World Statesmen.org HOME > return to Ethiopia >>

 





 


Ethiopia Administrative Divisions

States Afar - Amhara - Benishangul-Gumuz - Gambella - Harari - Oromia - Somali - Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples - Tigray - City Administrations Addis Ababa - Dire Dawa -

Note: By the constitution of 21 Aug 1995, Ethiopia was reorganized into nine ethnically-based regional states (kilil): Afar, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumaz, Gambela Peoples, Harari Peoples, Oromia, Somali, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Tigray; with two separate self-governing administrations (astedader akabibi) in: Addis Ababa capital city, and from 2004, the Dire Dawa chartered city.

Party abbreviations: AAPO = Ye'melawi 'Amara Hizibi Dirijiti (All-Amhara People's Organization);; ALF = Afar Liberation Front (or Afar Sultanate Liberation Front, est.1975); ANDM = Ye'bihere Amara Demokirasiyawi Niqinaqe (Amhara National Democratic Movement, est.1982); ANDP = Ye'afari Biherawi Demokirasiyawi Pariti (Afar National Democratic Party, Afar regionalist, est.1999); APDO = Afar People's Democratic Organization (former ADU, est.1992); B-GPDUF = Ye'benishanigulina Gumuzi Hizibochi Demokirasiwi Anidineti (Benishangul-Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front, Benishangul-Gumuz regionalist, est.1996); BGPDP = Benishangul Gumuz People's Democratic Party; BPLM = Benishangul People's Liberation Movement; EPRDF = Ye'itiyopiya Hizibochi Abiyotawi Dimokirasiyawi Ginibari (Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, revolutionary democracy, ethnic self-determination, coalition of OPDO, ANDM, SEPDF and TPLF, to 1991 Marxist-Leninist communist, est.May 1988); ESPDP = Ye'somale Hizibochi Demokirasiwi Pariti (Ethiopian Somali People's Democratic Party, Somali region, democratic-socialist, est.1998); GPDM = Ye'gamibela Hizibochi Demokirasiyawi Niqinaqe (Gambella People's Democratic Movement, also called Gambella Peoples' Unity Democratic Movement, former GPLM, est.2003); HNL = Zihareri Mehadiya Ligi/Ye'hareri Biherawi Ligi (Harari National League (Harari regionalist, est.1991); ONLF = Jabhadda Waddaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya (Ogaden National Liberation Front, Ogaden separatist, est.1984); ODPO = Dhaabbata Demokraatawaa Ummata Oromo/Ye'oromo Hizibochi Demokirasiyawi Dirijiti (Oromo People's Democratic Organization (Omoro regionalist, social-democratic, est.1982); SEPDM = Ye'debubi Itiyopiya Hizbochi Demokrasiyawi Niqinaqe (Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement, former SEPDF, est.1992); TPLF = Hizbawi Weyane Harinet Tigray (Popular Revolution for the Freedom of Tigray, Tigre regionalist, democratic socialist, Marxist to 1991, est.18 Feb 1975);
- Former parties: ADU = Afar Democratic Union (Afar regionalist, 1990-1992, then APDO); EPDM = Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (1980-1982, later ANDM); GPDF = Gambella People's Democratic Front (1998-2003, successor GPDM); GPLM = Gambela People's Liberation Movement (1991-98, successor GPDM); SEPDF = Southern Ethiopia People's Democratic Front (renamed SEPDM); WSLF = Western Somali Liberation Front (Ogaden regionalist, Somali separatist, 1974-1989)


States

Afar
 
[former State of Afar flag
                        (Ethiopia) 1994-2012]
1994 - 2012
[State of Afar flag
                        (Ethiopia)]
Adopted 2012


21 Aug 1995                State of Afar.

Presidents of the Executive Committee

1992? - 1995               Habib Ali Mirah                                       ALF 
Sep 1995 - Mar 1996        Hanfareh Ali Mirah                                    ALF
Mar 1996 - 2015            Ismail Ali Serro                                      APDO/ANDP
Sep 2015 - Nov 2015        Awol Arba (1st time)(acting)                          ADNP
16 Nov 2015 - 17 Dec 2018  Seyoum Awel                                           ANDP
17 Dec 2018 -              Awol Arba (2nd time)                                  ANDP


Amhara 

[Flag of State of Amhara
                  (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Amhara (Amara).

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - Oct 2000            Adisu Legese                                          ANDM 
Oct 2000 -  5 Oct 2005     Yoseph Reta                        (b. 1956)          ANDM
 5 Oct 2005 - 19 Dec 2013  Ayalew Gobezie                                        ANDM
19 Dec 2013 -              Gedu Andargachew                                      ANDM



Benishangul-Gumuz 

[Flag of Benishangul-Gumuz
                  Regional State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1993                       Atom Mustafa
1993 - 1994                Atieb Ahmed                                             BPLM
1994 - 1995                Abdu Mohammed                      (b. 1953? - d. 2012) BPLM
Jul 1995 - Nov 2008        Yaregal Aysheshum
                  (b. 1968)            B-GPDUF
Nov 2008 - 19 May 2016     Ahmed Nasir Ahmed                  (b. 1965 - d. 2016)  BGPDP
15 Jun 2016 -              Ashadli Hassen                                          BGPDP



Gambella

[Flag of State of Gambella
                  Peoples (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Gambella Peoples (Gambela Hizboch).

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1997                Okello Ouman                                          GPDM
Aug 1997 - 2003            Okello Gnigelo                                        GPDF
2003 - 2004                Okello Akway
Jan 2004 - 2005            Keat Tuach Bithow (acting)
29 Sep 2005 - 16 Apr 2013  Umed Ubong                                            GPDM
16 Apr 2013 - 10 Nov 2018  Gatluak Tut Koat                                      GPDM
10 Nov 2018 -              Omot Ojullu Obup                                      GPDM



Harari 

[Harari Peoples National Regional State
                  (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                Harari Peoples (Hareri Hizb) National Regional State

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1993                       Gatur
1993 - 1996                Haji Gotu

1996 - Sep 1999            Abdulahi Idris Ibrahim
Sep 1999 - Sep 2000        Gazali Mohammed
Sep 2000 - Oct 2000        Nuria Abdulahi (f)
Oct 2000 -  3 Oct 2005     Fuad Ibrahim                                         HNL
 3 Oct 2005 -              Murad Abdulhadin                                     HNL



Oromia

[Flag of State of Oromia
                  (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Oromia (Oromiya). 

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1995                Hassen Ali                                              OPDO
1995 - 24 Jul 2001         Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)            OPDP
Jul 2001 - Oct 2001        Vacant
28 Oct 2001 -  6 Oct 2005  Junedin Sado (or Juneidi Sad)                           OPDO

 6 Oct 2005 - Sep 2010     Abadulla Gemeda                                         OPDO
Sep 2010 - 17 Feb 2014     Alemayehu Atomsa                   (b. 1969 - d. 2014)  OPDO
27 Mar 2014 - 23 Oct 2016  Muktar Kedir                                            OPDO
23 Oct 2016 -              Lemma Megersa                                           OPDO



Somali
 
[Flag of Somali State (Ethiopia)]
to 2008, Re-adopted 13 Sep 2018

[Flag of Ethiopia Somali
                        State 2008-2018 (Ethiopia)]
2008 - 13 Sep 2018
[Variant Flag of Ethiopia
                        Somali State 2008-2018 (Ethiopia)]
2008 - 2018 Variant

21 Aug 1995                Ethiopia State of Somali (Sumale)
13 Sep 2018                Somali
(Sumale) Regional State

Presidents of the Executive Committee
Jan 1993 - Nov 1993        Abdulahi Muhammed Sa'adi                               ONLF
Dec 1993 - Apr 1994        Hassan Jire Kalinle                                    ONLF
Apr 1994 - Nov 1994        Ugaz Abdulrahman Abd Ghani                             Non-party
1995 - Oct 1997            Id Tahir Farah                                         ESPDP
Oct 1997 - Oct 2000        Mohammed Ma'alin Ali                                   ONLF
Oct 2000 - 2003            Abdul Reshid Dulane                                    ESPDP
2003 - 2005                Abdul Jibril (acting)                                  ESPDP
Oct 2005 - Oct 2008        Abdulahi Hassen Mohammed                               ESPDP
Oct 2008 - Jul 2010        Da'ud Mohamed Ali                                      ESPDP
 
Jul 2010 -  6 Aug 2018     Abdi Mohamed Omar
"Abdi Iley"                          ESPDP
 6 Aug 2018 -
22 Aug 2018  Ahmed Abdi Mohamed "Ilkacase"                          ESPDP
                             (acting)
22 Aug 2018 -              Mustafa Muhumed Omer (acting)      (b. 1973)
           ESPDP



Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples

[Flag of State of Southern
                  Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples
                             (Ye Debub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch).

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 2001                Abate Kisho                                           SEPDF
12 Nov 2001 - Mar 2006     Hailemariam Desalegne                                 EPRDF 
Mar 2006 - Jul 2013        Shiferaw Shigutie                                     SEPDM
13 Jul 2013 - 24 Jul 2018  Dessie Dalke                                          SEPDM/EPRDF
24 Jul 2018 -              Million Mathewos (Mathios)                            SEPDM/EPRDF



Tigray

[Flag of State of Tigray
                  (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Tigray

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 -  9 Apr 2001         Gebru Asrat                                           TPLF
 9 Apr 2001 - 2010         Tsegay Berhe                       (b. 1947)          TPLF
                             (acting to 17 Nov 2001)
2010 -                     Abay Woldu                                            TPLF



City Administrations

Addis Ababa 

  [Addis Ababa Federal
                  Capital District (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                Addis Ababa (Adis Abeba) Capital City.

Mayors and Chairmen of Administrative Council  
1993 - 1996                Tefera Walwa                                          ANDM
1996 - 24 Jan 2003         Ali Abdo                                              OPDO
24 Jan 2003 -  9 May 2006  Arkebe Oqubay                                         TPLF
 9 May 2006 - 20 May 2008  Birhane Deressa (acting)                              Non-party
20 May 2008 -  9 Jul 2013  Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)          EPRDF
 9 Jul 2013 -              Diriba Kuma                                           OPDO



Dire Dawa 

[Dire Dawa
                    Chartered City (Ethiopia)]

1991 - 2004                Dire Dawa under federal administration, without autonomy.
Jan 1993                   Dire Dawa Provisional Administration
21 Aug 1995                Constitution leaves the status of Dire Dawa unresolved
                             (Dire Dawa Administration).
 4 Aug 2004                Dire Dawa Chartered City
.

Administrator
Nov 1991 - Jan 1993        Habatmu Assefa Wakjira                                OPDO
Chairman of the Provisional Administration
Jan 1993 - 1995            Ismail Aw Adem

Chairman of Administration Council
1995 - 2003                Solomon Hailu

Chief Administrator
2003 - 2006                Fiseha Zerihun                                        TPLF

Mayors
 7 Aug 2006 - 21 Jun 2008  Abdulaziz Mohammed
                                    OPDO
21 Jun 2008 - 2010         Adem Farah                                            SPDP

2010 - 2015                Ased Ziad                                             OPDO

Oct 2015 -                 Ato Ibrahim Usman                                     SPDP






  Ben Cahoon