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Uzbekistan
 
[Russian
                                    flag]
                  1865 - Nov 1917     
 
[Flag of
                                    USSR]
                    30 Dec 1922 - 25 Dec 1991 
 
Flag of
                                    Uzbek SSR in 1952
                    31 Aug 1991 - 18 Nov 1991
 
[Flag of
                                    Uzbekistan]
                      Adopted 18 Nov 1991
 


Map of Uzbekistan Hear National Anthem
"O'zbekiston Respublikasining
 Davlat Madhiyasi" (National
 Anthem of the Republic of
 Uzbekistan)
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 10 Dec 1992
Constitution
 (8 Dec 1992)
Capital: Tashkent
(Toshkent)
Currency: Uzbekistani Som
(UZS); 1993-94 Uzbekistan Coupon Som (UZC); 1991-93
Russian Ruble (RUR)  
National Holiday: 1 Sep (1991)
Independence Day
Population: 28,661,637 (2013)
GDP: $112.6 billion (2013) Exports: $14.91 billion (2013)
Imports: $12.64 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Uzbek 78.3%, Tajik 4.7%, Kazakh 4.1%,
Tatar 3.3%,
Russian 2.5%, Karakalpak 2.1%, other 5% (2000) 
Total Active Armed Forces: 67,000 (2010)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 76.2%, nonreligious 18.1%,
Russian Orthodox 0.8%, Jewish 0.2%, other 4.7% (2000)
International Organizations/Treaties: ADB, BTWC, CICA, CIS, CSTO (suspended), CTBT, CWC, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, ENMOD, ESCR, FAO, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IRENA (signatory), ISA (observer), ISO, ITSO, ITU, KP, MIGA, NAM, NPT, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Uzbekistan
Index
Chronology

17 Jun 1865                Russians occupy Tashkent (ceded by Kokand on
                             Jan 1868).

16 Jun 1868                Bukhara a Russian protectorate.
12 Aug 1873                Khiva (Khorazm) a Russian protectorate.
19 Feb 1876                Kokand incorporated into Russia.
13 Nov 1917                Bolshevik rule in Tashkent.
30 Apr 1918                Turkestan A.S.S.R. formed.

27 Oct 1924                Turkestan A.S.S.R., Bukharan S.S.R. and Khorazmian
                             S.S.R. dissolved, Uzbek S.S.R. proclaimed (as
                             part of Soviet Union).

 5 Dec 1924                Uzbek Socialist Soviet Republic inaugurated.
13 May 1925                Accession to the Soviet Union.
 
5 Dec 1936                Uzbek Soviet Socialist Soviet Republic
 5 Dec 1936                Kara-Kalpak A.S.S.R joined to Uzbek S.S.R.

20 Jun 1990                Uzbek declaration of state sovereignty.
31 Aug 1991                Republic of Uzbekistan
25 Dec 1991                Independence effective (U.S.S.R. dissolved).

Uzbek S.S.R.
(1924-1991)
Karakalpakstan
Bukhara
(1500-1925)
Farghana
(Kokand)

(1694-1876, 1917-18)
 Khorazm
(1511-1925)
Turkestan
A.S.S.R.

(1918-1924)
Historical Maps
of Uzbekistan
 

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
31 Oct 1924 - 17 Feb 1925  Fayzulla Ubaydullayevich           (b. 1896 - d. 1938)  CPU
                             Khodzhayev (Khojaoghli) 
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
17 Feb 1925 - 19 Jul 1938  Yoldashbay Akhun Baba oglu Babayev (b. 1885 - d. 1943)  CPU
President
24 Mar 1990 -              Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov       (b. 1938)            PDPU

Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
17 Feb 1925 - 17 Jun 1937  Fayzulla Ubaydullayevich           (s.a.)               CPU
                             Khodzhayev 
Prime ministers
 8 Jan 1992 - 21 Dec 1995  Abdulhashim Mutalovich Mutalov     (b. 1947)            PDPU
21 Dec 1995 - 11 Dec 2003  Otkir Takhtamuradovich Sultonov    (b. 1939)            PDPU
11 Dec 2003 -              Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyayev    (b. 1957)          FMPD;2008 OMT

Territorial Disputes: Prolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan created water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states; field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2004; border delimitation of 130 km of border with Kyrgyzstan is hampered by serious disputes around enclaves and other areas.

Party abbreviations: PDPU = O'zbekiston Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi (Democratic People's Party, conservative, nationalist, former CPU, est.1991); OMT = O'zbekistan Milliy Tiklanish Demokratik Partiyasi (Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party, conservative, nationalist, est.1995);
- Former parties: CPU = O'zbekiston Kommunistik Partiyasi (Communist Party of Uzbekistan, communist, 1924-1991); FMDP = Fidokorlar Milliy Demokratik Partiyasi (Self-Sacrifice National Democratic Party, merged 2008 with OMT)



Bukhara

 
[Emirate of Bukhara flag to 1920]
                 to 2 Sep 1920 
 
[Flag of
                          Bukharan People's Soviet Republic,
                          1920/21-1923]
   Oct 1920/23 Sep 1921? - 14 Sep 1923
 
[Flag of
                          Bukharan People's Soviet Republic, 1923-1924
          14 Aug 1923 - 27 Oct 1924
Map of Bukhara
Hear National Anthem
(1920-1924)
Former National Anthem
(to 1920)
Constitution
(25 Sep 1921)
Capital: Bukhara Currency: 1768-1920
Bukhara Tenga (BKHT);
1920-24 Bukhara Ruble
(BKSR)

National Holiday: N/A
Population:  2,236,400 (1924);
3,600,000
(1914 est.)
GDP: N/A
Exports: 10 million Soviet
Rubles (1923/24)

Imports: 8 million Soviet
Rubles (1923/24)

Ethnic groups: Uzbek 56%, Tajik 30%, Turkmen 11%,
other 3% (1920 est.)

Total Armed Forces: 15,900 (Aug 1920, emirate);
Bukharan Red Army: 6,000 (1921)
Merchant marine: None
Religions: Sunni Muslim 95%, Shi’a Muslim 4%,
other 1% (1914 est.)

International Organizations/Treaties (1877-1924): None

1500                       Khanate of Bukhara
1747 - 1756                Occupied by Persia.
1785                       Emirate of Bukhara 
30 Jun 1868                Russian protectorate; Samarkand and its province annexed by 
                             Russia.
1877                       Bukhara extends its control over mountainous regions in 
                             upper Panj River Valley and annexed the former principalities
                             of the western Pamir in 1895.
25 Mar 1918                Independence confirmed by Russian S.F.S.R.
 2 Sep 1920                Soviet Russian troops occupy Bukhara city.
Sep 1920 – 1926            "Basmachi" rebellion in the eastern Bukhara in the name of the
                             Emir of Bukhara (attempting to take Bukhara city on Mar 1922).
 8 Oct 1920                Bukharan People's Soviet Republic
 4 Mar 1921                Union agreement with Russian S.F.S.R., the sovereignty of Bukhara
                             confirmed.
19 Sep 1924                Bukharan Socialist Soviet Republic
27 Oct 1924                Accession to Soviet Union, divided between Uzbek S.S.R. (including
                             Tajik A.S.S.R.) and Turkmen S.S.R.

Chairmen of the Communist Party
27 Jun 1919 -  6 Oct 1920  Nadzhib Khusainov                  (b. 1885 - d. 1937)
 6 Oct 1920 - 23 Feb 1921  Aslamkhodzha Umarkhodzhayev  
23 Feb 1921 -  3 Jul 1921  Saidulla Tursunkhodzhayev          (b. 1891 - d. 1938)
Executive Secretaries of the Communist Party
 5 Jul 1921 – 10 Jan 1922  Abdurashid Mukamilov
1922 – Jun 1923            Mukhtar Saidzhanov                 (b. 1893 – d. 1938)
 4 Jul 1923 - Dec 1923     Abdullo Rakhimbayev                (b. 1896 - d. 1938)
Dec 1923 – 15 Nov 1924     Akhmetbek Mavlyanbekov             (b. 1897 – d. 1938)

Khans
1599 - 1601                Pir Muhammed Khan II               (b. 1550 - d. 1601)
1601 - 1605                Boqi Muhammad                      (b. 1579 - d. 1605) 
1605 - 1611                Vali Muhammad                      (b. 15.. - d. 1611) 
1611 - 1642                Imom Quli Khan                     (b. 1582 - d. 1644) 
1642 - 1645                Nodir Muhammad                     (b. 1594 - d. 1651)
1645 - 1681                Abd'al Aziz Khan                   (b. 1614 - d. 1683)
1681 - 1702                Subhan Quli Khan                   (b. 1625 - d. 1702)
1702 - 1711                `Ubayd Allah Khan                  (b. 1675 - d. 1711)
1711 - 1747                Abu al-Fa΄id Khan                  (b. 1687 - d. 1747)
Governors (or regents)(under Persian occupation)
1747                       `Abd al-Mu΄min Khan
1747 - 1751                Rahim Biy Khan Manghit
1751 - 1752                `Ubayd Allah Khan
1754 - 1756                Shir Ghazi Khan
Emirs
1753 - 24 Mar 1758         Muhammad Rahim Khan                (b. 1713 - d. 1758)
                             (initially in opposition to Persian occupation)
1758 - 1785                Daniyal Biy Atalyq                 (b. 1730 - d. 1785)
1785 - 13 Dec 1799         Shah Murad Khan                    (b. 1749 - d. 1800)
Dec 1799 - Jan 1826        Haydar Tura Khan                   (b. 1775 - d. 1826) 
Jan 1826 - Mar 1826        Husayn Khan                        (b. 1797 - d. 1826)
Mar 1826 - 22 Mar 1826     `Umar Khan                         (d. 1826)
22 Mar 1826 - 21 Sep 1860  Nasr Allah Bahadur Khan            (b. 1806 - d. 1860)
23 Sep 1860 - 12 Nov 1885  Muzaffar ad-Din Bahadur Khan       (b. 1819 - d. 1885)
12 Nov 1885 -  3 Jan 1911  `Abd al-Ahad Khan                  (b. 1859 - d. 1911)
 3 Jan 1911 -  2 Sep 1920  Sayyid Muhammad `Alim Khan         (b. 1881 - d. 1944)
                            (in opposition in eastern Bukhara, mostly in Dushanbe,
                             to 5 Mar 1921; from 5 Mar 1921 in Afghanistan exile;
                             [in May 1921 public activity prohibited by Afghanistan])

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
 2 Mar 1918 – 25 Mar 1918  Fayzulla Khodzhayev                (b. 1896 - d. 1938)  YBRP
                             (Fayzullo Xojaoghli)
                             (in rebellion in Kagan)
Chairman of the
Provisional Revolutionary Committee
30 Aug 1920 - 14 Sep 1920  Ahmedzhan Abdusaidov "Hamdi"       (b. 1889 – d. 1937)  CPB
                            (in Tashkent exile 10-30 Aug 1920; in
                             rebellion in Charjuy to 2 Sep 1920)
Chairmen of the
Central Revolutionary Committee
14 Sep 1920 -  8 Oct 1921  Mirza Abdulkadyr Mukhitdinov       (b. 1892 - d. 1934)  CPB
                             (Abdulqodir Muhiddinoghli)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee
 8 Oct 1920 – 22 Sep 1921  Mirza Abdulkadyr Mukhitdinov       (s.a.)               CPB
23 Sep 1921 –  8 Dec 1921  Usmankhodzha Pulatkhodzhayev       (b. 1887 – d. 1968)  CPB 
                             (Usmonxoja Polat Xojaoghli)
 3 Jan 1922 - 18 Aug 1922  Muindzhan Aminov                   (b. 1890 - d.af.1923)CPB
                             (Muinjon Aminoghli)
                             (acting to 12 Apr 1922)
18 Aug 1922 - 19 Nov 1924  Porsa Khodzhayev                                        CPB


Chief ministers (
Quli Qushbegi)
189. – Jan 1910            Astankul Biy [not the first]       (b. 1828 – d. 1910)
Jan 1910 – Apr 1917        Nasr Allah Biy                     (b. 18.. - d. 1918)
Apr 1917 – Mar 1918        Nizam ad-Din Khoja Urganji         (b. 18.. - d. 1921)
Mar 1918 –  2 Sep 1920     Usman Bek
Chairman of the Council of People's Ministers (Nazirs)

14 Sep 1920 - 19 Nov 1924  Fayzulla Khodzhayev                (s.a.)               CPB

Russian Political Agents (from 30 Mar 1917, Residents)
14 Jan 1886 –  9 Apr 1890  Nikolay Valeryevich Charykov       (b. 1855 – d. 1930)
 9 Apr 1890 – 31 Jul 1895  Pavel Mikhailovich Lessar          (b. 1851 – d. 1905)
31 Jul 1895 – 11 Apr 1902  Vladimir Ivanovich Ignatyev        (b. 1853 – d. 1902)
14 Apr 1902 – 1911         Yakov Yakovlyevich Lyutsh          (b. 1854 – d. af.1921)
1911 – 1913                Aleksandr Sergeyevich Somov
1913 – Oct 1916            Aleksandr Konstantinovich Belyayev (b. 1870 – d. 1960)
Oct 1916 – Apr 1917        Aleksandr Yakovlyevich Miller      (b. 1868 – d. 1940)
Apr 1917 – Nov 1917        Sergey Vissarionovich Chirkin      (b. 1875 – d. 1943)

Party abbreviations: CPB = Buxoro Kommunistik Partiyasi (Bukharan Communist Party, communist, 1918-1924, banned to 1920, from 1920 state party); YBRP = Yosh Buxorolik Inqilobchilan Partiyasi (Young Bukharan Revolutionary Party, anti-monarchist reformists, 1917 – 11 Sep 1920, banned to 1920, merged into CPB)



Farghana (Kokand, Khuqand)

[Khanate of
                          Khuqand (Kokand) to 1876]
                       to 1876
[Kokand
                          Autonomous State 1917-1918]
           10 Dec 1917 - 19 Feb 1918
Capital: Kokand
(Khuqand)
(Ferghana 169.-1732)
Kokand Population:
1,500,000  (1850 est.)

1571 - 1626                Part of Bukhara.
169.                       Khanate of Ferghana (Farghana).
1732                       Capital established at Khuqand (Kokand).
1758 - 1798                Under suzerainty of China.
1841 - Jun 1842            Annexed by Bukhara.
1850 - 1876                Vassal of Bukhara.
1852 - 1853                Annexed by Bukhara.
17 Jun 1865                Tashkent occupied by Russia.
Jan 1868                   Russian protectorate, Tashkent ceded to Russia.
19 Feb 1876                Incorporated into Russia.
10 Dec 1917 – 19 Feb 1918  Turkestan Autonomy (Turkiston Muxtoriyati) proclaimed at
                             Kokand by Turkestan All-Muslim Congress, as part of federal
                             Russian Republic in opposition to the Bolshevik rule in
                             Turkestan.
20 Dec 1917                Bolshevik rule in Skobelev, the capital of Fergana oblast.
Mar 1918 – 1923            "Basmachi" rebellion in Fergana (establishment of political
                             authority attempted on 22 Oct 1919, with participation of
                             anti-Bolshevik Russian "Peasants' Army", and 3 May 1920).
30 Apr 1918                Part of Turkestan A.S.S.R.
27 Oct 1924                Incorporated into Uzbek S.S.R.

Khans 
1694 - ....                Rustam Haji Sultan
.... - ....                Ashur Qul Khan
1710 - 1721                Shah Rukh II Khan
1721 - 1739                `Abd ar-Rahman Khan
1736 - 1746                `Abd al-Karim  Khan
1746 - 1770                Irdana Bi Erdeni Khan (f)
1770                       Sulayman Khan
1770                       Shah Rukh III Khan
1770 - 1798                Narbuta Khan                       (b. 1749 - d. 1798)
1798 - 1809                `Alim Khan                         (b. 1774 - d. 1809)
1809 - 1821                Muhammad `Umar Khan                (b. 1787 - d. 1821)
                             (styled Amir al-Muslimin from 1814)
1821 - 1842                Muhammad `Ali Khan                 (b. 1808 - d. 1842)
Jun 1842 - 1845            Shir `Ali Khan
1845                       Murad Beg Khan
1845 - 1852                Muhammad Khudayar Khan (1st time)
1853 - 1858                Muhammad Khudayar Khan (2nd time)
1858 -  1 Mar 1862         Muhammad Malla Beg Khan
1862                       Shah Murad Khan
1862 - 1863                Muhammad Khudayar Khan (3rd time)
1863 - Jul 1865            Muhammad Sultan Khan (1st time)
1865                       Bil Bahchi Khan
1865 - 1866                Muhammad Sultan Khan (2nd time)
1866 - 22 Jul 1875         Muhammad Khudayar Khan (4th time)
1875                       Nasir ad-Din Khan (1st time)
1875 - Dec 1875            Muhammad Pulad Beg Khan
Dec 1875 - 19 Feb 1876     Nasir ad-Din Khan (2nd time)
Chairmen of the Provisional Government of Turkestan Autonomy
10 Dec 1917 – 25 Dec 1917  Mukhamedzhan Tynyshpayev           (b. 1897 - d. 1937)  SRP
25 Dec 1917 - 19 Feb 1918  Mustafa Chokayev                   (b. 1890 – d. 1941)  MC
                             (Mustafo Choqayoghli)
19 Feb 1918 – 22 Feb 1918  Mukhamed Khodzhayev "Kichik Ergash"(b. 1885 – d. 1918)  Mil
                             (commander of Turkestan Autonomy militia)
Amir al-Muslimin (overall "Basmachi" commander in Fergana)
Mar 1918 – 1920            Ergashbey Berdiyev "Katta Ergash"  (b. 1880 – d. 1920)
Chairman of the Provisional Government of Fergana Autonomy
22 Oct 1919 –  6 Mar 1920  Madamin Akhmetbekov "Madamin Bek"  (b. 1892 – d. 1920)  Mil
                            (refused authority of "Katta Ergash";
                             claimed loyalty to Kolchak, the Supreme Ruler of Russia)
Chairman of the Provisional Government of Turkestan Turkic Independent Islamic Republic
 3 May 1920 – Dec 1922     Shermukhamed Bek "Kurshermat"      (b. 1893 – d. 1970)  Mil
                             (also titled Amir al-Muslimin)

Party abbreviations: MC = Shuroi Islomiya (Muslim Council, moderate Muslim autonomist, 1917-1918); SRP = Partiya Sotsialistov-Revolyutsionerov (Socialist Revolutionary Party, socialist, from 1919 banned in Turkestan ASSR, 1902-1940)



Khorazm (Khiva)
 
[Khanate
                          of Khiva flag to 1917]
                   c.1873 - 1918 
 
[Flag of Khiva
                          1917]
                           1918 - Jan 1920 
 
[Khiva flag
                          1920]
              Jan 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
 
[Flag of
                          Khorezmian SSR in 1920]
                      30 Apr 1920 - Jul 1922
 
[Flag of Khorezmian SSR in 1922]
                       Jul 1922 - 23 Oct 1923
 
[Flag of
                          Khorezmian SSR, 1923-1924]
                    23 Oct 1923 - 27 Oct 1924
 
Map of Khorazam Hear National Anthem
(1920-1924)
Former National Anthem
(c.1873-1920)
Constitution
(26 Apr 1920;
20 Oct 1923)
Capital: Khiva
(Urgench to 1557,1558-1603;
 Khiva 1557-1558)
Currency: 1918-20 Khiva
 Tenga (KHVT)
; 1920-23
Soviet Khiva Ruble
(SUVT); 1873-1918
Russian Ruble (RUES)
National Holiday: N/A
Population: 640,100 (1924);
800,000
(1914 est.)
GDP: N/A
Exports: 16 million Russian
Rubles (1913)

Imports: 10 million Russian
 Rubles (1913)

Ethnic groups: Uzbek 65%, Turkmen 27%, Kara-Kalpak 4%,
 Kazakh 3%, other 1% (1920 est.)

Total Armed Forces: 2,000 (Dec 1919, under Junaid Khan);
Khorazmian Red Army: 1,200 (1921)
Merchant marine: None
Religions: Sunni Muslim 99%, other 1% (1914 est.)
International Organizations/Treaties (1873-1924): None

1511                       Khanate of Khorazm
1740 - 1747                Under Persian suzerainty.
1804                       Khanate of Khiva
24 Aug 1873                Russian Protectorate; all territories on the right bank of 
                             the Amu Darya River annexed to Russia.
 9 Apr 1919                Independence confirmed by Russian S.F.S.R.
 1 Feb 1920                Soviet Russian troops occupy Khiva.
26 Apr 1920                Khorazmian People's Soviet Republic
Aug 1920 – 1925             "Basmachi" rebellion against the republic by Junaid Khan
                             (Jan 1924 briefly lays siege to Khiva).
13 Sep 1920                Union agreement with Russian S.F.S.R., the sovereignty of Khorazm
                             confirmed.
20 Oct 1923                Khorazmian Socialist Soviet Republic
27 Oct 1924                Accession to Soviet Union; divided between Uzbek S.S.R., Turkmen
                             S.S.R., and Russian S.F.S.R. (Kara-Kalpak A.O.).

Chairmen of the Communist Party
 4 Apr 1920 -  3 Jun 1920  Alimdzhan Akchurin 
 4 Jun 1920 -  6 Mar 1921  Mulla Dzhumaniyaz Sultanmuradov
 6 Mar 1921 – 29 May 1921  Vacant
Executive Secretaries of the Communist Party
29 May 1921 - 12 Nov 1921  Mukhamedzhan Tazetdinov  
12 Nov 1921 - 17 Dec 1921  Berdi Gadzhiev  
17 Dec 1921 - 22 Jul 1923  Gaifi Sharafutdinov
22 Jul 1923 - 22 Sep 1923  Ishchan Masharipov (acting) 
22 Sep 1923 - 15 Jun 1924  Karimdzhan Adinayev               (b. 1897 – d. 1938)
15 Jun 1924 – 27 Oct 1924  Iskhak Khansuvarov                (b. 1896 – d. af.1934)

Khans
1688 - 1702                Ishaq Aqa Shah Niyoz Khan
1702 - 1704                `Arab Muhammad Khan II
1704 - 1706                Seyid Alim Khan
1706 - 1708                Musa Khan
1708 - 1714                Yadgar Khan 
1714 - 1715                Arank Khan 
1715 - 1732                Sher Khan
1732 - 1741                Ilbars Khan
1741 - 1742                `Abu Muhammad
1742 - 1747                Abu΄l Ghazi Khan
1747 - 1750                Gha΄ip Khan
1750 - 1753                `Abd Allah Qarabay Khan
1753 - 1764                Sultan Timur Ghazi Khan
1764 - 14 Apr 1790         Gha΄ip Khan ibn Gha΄ip Khan       (b. 1730 - d. 1790)
1790 - 1804                Abu΄l Ghazi Khan ibn Gha΄ip       (b. 1750 - d. 1806) 
                             Khan (1st time)
1804 - 1806                Iltazar Inaq Khan ibn Iwaz        (b. 1760 - d. 1806) 
                             Inaq Biy
1806                       Abu΄l Ghazi Khan ibn Gha΄ip       (s.a.) 
                             Khan (2nd time)
Dec 1806 - 1825            Muhammad Rahim Bahadur Khan I     (b. 1775 - d. 1825)
1825 - 22 Nov 1842         Allah Quli Bahadur Khan           (b. 1794 - d. 1842)
22 Nov 1842 - 30 Jan 1846  Muhammad Rahim Quli Khan          (b. 1804 - d. 1846)
30 Jan 1846 - Mar 1855     Abu΄l Ghazi Muhammad Amin         (b. 1817 - d. 1855)
                             Bahadur Khan
Mar 1855 -  1 Sep 1855     `Abd Allah Khan                   (d. 1855)
Sep 1855 - Jan/Feb 1856    Qutlugh Muhammad Murad Bahadur
                             Khan
1856                       Mahmud Khan
1856 - Sep 1864            Sayyid Muhammad Khan              (b. 1823 - d. 1864)
10 Sep 1864 - Aug/Sep 1910 Muhammad Rahim Bahadur Khan II    (b. 1845? - d. 1910)
Sep 1910 -  1 Oct 1918     Asfandiyar Jurji Bahadur Khan     (b. 1871 - d. 1918)
Commander-in-chief of Khivan troops (title Serdar Karim) (de facto ruler)
Jan 1918 - Jan 1920        Muhammad Qurban "Junaid Khan
"     (b. c.1860 - d. 1938) 
                            (continues in rebellion to 1925, in Persia 
                             exile Feb – Aug 1920, Jan 1921 – Jul 1923)

Khan
 
3 Oct 1918 -  1 Feb 1920  Sayyid `Abd Allah Khan            (b. 1870 - d.af.1920)
Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
 2 Feb 1920 - 26 Apr 1920  Mulla Dzhumaniyaz Sultanmuradov                        YKRP
                             (Jumaniyoz Sulton Murodoghli)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Assembly (Kurultoy) of People's Representatives
26 Apr 1920 -  6 Mar 1921  Palvanniyaz Khodzhi Yusupov       (b. 1861 – d. 1936)  CPK
                             (Polvon Niyoz Xoji Yusuf)                             
 6 Mar 1921 - 15 May 1921  Dzhabbarbergen Kuchkarov                               CPK
                             (Jabborbergan Qoch Qoroghli)
                             (chairman of Provisional Revolutionary Committee;
                             continues as supreme authority to 23 May 1921)
15 May 1921 - 23 May 1921  Khudaybergen Divanov              (b. 1879 – d. 1940)  CPK
                             (Xudoybergan Divonoghli)                             
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee
23 May 1921 –  5 Sep 1921  Madrakhim Allabergenov            (d. 1921)            CPK
                             (Madrahim Ollobergan)
 5 Sep 1921 - 27 Nov 1921  Mulla Ata-Maksum Madrakhimov      (d. 1921)            CPK
                             (Ata-Maqsum Madrahimoghli)
27 Nov 1921 - 23 Jul 1922  Yangibay Muradov                                       CPK
                             (Yangiboy Murodoghli) 
23 Jul 1922 - 20 Oct 1922  Abdulla Khodzhayev "Khadzhi Baba"                      CPK
                             (Abdullo Abdurahmon Xojaoghli)
                             (1st time)
20 Oct 1922 – 26 Mar 1923  Atadzhan Safayev                                       CPK
Mar 1923 – 20 Oct 1923     Abdulla Khodzhayev "Khadzhi Baba"                      CPK
                             (2nd time)
20 Oct 1923 – 26 Mar 1924  Karim Safayev (Karim Safaroghli)  (b. 1891 – d. 19..)  CPK
17 Jan 1924 – 19 Feb 1924  Mukhamed Abdusalyamov                                  CPK
                            (chairman of Revolutionary Committee, granted supreme authority)
26 Mar 1924 – 17 Sep 1924  Sultan-Kary Dzhumaniyazov                              CPK
                            (Sulton-Kari Jumaniyoz)
17 Sep 1924 – 22 Nov 1924  Nedirbay Aytakov                  (b. 1894 – d. 1938)  CPK

Chief ministers (Divanbegi)
1880 - 1902                Matmurad Bek [not the first]      (b. 1830 – d. 1902)
1902 - 1910                Abd Allah Jan
1910 - 17 Aug 1913         Islam Khoja                       (b. 18.. - d. 1913)
1913 - 1917                Husayn Bek                        (b. 1871 – d. 1918)
                            (also chairman of council of ministers 8 May 1917 - Jun 1917)
1917 – 1920                ....
Chairmen of the Council of People's Ministers (Nazirs)

26 Apr 1920 -  5 Jun 1920  Mulla Dzhumaniyaz Sultanmuradov                        CPK
 5 Jun 1920 -  6 Mar 1921  Palvanniyaz Khodzhi Yusupov       (s.a.)               CPK
 6 Mar 1921 - 23 Mar 1921  Vacant
23 Mar 1921 - 27 Nov 1921  Menglykhodzha Ibniyaminov         (b. 1898 – d. 1938)  CPK
                             (Menglixoja Ibniyaminoghli)
27 Nov 1921 - 22 Jul 1922  Abdulla Khodzhayev "Khadzhi Baba"                      CPK
22 Jul 1922 - 20 Oct 1923  Babadzhan Atadzhanov              (b. 1878 – d. 1938)  CPK
24 Oct 1923 - Mar 1924     Saidulla Tursunkhodzhayev         (b. 1891 - d. 1938)  CPK
                             (chairman of the Economy Council)
26 Mar 1924 – 22 Nov 1924  Bekdzhan Nazarov                  (b. 1895 – d. 1937)  CPK

Russian Commissar
Jul 1917 – Nov 1917        Ivan Matveyevich Zaytsev          (b. 1879 – d. 1934)

Party abbreviations: CPK = Xorazm Kommunistik Partiyasi (Khorazmian Communist Party, communist, 1920-1924, state party); YKRP = Yosh Xivalik Inqilobchilan Partiyasi (Young Khivan Revolutionary Party, anti-monarchist reformists, 1917 – 8 Apr 1920, banned to 1920, merged into CPK)



Karakalpakstan

 
1934
                          Kara-Kalpak ASSR flag
                    25 Dec 1934 - 29 Sep 1937
 
1937 Kara-Kalpak ASSR flag
                    29 Sep 1937 - 29 Aug 1952
 
Flag of Uzbek SSR
                          in 1952
                   29 Aug 1952 - 31 Aug 1981
 
1981
                          Kara-Kalpak ASSR flag
                    31 Aug 1981 - 14 Dec 1992
 
[Republic of
                          Karakalpakstan flag]
                       Adopted 14 Dec 1992
 

Map of  Karakalpakstan
Hear Regional Anthem
"Qaraqalpaqstan
 Ryespublikasi’ni’n’
 ma’mlyekyetlik gimni"
(S
tate Anthem of the
 Republic of Karakalpakstan)
Text of  Regional Anthem
Adopted 24 Dec 1993
Constitution
(9 Apr 1993; in Russian)
Capital: Nukus (No'kis)
(Turtkul 1924-1939)

Currency (from 1993):
Uzbekistani Som
(UZS)
Region Holiday: 9 Apr (1993)
Day of Constitution of
 Republic of Karakalpakstan
Population: 1,711,800 (2013)

c.1600 - 1757              Karakalpak state formed.
1757                       Annexed to Khanate of Khorazm.
12 Aug 1873                Annexed to Russia.
Jan 1918                   Bolshevik rule in Turtkul.
30 Apr 1918 - 27 Oct 1924  Part of Turkestan A.S.S.R.
14 Aug 1919 – 18 Feb 1920  Rebellion by Russian Cossacks and Kara-Kalpaks, a provisional
                             government established in Chimbay in opposition to Bolsheviks.
1920                       Amu Darya oblast of the Turkestan A.S.S.R.
27 Oct 1924                Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Oblast established, within Kazakh
                             A.S.S.R. (which is within the Russian S.F.S.R.)
16 Feb 1925                Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Oblast inaugurated.
20 Jul 1930                Transferred to Russian S.F.S.R.
20 Mar 1932                Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (within 
                             the Russian S.F.S.R.)
 5 Dec 1936                Transferred to Uzbek S.S.R.
14 Dec 1990                Kara-Kalpak declaration of state sovereignty (Karakalpak Soviet
                             Republic).
21 Dec 1991                Republic of Karakalpakstan
25 Dec 1991                Part of independent Uzbekistan.
 8 Dec 1992                Republic of Karakalpakstan (autonomous within Uzbekistan).

Executive Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
Oct 1924 - Apr 1925        Allayar Karazovich Dosnazarov      (b. 1896 - d. 1937)
                            
(of the Organizational Bureau of the Communist Party)
Apr 1925 - 1927            Abu Yerzhanovich Kudabayev         (b. 1899 – d. 1938) 

1927 - 1930                Pyotr Ivanovich Varlamov           (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
May 1930 - 20 Mar 1932     Timofey Ivanovich Churbanov        (b. 1895 - d. 19..)
First Secretaries of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party
20 Mar 1932 - Apr 1933     Timofey Ivanovich Churbanov        (s.a.)
Apr 1933 - Apr 1937        Islam Sadyk-ogly Aliyev            (b. 1897 - d. 1938)

1937 - Apr 1941            Kurbanbay Khalikeyev               (b. 1905 - d. 1976)
Apr 1941 - Oct 1946        Sabir Kamalov                      (b. 1910 - d. 1990)
Oct 1946 - 1949            Pirzhan Seitov (1st time)          (b. 1909 - d. 19..)
1949 - 1950                Tursun Kambarov                    (b. 1912 - d. 1986)
1950 - Jan 1952            Pirzhan Seitov (2nd time)          (s.a.)
Jan 1952 - 1956            Arzi Makhmudov                     (b. 1910 - d. 1970)
1956 - Mar 1963            Nasyr Makhmudov                    (b. 1913 - d. 1987)
Mar 1963 - 13 Aug 1984     Kallibek Kamalov                   (b. 1926)
13 Aug 1984 - 26 Jul 1989  Kakimbek Salykov                   (b. 1932)
26 Jul 1989 - 18 Jan 1991  Sagyndyk Dauletiyarovich           (b. 1948)
                             Niyetullayev
18 Jan 1991 - 14 Sep 1991  Dauletbay Nuratdinovich Shamshetov (b. 1948) 

Rulers
1600 - 1630                Sirdaq I
1630 - 1660                Sirdaq II
1660 - 1717                Khusru 
1717 - 1740                Ka'ip Khan I
1740 - 1747                Batir Ghani Beg
1747 - 1757                Ka'ip Khan II
Head of Amudarya provisional government
Aug 1919 – Feb 1920        Mikhail Filchev                                         Mil
Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee

Oct 1924 - Feb 1925        Abu Yerzhanovich Kudabayev         (s.a.)   
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee 

Feb 1925 - Apr 1925        Abu Yerzhanovich Kudabayev         (s.a.)          
Apr 1925 - Mar 1929        Kasym Avezov                       (b. 1897 - d. 1938) 
Mar 1929 - 1933            Koptleu Nurmukhamedovich           (b. 1903 - d. 1938)  1936: CPU
                             Nurmukhamedov          
1933 - 24 Jul 1938         Nurum Saparov                      (d. 1946)            CPU
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
24 Jul 1938 - 1941         Pirimbet Beknazarov                                     CPU
1941 - 1955                Mateke Dzhumanazarov (1st time)                         CPU
1955 - 1956                Nawruz Zhapakov                    (b. 1914 - d. 1975)  CPU
1956 - Nov 1960            Mateke Dzhumanazarov (2nd time)                         CPU
Nov 1960 - 1978            Davlet Yeshimbetov                 (b. 1913 - d. 19..)  CPU
1978 - Feb 1985            Kamal Rzayev                                            CPU
Feb 1985 - 1990            Tursun Allambergenovna Yeshimbetova                     CPU
Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet 
1990 - Jan 1991            Tursun Allambergenovna Yeshimbetova                     CPU
Jan 1991 - Nov 1991        Dauletbay Nuratdinovich Shamshetov (s.a.)               CPU
President
Nov 1991 - May 1992        Dauletbay Nuratdinovich Shamshetov (s.a.)
Chairmen of Parliament (Jokargi Kenes)
May 1992 - 17 Jul 1997     Ubbiniyaz Ashirbekov               (b. 1944)
17 Jul 1997 -  3 May 2002  Timur Kamalovich Kamalov           (b. 1938)
 3 May 2002 -              Musa Tajetdinovich Yerniyazov      (b. 1947)
                             (Musa Tazhetdinovich Erniyazov

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars 
May 1932 - 1935            Kasym Avezov                       (s.a.)             
1935 - 1938                Dzhumabay Kurbanov                 (b. 1906 - d. 1941)  1936: CPU
1938 - 1941                Khodzhabay Niyetullayev                                 CPU
1941 -  2 Apr 1946         Pirzhan Seitov                     (s.a.)               CPU
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers 
 2 Apr 1946 - 1952         Navruz Zhapakov (1st time)         (b. 1914 - d. 1975)  CPU
1952 - 15 Jul 1954         Dzholimbet Seitniyazov                                  CPU
15 Jul 1954 - 1956         Pirzhan Seitov                     (s.a.)               CPU
1956 - 31 Mar 1959         Navruz Zhapakov (2nd time)         (s.a.)               CPU
31 Mar 1959 - 16 Mar 1963  Kallibek Kamalov                   (s.a.)               CPU
16 Mar 1963 - 15 Jul 1981  Yerezhep Aytmuratov                (b. 1929)            CPU
15 Jul 1981 - Oct 1985     Marat Dzhumaniyazovich Yusupov                          CPU
Oct 1985 - Oct 1988        Damir Salikhovich Yadgarov         (b. 1937)            CPU
Oct 1988 - Jul 1989        Sagyndyk Dauletiyarovich           (s.a.)               CPU
                             Niyetullayev 
Prime ministers
Jul 1989 - Jan 1992        Amin Khamrayevich Tojiyev (1st time)                    CPU
                            
(Tadzhiyev)
Jan 1992 - 1995            Rejepbay Yuldashev

Feb 1995 - Dec 1995        Bakhrom Jumaniyazov
Dec 1995 - Oct 1998        Saparbay Avezmatov
Oct 1998 -  7 Oct 2002     Amin Khamrayevich Tojiyev (2nd time)
 7 Oct 2002 -  3 Mar 2006  Tursunbay Tleuboyevich 
                             Tangirbergenov 
 3 Mar 2006 -              Bakhadir Yangibayevich Yangibayev  (b. 1960) 
 
Party abbreviation: CPU = O'zbekiston Kommunistik Partiyasi (Communist Party of Uzbekistan, communist, 1924-1991)



Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
 
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1925]
                       22 Jul 1925 - 1927
 
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1927]
                          1927 - 9 May 1929 
 
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1929]
                     9 May 1929 - 28 Feb 1931 
 
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1931]
                        28 Feb 1931 - 1934
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1934]
                         1934 - 17 Jan 1935

[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1935]
                   17 Jan 1935 - 14 Feb 1937 

[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1937]
                       14 Feb 1937 - 1939
 
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1939]
                          1939 - 16 Jan 1941 
 
[Flag of Uzbek
                          SSR in 1941]
                    16 Jan 1941 - 29 Aug 1952
 
[Flag of Uzbek SSR
                          in 1952]
                  29 Aug 1952 - 30 Sep 1991
 


Capital: Tashkent
(Samarkand 1925-1930,
Bukhara 1924-1925)

Hear SSR Anthem
"State Anthem of
the Uzbek SSR"
(1947-10 Dec 1992)
Constitution
(1978)
Population: 16,658,000 (1989)

27 Oct 1924                Uzbek Socialist Soviet Republic proclaimed (part of Soviet Union).
 5 Dec 1924                Uzbek Socialist Soviet Republic inaugurated.

13 May 1925                Accession to the Soviet Union.
 5 Dec 1936               
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Soviet Republic

First secretaries of the Communist Party (CPU)
12 Feb 1925 - 1927         Vladimir Ivanovich Ivanov          (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
1927 - Apr 1929            Kuprian Osipovich Kirkizh          (b. 1886 - d. 1932)
Apr 1929 - 11 Jun 1929     Nikolay Fyodorovich Gikalo         (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
Jun 1929 - Dec 1929        Isaak Abramovich Zelensky          (b. 1890 - d. 1938)
Dec 1929 - 21 Sep 1937     Akmal Ikramovich Ikramov           (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
21 Sep 1937 - 27 Sep 1937  Pyotr Yakovlev (acting)
27 Sep 1937 -  7 Apr 1953  Usman Yusupovich Yusupov           (b. 1900 - d. 1966)
 7 Apr 1953 - 22 Dec 1955  Amin Irmatovich Niyazov            (b. 1903 - d. 1973)
22 Dec 1955 - 28 Dec 1957  Nuritdin Akramovich Mukhitdinov    (b. 1917 - d. 2008)
28 Dec 1957 - 15 Mar 1959  Sabyr Kamalovich Kamalov           (b. 1910 - d. 1990)
15 Mar 1959 - 31 Oct 1983  Sharof Rashidovich Rashidov        (b. 1917 - d. 1983)
 3 Nov 1983 - 12 Jan 1988  Inamdzhan Buzrukovich              (b. 1930)
                             Usmankhodzhayev 
12 Jan 1988 - 23 Jun 1989  Rafik Nishanovich Nishanov         (b. 1926)
23 Jun 1989 -  3 Nov 1991  Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov       (b. 1938)

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
31 Oct 1924 - 17 Feb 1925  Fayzulla Ubaydullayevich           (b. 1896 - d. 1938)  CPU
                             Khodzhayev (Khojaoghli) 
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
17 Feb 1925 - 19 Jul 1938  Yoldashbay Akhun Baba oglu Babayev (b. 1885 - d. 1943)  CPU
                             (Yoldosh Okhunbobooghli)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
19 Jul 1938 - 21 Jul 1938  Usman Yusupovich Yusupov           (s.a.)               CPU
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
21 Jul 1938 - 28 Feb 1943  Yoldashbay Akhun Baba oglu Babayev (s.a.)               CPU
22 Mar 1943 - 17 Mar 1947  Abduvali Muminov                                        CPU
17 Mar 1947 - 21 Aug 1950  Amin Irmatovich Niyatov            (s.a.)               CPU
21 Aug 1950 - 24 Mar 1959  Sharof Rashidovich Rashidov        (s.a.)               CPU
24 Mar 1959 - 25 Sep 1970  Yagdar Sadykovna Nasriddinova (f)  (b. 1920 - d. 2006)  CPU
25 Sep 1970 - 20 Dec 1978  Nazar Matkarimovich Matchanov      (b. 1923)            CPU
20 Dec 1978 - 21 Dec 1983  Inamdzhan Buzrukovich              (s.a.)               CPU
                             Usmankhodzhayev
21 Dec 1983 -  9 Dec 1986  Akil Umrzoqovich Salimov           (b. 1928)            CPU
 9 Dec 1986 -  9 Apr 1988  Rafik Nishanovich Nishanov         (s.a.)               CPU
 9 Apr 1988 -  6 Mar 1989  Pulat Kyrgyzbayevich Khabibullayev (b. 1936 - d. 2010)  CPU
 6 Mar 1989 - 24 Mar 1990  Mirzolim Ibragimovich Ibragimov    (b. 1928)            CPU

Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
17 Feb 1925 - 17 Jun 1937  Fayzulla Ubaydullayevich           (s.a.)               CPU
                             Khodzhayev
26 Jul 1937 -  1 Oct 1937  Abdullah Karim Karimov             (b. 1896 - d. 1940)  CPU
 2 Oct 1937 - Jul 1938     Sultan Segizbayevich Segizbayev    (b. 1899 - d. 1938)  CPU
23 Jul 1938 - 15 Mar 1946  Abdudzhabar Abdudzhabarovich       (b. 1907 - d. 1975)  CPU
                             Abdurrakhmanov
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
15 Mar 1946 - 21 Aug 1950  Abdudzhabar Abdudzhabarovich       (s.a.)               CPU
                             Abdurrakhmanov
21 Aug 1950 - 18 May 1951  Abdurrazak Mavlyanov                                    CPU
18 May 1951 -  7 Apr 1953  Nuritdin Akramovich Mukhitdinov    (s.a.)               CPU
                             (1st time) 
 7 Apr 1953 - 18 Dec 1954  Usman Yusupovich Yusupov           (s.a.)               CPU
18 Dec 1954 - 22 Dec 1955  Nuritdin Akramovich Mukhitdinov    (s.a.)               CPU
                             (2nd time)
22 Dec 1955 - 30 Dec 1957  Sabyr Kamalovich Kamalov           (s.a.)               CPU
30 Dec 1957 - 16 Mar 1959  Mansur Siyayevich Mirza-Akhmedov   (b. 1909 - d. 1971)  CPU
16 Mar 1959 - 27 Sep 1961  Arif Alimovich Alimov              (b. 1912)            CPU
27 Sep 1961 - 25 Feb 1971  Rahmankul Kurbanovich Kurbanov     (b. 1912 - d. 2012)  CPU
25 Feb 1971 -  3 Dec 1984  Narmakhonmadi Dzhurayevich         (b. 1928 - d. 2011)  CPU
                             Khudayberdyev
 3 Dec 1984 - 21 Oct 1989  Gayrat Khamidullayevich Kadyrov    (b. 1939)            CPU
21 Oct 1989 - 24 Mar 1990  Mirakhat Mipkhadziyevich           (b. 1941)            CPU
                             Mirkasimov 
24 Mar 1990 -  1 Nov 1990  Shakurulla Rakhmatovich Mirzaidov  (b. 1938 - d. 2012)  CPU

Party abbreviation: CPU = O'zbekiston Kommunistik Partiyasi (Communist Party of Uzbekistan, communist, 1924-1991)



Turkestan Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic
 
[Flag of
                          Turkestan, 1919-21]
                             1918 - 1920
 
[Flag of
                          Turkestan, 1921-24 (possible reconstruction)]
                        1920 - 27 Oct 1924
 
Turkestan ASSR 1922 Map
--------------------------------
Capital
: Tashkent

Basic Law
(15 Oct 1918;
24 Sep 1920)
Ethnic groups: Uzbek 41%,
 Kazakh 19%, Kyrgyz 11%,
Russian 9%, Tajik 8%,
 Turkmen 5%, Kara-Kalpak
 1%, Uyghur 1%, other 5%
 (1920 est.)

Population: 5,254,600
(1924)

13 Nov 1917                Bolshevik rule in Tashkent.
30 Apr 1918                Turkestan Soviet Republic (autonomous within Russian S.F.S.R.),
                             confirmed by Russian S.F.S.R. on 8 Mar 1920 (in the confirmation
                             the word "Autonomous" is added to the name).
24 Sep 1920                Turkestan Socialist Soviet Republic (autonomous within Russian
                             S.F.S.R.), confirmed by Russian S.F.S.R. on 11 Apr 1921
                            (in the confirmation the word "Autonomous" is added to the name).
30 Dec 1922                Turkestan A.S.S.R. part of Soviet Union (within Russian S.F.S.R.)
27 Oct 1924                Divided between the Turkmen and Uzbek Socialist Soviet
                             Republics (includes Tajik A.S.S.R.) and Russian S.F.S.R.
                            (includes Kara-Kyrgyz A.O. and Kara-Kalpak A.O.)

Chairmen of the Kray Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party
24 Jun 1918 - 23 Sep 1918  Ivan Osipovich Tobolin             (b. 1885 - d. 1941)
Sep 1918 - 31 May 1919     Andrey Fyodorovich Solkin          (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
May 1919 - Oct 1919        Karp Yeliseyevich Sorokin          (b. 1871 - d. 1940)
 7 Oct 1919 - 15 Nov 1919  Pyotr Alekseyevich Kobozev         (b. 1878 - d. 1941)
Nov 1919 – Jan 1920        Vacant?
25 Jan 1920 - 19 Jul 1920  Saydulla Tursunkhodzhayev          (b. 1891 - d. 1938)
19 Jul 1920 - 12 Sep 1920  Nazir Tyuryakulovich Tyuryakulov   (b. 1893 - d. 1937)
                            
(acting)
Executive Secretaries of the Kray Committee
the Central Committee
of the
Communist Party

Sep 1920 - May 1921        Isaak Grigoryevich Solts           (b. 1892 - d. 1940)
1921                       Viktor Markovich Pozner            (b. 1877 - d. 1957)
1921 - 1922                Akmal Ikramovich Ikramov           (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
1922 - Sep 1922            Nazir Tyuryakulovich Tyuryakulov   (s.a.)
Sep 1922 - May 1923        Moisey Solomonovich Epshtein       (b. 1890 - d. 1938)
May 1923 - Jul 1923        Aleksandr Moiseyevich Rozenblum    (b. 1887 - d. 1956)
Jul 1923 - 26 Feb 1924     Ferdinand Yuryevich Svetlov        (b. 1884 - d. 1943)
                             (Shenfeld)
26 Feb 1924 - Oct 1924     Iosif Mikhaylovich Vareykis        (b. 1894 - d. 1938)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee  
30 Apr 1918 -  2 Jun 1918  Pyotr Alekseyevich Kobozev         (b. 1878 - d. 1941)  RCP
                             (1st time)
 2 Jun 1918 -  5 Oct 1918  Ivan Osipovich Tobolin             (s.a.)               RCP
 5 Oct 1918 - 19 Jan 1919  Vsevold Dmitriyevich Votintsev     (b. 1892 - d. 1919)  RCP
21 Jan 1919 - Jul 1919     Aristarkh Andreyvich Kazakov       (b. 1878 - d. 1963)  RCP
                             (chairman of Revolutionary Committee to 31 Mar 1919)
Jul 1919 - Sep 1919        Pyotr Alekseyevich Kobozev         (s.a.)               RCP
                             (2nd time)                
Sep 1919 - Jan 1920        Ivan Andreyevich Apin              (b. 1877 - d. 1938)  RCP
Jan 1920 - Aug 1920        Turar Ryskulovich Ryskulov         (b. 1892 - d. 1938)  RCP
Aug 1920 - May 1921        Abdullo Rakhimbayevich Rakhimbayev (b. 1896 - d. 1938)  RCP
                             (1st time)
May 1921 - Jun 1922        Nazir Tyuryakulovich Tyuryakulov   (s.a.)               RCP
Jun 1922 - Oct 1922        Abdullo Rakhimbayevich Rakhimbayev (s.a.)               RCP
                             (2nd time)
Oct 1922 -  1 Jan 1924     Inagandzhan Khidyr-Aliyev          (b. 1891 - d. 1928)  RCP
 9 Jan 1924 - Nov 1924     Nedirbay Aytakov                   (b. 1894 - d. 1938)  RCP

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars ("Turksovnarkom")
15 Nov 1917 - Nov 1918     Fyodor Ivanovich Kolesov           (b. 1891 - d. 1940)  RCP
Nov 1918 - 19 Jan 1919     Vladislav Damyanovich Figelskiy    (b. 1889 - d. 1919)  RCP
21 Jan 1919 – 31 Mar 1919  Vacant
31 Mar 1919 - 12 Sep 1919  Karp Yeliseyevich Sorokin          (b. 1871 - d. 1940)  RCP
Sep 1919 –  1 Mar 1920     Artur Martynovich Kaktyn           (b. 1893 – d. 1937)  RCP
                             (chairman of People's Economy Council)
 1 Mar 1920 - May 1920     Yan Ernestovich Rudzutak           (b. 1887 - d. 1938)  RCP
May 1920 - Sep 1920        Isidor Yevstigneyevich Lyubimov    (b. 1882 - d. 1937)  RCP
19 Sep 1920 - Oct 1922     Kaygisyz Serdarovich Atabayev      (b. 1887 - d. 1938)  RCP
Oct 1922 - 12 Jan 1924     Turar Ryskulovich Ryskulov         (s.a.)               RCP
12 Jan 1924 - Nov 1924     Sha-Rustam Islamov                 (b. 1899 - d. 1938)  RCP

Party abbreviation: RCP = Rossiyskaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Bolshevikov)(Russian Communist Party [Bolsheviks], communist, from 1919 only legal party in Turkestan ASSR, 1918-1925)






© Ben Cahoon