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Russian Soviet Federative Socialist  Republic
Administrative Divisions:


Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics

Autonomous Republics Bashkir - Buryat - Checheno-Ingush - Chuvash - Dagestan - Kabardino-Balkar - Kalmyk - Karelian - Komi - Mari - Mordvinian - North Ossetian - Tatar - Tuvin - Udmurt - Yakut - Former Autonomous Republics  Mountain (Gorskaya) - Volga German -

Note: by 1980 the Russian S.F.S.R. was divided into 87 entities (15 autonomous soviet socialist republics, 6 kraya, 49 oblasti, 2 federal cities, 5 autonomous oblasti, and 10 autonomous okruga) For the kraya, oblasti, autonomous oblasti and autonomous okruga: see Page 2.
(from 25 Dec 1991 see Russia Administrative Divisions).



Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics

Bashkir
 
[1924 flag of
                          Bashkir ASSR (possible reconstruction)]
                    11 Oct 1924 - 23 Jun 1937
 
[1937 flag of
                          Bashkir ASSR]
                    23 Jun 1937 - 9 Feb 1938
 
[1938 flag of
                          Bashkir ASSR]
                   9 Feb 1938 - 31 Mar 1954
 
[1954 flag of
                          Bashkir ASSR]
                   31 Mar 1954 - 30 May 1978 
[1978 flag of
                          Bashkiria]
                       Adopted 30 May 1978 

21 Feb 1919                Bashkir Soviet Republic
23 Mar 1919                Bashkir Republic
19 May 1920                Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
11 Oct 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
18 Nov 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Haris Yumagulovich Yumagulov       (b. 1891 - d. 1937)
1920 - May 1920            Ahmetkamal Ahmadinurovich          (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
                             Kaspransky
Jul 1920 - May 1921        Pyotr Mikhailovich Vikman          (b. 1890 - d. 1958) 
Jun 1921 - Nov 1921        Ahmed Almuhametovich Biyshev       (b. 1896 - d. 1937)
23 Nov 1921 - Mar 1922     Shagit Ahmetovich Hudaiberdin      (b. 1896 - d. 1924)
Apr 1922 - Sep 1922        Andrey Illich Zhehanov             (d. 1924)
1922 - 1923                Boris Nikolayevich Nimvicky        (b. 1885 - d. 1969)
1923 - 1924                Ruben Ayrapetovich Voskanov        (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
Jul 1924 - 1927            Mikhail Osipovich Razumov          (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
1927 - Feb 1930            Eduard Ivanovich Yurevich          (b. 1888 - d. 1958)
Feb 1930 -  6 Oct 1937     Yakov Borisovich Bykin             (b. 1888 - d. 1938)
 6 Oct 1937 - Jan 1939     Aleksandr Tarasovich Zalikin       (b. 1893 - d. 19..)
Jan 1939 - Nov 1939        Grigory Sergeyevich Rastegin       (b. 1902 - d. 1971)
Nov 1939 - Jan 1942        Ivan Semyonovich Anoshin           (b. 1904 - d. 1991)
Jan 1942 - 26 Jan 1943     Semyon Borisovich Zadionchenko     (b. 1898 - d. 1972)
26 Jan 1943 - Apr 1946     Semyon Denisovich Ignatyev         (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
                             (1st time)
Apr 1946 - Dec 1953        Sabir Ahmedyanovich Vagapov        (b. 1904 - d. 1993)
Dec 1953 - 14 Jun 1957     Semyon Denisovich Ignatyev         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
14 Jun 1957 - 15 Jul 1969  Ziya Nurievich Nuryev              (b. 1915)
15 Jul 1969 - 23 Jun 1987  Midhat Zakirovich Shakirov         (b. 1916 - d. 2004)
23 Jun 1987 - 10 Feb 1990  Ravmer Hasanovich Habibulin        (b. 1933)
10 Feb 1990 - Aug 1991     Igor Alekseyevich Gorbunov         (b. 1941)
                             (acting to 27 Apr 1990)

Chairmen of the Revolutionary Committee
21 Feb 1919 - 17 May 1919  Akhmed Akhmedshakovich             (b. 1890 - d. 1970)
                             Zakivalidov (Validov) (1st time)
17 May 1919 - 20 Jan 1920  Haris Yumagulovich Yumagulov       (s.a.)
20 Jan 1920 - 24 Feb 1920  Fatykh Nasyrovich Tukhvatullin     (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
                             (acting)
24 Feb 1920 - 26 Jun 1920  Akhmed Akhmedshakovich             (s.a.)
                             Zakivalidov (Validov) (2nd time)
26 Jun 1920 - 28 Jul 1920  Fayzulla Saidovich Mansyrev        (b. 1882 - d. 19..)
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
28 Jul 1920 - Oct 1920     Galiy Kamaletdinovich Shamigulov   (b. 1890 - d. 1959)
Oct 1920 - 1921            Fayzulla Saidovich Mansyrev        (s.a.)
May 1921 - Feb 1922        Musa Lutovich Murtazin             (b. 1891 - d. 1937)
Feb 1922 - Jul 1922        Shagit Ahmetovich Hudaiberdin      (s.a.)
Jul 1922 - 16 Mar 1929     Khafiz Kusayevich Kushayev         (b. 1888 - d. 1937)
Mar 1929 - 13 Feb 1931     Taymas Shafikovich Shafikov        (b. 1899 - d. 1937)
16 Feb 1931 - Jun 1937     Afzal Mukhitdinovich Tagirov       (b. 1890 - d. 1937)
Oct 1937 - Jul 1938        Rakhim Kiryevich Ibragimov         (b. 1904 - d. 1971)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet 
Jul 1938 - Nov 1946        Rakhim Kiryevich Ibragimov         (s.a.)
Nov 1946 - Feb 1950        Gilman Vildanovich Nigmadzhanov    (b. 1911 - d. 1989)
Jul 1950 - 29 Mar 1967     Faizrakhman Zagafuranovich         (b. 1913 - d. 1975)
                             Zagafuranov 
29 Mar 1967 -  4 Apr 1990  Faizulla Valyevich Sultanov        (b. 1922 - d. 1992)
 7 Apr 1990 - 11 Oct 1990  Murtaza Gubaidullovich Rakhimov    (b. 1934)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
11 Oct 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Murtaza Gubaidullovich Rakhimov    (s.a.)

Chairmen of the People's Secretariat
Jul 1918 - Dec 1918        Yunus Yulbarisovich Bikbor         (b. 1882/89 - d. 19..)
Dec 1919 - 22 Feb 1919     Mstislav Aleksandrovich Kulayev
Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
1919 - 1919                Mstislav Aleksandrovich Kulayev
1919 - 1920                Akhmed Akhmedshakovich             (s.a.)
                             Zakivalidov (Validov)
28 Jul 1920 - Oct 1920     Galiy Kamaletdinovich Shamigulov   (s.a.)
Oct 1920 - Jul 1921        Ahmed Almuhametovich Biyshev       (s.a.)
Jul 1921 - Nov 1925        Mullayan Davletshinovich Khalikov  (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
Nov 1925 - Jan 1930        Aksan Baymurzich Mukhametdkulov    (b. 1895 - d. 1938)
Jan 1930 - Oct 1937        Zinatulla Gizatovich Bulashyov     (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
Oct 1937 - Feb 1940        Fazyl Valiakhmetovich              (b. 1906 - d. 1968)
                             Shagimardanov
Feb 1940 - Apr 1946        Sabir Ahmedyanovich Vagapov        (s.a.)
Apr 1946 - Jun 1946        Nasyr Rafikovich Urazbayev         (b. 1902 - d. ....)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
Jun 1946 - Apr 1951        Nasyr Rafikovich Urazbayev         (s.a.)
Apr 1951 - Feb 1962        Valey Gabeyevich Nabiullin         (b. 1914 - d. 1982)
Feb 1962 -  8 Jan 1986     Zekeriya Sarafutdinovich           (b. 1924 - d. 2000)
                             Aknazarov
 8 Jan 1986 - 25 Dec 1991  Marat Parisovich Mirgazyamov       (b. 1942)


Sterlitamak

29 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  Sterlitamak oblast within Bashkir A.S.S.R.

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party  
29 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  ....

Chairman of the Executive Committee 
29 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  Shaikh Murzinovich Gataullin


Ufa 

29 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  Ufa oblast within Bashkir A.S.S.R.

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party 
29 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  Khabi Yaukmanovich Kurbangulov

Chairman of the Executive Committee
29 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  ....



Buryat
 
[Buryat ASSR
                          Flag of c.1924 (possible reconstruction)]
                       c.1924 - 11 Aug 1937
 
[Buryat ASSR
                          Flag of 1937]
                   11 Aug 1937 - 4 Jun 1954
 
[Buryat ASSR
                          Flag of 1954]
                     4 Jun 1954 - 7 Jul 1958
 
[Buryat ASSR
                          Flag of 1958]
                     7 Jul 1958 - 30 May 1978
[Buryat ASSR
                          Flag of 1978]
                      Adopted 30 May 1978

27 Apr 1921                Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Oblast (within Far Eastern Republic
                             to 15 Nov 1922, then
Russian S.F.S.R.
 9 Jan 1922                Mongol-Buryat Autonomous Oblast (within Russian S.F.S.R.)
30 May 1923                Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (merger of
                             Buryat-Mongol A.O. and 
Mongol-Buryat A.O.)
 7 Jul 1958                Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
 8 Oct 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
Apr 1921 -  1 Aug 1923     ....
Aug 1923 - 25 Nov 1924     Vasily Illich Trubacheyev          (b. 1895 - d. 19..)
25 Nov 1924 -  6 Dec 1928  Mariya Mikhailovna Sakhyanova (f)  (b. 1896 - d. 1981)
Dec 1928 - 30 Sep 1937     Mikhey Nikolayevich Yerbanov       (
b. 1889 - d. 1937)
30 Sep 1937 - 25 Oct 1937  Grigory Vasilyevich Vorontsov
                             (acting)
25 Oct 1937 -  6 Mar 1943  Semyon Denisovich Ignatev          (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
                             (acting to Jun 1938)
 6 Mar 1943 - 16 Mar 1951  Aleksandr Vasilyvich Kudryavtsev   (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
16 Mar 1951 - 23 Nov 1960  Aleksandr Uladayevich Khakhalov    (b. 1909 - d. 1970)
23 Nov 1960 - 12 Jun 1962  Vasily Rodionovich Filipov         (b. 1913 - d. 1993)
12 Jun 1962 -  7 Jan 1984  Andrey Uropkhyevich Modogoyev      (b. 1915 - d. 1989)
 7 Jan 1984 - 24 Mar 1990  Anatoly Mikhailovich Belyakov      (b. 1933)
 6 Apr 1990 - Aug 1991     Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov         (b. 1935)

Chairman of the National Revolutionary Committee
Jun 1921 - Oct 1921        Pyotr Nikiforovich Dambinov        (b. 1892 - d. 1938)
Chairman of the National Council
Oct 1921 - 14 Nov 1922     Matvey Innokentyevich Amagayev     (b. 1897 - d. 1944)
Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
14 Nov 1922 - May 1923     Matvey Innokentyevich Amagayev     (s.a.)
 
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee

1923 - Dec 1924            Matvey Innokentyevich Amagayev     (s.a.)
Dec 1924 -  8 Sep 1927     Mikhey Nikolayevich Yerbanov       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
 8 Sep 1927 - Apr 1929     Kuzma Sergeyevich Ilin             (b. 1891 - d. 193.)
11 Apr 1929 -  6 Jul 1934  Bator D. Dabain                    (b. 1900 - d. 19..) 
Nov 1933 - Jan 1934        Maslov (acting for Dabain)
Jan 1934 - 28 Dec 1934     Dazhup Dansaranovich Dorzhyev      (b. 1901 - d. 1938)
                             (acting for Dabain to 6 Jul 1934) 
28 Dec 1934 - Aug 1937     Irilto Dampilonovich Dampilon      (b. 1904 - d. 1938)
Aug 1937 -  6 Jul 1938     Gombo Tcybikovich Belgayev         (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jul 1938 - Jan 1940        Gombo Tcybikovich Belgayev         (s.a.)

Jan 1940 - 12 Apr 1941     Ilya Buzinayevich Borsoyev         (b. 1911 - d. 19..)
12 Apr 1941 - Mar 1947     Gunsyn Ayusheyevna Tsydenova (f)   (b. 1909 - d. 1994)

26 Mar 1947 - 17 Mar 1951  Dorzhy Cyrempilonovich Cyrempilon  (b. 1908 - d. 1983) 
                             (1st time)
17 Mar 1951 - 17 Jan 1955  Budazhap Lobsanovich Lobsanov      (b. 1908 - d. 1986)
                             (acting to 8 Apr 1951)
17 Jan 1955 - 24 Nov 1960  Dorzhy Cyrempilonovich Cyrempilon
 (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting to 12 Apr 1955)  
24 Nov 1960 -  2 May 1970
 Aleksandr Uladayevich Khakhalov    (s.a.)
Dec 1970 - 1984            Bato Semynovich Semyonov           (b. 1920)
1984 - Dec 1987            Aleksandr Aleksyevich Badyev       (b. 1925)
Dec 1987 - Apr 1990        Klim Kirillovich Shomoyev          (b. 1930 - d. 2010)

1990 - 1991                Sergey Nikolayevich Buldayev       (b. 1934)

Chairmen of the Supreme Council
19 Apr 1990 - 21 Oct 1991  Sergey Nikolayevich Buldayev       (s.a.)
21 Oct 1991 - 25 Dec 1991  Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov         (b. 1935)


Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
10 Dec 1923 -  8 Sep 1927
 Mikhey Nikolayevich Yerbanov       (s.a.)
 8 Sep 1927 - Apr 1929     Kuzma Sergeyevich Ilin             (s.a.)
11 Apr 1929 - Oct 1937     Dazhup Dansaranovich Dorzhyev      (s.a.)
Oct 1937 - Nov 1937        Gombo Tcybikovich Belgayev (acting)(s.a.)
Nov 1937 - 27 Mar 1946     Solomon Matveyvich Ivanov          (b. 1912 - d. 1964)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
27 Mar 1946 - 27 Dec 1948  Solomon Matveyvich Ivanov          (s.a.)

                             (1st time)
27 Dec 1948 - 13 Jan 1950  Kapiton Dmitriyevich Vintovkin     (b. 1906 - d. 19..)

13 Jan 1950 - 17 Mar 1951  Solomon Matveyvich Ivanov          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
17 Mar 1951 -  4 Jan 1954  Dorzhy Cyrempilonovich
Cyrempilon  (s.a.)
 4 Jan 1954 - 17 Jan 1958
  Daniil Stepanovich Bolsokhoyev     (b. 1912 - d. 1958)
17 Jan 1958 - 24 Nov 1960  Vasily Rodionovich Filipov         (s.a.)
24 Nov 1960 - Jun 1962
     Andrey Uropkheyvich Modogoyev      (s.a.)
Jun 1962 - Mar 1967
        Konstantin Lavrentevich Baryadayev (b. 1917 - d. 1983)
Mar 1967 -  9 Mar 1977     Nikolay Buinovich Pivovarov        (b. 1912 - d. 1998)
 9 Mar 1977 - Jun 1987     Vladimir Bizayevich Saganov        (b. 1936 - d. 1999)
1987 - 1990                Sergey Nikolayevich Buldayev       (s.a.)
Prime minister
1990 - 25 Dec 1991         Vladimir Bizayevich Saganov        (s.a.)


Mongol-Buryat

 9 Jan 1922                Mongol-Buryat Autonomous Oblast (within Russian S.F.S.R.)
30 May 1923                Merged into Buryat-Mongol A.S.S.R.

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
 9 Jan 1922 - 30 May 1923  ....

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
1922 - Dec 1922            Mikhey Nikolayevich Yerbanov       (b. 1889 - d. 1937)
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
Dec 1922 - 30 May 1923     Mikhey Nikolayevich Yerbanov       (s.a.)



Checheno-Ingush
 
[Checheno-Ingush ASSR Flag of 1937-1944]
                   22 Jun 1937 - 7 Mar 1944
 
[pro-German
                          Northern Caucasus Flag of 1942]
             1942 - 1944 (in rebellion)
 
[Checheno-Ingush ASSR Flag of 1958]
                  21 May 1958 - 24 Apr 1980
 
[Checheno-Ingush ASSR Flag of 1980]
                   24 Apr 1980 - 1 Nov 1991
[Chechnya
                          1990-91l]
            23 Nov 1990 - 2 Nov 1991 
[Flag
                      of Chechenia]
                  Adopted 2 Nov 1991 

20 Jan 1921 - 1922         Chechen Naional Okrug, part of the Mountain A.S.S.R.
30 Nov 1922                Chechen Autonomous Oblast within R.S.F.S.R.

                             (not including Grozny).
 4 Apr 1929                Grozny (and the Sunzhensky district) included within Chechen A.O.
15 Jan 1934                Checheno-Ingush Autonomous Oblast
 5 Dec 1936                Checheno-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Jan 1940 - 1944            Anti-Soviet rebellion.
 7 Mar 1944                Abolished (Grozny oblast).

 5 Jan 1957                Checheno-Ingush A.S.S.R. re-established.
27 Nov 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.
15 Sep 1991                Ingushetia approves declaration on formation of 
                             Ingush Republic within R.S.F.S.R.
 1 Nov 1991                Independence declared (Republic of Chechnya)
                             (not recognized)(see under Russia).
 1 Dec 1991                Referendum approves creation of a separate Ingush Republic 
                             within Russia.

First Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
Nov 1922 - 1923            Tashtemir Elzhurkayevich
          (b. 1870 - d. 1934)
                             Eldarkhanov
1923 - Jan 1924            Aznarashvili

Jan 1924 - Dec 1925
       Magomed Aliyevich Eneyev           (b. 1897 - d. 1928)
Jan 1926 - 25 Aug 1927     Yefrem Alekseyevich Eshba          (b. 1893 - d. 1939)
25 Aug 1927 - 1929         Gurgen Omar Bulat
1929 - 1930                Solomon Abramovich Khasman         (b. 1886 - d. 1938)
1930 - 30 Nov 1933         Georgy Markarovich Karib(Tovmasyan)(b. 1896 - d. 1938)
30 Nov 1933 - 1935         Georgy Konstantinovich Makharadze  (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
1935 - 10 Oct 1937         Vasily Grigoryevich Yegorov        (b. 1899 - d. 1950)
10 Oct 1937 - May 1940     Fyodor Petrovich Bykov             (b. 1901 - d. 1980)

May 1940 -  7 Mar 1944     Viktor Aleksandrovich Ivanov       (b. 1903 - d. 1969)

First Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of
the Communist Party (Grozny oblast)
Mar 1944 - Sep 1949        Pyotr Fyodorovich Cheplakov        (b. 1906 - d. 1985)
Sep 1949 - 1955            Ivan Kuzmich Zhegalin              (b. 1906 - d. 1984)
1955 - 1957                Aleksandr Ivanovich Yakovlev       (b. 1911)
First Secretaries of the Communist Party
(Checheno-Ingush A.S.S.R.)
1957 - Jan 1959            Aleksandr Ivanovich Yakovlev       (s.a.)
Jan 1959 - Sep 1963        Aleksandr Stepanovich Trofimov     (b. 1903 - d. 1980)
Sep 1963 - 11 Jan 1966     Fyodor Yegorovich Titov            (b. 1910 - d. 1989)
11 Jan 1966 - Jul 1975     Semyon Semyonovich Apryatkin       (b. 1911 - d. 1977)
Jul 1975 - 31 Jul 1984     Aleksandr Vladimirovich Vlasov     (b. 1932 - d. 2002)
31 Jul 1984 -  1 Jul 1989  Vladimir Konstantinovich Foteyev   (b. 1935)
 1 Jul 1989 - 23 Aug 1991  Doku Gapurovich Zavgayev           (b. 1940)  

Chairmen of the Executive Committee (Chechen A.O.)
1921 - 27 Sep 1925        
Tashtemir Elzhurkayevich           (s.a.)
                             Eldarkhanov
                            (Chairman of Revolutionary Committee
                             1 Feb 1923 - 31 Aug 1924) 

1925 - 1928                ....
1928 - 1930                Daud Gaziyevich Arsanukayev        (b. 1890 - d. 1937)
1930 - Sep 1931            Khan Ramazan
Mamayev
Jan 1932 - 1934            Magomed Khasiyevich Omarov         (b. 1902 - d. 1946)

1934 - Sep 1937            Ali Isayevich Gorchkhanov          (b. 1898 - d. 1954) 
Nov 1937 - Jul 1938        Yusup Dudayevich Tambiyev          (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

Jul 1938 -  7 Mar 1944     Yusup Dudayevich Tambiyev          (s.a.)
Jan 1940 - 1944            Israilov Khasan (in rebellion)     (b. 1907 - d. 1944)
Chairmen of the Executive Committee
(Grozny oblast)

Mar 1944 - Dec 1949        Ivan Nikolayevich Starchak         (b. 1901 - d. 1985)
Dec 1949 - 1957            Georgy Yefremovich Kovalenko       (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (Checheno-Ingush A.S.S.R.)
16 Apr 1958 - 1971         Ilyas Abdulayevich Almazov
1971 - 28 Aug 1973         Kureis Izmailovich
Ozdoev
28 Aug 1973 - Mar 1990     Khabzhikar Khakyashevich Bokov     (b. 1935)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
Mar 1990 - 15 Sep 1991     Doku Gapurovich Zavgayev           (s.a.)
Chairman of the Supreme Provisional Council 
15 Sep 1991 - 17 Sep 1991  Lecha Dobachevich Magomadov        (b. 1938 - d. 2005)
Chairman of the Provisional Council of Chechen Republic
17 Sep 1991 -  5 Oct 1991  Huseyn Saydaliyevich Akhmadov      (b. 1950)
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the All-National Congress of the Chechen People
 5 Oct 1991 -  7 Oct 1991  Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudayev        (b. 1944 - d. 1996)
                             (1st time)
Chairman of the Supreme Provisional Council of the Chechen-Ingush Republic 
 7 Oct 1991 -  2 Nov 1991  Bagauddin Bakhmadov
                             (in opposition from 8 Oct 1991)
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the All-National Congress of the Chechen People
 8 Oct 1991 -  9 Nov 1991  Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudayev        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Presidents
 9 Nov 1991 - 21 Apr 1996  Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudayev        (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
1935 - 1937                ....
1937 -  7 Mar 1944         Supyan Kagirovich Mollayev
1944 - 1957                Post abolished
Chairmen of the Council of ministers

1957 - 20 Jun 1971         Muslim Gairbekovich Gayrbekov      (b. 1911 - d. 1971)
 1 Jul 1971 - Sep 1978     Ramazan Visayevich Vakhayev
Sep 1978 - Sep 1991        Musa Abdurakhmanovich Kerimov      (b. 1938) 
Sep 1991 - 22 Nov 1991     Sergey Mazhitovich Bekov           (b. 1939)
Nov 1991 - 16 Jan 1992     Yaragy Mamodayev                   (b. 1953) 
                             (chairman of the Committee on Operative 
                             Management of the National Economy of
                             the Chechen Republic)



Chuvash
 
[Flag of
                          Chuvash ASSR in 1927]
                   31 Mar 1927 - 12 Feb 1931
[Flag of
                          Chuvash ASSR in 1931]
                     12 Feb 1931 - 18 Jul 1938 

[Flag of
                          Chuvash ASSR of 1938]
                  18 Jul 1938 - 16 Aug 1954
[Flag of
                          Chuvash ASSR of 1954]
                   16 Aug 1954 - 31 May 1978
[Flag of
                          Chuvash ASSR in 1978]
                      Adopted 31 May 1978

24 Jun 1920                Chuvash Worker's Commune Autonomous Oblast
21 Apr 1925                Chuvash Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
24 Oct 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
 8 Oct 1920 - 25 Feb 1921  Daniil Semyonovich Elmen (1st time)(b. 1885 - d. 1932)
 1 Mar 1921 - 19 Oct 1921  Georgy Stepanovich Savandeyev      (b. 1889 - d. 1949)
22 Oct 1921 - 15 Mar 1922  Anton Tikhonovich Lastochkin       (b. 1892 - d. 1968)
15 Mar 1922 - 12 Oct 1922  Gavriil Mikhaylovich Mikhaylov     (b. 1895 - d. 1967)
15 Oct 1922 - 10 May 1924  Daniil Semyonovich Elmen (2nd time)(s.a.)
15 May 1924 - 22 Oct 1925  Mikhail Timofeyevich Tomasov       (b. 1896 - d. 1978)
23 Oct 1925 - 22 Nov 1926  Vasily Alekseyevich Alekseyev      (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
22 Nov 1926 - 14 Nov 1937  Sergey Porfirevich Petrov          (b. 1889 - d. 1942)
14 Nov 1937 - 17 Sep 1938  Gerasim Ivanovich Ivanov           (b. 1905 - d. 1938)
17 Sep 1938 -  4 Mar 1940  Aleksey Alekseyevich Volkov
        (b. 1890 - d. 1942)
                             (acting to 1 Oct 1938)  
 4 Mar 1940 -  2 Dec 1948  Ivan Matveyevich Charykov          (b. 1902 - d. 1965)
 2 Dec 1948 - 14 Nov 1955  Timofey Arkadyevich Akhazov
        (b. 1907 - d. 1979)
14 Nov 1955 -  4 Jan 1968  Semyon Matveyevich Islyukov        (b. 1915 - d. 1998)
 4 Jan 1968 - 28 Nov 1973  Nikolay Anatolyevich Voronovsky    (b. 1914 - d. 1973)
14 Jan 1974 - 25 Oct 1988  Ilya Pavlovich Prokopyev           (b. 1926)
25 Oct 1988 -  2 Jun 1990  Aleksandr Petrovich Petrov         (b. 1933)
 2 Jun 1990 - Aug 1991     Valentin Sergeyevich Shurchanov    (b. 1947)

 

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
11 Nov 1920 - 1921         Daniil Semyonovich Elmen           (s.a.)
30 Jun 1921 - 14 May 1924  Sergey Andreyevich Korichev        (b. 1890 - d. 1961)
May 1924 - Sep 1927        Ivan Illarionovich Illarionov      (b. 1893 - d. 1969)

Sep 1927 - Mar 1929        Nikolay Lukich Yushunev            (b. 1895 - d. 1942)
Mar 1929 - Oct 1937        Aleksandr Nikitich Nikitin         (b. 1892 - d. 1942)
Oct 1937 - 29 Jul 1938     Zoya Ananevna Andreyeva (f)        (b. 1899 - d. 1983)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
29 Jul 1938 - 19 Dec 1955  Zoya Ananevna Andreyeva (f)        (s.a.)
19 Dec 1955 - 23 Mar 1957  Dmitry Yakovlevich Mitkov          (b. 1899 - d. 1976)
23 Mar 1957 - 24 Nov 1967  Timofy Arkadyevich Akhazov         (s.a.)
 4 Jan 1968 - 21 Mar 1985  Semyon Matvyevich Islyukov         (s.a.)
21 Mar 1985 - 19 Dec 1988  Aleksandr Petrovich Petrov         (s.a.)
19 Dec 1988 - 25 Apr 1990  Anatoly Mikhailovich Leontiev      (b. 1937)
Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet
25 Apr 1990 - 28 Aug 1991  Anatoly Mikhailovich Leontiev      (s.a.)
29 Aug 1991 - 25 Dec 1991  Edouard Aleksyevich Kubarev        (b. 1939)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
 5 Nov 1925 -  6 Jul 1926  Sergey Andreyevich Korichev        (b. 1890 - d. 1961)
Nov 1926 - May 1927        Aleksandr Yakovlevich Yakovlev     (b. 1894 - d. 1948)
May 1927 - Feb 1930        Ananiy Mikhaylovich Mikhaylov      (b. 1898 - d. 1942)
Feb 1930 - Feb 1931        Pavel Yakovlevich Samarin          (b. 1895 - d. 1964)
Feb 1931 - Feb 1932        Luka Semyonovich Spasov (1st time) (b. 1899 - d. 1955)
Mar 1932 - Jul 1937        Vasily Ivanovich Toksin            (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
Sep 1937 - 26 Jul 1938     Luka Semyonovich Spasov (2nd time) (s.a.)
31 Jul 1938 - 20 Oct 1938  Aleksey Alekseyevich Volkov        (s.a.)
Dec 1938 - 12 Jul 1942     Aleksandr Vasilyevich Somov        (b. 1906 - d. 1992)
12 Jul 1942 - Apr 1946     Anton Matveyevich Matveyev         (b. 1903 - d. 1971)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
Apr 1946 - 22 Mar 1947     Anton Matveyevich Matveyev         (s.a.)
22 Mar 1947 -  3 Feb 1955  Illarion Afanasyevich Afanasyev    (b. 1905 - d. 1975)
 3 Feb 1955 - 14 Nov 1955  Semyon Matveyevich Islyukov        (s.a.)
14 Nov 1955 - Dec 1962     Anatoly Sergeyevich Yerlakov       (b. 1918 - d. 1987)
Dec 1962 - Apr 1974        Mikhail Vasilyevich Zaitsev        (b. 1921 - d. 1985)
Apr 1974 - Nov 1989        Leonid Prokopyevich Prokopyev      (b. 1934 - d. 2006)
Dec 1989 - 25 Dec 1991     Nikolay Arkhipovich Zaitsev        (b. 1942)



Dagestan
 
[Daghestan ASSR
                          flag of 1921]
                      5 Dec 1921 - 5 Apr 1927 

[Daghestan
                          ASSR flag of 1927]
                      5 Apr 1927 - 12 Jun 1937 

[Daghestan ASSR
                          flag in 1937]
                       12 Jun 1937 - 1954 

[Daghestan ASSR
                          flag in 1954]
                           Adopted 1954 


20 Jan 1921                Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
13 May 1991                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
16 Feb 1919 - 16 Aug 1919  Ullubiy Daniyalovich Buinaksky     (b. 1890 - d. 1919)
 4 Sep 1919 - 1920         Dzhalaleddin Aselderovich          
(b. 1877 - d. 1937)
                             Korkmasov
26 Apr 1920 -  6 Dec 1920  Boris Petrovich Sheboldayev        (b. 1895 - d. 1937)
 6 Dec 1920 -  5 Jan 1921  M. Korobkin
 5 Jan 1921 - 28 Feb 1921  Aleksandr Solomonovich Khavinson   (b. 1897 - d. 1963)
12 Mar 1921 - 1922         Georgy Ya. Poleshko                (b. 1890 - d. 1945)
1922                       Ibragim Makhmud ogly Aliyev        (b. 1890 - d. 1938)

1922 - Jan 1923            Aleksey Viktorovich Perimov        (b. 1897 - d. 1937)
15 Jan 1923 - Feb 1924     Martemyan Nikitich Ryutin          (b. 1890 - d. 1937)
Feb 1924 - 1924            Mussa Agramatovich Kundukhov       (b. 1890 - d. 1931)
1924 - 1927                Magomet Alibekovich Dalgat         (b. 1893 - d. 1942)

1927 - 1928                Mikhail (Moisey) Lazarevich        (b. 1890 - d. 1941)
                             Granovsky       
1928 - Aug 1931            Aleksandr Ivanovich Muravyev
      (b. 1894 - d. 1941)
Aug 1931 - 10 Mar 1934     Aron Abramovich Tsekher            (b. 1895 - d. 1938)
10 Mar 1934 -  9 Oct 1937  Nazhmuddin
Panakhovich Samursky    (b. 1891 - d. 1938)
                             (Efendyev)  
 9 Oct 1937 - Jan 1939     Maksim Fydorovich Sorokin          (b. 1899 - d. 1965)
Jan 1939 - Sep 1942        Nikolay Iosifovich Linkun
         (b. 1904 - d. 1977)
27 Sep 1942 -  3 Dec 1948  Aziz Mamedkerim ogly Aliev         (b. 1897 - d. 1962)
 3 Dec 1948 - 29 Nov 1967  Abdurrakhman Daniyalovich
         (b. 1908 - d. 1981)
                             Daniyalov
29 Nov 1967 - 24 May 1983  Magomet Salam Ilyasovich Umakhanov (b. 1918 - d. 1992)
24 May 1983 -  6 Mar 1990  Magomed Yusupovich Yusupov         (b. 1935)
 6 Mar 1990 - Aug 1991     Mukhu Gimbatovich Aliyev           (b. 1940)

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Dagestan (Dagrevkoma)
1920 - 1921                ....

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee

Dec 1921 - 1928            Nazhmuddin Samursky (Efendyev)     (s.a.)

1928 - 1937                Magomet Alibekovich Dalgat         (s.a.)
1937 - 26 Jul 1938         Adilgirei Takhtarov
               (b. 1886 - d. 1962)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jul 1938 - 1950            Adilgirei Takhtarov                (s.a.)
1950 - 1952                Abdul-Gamid Nugayevich             (b. 1903 - d. 1957)
                             Batyrmurzayev        
1952 - 1954                Arslan-Ali Mantayevich Mantayev    (b. 1918 - d. 1997)

1954 - Mar 1962            Gadshikasum Shikhmurzaevich Aliyev 
Mar 1962 - Nov 1967        Roza Abdulbasyrovna Eldarova (f)   (b. 1923)
Nov 1967 - 1970            Abdurrakhman Daniyalovich          (s.a.)
                             Daniyalov
1970 - 1978                Shakhrudin Magometovic Shamkhalov  (b. 1914 - d. 2000)
1978 - Aug 1987            Alipasha Dzhalalovic Umalatov      (b. 1927) 
Aug 1987 - 24 Apr 1990     Magomedali Magomedovich Magomedov  (b. 1930)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
24 Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Magomedali Magomedovich Magomedov  (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
Dec 1921 - 29 Dec 1931     Dzhalaleddin Aselderovich          (s.a.)
                             Korkmasov
29 Dec 1931 - Sep 1937     Kerim Guseinovich Mamedbekov       (b. 1899 - d. 1938)
1937 - 1940                Dzhemalutdin Makhmudovich          (b. 1908 - d. 1982) 
                             Magomedov
1940 - 1946                Abdurrakhman Daniyalovich          (s.a.)
                             Daniyalov 
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers (Prime ministers)
1946 - Dec 1948            Abdurrakhman Daniyalovich          (s.a.)
                             Daniyalov
Dec 1948 - 1951            Salam Mukhtadirovich Aidinbekov    (b. 1912 - d. 1967)
1951 - 29 Dec 1956         Magomed Medzhidovich Medzhidov     (b. 1910 - d. 1981)
29 Dec 1956 - Nov 1967     Magomet Salam Ilyasovich Umakhanov (s.a.) 
Nov 1967 - 1978            Alipasha Dzhalalovich Umalatov     (s.a.)
1978 - May 1983            Magomed Yusupovich Yusupov         (s.a.)
May 1983 - Aug 1987        Magomedali Magomedovich Magomedov  (s.a.)
Aug 1987 - 25 Dec 1991     Abdurazak Mardanovich Mirzabekov   (b. 1938 - d. 2008)



Kabardino-Balkar
 
[Flag of
                          Kabardino-Balkar ASSR in 1937]
                  24 Jun 1937 - 26 Jul 1938
 
[Flag of
                          Kabardino-Balkar ASSR, 1938-1944]
                     26 Jul 1938 - 8 Apr 1944
 
[Flag of
                          Kabardin ASSR in 1945]
                        1945 - 15 Jun 1954
 
[Flag of
                          Kabardin ASSR in 1954]
                     15 Jun 1954 - 29 Mar 1957
[Flag of
                          Kabardino-Balkar ASSR in 1957]
                   29 Mar 1957 - 25 Oct 1978
[Flag of
                          Kabardino-Balkar ASSR in 1978]
                      Adopted 25 Oct 1978

20 Jan 1921 - 1922         Part of the Mountain A.S.S.R.
 1 Sep 1921                Kabardin Autonomous Oblast
16 Jan 1922                Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Oblast
 5 Dec 1936                Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Sep 1942 - Jan 1943        German occupation.
 8 Apr 1944                Kabardino-Balkar A.S.S.R. abolished.
 8 Apr 1944 -  9 Jan 1957  Kabardin A.S.S.R. 
 9 Jan 1957                Kabardino-Balkar A.S.S.R. (restored).
30 Jan 1991                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
1921 - Mar 1923            Boleslav Olgerdovich Pavlovich
Mar 1923 - Apr 1924        Stepan Andreyevich Mikhaylov
Apr 1924 - May 1925        Pavel Donatovich Leshchynski       (b. 1895 - d. 1938)
May 1925 - Jul 1928        Ivan Nikolayevich Borovitsky       (b. 1894 - d. 19..)
Jul 1928 - Sep 1928        I.I. Povalyukhin
Oct 1928 - Mar 1929        V.M. Dulin
Mar 1929 - May 1929        Kazgeri Uvzhokovich Maksidov       (b. 1893 - d. 1937)
May 1929 - Jan 1930        Fyodorov
Feb 1930 - May 1930        Sevastyanov

May 1930 - 13 Nov 1938     Betal Edykovich Kalmykov           (b. 1893 - d. 1940)
13 Nov 1938 - Dec 1939     Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kudryavtsev  (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
Dec 1939 - 10 Apr 1944     Zuber Dokshukovich Kumekhov        (b. 1910 - d. 1988)
10 Apr 1944 - May 1949     Nikolay Petrovich Mazin            (b. 1909 - d. 19..)
May 1949 - Nov 1956        Vasily Ivanovich Babich            (b. 1912 - d. 1988)

Nov 1956 - 19 Oct 1985     Timbora Kubatiyevich Malbakhov     (b. 1917 - d. 1999)
19 Oct 1985 - 21 Feb 1990  Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yeliseyev   (b. 1936)
21 Feb 1990 -  1 Sep 1990  Valery Mukhamedovich Kokov         (b. 1941 - d. 2005)
 1 Sep 1990 - Aug 1991     Boris Mustafayevich Zumakulov      (b. 1940)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Sep 1921 - May 1930        Betal Edykovich Kalmykov           (s.a.) 
May 1930 - 1934            Kellet Elmurzayevich Ulbashev      (b. 1884 - d. 1938)
1934 - 26 Jul 1938         Ishu Ortabayevich Cherkesov        (b. 1900 - d. 1944)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet 
26 Jul 1938 - Nov 1938     Masha Gerandukovich Kankulov       (b. 1889 - d. 1944)
15 May 1939 - 27 Jan 1941  Azret Gonayevich Mokayev           (b. 1899 - d. 19..)
27 Jan 1941 - Apr 1944     Ismail Lokmanovich Ulbashev        (b. 1914 - d. 19..)
Aug 1942 - Feb 1943        Selim Shadov
                             (president of the Kabardo-Balkar

                             
National Committee, in rebellion)
Apr 1944 - 1944            Khasanbi Kaseyevich Akhokhov       (b. 1907 - d. 19..)
1944 - 1952                Cherim Karamurzovich Kudayev       (b. 1909 - d. 19..)
Sep 1952 - 1956            Timbora Kubatiyevich Malbakhov     (s.a.)
Jan 1957 - 1959            Kalimet Tutovich Tlostanov         (b. 1908 - d. 1990)
Dec 1959 - Apr 1967        Chomay Batalovich Uyanayev         (b. 1914)
Apr 1967 - 1979            Magomet Ismailovich Gettuyev       (b. 1916 - d. 1985)
1979 - Mar 1990            Boris Kasimovich Chabdarov         (b. 1936 - d. 2001) 

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet
30 Mar 1990 - 17 Sep 1991  Valery Mukhamedovich Kokov         (s.a.)
17 Sep 1991 - 25 Dec 1991  Khachim Mukhamedovich Karmokov     (b. 1941)

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers 
26 Jul 1938 - Nov 1938     Ishu Ortabayevich Cherkesov        (s.a.)
Nov 1938 - 1939            Tuzer Askhadovich Zhakomikhov      (b. 1903 - d. 1977)
1939 - Apr 1944            Khasanbi Kaseyevich Akhokhov       (s.a.)
Apr 1944 - 1944            Zuber Dokshukovich Kumekhov        (s.a.)
1944 - 1947                ....
1947 - 1951                Ismail Musovich Kazmakhov          (b. 1911 - d. 1981)
1951 - Jan 1957            Kalimet Tutovich Tlostanov         (s.a.)
Jan 1957 - 1969            Aslanbi Nakhovich Akhokhov         (b. 1912 - d. 2001)
1969 - Jan 1984            Kishkuka Sagidovich Kushkhov       (b. 1923 - d. 1998)
Jan 1984 - Nov 1988        Musa Ilyasovich Dokshokov          (b. 1932)
Nov 1988 - Sep 1991        Musa Shuyevich Mamkhegov           (b. 1936 - d. 2005)
Prime Minister (Chairman of the Government)
Sep 1991 - 25 Dec 1991     Georgy Mashtayevich Cherkesov      (b. 1938)



Kalmyk
 
[Kalmyk ASSR
                          flag, 1938-1943]
                    5 Aug 1938 - 27 Dec 1943
[Kalmyk ASSR
                          flag of 1978]
                       Adopted 29 Jul 1958 

 4 Nov 1920                Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast
22 Oct 1935                Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
27 Dec 1943 - 29 Jul 1958  Kalmyk A.S.S.R. abolished (made part of Astrakhan oblast).
 9 Jan 1957                Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast (within Stavropol kray).
29 Jul 1958                Kalmyk A.S.S.R. (restored).

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
20 Feb 1921 - 11 Aug 1921  Arashi Chapchayevich Chapchayev    (b. 1890 - d. 1938)
14 Aug 1921 - Oct 1923     Ivan Romanovich Marbush-Stepanov
Oct 1923 - May 1925        Trofim (Trokay) Kuzmich Borisov    (b. 1891 - d. 1943)
May 1925 - 17 Nov 1927     Ivan Kuzmich Glukhov               (b. 1892 - d. 1962)
19 Nov 1927 -  6 Jan 1934  Khokhol Mandzhiyevich Dzhalykov    (b. 1887 - d. 1938)
10 Jan 1934 - 30 Nov 1935  Andzhur Pyurbeyevich Pyurbeyev     (b. 1904 - d. 1938)
30 Nov 1935 - 28 Feb 1939  Ivan Nikolayevich Karpov           (b. 1892 - d. 19..)

28 Feb 1939 - 27 Feb 1943  Pyotr Vasilyevich Lavrentyev
27 Feb 1943 - Dec 1943     Aleksandr Fyodorovich Likomidov
Dec 1943 - Dec 1956        Post abolished
16 Dec 1956 - Feb 1959     Nikolay Ignatyevich Zhezlov        (b. 1910 - d. 1985)

Feb 1959 - Aug 1961        Mikhail Aleksandrovich Ponomaryov  (b. 1918 - d. 2001)

Aug 1961 - 20 Dec 1978     Basan Badminovich Gorodovikov      (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
20 Dec 1978 - 20 Dec 1985  Vladimir Illarionovich Nikulin     (b. 1929)
20 Dec 1985 - 25 Sep 1990  Vladimir Andreyevich Zakharov      (b. 1936)
27 Oct 1990 - Aug 1991     Boris Dolyayevich Muyev            (b. 1942)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Jul 1920 - Feb 1921        Arashi Chapchayevich Chapchayev    (s.a.)
                             (1st time)

Feb 1921 - Aug 1921        Galzan Mankirov                    (b. 1895 - d. 1942)
Aug 1921 - 29 Apr 1924     Arashi Chapchayevich Chapchayev    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1924 - 1925                Aleksey Grigoryevich Maslov
Aug 1925 - 1926            Kharti Badiyevich Kanukov          (b. 1883 - d. 1933)
1926 - 192.                Erdni-Ara Kekeyevich Kekeyev       (d. 1937)
192. - 193.                Andzhur Pyurbeyevich Pyurbeyev     (s.a.)

1933 - 1938                Vasily Aleksyevich Khomutnikov     (b. 1891 - d. 1945) 
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jul 1938 - 28 Dec 1943     Dorzhy Pyurvyevich Pyurvyev        (b. 1905 - d. 1953)

Dec 1943 - Dec 1956        Post abolished
Chairmen of the Executive Committee
Dec 1956 - 1958            Dorzhi Badmayevich Utnasunov
1958 - 28 Oct 1958         Erenzen Agildzhanovich Sangayev    (b. 1910 - d. 1980)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Oct 1958 - Jan 1962        Lidzhi Karvenovich Kilganov        (b. 1906 - d. 19..)
 
Jan 1962 - Dec 1974        Erenzen Agildzhanovich Sangayev    (s.a.)

Dec 1974 - 1985            Ilyah Yevgenyvich Namsinov         (b. 1920)
1985 - 1987                Gennady Grigoryevich Sakirov       (b. 1935)
1987 - 1990                A.B. Aldayev
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
1990 - 25 Dec 1991         Vladimir Mantsinovich Basanov      (b. 1948)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
 2 Nov 1935 - 1937         Andzhur Pyurbeyevich Pyurbeyev     (s.a.) 
1937 - Dec 1943            Naldzhy Lidzhyevich Garyayev       (b. 1889 - d. 1958)
Dec 1943 - Oct 1958        Post abolished
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
28 Oct 1958 - Jan 1962     Erenzhen Agildzhanovich Sangayev   (s.a.)
Mar 1962 - 1967            Grigory Badmayevich Bembinov       (b. 1923)
1967 - Mar 1974            Erdmy Chudutovich Mandzhyev        (b. 1922)
Mar 1974 - Aug 1989        Lag Tsaganmandzhyevich             (b. 1935)
                             Bedmakhalgayev
Aug 1989 - 25 Dec 1991     Batyr Chimidovich Mikhailov        (b. 1941)



Karelian
 
[Karelian ASSR
                          flag of 1937]
                  17 Jun 1937 - 26 Jul 1938
 
[Karelian ASSR
                          flag of 1938]
                    26 Jul 1938 - 9 Jun 1940
 
[Karelo-Finnish SSR in 1940]
                     9 Jun 1940 - 1 Sep 1953 
 
[Flag of
                          Karelo-Finnish SSR in 1953]
                   1 Sep 1953 - 20 Aug 1956 
 
[Karelian
                          ASSR flag of 1956]
                    20 Aug 1956 - 3 Nov 1978 
 
[Karelian
                          ASSR flag of 1978]
                        Adopted 3 Nov 1978
 
Capital: Petrozavodsk Hear SSR Anthem
"Karjalan-Suomalainen
Sosialistinen
Neuvostotasavallan
valtiohymni"
(State Anthem of the Karelo-Finnish SSR)
(1950's-20 Aug 1956)
Constitution
(9 Jun 1940-20 Aug 1956)
Population: 649,000 (1959)

 8 Jun 1920                Karelian Worker's Commune Autonomous Oblast
25 Jul 1923                Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
31 Mar 1940                Karelian A.S.S.R. becomes Karelo-Finnish (Finno-Karelian)
                             Soviet Socialist Republic.
27 Jul 1941 - 19 Sep 1944  Almost entirely occupied by Finland.
20 Jun 1944                Soviets reoccupy Vyborg.
28 Jun 1944                Soviets reoccupy Petrozavodsk.
16 Jul 1956                Re-incorporated into the Russian S.F.S.R.
                             as Karelian A.S.S.R.
 9 Aug 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
(31 Mar 1940 - 16 Jul 1956 Finno-Karelian Communist Party [FKCP])
1921 - 1922                Vasily Mikhailovich Kudzhyev       (b. 1889 - d. 1976)
1922 - May 1929            Johan Emil Andreyevich Jarvisalo   (b. 1888 - d. 1929)
19 Jun 1929 - 21 Aug 1935  Gustav (Kustaa) Semyonovich Rovio  (b. 1887 - d. 1938)
21 Aug 1935 - 25 Jul 1937  Petr Andreyevich Irklis            (b. 1887 - d. 1937)
Jul 1937 - Sep 1937        Mihail Nikolayevich Nikolsky       (b. 1902 - d. 1938)
                             (acting)
Sep 1937 - Jun 1938        Nikolay Ivanovich Ivanov (acting)  (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
Jun 1938 - 24 Jan 1950     Gennady Nikolayevich Kupriyanov    (b. 1905 - d. 1979)
                             (in Russian SFSR exile 1941 - 1944)
25 Jan 1950 - 27 Sep 1950  Aleksandr Andreyevich Kondakov     (b. 1908 - d. 1951)
27 Sep 1950 - 16 Aug 1955  Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yegorov     (b. 1904 - d. 1988) 
16 Aug 1955 - Sep 1958     Leonid Ignatyevich Lubennikov      (b. 1910 - d. 1988) 
Sep 1958 - 18 Apr 1984     Ivan Ilyich Senkin                 (b. 1915 - d. 1986)
18 Apr 1984 - 30 Nov 1989  Vladimir Sevastyanovich Stepanov   (b. 1927)
30 Nov 1989 - Aug 1991     Nikolay Jakovlevich Kiryanov       (b. 1940)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
1918 - 1921                Valentin Mikhailovich Parfenov     (b. 1884 - d. 1941)
1921 - 192.                Pyotr Fyodorovich Anokhin          (b. 1891 - d. 1922)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
25 Jun 1923 - 1924         Aleksandr Vasilevich Shotman       (b. 1880 - d. 1937)
Dec 1924 - May 1928        Aleksandr (Santeri) Fyodorovich    (b. 1881 - d. 1929)
                             Nuorteva
Jan 1929 - 13 Jan 1934     Nikolay Aleksandrovich Yushchyev   (b. 1895 - d. 1938)
13 Jan 1934 - Feb 1935     Vasiliy Petrovich Averkyev         (b. 1894 - d. 1936)
Feb 1935 - Oct 1937        Nikolay Vasilyevich Arkhipov       (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
Oct 1937 - 11 Jul 1940     Mark Vasilyevich Gorbachev         (b. 1902 - d. 1964) 
                             (acting from 31 Mar 1940)
11 Jul 1940 - 16 Jul 1956  Otto Vilgelmovich Kuusinen         (b. 1881 - d. 1964)  FKCP
                             (in Russian SFSR exile 1941 - 1944)
16 Jul 1956 - 1979         Pavel Stepanovich Prokkonen        (b. 1909 - d. 1979)
18 Jul 1979 - 18 Aug 1979  Nikolay Ivanovich Kalinin          (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
                             (1st time) (acting)
18 Aug 1979 -  9 Mar 1984  Ivan Pavlovich Mankin              (b. 1924 - d. 1984)
 9 Mar 1984 - 18 Apr 1984  Nikolay Ivanovich Kalinin          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
18 Apr 1984 - 12 Dec 1985  Ivan Ilyich Senkin                 (s.a.)
12 Dec 1985 - 21 Jan 1986  V. Cheremovsky (acting)
21 Jan 1986 - 27 Dec 1989  Kuzma Filippovich Filatov          (b. 1929 - d. 2008)
27 Dec 1989 - 18 Apr 1990  Viktor Nikolayevich Stepanov       (b. 1947)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
18 Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Viktor Nikolayevich Stepanov       (s.a.)
 

Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
 8 Jun 1920 - 25 Jun 1923  Edvard Otto Aleksandrovich Gylling
(b. 1884 - d. 1938)
Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars

25 Jun 1923 - 31 Oct 1935  Edvard Otto Aleksandrovich Gylling
(s.a.)
 5 Nov 1935 - Aug 1937     Pavel Ivanovich Bushuyev           (b. 1890 - d. 1939)
1937 - 31 Mar 1940         Pytor Vasilyevich Solyakov         (b. 1891 - d. 1962)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers 
31 Mar 1940 - 1940         I.P. Babkin (acting)               (b. 1885 - d. 1940)  FKCP
1940 - Feb 1947            Pavel Stepanovich Prokkonen        (b. 1909 - d. 1979)  FKCP
                             (1st time)
                             (in Russian SFSR exile 1941 - 1944)
Feb 1947 - 24 Feb 1950     Voldemar Matveyevich Virolainen    (b. 1903 - d. 1983)  FKCP
1950 - Aug 1956            Pavel Stepanovich Prokkonen        (s.a.)               FKCP
                             (2nd time)
20 Aug 1956 - 22 Mar 1967  Ivan Stepanovich Belyayev          (b. 1907 - d. 1967)
Mar 1967 - Dec 1984        Andrey Alekseyevich Kochetov       (b. 1914 - d. 1999)
Dec 1984 - 27 Dec 1989     Yury Nikolayevich Ivanov           (b. 1929 - d. 2002)
Prime minister
27 Dec 1989 - 25 Dec 1991  Sergey Petrovich Blinnikov         (b. 1945)
 

 [East Karelia flag
                1941-1944]
   East Karelia Flag Jul 1941 - Sep 1944

Commandants of the Finnish Military Administration
15 Jul 1941 - 15 Jun 1942  Väinö Aleksanteri Kotilainen       (b. 1887 - d. 1959)
15 Jun 1942 - 19 Aug 1943  Johan Viktor Arajuuri              (b. 1894 - d. 1961)
19 Aug 1943 - Sep 1944     Martti Olavi "Olli" Paloheimo      (b. 1894 - d. 1974)

Finnish General Officers Commanding the Army of Karelia
 9 Jul 1941 - Dec 1941     Aksel Erik Heinrichs               (b. 1890 - d. 1965)
Dec 1941 - Jan 1942        Karl Lennart Oesch                 (b. 1892 - d. 1978)
General Officers Commanding the Karelian Isthmus
Jan 1942 - 15 Jun 1944     Harald Uhquist                     (b. 1891 - d. 1971)
15 Jun 1944 - 19 Sep 1944  Karl Lennart Oesch                 (s.a.)
General Officers Commanding the Aunus Force 
Jan 1942 - 15 Jun 1944     Karl Lennart Oesch                 (s.a.)
15 Jun 1944 - 19 Sep 1944  Paavo J. Talvela                   (b. 1897 - d. 1973)



Komi
 
[Komi ASSR
                          flag of 1937]
                     23 Jun 1937 - 1938
[Komi ASSR
                          flag of 1938]
                        1938 - 5 May 1954
[Komi ASSR
                          flag of 1954]
                       Adopted 5 May 1954

22 Aug 1921                Komi (Zyrian) Autonomous Oblast
 5 Dec 1936                Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
29 Aug 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
Jan 1921 - Jan 1922        Yakov Fyodorovich Potapov          (b. 1890 - d. 1942)
Jan 1922 - Aug 1922        Mikhail Petrovich Minin            (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
Sep 1922 - Jul 1924        Afanasy Mikhaylovich Chirkov       (b. 1887 - d. 19..)
Jul 1924 - Jun 1927        Dmitry Illyich Selivanov           (b. 1887 - d. 1939)
Jun 1927 - Mar 1929        Grigory Andreyevich Kozlov         (b. 1885 - d. 1975)
Mar 1929 - Mar 1930        Nikolay Alekseyevich Lyustrov      (b. 1891 - d. 1938)
Mar 1930 - Aug 1932        Nikolay Stepanovich Kolegov        (b. 1897 - d. 1983)
Dec 1932 -  2 Nov 1937     Aleksey Aleksandrovich Semichev    (b. 1893 - d. 1941)
 2 Nov 1937 - Jun 1938     Pavel Ivanovich Murashev           (b. 1890 - d. 1942)
Jul 1938 - Mar 1940        Ivan Dmitriyevich Ryazanov         (b. 1903 - d. 1942)
Mar 1940 - 24 Dec 1948     Aleksey Georgiyevich Taranenko     (b. 1900 - d. 1960)
25 Dec 1948 - 23 Mar 1957  Georgy Ivanovich Osipov            (b. 1906 - d. 1980)
23 Mar 1957 - 29 Oct 1965  Aleksandr Grigoryevich Dmitrin     (b. 1914 - d. 2001)
29 Oct 1965 - 28 Mar 1987  Ivan Pavlovich Morozov             (b. 1924 - d. 1987)
28 Mar 1987 -  9 Aug 1989  Vladimir Ivanovich Melnikov        (b. 1935 - d. 2010)
 9 Aug 1989 - Jun 1990     Yury Alekseyevich Spiridonov       (b. 1938 - d. 2010)
Jun 1990 - Oct 1990        V.S. Osipov (acting)
Oct 1990 - Aug 1991        Aleksey Vasilyevich Batmanov       (b. 1939)

Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
1921 - Dec 1922            Dmitry Illich Selivanov            (b. 1887 - d. 1941)
Dec 1922 - 1924            Vasily Ivanovich Sorvachev         (b. 1884 - d. 1942)
1924 - Mar 1927            Yefim Mikhailovich Misherin        (b. 1890 - d. 1967)
Mar 1927 - Mar 1929        Vasily Petrovich Yurkin            (b. 1885 - d. 1938)
Mar 1929 - 1930            Ivan Grigoryevich Koyushev         (b. 1901 - d. 1993)
                             (1st time)
1930 - Jul 1933            Fyodor Gavrilovich Tarakanov       (b. 1900 - d. 1997)
Jul 1933 - Apr 1935        Ivan Grigoryevich Koyushev         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Apr 1935 - Jan 1937        Aleksandr Petrovich Lipin          (b. 1903 - d. 19..)

Jan 1937 - 1938            Gennady Vasilyevich Vetoshkin      (b. 1901 - d. 1978)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
1938 - Feb 1945            Gennady Vasilyevich Vetoshkin      (s.a.)
Feb 1945 - Jun 1949        Ivan Alekseyevich Rochev           (b. 1906 - d. 1980)
Jun 1949 - 1951            Anna Mikhaylovna Yelkina (f)       (b. 1909 - d. 1992)
1951 - 1963                Nikolay Dmitriyevich Vakhnin       (b. 1910 - d. 1966)

1963 - 1972                Yevgeny Fydorovich Katayev         (b. 1914 - d. 1972)
1972 - 1984                Zosima Vasilyevich Panev           (b. 1914 - d. 1994)
1984 - 1988                Albert Fydorovich Syutkin          (b. 1925)
1988 - 1990                Yury Ivanovich Semukov             (b. 1938)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
25 Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Yury Alekseyevich Spiridonov       (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
1938 - Sep 1939            Ivan Illyich Oplesnin              (b. 1903 - d. 1972)
sep 1939 - 1945            Sergey Dmitriyevich Turyshev       (b. 1906 - d. 1974)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers  
1945 - 1947                Gennady Vasilyevich Vetoshkin      (s.a.) 
1947 - 1950                Sergey Dmitriyevich Turyshev       (s.a.)
1950 - Dec 1963            Zosima Vasilyevich Panev           (s.a.)  
Dec 1963 - Oct 1985        Pavel Aleksandrovich Beznosov      (b. 1922 - d. 2006)
Oct 1985 - Mar 1987        Vladimir Ivanovich Melnikov        (b. 1935)
Mar 1987 - 25 Dec 1991     Vyacheslav Ivanovich Khudyayev     (b. 1946)



Mari
 
[Mari ASSR
                          flag of 1937]
                    21 Jun 1937 - 19 Jun 1954 
[Mari ASSR
                          flag of 1954]
                      19 Jun 1954 - 24 Oct 1978
[Mari ASSR
                          flag of 1978]
                        Adopted 24 Oct 1978

 4 Nov 1920                Mari Autonomous Oblast
 5 Dec 1936                Mari Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
22 Oct 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
24 Feb 1921 - 15 Aug 1921  Aleksandr Alekseyevich Bolodurin   (b. 1895 - d. 1926)

18 Aug 1921 - 15 Mar 1922  Nikolay Fyodorovich Butenin        (b. 1884 - d. 1938)
15 Mar 1922 - Nov 1922     Nikolay Ivanovich Yezhov           (b. 1895 - d. 1940)
Nov 1922 - 21 Jun 1923     Pyotr Yakovlevich Lezhnyev-
                             Finkovsky (acting to Mar 1923)

21 Jun 1923 - 10 Dec 1926  Ivan Ivanovich Ivanov
10 Dec 1926 - 27 Jul 1929  Vasily Pavlovich Kulikov           (b. 1892 - d. 194.)
30 Jul 1929 - 22 May 1930  Sergey Ivanovich Kutuzov           (b. 1882 - d. 19..)

May 1930 - 10 Jan 1935     Ali Geydar Ibashevich Shirvani    
(b. 1896 - d. 1938)
                             (Mustafabekov)
10 Jan 1935 - Nov 1937     Cheslav Iosifovich Vrublevski      (b. 1900 - d. 196.)

Nov 1937 - 20 May 1938     Zinovy Yakovlevich Zhadnov (acting)(b. 1904 - d. 1938)
20 May 1938 - 26 Feb 1939  Vasily Mikhaylovich Arkhipov
      (b. 1908 - d. 19..)
                             (acting to 11 Jul 1938) 
 2 Mar 1939 - 30 Apr 1942  Veniamin Mikhaylovich Kushnarev
30 Apr 1942 -  9 Jul 1945  Fyodor Dmitriyevich Navozov        (b. 1910 - d. 19..)

 9 Jul 1945 - Sep 1948     Ivan Terentyevich Kolokolkin       (b. 1905 - d. 1969)
Sep 1948 -  4 Oct 1951     Grigory Ivanovich Kondratyev       (b. 1912 - d. 1993)
 4 Oct 1951 - 28 Dec 1957  Aleksey Mikhaylovich Spiridonov    (b. 1909 - d. 1988)
29 Dec 1957 - 28 Nov 1963  Georgy Sergeyvich Pavlov           (b. 1910 - d. 1991)
29 Nov 1963 - 22 Jul 1967  Pyotr Vasilyevich Urayev           (b. 1910 - d. 1967)
 4 Aug 1967 -  5 Sep 1979  Viktor Petrovich Nikonov           (b. 1929 - d. 1993)
 5 Sep 1979 - 16 Jan 1981  Ivan Stepanovich Gusev             (b. 1930)
16 Jan 1981 - 25 Aug 1991  Grigory Andreyevich Posibyev       (b. 1935 - d. 2002)


Chairmen of the Executive Committee
1920 - Jan 1923            Ivan Petrovich Petrov (1st time)   (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
Jan 1923 - Feb 1924        Ivan Nikolayevich Smirnov          (b. 1899 - d. 19..)
Feb 1924 - 1928            Nikolay Fyodorovich Butenin        (s.a.)
1928 - 1929                Ivan Petrovich Petrov (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1929 - 1931                Aleksandr Fyodorovich Yeshkinin    (b. 1897 - d. 1937)
1931 - 1934                Maksim Kirillovich Lvov            (b. 1899 - d. 1953)
1934 -  3 Jun 1937         Ivan Petrovich Petrov (3rd time)   (s.a.)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
 3 Jun 1937 - Dec 1937     Pyotr Illyich Andreyev             (b. 1900 - d. 1938)
1938 - May 1938            Vladimir Nikolayevich Bystryakov   (b. 1900 - d. 1938)
27 Jul 1938 - 12 Apr 1944  Timofy Ilyich Kavalerov            (b. 1905 - d. 19..) 
12 Apr 1944 - 1948         Nikolay Petrovich Ryabchikov
1948 - 24 Apr 1951         Roman Mikhailovich Mamayev
24 Apr 1951 - 1959         Prokhor Vasilyevich Scherbakov

1959 - Jul 1968            Ivan Romanovich Moskvichev         (b. 1913 - d. 19..)
Jul 1968 - 26 Dec 1979     Pytor Afanasyevich Almakayev       (b. 1916 - d. 1998)
26 Dec 1979 - Apr 1990     Vitaly Iosifovich Romanov          (b. 1913)
Apr 1990 - 22 Aug 1991     Vladislav Maksimovich Zotin        (s.a.)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
22 Aug 1991 - 24 Dec 1991  Vladislav Maksimovich Zotin        (s.a.)
President
24 Dec 1991 - 25 Dec 1991  Vladislav Maksimovich Zotin        (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
 5 Dec 1936 - Jul 1938     ....
Jul 1938 - 1943            Yakov Ivanovich Abramov
1943 - 1945                Roman Mikhaylovich Mamayev
1945 - 1946                Grigory Ivanovich Kondratev        (s.a.)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

1946 - 1948                Grigory Ivanovich Kondratev        (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
Oct 1948 - Feb 1951        Vasily Vasilyevich Matveyev

Feb 1951 - 1954            Pyotr Ivanovich Temereshev
1954 - 1964                Grigory Ivanovich Kondratev        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1964 - 1976                Trofim Iosifovich Gorinov          (b. 1926 - d. 2004)

1976 - 1990                Arkady Aleksandrovich Vasilev
1990 - 25 Dec 1991         Gennady Semyonovich Petrov         (d. 1992)



Mordvinian
 
[Mordvinian
                          ASSR flag 1934]
                   27 Dec 1934 - 30 Aug 1937 
[Mordvinian
                          ASSR flag of 1937]
                    30 Aug 1937 - 2 Jun 1954 
[Mordvinian
                          ASSR flag of 1954]
                          Adopted 2 Jun 1954

16 Jul 1928                Mordvinian national okrug
10 Jan 1930                Mordvinian Autonomous Oblast
20 Dec 1934                Mordvinian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
Sep 1928 - Nov 1929        Grigory Afanasyevich Polumordvinov (b. 1897 - d. 1937)

Nov 1929 - Sep 1932        Pavel Danilovich Pellinen          (b. 1897 - d. 1937)

Sep 1932 - Jan 1934        Veniamin Romanovich Gantman        (b. 1891 - d. 1937)
Jan 1934 -  7 Jun 1937     Mikhail Dmitriyevich Prusakov      (b. 1896 - d. 1938)
14 Jun 1937 - 19 Jul 1937  Vladimir Markovich Putnin          (b. 1896 - d. 1938)
19 Jul 1937 -  9 Sep 1937  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Polyakov  (b. 1902 - d. 1938)
                             (acting)
 9 Sep 1937 - Jan 1940     Ivan Alekseyevich Kuznetsov
       (b. 1897 - d. 1983)
                             (acting to 15 Jun 1938)  
Jan 1940 - 1945            Vasily Pavlovich Petushkov         (b. 1894 - d. 1974)

1945 - Dec 1948            Sergey Alekseyevich Kochergin      (b. 1899 - d. 1959)
Dec 1948 - Sep 1951        Ivan Alekseyevich Piksin           (b. 1905 - d. 1974)

Sep 1951 - Jan 1958        Vasily Ivanovich Zakhurdayev       (b. 1903 - d. 1974)
Jan 1958 -  3 Mar 1968     Georgy Ivanovich Osipov            (b. 1906 - d. 1980)
 3 Mar 1968 - Apr 1971     Pyotr Matveyevich Elistratov       (b. 1917 - d. 1987)
Apr 1971 - 24 Aug 1990     Anatoly Ivanovich Beryzin          (b. 1931 - d. 1998)
24 Aug 1990 - 27 Oct 1990  Vladimir Ivanovich Sanayev
        (b. 1932)
                             (acting)
27 Oct 1990 - Aug 1991     Viktor Aleksandrovich Skoptsov     (b. 1939 - d. 2009)

Chairmen of the Executive Committee
Jan 1928 - Feb 1930        Stepan Sergeyevich Shishkanov      (b. 1897 - d. 1962)
Feb 1930 - 1931            Mikhail Andreyevich Palkin         (b. 1891 - d. 1953)
1931 - 28 Dec 1934         Andrey Yakovlevich Kozikov         (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Dec 1934 - 1937            Nikifor Grigoryevich Surdin        (b. 1896 - d. 1938)

Sep 1937 - 25 Jul 1938     Mikhail Andreyevich Chembulatov    (b. 1897 - d. 1977) 
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jul 1938 - 1947            Mikhail Andreyevich Chembulatov    (s.a.)
1947 -  4 Jun 1949         Sergey Nikolayevich Gidayev        (b. 1901 - d. 1995)
 
 4 Jun 1949 - 1954         Mikhail Osipovich Selyukin         (b. 1901 - d. 19..)

1954 - 1963                Stepan Gerasimovich Nikolayev      (b. 1902 - d. 1964)
1963 - 1971                Yefimya Davydova Yaskina (f)       (b. 1919)
1971 - 1978                Ivan Pavlovich Astaikin            (b. 1917 - d. 1986)
1978 - 1988                Aleksandr Osipovich Piksayev       (b. 1922 - d. 19..)
1988 - Apr 1990            Nikolay Mikhailovich Zhochkin      (b. 1934)

Apr 1990 - Dec 1990        Anatoly Ivanovich Beryzin          (s.a.)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
Dec 1990 - 25 Dec 1991     Nikolay Vasilyevich Biryukov       (b. 1944)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
Dec 1934 - 1937            Andrey Yakovlevich Kozikov         (s.a.)
1938 - Aug 1944            Vladimir Varlamovich Verendyakin   (b. 1899 - d. 19..)
Aug 1944 - 1946            Nikolay Yakovlevich Tingayev       (b. 1907 - d. 19..) 
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1946 - Jan 1950            Nikolay Yakovlevich Tingayev       (s.a.)
Jan 1950 - 1954            Pavel Antonovich Kokorev           (b. 1907 - d. 1981)
1954 - 1971                Ivan Pavlovich Astaikin            (s.a.)
1971 - Apr 1971            Anatoly Ivanovich Beryzin          (s.a.)
1971 - 1978                Aleksandr Osipovich Piksayev       (s.a.)

1978 - Dec 1991            Vasily Semyonovich Uchaikin        (b. 1934)


Mountain (Gorskaya)

[Gorskaya [Mountain] ASSR flag
                1921-1924]
                           1920 - 7 Jun 1924

17 Nov 1920                Mountain People's Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic proclaimed
                             at Vladikavkaz.
20 Jan 1921                Mountain A.S.S.R. established (composed of 7 national okrugs
                             
(regions): Balkarsky okrug, Kabardinsky okrug, Karachaysky okrug,
                             North Ossetinsky [or Vladikavkazsky] okrug, Chechensky okrug,
                             Ingushsky [or Nazransky] okrug, and Sunzhensky okrug).
1922                       Separation of Kabardino-Balkar autonomous region, Chechen national
                             district, and Karachay national district.
 7 Jun 1924                Mountain (Gorskaya) A.S.S.R. dissolved to form North Ossetian
                             A.S.S.R. and Ingushetian autonomous region.


First Secretaries of the Communist Party

1921 - 1923                Nikolay Fyodorovich Gikalo         (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
1923 - 1924?               Mark Filippovich Levitin?
1924 - Feb 1924            Aleksey Ivanovich Borukhin
Feb 1924 - Jun 1924        Idris Beysultanovich Zyazikov      (b. 1896 - d. 1938)

Chairmen of the Executive Committee
Apr 1921 - 1922            Tashtemir Elzhurkayevich           (b. 1870 - d. 1934)
                             Eldarkhanov
1922 - Feb 1924            Idris Beysultanovich Zyazikov      (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
25 Apr 1921 - 192.         Simon Aliyevich Takoyev            (b. 1876 - d. 1937)
192. - 192.                Sakhandzeri Gidzoyevich Mamsurov   (b. 1882 - d. 1937) 



North Ossetian
 
[North
                          Ossetian ASSR flag of 1937]
                    3 Jul 1937 - 15 Aug 1938
 
[North
                          Ossetian ASSR flag of 1938]
                   15 Aug 1938 - 26 Jun 1954 
 
[North Ossetian
                          ASSR flag of 1954]
                       26 Jun 1954 - 29 Mar 1956 
 
[North Ossetian
                          ASSR flag of 1956]
                    29 Mar 1956 - 30 May 1978

[North Ossetian
                          ASSR flag of 1978]
                    30 May 1978 - 24 Jun 1981

[North Ossetian
                          ASSR flag of 1981]
                      24 Jun 1981 -  2 Oct 1991

[North Ossetian
                          flag]
                 Adopted  2 Oct 1991


1775                       Russian protectorate over Ossetian lands.
1801                       Ossetian lands annexed by 
Russian Empire.
20 Jan 1921 -  7 Jun 1924  Vladikavkaz (Ossetian) National Okrug and Digorsky
(Ossetian)
                             National Okrug
, part of the Mountain A.S.S.R.
Apr 1922                  
Digorsky (Ossetian) N.O. merged into Vladikavkaz
                             (Ossetian) N.O.

 7 Jul 1924                North Ossetian Autonomous Oblast
 5 Dec 1936                North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Aug 1942 - Jan 1943        Germans occupation of Mozdok and Malgobek.
20 Jul 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
Nov 1924 - 1927            Simon Aliyevich Takoyev            (b. 1876 - d. 1937)
1927 - Jun 1928            Kazbek Kaurbekovich Borukayev      (b. 1890 - d. 1931)
Jun 1928 - 1930            Mikhail Feliksovich Pitkovsky      (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
1930 - Sep 1931            Moris Lvovich Belotsky             (b. 1895 - d. 1944)
1931 -  9 Sep 1934         David Veniaminovich Demikhovsky    (b. 1899 - d. 1938)

 9 Sep 1934 - Feb 1936     Kazbek Savvich Butayev             (b. 1893 - d. 1938)

Feb 1936 - 21 Jul 1937     Genrikh Vladislavovich Maurer      (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
21 Jul 1937 - Nov 1937     Fyodor Gappoyevich Kokov           (b. 1900 - d. 1939)
Nov 1937 - 1938            Vasily Petrovich Lemayev (acting)  (b. 1902 - d. 19..)
1938 - Jan 1940            Nikita Petrovich Ivanov            (b. 1908 - d. 1977) 
Jan 1940 - Mar 1944        Nikolay Petrovich Mazin            (b. 1909 - d. 19..)  
Mar 1944 - Nov 1953        Kubady Dmitriyevich Kulov          (b. 1907 - d. 19..)
Nov 1953 -  5 Aug 1961     Vladimir Mikhaylovich Agkatsev     (b. 1911)
 5 Aug 1961 - 15 Jan 1982  Bilar Emazayevich Kabaloyev        (b. 1917 - d. 2009)
15 Jan 1982 - 26 Nov 1988  Vladimir Eugenyevich Odintsov      (b. 1924 - d. 2009)
26 Nov 1988 - 24 Feb 1990  Aleksandr Sergeyevich Dzasokhov    (b. 1934)
24 Feb 1990 - Aug 1991     Akhsarbek Khadzimurzayevich        (b. 1929 - d. 2013)
                             Galazov

Chairmen of the Executive Committee
192. - 1927?               Nikolay Mikhaylovich Salamov       (b. 1894 - d. 1967)
193. - 1934                Konstantin Tembolatovich Khasiyev  (d. 1937)
1934 - 1937                Daniil Nikolayevich Togoyev        (b. 1891 - d. 1939)
Nov 1937 - 1938            Solomon Nikolayevich Abayev
       (b. 1904 - d. 19..)
                             (acting)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jun 1938 - 1947            Georgy Davidovich Gagloyev         (b. 1899 - d. 1956)
194. - 1951                Konstantin Khamatkanovich Dzokayev
1951 - 195.                Viktor Soslanbekovich Totoyev
Jan 1956 - 1963            Vladimir Temirkanovich Dzanagov
1963 - Jul 1975            Tamara Soltanovna Khetagurova (f)  (b. 1913)
Jul 1975 - 198.            Oleg Aleksandrovich Basyev         (b. 1919)
198. - 1987                Totraz Bakgeryevich Sabanov
1987 - 199.                Irbek Znaurovich Metsayev

Chairman of the Supreme Council
21 Mar 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Akhsarbek Khadzimurzayevich        (b. 1929)
                             Galazov

Chairman of the Council of Ministers
1937 - 1938                S.Z. Mirkin
Jul 1938 - Mar 1944        Kubadi Dmitriyevich Kulov          (b. 1907 - d. 19..)
194. - Mar 1952            Aleksey Parsadanovich Gazzayev
Mar 1952 - 1955            Dzambolat Timofeyevich Baskayev
1955 - 1962                Boris Dmitriyevich Zangiev         (b. 1910 - d. 19..)
Mar 1962 - Jul 1975        Oleg Aleksandrovich Basyev         (s.a.) 
Jul 1975 - Apr 1990        Mikhail Gatsirovich Tsagarayev
Apr 1990 - 1991            Sergey Valentinovich Khetagurov    (b. 1942)
Prime Minister (Chairman of the Government)
1991 - 25 Dec 1991         Sergey Valentinovich Khetagurov    (s.a.)



Tatar
 
[Tatar ASSR
                          flag before 1937 (possible reconstruction)]
                       c.1920's - 25 Jun 1937
 
[Tatar ASSR
                          flag of 1937]
                     25 Jun 1937 - 1938
 
[Tatar ASSR
                          flag of 1938]
                           1938 - 1954 
 
[Tatar ASSR
                          flag of 1954]
                         1954 - 31 May 1978
[Tatar ASSR
                          flag of 1978]
                      31 May 1978 - 19 Nov 1991
[Tataria flag]
                     Adopted 19 Nov 1991

27 May 1920                Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
30 Aug 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty
                             (Republic of Tatarstan).

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
1920                       Semyon Ivanovich Kanatchikov 
Aug 1920 - Dec 1920        Aleksandr Petrovich Tanyayev       (b. 1898 - d. 1974)
Dec 1920 - Jan 1921        Dmitry Aleksandrovich Orlov        (b. 1894 - d. 1974)
Jan 1921 - Mar 1921        Karl Yakovlevich Fige              (b. 1897 - d. 1938) 
Mar 1921 - Jun 1921        Nikolay Ivanovich Baryshev         (b. 1898 - d. 1937)
Jun 1921 - Dec 1921        Aleksandr Ivanovich Karpov         (b. 1896 - d. 1937)
Dec 1921 -  5 Jun 1922     Aleksey Petrovich Galaktionov      (b. 1888 - d. 1922)
Jun 1922 - Nov 1923        Dmitry Yegorovich Zhivov           (b. 1896 - d. 1939)
Nov 1923 - Jan 1924        Boris Davydovich Pinson            (b. 1892 - d. 1936)
Jan 1924 - Mar 1924        Ivan Mikhailovich Bazhanov         (b. 1896 - d. 1938)
Mar 1924 -  5 Nov 1925     Ivan Titovich Morozov              (b. 1889 - d. 1957)
 5 Nov 1925 -  7 Jun 1928  Mendel Markovich Khatayevich       (b. 1893 - d. 1939)
 7 Jun 1928 - Oct 1933     Mikhail Osipovich Razumov          (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
Oct 1933 - Jul 1937        Alfred Karlovich Lepa              (b. 1896 - d. 1937)
26 Aug 1937 -  9 Mar 1942  Aleksandr Mikhailovich Alemasov    (b. 1902 - d. 1972)
                             (acting to 19 Jun 1938)
 9 Mar 1942 -  8 Jul 1943  Anatoly Georgiyevich Kolybanov     (b. 1905 - d. 1978)

 8 Jul 1943 - 28 Dec 1944  Vladimir Dmitryevich Nikitin       (b. 1907 - d. 1959)
28 Dec 1944 -  6 Jun 1957  Zinnyat Ibyatovich Muratov         (b. 1905 - d. 1988)
 6 Jun 1957 - 28 Oct 1960  Semyon Denisovich Ignatyev         (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
28 Oct 1960 -  2 Nov 1979  Fikryat Akhmedzhanovich Tabyev     (b. 1928)
 2 Nov 1979 -  2 Oct 1982  Rashid Musinovich Musin            (b. 1921 - d. 1982)
29 Oct 1982 - 23 Sep 1989  Gumer Ismagilovich Usmanov         (b. 1932)
23 Sep 1989 - 30 Aug 1990  Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiyev     (b. 1937)
Sep 1990 - Aug 1991        Revo Ramazanovich Idiatullin       (b. 1938)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Sep 1920 - 25 Jun 1921     Burkhan Husnutdinovich Mansurov    (b. 1889 - d. 1942)
Jun 1921 - Dec 1924        Rauf Akhmetovich Sabirov           (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
Dec 1924 - Sep 1927        Shaygardan Shaymardanovich         (b. 1890 - d. 1939)
                             Shaymardanov
Sep 1927 - Jun 1929        Minnigirey Akhmetovich Akhmetshin  (b. 1889 - d. 1938)
Jun 1929 - Apr 1932        Kharis Ibragimovich Mratkuzin      (b. 1895 - d. 1956)
Apr 1932 - 22 Dec 1934     Midgad Abaydullovich Yagudin       (b. 1904 - d. 1982)
Dec 1934 - Sep 1937        Gumer Giljazetdinovich Baichurin   (b. 1890 - d. 1937)
Sep 1937 - 26 Jul 1938     Gali Afzaletdinovich Dinmukhametov (b. 1892 - d. 1951)
                             (acting)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

Jul 1938 - 20 Aug 1951     Gali Afzaletdinovich Dinmukhametov (s.a.)
20 Aug 1951 - 15 Feb 1952  ....
15 Feb 1952 - 12 Mar 1959  Salyah Nizamovich Nizamov          (b. 1905 - d. 1975)

13 Mar 1959 - 29 Oct 1960  Kamil Fatykhovich Fasyev           (b. 1919 - d. 2005)
29 Oct 1960 -  8 Jun 1983  Salikh Gilimkhanovich Batyev       (b. 1911 - d. 1985)
 8 Jun 1983 - 1986         Anvar Badretdinovich Bagautdinov   (b. 1925 - d. 2002)
1986 - Apr 1990            Shamil Asgatovich Mustayev         (b. 1929)
Chairman of the Supreme Council
11 Apr 1990 - Jun 1991     Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiyev     (s.a.)
President
Jun 1991 - 25 Dec 1991     Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiyev     (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
1920 - 1921                Sakhip Garey Said Galiyev          (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
1921 - 1924                Kashaf Gilfanovich Mukhtarov       (b. 1896 - d. 1937)
1924 - Sep 1927            Khadzhi Zagidulla ogly Gabidullin  (b. 1897 - d. 1940)
Sep 1927 - 1928            Shaygardan Shaymardanovich         (s.a.)
                             Shaymardanov
1928 - 1930                Karimulla Khusunulovich Ismayev    (b. 1898 - d. 1978)
1930 - Jul 1937            Kiyam Alimbekovich Abramov         (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
Sep 1937 - Dec 1937        Akhmetsafa Mustafovich Davletyarov (b. 1905 - d. 1938)
Mar 1938 - 1940            Amin Khalilovich Tyncherov         (b. 1907 - d. 1980)
1940 - 1943                Sulaiman Khalilovich Gafyatullin   (b. 1905 - d. 1983)
1943 - 1946                Said Mingarovich Sharafyev         (b. 1906 - d. 1975)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1946 - 1950                Said Mingarovich Sharafyev         (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
1950 - 1957                Mirgarifan Zamleyevich Azizov      (b. 1907 - d. 1963)
1957 - 1959                Said Mingarovich Sharafyev         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Mar 1959 - Mar 1966        Abdulkhak Avsyanovich Abdrazyakov  (b. 1915 - d. 1984)
Mar 1966 - Oct 1982        Gumer Ismagilovich Usmanov         (s.a.)
Oct 1982 - 1985            Ildus Kharikovich Sadykov          (b. 1932)
1985 - Sep 1989            Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiyev     (s.a.)
Sep 1989 -  5 Jul 1991     Mukhammat Gallyamovich Sabirov     (b. 1932) 
Prime Minister
 5 Jul 1991 - 25 Dec 1991  Mukhammat Gallyamovich Sabirov     (s.a.)


Bugulma

21 Feb 1953 - 30 Apr 1953  Bugulma oblast within Tatar A.S.S.R.
 

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party 
21 Feb 1953 - 30 Apr 1953  Yefim Romanovich Fyodorov

Chairman of the Executive Committee 
21 Feb 1953 - 30 Apr 1953  ....


Chistopol

 8 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  Chistopol oblast within Tatar A.S.S.R.

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party 
May 1952 - Apr 1953        Pavel Illarionovich Delvin         (b. 1902 - d. 1973)

Chairman of the Executive Committee 
1952 - 1953                M. Idiyatullin 


Kazan

 8 May 1952 - 30 Apr 1953  Kazan oblast within Tatar A.S.S.R.

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party 
May 1952 - Apr 1953        Gilyaz Kamaletdinovich Ganeyev 

Chairman of the Executive Committee 
1952 - Apr 1953            Vladimir Porfiryevich Golovin      (b. 1909 - d. 19..)



Tuvin
 
[Tuvin ASSR
                          flag of 1962]
                      10 Jan 1962 - 27 Dec 1971
[Tuvin ASSR
                          flag of 1971]
                    27 Dec 1971 - 10 Nov 1978
[Tuvin ASSR
                          flag of 1978]
                         Adopted 10 Nov 1978 

13 Oct 1944                Tuvin Autonomous Oblast
10 Oct 1961                Tuvin Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
12 Dec 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
13 Oct 1944 - 10 Oct 1961  Salchak Kalbakkhorekovich Toka     (b. 1901 - d. 1973)
First Secretaries of the Communist Party
10 Oct 1961 - May 1973     Salchak Kalbakkhorekovich Toka     (s.a.)

Jun 1973 - Aug 1991        Grigory Choonduyevich Shirshin     (b. 1934) 

Chairman of the Executive Committee 
13 Oct 1944 - Feb 1961     Aleksander Mangeyevich Chimba      (b. 1906 - d. 1985)
                             (Saryg-Dongak Chymba)
Feb 1961 - 10 Jan 1962     Mikhail Klayevich Mendume          (b. 1922 - d. 2001)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

10 Jan 1962 - 22 Jun 1977  Bai-Kara Sozhulbeyevna             (b. 1916 - d. 2002)
                             Dolchanmaa (f)
22 Jun 1977 - Dec 1984     Mikhail Klayevich Mendume          (s.a.)
Dec 1984 - 27 Apr 1990     Chimit-Dorzhu Baiyrovich Ondar     (b. 1932)
Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet

27 Apr 1990 -  2 Oct 1991  Chimit-Dorzhu Baiyrovich Ondar     (s.a.) 
 2 Oct 1991 - 25 Dec 1991  Kaadyr-ool Alekseyevich Bicheldey  (b. 1950)

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
10 Jan 1962 - 22 Jun 1977  Mikhail Klayevich Mendume          (s.a.)
22 Jun 1977 - Dec 1984
     Chimit-Dorzhu Baiyrovich Ondar     (s.a.)
Dec 1984 - Apr 1990        Vladimir Yefimovich Seryakov       (b. 1934)
Prime minister
Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991     Sherig-ool Dizizhikovich Oorzhak   (s.a.)



Udmurt
 
[Udmurt ASSR
                          flag of 1937]
                   14 Mar 1937 - 8 Jul 1954
 
[Udmurt ASSR
                          flag of 1937 Variant]
                 14 Mar 1937 - 8 Jul 1954 Variant
 
[Udmurt ASSR
                          flag of 1954]
                       8 Jul 1954 - 31 May 1978
 
[Udmurt ASSR
                          flag of 1978]
                        Adopted 31 May 1978


 4 Nov 1920                Votyak Autonomous Oblast
 1 Jan 1932                Udmurt Autonomous Oblast.
28 Dec 1934                Udmurt Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
20 Sep 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty.

First Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
Feb 1921 - Jul 1921        Stepan Pavlovich Baryshnikov       (b. 1894 - d. 1943)
                             (1st time)
Jul 1921 - Aug 1923        Vasily Kuzmich Fomin               (b. 1896 - d. 1938)
Aug 1923 - Dec 1923        Aleksey Yegorovich Sulimov         (b. 1893 - d. 193.)
Dec 1923 - Feb 1924        Derenik Zakharovich Apresyan       (b. 1899 - d. 1939)
                             (acting)
Feb 1924 - May 1926        Grigory Naumovich Aronshtam        (b. 1893 - d. 1938)
Oct 1926 - Aug 1927        Stepan Pavlovich Baryshnikov       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Aug 1927 - Oct 1930        Vasily Grigoryevich Yegorov        (b. 1899 - d. 1950)
Oct 1930 - 26 Feb 1933     Mark Moiseyevich Temkin            (b. 1895 - d. 1980)
26 Feb 1933 - 20 Dec 1934  Suren Petrovich Akopyan            (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
20 Dec 1934 - Jul 1937     Boris Zakharovich Berman           (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
Jun 1937 -  7 Jun 1938     Stepan Pavlovich Baryshnikov       (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Jun 1938 - Jan 1939        Dmitry Vasilyevich Shlenov         (b. 1891 - d. 1957)
First Secretaries of the Communist Party
28 Dec 1934 -
Jan 1939     Dmitry Vasilyevich Shlenov         (s.a.)
11 Jan 1939 - 12 Mar 1940  Vasily Afanasyevich Kiselyev       (b. 1907 - d. 1986) 
15 Mar 1940 - 11 Nov 1948  Anatoly Petrovich Chekinov         (b. 1909 - d. 1986)
13 Nov 1948 - 25 Sep 1950  Pyotr Nikolayevich Lysov           (b. 1907 - d. 19..)
25 Sep 1950 - 23 Jan 1957  Mikhail Sergeyevich Suetin         (b. 1906 - d. 1986)
23 Jan 1957 - 10 Apr 1959  Georgy Ivanovich Vorobyev          (b. 1914 - d. 2002)
10 Apr 1959 -  6 Jun 1959  Aleksandr Nikolayevich Kidin       (b. 1909 - d. 1959)
23 Jul 1959 - 20 Dec 1963  Igor Petrovich Skulkov             (b. 1913 - d. 1971)
21 Dec 1963 - 13 Dec 1985  Valery Konstantinovich Marisov     (b. 1915 - d. 1992)
13 Dec 1985 -  8 Jun 1990  Pyotr Semyonovich Grishchenko      (b. 1931)
 9 Jun 1990 - Aug 1991     Nikolay Ivanovich Sapozhnikov      (b. 1949)

Chairmen of the Executive Committee
25 Jan 1921 - Aug 1925     Iosif Alekseyevich Nagovitsyn      (b. 1888 - d. 1937)
Aug 1925 - Jan 1927        Trofim Kuzmich Borisov             (b. 1891 - d. 1943)
Feb 1927 - Nov 1928        Nikolay Iosifovich Groznykh
       (b. 1896 - d. 1950)
                             (Shklyayev)
Nov 1928 - Feb 1931        Aleksand Semyonovich Medvedyev     (b. 1899 - d. 1977)
Feb 1931 - 12 Jan 1935     Grigory Alekseyevich Ivanov        (b. 1897 - d. 1963)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
12 Jan 1935 - 21 Mar 1937  Grigory Alekseyevich Ivanov        (s.a.)

21 Mar 1937 - 23 Jul 1937  Stepan Pavlovich Baryshnikov       (s.a.)
23 Jul 1937 - 20 Nov 1937  Miron Lavrentiyevich Reshetnikov   (b. 1897 - d. 19..)
20 Nov 1937 - 25 Jul 1938  Semyon Alekseyevich Maksimov       (b. 1899 - d. 19..)
                             (acting) 
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
25 Jul 1938 - 10 Aug 1939  Ivan Tikhonovich Voronchikhin      (b. 1903 - d. 19..)
10 Aug 1939 - 21 Apr 1949  Artemiy Yefimovich Pavlov          (b. 1891 - d. 1972)
21 Apr 1949 - 19 Aug 1952  Vasiliy Petrovich Votintsev        (b. 1897 - d. 1983)
19 Aug 1952 - 12 Mar 1959  Arseny Vasiliyevich Karavayev      (b. 1903 - d. 1970)
12 Mar 1959 - 27 Dec 1977  Pyotr Petrovich Sysoyev            (b. 1912 - d. 1986)
27 Dec 1977 - Apr 1990     Afanasy Ilych Tubylov              (b. 1929)
Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991     Valentin Kuzmich Tubylov           (b. 1935)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
12 Jan 1935 - 30 Oct 1937  Grigory Alekseyevich Ivanov        (s.a.)
30 Oct 1937 - 1946         Andrey Vasilyevich Tronin          (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1946 -  9 Jun 1948         Andrey Vasilyevich Tronin          (s.a.)
 9 Jun 1948 - 19 Aug 1952  Pavel Nikolayevich Nikitin         (b. 1907 - d. 1972)
19 Aug 1952 - 12 Mar 1959  Pyotr Petrovich Sysoyev            (s.a.)
12 Mar 1959 - 28 Mar 1967  Stepan Andrianovich Yefremov       (b. 1908)
28 Mar 1967 - 20 Dec 1978  Arkady Terentevich Markov          (b. 1915 - d. 1994)
20 Dec 1978 - 19 Dec 1987  Yury Petrovich Kudyashev           (b. 1939)
 8 Jan 1988 - Apr 1990     Gennady Nikolayevich Dmitryev      (b. 1935)

Prime Minister (Chairman of the Government)
Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991     Nikolay Yefimovich Mironov         (b. 1936)



Volga German

 
[1926 Flag of
                          Volga German ASSR]
                      1926 - 29 Apr 1937
[1937 Flag of
                          Volga German ASSR]
                  29 Apr 1937 - 28 Aug 1941

19 Oct 1918                Labor Commune of the Germans of the Volga, also known as
                             the Volga German Autonomous Oblast. 

 6 Jan 1924                Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
28 Aug 1941                Abolished.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party 
1918 - Feb 1919            Ernst Vasilyevich Reuter           (b. 1889 - d. 1953)
Feb 1919 - Oct 1920        Pyotr Ivanovich Chagin (Boldovkin) (b. 1898 - d. 1967)

Oct 1920 - Apr 1921        A. Akimov
Apr 1921 - Jan 1928        Genrikh Genrikhovich Kenig         (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
Jan 1928 - Sep 1928        
Frantz (Ferenc) Frantzevich Gusti  (b. 1893 - d. 1937)
                             (Huszti)
Oct 1928 - Dec 1929        Vilgelm Genrikhovich Vegner        (b. 1895 - d. 195.)
Dec 1929 - Jun 1932        Khristian Gorst
Jun 1932 - Jan 1934        Evgeny Eduardovich Fresher         (b. 1890 - d. 1938)
                             (1st time)
Jan 1934 - Dec 1934        Aleksandr Yakovlevich Gleim        (b. 1892 - d. 1954)
Dec 1934 - Feb 1936        Evgeny Eduardovich Fresher         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
Feb 1936 - Feb 1937        Adam Andreyevich Welsch            (b. 1893 - d. 1937)
Feb 1937 - Jul 1937        Evgeny Eduardovich Fresher         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
Jul 1937 - Apr 1938        Yakov Abramovich Popok             (b. 1894 - d. 1938)
Apr 1938 - Nov 1939        Ivan Semyonovich Anoshin           (b. 1904 - d. 1991)
                             (acting to 7 Jul 1938)

Nov 1939 - 28 Aug 1941     Sergey Ivanovich Malov             (b. 1904 - d. 1951)

Chairmen of the Executive Committee
30 Apr 1918 - Mar 1919     Ernst Vasilyevich Reuter           (s.a.)
Mar 1919 - Feb 1920        Adam Iogannesovich Reichert        (b. 1869 - d. 1936)
Feb 1920 - Oct 1920        Alexander Ivanovich Dotz (Dotts)   (b. 1890 - d. 196.)

Oct 1920 - Jul 1921        Vasily Romanovich
Pakun
Jul 1921 - 10 Nov 1922     Alexander Fyodorovich Moore        (b. 1889 - d. 1938)
10 Nov 1922 -  6 Jan 1924  Wilhelm Adolfovich Kurz            (b. 1892 - d. 1938)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Jan 1924 - 1930            Johannes Friedrikhovich Schwab

                             (Ivan Shvab)
1930 - 1934                Aleksandr Yakovlevich Gleim        (s.a.)
Jun 1934 - Jan 1935        Heinrich Mikhaylovich Fuchs        (d. 1938)
Jan 1935 -  8 Feb 1936     Adam Andreyevich Welsch            (s.a.)
 8 Feb 1936 - 15 Aug 1937  Heinrich Alexandrovich Luft        (b. 1899 - d. 1937)
Aug 1937 - 25 Jul 1938     David Genrikhovich Rozenberger     (b. 1896 - d. 193.)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

Jul 1938 - 28 Aug 1941     Konrad Genrikhovich Hoffmann       (b. 1894 - d. 19..)

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
Jan 1924 - 1929            Wilhelm Adolfovich Kurz            (s.a.)
1929 - 1930                Aleksandr Yakovlevich Gleim        (s.a.)
1930 - Jan 1935            Heinrich Mikhaylovich Fuchs        (s.a.)
Jan 1935 -  8 Feb 1936     Adam Andreyevich Welsch            (s.a.)
 8 Feb 1936 - 15 Aug 1937  Heinrich Alexandrovich Luft        (s.a.)
15 Aug 1937 - Jun 1938     Vladimir Fyodorovich Dalinger      (b. 1902 - d. 19..)
Jun 1938 - 28 Aug 1941     Alexander Iogannesovich Gekman     (b. 1908 - d. 1994)



Yakut

 
[Yakut ASSR
                          flag of 1926]
                   25 Sep 1926 - 9 Mar 1937 
 
[Yakut ASSR
                          flag of 1937]
                       9 Mar 1937 - 1940
 
[Yakut ASSR
                          flag of 1940]
                         1940 - 23 Jun 1954 
 
[Yakut ASSR
                          flag of 1954]
                    23 Jun 1954 - 27 Oct 1978
[Yakut ASSR
                          flag of 1978]
                         Adopted 27 Oct 1978

28 Aug 1920                Yakutsk guberniya
23 Mar 1922 - Jul 1922     "White" Russian forces occupy Yakutsk city.
27 Apr 1922                Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

27 Sep 1990                Declaration of state sovereignty (Yakut-Sakha A.S.S.R.).

First Secretaries of the Communist Party
 6 Jun 1920 - Jun 1921     Maksim Kirovich Ammosov (1st time) (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
Jun 1921 - 12 Mar 1922     Georgy Ivanovich Lebedyev          (b. 1886 - d. 1975)
12 Mar 1922 - Jun 1922     Isidor Nikiforovich Barakhov
       (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
                             (Ivanov) (1st time)      
Jul 1922 - Mar 1923        Maksim Kirovich Ammosov (2nd time) (s.a.)
Mar 1923 - Dec 1923        Konstantin Rudolfovich Gertzenberg (b. 1888 - d. 1951)
Dec 1923 - Jun 1925        Yefim Grigoryevich Pestun          (b. 1889 - d. 1937)
13 Sep 1925 - Jan 1926     Vasily Vladimirovich Dyakov        (b. 1897 - d. 1936)
Jan 1926 - 1926            Stepan Maksimovich Arzhakov
        (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
                             (acting)                
1926 - Jun 1926            Aleksandr Gavrilovich Gabyshev
     (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
                             (1st time) (acting)        
Jun 1926 - Mar 1928        Isidor Nikiforovich Barakhov
      (s.a.)
                             (Ivanov) (2nd time)    
Mar 1928 - Dec 1928        Aleksandr Gavrilovich Gabyshev
    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)          
Dec 1928 - 31 Mar 1930     Nikolay Ivanovich Baryshev         (b. 1898 - d. 1937)
31 Mar 1930 -  4 Jul 1930  Nikolay Nikolayevich Okoyomov
     (b. 1897 - d. 1939)
                             (acting)
Oct 1930 - Jan 1939        Pavel Matveyevich Pevznyak         (b. 1898 - d. 1942)
Feb 1939 - Aug 1943        Ion Lukich Stepanenko              (b. 1895 - d. 1965)
Aug 1943 - Dec 1946        Georgy Ivanovich Maslennikov       (b. 1905 - d. 1999)
Dec 1946 - May 1951        Ilya Yegorovich Vinokurov          (b. 1896 - d. 1957)
May 1951 - Oct 1965        Semyon Zakharovich Borisov         (b. 1911 - d. 1999)
Oct 1965 -  9 May 1982     Gavriil Iosifovich Chiryayev       (b. 1925 - d. 1982)

Jun 1982 - Aug 1991        Yury Nikolayevich Prokopyev        (b. 1932 - d. 2003)

Chairmen of the Revolutionary Committee
15 Mar 1920 -  5 Jun 1920  Khariton Afanasyevich Gladunov
 5 Jun 1920 - 22 Aug 1921  Maksim Kirovich Ammosov            (s.a.)
22 Aug 1921 - 27 Dec 1922  Platon Alekseyevich Sleptsov-
     (s.a.)
                             Oyunsky                    
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Jan 1923 -  5 Jul 1926     Platon Alekseyevich Sleptsov-      
(b. 1893 - d. 1939)
                             Oyunsky
 5 Jul 1926 - Mar 1927     Mikhail Vasilyevich Megezheksky
   (b. 1898 - d. 1929)
                             (Ksenofontov)                
Mar 1927 - Aug 1928        Maksim Kirovich Ammosov            (s.a.)
29 Aug 1928 -  4 Mar 1929  Nikolay Vasiliyevich Bubyakin      (b. 1898 - d. 1942)
 4 Mar 1929 - Jun 1931     Ananny Kononovich Andreyev         (b. 1901 - d. 1944)
Jun 1931 - Dec 1934        Nikolay Semyonovich Yemelyanov     (b. 1900 - d. 1965)
Dec 1934 - Jul 1938        Aleksandr Gavrilovich Gabyshev     (s.a.)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jul 1938 - Mar 1947        Sofiya Petrovna Sidorova (f)       (b. 1904 - d. 1951)
Mar 1947 - Dec 1948        Vasily Andreyevich Protodyakonov   (b. 1912 - d. 1993)
Dec 1948 - Apr 1954        Pyotr Vasilyevich Ammosov          (b. 1903 - d. 1977)
12 Apr 1954 - Apr 1963     Mariya Dmitriyevna Nartakhova (f)  (b. 1906 - d. 1987)

Apr 1963 - Mar 1980        Aleksandra Yakovlevna              (b. 1914)
                             Ovchinnikova (f) 
Mar 1980 - 1985            Yevdokiya Nikolayevna Gorokhova (f)(b. 1924)
May 1985 -  8 Dec 1989     Lyuliya Nikolayevna Grigoryeva (f) (b. 1941)
 8 Dec 1989 - 25 Apr 1990  Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev       (b. 1937)
Chairman of the Supreme Council

25 Apr 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev       (s.a.)


Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars

 1 Jun 1922 - 21 Jan 1923  Platon Alekseyevich Sleptsov-      (s.a.)
                             Oyunsky
21 Jan 1923 - 13 Jun 1924  Isidor Nikiforovich Barakhov       (s.a.)
Jun 1924 - 23 Dec 1924     Stepan Maksimovich Arzhakov        (b. 1899 - d. 1942)
                             (1st time)
23 Dec 1924 - 11 Jun 1925  Ivan Nikolayevich Vinokurov        (b. 1893 - d. 1935)
11 Jun 1925 - Aug 1928     Maksim Kirovich Ammosov            (s.a.)
29 Aug 1928 -  4 Mar 1929  Nikolay Vasiliyevich Bubyakin      (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1929 - Jun 1931     Ananny Kononovich Andreyev         (s.a.)
18 Jun 1931 - 22 Aug 1937  Khristofor Prokopiyevich           (b. 1904 - d. 1938)
                             Sharaborin
22 Aug 1937 - Jul 1938     Stepan Maksimovich Arzhakov        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
29 Jul 1938 - Mar 1940     Nurgali Gizetovich Fatkulov        (b. 1900 - d. 19..)
 4 Apr 1940 - 28 Jun 1943  Vladimir Alekseyevich Muratov      (b. 1905 - d. 19..)
28 Jun 1943 - 12 Dec 1946  Ilya Yegorovich Vinokurov          (s.a.)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
12 Dec 1946 - 25 Dec 1948  Semyon Zakharovich Borisov         (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
25 Dec 1948 - 23 Jan 1950  Vasily Andreyevich Protodyakonov   (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
23 Jan 1950 -  3 May 1951  Semyon Zakharovich Borisov         (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
 3 May 1951 - 20 Apr 1953  Vasily Andreyevich Protodyakonov   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
20 Apr 1953 - Apr 1956     Roman Gavrilyevich Vasilyev        (b. 1913 - d. 1991)
Apr 1956 - 13 Jun 1956     .... (acting)
13 Jun 1956 - 18 Mar 1963  Vasily Maksimovich Kucherov        (b. 1907)

18 Mar 1963 - 23 Dec 1965  Semyon Aleksandrovich Ivanov       (b. 1922)
23 Dec 1965 - 28 Nov 1966  Aleksey Emeliyanovich Lelikov      (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
28 Nov 1966 - 20 Dec 1979  Ivan Ivanovich Petrov              (b. 1918 - d. 2000)
Dec 1979 - 28 Oct 1989     Sergey Nikolayevich Markin         (b. 1926)
28 Oct 1989 - Dec 1990     Vladislav Pavlovich Shamshin       (b. 1937)
Prime Minister (Chairman of the Government)
29 Dec 1990 - 25 Dec 1991  Kliment Yegorovich Ivanov          (b. 1936) 


kraya, oblasti, autonomous oblasti and autonomous okruga: see part 2





© Ben Cahoon