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Italian Regions

Autonomous Regions Friulia-Venizia Guilia - Sardegna (Sardinia) - Sicilia (Sicily) - Trentino-Alto Adige - Bolzano-Alto Adige - Trento - Valle d'Aosta - Regions Abruzzo - Basilicata - Calabria - Campania - Emilia-Romagna - Lazio - Liguria - Lombardia - Marche - Molise - Piemonte - Puglia - Toscana (Tuscany) - Umbria - Veneto -

Party abbreviations: FdV = Federazione dei Verdi (Federation of Greens, ecologist, est.1990); FI = Forza Italia (Forward Italy, center-right, liberal conservative, Silvio Berlusconi personalist, 1994-2009 named Movimento Politico Forza Italia, 2009 merged into PdL; restored 29 Nov 2013); FLI = Futuro e Libertà per l'Italia (Future and Freedom for Italy, center-right, split from PdL, est.2010); Ind = Indipendente (Independent); LN = Lega Nord (Northern League, northern regionalist, federalist with separatist leanings, est.1991); MpA = Movimento per le Autonomie (Movement for Autonomies, southern Italy regionalist, center-right, est.2005); NCD = Nuovo Centrodestra (New Center-right, center-right, conservative, split from PdL, est.Nov 2013); PATT = Partito Autonomista Trentino Tirolese/Autonomistische Trientiner Tiroler Partei (Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party, Trentino regionalist, christian-democratic, centrist, est.1988); PCS = Progetto Centrosinistra (Progressive Left Centre, social-democratic); PD = Partito Democratico (Democratic Party, center-left, social-democratic, est.2007); PRC = Partito della Rifondazione Comunista (Communist Refoundation Party, communist, split from PCI, est.1991); PRI = Partito Repubblicano Italiano (Italian Republican Party, liberal); PSd'Az = Partidu Sardu - Partito Sardo d'Azione (Sardinian Action Party, Sardinian separatist, social democratic, 1921-1929, from 1943); PSDI = Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano (Italian Social Democratic Party, social–democratic, est.1947); SEL = Sinistra Ecologia Libertà (Left Ecology Freedom, green, democratic socialist, est.2009); SVP = Südtiroler Volkspartei (South Tyrolean People's Party, christian-democratic, liberal, German minority, est.1945); UDC = Unione dei Democratici Cristiani e di Centro (Union of Christian Democrats and the Centre, christian-democratic, est.2002, 1995-2002 as Cristiani Democratici Uniti [United Christian Democrats]); UpT = Unione per il Trentino (Union for Trentino, christian-democratic, Trentino regionalist, centrist, est.2008); UV = Union Valdôtaine (Valdotanian Union, Valle d'Aosta regionalist centrist, est.1945); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: AI = Autonomisti Indipendenti (Independent Autonomists, Valle d'Aosta autonomist, 1991-1993); AN = Alleanza Nazionale (National Alliance, nationalist, post-fascist, right-wing populist, 1995-2009, merged into PdL); CCD = Centro Cristiano Democratico (Christian Democratic Centre, Christian democratic, split from PPI, 1994-2002, merged into UDC); CdL = Casa delle Libertà (House of Freedoms, center-right coalition, incl. FI, AN, LN, PRI, MpA, UDC, 2000-2008); CDL = Cristiani Democratici per la Libertà (Christian Democrats for Freedom, center-right, 1998-2001, merged into FI); CDU = Cristiani Democratici Uniti (United Christian Democrats, center-right, 1995-2002, merged into UDC); CM = Civica Margherita (Daisy Civic List, Christian-democratic, centrist, Trentino regionalist, 1998-2008); CS = Cristiano Sociali (Christian Social, christian socialist, 1993-1998, merged into PD); DC = Democrazia Cristiana (Christian Democracy, christian democratic, centrist, Dec 1943-Jan 1994, successor Partito Popolare Italiano); DL = Democrazia è Libertà - La Margherita (Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy, centrist, social liberal, 2002-2007); DP = Democratici Popolari (Popular Democrats, christian-leftist, split from DC in Valle d'Aosta, 1973-1984); DS = Democratici di Sinistra (Democrats of the Left, social-democratic, ex-PDS, former PCI, merged into PD, 1998-2007); DV = Deutscher Verband (German Association, South Tyrol ethnic German, 1919-1923); LU = L'Unione (The Union, center-left coalition, OT successor, incl. DS, PRC, UDEUR, PCI, FdV, and Rosa nel Pugno [Rose in the Fist], 2005-2008); MDP = Molise Democratico Popolare (Molise Democratic People); MIS = Movimento per l'Indipendenza della Sicilia (Movement for the Independence of Sicily, Sicily separatist, 1943-1946); OT = L'Ulivo (The Olive Tree, center-left coalition, incl. FdV, DS, PCI [to 1998], PPI [to 2002], PRI [to 2001], RI-Lista Dini, Unione Democratica, PDS [to 1998], 1994-2005, then LU); PCI = Partito Communista Italiano (Italian Communist Party, communist, banned 1926-1944, merged into DS, 1921-1991); PdA = Partito d'Azione (Action Party, center-left, liberal socialist, anti-monarchy, 1942-1947); PdL = Popolo della Libertà (People of Freedom, center-right, liberal conservative, merger of FI and Alleanza Nazionale, 29 Mar 2009-16 Nov 2013, renamed FI); PDS = Partito Democratico della Sinistra (Democratic Party of the Left, post-communist, socialist, 1991-1998, then DS); PLI = Partito Liberale Italiano (Italian Liberal Party, liberal conservative, center-right, merger of DS remnants and Sinistra Liberale, 1922-1994); PPI = Partito Popolare Italiano (Italian Popular Party, centrist, 1994-2002); PSI = Italiano Socialista Partito (Italian Socialist Party, socialist, marxist to 1994, 1892-1994); Rad = Partito Radicale Italiano (Radical Party, radical, anti-capitalist, left-wing, split from Sinistra, 1877-1922); SDI = Socialisti Democratici Italiani (Italian Democratic Socialists, social-democratic, 1998-2007); USCS = L'Unione Siciliana Cristiano Sociale (Social Christian Sicilian Union, christian-social, Sicily regionalist, 1958-1963)

Autonomous Regions

Friulia-Venezia Giulia
[Friuli-Venezia Giulia
                  Autonomous Region]
    5 Mar 1970 - 27 Nov 2001 Unofficial; 
              Adopted 27 Nov 2001
31 Jan 1963                Friuli-Venezia Giulia autonomous region.

Presidents
24 Jun 1964 - 30 Jul 1973  Alfredo Berzanti                   (b. 1920 - d. 2000)  DC
30 Jul 1973 - 23 Oct 1984  Antonio Comelli                    (b. 1920 - d. 1998)  DC
23 Oct 1984 - 31 Dec 1991  Adriano Sante Biasutti             (b. 1941 - d. 2010)  DC
 
1 Jan 1992 -  3 Aug 1993  Vinicio Turello                    (b. 1930)            DC
 3 Aug 1993 - 12 Jan 1994  Pietro Fontanini                   (b. 1952)            LN
12 Jan 1994 - 18 Jul 1994  Renzo Travanut                     (b. 1946)            PDS
18 Jul 1994 -  7 Nov 1995  Alessandra Guerra (f)              (b. 1963)            LN
 7 Nov 1995 -  7 Dec 1996  Sergio Cecotti                     (b. 1956)            LN
 7 Dec 1996 - 31 Jun 1998  Giancarlo Cruder                   (b. 1947)            PPI
31 Jul 1998 - 17 May 2001  Roberto Antonione                  (b. 1953)            FI
17 May 2001 - 15 Jun 2001  Paolo Ciani (acting)               (b. 1961)            AN
15 Jun 2001 - 16 Jun 2003  Renzo Tondo (1st time)             (b. 1956)            FI
16 Jun 2003 - 19 Apr 2008  Riccardo Illy                      (b. 1955)            Ind;2008 PD
19 Apr 2008 - 29 Apr 2013  Renzo Tondo (2nd time)             (s.a.)               FI;2009 PdL
29 Apr 2013 -              Debora Serracchiani (f)            (b. 1970)            PD



Sardegna (Sardinia)
[Sardinia
                            Regional flag 1952-1999]
      5 Jul 1952 - 15 Apr 1999 Unofficial
[Sardinia
                            Autonomous Region]
                Adopted 15 Apr 1999
Jun 1943 - 19 Sep 1943     German occupation.
26 Feb 1948                Sardegna autonomous region.

German Commander of troops in Sardinia
Jun 1943 - 19 Sep 1943     Carl-Hans Lungershausen            (b. 1896 - d. 1975) 
                            (commander of 90th Armored Infantry Division)
German Commander of troops in Corsica and Sardinia
 9 Sep 1943 - 19 Sep 1943  Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin   (b. 1891 - d. 1963)
Governors
 8 Sep 1943 - 20 Oct 1943  Antonio Basso                      (b. 1881 - d. 1958)  Mil 
20 Oct 1943 - 27 Jan 1944  Giovanni Magli                     (b. 1884 - d. 1969)  Mil
High Commissioner 
27 Jan 1944 - 31 May 1949  Pietro Pinna Parpaglia             (b. 1891 - d. 1966)  Non-party
Presidents
31 May 1949 - 21 Jan 1954  Luigi Crespellani                  (b. 1897 - d. 1967)  DC
21 Jan 1954 - 21 Jun 1955  Alfredo Corrias                    (b. 1895 - d. 1958)  DC
21 Jun 1955 - 13 Nov 1958  Giuseppe Brotzu                    (b. 1895 - d. 1976)  DC
13 Nov 1958 - 30 Mar 1966  Efisio Corrias                     (b. 1911 - d. 2007)  DC
30 Mar 1966 - 14 Feb 1967  Paolo Dettori                      (b. 1926 - d. 1975)  DC
14 Feb 1967 -  2 Feb 1970  Giovanni Del Rio (1st time)        (b. 1925)            DC
 2 Feb 1970 - 19 Nov 1970  Lucio Abis                         (b. 1926)            DC
19 Nov 1970 -  8 Mar 1972  Antonio Giagu De Martini           (b. 1925 - d. 2006)  DC
                             (1st time)
 8 Mar 1972 - 18 Mar 1972  Pietro Soddu (1st time)            (b. 1929)            DC
18 Mar 1972 -  7 Dec 1972  Salvator Angelo Spano              (b. 1925 - d. 2004)  DC
 7 Dec 1972 - 10 Dec 1973  Antonio Giagu De Martini           (s.a.)               DC
                             (2nd time)
10 Dec 1973 -  8 May 1976  Giovanni Del Rio (2nd time)        (s.a.)               DC
 8 May 1976 - 31 Jul 1979  Pietro Soddu (2nd time)            (s.a.)               DC
31 Jul 1979 - 28 Sep 1979  Mario Puddu (1st time)             (b. 1944)            DC
28 Sep 1979 -  7 Oct 1980  Alessandro Ghinami                 (b. 1923)            PSDI
 7 Oct 1980 - 12 Nov 1980  Pietro Soddu (3rd time)            (s.a.)               DC
12 Nov 1980 -  4 Dec 1980  Mario Puddu (2nd time)             (s.a.)               DC
 4 Dec 1980 - 18 May 1982  Francesco Rais                     (b. 1940)            PSI
18 May 1982 - 16 Jun 1982  Mario Melis (1st time)             (b. 1921 - d. 2003)  PSd'Az
16 Jun 1982 - 24 Aug 1984  Angelo Rojch                       (b. 1935)            DC
24 Aug 1984 -  8 Aug 1989  Mario Melis (2nd time)             (s.a.)               PSd'Az
 8 Aug 1989 - 13 Nov 1991  Mario Floris (1st time)            (b. 1937)            DC
13 Nov 1991 -  5 Aug 1994  Antonello Cabras                   (b. 1949)            PSI
 5 Aug 1994 -  9 Aug 1999  Federico Palomba                   (b. 1937)            CS
 9 Aug 1999 - 18 Oct 1999  Mauro Pili (1st time)              (b. 1968)            FI
18 Oct 1999 - 16 Nov 1999  Gian Mario Selis                   (b. 1944)            PPI
16 Nov 1999 - 25 Oct 2001  Mario Floris (2nd time)            (s.a.)               UDR
25 Oct 2001 - 28 Aug 2003  Mauro Pili (2nd time)              (s.a.)               FI
28 Aug 2003 - 26 Jun 2004  Italo Masala                       (b. 1937)            AN
26 Jun 2004 - 26 Dec 2008  Renato Soru                        (b. 1957)            DS;2007 PD
26 Dec 2008 - 27 Feb 2009  Carlo Mannoni (acting)             (b. 1946)            PD
27 Feb 2009 - 13 Mar 2014  Ugo Cappellacci                    (b. 1960)            PdL;2013 FI
13 Mar 2014 -              Francesco Pigliaru                 (b. 1954)            PD



Sicilia (Sicily)
[Sicily
                            Autonomous Region 1982]
     20 Jul 1982 - 28 Jul 1990 Unofficial
[Sicily
                            Autonomous Region flag]
                Adopted 28 Jul 1990
Apr 1943 - Oct 1945        Attempt by Sicilian nationalists to set up a
                             Sicilian government.
10 Jul 1943 - 17 Aug 1943  German occupation.
16 May 1946                Sicilia autonomous region.

President of the Movement for the Independence of Sicily 
Apr 1943 - Oct 1945        Andrea Finnocchiaro Aprile         (b. 1878 - d. 1964)  MIS
                             (in rebellion)
German Commander of troops in Sicily
10 Jul 1943 - 17 Aug 1943  Hans Valentin Hube                 (b. 1890 - d. 1944)  Mil
Allied Commander-in-Chief
10 Jul 1943 - 10 Sep 1943  Harold George Alexander            (b. 1891 - d. 1969)  Mil
High Commissioners
10 Sep 1943 - 16 Jul 1944  Francesco Musotto                  (b. 1881 - d. 1961)  PSI
17 Jul 1944 - 26 Mar 1946  Salvatore Aldisio                  (b. 1890 - d. 1964)  DC
26 Mar 1946 -  6 Aug 1946  Igino Coffari
(acting)             (b. 1874 - d. 1960)  Non-party
 6 Aug 1946 - 31 Oct 1946  Paolo d'Antoni (acting)            (b. 1895 - d. 1982)  DC
 1 Nov 1946 - 30 May 1947  Giovanni Selvaggi                  (b. 1889 - d. 1954)  PRI
Presidents
30 May 1947 - 12 Jan 1949  Giuseppe Alessi (1st time)         (b. 1905 - d. 2009)  DC
12 Jan 1949 - 27 Jul 1955  Franco Restivo                     (b. 1911 - d. 1976)  DC
27 Jul 1955 - 11 Sep 1956  Giuseppe Alessi (2nd time)         (s.a.)               DC
11 Sep 1956 - 31 Oct 1958  Giuseppe La Loggia                 (b. 1911 - d. 1994)  DC
31 Oct 1958 - 23 Feb 1960  Silvio Milazzo                     (b. 1903 - d. 1982)  USCS
23 Feb 1960 - 30 Jun 1961  Benedetto Majorana della Nicchiara (b. 1899 - d. 1982)  DC
30 Jun 1961 -  9 Sep 1961  Salvatore Corallo                  (b. 1928)            PSI
 9 Sep 1961 -  5 Aug 1964  Giuseppe D'Angelo                  (b. 1913 - d. 1991)  DC
 5 Aug 1964 - 11 Aug 1967  Francesco Coniglio                 (b. 1916)            DC
11 Aug 1967 - 30 Sep 1967  Vincenzo Giummarra (1st time)      (b. 1923 - d. 2010)  DC
30 Sep 1967 - 27 Feb 1969  Vincenzo Carollo                   (b. 1920 - d. 2013)  DC
27 Feb 1969 - 23 Dec 1972  Mario Fasino                       (b. 1920)            DC
23 Dec 1972 - 27 Mar 1974  Vincenzo Giummarra (2nd time)      (s.a.)               DC
27 Mar 1974 - 20 Mar 1978  Angelo Bonfiglio                   (b. 1928 - d. 2000)  DC
21 Mar 1978 -  6 Jan 1980  Piersanti Mattarella               (b. 1935 - d. 1980)  DC
 6 Jan 1980 -  2 May 1980  Gaetano Giuliano (acting)          (b. 1929)            PSI
 2 May 1980 - 23 Dec 1982  Mario D'Acquisto                   (b. 1931)            DC
23 Dec 1982 - 20 Oct 1983  Calogero Lo Giudice                (b. 1938)            DC
20 Oct 1983 - 22 Mar 1984  Santi Nicita                       (b. 1929 - d. 2014)  DC
22 Mar 1984 -  1 Feb 1985  Modesto Sardo                      (b. 1929)            DC
 1 Feb 1985 - 12 Aug 1991  Rosario Nicolosi                   (b. 1942 - d. 1998)  DC
12 Aug 1991 - 16 Jul 1992  Vincenzo Leanza (1st time)         (b. 1932 - d. 2004)  DC
16 Jul 1992 - 21 Dec 1993  Giuseppe Campione                  (b. 1935)            DC
21 Dec 1993 - 16 May 1995  Francesco Martino                  (b. 1937)            DC
16 May 1995 - 18 Jul 1996  Matteo Graziano                    (b. 1941 - d. 2013)  PPI
18 Jul 1996 - 29 Jan 1998  Giuseppe Provenzano                (b. 1946)            FI
29 Jan 1998 - 21 Nov 1998  Giuseppe Drago                     (b. 1955)            CCD
21 Nov 1998 - 26 Jul 2000  Angelo Capodicasa                  (b. 1949)            PDS
26 Jul 2000 - 11 Jul 2001  Vincenzo Leanza (2nd time)         (s.a.)               FI
11 Jul 2001 - 29 Jan 2008  Salvatore "Totò" Cuffaro           (b. 1958)            UDC
29 Jan 2008 - 28 Apr 2008  Lino Leanza (acting)               (b. 1957)            MpA
28 Apr 2008 -  9 Nov 2012  Raffaele Lombardo                  (b. 1950)            MpA
 9 Nov 2012 -              Rosario Crocetta                   (b. 1951)            PD



Trentino-Alto Adige


              Adopted 21 Mar 1983 

 4 Nov 1918                Southern parts of the Austrian crownland of Tirol occupied 
                             by Italy.
16 Nov 1918 - 29 Nov 1918  Immediately after Italian occupation, German opponents to the
                             new regime in Bozen establish a Provisional National Council 
                             under Julius Perathoner (b. 1849 - d. 1926) DV and proclaimed the
                             "Indivisible Republic South Tyrol" (
Unteilbare Republik Südtirol).
                            
On 29 Nov 1918 Italian forces dissolve the national council. 
10 Sep 1919                Formally ceded to Italy by Austria.
16 Jul 1920                Southern part of Tyrol province (about half) and a small 
                             part of Carinthia formally transferred to Italy by Austria
10 Oct 1920                Incorporated into Italy as Venezia Tridentina.
31 Oct 1922                South Tyrol fully incorporated into Italy (as Trento province, 
                             on 1927 Bolzano province is detached).
 9 Sep 1943 -  2 May 1945  German occupation (see Tirol under Austrian states).
16 Nov 1947                Venezia Tridentina region renamed Trentino-Alto Adige. 
26 Feb 1948                Trentino-Alto Adige autonomous region.
20 Jan 1972                Autonomy increased.

Italian Military governors
 4 Nov 1918 - 19 Nov 1918  Armando Vittorio Diaz,           (b. 1861 - d. 1928)  Mil
                             duca della Vittoria
19 Nov 1918 - 20 Jul 1919  Guglielmo Pecori-Giraldi         (b. 1856 - d. 1941)  Mil
Extraordinary Commissioner for Venezia Tridentina
20 Jul 1919 - 31 Jul 1919  Luigi Credaro                    (b. 1860 - d. 1939)  Rad
General Civil Commissioner
31 Jul 1919 - 31 Oct 1922  Luigi Credaro                    (s.a.)               Rad
Presidents
Jan 1949 - Dec 1960        Tullio Odorizzi                  (b. 1903 - d. 1991)  DC
Jan 1961 - Nov 1967        Luigi Dalvit                     (b. 1921 - d. 1981)  DC
Nov 1977 - Dec 1973        Giorgio Grigolli                 (b. 1927)            DC
Mar 1974 - May 1976        Bruno Kessler                    (b. 1924 - d. 1991)  DC
May 1976 - Jan 1977        Flavio Mengoni                   (b. 1929 - d. 2013)  DC 
Jan 1977 - Apr 1979        Spartaco Marziani                (b. 1924 - d. 2007)  DC
Apr 1979 - May 1984        Enrico Pancheri                  (b. 1920? - d. 2006) DC
May 1984 - Nov 1987        Pierluigi Angeli                 (b. 1938)            DC
Nov 1987 - Nov 1992        Gianni Bazzanella                (b. 1953)            DC
Nov 1992 - Nov 1993        Tarcisio Andreolli               (b. 1936)            DC
Nov 1993 - 12 Mar 1999     Tarcisio Grandi                  (b. 1951)            PPI
12 Mar 1999 - 15 Jan 2002  Margherita Cogo (f)              (b. 1951)            DS
15 Jan 2002 - 14 Mar 2002  Roland Atz (acting)              (b. 1946)            SVP
14 Mar 2002 - 18 Feb 2004  Carlo Andreotti                  (b. 1943)            PATT
18 Feb 2004 - 23 May 2006  Luis Durnwalder (1st time)       (b. 1941)            SVP
23 May 2006 - 17 Feb 2009  Lorenzo Dellai (1st time)        (b. 1959)            CM;2008 UpT
17 Feb 2009 - 15 Jun 2011  Luis Durnwalder (2nd time)       (s.a.)               SVP
15 Jun 2011 - 22 Jan 2013  Lorenzo Dellai (2nd time)        (s.a.)               UpT
22 Jan 2013 - 27 Feb 2014  Alberto Pacher                   (b. 1956)            PD
27 Feb 2014 -              Ugo Rossi                        (b. 1963)            PATT


Autonomous provinces of Trentino-Alto Adige

Bolzano-Alto Adige (Bozen-Südtirol; Bolzano-South Tyrol)

[Bolzano Province
                (Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy)[
           Adopted 21 Mar 1983

Presidents (Landeshauptleute)
20 Dec 1948 - 15 Dec 1955  Karl Erckert                       (b. 1894 - d. 1955)  SVP
 7 Jan 1956 - 31 Dec 1960  Alois Pupp                         (b. 1902 - d. 1979)  SVP
31 Dec 1960 - 17 Mar 1989  Silvius Magnago                    (b. 1914 - d. 2010)  SVP
17 Mar 1989 -  9 Jan 2014  Luis Durnwalder                    (b. 1941)            SVP
 9 Jan 2014 -              Arno Kompatscher                   (b. 1971)            SVP


Trento

[Trento Province (Trentino-Alto
                Adige, Italy)]
            Adopted 4 Jan 1988

Presidents
20 Dec 1948 - 19 Dec 1952  Giuseppe Balista                                      DC
20 Dec 1952 - 14 Dec 1956  Remo Albertini                   (b. 1920 - d. 2005)  DC
15 Dec 1956 - 30 Dec 1960  Riccardo Rosa                                         DC
31 Dec 1960 - 12 Mar 1974  Bruno Kessler                    (b. 1924 - d. 1991)  DC
13 Mar 1974 - 15 Mar 1979  Giorgio Grigolli                 (b. 1927)            DC 
16 Mar 1979 - 30 Oct 1985  Flavio Mengoni                   (b. 1929)            DC
31 Oct 1985 - 16 Feb 1989  Pierluigi Angeli                 (b. 1938)            DC
17 Feb 1989 -  4 Jun 1992  Mario Malossini                  (b. 1947)            DC
 5 Jun 1992 -  2 Mar 1993  Gianni Bazzanella                (b. 1953)            DC
 3 Mar 1993 - 23 Feb 1999  Carlo Andreotti                  (b. 1943)            PATT
24 Feb 1999 - 29 Dec 2011  Lorenzo Dellai                   (b. 1959)            CM;2008 UpT
29 Dec 2012 -  9 Nov 2013  Alberto Pacher                   (b. 1956)            PD
 9 Nov 2013 -              Ugo Rossi                        (b. 1963)            PATT



Valle d'Aosta (Val d'Aosta)  

[Valle d' Aosta
                          Autonomous Region]
       Mar 1947 - 16 Mar 2006 Unofficial,
               Adopted 16 Mar 2006 
[Valle d' Aosta
                          Autonomous Region 1987]
      13 Jul 1987 - 16 Mar 2006 Unofficial
            

 4 May 1945 - 28 Jun 1945  Occupied by France.
 7 Sep 1945                District of Valle d'Aosta (autonomy)(effective 1 Jan 1946).
26 Feb 1948                Valle d'Aosta autonomous region.

French Commander of the Army Detachment of the Alps
 4 Apr 1945 - 28 Jun 1945  Paul André Doyen                  (b. 1881 - d. 1974)  Mil 
Presidents
10 Jan 1946 - 24 Oct 1946  Federico Chabod                   (b. 1901 - d. 1960)  PdA
24 Oct 1946 -  9 Dec 1954  Severino Caveri (1st time)        (b. 1908 - d. 1977)  UV
 9 Dec 1954 - 17 Jun 1959  Vittorino Bondaz                  (b. 1905 - d. 1997)  DC
17 Jun 1959 - 25 Nov 1963  Oreste Marcoz                     (b. 1905 - d. 1972)  UV
25 Nov 1963 - 31 May 1966  Severino Caveri (2nd time)        (s.a.)               UV
31 May 1966 -  3 Sep 1969  Cesare Bionaz                     (b. 1912 - d. 1969)  DC
18 Sep 1969 - 15 May 1970  Mauro Bordon                      (b. 1914 - d. 1995)  DC
15 May 1970 - 20 Dec 1974  Cesare Dujany                     (b. 1920)            DP
20 Dec 1974 -  4 Jan 1984  Mario Andrione                    (b. 1932)            UV
 4 Jan 1984 - 25 Jun 1990  Augusto Rollandin (1st time)      (b. 1949)            UV
25 Jun 1990 - 10 Jun 1992  Gianni Bondaz                     (b. 1936)            DC
10 Jun 1992 - 30 Jun 1993  Ilario Lanivi                     (b. 1939)            AI
30 Jun 1993 - 18 Dec 2002  Dino Viérin                       (b. 1948)            UV
18 Dec 2002 -  9 Jul 2003  Roberto Louvin                    (b. 1960)            UV
 9 Jul 2003 -  4 Jul 2005  Carlo Perrin                      (b. 1946)            UV
 4 Jul 2005 -  1 Jul 2008  Luciano Caveri                    (b. 1958)            UV
 1 Jul 2008 -              Augusto Rollandin (2nd time)      (s.a.)               UV


Ordinary Regions

Abruzzo (Abruzzi)

[Abruzzo Region]
              Adopted 21 May 1999

Presidents
 3 Sep 1970 - 23 Mar 1972  Ugo Crescenzi (1st time)           (b. 1930)            DC
24 Mar 1972 - 16 Jul 1973  Giustino De Cecco (1st time)                            DC
17 Jul 1973 - 31 May 1974  Ugo Crescenzi (2nd time)           (s.a.)               DC
31 May 1974 -  8 Oct 1975  Giustino De Cecco (2nd time)                            DC
 9 Oct 1975 -  1 Mar 1977  Felice Spadaccini (1st time)       (b. 1921 - d. 2005)  DC
 2 Mar 1977 - 30 Nov 1981  Romeo Ricciuti                     (b. 1930)            DC
 1 Dec 1981 - 13 May 1983  Anna Nenna D'Antonio (f)           (b. 1927)            DC
13 May 1983 -  1 Oct 1985  Felice Spadaccini (2nd time)       (s.a.)               DC
 2 Oct 1985 - 31 Jul 1990  Emilio Mattucci                    (b. 1920 - d. 2000)  DC
 1 Aug 1990 - 30 Sep 1992  Rocco Salini                       (b. 1931)            DC
24 Oct 1992 -  7 Jun 1995  Vincenzo Del Colle                 (b. 1938)            DC;1994 PPI
 8 Jun 1995 -  9 May 2000  Antonio Falconio                   (b. 1938)            PPI
 9 May 2000 - 22 Apr 2005  Giovanni Pace                      (b. 1933)            AN
22 Apr 2005 - 17 Jul 2008  Ottaviano Del Turco                (b. 1944)            SDI:2007 PD
17 Jul 2008 -  3 Jan 2009  Enrico Paolini (acting)            (b. 1957)            PD
 3 Jan 2009 - 13 Jun 2014  Gianni Chiodi                      (b. 1961)            PdL;2013 FI
13 Jun 2014 -              Luciano D'Alfonso                  (b. 1965)            PD



Basilicata 

[Basilicata Region]
               Adopted 6 Apr 1999 

Presidents
13 Oct 1970 - 23 Mar 1982  Vincenzo Verrastro                 (b. 1919 - d. 2004)  DC
23 Mar 1982 - 19 Jun 1985  Carmelo Azzarà                     (b. 1935 - d. 1999)  DC
19 Jun 1985 - 10 Jul 1990  Gaetano Michetti                   (b. 1944 - d. 1999)  DC
10 Jul 1990 - 15 Jun 1995  Antonio Boccia                     (b. 1944)            PD
15 Jun 1995 - 16 Apr 2000  Angelo Raffaele Dinardo            (b. 1932)            PPI
16 Apr 2000 -  6 May 2005  Filippo Bubbico                    (b. 1954)            PDS
 6 May 2005 - 18 Nov 2013  Vito De Filippo                    (b. 1963)            DL;2007 PD
18 Nov 2013 -              Marcello Pittella                  (b. 1962)            PD



Calabria

[Calabria Region]
       Adopted 15 Jun 1992 Unofficial

Presidents
Oct 1970 -  2 Oct 1974     Antonio Guarasci                   (b. 1918 - d. 1974)  DC
Oct 1974 - Aug 1975        Aldo Ferrara (1st time)                                 DC
Aug 1975 - Oct 1976        Pasquale Perugini                  (b. 1926 - d. 1996)  DC
Oct 1976 - Dec 1980        Aldo Ferrara (2nd time)                                 DC
Dec 1980 - 1984            Bruno Dominijanni                  (b. 1922 - d. 2004)  PSI
1985 - Dec 1987            Francesco Principe                 (b. 1918 - d. 2008)  PSI
Dec 1987 - Nov 1991        Rosario Olivo                      (b. 1940)            PSI
Feb 1992 - Jun 1994        Guido Rhodio                       (b. 1935)            DC
Jun 1994 - Apr 1995        Donato Veraldi                     (b. 1941)            PPI
Jun 1995 - 1998            Giuseppe Nisticò                   (b. 1941)            FI
1998 - Feb 1999            Giovanbattista Caligiuri           (b. 1944)            FI
Feb 1999 - Apr 2000        Luigi Meduri                       (b. 1942)            PPI
Apr 2000 - 17 Apr 2005     Giuseppe Chiaravalloti             (b. 1934)            CCD
17 Apr 2005 - 20 Apr 2005  Raffaele Mirigliani (interim)      (b. 1937)            CdL
20 Apr 2005 - 14 Apr 2010  Agazio Loiero                      (b. 1940)            LU
14 Apr 2010 - 29 Apr 2014  Giuseppe Scopelliti                (b. 1966)            
PdL;2013 NCD
29 Apr 2014 -              Antonella Stasi (f) (interim)      (b. 1966)            NCD



Campania

[Campania Region]
         Adopted 21 Jul 1971 Unofficial

Presidents
30 Nov 1970 - 22 Oct 1971  Carlo Leone                                             DC
22 Oct 1971 - 21 Sep 1972  Nicola Mancino (1st time)          (b. 1931)            DC
21 Sep 1972 - 20 Jul 1973  Alberto Servidio                   (b. 1930)            DC
20 Jul 1973 - 11 Aug 1975  Vittorio Cascetta                                       DC
11 Aug 1975 - 12 Aug 1976  Nicola Mancino (2nd time)          (s.a.)               DC
12 Aug 1976 - 12 Sep 1979  Gaspare Russo                      (b. 1929)            DC 
12 Sep 1979 - 13 Aug 1980  Ciro Cirillo                       (b. 1921)            DC
13 Aug 1980 - 23 Mar 1983  Emilio De Feo                                           DC
23 Mar 1983 - 31 May 1989  Antonio Fantini                    (b. 1936)            DC
31 May 1989 - 14 Apr 1993  Ferdinando Clemente di San Luca    (b. 1925 - d. 2004)  DC
14 Apr 1993 - 14 Jun 1995  Giovanni Grasso                    (b. 1940 - d. 1999)  DC
14 Jun 1995 - 20 Jan 1999  Antonio Rastrelli                  (b. 1927)            AN
20 Jan 1999 - 11 May 2000  Andrea Losco                       (b. 1951)            OT
11 May 2000 - 19 Apr 2010  Antonio Bassolino                  (b. 1947)            DS;2007 PD
19 Apr 2010 -              Stefano Caldoro                    (b. 1960)
           PdL;2013 FI



Emilia-Romagna

[Emilia-Romagna Region]
         Adopted 15 Dec 1989 Unofficial

Presidents
Jul 1970 - May 1976        Guido Fanti                        (b. 1925 - d. 2012)  PCI
May 1976 - 22 Dec 1977     Sergio Cavina                      (b. 1929 - d. 1977)  PCI
Jan 1978 - Apr 1987        Lanfranco Turci                    (b. 1940)            PCI
1987 - 1990                Luciano Guerzoni                   (b. 1935)            PCI
1990 -  6 Jul 1993         Enrico Boselli                     (b. 1957)            PSI
 6 Jul 1993 - 1996         Pier Luigi Bersani                 (b. 1951)            PDS
1996 -  3 Mar 1999         Antonio La Forgia                  (b. 1944)            PDS
 3 Mar 1999 -              Vasco Errani                       (b. 1955)            DS;2007 PD



Lazio (Latium)

[Lazio Region]
         Adopted 8 Jan 1986 Unofficial

Presidents
29 Sep 1970 - 17 Jan 1972  Girolamo Mechelli                  (b. 1923 - d. 1986)  DC
18 Jan 1972 - 23 Oct 1973  Luigi Cipriani                     (b. 1940 - d. 1992)  DC
24 Oct 1973 - 22 Sep 1975  Rinaldo Santini                    (b. 1914 - d. 2013)  DC
23 Sep 1975 - 23 Mar 1976  Roberto Palleschi                  (b. 1925 - d. 2009)  PSI
24 Mar 1976 -  5 Aug 1977  Maurizio Ferrara                   (b. 1921 - d. 2000)  PCI
 6 Aug 1977 - 24 May 1983  Giulio Santarelli                  (b. 1935)            PSI
25 May 1983 - 18 Apr 1984  Bruno Landi (1st time)             (b. 1941)            PSI
19 Apr 1984 - 31 Jul 1985  Gabriele Panizzi                   (b. 1938)            PSI
27 Jul 1985 - 17 May 1987  Sebastiano Montali                 (b. 1937)            PSI
18 May 1985 - 26 Jul 1990  Bruno Landi (2nd time)             (s.a.)               PSI
27 Jul 1990 -  5 Aug 1992  Rodolfo Gigli                      (b. 1935)            DC
 5 Aug 1992 - 21 Feb 1994  Giorgio Pasetto                    (b. 1941)            DC
21 Feb 1994 - 18 Jan 1995  Carlo Proietti                     (b. 1943)            PSI
18 Jan 1995 - 16 Jun 1995  Arturo Osio                        (b. 1932)            FdV
21 Jun 1995 - 12 May 2000  Piero Badaloni                     (b. 1946)            OT
15 May 2000 -  2 May 2005  Francesco Storace                  (b. 1959)            AN
 2 May 2005 - 27 Oct 2009  Piero Marrazzo                     (b. 1958)            PD + LU
24 Oct 2009 - 16 Apr 2010  Esterino Montino                   (b. 1948)            PD
                             (acting [for Marrazzo to 27 Oct 2009])  
16 Apr 2010 - 12 Mar 2013  Renata Polverini (f)               (b. 1962)            PdL
12 Mar 2013 -              Nicola Zingaretti                  (b. 1965)            PD



Liguria

[Liguria Region]
                Adopted 7 Jul 1997 

Presidents
Jul 1970 - Apr 1975        Gianni Dagnino                                          DC
Apr 1975 - Jul 1975        Giorgio Verda                                           DC
Jul 1975 - Jun 1979        Angelo Carossino                   (b. 1929)            PCI
Jun 1979 - Oct 1980        Armando Magliotto                  (b. 1927 - d. 2005)  PCI
Oct 1980 - Sep 1981        Giovanni Persico                   (b. 1927)            PRI
Sep 1981 - May 1983        Alberto Teardo                     (b. 1937)            PSI
Aug 1983 - Mar 1990        Rinaldo Magnani                    (b. 1930 - d. 2006)  PSI
14 Mar 1990 - 27 Sep 1990  Renzo Muratore                     (b. 1939?)           PSI
28 Sep 1990 - 14 Jan 1992  Giacomo Gualco                     (b. 1936 - d. 2011)  DC
15 Jan 1992 - 20 Jul 1994  Edmondo Ferrero                    (b. 1924)            DC
21 Jul 1994 - Apr 2000     Giancarlo Mori                     (b. 1938)            PPI
Apr 2000 - 14 Apr 2005     Sandro Biasotti                    (b. 1948)            FI
14 Apr 2005 -              Claudio Burlando                   (b. 1954)            DS:2007 PD



Lombardia (Lombardy)

[Lombardia Region]
         Adopted 12 Jun 1975 Unofficial

Presidents
29 Jul 1970 - 27 Jun 1974  Piero Bassetti                     (b. 1928)             DC
27 Jun 1974 -  1 Oct 1979  Cesare Golfari                     (b. 1932)             DC
 1 Oct 1979 - 17 Jul 1987  Giuseppe Guzzetti                  (b. 1934)             DC
17 Jul 1987 - 31 Jan 1989  Bruno Tabacci                      (b. 1946)             DC
31 Jan 1989 - 12 Dec 1992  Giuseppe Giovenzana                (b. 1940)             DC
12 Dec 1992 -  3 Jun 1994  Fiorella Ghilardotti (f)           (b. 1946)             PDS
 3 Jun 1994 - 27 Jun 1995  Paolo Arrigoni                     (b. 1964)             LN
27 Jun 1995 - 18 Mar 2013  Roberto Formigoni                  (b. 1947)           CDU;1998 CDL;
                                                                               1999 FI;2009 PdL
18 Mar 2013 -              Roberto Maroni                     (b. 1955)             LN



Marche (The Marches)

[Marche Region]
        Adopted 15 Mar 1980 Unofficial

Presidents
 1 Aug 1970 - 19 Dec 1972  Giuseppe Serrini                   (b. 1917 - d. 1994)   DC
20 Dec 1972 - 10 Sep 1975  Dino Tiberi                        (b. 1923 - d. 2013)   DC
11 Sep 1975 -  7 Sep 1978  Adriano Ciaffi                     (b. 1936)             DC
 8 Sep 1978 - 22 Jul 1990  Emidio Massi                       (b. 1922)             PSI
23 Jul 1990 - 19 Jul 1993  Rodolfo Giampaoli                  (b. 1939)             DC
30 Jul 1993 -  3 Jul 1995  Gaetano Recchi                     (b. 1934)             PSI
 4 Jul 1995 - 18 Apr 2005  Vito D'Ambrosio                    (b. 1943)             PDS;1998 DS
18 Apr 2005 -              Gian Mario Spacca                  (b. 1953)             DL;2007 PD



Molise

[Molise Region]
        Adopted 21 Jun 1978 Unofficial

Presidents
 7 Aug 1970 - 24 Mar 1973  Carlo Vitale                                            DC
24 Mar 1973 - 16 Jul 1976  Giustino D'Uva (1st time)                               DC
16 Jul 1976 - 31 Mar 1982  Florindo D'Aimmo                   (b. 1928 - d. 2013)  DC
31 Mar 1982 -  3 May 1984  Giustino D'Uva (2nd time)                               DC
 3 May 1984 - 14 Oct 1985  Ulderico Adolfo Colagiovanni       (b. 1917 - d. 1996)  DC
14 Oct 1985 - 16 Jan 1988  Paolo Nuvoli                       (b. 1935)            DC
16 Jan 1988 - 27 Jul 1990  Ferdinando Di Laura Frattura       (b. 1932)            DC
27 Jul 1990 -  3 Aug 1992  Enrico Santoro                     (b. 1932)            DC
 3 Aug 1992 - 15 Mar 1994  Luigi Di Bartolomeo                (b. 1943)            DC
15 Mar 1994 -  7 Jun 1995  Giovanni Di Giandomenico           (b. 1941)            DC
 7 Jun 1995 -  9 Feb 1998  Marcello Veneziale (1st time)      (b. 1941)            MDP + OT
 9 Feb 1998 - 24 Feb 1999  Michele Iorio (1st time)           (b. 1948)            FI
24 Feb 1999 - 16 Apr 2000  Marcello Veneziale (2nd time)      (s.a.)               MDP + OT
16 Apr 2000 - 29 Nov 2001  Giovanni Di Stasi                  (b. 1950)            DS
29 Nov 2001 - 18 Mar 2013  Michele Iorio (2nd time)           (s.a.)               FI;2009 PdL
18 Mar 2013 -              Paolo Di Laura Frattura            (b. 1962)            PD



Piemonte (Piedmont)

[Piemonte Region]
             Adopted 24 Nov 1995 

Presidents
23 Jul 1970 - 11 Oct 1973  Edoardo Calleri Di Sala            (b. 1927 - d. 2002)  DC
21 Dec 1973 - 31 Jul 1973  Gianni Oberto Tarena               (b. 1902 - d. 1980)  DC
 1 Aug 1975 - 27 Jul 1980  Aldo Viglione (1st time)           (b. 1923 - d. 1988)  PSI
28 Jul 1980 -  9 May 1983  Ezio Enrietti                      (b. 1936)            PSI
15 Jul 1983 - 31 Jul 1985  Aldo Viglione (2nd time)           (s.a.)               PSI 
 1 Aug 1985 - 25 Jul 1990  Vittorio Beltrami                  (b. 1926 - d. 2012)  DC
25 Jul 1990 - 22 Feb 1994  Gian Paolo Brizio (1st time)       (b. 1929 - d. 2008)  DC
22 Feb 1994                Sergio Marchini                    (b. 1938)            PLI
22 Feb 1994 -  3 Mar 1995  Gian Paolo Brizio (2nd time)       (s.a.)               PPI
29 May 1995 - 27 Apr 2005  Enzo Ghigo                         (b. 1953)            FI
27 Apr 2005 -  9 Apr 2010  Mercedes Bresso (f)                (b. 1944)            DS;2007 PD
 9 Apr 2010 -  9 Jun 2014  Roberto Cota                       (b. 1968)            LN
 9 Jun 2014 -              Sergio Chiamparino                 (b. 1948)            PD



Puglia
 
[Puglia Region former flag,
                      1988-2001]              8 Sep 1988 - 10 Aug 2001
   

[Puglia Region,
                        2001-2011 (Italy)]            10 Aug 2001 - 10 May 2011

[Puglia Region
                        (Italy)]                Adopted 10 May 2011

Presidents
27 Jul 1970 -  4 Aug 1975  Gennaro Trisorio Liuzzi (1st time) (b. 1924 - d. 1992)  DC
 4 Aug 1975 - 23 Dec 1978  Nicola Rotolo                                           DC
23 Dec 1978 - 17 May 1983  Nicola Quarta                      (b. 1927)            DC
17 May 1983 - 23 Sep 1985  Angelo Monfredi (acting)                                DC
23 Sep 1983 -  1 Oct 1985  Gennaro Trisorio Liuzzi (2nd time) (s.a.)               DC
 1 Oct 1985 - 31 Aug 1988  Salvatore Fitto                    (b. 1941 - d. 1988)  DC
31 Aug 1988 - 23 Nov 1988  Franco Borgia (acting)             (b. 1943)            PSI
23 Nov 1988 -  8 Oct 1990  Giuseppe Colasanto                 (b. 1918 - d. 1991)  DC
 8 Oct 1990 - 23 Oct 1992  Michele Bellomo                                         DC
23 Oct 1992 -  4 Dec 1992  Cosimo Convertino                  (b. 1952)            PSI
 4 Dec 1992 -  3 Sep 1993  Giovanni Copertino                 (b. 1943)            DC
 3 Sep 1993 -  1 Mar 1994  Vito Savino                        (b. 1942)            DC
 1 Mar 1994 - 27 Jun 1995  Giuseppe Martellotta               (b. 1947)            DC
27 Jun 1995 - 16 Apr 2000  Salvatore Distaso                  (b. 1937 - d. 2008)  PRI
16 Apr 2000 - 29 Apr 2005  Raffaele Fitto                     (b. 1969)            CDL;2001 FI
29 Apr 2005 -              Nichi Vendola                      (b. 1958)            PRC;2010 SEL



Toscana (Tuscany)

[Toscana Region]
                Adopted 20 May 1975

Presidents
28 Jul 1970 - 26 Sep 1978  Lelio Lagorio                      (b. 1925)            PSI
26 Sep 1978 - 31 May 1983  Mario Leone                        (b. 1922 - d. 2013)  PSI
31 May 1983 - 10 Jul 1990  Gianfranco Bartolini               (b. 1927 - d. 1992)  PCI
10 Jul 1990 - 11 Jan 1992  Marco Marcucci                     (b. 1949)            PCI;1991 PDS
11 Jan 1992 - 18 May 2000  Vannino Chiti                      (b. 1947)            PDS;1998 DS
18 May 2000 - 16 Apr 2010  Claudio Martini                    (b. 1951)            DS;2007 PD
16 Apr 2010 -              Enrico Rossi                       (b. 1958)            PD



Umbria
 
[Umbria
                      Region 2003-2004]  
           26 Nov 2003 - 18 May 2004,
              Unofficial 1995 - 2003

[Umbria Region]
              Adopted 18 May 2004

Presidents
Jul 1970 - May 1976        Pietro Conti                       (b. 1928 - d. 1988)  PCI
May 1976 - May 1987        Germano Marri                      (b. 1932)            PCI
May 1987 - Jun 1992        Francesco Mandarini                                     PCI
Jun 1992 - 1993            Francesco Ghirelli                 (b. 1948)            PDS
1993 - 1995                Claudio Carnieri                   (b. 1944)            PDS
Jun 1995 - Apr 2000        Bruno Bracalente                   (b. 1949)            PDS
16 Apr 2000 - 19 Apr 2010  Maria Rita Lorenzetti (f)          (b. 1953)            DS;2007 PD
19 Apr 2010 -              Catiuscia Marini (f)               (b. 1967)            PD



Veneto (Venetia)

[Veneto Region
                        1975-1999]
           20 May 1975 - 22 Feb 1999

[Veneto Region]
              Adopted 22 Feb 1999

Presidents
 1 Aug 1970 - 21 Apr 1972  Angelo Tomelleri (1st time)        (b. 1924 - d. 1985)  DC
21 Apr 1972 - 25 May 1972  Luigi Tartari (1st time)           (b. 1925)            DC
26 May 1972 - 15 Feb 1973  Piero Feltrin                      (b. 1927 - d. 1982)  DC
16 Feb 1973 - 12 Mar 1973  Luigi Tartari (2nd time)           (s.a.)               DC
13 Mar 1973 -  3 Aug 1980  Angelo Tomelleri (2nd time)        (s.a.)               DC
 4 Aug 1980 - 22 Jul 1989  Carlo Bernini                      (b. 1936 - d. 2010)  DC
24 Jul 1989 -  8 Aug 1989  Umberto Carraro                    (b. 1925)            PSI
 9 Aug 1989 -  3 Jul 1992  Gianfranco Cremonese               (b. 1940)            DC
 4 Jul 1992 -  9 Nov 1992  Amalia Sartori (f)                 (b. 1947)            DC
11 Nov 1992 - 24 Feb 1993  Franco Frigo                       (b. 1953)            DC
25 Feb 1993 - 10 May 1993  Renzo Burro                        (b. 1939)            PSI
11 May 1993 - 10 May 1994  Giuseppe Pupillo                   (b. 1940)            PDS
11 May 1994 - 26 May 1994  Floriano Prà                       (b. 1934)            DC
27 May 1994 - 25 Jun 1995  Aldo Bottin                        (b. 1961)            PPI
26 Jun 1995 - 13 Apr 2010  Giancarlo Galan                    (b. 1956)            FI;2009 PdL
13 Apr 2010 -              Luca Zaia                          (b. 1968)           
LN







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