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Mali Traditional states


Note: This account contains: (A) the Fulbe (Peul) state of Masina; (B) the Bamana states of Segu and Ka`arta; (C) the Sise Jihad state founded by Shaykhu Ahmadu, encompassing Masina and surrounding territories, and styled Dina; (D) the Tijaniyya Jihad state founded by `Umar ibn Sa`id, encompassing parts of Segu and Ka`arta and all of Masina; (E) the Malinke states of
Kenedugu and Wassulu, the latter expanding to form the "Samori Empire."; (F) the pashalik of Timbuktu.

Masina

1400                       Masina state founded.
1824                       Incorporated into Dina, the Sise Jihad state.
16 May 1862                Incorporated into the Tijaniyya Jihad state.
 4 May 1893                Masina state re-established.
26 Dec 1902                Masina state extinguished by French colonial government.

Rulers (title Ardo)
1696 - 1706                Gueladio
1706 - 1761                Guidado
1761 - 1780                Hammadi V
1780 - 1801                Ya Gallo
1801 - 1818                Ahmadi Dikko Gurori II
1818 - 1824                Nguru
 4 May 1893 - 26 Dec 1902  Muhammadu `Ajibu ibn `Umar



Segu

1652                       Kulubali (Biton-si-u) dynasty founded.
1712                       Segu state established by Kulubali dynasty.
1748 - 1750                Period of anarchy.
10 Mar 1861                Partially incorporated into Tijaniyya Jihad state.
11 Apr 1890                Segu state fully re-established.
1893                       Segu state extinguished by French colonial government.

Rulers (title Fama)
1712 - 1736                De-Koro
1736 - 1740                Tonmassa Dembele "Tonmansa"
1740 - 1744                Kanouba-Nyouma Bari
1744 - 1748                Kafadyougou
1748 - 1750                ....
1750 - 1787                Ngolo Dyara
1787 - 1808                Manson Makoto
                            (to 1792 in Segu Sikoro only)
1808 - 1827                Da "Tonkomo"
1827 - 1839                Tyefolo
1839                       Nyenemba I
1839 - 1843                Vacant
1843 - 1849                Ben Keryengole
1849 - 1851                Kuma "Naluma"
1851 - 1854                Masala Demba
1854 - 1856                Turukoro Mari
1856 - 10 Mar 1861         Bina Ali
13 Apr 1861 - 1870         Kege Mari
1870 - 1878                Nyenemba II
1878                       Mamuru
1878 - 1883                Masaloma
1883 - 1887                Karamoko
1887 - 29 May 1890         Mari
1890 - 1893                Bodyan



Ka`arta

c.1630                     Kulubali (Masa-si) dynasty founded.
1754                       Ka`arta state established by Kulubali dynasty.
1861                       Partially incorporated into Tijaniyya Jihad state.
1888                       Ka`arta state fully re-established.
189.                       Ka`arta state extinguished by French colonial government.

Rulers (title Fama)
1690 - 1700                Sekolo "Bemfa"
1700 - 1709                Fulakoro
1709 - 1760                Sebe
1760 - 1780                Denibabo
1780 - 1799                Sirabo
1799 - 1808                Musakura "Fulafo"
1808 - 1811                Ntinkoro
1811 - 1815                Sakhaba
1815 - 1832                Bodyan Moriba
1832 - 1843                Nyaralen Garan
1843 - 1854                Mamadi "Kandyan"
1854 - 1867                Diringa Mori
1867 - 18..                Bussei
18.. - 18..                Dama
18.. - 18..                Allahi
18.. - 18..                Moriba
18.. - 18..                Gossi



Dina (the Sise Jihad state)

1818                       Shaykhu Ahmadu founds the Sise Jihad state.
16 May 1862                Conquered by the Tijaniyya Jihad state.

Imams (also styled Amir al-Mu´minin)
1818 - 19 Mar 1845         Shaykhu Ahmadu ibn Muhammadu Lobbo (b. 1773 - d. 1845)
                             Sise al-Masini
19 Mar 1845 - 27 Feb 1853  Ahmadu Shaykhu ibn Ahmadu
1853 - 16 May 1862         Ahmadu ibn Ahmadu                  (d. 1862)



The Tijaniyya Jihad state

10 Mar 1861                `Umar ibn Sa`id founds the Tijaniyya Jihad state in Segu
                             (sometimes referred to as "
Tukulor [French: Toucouleur] empire").
1862                       Masina incorporated into Tijaniyya Jihad state.
1864                       Rulership split between Segu and Masina.
1888                       Segu lost to Tijaniyya Jihad state.
29 Apr 1893                Tijaniyya Jihad state extinguished.

Imams (also styled Amir al-Muslimin)
10 Mar 1861 - 12 Feb 1864  `Umar ibn Sa`id                    (b. c.1797 - d. 1864)
- in Segu -
1864 - 1888                Ahmad ibn `Umar                    (b. 1840? - d. 1898)
                           (styled Amir al-Mu`minin from 1869)
- in Masina -
Rulers (title Amir al-Mu´minin)
1864 - 1887                Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Tijani
1887 - 1888                Sa`id ibn `Umar al-Tafsir
1888 - 1891                Muniru ibn `Umar
1891 - 29 Apr 1893         Ahmad ibn `Umar 



Kenedugu

bf.1650                    Kenedugu state founded by Nanka Traore.
 2 May 1898                Kenedugu state extinguished by French colonial government.

Rulers (title Fama)
bf.c.1750                  .... [unknown]
c.1750                     Daula Ba Traore
c.1800                     Tapri
c.1820                     Musa Toroma
1825 - 1835                Famorhoba
1835 - 1845                Nyanamagha
1845                       Tyemonkonko
1845 - 1860                Daula Ba
1860 - 1862                Dauda
1862 - 1877                Molokunansa
1877 - 28 Jan 1893         Tyeba                              (d. 1893)
28 Jan 1893 -  1 May 1898  Babemba                            (d. 1898)



Wassulu (from 1880, Samori Empire)

[Flag of Wassulu/Samori]

c.1880 - 29 Sep 1898       Samori Ture rules over a very large area, referred to
                             by historians as the "Samori Empire" or sometimes
                             the "Mandinka Empire."
29 Sep 1898                Samori's Empire extinguished by French colonial government.

Rulers (title Fama)
.... - ....                Mahmadu
.... - 1870                Dyanabufarina Modi
1870 - 1884                Samori ibn Lafiya Ture          (b. c.1830 - d. 1900)
                             (Samory Touré) 
Rulers (title Almaami = Amir al-Mu´minin)
1884 - 29 Sep 1898         Samori ibn Lafiya Ture          (s.a.)



Timbuktu

c.1340 - 1433              Part of Mali.
1433 - 1468                Tuareg rule.
1468 - 1589                Part of Songhay.
1589 - 1670                Pashalik of Timbuktu, under suzerainty of Morocco.
1670 - 1787                Under suzerainty of Segu.
1787                       State extinguished.
1787 - 1813
                Tuareg rule.
1813 - 1814                Part of Masina.
1814 - 1826                Tuareg rule.
1826 - 1844                Part of Masina.
1844 - af.1854             Part of Sise Jihad state.
af.1854 - 1862             Tuareg rule.
1862 - 29 Spr 1893         Part of Tijaniyya Jihad state.

Pashas of Timbuktu
1589 - 1590/91             Judar
1590/91 - 1594/95          Mahmud
1594/95 - 1597/98          al-Mansur
1497/98 - 1598/99          Mahmud Taba`
1598/99 - 1599/1600        `Ammar al-Fita
1599/1600 - 1603/04        Sulaiman
1603/04 - 1611/12          Mahmud Longo
1611/12 - 1617             `Ali
1617                       Ahmad al-`Ilji
1617 - 1618                Haddu al-Ajnasi
1618 - 1621/22             Muhammad al-Massi
1621/22 - 1626/27          Yusuf al-Qasri
1626/27 - 1627/28          Ibrahim al-Jarrari
1627/28 - 1631/32          `Ali al-Qadir
1631/32                    `Ali al-Massi
1631/32 - 1633/34          Sa`ud `Ajrud al-Sharqi
1633/34 - 1634/35          `Abd al-Rahman
1634/35 - 1636/37          Sa`id al-Mahmudi
1636/37 - 1642/43          Mas`ud al-Za`ari
1642/43 - 1646/47          Muhammad
1646/47 - 1647/48          Ahmad al-Tilimsani
1647/48 - 1648             Hamid al-Haiyuni
1648 - 1650/51             Yahya al-Gharnati
1650/51 - 1653/54          Hammadi al-Ajnasi
1653/54 - 1654/55          Muhammad ibn Musa
1654/55 - 1556/57          Muhammad al-Shiadami
1656/57 - 1660             Muhammad al-Shatuki Qa`id Buya
                             (1st time)
1660 (1 day)               `Allal al-Harusi
1660 - 1660/61             al-Haj al-Mukhtar
1660/61                    Hammu al-`Ilji
1660/61 - 1661/62          `Ali al-Faraji
1661/62 - 1662/63          `Ali al-Tazarkini
1662/63 - 1665/66          `Ammar `Ajrud al-Sharqi
1665/66 - 1666/67          Muhammad al-Shatuki Qa`id Buya
                             (2nd time)
1666/67                    Nasr al-`Amashi al-Dar`i
1666/67 - 1667/68          `Abd al-Rahman al-Andalusi
1667/68 - 1670             Nasr al-Tilimsani
1670 - 1671/72             Muhammad al-Kuihil al-Sharqi
1671/72 - 1672/73          Muhammad al-Mubarak al-Dar`i
                             (1st time)
1672/73 - 1675/76          `Ali al-Dar`i I
1675/76 - 1678/79          Sa`id al-Fasi
1678/79 - 1679/80          `Abdallah al-Dar`i
1679/80 - 1680/81          Dhu`l-Nun al-Mukhtar al-Sharqi
                             (1st time)
1680/81                    Muhammad al-`Ilji (1st time)
1680/81 - 1681/82          Yahya al-Mubarak al-Dar`i
1681/82 - 1682             Dhu`l-Nun al-Mukhtar al-Sharqi
                             (2nd time)
1682                       Muhammad al-Mubarak al-Dar`i
                             (2nd time)
1682                       Ba-Haddu Salim al-Hassani
1682 (3 days)              al-Fa` Benkano al-Sharqi
                             al-Mudasani

1682 - 1683/84             Zenka `Abd al-Rahman al-Fasi
1683/84                    Muhammad al-`Ilji (2nd time)
1683/84 - 1684/85          `Ali al-`Amri
1684/85 - 1685/86          al-Mubarak al-Za`ari (1st time)
1685/86 - 1685/86          Sa`ud Bokarna (1st time)
1685/86 - 1686/87          al-Hassan al-Munabbih
1686/87 - 1687/88          `Abdallah al-Qa`id Hassan al-Dar`i
1687/88                    al-`Abbas al-`Amri
1687/88 - 1688/89          al-Mansur al-Za`ari Sanibar
                             (1st time)
1688/89 - 1689/90          Ahmad al-Tazarkini
1689/90 - 1690/91          Sa`ud Bokarna (2nd time)
1690/91                    Sanibar Buya (1st time)
1690/91 - 1692/93          Ibrahim al-Dar`i (1st time)
1692/93                    Baba Sayyid Hammadi al-Sharqi
1692/93 - 1693/94          al-Mubarak al-Za`ari (2nd time)
1693/94                    Ibrahim al-Dar`i (2nd time)
1693/94                    Dhu`l-Nun al-Mukhtar al-Sharqi
                             (3rd time)
1693/94 - 1694/95          Ahmad al-Khalifa al-Tilimsani
1694/95 - 1695/96          Sanibar Buya (2nd time)
1695/96                    `Abdallah al-A`mashi al-Dar`i
1695/96 - 1696/97          Hammadi al-Tazarkini (1st time)
1696/97                    al-Mubarak al-Dar`i
1696/97 (1 day)            Muhammad al-Sharqi al-Sana`uni
                             (1st time)
1696/97 - 1697/98          `Ali al-Dar`i II
1697/98                    Yahya al-Fishtani (1st time)
1697/98                    `Abdallah al-Tilimsani (1st time)
1697/98 - 1699/1700        al-Mansur al-Za`ari Sanibar
                             (2nd time)
1699/1700 - 1700/01        Hammadi al-Tazarkini (2nd time)
1700/01                    `Abdallah al-Tilimsani (2nd time)
1700/01 - 1701/02          Yusuf al-Dar`i
1701/02 - 1702/03          Muhammad al-Fasi
1702/03                    Ahmad al-Sharqi
1702/03                    `Ali al-Dar`i III
1702/03 - 1703/04          Santa`a al-Fasi
1703/04                    Mami al-Tazarkini (1st time)
1703/04                    Muhammad ibn Sa`id
1703/04 - 1704/05          Muhammad al-Sharqi al-Sana`uni
                             (2nd time)
1704/05                    Yahya Fishtani (2nd time)
1704/05                    `Abdallah al-Tilimsani (3rd time)
1704/05                    Sa`id al-Khabbazi
1704/05 - 1706/07          Mami al-Tazarkini (2nd time)
1706/07                    al-Mubarak al-Gharnati
1706/07 - 1707/08          Nasr al-A`mashi al-Dar`i
1707/08                    `Abdallah al-Tilimsani (3rd time)
1707/08 - 1708/09          `Ali al-Munabbih (1st time)
1708/09                    Muhammad al-Tazarkani I
1708/09 - 1709/10          Hammadi Zenko
1709/10                    Yahya Fishtani (3rd time)
1709/10 - 1710/11          Yahya al-Dar`i (1st time)
1710/11 - 1711/12          Ba-Bakribn Muhammad Sayyidi
1711/12                    Yusuf al-Dar`i (2nd time)
1711/12 - 1712/13          `Abd al-Qadir al-Tazarkani
1712/13                    `Abdallah al-Tilimsani (4th time)
1712/13                    `Ali al-Dar`i IV
1712/13 - 1713/14          al-Mansur al-Za`ari Sanibar
                             (3rd time)
1713/14                    Mami al-Tazarkini (3rd time)
1713/14                    `Ali al-Munabbih (2nd time)
1713/14 - 1714/15          `Abdallah al-`Imrani (1st time)
1714/15                    `Ammar ibn Sa`ud Bokarna
1714/15                    Ba-Haddu al-Dar`i I (1st time)
1714/15 - 1715             `Abdallah al-`Imrani (2nd time)
1715                       Ba-Haddu al-Dar`i I (2nd time)
1715                       Muhammad al-Tazarkini II
1715/16                    `Ali bin `Abd al-Ra`uf bin
                              Salih al-Dar
`i
1715/16                    `Abdallah al-`Imrani (3rd time)
1715/16 - 1718/19          al-Mansur al-Za`ari Sanibar
                             (4th time)
1718/19 - 1720/21          Ba-Haddu al-Dar`i I (3rd time)
1720/21 - 1721/22          `Abd al-Ghaffar al-Tazarkani
1721/22 - 1725/26          `Abdallah al-`Imrani (4th time)
1725/26                    Mahmud Buya
1725/26 - 1726/27          `Abd al-Rahman al-Tazarkani
1726/27                    `Abdallah al-`Imrani (5th time)
1726/27 - 1728/29          Ba-Haddu al-Dar`i I (4th time)
1728/29 - 1729/30          Yusuf al-Dar`i (3rd time)
1729/30 - 1731/32          `Abdallah al-`Imrani (6th time)
1721/32                    Muhammad Bohhu al-Za`ari
1732/33 - 1733/34          al-Hassani al-Tazarkani
1733/34 - 1734/35          Muhammad al-Tazarkani III
                             (1st time)
1734/35 - 1735/36          Sa`id al-Tazarkani (1st time)
1735/36 - 1736/37          Hammadi al-Za`ari (1st time)
1736/37 - 1737/38          Sa`id al-Tazarkani (2nd time)
1737/38                    Hammadi al-Za`ari (2nd time)
1737/38                    Muhammad al-Tazarkani III
                             (2nd time)
1737/38 - 1738/39          al-Fa` Ibrahim al-Dar`i
1738/39                    Hammadi al-Dar`i
1738/39                    al-Fa` Ibrahim al-Tazarkani
1738/39 - 1739/40          Sa`id al-Za`ari (1st time)
1738/40 - 1740/41          Yahya al-Tazarkani
1740/41 - 1741/42          Baba-Sayyid Zenko (1st time)
1741/42                    al-Hassan al-`Amri
1741/42 - 1742/43          Sa`id al-Za`ari (2nd time)
1742/42 - 1743/44          Sa`id al-Tazarkani (1st time)
1743/44 - 1745/46          Sa`id al-Za`ari (3rd time)
1745/46 - 1746/47          Baba-Sayyid Zenko (2nd time)
1746/47 - 1748             al-Fa` Mahmud al-Shatuki
1748                       `Abd al-Ghaffar ibn Usama
                             al-Tazarkani

1748                       Ba-Bakr al-Dar`i
1748 - 17..                Sa`id al-Tazarkani (2nd time)
17.. - 17..                `Ali al-Dar`i V
17.. - 17..                `Ali Bokarna
17.. - 17..                Ba-Haddu al-Dar`i II
17.. - 1787                Baba-`Ali al-Tazarkini






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