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Faroe Islands
 
[Flag of
                                    Denmark]
                   Adopted 1380 
 
 
 
[Flag of
                                    the Faroe Islands]
  22 Jun 1919 - 25 Apr 1940 Unofficial;
  25 Apr 1940 - 23 Mar 1948 Ensign; 
             Adopted 23 Mar 1948
 
Map of the Faroe Islands
Faroe National Anthem
"Tú alfagra land mítt"
(Thou fairest land of mine)
From 1906, Adopted 1948
Danish National Anthem
"Der er et yndigt land"
(There Is A Lovely Land) 

Home Rule Act
(1 Apr 1948)
Capital: Tórshavn
(Thorshavn)
Currency: Danish Krone (DKK);
and from 31 May 1940
Faroe
Islands Króna (FOK)
National Holiday: 29 Jul (1030)
Ólavsøkudagur
(Saint Olav's Day/National Day)
Population: 49,709 (2013)
GDP: $1.47 billion (2010)
Exports: $761.7 million (2011)
Imports: $783.4 million (2011) 
Ethnic groups: Faroese 97%, Danish 2.5%, other
Scandinavian 0.4%, other 0.1% (2000)
Total Police Forces: 170 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of Denmark
Merchant marine: 37 ships (2010)
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 83.8%, other and
 unspecified 16.2% (2006)
International Organizations/Treaties: AC, FAO (associate), IMO (associate), NC, NIB , UNESCO (associate), UPU
Faroe Islands
Chronology

bf.650                     Settled by Irish monks.
c.795                      Settlements vacated.
c.825                      Gallo-Norse settlement led by Grímr Kamban (Cámban)
1035                       Under Norwegian suzerainty by submission.
12 Sep 1380                Danish rule over Norway (and dependencies including

                             Faroes) begins.
1391 - 1400?               Part of the feudal fief of Sir Henry Sinclair, Earl
                             of Orkney (d. 1400?) as vassal of Norway.
1566                       Administration becomes subordinated to Copenhagen
                             (rather than Norway).
 
6 Jan 1655                Income of Faroes and trading rights leased to

                             Christoffer Gabel, on 19 Jan 1661 the lease
                             is extended to his and his son's lifetime. On
                             3 Apr 1662 trade monopoly granted to Gabel also.
14 May 1709 -  6 Mar 1720  Administration subordinated to Sjællands Stift.
17 Jun 1709                Danish crown re-takes possession.
 6 Mar 1720 -  6 Sep 1775  Administration subordinated to Iceland.
 6 Sep 1775 -  6 Jul 1816  Administration subordinated to Sjællands Stift.
30 Mar 1808                British crew of HMS Clio entered Tórshavn and
                             briefly captured the fort at Skansin.
 6 May 1808                German privateer, who had assumed the name "Baron
                             von Hompesch," plunders Tórshavn.
24 Jan 1814                Recognized as a Danish possession by the Treaty                              of Kiel following the end of union with Norway.
 6 Jul 1816                Faroes become a separate county of Denmark.
13 Apr 1940 - 13 May 1945  Allied (British) occupation.
 9 May 1940                In consequence of Denmark being under German
                             occupation, the amtmand temporarily assumes
                             governing powers.
14 Sep 1946                Referendum leaves status undecided (pro-
                             independence 48.7% vs. 47% against) leading to
                             status negotiations with Denmark.
 1 Apr 1948                Self-government granted.

Allied
Occupation
(1940-1945)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Chiefs
9.. - 9..                  Sigmundr (Sigmund)
9.. - c.970                Brestir Sigmundarson (Sigmundsson) (b. 9.. - d. c.970)
9.. - c.970                Beinir Sigmundarson (Sigmundsson)  (b. 9.. - d. c.970)
96. - c.970                Hafgrímr (Havgrímur)               (b. 9.. - d. c.970) 
c.970 - 999                Thrándr Thórbjörnsson              (b. 9.. - d. 1035)
                             (Tróndur Tórbjørnsson)  
97. - c.983                Össurr Hafgrímsson                 (b. c.960 - d. c.983)
                             (Øssur Havgrímsson)
c.983 - c.1005             Sigmundr (Sigmundur) Brestisson    (b. c.961 - d. c.1005)
                             (co-ruler to 999)
c.1005 - 1035              Thrándr Thórbjörnsson ae Götu      (b. 94. - d. 1035)
                             (Tróndur Tórbjørnsson í Gøtu)
1035 - 104.                Leifr Össurarson                   (b. 98. - d. 104.)
                             (Leivur Øssurarson)  
Land Bailiffs (Landfogeden)(in Tórshavn)
1556 - 1569                Anders Jude
1573 - 1578                Joachim Thim
1579 - 1581                Mads Poulssøn (Poulsen) 
1582                       Søren Christensøn Flue             (b. 15.. - d. 1596)
1583 - 1584                Mikkel Ibsøn (Ibsen)   
1584 - 1585                Niels Hanssøn Skinkel til          (b. c.1546 - d. 1617)
                             Gjerskov og Søholm
1586 - 1587                Lyder Augustinssøn
1588 - 1591                Mats Batzersøn (Mads Batzersen)
1592 - 1593                Mogens Nielssøn (Nielssen)
1593 - 159.                Søren Nielssøn (Nielssen)(1st time)(b. 15.. - d. 1600?)
159. - 1597                Strange Madsøn (Madsen)            (b. 15.. - d. 1619?)
                             (2nd time)
1598                       Søren Nielssøn (Nielssen)(2nd time)
1599 - 12 Aug 1619         Strange Madsøn (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1620 - 1644                Mads Christensøn (Christensen)     (b. 15.. - d. 1644?)
                             Gullandsfar
1645 - 1648                Hans Selmer 
1649 - 1655                Christen Madsøn (Madsen)
1655                       Baltzer Jacobsøn (Balzer Jacobsen)
Commander
of the Faroes (Befalingsmand over Faerøerne)(in Copenhagen)
1655 - 18 Apr 1670         Christoffer Gabel                  (b. 1617 - d. 1673)
                            (from 28 Aug 1664, Christoffer von Gabel
                             til Bavelse og Giskenhagen)

Governor
(in Copenhagen)
18 Apr 1670 - 21 Jun 1708  Frederik von Gabel til             (b. 1645? - d. 1708)
                             Rantzausholm og Bregentved
Land Bailiffs (in Tórshavn)
1656 - 1664                Johan Heideman                     (b. 16.. - d. 1682)
1664 - 1674                Severin (Søren) Pedersen Skougaard (b. 16.. - d. 1684)
1675 - 1680                Christopher Johansen Heideman      (b. 16.. - d. 1703)
1680 - 17 Jun 1709         Hans Willumsen                     (b. 1648? - d. 1720)   
17 Jun 1709 - 24 Jul 1715  Jørgen Christian Klein             (b. 16.. - d. 1721)
24 Jul 1715 - 1723         Didrik Marcussen (Markussen)       (b. 16.. - d. 1723)
Prefects (Amtmaend) of the Faroes
 6 Mar 1720 -  6 Mar 1775  the governors of Iceland
Prefects of the Faroes (also the Stiftamtmaend of Sjælland)(in Copenhagen)
18 Mar 1776 - 31 Mar 1787  Henrik Adam Brockenhuus til        (b. 1720 - d. 1803)
                             Jungshoved og Nysø 
 1 Apr 1787 - 26 May 1790  Gregers Kristian, greve von        (b. 1732 - d. 1802)
                             Haxthausen 
26 May 1790 -  6 Jul 1802  Johan Heinrich Knuth, greve til    (b. 1746 - d. 1802)
                             Knuthenborg Gyldensten 
 6 Jul 1802 - 23 Jul 1802  .... (acting)
23 Jul 1802 - 12 Nov 1810  Frederik Hauch                     (b. 1754 - d. 1839)
12 Nov 1810 - 22 May 1816  Verner Jasper Andreas, greve Moltke(b. 1755 - d. 1835)
Land Bailiffs
1720 - 1723                Didrik Marcussen (Markussen)       (s.a.)
1723 - 25 Jul 1723         Carl Hans Høppner (acting)       
25 Jul 1723 - 29 Jun 1765  Jørgen Frantz Hammershaimb         (b. 1688 - d. 1765)
1765 - 1815                Wenceslaus Hammershaimb            (b. 1744 - d. 1828)
1815 -  6 Jul 1816         Emilius Marius Georgius Løbner     (b. 1766 - d. 1849)
Prefects
(Amtmaend paa Faerøerne)(in Tórshavn)
 6 Jul 1816 - 30 Jun 1828  Emilius Marius Georgius Løbner     (s.a.)
                             (acting to 1821)
 1 Jul 1828 - 1830         Christian Ludvig Tillisch          (b. 1797 - d. 1844)
1830 - 1837                Frederik Ferdinand Tillisch        (b. 1801 - d. 1889)
1837 - 31 Dec 1848         Christian Pløyen                   (b. 1803 - d. 1867)
1849 - 1862                Carl Emil Dahlerup                 (b. 1813 - d. 1890)
1862 - 1871                Peter Holten                       (b. 1816 - d. 1897)
1871 - 1885                Hannes Kristján Steingrímur Finsen (b. 1828 - d. 1892)
1885 - 31 Mar 1897         Lorentz Høyer Buchwaldt            (b. 1841 - d. 1933)
 1 Apr 1897 - 31 Mar 1911  Christian Baerentsen               (b. 1862 - d. 1944)
 1 Apr 1911 - Aug 1918     Svenning Krag Nielsen Rytter       (b. 1875 - d. 1957)
Aug 1918 -  6 Feb 1920     Victor Stahlschmidt                (b. 1884 - d. 1920)
May 1920 - 31 Mar 1929     Elias Olrik                        (b. 1885 - d. 1975)
 1 Apr 1929 - May 1936     Hjalmar Ringberg                   (b. 1889 - d. 1978)
May 1936 - 30 Nov 1945     Carl Aage Hilbert                  (b. 1899 - d. 1953)
 1 Dec 1945 - 31 Mar 1948  Cai Andrias Vagn-Hansen            (b. 1911 - d. 1990)
High Commissioners (Rigsombudsmand Faerøerne/Ríkisumbodsmadur)
 1 Apr 1948 - 1954         Cai Andrias Vagn-Hansen            (s.a.)
1954 - 1961                Niels Elkaer-Hansen                (b. 1915 - d. 2007)
1961 - 1972                Mogens Wahl                        (b. 1918 - d. 1986)
1972 - 30 Jun 1981         Leif Groth                         (b. 1930 - d. 2009)
 1 Jul 1981 - 31 Mar 1988  Niels Bentsen                      (b. 1936)
 1 Apr 1988 - 30 Jun 1995  Bent Klinte                        (b. 1939)
 1 Jul 1995 - 31 Oct 2001  Vibeke Larsen (f)                  (b. 1949)
 1 Nov 2001 - 31 Jul 2005  Birgit Kleis (f)                   (b. 1956)
 1 Aug 2005 - 31 Dec 2007  Søren Christensen                  (b. 1940)
 1 Jan 2008 -              Dan Michael Knudsen                (b. 1962)

Lögsögumenn (Lawspeakers of the Thing [þing])
10.. - 10..                Gilli         
10.. - 12..                ....       
12.. - 13..                Sigurdr (Sjúrdur)    
13.. - 13..                Símon (Símun) 
13.. - 1412                Dagfinnr Hálfdanarson
                             (Dagfinnur Halvdanarson)
1412 - 14..                Haraldr Kálfsson (Haraldur Kálvsson)
14.. - 14..                Róaldr (Roald) 
147. - 1524                Jörundr Skógdrífsson               (b. 14.. - d. 1524)
                             (Jørundur Skógdrívsson)
1524 - 1531                Thórmódr Sigurdsson                (b. 14.. - d. 1531)
                             (Tórmódur Sigurdsson)
Løgmenn (chief ministers)
1531 - 1543                Anders Guttormsen                  (b. c.1490 - d.1543) 
                             (Andras Guttormsson)
1544 - 19 May 1571         Guttorm Andersen                   (b. c.1515 - d. 1571)
                             (Guttormur Andrasson)  
1572 - 1583                Joen Heinesen (Jógvan Heinason)    (b. 1541 - d. 1602)
1583 - 1587                Isak Guttormsen (Ísak Guttormsson) (b. 15.. - d. 1587)
1588 - 1600                Peder Jacobsen (Paetur Jákupsson)  (b. 15.. - d. 1600)  
1601 - 1607                Thomas Simonsen (Tummas Símunarson)(b. 15.. - d. 1607)   
1608 - 1628                Zacharias Thormodsen               (b. 15.. - d. 1628)
                             (Zakarias Tormódsson)
1629 - 1654                Joen Justinussen                   (b. 15.. - d. 1654) 
                             (Jógvan Jústinisson)  
1654 - 1655                Joen Poulsen (Jógvan Pálsson)      (b. 16.. - d. 1677)
1655 - 1662                Balzer Jacobsen            
1662 - 1677                Joen Poulsen (Jógvan Pálsson)      
1677 - 1679                Jacob Johansen (Jákup Jógvansson) 
1679 - 26 Jan 1706         Johan Hendrik Weyhe                (b. c.1644 - d. 1706) 
26 Jan 1706 - 1706         Frederik Severinsen Skougaard      (b. 1666 - d. 1751)  
                             (acting)
1706 - 27 Jan 1755         Samuel Pedersen i Lamhauge         (b. 1676 - d. 1755)
                             (Sámal Paetursson)
1752 - 1769                Hans Jacobsen (Jákupsson) Debes    (b. 1723 - d. 1769)
                             (acting to 1455)
1769                       Peder Samuelsen Weyhe (acting)     
1769 - 1772                Thorkild Fjeldsted                 (b. 1741 - d. 1796) 
1772 - 1786                Jacob Bentzon Hveding              (b. 1736 - d. 1819) 
1786 - 1806                Johan Michael Lund                 (b. 1753 - d. 1824)   
1806 - 1816                Jørgen Frantz Hammershaimb         (b. 1767 - d. 1820)

1816 - 12 May 1948         post abolished
Prime ministers
(Løgmenn)
12 May 1948 - 15 Dec 1950  Andrass Samuelsen                  (b. 1873 - d. 1954)  SF
15 Dec 1950 -  9 Jan 1959  Kristian Djurhuus (1st time)       (b. 1895 - d. 1984)  SF
 9 Jan 1959 -  4 Jan 1963  Peter Mohr Dam (1st time)          (b. 1898 - d. 1968)  JF
 4 Jan 1963 - 12 Jan 1967  Hákun Djurhuus                     (b. 1908 - d. 1987)  FF
12 Jan 1967 - 19 Nov 1968  Peter Mohr Dam (2nd time)          (s.a.)               JF
19 Nov 1968 - 10 Dec 1970  Kristian Djurhuus (2nd time)       (s.a.)               SF
10 Dec 1970 -  5 Jan 1981  Atli Paetursson Dam (1st time)     (b. 1932 - d. 2005)  JF
 5 Jan 1981 - 10 Jan 1985  Poen Pauli Højgaard Ellefsen       (b. 1936 - d. 2012)  SF
10 Jan 1985 - 18 Jan 1989  Atli Paetursson Dam (2nd time)     (s.a.)               JF
18 Jan 1989 - 15 Jan 1991  Jógvan Sundstein                   (b. 1933)            JF
15 Jan 1991 - 18 Jan 1993  Atli Paetursson Dam (3rd time)     (s.a.)               JF
18 Jan 1993 - 15 Sep 1994  Marita Petersen (f)                (b. 1940 - d. 2001)  JF
15 Sep 1994 - 15 May 1998  Edmund Esbern Johannes Joensen     (b. 1944)            SF
15 May 1998 -  3 Feb 2004  Anfinn Kallsberg                   (b. 1947)            FF
 3 Feb 2004 - 26 Sep 2008  Jóannes Dan Eidesgaard             (b. 1951)            JF
26 Sep 2008 - 15 Sep 2015  Kaj Leo Holm Johannesen            (b. 1964)            SF
15 Sep 2015 -              Aksel Vilhelmsson Johannesen       (b. 1972)            JF


Allied (British) Occupation

British Officer Commanding
13 Apr 1940 - 16 Apr 1940  Thomas Bernard Washbourn Sandall   (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
British Naval Officers-in-Charge

16 Apr 1940 -  1 Jun 1941  William Reginald Denys Crowther    (b. 1883 - d. 1974)
 1 Apr 1941 - 27 Nov 1941  Richard Thornton Down              (b. 1882 - d. 1944)
27 Nov 1941 - 25 Feb 1945  Noel Marcus Francis Corbett        (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
25 Feb 1945 - 13 May 1945  Horace George Gorton               (b. 1891 - d. 1976)
 

Territorial Disputes: Because anticipated offshore hydrocarbon resources have not been realized, earlier Faroese proposals for full independence have been deferred; Iceland, the U.K., and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm

Party abbreviations: FF = Hin føroyski Fólkaflokkurin (People's Party, liberal conservative, pro-independence, est.1939); JF = Javnadarflokkurin (Equality Party, social-democratic, pro-links with Denmark, est.1926); MF = Midflokkurin (Centre Party, christian-democratic, est.30 May 1992); NSS = Nýtt Sjálvstýri (New Self-rule, social-liberal, pro-independence,  former SSF, est.Jun 2015); SF = Sambandsflokkurin (Union Party, conservative, agrarian, pro-continued union with Denmark, est.Aug 1906); T = Tjódveldi (Republic, socialist, pro-independence, former TF, est.Sep 2007);
- Former parties: SSF = Sjálvstýrisflokkurin (Self-Government Party, social-liberal, pro-independence, 1909-Jun 2015, renamed NSS); TF = Tjódveldisflokkurin (Republican Party, socialist, pro-independence, 22 May 1948-Sep 2007, renamed Tjódveldi); VF = Vinnuflokkurin (Business Party, liberal, 1939-1940, merged into FF)






© Ben Cahoon