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Tajikistan
 
[Russian
                                    flag]
                     1895 - 1918
 
[Flag of
                                    USSR]
                    30 Dec 1922 - 25 Dec 1991 
 
[Flag of
                                    Tajik SSR in 1953]
                     9 Sep 1991 - 24 Nov 1992
 
Tajiskistan flag, 1991
               9 Sep 1991 - 24 Nov 1992 Variant
 
[Tajikistan
                                    flag]
                       Adopted 24 Nov 1992
 

Map of Tajikistan
Hear National Anthem
"Surudi Milli"
(National Anthem) 
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 7 Sep 1994
Constitution
(6 Nov 1994)
Capital: Dushanbe
Currency: Somoni (TJS);
1995-2000 Tajikistan Ruble (TJR);
1991-1995 Russian Ruble (RUR)
National Holiday:  9 Sep (1991)
Independence Day
Population: 7,910,041 (2013)
GDP: $19 billion (2013)
Exports: $825.6 million (2013)
Imports: $4.56 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%,
Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000)
Total Active Armed Forces: 8,800 (2010)
Russian Forces: 5,000 (2013)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Sunni Muslim 78%, Shi'a Muslim 6%,
non-religious 12%, other (mostly Christian) 4% (2005) 
International Organizations/Treaties: ADB, APM, BTWC, CICA, CIS, CSTO, CTBT, CWC, EAEC, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, ENMOD, ESCR, FAO, G-77, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA (observer), ISESCO, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, KP, MIGA, NAM (observer), NPT, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Tajikistan
Index
Chronology
1626                       Under Dzungarian Kalmuck's.
1758                       Part of China.
1798                       Part of Kokand.
30 Jun 1868                Annexed by Russia.
11 Mar 1895                Parmir (Gorno-Badakhshan) annexed by Russia.
15 Mar 1925                Tadzikh Autonomous Republic inside Uzbek S.S.R.
 5 Dec 1929                Tadzikh Soviet Socialist Republic within U.S.S.R.
24 Aug 1990                State sovereignty declared.
 9 Sep 1991                Independence declared (Republic of Tajikistan).
25 Dec 1991                Independence effective (U.S.S.R dissolved).
Gorno-Badakhshan
Tadzhik Soviet
Socialist Republic

(1925-1991)
 
 
 
 
 

Presidents
31 Aug 1991 - 23 Sep 1991  Kadreddin Aslonovich Aslonov       (b. 1947 - d. 1992)  CPT
                             (acting)
23 Sep 1991 -  6 Oct 1991  Rakhmon Nabiyevich Nabiyev         (b. 1930 - d. 1993)  Non-party
                             (1st time)
 6 Oct 1991 -  2 Dec 1991  Akbarsho Iskandarovich Iskandarov  (b. 1951)            Non-party
                             (1st time)(acting)
 2 Dec 1991 -  7 Sep 1992  Rakhmon Nabiyevich Nabiyev         (s.a.)               CPT
                             (2nd time) 
 7 Sep 1992 - 19 Nov 1992  Akbarsho Iskandarovich Iskandarov  (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (2nd time)(acting)
20 Nov 1992 -              Imomali Sharipovich Rakhmonov      (b. 1952)         Mar 1998: PDPT
                             (from 21 Mar 2007, Imomalii Rakhmon)
                             (acting to 27 Nov 1992; chairman of 
                             Supreme Council 27 Nov 1992 - 16 Nov 1994)

Prime ministers
25 Jun 1991 -  9 Jan 1992  Izatullo Khayoyevich Khayoyev      (b. 1936)            CPT
 9 Jan 1992 - 21 Sep 1992  Akbar Mirzoyev                     (b. 1939)            Non-party
21 Sep 1992 - 18 Dec 1993  Abdumalik Abdullayevich            (b. 1949)            PPU
                             Abdullajanov
                             (acting to 20 Nov 1992) 
18 Dec 1993 -  2 Dec 1994  Abdujalil Akhadovich Samadov       (b. 1949 - d. 2004)  Non-party
                             (acting to 27 Dec 1993)
 2 Dec 1994 -  8 Feb 1996  Jamshed Khilolovich Karimov        (b. 1940)            Non-party
 8 Feb 1996 - 20 Dec 1999  Yakhyo Nuriddinovich Azimov        (b. 1947)            Non-party
20 Dec 1999 - 23 Nov 2013  Akil Gaybullayevich Akilov         (b. 1944)            PDPT
23 Nov 2013 -              Kokhir Rasulzoda                   (b. 1961)            PDPT

Territorial Disputes: In 2006, China and Tajikistan pledged to commence demarcation of the revised boundary agreed to in the delimitation of 2002; talks continue with Uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes in Isfara Valley delay delimitation with Kyrgyzstan

Party abbreviations: PDPT = Hizbi Khalqi-Demokratii Tojikiston (People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan, secular, pro-presidential, named People's Party to 1997, est.1994); CPT = Hizbi Kommnisti Tojikiston (Communist Party of Tajikistan, 20 Oct - Dec 1991 suspended, 21 Sep 1991 - Jan 1991 called Socialist Party of Tajikistan, est.1924);
- Former parties: PPU =
Hizbi Yagonagii Khalqi (Party of People's Unity, Nov 1994-Dec 1998)



Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic
 
[Flag of Tajik
                          ASSR in 1929]
                  23 Feb 1929 - 28 Apr 1929
 
[Flag of
                          Tajik SSR in 1929-1931]
                   28 Apr 1929 - 24 Feb 1931
 
Flag of Tajik
                          SSR in 1931
                    24 Feb 1931 - 4 Jul 1935 
 
Flag of Tajik
                          SSR in 1935
                     4 Jul 1935 - 1 Mar 1937
 
Flag of Tajik
                          SSR in 1937
                       1 Mar 1937 - 1938
 
Flag of Tajik
                          SSR in 1938
                       1938 - 28 Sep 1940 
 
Flag of Tajik
                          SSR in 1940
                  28 Sep 1940 - 20 Mar 1953 
 
[Flag of Tajik SSR
                          in 1953]
                    20 Mar 1953 - 24 Nov 1992
 

Capital: Dushanbe
(Stalinabad 1929-1961)
Hear Anthem
"State Anthem of
Tadzhik SSR"
(1946 - 1994)
Constitution
(1978)
Population: 4,471,586 (1989)
 

15 Mar 1925                Tadzikh Autonomous Republic inside Uzbek S.S.R.
 5 Dec 1929                Tadzikh A.S.S.R. within Uzbek S.S.R. becomes
                             Tadzikh Soviet Socialist Republic.

Executive Secretaries of the Tajik Provincial Committee Communist Party
1924 - 1925                Chinor Imomov                      (b. 1898 - d. 1939)
1925 - 1927                Boris Vasilyevich Tolpygo          (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
1927 - 1928                Mumin Suleymanovich Khodzhayev     (b. 1897 - d. 19..)
1928 - 1929                Ali Heydar Ibash Shervoni          (d. 1938)
1929 - Nov 1929            Shirinsho Shotemor                 (b. 1899 - d. 1937)
First Secretaries of the Tadzhik Communist Party (KPT)
Nov 1929 -  3 Nov 1933     Mirzo Dovud Guseynov               (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
                             (Mirza Davud Bagir ogly Husseynov)
 3 Nov 1933 -  8 Jan 1934  Grigory Isaakovich Broydo          (b. 1885 - d. 1936)
 8 Jan 1934 - Sep 1937     Suren Konstantinovich Shchadunts   (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
Oct 1937 - Aug 1946        Dmitry Zakharovich Protopopov      (b. 1897 - d. 1986)
                             (acting to Jun 1938)
16 Aug 1946 - 24 May 1956  Bobodzhan Gafurovich Gafurov       (b. 1908 - d. 1977)
24 May 1956 - 12 Apr 1961  Tursun Uldzhabayevich Uldzhabayev  (b. 1916 - d. 1988)
12 Apr 1961 -  4 Apr 1982  Dzhabar Rasulovich Rasulov         (b. 1913 - d. 1982)
 4 Apr 1982 - 14 Dec 1985  Rakhman Nabiyevich Nabiyev         (b. 1930 - d. 1993)
14 Dec 1985 -  4 Sep 1991  Kakhar Makhkamovich Makhkamov      (b. 1932)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
16 Dec 1926 - 28 Dec 1933  Nusratulla Maksum Lutfullayev      (b. 1881 - d. 1938)  KPT
28 Dec 1933 - Dec 1936     Shirinsho Shotemor                 (s.a.)               KPT
Dec 1936 - Sep 1937        Abdullo Rakhimbayevich Rakhimbayev (b. 1896 - d. 1938)  KPT
Oct 1937 - 13 Jul 1938     Munavar Shagadayev                 (b. 1898 - d. 19..)  KPT
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
13 Jul 1938 - 15 Jul 1938  Nigmat Ashurov                                          KPT
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
15 Jul 1938 - 29 Jul 1950  Munavar Shagadayev                 (s.a.)               KPT
29 Jul 1950 - 24 May 1956  Nazarsho Dodkhudoyev               (b. 1915 - d. 2000)  KPT
24 May 1956 - 28 Mar 1963  Mirzo Rakhmatov                    (b. 1914 - d.af.1991)KPT
28 Mar 1963 - Jan 1984     Makhmadullo Kholovich Kholov       (b. 1920 - d. 19..)  KPT
Jan 1984 - 17 Feb 1984     Nizoramo Zaripova (f)              (b. 1923)            KPT
                           + Vladimir Yakovlevich Oplanchuk   (b. 1919 - d. 1991)  KPT
                           (acting)
17 Feb 1984 - 12 Apr 1990  Gaibnasar Pallayevich Pallayev     (b. 1929 - d. 2000)  KPT
12 Apr 1990 - 30 Nov 1990  Kakhar Makhkamovich Makhkamov      (s.a.)               KPT
President
30 Nov 1990 - 31 Aug 1991  Kakhar Makhkamovich Makhkamov      (s.a.)               KPT

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
1925 - 1926                Nusratulla Maksum Lutfullayev      (s.a.)               KPT
Dec 1926 - 1928            Polat Usmon Khodzhayev                                  KPT
Mar 1928 - Dec 1929        Mumin Suleymanovich Khodzhayev     (b. 1897 - d. 19..)  KPT
Dec 1929 - 28 Dec 1933     Abdurrahim Khodzhibayev            (b. 1900 - d. 1938)  KPT
28 Dec 1933 - Feb 1937     Abdullo Rakhimbayevich Rakhimbayev (s.a.)               KPT
Feb 1937 - Sep 1937        Urumbay Ashurovich Ashurov         (b. 1903 - d. 1938)  KPT
Sep 1937 - Apr 1946        Mamdali Kurbanov                   (b. 1905 - d. ....)  KPT
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
Apr 1946 - 29 Mar 1955     Dzhabar Rasulovich Rasulov         (s.a.)               KPT
29 Mar 1955 - 25 May 1956  Tursun Uldzhabayevich Uldzhabayev  (s.a.)               KPT
25 May 1956 - 12 Apr 1961  Nazarsho Dodkhudoyev               (s.a.)               KPT
12 Apr 1961 - 24 Jul 1973  Abdulakhad Kakharovich Kakharov    (b. 1913 - d. 1984)  KPT
24 Jul 1973 - 20 Apr 1982  Rakhman Nabiyevich Nabiyev         (s.a.)               KPT
26 Apr 1982 - 26 Jan 1986  Kakhar Makhkamovich Makhkamov      (s.a.)               KPT
26 Jan 1986 -  6 Dec 1990  Isatullo Khayoyevich Khayoyev      (b. 1936)            KPT



Gorno-Badakhshan
 
Capital: Khorog
(Khorugh)
Population: 208,300 (2012)

1885                       Murghab founded by Russia.
11 Mar 1895                Badakshan divided between Russia and Afghanistan.
Jul 1923                   Part of Turkestan A.S.S.R.
 2 Jan 1925                Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (Mountainous Badakhshon
                             Autonomous Province) created as part of Tadzikh A.S.S.R.
Apr 1992? - 1993           Pamiri-Badakshoni Autonomous Republic, within Tajikistan, declared.
 6 Nov 1994                Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province (Mountainous Badakhshon
                             Autonomous Veloyat), within Tajikistan.

First Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
1925 - 1928                ....
1928 - 1930                Konstantin Aleksandrovich          (b. 1890 - d. 1937)
                             Moiseyenko 
1930 - 1934                Abdul Zennatshayev                 (b. 1900 - d. 1938)
1934 - 1939                ....
1939 - 1941                Andrey Aleksandrovich Kuznetsov
1941 - 1945                Nikolay Ivanovich Rogatkin
1945 - 1949                Kurbonsho Gadoliyev
1950? - 1951               Ismail Burkhanov
1951 - 1956                Rakhimbobo Tursunov
1956 - 1961                Nadzhmiddin Pashayevich Abdullayev (b. 1917 - d. 1982) 
1961 - 1963                Grizi Dzhavov                      (b. 1916 - d. 1984) 
Jul 1963 - Apr 1970        Moyensho Nazarshoyev               (b. 1929) 
Apr 1970 - 1978            Khushkadam Davlyatkadamov          (b. 1924) 
1978 - 1982                Aloviddin Babayev                  (b. 1931)
Jun 1982 - 11 Apr 1987     Mukhitdin Zairov                   (b. 1931)
11 Apr 1987 - Aug 1991     Soibnazar Beknazarov               (b. 1934)

Chairmen of the District Soviet
1925 - 1926                ....
Oct 1926 - Aug 1927        Ibragim Ismailov                   (b. 1901 - d. 1938)
1927 - 1939                .... 
1939 - 1945                Khodza Shadmanov 
1945 - 1947                Dzhifon Mulkomonov
1947 - 1948                Sharif Rakhmatov
1948 - 1950                Nazarsho Dodkhudoyev               (b. 1915 - d. 2000) 
1950 - 1957                Shirinsho Rakhmatov
1957 - 1961                Grizi Dzhavov                      (s.a.) 
Aug 1961 - Jul 1963        Munim Shirindzhanov 
1963 - 1973                Khushkadam Davlyatkadamov          (s.a.)
1973 - Mar 1978            Isatullo Khayoyevich Khayoyev      (b. 1936)
Mar 1978 - 1987            Muminsho Abdulvasiyev 
1987 - 1990                Yevgeny Illich Tursunov            (b. 1947)
1990 - 1991                Garibsho Shakhbozovich Shakhbozov  (b. 1937 - d. 2007)
Chairman of the Provincial Council
1990 - 1992                Akbarsho Iskandarovich Iskanderov  (b. 1951)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
1992 - 1993                Akbarsho Iskandarovich Iskanderov  (s.a.)
Chairmen of the Executive Committee
Dec 1994 - 25 Nov 2006     Alimamad Niyozmamadovich           (b. 1943)
                             Niyozmamadov
25 Nov 2006 - 19 Nov 2013  Kadyr Kasymovich Kasymov           (b. 1961)
                             (from Jun 2007, Kodiri Kosim)
                             (acting to 12 Feb 2007)
19 Nov 2013 -              Shodikhon Azatkhonovich Jamshedov  (b. 1962)







Ben Cahoon