World Statesmen.org HOME > return to Ethiopia >>

 





 


Ethiopia Administrative Divisions

Capital City Addis Ababa - Chartered City Dire Dawa - States Afar - Amhara - Benishangul/Gumuz - Gambella Peoples - Harari People - Oromiya - Somalia - Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples State - Tigray -

Note: By the constitution of 21 Aug 1995, Ethiopia was reorganized into nine ethnically-based regions (kilil): Afar, Amhara, Benishangul/Gumaz, Gambela Peoples, Harari People, Oromiya, Somali, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples State, Tigray, with separate Addis Ababa capital city, and from 2004, the Dire Dawa chartered city (astedader akabibi).

Party abbreviations: AAPO = All-Amhara People's Organization; ALF = Afar Liberation Front (or Afar Sultanate Liberation Front, est.1975); ANDM = Amhara National Democratic Movement (est.1982); ANDP = Afar National Democratic Party (Afar regionalist, est.1999); APDO = Afar People's Democratic Organization (former ADU, est.1992); B-GPDUF = Benishangul-Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front (Benishangul-Gumuz regionalist, est.1996); BGPDP = Benishangul Gumuz People's Democratic Party; BPLM = Benishangul People's Liberation Movement; EPRDF = Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (democratic-socialist, ethnic self-determination, coalition of OPDO, ANDM, SEPDF and TPLF, est.1989); ESPD = Ethiopian Somali People's Democratic Party (center-left, est.1998); GPDM = Gambella People's Democratic Movement (also called Gambella Peoples' Unity Democratic Movement, former GPLM, est.2003); HNL = Hareri National League (Hareri regionalist, est.1991); ONLF = Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya (Ogaden National Liberation Front, Ogaden separatist, est.1984); OPDO = Oromo People's Democratic Organization (ethnic Omoro, social-democratic, est.1982); SEPDM = Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (former SEPDF, est.1992); SPDP = Somali People's Democratic Party (Somali democratic-socialist, est.1998); TPLF = Hizbawi Weyane Harinet Tigray (Tigrayan People's Liberation Front, Tigre regionalist, democratic-socialist, est.1975);
- Former parties: ADU = Afar Democratic Union (Afar regionalist, 1990-1992, then APDO); EPDM = Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (1980-1982, later ANDM); GPDF = Gambella People's Democratic Front (1998-2003, successor GPDM); GPLM = Gambela People's Liberation Movement (1991-98, successor GPDM); SEPDF = Southern Ethiopia People's Democratic Front (renamed SEPDM); WSLF = Western Somali Liberation Front (Ogaden regionalist, Somali separatist, 1974-1989)



Addis Ababa 

  [Addis Ababa Federal
                  Capital District (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                Addis Ababa Capital City.

Mayors and Chairmen of Administrative Council  
1993 - 1996                Tefera Walwa                                          ANDM
1996 - 24 Jan 2003         Ali Abdo                                              OPDO
24 Jan 2003 -  9 May 2006  Arkebe Oqubay                                         TPLF
 9 May 2006 - 20 May 2008  Birhane Deressa (acting)                              Non-party
20 May 2008 -  9 Jul 2013  Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)          EPRDF
 9 Jul 2013 -              Diriba Kuma                                           OPDO



Dire Dawa 

[Dire Dawa
                    Chartered City (Ethiopia)]

1991 - 2004                Dire Dawa under federal administration, without autonomy.
Jan 1993                   Dire Dawa Provisional Administration
21 Aug 1995                Constitution leaves the status of Dire Dawa unresolved
                             (Dire Dawa Administration).
 4 Aug 2004                Dire Dawa Chartered City
.

Administrator
Nov 1991 - Jan 1993        Habatmu Assefa Wakjira                                OPDO
Chairman of the Provisional Administration
Jan 1993 - 1995            Ismail Aw Adem

Chairman of Administration Council
1995 - 2003                Solomon Hailu

Chief Administrator
2003 - 2006                Fiseha Zerihun                                        TPLF

Mayors
 7 Aug 2006 - 21 Jun 2008  Abdulaziz Mohammed
                                    OPDO
21 Jun 2008 - 2010         Adem Farah                                            SPDP

2010 -                     Ased Ziad                                             OPDO
 

Afar
 
[former
                        Afar Regional State flag (Ethiopia) 1994-2012]                                 1994 - 2012
[Afar
                        Regional State flag (Ethiopia)]                       Adopted 2012

21 Aug 1995                State of Afar.

Presidents of the Executive Committee

1992? - 1995               Habib Ali Mirah                                       ALF 
Sep 1995 - Mar 1996        Hanfareh Ali Mirah                                    ALF
Mar 1996 - 2015            Ismail Ali Serro                                      APDO/ANDP
Sep 2015 - Nov 2015        Awol Arba (acting) 
16 Nov 2015 -              Seyoum Awel                                           ANDP


Amhara 

[Flag of Amhara Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Amhara

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - Oct 2000            Adisu Legese                                          ANDM 
Oct 2000 -  5 Oct 2005     Yoseph Reta                        (b. 1956)          ANDM
 5 Oct 2005 - 19 Dec 2013  Ayalew Gobezie                                        ANDM
19 Dec 2013 -              Gedu Andargachew                                      ANDM



Benishangul/Gumuz 

[Flag of Benishangul Gumuz
                  Regional State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Benshangul/Gumuz.

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1993                       Atom Mustafa
1993 - 1994                Atieb Ahmed                                             BPLM
1994 - 1995                Abdu Mohammed                      (b. 1953? - d. 2012) BPLM
Jul 1995 - Nov 2008        Yaregal Aysheshum
                  (b. 1968)            B-GPDUF
Nov 2008 - 19 May 2016     Ahmed Nasir Ahmed                  (b. 1965 - d. 2016)  BGPDP
15 Jun 2016 -              Ashadli Hassen                                          BGPDP



Gambella Peoples

[Flag of Gambella Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of the Gambela Peoples

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1997                Okello Ouman                                          GPDM
Aug 1997 - 2003            Okello Gnigelo                                        GPDF
2003 - 2004                Okello Akway
Jan 2004 - 2005            Keat Tuach Bithow (acting)
29 Sep 2005 - 16 Apr 2013  Umed Ubong                                            GPDM
16 Apr 2013 -              Gatluak Tut Koat                                      GPDM



Harari People

[Harari Regional State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of the Harari People

Presidents of the Executive Committee
199. - 199.                Haji Gotu
199. - Sep 1999            Abdulahi Idris Ibrahim
Sep 1999 - Sep 2000        Gazali Mohammed
Sep 2000 - Oct 2000        Nuria Abdulahi (f)
Oct 2000 -  3 Oct 2005     Fuad Ibrahim                                         HNL
 3 Oct 2005 -              Murad Abdulhadi                                      HNL



Oromiya

[Flag of Oromiya Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Oromia 

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 1995                Hassen Ali                                              OPDO
1995 - 24 Jul 2001         Kuma Demeksa                       (b. 1958)            OPDP
Jul 2001 - Oct 2001        Vacant
28 Oct 2001 -  6 Oct 2005  Junedin Sado (or Juneidi Sad)                           OPDO

 6 Oct 2005 - Sep 2010     Abadulla Gemeda                                         OPDO
Sep 2010 - 17 Feb 2014     Alemayehu Atomsa                   (b. 1969 - d. 2014)  OPDO
27 Mar 2014 - 23 Oct 2016  Muktar Kedir                                            OPDO
23 Oct 2016 -              Lemma Megersa                                           OPDO



Somalia
 
[former
                        Flag of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia) to
                        2008]                            to 2008
[ Flag
                        of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia)                       Adopted 2008
[Variant
                        Flag of Somali Regional State (Ethiopia)                         2008 Variant

21 Aug 1995                State of Somalia

Presidents of the Executive Committee
Jan 1993 - Nov 1993        Abdulahi Muhammed Sa'adi                               ONLF
Dec 1993 - Apr 1994        Hassan Jire Kalinle                                    ONLF
Apr 1994 - Nov 1994        Ugaz Abdulrahman Abd Ghani                             Non-party
1995 - Oct 1997            Id Tahir Farah                                         SPDP
Oct 1997 - Oct 2000        Mohammed Ma'alin Ali                                   ONLF
Oct 2000 - 2003            Abdul Reshid Dulane                                    SPDP
2003 - 2005                Abdul Jibril (acting)                                  SPDP
Oct 2005 - Oct 2008        Abdulahi Hassen Mohammed                               SPDP
Oct 2008 - Jul 2010        Da'ud Mohamed Ali                                      SPDP
 
Jul 2010 -                 Abdi Mohamed Omar
                                     SPDP 



Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region 

[Flag of Southern State
                  Regional State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 - 2001                Abate Kisho                                           SEPDF
12 Nov 2001 - Mar 2006     Hailemariam Desalegne                                 EPRDF 
Mar 2006 - Jul 2013        Shiferaw Shigutie                                     SEPDM
13 Jul 2013 -              Dessie Dalke                                          SEPDM/EPRDF



Tigray

[Flag of Tigray Regional
                  State (Ethiopia)]

21 Aug 1995                State of Tigray

Presidents of the Executive Committee
1992 -  9 Apr 2001         Gebru Asrat                                           TPLF
 9 Apr 2001 - 2010         Tsegay Berhe                       (b. 1947)          TPLF
                             (acting to 17 Nov 2001)
2010 -                     Abay Woldu                                            TPLF







  Ben Cahoon