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Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
 
[Flag of
                                    Denmark]
                Adopted 1380 
 
[1795 - c.1900 Royal Greenland
                                    Trading Company (Den Kongelige
                                    Grønlandske Handel )]
   1795 - c.1900  Royal Greenland Trading Company
 
[1900
                                    -1912 Royal Greenland Trading
                                    Company]
    c.1900 - 1912 RGTC flag  (in use locally to 1979)
 
[Flag of
                                    Greenland]
               Adopted 21 Jun 1985
 

Map of Greenland
Hear National Anthem
"Der er et yndigt land"
(There Is A Lovely Land) 
Hear Local Anthem
"Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit"
(You Our Ancient Land)
Adopted 1916
------------------------------------
Local Anthem
"Nuna asiilasooq"
(The Land of Great Length)
 Adopted 1979
Home Rule Act
(1 May 1979)
--------------------------------
Act on Self-Government
(21 Jun 2009)
Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)
Currency: Danish Krone
(DKK);
1873 - 1 Jul 1967
Greenland Krone (GLK); 1813-76
Greenland Riksbankdaler (GLR);
1776-1813 Greeland Riksdaler
 Courant (GLC)
National Holiday: 21 Jun (1985)
Ullortuneq (Longest Day)
and Greenland Flag Day
Population: 57,714 (2013)
GDP: $2.3 billion (2012)
Exports: $473.7 million (2011)
Imports: $966.1 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Greenland Inuit (Eskimo) 89%,
 Danish and other 11% (2009
Total Defense and Police Forces: 200 (2012)
U.S. Forces: 138 (2012)
Defense is the Responsibility of Denmark
Merchant marine: 1 ships (2010)
Religions: Protestant 69.2% (of which Evangelical
Lutheran 64.2%, Pentecostal 2.8%), other Christian 27.4%,
other and non-religious 3.4% (2000)
International Organizations/Treaties: AC, NC, NIB, UPU 
Greenland
Index
Chronology
 
c.985                      Colonized by Norse migrants as a dependency
                             of Iceland.
1261                       Norwegian colony.
11 Sep 1380                Under Danish rule (attached to the Jarldom
                             of Orkney).
c.1480                     Colony ceases to exist (remains a possession
                             of Danish-Norwegian union in name).
 3 Jul 1721                Possession of Denmark.
 3 Jul 1721 -  6 Mar 1775  Administered as part of Iceland
1775                       Danish colony (administered by the Royal Greenland
                             Trade Co. [Den Kongelige Grønlandske Handel]).
24 Jan 1814                Formally recognized as Danish possession by the 
                             Treaty of Kiel.
1912                       Danish government takes over administration.
12 Jul 1932                Norway proclaims annexation of the east coast of 
                             Greenland between 71 degrees 30 minutes and 75
                             degrees 45 minutes north latitude (Eric the
                             Red's Land).
 5 Apr 1933                Permanent Court of International of Justice awards
                             sovereignty over eastern coast to Denmark, 
                             Norway withdraws.
 9 Apr 1941 - May 1945     U.S. protectorate.
Mar 1942 - 16 Oct 1944     Sporadic German weather stations on the east coast
                             repeatedly found and destroyed by Allied forces. 
 5 Jun 1953                Danish province
 1 May 1979                Self-government 
21 Jun 2009                Expanded autonomy enacted.
Erik the Red's Land
(1932-1933)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Rulers
c.983 - c.1010             Eiríkr "the Red" Thorvaldsson      (b. c.950 - d. c.1010)
c.1010 - c.1020            Leifr Eiríksson                    (b. c.975 - d. c.1020)
c.1020's                   Thórgils Leifsson                  (b. 999 - d. 10..)
c.1110's                   Eirik Gnupasson
c.1120's                   Sokki Thorisson
Governors
1261 - ....                .... 
c.1350's                   Ivar Bardarsson
.... - 1410                ....
Superintendents
 3 Jul 1721 -  5 Nov 1758  Hans Egede (missionary to ... 1721)(b. 1686 - d. 1758)
 5 Nov 1758 -  3 Jun 1789  Paul Hansen Egede                  (b. 1708 - d. 1789)
Inspectors in South Greenland (Sydgrønland)
1782 - 1789                Bendt Olrik                        (b. 1749 - d. 1793)
1789 - 1795                Andreas Molbech Lund               (b. 1749 - d. 1820)
1795 - 1797                Claus Bendeke                      (b. 1764 - d. 1828)
1797 - 1802                Niels Rosing Bull                  (b. 1760 - d. 1841)
1802 - 1821                Marcus Nissen Myhlenphort          (b. 1759 - d. 1821)
                             (acting to 1803)
1821 - 1823                Christian Alexander Platou         (b. 1779 - d. 1827)
                             (1st time)(acting)
1823 - 1824                Arent Christopher Heilmann         (b. 1781 - d. 1830)
                             (acting)
1824 - 1827                Christian Alexander Platou         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1827 - 1828                Ove Valentin Kielsen               (b. 1803 - d. 1864)
1828 - 1856                Carl Peter Holbøll                 (b. 1795 - d. 1856)
1856 - 1857                Jørgen Nielsen Møller (acting)     (b. 1801 - d. 1862)
1857 - 1868                Hinrich Johannes Rink              (b. 1819 - d. 1893)
1868 - 1869                Albert E. Blichfeldt Høyer         (b. 1822 - d. 1879)
1870 - 1882                Hannes Peter Stephensen            (b. 1833 - d. 1908)
1882 - 1884                Frederik Tryde Lassen (acting)     (b. 1838 - d. 1920)
1884 - 1890                Carl Julius Peter Ryberg           (b. 1854 - d. 1929)
1890 - 1891                Johan Carl Joansen (acting)        (b. 1857 - d. 1907)
1891 - 1892                Conrad Poul Emil Brummerstedt      (b. 1857 - d. 1939)
                             (acting)
1892 - 1899                Edgar Christian Fencker            (b. 1844 - d. 1904)
1899 - 1902                Regnar Stephensen                  (b. 1866 - d. 1902)
1902 - 1903                Oscar Peter Cornelius Koch         (b. 1860 - d. 1937)
1903 - 1914                Ole Bendixen                       (b. 1869 - d. 1938)
1914 - 1915                Oluf Hastrup                       (b. 1875 - d. 1933)
1915 - 1923                Carl Frederik Harries              (b. 1872 - d. 19..)
1924                       Christian Simony (acting)          (b. 1881 - d. 1961)
1924                       Knud Honore Petersen Oldenow       (b. 1892 - d. 1975)
                             (acting)
Governors in South Greenland (Sydgrønland)
1925 - 1932                Knud Honore Petersen Oldenow       (s.a.)
1932 - 1941                Aksel Svane                        (b. 1898 - d. 1991)
1941 - 1945                Eske Brun                          (b. 1904 - d. 1987)
1945 - 1950                Carl Fredrik Simony                (b. 1909 - d. 1983)
Inspectors in North Greenland (Nordgrønland)
1782 - 1786                Johan Friedrich Schwabe            (b. 1749 - d. 1821)
1786 - 1790                Jens Clausen Wille                 (b. 1750 - d. 1820)
1790 - 1797                Børge Johan Schultz                (b. 1764 - d. 1826)
1797 - 1803                Claus Bendeke                      (b. 1764 - d. 1828)
1803 - 1817                Peter Hanning Motzfeldt            (b. 1774 - d. 1835)
1815 - 1817                Frederik Diderick Sechmann         (b. 1783 - d. 1849)
                             
Fleischer (acting for Motzfeldt)
1817 - 1825                Johannes West                      (b. 1782 - d. 1835)

1825 - 1828                Carl Peter Holbøll                 (b. 1795 - d. 1856)
1828 - 1843                Ludvig Fasting                     (b. 1789 - d. 1863)
1843 - 1845                Hans Peter Christian Møller        (b. 1810 - d. 1845)
1845 - 1846                Nicolai Zimmer                     (b. 1810 - d. 1894)
1846 - 1866                Christian Søren Marcus Olrik       (b. 1815 - d. 1870)
1866 - 1867                Carl August Ferdinand Bolbroe      (b. 1833 - d. 1878)
1867 - 1882                Sophus Theodor Krarup-Smith        (b. 1834 - d. 1882)
1882 - 1883                Hjalmar Christian Reinholdt        (b. 1859 - d. 19..)
                             Knuthsen (acting)
1883 - 1898                Niels Alfred Andersen              (b. 1843 - d. 1900)
1898 - 1900                Johan Carl Joensen (acting)        (s.a.)
1900 - 1912                Jens Daugaard-Jensen               (b. 1871 - d. 1938)
1912 - 1913                Anders Peter Olsen (acting)        (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
1913 - 1924                Harald Lindow                      (b. 1886 - d. 1972)
Governors in North Greenland (Nordgrønland)
1925 - 1928                Philip R. Rosendahl (1st time)     (b. 1893 - d. 1974)
                             (acting)
1928 - 1929                Jørgen Berthelsen                  (b. 1895 - d. 1989)
1929 - 1939                Philip R. Rosendahl (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1939 - 1945                Eske Brun                          (s.a.)
1945 - 1947                Carl Fredrik Simony                (s.a.)
1947 - 1950                Niels Otto Christensen             (b. 1917 - d. 2003)
Inspector in East Greenland (Ostgrønland)
1933 - 1950                Ejnar Mikkelsen                    (b. 1880 - d. 1971)
Governors
 1 Jun 1950 -  1 Sep 1960  Poul Hugo Lundsteen                (b. 1910 - d. 1988)
 1 Sep 1960 -  1 Jun 1963  Finn C. Nielsen                    (b. 1913 - d. 1995)
 1 Jun 1963 -  1 Jan 1973  Niels Otto Christensen             (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1973 - 1979         Hans Lassen                        (b. 1926)
High commissioners (Rigsombudsmand)
 1 May 1979 - 13 Jul 1992  Torben Hede Pedersen               (b. 1937)

 1 Aug 1992 -  1 Jul 1995  Steen Spore                        (b. 1938)
 1 Jul 1995 - 31 Mar 2002  Gunnar Martens                     (b. 1940)
 1 Apr 2002 - 31 Mar 2005  Peter Lauritzen                    (b. 1959)
 1 Apr 2005 - 31 Mar 2011  Søren Hald Møller                  (b. 1960)
 1 Apr 2011 -              Mikaela Engell (f)                 (b. 1956)

Chairmen of the Landsråd
1967 - 1971                Erling Høegh                       (b. 1924 - d. 1993)  KF 
1971 -  1 May 1979         Lars Chemnitz                      (b. 1925 - d. 2006)  At
Prime ministers
 1 May 1979 - 18 Mar 1991  Jonathan Motzfeldt (1st time)      (b. 1938 - d. 2010)  St
18 Mar 1991 - 19 Sep 1997  Lars Emil Johansen                 (b. 1946)            St
19 Sep 1997 - 14 Dec 2002  Jonathan Motzfeldt (2nd time)      (s.a.)               St
14 Dec 2002 - 12 Jun 2009  Hans Enoksen                       (b. 1956)            St
12 Jun 2009 -  5 Apr 2013  Kuupik Kleist                      (b. 1958)            IA
 5 Apr 2013 - 15 Oct 2014  Aleqa Hammond (f)                  (b. 1965)            St
30 Sep 2014 -              Kim Kielsen                        (b. 1966)            St
                             (acting [for Hammond to 15 Oct 2014])


United States Consul-general 

 9 Apr 1941 - May 1945     James Kedzie Penfield              (b. 1908 - d. 2004)
 

Territorial Dispute: Managed dispute between Canada and Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Canada's Ellesmere Island and Greenland; Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission. 

Party abbreviations: At = Atassut ('Feeling of Community', center-right, agrarian, pro-home rule, pro-union with Denmark, est.1978); IA = Inuit Ataqatigiit ('Inuit Community', socialist, pro-independence, est.1977); St = Siumut ('Forward', social-democratic, advocates Greenlandic identity, pro-autonomy, est.1976);
- Former parties: KF = Konservative Folkeparti (Conservative People's Party of Denmark, center-right, former Højre, est.1915) 


Eric the Red's Land

[Flag of Norway]
 
Map of Eric the
Red's Land
Currency: Norwegian Krone (NOK) 
Chief Settlement: Kong Oskars Fjord
Population: 6 (1933)

27 Jun 1931                Greenland coast between 71°30 N - 75°40 N claimed for Norway
                             by Hallvard Devold.
12 Jul 1932                Annexation of East Greenland by Norway as Eric the Red's Land
                             (Eirik Raudes Land).
 5 Apr 1933                International Court rules in favor of Denmark;
                             Norway withdraws.

Governor (sysselmann)
12 Jul 1932 -  5 Apr 1933  Helge Marcus Ingstad               (b. 1899 - d. 2001)







© Ben Cahoon