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ALBANIA

Other names: Shqipërisë, Albanian Principality, Albanian Kingdom

  • French Occupied Korce district
  • Italian Occupied Zone
  • Northern Epirus
  • Republic of Mirditia
  • Sazan (Saseno) Island
  • ANDORRA
    Other names: Adorra la Valle, Principality of Andorra

    ARMENIA
    Other names: Hayastan, Greater Armenia, Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic

  • Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic

  • AUSTRIA

    Other names: Österreich, Archduchy of Austria, Austrian Empire, Austria-Hungary, Republic of 
    German-Austria, Ostmark
  • Joint Imperial Government of Austria-Hungary
  • Allied Occupation Zones
  • American zone
  • British zone
  • French zone
  • Soviet zone
  • Austrian Crown Lands
     
  • Cisleithania (from 1867, Austria)
  • Austria
  • Österreich ob der Enns
  • Österreich unter der Enns
  • Kärnten
  • Görz und Gradisca
  • Illyrien
  • Istrien
  • Küstenland
  • Salzburg
  • Steiermark
  • Tirol
  • Vorarlberg
  • Vorderösterreich (Vorland)
  • Austrian states since 1918
     
  • Burgenland
  • Kärnten
  • Niederösterreich
  • Oberösterreich
  • Salzburg
  • Steiermark
  • Tirol
  • Vorarlberg
  • Wien (Vienna)
  • Vienna Allied Sectors 1945-55
  • American
  • British
  • French
  • Soviet

  •  

    AZERBAIJAN
    Other names: Azərbaycan, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Azerbaidzhan, Azerbaijani Republic

  • Baku Commune & Central Caspian Dictatorship
  • Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh/Mountainous Armenia)
  • Nakhichevan
  • Mugan/Talysh-Mugan
  • Kurdish Autonomous Rayon
  • Azeri Khanates
  • Baku
  • Ganja
  • Jawad
  • Nakhchiwan  (Nakhichevan)
  • Qarabagh (Karabakh)
  • Quba
  • Salyan
  • Shakki (Sheki)
  • Shamakha
  • Khoja Shamakha
  • Yeni Shamakha
  • Talish
  • BELARUS
    Other names: White Russia, Belarussia, Belorussia, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Belorussian Democratic 
    Republic, Lithuanian-Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Republic of Belarus
  • Belorussian Democratic Republic in Exile from 1919
  • Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Belarus Administrative

  •    Divisions
  • Provinces
  • Baranovichi
  • Bialystok
  • Bobruysk
  • Brest
  • Gomel (Homel)
  • Grodno (Hrodno)
  • Minsk (oblast)
  • Mogilev
  • Molodechno
  • Novogrudek
  • Pinsk
  • Polesye
  • Polotsk
  • Vileika
  • Vitebsk

  • Special Municipality
  • Minsk (city)

  •  
  • Polish Autonomous Rayon
  • BELGIUM
    Other names: Belgique, België, Southern Netherlands, Spanish Netherlands, Austrian Netherlands, United Belgian 
    (or Netherland) States, Kingdom of Belgium

  • French Départements in Belgium 1793-1815
  • Independent State of Flanders
  • Bouillon
  • Eupen-Malmedy
  • Liège Bishopric
  • Fagnolle (Ligne)
  • Limburg
  • Neutral Moresnet
  • Nivelles
  • Reckheim
  • Stavelot-Malmedy

  •  
  • Belgian Regions and Communities
  • Brussels-Capital
  • Flanders and Flemish Community 
  • Wallonia-Brussels Federation (French Community)
  • German Community
  • Wallonia (Walloon Region)

  • Belgium Provinces


    BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA
    Other names: Bosnia, Bosna i Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Muslim Croat Federation, Republika Srpska, Brcko
     
  • Ottoman provinces
  • Austro-Hungarian province
  • Bosnia and Hercegovina
  • Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina
  • Republika Srpska
  • Brcko
  • Hercg-Bosna
  • Western Bosnia
  • Yugoslav Republic of Bosnia

  •  
  • Cantons of Federation of 
  • Bosnia-Hercegovina
  • Bosnian Podrinje
  • Bosnian Posavina
  • Central Bosnia
  • Hercegovina-Neretva
  • Sarajevo
  • Tuzla
  • Una-Sana
  • West Bosnia
  • West Hercegovina
  • Zenica-Doboj
  • Serbian Autonomous Oblasts in
    Bosnia-Hercegovina 1991-1992

    BULGARIA
    Other names: Rumelia, Tsardom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Bulgaria

  • Allied occupation
  • Eastern Rumelia
  • CROATIA
    Other names:  Hrvatska, Bandom of Croatia; State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs; Independent State of Croatia; 
    Kingdom of Croatia; Socialist Republic of Croatia; People's Republic of Croatia
  • Banovina of Croatia
  • Krajina
  • Srem-Baranja (Eastern Slavonia)
  • Yugoslav Republic of Croatia
  • Dalmatia
  • Fiume
  • Ragusa (Dubrovnik)
  • Poljica (Poglizza)
  • Zara (Zadar)
  • Counties of Croatia
  • Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska

  • (Bjelovar-Bilogora)
  • Brodsko-Posavska (Brod-Posavina)
  • Dubrovacko-Neretvanska

  • (Dubrovnik-Neretva)
  • Istarska (Istria)
  • Karlovacka (Karlovac)
  • Koprivnicko-Krizevacka

  • (Koprivnica-Krizevci)
  • Krapinsko-Zagorska (Krapina-Zagorje)
  • Licko-Senjska (Lika-Senj)
  • Medjimurska (Medjimurje)
  • Osjecko-Baranjska (Osijek-Baranja)
  • Pozesko-Slavonska (Pozega-Slavonia)
  • Primorsko-Goranska

  •  (Coast-Gorski Kotar)
  • Sibensko-Kninska (Sibenik-Knin)
  • Sisacko-Moslavacka (Sisak-Moslavina)
  • Splitsko-Dalmatinska (Split-Dalmatia)
  • Varazdinska (Varazdin)
  • Viroviticko-podravska

  • (Virovitica-Podravina)
  • Vukovarsko-Srijemska (Vukovar-Srijem)
  • Zadarska (Zadar)
  • Zagrebacka (Zagreb county)
  • Grad Zagreb (Zagreb city) 
  • CYPRUS
    Other names: Kýpros, Kibris

  • Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • British Sovereign Base Areas
  • UN Buffer Zone
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
    Other names: Austrian crownlands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia; Czechoslovakia, Protectorate of 
    Bohemia and Moravia, Czech Socialist Republic, Česká republika, Czechia
  • Bohemia
  • Moravia
  • Silesia
  • Teschen
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Government in Exile 1939-1945 
  • Czech Republic
  • Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • Sudetenland
  • Böhmerwaldgau
  • Deutschböhmen
  • Sudetenland
  • Südmähren
  • Czech Regions
     
  • Jihoceský
  • Jihomoravský
  • Karlovarský
  • Královéhradecký
  • Liberecký
  • Moravskoslezský
  • Olomoucký
  • Pardubický
  • Plzenský
  • Praha
  • Stredoceský
  • Vysocina
  • Ústecký
  • Zlínský
  • DENMARK
    Other name: Danmark, Kingdom of Denmark

  • Resistance to German occupation (1943-1945)
  • Anholt Island (1809-1814)
  • Bornholm occupations  (1645, 1658, 1940-46)
  • Prussian occupied Jutland (1864)
  • ESTONIA
    Other name: Esteland, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Republic in Exile 1940-1992
  • Bishopric of Dorpat
  • Ösel (Saaremaa) Island
  • Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Pro-Soviet Resistance to German occupation
  • FAEROE ISLANDS
    Other names: Faroe Islands, Føroya, Færoes

    FINLAND
    Other names: Soumi, Grand Duchy of Finland, Kingdom of Finland

  • People's Republic of Finland (1939-40)
  • Allied occupation
  • Hanko and Porkkala
  • Aland Islands
  • FRANCE
    Other names: Francia, Kingdom of France, French Empire, République Française, French Republic, French State 

  • Royalist Resistance to the Republic  (1792-1800)
  • Foreign Occupations of France (1815-18, 1870-73, 1914-18, 1940-44)
  • Pas-de-Calais and Nord departments 1940-1944
  • Alsace and Lorraine
  • Avignon and Comtat Venaisin
  • Montbeliard (Mömpelgard)
  • Mülhausen (Mulhouse) Free City
  • Paris Commune of 1871
  • Regions of France
  • Haute-Normandie
  • Île-de-France
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
  • Limousin
  • Lorraine
  • Midi-Pyrénées
  • Nord-Pas-de-Calais
  • Pays de la Loire
  • Picardie
  • Poitou-Charentes
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur
  • Rhône-Alpes

  • Pre-1791 Provinces and 
    Governments
  • Alsace
  • Anjou
  • Artois
  • Aunis
  • Auvergne
  • Béarn et Navarre
  • Berry
  • Boulonnais
  • Bourbonnais
  • Bretagne (Brittany)
  • Bourgogne (Burgundy)
  • Champagne et Brie
  • Dunkerque (Dunkirk)
  • Dauphiné
  • Dombes Principality
  • Etival Abbey
  • Flanders (Flanders-Hainaut)
  • Foix, Donnezan et Andorre
  • Franche-Comté
  • Guyenne
  • Ile de France
  • Languedoc
  • Le Havre
  • Limousin
  • Lorraine and Bar
  • Lyonnais
  • Maine et Perche
  • Marche
  • Metz
  • Nivernais
  • Normandy
  • Orléanais
  • Orange
  • Paris
  • Picardie
  • Poitou
  • Provence
  • Remiremont Abbey
  • Roussillon
  • Saintonge et Angoumois
  • Saumurois
  • Sedan
  • Toulois (Toul)
  • Touraine
  • Pre-1790 Generalities
  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Alençon
  • Amiens
  • Auch
  • Besançon
  • Bordeaux
  • Bourges
  • Caen
  • Chalons
  • Dijon
  • Grenoble
  • La Rochelle
  • Lille
  • Limoges
  • Lyon
  • Metz
  • Montauban
  • Montpellier
  • Moulins
  • Nancy
  • Orléans
  • Paris
  • Pau
  • Perpignan
  • Poitiers
  • Rennes
  • Riom
  • Rouen
  • Soissons
  • Strasbourg
  • Trévoux
  • Toulouse
  • Tours
  • Valenciennes
  • GEORGIA
    Other names: Sakartvelo, K`art`li and Kakhet`i, Kingdom of Georiga, Transcaucasia, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic


    GERMANY
    Other names: Deutschland, Holy Roman Empire, Kingdom of Prussia, Confederation of the Rhine, German Confederation,
    North German Confederation, German Reich, German Empire, Weimar Republic, Third Reich, German Democratic Republic, Deutsche Demokratische Republik, Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Federal Republic of Germany, East Germany, West Germany
     

    German states before 1918
     
  • Aachen
  • Anhalt
  • Anhalt-Bernburg
  • Anhalt-Bernburg-Harzgerode
  • Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-

  •    Hoym
  • Anhalt-Dessau
  • Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen
  • Anhalt-Köthen
  • Anhalt-Köthen-Pless
  • Anhalt-Zerbst
  • Ansbach
  • Arenberg (Aremberg)
  • Augsburg Bishopric
  • Augsburg Free City
  • Baden
  • Baden-Baden
  • Baden-Durlach
  • Baindt
  • Bamberg
  • Bavaria
  • Bayreuth
  • Bentheim-Bentheim
  • Berchtesgaden
  • Berg and Cleves
  • Birkenfeld
  • Bömelburg
  • Bremen Free City
  • Bremen-Verden
  • Bretzenheim
  • Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel
  • Buchau Abbey
  • Cisrhenian Republic
  • Cologne Free City
  • Cologne Archbishopric
  • Constance (Konstanz)
  • Corvey (Korvey)
  • Croy-Dülmen
  • Dortmund
  • East Frisia
  • Eichstädt
  • Elchingen
  • Ellwangen
  • Erfurt
  • Essen
  • Frankfurt am Main
  • Freising
  • Friedberg in der Watterau
  • Fulda
  • Furstenberg
  • Gandersheim
  • Gmünd Free City
  • Gutenzell
  • Hamburg
  • Hanau
  • Hanover
  • Harmersbach
  • Heggbach
  • Heilbronn
  • Heitersheim
  • Herford
  • Hesse-Darmstadt
  • Hesse-Homburg
  • Hesse-Kassel
  • Hildesheim
  • Hohengeroldseck
  • Hohenlohe-Schillingfürst-

  •    Weikersheim
  • Hohenlohe-Bartenstein
  • Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
  • Hohenlohe-Jagstberg
  • Hohenlohe-Kirchberg
  • Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  • Hohenlohe-Öhringen
  • Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-

  •    Schillingsfürst
  • Hohenzollern-Hechingen
  • Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • Holstein
  • Isenburg
  • Isenburg-Birstein
  • Isenburg-Budingen
  • Isenburg-Marienborn
  • Isenburg-Meerholz
  • Isenburg-Offenbach
  • Isenburg-Philippseich
  • Isenburg-Wächtersbach
  • Jever
  • Kaisersheim
  • Käppel (Keppel)
  • Kempten Abbey
  • Kempten Free City
  • Knyphausen
  • Lauenburg
  • Leiningen
  • Alt-Leiningen
  • Neu-Leiningen
  • Lindau
  • Lippe
  • Lippe-Detmold
  • Lippe-Brake
  • Lippe-Alverdissen
  • Löwenstein-Wertheim
  • Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
  • Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
  • Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
  • Lübeck Free City
  • Lübeck Bishopric
  • Lüneburg
  • Mainz Archbishopric
  • Mecklenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • Mergentheim
  • Minden
  • Münster
  • Nassau
  • Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein
  • Nassau-Weilburg
  • Nassau-Saarbrücken
  • Nassau-Usingen
  • Niedermünster in Regensburg
  • Nürnberg (Nuremberg)
  • Obermünster in Regensburg
  • Oettingen-Oettingen
  • Oettingen-Spielberg
  • Oettingen-Wallerstein
  • Olbrück
  • Oldenburg
  • Osnabrück
  • Padderborn
  • Palatine of the Rhine
  • Palatine of Zweibrücken

  •    -Birkenfeld
  • Passau
  • Prussia
  • Quedlinburg
  • Regensburg Bishopric
  • Regensburg Free City
  • Reuss-Schleiz
  • Reuss-Gera
  • Reuss-Hirschberg
  • Reuss-Lobenstein
  • Reuss-Ebersdorf
  • Reuss-Schleiz-Gera
  • Reuss-Greiz  (Senior Line)
  • Reuss-Untergreiz
  • Reuss-Obergreiz
  • Reuss-Greiz (Junior Line)
  • Rheda
  • Rheina-Wolbeck
  • Rietberg
  • Rottenmünster (Rothenmünster)
  • Rottweil Free City
  • Salm-Dhaun
  • Salm-Dyck
  • Salm-Grumbach
  • Salm-Horstmar
  • Salm-Kyrburg
  • Salm-Reifferscheid
  • Salm-Salm
  • Saxe-Altenburg
  • Saxe-Coburg
  • Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
  • Saxe-Eisenach
  • Saxe-Gotha
  • Saxe-Hildburghausen
  • Saxe-Meiningen
  • Saxe-Weimar
  • Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  • Saxony
  • Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
  • Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein
  • Schaumburg-Lippe
  • Schleswig-Holstein
  • Schleswig-Holstein-Segeberg
  • Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
  • Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
  • Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  • Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • Speyer Bishopric
  • Steinfurt
  • Sternstein
  • Stolberg-Rossla
  • Stolberg-Stolberg
  • Stolberg-Wernigerode
  • Strassburg Bishopric
  • Swedish Pomerania
  • Trier Archbishopric
  • Ulm
  • Waldeck-Pyrmont
  • Wallmoden-Gimborn
  • Wartenberg
  • Weingarten
  • Werden-Helmstädt
  • Westphalia Kingdom
  • Wickrath (Wykradt)-Quadt
  • Wied-Neu Wied
  • Wismar
  • Worms Bishopric
  • Württemberg
  • Würzburg
  • German states
    since 1918
     
  • Anhalt
  • Baden
  • Baden-Württemberg
  • Bayern
  • (West) Berlin
  • East Berlin
  • Allied sectors of

  •   Occupied Berlin
  • American sector
  • British sector
  • French sector
  • Soviet sector

  •  
  • Brandenburg
  • Braunschweig
  • Bremen
  • Hamburg
  • Hannover
  • Hessen
  • Lippe-Detmold
  • Lübeck
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • Niedersachsen
  • Nordrhein
  • Nordrhein-Westfalen
  • Oldenburg
  • Birkenfeld
  • Prussia
  • Reuss
  • Reuss Junior
  • Reuss Senior
  • Rheinland-Pfalz
  • Saar
  • Sachsen
  • Sachsen-Anhalt
  • Saxe-Altenburg
  • Saxe-Coburg (-Saalfeld)
  • (Saxe-) Gotha
  • Saxe-Meiningen
  • Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  • Schaumburg-Lippe
  • Schleswig-Holstein
  • Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  • Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • Thüringen
  • Waldek
  • Westfalen
  • Württemberg
  • Württemberg-Hohenzollern
  • Provinces of Prussia
     
  • Allenstein Region
  • Berlin
  • Brandenburg
  • East Prussia
  • Hannover
  • Hessen-Nassau
  • Jülich-Kleve-Berg
  • Kurhessen
  • Minden-Ravensburg
  • Nassau
  • New East Prussia
  • Niederrhein
  • Pomerania
  • Posen
  • Grenzmark Posen-

  •    West Prussia
  • Rheinland
  • Sigmaringen
  • Sachsen (Saxony)
  • Halle-Merseburg
  • Magdeburg
  • Marienwerder Region
  • Silesia (Schlesien)
  • Niederschlesien 

  •    (Lower Sliesia)
  • Oberschlesien 

  •    (Upper Silesia)
  • Schleswig-Holstein
  • South Prussia
  • Wartheland
  • Westphalia
  • West Prussia
  • Districts of Former
    East Germany
     
  • Chemnitz
  • Cottbus
  • Dresden
  • Erfurt
  • Frankfurt
  • Gera
  • Halle

  •  
  • Karl-Marx-Stadt
  • Leipzig
  • Magdeburg
  • Neubrandeburg
  • Potsdam
  • Rostok
  • Schwerin
  • Suhl 
  • GIBRALTAR
    Other name: British Crown Colony of Gibraltar

    GREECE
    Other names: Ellada, Hellas, Kingdom of Greece, Greek State, Greek Republic

  • Axis occupation
  • Communist Mountain governments
  • Thessaly and Salonika
  • Mani
  • Mount Athos
  • Crete
  • Epirus (Jannina)
  • Dodecanese Islands
  • Kos (Cos)
  • Kastellorizo
  • Ikaria
  • Ionian Islands
  • Venetian Coastal Fortresses
  • Corone
  • Modon
  • Parga
  • Patras (Patrai)
  • Preveza
  • Vonitsa
  • Separate Ionian Islands
  • Cephalonia
  • Cerigo
  • Cerigotto
  • Corfu
  • Santa Maura
  • Zante
  • Other polities:
  • Egina (Aegina)
  • Hydra (Ydra)
  • Naxos
  • Psara
  • Samos
  • Spetses
  • Western Thrace
  •         Regions of Greece

    GUERNSEY
    Other name: Guernesey, Bailiwick of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Brecqhou, Herm, Jethou, and Lihou 
  • Alderney
  • Sark
  • Brechou (Brecqhou) 
  • Herm
  • Jethou
  • Lihou
  • HUNGARY
    Other names: Magyar Köztársaság, Magyarország, Hungarian Kingdom, Austria-Hungary
  • Ottoman Hungary (1541-1686)
  • Allied occupation
  • Serbian-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic
  • ICELAND
    Other name: Island, Kingdom of Iceland, Icelandic Republic

    IRELAND
    Other names: Éire, Kingdom of Ireland, Irish Free State, Irish Republic, Emerald Isle

  • Norse Dyflin (Dublin) kingdom
  • Gaelic Kingdoms
  • Connacht (Connaught)
  • Desmumu (Desmond)
  • Laighin (Leinster)
  • Midhe (Meath)
  • Mumu (Munster)
  • Osraighe (Ossory)
  • Tír Eóghain (Tyrone)
  • Tuadhmumu (Thomond)
  • Ulaidh (Ulster)
  • ISLE OF MAN
    Other name: Ellan Vannin, Lordship of Man, Man

    ITALY
    Other name: Italia, Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy, Italian Social Republic, Italian Republic

  • Italian Social Republic (Salo Republic)
  • Allied occupation
  • Partisan Resistance to German occupation
  • Republic of Ossola
  • Trieste Free State
  • Italian states to 1860
     
  • Anconine Republic
  • Benevento
  • Bolognese Republic
  • Brixen Bishopric
  • Camerino
  • Castiglione delle Stiviere
  • Castro
  • Comacchio
  • Correggio
  • Desana
  • Elba
  • Faenza
  • Ferrara
  • Finale
  • Forlì
  • Fosdinovo
  • Genoa
  • Guastalla
  • Imola
  • Lombardy (Milan)
  • Lucca
  • Luzzara
  • Mantua
  • Massa & Carrara
  • Masserano
  • Mirandola & Condordia
  • Modena & Reggio
  • Montechiarugolo
  • Montferrat
  • Naples
  • Novellara
  • Papal State
  • Parma & Piacenza
  • Piedmont
  • Piombino
  • Pisa
  • Pontecorvo
  • Rimini
  • Sabbioneta
  • Saluzzo
  • Sardinia
  • Savoy
  • Seborga
  • Sicily
  • Siena
  • Stato dei Presidi
  • Torriglia
  • Trent Bishopric
  • Tuscany (Florence)
  • Two Sicilies
  • Urbino
  • Venice
  • Vescovato
  • Italian Regions
     
  • Autonomous Regions
  • Friulia-Venizia Guilia
  • Sardinia
  • Sicily
  • Val d'Aosta
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
  • Autonomous provinces of

  •   Trentino-Alto Adige
  • Bolzano-Alto Adige (Bozen-Südtirol)
  • Trento
  • Other Regions
  • Abruzzo
  • Basilicata
  • Calabria
  • Campania
  • Emilia-Romagna
  • Lazio
  • Liguria
  • Lombarida
  • Marche
  • Molise
  • Piemonte
  • Puglia
  • Tuscano
  • Umbria
  • Veneto

  •  

    JERSEY
    Other name: Jèrri, Bailiwick of Jersey

  • German central administration of the Channel Islands

  • KOSOVO
    Other names: Kosovës, Kosovoa, Kosovo-Metohija, Prizren


    LATVIA

    Other names: Latvija, Duchies of Courland and Livonia, Baltic State, Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Republic in Exile 1940-1991
  • Anti-German and Anti-Soviet Resistance
  • Livonia
  • Courland
  • Dondangen
  • Pilten
  • German & Allied occupations (1918-1919)
  • Polish Livonia (Inflanty)
  • Baltic Provinces
  • Ostland Reichskomissariat
  • Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Pro-Soviet Resistance to German occupation
  • LIECHTENSTEIN
    Other name: County of Vaduz, Lordship of Schellenberg, Principality of Liechtenstein

    LITHUANIA
    Other names: Lietuva, Grand Principality of Lithuania, Poland-Lithuania, Kingdom of Lithuania, Lithuanian-
    Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

  • Republic in Exile 1940-1991
  • Anti-German & Anti-Soviet Resistance
  • Samogitia
  • Lithuanian-Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Central Lithuania
  • Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Pro-Soviet Resistance to German occupation
  • Memel Territory
  • German Eastern Front Command "Ober Ost" (1915-1918)
  • German military administrations in Mrijampole and Siauliali (1918-1919)
  • Counties of Lithuania
  • Alytus
  • Kaunas
  • Klaipeda
  • Marijampole
  • Panevezys
  • Siauliai
  • Taurage
  • Telsiai
  • Utena
  • Vilnius
  • LUXEMBOURG
    Other names: Lützelburg, Duchy of Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

    MACEDONIA
    Other names: Makedonija, Krushevo Republic, Socialist Republic of Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of 
    Macedonia
  • Socialist Republic of Macedonia
  • MALTA
    Other names: Repubblika ta' Malta, Malta, Gozo
  • Gozo

  • MOLDOVA
    Other names: Moldavia, Bessarabia, Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic

  • Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1924-1940)
  • Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940-1990)
  • Dniester  Republic (Transdniester)
  • Gagauz-Yeri
  • MONACO
    Other name: Principatu de Múnegu, Principality of Monaco

    MONTENEGRO
    Other names: Crna Gora, Zeta, Dioclea, Serbia and Montenegro

  • Boka Kotorska (Cattaro)
  • Kingdom of Montenegro in Exile 1918-1929
  • Socialist Republic of Montenegro (1943-1990)

  • THE NETHERLANDS
    Other names: Nederland, Holland, Republic of the United Provinces, Batavian Republic, Kingdom of Holland, United
    Netherlands, Kingdom of The Netherlands

  • Resistance to German occupation
  • Limburg
  • Maastricht
  • Dutch Fortress of Maastricht
  • City of Maastricht
  • Church of Sint Servaas
  • Thorn
  • States in Brabant 
  • Bergen op Zoom
  • Breda
  • Cuyk
  • Gemert
  • Megen
  • Netherlands Provinces
     
  • Drenthe
  • Flevoland
  • Friesland
  • Gelderland
  • Groningen
  • Limburg
  • Noord-Brabant
  • Noord-Holland
  • Overijssel
  • Utrecht
  • Zeeland
  • Zuid-Holland
  • Former Generality Lands
  • Brabant of the States
  • Flanders of the States
  • Guelders of the States
  • Limburg of the States
  • NORWAY
    Other names: Norge, Kingdom of Norway, Denmark-Norway, Sweden-Norway

    Counties of Norway
     
  • Akershus
  • Aust-Agder
  • Buskerud
  • Finnmark
  • Hedmark
  • Hordaland
  • Møre og Romsdal
  • Nord-Trøndelag
  • Nordland
  • Oppland
  • Oslo
  • Østfold
  • Rogaland
  • Sogn og Fjordane
  • Sør-Trøndelag
  • Telemark
  • Troms
  • Vest-Agder
  • Vestfold
  • POLAND
    Other names: Polska, Kingdom of Poland,  Poland-Lithuania, Duchy of Warsaw, General-Government of Warsaw

  • Poland Voivodships since 1999
  • Poland Voivodships 1919-1939
  • Districts of the General-Government 1939-1945
  • Bialystok district
  • Republic in Exile 1939-1991
  • Galicia and Lodomeria
  • Cracow Republic
  • Danzig Free City
  • Elbing
  • Ermland
  • Swedish Prussia
  • Thorn
  • West Galicia
  • PORTUGAL
    Other names: Kingdom of Portugal and Algarve, Kingdom of Portugal, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil
    and the Algarve, República Portuguesa, Portuguese Republic
  • French and British interventions 1807-1821
  • Azores Islands
  • Islands:
  • Santa Maria
  • São Miguel
  • Praia/Terceira
  • Graciosa
  • Faial-Pico
  • Flores Corvo
  • Madeira Island
  • Donatarias:
  • Funchal
  • Machico
  • Porto Santo
  • ROMANIA
    Other names: România, Moldavia, Wallachia, Transylvania, Banat, Rumania
  • Moldavia
  • Wallachia
  • Transylvania
  • Allied occupation
  • Banat
  • Lugos Neutral zone
  • Dobruja
  • RUSSIA
    Other names: Rossiya, Russian Tsardom, All-Russian Empire, Russian Republic, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist
    Republic, Soyuz Sovietskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Russian Federation
  • Russian Empire
  • Occupations of Moscow 1610-12, 1812
  • Alternative White governments 1918-1920
  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union)
  • Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
  • Russian Federation
  • Chechnya
  • Inner Horde
  • Kalmyk Khante
  • Tannu Tuva
  • Karafuto (Southern Sakhlin)
  • Far Eastern Republic
  • Ingria (Ingermanland)
  • Russian Civil War Polities 1917-1921
     
  • Provisional All-Russian government
  • Amur
  • Black Sea Soviet Republic
  • Congress of the Constituent Assembly
  • Dagestan
  • Don Cossack Republics
  • Don-Kavkaz Union
  • Don Soviet Republic
  • Green Republics
  • Idel-Ural
  • Arkhangelian (White Sea) Karelia
  • Olonets Government of Southern Karelia
  • Karelian United Government
  • Khabarovsk
  • Kuban Government
  • Kuban Soviet Republic
  • Mountain People's Republic
  • North Caucasian Emirate
  • North Caucasian Soviet Republic
  • North Eastern Russia
  • North Western Region
  • Northern Region
  • Southern Russian government
  • Stavropol Soviet Republic
  • Terek Soviet Republic
  • Trans-Amur (Primore)
  • Transbaikal
  • Ukrainian Republic of the Far East
  • Ural government
  • Western Russian government
  • Yakutia
  • Administrative Divisions of the
     Russian Federation

     
  • Federal Districts
  • Dalnevostochny

  •    (Far Eastern)
  • Krymsky (Crimea)
  • Privolzhsky (Volga)
  • Severo-Zapadny

  •    (North Western)
  • Severo-Kavkazsky
  •  (North Caucasian)
  • Sibirsky (Siberian)
  • Tsentralny (Central)
  • Uralsky (Ural)
  • Yuzhny (Southern)
  • Republics
  • Adygeya
  • Altai
  • Bashkiria
  • Buryatia
  • Chuvashia
  • Crimea
  • Dagestan
  • Ingushia
  • Kabard-Balkaria
  • Kalmykia-Khalmg-Tangeh
  • Karachay-Cherkessia
  • Karelia
  • Khakassia
  • Komi
  • Mari-El
  • Mordovia
  • North Ossetia-Alania
  • Sakha (Yakutia)
  • Tatarstan
  • Tuva
  • Udmurtia
  • Kraya (regions)
  • Altay
  • Khabarovsk
  • Krasnodar
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Primorsky
  • Stavropol
  • Zabaikalsky
  • Oblasti (provinces)
  • Amur
  • Arkhangelsk
  • Astrakhan
  • Belgorod
  • Bryansk
  • Chelyabinsk
  • Chita
  • Irkutsk
  • Ivanovo
  • Kaliningrad
  • Kaluga
  • Kamchatka
  • Kemerovo
  • Kirov
  • Kostroma
  • Kurgan
  • Kursk
  • Leningrad
  • Lipetsk
  • Magadan
  • Moscow
  • Murmansk
  • Nizhegorod

  •    (Nizhniy Novgorod)
  • Novgorod
  • Novosibirsk
  • Omsk
  • Orenburg
  • Oryol (Orel)
  • Penza
  • Perm
  • Pskov
  • Rostov
  • Ryazan
  • Sakhalin
  • Samara
  • Saratov
  • Smolensk
  • Sverdlovsk
  • Tambov
  • Tomsk
  • Tula
  • Tver
  • Tyumen
  • Ulyanovsk
  • Vladimir
  • Volgograd
  • Vologda
  • Voronezh
  • Yaroslavl
  • Federal Cities
  • Moscow
  • Saint Petersburg
  • Sevastopol
  • Autonomous Oblast
  • Yevreyskaya (Jewish)
  • Autonomous Okruga 

  •  (districts)
  • Agin-Buryat
  • Chukotka
  • Evenkia
  • Khanty-Mansi
  • Komi-Permyak
  • Koryakia
  • Nenets
  • Taymyr
  • Ust-Ordynsky Buryat
  • Yamalo-Nenets
  • Administrative Divisions of  the Russian S.F.S.R
    to 1991
     
  • Autonomous Soviet 

  • Socialist Republics (A.S.S.R.)
  • Bashkir
  • Sterlitamak
  • Ufa
  • Buryat
  • Checheno-Ingush
  • Chuvash
  • Dagestan
  • Kabardino-Balkar
  • Kalmyk
  • Karelian
  • Komi
  • Mari
  • Mordvinian
  • Mountain (Gorskaya)
  • North Ossetian
  • Tatar
  • Bugulma
  • Chistopol
  • Kazan
  • Tuvin
  • Udmurt
  • Volga-German
  • Yakut
  • Kraya (regions)
  • Altay
  • Far Eastern
  • Khabarovsk
  • Krasnodar
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Primorsky
  • Stavropol
  • Oblasti (provinces)
  • Amur
  • Arkhangelsk
  • Arzamass
  • Astrakhan
  • Balashov
  • Belgorod
  • Bryansk
  • Chelyabinsk
  • Chita
  • Gorkiy (Nizhegorod)
  • Irkutsk
  • Ivanovo
  • Kalinin (Tver)
  • Kaliningrad
  • Kaluga
  • Kamchatka
  • Kamensk
  • Kemerovo
  • Kirov
  • Kostroma
  • Kurgan
  • Kursk
  • Kuybyshev (Samara)
  • Leningrad
  • Lipetsk
  • Magadan
  • Moscow
  • Murmansk
  • Nizhne Amur (Lower Amur)
  • Novgorod
  • Novosibirsk
  • Omsk
  • Orenburg
  • Oryol (Orel)
  • Penza
  • Perm (Molotovskaya)
  • Pskov
  • Rostov
  • Ryazan
  • Sakhalin
  • Saratov
  • Smolensk
  • Sverdlovsk
  • Tambov
  • Tomsk
  • Tula
  • Tyumen
  • Ulyanovsk
  • Ussuri
  • Vielikie Luki
  • Vladimir
  • Volgograd (Stalingrad)
  • Vologda
  • Voronezh
  • Yaroslavl
  • Zeya
  • Federal Cities
  • Leningrad
  • Moscow
  • Autonomous Oblasti
  • Adygey
  • Gorno-Altay
  • Ingush
  • Karachay-Cherkess
  • Khakass
  • Yevreyskaya (Jewish)
  • Autonomous Okruga 

  •   (districts)
  • Agin-Buryat
  • Chukchi
  • Evenki
  • Khanty-Mansi
  • Komi-Permyak
  • Koryak
  • Nenets
  • Taymyr (Dolgano-Nenets)
  • Ust-Ordynsky Buryat
  • Yamal-Nenets
  • SAN MARINO
    Other name: Most Serene Republic of San Marino

    SERBIA
    Other names: Srpska, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes; Kingdom of Yugoslavia,
    Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro

  • Socialist Republic of Serbia
  • Yugoslavia (and Serbia &  Montenegro) 1918-2006
  • Nish
  • Vojvodina

  • SLOVAKIA
    Other names: Slovenská republika, Slovak Socialist Republic, Slovak Republic

  • Slovak Socialist Republic
  • Regions of Slovakia
  • Banskobystrický (Banská Bystrica)
  • Bratislavský (Bratislava)
  • Kosický (Kosice)
  • Nitriansky (Nitra)
  • Presovský (Presov)
  • Trenciansky (Trencín)
  • Trnavský (Trnava)
  • Zilinský (Zilina)
  • SLOVENIA
    Other names: Slovenija, Krain, Carniola, Dravska Bannate, Socialist Republic of Slovenia, Slovene Republic

  • Duchy of Carniola (Krain)
  • Prekmurje Republic (1919)
  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia
  • SPAIN
    Other names: España, Spanish Monarchy, Kingdom of Spain, Spanish Republic, Spanish State
  • The Resistance 1808-1814
  • Republic in exile 1939-1977
  • Carlist governments 1833-39, 1871-76
  • Cantonal Revolt 1873-74
  • Kingdom of Aragón
  • Kingdom of León
  • Kingdom of Galicia
  • Kingdom of Navarra
  • Minorca
  • Canary Islands
  • Gran Canaria
  • Tenerife
  • Fuerteventura
  • La Gomera and El Hierro
  • Lanzarote
  • Spanish Autonomous Communities
     
  • Andalusía
  • Aragón
  • Asturias
  • Balearic Islands
  • Mallorca
  • Menorca
  • Ibiza
  • Formentera
  • Basque Country
  • Basque Government in Exile 1937-79
  • Cantabria
  • Castile-La Mancha
  • Castile-León
  • Catalonia
  • Catalan Government in Exile 1939-77
  • Ceuta
  • Extremadura
  • Galicia
  • La Rioja
  • Madrid
  • Melilla
  • Murcia
  • Navarra
  • Valencia
  • SWEDEN
    Other names: Sverige, Kingdom of Sweden, Sweden-Norway

    Swedish Counties
     
  • Älvsborg
  • Blekinge
  • Dalarnas (Dalecarlia)
  • Gävleborg
  • Gotland
  • Göteborg och Bohus
  • Halland
  • Härnösand
  • Hudiskvall
  • Jämtland
  • Jönköping
  • Kalmar
  • Kristianstad
  • Kronoberg
  • Malmöhus
  • Norrbotten
  • Norrland
  • Öland
  • Örebro
  • Östergötland
  • Skåne
  • Skaraborg
  • Södermanland
  • Stockholm
  • Stockholm city
  • Svartsjö
  • Uppland
  • Uppsala
  • Värmland
  • Västerbotten
  • Västernorrland
  • Västmanland
  • Västra Götaland
  • SWITZERLAND
    Other names: Schweiz, Suisse, Svizzera, Svizra, Swiss Confederation, Helvetic Republic
     
    Swiss Cantons
     
  • Aargau
  • Appenzell Ausserrhoden
  • Appenzell Innerrhoden
  • Basel
  • Basel-Stadt
  • Basel-Land
  • Bern
  • Bern city
  • Bellelay
  • Biel
  • Coire
  • La Neuveville
  • Disentis
  • Einsiedeln 
  • Engelberg
  • Fribourg
  • Geneva
  • Gersau
  • Glarus
  • Graubünden
  • Gotteshausbund
  • Grauder Bund
  • Zehngerichtebund
  • Jura
  • Lucerne
  • Moutier-Grandval
  • Neuchâtel
  • Nidwalden
  • Obwalden
  • Sankt Gallen
  • Abbey of St. Gall
  • City of Saint Gall
  • Sargans
  • Schaffhausen
  • Schwyz
  • Schwyz Äusseres
  • Solothurn
  • Tarasp
  • Thurgau
  • Ticino
  • Uri
  • Valais
  • Vaud
  • Zug
  • Zürich
  • TURKEY
    Other names: Türkiye, Osmanli Empire, Ottoman Empire, Turkish State, Turkish Republic

  • Ottoman Empire
  • Antalya
  • Cilicia
  • Hatay (Alexandretta)
  • Izmir (Smyrna)
  • Pera and Galatea
  • South-Western Caucasian Democratic
  • Western Armenia
  • Zone of the Straits

  • Kurdistan
    UKRAINE
    Other names: Ukrayina, Ukrainian State, Hetmanate of Ukraine, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, 
    Reichskommisariat Ukraine, Ukrainian Republic
  • Kiev Province
  • Hetmanate
  • Ukrainian State in Exile 1920-1992
  • Pro-German Ukrainian Govt. in Exile 1944-1945
  • Resistance to German and Soviet Rule 1944-1956
  • Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Donets-Kryvyi Rih Soviet Republic
  • Reichskommissariat Ukraine
  • Western Ukraine
  • Galician Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Lemko-Rusyn Republic
  • Bukovina
  • Carpatho-Ukraine (Subcarpathian Rus, Ruthenia)
  • Hutsul Republic
  • Komancza Republic
  • Crimea (Krym)
  • Kaffa/Caffa/Feodosiya and Genoese Gazaria
  • Ukraine Administrative Divisions

    Autonomous Republic

  • Krym (Crimea)

  • Oblasti
  • Cherkasy
  • Chernihiv
  • Chernivtsi
  • Dnipropetrovs'k
  • Donetsk
  • Drohobych
  • Ivano-Frankivs'k
  • Izmail (Akkerman)
  • Kharkiv
  • Kherson
  • Khmel'nyts'kiy
  • Kirovohrad
  • Kyiv (Kiev)
  • Luhans'k
  • L'viv (Lviv)
  • Mykolayiv
  • Odesa
  • Poltava
  • Rivne
  • Sumy
  • Ternopil'
  • Vinnytsya
  • Volyn'
  • Zakarpattya
  • Zaporizhzhya
  • Zhytomyr

  • Special Municipalities
  • Kyiv (Kiev)
  • Sevastopol'
  • Polish Autonomous Rayon

  •  

     
     
     
     
     

    Reichskommissariat Ukraine
    Districts

  • Dnjepropetrowsk
  • Kiew
  • Krim-Taurien
  • Nikolajew
  • Shitomir
  • Wolhynien-Podolien

  •  

     

    UNITED KINGDOM
    Other name: Albion, England, Scotland, Wales, Great Britain, United Kingdom of Great Britain, United Kingdom of Great
    Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  • Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms
  • East Anglia
  • Essex
  • Kent
  • Mercia
  • Sussex
  • Wessex
  • Northumbria
  • Northern Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Picts (Pictavia)
  • Dál Riata (Dalriada)
  • Strathclyde (Alt Clut)
  • Wales
  • Gwynedd
  • Powys
  • Deheubarth
  • Palatine County of Durham
  • Isles of Scilly

  • VATICAN CITY
    Other name: Stato della Città del Vaticano, State of the Vatican, Vatican City State, Papal State,  The Holy See

    YUGOSLAVIA: SEE UNDER SERBIA