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Indonesian Traditional States II


Note: This account of the traditional polities is organized island (group) by island (group), moving from West to East. Many rulers have a posthumous name recording the place of their death or burial, beginning with "Marhum"; these names are recorded here only when the personal or throne name of the ruler is unavailable.

LOMBOK

Mataram

Rajas (title Anak Agung) 
.... - ....                Anglurah Ketut Karang Asem I [1st ruler]
18.. - 1830                Anglurah Ketut Karang Asem II  
1830 - 1838                Anak Agung Ngurah Ketut Karang
                             Asem I
1838 - 1870                Gusti Ngurah Ketut Karang Asem II  (d. 1870)
1870 - 20 Nov 1894         Gede Ngurah Karang Asem            (b. c.1818 - d. 1895)


Karang Asem Singhasari

 
Rajas
.... - ....                Agung Dahuran
.... - 1838                Cokorda ... (f)
                           - jointly with the following three -
.... - 1827                Gusti Gede Jelantik Sasak, Gusti
                             Gede Ngurah Agung Paguyangan
1827 - 1835                Gusti Ngurah Made Karang Asem
                             (1st time)                       (d. 1849)
1835 - 1838                Gusti Ngurah Bagus Paji Karang
                             Asem                             (d. 1839)
1838 - 1839                Gusti Ngurah Made Karang Asem
                             (2nd time)                       (s.a.)



Kadiri
 
Rajas
.... - ....                Anak Agung Ketut Rai
.... - ....                Anak Agung Gede Karang Asem 
.... - ....                Anak Agung Wayan Karang Asem I 
.... - ....                Anak Agung Wayan Karang Asem II
.... - 1805                Anak Agung Nyoman Rai


Pagasangan

Rajas (title Anak Agung) 
.... - ....                Gede Karangasem [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Putu Lebah
.... - c.1740              Gusti Nengah Tegeh  
c.1740 - 1775              Gusti Wayahan Tegeh
                             (Gusti Lanang Putu)
1775                       Gusti Made Karang Asem
1775 - c.1784              Gusti Ketut Karang
c.1785 - ....              Lanang Nengah Karang Asem
18.. - 1836                Nengah Tegeh


Pangutan

Rajas
.... - ....                Anak Agung Wayan Sidemen
.... - ....                Anak Agung Nengah Sidemen 
.... - ....                Anak Agung Nengah Sidemen
.... - 1840                Anak Agung Ketut Karang



Sengkongo
 
Rajas
.... - ....                Anak Agung Ketut Sidemen
.... - ....                Anak Agung Wayan Prasi 
.... - 1803                Anak Agung Nengah Prasi 


Lombok

[Lombok]

1839                       Lombok state formed by merger of Mataram, Karang Asem Singhasari,
                             Pagasangan, and Pangutan.
1895                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rajas
1839 - 1870                Gusti Ngurah Ketut Karang Asem
1870 - 1894                Gusti Ngurah Gede Karang Asem
                             (from 18.., Agung Agung Gede Ngurah)
1894                       Anak Agung Ketut
1894 - 1895                Anak Agung Nangah Karang


SUMBAWA

Sumbawa

c.1650                     Sumbawa state founded.
1816                       Eruption of Tambora in 1815 disrupts state.
1837                       State restored.
1908                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.
1931                       Ruling line nominally reinstated.

Rulers (later usually referred to as Sultan)
1675 - 1701                Dewa Mas Bantan
1701 - 1725                Dewa Mas Madina
1725 - 1731                Dewa Mas Muhammad Jalaluddin I
1731 - 1759                Dewa Mas Mapasusung Muhammad
                             Kahharuddin I
1759 - 1761                I Sugi Karaeng Bantoa (f)
1761 - 1763                Hasanuddin Datu Jereweh
1763 - 1766                Dewa Mas Muhammad Jalaluddin II
1766 - 1780                Mappacongga Mustapha
1780 - 1791                Mahmud Datu Jereweh 
1791 - 1795                Safiatuddin Daeng Masiki
1796 - 1816                Muhammad Kahharuddin II
1816 - 1837                Disrupted
1837 - 1843                Lulo Murso
1843 - 1883                Amarullah
1883 - 1908                Muhammad Jalaluddin
1908 - 1931                Interregnum
1931 - 1958                Muhammad Kahharuddin III           (d. 1975)
1958 - 2011                Interregnum
 5 Apr 2011 -              Muhammad Kahharuddin IV            (b. 1941)



Bima

[Bima Bendera Kesultan]

....                       Bima state founded in legendary antiquity.
c.1620                     Bima state re-founded as Muslim sultanate.
 8 Dec 1669 - 1949         Dutch protectorate.

Sultans
 1 Jul 1695 - 23 Jan 1731  Hasanuddin Muhammad Ali            (b. 1689 - d. 1731)
23 Jan 1731 - 27 May 1748  Alauddin Muhammad                  (b. 1706 - d. 1748)
27 May 1748 - 28 Jun 1751  Kamalat (f) -Sultana               (b. 1728 - d. 1753)
28 Jun 1751 - 31 Aug 1773  Abdul Karim Muhammad               (b. 1735 - d. 1773)
31 Aug 1773 - 14 Jul 1817  Syafiuddin Abdul Hamid Muhammad    (b. 1762 - d. 1817)
14 Jul 1817 - 29 May 1854  Ismail Muhammad                    (b. 1797 - d. 1854)
29 May 1854 - 10 Aug 1868  Abdullah Muhammad                  (b. 1844 - d. 1868)
29 May 1854 - 10 Aug 1868  Muhammad Yakub -Regent
10 Aug 1868 - 30 Jun 1881  Abdul Aziz                         (d. 1881)
30 Jun 1881 -  6 Dec 1915  Ibrahim                            (b. 1866 - d. 1915)
16 Dec 1915 - 11 Jul 1951  Muhammad Salehuddin                (b. 1889 - d. 1951)
11 Jul 1951 - 17 Jun 2001  Interregnum
17 Jun 2001 -  6 Jul 2013  Sultana Ina Kau Siti Maryam Rahmat
                             Salahuddin (f) -Regent
(1st time)
 6 Jul 2013 - 26 Dec 2013  Zulkarnain Abdul Kahir II          (b. 1964 - d. 2013)
26 Dec 2013 -             
Sultana Ina Kau Siti Maryam Rahmat
                             Salahuddin (f) -Regent
(2nd time)



Dompu

[Dompu]

1545                       Dompu sultanate
 1 Jul 1942 - 1945         Annexed to Bima.

Sultans
1686 - 1701                Abdul Rasul I Bumisorowo  
1701 - 1702                Usman Sultan Manuru Goa
1702 - 1717                Ahmad Syah II
1717 - 1727                Abdul Kadir Daeng Manambung        (d. 1727)
1727 - 1737                Samsuddin Sultan Mawaa Sampela
                             Abdul Yusuf
1737                       Kamaluddin  
1737 - 1746               
Abdul Kahar Daeng Mamu
1746 - 1748                Abdurrahman Manuru Kempo
1749 - 1793                Abdul Wahab                        (d. 1793)
1793 - 1798                Abdullah Mawaa Sainu
1798 - 1799               
Mpuri Jacob
1799 - 1801                Abdullah I Mawa
1801 - 1805                Muhammad Zainal Abidin             (d. 1805)
1805 - 25 Dec 1809         Muhammad Tajularifin
1809 - 1857                Daeng Hau Sultan Abdul Manuru      (b. 1787 - d. 1857)
                             Bata Rasul II        
1857 - 28 Aug 1870         Muhammad Sultan Salahuddin         (d. 1870)
1870 - 1882                Abdullah II
1882 - 1934                Muhammad Sirajuddin I              (d. 1939)
1934 - 1947                Interregnum
12 Sep 1947 - 1958         Muhammad Tajularifin
Sirajuddin II (b. 1916 - d. 1964) 



Sanggar

c.1700                     Sanggar state founded.
1926                       Merged with Bima.

Rajas
c.1700 - 1704              Kalongkong Hasanuddin
1704 - c.1764             
Daeng Pamalie
1765 - 17..                Muhammad Johan Syah
17.. - 1790                Adam Safiallah
1790 - 1805                Muhammad Sulaiman
1805 - 18..                Ismail Ali
18.. - 1836                La Lisa Daeng Jaie
1836 - 1845                Daeng Malabba
1845 - 1869                Manga Daeng Manasse 
1869 - 22 Dec 1900         La Kamena Daeng Anjong             (b. c.1820 - d. 1900)
22 Dec 1900 - 1901         Regency
1901 - 1926                Abdullah Siamsuddin Daeng Manggala (d. c.1928)



Papekat

c.1660                     Papekat sultanate founded.
10 Apr 1815                Eruption of Tambora totally destroys the state.

Sultan
1794 - 10 Apr 1815         Abdul Muhammad                     (d. 1815)



Tambora

1675                       Tambora sultanate founded.
10 Apr 1815                Eruption of Tambora totally destroys the state.

Sultans
1794 - 1800                Abdul Rasyid Tajul Arifin
1800 - 1801                Muhammad Tajul Masahur
1801 - 10 Apr 1815         Abdul Jafar Daeng Mataram          (d. 1815)


SUMBA

Anakalang 
 
Rajas

.... - 1913                Umbu Dongu Ubini Mesa [1st ruler]  (d. 1913)
1913 - 1927                Umbu Ngailu Dodi
1927 - 1953                Umbu Sapi Pateduku
1953 - 1962                Umbu Remu Samapati I



Kanatang
 
1848
                       Kanatang state founded.

Rajas

1848 - 1891                Umbu Nggaba Hambangu Mbani
1892 - 1897                Umbu Maramba Kambaru Windi Maru Mata
1898 - 27 Apr 1913         Umbu Gaa Lili 
27 Apr 1913 - 1919         Regency?
1919 -  9 Sep 1946         Umbu Nai Haru 
                             (also Raja of Kapunduk)
16 Sep 1946 - 1959         Umbu Janggatera
1959 - 1962                Umbu Kadambungu Nggedingu  


Kapunduk
 
c.1869                     Kapunduk state founded.
1946                       Merged to Kanatang


Rajas

c.1869 - 1901              Umbu Panda Huki Landu Jama         (b. c.1834 - d. 1901)
1901 - 1904                Umbu Tunggu Namu Praing
1904 - 1916                Regency?
1906 - 1914                Umbu Deu Jara Belu  
1914 - 1926                Umbu Nai Taku
1926 -  9 Sep 1946         Umbu Nai Haru



Kodi

1902                       Kodi state founded
1905                       Divided into Kodi-Bengedo and Kodi-Bokol.
1931                       Re-united.
 
Kodi-Bengedo
 
Rulers (title Rato)
1902 - 1912                Hemba                              (d. 1912)
1912 - 1915                Vacant
1915 - 1919                Rya Pote                           (d. 1919)
1919 - 1929                Rangga Bodo -
Regent
1929 - 1931                Lengga Kendoe
1929 - 1931                David Boelan -Regent 
 
Kodi-Bokol
 
Rulers (title Rato)
1905 - 1911                Loge Kandua                        (d. 1911)
1912 - 1931                Dera Wula                          (d. 1943)
 
Kodi (re-united)
 
Rulers (title Rato)
1931 - 1943                Dera Wula                          (s.a.)
1943 - 1962                Hermanus Rangga Horo               (b. 1903 - d. 1985)



Lamboja
 
1892                       Lamboja state founded.

Rajas

1892 - 1906                Mati Koja 
1906 - 1908                Jawa Kalaga 
1908 - 1924                Kedu Moto
1924 - 1951                Eda Bora  
1951 - 1962                Songa Lero                         (d. 1996)



Larende

 
1893                       Rende (Rendih) state founded.
c.1912                     Renamed Larende.

Rajas

1893 - 1918                Umbu Hina Marumata
1918 - 1932                Umbu Lili Kani Paraing
1932 - Dec 1960            Umbu Hapu Hamba Ndina              (d. 1960)
1960 - 1962                Umbu Wanggi Keimawleu (Umbu Kubu)  (d. 1992)

1960 - 1962                Umbu Joenggoe Mbili -Regent 


Lewa
 
c.1750                     Lewa state founded
1965 - c.2002              Royalty abolished.

Rajas

c.1750 - 1756              Pura
1756 - ....                Umbu Hina Hanggu Wali
.... - ....                Umbu Nggala Lili Kani Paraingu 
.... - 1874                Umbu Diki Kama Pira Ndawa I 
1874 - 1891                Umbu Tunggu Maramba Namu Paraingu
1892 - 1917                Umbu Jawa Karai Manjawa
                             (Umbu Bidi Tau) 
1902 - 1913                Umbu Tunggu Namu Paraing -Regent
1917 - 1924                Umbu Nggaha Hau Mara               (d. 1924)
1924 - 1940                Umbu Diki Kama Pira Ndawa II
      (d. 1940)
                             (Umbu Rarameha)
1924 - 1930                Umbu Nggaba Hunga -Regent          (d. 1930)
1940 - 1965                Umbu Nggaba Hungu Rijhi Eti        (b. 1901 - d. 1978)

1965 - c.2002              Interregnum
c.2002 -                   Umbu Ndjaka



Loura
 
1862                       Loura (or Laora, Laura) state founded.

Rulers (title Rato)

1862 - 1901                Umbu Lele Kandi
1901 - 1909                Lende Nggolo Ghola I               (d. 1909)
1909 - 1911                Vacant
1911 -  6 Feb 1928         Mbulu Danggargara   
1928 - 1932                Timoteus Tako Geli   
1932 - 1947                Rua Kaka -Regent  

1932 - 1961                Lende Nggolo Ghola II
              (b. c.1915 - d. 1961)
                             (Lede Kalumbang)



Massu-Karera

1892                       Karera state founded.
1909                       Massu founded.
c.1912                     Massu merged with Karera as Massu-Karera.

Karera

Rajas
1892 - 1897                Umbu Mutu Damunamu 
1897 - c.1912              Umbu Haru Halomatu

Massu    

Raja
1909 - c.1912              Umbu Ndawa Hawula (Umbu Nai Laki)

 
Massu-Karera
 
Rajas
c.1912 - 1932              Umbu Ndawa Hawula 
1932 - 1954                Umbu Nengi Landumeha (Umbu Nai amba)
1954 - 1962                Umbu Hina Pekambani (Umbu Maramba) 


Melolo
 
Rajas
17.. - 1750                Umbu Siwa Tanangunju
1750 - c.1776              Gallang

c.1776 - ....              Umbu Hin Hamatake I
.... - 1862                Umbu Nggala Lili
1862 - 1866                Umbu Nggaba Haumara I
1866 - c.1890              Umbu Tanggu Rami
c.1890 - 1892              Ama Luji Dimu
1892 - 1893                TaE Tunggu Rawe
1893 - 17 Jul 1932         Umbu Hia Hamatake II 
 
1932 - 11 Sep 1946         Umbu Hina Janggakudi               (d. 1946)
 
1946 - 1959                Umbu Nggaba Haumara II
             (b. 1891 - d. 1961)
1959 - 1962                Umbu Windi Tanan Nggunju
          (b. c.1927 - d. 1980)


Manyili

c.1699
                    Manyili state founded.
1912                       Part of Manyili merged with Waijilu.
1916                       Remainder is merged into Larende.
 
Rajas
c.1699 - c.1725            Mandi
c.1725 - c.1750            Tajuka
1750 - ....                Umbu Tanga Ndemalulu
.... - 1860                .... [unknown]
1860 - 18..                Umbu Mangku
18.. - c.1899              Umbu Dena Lukamara
1901 - 1911                Umbu Hina Hunggawali
1911 - 1916                Umbu Tungu Eta                     (d. 1916)



Memboro
(Mamboru)
 
c.1845                     Memboro state founded.

Rajas

c.1845 - c.1863            Umbu Nombu
c.1863 - 1869              Umbu Ndala Sombangu
1870 - 1897                Umbu Laki Mbali
1898 -  2 Jan 1915         Umbu Pombu Saramani I
 2 Jan 1916 - 1929         Umbu Karai
1929 - 1932                Umbu Mahama
1932 - 1933                Umbu Dondu
1934 - 1962                Umbu Tunggu Mbili



Napu
 
c.1860                     Napu state founeded.
1928                       State merged with Kapunduk.


Rajas

c.1860 - 1870              Umbu Kambara Windi
1870 - 18..                Umbu Dai Kudu
18.. - 1890                Umbu Renggi Taai
1890 - 12 Feb 1910         Umbu Timbu Nduka Laki Mora
1910 - 27 Aug 1914         Umbu Rawa 
1914 - 1927                Umbu Landu Kura
1927 - 1928                Umbu Rada   



Tapundung

Rajas

.... - ....               
Umbu Kaputing [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Umbu Hunga  
.... - c.1870              Umbu Nggaba                        (d. c.1870)
c.1870 - 1900              Umbu Manja Mehang
1900 - 1917                Umbu Tunggu Namu Praing
1917 - 1931                Umbu Dai Litiata
1931 - 1956                Umbu Hunga Wohangara 
1956 - 1962                Umbu Manja Mehangu



Umbu Ratu Nggai

 
c.1880
                    Lawonda state founded.
....                       Renamed
Umbu Ratu Nggai.

Rulers (title Maramba
)
c.1880 - 1913              Umbu Bili 
1913 - 1932                Umbu Siwa Sambawali I
1932 - 1935                Umbu Mbili Nggemunasu 
1935 - 1949                Umbu Sakala Maramba Jawa 
1949 - 1962                Umbu Siwa Sambawali II


Waijelu
 
1892                       Waijelu state founded.

Rajas

1892 - 1898                Umbu Nggaba Kalai
1899 - 1927                Umbu Tanga Teulu Ata Kawau
1927 - 1932                Umbu Tanga Teulu Jawa Pangu
1932 - 1942                Umu Yiwa Ngganja
1942 - 1948                Vacant
1948 - 1962                Umbu Kambaru Windi


Wanokaka
 
Rajas
18.. - ....                Mawa Madoli [1st ruler]
.... - 1912                Luju Meramba Dungu
1912 - 1914                Kiring Semara
1914 - 1926                Baju Padedangu
1926 - 1928                Vacant
1928 - 1956                Guling Manyoba
1956 - 1962                Lau Mau


Wewewa
 
1879                       Wewewa state founded.

Rajas

1879 - 1912                Luku Lewa
1912 - 1934                Malo Umbu Pati
1935 - 1962                Bulu Engge


BORNEO

Banjarmasin

[modern Banjarmasin sultanate
                (Indonesia)]
                 Adopted 7 Dec 2010

1387                       Banjarmasin state founded.
1905                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.
 7 Dec 2010                Royalty restored.

Sultans
1786 - 1808                Tahmidullah II bin Muhammad
                             Aminullah
1808 - 1825                Sulaiman Saidullah bin Tahmidullah
1825 - 1857                Adam bin Sulaiman Saidullah
                             al-Wathik Billah
1857 - 1859                Tamjidullah II bin Abdul Rahman
1859 - 1860                Hidayatullah III
1860 - 1905                Tamjidullah III bin Abdul Rahman
1905 - Dec 2010            Interregnum
Raja Muda

10 Dec 2010 -              Khairul Saleh al-Mutashim Billah
  (b. 1964)



Bulungan

[Bulungan
                          former flag]
                       Former Flag
[Bulungan flag
                          (Indonesia)]
                     Current? Flag

Rulers (title Wira)
1695 - 1731                Digendung
1731 - 1777                Amir                               (d. 1817)
Sultans

1777 - 1817                Aji Muhammad bin Muhammad Zainul   (s.a.)
                             Abidin (= Amir)
1817 - 1848                Muhammad Alimuddin Amirul Muminin
                             Kahharuddin I bin Muhammad Zainul
                             Abidin (1st time)
1848 - 1866                Muhammad Jalaluddin bin Muhammad   (d. 1868)
                             Kahharuddin
1866 - 1873                Muhammad Alimuddin Amirul Muminin
                             Kahharuddin I bin Muhammad Zainul
                             Abidin (2nd time)
1873 - 1874                Muhammad Khalifatul Adil
1874 - 1889                Muhammad Kahharuddin II bin 
                             Maharaja Lela
1889 - 1899                Muhammad Azimuddin                 (d. 18..)
1899 - 1901                Pangean Kesuma (f) -Regent
1901 - 1924                Muhammad Kasimuddin
1924 - 1929                Datu Mansyur -Regent
1929 - 27 Mar 1930         Maulana Ahmad Sulaimanuddin        (b. 1909 - d. 1930)
1930 - 21 Dec 1958         Maulana Muhammad Jalaluddin        (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
1958 - ....                Maulana Al Mamun bin Maulana
                             Muhammad Jalaluddin
23 Oct 2002 -              Maulana Muhammad Al Mamun          (b. 1940)



Bunut

1815                       Bunut state founded.
 1 Jan 1910                State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Ruler (title Panembahan)
18.. - 18..                Adi
Rulers (title Pangeran)
1855 - 1858                Mangku Negara I
1858 - 1876                Mangku Negara II
1876 - 1884                Mangku Negara III
1884 -  1 Jan 1910         Ratu Adi Paku Negara



Gunung Tabur

[Gunung Tabur
                sultanate]

c.1377                     Berau sultanate founded.
c.1820                     Gunung Tabur sultanate replaces Berau sultanate.
1959 - 2012                State abolished by Indonesia.

Sultans
1673 - 1700                Aji Pangeran Tua 
1700 - 1731                Aji Pangeran Dipati 
1731 - 1767                Muhammad Hasanuddin 
1767 - 1779                Amiril Mukminn 
1779 - 1800                Muhammad Zainal Abidin
1800 - c.1820              Muhammad Badaruddin 
c.1820 - 1834              Zainul Abidin II bin Badruddin
1834 - 1850                Ayi Kuning II bin Zainul Abidin
1850 - 1876                Amiruddin Maharaja Dendah I
1876 - 1882                Hasanuddin II Maharaja Dendah II
                             bin Amiruddin

1882 - 1884                Aji Kuning -Regent
1884 - 1892                Muhammad Syariffuddin
1892 - 1921                Muhammad Siranuddin
.... - 1921                Maulana Ahmad 
-Regent
1921 - 1952                Muhammad Khalifatullah Jalaluddin
1952 - 1959                Aji Raden Muhammad Ayub            (d. af.1964)
1959 - 2012                Interregnum
14 Sep 2012 -              Aji Bakhrul Hadi



Jongkong

bf.1823                    Jongkong state founded.
1925                       Royalty abolished.

Rulers (title Abang)
c.1823                     Jambu Kiai Dipati Uda
.... - 1840                Nata Abang Abdullah                (d. 1840)
1840 -  1 Dec 1864         Paneran Muda Noto Negoro Abang     (d. 1864)
                             Abdul El-Arab                      
 1 Dec 1864 - 1886         Pangeran Sulaiman Surio Negara     (b. c.1856 - d. 1886)
                             Abgang Unang                       
1886 - 1925                Pangeran Muda Gusti Alam Abang     (b. 1880 - d. 1949)
                             Alam (jailed 1906-07)               
1886 - 1895                R. Suma Abang Ali -Regent
1895 - 1899                Abang Kyung -Regent



Kota Waringin

[Kota
                          Waringin State flag]
                        State Flag
[Kota Waringin Sultan's flag]
                    Sultan's Flag

1637                       Kota Waringin state founded.
Jul 2010                   Renamed Kutaringin.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
1637 - 1650                Dipati Anta Kasuma bin Sultan
                             Mustambillah
1650 - 1700                Mas Adipati
Rulers (title Panembahan)

1700 - 1720                Kota Waringin 
1720 - 1750                Derut
Rulers (title Pangeran, from 1785 Pangeran Ratu)
1750 - 1770                Adipati Muda
1770 - 1785                Panghulu 

1785 - 1792                Panghulu Ratu Bagawan II

1792 - 1817                Ratu Anom Kusuma Yuda
1817 - 1855                Ratu Anom Imamuddin
1855 - 1865                Ratu Anom Herman Syah
1865 - 1904                Ratu Anom Alam Syah I
1904 - 1913                Ratu Sikma Negara
1913 - 1939                
Ratu Sikma Alam Syah
1939 - 1948                
Ratu Kasuma Anom Alam Syah II      (d. 1975)
1948 - 2010
               Interregnum
Sultan
Jul 2010 -                 Ratu Alidin Sukuma
Alam Syah



Kubu

[possible Kubu flag]

1772                       Kubu state founded.
 4 Jun 1823 - 1949         Dutch protectorate.

Rulers (title Tuan) 
1772 - 1795                Saiyid `Aydarus Al `Aydarus        (b. 17.. - d. 1795)
1795 -  7 Jun 1829         Saiyid Muhammad bin `Aydarus Al
                             `Aydarus                         (b. 17.. - d. 1829)
 7 Jun 1829 -  2 Feb 1841  Saiyid Abdul Rahman bin Muhammad
                             Al `Aydarus                      (d. 1841)
 2 Feb 1841 - 19 Sep 1864  Saiyid Ismail bin Abdul Rahman
                             Al `Aydarus                      (d. 1864)
19 Sep 1864 -  4 Nov 1900  Saiyid Hasan bin Abdul Rahman
                             Al `Aydarus                      (b. 18.. - d. 1900)
 4 Nov 1900 - Apr 1911     Syarif Abbas Al `Aydarus           (b. 1853 - d. 19..)
26 Sep 1911 - 11 Apr 1921  Syarif Zainul Idris ibni al-Marhum
                             Syarif Ismail                    (b. 1851 - d. 19..)
16 Jun 1921 - 23 Nov 1943  Syarif Salih bin Syarif Idris
                             Al `Aydarus (regent to Sep 1921) (b. 1881 - d. 1944)
1943 - 1958                Syarif Hasan bin Zain
                             (head of the Governing Committee to 1946, then
                             chairman of the Council of Regency to 16 Aug 1949)



Kutai Kerta Negara

[Kutai Kerta Negara]

....                       Kutai state founded in remote legendary antiquity.
 8 Aug 1825 - 1949         Dutch protectorate.
21 Jan 1960                State abolished by Indonesia.
22 Sep 2001                Restored.

Rulers (from c.1732, Sultans)
1686 - 1705                Aji Ragi                           (b. c.1679 - d. 1705)
1705 - 1711                Tua ing Martapura                  (b. 1665 - d. 1730)
1711 - 1732                Anom Paji Mendapa ing Martapura   (d. 1732)
1732 - 1739                Muhammad Idris bin Anom Paji
1739 - 1780                Muhammad Muslehuddin bin Muhammad
                             Idris                            (d. 1780)
1780 - 1816                Muhammad Salehuddin bin Aliuddin
                             (1st time)                       (d. 1845)
1816                       Aliuddin bin Muhammad Muslehuddin  (d. 1816)
1816 - 23 Jul 1845         Muhammad Salehuddin bin Aliuddin
                             (2nd time)                       (s.a.)
Jul 1845 -  2 Dec 1899     Muhammad Sulaiman Adil Khalifatul
                             Muminin bin Muhammad Salehuddin  (b. 1838 - d. 1899)
 2 Dec 1899 - 28 Apr 1910  Muhammad Azimuddin Adil Khalifatul
                             Muminin                          (d. 1910)
28 Apr 1910 - 21 Jan 1960  Adji Muhammad Parikesit            (b. 1895 - d. 1981)
21 Jan 1960 - 22 Sep 2001  Interregnum
22 Sep 2001 -              Adji Muhammad Salehuddin II        (b. 1924)



Landak

[Landak
                          National flag]
                       State Flag
[Landak
                          Ruler's flag]
                    Sultan's Flag

1478                       Landak state founded.

Rulers (title Panembahan)
.... - 1844                Kusuma Adiningrat I
1844 - 1847                Mahmud Akamaddin
1847 - 1849                Vacant
1849 - 1874                Rau Adi Kusuma
Ruler (title Pangeran)
1874 - 1881                Mangku Bumi
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1881 - 1882                Kusuma Adiningrat II
1882 - 1900                Abdul Ajit Khan
1900 - 1946                Gusti Abdul Hamid
1946                       Gusti Affandi -Regent
1947 - 1950                Regency Council



Mampawa

[Mampawa]


Ruler (title Panembahan)
1795 - 1822                Anom Kusuma Negara
                             (from 1808, Nata Kusuma)
Sultan
1822                       Muhammad Zainul Abidin Nata Kusuma
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1822 - 1826                Muhammad Zainul Abidin Nata Kusuma
1826 - 1828                Vacant
1828 - 1853                Umar Kamaruddin Nata Kerama
1853 - 1854                Mukmin Jaya Kusuma bin Umar
                             Kamaruddin Nata Kerama
1854 - 1860                Mahmud Akamaddin bin Umar
                             Kamaruddin Nata Kerama
1860 - 1863                Usman Shafiuddin Nata Jaya Kusuma
                             bin Mukmin Jaya Kusuma
1863 - 1892                Ibrahim Muhammad Shafiuddin bin
                             Mahmud Akamaddin
1892 - 1902                Anum Kusuma Yuda -Regent
1902 - 1944                Muhammad Taufik Akamaddin          (d. 1944)
19.. - 12 Aug 2002         Jimmy Mochamad Ibrahim bin Taufik
                             Akamaddin                        (b. 1932 - d. 2005)
2002 -                     Mardan Adijaya Kesuma Ibrahim



Matan

[Matan state flag
                (Indonesia)]

1837                       Matan state founded.

Rulers (title Panembahan) 
1837 - 1845                Anom Kusuma Negara

1845 - 1908                Muhammad Cabaran
1908 - 1924                Laksamana Uti Muhksin
1924 - 1943                Gusti Muhammad Saunan              (d. 1944)
1943 - 1945                Vacant
1945 - 1946
                Uti Halil -Regent                  (d. 1960)
1946 - 1948                Regency Council
                           - Uit Aplah
                           - Gusti Kencana
1948 - 2009                Interregnum
2009 -                     Regency Council
                           - Gusti Kamboja
                           - Gusti Fadin
                           - Uti Iwan Kusnadi



Meliau

c.1700                     Meliau state founded.
1905                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
1782 - 1800                Suria Adiningrat
1800 - 1823                Mangku
1823 - 1869                Ratu Mangku Negara
1869 - 1885                Ratu Anom Paku Negara
1885 - 1889                Ratu Muda Paku Negara Abdul Rauf
1889 - ....                Paku Negara Suria Kusuma



Pulau Laut

 3 Apr 1903
                State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rajas

1850 - 1861                Pangeran Jaya Sumitra bin Pangeran
                             Muhammad Nafis dari Kerajaan Kusan

1861 - 1873                Pangeran Abdul Kadir

1873 - 1881                Pangeran Berangta Kasuma 

1881 - 1900                Pangeran Amir Husin Kasuma

10 Jan 1900 -  7 Jan 1903  Pangeran Abdurrahman Kasuma

 7 Jan 1903 -  3 Apr 1903  Pangeran Muhammad Aminullah Kasuma



Pasir

1516                       Pasir state founded.
1876 - 1896                Divided into east and west.
1908                       Sultan cedes state to Netherlands.

Rulers (title Panembahan)
1680 - 1703                Adam I
1703 - 1726                Sultan Adjie Muhammad
Alam Syah
1726 - 1736                Madukelleng -Regent
Sultans
1736 - 1766                Sepuh I
Alam Syah
1766 - 1786                Ibrahim Alam Syah I (1st time)     (d. 1815)   
1786 - 1788               
Ratu Agung (f) -Regent
1788 - 1799                Dipati Anom Alam Syah
1799 - 1811                Sulaiman II Alam Syah
1811 - 1815                Ibrahim Alam Syah I (2nd time)     (s.a.)   
1815 - 1843                Muhammad Han Alam Syah
1843 - 1853                Adam II Adjie Alam Syah
1853 - 1875                Sepuh II Adil Khalifatul Muminin
1875 - 1876                Adjie Inggu -Regent
1876 - 1896                Abdul Rahman Alam Syah (in east)
1876 - 1898                Muhammad Ali Adil Khalifatul
                            
Muminin (in west to 1896)
1899 - 1908                Ibrahim Khaliluddin
Rulers (title Pangeran Ratu)
1908 - 1913                Sukma Negara
1913 - ....                Sukma Alam Syah



Pegatan and Kusan

c.1700                     Pegatan and Kusan states founded, ruled jointly.
1912                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rulers (title Raja)
.... - 17..                Puwana Deke
1755 - 1800                Hasan Pangewa
1800 - 1838                Palebi
1838 - 1855                Arung Palewan Abdul Rahim
1855 - 1863                Arung Abdul Karim
1863 - 1871                Arung Makarau 
1871 - 1875                Abdul Jabbar
1875 - 1883                Arung Daeng Makau (f)
1883 - 1893                Tangkung Petta
1893 - 1908                Arung Abdul Rahim
1908 - 1912                "Kerapatan" -Regent



Piasa

24 May 1916                State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rulers (title Abang; from 1859, Raja)
c.1823 - 1859              Suwara Kiai Dipati Martapura       (d. 1859)
1859 - 22 Jan 1895         Nuh Pangeran Osman Diraja Kesuma
   (d. 1895)
                             Negara                       
22 Jan 1895 - May 1895     Regency
May 1895 - 24 May 1916     Santuk Raden Patih Kesuma Negara   (b. c.1877 - d. 1949)



Pontianak 

[Pontianak (Kadriah)
                sultanate]

23 Oct 1771                Pontianak (Kadriah) sultanate founded.
 5 Jul 1779                Sultan recognized by Dutch East India Co.
16 Aug 1819 - 1949         Dutch protectorate.
1950                       State abolished by Indonesia.
15 Jan 2004                Royalty restored.

Sultans
23 Oct 1771 - 28 Feb 1808  Syarif Abdul Rahman bin Husain     (b. 1742 - d. 1808)
                             al-Kadri 
28 Feb 1808 - 25 Feb 1819  Syarif Kasim bin Abdul Rahman      (b. 1766 - d. 1819)
                             al-Kadri 
25 Feb 1819 - 12 Apr 1855  Syarif Usman bin Abdul Rahman      (b. 1777 - d. 1861)
                             al-Kadri 
12 Apr 1855 - 22 Aug 1872  Sultan Abdul Hamid I bin Usman     (b. 1802 - d. 1872)
                             al-Kadri 
22 Aug 1872 - 15 Mar 1895  Syarif Yusuf bin Abdul Hamid       (b. 1850 - d. 1895)
                             al-Kadri 
15 Mar 1895 - 24 Jun 1944  Syarif Muhammad bin Yusuf al-Kadri (b. 1872 - d. 1944)
24 Jun 1944 - 23 Oct 1945  Syarif Taha bin Usman al-Kadri     (b. 1927 - d. 1984)
23 Oct 1945 - 1950         Syarif Abdul Hamid II bin Muhammad (b. 1913 - d. 1978)
                             al-Kadri 
1950 - 15 Jan 2004         Interregnum
15 Jan 2004 -              Syarif Abubakar al-Kadri           (b. 1944)



Sambaliung

[Sambaliung]

1830                       Batu Putih state founded.
1834/36                    Name of state changed to Tanjong.
1849                       Name of state changed to Sambaliung.
1959 - 2009                Royalty abolished.

Sultans
1830 - 1836?               Raja Alam
18.. - 18..                Bungkoh
18.. - 1849                Muhammad Jalaluddin bin Alam
1849 - 1869                Muhammad Hasyik Syarifuddin bin
                             Alam
1869 - 1881                Muhammad Adil Jalaluddin bin
                             Muhammad Jalaluddin
1881 - 1902                Abdullah Muhammad Khalifatullah
                             Bayanuddin bin Muhammad
                             Jalaluddin
1902 - 1906                Datuk Ranik -Regent
1902 - 1920                Aji Bagian
1920 - 1951                Muhammad Aminuddin (= Datuk Ranik)
1951 - 1959                Kepala Daerah                      (d. 1961)
1959 - 2009                Interregnum
19 Oct 2009 -              Datu Fakhruddin bin Sultan
                             Muhammad Alimuddin               (b. 1943)



Sambas

[Sambas (royal flag)]

1630                       Last Hindu rulers dies, Sambas Sultanate founded.
1813                       British protectorate.
1819 - 1949                Dutch protectorate.

Sultans
26 May 1670 - 22 Apr 1708  Muhammad Tajuddin bin Muhammad
                             Saifuddin                        (b. 16.. - d. 1708)
22 Apr 1708 - 24 Aug 1732  Umar Akamaddin I bin Muhammad
                             Tajuddin                         (b. 16.. - d. 1732)
24 Aug 1732 -  3 Feb 1762  Abu Bakar Kamaluddin I bin
                             Muhammad Jalaluddin              (b. 1698 - d. 1762)
 3 Feb 1762 - 1790         Umar Akamaddin II bin Abu Bakar
                             Kamaluddin                       (b. 1731 - d. 1790)
1790 - 14 Sep 1814         Abu Bakar Kamaluddin II bin Umar
                             Akamaddin                        (b. 1756 - d. 1814)
14 Sep 1814 - 16 Jul 1828  Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin II bin Abu
                             Bakar Kamaluddin                 (b. 1767 - d. 1828)
29 Nov 1828 -  9 Feb 1832  Usman Kamaluddin III bin Abu Bakar
                             Kamaluddin                       (b. 1771 - d. 1832)
 9 Feb 1832 - 23 Dec 1846  Umar Akamaddin III bin Abu Bakar
                             Kamaluddin                       (b. 1793 - d. 1846)
23 Dec 1846 - 23 Sep 1854  Abu Bakar Tajuddin II bin Muhammad
                             Ali Syafiuddin                   (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
23 Sep 1854 -  8 Aug 1866  Umar Kamaluddin IV bin Muhammad
                             Ali Syafiuddin                   (d. 1866)
 5 Apr 1861 -  8 Aug 1866  Muhammad Syafiuddin (III) bin Abu
                             Bakar Tajuddin -Regent           (b. 1841 -  d. 1924)

 8 Aug 1866 - 12 Sep 1924  Muhammad Syafiuddin III bin Abu
                             Bakar Tajuddin                   (s.a.)
 4 Dec 1922 - 12 Sep 1924  Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin (IV) bin
                             Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin -Regent  (b. 1875 - d. 1926)
12 Sep 1924 -  9 Oct 1926  Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin IV bin
                             Muhammad Ali Syafiuddin          (s.a.)
10 Oct 1926 - 28 Jun 1944  Muhammad Ibrahim Syafiuddin V bin
                             Muhammad Syafiuddin              (b. 1901 - d. 1944)
1926 - 1931                Muhammad Tayeb -Regent
1944 - 1946                Ruling council
1946 - 1950                Muchsin Panji Anom -Regent
1950 - 1984                Muhammad Taufik ibni al-Marhum     (b. 1931 - d. 1984)
                             Muhammad Ibrahim Syafiuddin -Regent

1984 - 15 Jul 2001        
Interregnum
15 Jul 2001 -  1 Feb 2008  Pangeran Ratu Winata Kusuma        (b. 1965 - d. 2008)
                             (regent from 1984)
 3 Feb 2008 -             
Muhammad Tarhan -Regent



Sanggau

[Sanggau (royal flag)]

c.1450                     Sanggau state founded.

Ruler (title Pangeran)
1798 - 1814                Usman Paku Negara
Rulers (title Sutan)
1814 - 1825                Muhammad Ali
1825 - 1830                Aiyub Mangku Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1830 - 1875                Muhammad Kusuma Negara
1875 - 1876                Muhammad Tahir II Kusuma Negara
1876 - ....                Sulaiman Paku Negara
.... - 1915                Muhammad Ali Suria Negara
1915 - 1920                Muhammad Said Paku Negara
1920 - 1941                Gusti Muhammad Tahir III Suria     (b. c.1883 - d. 1941)
                             Negara
1941 - 1944                Ade Muhammad Arif 
-Regent
1945                       Gusti Ali -Regent
1945 - 1960                Gusti Muhammad Tawfik



Sekadau

c.1600                     Sekadau state founded.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
1780 - ....                Suto
.... - 1830                Kusuma Negara
Sultans
1830 - 1861                Muhammad Kamaruddin
1861 - 1867                Mansur Kusuma Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1867 - 31 Jul 1902         Muhammad Kusuma Negara
31 Jul 1902 - 1910         Ahmad Seri Negara (1st time)
1910 - 1919                Regency [four members]
1919                       Ahmad Seri Negara (2nd time)
1920 - 1931                Regency
                           - Gusti Ahmad Pangeran Nata Negara
                           - Adi Abul Murad (to 1923)
1931 - 1944                Gusti Muhammad                     (d. 1944?)
1944 - c.1946              Gusti Kelip
c.1946 - c.1952            Abang Kolin
19.. - 1963                Gusti Adenan



Selimbau

bf.1500                    Selimbau state founded.
1916                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rulers (title Pangeran from c.1650, Panembahan from 1820's)
c.1680 - ....              Suta Muhammad Jalaluddin
.... - ....                Abgang Cundin Pangeran Dipa Ahmed
                             Badruddin
.... - 1820's              Abang Tella III
Pangeran Sumo Ali
                             Joyo Mangku Negara
                             (also ruler of Bunut c.1814 - c.1830)
c.1820's - 1878            Muhammad Abbas Suria Negara
1878 - 1903                Muda Agong Muhammad Salih Paku
                             Negara
1903 - 1916                Gusti Muhammad Osman               (d. c.1923)
                             (regent 1916-1923)



Silat

c.1222                     Silat state founded.
1916                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rulers (title Panembahan ....-18.., Pangeran Ratu 1855-1916)
.... - ....                Titik Kesuma Negara
.... - ....                Agung Kesuma Negara
.... - ....                Achmad Kesuma Negara
.... - c.1847              Anom Suria Negara
c.1847 - Dec 1871          Negara Achman                      (d. 1871)
Dec 1871 - 1877            Prabu                              (d. 1877)
1877 - 28 Apr 1879         Vacant
28 Apr 1879 - 11 Jun 1889  R. Jaja -Regent
11 Jun 1889 - 1916         Ratu Muda Paku Negara
                             (Abang Mas Jaman)                (b. c.1872 - d. c.1923)



Simpang

[Simpang]

1762                       Simpang state founded.

Sultan
1762 - 1819                Gusti Asma Sultan Muhammad
                             Jamaluddin I K
usumaningrat I
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1819 - 1845                Gusti Mahmud
Panembahan
                             S
urianingrat I
1845 - 1872                Gusti Muhammad Roem
Panembahan
                             K
usumaningrat II
1872 - 1911                Gusti Panji
Panembahan
                             S
urianingrat II
1911 - 1942                
Gusti Roem Panembahan Anom
                             Kusumaningrat
III
1942 - 1943                Gusti Mesir
Panembahan Gusti Mesir (d. 1944)
 1 July 1944 - 1945        Ruling Council
1945 - 1952                Gusti Mahmud bin Gusti Mansur
                             (temporary)
1952 - 1958                .... -Regency
1958 - 31 May 2008         Interregnum
Sultan
31 May 2008 -              Muhammad Jamaluddin II bin Gusti
                             Mesir                            (b. 1936)



Sintang

[Sintang (royal flag)]

1822 - 1949                Dutch protectorate.
1959                       State abolished by Indonesia.
17 Sep 2003                Restored.

Sultans
10 May 1672 - Apr 1738     Muhammad Shamsuddin Saidul Khairi
                             Waddien                          (d. 1738)
Apr 1738 - Oct 1786        Abdul Rahman Muhammad Jalaluddin   (d. 1786)
Oct 1786 - Jul 1796        Abdul Rashid Muhammad Jamaluddin   (d. 1796)
Jul 1796 - c.1851          Muhammad Qamaruddin                (d. c.1851)
 6 Nov 1823 - 1855         Muhammad Jamaluddin II             (d. af.1855)
                            
(regent to c.1851)
Rulers (title Panembahan)

21 Aug 1855 - Sep 1889     Abdul Said                         (b. bf.1842 - d. 1889)
Sep 1889 - 22 Dec 1905     Ismail                             (d. 1905)
22 Dec 1905 - 16 Jan 1913  Gusti Adi Abdul Majid              (d. af.1913)
                             (suspended from 1912)
16 Jan 1913 - 25 Aug 1934  Adi Muhammad Jun Abdul Kadir       (b. 1883 - d. 1934)
                             (regent to 26 Aug 1913)
25 Aug 1934 - 28 Jun 1944  Muhammad Jamaluddin                (b. 1904 - d. 1944)
                             (temporary to 30 Nov 1937)
Jun 1944 - 12 Feb 1947     Muhammad Shamsuddin                (b. 1914 - d. 1947)
12 Feb 1947 - 1959         Ismail Shafiuddin                  (b. 1914 - d. bf.2003)
12 Feb 1947 - 1959         Ade Muhammad Johan -Regent
1959 - 17 Sep 2003         Interregnum
17 Sep 2003 -              Muhammad Ikhsani Shafiuddin        (b. 1942)



Suhaid

c.1700                     Suhaid state founded.
1916                       State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
.... - 1809                Kiai Dipati Mangku
1809 - 1879                Suma di-Loga Mangku Negara
1879 - ....                Kusuma Anom Suria Negara



Sukadana

[Sukadana (royal
                flag)]

c.1300                     Sukadana state founded.

Sultans
1790 - 1828                Muhammad Jamluddin bin Ahmad
                             Kamaluddin Indralaya

1828 - 1843                Abdul Jalil Syah bin Musa
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1843 - 1878                Tunku Besar Anom bin Abdul
                             Jalil Syah

1878 - 1910                Tunku Putera bin Anom
1910 - 19..                Tunku Andut



Tayan

1762                       Tayan state founded.
17.. - 17..                Incorporated into Meliau.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
17.. - ....                Panembahan Nata Kusuma
.... - 1828                Ratu Suria Negara
Rulers (title Panembahan)
1828 - 1854                Marta Suria Kusum (f)
1854 - 1873                Anom Paku Negara Suria Kusuma I
1873 - 1880                Kusuma Negara (f)
1880 - 1905                Paku Negara Suria Kusuma II
1905 - 1929                Anom Paku Negara I
1929 - 1944                Anom Adi Negara
1929 - 19..                Gusti Japar -Regent
1945 - 1960                Paku Negara                        (b. 1923 - d. 1967)
1960 - 2012                Interregnum
25 May 2012 -              Anom Paku Negara II


CELEBES

Note: In the most important polities on Celebes the rulers' posthumous names (mostly showing the place of their death or burial) become important, rulers frequently being referred to by these names. They are recorded here in [ ] after the names.


Allah

Ruler (title Aru/Aroa)
c.1800                     Manang
18.. - 18..                Mappa
18.. - 18..                Patta Mataelo
18.. - 18..                Mangke
c.1880 - 1900              La Taha
1900 - 1909                Kabe (f)
1909 - 1913                I Lorong                           (d. 1913)
1913 - 1934                La Welio I Jina Bantl
1934 - 1950                Pasanrangi



Balangnipa

c.1550                     Balangnipa state founded.

Rulers
.... - 1850                Kabong di Tomatindo di Lekopadia
1850 - 1862                Passaleppa Ammana I Bali
1862 - 1870                Vacant
1870 - 1871                Tomelloli Manawari 
(1st time)
1871 - 1872                Kape Tokape
1872 - 1873                Maradia Kape
1873 - 1880               
Tomelloli Manawari (2nd time)
1880 - 1885                Sanggariya Tonaung Anjoro 
1885 - 1906               
Tomelloli Manawari (3rd time)
1908 - 1927                Laju Kakanna I Doro
                             Tomatindo di Judda               (d. 1927)

1927 - 1947                Maradia Andi Baso (regent to 1929)
1950 - 1957                Andi Depu (f) -Regent              (d. 1987)



Banggai

[Banggai]

c.1580                     Banggai state founded.

Rulers (title Tomundo)
1648 - 1689                
Benteng Paudagar
1689 - 1705               
Balantik Mbulang
1795 - 1728               
Kota Abdul Gani
1728 - 1753               
Bacan Abu Kasim
1753 - 1768               
Mondonu Kabudo
1768 - 1773               
Padongko Ansyara
1773 - 1809               
Dinadat Mandaria
1809 - 1821                
Galila Atondeng
1821 - 1827               
Sau Tadja
1827 - 1847               
Tenebak Laota
1847 - 1852               
Bugis Agama
1852 - 1858               
Jere Tatu Tonga
1858 - 1870               
Banggai Soak
1870 - 1882               
Raja Haji Labusana Nurdin
1882 - 1900               
Raja Haji Abdul Aziz
1900 - 1922               
Raja Haji Abdul Rahman
1922 - 1925                Regency
1925 - 1939               
Raja Haji Awaluddin                (d. 1939)
1939 - 1959               
Raja Haji Sukuran Aminuddin        (b. 1902 - d. 1960)
                             Amir
1939 - 1941                Raja Nurdin Daud -Regent
1959 - 14 Aug 2005         Interregnum
14 Aug 2005 - 27 Jan 2010  Iskandar Zaman Awaluddin           (b. 1960 - d. 2010)
27 Jan 2010 - 28 Jan 2010  Raja Muda Irawan Zaman
                             Awaluddin
-Regent (1st time)
27 Jan 2010 - 28 Jan 2010  Muhammad Fikran Ramadhan Iskandar
                             Zaman                            (b. 1993 - d. 2010)
28 Jan 2010 -              Raja Muda Irawan Zaman
                             Awaluddin -Regent (2nd time)



Barru

1311                       Barru state founded.

Rulers (title Aru/Aroa)
c.1626 - c.1651            Torwetta E ri Bampa 
c.1651 - c.1676            Toappo Arung Ujung 
1676 - 1701                We Limpo Daeng Manurung (f)
1701 - 1726                La Mallewai
1726 - 1751                I Rakiyah
1751 - 1776                La Tuppa
1776 - 1815                To Apasewa           
1815 - 1836                To Patarai  

1836 - 1887                Tenripadang (f)                    (b. 1833 - d. 1887)
1888 - 1908                I Batari Tojo (f) 
1908 - 1955                I 
Jonjo Karaeng Lewbangparang      (b. c.1880 - d. 1955)



Batulapa

c.1750                     Batulapa state founded.

Ruler (title Aru/Aroa)
c.1750 -                   Puang Baso I 
.... - ....                We Langrungi Buttukanan (f)
.... - ....                Puang Mali Conra
.... - ....                Semagga
c.1862 - 1880              Puang Pondi Luwu
c.1880 - 1886              Puang Mosang Andi Baso II
1886 - 1941                I Coma (f)                         (d. 1941)
1941 - 1950                Tanri
1950 - 1957                Puang Tarokko Padinring 



Binuang

Rulers
.... - 1917                Majalekka Daeng Patompo
1917 - 1930                La Pa Enronge
1930 - ....                La Matulada



Bone

[Bone]

c.1350                     Bone state founded.
1960                       State abolished by Indonesia.

Rajas (also styled Arumponi)
 6 Apr 1696 - 16 Sep 1714  La Patau Paduka Sri Sultan Idris   (b. 1672 - d. 1714)
                             Azim ud-din
                             [MatinroE-ri Nagawuleng]

16 Sep 1714 -  5 Aug 1715  Bata-ri Toja Daeng Talaga Arung    (b. 1687 - d. 1749)
                             Timurung Datu-ri Chitta Sultana
                             Zainab Zakiyat
(f)(1st time)
                             [MatinroE-ri Tipuluna]
 5 Aug 1715 - 20 Jan 1720  La Padang Sajati To Apawara Paduka (b. 1691 - d. 1728)
                             Sri Sultan Sulaiman ibni al-Marhum
                             Sultan Idris Azim ud-din
                             [MatinroE-ri Beula]

20 Jan 1720                Bata-ri Toja Daeng Talaga Arung    (s.a.)
                             Timurung Datu-ri Chitta Sultana
                             Zainab Zakiyat
(f)(2nd time)
                             [MatinroE-ri Tipuluna]
20 Jan 1720 - 16 Dec 1721  La Parappa To' Aparapu Sappewali   (b. 1690 - d. 1724) 
                             Daeng Bonto Madanrang Karaeng
                             Anamonjang Paduka Sri Sultan Shahab
                             ud-din Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                             Idris Azim ud-din
                             [Tumamenanga-ri Sompaopu]

16 Dec 1721 -  8 Jan 1724  Mappaurangi Karaeng Kanjilo Paduka
                             Sri Sultan Siraj ud-din ibni
                             al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Kadir
                             [Tuammenang-ri-Pasi = Tomamaliang-ri Gaukana]

 8 Jan 1724 - 28 Jun 1724  La Panaongi To' Pawawoi Arung      (b. 1693 - d. 1734)
                             
Mampua Karaeng Bisei Paduka Sri
                             
Sultan Abdullah Mansur ibni
                             
al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din
                             [Tuammenang-ri Bisei]

28 Jun 1724 - 10 May 1738  Bata-ri Toja Daeng Talaga Arung    (s.a.)
                             Timurung Datu-ri Chitta Sultana
                             Zainab Zakiyat
(f)(3rd time)
                             [MatinroE-ri Tipuluna]
10 May 1738 - 30 Dec 1741  I-Danraja Siti Nafisah Karaeng     (b. 1729 - d. 1741)
                             Langelo binti al-Marhum (f)

31 Dec 1741 -  2 Nov 1749  Bata-ri Toja Daeng Talaga Arung    (s.a.)
                             Timurung Datu-ri Chitta Sultana
                             Zainab Zakiyat
(f)(4th time)
                             [MatinroE-ri Tipuluna]
 2 Nov 1749 - 17 Jun 1775  La Mappasossong To Appaware Petta  (d. 1775)
                             Paduka Sri Sultan Abdul Razzaq
                             Jalal ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                             Idris Azim ud-din
                             [MatinroE ri-Malimungang]

17 Jun 1775 - 22 Jul 1812  La Tan-ri-tuppu Ahmad Syamsuddin   (b. 1757 - d. 1812)
                             [MatinroE-ri-Rompegadieng]   
22 Jul 1812 - 1823         Toapatunru Arung Palakka Muhammad  (d. 1825)
                             Ismail Mukhtasuddin
                             [MatinroE-ri-Lalang-bata]
1823 - 1835                I Maneeng Arun Data
                             [MatinroE-ri-Kassie] (f)         (d. 1835)
1835 - 1845                Mapaseleeng Aru Panjielie          (d. 1845)
                             [MatinroE-ri-Salassana]
1845 - 16 Feb 1858         La Parereengie Arum Pungie Ahmad   (d. 1858)
                             Salih
                             [MatinroE-ri-Aja-benteng]

16 Feb 1858 - 20 Jan 1860  La Pamadanuka Paduka Sri Sultan    (d. 1860)
                             Sultan Abul-Hadi

16 Feb 1858 - 20 Jan 1860  Bassee Kajuwara Hadie Abel Hadie   (d. 1860)
                             Pelai-eengi Paseempa (f) -Regent
20 Jan 1860 - 1871         Ahmad Singkarru Rukka Arung        (b. 1818 - d. 1871)
                             Palakka                 
                             [MatinroE-ri Lalambata]
1871 - 17 Feb 1895         I Banrie Aru Timurung (f)          (d. 1895)
                             [MatinroE-ri Bola Mappare'na]
17 Feb 1895 - 14 Nov 1905  La Pawowoni Karaeng Segeri         (b. 1835 - d. 1911)
                             [MatinroE-ri Bandung]
14 Nov 1905 - 17 Mar 1931  Council of Nobles
17 Mar 1931 - Feb 1946     La Mapanjukki (1st time)           (b. 1884 - d. 1967)
                             [MatinroE-ri Gowa]
Jun 1946 - 1950            Andi Pabenteng                     (b. 1904 - d. 1968)
                             [MatinroE-ri Matuju]
1950 - 21 May 1960         La Mapanjukki (2nd time)           (s.a.)
                             [MatinroE-ri Gowa]



Bontobatu

Rulers (title Aru)
.... - 1923                La Butu
1923 - ....                Bangon



Bungku

c.1672                     Bungku founded.

Rajas (titled Pea Pua)
c.1672 - ....              Kacili Lamboja
.... - ....                Sangian Kinambuga
.... - 1747                Kacili Surabi                      (d. 1747)
1747 - ....                Foajianto
.... - ....                Kacili Lamboja
.... - 1825                Kacili Papa (1st time)
1825                       Ratu Boki Penesi (f)
1825 - 1840                Kacili Dongke Kombi
1840 - 1848                Kacili Papa (2nd time)     
c.1848 - c.1851            Kacili Sadek
1851 - 1873                Kacili Laman
1873 - 1879                Kacili Moloku
1880 - 1884                Regency
1884 - 1907                Kacili Laopeke
1907 - 1922                
Putera Abdul Wahab                 (d. 1925)
1922 - 1925                Abdullah -Regent
1925 - 1931                Ahmad Hadi                         (b. 1884 - d. 1965)
1931 - 1937                Abdul Razak
1938 - 1950                Abdul Rabbi                        (b. 1904 - d. 1974)



Cenrana

c.1500                     Cenrana state founded.

Rulers
1850 - 1865                I Noto Mangamang
1865 - 1866                I Sabu
1866 - 1883                Anranata
1885 - 1889                Tandiwali
1892 -  3 May 1896         I Merette (f)                      (d. 1896)
1896 - 1901                Galigu                             (d. 1901)
1901 - 1907                I Rukalumu                         (d. 1907)
1907 - 1917                Ma Pagiling
1917 - 1949                
Pawela E                           (b. c.1891 - d. 1949)



Enrekang

Rulers
.... - 1917                Pancai Tana Bunga Walie
1917 - 19..                Patta Ahmad
1998 -                     Iqbal Mustafa



Gowa

[Gowa princely state
                (Indonesia)]

bf.1300                    Gowa state founded.
1669 - 1949                Dutch protectorate.
13 Apr 1906 - 30 Nov 1936  State interrupted by Netherlands colonial government.
 1 Jul 1960                State abolished.

Sultans
16 Sep 1677 - 17 Sep 1709  I Mappadulung Daeng Mattimung
                             Karaeng Sanrabone Sultan
                             Fakhruddin Abdul Jalil
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Lakiung]           (b. 1652 - d. 1709)
18 Sep 1709 - 30 Aug 1712  La Parappa To' Aparapu Sappewali
                             Madanrang Daeng Bonto Karaeng
                             Anamonjang Paduka Sri Sultan
                             Shahabuddin Ismail
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Sompaopu]          (b. 1690 - d. 1724)
31 Aug 1712 - 22 Jan 1739  I Mappaurangi Karaeng Kanjilo
                             Paduka Sri Sultan Sirajuddin
                             [Tuammenang-ri-Pasi]             (b. 1687 - d. 1739)
22 Jan 1739 - 28 Jul 1742  I Malawangau Sultan Abdul Khair    (b. 1727 - d. 1742)
                             al-Mansur Shah [Tumenanga-ri-Gowa] 
28 Jul 1742 - 21 Dec 1753  I Mappaba'basa Sultan Abdul Kudus
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Kala'birana]       (b. 1733 - d. 1753)
21 Dec 1753 - 14 Apr 1767  Karaeng Batara Gowa II Amas Madina
                             Patti Mathari Sultan Usman
                             Fakhruddin [Tumenanga-ri-Silung] (b. 1749 - d. 1795)
14 Apr 1767 - 15 Feb 1769  I Malisujawa Daeng Riboko Arung
                             Mampu Sultan Muhammad Imaduddin
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Tompo'balang]      (d. 1769?)
15 Feb 1769 - 15 Jun 1777  I Makaraeng Karaeng Tamasangang
                             Karaeng Katangka Sultan Zainuddin
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Matawangang]       (b. 1722 - d. 1778)
15 Jun 1777 - 1781         Sankilang                          (d. 1785)
16 Oct 1781 -  7 May 1810  I Mannawarri Karaeng Bontolangkasa
                             (later Karaeng Mangasa Sultan
                             Abdul Hadi)                      (b. 1746 - d. 1810)
 7 May 1810 - 1814         Karaeng Pangkajene Abdul Khalik
1814 - 1825                I Mappatunru (later I Manginyarang
                             Karaeng Lembangparang)
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Katangka]          (b. 1749 - d. 1825)
1825 -  1 Sep 1825         La Oddanriu Karaeng Katangka
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Suangga]           (d. 1845)
 1 Sep 1825 - 30 Jan 1893  I Kumala Karaeng Lembangparang
                             Sultan Abdul Kadir Muhammad Aidid
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Kakoa-sangna]      (b. 1817 - d. 1893)
 1 Sep 1825 - 22 Oct 1844  Karaeng Berowangang Mahmud -Regent
30 Jan 1893 - 18 May 1895  I Mallingkaang Daeng Nyonri
                             Karaeng Katangka Sultan Idris
                             [Tumananga-ri-Kalabbiranna]      (d. 1895)
18 May 1895 - 13 Apr 1906  I Makkulau Daeng Serang Karaeng
                             Lembangparang Sultan Husain
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Bunduna]           (d. 1906)
13 Apr 1906 - 30 Nov 1936  Interregnum
30 Nov 1936 - 20 Apr 1946  I Mangimangi Daeng Mattutu Karaeng
                             Bontonompo Sultan Muhammad Tahir
                             Muhibuddin
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Sungguminasa]      (d. 1946)
20 Apr 1946 -  1 Jul 1960  Andi Ijo Daeng Mattawang Karaeng
                             Lalolang Sultan Muhammad Abdul
                             Kadir Aidid                      (b. 1903 - d. 1978)
 1 Jul 1960 - 1978         Interregnum
1978 -                     Andi Kumala Karaeng Sila Aiduddin  (b. 1959)
18 Jan 2011 -              Andi Maddusila
(in opposition)     (b. c.1957)



Kasa

1880                       Kearuan Kasa state founded.

Rulers (title Aru/Aroa)
1880 - 25 Mar 1897         Samang                             (d. 1897)
1897 -  9 Oct 1940         I Buabara (f)
24 Oct 1936 -  9 Oct 1940  Andi Coppo -Regent                 (d. 1952)
 9 Oct 1940 -  1 Mar 1952  Coppo                              (s.a.)
1952 - 1960                Dirman Toro Puang Larung 



Luwu

bf.1600                    Luwu state founded.

Rulers (title Pajong, also styled Datu)
.... - 1809                La Tan-ri-Leleang Maesa Mahatuddin
                             [MatinroE-ri-Soreang] (2nd time)
1809                       La Tan-ri-Pappang Abdullah
                             [MatinroE-ri-Sabamparu]
1810 - 1826                We Tan-ri-Awaru 
                             [MatinroE-ri-Palopo]
1826 - 1860                La Oddanriu Ande Baru
1860 - 1880                Abdul Karin To Barue
                             [MatinroE-ri-Limpomajang]
1880 - 1883                Opu Anrong Guru 
                             [MatinroE-ri-Tamalulu](f)
1883 - 1898                Iskandar Aru Larompong
1898 - 1935                We Kambo Daeng Risompa
1936 - 1946                Andi Jemma Baru (1st time)         (d. 1965) 
1946 - 1949                Andi Jelling
1949 - 1957                Andi Jemma Baru (2nd time)         (s.a.)

1957 - 2006                Interregnum
2006 -                     Andi Iwan Alamsyah Bau Djemma
                             Baru



Maiwa

Rulers (title Aru; from 2012, Arung)
c.1864 - 1890              La Calo
1890 - 1905                La Pakanteng Muhammad Ali
                             (1st time)
1905 - 16 Jul 1907         La Sapewali
17 Jul 1907 - 1909         La Palanteng Muhammad Ali
                             (2nd time)
Jan 1909 - 17 Mar 1910     La Poli Andi Suwa
-Regent
1910 - 1913                La Coke
24 Feb 1913 -  3 Dec 1913  Regency Council
 3 Dec 1913 - 18 Aug 1918  La Sini                            (d. 1918)
1918 - 1920                La Naki 
1920 - 30 Oct 1925         La Cori
1925 - 1926                La Oga
1926                       La Ori
-Regent
1927 - 1950                La Sassu (regent to 1928)
1950 - 20 Dec 2012         Interrengum
20 Dec 2012 -              Andi Amang



Majene

c.1830                     Majene state founded.

Rulers (title Maradia)
c.1830 - c.1840            I Nimbang
c.1840 - 18..              I Nyarring
18.. - 1867                L
a Tenribali Tomate Puabang
1867 - 1874                Sanggaria  
Dec 1874 - 1889            S
angkilang                        (d. 1889)
1889 - 1892                Vacant
1892 - Jul 1907            I Juara
1907 - 1950                Rammang Pata Lolo
1950 - 1960                Andi Tonra  
1960 - 1962                Bupati



Malua (Maluwa)

Rulers (title Aru/Aroa)
c.1750 - ....              P
atta Duri 
.... - ....                Patta Salassa
.... - ....                Tandil
.... - ....                Sira (f)
.... - ....                Silassa
.... - ....                Patta Siratang
.... - 1890                Assang (= Talundu) 
1890 - 22 Jan 1917         
La Gali                            (d. 1917)
29 Aug 1917 - 12 Nov 1934  
La Parang Barana Lolo
22 Nov 1934 - c.1950       Tambone
                             (temporary to 29 May 1936)



Malusetasi (Nepo)

Rulers (title Aru)
1906 - 1917                I Samatana (f)                     (d. 1917)
1917 - 1932                I Makung                           (d. 1932)
1932 - 1950                Andi Calo



Mamuju

c.1674                     Mamuju state founded.

Rulers (title Maradia)
c.1820 - 1840              Ammana Komba
c.1840 - 1860              Tomappelei Kasu Ditana
c.1860 - 1870              Panre
c.1870 - 1890              Nai Latang (f)
c.1890 - 1895              Na E Sukur                         (d. 1895)
1895 - 1908                Karanene
1908 - 1950                Jalala Amana Inda                  (b. 1875 - d. 19..)



Mori

c.1580                     Mori state founded.

Rulers (title Makole)
1670 - 1730                Anamba Marundoh V
1730 - ....                Marundoh VI (Sungkawawo II?)
.... - ....                Mohi Marunduh VII
.... - ....                Ngarindi Marunduh VIII
.... - 1840                Lawolio Marunduh IX
1840 - 1870                Makole Tosaleko Marunduh X
1870 - 17 Aug 1907         Makole Datu ri Tana Marunduh XI    (d. 1907)
1907 - 1928                Kamasi Ede Marunduh XII
1928 - 1942                Owolu Marunduh XIII (1st time)     (b. 1875 - d. 1950)
1942 - 1945                Besau Marunduh XIV
1945 - 1949                Owolu Marunduh XIII (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1949 - 1950                Pirau Marunduh (acting)
1950 - 1957                Mainda Rumampuo Marunduh XV



Palu

Rulers (title Magau)
1796 - 1805                Pue Nggari (Siralangi)
1805 - 1815                I Datu Labungulili
1815 - 1826                Malasigi Bulupalo
1826 - 1835                Daelangi
1835 - 1850                Yololembah
1850 - 1868                Muhammad Lamakaraka
1868 - 1888                Maili (Mangge Risa)
1888 - 1906                Jodjokodi
1906 - 1921                Parampasi Tomesiema
1921 - 1946                Janggola                           (d. 1946)
1946 - 1949                Regency
1949 - 1960                Tjatjo Idjazah 



Pambauang

c.1600                     Pambauang state founded.

Rulers
ca.1845 - 1850             Madusila (1st time)
1850 - 1855                Jalangkara Cenrana
1860 - 1866
               Madusila (2nd time)
1866 - 1888                Vacant
1888 - 1907                I Latta
1907 - 1920                S
imanangi Pakarama                 (d. 1920)
1920 - 1934                Andi Batari (f)
1934 - 1952                Tonri Lipu                         (b. 1907 - d. 19..)



Rapang

c.1500                     Rapang founded.

Rulers (title Arung)
1681 - c.1700              La Tenri Tatta
c.1700 - c.1770            La Toware
c.1770 - c.1800            We Tenri Paonang (f)
c.1800 - c.1830            La Pabittei
c.1830 - c.1860            We Madditana
c.1860 - c.1870            We Bangki (f)
c.1870 - 1889              La Panguriseng
1889 - 1900                Sumanga Rukka
1900 - 1906                La Sadapotto
1905 - 1908                I Njilitimo (f)
1908 - 1942                I Tenri Fatimah (f)               (d. 1951)
1942 - 1951                Council of Pampawa Ade



Sanrabone (Sanrobone)

c.1540                     Sanrabone founded by scion of Gowa.

Rulers (title Karaeng)
  
 6 Jul 1667 - 17 Sep 1709  I Mappadulung Daeng Mattimung
      (d. 1709)
                             Karaeng Abdul Jalil
                              (Sultan of Gowa 1677 - 17 Sep 1709)  
18 Sep 1709 - 1710         I Yatatojeng Karaeng
                             Bontomajannang 
1710 - 23 Jan 1725         Lau Pakanna Karaeng Pangkajene  
23 Jan 1725 - 17..         Garassi
17.. - 17..                Tumenanga III ri Masigi'na
17.. - 1742                Tumenanga IV Mamampang ri Sanrabne (b. 1662 - d. 1742)
1742 - c.1763              Tumenanga V I Pammusurang
17..  17 ..                Tumenanga VI ri La Guruda
.... - ....                La Patau
.... - ....                I Memang Karaeng Bulu-Bulu  
.... - ....                I Bantang Daeng Ngilau Tumenanga VII
                             ri Kabara'na
.... - 1838                I Guntutu Datu Lulu
1838 - 1860                I Pamusurang Daeng Pabeta
1860                       I Yusuf Daeng Ropu
1860 - 1867                I Baso Daeng Nyengka Patombong     (d. 1916)
                             Karaenga Campagaya (f)
                             (regent from 1865)            

1867 - 2008                Interregnum
25 Jul 2008 -              Andi Ali Malongbasang



Sawito

1908                       Sawito state formed by fusion of Sawito and Alita states.

(1) Sawito

Rulers (title Adatuwang)
.... - c.1730              ....
c.1730 - 1770              La Patau
c.1770 - 1820              La Kuning Ahmad
1820 - 1824                Fatimah Daeng Matene (f)

c.1825 - 1870              La Cebu

1870 - 1886                Pasule Daeng Bulaeng (f)
1886 - 1902                Palagau Aru Patojo                 (d. 1902)
1902 - 1922                Andi Tama
1922 - 1940                I Ba Eda (La Beda)(f)
1940 - 1951                Andi Tenri Fatimah (f)
1942 - 1950                Andi Calo -Regent
1951 - 1957                Bau Rukiah (f)

(2) Alita

Rulers (title Adatuwang)
.... - ....                Patta Lacalabai
.... - 1861                Aru Anipong
1861 - 1902                We Tan-ri-Padarang (f)
1902 - 1905                La Pangorisang
1905 - 1908                La Bonde Jaraeng-ri Jampu E



Selayar

c.1565                     Selayar (Saleijer
) state founded.
1864
                      State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government. 

Rulers (title Pangeran)

c.1694 -  4 Nov 1710       Nata Diraja I
1710 - 1720                Intan Ali
1720 - 1762                Nata Diraja II
1762 - 1765                Nata Diraja III
1765 - 1831                Nata Diraja IV
1831 - 1864                Nata Diraja V



Sidenreng

c.1300                     Sidenreng founded.
12 Mar 1957 - 20 Dec 2012  Royalty abolished.

Rulers (title Adatuwang)
1681 - c.1700              La Tenri Tatta
c.1700 - 17                La Mallewai
17.. - 17..                Bau Rukiyah (f)
17.. - c.1760              Taranatie
c.1760 - c.1824            Towappo Abdullah
c.1824 - 1837             
Lapawowoi Ali Albenu Abdul Hakim
1837 - 1889                Muhammad Ait LKa Pangorisang
1889 - 1904               
Sumanga Rukka
1904 - 1906                La Sadapotto
1906 - 1942                La Cibo (1st time)
1942 - 1945                Vacant
1945 - 1949                La Cibo (2nd time)
1950 - 13 Mar 1957         La Sikandare Petta Karaeng 
        (d. 1961)
                             Pajujungi Arung ri Amparita
12 Mar 1957 - 20 Dec 2012  Post abolished
20 Dec 2012 -              Andi Patiroi Pawicanggi
 



Soppeng
[Soppeng flag]

c.1300                     Soppeng state founded.

Rajas (also styled Datuk/Datin)
1676 - 1691                La Tenrisenge Towesa (1st time)
1691 - 1705                We Adda (f)
1705 - 1707                La Tenrisenge Towesa (2nd time)
1707 - 1714                La Patau                           (b. 1672 - d. 1714)
1714 - 1720                La Padang Sajati (1st time)
1720 - 1724                La Parappa                         (b. 1690 - d. 17..)
1724 - 1727                La Padang Sajati (2nd time)
1728 - 1738                Batari Toja (f)
1738 - 1749                La Mappasossong
1749 - 1758                Ark Panjili
1758 - 1782                La Mappajanci
1782 - 1820                La Onrong Noah Datuk Patiro        (b. 1757 - d. 1820)
                             [MatinroE-ri-Amalawa]
1820 - 1828                Wa Tan-ri-a-Wani Aru Lapajung (f)
                             [MatinroE-ri-Barugana]
1828 - 1838                Datuk Patiro
1838 - 1848                La Onrong Datuk Lampula
1848 - 1865                Aru Senkang Nenena I Calla To
                             Lampeeng

1865 - 1895                Abdul Gani Baso Batu Pute
1895 - 1897                Vacant
1897 - 21 Dec 1940         Siettie Saenaba Aru Lapanjung (f)
21 Dec 1940 - 1959         Andi Wana                          (d. 1959)



Soppengriaja

1906                       Soppengriaja state formed by merger of Balusu, Kiru,
                             and Kamiri (no records for Kamiri).

(1) Balusu

Ruler (title Datuk)
.... - 1906                Baso Patta Bau Lampoko

(2) Kiru

Ruler (title Aru)
.... - 1906                La Tobo Patta Lenrang

(3) Soppengriaja

Rulers (title Aru)
1906 - 19 Aug 1920         La Tobo Patta Lenrang              (d. 1920)
19 Aug 1920 - 18 Feb 1932  La Maddiawe
18 Feb 1932 - 1950         Yusuf                              (b. 1903 - d. ....)



Supa (Ajataparang)

c.1370                     Suppa (Ajataparang)

Rulers (title Datuk)
1681 - c.1700              La Toware  
.... - ....                La Pamessangi
.... - ....                La Sangka
.... - 1820                La Kuning Ahmad                    (d. 1820)
1820 - 1830                La Tenri (La Bampe)
1830 - 1855                I Towakka Arung Kalibong
1855 - 1860                
La Cebu -Regent
1860 - 1881                
Bassee Kajuwara Hadie Abel Hadie   (b. c.1805 - d. 1881) 
                             Pelai-eengi Paseempa (f)      
1881 - 1900                I Madallung (f)                    (d. 1900)
1900 - 1902                .... -Regent
1902 - 1906                La Pamanjukie                      (b. 1884 - d. 1967)
1906 - 1926                
La Parerengi Karaeng Tinggimae     (d. 1926)
1926 - 1938                Andi Makassau                      (b. c.1883 - d. 1947)
1938 - 1947                Andi Abdullah Bau Maseppe          (b. c.1915 - d. 1947)
1947 - 1950                Andi Cinta                         (d. 1950)
1950 - 1959                I Suji Karaeng Kajene (f)          (b. 19.. - d. 1992)



Tallo

bf.1500                    Tallo state founded.
13 May 1668                Dutch protectorate.
1777 -  2 Aug 1780         Administrative chaos under Sankilang.

 2 Aug 1780                State interrupted by Netherlands colonial government.
1811                       Interruption continued under British colonial government.
23 Jun 1814                Independence recovered.
16 Apr 1856                State extinguished by Netherlands colonial government.

Sultans
16 Jun 1673 -  8 Jan 1709  Abdul Kadir I
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Passiringanna]     (b. 1666 - d. 1709)
 8 Jan 1709 - 18 Nov 1714  Sirajuddin (1st time)
                             [Tomamaliang-ri-Gaukana]                 (b. 1687 - d. 1739)
18 Nov 1714 - 1729         Nazimuddin
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Jawaiya]           (b. 1708 - d. ....)
1729 -  5 Nov 1735         Sirajuddin (2nd time)
                             [Tomamaliang-ri-Gaukana]               (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1735 - 1760         Safiuddin [I-Makkasuma]            (b. 1709 - d. 1760)
1760 - 1761                Karaeng Sapanang Tu-Timoka         (d. 18..)
1761 -  6 Apr 1767         Abdul Kadir II
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Buttana]           (b. 1707 - d. 1767)
 6 Apr 1767 -  1 Jun 1777  Sittie Saleh I (f)                 (b. 1726 - d. 1778)
1777 -  2 Aug 1780         Interregnum
 2 Aug 1780 - May 1824     Sittie Saleh II (f)

                             [Tumenanga-ri-Kanatojenna]       (d. 1824)
1824 - 1825                Abdul Rauf

                             [Tumenanga-ri-Katangka]          (b. 1749 - d. 1825)
1825 -  1 Sep 1825         Abdul Kadir Muhammad Aidid
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Kakoa-sangna]      (b. 1817 - d. 1893)
 1 Sep 1825 - 1845         Abdul Rahman
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Suangga]           (d. 1845)
1845 - 1850                Sittie Aisya (f)
                             [Tumenanga-ri-Bontomanai]        (d. 1850)
1850 - 16 Apr 1856         La Makka Daeng Parani



Tanette

bf.1547                    Tanette state founded.

Rulers (title Datuk)
c.1677 - 1716              Mapatjantji Daeng Matayan
1716 - 1735                We Pattekketana (f)
1735 - 1747                
La Odanriu Yusuf Fakhruddin
1747 - 1776                We Tenrileleang (f)

                             [MatinroE-ri-Soreang]
1776 -  9 Sep 1807         Abdul Kadir Muhieddin

                             [MatinroE-ri-Dusang]
1807 - 1824                Abdullah Saipu Aru Pancana La      (d. 1844)
                             Patua (1st time)
1807 - 1814                Daturincita (f) -Regent
1824                       Daeng Tanisang (f)(1st time)

1824 - 1825                Abdullah Saipu Aru Pancana La      (s.a.) 
                             Patua (2nd time)
1825 - 1827                Daeng Tanisang (f)(2nd time)
1827 - 1840                Abdullah Saipu Aru Pancana La      (s.a.) 
                             Patua (3rd time)
1840 - 1855                Datuk Mario Larumpang Lacombong
                             [MatinroE-ri-Mutiara]
1855 - 1910                We Tan-ri-Olle (f)
1910 - 16 Jun 1926         I Pancaitana Aru Pancana (f)       (b. 1859 - d. 1926)
1926 - 1927                I Pateka Tana (f) -Regent
1927 - 1950                Andi Baso -Regent
1950 - 1960                Andi Iskandar



Tapalang

c.1820                     Tapalang state founded.

Rulers (title Maradia)
c.1820 - 1850              Gunung
1850 - 1860                Tomappelei Asuginna
1860 - 1867                Puwa Caco Tomanggang Gagallang
                             Patta-ri Malunda
1867 - 1889               
Na E Sukur
1889 - 1892                Pabanari Daeng Natonga
1892 - 1908                Andi Musa Paduwa Limba             (d. 1920)
1908 - 1934                Bustari Patani Lantang 
1934 - 1936                Pattana Pantang Abdal Havid



Tolitoli (Toli Toli)

Rulers (titla Raja)
1737 - 1752                Daeng Bone (Apone)
1752 - 17..                Mulana Muhammad Nurdin
c.1772                     Tumente (Mente)
c.1800 - c.1812            Jamalul Alam Bantilan
c.1812 - 1856              Yusuf Malatuang Syaful Mulk
1856 - 1858                Regency
 5 Jul 1858 - 1867         Bantilan Syaifuddin
1867 - May 1905            Abdul Hamid Bantilan               (d. 1905)
1905 - 1918                Ismail
1918 - 1919                Regency council
                           - Ali
                           - I Busuna
                           - Muhammad Sirajuddin
 9 Sep 1919 - 1926         Jali Muhammad Salih
1926 - 1929                Muhammad Yahya Bantilan (1st time) (d. af.1960)
1926 - 1929                Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz -Regent    (d. 1946)
1929 - 1942                Matata Daeng Masese -Regent        (d. 1942)
1942 - 1944                ....
1944 - 1946                
Muhammad Yahya Bantilan (2nd time) (s.a.)
1946 - 1957                .... -Regent      
12 Jan 1957 - 1960         Muhammad Yahya Bantilan (3rd time) (s.a.)
1960 - 2000                Interregnum
2000 -                     Muhammad Anwar Bantilan            (b. 1934)



Wajo

c.1450                     Wajo state founded.

Rulers (title Batara Wajo)
1679 - 1699                La Pariwusi
1699 - 1701                La Tenriessu
1701 - 1702                La Matone To Sakke
1702 - 1711                La Galigo To Suni
1711 - 1713                La Tenriwerrung
1713 - 1736                La Salewangeng To Tenrirua

 6 Nov 1736 - 1754         La Madukellang Arung Singkang      (d. 1765)
                             Arung Peneki
1754 - 1755                La Madanaca Arung Waetuo
1755 - 1758                Vacant
1758 - 1761                La Passaung Puanna La Omo'
1761 - 1764                Vacant
1764 - 1767                La Mappajung Ranreng 
1767 - 1770                La Malliwungeng to Allewoang
1770 - 1795                Vacant
1795 - 1817                La Mallaleleng
1817 - 1821                Vacant
1821 - 1825                La Mamang Towapamadeng Puangna
                             Raden Gallo
1825 - 1839                Vacant
1839 - 1845                La Paddangeng Puangna Padaguna
1845 - 1854                Vacant
1854 - 1859                La Pawellangi PajungperoE 
                             Datu-ri-Akkajeng
1859 - 1885                La Cincing [MatinroE-ri-Cappagalung]
1885 - 1887                Vacant
1887 - 1891                La Koro Arung Padali
1892 - 1897                La Passamula' Datuk Lampulle
1897 - 1900                Vacant
11 Feb 1900 - 19 Dec 1916  Ishak Manggabarani Karaeng Mangeppe
1916 - 1926                Vacant
22 Dec 1926 - 14 Jan 1933  La Oddang Datuk Larompong
23 Apr 1933 - 21 Nov 1949  Andi Mangkona Datuk Maro Riwawo



Butung (Buton)

[Butung (Buton)]

1341                       Butung (Buton) state founded.
1538                       Rulers convert to Islam.

Sultans      
1695 - 1702                La Dini Sultan Syaifuddin (2nd time)
1702                       La Rabaenga Sultan Syaiful Rijali
1702 - 1709                La Sadaha Sultan Syamsuddin
1709 - 1711               
La Ubi Sultan Nasiruddin
1711 - 1712                La Tumparasi Sultan M
uzhirudddin
                             Abdul Rasyid
1712 - 1750                Langkairiri
Sultan Sakiyuddin Darul
                             Alam

1750 - 1752               
La Karambau Sultan Himayatuddin
                             
Muhammad Saidi (1st time)
1752 - 1759               
La Hamim Sultan Sakiyuddin         (d. 1759)   
1759 - 1760                
La Maani Sultan Rafiuddin          (d. 1760)
1760 - 1763                La Karambau Sultan Himayatuddin
                             
Muhammad Saidi
(2nd time)
1763 - 1788                La Jampi Sultan Kaimuddin IV
1788 - 1791               
La Masalomu Sultan Alimuddin
1791 - 1799               
La Kopuru Sultan Muhyuddin Abdul
                             Gafur
 
1799 - 1822                La 
Badaru Sultan Dayanu Azaruddin
1822 - 1823                La Dani Sultan Muhammad Anharuddin
1824 - 1851                La Ode Muhammad Aidrus Sultan
                             Muhammad
Aidrus Kaimuddin V
1851 - 24 Jun 1871         La Ode Muhammad Isa Sultan
                             M
uhammad Isa Kaimuddin VI        (d. 1871)
24 Jun 1871 - 16 Jun 1886  La Ode Muhammad Salih Sultan
                             M
uhammad Salih Kaimuddin VII     (d. 1886)
16 Jun 1886 - Sep 1904     La Ode Muhammad Umar
Sultan
                             
Muhammad Umar Kaimuddin VIII  
Sep 1904 - 1906            Muhammad Asikin -Regent            (d. 1911)

1906 - 16 Jul 1911         La Ode Muhammad Muhammad Asikin
                             Sultan 
Muhammad Adil Rahim       (s.a.)
1912 -  4 Dec 1913         La Ode Muhammad Husaini Sultan
                            
Dayanu Ihsana Kaimuddin IX       (d. 1913)
 4 Dec 1913 - 27 Oct 1915  Sapati Abdul Latif -Regent
27 Oct 1915 -  4 Mar 1921  La Ode Muhammad Ali Sultan 
Muhammad
                             Ali Kaimuddin X
                  (d. 1921)
1922 - 1924                La Ode Muhammad Syafiul Sultan
                             M
uhammad Syafiul Anaami
                             Kaimuddin XI

1924                       La Ode Falihi -Regent  
            (d. 1960)  
1924 - 1937                La Ode Hamidi Sultan M
uhammad      (d. 1937)
                             
Hamidi Kaimuddin XII
1937 - 1959                L
a Ode Falihi Kaimuddin XIII       (s.a.)
1959 - 1960                La Ode M
anarfa Khalifatul          (b. 1919 - d. 2006)
                             Kaimuddin XIV
c.1986 - 
25 May 2012       La Ode Muhammad Manarfa -Regent    (b. 1946)
25 May 2012 - 23 Aug 2013  La Ode
Muhammad Djafar             (b. 1960?)
23 Aug 2013 -              La Ode Muhammad Manarfa            (s.a.)



Muna

1417                       Muna state founded.
1924 - 1926                Direct Dutch rule.

Rajas (from 1915, Swapraja)
1671 - 1716                La Ode Abdul Rahman Tughu Raja
                             Sugi Sangia Latugho
1716 - 1757                La Ode Huseini Raja Omputo
                             Sangia
1757                       La Ode Muhammad Ali
-Regent
1757 - 1764                La Ode Kentu Koda Raja Omputo
                             Kantolalo
1764 - 17..                La Ode Umara Harisi Raja
                             Omputo Nigege
17.. - 17..                La Ode Murusali Raja Sangia Gola
17.. - 17..                La Ode Tumawu
17.. - 17..                La Ode Ngkumabusi
17.. - 1799                La Ode Sumali Raja Omputo
                            Nisombo
1799 - 1830                La Ode Wita  
                           - jointly with following -
1816 - 1830                La Ode Saete Raja Sorano Masigi 
1830                       La Ode Malai
1830 - 1861                La Ode Bulae Raja Sangia Laghada
1861 - 1864                La Aka -Regent
1861 - 1883                La Ode Muhammad Ali       
1883 - 1900                La Ode Ngkali                      (d. 1909)   
1900 - 1905                La Ode Achmad Maktubu (1st time)
1905 - 1906                La Ode Umara
-Regent
1906 - 1914                La Ode Achmad Maktubu (2nd time)
1915 - 1922                La Ode Afiuddin                    (d. 1924)
1922
- 1926                Vacant
1926 - 1928                La Ode Rere
1928 - 1930                
Vacant
1930 - 1938                La Ode Dika
1938 - 1947                
Vacant
1947 - 1956                La Ode Pandu                       (d. 1956)  
1956 - 1959                Vacant

MOLUCCAS

Note: The four states of Ternate, Jailolo (on the main island of Halmahera), Tidore, and Bacan developed a system structuring the (North) Molucca Archipelago, in which the ruler of each state had the style of Kolano with appropriate qualifiers, the Kolano Maloko (till 1380 the ruler of Jailolo, thereafter the ruler of Ternate) exercising a sort of primacy. There were (or are) other states on Halmahera, including Gamukonora, Kau, Loloda, Sahu, Tolofuo, and Tobaru; no record for any of these is included here.


Ternate

[Ternate]

1257                       State of Ternate founded.
1380                       Ruler of Ternate becomes Kolano Maloko
                             succeeding the ruler of Jailolo.
1522 - 26 Dec 1575         Portuguese protectorate.
28 Mar 1606 - May 1607     Spanish protectorate.
12 Oct 1676 - 1949         Dutch protectorate.
25 Oct 1876 -  4 Oct 1879  State interrupted by Netherlands colonial government.
23 Sep 1915 -  2 Sep 1929
 State interrupted by Netherlands colonial government.

Sultans (also styled Kolano Maloko)
27 Apr 1689 -  8 Dec 1714  Said Fathullah                     (b. 1657 - d. 1714)
 8 Dec 1714 -  8 Dec 1751  Amir Iskandar Zulkarnain Saifuddin (b. 1680 - d. 1751)
 8 Dec 1751 - 24 Aug 1754  Binayatullah al-Malik ul-Manab
                             Amir Iskandar Alauddin Mansur 
                             Shah III                         (b. 1691 - d. 1754)
24 Aug 1754 - 1763         Amir Iskandar Muda Shah            (b. af.1692 - d. 1763)
1763 - 28 Jul 1774         Shahid ul-Muh Taj ul-Rahman
                             Jalaluddin Shah                  (b. 1720 - d. 1774)
28 Jul 1774 - 1781         Ikhtias ul-Rahman Wahuwa Said Duna
                             Amir Iskandar Zulkarnain Azimuddin
                             Shah                             (d. 1781)
1781 - 27 Apr 1796         Amir Iskandar II Malik ul-Mulk
                             ul-Munnawir us-Sadik ul-Mukarram
                             Shah
27 Apr 1796 - 13 May 1801  Haj ul-Arifin Wahuwa Said Duna
                             Siraj ul-Buldan Infiluddin
                             Muharram Amir Iskandar Shah
                             Muhiuddin Shah                   (d. 1801)
13 May 1801 - 10 Mar 1807  Sirajul Bilat Shah Taj ul-Aulia
                             al-Mukarram Amir Iskandar Jihad
                             Azimuddin                        (d. 1807)
10 Mar 1807 - 24 Dec 1821  Said ul-Biladi Siraj ul-Kulut
                             ul-Mulki Amiri Iskandar Zain
                             ul-Bahrain Wahuwa Khair
                             us-Salikhin Shah                 (d. 1824)
                             (regent for successor to 25 Nov 1824)
24 Dec 1821 - 11 Oct 1823  Saifuddin Iskandar III Nasiruddin

                             Shah                             (d. 1823)
11 Oct 1823 - 20 Nov 1859  Taj ul-Mulki Amiruddin Iskandar
                             Kaulaini Shah                    (b. 1769 - d. 1859)
20 Nov 1859 - 25 Oct 1876  Binayat Illahi Mamran Siraj
                             ul-Mulki Amiruddin Iskandar 
                             Wahuwa Mina Salikhin Shah        (d. 1876)
25 Oct 1876 -  4 Oct 1879  Vacant
 4 Oct 1879 - Jul 1900     Tajul Mahsil Binayatullah
                             al-Hannan Siraj ul-Mulk Amiruddin
                             Iskandar IV Munawar ul-Sadik
                             Wahuwa Mina al-Adilin Shah       (b. 1839 - d. 1900)
Jul 1900 - 20 Feb 1902     Ilham (Kolano Ara Rimoi)           (d. 1902)
20 Feb 1902 - 23 Sep 1915  Tajul Mahsil Binayatullah

                             al-Hannan Siraj ul-Mulk Amiruddin
                             Iskandar V Munawar ul-Sadik 
                             Wahuwa Mina al-Adilin Shah       (d. 1941)
23 Sep 1915 -  2 Sep 1929  Vacant
 2 Sep 1929 -  4 Jul 1975  Iskandar Muhammad Jabir Shah       (b. 1902 - d. 1975)
 4 Jul 1975 - 29 Nov 1986  Vacant
29 Nov 1986 -              Muzaffar Shah II                   (b. 1934)



Jailolo
[Jailolo]

1380                       Ruler of Jailolo becomes Jikoma Kolano, swapping styles
                             with the ruler of Ternate.
1557 - 1796                State under Ternate sovereignty.
1803 - ....                State under Ternate sovereignty.
1832                       Abolished.
1875 - 1876                Brief restoration, terminated by the Dutch.
2002                       Royalty restored.

Rulers (also styled Jikoma Kolano)
1605 - 1613                Doa
1613 - 1656                Saiuddin
1656 - 1684                Alam
1684 - 17..                .... (unknown)                     (d. 1715)
Sultans (also styled Jikoma Kolano)
1784 - 1805                Muhammad Arif Bila
1805 - 1808                Vacant
1808 - 1832                Muhammad Asgar                     (d. 1839)
1832                       Saifuddin Jehad Muhammad Hajuddin  (d. 1846)
                             Syah                            
1875 - 1876                Danu Hasan                         (b. 1832 - d. af.1878)
1876 - 2002                Interregnum
Jan 2002 - 21 Nov 2010     Abdullah Syah                      (b. 1926)



Tidore

[Tidore state flag]

bf.1450                    State of Tidore founded.

Sultans (also styled Kiema Kolano)
1780 - 1783                Sultan Patra Alam
1784 - 1797                Sultan Hairul Alam Kamaludin Asgar
1797 - 14 Nov 1805         Sultan Saidul Jihad Muhammad Nabus 

                             Amiruddin Syah "Jou Barakti"
1805 - 1810                Sultan Jamal Abidin
1810 - 1821                Sultan Muhammad Tahir "Sultan Mossel"
1821 - 1856                Sultan al-Mansur II
1856 - 1865                Sultan Ahmad Safiuddin Syah
                             "Sultan Arnold Alting"
1865 - 1867                Vacant
1867 - 1894                Sultan Said Ahmad Fathuddin Syah
1894 - 1906                Sultan Iskandar Shajuddin Nur Amal
1906 - 1947                Vacant
1947 - 1967                Sultan Zainal Abidin Syah
1967 - 1999                Vacant
1999 -
13 Apr 2012         Haji Djafar Danoyunus Syah            (b. 19.. - d. 2012)
13 Apr 2012 - 12 Jun 2014  Vacant
12 Jun 2014 -             
Husain Alting



Bacan

[Bacan]

1322                       State of Bacan founded.

Sultans (also styled Kolano Madehe)
1660 - 1706                Sultan Alauddin II
1706 -  2 Jan 1715         Sultan Musa Malikuddin
1715 - 17 Feb 1732         Sultan Kie Nasiruddin
1732 - 1741
               Sultan Hamza Tarafan Nur
1741 - 1780                Sultan Muhammad Sahadin
1780 - 1788                Sultan Skander Alam
1788 - 1787
               Sultan Muhammad Badaruddin
1797 - 1826                Sultan Kamarullah
1826 - 19 Jul 1861         Sultan Muhammad Hayatuddin         (b. 1795 - d. 1861)
                             Kornabei Syah Putera                      
14 May 1862 - 27 Feb 1889  Sultan Muhammad Sadik Syah         (d. 1889)
1889 - 1899                Regency council (three members)
28 Aug 1899 - 24 Apr 1935  Sultan Muhammad Usman Syah
1935 - 1983                Sultan Muhammad Muhsin Syah        (d. 1983)
1983 - 21 Sep 2009         Sultan Gahral Aydan Syah           (b. 1943 - d. 2009)
19 Nov 2010 -              Sultan Al-Abd-Al-Rahim Gary ibn
   (b. 1969)
                             Gahral (Gary Ridwan Syah)



Laha

Rulers (styled Raja)
.... - 1812                Hading Mewar
1812 - 1875                Rabul Mewar
1875 - 1917                Hamzah Mewar
1917 - 1925
                Vacant
1925 - 1936                Abdullah Mewar
1936 - 1946                Husein Mewar
1946 - 1953                Habib Ali bin Tahir
1953 - 1963
                Vacant
1963 - 1982                Muhammad Mewar
1983 - 1987                Husein Henaulu                     (b. 1934)
1987 - 1988                Ahmad Partola
1988 - 1994
                Vacant
1994                       Junaid Mewar
1994 - 1998
                Vacant
1998 - 2002                Franky Mewar   
2002 -                     Habib Al-Fachri bin Tahir          (b. 1970)



Negeri Amahusu

15th cent.                 Negeri Amahusu founded.


Rulers (styled Raja)

1679 - 1704                Paulus Silooy (Paul Pedro da Costa)
1704 - 1706                Andreas Silooy
1706 - 1716                Simon Silooy
1716 - 1739                Adam Silooy
1739 - 1763                Jacob Silooy
1763 - 1789                Regency
1789 - 1809                Frederik da Costa
1809 - 1811                Vacant
1811 - 1833                Abraham da Costa
1833 - 1844                Vacant
1844 - 1874                Daniel Silooy
1874 - 1876                Arnold Silooy
1876 - 1883                Regency
1883 - 1913                Frederik Efraim da Costa
1913 - 1925                Abraham Silooy I
1925 - 1932                Karel Leimena -Regent
1932 - 1953                Alberth da Costa
1953 - 1980                Elias Alexander Silooy
1980 - 1981                Johanis Silooy (acting)
1981 - 1993                Josephus Alberthus Silooy
1993 - 2002                Abraham Silooy II  
2002 -                     Eduard Alexander Silooy (acting)


WEST TIMOR

 
Amanuban
 
Rajas
.... - ....                Olak Mali [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Olo Banu I
.... - ....                .... [unknown]
.... - ....                Bil Banu (Nope)
.... - ....                Olo Banu II
.... - ....                Seo Bil Tamespat
.... - ....                Taha Mamat
.... - ....                Pinis Bil
.... - c.1747              Tu Bani
c.1747 - 1751              Don Miguel Fernando de Consencao   (d. 1751)
1751 - 1770                Don Luis I                         (d. 1770)
1770 - c.1807              Don Jacobus Albertus Kobis)
c.1807 - 1830              Don Luis II
c.1830 - 1882              Sanu Nope (Baki Nubang)
1883 - Aug 1910            Bil Nope (Suafa Leu)               (b. c.1846 - d. 1910)
1911 -  7 Dec 1920         Noni Nope                          (d. 1920)
1921 - 1946                Pae Nope                           (b. 1892 - d. 1959)
1946 - 1949                Jan Paulus Nope                    (b. 1910 - d. 1949)
 3 Jul 1949 - 1962         Kusa Nope                          (b. 1922 - d. 1980)


Beboki
 
Rajas
.... - ....                Usi Taum Kenad [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Nesi Bokko I
.... - ....                Tabesi Bokko
c.1840 - c.1860            Nesi Tahoni
c.1860 - 1900              Nesi Bokko II                      (b. 1825 - d. 1916)
1900 - 1904                Tabesi Usi Ana Pah
1905 - 1915                Nesi Tahut Paha Kornel             (d. 1915)
1915 - 1940                Kau Mauk                           (d. 1942)
1942 - 1962                Leonardus Taek Kau                 (b. 1903 - d. ....)



Sonbai Besar

 
Rulers
1642 - 1680                Ama Tuan Nai Tuklua Sonbai
1680 - 1700                Nai Manas Sonbai
1700 - 1726                Nai Talus Sonbai
1726 - 1752                Nai Bai Seu Sonbai
1752 - 1760                Nai Sobe Sonbai I
1760 - 1768                Nai Tafin Sonbai
1768 - 1819                Nai Kau Sonbai                     (d. 1819)
1819 - 1867                Nai Sobe Sonbai II
1867 - 1885                Nai Bau Sonbai
                           - jointly with -
1870 - 1885                Nai Nasu Molo
1885 - 1906                Nai Sobe Sonbai III                (d. 1922)


Sonbai Kecil

1659                       Sonbai Kecil from by a scion of Sonbai Besar.
1917                       Merged into Kupang.

Rulers
1659 - 1672                Ama Tuan, Jr.
1672 - 1717                Bi Sonbai (Usi Tetu Utang) (f)
1717 - 1726                Bernardus de Leeuw
1728 - 1748                Corneo Leeuw
1748 - 1760                Daniel Taffy
1760 - 1776                Jacobus Albertus Taffy
1776 - 1782                Alphonsus Adrianus of Sonbai Besar
1782 - 1795                Baki Bena (Bernardus Nisnoni)
1795 - 1798                Dirk Hendrik Aulasi
1798 - 1821                Nube Bena (Pieter Nisnoni I)
af.1821  - 182.            Isu Baki Sonbai
1828 - 1833                Ote Nuben Nisnoni
183. - 1839                Babkas Nube (Pieter Nisnoni II)
1839 - 1860                Meis Babkas Nisnoni
1860 - 1874                Pieter Messi Nisnoni
1875 - 1889                Isu Nisnoni
1890 - 1902                Said Meis Nisnoni
1905 - 1911                Baki Bastiaan Meis Nisnoni
1911 - 1917                Nicolaas Isu Nisnoni
              (b. 1880 - d. 1952)


Korbafo
 
c.1691                     Korbafo state founded on Rote Island.

Rulers (title Manek)

c.1691 - ....              Pikkatih
.... - ....                Ola Fuliha
.... - ....                Christian Leuanan
.... - 1852                Kolanian Bibikate
1852 - 1859                Manafe Manubulu
1859 - 1873                Jessak Izak Manubulu
1873 - 1921                Soleman Izak Manubulu              (b. 1854 - d. 1921)
1921 - 1926                Cornelis Izak Manubulu             (b. 1891 - d. 1961)
1926 - 1962                Chrishian Paulus Manubulu          (b. 1899 - d. 1989)



Kupang

1917                       Kupang state formed as a federation by the smaller states
                             of Sonbai Kecil, Amabi, Amabi-Oefetto, Kupang-Helong,
                             TaEbenu and Funai.
1955                       Abolished by Indonesian government.
2004                       Restored.


Rajas

1917 - 20 May 1918         Daud Hanoch Tanof                  (d. 1918)
Jun 1918 - 1945            Ote Nicolaas Isu Nisnoni           (b. 1880 - d. 1952)
1945 - 1955                Obe Alfonsus Nisnoni               (b. 1907 - d. 1992)
1955 - 2004                Interregnum
2004 -                     Leopold Nicolaas Isu Nisnoni       (b. 1936)


TaEbenu

1688                       TaEbenu state founded.
1917                       Merged into Kupang.
 
Rulers (title Fettor)

1688 - c.1701              Lasi Lelo TaEbenu
c.1701 - c.1729            Tanof Lasi
c.1729 - c.1756            Eki Tanof
c.1756 - 1797              Kobe Tanof                         (b. 1737- d. 1797)
1797 - ....                Enus Kobe
.... - ....                Salolo Kobe               
.... - 1850                Kobe Tus
1850 - 1873                Hanoch Tanof I (Nobe Salolo)  
1874 - 1895                Hanoch Tanof II
1896 - 1901                Jacob Tanof  
1901 - 1917                Daud Hanof Tanof                   (d. 1918)



IRIAN JAYA

Ati-Ati  

Rulers (title from c.1851, Raja)
.... - ....                Ulan Tui [1st ruler]
.... - ....                Lamarora
.... - ....                Menau Bauw
18.. - c.1851              Kakabusan Bauw
c.1851                     Wainesin Kakabusan Bauw
c.1851 - c.1860            Mampati Bauw                       (d. c.1860)
c.1860 - 18..              Sangil Bauw
-Regent
18.. - 1871                Ongga Bauw -Regent
c.1860 - 1897              Yusuf Kerewainja Bauw              (b. c.1850 - d. 1907)
1897 - 1899                ....
Apr 1899 - 26 Feb 1932     Haji Haruna
1932 -  1 Aug 1935         Nurma (Njora Latin)(f) 
1935 - Feb 1942            Mafa                               (b. 1872 - d. 1942)
1942 - 
1953/63             Muhammad Bai  
1953/63                    Wakil-Raja  J.A. Bai
19..  - c.1999             Nataniel Talla                     (d. c.1999)
c.1999 -                   Onim Bai                           (b. 1962)



Fatagar


Rulers (title Kapitan; from 1899 Raja)
18.. - c.1880              Kanumbas                           (d. c.1880)
1880 - 1899                Kurkur                             (d. 1899)
1899 - Feb 1942            Mafa                               (b. 1872 - d. 1942)
1942 - 1943                Kamarudin                          (d. 1943)
1943 - 1956                ....
1956 - 26 Dec 2009         Said Arobi Uswanas
31 Dec 2009 -              Taufiq Heru Uswanas



Kaimana

[Kaimana kingdom, Irian Jaya
              (Indonesia)]

Rulers (title Rat, from c.1898 Raja)
.... - ....                Umis I Imaga
.... - ....                Umis II Basir Onin
.... - ....                Umis III Woran
18.. - 1898                Umis IV Nduvin
1898 - 1923                Umis V Naro'E
1923 - 1966                Umis VI Achmad Aituarauw

1966 - 1980                Umis VII Muhammad Achmad Rais      (d. 1980)
                             Aituarauw
1980 -                     Umis VIII Abdul Hakim Achmad
                             Aituarauw


 
Namatota 

Rajas
1946 - 2005                Kasim Buseru
2006 -                     Hayum Ombaier


Patipi

Rajas
.... - 200.                Usman Iba                          (d. 200.)
2003 -                     Achmad Iba                         (b. 1939)



Rumbati

Rulers (title Jupiat; from 18 Feb 1872, Raja)
.... - ....                Bauw Berani (Tela Bauw)
.... - ....                Manimomoa Bauw 
.... - ....                Gefasami Bauw
.... - ....                Mauda Na-Tiasa Bauw 
.... - ....                Ritupun Bauw 
.... - ....                Ana-Koda Bauw
.... - ....                Patmaguri Bauw 
.... - c.1851              Mampati Bauw 
                     (d. c.1860)
c.1851 - c.1875            Nawarisa Bauw
c.1875 - c.1880            Tajam Bauw                         (d. c.1880)
c.1880 - ....              Ismail Bauw I
.... - 1902                Abduljalil                         (d. 1902)
1902 - 1903                Samsli Bauw   
1903 - 1913                Muhammad Sidik Bauw 
1913 - 1945                Abubakar Bauw                      (b. 1897 - d. 1945)
1946 - 1993                Ibrahim Bauw                       (b. 1917 - d. 1993)
1994 - Nov 2009            Ismail Bauw II
 1 Jan 2010 -              Abdbakar Saleh Bauw



Wetuar

Rajas
.... - 1850                Heremba
1850 - 1870                Semempes
1870 - 1886                Waraburi
                             (not recognized as Raja)
1886 - 1913                Lakatey Heremba
                             (Raja from 1911)
1913 - 1952                Paris Heremba
1952 - 1988                Nazar Heremba                      (d. 1988)
1988 -                     Musa Heremba                       (b. 1955)






Ben Cahoon