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States of Burma 1948-1974

States  Karen (Kayin) - Kayah (Karenni)Shan State - Special Division Chin  - Divisions Mon - Arakan (Rakhine) -

Note
: At
independence on 4 Jan 1948, four autonomous national states (pranynai) were created: Kachin, Karen, Karenni (later Kayah), Shan States along with the the Chin Hills special division which was also granted autonomy.  Local autonomy was ended on 2 Mar 1962 and the constitution of 3 Jan 1974 formally abolished federal autonomy and created three additional states: Chin, Mon, and Rakhine. Burmese names are often seen prefixed with U (i.e., U Nu, U Ne Win). This simply means Mr. and therefore this prefix is not included in this record.

States


Karen (Kayin)

[Kawthoolei (Karen)
                  state flag 1937-1964 (Burma)]
                     Flag of Kawthoolei

 4 Jan 1948                Karen state (postponed, until 27 Dec 1951 a special division).
31 Jan 1949                Karen rebellion begun, rebels occupy Toungoo (to 19 Mar 1950),
                             and Mandalay (13 Mar - 24 Apr 1949), and attempted siege of
                             Rangoon (to May 1949).
14 Jun 1949 - 19 Mar 1950  Karen rebels proclaimed their own separate state (Kawthoolei)
                             with its capital at Toungoo (Jul 1950 - Mar 1955 rebels were
                             based in Papun next to Thai border, afterwards continued as
                             guerillas until ceasefire in Jan 2012).
 2 Mar 1962                Renamed Kawthule state, autonomy abolished.
 1 Jan 1974                Renamed Kayen state.
18 Jun 1989                English spelling changed to Kayin state.

Ministers of State for Karen Affairs
1948                       Saw San Po Thin             (b. c.1900 - d. af.1951)
1948 - 1952                Mahn Ba Saing               (d. af.1961)
Prime ministers of the Kawthoolei Government (from 15 Jul 1950, Governing Body)(in rebellion)
14 Jun 1949 - 12 Aug 1950  Saw Ba U Gyi                (b. 1905 - d. 1950)  KNU
1950 - Dec 1954            Sgaw Ler Taw                (b. 1914 - d. 1989)  KNU
                             (acting [from 19 Jan 1951, for Hunter)
19 Jan 1951 - 1964         Saw Hunter Tha Hmwe         (b. 1905 - d. 1980)  KNU
                             (from Dec 1954, chairman of Revolutionary Council)
Ministers of State for Karen Affairs
Mar 1952 - Mar 1953        Claribel Ba Maung Chain (f) (b. 1905 - d. 1994)
1953 - Jun 1955            Aung Pa
Jun 1955 - Jun 1958        Saw Hla Tun (1st time)      (b. 1906 - d. ....)
Jun 1958 - 1958            Saw Lu Lu                   (d. af.1960)
1958 - Mar 1962            Saw Hla Tun (2nd time)      (s.a.)
Chairman of the Supreme State Council

Mar 1962 - Mar 1974        Saw Hla Tun                 (s.a.)

Party abbreviation: KNU = Karen National Union (Karen autonomist, federalist, separatist 1949-2012, banned 1949-2012, est.5 Feb 1947)



Kayah (Karenni)

 4 Jan 1948                 Karenni state
14 Jan 1952                 Renamed Kayah state
 2 Mar 1962                 Autonomy abolished.

Minister of State for Karenni Affairs
 4 Jun 1948 - 1962          Saw Mun Na
Chairman of the Supreme State Council
Mar 1962 - Mar 1974         A Mya Lay



Kachin 

 4 Jan 1948                 Kachin state
 2 Mar 1962                 Autonomy abolished.

Ministers of State of Kachin Affairs
1948 - 1956                 Sama Duwa Sinwa Nawng       (b. 1914 - d. 1971)
                              (1st time)        
1956 - 1960                 Zan Hta Sin
1960 - 1962                 Sama Duwa Sinwa Nawng       (s.a.)
                              (2nd time)
Chairman of the Supreme State Council
Mar 1962 - Mar 1974         Ding Ratang



Shan State

[Shan State flag (Burma)]
                              Adopted 7 Feb 1947

 4 Jan 1948                 Shan States
24 Apr 1959                 Shan State
 2 Mar 1962                 Autonomy abolished.

Ministers of State for Shan Affairs
1948 - 1949                 Chao Saing Suk
1949 - 1958                 Sao Hkun Hkio               (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
 7 Nov 1958 - 1962          Sao Mam Hom Hpa
Chairman of the Supreme State Council

Mar 1962 - Mar 1974         Tun Aye



Special Division


Chin

 4 Jan 1948                 Chin Hills special division
 2 Mar 1962                 Autonomy abolished.
 3 Jan 1974                 Chin state

Ministers of State for Chin Affairs
1948 - 1952                 Pu Vom Thu Maung
1952 - 195                Pu Shein Thang
1954 - 1958                 Pu Za Hre Lian (1st time)
Oct 1958 - Jan 1959         Pu Thang Lian
Jan 1959 - Dec 1959         Pu Ral Hmung
1960 - 1962                 Pu Za Hre Lian (2nd time)
Chairmen of the Security and Administrative Committee

Mar 1962 - 1972             Son Khaw (Kho) Lian                              Mil
1972 - 1974                 Khen Za Hmung                                    Mil



Divisions (from 1974, States)


Arakan (Rakhine)

 4 Jan 1948                 Arakan division
 3 Jan 1974                 Rakhine state


Mon

 3 Jan 1974                 Mon state created from portions of Thaninthayi division
                              and Bago division.





Ben Cahoon