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Azerbaijan
 
[Russian flag]  
            6 Oct 1806 - 22 Jun 1918 
 
[Azerbaijan
                            1918]
           22 Jun 1918 - 11 Sep 1918 
 
[Flag of
                            Azerbaijan Variant, 1918]
      22 Jun 1918 - 11 Sep 1918 Variant
 

[Flag of
                            Azerbaijan, 1918-1920]
            11 Sep 1918 - 28 Apr 1920


[Flag of USSR]
                   30 Dec 1922 - 25 Dec 1991

[Flag of Azerbaijan]
                        Adopted 5 Feb 1991

Map of Azerbaijan
Hear National Anthem
"Azerbaijan Marsi"
(March of Azerbaijan) 
Text of National Anthem
 Adopted 27 May 1992
(1919-1920 none adopted)
Constitution
(12 Nov 1995)
Capital: Baku (Baki)
(Ganja  Jun 1918 - Sep 1918)
Currency: New Azerbaijani
Manat (AZN) 
National Holiday: 28 May (1918)
Founding of the Republic
Population: 9,590,159 (2013)
GDP: $100.4 billion (2013)
Exports: $3.4 billion (2013)
Imports: $11.9 billion (2013)
Ethnic Groups: Azerbaijani 91.6%, Lezgian 2%, Russian 1.3%,
Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.1% (2009)

note: almost all Armenians live in Nagorno-Karabakh
Total Active Armed Forces: 66,940 (2010)
Merchant marine: 90 ships (2010)
Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian
 Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995)
International Organizations/Treaties: ADB, BSEC, BTWC, CE, CFE, CICA, CIS, CTBT, CWC, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,  ICC, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, Intersputnik, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISESCO, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM, NPT, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SELEC (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO,WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Azerbaijan
Index
Chronology

1516                       Part of the Ottoman Empire.
1618                       Part of Persia.
172. - 1806                Baku Khanate (see below), under Persian rule.
10 Jul 1723 - 10 Mar 1735  Baku occupied by Russia (annexed 12 Sep 1723).
14 May 1806                Karabagh, Sheki (21 May 1805), and Shirvan
                             (Shamakha) (25 Dec 1805) annexed by Russia.
 6 Oct 1806                Baku annexed by Russia.
12 Oct 1813                Talysh annexed by Russia; Persia cedes
                             sovereignty
over Baku, Sheki (Shakki), Quba,
 
                            Shirvan (Shamakha) and Karabakh (Qarabagh) to
                             Russia by the Treaty of Gulistan.
22 Feb 1828                Nakhichevan annexed by Russia, Treaty of
                             Turkmanchai.
27 Dec 1844 -  9 Mar 1917  Part of the Viceroyalty of the Caucasus (Armenia,
                             Azerbaijan, and Georgia [see under Georgia]).
22 Apr 1918 - 26 May 1918  Part (with Armenia and Georgia) of the Democratic
                             Federative Republic of Transcaucasia 
                             (see under Georgia).
28 May 1918 - 27 Apr 1920  Azerbaijani People's Republic (also in official
                             use Azerbaijani Republic; semi-official
                             Azerbaijani Democratic Republic); remains
                             without territorial authority until national
                             government arrives in Elizavetpol [Ganja]
on
                             16 Jun 1918
).
17 Jul 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Baku occupied by British forces.
15 Sep 1918 - 18 Oct 1918  Baku occupied by Ottoman Empire forces.
27/28 Apr 1920             Soviet Russian forces occupy Baku.
28 Apr 1920                Azerbaijani Socialist Conciliar Republic
12 Mar 1922                Part (with Armenia and Georgia) of the Federative
                             Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of 
                             Transcaucasia (see under Georgia).
13 Dec 1922                Part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative
                             Soviet Republic (see under Georgia).
30 Dec 1922                T.S.F.S.R. founding component of the Soviet Union
                             (see under Russia).
 5 Dec 1936                T.S.F.S.R. dissolved; Azerbaidzhan Soviet
                             Socialist Republic becomes
full union republic.
23 Sep 1989                State sovereignty declared.
 5 Feb 1991                Azerbaijani Republic (style introduced
                             29 Nov 1990)
30 Aug 1991                Independence declared.
25 Dec 1991                Independence effective (dissolution of U.S.S.R.).
 6 Jan 1992                Nagorno-Karabakh declares independence from
                             Azerbaijan (recognized only by Armenia).

Azerbaidzhan
Soviet Socialist
Republic

(1920-1991)
Nagorno-Karabakh
Nakhichevan
Baku Governments
(1917-1918)
Talysh-Mughan
(1744-1919, 1993)
Kurdish District
(1923-1929)
Azeri Khanates
  • Baku
  • Ganja
  • Jawad
  • Quba (Kuba)
  • Salyan
  • Shakki (Sheki)
  • Shamakha
  •  
     
     

    Chairman of the National Council
    28 May 1918 - 17 Jun 1918  Memmed Emin Aga ogly Resulzade    (b. 1884 - d. 1955)  TPM
                                 (1st time)(in Tiflis, Georgia exile)
    Chairman of Provisional Government

    17 Jun 1918 - 16 Nov 1918 
    Fath Ali Khan Khoyski             (b. 1876 - d. 1920)  Non-party
    Chairman of the National Council

    16 Nov 1918 -  7 Dec 1918  
    Memmed Emin Aga ogly Resulzade    (s.a.)               TPM
                                 (2nd time)
    First Deputy Chairmen of the Parliament  
     7 Dec 1918 - 22 Jan 1920  Hasan bey Meshedi Husseyn ogly    (b. 1875 - d. 1920)  TPM
                                 Agayev
    22 Jan 1920 -  2 Feb 1920  Vacant
     2 Feb 1920 - 27 Apr 1920  Mammad Yusif Hajibaba ogly        (b. 1895 - d. 1938)  TPM
                                 Kafarov
    Chairman of the Parliament

     7 Dec 1918 - 27 Apr 1920  Alimardanbey Topchubashov         (b. 1862 - d. 1934)  TPM
                               
    (exercised functions of diplomatic representation abroad)
    Deputy Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
     
    28 Apr 1920 - 16 May 1920  Mirza Davud Bagir ogly Husseynov  (b. 1894 - d. 1938)  AKP
    Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
    16 May 1920 - 21 May 1921  Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf ogly     (b. 1870 - d. 1925)  AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Chairmen of the Central Executive Council
    21 May 1921 - 7? May 1922  Mukhtar Haji ogly Hajiyev         (b. 1876 - d. 1938)  AKP
    7? May 1922 - 18 Sep 1929  Samad Aga Agamali ogly Aliyev     (b. 1867 - d. 1930)  AKP
    Presidents
    19 May 1990 -  6 Mar 1992  Ayaz Niyazi ogly Mutalibov        (b. 1938)            AKP; 1991 
                                 (1st time)                                           Non-party
     6 Mar 1992 - 14 May 1992  Yagub Kavad ogly Mamedov (acting) (b. 1941)            Non-party
                                 (1st time)
    14 May 1992 - 16 May 1992  Ayaz Niyazi ogly Mutalibov        (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (2nd time)
    16 May 1992 - 18 May 1992  Yagub Kavad ogly Mamedov (acting) (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (2nd time)
    18 May 1992 - 16 Jun 1992  Isa Yunis ogly Gambarov (acting)  (b. 1957)            AKC
    16 Jun 1992 -  1 Sep 1993  Abulfez Kadyrgula ogly Elchibey   (b. 1938 - d. 2000)  AKC
    24 Jun 1993 - 31 Oct 2003  Heydar Alirza ogly Aliyev         (b. 1923 - d. 2003)  YAP
                                 (acting to 10 Oct 1993 [for Elchibey to 1 Sep 1993])
    31 Oct 2003 -              Ilham Heydar ogly Aliyev          (b. 1961)            YAP

    Prime ministers
    28 May 1918 - 14 Apr 1919  Fath Ali Khan Khoyski             (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (in Georgia 28 May 1918 - 16 Jun 1918)
    14 Apr 1919 - 30 Mar 1920  Nasib Bey Yusifbeyli              (b. 1881 - d. 1920)  TPM
     1 Apr 1920 - 28 Apr 1920  Mammad Hasan Hadzhinsky           (b. 1875 - d. 1931)  TPM
    Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
    May 1921 - Apr 1922        Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf ogly     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Apr 1922 - 14 Mar 1930     Gazanfar Makhmud ogly Musabekov   (b. 1888 - d. 1938)  AKP
                                 (acting to 6 May 1922)
    Prime Ministers

     7 Feb 1991 -  4 Apr 1992  Hasan Aziz ogly Hasanov           (b. 1940)      AKP;1991 Non-party
     4 Apr 1992 - 16 May 1992  Firuz Radzhab ogly Mustafayev                          Non-party
                                 (acting)
    16 May 1992 - 26 Jan 1993  Rahim Ali Husseyn ogly Huseynov   (b. 1936)            Non-party
    26 Jan 1993 - 28 Apr 1993  Ali Ahmed ogly Masimov (acting)   (b. 1952)            Non-party
    28 Apr 1993 - 30 Jun 1993  Panakh Chodar ogly Huseynov       (b. 1957)            AKC
    30 Jun 1993 -  7 Oct 1994  Surat Davud ogly Huseynov         (b. 1959)            Mil
     
    7 Oct 1994 - 20 Jul 1996  Fuad Khalil ogly Guliyev          (b. 1941)            YAP
                                 (acting to 2 May 1995)
    20 Jul 1996 -  4 Aug 2003  Artur Tair ogly Rasizade          (b. 1935)            YAP
                                 (1st time)(acting to 26 Nov 1996 and 18-24 Oct 1998)
     4 Aug 2003 - 31 Oct 2003  Ilham Heydar ogly Aliyev          (s.a.)               YAP
     6 Aug 2003 - 31 Oct 2003  Artur Rasizade                    (s.a.)               YAP
                                 (acting for Aliyev)
    31 Oct 2003 -              Artur Tair ogly Rasizade          (s.a.)               YAP
                                 (2nd time)(acting to 4 Nov 2003)


    Commanders of Occupation forces

    17 Jul 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  William M. Thomson (U.K.)         (b. 1878 - d. 1963)
    16 Sep 1918 - 18 Oct 1918  Mustafa Nuri Pasha                (b. 1889 - d. 1949)
                                (Ottoman Empire)


    Territorial Disputes: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified the Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea; the dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability; residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan; local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders; bilateral talks continue with Turkmenistan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields in the middle of the Caspian

    Party abbreviations: AKC = Azerbaycan Xalq Cebhesi Partiyasi (Azerbaijani Popular Front Party, reformist, est.1992); AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, communist, 1918-16 Sep 1991, re-est.Dec 1993); YAP = Yeni Azerbaycan Partiyasi (New Azerbaijan Party, nationalist, center-right, est.18 Dec 1992); Mil = Military
    - Former parties: TPM = Turk Adam-i Markaziyyat-Musavat Firqasi (Turkic Party of Federalists - Equality Party, liberal, pan-Turkist, nationalist, 1917-1923)


    Baku
     
    [Baku Soviet
                          Commune flag 1918]
                 2 Nov 1917 - 31 Jul 1918 
                        Baku Commune
    [Dictatorship of
                          Central Caspian flag 1918]
                 14 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918 
                 Central Caspian Dictatorship

     2 Nov 1917 - 31 Jul 1918  Baku Soviet Commune established.
    22 Apr 1918 - 26 May 1918  Part (with Armenia and Georgia) of the Democratic Federative
                                 Republic of Transcaucasia (see under Georgia).
    28 May 1918                Azerbaijan People's Republic
     1 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Central Caspian Dictatorship (also called Centro-Caspian
                                 Directorate) in Baku replaces the Commune;
    supported by British
                                 troops and in opposition to Azeri
    national government at Ganja.
    17 Jul 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Baku occupied by British forces.
    15 Sep 1918 - 18 Oct 1918  Ottoman occupation.
    27/28 Apr 1920             Soviet Russian forces occupy Baku.

    Chairman of Council of People's Commissioners of the Commune of Baku
     2 Nov 1917 - 31 Jul 1918  Stepan Georgiyevich Shaumian      (b. 1878 - d. 1918)  RSDLP-B
                                (in opposition to national government
                                 from 28 May 1918)
    Chairman of the
    Central Caspian Dictatorship and the Provisional Executive Committee
     1 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovsky                        RSDLP-M
                                (in Baku; in opposition to national government)

    Commander of British forces
     4 Aug 1918 - 15 Sep 1918  Lionel Charles Dunsterville       (b. 1865 - d. 1946)

    Party abbreviations: RSDLP-B = Rossiyskaya Sotsial-Demokraticheskaya Rabochaya Partiya-Bolshevik (Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party-Bolshevik [Majority], marxist communist, internationalist, renamed Russian Communist Party, 1903-1918); RSDLP-MRossiyskaya Sotsial-Demokraticheskaya Rabochaya Partiya-Menshevik (Russian Social Democratic Labor Party-Menshevik [Minority], split from RSDLP, Marxist, center-leftist, Russian nationalist, parliamentary socialists, 1908-1920)



    Azerbaidzhan Soviet Socialist Republic
     
    Flag of
                          Azerbaijan SSR 1920
                       28 Apr 1920 - 19 May 1921 
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1921]
                        19 May 1921 - 30 Dec 1922 
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1922]
                         30 Dec 1922 - 14 Mar 1925
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1925-192x]
                            14 Mar 1925 - c.1927
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 192x-1937]
                             c.1927 - 14 Feb 1931
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1931]
                       14 Feb 1931 - 14 Mar 1937
     
    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1937
                       14 Mar 1937 - 20 Mar 1940

    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1940
                        20 Mar 1940 - 7 Oct 1952

    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1952
                          7 Oct 1952 - 5 Feb 1991

    Capital: Baku Hear SSR Anthem
    "Azerbaycan Sovet Sosialist
     Respublikasinin Himni"
     (State Anthem of the
     Azerbaijan SSR)
     
    (1944 - 27 May 1992)
    Constitution
    (21 Apr 1978)
    Population: 6,028,000 (1980)

    13 Dec 1922 -  5 Dec 1936  Part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic 
                                  (see under Georgia).

    First secretaries of the Azerbaijani Communist Party (AKP)
    28 Apr 1920 - 23 Jul 1920
      Mirza Davud Bagir ogly Husseynov  (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
    23 Jul 1920 -  9 Sep 1920  Viktor Ivanovich Naneyshvili      (b. 1878 - d. 1940)
     9 Sep 1920 - 15 Sep 1920  Yelena Dmitriyevna
    Stasova (f)    (b. 1873 - d. 1966)
    15 Sep 1920 - 24 Oct 1920  Vladimir Yelizbarovich Dumbadze   (b. 1879 - d. 1934)
    24 Oct 1920 - 24 Jul 1921  Grigory Naumovich Kaminsky        (b. 1895 - d. 1938)
    24 Jul 1921 - 21 Jan 1926  Sergey Mironovich Kirov           (b. 1886 - d. 1934)
    21 Jan 1926 - 11 Jul 1929  Levon Isayevich Mirzoyan          (b. 1887 - d. 1939)
    11 Jul 1929 -  5 Aug 1930  Nikolay Fyodorovich Gikalo        (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
     5 Aug 1930 -  8 Feb 1933  Vladimir Ivanovich Polonsky       (b. 1893 - d. 1939)
     8 Feb 1933 - 10 Dec 1933  Ruben Gukasovich Rubenov          (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
                                 (Mkrytyan)
    10 Dec 1933 - 18 Apr 1953  Mir Dzhafar Abas ogly Bagirov     (b. 1896 - d. 1956)
    18 Apr 1953 - 17 Feb 1954  Mir Teimur Mir Alekper ogly       (b. 1904 - d. 1970)
                                 Yakubov 
    17 Feb 1954 - 10 Jul 1959  Imam Dashdemir ogly Mustafayev    (b. 1910 - d. 1997)
    10 Jul 1959 - 14 Jul 1969  Veli Yusif ogly Akhundov          (b. 1916 - d. 1986)
    14 Jul 1969 -  3 Dec 1982  Heydar Alirza ogly Aliyev         (b. 1923 - d. 2003)
     3 Dec 1982 - 21 May 1988  Kyamran Mamed ogly Bagirov        (b. 1933 - d. 2000)
    21 May 1988 - 25 Jan 1990  Abdul Rahman Khalil ogly Vezirov  (b. 1930)
    25 Jan 1990 - 14 Sep 1991  Ayaz Niyazi ogly Mutalibov        (b. 1938)

    Deputy Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee 
    28 Apr 1920 - 16 May 1920  Mirza Davud Bagir ogly Husseynov  (b. 1894 - d. 1938)  AKP
    Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Committee
    16 May 1920 - 21 May 1921  Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf ogly     (b. 1870 - d. 1925)  AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
    21 May 1921 -  6 May 1922  Mukhtar Haji ogly Hajiyev         (b. 1876 - d. 1938)  AKP
     6 May 1922 - 14 Mar 1930  Samed Aga Agamali ogly Aliyev     (b. 1867 - d. 1930)  AKP
    14 Mar 1930 - Dec 1931     Gazanfar Makhmud ogly Musabekov   (b. 1888 - d. 1938)  AKP
    13 Dec 1931
     - 10 Jun 1937  Sultan Medzhid Medzhid ogly       (b. 1887 - d. 1938)  AKP
                                 Efendiyev 
    Jun 1937 - 19 Jul 1938     Mir Bashir Fattakh ogly Kasumov   (b. 1879 - d. 1949)  AKP
                                 (acting)
    Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

    19 Jul 1938 - 21 Jul 1938  Mir Teimur Mir Alekper ogly       (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Yakubov
    Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
    21 Jul 1938 - 23 Apr 1949  Mir Bashir Fattakh ogly Kasumov   (s.a.)               AKP
    18 May 1949 -  9 Mar 1954  Nazar Heydar ogly Heydarov        (b. 1896 - d. 1968)  AKP
     9 Mar 1954 - 23 Jan 1958  Mirza Azhdar ogly Ibrahimov       (b. 1911 - d. 1993)  AKP
    23 Jan 1958 - 26 Nov 1959  Ilyas Kerim ogly Abdullayev       (b. 1913 - d. 1985)  AKP
    26 Nov 1959 - 16 Nov 1961  Saftar Mamed ogly Dzhafarov       (b. 1900 - d. 1961)  AKP
    29 Dec 1961 - 25 Dec 1969  Mamed Abdul ogly Iskenderov       (b. 1915 - d. 1985)  AKP
    25 Dec 1969 - 30 Dec 1985  Kurban Ali ogly Khalilov          (b. 1906 - d. 2000)  AKP
    30 Dec 1985 - 22 Jun 1989  Suleiman Bayram ogly Tatliyev     (b. 1925 - d. 2014)  AKP
    22 Jun 1989 - 18 May 1990  Elmira Mikail kyzy Kafarova (f)   (b. 1934 - d. 1994)  AKP

    Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
    May 1921 - Apr 1922        Nariman Kerbalay Nadzhaf ogly     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 Narimanov 
    Apr 1922 - 14 Mar 1930     Gazanfar Makhmud ogly Musabekov   (s.a.)               AKP
                                 (acting to 6 May 1922)
    14 Mar 1930 - 23 Oct 1932  Dadash Khodzha ogly Buniyatzade   (b. 1888 - d. 1938)  AKP
    23 Oct 1932 - 12 Dec 1933  Mir Dzhafar Abbas ogly Bagirov    (s.a.)               AKP
    12 Dec 1933 - 22 Aug 1937  Huseyn Pasha ogly Rakhmanov       (b. 1902 - d. 1938)  AKP
    13 Nov 1937 - 29 Mar 1946  Teimur Imam Kuli ogly Kuliyev     (b. 1888 - d. 1965)  AKP
    Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
    29 Mar 1946 - 18 Apr 1953  Teimur Imam Kuli ogly Kuliyev     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 (1st time)
    18 Apr 1953 - 17 Aug 1953  Mir Dzhafar Abbas ogly Bagirov    (s.a.)               AKP
    17 Aug 1953 -  1 Mar 1954  Teimur Imam Kuli ogly Kuliyev     (s.a.)               AKP
                                 (2nd time) 
     1 Mar 1954 -  8 Jul 1958  Sadykh Gadzhiyar Ali ogly Ragimov (b. 1914 - d. 1975)  AKP
     8 Jul 1958 - 10 Jul 1959  Veli Yusif ogly Akhundov          (s.a.)               AKP
    10 Jul 1959 - 29 Dec 1961  Mamed Abdul ogly Iskenderov       (s.a.)               AKP
    29 Dec 1961 - 10 Apr 1970  Enver Nazar ogly Alikhanov        (b. 1917 - d. 1992)  AKP
    10 Apr 1970 - 22 Jan 1981  Ali Ismail ogly Ibrahimov         (b. 1913)            AKP
    22 Jan 1981 - 27 Jan 1989  Gasan Neimat ogly Seidov          (b. 1932 - d. 2004)  AKP
    27 Jan 1989 - 25 Jan 1990  Ayaz Niyazi ogly Mutalibov        (s.a.)               AKP
    25 Jan 1990 -  7 Feb 1991 
    Hasan Aziz ogly Hasanov           (b. 1940)            AKP

    Party abbreviation: AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, 1918-16 Sep 1991)


    Kurdish District
     
    Map of Kurdish District
    Capital: Lachin
    (Laçin)
    Population: 51,426 (1926)
    Kurds 72.3%

     7 Jul 1923                Kurdish uyezd (non-autonomous district)
                                 (known colloquially as "Red Kurdistan").
     8 Apr 1929                Dissolved.
    30 May 1930                Kurdish okrug (district).
    23 Jul 1930                Dissolved by Soviet Union, population resettled.
    20 May 1992                Lachin captured by Armenian forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh
                                 war;
    20 May 1992 - May 1992     Lachin Kurdish Republic is briefly declared
    (not recognized).

    First Secretaries of the Okrug Committee of the Communist Party
    30 May 1930 - 23 Jul 1930  the First Secretaries of the Communist
                               Party of
    Azerbaidzhan

    Chairman of the Administrative Committee
    1923 - 1929                Gussi Gaji (or Gadzhiev, Gajiyev)
    Chairman of the Executive Committee
    30 May 1930 - 23 Jul 1930  ....
    Prime Minister
    20 May 1992 - May 1992     Wekil Mustafa (Wekil Mustafayev)  (b. 1938)  



    Nagorno-Karabakh  (Artsakh)
     
    [Armenia]
                      1918 - 1919, 1920 - 1921;
                       3 Sep 1991 - 2 Jun 1992
     
    [Soviet of
                          Nagorno-Karabakh Council of People's Deputies
                          flag 1988-1989]
                             Jul 1988 - Jan 1989 
     
    [Flag of USSR]
                         20 Jan 1989 - 3 Sep 1991
     
    [Flag of
                          Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) from 1992]
                            Adopted 2 Jun 1992
     


    Map of Nagorno-Karabakh
    Hear National Anthem
    "Azat u Ankakh Artsakh"
    (Free and Independent
    Artsakh)
    Text of National Anthem
    Adopted 17 Nov 1992
    Constitution
    (10 Dec 2006)
    Capital: Stepanakert
    (Khankendi)

    (Tatev 1920-1921;
    Shusha 1751-1822)
    Currency: Armenian Dram
    (AMD) and (from 2005)
     
    Karabakh Dram (DNKR)
    National Holiday: 2 Sep (1991)
    Day of Proclamation of
     Nagorno Karabakh Republic
    Population: 146,600 (2013)
    125,300 (1926)
    GDP: $380 million (2012)
    $59 million (1999)
    Exports: 20.7 billion AMD (2004)
    Imports: 58.7 billion AMD (2004)
    Ethnic groups: Armenian 99.74%, Russian 0.1%, Greeks 0.02%, Ukrainian 0.02%, Georgian 0.01%, others 0.11% (2005)
    1989: Armenian 76.9%, Azeri 21.5%, Russian 1%, other 0.6% (1989)
    Total Armed Forces: 18,500-20,000 (2007)
    Religions: Armenian Orthodox, other Orthodox,
    Protestant, other and none
    International Organizations/Treaties: None

    c.1554                     State under the rule of an Atabeg founded; part of Persia.
    1588                       Part of the Ottoman Empire.
    1606                       Khanate of Qarabagh (Karabakh) founded.
    14 May 1806                Annexed to Russia by Treaty of Kurekchay.
    Oct 1822                   Khanate abolished by Russia.
     4 Jun 1918                Treaty of Batum recognizes Karabakh as an autonomous part
                                 of Azerbaijan.
    24 Jul 1918                (Armenian) People's Government of Karabakh established (from Sep
                                 1918 renamed Karabakh Armenian National Council).
    Sep 1918 - 31 Oct 1918     Ottoman occupation.
    22 Aug 1919 - 22 Mar 1920  Karabakh agrees to considered itself to be provisionally within
                                 the borders of Azerbaijan, but continues separate government.
    Apr 1920                   Karabakh declared incorporated into Armenia. 
    10 Aug 1920                Armenia and Soviet Russia agreement under which Soviet troops
                                 occupied Karabakh, Zangezur and Nakhichevan for the peaceful
                                 resolution of territorial issues.
     2 Dec 1920                Azerbaidzhan S.S.R. Revolutionary Committee recognizes Nakhichevan,
                                 Nagorno-Karabakh and Zangezur as part of Armenian S.S.R.
    25 Dec 1920                Autonomous Republic of Syunik proclaimed by anti-Soviet Armenian
                                 forces in Syunie (Siunie) in Zangezur, with capital at Tatev,
                                 which was declared as "autonomous within Republic of Armenia."
     2 Apr 1921                Republic of Syunik proclaims independence.
    27 Apr 1921                Syunik is joined to part of Nagorno-Karabakh and is renamed the
                                 Republic of Mountainous Armenia.
     3 Jun 1921                Caucasus Bureau of the Russian Communist Party recognizes 
                                 Nagorno-Karabakh as part of Armenian S.S.R.
     1 Jul 1921                Mountainous Armenia is renamed Republic of Armenia.
    5/9 Jul 1921               Soviet Russian occupation.
     7 Jul 1923                Autonomous Oblast of Nagorno-Karabakh (within Azerbaidzhan S.S.R.)
     5 Dec 1936                Renamed Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
    20 Feb 1988                Supreme Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh votes to reunite with Armenia
                                 (rejected by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. on 28 Mar 1988,
                                 but recognized by Armenian S.S.R. on 15 Jun 1988). 
    12 Jul 1988                Supreme Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh again votes to join Armenia
                                 (rejected by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. on 18 Jul 1988, but
                                 ratified by Armenian S.S.R. 1 Dec 1989). 
    12 Jan 1989 - 28 Nov 1989  Under direct Soviet administration from Moscow.
    28 Nov 1989                Autonomy abrogated by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. 
     1 Dec 1989                During a joint session, the Supreme Soviet of Armenian S.S.R. and
                                 the National Council adopt a resolution on reunification
                                 of Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenian S.S.R.
    27 Aug 1990                Azerbaijan S.S.R. abolishes Nagorno-Karabakh autonomy.
     3 Sep 1991                Armenian Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh (or Republic of Mountainous 
                                 Karabakh (Artsakh) declared.
    26 Nov 1991                Azerbaijan declares Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast dissolved.
    10 Dec 1991                Referendum votes for Nagorno-Karabakh independence by 99.8%
     6 Jan 1992                Independence declared (not internationally recognized).
    19 May 1992 -              Armenian occupation of adjacent Azeri cities of Lachin; 
                                 Kelbajar from 7 Apr 1993, Aghdam 24 Jul 1993, Fizuli 23 Aug 1993,
                                 Jebrayil 26 Aug 1993 and Gubatly 31 Aug 1993, Horadiz 23 Oct 1993
                                 - Feb 1994 and Zangelan from 1 Nov 1993.
    12 May 1994                Cease-fire by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh.
    10 Dec 2006                Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (Artsakh Republic also in use).    

    First Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
    Jul 1923 - Dec 1923        Sero Manutsyan
    Dec 1923 - Apr 1924        Akop Mikaelovich Bendzhanyan
    Apr 1924 - Oct 1924        Sarkisov
    Oct 1924 - 1925            Hayk Hachaturovich Silanyan       (d. 1938)
    1925 - 1929                Artvazd Aleksandrovich Saakyants  (b. 1895 - d. 1939)
    1929 - Dec 1929            M.K. Danilyan
    1929 - May 1930            Ashot Abramovich Karamyan         (b. 1898 - d. 193.)
    May 1930 - 1937            ....
    1937 - 1940                Mikhail Sergeyevich Manukyants    (b. 1909 - d. 1968)
    1940 - 1942                ....
    Oct 1942 - 1946            Yegishe Petrosovich Grigoryan     (b. 1902 - d. 19..)
                                 (1st time)
    1946 - 195.                Tigran Grigoryevich Grigoryan
    1952 - Dec 1958            Yegishe Petrosovich Grigoryan     (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    Dec 1958 - Oct 1962        Nikolay Samsonovich Shakhnazarov  (b. 1908 - d. 19..)
    Oct 1962 - Jun 1973        Gurgen Allakhverdovich Melkumyan  (b. 1915)
    Jun 1973 - 24 Feb 1988     Boris Sarkisovich Kevorkov        (b. 1932)
    24 Feb 1988 - 20 Jan 1989  Genrikh Andreyevich Pogosyan      (b. 1931)
    20 Jan 1989 - 27 Aug 1990  Vagan Gabrielyan                  (b. 1936)

    Khans
    1722 - May 1728            Dawud Khan
    1728 - 1730                Makhithar
    1730 - 1738                Ughurlu II Khan Ziyad oghlu
    1743?                      Khan Chemskeseka
    1747 - 1761                Panah Khan `Ali Beg               (b. 1693 - d. 1763)
    1761 - 14 Jun 1806         Ibrahim Khalil                    (b. 1732 - d. 1806)
    13 Sep 1806 - Oct 1822     Mahdi Quli Khan Muzaffar          (b. 1763 - d. 1845)
    President of Karabakh Sovereignty Committee
    1917 - 1918                Lyuftali-bek Byebutov 
    Commissioner of the People's Government of Karabakh (from Sep 1918,
    Chief minister of the Karabakh Armenian National Council)

    22 Jul 1918 - 20 Feb 1919  Yeghishe Ishkhanian               (b. 1886 - d. 1975)
                                 (Ottoman prisoner 1-31 Oct 1918; in dissidence from Jan 1919)
    Governor-general of Karabakh and Zangezur
    15 Jan 1919 - 16 Apr 1920  Khosrov Bey Sultanov              (b. 1879 - d. 1947)
    President of the Authority
    Apr 1920 - 1920            Arsen Ogannesyan
    Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
    1920                       Sako Ambartsumyan
    Sparapet (Commander) of Autonomous Republic of Syunik
    25 Dec 1920 - 27 Apr 1921  Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan           (b. 1886 - d. 1955)
                                 "Karekin Nzhdeh"
    Prime ministers of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia
    27 Apr 1921 -  1 Jul 1921  Karekin Egishevich Ter-Arutyunian (s.a.)
     1 Jul 1921 -  9 Jul 1921  Simon Vratsyan                    (b. 1882 - d. 1969)
    Chairmen of the Executive Committee

    Jul 1923 - Dec 1929        Armenak Mkrtychevich Karakozov    (b. 1890 - d. 1937)
    Dec 1929 - Dec 1937        ....
    Dec 1937 - Dec 1940        Hayk Avetisovich Karkaryan
    Dec 1940 - Oct 1944        Grigory Sergeyevich Petrosyan
    194. - 1945?               Musheg Avakovich Grigoryan
    1946 - 1953                Yegishe Semyonovich Akopov 
    May 1953 - Mar 1954        Pasha Astsaturovich Arushanov     (b. 1916 - d. 2004)
    Mar 1954 - Mar 1963        Ruben Tevosovich Shakhramyan      (b. 1914 - d. 19..)        
    Mar 1963 - Feb 1974        Musheg Grigoryevich Ogandzhanyan  (b. 1924)
    Feb 1974 - Aug 1988        Armais Amirovich Aslanov
    Aug 1988 - 27 Aug 1990     Semyon Amayakovich Babayan        (b. 1932)
    Chairman of the Committee of Special Administration Nagorno-Karabakh
    12 Jan 1989 - 28 Nov 1989  Arkady Ivanovich Volsky           (b. 1932 - d. 2006CPSU
    Commandant of the Special Area of NKR (commander of the State of Emergency)
    28 Nov 1989 - 1991         Vladislav Safonov                                      Mil
    C
    hairman of Republican Organizational Committee on Nagorno-Karabakh
     1 Jan 1990 - 14 Sep 1991  Viktor Petrovich Polyanichko      (b. 1937 - d. 1993)  AZP 
    Chairman of the National Council

    16 Aug 1989 - 1990         Vachagan Grigorian             
                                (Vazgen Grigoryan)
    Chairman of the Executive Committee

    12 Sep 1990 -  2 Sep 1991  Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan    (b. 1953 - d. 1999)
                                 (acting)
    Chairmen of Parliament
     
    2 Sep 1991 -  6 Jan 1992  Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan    (s.a.)               Non-party
     7 Jan 1992 - 14 Apr 1992  Artur Aslanovich Mkrtchyan        (b. 1959 - d. 1992)  Non-party
    15 Apr 1992 - 14 Jun 1993  Georgy Mikhaylovich Petrosyan     (b. 1953)            Non-party
                                 (acting)
    14 Jun 1993 - 29 Dec 1994  Garen Zarmayrovich Baburyan       (b. 1954 - d. 2011)  Non-party
                                 (acting)
    Presidents
    29 Dec 1994 - 20 Mar 1997  Robert Sedrakovich Kocharyan      (b. 1954)            Non-party
    20 Mar 1997 -  8 Sep 1997  Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan    (s.a.)               Non-party
                                 (acting)
     8 Sep 1997 -  7 Sep 2007  Arkady Arshavirovich Gukasyan     (b. 1957)            Non-party
     7 Sep 2007 -              Bako Sahakovich Sahakyan          (b. 1960)            Non-party

    Prime Ministers
     8 Jan 1992 - 14 Aug 1992  Oleg Esayevich Yesayan            (b. 1946)            Non-party
    15 Aug 1992 - 24 Dec 1994  Robert Sedrakovich Kocharyan      (s.a.)               Non-party
    Dec 1994 - 15 Jun 1998     Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan    (s.a.)               Non-party
    15 Jun 1998 - 30 Jun 1999  Zhirayr Tevan Poghosyan           (b. 1942)            Non-party
    30 Jun 1999 - 14 Sep 2007  Anushavan Suren Danielyan         (b. 1956)            Non-party
    14 Sep 2007 -              Araik Vladimir Arutyunyan         (b. 1973)            AH  

    Party abbreviations: AH = Azat Hayrenik Kusaktsutyun (Free Motherland Party, conservative, Artsakh nationalist, est.2005); HHK = Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun (Republican Party of Armenia, center-right, nationalist, refounded 1998, est.1990);
    - Former parties: AKP = Azerbaycan Kommunist Partiyasi (Azerbaijan Communist Party, 1918-16 Sep 1991); CPSU = Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza (Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1952-1991)



    Nakhichevan (Naxcivan)
     
    [Flag of
                          Azerbaijan, 1918]
                  Nov 1918 - Jun 1919
     
    [Nakhichevan
                          Flag of 1920]
                    28 Jul 1920 - 1921
     
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1922-1925]
                              1922 - 14 Mar 1925
     
    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1925]
                       14 Mar 1925 - 18 Sep 1937

    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1926-1938]
                       18 Sep 1937 - 25 Aug 1938

    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1938-1940]
                        25 Aug 1938 - 1 Jan 1940

    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1940-1945]
                            1 Jan 1940 - 1945

    [Flag of
                          Nakhichevan ASSR 1945-1953]
                            1945 - 22 Aug 1953
       
    Flag of
                          Azerbaidzhan SSR 1952
                       22 Aug 1953 - 26 Jun 1956
     
    [Nakhichevan
                          ASSR flag of 1956-1978]
                             26 Jun 1956 - 1978
    [Nakhichevan
                          ASSR flag of 1978-1990]
                             1978 - 17 Nov 1990

    [Nakhichevan
                      officially the Azerbaijan flag (Nakhichevan does
                      not have a flag)]                        Adopted 12 Nov 1995
    Map of Nakhichevan Capital: Nakhichevan
    (Naxcivan)
    (Araks, Igdyr 1918-1919)
    Constitution
    (29 Dec 1998)
    Population: 414,900 (2011)

    15..                       Part of Persia
    1747                       Khanate of Nakhchiwan (Nakhichevan).
    22 Feb 1828                Annexed to Russia by Treaty of Turkmanchai.
    1834                       Khanate abolished by Russia.
    Sep 1918 - 31 Oct 1918     Ottoman occupation.
     4 Jun 1918                Treaty of Batum recognizes Nakhichevan as an autonomous part
                                 of Azerbaijan.
     3 Nov 1918                Republic of Araks (Arasdayan, Araxes, Araxi or Arak Republic)
                                 proclaimed by Azeris in Nakhichevan.
    26 Jan 1919 -  1 Jun 1919  British occupation.
    Jun 1919 - Jul 1919        Armenian occupation.
    28 Jul 1920                Nakhichevan occupied by Soviet Russian forces.
    28 Jul 1920                Nakhichevan Soviet Republic proclaimed, but Armenia
                                 continues to occupy the area and does not recognize the 
                                 autonomous government until its defeat in Nov 1920.
     2 Dec 1920                Azerbaidzhan S.S.R. Revolutionary Committee recognizes Nakhichevan,
                                 Nagorno-Karabakh and Zangezur as part of Armenian S.S.R.
    16 Mar 1921                Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
    Feb 1923                   Nakhichevan Autonomous Oblast
     9 Feb 1924                Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, within 
                                 Azerbaidzhan S.S.R.
    28 Nov 1989                Autonomy abrogated by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. 
    19 Jan 1990                Independence from U.S.S.R., but not from Azerbaijan, declared 
                                 (not recognized).
    19 Nov 1990                Naxcivan (Nakhichevan) Autonomous Republic within Azerbaijan.

    First Secretaries of the Communist Party
    1920 - 1921                ....
    1921                       Bagatur Kasum ogly Velibekov     (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
                                 (1st time)
    1921 - 1925                ....
    1925 - 192.                Alesker Abbas ogly Shakhbazov    (b. 1888 - d. 1973)
    192. - 192.                Ali Dzharov
    1929                       Vasily Leontyevich Volkov        (b. 1889 - d. 1939)
    1929 - 1933                ....
    193. - 1933                Bagatur Kasum ogly Velibekov     (s.a.)
                                 (2nd time)
    1933                       Ali Mamedov
    1935? - Dec 1936           Mekhti Adi Gezal ogly Mekhtiyev  (d. 1937)
    193. - 1937                Gasan Ali Pasha ogly Rakhmanov
    1938? - 1940               Kyazim Heidar ogly Ismailov
    1940 - 1949                Huseyn Gumbat ogly Nadzhafov
    1949 - 1952?               Yusif Niftaly ogly Yusifov
    1952                       Pasha Mamed ogly Aliev
    1952 - 1956                Ismail Nasrulla ogly Askerov     (b. 1914)
    1956 - 1961                Khurshud Bayram Kulu ogly        (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
                                 Mamedov                
    Oct 1961 - Apr 1970        Gadzhi Aga Khalil ogly           (b. 1923)
                                 Ibragimov
    Apr 1970 - Dec 1975        Aslan Aga Guseyn ogly Guseynov   (b. 1916)
    Dec 1975 - Dec 1983        Kamran Nabi ogly Ragimov         (b. 1928)
    Dec 1983 - Nov 1988        Nuradin Elyazovich Mustafayev    (b. 1942)
    Nov 1988 - Jan 1990        Heidar Isa ogly Isayev           (b. 1936)
    Jan 1990 - Apr 1991        Afetdin Dzhalil ogly Dzhalilov   (b. 1946 - d. 1994)
    Apr 1991 - Aug 1991        Akper Fattakh ogly Aliyev        (b. 1950)

    Khans
    1747 - 1764                Haydar Quli Khan
    1764 - 1765                Haji Khan
    1765 - 1770                Rahim Khan
    1770 - 1773                Ali Quli Khan
    1773 - 1781                Veli Quli Khan
    1781 - 1783                Abbas Quli Khan (1st time)
    1783 - 1785                Jafar Quli Khan
    1785 - 1787                Süküreli Khan
    1787 - 1796                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (d. 1823)
                                 (1st time)
    1797 - 1801                Abbas Quli Khan (2nd time)
    1801 - 1804                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (s.a.)
                                 (2nd  time)
    1804                       Abbas Quli Khan (3rd time)
    1804 - 1813                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (s.a.)
                                 (3rd time)
    1813 - 1816                Karim Khan Kangarli (1st time)
    1816 - 1820                Kalb `Ali Khan ibn Heydaroglu    (s.a.)
                                 (4th time)
    1820                       Nezereli Khan
    1820 - 1827                Karim Khan Kangarli (2nd time)
    1827 - 1828                Ehsan Khan                       (b. 1789 - d. 1846)
    1828 - 1834                Karim Khan Kangarli (3dr time)
    Chairman of the Republic of Araks
     3 Nov 1918 - 1919         Amir Bey Zamanbekzade
    Governor-general of Araks

     3 Nov 1918 - Jun 1919     Dzhafar Quli Khan                (b. 1859 - d. af.1929) 
    British Military Governors
    26 Jan 1919 -  2 Apr 1919  Frederick Eastfield Laughton
     3 Apr 1919 -  1 Jun 1919  John Chalmers Simpson
    Chairmen of Revolutionary Committee

    28 Jul 1920 - Nov 1921     Mustafa Baktashev
    Nov 1921 - Mar 1922        Gasan Babayev 
    Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
    1922 - bf.1926             ....
    bf.1926 - 193.             Gasan Babayev
    1930 - 193.                Bagatur Kasum ogly Velibekov     (s.a.)
    193. - 193.                Agamirov
    1937                       Saftar Mamed ogly Dzhafarov      (b. 1900 - d. 1961)
    1937 - 194.                Mamedali Ali ogly Ragimov
    194. - 1950?               Dzhebrail Ibragim ogly Mamedov
    1950? - 1952               ....
    Sep 1952 - 1963            Gusein Kurban ogly Mamedov       (b. 1900)
    1963 - Sep 1990            Sukina Abas-kyzy Aliyeva (f)     (b. 1925)
    Sep 1990 - Sep 1991        Afetdin Dzhalil ogly Dzhalilov   (s.a.)
    Chairmen of the Supreme Council
     5 Sep 1991 - 23 Jun 1993  Heidar Alirza ogly Aliyev        (b. 1923 - d. 2003)
     3 Jul 1993 -  4 Apr 1994  Vasif Yusuf ogly Talybov         (b. 1960)            YAP
                                 (1st time) (acting)
     4 Apr 1994 - 16 Dec 1995  Natiq Hasanov                    (b. 1944)
    16 Dec 1995 -              Vasif Yusuf ogly Talybov         (s.a.)               YAP
                                 (2nd time) 


    Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

    1920 - 1922                A. Kadymov
    Jan 1922 -  3 May 1922     Beybut Aga Shakhtakhtinsky       (b. 1881 - d. 1924)
    1925 - 1929                Gamid Gasan ogly Sultanov        (b. 1889 - d. 1937)
    1929 - 1932                Teimur Magomet ogly Aliyev 
    1932 - 1938                ....
    Jul 1938 - 1942            Balamet Yuz Akhmed ogly Balametov
                                 (1st time)
    194. - 1946?               Adi Gezal Khalil ogly Gezalov
    194. - 1949?               Balamet Yuz Akhmed ogly Balametov
                                 (2nd time)
    194. - 1953                I. Gyulmamedov
    1953 - 1955                Neimat Guseinovich Novruzov      (b. 1908 - d. ....)
    1955 - 1959                Ragim Karam ogly Ragimov         (b. 1920)
    1959 - 1964                Mamed Gasan ogly Askerov         (b. 1918)
    1964 - 1970                Ramazan Akper ogly Ismailov      (b. 1928)
    1970 - Jan 1979            Yusif Mustafa ogly Nabiyev       (b. 1926)
    Jan 1979 - May 1983        Imran Azim ogly Mekhtyev
    May 1983 - Mar 1988        Salekh Gadzhiyev
    Mar 1988 - Nov 1988        Heidar Isa ogly Isayev           (s.a.)
    Nov 1988 - 1989            Sukina Abas-kyzy Aliyeva (f)
    1989 - Jan 1990            Afetdin Dzhalil ogly Dzhalilov   (s.a.)
    Sep 1990 - 1991            Mir Ismail Aliyev
    Prime ministers
    1991 - 1993                Bedzhan Farziliyev
    1993 - 2000                Shamsaddin Guseyn ogly           (b. 1939) 
                                 Khanbabayev
    2000 -                     Alovsat Gazanfar ogly Bakhshiyev (b. 1956)

    Party abbreviationYAP = Yeni Azerbaycan Partiyasi (New Azerbaijan Party, nationalist, center-right, est.18 Dec 1992) 



    Talysh-Mughan (Talishtan)
     
    [Russian flag]
             Aug 1918 - 25 Apr 1919?
    [Flag of
                          Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic 1993
                          (Azerbaijan)]
      Jun 1993 - 23 Aug 1993 Talysh-Mughan Flag

    1747                       Talysh Khanate founded.
    1785 - 1789                Subordinated to the Quba Khanate.
    12 Oct 1813                Annexed to Russia.
    Apr 1918                   With aid of Baku Commune, Soviet rule established at Lenkoran.
    Jun 1918                   After proclamation of independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan
                                 the Executive Committee of Lenkoran District is founded
    Aug 1918                   Provisional Military Dictatorship of Mughan formed which did 
                                 not support independence of Azerbaijan and was under the 
                                 protection of the British occupation of Baku. Mughan declared
                                 to be an autonomous part of "single and indivisible Russia."
    Dec 1918                   Reorganized as Mughan Territorial Administration.
    25 Apr 1919                Workers' rebellion at Lenkoran deposes the Mughan Territorial
                                 Administration.
    15 May 1919                Extraordinary Congress of Councils of Workers' and Peasants'
                                 Deputies of Lenkoran district proclaim Mughan Socialist
                                 Soviet Republic.
    28 Apr 1920                Integrated into Azerbaidzhan Soviet Socialist Republic.
    21 Jun 1993 - 23 Aug 1993  Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic declared in seven districts
                                 around Lankoran (not recognized by Azerbaijan).
     

    Khans
    1747                       Sa`id `Abbas
    1747 - 1786                Jamaladdin (Gara Khan)
    1786 - 26 Jul 1814         Mir Mustafa Khan                 (b. 1747 - d. 1814)
    1814 - 1826                Mir Hasan Khan                   (d. 1832)
    Extraordinary Commissioners

    Apr 1918 - Jun 1918        M. Israfilbekov (Kadirili) 
                                 (in Mughan)
                               + F. Matveyev (in Lenkoran)
    Chairman of Executive Committee
    Jun 1918 - Aug 1918        T.P. Sukhorukov
    Dictators
    Aug 1918 - Dec 1918        T.P. Sukhorukov 
                               + Ilyasheyvich
    Chairman of Administration
    Dec 1918 - 25 Apr 1919     Ilyasheyvich 
    Chairman of the Provincial Council
    1. May 1919 - 25 Jul 1919  D.D. Chirkin
    Chairman of Regional Executive Committee
    1. May 1919 - 25 Jul 1919  Nikolay Tutyshkin 
    President of the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic
    21 Jun 1993 - 23 Aug 1993  Alikram Hummatov                 (b. 1948)            PEP/Mil
                                (Alikram Gumbatov

    Party abbreviations: PEP = Party of Equality of the People's of Azerbaijan (formerly Talysh People's Party, Talysh autonomist, 1992-Oct 1993); Mil = Military



    Azeri Khanates under Persian rule

    Baku

    172.                       Khanate founded.
    10 Jul 1723 - 10 Mar 1735  Occupied by Russia (annexed 12 Sep 1723). 
    1735 - 1747                Annexed to Persia.
    Jul 1796 - Mar 1797        Occupied by Russia.
     6 Oct 1806                Annexed to Russia.

    Khans
    172. - 1728                Dargah Quli Khan
    1747 - 1768                Mirza Muhammad Khan
    1768 - 1770                Fath `Ali Khan                   (b. 1736 - d. 1789) 
                                 (also in Quba, Shamakha)
    1770 - 1772                `Abd Allah Beg (also in Shamakha)
    1772 - 1783                Malik Muhammad Khan 
    1784 - 1791                Mirza Muhammad Khan 
    1791 - 1792                Muhammad Quli Khan               (d. 1792)
    1792 -  6 Oct 1806         Husayn Quli Khan                 (d. 1845)



    Ganja

    1747                       Khanate founded.
     3 Jan 1804                Annexed to Russia.

    Khans
    1747 - 1761                Shah Wardi Khan
    1761 - 1781                Muhammad Hasan Khan
    1781 - 1784                Ibrahim Khalil Khan
                                 (also in Qarabagh)
    1784 - 1786                Hajji Beg
    1786 -  3 Jan 1804         al-Jawad Khan                  (b. 1748 - d. 1804)



    Jawad

    Khan
    1778? - 1789               Tala Hasan Khan                (d. 1789)


    Nakhchiwan: see under Nakhichevan

    Qarabagh: see under Nagorno-Karabakh


    Quba (Kuba)

    1680                       Khanate founded.
    1806                       Russian protectorate.
    1816                       Annexed to Russia.

    Saytaq Khans
    1680 - Sep 1721            Husayn (I) Khan
    1721                       Ahmad Khan
    1721 - 1722                Chulaq Surkhay Khan              (b. 1680 - d. 1748)
                                 (also ruler of Qazi Qumuq in Daghestan)
    1722 - 1758                Husayn `Ali Khan ibn Ahmad Khan
    1758 - Mar 1789            Fath `Ali Khan                   (b. 1736 - d. 1789) 
                                 (also in Baku, Shamakha)
    1789 - 1791                Ahmad Khan 
    1791 - 1806                Shaykh `Ali Agha 
    1806 - 1816                Husayn (II) Khan



    Salyan

    1729                       Khanate founded, under Persian suzerainty.
    1782                       Incorporated into Quba.
    1819                       Annexed to Russia.

    Khans
    1729 - 17..                Hasan Beg
    1748 - 1757                Ibrahim'
    1757 - 1768                Kalb `Ali Sultan
    1768 - 1782                Qubad Sultan



    Shakki (Sheki)

    c.1500                     Khanate founded.
    1551                       Annexed to Persia.
    c.1583                     Annexed to Ottoman Empire.
    1761 - 1765                Part of Qazi Qumuq (Daghestan).
    21 May 1805                Annexed to Russia.
     
    5 Aug 1819                Khanate abolished

    Khan 
    .... - 1743                Malik Najaf Khan
    Rulers (title Bashchi)
    1743 - 1755                Chalabi Khan                  (d. 1755) 
    1755 - 1761                Agha Kishi Beg
    1765 - 1780                Husayn Khan                   (d. 1780)
    1780 - 1783                `Abd al-Qadir Khan            (d. 1783)
    21 Dec 1783 - 1795         Muhammad Hasan Wali           (b. c.1758 - d. 1831)
    1795 - 1806                Mustafa Salim Khan            (d. 1826)
    10 Dec 1806 - Dec 1815     Ja`far Quli Khan Dumbuli
    1815 -  5 Aug 1819         Isma`il Khan                  (d. 1819)



    Shamakha

    1538                       Part of Persia.
    1721                       Khanate of Shirvan (Shamakha) 
    1721 - 1732                Part of Russia.
    1732 - 1747                Part of Persia.
    1748                       Khoja Shamakha and Yeni Shamakha khanates founded.
    1786                       Merged into (re-united) Shamakha.
    25 Dec 1805                Annexed to Russia.
    1820                       Khanate abolished.

    Khans
    1721 - 1728                Gaji Davud
    1728 - 1734                Surkhay
    1734 - 1737                Mehti Quli Khan
    1737 - 17..                Ali Quli Khan
    17.. - 17..                Mohammed Quli Khan
    1739 - 1744                Sardar Beg Qirkhlu Afshar
    1744                       Haydar Khan Afshar
    1744 - 174.                Sam Mirza


    Khoja Shamakha

    Khan
    1748 - 1786                Muhammad Sa`id Khan 


    Yeni Shamakha

    Khans
    1748 - 1763                Muhammad `Ali Khan
    1763 - 1768                Aghazi Khan (1st time)        (b. 1731 - d. 1788)
    1768 - 1769                Fath `Ali Khan                (b. 1736 - d. 1789) 
                                 (also in Baku, Quba)
    1769 - 1770                `Abd Allah Beg (also in Baku)
    1770 - 1778                Ildar Beg
    1778 - 1786                Aghazi Khan (2nd time)        (s.a.)


    Shamakha (reunited)

    Khans
    1786 - 1789                Askar Khan                    (b. 1756 - d. 1820)
    1789 - 1796                Qasim Khan                    (b. 1763 - d. 1828)
    1796 - 1820                Mustafa Khan                  (b. 17.. - d. 1844)


    Talish: see under Talysh-Mughan





    © Ben Cahoon