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Barbados
 
[Flag of the United
                            Kingdom]
                                 to 1870
 
[ Barbados
                            Island,1870-1966]
                          1870 - 30 Nov 1966
 
[Barbados]
                Adopted 30 Nov 1966
 
Map of Barbados
Hear National Anthem
"In Plenty and In Time of Need"
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 30 Nov 1966
Constitution
(30 Nov 1966)
Capital: Bridgetown
(Jamestown 1627-1628;
Indian Bridge 1628-c.1660;
St. Michael's c.1660-19th cent.)
Currency: Barbadian Dollar
(BBD) 
National Holiday: 30 Nov (1966)
Independence Day
Population: 288,725 (2013) 
GDP: $7.00 billion (2013) 
Exports: $1.05 billion (2013)
Imports: $1.67 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: black 92.4%, white 2.7%, mixed 3.1%, East Indian
 1.3%, other 0.2%, unspecified 0.2% (2010)
Total Active Armed Forces: 1,040 (2010)
Merchant marine: 109 ships (2010)
Religions: Protestant 66.3% (includes Anglican 23.9%, other
 Pentecostal 19.5%, Adventist 5.9%, Methodist 4.2%, Wesleyan
 3.4%, Nazarene 3.2%, Church of God 2.4%, Baptist 1.8%, Moravian
 1.2%, other Protestant .8%), Roman Catholic 3.8%, other Christian
 5.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness 2.0%, other 3.4%), Rastafarian
 1%, other 1.5%, none 20.6%, unspecified 1.2% (2010)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACP, ACS, AOSIS, APM, BTWC, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, CTBT, CWC, ESCR, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IRENA (applicant), ISA, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, LAES, MIGA, NAM, NPT, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Barbados
Chronology

c.1511                      Appears on Spanish maps as Isla de los Barbados.
1536                        Discovery again claimed by a Portuguese explorer,
                              Pedro a Campos,
named Ilha Barbudos.
14 May 1625                 Claimed by England by Capt. John Powell (not
                              settled).
17 Feb 1627                 English colony (under proprietary rule 1625-52,
                              1660-63)
.
13 Jun 1663                 Crown colony
 1 Apr 1833 - 1885          Part of the Windward Islands (with the governors
                              of Barbados also governors of the Windward
                              Islands)(see also Grenada).
 3 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962   Part of the Federation of the West Indies 
                              (see Trinidad and Tobago).
30 Nov 1966                 Independence from Britain (Barbados).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Lords Proprietary
14 May 1625 - 1627         Sir William Courteen                 (b. 1572 - d. 1636)
                             (continues in opposition to 21 Dec 1629)
 2 Jul 1627 - 1628         James Hay, Earl of Carlisle          (b. c.1580 - d. 1636)
                             (1st time)
1628 - 1629                Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke     (b. 1524 - d. 1649)
1628 - 25 Apr 1636         James Hay, Earl of Carlisle          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)

25 Apr 1636 - 30 Oct 1660  
James Hay II, Earl of Carlisle       (b. c.1612 - d. 1660)  
                             (suspended
11 Jan 1652 - 1660)

Governors
17 Feb 1627 - 1628         Henry Powell
1628 - Jun 1628            William Deane
Jun 1628 - 26 Feb 1629     Charles Wolverston (Wolferston)
26 Feb 1629 - 29 Aug 1629  John Powell                          (d. 1629)
29 Aug 1629 - Sep 1629     Robert Wheatley (acting)
21 Dec 1629 - 16 Jul 1630  Sir William Tufton                   (b. c.1591 - d. 1632)
1630 - 1633                Henry Hawley (1st time)              (d. c.1667/69)
1633 - 1634                Richard Peers (1st time)(acting)
1634                       Henry Hawley (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1634 - 1636                Richard Peers (2nd time)(acting)
1636 - 1638                Henry Hawley (3rd time)              (s.a.)
1638 - 1639                William Hawley (acting)
1639 - Jun 1640            Henry Hawley (4th time)              (s.a.)
Jun 1640 - 18 Jun 1641     Sir Henry Hunks (Huncks)
18 Jun 1641 - May 1650     Philip Bell (actin to 1645)          (b. 1574 - d. af.1650) 
May 1650 - 1651            Francis, Baron Willoughby of Parham  (b. 1613 - d. 1666)
                             (1st time)(in dissidence to Jan 1652)
Oct 1651 - 1652            Sir George Ayscue                    (b. c.1616 - d. 1671)
1652 - Jul 1660            Daniel Searle (acting)
Jul 1660 - 1660            Thomas Modyford (acting)             (b. c.1620 - d. 1679)
1660 - Aug 1663            Humphrey Walrond (acting)            (b. c.1660 - d. c.1670)
Aug 1663 - 23 Jul 1666     Francis, Baron Willoughby of Parham  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1666 - 1667                Henry Willoughby                     (b. 1640 - d. 1669)
                           + Henry Hawley (5th time)            (s.a.)
                           + Samuel Barwick                     (b. c.1619 - d. 1673)
                           (joint governors)

Apr 1667 - 1668            William, Baron of Willoughby         (b. 1615 - d. 1673)
                             (1st time)
1668 - 1669                Christopher Codrington (1st time)
                             (acting)
1669 - 1670                William, Baron of Willoughby         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1670 - 1672                Christopher Codrington (2nd time)
                             (acting)
1672 - 1673                William, Baron of Willoughby         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
1673 - 1674                Sir Peter Colleton (acting)          (b. 1635 - d. 1694)
1674 - 1681                Sir Jonathan Atkins                  (b. c.1610 - d. 1703)
Mar 1681 - 1683            Sir Richard Dutton (1st time)        (b. 16.. - d. 1703)  
1683 - 1684                Sir John Witham (acting)             (d. 1689)
1684 - 1685                Sir Richard Dutton (2nd time)        (s.a.)  
1685 - 1690                Edwin Stede (acting)                 (b. 1639 - d. 1695)
1690 - 1694                James Kendall                        (b. 1647 - d. 1708)
1694 - 1696                Francis Russell                      (b. 16.. - d. 1696)
1696 - Dec 1697            Francis Bond (acting)
Dec 1697 - Dec 1701        Ralph Gray                           (b. c.1661 - d. 1706)
Dec 1701 - 1703            John Farmer (acting)
1703 - 1706                Sir Bevil Granville (Grenville)      (b. 1665 - d. 1706)
1706 - 1707                William Sharpe (1st time) (acting) 
1707 - 1710                Mitford Crow                         (b. 1669 - d. 1719)
1710 - 1711                George Lillington (acting)
1711 - Jan 1714            Robert Lowther (1st time)            (b. 1681 - d. 1745)
Jan 1714 - 1715            William Sharpe (2nd time) (acting)
1715 - 1720                Robert Lowther (2nd time)            (s.a.)
1720                       Samuel Cox (1st time)(acting)        (b. c.1654 - d. 1724)
1720 - 1721                John Frere (acting) 
1721 - 1722                Samuel Cox (2nd time)(acting)        (s.a.)
1722 - 1727                Henry Worsley                        (d. 1740)
1727 - 1731                Thomas Catesby Paget                 (b. 1689 - d. 1742)
1731 - 1732                Walter Chetwynd                      (d. 1732)
1732 -  1 Jan 1733         Samuel Barwick, Jr. (acting)         (b. c.1669 - d. 1733)
1733                       James Dotin (1st time)(acting)
1733 - 29 Mar 1735         Emanuel Scrope, Viscount Howe        (b. c.1699 - d. 1735)
1735 - 1738                James Dotin (2nd time)(acting)
1737 - 1738                Orlando Bridgeman                    (b. c.1679 - d. 1738?)
                             (did not take office)
1738                       Sir Humphrey Howarth
1738 - 1739                Thomas Gage, Viscount Gage           (b. c.1695 - d. 1754)
May 1739 - 1740            Robert Byng                          (b. 1703 - d. 1740)
1740 -  4 Sep 1740         Henry Peers                          (d. 1740)
1740 - 1742                James Dotin (3rd time)(acting)
1742 - 1747                Sir Thomas Robinson                  (b. c.1700 - d. 1777)
1747 - 1753                Henry Grenville (1st time)           (b. 1717 - d. 1784)
1753                       Ralph Weeks (acting)
1753 - 1756                Henry Grenville (2nd time)           (s.a.)
10 Aug 1756 - 27 May 1766  Charles Pinfold                      (b. 1709 - d. 1788)
27 May 1766 - 13 Feb 1768  Samuel Rous (1st time)(acting)       (d. 1784)
13 Feb 1768 -  3 Sep 1772  William Spry                         (b. 1734 - d. 1772)
Sep 1772 -  8 Jun 1773     Samuel Rous (2nd time)(acting)       (s.a.)
 
8 Jun 1773 - 1778         Edward Hay                           (b. 1722 - d. 1779)
1778 - 12 Jul 1780         John Dotin (1st time)(acting)
12 Jul 1780 - 1782         James Cunninghame (Cunningham)       (b. 1731 - d. 1788)
19 Jul 1782 -  7 Jan 783   John Dotin (2nd time)(acting)
 
7 Jan 1783 - 1789         David Parry (1st time)               (d. 1793)
11 Jul 1789 - 24 Jun 1790  Henry Frere (acting)
Jun 1790 - 1793            David Parry (2nd time)               (s.a.)
21 Jul 1793 - 26 May 1794  William Bishop (1st time)(acting)
26 May 1794 -  1 Jun 1799  George Poyntz Rickets                (b. 1749 - d. 1800)
1799 - 27 Mar 1800         William Bishop (2nd time)(acting)
27 Mar 1801 - 19 Nov 1803  Francis Humberstone Mackenzie        (b. 1754 - d. 1815)
                             (1st time) 
1803 - 1804                John Ince (acting)                   (b. 1769 - d. 1833)
20 Aug 1804 - 25 Jul 1806
  Francis Humberstone Mackenzie,       (s.a.)
                             (from 1804) Baron Seaforth
                             (2nd time) 

25 Jul 1806 - 30 Jul 1810  John Spooner (1st time)(acting)      (d. 1840)  
31 Jul 1810 - 23 Jun 1814  Sir George Beckwith                  (b. 1753 - d. 1823)
23 Jun 1814 - May 1815     John Spooner (2nd time)(acting)      (s.a.)  
10 May 1815 - 16 Oct 1816  Sir James Leith                      (b. 1763 - d. 1816)
21 Oct 1816 -  7 Apr 1817  John Spooner (3rd time)(acting)      (s.a.)   
Apr 1817 - Jun 1817        John Foster Alleyne (acting)         (b. 1762 - d. 1823)
Jun 1817 - 1820            Stapleton Cotton,                    (b. 1773 - d. 1865)
                             Viscount Combermere
12 Jun 1820 - 18 Apr 1821  John Braithwaite Skeete (1st time)   (b. 1775 - d. 1847)
                             (acting)
18 Apr 1821 - 26 Jul 1821  Samuel Hinds (acting)
26 Jul 1821 - 1825         Sir Henry Warde (1st time)           (b. 1766 - d. 1834)
26 May 1825 - 24 Aug 1826  John Braithwaite Skeete (2nd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
24 Aug 1826 - 1827        
Sir Henry Warde (2nd time)           (s.a.)
21 Jan 1827 - 1829
         John Braithwaite Skeete (3rd time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
10 Feb 1829 - 1833         Sir James Lyon                       (b. 1775 - d. 1842)
27 Apr 1833 - 1836         Sir Lionel Smith                     (b. 1778 - d. 1842)
20 Aug 1836 - 18 Oct 1836  John Beccles (acting)  
18 Oct 1836 - 14 Jun 1841  Evan John Murray MacGregor           (b. 1785 - d. 1841)
                             (from 19 Jul 1838, Sir Evan John Murray MacGregor)
Jun 1841                   John Braithwaite Skeete (4th time)   (s.a.)
                             (acting)
29 Jun 1841 - 22 Feb 1842  Charles Henry Darling (acting)       (b. 1780 - d. 1845)
22 Feb 1842 - 1846         Sir Charles Edward Grey              (b. 1785 - d. 1865)
1846                       J.R. Best (acting)
 9 Dec 1846 - 1848         William Reid                         (b. 1791 - d. 1858)
 
8 Sep 1848 - 1856         William Macbean George Colebrooke    (b. 1787 - d. 1870)
1856                       Grant E. Thomas (acting)
1856 -  4 Jan 1862         Francis Hincks                       (b. 1807 - d. 1885)
 4 Jan 1862 - 1868         James Walker                         (b. 1809 - d. 1885)
1868 - 1875                Rawson William Rawson                (b. 1812 - d. 1899)
1875                       Sanford Freeling (acting)            (b. 1828 - d. 1894)
1875 - 1876                Sir John Pope Hennessy               (b. 1834 - d. 1891)
20 Dec 1876 - 1880         George Cumine Strahan                (b. 1838 - d. 1889)
1880                       D.J. Gamble (acting)
1880 - 1885                William Robinson                     (b. 1836 - d. 1912)
1885 - 1889                Sir Charles Cameron Lees             (b. 1831 - d. 1898)
1889 - 1891                Sir Walter Joseph Sendall            (b. 1833 - d. 1904)
1891 - 1900                Sir James Shaw Hay                   (b. 1839 - d. 1924)
18 Feb 1900 - 1904         Sir Frederick Mitchell Hodgson       (b. 1851 - d. 1925)
24 Oct 1904 - 1911         Sir Gilbert Thomas Carter            (b. 1848 - d. 1927)
13 Feb 1911 - 1918         Sir Leslie Probyn                    (b. 1862 - d. 1938)
27 Sep 1918 - 1925         Charles Richard Mackey O'Brien       (b. 1859 - d. 1935)
                             (from 1 Jan 1920, Sir Charles Richard Mackey O'Brien)
31 Dec 1925 - Jan 1933     William Charles Fleming Robertson    (b. 1867 - d. 1938) 
                             (from 7 Jun 1927, Sir William Charles Fleming Robertson)
Jan 1933 - 12 Mar 1933     Harry Scott Newlands                 (b. 1884 - d. 1933)
1933                       George Douglas Owen (acting)         (b. 1887 - d. 1965)
 5 Aug 1933 - Mar 1938     Mark Aitchison Young                 (b. 1886 - d. 1974) 
                             (from 4 Jun 1934, Sir Mark Aitchison Young)
Mar 1938 -  6 Aug 1938     William Henry Flinn (acting)         (b. 1895 - d. 1973)
 6 Aug 1938 - 1941         Eubule John Waddington               (b. 1890 - d. 1957) 
                            
(from 8 Jun 1939, Sir Eubule John Waddington)
23 Oct 1941 - 1947         Sir Henry Grattan Bushe              (b. 1886 - d. 1961)
 5 Feb 1947 - 1949         Sir Hilary Rudolph Robert Blood      (b. 1893 - d. 1967)
 1 Nov 1949 - 1953         Alfred William Lungley Savage        (b. 1903 - d. 1980)
                             (from 1 Jan 1951, Sir Alfred William Lungley Savage)
14 May 1953 - 1959         Sir Robert Duncan Harris Arundell    (b. 1904 - d. 1989)
 8 Oct 1959 - 29 Nov 1966  Sir John Montague Stow               (b. 1911 - d. 1997)
Queen
30 Nov 1966 -              the Queen of the United Kingdom
Governors general (representing the British monarch as head of state)
30 Nov 1966 - 18 May 1967  Sir John Montague Stow               (s.a.)
18 May 1967 -  9 Aug 1976  Sir Arleigh Winston Scott            (b. 1900 - d. 1976)
 9 Aug 1976 - 17 Nov 1976  Sir William Randolph Douglas         (b. 1921 - d. 2003) 
                             (1st time) (acting)
17 Nov 1976 -  9 Jan 1984  Sir Deighton Harcourt Lisle Ward     (b. 1909 - d. 1984)
10 Jan 1984 - 24 Feb 1984  Sir William Randolph Douglas         (s.a.) 
                             (2nd time) (acting)
24 Feb 1984 -  6 Jun 1990  Sir Hugh Worrell Springer            (b. 1913 - d. 1994)
 6 Jun 1990 - 19 Dec 1995  Dame Ruth Nita Barrow (f)            (b. 1916 - d. 1995)
19 Dec 1995 -  1 Jun 1996  Sir Denys Ambrose Williams (acting)  (b. 1929)
 1 Jun 1996 -  2 Nov 2011  Sir Clifford Straughn Husbands       (b. 1926)
 2 Nov 2011 - 30 May 2012 
Elliot Fitzroy Belgrave (1st time)   (b. 1931)
                             (acting)
30 May 2012 -  1 Jun 2012  Sandra Prunella Mason (f)(acting)    (b. 1949)
 1 Jun 2012 -              Sir
Elliot Fitzroy Belgrave          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)


Premiers
 1 Feb 1954 - 17 Apr 1958  Grantley Herbert Adams               (b. 1898 - d. 1971)  BLP
                             (from 23 Jul 1957, Sir Grantley Herbert Adams)
17 Apr 1958 -  8 Dec 1962  Hugh Gordon Hylvestra Cummins        (b. 1891 - d. 1970)  BLP
 8 Dec 1962 - 18 Nov 1966  Errol Walton Barrow                  (b. 1920 - d. 1987)  DLP
Prime ministers
18 Nov 1966 -  8 Sep 1976  Errol Walton Barrow (1st time)       (s.a.)               DLP
 8 Sep 1976 - 11 Mar 1985  John Michael Geoffrey "Tom" Adams    (b. 1931 - d. 1985)  BLP
11 Mar 1985 - 29 May 1986  Harold Bernard St. John              (b. 1931 - d. 2004)  BLP
29 May 1986 -  1 Jun 1987  Errol Walton Barrow (2nd time)       (s.a.)               DLP
 1 Jun 1987 -  7 Sep 1994  Lloyd Erskine Sandiford              (b. 1937)            DLP
 7 Sep 1994 - 16 Jan 2008  Owen Seymour Arthur                  (b. 1949)            BLP
16 Jan 2008 - 23 Oct 2010  David Thompson                       (b. 1961 - d. 2010)  DLP
23 Oct 2010 -              Freundel Stuart                      (b. 1951)            DLP

 Full style:
(a) 30 Nov 1966 - 4 May 1967: "By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith";
(b) from 4 May 1967: "By the Grace of God, Queen of Barbados and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth."

Territorial Disputes: Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago abide by the Apr 2006 Permanent Court of Arbitration decision delimiting a maritime boundary and limiting catches of flying fish in Trinidad and Tobago's exclusive economic zone; joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

Party abbreviations: BLP = Barbados Labour Party (social-democratic, to 1944 named Barbados Progressive League, est.1938); DLP = Democratic Labour Party (social-democratic, split from BLP, est.1955)




Ben Cahoon