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Norwegian Antarctic Territory
 
[Flag of Norway]
            Adopted 14 Jan 1938
   

Map of Queen Maude Land
 Hear National Anthem
"Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
(Yes, We Love This Country)
Text of National Anthem
 Constitution
  (17 May 1814)
Chief  Stations: Troll, Tor
Currency: Norwegian Krone
(NOK) 
National Holiday: 17 May (1814)
Constitution Day
Population: Uninhabited
Seasonal Research Staff
Summer (Jan): 44
Winter (Jul):  7
(2008-2009)
Total Armed Forces: N/A
Defense is the Responsibility of Norway
Merchant marine: N/A
Number of Year-round Stations: 1
Summer-only Stations: 1
(2008-2009)
GDP: $N/A
International Organizations/Treaties: None
Norwegian
Antarctic
Territory
Chronology
 1 Jan 1739                Bouvet Island discovered by French Capt.
                             Jean-Baptiste Charles de Lozier Bouvet.
21 Jan 1821                Peter I Island discovered by Russian explorer
                             Fabian von Bellinghausen.
10 Dec 1825                Bouvet Island claimed for Britain by Capt. Norris
                             renamed Liverpool Island (claim cancelled 1929).
Nov 1893 - Mar 1894        Carl Anton Larsen discovered and named Foyn Coast
                             in Graham Land, King Oscar II Coast, Mount Jason 
                             and Robertson Island.
24 Jan 1895                Carsten Borchgrevink made the first landing on 
                             Antarctica. Three years later he led the first 
                             party to winter on the continent.
14 Dec 1911                Five Norwegians, under the leadership of Roald 
                             Amundsen, are the first to reach the South Pole.
 1 Dec 1927                Bouvet Island claimed for Norway by Lars
                             Christensen (Bouvetøya formally annexed 23 Jan
                             1928).
 2 Feb 1929                Peter I Island claimed (Peter I Øy formally annexed
                             27 Feb 1930).
14 Jan 1939                Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land) in 
                             Antarctica (45°E to 20°E) formally claimed as
                             a possession of Norway.
19 Jan - 15 Feb 1939       The area 20°E to 10°W is explored by a German
                             expedition led by Alfred Ritscher and named 
                             New Swabia (Neu-Schwabenland) but not claimed. 
13 Jan 1941                German commandos board and capture two 
                             Norwegian factory ships in the sea north of 
                             Queen Maud Land. By the end of the next day, 
                             the Germans had taken possession of three 
                             factory ships and eleven catchers. German 
                             Navy subsequently used the waters of the 
                             Peninsula and the sub-Antarctic islands as a 
                             haven from which they could venture forth to
                             attack allied shipping.
 1 Mar 1948                Norwegian Polar Institute (part of the Ministry 
                             of the Environment) assigned to administer
                             Queen Maud Land.
21 Jun 1957                Norway declares Dronning Maud Land, Bouvet and 
                             Peter I Islands subject to Norwegian sovereignty
                             as a dependency (Norwegian Antarctic Territory).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Directors of the Norwegian Polar Institute (
Norsk Polarinstitutt)
1945 - 1948                Anders K. Orvin (1st time)         (b. 1889 - d. 1980)
1948 - 1957                Harald Ulrik Sverdrup              (b. 1888 - d. 1957)
1957 - 1960                Anders K. Orvin (2nd time)         (s.a.)
1960 - 1983                Tore Gjelsvik                      (b. 1917 - d. 2006)
Nov 1983 - Mar 1991        Odd Rogne
1991 - 1993                Nils Are Øritsland (acting)        (b. 1939 - d. 2006)
1993 - 2005                Olav Orheim                        (b. 1942)
2005 -                     Jan-Gunnar Winther                 (b. 1962)


Territorial Dispute
: Norwegian Antarctic claim is recognized by Australia, France, New Zealand, and U.K., but it is not recognized by the United Nations, U.S., Russia or by most other countries.







© Ben Cahoon