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Moldova
 
[Ottoman flag 1783 - 1808,
                                      1826-67]
         to 28 May 1812
 
[Russian
                                      flag]
            28 May 1812 - 6 Feb 1918
 
[Moldavian Democratic
                                      Republic 1917-1918]
                15 Dec 1917 - 1918
 
[[Moldavian Democratic
                                      Republic 1917-1918 state flag]
          1918 - 10 Dec 1918 State Flag


[Kingdom of Romania flag]
             9 Apr 1918 - 28 Jun 1940;
            17 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944

[Flag of
                                      USSR]
                     28 Jun 1940 - 17 Jul 1941; 
                     24 Aug 1944 - 25 Dec 1991

[Moldovan
                                      Flag]
                       Adopted 12 May 1990
 

 

   
Map of Moldova
Hear National Anthem
"Limba Noastră"
(Our Language)
Adopted 7 Jun 1994
Hear  Former Anthem
"Deşteaptă-te, Române!"
 (Wake up, Romanian)
(1917-1918, 1991-7 Jun 1994)
(also anthem of Romain)
Constitution
(29 Jul 1994)
Capital: Chisinau
(Chişin
ău)
Currency: Moldovan Leu
(MDL); 1992-93 Moldovan
 Leu Cupon (MDC); 1991-92
Moldovan Ruble Kupon (MDR)
National Holiday: 27 Aug (1991)
Independence Day
Population: 3,619,925 (2013)
1,936,392  (1897)
GDP: $12.68 billion (2013)
Exports: $2.31 billion (2013)
Imports: $5.42 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Moldovan (Romanian) 75.8%, Ukrainian 8.4%,
Russian 5.9%, Gagauz 4.4%, Rom (Gypsy) 2.2%,
Bulgarian 1.9%,
other 1.4% (2004) 
Total Active Armed Forces: 5,998 (2010)
Russian Forces in Transdniester: 1,500 (2012)
Merchant marine: 121 ships (2010)
Religions: Moldovan Orthodox 31.8%, Bessarabian
Orthodox 16.1%, Russian Orthodox 15.4%, Sunni
Muslim 5.5%,
Protestant 1.7%, Jewish 0.6%,
non-religious 19.9%, other 9% (2005)
International Organizations/Treaties: APM, BSEC, CCM, CE, CEFTA, CEI, CFE, CIS, CTBT, CWC, DC, EAEC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, ESCR, Eutelsat, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICSID, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC, KP, LU, MIGA, NPT, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SECP, SELEC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Moldova Index
Chronology

14 Jul 1484                Ottoman Empire annexes Kila, and on 4 Aug 1484
                             Akkerman.
1538                       Bessarabia (Moldova) part of the Ottoman Empire.
Oct 1788                   Principality of Moldova and the southern part
                             of the natural region of Transnistria, 
                             territory of the Jedisan horde, were occupied 
                             by Russia.
Mar 1792                   By the Treaty of Jassy, Ottomans cede the region
                             between the Nistru and the Bug rivers
                             (Jedisan) to Russia.
28 May 1812                Bessarabia annexed by Russia; the term 
                             "Bessarabia" appeared for the first time, in
                             order to designate the eastern half of Moldova.
29 Apr 1818                Establishment of the Bessarabian oblast: for
                             the first time, the territory of Bessarabia 
                             is a separate political entity.
29 Feb 1828                Bessarabia became a province of Russian.
30 Mar 1856                Following the Russian defeat in the Crimean war
                             the south-western corner of Bugeac (Ismail,
                             Cahul and Bolgrad counties) were given back to
                             the principality of Moldova.
13 Jul 1878                Counties of Ismail, Cahul and Bolgrad returned
                             to Russia.
15 Dec 1917                Declaration of republic is passed by the National
                             Diet (notionally in federation with Russia);
                             Moldavian Democratic Republic
14 Jan 1918 - 17 Jan 1918  Bolshevik Front Committee of "Rumcherod" 
                             proclaims itself the supreme power in 
                             Bessarabia.
31 Jan 1918 - Feb 1918     Ukrainian People's Republic intervention in
                             Transnistria and Bessarabia.
 6 Feb 1918                Declaration of independence is passed.
Mar 1918 - Oct 1918        Austrian military occupation of Khotin (the 
                             northernmost district of Bessarabia).
 9 Apr 1918                Incorporation into Romania as Bessarabia
                             (autonomous until 10 Dec 1918).
23 Apr 1918                Royal decree on unification of 22 Apr 1918 is
                             promulgated in Romania.
 1 Jan 1920                Parliamentary act of unification is promulgated in
                             Romania (passed by the chambers 29 Dec 1919,
                             signed by the king 31 Dec 1919).
20 Oct 1920                Romanian annexation internationally recognized.
11 Oct 1924                Moldavian A.S.S.R. established within the 
                             Ukrainian S.S.R. by Soviet Union.
28 Jun 1940                Bessarabia occupied by the Soviet Union (annexed
                             2 Aug 1940 as Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
                             [see below)].
16 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944  Incorporation into Romania as Bessarabia
                             (Basarabie) governorate.

24 Aug 1944                Re-incorporation into the Soviet Union
                             (de jure by peace with Romania 15 Sep 1947).
23 Jun 1990                Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova, declaration
                             of state sovereignty.
 2 Sep 1990                Transdniester declares independence from Moldova
                             (not recognized).
23 May 1991                Republic of Moldova
27 Aug 1991                Independence declared.
25 Dec 1991                Independence effective (dissolution of U.S.S.R.).
 7 Mar 1994                Referendum rejects union with Romania.

Moldavian
Soviet
Socialist
 Republic

(1940-1991)
Transdniester
(1924-1940,
 from 1990)
Gagauz-Yeri
Orthodox
Church of
Moldova

Bessarabian
Orthodox
Church

Moldovan Ethnic
Groups Map
Historical Map
of Moldova
Map of Bessarabia
1918-1940
 

Presidents of the National Diet (also known as the Assembly of the Land)
21 Nov 1917 - 30 Mar 1918  Ion Constantin Inculeţ             (b. 1884 - d. 1940)  SRP
                             (Ivan Konstantinovich Inculet)
30 Mar 1918 - 25 Nov 1918  Constantin Gheorghe Stere (Sterea) (b. 1865 - d. 1936)  PNL
25 Nov 1918 - 10 Dec 1918  Pantelimon "Pan" Nicolae Halippa   (b. 1883 - d. 1979)  PNM

Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Workers, Soldiers and Sailors
Soviets of Romanian Front, Black Sea Fleet and Odessa Military District
("Rumcherod")

14 Jan 1918 - 17 Jan 1918  Vladimir Grigorevich Yudovsky      (b. 1879/80-d. 1949) RCP
                             (in opposition)
Romanian Commander
 5 Jul 1941 - 26 Jul 1941  Nicolae Ciupercă                   (b. 1882 - d. 1950)  Mil 
Military governor
1941                       Petre Vasilescu                    (d. 1959)            Mil
Governors-general of Bessarabia
 1 Aug 1941 - Apr 1943     Constantin Voiculescu              (b. 1890 - d. 1955)  Mil
1943 - 22 Aug 1944         Olimpiu Stavrat                    (b. 1888 - d. 1968)  Mil
Presidents
23 Jun 1990 - 15 Jan 1997  Mircea Ion Snegur                  (b. 1940)            PCM;1991 
                             (president of the Supreme Soviet to 3 Sep 1990)       Non-party
15 Jan 1997 -  7 Apr 2001  Petru Lucinschi
                    (b. 1940)            Non-party
 7 Apr 2001 - 11 Sep 2009  Vladimir Nicolae Voronin           (b. 1941)            PCRM
11 Sep 2009 - 
28 Dec 2010  Mihai Ghimpu (acting)              (b. 1951)            PL
28 Dec 2010 - 30 Dec 2010  Vlad Filat (acting)                (b. 1969)            PLDM
30 Dec 2010 - 23 Mar 2012  Marian Lupu (acting)               (b. 1966)            PDM
23 Mar 2012 -              Nicolae Timofti                    (b. 1948)            Non-party


Chairmen of the Council of General Directory

 4 Dec 1917 -  1 Feb 1918  Pantelimon Erhan                   (b. 1884 - d. 1971)  SRP
 1 Feb 1918 -  9 Apr 1918  Daniel Ciugureanu                  (b. 1885 - d. 1950)  PNM
 
9 Apr 1918 - 10 Dec 1918  Petru Cazacu                       (b. 1873 - d. 1956)  PNM
Prime ministers

26 May 1990 - 28 May 1991  Mircea Druc                        (b. 1941)            FPM
28 May 1991 -  1 Jul 1992  Valeriu Tudor Muravschi            (b. 1949)            FPM
 1 Jul 1992 - 24 Jan 1997  Andrei Sangheli                    (b. 1946)            PDAM
24 Jan 1997 - 12 Mar 1999  Ion Ciubuc                         (b. 1943)            ADR
12 Mar 1999 - 21 Dec 1999  Ion Sturza                         (b. 1960)            ADR
21 Dec 1999 - 19 Apr 2001  Dumitru Braghiş                    (b. 1957)            Non-party
19 Apr 2001 - 31 Mar 2008  Vasile Petru Tarlev                (b. 1963)            PCRM
31 Mar 2008 - 14 Sep 2009  Zinaida Greceanîi (f)              (b. 1956)            PCRM
14 Sep 2009 - 25 Sep 2009  Vitalie Pîrlog (acting)            (b. 1974)            PCRM
25 Sep 2009 - 25 Apr 2013  Vlad Filat                         (s.a.)               PLDM
25 Apr 2013 - April 2013              Iurie Leancă                       (b. 1963)            PLDM
                             (acting to 31 May 2013)

Territorial Disputes: Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor the transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria region, which remains under the auspices of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops.

Party abbreviations: PCRM = Partidul Comuniştilor din Republica Moldova (Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova, communist, former PCM, est.1993); PDM = Partidul Democrat din Moldova (Democratic Party of Moldova, center-left, est.1997); PFD = Partidul Forţelor Democratice (Party of Democratic Forces, centrist, est.1994); PL = Partidul Liberal (Liberal Party, liberal-conservative, 1993-2005 named Party of Reform, est.1993); PLDM = Partidul Liberal Democrat din Moldova (Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, center-right, est.2007); PMDP = Pentru o Moldovă Democratică şi Prosperă (For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova, social-democratic, center-left, est.1997); PRCM = Partidul Renaşterii şi Concilierii din Moldova (Party for Revival and Reconciliation of Moldova, center-right, est.1995); Mil = Military;
- Former parties: ADR = Alianţa pentru Democraţie şi Reforme (Alliance for Democracy and Reforms, non-communist coalition of Democratic Convention of Moldova, PMDP and PFD, 1998-2001); FPM = Frontul Popular din Moldova (Popular Front of Moldova, Romanian nationalist, succeeded by Christian Democratic Popular Front, 1989-1992); PNM = Partidul Naţional Moldovenesc (Moldovan National Party, replaced by Bessarabian Peasants' Party, 1917-1918); PCM = Partidul Comunist al Moldovei (Communist Party of Moldova, communist, 1940-1991, banned 1991-93, then PCRM); PDAM = Partidul Democrat Agrar din Moldova (Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova, agrarian, 1991-1998); PNL = Partidul Naţional Liberal (National Liberal Party of Romania, center-right, est.1875); RCP = Rossiyskaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Bolshevikov)(Russian Communist Party [Bolsheviks], communist, 1918-1925, renamed renamed All-Union Communist Party); SRP = Partita Sotsialistov-Revoliutsionerov (Socialist Revolutionary Party, "SRs", socialist, split 1917 with Left Socialist Revolutionary Party, 1902-1940)



Transdniester
 
[Moldavian
                            A.S.S.R. 1925-1938]
       19 Oct 1925 - 6 Jan 1938  Moldavian ASSR

[Flag of
                            Moldavian ASSR 1938]
        6 Jan 1938 - 27 Feb 1938  Moldavian ASSR 

[Flag of
                            Moldavian ASSR 1938-1940]
        27 Feb 1938 - 2 Aug 1940  Moldavian ASSR
 
[Flag of USSR]
                    2 Sep 1990 -  2 Sep 1991 
 
[Dniester
                            Republic flag]
    Adopted 2 Sep 1991; State Flag from 6 May 2009
 
[Flag of
                            Dniester obverse and alternate]
    17 Jan 1996 Variant and from 18 Jul 2000 Obverse
 
[Transdnieser
                            National flag, 2009]
      National Flag Adopted 6 May 2009



Map of Transdniester
Republic
Hear National Anthem
“My slavim tjebja,
Pridnestrovje”
(We Praise You, Transnistria)
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 9 Oct 1990
(lyrics 1995)
(officially 18 Jul 2000)
Constitution
(17 Jan 1996)
Capital: Tiraspol
(Moldavian ASSR:
Balta 1924-1929;

Tiraspol 1929-1941;
Transnistria: Odessa 1941-44)
Currency: Transdniestrian
 Ruble
(PDN); 1990-1994
Russian Ruble (RUR)
National Holiday: 2 Sep (1990)
Day of the Republic
Population: 505,153 (2013)
GDP: $799 million (2007)
Exports: $727 million (2007)
Imports: $1.13 billion (2007)
Ethnic groups: Moldavian 31.9%, Russian 30.4%,
Ukrainian 28.8%, Bulgarian 2.5%, Gagauz 0.7%,
Belarussian 0.7%, German 0.4%, others 4.6% (2004)
Total Active Armed Forces: 7,500 (2006)
Russian Forces: 1,500 (2012)
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 91%, Roman Catholic 4%,
Baptist 1%, other Christian 2%, Jewish 2% (2004)
International Organizations/Treaties: CDRN

17 Apr 1919 - 11 May 1919  Occupied by Soviet Russia.
 5 May 1919                Provisional Workers' and Peasants' Government of
                             Bessarabia founded in exile at Odessa.
11 May 1919                Bessarabian Socialist Soviet Republic proclaimed at Tiraspol
                             as an autonomous part of the Russian S.F.S.R.
 8 Aug 1919 - 12 Feb 1920  Occupied by "White" Russian forces under Denikin.
12 Feb 1920                Incorporated into Ukraine.
11 Oct 1924                Moldavian A.S.S.R. established within the Ukrainian S.S.R.
 2 Aug 1940                Moldavian A.S.S.R. joined with Bessarabia (previously part
                             Romania) to form Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (see below)
18 Oct 1941 - 10 Apr 1944  Annexed by Romania, and along with Odessa and Ukrainian
                             territory to the Bug River, organized as Transnistria
                             (
Transnistrie) governorate. 
 5 May 1990                Tiraspol and Bender refuse to raise the new Moldovan flag.
 2 Sep 1990                Transnistrian Moldovian Soviet Socialist Republic declared
                             within the Soviet Union, but
independent of Moldova S.S.R.
                             (not recognized). 
 8 Dec 1990                Declaration of sovereignty passed.
22 Dec 1990                Soviet government invalidates 
sovereignty declaration.
25 Aug 1991                Declaration of independence
(not recognized). 
 5 Nov 1991                Transnistrian Moldovian Republic (not internationally recognized).
17 Sep 2006                Referendum supports independence from Moldova and association 
                             with Russia by 97.2%

Executive Secretaries of the Moldavian Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine
15 Dec 1924 - 27 Dec 1928  Iosif Isaakovich Badeyev (Suslik)  (b. 1880 - d. 1937)
27 Dec 1928 - Mar 1930     Khaim Bentsionovich Bogopolsky
    (b. 1891 - d. 1937)
Apr 1930 - Oct 1931        Ilya Moiseyevich Ilin (Broidman)   (b. 1893 - d. 1973)
Oct 1931 - Jul 1932        Ivan Semyonovich Plachinda
        (b. 1894 - d. 1937)
                             (Sporosh)
First Secretaries of the Moldavian Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine
Jul 1932 - Jun 1933        Ivan Nikolayevich Sirko            (b. 1900 - d. 1976)
Jun 1933 - 28 Aug 1935     Gurgen O
sipovich Bulat
28 Aug 1935 - Apr 1937     Zinovy Osipovich Sidersky          (b. 1897 - d. 1938)
Apr 1937 - Aug 1937        Vladimir Zakharovich Todres        (b. 1898 - d. 1938)
Aug 1937 - 23 May 1938     Nikolay Ivanovich (Isayevich)
      (b. 1905 - d. 1937)
                             Golab
(acting)            
23 May 1938 - Feb 1939     Vladimir Nikolayevich Borisov      (b. 1901 - d. 1941)
Feb 1939 - Jun 1939        Aleksey Nikolayevich Melnikov      (b. 1900 - d. 1967)
Jun 1939 -  1 Aug 1940     Pyotr Grigoryevich Borodin
        (b. 1905 - d. 1986)

Chairman of the Provisional Government
 5 May 1919 - Aug 1919     Ivan Nikolayevich Krivorukov       (b. 1883 - d. 1943)  RCP
                             (to 11 May 1919 in Odessa exile)
Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee
12 Oct 1924 - 23 Apr 1925  Grigory Ivanovich Borisov (Stary)  (b. 1880 - d. 1937)  KPU

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
23 Apr 1925 - May 1926     Grigory Ivanovich Borisov (Stary)  (s.a.)               KPU
May 1926 - May 1937        Yefstafy Pavlovich Voronovich      (b. 1890 - d. 1937)  KPU
May 1937 - Jul 1938        Georgy Yermolayevich Streshny      (b. 1900 - d. 1940)  KPU
                             (acting)     
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Jul 1938 - 28 Jun 1940     Tikhon Antonovich Konstantinov     (b. 1898 - d. 1957)  KPU

28 Jun 1940 -  1 Aug 1940  Sergey Danilovich Burlachenko      (b. 1899 - d. 1962)  KPU
Romanian Commanders

Jul 1941 - 13 Sep 1941     Nicolae Ciupercă                   (b. 1882 - d. 1950)  Mil 
14 Sep 1941 - 16 Oct 1941  Iosif Iacobici                     (b. 1884 - d. 1952)  Mil 
Governor-generals of Transnistria (in Odessa)
18 Oct 1941 - 1944         Gheorghe Alexianu                  (b. 1897 - d. 1946)  Mil 
1944 - 10 Apr 1944         Gheorghe Potopeanu                 (b. 1889 - d. 1966)  Mil 
Chairman of the Extraordinary Congress of Deputies of All Levels of Transnistria
 2 Sep 1990 -  3 Sep 1990  Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov          (b. 1941)            OSTK   
Chairman of the (to 29 Nov 1990, Provisional) Supreme Soviet
 3 Sep 1990 - 29 Nov 1990  
Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov          (s.a.)               OSTK
Chairman of the Republic
29 Nov 1990 -  
3 Dec 1991  Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov          (s.a.)               Non-party
                             (Moldovan prisoner 29 Aug 1991 - 23 Sep 1991)
29 Aug 1991 - 25 Sep 1991  Andrey Panteleyevich Manoylov
                             (First Deputy, acting for imprisoned Smirnov)
Presidents
 3 Dec 1991 - 30 Dec 2011  Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov          (s.a.)               Non-party
30 Dec 2011 -              Yevgeny Vasilyevich Shevchuk       (b. 1968)            Non-party


Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars

23 Apr 1925 - May 1926     Aleksandr Ivanovich Stroyev        (b. 1886 - d. 1937)  KPU
May 1926 - 1928            Grigory Ivanovich Borisov (Stary)  (s.a.)               KPU
                             (1st time)
1928 -  7 Apr 1932         Sergey Vasilevich Dimitriu         (b. 1892 - d. 1937)  KPU
 7 Apr 1932 - 22 May 1937  Grigory Ivanovich Borisov (Stary)  (s.a.)               KPU
                             (2nd time)
22 May 1937 - Feb 1938     ....
Feb 1938 - May 1940        Georgy Yermolayevich Streshny      (s.a.)             
  KPU
1940 -  1 Aug 1940         Tikhon Antonovich Konstantinov     (s.a.)               KPU
Prime ministers
18 Jan 2012 - 10 Jul 2013  Pyotr Petrovich Stepanov           (b. 1959)            Non-party
10 Jul 2013 -              Tatiana Mikhailovna Turanskaya (f) (b. 1972)            Non-party

Party abbreviations: OB = Obnovleniye (Renewal, centrist, reformist, est.2006); PKP = Pridnestrovskaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Pridnestrovie Communist Party, communist, est.1991); RP = Republica (Republic, Russian nationalist, Igor Smirnov personalist, est.1990); Mil = Military; 
- Former Parties: KPU = Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Ukrainy (Communist Party of Ukraine, communist, Jul 1918-1991); OSTK = Obyedinennyy Sovet Trudovykh Kollektivov (United Work Collective Council, 1989-2006); RCP = Rossiyskaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Bolshevikov)(Russian Communist Party [Bolsheviks], communist, 1918-1925, renamed All-Union Communist Party)



Gagauz-Yeri
[Gagauz
                              flag 1990-1992]
                19 Aug 1990 - 1992 
 
[Gagauz flag
                              1992-1993]
                              1992 - 1993
 
[Gagauz flag 1993-1995]
                         1993 - 31 Oct 1995
 
[Flag of
                              Gagauzia (Moldova)]
                       Adopted 31 Oct 1995
 


Map of Gagauz-Yeri
Hear Local Anthem
"Gagauziya Milli Marsi"
Text of Anthem
Constitution
( 5 Jun 1998)
Capital: Komrat
(Comrat)
Currency: Moldovan Leu
(MDL)
Local Holiday: 19 Aug (1990)
Independence Day
Population: 162,200 (2012)
GDP: $N/A
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: Gagauz 82%, Moldovan 7.8%,
Bulgarian 4.8%, Russian 2.4%, Ukrainian 2.3% (2004)
Total Armed Forces: N/A
Religions: Muslim, Orthodox Christian
1812                       Gagauz settle in southern Bessarabia after Russian annexation.
30 Mar 1856 - 13 Jul 1878  Ceded to Romania (from 1878 follows Bessarabia/Moldova).
Jan 1906  (5 days)         Comrat Republic declared under Andrey Galatan.
18 Aug 1990                Independence declared from Moldova S.S.R., but within
                             Soviet Union (Gagauz Soviet Socialist Republic).
22 Dec 1990                U.S.S.R. government invalidates Gagauz declaration.
 7 Oct 1992                Independence declared (Republic of Gagauzia)(not recognized).
23 Dec 1994                Moldovan government recognizes Gagauz autonomy
                             (Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia).
19 Jun 1995                Gagauz-Yeri Autonomous Region.
 2 Feb 2014                Referendum 98.4% of voters chose closer relations with the CIS
                             over the EU; and 98.9% of voters support Gagauzia's right to
                             declare independence should Moldova ends its independence. 

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
31 Oct 1990 -  1 Dec 1991  Stepan Mikhailovich Topal          (b. 1938)           
President
 1 Dec 1991 - 19 Jun 1995  Stepan Mikhailovich Topal          (s.a.)               PSM
Heads of State (title Bashkan)
19 Jun 1995 - 24 Sep 1999  Gheorghe Dimitrievici Tabunşcic    (b. 1939)            PCRM
                             (Georgiy Dmitriyevich Tabunshchik)
                             (1st time)

24 Sep 1999 - 10 Jul 2002  Dumitru Vasilievici Croitor        (b. 1959)            PDM
                            
(Dmitriy Vasilyevich Kroytor)
10 Jul 2002 - 29 Jul 2002  Ivan Kristioglo                    (b. 1952)            LUPR

                             (acting chairman of the Executive Committee)
10 Jul 2002 - 29 Jul 2002  Valeri Ianioglo                    (b. 1957)            PDM
                             (Valeriy Fedorovich Yanioglo)
                             (acting; in opposition)

29 Jul 2002 -  9 Nov 2002  Gheorghe Mollo (interim)
 9 Nov 2002 - 29 Dec 2006  Gheorghe Dimitrievici Tabunşcic    (s.a.)               PCRM
                             (2nd time)
29 Dec 2006 -              Mihail Formuzal                    (b. 1959)          PPR;2011 PRM
 

Party abbreviations: LUPR = Partidul Muncii (Labor Party, 1999-2004 Labor Union, 2004-2010 Labor Union "Patria-Rodina", leftist, est.1999); PCRM = Partidul Comuniştilor din Republica Moldova (Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova, communist, est.1993); PDM = Partidul Democrat din Moldova (Democratic Party of Moldova, social-democratic, est.1997); PRM = Partidul Regiunilor din Moldova (Party of Regions of Moldova, center-left, est.2011); PPR = Partidul Popular Republican (Republican Popular Party, to 2005 named Peasants' Christian Democratic Party of Moldova, conservative, est.1994); PSM = Partidul Socialist din Moldova (Socialist Party of Moldova, socialist, former communists, est.1992)



Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic

 
[Flag of
                            Moldavian SSR 1940]                   2 Aug 1940 - 31 Jan 1952

[Flag
                        of Moldavian SSR in 1952]                    11 Apr 1952 - 12 May 1990

Capital: Kishinev
(
Chisinau)
Hear Anthem
"Imnul de Stat al RSS
 Moldovenesti"
(State Anthem of the Moldavian SSR)
(1945-1991)
Constitution
(15 Apr 1978)
Population: 3,947,000 (1980)

 2 Aug 1940                Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic formed from
                             
Moldavian A.S.S.R. and (formerly Romanian) Bessarabia.
23 Jun 1990                Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova
16 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944  Romanian occupation and annexation.


First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party (PCM)
14 Aug 1940 - 11 Feb 1942  Pyotr Grigoryevich Borodin
        (b. 1905 - d. 1986)
                             (in Russian S.F.S.R. exile from 1941)
13 Feb 1942 -  5 Jan 1946  Nikita Leontyevich Salogor (acting)(b. 1901 - d. 1981)
                             (in Russian S.F.S.R. exile to Aug 1944)
 5 Jan 1946 - Jul 1950     Nikolay Grigoryevich Koval         (b. 1904 - d. 1970)
26 Jul 1950 - 25 Oct 1952  Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev             (b. 1906 - d. 1982)
25 Oct 1952 -  8 Feb 1954  Dmitry Spiridonovich Gladky        (b. 1911 - d. 1959)
 8 Feb 1954 - 29 May 1961  Zinovy Timofeyevich Serdyuk        (b. 1903 - d. 1982)
29 May 1961 - 22 Dec 1980  Ivan Ivanovich Bodyul              (b. 1918 - d. 2013)
22 Dec 1980 - 16 Nov 1989  Semyon Kuzmich Grossu              (b. 1934)

16 Nov 1989 -  5 Feb 1991  Pyotr Kirillovich Luchinsky        (b. 1940)
 5 Feb 1991 - Aug 1991     Grigory Isidorovich Yeremy         (b. 1938)


Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
 2 Aug 1940 - 29 Mar 1951  Fyodor Grigoryevich Brovko         (b. 1904 - d. 1960)  PCM
                            (to Feb 1941, Chairman of Provisional Revolutionary Committee)
                            (in Russian S.F.S.R. exile Jun 1941 - Aug 1944)
29 Mar 1951 -  5 Apr 1963  Ivan Sergeyevich Koditsa           (b. 1899 - d. 19..)  PCM
 5 Apr 1963 - 10 Apr 1980  Kirill Fyodorovich Ilyashenko      (b. 1915 - d. 1980)  PCM
10 Apr 1980 - 24 Dec 1985  Ivan Petrovich Kalin               (b. 1935 - d. 2012)  PCM
24 Dec 1985 - 29 Jul 1989  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Mokanu    (b. 1934)            PCM
29 Jul 1989 - 27 Apr 1990  Mircha Ivanovich Snegur            (b. 1940)            PCM
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
27 Apr 1990 -  3 Sep 1990  Mircha Ivanovich Snegur            (s.a.)               PCM


Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars

 2 Aug 1940 - 17 Apr 1945  Tikhon Antonovich Konstantinov     (b. 1898 - d. 1957)  PCM
                             (in Russian S.F.S.R. exile Jun 1941 - Aug 1944)
17 Apr 1945 -  4 Apr 1946  Nikolay Grigoryevich Koval         (s.a.)               PCM
 5 Jan 1946 -  4 Apr 1946  Gerasim Yakovlevich Rud            (b. 1907 - d. 1982)  PCM
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
 4 Apr 1946 - 23 Jan 1958  Gerasim Yakovlevich Rud            (s.a.)               PCM
23 Jan 1958 - 15 Apr 1970  Aleksandr Filipovich Diorditsa     (b. 1911 - d. 1996)  PCM
24 Apr 1970 -  1 Aug 1976  Pyotr Andreyevich Paskar (1st time)(b. 1929)            PCM
 1 Aug 1976 - 30 Dec 1980  Semyon Kuzmich Grossu              (s.a.)               PCM
30 Dec 1980 - 24 Dec 1985  Ivan Grigoryevich Ustiyan          (b. 1939)            PCM
24 Dec 1985 - 10 Jan 1990  Ivan Petrovich Kalin               (s.a.)               PCM
10 Jan 1990 - 26 May 1990  Pyotr Andreyevich Paskar (2nd time)(s.a.)               PCM

Party abbreviation: PCM = Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Moldovy/Partidul Comunist al Moldovei (Communist Party of Moldova, communist, 1940-1991) 






© Ben Cahoon