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Norway
 
[Flag of
                                    Denmark]
         12 Sep 1380 - 16 Feb 1814
 
[Flag
                                    of Norway, 1814]
           27 Feb 1814 - 13 Jul 1821
 
[Norwegian Union Merchant Flag
                                    of 1844]
   20 Jun 1844 - 7 Jun 1905 (union flag) 
 
[Flag of
                                    Norway]
            13 Jul 1821 - 20 Jun 1844; 
                Adopted 7 Jun 1905


Map of Norway
Hear National Anthem
"Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
(Yes, We Love This Country)
Adopted 17 May 1864
Hear Royal Anthem
"Kongesangen"
(Royal Song)
Adopted 1905
--------------------------------
Former National Anthem
"Norsk Nationalsang" (Norwegian National Anthem"
or "Sønner af Norges"

(Sons of Norway)
(1820-17 May 1864)
Constitution
(17 May 1814)
Capital: Oslo
(Kristiania 1624-1 Jan 1925;
Oslo 1299-1624;
Bergen 1070-1299;
Trondheim 997-1070)
Currency: Norwegian Krone
(NOK); 1873-1905 Swedish
 Krona (SEK)
National Holiday: 17 May (1814)
Constitution Day
Population: 5,085,582 (2013)
GDP: $282.2 billion (2013)
Exports: $154.2 billion (2013)
Imports: $90.14 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000),
 other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007)
Total Active Armed Forces: 24,025 (2010)
Merchant marine: 585 ships (2010)
Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official)
82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%,
 other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011)
International Organizations/Treaties: AC, ADB (nonregional), AfDB (nonregional), AG, AIIB (signatory), ANT (consultative), APM, BIS, BTWC, CBSS, CCM, CE, CERN, CFE, CTBT, CWC, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, ENMOD, ESA, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partner), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, MTCR, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NPT, NSG, NTBT, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OPEC (observer), OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO (withdrawing), UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Norway Index
Chronology

872                        Kingdom of Norway unified.
c.970 - 995                Under Danish rule.
 9 Sep 1000 - 1015         Parts of Norway annexed by Denmark (Viken area)  
                             and Sweden (Oppland area).
Nov 1028 - 1035            Under Danish rule.
 8 Aug 1319 - 15 Aug 1343  In personal union with Sweden.
12 Sep 1380 - 24 Jan 1814  In personal union with Denmark.
11 Jul 1396 -  6 Jun 1523  Union of Kalmar: Denmark, Norway, and Sweden in
                             personal union (United Kingdoms of Denmark,                               Norway and Sweden).
30 Oct 1536                Danish province.
13 Aug 1645                Jämtland and Härjedalen are ceded to Sweden.
26 Feb 1658                Bohuslän and Trondheim are ceded to Sweden by
                             the Treaty of Treaty of Roskilde.
27 May 1660                Trondheim restored to Norway.
24 Jan 1814                End of (nominally personal) union with Denmark.
 4 Nov 1814 -  7 Jun 1905  Personal union with Sweden.
 7 Jun 1905                End of personal union with Sweden (accepted
                             by Sweden 26 Oct 1905).
 9 Apr 1940 -  8 May 1945  German occupation (completed 7 Jun 1940; kingship
                             abolished by the Storting 25 Sep 1940, the name
                             of the state then being simply Norway²).
 9 May 1945                Kingdom of Norway (restored).
25 Oct 1944 - 25 sep 1945  Soviet occupation of part of Finnmark county.

Counties
Pre-Unification
Polities
 Norwegian
Antarctic Territory
 Jan Mayen
Svalbard
German
Occupation
(1940-1945)
Allied Occupation
(1944-1945)
Historical
Maps of Norway
 

Kings¹ (12 Sep 1380 - 16 Feb 1814 also the kings of Denmark;
and 4 Nov 1814 - 7 Jun 1905 also the kings of Sweden)
872 - c.933                Harald I "Hårfagre" ("Fairhair")   (b. c.850 - d. 933)
c.930 - c.935              Eirik I "Blodøks" ("Bloodaxe")     (b. c.895 - d. 954)
                             (co-ruler to c.933)
c.935 - c.961              Haakon I Haraldsson "den gode"     (b. c.919 - d. c.961)
                             ("the Good")
c.961 - c.970              Harald II Eiriksson "Graafell"     (b. c.930 - d. c.970)
                             ("Grey Cloak")
                          - jointly with following three -
c.961 - c.970              Ragnfrød Eiriksson "Gunhildsson"   (b. 93. - d. c.982) 
c.961 - c.969              Erling Eiriksson
                   (b. 93. - d. c.969)
c.961 - c.970              Gudrød Eiriksson                   (b. 93. - d. c.999)
c.961 - c.964              Sigurd Eiriksson "Slefa"           (b. 93. - d. c.964)
                             ("the Enslaver")
c.970 - 995                Haakon Sigurdsson -Governor        (b. c.937 - d. 995)
                             "Rikr" ("the Mighty")
995 -  9 Sep 1000          Olav I Trygvesson                  (b. c.968 - d. 1000)
 9 Sep 1000 - 1015         Eirik Haakonsson -Governor         (b. c.964 - d. 1024)
1015 - Nov 1028            Olav II Haraldsson "digri"
        (b. c.995 - d. 1030)
                             ("the Fat")
Nov 1028 - Oct 1029        Haakon Eiriksson 
-Governor         (b. c.997 - d. 1029)
Oct 1029 - Sep 1030        
Sigurd, bishop of Trondheim        (d. c.1050)
                             (acting)
Sep 1030
 - 12 Nov 1035     Knut "den mektige" ("the Great")   (b. 995 - d. 1035)
                             (Canute II, king of Denmark)
Sep 1030 - 1035            Svein Knutsson -Co-ruler           (b. c.1016 - d. 1036)
Sep 1030 - 1035            Aelfgifu (f) -Regent               (b. c.990 - d. af.1040)
1033 - 1033                Tryggvi 
Olavsson (in rebellion)    (b. 101. - d. 1033)
1035 - 25 Oct 1047         Magnus I Olavsson "den gode"       (b. c.1024 - d. 1047)
                             ("the Good")
1035 - May? 1039           Einar Eindridesson -Regent         (b. c.982 - d. 1050)     
                             "Tambarskjelve" ("Bow frightener")
                            
- jointly with -
1046 - 25 Sep 1066         Harald III Sigurdsson "Hardråde"   (b. 1015 - d. 1066)
                             ("the Hard to Counsel")
25 Sep 1066 - 28 Apr 1069  Magnus II Haraldsson               (b. c.1049 - d. 1069)
                           - jointly with -
Jul? 1067 - 22 Sep 1093    Olav III Haraldsson "Kyrre"        (b. c.1050 - d. 1093)
                             ("the Calm")
22 Sep 1093 - 24 Aug 1103  Magnus III Olavsson "Barreføtt"    (b. 1073 - d. 1103)
                             ("the Barefoot")
22 Sep 1093 - Feb 1095     Haakon II Magnusson "Toresfostre"  (b. 1069 - d. 1095)

                             ("Thor's Foster-son")(in opposition)
1095 - 1103                Svein Haraldsson (in opposition)
24 Aug 1103 - 21 Aug 1123  Øystein I Magnusson                (b. 1088? - d. 1123) 
                           - jointly with following two -
24 Aug 1103 - 26 Mar 1130  Sigurd I Magusson "Jorsalfare"     (b. 1089? - d. 1130)
                             ("the Jerusalem-farer" [Crusader])
26 Aug 1103 - 22 Dec 1115  Olav (IV) Magnusson                (b. 1099? - d. 1115)
26 Mar 1130 -  7 Jan 1135  Magnus IV Sigurdsson "den blinde"  (b. c.1115 - d. 1139)
                             ("the Blind") (1st time)
                           - jointly with -
 3 Oct 1130 -  9 Aug 1134  Harald IV "Gille" (the Servant)    (b. 1103? - d. 1136)
                             Magnusson (1st time)
 7 Jan 1135 - 14 Dec 1136  Harald IV "Gille" Magnusson        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
14 Dec 1136 -  4 Feb 1161  Inge I Haraldsson "Krokrygg"       (b. 1135 - d. 1161)
                             ("the Hunchback")
                           - jointly with -
1137 - 10 Jun 1155         Sigurd II Haraldsson "Munn"        (b. 1133 - d. 1155)
                             ("the Mouth")
Dec 1137 - 12 Nov 1139     Magnus IV Sigurdsson "den blinde"  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(in opposition)
                           - jointly with -
27 May 1142 - 22 Aug 1157  Øystein II Haraldsson              (b. 1125 - d. 1157)
Aug 1157 -  7 Jul 1162     Haakon III Sigurdsson              (b. 1147 - d. 1162)
                             "Herdebreid" (Broad Shoulder)
                             (in opposition to 4 Feb 1161)
1161 - 15 Jun 1184         Magnus V Erlingsson                (b. 1156 - d. 1184)
                             (in opposition to 7 Jul 1162)
 7 Jul 1162 - 1164         Erling Ormsson "Skakke" -Regent    (b. c.1115 - d. 1179)
                             ("the Crooked")
1162 - 29 Sep 1163         Sigurd (III) Sigurdsson            (b. c.1153 - d. 1163)
                             "Markusfostre" ("Mark Foster")
                             (in opposition)
1167 - 1169                Olav Gudbrandsson "Ugjaeva"        (b. c.1150 - d. 1173)
                             ("the Luckless")(in opposition)
Sep? 1176 - Jan 1177       Øystein (III) Øysteinsson "Møyla"  (b. 1157 - d. 1177)
                             ("the Maiden")(in rebellion)
Jun 1177 -  9 Mar 1202     Sverre Sigurdsson                  (b. 1152 - d. 1202)
                             (in opposition in Trondheim to 15 Jun 1184)
29 Sep 1185 - Dec 1188     Jon Ingesson "Kuvlung" ("Monkcoat")(b. 116. - d. 1188)
                             (in opposition;
impostor,
                             real name: Jon Petersson)
1188 - 1188                Sigurd Ingesson 
                             (impostor; in opposition)
1189 - 1190                Vikar Magnusson
                             (impostor; in opposition)
1193 -  3 Apr 1194         Sigurd Magnusson (in opposition)   (b. c.1180 - d. 1194)
Jan 1198 - Aug 1202        Inge (II) Magnusson (in opposition)(b. c.1182 - d. 1202)
 9 Mar 1202 -  1 Jan 1204  Haakon III Sverresson              (b. c.1178 - d. 1204)
 1 Jan 1204 - 1204         Haakon Folkvidsson "Galen" (acting)
(b. 117. - d. 1214)
                             ("the Mad")
1204 - 11 Aug 1204         Guttorm Sigurdsson
                 (b. 1200 - d. 1204)
1204 - 11 Aug 1204         Haakon Folkvidsson "Galen" -Regent (s.a.)
Jun? 1204 - Jun? 1207      Erling Magnusson "Steinvegg"       (b. 118. - d. 1207)
                             ("the Stonewall")(in opposition)
Aug 1204 - 23 Apr 1217     Inge II Bårdson                    (b. 1185 - d. 1217)
Apr? 1207 - Oct? 1208      Filippus Simonsson (in opposition) (b. c.1182 - d. 1217)
                             (keeps royal style till death Jul 1217)
23 Apr 1217 - Jun 1217     Skule Bårdsson -Governor           (b. 1189 - d. 1240)
Jun 1217 - 16 Dec 1263     Haakon IV Haakonsson "den Store"   (b. 1204 - d. 1263)
                             ("the Great")
1218 -  8 Jul 1226         Sigurd Erlingsson "Ribbung"        (b. 1203 - d. 1226)
                             ("the Vulgar")(in opposition)
Jul 1226 - Jul? 1227       Knut Haakonsson (in opposition)    (b. c.1208 - d. 1261)
Jul? 1226 - Sep? 1227      Magnus "Bladstakk" (in opposition) (b. 119. - d. 1227)
                             ("the Blade Stabber")
 
6 Nov 1239 - 24 May 1240  Skule Bårdsson (in opposition)     (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1240 -  5 May 1257  Haakon (V) Haakonsson "den unge"   (b. 1232 - d. 1257)
                             ("the Older")(co-ruler)
15 Dec 1263 -  9 May 1280  Magnus VI Haakonsson "Lagabøter"   (b. 1238 - d. 1280)
                             ("the Law Restorer")
 9 May 1280 - 13 Jul 1299  Eirik II Magnusson "Prestehater"   (b. 1268 - d. 1299)
                             ("the Priest Hater
")
 9 May 1280 - 1283         Ingebjørg Eriksdotter
(f) -Regent  (b. c.1244 - d. 1287)
13 Jul 1299 - 10 Aug 1299  Jarl Jørund (acting)               (b. 124. - d. 1309)
10 Aug 1299 -  8 May 1319  Haakon V Magnusson "Hålegg"        (b. 1270 - d. 1319)
                             ("the Long Leg")
 8 May 1319 - 24 Aug 1319  Eiliv Arnesson, Achbishop of       (b. 126. - d. 1332)
                             Nidaros (chairman council of state)
24 Aug 1319 - 15 Aug 1355  Magnus VII Eiriksson "Korti"        (b. 1316 - d. 1374)
                             ("the Short")
15 Aug 1343-10/12 Sep 1380 Haakon VI Magnusson "den yngre"    (b. 1339 - d. 1380)
                             ("the Younger")
12 Sep 1380 -  3 Aug 1387  Olav IV Haakonsson                 (b. 1370 - d. 1387)
 3 Aug 1387 -  2 Feb 1388  Ogmund Finnsson Hestbø -Regent
 2 Feb 1388 -  8 Sep 1389  Margrete Valdemarsdatter (f)-Regent(b. 1353 - d. 1412) 
                             (styled: The realm's mighty lady
                             and right master)
 8 Sep 1389 -  1 Jun 1442  Eirik III                          (b. 1382 - d. 1459) 
                            (Erik XIII of Sweden, Erik VII of Denmark, Erich III of Pomerania)
Sep 1439 - 1442            Sigurd Jonsson -Regent (1st time)  (b. 1390's – d. 1450's)
 1 Jun 1442 -  1 Jun 1442  Aslak Harniktsson Bolt, Archbishop (b. 1380 - d. 1450)
                             of Nidaros (1st time)
                             (chairman council of state)
 1 Jun 1442 - 5/6 Jan 1448 Christoffer                        (b. 1416 - d. 1448)
                             (Christoffer III of Denmark)
 6 Jan 1448 - 1448         Aslak Harniktsson Bolt, Archbishop (s.a.)
                             of Nidaros (2nd time)
                             (chairman council of state)
1448 - 20 Nov 1449         Sigurd Jonsson -Regent (2nd time)  (s.a.)
25 Oct 1449 - 14 May 1450  Karl I Knutsson (in opposition)    (b. 1408 - d. 1470)
                             (Karl VIII of Sweden)
20 Nov 1449 - 21 May 1481  Christian I (Christiern I)         (b. 1426 - d. 1481)
                             (elected 3 Jul 1449 and crowned 20 Nov 1449)
21 May 1481 - 24 Aug 1482  Gaute Ivarsson, Archbishop         (b. 1437 - d. 1510) 
                             of Nidaros 
                             (chairman council of state)
24 Aug 1482 -  1 Feb 1483  Jon Svalesøn Smør -Regent          (b. c.1420 - d. 1483)
 1 Feb 1483 - 20 Feb 1513  Hans (Johan II of Sweden)          (b. 1455 - d. 1513)
20 Feb 1513 - 22 Jul 1513  Eirik Valkendorf, Archbishop of    (b. 1465 - d. 1522)
                             Nidaros (chairman council of state)
22 Jul 1513 -  5 Aug 1524  Christian II (Christiern II)       (b. 1481 - d. 1559)
                             (1st time)
 5 Aug 1524 - 23 Aug 1524  Olav Engelbriktsson, Archbishop    (b. c.1480 - d. 1538)  
                             of Nidaros (1st time)
                             (chairman council of state) 
23 Aug 1524 - 10 Apr 1533  Frederik I                         (b. 1471 - d. 1533)
29 Nov 1531 -  1 Jul 1532  Christian II (2nd time)            (s.a.)
                             (in opposition)
10 Apr 1533 -  1 Apr 1537  Olav Engelbriktsson, Archbishop    (s.a.) 
                             of Nidaros (2nd time)
                             (chairman council of state) 
 1 Apr 1537 -  1 Jan 1559  Christian III                      (b. 1503 - d. 1559) 
                             (in opposition from 5 May 1535)
 1 Jan 1559 - 14 Apr 1588  Frederik II                        (b. 1534 - d. 1588) 
14 Apr 1588 -  9 Mar 1648  Christian IV                       (b. 1577 - d. 1648)
 9 Mar 1648 - 18 May 1648  Jens Aagesøn Bjelke -Chancellor
18 May 1648 - 19 Feb 1670  Frederik III                       (b. 1609 - d. 1670) 
                             (elected 28 Apr 1648; proclaimed 18 May 1648)
19 Feb 1670 -  4 Sep 1699  Christian V                        (b. 1646 - d. 1699) 
 4 Sep 1699 - 12 Oct 1730  Frederik IV                        (b. 1671 - d. 1730)
12 Oct 1730 -  6 Aug 1746  Christian VI                       (b. 1699 - d. 1746) 
 6 Aug 1746 - 14 Jan 1766  Frederik V                         (b. 1723 - d. 1766) 
14 Jan 1766 - 13 Mar 1808  Christian VII                      (b. 1749 - d. 1808) 
13 Mar 1808 -  7 Feb 1814  Frederik VI                        (b. 1768 - d. 1839) 
 7 Feb 1814 - 19 Feb 1814  Interregnum
19 Feb 1814 -  3 Nov 1814  Christian Frederik                 (b. 1786 - d. 1848)
                             (regent to 17 May 1814)
12 Oct 1814 -  4 Nov 1814  Regency
                           - Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz          (b. 1762 - d. 1838)
                           - Mathias Otto Leth Sommerhielm    (b. 1764 - d. 1827)
                           - Jonas Collett                    (b. 1772 - d. 1851)
                           - Niels Aall                       (b. 1769 - d. 1854)
                           - Diderich Hegermann               (b. 1763 - d. 1835)
                              (from 19 Oct 1814)
                           - Thomas Fasting (from 19 Oct 1814)(b. 1769 - d. 1841)
 4 Nov 1814 -  5 Feb 1818  Karl II (Carl XIII of Sweden)      (b. 1748 - d. 1818)
 5 Feb 1818 -  8 Mar 1844  Karl III Johan                     (b. 1763 - d. 1844)
                            (Carl XIV Johan of Sweden)
 8 Mar 1844 -  8 Jul 1859  Oscar I                            (b. 1799 - d. 1859)
 8 Jul 1859 - 18 Sep 1872  Karl IV Ludvig Eugenius            (b. 1826 - d. 1872)
                            (Carl XV of Sweden)
18 Sep 1872 -  7 Jun 1905  Oscar II Frederik                  (b. 1829 - d. 1907)
                            (formally abdicated 26 Oct 1905)
 7 Jun 1905 - 25 Nov 1905  Peter Christian Hersleb Michelsen  (b. 1857 - d. 1925)  H
                            (prime minister exercising royal authority)
25 Nov 1905 - 25 Sep 1940  Haakon VII (1st time)              (b. 1872 - d. 1957)
                            (elected 18 Nov 1905, sworn in 27 Nov 1905;
                            on flight in Norway 9 Apr - 7 Jun 1940;
                            in London exile 7 Jun 1940 - 7 Jun 1945)
German Military Commander (of XXI Armeekorps
)
 9 Apr 1940 - 19 Dec 1940  Nikolaus von Falkenhorst           (b. 1885 - d. 1968)  Mil
Reichskommissare für die Besetzten Norwegischen Gebiete
25 Apr 1940 -  7 May 1945  Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven   (b. 1898 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
 7 May 1945 -  8 May 1945  Franz Friedrich Böhme (acting)     (b. 1885 - d. 1947)  Mil
Kings¹
 8 May 1945 - 14 May 1945  Paal Berg (acting for Haakon)      (b. 1873 - d. 1968)  V
 9 May 1945 - 21 Sep 1957  Haakon VII (2nd time)              (s.a.)
13 May 1945 -  7 Jun 1945  Crown Prince Olav -Regent          (b. 1903 - d. 1991)
                             (1st time)
29 Jun 1955 - 21 Sep 1957  Crown Prince Olav -Regent          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
21 Sep 1957 - 17 Jan 1991  Olav V                             (s.a.)
25 Apr 1970 - Jul 1970     Crown Prince Harald -Regent        (b. 1937)
                             (1st time)
18 May 1971 - Jun 1971     Crown Prince Harald -Regent        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 
2 Jun 1990 - 17 Jan 1991  Crown Prince Harald -Regent        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
17 Jan 1991 -              Harald V                           (s.a.)
25 Nov 2003 - 13 Apr 2004  Crown Prince Haakon -Regent        (b. 1973) 
                             (1st time)
29 Mar 2005 -  7 Jun 2005  Crown Prince Haakon -Regent        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 

Governors
 1 Apr 1537 - 23 Jun 1551  Peder Hansson (Litle) til Sem      (b. 149. - d. 1551) 
                             og Foss
24 Jun 1551 - 23 Jun 1556  Jesper Friis til Aarslev
          (b. 150. - d. 1558)
24 Jun 1556 - 23 Jun 1572  Christiern Munk til Taabdrup       (b. 151. - d. 1579)
Governors-general (statholder)

24 Jun 1572 - 1577         Paul Hvitfeldt til Snidstrup
       (b. c.1529 - d. 1592)
 9 Jul 1577 - 30 Apr 1583  Ludvig Munk til Nørlund            (b. 1537 - d. 1602)
 1 May 1583 -  6 Oct 1588  Ove Juel til Kjeldgaard            (b. c.1540 - d. 1599)
 6 Oct 1588 -  5 Apr 1601  Axel Gyldenstjerne til Lyngbygaard (b. c.1542 - d. 1603)
 1 May 1601 - 30 Apr 1608  Jørgen Friis til Krastrup          (b. c.1543 - d. 1616)
 1 May 1608 - 30 Apr 1618  Envold Kruse til Hjermitsløv       (b. 1554 - d. 1621)
 1 May 1618 - 30 Apr 1629  Jens Juel til Kjeldgaard           (b. 1580 - d. 1634)
 1 May 1629 - 30 Apr 1642  Christoffer Urne til Aasmark       (b. 1593 - d. 1663)
 1 May 1642 - 30 Apr 1651  Hannibal Sehested til              (b. 1609 - d. 1666)
                             Nøragersgaard                    
 1 May 1651 - 20 Dec 1655  Gregers Krabbe til Torstedlund     (b. 1594 - d. 1655) 
 1 May 1656 - 30 Apr 1661  Nils Trolle til Trolholm           (b. 1599 - d. 1667)
 1 May 1661 - Jun 1664     Iver Krabbe til Jordberg           (b. 1602 - d. 1666)
Jun 1664 - 25 Sep 1699     Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve greve    (b. 1638 - d. 1704)
                             til Laurvig 
Oct 1669 - May 1674        Ove Juul til Willestrup            (b. 1615 - d. 1686)
May 1674 - Oct 1676        Vacant 
Oct 1676 - Jan 1683        Jens Juel til Førslevgaard, 
      (b. 1631 - d. 1700)
                             friherre til Juellinge  
                             (acting for Gyldenløve)
Jan 1683 - 26 Sep 1694     Just Högh til Fultoffte            (b. 1640 - d. 1694) 
                             (acting for Gyldenløve)
26 Sep 1694 - 1700         Gustaf Wilhelm, greve Wedel-       (b. 1641 - d. 1717)
                             Jarlsberg (1st time)
                             (acting [
for Gyldenløve to 1699])  
1700 - 21 Jun 1708         Frederik Gabel til Giesegaard      (b. c.1640 - d. 1708)
21 Jun 1708 -  1 Aug 1708  Gustaf Wilhelm, greve Wedel-       (s.a.)
                             Jarlsberg (2nd time)   
 1 Aug 1708 - 22 Feb 1710  Johan Vibe                         (b. c.1634 - d. 1710)
22 Feb 1710 - 26 Aug 1710  Hans Ernst von Tritzschler (acting)(b. 1647 - d. 1718)
                             (chief civil and military governor)
26 Aug 1710 - 30 Apr 1712  Ulrik Frederik Waldemar,           (b. 1660 - d. 1740)
                             friherre Løvendal
24 Dec 1712 - 14 Jul 1713  Claus Henrik Vieregg               (b. 1655 - d. 1713)
                             (vice governor)
14 Jul 1713 - 15 May 1714  Caspar Hermann von Hausmann        (b. 1653 - d. 1718)
                             (acting)
15 May 1714 - 1722         Friderich, friherre Krag til       (b. 1655 - d. 1728)
                             Stensballegaard (vice governor)
14 Apr 1722 -  5 Oct 1731  Ditlev Vibe                        (b. 1670 - d. 1731) 
 5 Oct 1731 - 1733         Patroclus Rømeling (acting)        (b. 1662 - d. 1736)
1733 - 1739                Christian greve Rantzau            (b. 1683 - d. 1771)
                             (vice governor)
1739 - 1750                Hans Jakob Arnoldt (vice governor) (b. 1669 - d. 1758)
11 Sep 1750 -  8 Feb 1771  Jacob Benzon til Aggersvold        (b. 1688 - d. 1775)
                             (vice governor to 16 Jan 1770)
28 Sep 1772 - 15 Oct 1772  Heinrich Wilhelm Huth              (b. 1717 - d. 1806) 
15 Oct 1772 -  4 Feb 1814  
Carl Landgraf zu Hessen            (b. 1744 - d. 1836)
 1 Sep 1807 - 11 Nov 1810  Christian August von Schlewsig-    (b. 1768 - d. 1810)
                             Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg,
                             prins til Augustenborg
 
                            (President of the interim government
                             commission to 25 Jul 1809)
11 Nov 1810 - 22 May 1813  Friedrich Landgraf zu Hessen-      (b. 1771 - d. 1845)
                             Kassel (acting)
22 May 1813 - 19 Feb 1814  Christian Frederik af Danmark      (s.a.)
Governors-general (statholder)

10 Oct 1814 -  4 Nov 1814  Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz            (s.a.)

 4 Nov 1814 - 11 Nov 1814  
Crown Prince Karl Johan -Viceroy   (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
11 Nov 1814 -  2 Aug 1816  Hans Henrik, greve von Essen       (b. 1755 - d. 1824)
21 Jun 1816 -  5 Aug 1816  Crown Prince Karl Johan -Viceroy   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
20 Aug 1816 - 18 Oct 1818  Carl Carlsson, greve Mörner        (b. 1755 - d. 1821)
                             af Tuna
18 Oct 1818 - 11 Apr 1824  Johan August, greve Sandels        (b. 1764 - d. 1831)
                             (1st time)
12 Feb 1824 -  1 Nov 1824  Crown Prince Oscar -Viceroy        (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
21 Oct 1824 - 26 Nov 1827  Johan August, greve Sandels        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
26 Nov 1827 -  6 Dec 1829  Baltzar Bogislaus greve von Platen (b. 1766 - d. 1829)
 6 Dec 1829 - 20 Jul 1833  Jonas Collett (1st time)(acting)   (s.a.)
20 Jul 1833 -  3 Sep 1833  Crown Prince Oscar -Viceroy        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 3 Sep 1833 - 19 Sep 1836  Jonas Collett (2nd time)(acting)   (s.a.)
19 Sep 1836 - 27 Aug 1840  Johan Caspar Herman, greve Wedel-  (b. 1779 - d. 1840)
                             Jarlsberg 
27 Aug 1840 -  5 May 1841  Nicolay Johan Lohmann Krog (acting)(b. 1787 - d. 1856)
 5 May 1841 - 17 May 1856  Severin Lövenskiold                (b. 1777 - d. 1856)
 7 Feb 1856 - 11 Nov 1856  Crown Prince Karl -Viceroy         (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
11 Nov 1856 - 12 Jan 1857  Jørgen Herman Vogt (1st time)      (b. 1784 - d. 1862)
                             (acting)
12 Jan 1857 - 30 May 1857  Crown Prince Karl
-Viceroy         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
30 May 1857 -  8 Dec 1858  Jørgen Herman Vogt (2nd time)      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 8 Dec 1858 - 12 Dec 1861  Hans Christian Petersen (acting)   (b. 1793 - d. 1862)
12 Dec 1861 - 17 Dec 1861  Erik Røring Møinichen (acting)     (b. 1797 - d. 1875)
17 Dec 1861 - 21 Jul 1873  Frederik Stang (acting)            (b. 1808 - d. 1884)
First Secretaries of State
19 May 1814 - 20 Aug 1814  Frederik Gottschalk von Haxthausen (b. 1750 - d. 1825)
20 Aug 1814 - 31 Jan 1815
  Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz            (s.a.)
 1 Feb 1815 -  9 Jul 1822  Matthias Otto Leth Sommerhielm     (s.a.)
 9 Jul 1822 - 10 Nov 1836  Jonas Collett                      (s.a.)
10 Nov 1836 - 17 Oct 1839  Thomas Fasting                     (s.a.)
17 Oct 1839 -  5 Jan 1855
  Nicolay Johan Lohmann Krog         (s.a.)
 5 Jan 1855 -  8 Dec 1858
  Jørgen Herman Vogt                 (s.a.)
 8 Dec 1858 - 12 Dec 1861
  Hans Christian Petersen            (s.a.)
12 Dec 1861 - 17 Dec 1861  Erik Røring Møinichen (acting)     (s.a.)

17 Dec 1861 - 21 Jul 1873  Frederik Stang                     (s.a.)
Prime ministers

21 Jul 1873 - 11 Oct 1880  Frederik Stang                     (s.a.)               Con
11 Oct 1880 - 11 Mar 1884  Christian August Selmer            (b. 1816 - d. 1889)  Con
11 Mar 1884 - 29 Mar 1884  Ole Andreas Bachke (acting)        (b. 1830 - d. 1890)  Non-party
29 Mar 1884 -  3 Apr 1884  Niels Mathias Rye (acting)         (b. 1824 - d. 1905)  Non-party
 3 Apr 1884 - 26 Jun 1884  Christian Homann Schweigaard       (b. 1838 - d. 1899)  Con
26 Jun 1884 - 13 Jul 1889  Johan Sverdrup                     (b. 1816 - d. 1892)  V
13 Jul 1889 -  6 Mar 1891  Emil Stang (1st time)              (b. 1834 - d. 1907)  H
 6 Mar 1891 -  2 May 1893  Johannes Wilhelm Christian Steen   (b. 1827 - d. 1906)  V
                             (1st time)
 2 May 1893 - 14 Oct 1895  Emil Stang (2nd time)              (s.a.)               H
14 Oct 1895 - 17 Feb 1898  Georg Francis Hagerup (1st time)   (b. 1853 - d. 1921)  H
17 Feb 1898 - 21 Apr 1902  Johannes Wilhelm Christian Steen   (s.a.)               V
                             (2nd time)
21 Apr 1902 - 22 Oct 1903  Otto Albert Blehr (1st time)       (b. 1847 - d. 1927)  V
22 Oct 1903 - 11 Mar 1905  Georg Francis Hagerup (2nd time)   (s.a.)               H
11 Mar 1905 - 23 Oct 1907  Peter Christian Hersleb Michelsen  (s.a.)               V
23 Oct 1907 - 19 Mar 1908  Jørgen Gunnarson Løvland           (b. 1848 - d. 1922)  V
19 Mar 1908 -  2 Feb 1910  Aanon Gunnar Knudsen (1st time)    (b. 1848 - d. 1928)  V
 2 Feb 1910 - 20 Feb 1912  Wollert Konow                      (b. 1847 - d. 1932)  FV
20 Feb 1912 - 31 Jan 1913  Jens Kristian Meinich Bratlie      (b. 1856 - d. 1939)  H
31 Jan 1913 - 21 Jun 1920  Aanon Gunnar Knudsen (2nd time)    (s.a.)               V
21 Jun 1920 - 22 Jun 1921  Otto Bahr Halvorsen (1st time)     (b. 1872 - d. 1923)  H
22 Jun 1921 -  6 Mar 1923  Otto Albert Blehr (2nd time)       (s.a.)               V
 6 Mar 1923 - 23 May 1923  Otto Bahr Halvorsen (2nd time)     (s.a.)               H
24 Mar 1923 - 30 May 1923  Christian Fredrik Michelet         (b. 1863 - d. 1927)  H
                             (acting [for Halvorsen to 23 May 1923])
30 May 1923 - 25 Jul 1924  Abraham Theodor Berge              (b. 1851 - d. 1936)  FV
25 Jul 1924 -  5 Mar 1926  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel (1st time)  (b. 1870 - d. 1943)  V 
 5 Mar 1926 - 28 Jan 1928  Ivar Lykke                         (b. 1872 - d. 1949)  H
28 Jan 1928 - 15 Feb 1928  Christopher Hornsrud               (b. 1859 - d. 1960)  DNA
15 Feb 1928 - 12 May 1931  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel (2nd time)  (s.a.)               V
12 May 1931 -  5 Mar 1932  Peder Ludvik Kolstad               (b. 1878 - d. 1932)  Bp
 1 Feb 1932 - 29 Feb 1932  Birger Braadland                   (b. 1879 - d. 1966)  Bp
                             (acting for Kolstad)
29 Feb 1932 - 10 Mar 1932  Nils Traedal                       (b. 1879 - d. 1948)  Bp
                             (acting [for Kolstad to 5 Mar 1932])
10 Mar 1932 - 14 Mar 1932  Birger Braadland (acting)          (s.a.)               Bp
14 Mar 1932 -  3 Mar 1933  Jens Falentinsen Hundseid          (b. 1883 - d. 1965)  Bp
 3 Mar 1933 - 20 Mar 1935  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel (3rd time)  (s.a.)               V
20 Mar 1935 - 25 Jun 1945  Johan Nygaardsvold                 (b. 1879 - d. 1952)  DNA
                             (on flight in Norway 9 Apr - 7 Jun 1940; 
                             in London exile 7 Jun 1940 - 31 May 1945)
 9 Apr 1940 - 15 Apr 1940  Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn     (b. 1887 - d. 1945)  NS
                             Quisling (1st time)(in rebellion)
Chairmen Administration Council
15 Apr 1940 - 25 Sep 1940  Ingolf Elster Christensen          (b. 1872 - d. 1943)  H
25 Sep 1940 -  1 Feb 1942  Acting Councillors of State 
                            (from 25 Sep 1941, Ministers)
                           - Kjeld Irgens                     (b. 1879 - d. 1963)  NS
                           - Ragnar Stub Skancke              (b. 1890 - d. 1948)  NS
                           - Erling Sandberg                  (b. 1879 - d. 1956)  Non-party
                           - Sigurd Halvorsen Johannessen     (b. 1881 - d. 1964)  Non-party
                           - Albert Viljam Hagelin            (b. 1882 - d. 1946)  NS
                           - Tormod Hustad                    (b. 1889 - d. 1973)  NS
                           - Thorstein Fretheim               (b. 1886 - d. 1971)  NS
                           - Jonas Lie                        (b. 1899 - d. 1945)  NS
                           - Gulbrand Lunde                   (b. 1901 - d. 1942)  NS
                           - Axel Stang                       (b. 1904 - d. 1974)  NS
                           - Øystein Ravner                   (b. 1893 - d. 1975)  Non-party
                           - Birger Ø. Meidell                (b. 1882 - d. 1958)  NS
                               (to 25 Sep 1941)
                           - Johan Lippestad                  (b. 1902 - d. 1961)  NS
                               (from 25 Sep 1941) 
                           - Sverre Riisnaes                  (b. 1897 - d. 1987)  NS
                           - Rolf Jørgen Fuglesang            (b. 1909 - d. 1988)  NS
                               (from 25 Sep 1941) 
Minister-president
 1 Feb 1942 -  9 May 1945  Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn     (s.a.)               NS
                             Quisling (2nd time)(self-styled Fører [Leader])
Prime ministers

 9 May 1945 - 14 May 1945  Rådmenn ("civil servants" [chief officers])
                          (acting for Nygaardsvold)
 
                         - Alv Helland                      (b. 1908 - d. 1976)  Non-party
                           - Carl Platou                      (b. 1885 - d. 1956)  Non-party
                           - Sverre Iversen                   (b. 1879 - d. 1967)  Non-party
                           - Per Preben Prebensen             (b. 1896 - d. 1961)  Non-party
                           - Reidar Tønnesson                 (b. 1895 - d. 1963)  Non-party
                           - Halvdan E. Stokke                (b. 1900 - d. 1977)  Non-party
                           - Egil Sundt                       (b. 1903 - d. 1950)  Non-party
                           - Nikolai Schei                    (b. 1901 - d. 1985)  Non-party
14 May 1945 - 31 May 1945  Oscar Fredrik Torp                 (b. 1893 - d. 1958)  DNA
                             (acting for Nygaardsvold)
25 Jun 1945 - 19 Nov 1951  Einar Henry Gerhardsen (1st time)  (b. 1897 - d. 1987)  DNA
19 Nov 1951 - 22 Jan 1955  Oscar Fredrik Torp                 (s.a.)               DNA
22 Jan 1955 - 28 Aug 1963  Einar Henry Gerhardsen (2nd time)  (s.a.)               DNA
28 Aug 1963 - 25 Sep 1963  John Daniel Fyrstenberg Lyng       (b. 1905 - d. 1978)  H
25 Sep 1963 - 12 Oct 1965  Einar Henry Gerhardsen (3rd time)  (s.a.)               DNA
12 Oct 1965 - 17 Mar 1971  Per Borten                         (b. 1913 - d. 2005)  Sp
17 Mar 1971 - 18 Oct 1972  Trygve Martin Bratteli (1st time)  (b. 1910 - d. 1984)  DNA
18 Oct 1972 - 16 Oct 1973  Lars Korvald                       (b. 1916 - d. 2006)  KFp
18 Oct 1973 - 16 Jan 1976  Trygve Martin Bratteli (2nd time)  (s.a.)               DNA
15 Jan 1976 -  4 Feb 1981  Odvar Nordli                       (b. 1927)            DNA
 4 Feb 1981 - 14 Oct 1981  Gro Harlem Brundtland (f)(1st time)(b. 1939)            DNA
14 Oct 1981 -  9 May 1986  Kåre Isaachsen Willoch             (b. 1928)            H
17 Apr 1984 - Jun 1984     Svenn Thorkild Stray               (b. 1922 - d. 2012)  H
                             (acting for Willoch)
 9 May 1986 - 16 Oct 1989  Gro Harlem Brundtland (f)(2nd time)(s.a.)               DNA
16 Oct 1989 -  3 Nov 1990  Jan Peder Syse                     (b. 1930 - d. 1997)  H
 3 Nov 1990 - 25 Oct 1996  Gro Harlem Brundtland (f)(3rd time)(s.a.)               DNA
25 Oct 1996 - 17 Oct 1997  Thorbjørn Jagland                  (b. 1950)            DNA
17 Oct 1997 - 17 Mar 2000  Kjell Magne Bondevik (1st time)    (b. 1947)            KFp
30 Aug 1998 - 23 Sep 1998  Anne Enger Lahnstein (f)           (b. 1949)            Sp
                             (acting for Bondevik) 
17 Mar 2000 - 19 Oct 2001  Jens Stoltenberg (1st time)        (b. 1959)            DNA
19 Oct 2001 - 17 Oct 2005  Kjell Magne Bondevik (2nd time)    (s.a.)               KFp
17 Oct 2005 - 16 Oct 2013  Jens Stoltenberg (2nd time)        (s.a.)               DNA
16 Oct 2013 -              Erna Solberg (f)                   (b. 1961)            H


German Occupation 1940-1945

German Commander-in-chief of the Norwegian Army (Armeeoberkommando Norwegen)
19 Dec 1940 - 18 Dec 1944  Paul Nikolaus von Falkenhorst      (s.a.)
German Commanders of Armed Forces in Norway
(and Commanders-in-chief of the 20th Mountain Army)
18 Dec 1944 - 17 Jan 1945  Lothar Rendulic                    (b. 1887 - d. 1971)

18 Jan 1945 -  8 May 1945  Franz Friedrich Böhme              (s.a.)

Allied Occupation 1945

Commander of Soviet Forces
(the 14th Army) in Finnmark county,
east of the Tana River and Fjord (in Kirkenes)
25 Oct 1944 - 25 Sep 1945  Vladimir Ivanovich Shcherbakov     (b. 1901 - d. 1981)

Brigadier General Staff to Allied Land Forces, Norway
 8 May 1945 - 16 Oct 1945  Richard Hilton (U.K.)              (b. 1894 - d. 1978)
Commanders-in-chief of Allied Land Forces, Norway
(also Heads, SHAEF Mission Norway to 14 Jul 1945)
10 May 1945 - 13 May 1945  Robert Elliott "Roy" Urquhart      (b. 1901 - d. 1988)
                             (U.K.) (acting)  
13 May 1945 - 16 Oct 1945  Sir Augustus Francis Andrew        (b. 1885 - d. 1970)
                             Nicol Thorne (U.K.)

Head of Civil Affairs, Norway

13 May 1945 -  7 Jun 1945  Percy Howard Hansen (U.K.)         (b. 1890 - d. 1951)

[Nasjonal Samling Party,
                  1933-1945]
Nasjional Samling Party flag 1933-1945
Territorial Disputes: Norwegian territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maude Land and its continental shelf) which is not recognized by the United Nations, U.S., Russia, or by most other countries (other than Australia, France, New Zealand, and U.K.); Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010.

Noble titles: Friherre = Baron, Greve = Count, Jarl = Earl.

 ¹Full style of the ruler:
(a) 24 Aug 1319 - 15 Aug 1355: Med Guds miskund Norges Svea og Gota Konge (from 1332, documented from 1340: Med Guds nåde Norges Svea og Skåne Konge)("with God's mercy, King of Norway, Sweden and the Goths" [from 1332, documented from 1340: "by the Grace of God, King of Norway, Sweden and Scania"]);
(b) 15 Aug 1355 - 10/12 Sep 1380: Med Guds nåde Norges Konge (from 15 Feb 1362: Med Guds nåde Norges og Svea Konge)("by the Grace of God King of Norway" [from 15 Feb 1362: "by the Grace of God, King of Norway and Sweden"]);
(c) 12 Sep 1380 - 3 Aug 1387: Med Guds nåde Norges Dana og Gota Konge; ("by the Grace of God, King of Norway, Denmark and the Goths");
(d)  8 Sep 1389 - 1 Jun 1442: Med Guds nåde Norges Konge og Sveriges rette erfinge (from 23 Jul 1396 and 1397: Med Guds nåde Norges Danmarks Sveriges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Pommern)("by the Grace of God, King of Norway and right heir of Sweden" [from Jul 1396 and 1397: "by the Grace of God, King of Norway, Denmark, Sweden, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania]");
(e)  1 Jun 1442 - 5/6 Jan 1448: Med Guds nåde Norges Sveriges Danmarks Vendes og Gotes Konge, Palatsgreve pa Riin og Hertug i Beyern; ("by the Grace of God, King of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Wends and the Goths, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Duke of Bavaria");
(f) 20 Nov 1449 - 21 May 1481: Med Guds Nåde Norges Danmarks Vendes og Gotes Konge, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst (from 2 Jul 1457: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Sveriges Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst; from 2 Mar 1460: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Sveriges Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig, Greve i Holsten Stormarn Oldenborg og Delmenhorst; from 14 Feb 1474: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Sveriges Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst)("by the Grace of God, King of Norway, Denmark, the Wends and the Goths, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst [from 14 Feb 1457: "King of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst"][from 2 Mar 1460: "by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Count of Holstein, Stormarn,  Oldenburg and Delmenhorst"][from 14 Feb 1474: "by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst"])
(g)  1 Feb 1483 - 20 Feb 1513: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, utvald Konge til Sveriges rike, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst (from 18 Oct 1497: Med Guds Nåde Sveriges Danmarks Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst)("by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, King-elect of state of Sweden, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarnm and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst" ["from 18 Oct 1497: "by the Grace of God, King of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg, and Delmenhorst"]);  
(h) 22 Jul 1513 - 5 Aug 1524: Med Guds Nåde Norges Danmarks Vendes og Gotes Konge, utvald Konge til Sverige, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst (from 4 Nov 1520: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Sveriges Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst) ("by the Grace of God, King of Norway, Denmark, the Wends and the Goths, King-elect of Sweden, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst" [from 4 Nov 1520: "by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst"]);
(i) 23 Aug 1524 - 10 Apr 1533: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Vendes og Gotes Konge, utvald Konge til Norge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst ("by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, the Wends and the Goths, King-elect of Norway, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst");
(j)  1 Apr 1537 - 6 Mar 1648: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst; ("by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Norway, the Wends, and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst");
(k) 16 Jul 1648 - 7 Feb 1814: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Norges Vendes og Gotes utvald Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst (from 28 Oct 1660: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn og Ditmarsken, Greve i Oldenborg og Delmenhorst, from 22 Mar 1777: Med Guds Nåde Danmarks Norges Vendes og Gotes Konge, Hertug i Slesvig Holsten Stormarn Ditmarsken og Oldenborg)("by the Grace of God, King-elect of Denmark, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldemburg and Delmenhorst" [from 28 Ocy 166: "by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst"], from 22 Mar 1777: "by the Grace of God, King of Denmark, Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schelswig, Holstein, Stormarn, Ditmarschen and Oldenburg");
(l) 17 May 1814 - 3 Nov 1814: Af Guds Nåde og efter Rigets Constitution, Norges Konge, Prins til Danmark, Hertug til Slesvig, Holsten, Stormarn, Ditmarsken og Oldenborg; ("by the Grace of God and Constitution of the State, King of Norway, Prince of Denmark, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, Ditmarschen, and Oldenburg");
(m)  4 Nov 1814 - 5 Feb 1818: Af Guds Nåde Konge til Sverige og Norge, de Gothers og Venders, etc. etc. etc., Hertug til Slesvig, Holsten, Stormarn og Dithmarsken, Greve til Oldenborg og Delmenhorst, etc. ("by the Grace of God, King of Sweden and Norway, of the Goths and Wends, etc. etc. etc., Duke of Schlewig, Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, etc.");
(n)  5 Feb 1818 - 8 Jul 1859: Af Guds Nåde Konge til Sverige og Norge, de Gothers og Venders
("by the Grace of God, King of Sweden and Norway, of the Goths and Wends");
(o)  8 Jul 1859 - 7 Jun 1905: Af Guds Nåde Konge til Norge og Sverige, de Gothers og Venders
("by the Grace of God, King of Norway and Sweden, of the Goths and the Wends");
(p) from 27 Nov 1905: Norges Konge ("King of Norway").

  ²On 25 Sep 1940, the German occupants acted on the understanding that the monarchy had 
been abolished and Haakon VII (s.a.) deposed on that day. However, Reichskommissar Josef Terboven (s.a.) attempted to provide this step with a sheen of constitutionality by falsely declaring "that the Storting had deposed the royal dynasty by a two-thirds majority." (From "Quisling: A Study in Treason", by Oddvar K. Hoidal (Norwegian University Press, Oslo 1989). 
  The style Norges rike (State of Norway) for the polity is a common expression, but becomes statutory only on 1 Feb 1942 with its appearance on the State Seal. It is cogently argued by the author of an authoritative study of the period that "by February 1 1942 Norway did not cease to be a Kingdom, however, since the Constitution of 1814 was still valid. Monarchy was temporarily suspended..."  Vidkun Quisling, in his proclamation on 1 Feb 1942, refers to the authority of King and Storting in the 1814 Constitution as being exercised by the Minister-president, but offered no clarification.

Party abbreviations: DNA = Det Norske Arbeiderparti (Norwegian Labor Party, social-democratic, est.1887); H = Høyre ("Right", Conservative Party, center-right, est.1884); KFp = Kristelig Folkeparti (Christian People's Party, christian-democratic, est.1933); V = Venstre ('Left', Liberal Party, est.1884); Sp = Senterparti (Centre Party, agrarian, centrist, former Bp, est.1959); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: Bp = Bondepartiet (Farmers' Party, agrarian, 1920-1959, then Sp); Con = Konservativ (Conservative, 1884 consolidated into H); FV = Frisinnede Venstre (Moderate Liberals, center-right, 1909-1945, merged into H); NS = Nasjonal Samling (National Unity, Norwegian nationalist, fascist, 1933-1945); NSDAP = Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party, German nationalist, Nazi fascist, xenophobic, 1920-1945)



Svalbard

[Flag of Norway]
 
Map of Svalbard
Hear National Anthem
"Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
(Yes, We Love This Country)
Svalbard Treaty
(9 Feb 1920)
Constitution
Capital: Longyearbyen
(Longyear City 1906-1925)
Currency: Norwegian Krone
(NOK); and 1925-31 Dec 1979
SNSK Betalingsmerke
("
Svalbard Penger")
Local Holiday: 14 Aug (1925)
Norway Sovereignty Day
Population: 2,637 (2013)
GDP: $6.31 billion (2012)
Exports: $197.6 million (2004)
Imports: $N/A 
Ethnic groups: Norwegian 55.4%, Russian and
Ukrainian 44.3%, Polish and other 0.3% (1998) 
Total Police Force: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of Norway
(island demilitarized by treaty on 9 February 1920)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Christian  (Protestant 25.9%, Russian
Orthodox 21.6%, unaffiliated Christian 4.6%) 52.2%,
non-religious 47.7% (2005)
International Organizations/Treaties: None

1194                       First mentioned in Icelandic annals report that "Svalbard
                             found" (Svalbardi fundinn), however there is no scientific
                             consensus that supports this hypothesis and they more likely
                             referred to Jan Mayen. 
24 May 1596                Dutch expedition under Jacob van Heemskerck, Willem Barentsz, and
                             Jan Corneliszoon Rijp while trying to find a Northeast Passage
                             discovers Spitsbergen (and Bear Island), while assuming it
                             to be part of Greenland
.
1612                       Whaling activities commence in the waters around Svalbard
                             accompanied by various ineffective claims of possession
(by
                            
Denmark, England, France, Netherlands, Russia and Sweden).
1764 - 1766                Failed attempt to find a Northeast Passage led by Vasiliy
                             Yakovlevich Chichagov (b. 1726 - d. 1809) in the waters around
                             Svalbard.

1899                       Commercial mining begun by Søren Zachariassen (b. 1837 - d. 1915).
10 Jun 1906                First permanent settlement (Longyear City [from 1925 Longyearbyen],
                             named for founder John Munroe Longyear) established.

26 Jan 1912                To be placed under international administration by draft
                             convention, which is not effected.
14 May 1912                Russia and Norway agree that Spitsbergen Archipelago is to be

                             neutral territory.
30 Nov 1916                Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK)(Great Norwegian-
                             Spitsbergen Coal Company) established and begins operations in
                             Svalbard.

 9 Feb 1920                Norwegian sovereignty recognized by the Treaty Concerning the
                             Archipelago of Spitsbergen" (by U.S., U.K., Denmark, France,
                             Italy, Japan, Norway, Netherlands, and Sweden [later China 1 Jul
                             1925, Germany 16 Nov 1925, and Soviet Union 7 May 1935])
                             (effective 14 Aug 1925).
14 Aug 1925                Formal assumption of sovereignty by Norway (by Svalbard Act).
 1 Jan 1937 - 31 Dec 1952  Svalbard subordinated the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry.
 
7 Jun 1940 - 31 May 1945  Administered by the Norwegian government in exile.
 
3 Sep 1941                Allied forces under Arthur E. Potts (Canada)(b. 1890 - d. 1983)
                            
evacuate the population and administration to U.K., mining
                             installations are destroyed
.

29 Oct 1941 - 24 Aug 1942  German weather station "Knospe" established at Signehamna bay,
                             Northwest-Spitsbergen (
withdrawn 24 Aug 1942).
Sep 1942 - 1945            Germans continue to establish weather stations at various
                             locations in Svalbard (including stations "Nussbaum,"
                             "
Kreuzritter," "Svartisen," "Helhus" and "Landvik").
 8 Sep 1943                German battleships Tirpitz and Scharnhorst attack Longyearbyen,
                             Barentsburg and Gruman.
Aug 1944                   Sveagruva settlement destroyed by German assault.
Sep 1944 -  4 Sep 1945     German weather station "Haudegen" established on Nordaustland
                             under Wilhelm Dege (b. 1910 - d. 1979).
12 Nov 1944                Soviet Union requests joint administration of Svalbard
and
                             cession of Bear Island (again Nov 1946 and Jan 1947),
                             which is rejected by Norway (by parliament on 15 Feb 1947).
 1 Jan 1953 -              Svalbard subordinated to the Ministry of Justice.
 

Directors of the Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani
1916 - 1917                Kenneth Lebrun Gilson, Jr.         (b. 1881 - d. 19..)
1917 - 1918                Sigurd Kristian Westby (1st time)  (b. 1883 - d. 1969)
1918 - 1919                Sigurd Olaf Foss (1st time)        (b. 1884 - d. 1964)
1919 - 1920                Sigurd Rudie                       (b. 1887 - d. 19..)
1920 - 1921                Sigurd Kristian Westby (2nd time)  (s.a.)
1921 - 1922                Sigurd Olaf Foss (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1922 - 1923                Sigurd Kristian Westby (3rd time)  (s.a.)
1923 - 1925                Sigurd Olaf Foss (3rd time)        (s.a.)
Governors
(Sysselmann)

14 Aug 1925 -  9 Oct 1925  Edvard Lassen (acting)             (b. 1882 - d. 19..)
 9 Oct 1925 - 30 Jun 1935  Johannes Gerckens Bassøe           (b. 1878 - d. 1962)
1929 - 1929                Erik Håvie-Thoresen (1st time)     (b. 1893 - d. 19..)
                             (acting for Bassøe)
1930 - 1930                Erik Håvie-Thoresen (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting for Bassøe)
1931 - 1931                Erik Håvie-Thoresen (3rd time)     (s.a.)
                             (acting for Bassøe)
 3 Jul 1932 - 30 Jun 1933  Wolmar Tycho Marlow (1st time)     (b. 1881 - d. 1963)
                             (acting for Bassøe)
 3 Jul 1932 - 1933         Egil Brenna Lund (1st time)        (b. 1903 - d. 1949)
                             (acting for Marlow)
1933 - Oct 1934            Helge Marcus Ingstad (1st time)    (b. 1899 - d. 2001)
                             (acting for Bassøe)
Oct 1934 - 1935            Egil Brenna Lund (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                             (acting for Bassøe)
1935 - 31 Aug 1935         Helge Marcus Ingstad (2nd time)    (s.a.)
                             (acting [for Bassøe to 30 Jun 1935])
 1 Sep 1935 - 30 Jun 1942  Wolmar Tycho Marlow (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (evacuated to U.K. 3 Sep 1941)
German Commander

29 Oct 1941 - 24 Aug 1942  Hans-Robert Knoespel               (b. 1910 - d. 1944)
Norwegian Military Governors (from 8 Sep 1943, Garrison Chiefs)(in Barentsburg)
 1 Jul 1942 - 18 Sep 1942  Ernst Gustav Adolf Ullring         (b. 1894 - d. 1953)
                             (1st time)
18 Sep 1942 - 1942         Albert Karlsen Tornerud            (b. 1891 - d. 1968)
1942 - 17 Jun 1943         Ernst Gustav Adolf Ullring         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
17 Jun 1943 -  8 Sep 1943  Peter Morten Bredsdorff            (b. 1888 - d. 1984)
 8 Sep 1943 - 29 Sep 1943  .... (acting)
29 Sep 1943 - 20 Jun 1944  Ove Roll Lund                      (b. 1910 - d. 1946)
20 Jun 1944 - 1946         Johannes Sjur Etterlid             (b. 1910 - d. 1998)
Governors (Sysselmann)
1946 - 1956                Hans Håkon Balstad                 (b. 1904 - d. 1964)
1956 - 1960                Odd Birketvedt                     (b. 1916 - d. 19..)
1960 - 1963                Finn Backer Midbøe                 (b. 1918 - d. 1999)
1963 - 1967                Tollef Landsverk                   (b. 1920 - d. 1988)
1967 - 1970                Stephen Stephensen                 (b. 1917 - d. ....)
1970 - 1974                Frederik Waldemar Nikolai          (b. 1924 - d. 2002)
                             Beichmann
14 Sep 1974 - Jan 1978     Leif Thomas Eldring (1st time)     (b. 1933 - d. 1994)
Feb 1978 - 30 Jun 1982     Jan Steinar Grøndahl               (b. 1934)
 1 Jul 1982 - 14 Jun 1986  Carl Alexander Wendt               (b. 1923 - d. 2006)
15 Jul 1986 - 14 Jul 1991  Leif Thomas Eldring (2nd time)     (s.a.)
15 Jul 1991 - Aug 1995     Odd Emil Blomdal                   (b. 1927 - d. 2015)
Aug 1995 -  8 Nov 1998     Ann-Kristin Olsen (f)              (b. 1945)
 9 Nov 1998 - 30 Sep 2001  Morten Ruud                        (b. 1950)
 1 Nov 2001 -  7 Feb 2005  Odd Olsen Ingerø (1st time)        (b. 1950)
 8 Feb 2005 - 30 Sep 2005  Sven Ole Fagernaes (acting)        (b. 1945)
 1 Oct 2005 - 14 Sep 2009  Per Ottar Sefland                  (b. 1949)
15 Sep 2009 - 30 Sep 2015  Odd Olsen Ingerø (2nd time)        (s.a.)
 1 Oct 2015 -              Kjerstin Askholt (f)               (b. 1962)

Note: Administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice, through a local governor. By treaty the nationals of the treaty powers have equal rights to exploit mineral deposits, subject to Norwegian regulation. Although U.S., U.K., German, Dutch, and Swedish coal companies have mined in the past, the only companies still mining are Norwegian and Russian.

Territorial Disputes: Despite recent discussions, Russia and Norway dispute their maritime limits in the Barents Sea and Russia's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone. 



Jan Mayen

[Flag of Norway]
 
Map of Jan Mayen
Population: no indigenous 
inhabitants¹; 4 (1940)

28 Jun 1614                Jan Mayen sighted and named "Isabella" by Fopp Gerritsz. and
                             in Jul 1614 as "Mr. Joris Eylant" (named for the cartographer),
                             eventually settling on "Jan Mayen" (after Captain Jan Jacobsz.
                             May van Schellinkhout) and used as a base for whaling operations.
10 Sep 1921                First Norwegian meteorological station (near Jamesonbukta),
                             retrospectively called "Eldste Metten" (the Oldest Met),
                             operational.
 8 May 1929                Jan Mayen declared to fall under Norwegian sovereignty.
11 Jul 1930                Administratively subordinated to Svalbard.
 3 Sep 1940                Station crew evacuated to U.K., station destroyed.
16 Nov 1940                Attempted German landing fails.
10 Mar 1941 - 1946         Garrisoned by Norwegian government-in-exile (subordinated to
                             Norwegian Marine Command in Iceland). Meteorological station
                             re-built at different location (22 Mar 1941), retrospectively
                             called "Gamle Metten" (the Old Met [it is relocated in 1949]).
Nov 1943 - Dec 1945        U.S. establishes a radio locating station named "Atlantic City."
1946                       Norwegian garrison withdrawn, meteorological station remains.
1962                       Station moved again to current location, called "Metten" (the Met).
21 Nov 1980                Judicially subordinated to Nordland county courts.
 1 Jan 1995                Remaining bound by the Svalbard law of 1925, its execution is
                             conferred on the governor of Nordland (delegated to the
                            
magistrate in Bodo).

Governors
11 Jul 1930 - 31 Dec 1994  the governors of Svalbard
 1 Jan 1995 -              the governors of Nordland county

Chiefs of the Meteorological Station
1921 - 1922                Hagbard Ekerold                  (b. 1883 - d. 1963)
1922 - 1923                Fritz Paulsen (1st time)         (b. 1889 - d. 19..)
1923 - 1924                Christian Haugan
1924 - 1925                Alfred Hoaas
1925 - 1926                Hallvard Devold                  (b. 1898 - d. 1957)
1926 - 1927                Finn Devold                      (b. 1902 - d. 1977)
1927 - 1928                Fritz Paulsen (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1928 - 1929                Gennadiy Nikitich Olonkin        (b. 1898 - d. 1960)
                             (1st time)
1929 - 1930                Fritz Cornelius Øien (1st time)  (b. 1899 - d. 1963)
1930 - 1931                Gennadiy Nikitich Olonkin        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1931 - 1932                Leonhard Nicolaisen
1932 - 1933                Johan Breirem
1933 - 1934                Gennadiy Nikitich Olonkin        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
1934 - 1935                Leif Brox (1st time)             (b. 1905 - d. 1968)
1935 - 1936                Gennadiy Nikitich Olonkin        (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
1936 - 1937                Alv Pedersen
1937                       Leif Brox (2nd time)             (s.a.)
1937 - 1938                Egil Lindberg                    (b. 1906 - d. 1952)
1938 - 1939                Henry George Haug                (b. 1907 - d. ....)
1939 - 1940                Anton Bakke
1940 -  3 Sep 1940         Fritz Cornelius Øien (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Norwegian Garrison
chiefs (Garnisonssjefer)
10 Mar 1941 - 18 May 1941  Ernst Gustav Adolf Ullring       (b. 1894 - d. 1953)
18 May 1941 -  1 Jun 1942  Karl Magnar Hjelvik              (b. 1909 - d. 1975)
 1 Jun 1942 - May 1943     Kåre Hjelseth                    (b. 1918 - d. 2010)
May 1943 - May 1944        Kolbjørn Spilhaug                (b. 1898 - d. 19..)
May 1944 - 1946            Arne Gudbrand Haugan             (b. 1917 - d. 1997)
Station Managers (Bestyrer) of Jan Mayen
1945 - 1946                Henry Johnsen
1946 - 1947                Andreas Skaanevik
1947 - 1948                Frank Myrvoll
1948 - 1949                Nicolay Nicolaysen
1949 - 1950                Mikal Bjørklid
1950 - 1951                Oddmund Søreide                  (b. 1919)
1951 - 1952                Kai Syversen
1952 - 1953                Terje Lillevik
1953 - 1954                Finn Jensen
1954 - 1955                Harold Nicolaisen
1955 - 1957                Sverre Messel
1957 - 1958                Petter Verner Fuberg             (b. 1923 - d. 1999)
1958 - 1959                Erik Herje
Station Chiefs (Stasjonssjef) of Jan Mayen
1959 - 1961                Torstein Raaby                   (b. 1918 - d. 1964)

1961 - 1962                Bjørn Marienborg              
1962 - 1963                Knut Ristesund
1963 - 1964                Bjarne J. Brandal                (b. 1927 - d. 2005)
1964 - 1965                William Pettersen
1965 - 1967                Frank Hansen
1967 - 1968                Otto Vestel                      (b. 1920 - d. 1999)
1968 - 1969                Kristian Sneltvedt               (b. 1921)
1969 - 1970                Leif Andersen                    (b. 1926)
1970 - 1971                Øystein Søvik                    (b. 1926)
1971 - 1972                Odd W. Rojahn                    (b. 1919)
1972 - 1973                Arne Plyhn                       (b. 1912 - d. 1994)
1973 - 1974                Hans Lauritz Naess               (b. 1917)
1974 - 1976                Kaare Fjeld
1976 - 1977                Trygve J. Fure                   (b. 1932)
1977                       Thorvald Johnsen  
1977 - 1978                F. Thomassen

                           + T. J...
1978 - 1979                Thor K. Henriksen                (b. 1933)
1979 - 1980                Halvor T. Strandrud              (b. 1930)
1980 - 1981                Roald J. Larssen                 (b. 1924)
1981 - 1982                Helge Ingvar Rud                 (b. 1934)      
1982 - 1983                Asbjørn Stein                    (b. 1929)
1983 - 1984                Øyvind Brandtzae
g                (b. 1931)
1984 - 1985                Jomar Barlaup                    (b. 1928 - d. 1998)
1985 - 1986                Ola Juvik
                       (b. 1934)
1986 - 1987                Ståle Harald Botten              (b. 1945)
1987 - 1988                Reidar Kjelstrup                 (b. 1931)
1988 - 1989                Andreas B. Benjaminsen
          (b. 1942)
1989 - 1990                Boye M. Mikalsen                 (b. 1934)
1990 - 1991                Jens Ødegaard
1991 - 1992                Bjørnar Rollstad                 (b. 1937)
1992 - 1993                Arne Nyland (1st time)           (b. 1936)
1993 - 1994                Per Sønvisen
1994 - 1995                John Jørgen Renberg     
1995 - 1995                Arne Nyland (2nd time)           (s.a.)
1995 - 1996                Petter Idar Grønnås              (b. 1939)  
1996 - 1997                Per Hasse Anderssen              (b. 1948)
1997 - 1998                Thorbjørn Braset                 (b. 1943)
1998 - 1999                Morten Andreas Hansen            (b. 1946)
1999 - 2000                Ragnar O. Olsen
2000 -  1 Aug 2001         Åge-Leif Godø (1st time)         (b. 1952)
 
1 Aug 2001 - 31 Jul 2002  Per Erik Hanevold (1st time)     (b. 1957)
31 Jul 2002 -  4 Aug 2003  Martin-Helge Simonsen            (b. 1952)
 
4 Aug 2003 - 31 Jul 2004  John Arvid Volden                (b. 1956)
31 Jul 2004 - Aug 2004     Ronald Kjaersund (acting)
Aug 2004 - 2005            Geir Evensen

2005                       Ove Naustdal
2005 -  8 Apr 2006         Jørn Arild Thorvaldsen          
(b. 1962)
 
8 Apr 2006 -  8 Oct 2006  Kurt Spjelkavik                  (b. 1968)
 8 Oct 2006 -  1 Aug 2007  P
er Erik Hanevold (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 
1 Aug 2007 - 30 Jul 2008  Åge-Leif Godø (2nd time)         (s.a.)
30 Jul 2008 - 24 Jul 2009  Kristian Rubach
24 Jul 2009 - 30 Jul 2010  Ole Øiseth
30 Jul 2010 - 30 Jul 2011  Per Erik Hanevold (3rd time)     (s.a.)
30 Jul 2011 -  2 Aug 2011  Ulf Grøtta (acting)              (b. 1970)
 2 Aug 2011 - 24 Mar 2012  Dag Willy Rasmussen (1st time)   (b. 1967)
24 Mar 2012 -  8 Apr 2013  Thor Paul Gjelseth               (b. 1957)
 8 Apr 2013 - 31 Mar 2014  Hallvard Jacobsen
31 Mar 2014 - Jan 2015     Roy Inge Nordfonn
Jan 2015 - 24 Mar 2015     Dag Willy Rasmussen (2nd time)   (s.a.)
24 Mar 2015 -              Wiggo Johansen

 ¹personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the meteorological and coastal services radio station. 



Early Norwegian Pre-unification polities

These polities predate the unification of Kingdom of Norway (traditional date 872) and continue, either in dissidence or subordinate to either Norway or a "foreign" power (Denmark, Sweden). Each of their rulers is styled Konge (king), except for Haalogaland whose rulers 
were styled Jarl and from c.870 Ladejarl.

Agder 

c.800                      Under Vestfold

Kings
... - ...                  Herbrandr Vígbrandsson
... - ...                  Harald Herbrandsson "den grannraude"
... - 872                  Gudrød "Kjøtve" "den rike" 


Alvheim

860                        Annexed by Vestfold.

Kings
... - ...                  Alvgeir "Gamle"
... - ...                  Gandalv Alvgeirsson
... - ...                  Alv Gandalvsson 
                           - jointly with -
... - ...                  Alfarin Gandalvsson
... - ...                  Alvgeir Alvsson
... - ...                  Gandalv Alvgeirsson
... - ...                  Hysing Gandalvsson
                           - jointly with following two -
... - ...                  Helving Gandalvsson 
... - 860                  Hake Gandalvsson


Hedemarken

.... - 8..                 Joined with Vestfold

Kings
... - 8..                  Øystein "den onde"
8.. - 87.                  Sigtrygg Øysteinsson
86. - 87.
                 Øystein Øysteinsson
... - 895                  Gudrød Haraldsson "Ljome"
895 - ...                  Ragnvald Haraldsson "Rettilbein"
... - ...                  Ring Haraldsson
... - ...                  Dag Haraldsson
... - 998                  Øyvind Finnsson "Skaldaspidle"
998 - 1018                 Rørik Dagsson                       (d. 1021)
                           - jointly with -
998 - 1018                 Ring Dagsson


Hordaland

Kings
... - ...                  Josur
... - ...                  Hjor Josursson
... - ...                  Hjorleif Hjorsson
... - 700                  Halv Hjorleifsson
700 - 720                  Hjor Halvsson
720 - ...                  Flein Hjorsson
c.780                      Hjor Fleinsson
c.820                      Geirmund Hjorsson "Heljarskinn"
... - 872                  Eirik


Haalogaland

Styles: Jarl, from c.870 Ladejarl (with reference to an obscure location term). The Jarls before c.800 are considered legendary.

c.962 - c.970              Ruled by Norway.
995                        Part of Norway.

Jarls [Legendary list]
... - ...                  Saeming Odinsson
... - ...                  Godhjalt Saemingsson
... - ...                  Sverdhjalt Godhjaltsson
... - ...                  Hoddbrodd Sverdhjaltsson
... - ...                  Himileig Hoddbroddsson
... - ...                  Vedrhall Himileigsson
... - ...                  Havard Vedrhallsson "Handramme"
... - ...                  Godgest Havardsson
... - ...                  Hemgest Godgestsson
... - ...                  Godlaug Hemgestsson
... - ...                  Gylaug Godlaugsson
... - ...                  Mundil Gylaugsson "Gamle"
... - ...                  Herse Mundilsson
... - ...                  Brand Hersesson
... - ...                  Brynjolf Brandsson
... - ...                  Bård Brynjolfsson
... - ...                  Hergils Baardsson
... - ...                  Havard Hergilsson
... - ...                  Harald Havardsson "Trygil"
... - ...                  Trond Haraldsson
... - ...                  Harald Trondsson "Naumdølajarl"
... - ...                  Herlaug Haraldsson "Naumdølajarl"
... - ...                  Grjotgard Herlaugsson
Ladejarls
88. - 91.                  Haakon Grjotagardsson "Gamle"
91. - c.962                Sigurd Haakonsson                  (b. c.89. - d. c.962)
c.970 - 995                Haakon Sigurdsson "den mektige"    (b. c.937 - d. 995) 


Nordmør og Romsdal

Kings
... - 900                  Hundtjov
....- 872                  Gandalv
c.900                      Ring Dagsson
c.960                      Halvdan I Sigurdsson
.... - 1018                Sigurd Halvdansson "Syr" 
                             (also in Romerike)
1018 - ....                Halvdan II Sigurdsson


Rogaland

Kings
... - ...                  Harald
... - ...                  Vikar Haraldsson
... - ...                  Vatnar Vikarsson
... - ...                  Snjal Vatnarsson
                           - jointly with -
... - ...                  Hjald Vatnarsson
... - ...                  Einar Snjalsson
c.800                      Ølve Einarsson "Barnakarl"
... - ...                  Einar Ølvesson
... - ...                  Olav Einarsson "Breid"
... - 872                  Tormod Olavsson "Skafte"


Romerike

c.800                      Annexed to Hedemarken.
960 - 1018                 Briefly revived.

Kings
... - ...                  Raum
... - ...                  Gudrød
... - ...                  Øystein Gudrødsson
c.800                      Alvar
87. - c.880                H
alvdan "Svarti"                    (d. c.880)
c.880 - c.932              Harald Haalfdanarson                (d. c.932)
9.. - c.968                Trygve Olavsson                     (d. c.968) 
                             (also in Viken)
... - 1018                 Sigurd Halvdansson "Syr" 
                             (also in Ringerike)


Sogn

860                        Annexed to Vestfold.

Kings
... - ...                  Gor Thorsson
... - ...                  Bel
... - ...                  Thorstein
... - ...                  Fridtjof Thorsteinsson
... - 860                  Harald "Guldskjegg"


Solør

700                        Annexed to Vestfold

Kings
... - ...                  Sólvarr              
... - ...                  Halvdan "Gulltann"
... - 700                  Halvdan Olavsson "Hvitbein" 
                             (also in Vestfold)


Søndmør

Kings
... - ...                  Finnvid
... - ...                  Torarin Finnvidsson "Bullibak"
... - 872                  Arnvid Torarinsson


Trøndelagen

Kings
933 - ...                  Halvdan Haraldsson "Svarte"
... - 935                  Sigfrød Haraldsson


Vestfold

Kings
... - ...                  Sigtrygg
... - ...                  Agnar Sigtryggsson
... - ...                  Eirik Agnarsson
... - 700                  Halvdan Olavsson "Hvitbein" 
                             (also in Solør)
700 - 730                  Øystein Halvdansson "Fret"
730 - 784                  Halvdan Øysteinsson "den milde og den madilde"
784 - 824                  Gudrød Halvdansson "Veidekonge" "den storlatne"
824 - 840                  Olav Gudrødsson "Geirstad-alv"
840 - 863                  Halvdan Gudrødsson "Svarte"
863 - 872                  Harald Halvdansson "Hårfagre"      (b. c.850 - d. 933)
                             (Harald I "Hårfagre" king of Norway) 
... - 924                  Bjørn Haraldsson "Farmann"
... - 963                  Gudrød Bjørnsson
963 - 995                  Harald Gudrødsson "Graenske" 
                             (also in Agder, Viken)


Viken

Kings
... - 933                  Guttorm Haraldsson
933 - 935                  Olav Haraldsson
960 - 963                  Trygve Olavsson
                             (also in Romerike)
963 - 995                  Harald Gudrødsson "Graenske" 
                             (also in Agder, Vestfold)







© Ben Cahoon