Jan 2003 -  9 May 2006  Arkebe Oqubay                                         TPLF
 9 May 2006 - 20 May 2008  Birhane Deressa (acting)                              Non-party
20 May 2008 -  9 Jul 2013  Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)          EPRDF
 9 Jul 2013 -              Diriba Kuma                                           OPDO



Dire Dawa 

1998                       Dire Dawa Chartered City, separated from Oromiya Region.

Mayors and Chairmen of Administrative Council 
199. - ....                Dametew Demissie
.... - 2003                Solomon Hailu
2003 - 2006                Fisseha Zerihun
 7 Aug 2006 - 21 Jun 2008  Abdulaziz Mohammed                                    OPDO
21 Jun 2008 - 2010         Adem Farah                                            SPDP

2010 -                     Ased Ziad                                             OPDO
 

Afar
 
[former
                        Afar Regional State flag (Ethiopia) 1994-2012]                               1994 - 2012
[Afar
                        Regional State flag (Ethiopia)]                       Adopted 2012

1994                       Afar National Regional State.


Presidents of the Executive Committee

1992? - 1995               Habib Ali Mirah                                       ALF 
Sep 1995 - Mar 1996        Hanfareh Ali Mirah                                    ALF
Mar 1996 -                 Ismail Ali Serro                                      APDO/ANDP 


Amhara 

[Flag of Amhara Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Amhara National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - Oct 2000            Adisu Legese                                          ANDM 
Oct 2000 -  5 Oct 2005     Yoseph Reta                        (b. 1956)          ANDM
 5 Oct 2005 - 19 Dec 2013  Ayalew Gobezie                                        ANDM
19 Dec 2013 -              Gedu Andargachew                                      ANDM



Benishangul-Gumuz 

[Flag of Benishangul Gumuz
                  Regional State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Benishangul-Gumuz National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1993                       Atom Mustafa
1993 - 1994                Atieb Ahmed                                             BPLM
1994 - 1995                Abdu Mohammed                      (b. 1959? - d. 2012) BPLM
Jul 1995 - Nov 2008        Yaregal Aysheshum
                  (b. 1968)            B-GPDUF
Nov 2008 -                 Ahmed Nasir Ahmed                                       B-GPDUF



Gambella 

[Flag of Gambella Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Gambella National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1997                Okello Ouman                                          GPDM
Aug 1997 - 2003            Okello Gnigelo                                        GPDF
2003 - 2004                Okello Akway
Jan 2004 - 2005            Keat Tuach Bithow (acting)
29 Sep 2005 - 16 Apr 2013  Umed Ubong                                            GPDM
16 Apr 2013 -              Gatluak Tut Koat                                      GPDM



Harari 

[Harari Regional State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Harari National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
199. - 199.                Haji Gotu
199. - Sep 1999            Abdulahi Idris Ibrahim
Sep 1999 - Sep 2000        Gazali Mohammed
Sep 2000 - Oct 2000        Nuria Abdulahi (f)
Oct 2000 -  3 Oct 2005     Fuad Ibrahim                                         HNL
 3 Oct 2005 -              Murad Abdulhadi                                      HNL



Oromiya

[Flag of Oromiya Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Oromiya National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1995                Hassen Ali                                              OPDO
1995 - 24 Jul 2001         Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)            OPDP
Jul 2001 - Oct 2001        Vacant
28 Oct 2001 -  6 Oct 2005  Junedin Sado (or Juneidi Sad)                           OPDO

 6 Oct 2005 - Sep 2010     Abadulla Gemeda                                         OPDO
Sep 2010 - 17 Feb 2014     Alemayehu Atomsa                   (b. 1969 - d. 2014)  OPDO
27 Mar 2014 -              Muktar Kedir                                            OPDO



Somali
 
[former
                        Flag of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia) to
                        2008]                            to 2008
[ Flag
                        of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia)                       Adopted 2008
[Variant
                        Flag of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia)                               Variant

1994                       Somali National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
Jan 1993 - Nov 1993        Abdulahi Muhammed Sa'adi                               ONLF
Dec 1993 - Apr 1994        Hassan Jire Kalinle                                    ONLF
Apr 1994 - Nov 1994        Ugaz Abdulrahman Abd Ghani                             Non-party
1995 - Oct 1997            Id Tahir Farah                                         SPDP
Oct 1997 - Oct 2000        Mohammed Ma'alin Ali                                   ONLF
Oct 2000 - 2003            Abdul Reshid Dulane                                    SPDP
2003 - 2005                Abdul Jibril (acting)                                  SPDP
Oct 2005 - Oct 2008        Abdulahi Hassen Mohammed                               SPDP
Oct 2008 - Jul 2010        Da'ud Mohamed Ali                                      SPDP
 
Jul 2010 -                 Abdi Mohamed Omar
                                     SPDP 



Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region 

[Flag of Southern State
                  Regional State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Regional States.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 2001                Abate Kisho                                           SEPDF
12 Nov 2001 - Mar 2006     Hailemariam Desalegne                                 EPRDF 
Mar 2006 - Jul 2013        Shiferaw Shigutie                                     SEPDM
13 Jul 2013 -              Dessie Dalke                                          SEPDM/EPRDF



Tigray

[Flag of Tigray Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

1994                       Tigray National Regional State.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 -  9 Apr 2001         Gebru Asrat                                           TPLF
 9 Apr 2001 - 2010         Tsegay Berhe                       (b. 1947)          TPLF
                             (acting to 17 Nov 2001)
2010 -                     Abay Woldu                                            TPLF







  Ben Cahoon