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Niger Traditional States


Note: There is a large number of insignificant such polities in what is now Niger. This record deals only with a few important ones. The most significant exclusion consists of the major Tuareg (Twareg = Tawariq = Kel Tamazhek) confederations. This record is in four parts: (A) Doso; (B) major Hausa states: Maradi and Damagaram (note that other Hausa states are partly in present-day Niger and partly in present-day Nigeria, as, e.g., Gobir; these are listed under Nigeria traditional states); (C) the remnants of the Songhay empire, together with some break-off states; and (D) the Berber Sultanate of Ar.

Doso

Rulers (title Jermakoy)
1856 - 1865               Kossom
1865 - 1890               `Abdu
1890 - 1897               Alfa Atta
1897 - 1902               Atiqu
1902 - 1913               Awta
1913 - 1924               Musa
1924 - 1938               Sa`idu
1938 - 19..               Mumuni
19.. - 19..               Sa`idu Isufu Sa`idu



Hausa states

Maradi

1807                       Maradi state founded by the Hausa rulers evicted from the
                             Katsina state (see under Nigeria traditional polities)
                             by the Fulani jihad.

Rulers (title Sarkin Katsina)
1807 - 1830                Dan Kasawa da Agwaragi
1830 - 1835                Rauda dan Magaji
1835 - 1842                `Umaru Dan Mari dan Gwozo
1842 - 1847                Binoni dan Agwaragi
1847 - 1850                Dan Mahedi dan Agwaragi
1850 - 1851                Dan Baura dan Agwaragi
1851 - 1873                Dan Baskore dan Rauda "Labran"
1873 - 1878                Barmu dan Dan Kasawa
1878 - 1880                Mazawaje da Dan Kasawa
1880 - 1882                Malam dan Dan Kasawa
1882 - 1887                Salao Mazallaji dan Dan Mahedi
1887 - 1890                Dan Kaka dan Dan Mari (Dan Gulbi)
1890                       Dan Dadi dan Binoni
1890 - 1892                Mijinyawa dan Barmu (1st time)
1892 - 1894                Naybo dan Dan Baura
1894 - 1897                Mijinyawa dan Barmu (2nd time)
1897 - 1898                Daci dan Binoni (1st time)
1898                       Kure dan Malam (1st time)
1898                       Daci dan Binoni (2nd time)
1898                       Mijinyawa dan Barmu (3rd time)
1898 - 1904                Kure dan Malam (2nd time)
1904                       Mahaman Burja dan Dan Mahedi
1904 - 1920                Kure dan Malam (3rd time)
1920 - 1922                `Ali Dan Kimalle dan Dan Mari
1922 - 1944                Dan Kolodo dan Malam
1944 - 1947                Mahaman Dan Baskore dan Kure
1947 - ....                Mahaman Sani Dan Zambadi Buzu dan Kure


Damagaram

1731                       Damagaram state (later capital Zinder) founded.
30 Jul 1899                French protectorate.

Rulers (titles Sarkin Damagaram, Sultan)
1731 - 1746                Malam Yunus dan Ibram              (b. c.1688 - d. 1746)
1746 - 1757                Baba dan Malam
1757 - 1775                Tanimun Babami
1775 - 1782                Asafa dan Tanimun                  (d. 1782)
1782 - 1787                Abaza dan Tanimun
1787 - 1790                Mahaman dan Tanimun "Babu Tsaba"
1790 - 1799                Da'udu dan Tanimun
1799 - 1812                Amadu dan Tanimun "na Cihanza"
1812 - 1822                Saleman dan Tintuma                (d. 1831)
1822 - 1841                Ibram dan Saleman (1st time)       (d. 1851)
1841 - 1843                Tanimun dan Saleman "Baki Jataw,"  (b. c.1811 - d. 1885)
                             "Dari" (1st time)
1843 - 1851                Ibram dan Saleman (2nd time)       (s.a.)
1851                       Mahaman Kace dan Ibram
1851 - 1880                Tanimun dan Saleman "Baki Jataw,"  (s.a.)
                             "Dari" (2nd time)
1880                       Kiyari dan Tanimun
1880 - 1885                Tanimun dan Saleman "Baki Jataw,"  (s.a.)
                             "Dari" (3rd time)
1885 - 1893                Saleman "dan Aysa" dan Tanimun
                             "Karami"
1893 - 30 Jul 1899         Amadu dan Tanimun "May Rumji,"     (d. 1899)
                             "Kuren Daga"
30 Jul 1899 - 1906         Amadu "dan Basa" dan Tanimun
1906 - 1921                `Usman Bellama -Regent
1921 - 27 Feb 1923         Vacant
27 Feb 1923 -  3 Sep 1950  Barma Mustafa
1950 - 1978                Sanda `Umaru dan Amadu             (d. 1978)
1978 -  9 Jul 2001         Abubakar `Umaru Sanda              (b. 1950?)
26 Jul 2001 -              Mamadu Mustafa                     (b. 1942?)


End of the Songhay Empire

The Songhay empire grew out of a polity that was formed in the Dendi region of present-day Niger. This polity flourished in present-day Mali and replaced the Mali empire as the major West Sudanese power; its capital was Gao. After being vanquished by incursions from Morocco, the Songhay state withdrew to its original location in the Dendi region, and is thenceforth often referred to as Dendi; but there is a continuity of rule, symbolized by continuing to use the Songhay name and the royal style askya. In addition to this remnant Songhay state, this record contains a small group of break-off polities.



Songhay

c.500                      Songhay kingdom founded.
1325 - 1375                Occupied by Mali Empire.
1464                       Songhay Empire.
1591                       Vanquished by incursions from Morocco, Songhay state
                             withdraws to its original location in the Dendi region.
1901                       State extinguished by the French colonial power.

Rulers (title Askya)
c.1700 - 1761              Hanga
1761 - 1779                Samsu Beri
1779 - 1793                Hargani
1793                       Fodi Mayrumfa (1st time)
1793 - 1798                Samsu Keyna
1798 - 1805                Fodi Mayrumfa (2nd time)
1805 - 1823                Tomo
1823 - 1842                Bassaru Missi Ize
1842 - 1845                Bumi "Kodama Komi"
1845 - 1864                Koyze Baba
1864 - 1865                Koyze Baba Baki
1865 - 1868                Wankoy
1868 - 1882                Bigo Farma
1882 - 1887                Dauda
1887 - 1901                Malla


Tera

Rulers (title Askya)
.... - ....                Alazi
.... - ....                Abaza Alazi
.... - ....                Marunfa Alazi
.... - ....                Tafarma Alazi
.... - ....                Hamma Banakoy "Wabana"
.... - ....                Bukari Hamma
.... - ....                `Ali Hamma
1880? - 1885?              Gabilinga Hamma
18.. - 18..                Cinda Kolle
18.. - 1897                Ntambara Kolle
1897 - ....                Ku
.... - 1919                Amaru `Ali Hoyrey
1919 - 1952                Hasan Dyallo "Pulo" (usurper)
1952                       al-Sa`id Amaru



Kokoro

Rulers (title Askya)
.... - ....                Balma Farimonzon
.... - ....                Wijindi Balma
.... - ....                Zarma Wijindi
.... - ....                `Ali Zarma
.... - ....                Gelo-Fodi -Regent
.... - ....                Binga `Ali
.... - ....                Yahimonzon `Ali
.... - ....                Gunguban Yahimonzon
.... - ....                Bimbelo Yahimonzon
.... - ....                Duassu Yahimonzon
.... - ....                Sorko Yahimonzon
.... - ....                Buna Yahimonzon
.... - ....                Sogha Yahimonzon
.... - ....                Adama Yahimonzon (f)
.... - ....                Kodyo Yahimonzon (f)
.... - 1899                `Alikar Duassu
1899 - ....                Munkayla Buna
.... - ....                al-Husayni


Goruol

Rulers (title Askya)
.... - ....                Foni Keri
.... - ....                Alzuleyni
.... - ....                Man Alzuleyni
.... - ....                Arkussu Man
.... - ....                Foni-kori Arkussu
.... - ....                Alazi Foni (1st time)
.... - ....                Desseri Samsu (perhaps regent)
.... - ....                Alazi Foni (2nd time)
.... - ....                Musa Alazi
.... (3 days)              Mahamadu Surgho Alazi
.... - ....                Sambo Desseri
1910? - 1916               Jibrilla Desseri
1916 - 19..                `Umaru Alazi
19.. - ....                Surghia `Umaru


Dargol

Rulers (title Askya)
.... - ....                Duassu
.... - ....                Binga
.... - ....                Wankoy
.... - 1891                Duassu
1891 - ....                `Umaru Bani


The Berber Sultanate of Ar

Note: There are considerable discrepancies in the available chronologies, some of which differ widely from the one chosen here.

1405                       Ar state founded.

Rulers (titles Amenokal, Sultan)
1687 - 1721                Muhammad Agg-Abba ibn Muhammad
                             al-Mubarak
1721                       Muhammad al-Amin ibn Muhammad
                             al-Mubarak (1st time)
1721                       al-Wali ibn Muhammad al-Mubarak
1721                       Muhammad al-Amin ibn Muhammad
                             al-Mubarak (2nd time)
1721                       Muhammad al-Mumin
1721 - 1722                `Uthman ibn Muhammad al-Mumin
1722 - 1735                Muhammad Agg-`Aisha ibn Muhammad
                             Agg-Abba
1735 - 1739                Muhammad Humad ibn Muhammad
                             al-Mubarak (1st time)
1739 - 1744                Muhammad Guma ibn al-`Adil
1744 - 1759                Muhammad Humad ibn Muhammad
                             al-Mubarak (2nd time)
1759 - 1763                Muhammad Guma ibn `Uthman
1763 - 1768                Muhammad Humad ibn Muhammad
                             al-Mubarak (3rd time)
1768 - 1810                Muhammad al-`Adil ibn Muhammad Humad
1810 - 1815                Muhammad ad-Dani
1815 - 1816                Muhammad al-Baqiri
1816 - 1821                Muhammad Guma "Tabdali" (1st time)
1821 - 1828                Ibrahim Waffa
1828 - 1835                Muhammad Guma "Tabdali" (2nd time)
1835 - 1853                `Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad al-Baqiri
1853 - ....                Ahmad ar-Raffa` ibn Muhammad Guma
                             (1st time)
.... - ....                Muhammad al-Baqiri "Sufu" (1st time)
.... - ....                Ahmad ar-Raffa` ibn Muhammad Guma
                             (2nd time)
.... - ....                Muhammad al-Baqiri "Sufu" (2nd time)
.... - ....                Ibrahim ad-Dusuqi ibn Ahmad ar-Raffa`
                             (1st time)
.... - 1903                Muhammad al-Baqiri "Sufu" (3rd time)
1903 - 1907                `Uthman Mikitan ibn Abd al-Qadir
 1 Aug 1907 - 1908         Ibrahim ad-Dusuqi ibn Ahmad ar-Raffa`
                             (2nd time)
1908 - 1917                `Abd ar-Rahman Taghama ibn Muhammad
                             al-Baqiri
1917 - 1920                Ibrahim ad-Dusuqi ibn Ahmad ar-Raffa`
                             (3rd time)
13 May 1920 - 196.         `Umaru Agg-Ibrahim
196. -                     Ibrahim ibn `Umaru







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