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San Marino
 
[San Marino flag, before 1465 -
                                    before 1797]
                  bf.1465 - bf.1797

 
[San Marino
                                    flag]
             bf.1797 - 22 Jul 2011 
         State Flag from 6 Apr 1862
 

[San Marino
                                  (state flag)]
     State Flag Adopted 22 Jul 2011

[San
                                    Marino (civil flag)]
                    Civil Flag
 
 
Map of San Marino Hear National Anthem
“Inno Nazionale della Repubblica" (National
 Anthem of the Republic)

Adopted 11 Sep 1894
(No official lyrics) 
Former National Anthem
"Giubilanti d’amore fraterno"
(Jubilant Brotherly Love)
(to 11 Sep 1894) 
Constitution (Statuta Decreta
Reipublicae Sancti Marini)

(8 Oct 1600/12 Jul 1974)
(text of 1834 version)
Capital: San Marino Currency: Euro (EUR);
1865-28 Feb 2002 Italian Lira
(ITL)  & San Marino Lira  (SML)
National Holiday: 3 Sep (301)
Festa della Repubblica
(Founding of the Republic)
Population: 32,448 (2013)
GDP: $1.30 billion (2013)
Exports: $3.82 billion (2011)
Imports: $2.55 billion (2011)
(full customs union with Italy)
Ethnic groups: Sammarinese 85.7%, Italian 13%,
other 1.3% (2003) 
Public Security Force: 160 (2012)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 88.7%, Pentecostal 1.8%,
other 9.5% (2000)
International Organizations/Treaties: APM, BTWC, CE, CTBT, CWC, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISA (observer), ITU, ITUC, KP, LAIA (observer), LU, NAM (guest), NPT, NTBT, OPCW, OSCE, PAM (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO
San Marino
Chronology

 3 Sep 301                 City founded according to legend by St. Marinus;
                             successively known as Terra di San Marino (Land
                             of San Marino), Terra di Libertà di San Marino
                           
  (Territory of the Liberty of San Marino) and
                             Comune del Castello di San Marino (Commune of
                             the Castle of San Marino).
1291                       Independence recognized by Papal State (but
                             remains under Papal protectorate).
1463                       Fiorentino, Montegiardino and Serravalle added.
1464                       Faetano added to San Marino.
1491                       Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima
                             Repubblica di San Marino), style made statutory.
Dec 1502 - 18 Aug 1503     Papal occupation by Cesare Borgia, duca di 
                             Valentino (b. 1475 - d. 1507) who appoints
                             Ercole Spavaldo as Podesta.
1503 -  1 Jan 1625         Under protection of the Duchy of Urbino.
 1 Jan 1625 - 18 Mar 1860  Under Papal State protection.
18 Oct 1739 -  5 Feb 1740  Annexed to the Papal State (see Italian States).
12 Feb 1797 - 11 Apr 1814  Under the protection of Napoléon ruler of France.
22 Mar 1862                Independence recognized by Italy (confirmed
                             28 Jun 1872 and 31 Mar 1939).
10 Aug 1944 - 21 Sep 1944  Occupied by German forces.
21 Sep 1944 - 20 Oct 1944  Occupied by Allied (British) forces.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Captains-regent (title Capitani Reggenti la Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino)
 1 Oct 1699  - 1 Apr 1700  Francesco Maccioni (9th time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Fattori
                           (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1700 -  1 Oct 1700  Francesco Loli (7th time)
                           + Baldassarre Tini (2nd time)      (b. 16.. - d. 1719)
 1 Oct 1700 -  1 Apr 1701  Ottavio Leonardelli (4th time)
                           + Marino Beni (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1701 -  1 Oct 1701  Alfonso Tosini (6th time)
                           + Francesco Moracci (1st time)
 1 Oct 1701 -  1 Apr 1702  Giuliano Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Lorenzo Giangi (7th time)
 1 Apr 1702 -  1 Oct 1702  Giuseppe Loli (2nd time)
                           + Melchiorre Martelli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1702 -  1 Apr 1703  Giovanni Antonio Belluzzi
                           (4th time)
                           + Gaspare Calbini (5th time)
 1 Apr 1703 -  1 Oct 1703  Bernardino Leonardelli (3rd time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Fattori
                           (4th time)
 1 Oct 1703 -  1 Apr 1704  Onofrio Onofri (3rd time)
                           + Baldassarre Tini (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1704 -  1 Oct 1704  Ottavio Leonardelli (5th time)
                           + Pietro Francini (5th time)
 1 Oct 1704 -  1 Apr 1705  Giambattista Tosini (7th time)
                           + Tommaso Ceccoli (1st time)
 1 Apr 1705 -  1 Oct 1705  Gian Giacomo Angeli (1st time)
                           + Lorenzo Giangi (8th time)
 1 Oct 1705 -  1 Apr 1706  Giuseppe Loli (3rd time)
                           + Melchiorre Martelli (7th time)
 1 Apr 1706 -  1 Oct 1706  Giovanni Cionini (1st time)
                           + Gaspare Calbini (6th time)
 1 Oct 1706 -  1 Apr 1707  Francesco Maccioni (10th time)
                           + Giambattista Ceccoli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1707 -  1 Oct 1707  Onofrio Onofri (4th time)
                           + Giuseppe Zampini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1707 -  1 Apr 1708  Federico Gozi (1st time)           (b. 1668 - d. 1743)
                           + Francesco Moracci (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1708 -  1 Oct 1708  Giuliano Belluzzi (6th time)
                           + Tommaso Ceccoli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1708 -  1 Apr 1709  Marino Enea Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Baldassarre Tini (4th time)      (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1709 -  1 Oct 1709  Gian Giacomo Angeli (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Giangi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1709 -  1 Apr 1710  Giovanni Antonio Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio
                           Fattori (5th time)
 1 Apr 1710 -  1 Oct 1710  Giovanni Cionini (2nd time)
                           + Melchiorre Martelli (8th time)
 1 Oct 1710 -  1 Apr 1711  Francesco Maccioni (11th time)
                           + Pietro Francini (6th time)
 1 Apr 1711 -  1 Oct 1711  Giuseppe Loli (4th time)
                           + Girolamo Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1711 -  1 Apr 1712  Federico Gozi (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                           + Giuseppe Zampini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1712 -  1 Oct 1712  Onofrio Onofri (5th time)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1712 -  1 Apr 1713  Gian Giacomo Angeli (3rd time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bedetti (1st time)
 1 Apr 1713 -  1 Oct 1713  Giovanni Antonio Belluzzi
                           (6th time) 
                           + Giovanni Antonio Fattori
                           (6th time)
 1 Oct 1713 -  1 Apr 1714  Giuliano Belluzzi (7th time)
                           + Tommaso Ceccoli (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1714 -  1 Oct 1714  Giuseppe Onofri (1st time)
                           + Lorenzo Giangi (9th time)
 1 Oct 1714 -  1 Apr 1715  Giuseppe Loli (5th time)
                           + Pietro Francini (7th time)
 1 Apr 1715 -  1 Oct 1715  Giovanni Paolo Valloni (1st time)
                           + Giuseppe Zampini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1715 -  1 Apr 1716  Bernardino Leonardelli (4th time)
                           + Marino Enea Bonelli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1716 -  1 Oct 1716  Gian Giacomo Angeli (4th time)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1716 -  1 Apr 1717  Francesco Maria Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bedetti (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1717 -  1 Oct 1717  Federico Gozi (3rd time)           (s.a.)
                           + Girolamo Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1717 -  1 Apr 1718  Ottavio Leonardelli (6th time)
                           + Francesco Giangi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1718 -  1 Oct 1718  Giuliano Belluzzi (8th time)
                           + Marino Beni (4th time)
 1 Oct 1718 -  1 Apr 1719  Tranquillo Manenti Belluzzi
                           (1st time)
                           + Tommaso Ceccoli (4th time)
 1 Apr 1719 -  1 Oct 1719  Giovanni Paolo Valloni (2nd time)
                           + Baldassarre Tini (5th time)      (s.a.)
                              (to ... 1719)
                           + Francesco Moracci (3rd time)
                              (from ... 1719)
 1 Oct 1719 -  1 Apr 1720  Gian Giacomo Angeli (5th time)
                           + Lorenzo Giangi (10th time)
 1 Apr 1720 -  1 Oct 1720  Benedetto Belluzzi
                           + Giovanni Martelli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1720 -  1 Apr 1721  Marino Enea Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bedetti (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1721 -  1 Oct 1721  Federico Gozi (4th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Girolamo Martelli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1721 -  1 Apr 1722  Bernardino Leonardelli (5th time)
                           + Francesco Giangi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1722 -  1 Oct 1722  Francesco Maria Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Marino Beni (5th time)
 1 Oct 1722 -  1 Apr 1723  Valerio Maccioni (1st time)
                           + Pier Antonio Ugolini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1723 -  1 Oct 1723  Giuseppe Onofri (2nd time)
                           + Tommaso Ceccoli (5th time)
 1 Oct 1723 -  1 Apr 1724  Pietro Loli
                           + Giovanni Martelli (4th time)
 1 Apr 1724 -  1 Oct 1724  Giovanni Paolo Valloni (3rd time)
                           + Biagio Antonio Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1724 -  1 Apr 1725  Marino Enea Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bedetti (4th time)
 1 Apr 1725 -  1 Oct 1725  Gian Giacomo Angeli (6th time)
                           + Lorenzo Giangi (11th time)
 1 Oct 1725 -  1 Apr 1726  Federico Gozi (5th time)           (s.a.)
                           (resigned ... 1726, not replaced)
                           + Marino Beni (6th time)
 1 Apr 1726 -  1 Oct 1726  Tranquillo Manenti Belluzzi
                           (2nd time)
                           + Girolamo Martelli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1726 -  1 Apr 1727  Valerio Maccioni (2nd time)
                           + Pier Antonio Ugolini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1727 -  1 Oct 1727  Giuseppe Onofri (3rd time)
                           + Tommaso Ceccoli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1727 -  1 Apr 1728  Gentile Maria Maggio
                           + Giovanni Martelli (5th time)
 1 Apr 1728 -  1 Oct 1728  Francesco Maria Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Biagio Antonio Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1728 -  1 Apr 1729  Marino Enea Bonelli (5th time)
                           + Bernardino Capicchioni
 1 Apr 1729 -  1 Oct 1729  Giovanni Paolo Valloni (4th time)
                           + Francesco Giangi (4th time)
 1 Oct 1729 -  1 Apr 1730  Gian Giacomo Angeli (7th time)
                           + Giovanni Andrea Beni
 1 Apr 1730 -  1 Oct 1730  Valerio Maccioni (3rd time)
                           + Pier Antonio Ugolini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1730 -  1 Apr 1731  Tranquillo Manenti Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Girolamo Martelli (5th time)
 1 Apr 1731 -  1 Oct 1731  Giuseppe Onofri (4th time)
                           + Lodovico Anatucci (1st time)
 1 Oct 1731 -  1 Apr 1732  Giovanni Antonio Leonardelli
                           (1st time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bedetti (5th time)
 1 Apr 1732 -  1 Oct 1732  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1732 -  1 Apr 1733  Valerio Maccioni (4th time)
                           + Vincenzo Moracci (1st time)
 1 Apr 1733 -  1 Oct 1733  Francesco Maria Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Giovanni Maria Giangi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1733 -  1 Apr 1734  Giovanni Paolo Valloni (5th time)
                           (absent, not replaced)
                           + Giovanni Maria Beni (1st time)
 1 Apr 1734 -  1 Oct 1734  Marino Enea Bonelli (6th time)
                           + Tommaso Capicchioni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1734 -  1 Apr 1735  Giuseppe Onofri (5th time)
                           + Lodovico Anatucci (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1735 -  1 Oct 1735  Tranquillo Manenti Belluzzi
                           (4th time)
                           + Biagio Antonio Martelli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1735 -  1 Apr 1736  Federico Tosini
                           + Pier Antonio Ugolini (4th time)
 1 Apr 1736 -  1 Oct 1736  Gian Giacomo Angeli (8th time)
                           + Girolamo Martelli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1736 -  1 Apr 1737  Francesco Maria Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Giovanni Maria Giangi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1737 -  1 Oct 1737  Valerio Maccioni (5th time)
                           + Vincenzo Moracci (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1737 -  1 Apr 1738  Filippo Manenti Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Giuliano Malpeli
 1 Apr 1738 -  1 Oct 1738  Giuseppe Onofri (6th time)
                           + Giovanni Maria Beni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1738 -  1 Apr 1739  Giovanni Antonio Leonardelli
                           (2nd time)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (7th time)
 1 Apr 1739 -  1 Oct 1739  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (2nd time)
                           + Biagio Antonio Martelli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1739 - 18 Oct 1739  Gian Giacomo Angeli (9th time)
                           + Alfonso Giangi (1st time)
18 Oct 1739 -  5 Feb 1740  Gian Giacomo Angeli -Gonfalonier
28 Oct 1739 - Nov 1739     Gaspare Antonio Fogli -Governor
Nov 1739 -  5 Feb 1740     Amato Bartolucci -Governor  
 5 Feb 1740 -  1 Oct 1740  Marino Enea Bonelli (7th time)
                           + Alfonso Giangi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1740 -  1 Apr 1741  Giuseppe Onofri (7th time)
                           + Vincenzo Moracci (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1741 -  1 Oct 1741  Giovanni Maria Giangi (3rd time)
                           + Marino Tini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1741 -  1 Apr 1742  Lodovico Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Pier Antonio Ugolini (5th time)
 1 Apr 1742 -  1 Oct 1742  Girolamo Gozi (1st time)           (b. 1702 - d. 1781)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (8th time)
 1 Oct 1742 -  1 Apr 1743  Biagio Antonio Martelli (5th time)
                           + Domenico Bertoni (1st time)
 1 Apr 1743 -  1 Oct 1743  Filippo Manenti Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Filippo Fabbrini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1743 -  1 Apr 1744  Giacomo Begni (1st time)
                           + Francesco Antonio Righi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1744 -  1 Oct 1744  Giuseppe Onofri (8th time)
                           + Alfonso Giangi (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1744 -  1 Apr 1745  Giovanni Maria Giangi (4th time)
                           + Vincenzo Moracci (4th time)
 1 Apr 1745 -  1 Oct 1745  Giambattista Zampini (1st time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1745 -  1 Apr 1746  Girolamo Gozi (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                           + Tommaso Capicchioni (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1746 -  1 Oct 1746  Lodovico Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1746 -  1 Apr 1747  Filippo Manenti Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Domenico Bertoni (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1747 -  1 Oct 1747  Giacomo Begni (2nd time)
                           + Ottavio Fazzini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1747 -  1 Apr 1748  Biagio Antonio Martelli (6th time)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (9th time)
 1 Apr 1748 -  1 Oct 1748  Giovanni Marino Giangi¹
                           + Francesco Antonio Righi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1748 -  1 Apr 1749  Costantino Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1749 -  1 Oct 1749  Giuseppe Onofri (9th time)
                           + Vincenzo Moracci (5th time)
 1 Oct 1749 -  1 Apr 1750  Lodovico Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1750 -  1 Oct 1750  Filippo Manenti Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Pier Antonio Ugolini (6th time)
 1 Oct 1750 -  1 Apr 1751  Giovanni Antonio Leonardelli
                           (3rd time)
                           + Alfonso Giangi (4th time)
 1 Apr 1751 -  1 Oct 1751  Aurelio Valloni (1st time)
                           + Filippo Fabbrini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1751 -  1 Apr 1752  Giovanni Maria Giangi (5th time)
                           + Marino Tini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1752 -  1 Oct 1752  Giacomo Begni (3rd time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1752 -  1 Apr 1753  Costantino Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Giovanni Martelli (10th time)
 1 Apr 1753 -  1 Oct 1753  Giuseppe Onofri (10th time)
                           + Giuseppe Franzoni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1753 -  1 Apr 1754  Filippo Manenti Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1754 -  1 Oct 1754  Girolamo Gozi (3rd time)           (s.a.)
                           + Vincenzo Moracci (6th time)
 1 Oct 1754 -  1 Apr 1755  Francesco Maccioni (1st time)
                           + Ottavio Fazzini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1755 -  1 Oct 1755  Biagio Antonio Martelli (7th time)
                           + Giuseppe Bertoni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1755 -  1 Apr 1756  Giacomo Begni (4th time)
                           + Paolo Tini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1756 -  1 Oct 1756  Marino Belluzzi
                           + Francesco Casali (1st time)
 1 Oct 1756 -  1 Apr 1757  Giovanni Beni
                           + Francesco Antonio Righi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1757 -  1 Oct 1757  Giambattista Angeli (1st time)
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (4th time)
 1 Oct 1757 -  1 Apr 1758  Filippo Manenti Belluzzi (6th time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (1st time)
 1 Apr 1758 -  1 Oct 1758  Lodovico Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Marino Tini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1758 -  1 Apr 1759  Giovanni Maria Giangi (6th time)
                           + Giuseppe Franzoni (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1759 -  1 Oct 1759  Giacomo Begni (5th time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1759 -  1 Apr 1760  Giovanni Antonio Leonardelli
                           (4th time)
                           + Filippo Fazzini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1760 -  1 Oct 1760  Aurelio Valloni (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Antonio Righi (4th time)
 1 Oct 1760 -  1 Apr 1761  Giambattista Angeli (2nd time)
                           + Giovanni Pietro Martelli
 1 Apr 1761 -  1 Oct 1761  Francesco Maccioni (2nd time)
                           + Marino Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1761 -  1 Apr 1762  Filippo Manenti (1st time)²
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (5th time)
 1 Apr 1762 -  1 Oct 1762  Giovanni Maria Giangi (7th time)
                           + Giuseppe Bertoni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1762 -  1 Apr 1763  Giambattista Zampini (2nd time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (5th time)
 1 Apr 1763 -  1 Oct 1763  Giambattista Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Filippo Fazzini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1763 -  1 Apr 1764  Girolamo Gozi (4th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Paolo Tini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1764 -  1 Oct 1764  Giambattista Angeli (3rd time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1764 -  1 Apr 1765  Giovanni Antonio Leonardelli (5th time)
                           + Marino Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1765 -  1 Oct 1765  Filippo Manenti (2nd time)²
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (6th time)
 1 Oct 1765 -  1 Apr 1766  Francesco Begni (1st time)
                           + Francesco Benedetti
 1 Apr 1766 -  1 Oct 1766  Filippo Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1766 -  1 Apr 1767  Giuseppe Giannini (1st time)
                           + Giuseppe Franzoni (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1767 -  1 Oct 1767  Francesco Maccioni (3rd time)
                           + Filippo Fazzini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1767 -  1 Apr 1768  Giambattista Angeli (4th time)
                           + Giuseppe Bertoni (3nd time)
 1 Apr 1768 -  1 Oct 1768  Giuliano Gozi (1st time)           (b. 1728 - d. 1805)
                           + Francesco Casali (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1768 -  1 Apr 1769  Costantino Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Malpeli
                           (1st time)
 1 Apr 1769 -  1 Oct 1769  Baldassarre Giangi (1st time)
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini (7th time)
 1 Oct 1769 -  1 Apr 1770  Filippo Manenti (3rd time)²
                           + Francesco Antonio Casali         (d. 1778)
                           (1st time) 
 1 Apr 1770 -  1 Oct 1770  Gaetano Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (7th time)
 1 Oct 1770 -  1 Apr 1771  Giuseppe Giannini (2nd time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1771 -  1 Oct 1771  Giambattista Angeli (5th time)
                           + Filippo Fazzini (4th time)
 1 Oct 1771 -  1 Apr 1772  Giuliano Gozi (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                           + Angelo Ortolani (1st time)
 1 Apr 1772 -  1 Oct 1772  Sebastiano Onofri
                           + Giuseppe Bertoni (4th time)
 1 Oct 1772 -  1 Apr 1773  Baldassarre Giangi (2nd time)
                           + Francesco di Livio Casali
                           (1st time)
 1 Apr 1773 -  1 Oct 1773  Costantino Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Malpeli
                           (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1773 -  1 Apr 1774  Francesco Manenti (1st time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (8th time)
 1 Apr 1774 -  1 Oct 1774  Gaetano Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (4th time)
 1 Oct 1774 -  1 Apr 1775  Giuliano Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Francesco Antonio Casali
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1775 -  1 Oct 1775  Giuliano Gozi (3rd time)           (s.a.)
                           + Angelo Ortolani (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1775 -  1 Apr 1776  Giambattista Angeli (6th time)
                           + Girolamo Paoloni (1st time)
 1 Apr 1776 -  1 Oct 1776  Giuseppe Giannini (3rd time)
                           + Antimo Meloni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1776 -  1 Apr 1777  Francesco Onofri (1st time)
                           + Francesco di Livio Casali
                           (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1777 -  1 Oct 1777  Costantino Bonelli (5th time)
                           + Francesco Moracci
 1 Oct 1777 -  1 Apr 1778  Pier Antonio Leonardelli (1st time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Malpeli
                           (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1778 -  1 Oct 1778  Baldassarre Giangi (3rd time)
                           + Francesco Antonio Casali
                           (3rd time) (to ... 1778)           (s.a.)
                           + Alessandro Martelli
                             (from ... 1778)
 1 Oct 1778 -  1 Apr 1779  Giambattista Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Pier Francesco Meloni
 1 Apr 1779 -  1 Oct 1779  Giuliano Gozi (4th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Angelo Ortolani (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1779 -  1 Apr 1780  Filippo Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (9th time)
 1 Apr 1780 -  1 Oct 1780  Francesco Manenti (2nd time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (5th time)
 1 Oct 1780 -  1 Apr 1781  Costantino Bonelli (6th time)
                           + Francesco di Livio Casali
                           (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1781 -  1 Oct 1781  Pier Antonio Leonardelli (2nd time)
                           + Girolamo Paoloni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1781 -  1 Apr 1782  Baldassarre Giangi (4th time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Malpeli (4th time)
 1 Apr 1782 -  1 Oct 1782  Giambattista Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Antimo Meloni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1782 -  1 Apr 1783  Giuseppe Giannini (4th time)
                           + Francesco Malpeli
 1 Apr 1783 -  1 Oct 1783  Francesco Begni (2nd time)
                           + Pompeo Zoli (10th time)
 1 Oct 1783 -  1 Apr 1784  Giuliano Gozi (5th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Pier Francesco Vita
 1 Apr 1784 -  1 Oct 1784  Giambattista Zampini (3rd time)
                           + Angelo Ortolani (4th time)
 1 Oct 1784 -  1 Apr 1785  Francesco Manenti (3rd time)
                           + Marino Francesconi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1785 -  1 Oct 1785  Marino Giangi (1st time)
                           + Giovanni Antonio Malpeli (5th time)
 1 Oct 1785 -  1 Apr 1786  Pier Antonio Leonardelli (3rd time)
                           + Girolamo Paoloni (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1786 -  1 Oct 1786  Giambattista Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1786 -  1 Apr 1787  Giuliano Gozi (6th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Francesco Faetani (1st time)
 1 Apr 1787 -  1 Oct 1787  Giuliano Gozi (7th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Francesco Faetani (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1787 -  1 Apr 1788  Francesco Onofri (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Tini
 1 Apr 1788 -  1 Oct 1788  Giambattista Bonelli (5th time)
                           + Giovanni Filippi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1788 -  1 Apr 1789  Francesco Begni (3rd time)
                           + Filippo Fazzini (5th time)
 1 Apr 1789 -  1 Oct 1789  Giuliano Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Silvestro Masi
 1 Oct 1789 -  1 Apr 1790  Marino Giangi (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Belzoppi
 1 Apr 1790 -  1 Oct 1790  Mariano Begni (1st time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1790 -  1 Apr 1791  Filippo Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (6th time)
 1 Apr 1791 -  1 Oct 1791  Francesco Giannini (1st time)
                           + Antimo Meloni (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1791 -  1 Apr 1792  Antonio Onofri (1st time)
                           + Girolamo Paoloni (4th time)
 1 Apr 1792 -  1 Oct 1792  Giuliano Gozi (8th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Giovanni Filippi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1792 -  1 Apr 1793  Giambattista Bonelli (6th time)
                           + Marino Francesconi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1793 -  1 Oct 1793  Giuliano Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Marino Tassini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1793 -  1 Apr 1794  Marino Giangi (3rd time)
                           + Felice Caroti
 1 Apr 1794 -  1 Oct 1794  Marino Begni (1st time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (7th time)
 1 Oct 1794 -  1 Apr 1795  Filippo Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Pier Vincenzo Giannini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1795 -  1 Oct 1795  Giuseppe Mercuri (1st time)
                           + Angelo Ortolani (5th time)
 1 Oct 1795 -  1 Apr 1796  Francesco Giannini (2nd time)
                           + Livio Casali (1st time)
 1 Apr 1796 -  1 Oct 1796  Giuliano Gozi (9th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Matteo Martelli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1796 -  1 Apr 1797  Antonio Onofri (2nd time)
                           + Marino Francesconi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1797 -  1 Oct 1797  Giuliano Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Girolamo Paoloni (5th time)
 1 Oct 1797 -  1 Apr 1798  Annibale Gozi (1st time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (8th time)
 1 Apr 1798 -  1 Oct 1798  Marino Begni (2nd time)
                           + Alessandro Righi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1798 -  1 Apr 1799  Marino Giangi (4th time)
                           + Vincenzo Belzoppi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1799 -  1 Oct 1799  Francesco Giannini (3rd time)
                           + Pietro Zoli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1799 -  1 Apr 1800  Camillo Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Livio Casali (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1800 -  1 Oct 1800  Francesco Faetani (3rd time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1800 -  1 Apr 1801  Giuseppe Mercuri (2nd time)
                           + Pier Vincenzo Giannini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1801 -  1 Oct 1801  Giuliano Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Marino Bertoni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1801 -  1 Apr 1802  Mariano Begni (2nd time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (9th time)
 1 Apr 1802 -  1 Oct 1802  Filippo Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Marino Tassini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1802 -  1 Apr 1803  Annibale Gozi (2nd time)
                           + Giovanni Filippi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1803 -  1 Oct 1803  Camillo Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Livio Casali (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1803 -  1 Apr 1804  Antonio Onofri (3rd time)
                           + Marino Francesconi (4th time)
 1 Apr 1804 -  1 Oct 1804  Marino Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (5th time)
 1 Oct 1804 -  1 Apr 1805  Francesco Giannini (4th time)
                           + Giuseppe Righi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1805 -  1 Oct 1805  Francesco Maria Belluzzi           (b. 17.. - d. 1835)
                           (1st time)
                           + Antonio Capicchioni (10th time)
 1 Oct 1805 -  1 Apr 1806  Mariano Begni (3rd time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (1st time)
 1 Apr 1806 -  1 Oct 1806  Giuseppe Mercuri (3rd time)
                           + Marino Tassini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1806 -  1 Apr 1807  Alessandro Righi (2nd time)
                           + Pietro Berti (1st time)
 1 Apr 1807 -  1 Oct 1807  Antonio Onofri (4th time)
                           + Marino Francesconi (5th time)
 1 Oct 1807 -  1 Apr 1808  Camillo Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Livio Casali (4th time)
 1 Apr 1808 -  1 Oct 1808  Marino Giangi (5th time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1808 -  1 Apr 1809  Federico Gozi (1st time)
                           + Pier Antonio Damiani (1st time)
 1 Apr 1809 -  1 Oct 1809  Francesco Giannini (5th time)
                           + Vincenzo Belzoppi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1809 -  1 Apr 1810  Mariano Begni (4th time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1810 -  1 Oct 1810  Lodovico Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Maria Giuseppe Malpeli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1810 -  1 Apr 1811  Antonio Onofri (5th time)
                           + Marino Francesconi (6th time)
 1 Apr 1811 -  1 Oct 1811  Francesco Maria Belluzzi           (s.a.)
                           (2nd time) 
                           + Marino Bertoni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1811 -  1 Apr 1812  Giuseppe Mercuri (4th time)
                           + Pier Vincenzo Giannini (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1812 -  1 Oct 1812  Camillo Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Livio Casali (5th time)
 1 Oct 1812 -  1 Apr 1813  Francesco Giannini (6th time)
                           + Pietro Zoli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1813 -  1 Oct 1813  Marino Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Pier Antonio Damiani (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1813 -  1 Apr 1814  Mariano Begni (5th time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1814 -  1 Oct 1814  Federico Gozi (2nd time)
                           + Andrea Albertini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1814 -  1 Apr 1815  Lodovico Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Maria Giuseppe Malpeli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1815 -  1 Oct 1815  Giuseppe Mercuri (5th time)
                           + Pier Vincenzo Giannini (4th time)
 1 Oct 1815 -  1 Apr 1816  Francesco Maria Belluzzi           (s.a.)
                           (3rd time) 
                           + Filippo Filippi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1816 -  1 Oct 1816  Camillo Bonelli (5th time)
                           + Pietro Berti (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1816 -  1 Apr 1817  Luigi Giannini (1st time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (7th time)
 1 Apr 1817 -  1 Oct 1817  Antonio Onofri (6th time)
                           + Pietro Zoli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1817 -  1 Apr 1818  Federico Gozi (3rd time)
                           + Vincenzo Belzoppi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1818 -  1 Oct 1818  Giuliano Malpeli (1st time)
                           + Livio Casali (6th time)
 1 Oct 1818 -  1 Apr 1819  Mariano Begni (6th time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (4th time)
 1 Apr 1819 -  1 Oct 1819  Giuseppe Mercuri (6th time)
                           + Andrea Albertini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1819 -  1 Apr 1820  Francesco Maria Belluzzi
                           (4th time)                         (s.a.)
                           + Filippo Filippi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1820 -  1 Oct 1820  Luigi Giannini (2nd time)
                           + Matteo Martelli (8th time)
 1 Oct 1820 -  1 Apr 1821  Camillo Bonelli (6th time)
                           + Marino Berti (1st time)
 1 Apr 1821 -  1 Oct 1821  Antonio Onofri (7th time)
                           + Pier Vincenzo Giannini (5th time)
 1 Oct 1821 -  1 Apr 1822  Giuliano Malpeli (2nd time)
                           + Pietro Berti (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1822 -  1 Oct 1822  Federico Gozi (4th time)
                           + Francesco Guidi Giangi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1822 -  1 Apr 1823  Mariano Begni (7th time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (5th time)
 1 Apr 1823 -  1 Oct 1823  Giuseppe Mercuri (7th time)
                           + Marino Lonfernini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1823 -  1 Apr 1824  Francesco Maria Belluzzi
                           (5th time)                         (s.a.)
                           + Filippo Filippi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1824 -  1 Oct 1824  Lodovico Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Vincenzo Braschi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1824 -  1 Apr 1825  Luigi Giannini (3rd time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bartolotti (1st time)
 1 Apr 1825 -  1 Oct 1825  Raffaele Gozi (1st time)
                           + Pietro Berti (4th time)
 1 Oct 1825 -  1 Apr 1826  Camillo Bonelli (7th time)
                           + Pier Antonio Damiani (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1826 -  1 Oct 1826  Giambattista Onofri (1st time)
                           + Marino Berti (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1826 -  1 Apr 1827  Giuliano Malpeli (3rd time)
                           + Marino Lonfernini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1827 -  1 Oct 1827  Mariano Begni (8th time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (6th time)
 1 Oct 1827 -  1 Apr 1828  Lodovico Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Vincenzo Braschi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1828 -  1 Oct 1828  Francesco Maria Belluzzi
                           (6th time)                         (s.a.)
                           + Francesco Guidi Giangi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1828 -  1 Apr 1829  Luigi Giannini (4th time)
                           + Giacomo Antonio Tini
 1 Apr 1829 -  1 Oct 1829  Camillo Bonelli (8th time)
                           + Pietro Zoli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1829 -  1 Apr 1830  Giuseppe Mercuri (8th time)
                           + Filippo Filippi (4th time)
 1 Apr 1830 -  1 Oct 1830  Giuliano Malpeli (4th time)
                           + Marino Lonfernini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1830 -  1 Apr 1831  Giambattista Onofri (2nd time)
                           + Pier Antonio Damiani (4th time)
 1 Apr 1831 -  1 Oct 1831  Lodovico Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Biagio Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1831 -  1 Apr 1832  Francesco Maria Belluzzi
                           (7th time)                         (s.a.)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (1st time)
 1 Apr 1832 -  1 Oct 1832  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (1st time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bartolotti (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1832 -  1 Apr 1833  Mariano Begni (9th time)
                           + Giovanni Malpeli (7th time)
 1 Apr 1833 -  1 Oct 1833  Giuseppe Mercuri (9th time)
                           + Filippo Filippi (5th time)
 1 Oct 1833 -  1 Apr 1834  Luigi Giannini (5th time)
                           + Vincenzo Braschi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1834 -  1 Oct 1834  Lodovico Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Francesco Guidi Giangi (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1834 -  1 Apr 1835  Giuliano Malpeli (5th time)
                           + Pietro Tassini
 1 Apr 1835 -  1 Oct 1835  Francesco Maria Belluzzi
                           (8th time) (to ... 1835)           (s.a.)
                           + Raffaele Gozi (2nd time)
                              (from ... 1835)
                           + Pietro Zoli (5th time)
 1 Oct 1835 -  1 Apr 1836  Giambattista Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bartolotti (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1836 -  1 Oct 1836  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (2nd time)
                           + Pier Antonio Damiani (5th time)
 1 Oct 1836 -  1 Apr 1837  Giuseppe Gozi (1st time)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1837 -  1 Oct 1837  Filippo Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Filippo Filippi (6th time)
 1 Oct 1837 -  1 Apr 1838  Giuseppe Mercuri (10th time)
                           + Marc' Antonio Tassini
 1 Apr 1838 -  1 Oct 1838  Girolamo Gozi (1st time)
                           + Francesco Guidi Giangi (4th time)
 1 Oct 1838 -  1 Apr 1839  Mariano Begni (10th time)
                           + Domenico Maria Belzoppi          (b. 1796 - d. 1860)
                           (1st time)
 1 Apr 1839 -  1 Oct 1839  Giambattista Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Bartolomeo Bartolotti (4th time)
 1 Oct 1839 -  1 Apr 1840  Giuliano Malpeli (6th time)
                           + Biagio Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1840 -  1 Oct 1840  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (3rd time)
                           + Pietro Righi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1840 -  1 Apr 1841  Raffaele Gozi (3rd time)
                           + Pietro Zoli (6th time)
 1 Apr 1841 -  1 Oct 1841  Filippo Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Filippo Filippi (7th time)
 1 Oct 1841 -  1 Apr 1842  Girolamo Gozi (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Guidi Giangi (5th time)
 1 Apr 1842 -  1 Oct 1842  Domenico Maria Belzoppi (2nd time) (s.a.)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1842 -  1 Apr 1843  Giuseppe Gozi (2nd time)
                           + Domenic' Antonio Bartolotti
                           (1st time)
 1 Apr 1843 -  1 Oct 1843  Giuliano Malpeli (7th time)
                           + Marino Malpeli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1843 -  1 Apr 1844  Lodovico Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Biagio Martelli (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1844 -  1 Oct 1844  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (4th time)
                           + Pietro Righi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1844 -  1 Apr 1845  Pietro Zoli (7th time)
                           + Marino Berti (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1845 -  1 Oct 1845  Giambattista Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Francesco Valli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1845 -  1 Apr 1846  Domenico Maria Belzoppi (3rd time) (s.a.)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (4th time)
 1 Apr 1846 -  1 Oct 1846  Filippo Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Filippo Filippi (8th time)
 1 Oct 1846 -  1 Apr 1847  Francesco Guidi Giangi (6th time)
                           + Costanzo Damiani (1st time)
 1 Apr 1847 -  1 Oct 1847  Girolamo Gozi (3rd time)
                           + Domenic' Antonio Bartolotti
                           (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1847 -  1 Apr 1848  Giuliano Malpeli (8th time)
                           + Biagio Martelli (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1848 -  1 Oct 1848  Giuseppe Gozi (3rd time)
                           + Marino Malpeli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1848 -  1 Apr 1849  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (5th time)
                           + Pietro Righi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1849 -  1 Oct 1849  Domenico Maria Belzoppi (4th time) (s.a.)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (5th time)
 1 Oct 1849 -  1 Apr 1850  Giambattista Braschi (1st time)
                           + Marino Lonfernini (4th time)
 1 Apr 1850 -  1 Oct 1850  Vincenzo Angeli
                           + Costanzo Damiani (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1850 -  1 Apr 1851  Giambattista Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Marino Berti (4th time)
 1 Apr 1851 -  1 Oct 1851  Francesco Guidi Giangi (7th time)
                           + Marco Suzzi Valli
 1 Oct 1851 -  1 Apr 1852  Domenic' Antonio Bartolotti
                           (3rd time) + Antonio Para
 1 Apr 1852 -  1 Oct 1852  Melchiorre Filippi (1st time)
                           + Pietro Righi (4th time)
 1 Oct 1852 -  1 Apr 1853  Filippo Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Gaetano Simoncini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1853 -  1 Oct 1853  Domenico Maria Belzoppi (5th time) (s.a.)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (6th time)
 1 Oct 1853 -  1 Apr 1854  Giambattista Braschi (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Valli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1854 -  1 Oct 1854  Girolamo Gozi (4th time)
                           + Pietro Ugolini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1854 -  1 Apr 1855  Francesco Guidi Giangi (8th time)
                           + Pietro Barbieri
 1 Apr 1855 -  1 Oct 1855  Gaetano Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Francesco Rossini
 1 Oct 1855 -  1 Apr 1856  Giovanni Benedetto Belluzzi
                           (6th time) 
                           + Marino Masi
 1 Apr 1856 -  1 Oct 1856  Giuseppe Filippi (1st time)
                           + Pietro Righi (5th time)
 1 Oct 1856 -  1 Apr 1857  Melchiorre Filippi (2nd time)
                           + Gaetano Simoncini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1857 -  1 Oct 1857  Innocenzo Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Domenico Fattori (1st time)
 1 Oct 1857 -  1 Apr 1858  Settimio Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Giacomo Berti (1st time)
 1 Apr 1858 -  1 Oct 1858  Francesco Guidi Giangi (9th time)
                           + Marino Malpeli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1858 -  1 Apr 1859  Filippo Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Pasquale Marcucci (1st time)
 1 Apr 1859 -  1 Oct 1859  Giuliano Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Michele Ceccoli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1859 -  1 Apr 1860  Palamede Malpeli (1st time)
                           + Pier Matteo Berti (7th time)
 1 Apr 1860 -  1 Oct 1860  Giuseppe Filippi (2nd time)
                           + Pietro Righi (6th time)
 1 Oct 1860 -  1 Apr 1861  Gaetano Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Costanzo Damiani (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1861 -  1 Oct 1861  Settimio Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Giacomo Berti (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1861 -  1 Apr 1862  Melchiorre Filippi (3rd time)
                           + Domenico Fattori (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1862 -  1 Oct 1862  Innocenzo Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Gaetano Simoncini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1862 -  1 Apr 1863  Francesco Guidi Giangi (10th time)
                           + Pietro Tonnini (1st time)        (d. 1894)
 1 Apr 1863 -  1 Oct 1863  Giuliano Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Michele Ceccoli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1863 -  1 Apr 1864  Giuseppe Filippi (3rd time)
                           + Francesco Casali
 1 Apr 1864 -  1 Oct 1864  Gaetano Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Pietro Righi (7th time)
 1 Oct 1864 -  1 Apr 1865  Palamede Malpeli (2nd time)
                           + Pasquale Marcucci (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1865 -  1 Oct 1865  Settimio Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Giacomo Berti (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1865 -  1 Apr 1866  Filippo Belluzzi (6th time)
                           + Silvestro Masi
 1 Apr 1866 -  1 Oct 1866  Innocenzo Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Michele Vita
 1 Oct 1866 -  1 Apr 1867  Melchiorre Filippi (4th time)
                           + Domenico Fattori (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1867 -  1 Oct 1867  Giuliano Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Michele Ceccoli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1867 -  1 Apr 1868  Gaetano Simoncini (4th time)
                           + Pietro Righi (8th time)
 1 Apr 1868 -  1 Oct 1868  Palamede Malpeli (3rd time)
                           + Giuseppe Vagnini
 1 Oct 1868 -  1 Apr 1869  Pietro Tonnini (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           + Sante Lonfernini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1869 -  1 Oct 1869  Filippo Belluzzi (7th time)
                           + Francesco Malpeli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1869 -  1 Apr 1870  Settimio Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Giacomo Berti (4th time)
 1 Apr 1870 -  1 Oct 1870  Innocenzo Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Ortollero Grazia
 1 Oct 1870 -  1 Apr 1871  Melchiorre Filippi (5th time)
                           + Domenico Fattori (4th time)
 1 Apr 1871 -  1 Oct 1871  Gaetano Simoncini (5th time)
                           + Pietro Ugolini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1871 -  1 Apr 1872  Palamede Malpeli (4th time)
                           + Luigi Pasquali (1st time)
 1 Apr 1872 -  1 Oct 1872  Giuliano Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Pietro Berti (1st time)
 1 Oct 1872 -  1 Apr 1873  Federico Gozi (1st time)
                           + Francesco Malpeli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1873 -  1 Oct 1873  Settimio Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Francesco Marcucci (1st time)
 1 Oct 1873 -  1 Apr 1874  Giuseppe Filippi (4th time)
                           + Marino Fattori (1st time)        (b. 1832 - d. 1896)
 1 Apr 1874 -  1 Oct 1874  Filippo Belluzzi (8th time)
                           + Marino Babboni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1874 -  1 Apr 1875  Gaetano Simoncini (6th time)
                           + Domenico Fattori (5th time)
 1 Apr 1875 -  1 Oct 1875  Palamede Malpeli (5th time)
                           + Luigi Pasquali (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1875 -  1 Apr 1876  Pietro Tonnini (3rd time)          (s.a.)
                           + Giuseppe Giacomini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1876 -  1 Oct 1876  Gaetano Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Sante Lonfernini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1876 -  1 Apr 1877  Settimio Belluzzi (6th time)
                           + Michele Ceccoli (4th time)
 1 Apr 1877 -  1 Oct 1877  Innocenzo Bonelli (5th time)
                           + Andrea Barbieri
 1 Oct 1877 -  1 Apr 1878  Giuliano Belluzzi (5th time)
                           + Pietro Ugolini (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1878 -  1 Oct 1878  Domenico Fattori (6th time)
                           + Marino Babboni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1878 -  1 Apr 1879  Camillo Bonelli
                           + Pietro Berti (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1879 -  1 Oct 1879  Gaetano Simoncini (7th time)
                           + Marino Nicolini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1879 -  1 Apr 1880  Federico Gozi (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Malpeli (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1880 -  1 Oct 1880  Luigi Pasquali (3rd time)
                           + Giuseppe Giacomini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1880 -  1 Apr 1881  Settimio Belluzzi (7th time)
                           + Pasquale Busignani (1st time)
 1 Apr 1881 -  1 Oct 1881  Antonio Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Marino Martelli
 1 Oct 1881 -  1 Apr 1882  Domenico Fattori (7th time)
                           + Teodoro Ceccoli (1st time)
 1 Apr 1882 -  1 Oct 1882  Marino Fattori (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           + Francesco Marcucci (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1882 -  1 Apr 1883  Giuliano Belluzzi (6th time)
                           + Michele Ceccoli (5th time)
 1 Apr 1883 -  1 Oct 1883  Pietro Tonnini (4th time)          (s.a.)
                           + Sante Lonfernini (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1883 -  1 Apr 1884  Pietro Filippi (1st time)
                           + Pietro Berti (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1884 -  1 Oct 1884  Settimio Belluzzi (8th time)
                           + Francesco Malpeli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1884 -  1 Apr 1885  Federico Gozi (3rd time)
                           + Antonio Righi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1885 -  1 Oct 1885  Luigi Pasquali (4th time)
                           + Pasquale Busignani (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1885 -  1 Apr 1886  Antonio Michetti (1st time)
                           + Marino Nicolini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1886 -  1 Oct 1886  Domenico Fattori (8th time)
                           + Teodoro Ceccoli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1886 -  1 Apr 1887  Gaetano Simoncini (8th time)
                           + Pietro Ugolini (4th time)
 1 Apr 1887 -  1 Oct 1887  Marino Fattori (3rd time)          (s.a.)
                           + Settimio Lonfernini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1887 -  1 Apr 1888  Pietro Filippi (2nd time)
                           + Federico Martelli (1st time)
 1 Apr 1888 -  1 Oct 1888  Settimio Belluzzi (9th time)
                          + Marino Marcucci
 1 Oct 1888 -  1 Apr 1889  Federico Gozi (4th time)
                           + Antonio Righi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1889 -  1 Oct 1889  Menetto Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Marino Babboni (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1889 -  1 Apr 1890  Domenico Fattori (9th time)
                           + Marino Nicolini (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1890 -  1 Oct 1890  Pietro Tonnini (5th time)          (s.a.)
                           + Francesco Marcucci (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1890 -  1 Apr 1891  Giuliano Belluzzi (7th time)
                           + Pietro Ugolini (5th time)
 1 Apr 1891 -  1 Oct 1891  Pietro Filippi (3rd time)
                           + Federico Martelli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1891 -  1 Apr 1892  Antonio Michetti (2nd time)
                           + Pasquale Busignani (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1892 -  1 Oct 1892  Federico Gozi (5th time)
                           + Silvestro Vita (1st time)
 1 Oct 1892 -  1 Apr 1893  Gemino Gozi (1st time)
                           + Giacomo Marcucci (1st time)
 1 Apr 1893 -  1 Oct 1893  Menetto Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Marino Babboni (4th time)
 1 Oct 1893 -  1 Apr 1894  Marino Fattori (4th time)          (s.a.)
                           + Pietro Francini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1894 -  1 Oct 1894  Pietro Tonnini (6th time)          (s.a.)
                           (to 22 Aug 1894)
                           + Giuliano Belluzzi (8th time)
                           (from 22 Aug 1894)
                           + Francesco Marcucci (4th time)
 1 Oct 1894 -  1 Apr 1895  Settimio Belluzzi (10th time)
                           + Marino Borbiconi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1895 -  1 Oct 1895  Domenico Fattori (10th time)
                           + Antonio Righi (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1895 -  1 Apr 1896  Federico Gozi (6th time)
                           + Vincenzo Mularoni (1st time)
 1 Apr 1896 -  1 Oct 1896  Giovanni Bonelli (1st time)
                           + Settimio Lonfernini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1896 -  1 Apr 1897  Menetto Bonelli (3rd time)
                           + Marino Babboni (5th time)
 1 Apr 1897 -  1 Oct 1897  Luigi Tonnini (1st time)
                           + Teodoro Ceccoli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1897 -  1 Apr 1898  Antonio Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Pasquale Busignani (4th time)
 1 Apr 1898 -  1 Oct 1898  Pietro Filippi (4th time)
                           + Onofrio Fattori (1st time)
 1 Oct 1898 -  1 Apr 1899  Marino Borbiconi (2nd time)
                           + Francesco Marcucci (5th time)
 1 Apr 1899 -  1 Oct 1899  Gemino Gozi (2nd time)
                           + Giacomo Marcucci (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1899 -  1 Apr 1900  Federico Gozi (7th time)
                           + Silvestro Vita (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1900 -  1 Oct 1900  Domenico Fattori (11th time)
                           + Antonio Righi (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1900 -  1 Apr 1901  Giovanni Bonelli (2nd time)
                           + Pietro Ugolini (6th time)
 1 Apr 1901 -  1 Oct 1901  Luigi Tonnini (2nd time)
                           + Marino Nicolini (4th time)
 1 Oct 1901 -  1 Apr 1902  Antonio Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Pasquale Busignani (5th time)
 1 Apr 1902 -  1 Oct 1902  Onofrio Fattori (2nd time)
                           + Egidio Ceccoli
 1 Oct 1902 -  1 Apr 1903  Gemino Gozi (3rd time)
                           + Giacomo Marcucci (4th time)
 1 Apr 1903 -  1 Oct 1903  Federico Gozi (8th time)
                           + Nullo Balducci
 1 Oct 1903 -  1 Apr 1904  Marino Borbiconi (3rd time)
                           + Francesco Marcucci (6th time)
 1 Apr 1904 -  1 Oct 1904  Menetto Bonelli (4th time)
                           + Vincenzo Mularoni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1904 -  1 Apr 1905  Luigi Tonnini (3rd time)
                           + Gustavo Babboni (1st time)
 1 Apr 1905 -  1 Oct 1905  Antonio Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Pasquale Busignani (6th time)
 1 Oct 1905 -  1 Apr 1906  Onofrio Fattori (3rd time)
                           + Piermatteo Carattoni
 1 Apr 1906 -  1 Oct 1906  Giovanni Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Pietro Francini (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1906 -  1 Apr 1907  Alfredo Reffi (1st time)
                           + Giovanni Arzilli (1st time)
 1 Apr 1907 -  1 Oct 1907  Ciro Belluzzi (1st time)
                           + Francesco Pasquali (1st time)
 1 Oct 1907 -  1 Apr 1908  Giuseppe Angeli (1st time)         (b. 18.. - d. 1924)
                           + Francesco Valli
 1 Apr 1908 -  1 Oct 1908  Menetto Bonelli (5th time)
                           + Gustavo Babboni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1908 -  1 Apr 1909  Olinto Amati (1st time)
                           + Raffaele Michetti
 1 Apr 1909 -  1 Oct 1909  Luigi Tonnini (4th time)
                           + Domenico Suzzi Valli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1909 -  1 Apr 1910  Marino Borbiconi (4th time)
                           + Giacomo Marcucci (5th time)
 1 Apr 1910 -  1 Oct 1910  Alfredo Reffi (2nd time)
                           + Giovanni Arzilli (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1910 -  1 Apr 1911  Giovanni Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Luigi Lonfernini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1911 -  1 Oct 1911  Moro Morri (1st time)
                           + Cesare Stacchini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1911 -  1 Apr 1912  Onofrio Fattori (4th time) 
                           + Angelo Manzoni Borghesi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1912 -  1 Oct 1912  Gustavo Babboni (3rd time)
                           + Francesco Pasquali (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1912 -  1 Apr 1913  Menetto Bonelli (6th time)
                           + Vincenzo Marcucci (1st time)
 1 Apr 1913 -  1 Oct 1913  Giuseppe Angeli (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                           + Ignazio Grazia
 1 Oct 1913 -  1 Apr 1914  Cirro Belluzzi (2nd time)
                           + Domenico Suzzi Valli (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1914 -  1 Oct 1914  Domenico Fattori (11th time)
                           + Ferruccio Martelli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1914 -  1 Apr 1915  Olinto Amati (2nd time)
                           + Cesare Stacchini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1915 -  1 Oct 1915  Moro Morri (2nd time)
                           + Antonio Burgagni
 1 Oct 1915 -  1 Apr 1916  Alfredo Reffi (3rd time)
                           + Luigi Lonfernini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1916 -  1 Oct 1916  Onofrio Fattori (5th time)
                           + Ciro Francini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1916 -  1 Apr 1917  Gustavo Babboni (4th time)
                           + Giovanni Arzilli (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1917 -  1 Oct 1917  Egisto Morri (1st time)
                           + Vincenzo Marcucci (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1917 -  1 Apr 1918  Angelo Manzoni Borghesi (2nd time)
                           + Giuseppe Balducci (1st time)
 1 Apr 1918 -  1 Oct 1918  Ferruccio Martelli (2nd time)
                           + Ermenegildo Mularoni
 1 Oct 1918 -  1 Apr 1919  Protogene Belloni
                           + Francesco Morri (1st time)
 1 Apr 1919 -  1 Oct 1919  Domenico Vicini
                           + Pietro Suzzi Valli
 1 Oct 1919 -  1 Apr 1920  Moro Morri (3rd time)
                           + Francesco Pasquali (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1920 -  5 Dec 1920  Marino Rossi (1st time)
                           + Ciro Francini (2nd time)
 5 Dec 1920 -  1 Apr 1921  Carlo Balsimelli
                           + Simone Michelotti
 1 Apr 1921 -  1 Oct 1921  Marino Della Balda
                           + Vincenzo Francini
 1 Oct 1921 -  1 Apr 1922  Egisto Morri (2nd time)                                 PPS
                           + Giuseppe Lanci
 1 Apr 1922 -  1 Oct 1922  Eugenio Reffi
                           + Giuseppe Arzilli (4th time)
 1 Oct 1922 -  1 Apr 1923  Onofrio Fattori (6th time)
                           + Giuseppe Balducci (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1923 -  1 Oct 1923  Giuliano Gozi (1st time)           (b. 1894 - d. 1955)  PFS 
                           + Filippo Mularoni (1st time)                         
 1 Oct 1923 -  1 Apr 1924  Marino Borbiconi (5th time)                             PFS
                           + Mario Michetti                                        PFS
 1 Apr 1924 -  1 Oct 1924  Angelo Manzoni Borghesi (3rd time)                      PFS
                           + Francesco Mularoni (1st time)                         PFS
 1 Oct 1924 -  1 Apr 1925  Francesco Morri (2nd time)                              PFS
                           + Girolamo Gozi (1st time)                              PFS
 1 Apr 1925 -  1 Oct 1925  Marino Fattori                                          PFS
                           + Augusto Mularoni                                      PFS
 1 Oct 1925 -  1 Apr 1926  Valerio Pasquali (1st time)                             PFS
                           + Marco Marcucci                                        PFS
 1 Apr 1926 -  1 Oct 1926  Manlio Gozi (1st time)             (b. 1889 - d. 1968)  PFS
                           + Giuseppe Mularoni                                     PFS
 1 Oct 1926 -  1 Apr 1927  Giuliano Gozi (2nd time)           (s.a.)               PFS
                           + Ruggero Morri (1st time)                              PFS
 1 Apr 1927 -  1 Oct 1927  Gino Gozi (1st time)                                    PFS
                           + Marino Morri (1st time)                               PFS
 1 Oct 1927 -  1 Apr 1928  Marino Rossi (2nd time)                                 PFS
                           + Nelson Burgagni                                       PFS
 1 Apr 1928 -  1 Oct 1928  Domenico Suzzi Valli (3rd time)                         PFS
                           + Francesco Pasquali (4th time)                         PFS
 1 Oct 1928 -  1 Apr 1929  Francesco Morri (3rd time)                              PFS
                           + Melchiorre Filippi (1st time)                         PFS
 1 Apr 1929 -  1 Oct 1929  Girolamo Gozi (2nd time)                                PFS
                           + Filippo Mularoni (2nd time)                           PFS
 1 Oct 1929 -  1 Apr 1930  Ezio Balducci                      (b. 1904 - d. ....)  PFS
                           + Aldo Busignani                                        PFS
 1 Apr 1930 -  1 Oct 1930  Manlio Gozi (2nd time)             (s.a.)               PFS
                           + Marino Lonfernini                (d. 1930)            PFS
                             (to 10 Sep 1930)   
                           + Turiddu Foschi (from 16 Sep 1930)                     PFS
 1 Oct 1930 -  1 Apr 1931  Valerio Pasquali (2nd time)                             PFS
                           + Gino Ceccoli (1st time)                               PFS
 1 Apr 1931 -  1 Oct 1931  Angelo Manzoni Borghesi (4th time)                      PFS
                           + Francesco Mularoni (2nd time)                         PFS
 1 Oct 1931 -  1 Apr 1932  Domenico Suzzi Valli (4th time)                         PFS
                           + Marino Morri (2nd time)                               PFS
 1 Apr 1932 -  1 Oct 1932  Giuliano Gozi (3rd time)           (s.a.)               PFS
                           + Pompeo Righi (1st time)                               PFS
 1 Oct 1932 -  1 Apr 1933  Gino Gozi (2nd time)                                    PFS
                           + Ruggero Morri (2nd time)                              PFS
 1 Apr 1933 -  1 Oct 1933  Francesco Morri (4th time)                              PFS
                           + Settimio Belluzzi (1st time)                          PFS
 1 Oct 1933 -  1 Apr 1934  Carlo Balsimelli (1st time)                             PFS
                           + Melchiorre Filippi (2nd time)                         PFS
 1 Apr 1934 -  1 Oct 1934  Marino Rossi (3rd time)                                 PFS
                           + Giovanni Lonfernini (1st time)                        PFS
 1 Oct 1934 -  1 Apr 1935  Angelo Manzoni Borghesi (5th time)                      PFS
                           + Marino Michelotti (1st time)                          PFS
 1 Apr 1935 -  1 Oct 1935  Federico Gozi (1st time)                                PFS
                           + Salvatore Foschi (1st time)                           PFS
 1 Oct 1935 -  1 Apr 1936  Pompeo Righi (2nd time)                                 PFS
                           + Marino Morri (3rd time)                               PFS
 1 Apr 1936 -  1 Oct 1936  Gino Gozi (3rd time)                                    PFS
                           + Ruggero Morri (3rd time)                              PFS
 1 Oct 1936 -  1 Apr 1937  Francesco Morri (4th time)                              PFS
                           + Gino Ceccoli (2nd time)                               PFS
 1 Apr 1937 -  1 Oct 1937  Giuliano Gozi (4th time)           (s.a.)               PFS
                           + Settimio Belluzzi (2nd time)                          PFS
 1 Oct 1937 -  1 Apr 1938  Marino Rossi (4th time)                                 PFS
                           + Giovanni Lonfernini (2nd time)                        PFS
 1 Apr 1938 -  1 Oct 1938  Manlio Gozi (3rd time)             (s.a.)               PFS
                           + Luigi Mularoni                                        PFS
 1 Oct 1938 -  1 Apr 1939  Carlo Balsimelli (2nd time)                             PFS
                           + Celio Gozi (1st time)                                 PFS
 1 Apr 1939 -  1 Oct 1939  Pompeo Righi (3rd time)                                 PFS
                           + Marino Morri (4th time)                               PFS
 1 Oct 1939 -  1 Apr 1940  Marino Michelotti (2nd time)                            PFS
                           + Orlando Reffi                                         PFS
 1 Apr 1940 -  1 Oct 1940  Angelo Manzoni Borghesi (6th time)                      PFS
                           + Filippo Mularoni (3rd time)                           PFS
 1 Oct 1940 -  1 Apr 1941  Federico Gozi (2nd time)                                PFS
                           + Salvatore Foschi (2nd time)                           PFS
 1 Apr 1941 -  1 Oct 1941  Gino Gozi (4th time)                                    PFS
                           + Secondo Menicucci                                     PFS
 1 Oct 1941 -  1 Apr 1942  Giuliano Gozi (5th time)           (s.a.)               PFS
                           + Giovanni Lonfernini (3rd time)                        PFS
 1 Apr 1942 -  1 Oct 1942  Settimio Belluzzi (3rd time)                            PFS
                           + Celio Gozi                                            PFS
 1 Oct 1942 -  1 Apr 1943  Carlo Balsimelli (3rd time)                             PFS
                           + Renato Martelli                                       PFS
 1 Apr 1943 -  1 Oct 1943  Marino Michelotti (3rd time)                            PFS      
                           + Bartolomeo Manzoni Borghesi      (b. 1910 - d. 1975)
 1 Oct 1943 -  1 Apr 1944  Marino Della Balda (1st time)  
                           + Sante Lonfernini       
 1 Apr 1944 -  1 Oct 1944  Francesco Balsimelli                                    FRS
                           + Sanzio Valentini                                      FRS
 1 Oct 1944 -  1 Apr 1945  Teodoro Lonfernini
                           + Leonida Suzzi Valli (1st time)
 1 Apr 1945 -  1 Oct 1945  Alvaro Casali (1st time)           (d. 1978)            PSS
                           + Vittorio Valentini
 1 Oct 1945 -  1 Apr 1946  Ferruccio Martelli (3rd time)
                           + Secondo Fiorini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1946 -  1 Oct 1946  Giuseppe Forcellini (1st time)
                           + Vincenzo Pedini (1st time)       (b. 1920 - d. 1987)
 1 Oct 1946 -  1 Apr 1947  Filippo Martelli
                           + Luigi Montironi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1947 -  1 Oct 1947  Marino Della Balda (2nd time)
                           + Luigi Zafferani
 1 Oct 1947 -  1 Apr 1948  Domenico Forcellini (1st time)                          PSS
                           + Mariano Ceccoli (1st time)       (b. 1895 - d. 19..)
 1 Apr 1948 -  1 Oct 1948  Arnaldo Para (1st time)
                           + Giuseppe Renzi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1948 -  1 Apr 1949  Giordano Giacomini (1st time)                           PSS
                           + Domenico Tomassoni
 1 Apr 1949 -  1 Oct 1949  Ferruccio Martelli (4th time)
                           + Primo Bugli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1949 -  1 Apr 1950  Vincenzo Pedini (2nd time)         (s.a.)
                           + Agostino Biordi (1st time)
 1 Apr 1950 -  1 Oct 1950  Giuseppe Forcellini (1st time)                          PSS
                           + Primo Taddei
 1 Oct 1950 -  1 Apr 1951  Marino Della Balda (3rd time)
                           + Luigi Montironi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1951 -  1 Oct 1951  Alvaro Casali (2nd time)           (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Romolo Giacomini
 1 Oct 1951 -  1 Apr 1952  Domenico Forcellini (2nd time)                          PSS
                           + Giovanni Terenzi
 1 Apr 1952 -  1 Oct 1952  Domenico Morganti
                           + Mariano Ceccoli (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Oct 1952 -  1 Apr 1953  Arnaldo Para (2nd time)
                           + Eugenio Bernardini (1st time)
 1 Apr 1953 -  1 Oct 1953  Vincenzo Pedini (3rd time)         (s.a.)
                           + Alberto Reffi
 1 Oct 1953 -  1 Apr 1954  Giordano Giacomini (2nd time)                           PSS
                           + Giuseppe Renzi
 1 Apr 1954 -  1 Oct 1954  Giuseppe Forcellini (3rd time)                          PSS
                           + Secondo Fiorini
 1 Oct 1954 -  1 Apr 1955  Agostino Giacomini
                           + Luigi Montironi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1955 -  1 Oct 1955  Domenico Forcellini (3rd time)                          PSS
                           + Vittorio Meloni                  (b. 1921)
 1 Oct 1955 -  1 Apr 1956  Primo Bugli (2nd time)
                           + Giuseppe Maiani (1st time)       (b. 1924)            PCS
 1 Apr 1956 -  1 Oct 1956  Mario Nanni
                           + Enrico Andreoli (1st time)                            PSS
 1 Oct 1956 -  1 Apr 1957  Mariano Ceccoli (3rd time)         (s.a.)
                           + Eugenio Bernardini (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1957 - 11 Oct 1957  Giordano Giacomini (3rd time)                           PSS
                           + Primo Marani (1st time)          (b. 1922 - d. 2013)
 1 Oct 1957 - 27 Oct 1957  Provisional Government
                           (installed at Rovereta, continues
                            in dissidence to 11 Oct 1957; in
                            San Marino city from 14 Oct 1957)
                           - Federico Bigi                    (b. 1920 - d. 1996)  PSIS
                           - Alvaro Casali                    (s.a.)               PSIS
                           - Pietro Giancecchi                (b. 1922? - d. 2005) PSS
                           - Zaccaria Giovanni Savoretti      (b. 1920? - d. 2011) PCDS
27 Oct 1957 -  1 Apr 1958  Marino Valdes Franciosi            (b. 1893? - d. ....) PSDIS
                           + Federico Micheloni (1st time)    (b. 1929?)           PSDIS
 1 Apr 1958 -  1 Oct 1958  Zaccaria Giovanni Savoretti        (s.a.)               PCDS
                           + Stelio Montironi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1958 -  1 Apr 1959  Domenico Forcellini (4th time)                          PSDIS
                           + Pietro Reffi (1st time)          (b. 1927 - d. 2013)
 1 Apr 1959 -  1 Oct 1959  Marino Benedetto Belluzzi 
                           (1st time) 
                           + Agostino Biordi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1959 -  1 Apr 1960  Giuseppe Forcellini (3rd time)
                           + Ferruccio Piva (1st time)        (b. 1925? - d. 2008) PDCS
 1 Apr 1960 -  1 Oct 1960  Alvaro Casali (3rd time)           (s.a.)               PSDIS
                           + Gino Vannucci
 1 Oct 1960 -  1 Apr 1961  Eugenio Reffi 
                           + Pietro Giancecchi (1st time)     (s.a.)               PSS
 1 Apr 1961 -  1 Oct 1961  Federico Micheloni (2nd time)      (s.a.)               PSDIS
                           + Giancarlo Ghironzi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1961 -  1 Apr 1962  Giovanni Vito Marcucci (1st time)  (b. 1927 - d. 2011)  PDCS
                           + Pio Galassi                                           PSDIS
 1 Apr 1962 -  1 Oct 1962  Domenico Forcellini (5th time)                          PSDIS
                           + Francesco Valli (1st time)
 1 Oct 1962 -  1 Apr 1963  Antonio Maria Morganti
                           + Agostino Biordi (3rd time)
 1 Apr 1963 -  1 Oct 1963  Leonida Suzzi Valli (2nd time)
                           + Stelio Montironi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1963 -  1 Apr 1964  Giovan Luigi Franciosi (1st time)  (b. 19.. - d. 2003)
                           + Domenico Bollini
 1 Apr 1964 -  1 Oct 1964  Marino Benedetto Belluzzi 
                           (2nd time)
                           + Eusebio Reffi (1st time)
 1 Oct 1964 -  1 Apr 1965  Giuseppe Micheloni (1st time)
                           + Pier Marino Mularoni
 1 Apr 1965 -  1 Oct 1965  Ferruccio Piva (2nd time)          (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Federico Carattoni (1st time)
 1 Oct 1965 -  1 Apr 1966  Alvaro Casali (4th time)           (s.a.)               PSDIS
                           + Pietro Reffi (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1966 -  1 Oct 1966  Francesco Valli (2nd time)
                           + Emilio Della Balda               (b. 1937)            PSS
 1 Oct 1966 -  1 Apr 1967  Giovanni Vito Marcucci (2nd time)  (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Francesco Maria Francini
                           (1st time)
 1 Apr 1967 -  1 Oct 1967  Vittorio Rossini
                           + Alberto Lonfernini (1st time)
 1 Oct 1967 -  1 Apr 1968  Domenico Forcellini (6th time)                          PSDIS
                           + Romano Michelotti
 1 Apr 1968 -  1 Oct 1968  Marino Benedetto Belluzzi (3rd time)
                           + Dante Rossi
 1 Oct 1968 -  1 Apr 1969  Pietro Giancecchi (2nd time)       (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Aldo Zavoli
 1 Apr 1969 -  1 Oct 1969  Ferruccio Piva (3rd time)          (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Stelio Montironi (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1969 -  1 Apr 1970  Alvaro Casali (5th time)           (s.a.)
                           + Giancarlo Ghironzi (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1970 -  1 Oct 1970  Francesco Valli (3rd time)
                           + Eusebio Reffi (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1970 -  1 Apr 1971  Simone Rossini
                           + Giuseppe Lonfernini
 1 Apr 1971 -  1 Oct 1971  Luigi Lonfernini (1st time)        (b. 1938)            PDCS
                           + Attilio Montanari
 1 Oct 1971 -  1 Apr 1972  Federico Carattoni (2nd time)
                           + Marino Vagnetti
 1 Apr 1972 -  1 Oct 1972  Marino Benedetto Belluzzi (4th time)
                           + Giuseppe Micheloni (2nd time)
 1 Oct 1972 -  1 Apr 1973  Rosolino Martelli (1st time)       (b. 1939)            PDCS
                           + Bruno Casali
 1 Apr 1973 -  1 Oct 1973  Francesco Maria Francini
                           + Primo Bugli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1973 -  1 Apr 1974  Antonio Lazzaro Volpinari          (b. 1943)            PSS
                           (1st time)
                           + Giovan Luigi Franciosi           (s.a.)
                           (2nd time)
 1 Apr 1974 -  1 Oct 1974  Ferruccio Piva (4th time)          (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Giordano Bruno Reffi (1st time)  (b. 1921 - d. 1998)  PSS
 1 Oct 1974 -  1 Apr 1975  Francesco Valli (4th time)
                           + Enrico Andreoli (2nd time)                            PSS
 1 Apr 1975 -  1 Oct 1975  Alberto Cecchetti (1st time)       (b. 1944)            PSS
                           + Michele Righi
 1 Oct 1975 -  1 Apr 1976  Giovanni Vito Marcucci (3rd time)  (s.a.)
                           + Giuseppe Della Balda
 1 Apr 1976 -  1 Oct 1976  Clelio Galassi                     (b. 1951)            PDCS
                           + Marino Venturini (1st time)      (b. 1944?)           PSS
 1 Oct 1976 -  1 Apr 1977  Primo Bugli (4th time)
                           + Virgilio Cardelli                (b. 1923? - d. 2007) PDCS
 1 Apr 1977 -  1 Oct 1977  Alberto Lonfernini (2nd time)
                           + Antonio Lazzaro Volpinari        (s.a.)               PSS
                           (2nd time) 
 1 Oct 1977 -  1 Apr 1978  Giordano Bruno Reffi (2nd time)    (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Tito Masi                        (b. 1949)
 1 Apr 1978 -  1 Oct 1978  Francesco Valli (4th time)
                           + Enrico Andreoli (3rd time)
 1 Oct 1978 -  1 Apr 1979  Ermenegildo Gasperoni              (b. 1907 - d. 1994)  PCS
                           + Adriano Reffi (1st time)         (b. 1937?)           PSS
 1 Apr 1979 -  1 Oct 1979  Marino Bollini (1st time)          (b. 1933)            PSS
                           + Lino Celli
 1 Oct 1979 -  1 Apr 1980  Giuseppe Amici (1st time)          (b. 1939 - d. 2006)
                           + Germano de Biagi (1st time)      (b. 1949)            PSS
 1 Apr 1980 -  1 Oct 1980  Pietro Chiaruzzi 
                           + Primo Marani (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 1 Oct 1980 -  1 Apr 1981  Giancarlo Berardi
                           + Rossano Zafferani (1st time)
 1 Apr 1981 -  1 Oct 1981  Gastone Pasolini                   (b. 1931?)
                           + Maria Lea Pedini Angelini (f)    (b. 1954)            PSS
 1 Oct 1981 -  1 Apr 1982  Mario Rossi
                           + Ubaldo Biordi (1st time)         (b. 1938?)
 1 Apr 1982 -  1 Oct 1982  Giuseppe Maiani (2nd time)         (s.a.)               PCS
                           + Marino Venturini (2nd time)      (s.a.)               PSS
 1 Oct 1982 -  1 Apr 1983  Libero Barulli                     (b. 1947)
                           + Maurizio Gobbi                   (b. 1946?)
 1 Apr 1983 -  1 Oct 1983  Adriano Reffi (2nd time)           (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Massimo Roberto Rossini                               PCS
 1 Oct 1983 -  1 Apr 1984  Renzo Renzi (1st time)             (b. 1946?)           PCS
                           + Germano de Biagi (2nd time)      (s.a.)               PSS
 1 Apr 1984 -  1 Oct 1984  Gloriana Ranocchini (f) (1st time) (b. 1957)            PSS
                           + Giorgio Crescentini              (b. 1950)
 1 Oct 1984 -  1 Apr 1985  Marino Bollini (2nd time)          (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Giuseppe Amici (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1985 -  1 Oct 1985  Enzo Colombini (1st time)          (b. 1958)            APDS
                           + Severiano Tura
 1 Oct 1985 -  1 Apr 1986  Pier Paolo Gasperoni (1st time)    (b. 1950 - d. 1997)  PSU
                           + Ubaldo Biordi (2nd time)         (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1986 -  1 Oct 1986  Marino Venturini (3rd time)        (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Ariosto Maiani
 1 Oct 1986 -  1 Apr 1987  Giuseppe Arzilli (1st time)        (b. 1941)            PDCS 
                           + Maurizio Tomassoni                                    PSS
 1 Apr 1987 -  1 Oct 1987  Renzo Renzi (2nd time)             (s.a.)               PCS
                           + Carlo Franciosi                  (b. 1935)
 1 Oct 1987 -  1 Apr 1988  Rossano Zafferani (2nd time)
                           + Gian Franco Terenzi (1st time)   (b. 1941)            PDCS
 1 Apr 1988 -  1 Oct 1988  Umberto Barulli                    (b. 1921 - d. 1993)  PCS
                           + Rosolino Martelli (2nd time)     (s.a.)               PDCS
 1 Oct 1988 -  1 Apr 1989  Luciano Cardelli                   (b. 1949)            PDCS 
                           + Reves Salvatori                  (b. 1963)
 1 Apr 1989 -  1 Oct 1989  Mauro Fiorini                      (b. 1956)            PPDS 
                           + Marino Vagnetti                  (b. 1924)
 1 Oct 1989 -  1 Apr 1990  Gloriana Ranocchini (f) (2nd time) (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Leo Achilli                      (b. 1959?)
 1 Apr 1990 -  1 Oct 1990  Adolmiro Bartolini
                           + Ottaviano Rossi                  (b. 1952)            PDCS
 1 Oct 1990 -  1 Apr 1991  Cesare Antonio Gasperoni (1st time)(b. 1944)            PDCS
                           + Roberto Bucci                                         PPDS
 1 Apr 1991 -  1 Oct 1991  Domenico Bernardini                (b. 1956)            PPDS
                           + Claudio Podeschi                 (b. 1956)            PDCS
 1 Oct 1991 -  1 Apr 1992  Edda Ceccoli (f)                   (b. 1947)            PDCS
                           + Marino Riccardi (1st time)       (b. 1958)            PPDS
 1 Apr 1992 -  1 Oct 1992  Germano de Biagi (3rd time)        (s.a.)               PSS 
                           + Ernesto Benedettini (1st time)   (b. 1948)            PDCS
 1 Oct 1992 -  1 Apr 1993  Romeo Morri                        (b. 1952)            PDCS
                           + Marino Zanotti (1st time)        (b. 1952)            PSS
 1 Apr 1993 -  1 Oct 1993  Patrizia Busignani (f)             (b. 1958?)           SpR
                           + Salvatore Tonelli                (b. 1953?)           PDCS
 1 Oct 1993 -  1 Apr 1994  Gian Luigi Berti                   (b. 1930)            PDCS
                           + Paride Andreoli (1st time)       (b. 1956)            PSS
 1 Apr 1994 -  1 Oct 1994  Alberto Cecchetti (2nd time)       (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Fausto Mularoni                                       PDCS
 1 Oct 1994 -  1 Apr 1995  Renzo Ghiotti                      (b. 1951)            APDS
                           + Luciano Ciavatta                 (b. 1955?)           PSS
 1 Apr 1995 -  1 Oct 1995  Marino Bollini (3rd time)          (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Settimio Lonfernini              (b. 1939)            PCDS
 1 Oct 1995 -  1 Apr 1996  Pier Natalino Mularoni             (b. 1948 - d. 2011)  PDCS
                           + Marino Venturini (4th time)      (s.a.)               PSS
 1 Apr 1996 -  1 Oct 1996  Pier Paolo Gasperoni (2nd time)    (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Pietro Bugli                     (b. 1954)            PDCS
 1 Oct 1996 -  1 Apr 1997  Maurizio Rattini (1st time)        (b. 1949)            PSS
                           + Giancarlo Venturini              (b. 1962)            PSS
 1 Apr 1997 -  1 Oct 1997  Paride Andreoli (2nd time)         (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Pier Marino Mularoni             (b. 1962)            PDCS 
 1 Oct 1997 -  1 Apr 1998  Luigi Mazza                        (b. 1960)            PDCS
                           + Marino Zanotti (2nd time)        (s.a.)               PSS
 1 Apr 1998 -  1 Oct 1998  Alberto Cecchetti (3rd time)       (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Loris Francini (1st time)        (b. 1962)            PDCS
 1 Oct 1998 -  1 Apr 1999  Pietro Berti                       (b. 1967)            PDCS
                           + Paolo Bollini (1st time)         (b. 1960)            PSS
 1 Apr 1999 -  1 Oct 1999  Antonello Bacciocchi (1st time)    (b. 1957)            PSS
                           + Rosa Zafferani (f) (1st time)    (b. 1960)            PPDS
 1 Oct 1999 -  1 Apr 2000  Marino Bollini (4th time)          (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Giuseppe Arzilli (2nd time)      (s.a.)               PDCS
 1 Apr 2000 -  1 Oct 2000  Maria Domenica Michelotti (f)      (b. 1952)            PPDS
                           + Gian Marco Marcucci              (b. 1954)            PDCS
 1 Oct 2000 -  1 Apr 2001  Gian Franco Terenzi (2nd time)     (s.a.)               PCDS
                           + Enzo Colombini (2nd time)        (s.a.)               PPDS
 1 Apr 2001 -  1 Oct 2001  Luigi Lonfernini (2nd time)        (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Fabio Berardi                    (b. 1959)            PSS
 1 Oct 2001 -  1 Apr 2002  Alberto Cecchetti (4th time)       (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Gino Giovagnoli                  (b. 1951)            PDCS
 1 Apr 2002 -  1 Oct 2002  Antonio Lazzaro Volpinari          (s.a.)               PSS
                           (3rd time) 
                           + Giovanni Francesco Ugolini       (b. 1953)            PDCS
                           (1st time)
 1 Oct 2002 -  1 Apr 2003  Giuseppe Maria Morganti            (b. 1955)            PdD
                           + Mauro Chiaruzzi                  (b. 1952)            PSS
 1 Apr 2003 -  1 Oct 2003  Pier Marino Menicucci              (b. 1958)            PDCS
                           + Giovanni Giannoni                (b. 1948)            PSS
 1 Oct 2003 -  1 Apr 2004  Giovanni Lonfernini                (b. 1976)            PDCS
                           + Valeria Ciavatta (f)(1st time)   (b. 1959)            APDS
 1 Apr 2004 -  1 Oct 2004  Paolo Bollini (2nd time)           (s.a.)               PSS
                           + Marino Riccardi (2nd time)       (s.a.)               PdD
 1 Oct 2004 -  1 Apr 2005  Giuseppe Arzilli (3rd time)        (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Roberto Raschi                   (b. 1964?)           PSS
 1 Apr 2005 -  1 Oct 2005  Fausta Simona Morganti (f)         (b. 1944)            PdD
                           + Cesare Antonio Gasperoni         (s.a.)               PDCS
                           (2nd time)
 1 Oct 2005 -  1 Apr 2006  Claudio Muccioli                   (b. 1958)            PDCS
                           + Antonello Bacciocchi (2nd time)  (s.a.)               PSS
 1 Apr 2006 -  1 Oct 2006  Gian Franco Terenzi (3rd time)     (s.a.)               PDCS
                           + Loris Francini (2nd time)        (s.a.)               PDCS
 1 Oct 2006 -  1 Apr 2007  Antonio Carattoni                  (b. 1945)            PSD
                           + Roberto Giorgetti                (b. 1962)            AP 
 1 Apr 2007 -  1 Oct 2007  Alessandro Mancini                 (b. 1975)            PSD
                           + Alessandro Rossi                 (b. 1967)            SU
 1 Oct 2007 -  1 Apr 2008  Mirko Tomassoni                    (b. 1969)            PSD
                           + Alberto Selva                    (b. 1964)            AP
 1 Apr 2008 -  1 Oct 2008  Rosa Zafferani (f) (2nd time)      (s.a.)               DdC
                           + Federico Pedini Amati            (b. 1976)            PSD
 1 Oct 2008 -  1 Apr 2009  Ernesto Benedettini (2nd time)     (s.a.)               PDCS  
                           + Assunta Meloni (f)               (b. 1951)            AP
 1 Apr 2009 -  1 Oct 2009  Massimo Cenci                      (b. 1967)            NPS 
                           + Oscar Mina                       (b. 1958)            PDCS
 1 Oct 2009 -  1 Apr 2010  Francesco Mussoni                  (b. 1971)            PDCS
                           + Stefano Palmieri                 (b. 1964)            AP
 1 Apr 2010 -  1 Oct 2010  Marco Conti                        (b. 1969)            PDCS
                           + Glauco Sansovini                 (b. 1938)            USDM
 1 Oct 2010 -  1 Apr 2011  Giovanni Francesco Ugolini         (s.a.)               PDCS
                           (2nd time)
                           + Andrea Zafferani                 (b. 1982)            AP
 1 Apr 2011 -  1 Oct 2011  Berti Maria Luisa (f)              (b. 1971)            NS  
                           + Filippo Tamagnini                (b. 1972)            PDCS
 1 Oct 2011 -  1 Apr 2012  Gabriele Gatti                     (b. 1953)            PDCS
                           + Matteo Fiorini                   (b. 1978)            AP
 1 Apr 2012 -  1 Oct 2012  Maurizio Rattini (2nd time)        (s.a.)               NPS
                           + Italo Righi                      (b. 1959)            PDCS
 1 Oct 2012 -  1 Apr 2013  Teodoro Lonfernini                 (b. 1976)            PDCS
                           + Denise Bronzetti (f)             (b. 1972)            PSD
 1 Apr 2013 -  1 Oct 2013  Antonella Mularoni (f)             (b. 1961)            AP
                           + Denis Amici                      (b. 1972)            PCDS
 1 Oct 2013 -  1 Apr 2014  Annamaria Muccioli (f)             (b. 1964)            PDCS
                           + Gian Carlo Capicchioni           (b. 1956)            PSD
 1 Apr 2014 -              Valeria Ciavatta (f) (2nd time)    (s.a.)               AP
                           + Luca Beccari                     (b. 1974)            PDCS


Papal Legate and Apostolic Delegate
18 Oct 1739 - 28 Oct 1739  Giulio Cardinale Alberoni          (b. 1664 - d. 1752)
Commander of the German (278th Infantry) Division

10 Aug 1944 - 21 Sep 1944  Henry Hoppe                        (b. 1894 - d. 1969)
Commander of the Allied (British 8th Army 11th Infantry) Brigade
21 Sep 1944 - 20 Oct 1944  Henry Cuthbert Partridge           (b. 1903 - d. 1945)

 ¹May be actually Giovanni Maria Giangi (5th time).

 ²Filippo Manenti (1761-62, 1765, 1769-70) may be identical with Filippo Manenti Belluzzi 
(1743, 1746-47, 1750, 1753-54, 1757-58).

Party abbreviations: AP = Alleanza Popolare (Popular Alliance, centrist, former APDS, est.2006); DdC = Democratici di Centro (Democrats of the Center, 2007 split from PDCS); NS = Noi Sammarinesi (We Sammarinese, centrist, est.20006); PDCS = Partito Democratico Cristiano Sammarinese (Sammarinese Christian-Democratic Party, christian-democratic, est.1948); PS = Partito Socialista (Socialist Party, social-democratic, merger of NPS and Partito Socialista Riformista Sammarinese, est.2012); PSD = Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici (Party of Socialists and Democrats, merger of PD and PSS, est.2005); SU = Sinistra Unita (United Left, socialist, formed by RCS and Zona Franca a splinter of PDS, est.2006);
- Former parties: APDS = Alleanza Popolare dei Democratici Sammarinesi per la
Repubblica (Popular Alliance of Sammarinese Democrats for the Republic, centrist, 1993-2006, renamed AP); FRSFascio Repubblicano di San Marino (Republican Fascists of San Marino, fascist, 4 Jan - 16 Nov 1944, only legal party 4 Apr - 16 Nov 1944); NPS = Nuovo Partito Socialista (New Socialist Party, center-left, split from PSS, 2005-2012, merged into PS); PCS = Partito Comunista Sammarinese (Sammarinese Communist Party, communist, 1941-1990, renamed PPDS); PdD = Partito dei Democratici (Democratic Party, ex-PCS, 2001-2005, merged into PSD); PFS = Partito Fascista Sammarinese (Sammarinese Fascist Party, italian fascist, 1922-1944, only legal party 1926 - 27 Jul 1943); PPDS = Partito Progressista Democratico Sammarinese - Convenzione Democratica (Sammarinese Progressive Democratic Party-Democratic Convention, socialist, ex-PCS, 1990-2001); PPS = Partito Popolare Sammarinese (Sammarinese People's Party, christian-democratic, 1919-1925); PSDIS = Partito Socialista Democratico Indipendente Sammarinese (Sammarinese Independent Democratic Socialist Party, former PSIS, split from PSS 1957-1990s, joined PSS); PSIS = Partito Socialista Indipendente Sanmarinese (Sammarinese Independent Socialist Party, formed by splinters of PSS, later PSCIS, Mar 1957 - 14 Oct 1957); PSS = Partito Socialista Sammarinese (Sammarinese Socialist Party, social-democratic, 1892-1926, 1943-2005, merged into PSD); PSU = Partito Socialista Unitario (United Socialist Party, split from PSS, 1975-1990, re-joined PSS); RCS = Rifondazione Comunista Sammarinese (Sammarinese Communist Refoundation, communist, split from PCS, 1992-2012); SpR = Socialisti per le Riforme (Socialists for Reform, 1997-2009); USDM = Unione Sammarinese dei Moderati (Sammarinese Union of Moderates, christian-democratic, conservative, 2008-2012)







 © Ben Cahoon