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Provinces of Prussia 

Provinces Brandenburg - Berlin - East Prussia (Ostpreussen) -  New East Prussia - Hannover - Hessen-Nassau - Kurhessen - Nassau - Jülich-Kleve-Berg - Mark - Minden-Ravensberg - Niederrhein - Pomerania (Pommern) - Posen (Poznan) - South Prussia - Grenzkmark Posen-Westpreussen - Wartheland - Rheinland (Rhein) - Sachsen (Saxony) - Magdeburg - Halle-Merseburg - Silesia - Niederschlesien - Oberschlesien - Schleswig-Holstein - Westpahlia (Westfalen) - West Prussia (Westpreussen) -

Party abbreviationsDDP = Deutsche Demokratische Partei (German Democratic Party, liberal democratic, 1918-1933); DNVP = Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National Party, conservative, populist, 1918-1933); DVP = Deutsche Volkspartei (German People's Party, conservative, nationalist, 1918-1933); NSDAP = Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Worker's Party, Nazi fascist, xenophobic, German nationalist, 14 Jul 1933-31 May 1945 only legal party, 1920-1945); SPD Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party of Germany, social-democratic, 1875-1933, re-est.1945); Z = Deutsche Zentrumspartei "Zentrum" (German Centre Party "Centre", catholic, centerist, 1870-1933)

Note: Recorded here are the provinces of the kingdom, later state, of Prussia. All provinces are listed until the end of Prussian central government in Apr 1945.  All state flags were banned 15 Sep 1935. The Allied Control Commission formally declared Prussia dissolved on
25 Feb 1947. 

Noble titles: Edler/Edle = Noble; Freiherr/Freifrau = Baron/Baroness; Fürst/Fürstin = Prince/Princess; Graf/Gräfin = Count/Countess; Herzog/Herzogin = Duke/Duchess; Markgraf/Markgräfin = Margrave/Margravine; Prinz/Prinzessin = Prince/Princess; Ritter = Knight.


Brandenburg
[Brandenburg 1882-1935
                  (Prussia, Germany)]
            22 Oct 1882 - 15 Sep 1935
27 Oct 1806 - Dec 1808     French occupation of Berlin.
Mar 1812 - 1813            French occupation of Berlin.
31 Jul 1947                Becomes a state.

Präsidenten der Kriegs- und Domänenkammern Neumark
1701 - 1715                ....
 9 Sep 1715 - 1716         Heinrich Wolf von Platen           (d. 1716)
 1 Jun 1716 - 1717?        von Hagen (acting)
1717? - 1721?              Peter Heinrich von Wobeser         (b. 1688 - d. 1753)
1721 - 1723                Christian Ernst von Münchow        (b. 1672 - d. 1749)
Präsidenten der Kriegs- und Domänenkammern Kurmark
1701 - 1708                ....
1708 - 1723                Friedrich von Goerne               (b. 1670 - d. 1743)
Directing ministers
for Kurmark
1723 - May 1731            Ehrenreich Bogislaw von Creutz     (b. 1670 - d. 1733)
1727 - 1747                Franz Wilhelm von Happe            (b. 1684 - d. 1760)
1747 - 1762                August Friedrich von Boden         (b. 1682 - d. 1762)
1763 - 1769                V
alentin von Massow                (b. 1712 - d. 1775)
1769 - 1779                Friedrich Wilhelm von Derschau     (b. 1723 - d. 1779)
1779 - 1781                Friedrich G. Michaelis
1781 - 1789                Hans Ernst Dietrich von Werder     (b. 1740 - d. 1800)
                             (1st time)
Dec 1786 - 1789            Carl Maximilian Ferdinand von
      (b. 1738 - d. 1792)
                             Mauschwitz                
1789 - 1795                Otto Karl Friedrich von Voss       (b. 1755 - d. 1823)
                             (1st time)
1795 - 1800                Hans Ernst Dietrich von Werder     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1800 - 1803?               Otto Karl Friedrich von Voss       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1803 - 1807                Ferdinand Ludolph Friedrich von    (b. 1757 - d. 1826)
                             Angern
Directing ministers for Neumark and Pomerania
1723 - 18 Mar 1739         Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkov     (b. 1678 - d. 1739)
1739 - 24 Jun 1746         Friedrich von Goerne               (b. 1670 - d. 1746)
1746 - 1762                Adam Ludwig von Blumenthal         (b. 1691 - d. 1762)

1762 - 1798                Joachim Christian von Blumenthal   (b. 1720 - d. 1800)
 
1798 - 1806                Otto Friedrich Karl von Voss       (b. 1755 - d. 1823)  

Kammerpräsidenten Kurmark
(subordinated to the
Ministers of the General Direktorium Kurmark)
Jan 1723 - 28 Jan 1725     Adam Otto von Viereck              (b. 1684 - d. 1758)
Jan 1725 - Jul 1727        Simon Viktor von Hünicke           (d. 1733)
31 Jul 1727 - 1732         Franz Wilhelm von Happe            (b. 1684 - d. 1760)
Dec 1732 - 1748            Matthias Conrad von der Osten      (b. 1691 - d. 1748)
Sep 1748 - 27 May 1763     Ernst Ludwig von der Gröben        (b. 1703 - d. 1773)
27 May 1763 - Jun 1766     Julius August Friedrich von der
   (b. 1723 - d. 1791)
                             Horst                        
Jun 1766 - 1782            Carl Ludwig von Siegroth           (d. 1782)
1782 -  5 Dec 1786         Carl Maximilian Ferdinand von      (s.a.)
                             Mauschwitz
 5 Dec 1786 - Mar 1795     Otto Friedrich Karl von Voss       (s.a.)
Mar 1795 - Dec 1795        F.F. von Mühlheim                  (d. 1795)
 1 Jan 1796 - 13 Feb 1809  Leopold von Gerlach                (b. 1757 - d. 1813)
Feb 1809 - 30 Mar 1810     Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm Philipp   (b. 1774 - d. 1844)
                             Freiherr von Vincke

 1 Aug 1807 - Dec 1808     Johann Adolf von Lützow            (b. 1748 - d. 1819)  
                             (military governor of Kurmark)
Kammerpräsidenten Neumark
(subordinated to the
Ministers of the General Direktorium Neumark)
1723 - 1738                Christian Ernst von Münchow        (s.a.)
13 Aug 1738 - Aug 1743     Reinhold von Werner
Aug 1743 - Jul 1744        Heinrich Christoph von Katte       (b. 1699 - d. 1760)
Aug 1744 - 1746            Valentin von Massow                (b. 1712 - d. 1775)
1746 - 1750                Alexander Samuel Freiherr von      (d. 1780)
                             Loeben
27 Dec 1750 - May 1763     Samuel Gottlieb von Rothenburg     (b. 1703 - d. 1770)
27 May 1763 -  1 Oct 1768  Georg Albrecht von Birckholtz      (b. 1710 - d. 1777)
Oct 1768 - 1773            Balthazar Leopold von Brauchitsch  (b. 1725 - d. 1773)
Jun 1773 - 27 Dec 1796     Carl Christian Heinrich Graf von
  (b. 1735 - d. 1796)
                             Logau
Jan 1797 - 26 Apr 1809     Franz Friedrich Christian von
     (b. 1753 - d. 1810)
                             Schierstedt
Oberpräsident
Pommern, Kurmark, Neumark und Magdeburg

 6 Dec 1808 - Nov 1810     Johann August Sack                 (b. 1764 - d. 1831)
Regierungspräsidenten in Frankfurt/Oder
1810 - 1813                ....
1813 - 25 May 1815         Friedrich Ludwig August von        (b. 1770 - d. 1856)
                             Wissmann
Regierungspräsident in Potsdam
1810 - 25 May 1815         Magnus Friedrich Graf von          (b. 1773 - d. 1858)
                             Bassewitz
Civil Governor des Landeszwischen Oder und Elbe
1813 - Feb 1814            Johann August Sack                 (s.a.)
Oberpräsidenten
30 Apr 1815 - 1824         Georg Friedrich Christian von      (b. 1765 - d. 1828)
                             Heydebeck
                            (to 25 May 1815, organisationskommissar)
1824 - 1842                Magnus Friedrich Graf von          (b. 1773 - d. 1858)
                             Bassewitz 
1842 - 1848                August Friedrich Wilhelm Werner    (b. 1792 - d. 1871)
                             von Meding 
1848 - 1849                Erasmus Robert Freiherr von Patow  (b. 1804 - d. 1890)
1849 - Aug 1850            August Hermann Klemens Freiherr    (b. 1803 - d. 1872)
                             von Wolff, gen. Metternich (acting)
Aug 1850 - 1862            Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell      (b. 1786 - d. 1865)
1862 - 1862                Werner Ludolph Erdmann von Selchow (b. 1806 - d. 1884)
1862 -  1 Feb 1879         Gustav Wilhelm von Jagow           (b. 1813 - d. 1879)
1879 -  9 Jul 1899         Heinrich Karl Julius von Achenbach (b. 1829 - d. 1899)
1899 - 1905                Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg      (b. 1856 - d. 1921)
1905 - 1909                August Clemens Bodo Paul Wilhelm   (b. 1855 - d. 1938)
                             von Trott zu Solz             
1909 - 1910                Friedrich Wilhelm von Loebell      (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
1910 - 1914                Alfred Anton Robert von Conrad     (b. 1852 - d. 1914)
1914 - 1917                Rudolf Wilhelm Graf von der        (b. 1860 - d. 1930)
                             Schulenburg
1917 - Mar 1919            Friedrich Wilhelm von Loebell      (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
Apr 1919 - 25 Mar 1933     Adolf Meier                        (b. 1871 - d. 1963)  DDP
25 Mar 1933 -  7 Aug 1936  Wilhelm Paul Richard Kube          (b. 1887 - d. 1943)  NSDAP
                             (acting to 14 Apr 1933)
 7 Aug 1936 - Apr 1945     Emil Stürtz                        (b. 1892 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
Apr 1945 -  4 Jul 1945     Vacant


French Occupation of Brandenburg 1806 - 1813

French Governors-general (in Berlin)
 3 Nov 1806 -  9 Aug 1807  Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke,    (b. 1765 - d. 1818) 
                             comte de Hunebourg
Aug 1807 - 20 Aug 1808     Claude-Victor Perrin said Victor,
  (b. 1764 - d. 1841) 
                             duc de Bellune                
Aug 1808 - 27 Oct 1808     Nicolas-Jean-de-Dieu Soult         (b. 1769 - d. 1851)
Oct 1808 - Dec 1808        Louis-Nicolas Davout               (b. 1770 - d. 1823)
                             (commander of French troops)
 9 May 1812 -  8 Oct 1812  Joseph-François Durutte            (b. 1767 - d. 1827)  

Intendant (in Breslau)
Dec 1806 - Apr 1809?       Jules Jean-Baptiste, baron Anglès  (b. 1778 - d. 1828)
French Governor-general of Silesia

25 Jan 1807 - 22 Nov 1808  Jean-Baptiste-Louis-Philippe de    (b. 1751 - d. 1820)

                             Félix, comte du Muy

Administrator-general
18 Jan 1807 - 22 Nov 1808  François-Victor-Jean,              (b. 1772 - d. 1848)
                             baron de Lespérut
Military Governors of Glogau (in Silesia)
 
4 Dec 1806 - 12 Dec 1806  Vandamme
12 Dec 1806 - 27 Aug 1808
  Nicolas-Grégoire Aulmont de        (b. 1746 - d. 1831)
                             Verrières
1807 - 22 Jun 1810         Julien-Charles-Louis Rheinwald     (b. 1760 - d. 1810)
Sep 1810 - Jun 1811        Beaupré

Jun 1811 - Feb 1812        Charles-Claude Jacquinot           (b. 1772 - d. 1848)
Feb 1812 - Jul 1812        Serras
 8 Jul 1812 - 17 Apr 1814  Jean Grégoire Barthélemy Rouger    (b. 1765 - d. 1837)
                             de Laplane

 
French Military Governors of Neumark (in Küstrin, Pomerania)
14 Nov 1806 - Dec 1806     Gauthier
Dec 1806 - Feb 1807        Menard
15 Feb 1807 - May 1807     Etienne d'Hastrel de Rivedoux      (b. 1766 - d. 1846)
May 1807 - Aug 1807        
Louis Annibal de Saint-Michel      (b. 1747 - d. 1810)
                             d'Agoult  
Aug 1807 - 31 Dec 1808     Pierre Barrois                     (b. 1774 - d. 1860)
1808                       César-Charles-Etienne Gudin de
    (b. 1768 - d. 1812)
                             la Sablonnière      
(1810) - 1811?             
Claude-Joseph Armand               (b. 1764 - d. 1840)
1811                       Charles-Claude Jacquinot           (s.a.)
 5 Apr 1811 - 13 Sep 1811  François Antoine Teste             (b. 1775 - d. 1862)
1811 -  7 Mar 1814         Gaspard-Hilarion Fornier d'Albe    (b. 1769 - d. 1834)

French Military Governors of Duchy of Magdeburg
Nov 1806 - 10 Dec 1806     de Champeaux
12 Dec 1807 -  9 Mar 1807  Claude Carra de Saint-Cyr          (b. 1756 - d. 1834)
 9 Mar 1807 -  1 Jul 1807  Jean-Jacques Liébert               (b. 1758 - d. 1814)
 1 Jul 1807 - Jan/Feb 1808 Jean-Baptiste Eblé                 (b. 1756 - d. 1812)
                             (1806 - Jan 1807 acting for Saint-Cyr)
Jan/Feb 1808 - 1813        Claude Ignace François, comte      (b. 1751 - d. 1835)
                             Michaud

Mar 1813 - Jun 1813        François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo       (b. 1774 - d. 1838)
Jun 1813 - 20 May 1814     Jean Léonor François Lemarois      (b. 1776 - d. 1836)


Berlin
 
[Civil Flag
                          1913-1954 (Berlin, Germany)]
                  14 Jun 1911 - 1943 
[Berlin State
                          Flag 1934-1950, East Berlin 1945-1956
                          (Germany)]
                   1943 - 1 Sep 1950

 1 Oct 1920                Separated from Brandenburg; Greater Berlin (Gross-Berlin)
                             (de facto only to 5 Aug 1944).

Lord Mayors (Oberbürgermeister)
 1 Sep 1912 - 25 Nov 1920  Adolf Wermuth                      (b. 1855 - d. 1927)  Non-party
20 Jan 1921 -  7 Nov 1929  Gustav August Johann Heinrich      (b. 1873 - d. 1946)  DDP
                             Böss 
 7 Nov 1929 - 14 Apr 1931  Otto Wilhelm Arthur Scholtz        (b. 1871 - d. 1935)  DVP
                            (acting)
14 Apr 1931 - 18 Dec 1935  Heinrich Friedrich Wilhelm Sahm    (b. 1877 - d. 1939)  Non-party
19 Dec 1935 -  5 Jan 1937  Oskar Maretzky (acting)            (b. 1881 - d. 1945)  DVP
 5 Jan 1937 - Jul 1940     Julius Lippert                     (b. 1895 - d. 1956)  NSDAP 
Jul 1940 -  2 May 1945     Ludwig Steeg (acting to Feb 1945)  (b. 1894 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
City presidents (from 1 Feb 1945, Reichsverteidigungskommissar für den Gau Berlin)
Mar 1933 - Jul 1940        Julius Lippert                     (s.a.
)               NSDAP
                             (to 5 Jan 1937 state commissioner)
Jul 1940 -  1 Apr 1944     Ludwig Steeg (acting)              (s.a.
)               NSDAP
 1 Apr 1944 -  1 May 1945  Paul Joseph Goebbels               (b. 1897 - d. 1945)  NSDAP 
                             (from 1 Oct 1928, Gauleiter of Berlin)



East Prussia (Ostpreussen)
[East Prussia (Prussia,
                  Germany)]
           22 Oct 1882 - 15 Sep 1935
26 Sep 1629 - 12 Sep 1635  "Swedish Prussia" temporarily ceded by Poland to Sweden covering
                             the following port cities: Elbing (Elblag), Braunsberg 
                             (Braniewo [in Ermland]), Memel (Klaipeda), and Pillau (Baltiysk).
                             (see under Poland).
22 Jan 1758 - Sep 1762     East Prussia occupied by Russia (24 Jan 1758 annexed
                             to Russia as the province of Prussia).
31 Jan 1773                Province of East Prussia created.
16 Jun 1807 -  9 Jul 1807  East Prussia occupied by France.

1812 - Jan 1813            East Prussia occupied by France.
 3 Dec 1829 -  1 Apr 1878  United with Westpreussen as Prussia (Preussen).
15 Aug 1914 - Feb 1915     Partial Russian occupation.
10 Jan 1920 - 16 Aug 1920  District of Allenstein under Allied control (see below).
15 Aug 1941 - Aug 1944     The Bialystok district is "attached" (but not incorporated)
                             to East Prussia (see under Poland).
Jan 1945                   Soviet forces crossed eastern boundary of East Prussia and 
                             by Feb 1945 Germans were left with coastal areas.
19 Feb 1945                Southern zone which was transferred to the authority of the Polish
                             Provisional Government and was organized into the Provisional 
                             Polish District of Königsberg (Okreg Krolewiec), which was 
                             however soon renamed District of Warmia (Ermland) and Mazuria
                            (Okreg Warminsko-Mazurski).
 9 Apr 1945                Königsberg occupied by the Soviet forces (Germans remain on 
                             the Samland peninsula, west of Königsberg, to 25 Apr 1945). 
                             Soviet military administration formally established.
Apr 1945                   End of central Prussian government.
 2 Aug 1945                Potsdam Conference provisionally (pending future peace treaty)
                             transfers northern part of East Prussia (including Königsberg)
                             to the Soviet Union (annexed 17 Oct 1945), southern part of 
                             East Prussia (Allenstein) - to Poland (annexed 26 Dec 1945).
 7 Apr 1946                Part of Russian S.F.S.R. (Königsberg Oblast).
 4 Jul 1946                Renamed Kaliningrad oblast (see Russian RSFSR divisions).
25 Feb 1947                Allied Control Commission declares Prussia dissolved.

Swedish Governor of Pillau (in Fischhausen)
27 Jun 1626 - 1635         Aleksander von Essen               (b. 1595 - d. 1664)
                             (commander to May 1629)
Russian Governors-general of East Prussia
Jan 1758 - May 1758        Wilhelm Graf von Fermor            (b. 1704 - d. 1771)
May 1758 - Jan 1761        Nicolaus Freiherr von Korff        (b. 1710 - d. 1766)
Jan 1761 -  5 Jan 1762     Vasily Ivanovich Suvorov           (b. 1705 - d. 1775)
1762 - Jul 1762            Pyotr Ivanovich Panin              (b. 1721 - d. 1789)
Jul 1762 - Sep 1762        Fyodor Matveyevich Voyeikov        (b. 1703 - d. 1778)
Präsident der Kriegskammer (from 1720, Oberpräsident der Kriegs- und Domänenkammern)
1714 - 1721                Karl Heinrich graf Truchsess von
  (b. 1686 - d. 1721)
                             Waldburg                      
Directing ministers for East Prussia, West Prussia and Lithuania
1723 - 1769                the 
Directing ministers for Neumark
1769 - 1775                Valentin von Massow                (b. 1712 - d. 1775)
1775 - 15 Sep 1789         Leopold Otto von Gaudi             (b. 1728 - d. 1789)
1789 - 20 Oct 1791         Carl Maximilian Ferdinand von
     (b. 1738 - d. 1792)
                             Mauschwitz
20 Oct 1791 - 10 Nov 1795  Hans Ernst von Werder              (b. 1740 - d. 1800)
Nov 1795 - Dec 1808        Friedrich Leopold von Schroetter   (b. 1743 - d. 1815)
Kammerpräsidenten der Königsberg
26 Sep 1714 - Oct 1721     Christian Ernst von Münchow        (b. 1672 - d. 1749)
 4 Feb 1723 - 1746         Johann Friedrich von Lesgewang     (b. 1681 - d. 1760)
Jun 1746 - Jun 1750        Ehrenreich Sigismund von Bredow    (b. 1700 - d. 1754)
16 Jul 1750 - Dec 1753     Joachim Ewald von Massow           (b. 1696 - d. 1769)
22 Dec 1753 - 1761         David Siegmund von der Marwitz

Oberpräsidenten

1762 - 1781                Johann Friedrich von Domhardt      (b. 1712 - d. 1781)
1781 - 1788                Joachim von Blumenthal             (b. 1720 - d. 1800)
                             (minister of the
General Direktorium)
1788 - 20 Oct 1791         Carl Maximilian Ferdinand von      (b. 1738 - d. 1792)
                             Mauschwitz                  
                             (minister of the General Direktorium)
1791 - 1815                Friedrich Leopold Freiherr         (b. 1743 - d. 1815)
                             von Schrötter  
                            (Staatsminister from
31 Jul 1807)
 6 Dec 1808 - Nov 1810     Hans Jakob von Auerswald           (b. 1757 - d. 1833)
                             (1st time)
                            (Oberpräsident Ostpreussen, Westpreussen und Litauen)
French military governors for East and West Prussia

 4 Jun 1812 -  8 Jul 1812  Dirk, graaf van Hogendorp          (b. 1761 - d. 1822)
 8 Jul 1812 - 17 Nov 1812  Louis-Henri Loison                 (b. 1771 - d. 1816)
Nov 1812 - 1812            Joseph Lagrange                    (b. 1763 - d. 1836)
c.Dec 1812                 Joseph Claude Marie Charbonnel,    (b. 1775 - d. 1846)
                             comte de Sales                             
Military govenors
 1 Aug 1807 - 1812?        Friedrich Adolf Graf von Kalckreuth(b. 1737 - d. 1818)
1812                       
Hans David Ludwig Graf Yorck von   (b. 1759 - d. 1830)
                             
Wartenburg
1812 - 1813                Friedrich Wilhelm von Bülow von    (b. 1755 - d. 1816)
                             Dennewitz
Dec 1812 - 181.            Heinrich Friedrich Karl Freiherr   (b. 1757 - d. 1831)

                             von und zum Stein
                            (acting for von Bülow to 1813)
Präsident der Regierung
1814 - 30 Apr 1815         Hans Jakob von Auerswald           (s.a.)

Oberpräsidenten
30 Apr 1815 - 1824         Hans Jakob von Auerswald           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1824 - 1842                Theodor Heinrich von Schön         (b. 1773 - d. 1856)
1842 - 1848                Carl Wilhelm Boetticher            (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
Mar 1848 - Jun 1848        Rudolf Ludwig Cäsar von Auerswald  (b. 1795 - d. 1866)
                             (1st time)
Jun 1848 - Sep 1848        Vacant
Sep 1848 - 1849            Rudolf Ludwig Cäsar von Auerswald  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1849 - 1850                Eduard Heinrich Flottwell (acting) (b. 1786 - d. 1865)
1850 - Aug 1868            Franz August Eichmann              (b. 1793 - d. 1879)
1869 -  1 Apr 1882         Carl Wilhelm Heinrich Georg von    (b. 1807 - d. 1889)
                             Horn
1882 - 14 May 1891         Albrecht Heinrich Carl von         (b. 1835 - d. 1891)
                             Schlieckmann
1891 - Mar 1895            Udo Graf zu Stolberg-Wernigerode   (b. 1840 - d. 1910)
12 Mar 1895 - 30 May 1901  Wilhelm Otto Albrecht Graf von     (b. 1852 - d. 1901)
                             Bismarck-Schönhausen
1901 - 1903                Hugo Samuel Louis Erdmann Reginald (b. 1842 - d. 1904) 
                             Freiherr von Richthofen
1903 - 1907                Friedrich Ludwig Elisa von Moltke  (b. 1852 - d. 1927)
1907 - Aug 1914            Ludwig Hubert von Windheim         (b. 1857 - d. 1935)
 1 Oct 1914 - 10 Aug 1916  Adolf Max Johannes Tortilowicz     (b. 1868 - d. 1944)
                             von Batocki-Friebe (1st time)
10 Aug 1916 - 21 Jan 1918  Friedrich Wilhelm Bernhard von     (b. 1866 - d. 1939)
                             Berg-Markienen
11 Feb 1918 - 30 Jun 1919  Adolf Max Johannes Tortilowicz     (s.a.)
                             von Batocki-Friebe (2nd time) 
 1 Jul 1919 - 16 Mar 1920  August Winnig                      (b. 1878 - d. 1956)  SPD
                             (acting to 1 Sep 1919)
                             (in 1919, Imperial and State Commissioner
                             for East and West Prussia) 
16 Mar 1920 - Oct 1932     Ernst Siehr                        (b. 1869 - d. 1945)  DDP
Oct 1932 - May 1933        Wilhelm Kutscher                   (b. 1876 - d. 1962)  DNVP
May 1933 -  9 Apr 1945     Erich Koch                         (b. 1896 - d. 1986)  NSDAP
Soviet Supreme commanders
Jan 1945 - 18 Feb 1945     Ivan Danilovich Chernyakhovsky     (b. 1906 - d. 1945)
1945                       Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Vasilevsky  (b. 1895 - d. 1977)
1945 - 17 Oct 1945         Ivan Khristoforovch Bagramyan      (b. 1897 - d. 1982)
Polish government plenipotentiaries (in the south)
19 Feb 1945 - 30 Mar 1945  Jerzy Sztachelski                  (b. 1911 - d. 1975)
30 Mar 1945 - 29 Dec 1945  Jakub Prawin                       (b. 1901 - d. 1957)

Russian Commanders
15 Aug 1914 - 1915         Pavel Karlovich von Rennenkampf    (b. 1854 - d. 1918)
                             (in the east)
1914                       Aleksandr Vasilyevich Samsonov     (b. 1859 - d. 1914)
                             (in the south)

Kammerpräsidenten der Königsberg
May 1762 - 20 Nov 1781     Johann Friedrich von Domhardt      (b. 1712 - d. 1781)
29 Dec 1781 - 1786         Anton Gottlieb von der Goltz       (b. 1746 - d. 1821)
21 Sep 1786 - 1791         Ernst
Wilhelm von Korckwitz        (b. 1744 - d. 1802)
1791 - 1795                Friedrich Leopold von Schrötter    (b. 1743 - d. 1815)
1795 - 1802                Anton Ludwig von Wagner            (b. 17.. - d. 1805)
25 Feb 1802 - 1808         Hans Jacob von Auerswald (1st time)(b. 1757 - d. 1733)
23 Dec 1808 - Dec 1810     Ludwig von Wissmann                (b. 1770 - d. 1856)
1810 - 1824                Hans Jacob von Auerswald (2nd time)(s.a.)


New East Prussia (Neuostpreussen)

30 Sep 1794                Occupied by Prussia, formerly part of Poland.
 6 Jun 1796                Incorporated into Prussia (bordered by the Buga river in the
                             south and the Neman river in the east).
29 Aug 1807                Incorporated into the Duchy of Warsaw (see Poland).

Military governor
30 Sep 1794 -  6 Jun 1796  Johann Heinrich von Günther        (b. 1736 - d. 1803)
Directing minister 
 6 Jun 1796 - 29 Aug 1807  Friedrich Leopold Freiherr von     (b. 1743 - d. 1815)
                             Schrötter 

Kammerpräsidenten Bialystok
1794 - 1798                Carl Ludwig von Knobloch           (b. 1764 - d. 1839)
1798 - 1802                Friedrich von Schimmelpfennig      (b. 1758 - d. 1829)
                             von der Oye
1802 - 1807                Friedrich Heinrich Wilhelm von
                             Wagner
Kammerpräsidenten Plock
1794 - 1798                Carl Ludwig von Knobloch           (s.a.)
1798 - 1802                Georg Ernst Friedrich Freiherr     (b. 1755 - d. 1812)
                              von der Recke
1802 - 1807                Johann Daniel von Broscovius       (b. 1745 - d. 1809)


Allenstein

10 Jan 1920                Separated from East Prussia and German authorities
                             withdrawn; under the Treaty of Versailles placed under the
                             authority of the Administration and Plebiscite Commission,
                             appointed by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
12 Feb 1920                Inter-Allied Control Commission for the plebiscite in Allenstein
                             takes over the administration.
11 Jul 1920                In a plebiscite 97.8% of the inhabitants vote in favor of 
                             Germany, 2.2% vote for Poland.
16 Aug 1920                Restored to Prussia/Germany.
Jun 1945                   Incorporated into Poland as Olsztyn.

President of the Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite
12 Feb 1920 - 16 Aug 1920  Ernest Amelius Rennie (U.K.)         (b. 1868 - d. 1935)

Reichskommissar (Imperial and State Commissioner) for East Prussian
Plebiscite
Area in Allenstein 
10 Jan 1920 - 16 Aug 1920  Wilhelm Moritz Egon Freiherr von     (b. 1879 - d. 1945)
                             Gayl            



Gelders

21 Dec 1703                Geldern and Viersen in Duchy of Gelders occupied by Prussia.
11 Apr 1713                Southern part of Duchy of Gelders (Geldern, Straelen, Wachtendonk,
                             Kessel, Kriekenbeek, Viersen) ceded to Prussia as Prussian Gelders
                             (Preussisch Geldern) by the Peace of Utrecht.
23 Aug 1757 - 1763         Occupied by France.
1794                       Occupied by France.
16 May 1795                Annexed to France as provisional arrondissement of Venlo.
1795 - 1814                Part of France, from 1801 part of Roer département.
1814 - 1815                Allied occupation.
1815                       Part of Prussia, from 1 Aug 1816 part of Jülich-Kleve-Berg
                             province.

Governors
 5 Jan 1704 - 1705         Joachim Friedrich von Wreech         (b. 1650 - d. 1724)
 8 Jul 1705 –  9 Aug 1712  Magnus Friedrich von Horn            (b. 1640 - d. 1712)
1713 –  8 Mar 1717         Philipp Siegmund von Hagen           (b. 1648 - d. 1717)
28 Sep 1720 – 1724         Georg von Lilien                     (b. 1652 - d. 1726)
1724 – 31 May 1738         Friedrich August von Röseler         (b. 1665 - d. 1738)
15 Jun 1738 – 28 Oct 1748  Georg Volrath von Kröcher            (b. 1678 - d. 1748)
Nov 1748 – 1757            Ernst August de la Chevallerie von   (b. 1688 - d. 1758)
                             la Motte
Mar 1757 - Aug 1757        von Salmuth
23 Aug 1757 - 12 Mar 1763? Jean-Jacques de Beaux, comte de      (b. 1704 - d. 1783)
                             Beausobre -French commander
1757 - 1763                de Fumeron de la Barlière -French Intendant
Mar 1763 - Oct 1764        Johann Christian Meyen 
Präsidenten der Kriegs-und Domänenkammer Geldern-Mörs
1765 - 1768                Friedrich Wilhelm von Derschau       (b. 1723 - d. 1779)
1768 - 1770                Wolfgang Friedrich August von Werder (b. 1716 - d. 1773)
Kammerdirectors Geldern-Mörs (subordinated to Mark)
1770 - 18 Oct 1793         Gottlieb Ludwig von Plessmann        (d. 1793)
Oct 1793 - 1806            Hans Christoph von Goldbeck          (b. 1735 - d. 1828)


Hannover
[Hanover (Prussia,
                  Germany)]
               22 Oct 1882 - 15 Sep 1935
c.Jun 1946                 Becomes a state.

Oberpräsidenten
1867 - 1873                Otto Graf zu Stolberg-Wernigerode  (b. 1837 - d. 1896)
1873 - 1873                Karl Heinrich von Boetticher       (b. 1833 - d. 1907)
1873 - 1878                Botho Wend August Graf von         (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
                             Eulenburg
1878 - 1888                Adolf Hilmar von Leipziger         (b. 1825 - d. 1891)
1888 - 1897                Rudolf von Bennigsen               (b. 1824 - d. 1902)
1898 - 1902                Konstantin Graf zu Stolberg-       (b. 1843 - d. 1905)
                             Wernigerode 
1902 - 1914                Richard von Wentzel                (b. 1850 - d. 1916)
1914 - 1917                Ludwig Hubert von Windheim         (b. 1857 - d. 1935)
 1 May 1917 -  1 Sep 1920  Ernst von Richter                  (b. 1862 - d. 1935)  DVP
 1 Sep 1920 - 25 Mar 1933  Gustav Noske                       (b. 1868 - d. 1946)  SPD
1933                       Friedrich Carl Ludwig von Velsen   (b. 1871 - d. 1953)  DNVP
                             (acting)
1933 - 1941                Viktor Lutze                       (b. 1890 - d. 1943)  NSDAP
1941 - 1945                Hartmann Lauterbacher              (b. 1909 - d. 1988)  NSDAP



Hessen-Nassau

[Hessen-Nassau Province
                1892-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
             3 Jun 1892 - 15 Sep 1935

 7 Dec 1868                Province of Hessen-Nassau.
 1 Jul 1944                Divided into Kurhessen and Nassau provinces
19 Sep 1945                Merged into state of Gross-Hessen.

Civil commissioner
20 Sep 1866 -  1 Oct 1867  Eduard von Moeller                 (b. 1814 - d. 1880)
Oberpräsidenten
 1 Oct 1867 - 1871         Eduard von Moeller                 (s.a.)
1872 - 1875                Ludwig Carl Christoph von          (b. 1811 - d. 1879)
                             Bodelschwingh
1876 - 1881                Carl Ludwig August Freiherr von    (b. 1815 - d. 1889)
                             Ende
1881 - 1892                Botho Wend August Graf zu          (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
                             Eulenburg
1892 - 1898                Eduard Ludwig Karl Magdeburg       (b. 1844 - d. 1932)
1898 - 1903                Robert Graf von Zedtlitz-          (b. 1837 - d. 1914)
                             Trützschler
 1 Sep 1903 - 1907         Hubert Ludwig von Windheim         (b. 1857 - d. 1935)
1907 - 1917                Wilhelm Hengstenberg               (b. 1853 - d. 1927)
1917 - 1919                August Clemens Bodo Paul Wilhelm   (b. 1855 - d. 1938)
                             von Trott zu Solz
1919 - 1930                Rudolf Schwander                   (b. 1868 - d. 1950)  DDP
1930 - Jul 1932            August Haas                        (b. 1881 - d. 1945)  SPD
1932 - 1933                Ernst von Hülsen                   (b. 1875 - d. 1950)
 7 Jun 1933 -  8 Sep 1943  Philipp von Hessen                 (b. 1896 - d. 1980)  NSDAP
 8 Sep 1943 -  1 Apr 1944  Ernst Beckmann (acting)            (b. 1893 - d. 1957)  NSDAP


Kurhessen

Oberpräsidenten
 1 Jul 1944 - 10 Apr 1945  Karl Gerland                       (b. 1905 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
10 Apr 1945 - 10 May 1945  .... (acting)
10 May 1945 - 19 Sep 1945  Fritz Hoch (acting)                (b. 1896 - d. 1984)  SPD


Nassau

Oberpräsident
 1 Jul 1944 - Apr 1945     Jakob Sprenger                     (b. 1884 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
Regierungspräsidenten
24 Apr 1945 -  4 Aug 1945  Hans Karl August Friedrich Bredow  (b. 1879 - d. 1959)  
                             (acting to 1 May 1945)
 4 Aug 1945 - 19 Sep 1945  Martin Nischalke                   (b. 1882 - d. 1962)  SPD 



Jülich-Kleve-Berg

 1 Aug 1816                Jülich-Kleve-Berg province
27 Jun 1822                Niederrhein and Jülich-Kleve-Berg united as Rhein province.

Oberpräsidenten
Nov 1815 - Mar 1816        Johann August Sack                (b. 1764 - d. 1831)
1816 - 24 Feb 1822         Friedrich Ludwig Christian Graf   (b. 1769 - d. 1822)
                             von Solms-Laubach
24 Feb 1822 - 27 Jun 1822  Karl Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr     (b. 1753 - d. 1831)
                             von Ingersleben


Magdeburg Duchy

1680                        Duchy of Magdeburg (Herzogtum Magdeburg), under
                              Brandenburg-Prussia.
1806 - 1814                 French occupation.
 1 Aug 1816                 Part of Prussian province of Sachsen.

Directing ministers 
1723 - 1771                 the Directing ministers for Kurmark
1771 - 1806                 the Directing ministers for
                             
Niedersachsen & Westphalia (see Mark)

Governors
1675 - 1681                 August Herzong von Schleswig-     (b. 1635 - d. 1699)
                              Holstein-Norburg-Plön
1681 - 1687                 Ernst Gottlieb von Börstel        (b. 1630 - d. 1687)

1687 - 1691                 Ernst Carl Graf von Schomberg
1691 - 1692                 Lüdecke Ernst von Schöning        (b. 1649 - d. 1693)
1692 - 18 Dec 1701          Wilhelm von Brandt                (b. 1644 - d. 1701)
Dec 1701 -  9 Apr 1747      Leopold von Anhalt-Dessau         (b. 1676 - d. 1747)
1747 - 16 Dec 1751          Leopold Maximilian von Anhalt     (b. 1700 - d. 1751)
                              -Dessau
1751 -  2 May 1755          Anselm Christoph von Bonin        (b. 1685 - d. 1755)
1755 - Dec 1766             Ferdinand Herzog von Braunschweig (b. 1721 - d. 1792)
Dec 1766 - 14 Mar 1785      Friedrich Christoph von Saldern   (b. 1719 - d. 1785)
1785 - 1789                 Christoph August von Lengefeld    (b. 1728 - d. 1789)
1789 - 1800                 Ludwig Karl von Kalckstein        (b. 1725 - d. 1800)
1800 - 11 Nov 1806          Franz Kasimir von Kleist          (b. 1736 - d. 1808)
20 Nov 1806 -  6 Jan 1807   Jean-Baptiste Eblé (1st time)     (b. 1758 - d. 1812)
Jan 1807 -  8 Apr 1807      Jean Jacques Liébert              (b. 1758 - d. 1814)
 8 Apr 1807 - Feb 1808      Jean-Baptiste Eblé (2nd time)     (s.a.)
20 Feb 1808 - 1813?         Claude Ignace François Michaud    (b. 1751 - d. 1839)
1813 - 1814                 Jean Léonor François Le Marois    (b. 1776 - d. 1836)

K
ammerpräsidenten zu Magdeburg
17 Sep 1720 - 1735          Heinrich Christoph von Katte      (b. 1699 - d. 1760)
1735 - 31 Mar 1754          Caspar Wichard von Platen         (b. 1717 - d. 1754)
 5 Apr 1754 - 24 Sep 1755   Ernst Wilhelm von Schlabrendorff  (b. 1719 - d. 1769)
24 Sep 1755 -  3 Sep 1763   Joachim Christian von Blumenthal  (b. 1720 - d. 1800)
Sep 1763 - Sep 1769         Christoph Albrecht von Auer       (b. 1710 - d. 1794)
Sep 1769 - Dec 1770         Friedrich Wilhelm Graf von der    (b. 1742 - d. 1815)

                             
Schulenburg-Kehnert
Dec 1770 - 1775             Leopold Otto Freiherr von Gaudi   (b. 1728 - d. 1789)
Oct 1775 - 1785             Christoph Friedrich aus dem Winkel
1785 - 1796                 Adolph Ludwig von Puttkamer
22 Nov 1796 - 1803          Ferdinand Ludwig Friedrich von
    (b. 1757 - d. 1826)
                              Angern
Oct 1803 - Nov 1804         Friedrich Carl Heinrich Graf von  (b. 1768 - d. 1805)
                              Schwerin
1804 - 1807                 Hans Graf von Bülow               (b. 1774 - d. 1825)


Mark

1160                       County of Mark (Grafschaft Mark) emerges from Berg.
1391                       Joined in personal union with County of Cleves.
1521 - 12 Nov 1614         Part of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
12 Nov 1614                Mark under Brandenburg rule.
1807 - 1813                French occupation (part of Grand Duchy of Berg 1808-13).
 1 Aug 1816                Part of Westphalia province.

Directing ministers for Niedersachsen and Westphalia (incl. Cleves, Mark,
Geldern, Minden-Ravensberg, Tecklenburg and from 1766, East Friesland)
Jan 1723 - Apr 1739        Friedrich von Goerne              (b. 1670 - d. 1746)
 3 Apr 1739 - 1747         August Friedrich von Boden        (b. 1682 - d. 1762)
1747 - 1754                Adam Otto von Viereck             (b. 1684 - d. 1758)
1754 - 1764                Friedrich Wilhelm von Borcke      (b. 1693 - d. 1769)
13 Jun 1764 -  6 Feb 1771  Ludwig Philipp von Hagen          (b. 1724 - d. 1771)
12 Feb 1771 -  4 Dec 1786  Friedrich Wilhelm von der         (b. 1742 - d. 1815)
                             Schulenburg-Kehnert          
 5 Dec 1786 - 15 May 1802  Friedrich Anton von Heynitz       (b. 1725 - d. 1802)
1802 - 1803                Karl August von Hardenberg        (b. 1750 - d. 1822)
1803 - 1807                Ferdinnd Ludolph Friedrich        (b. 1757 - d. 1828)
                             von Angern

Kammerdirektoren der Kriegs- und Domänenkammerdeputation (in Hamm)
 1 Jun 1767 - 1768         Justus Wollrath Gottfried Müller
1768 - 1774                Johann Christoph Kessel
1774 - 1787                Christian Heinrich Ernst Freiherr (b. 1739 - d. 1794)
                             von Ledebur
Kammerpräsidenten Mark (in Hamm)
1787 - 1793                Christian Heinrich Ernst Freiherr (s.a.)
                             von Ledebur
1793 - 1804                Heinrich Friedrich Karl Freiherr  (b. 1757 - d. 1831)
                             vom Stein   
1804 - 29 Oct 1806         Ludwig Freiherr von Vincke        (b. 1774 - d. 1844)


Minden-Ravensberg

1180                       Prince-Bishopric of Minden (Fürstbistum Minden).
1521                       County of Ravensburg part of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
12 Nov 1614                Ravensburg under Brandenburg rule.
15 Oct 1649                Prince-Bishopric of Minden secularized and annexed to Brandenburg .
1719                       County of Ravensberg (Grafschaft Ravensberg) and Principality
                             of Minden joined under Prussian administration as
                             Minden-Ravensberg.
Apr 1759 - Aug 1759        Minden occupied by France.
28 Aug 1807 - 1813         Part of the Kingdom of Westphalia.
Oct 1813                   Allied/Prussian occupation.
 1 Aug 1816                Part of Prussian province of Westpalia.

Kammerpräsidenten der Kriegs- und Domänenkammer
1723 – 1725                Heinrich Wennemar von Merode       (b. 1681 - d. 1735)
1725 – 1738                Friedrich Wilhelm von Borck(e)     (b. 1692 - d. 1769)
1738 - 1743                Friedrich Wilhelm von Rochow       (b. 1690 - d. 1764) 
1743 – 1746                Alexander Samuel Freiherr von      (d. 1780)
                             Loeben        
1746 – 1761                Valentin von Massow                (b. 1712 - d. 1775)
1763 – 1771                Karl Friedrich von Dachroeden      (b. 1732 - d. 1809)
1771 – 1794/96             Franz Traugott Friedrich Wilhelm   (b. 1739 - d. 1796)
                             von Breitenbauch
1796 – 1803                Heinrich Friedrich Karl Freiherr   (b. 1757 - d. 1831)
                             vom und zum Stein
16 Jan 1804 -  7 Sep 1805  Johann Friedrich Wilhelm von       (b. 1757 - d. 1832)
                             Bernuth                    
Sep 1805 – 1807            Friedrich Alexander von Hoevel     (b. 1766 - d. 1826)



Niederrhein (Lower Rhine)

 1 Aug 1816                Grand Duchy of Lower Rhine (Grossherzogtum Niederrhein), simply
                             known as Lower Rhine (Niederrhein) province, established.
27 Jun 1822                Niederrhein and Jülich-Kleve-Berg united as Rhein province.

Oberpräsident
1816 - 27 Jun 1822         Karl Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr von  (b. 1753 - d. 1831)
                             Ingersleben 



Pomerania (Pommern)

[Pomerania 1882-1935
                (Prussia, Germany)]
              22 Oct 1882 - 15 Sep 1935

1170                       Duchy of Pomerania (Herzogtum der Pommerellen) under Poland.
24 Oct 1648                Swedish possession confirmed by the Treaty of Westpahlia 
                             (West Pomerania, including Stettin, and the island of Rügen;
                             the archbishopric [but not the city] of Bremen and the 
                             adjoining bishopric of Verden, Wismar, and the island of Pöl
                             (see Swedish Pomerania).
 6 Jun 1653                Swedish forces left Kolberg and are replaced by Brandenburg troops.
11 Jul 1654                Hinterpommern (Hither Pomerania or Farther Pomerania), becomes
                             the Prussian Province of Pomerania.
19 Sep 1657                Lauenburg, Bütow and Draheim granted by Poland to Prussia as fiefs
                             (until 1772 when they are directly annexed to Prussia).
1659 - 1660                Swedish Pomerania occupied by Brandenburg troops (excluding only
                             Stralsund and Stettin).
17 Dec 1677 -  3 Dec 1679  Swedish Pomerania occupied by Brandenburg and Denmark.
28 Jun 1679                Strip of land on the east side of the Oder, except for Gollnow and
                             Altdamm, ceded to Brandenburg.
21 Jan 1719                Swedish Pomerania south of the river Peene and east of the river
                             Peenestrom are ceded to Prussia, including the islands of Usedom
                             and Wollin, and the towns of Stettin, Damm and Gollnow
                             (incorporated into Prussia on 29 May 1720).
14 Nov 1806 -  5 Dec 1813  French occupation.
23 Oct 1815                Denmark cedes Swedish Pomerania to Prussia; the area
                             is fully incorporated into Prussia from 5 Jan 1818.
 2 Aug 1945                Partitioned along the Oder; eastern part (Hinterpommern)
                             to Poland, western part (Vorpommern) to Germany.

Statthalter Pommern (Pomerania governors)
 1 Jul 1650 - 1665         Philipp von Horn                   (d. 1683)
1665 - 1678                Ernst Bogislaw Herzog von Croy
     (b. 1620 - d. 1684)
                             und Arschot                
1678 - Feb 1695            Georg Freiherr von Derfflinger     (b. 1606 - d. 1695)
1695 - 1698                Heinrich von Flemming
1698 - 21 Jun 1731  
      Albrecht Friedrich Markgraf von    (b. 1672 - d. 1731)
                             Brandenburg-Schwedt
 1 Sep 1731 - 1758         August Wilhelm von Preussen        (b. 1722 - d. 1758)
1758 - 17 Aug 1786         
Friedrich Wilhelm II von Preussen  (b. 1744 - d. 1797)
17 Aug 1786 - 16 Nov 1797  Friedrich Wilhelm III von Preussen (b. 1770 - d. 1840)
16 Nov 1797 -  7 Jun 1840  Friedrich Wilhelm IV von Preussen  (b. 1795 - d. 1861)
 7 Jun 1840 -  2 Jan 1861? Friedrich Ludwig Wilhelm von       (b. 1797 - d. 1888)
                             Preussen
Directing ministers
1723 - 1806                the 
Directing ministers for Neumark
Präsidenten der Kriegs- und Domänenkammern
10 Sep 1716 - Aug 1736     Caspar Otto von Massow             (d. 1736)
Aug 1736 -  5 Jul 1742     Philip Otto von Grumbkow           (b. 1684 - d. 1752)
1742 - Mar 1763            Georg Wilhelm von Aschersleben
31 Mar 1763 - 29 Nov 1787  Hans Friedrich von Schöning        (b. 1717 - d. 1787)
1787 - 1795                Carl Wilhelm von Bessel
1795 - 1798                Johann Friedrich von Schütz        (d. 1798)   
1798 - 1806                Karl Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr von
                             Ingersleben                      (b. 1753 - d. 1831)
1806 - 1808                Georg Christian Ludwig von         (b. 1765 - d. 1828)    
                             Heydebreck
Chiefs of civil administration of Neumark and Pommern
31 Jul 1807 -  1 Aug 1807  August Heinrich von Borgstede      (b. 1758 - d. 1824)

 1 Aug 1807 - 1808         Karl Justus Gruner                 (b. 1777 - d. 1820)
Military governor
 1 Aug 1807 - 11 Nov 1811  Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher      (b. 1742 - d. 1819)
Oberpräsident Pommern, Kurmark, Neumark und Magdeburg
 6 Dec 1808 - Nov 1810     Johann August Sack                 (b. 1764 - d. 1831)  
French governors
 7 Dec 1806 - 15 Apr 1807  Thouvenot
15 Apr 1807 - 12 Aug 1807  Jean-Jacques Liébert               (b. 1758 - d. 1814)
1811 - Jun 1812            Dirk, graaf van Hogendorp          (b. 1761 - d. 1822)
Jul 1812 - 1812            Louis-Henri Loison                 (b. 1771 - d. 1816)            

1812 -  5 Dec 1813         Grandeau
Civil governors

15 Mar 1813 - 30 May 1814 
Karl Friedrich von Beyme           (b. 1765 - d. 1838)
30 May 1814 - 25 May 1815  ....
Oberpräsidenten

25 May 1815 - Jan 1816     Karl Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr von
                             Ingersleben                      (s.a.)
10 May 1816 - 18 Jun 1831  Johann August Sack                 (s.a.)
20 Jul 1831 - Feb 1835     Moritz Haubold Freiherr von        (b. 1770 - d. 1860)
                             Schönberg 
12 May 1835 - 28 Jan 1852  Wilhelm Friedrich Fürchtegott von  (b. 1786 - d. 1852)
                             Bonin
28 Jan 1852 - 12 Sep 1852  Vacant
12 Sep 1852 - 12 Oct 1866  Ernst Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf (b. 1795 - d. 1882)
                             Freiherr Senfft von Pilsach 
 1 Jan 1867 - 21 Jul 1882  Ferdinand Karl Wilhelm August      (b. 1810 - d. 1882)
                             Freiherr von Münchhausen 
26 Jan 1883 - 1891         Ulrich Karl August Wilhelm Hermann (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
                             Axel Graf von Behr-Negendank 
 3 Jul 1891 - Dec 1899     Robert Victor von Puttkammer       (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
 1 Jan 1900 - 1911         Helmuth Freiherr von Maltzahn      (b. 1840 - d. 1923)
 1 Nov 1911 - 1917         Wilhelm August Hans von Waldow-    (b. 1856 - d. 1937)
                             Reitzenstein
Aug 1917 - 22 Mar 1918     Max Hermann Freiherr von Ziller    (b. 1867 - d. 1929)
 1 Apr 1918 - 31 Mar 1919  Georg Michaelis                    (b. 1857 - d. 1936)
 1 Apr 1919 - 31 Mar 1930  Julius Lippmann                    (b. 1864 - d. 1934)  DDP
 1 Apr 1930 - Oct 1933     Karl von Halfern                   (b. 1873 - d. 1937)  DVP
                             (acting to Jun 1930)
Oct 1933 - 21 Jul 1934     Rudolf zur Bonsen (acting)         (b. 1886 - d. 1952)  NSDAP
21 Jul 1934 -  4 May 1945  Franz Schwede-Coburg               (b. 1888 - d. 1966)  NSDAP



Posen (Poznan)
 
[Posen
                          1815-1886 (Prussia, Germany)]
  1815 - 1849, 22 Oct 1882 - 9 Nov 1896
[Posen
                          1886-1920 (Prussia, Germany)]
            9 Nov 1896 - 28 Dec 1918

20 Jun 1815                Incorporated into Prussia as Grand Duchy of Posen.
 7 Feb 1849                Province of Posen (autonomy abolished).
28 Dec 1918                Occupied by Poland
26 Oct 1939                Part of occupied Poland annexed as Reichsgau Posen.
 2 Nov 1939                Renamed Wartheland.
1945                       Re-incorporated into Poland.

Grand Dukes (Gross Herzog von Poznan)
20 Jun 1815 - 11 Nov 1918  the kings of Prussia
Governor
1815 - 1830                Antoni Henryk Fürst Radziwill von  (b. 1775 - d. 1833) 
                             Nieswiecz-Olyka 
Oberpräsidenten
30 Apr 1815 - 1824         Joseph Zerboni di Sposetti         (b. 1760 - d. 1831)
1825 -  4 Oct 1830         Johann Friedrich Theodor           (b. 1768 - d. 1830)
                             (from 1828, von) Baumann 
1830 - 1840                Eduard Heinrich Flottwell          (b. 1786 - d. 1865)
1840 - 1842                Adolf Heinrich Graf von Arnim-     (b. 1803 - d. 1868)
                             Boitzenburg
1843 - 1850                Carl Moritz von Beurmann           (b. 1802 - d. 1870)
 3 Aug 1850 - 1851         Gustav Carl Gisbert Heinrich       (b. 1797 - d. 1878)
                             Wilhelm Gebhard von Bonin
                             (1st time) 
10 Jul 1851 - 1860         Eugen von Puttkammer               (b. 1800 - d. 1874)
23 Apr 1860 - 1862         Gustav Carl Gisbert Heinrich       (s.a.)
                             Wilhelm Gebhard von Bonin 
                             (2nd time)
1862 - 1869                Carl Wilhelm Heinrich Georg von    (b. 1807 - d. 1889)
                             Horn 
1869 - 1873                Otto Graf von Königsmarck          (b. 1815 - d. 1889)
1873 - 1886                William Barstow von Guenther       (b. 1815 - d. 1892)
1886 - 1890                Robert Graf von Zedtlitz-          (b. 1837 - d. 1914)
                             Trützschler
1890 - 1899                Hugo Theodor Wichardt Freiherr     (b. 1840 - d. 1905)
                             von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff 
1899 - 1903                Karl Julius Rudolf von Bitter      (b. 1846 - d. 1914)
1903 - 1911                Wilhelm August Hans von Waldow-    (b. 1856 - d. 1937)
                             Reitzenstein
1911 - 1914                Philipp Schwartzkopff              (b. 1858 - d. 1914)
1914 - 1918                Johann Karl Friedrich Moritz       (b. 1862 - d. 1942)
                             Ferdinand von Eisenhart-Rothe
Reichskommissar (Imperial and State Commissioner) for Upper Silesia and Posen
 6 Apr 1919 - Jan 1920     Friedrich Otto Hörsing             (b. 1874 - d. 1937)
 


South Prussia (Südpreussen)

24 Jan 1793                Occupied by Prussia; formerly part of Poland.
 7 Apr 1793                Incorporated into Prussia.
29 Aug 1807                Incorporated into the Duchy of Warsaw (see Poland).
20 Jun 1815                Eastern part to Russia ("Congress" Poland); the western part
                             becomes the Prussian province of Posen (s.a.).


Military governor

24 Jan 1793 -  7 Apr 1793  Wichard Joachim Heinrich von       (b. 1734 - d. 1816) 
                             Möllendorff 
Directing ministers
 7 Apr 1793 - 24 Sep 1794  Otto Karl Friedrich von Voss       (b. 1755 - d. 1823)
                             (1st time)
24 Sep 1793 - 22 Apr 1798  Karl Georg Heinrich Graf von Hoym  (b. 1739 - d. 1807)
23 Oct 1794 - 10 Mar 1798  Bucholtz (acting for von Hoym)
22 Apr 1798 - 29 Aug 1807  Otto Karl Friedrich von Voss       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)


Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia
[Posen-West Prussia
                  1920-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
             9 Sep 1923 - 15 Sep 1935
1922                       Grenzmark (or "Border Marks") Posen-West Prussia formed 
                             from portions of Posen and West Prussia provinces
                             that were not annexed by Poland.
 2 Sep 1938                Divided between Brandenburg, Pommern, and Schlesien.
 2 Aug 1945                Incorporated into Poland.

Oberpräsidenten
21 Jul 1922 - 1933         Friedrich von Bülow                (b. 1868 - d. 1936)  DVP
 1 Apr 1933 -  5 Jul 1933  Hans von Meibom                    (b. 1879 - d. 1960)  DNVP
 5 Jul 1933 -  7 Aug 1936  Wilhelm Paul Richard Kube          (b. 1887 - d. 1943)  NSDAP
 7 Aug 1936 -  2 Sep 1938  Emil Stürtz                        (b. 1892 - d. 1945)  NSDAP


Wartheland

 1 Nov 1939                Part of occupied Poland annexed as Reichsgau Posen.
194.                       Renamed Wartheland.
1945                       Re-incorporated into Poland.

Military governor
12 Sep 1939 - 25 Oct 1939  Alfred von Vollard-Bockelberg      (b. 1874 - d. 1945)  Mil
Reichsstatthalter
26 Oct 1939 - 23 Feb 1945  Arthur Greiser                     (b. 1897 - d. 1946)  NSDAP
                             (chief of civil government from 14 Oct 1939)



Rheinland (Rhein)
[Rhineland 1882-1935
                  (Prussia, Germany)]
            22 Oct 1882 - 15 Sep 1935
 2 Oct 1794                French invasion of the Rhineland begins (Aachen taken 6 Oct 1794).
18 Oct 1797                Treaty of Campo Formio de facto cedes Rhineland territories to
                             to France.
 9 Feb 1801 - 1813         Annexed to France.
30 Jun 1802                The Rhine departments become regular departments of France.
1813 - 1815                Allied occupation.
 1 Aug 1816                Niederrhein and Jülich-Kleve-Berg provinces created.
27 Jun 1822                Niederrhein and Jülich-Kleve-Berg united as Rhein province.
15 Jun 1945                Southern part merged into Rheinland-Hessen-Nassau.
19 Jul 1946                Northern part merged into Nordrhein-Westfalen.

Oberpräsidenten
27 Jun 1822 - 13 May 1831  Karl Heinrich Ludwig Freiherr von  (b. 1753 - d. 1831)
                             Ingersleben
1831 - 1834                Philipp von Pestel                 (b. 1767 - d. 1835)
1834 - 1842                Ernst Albert Karl Wilhelm Ludwig   (b. 1794 - d. 1854)
                              von Bodelschwingh 
1842 - 1845                Justus Wilhelm Eduard von Schaper  (b. 1792 - d. 1868)
16 Jul 1845 - Sep 1848     Franz August Eichmann (1st time)   (b. 1793 - d. 1879)
Sep 1848 - 12 Nov 1848     Eduard von Moeller (acting)        (b. 1814 - d. 1880)
12 Nov 1848 - 31 Aug 1850  Franz August Eichmann (2nd time)   (s.a.)
1850 - 1851                Rudolf Ludwig Cäsar von Auerswald  (b. 1795 - d. 1866)
Jul 1851 - 1858            Hans Hugo von Kleist-Retzow        (b. 1814 - d. 1892)
1858 -  7 Dec 1871         Adolph von Pommer-Esche            (b. 1804 - d. 1871)
17 Jun 1872 -  1 Oct 1889  Moritz Heinrich Albrecht von       (b. 1814 - d. 1890)
                             Bardeleben
1889 - 1890                Hans Hermann Freiherr von          (b. 1843 - d. 1926)
                             Berlepsch
1890 - 1905                Berthold Johann Marcellus Edmund   (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
                             Nasse
1905 - 1910                Clemens August Freiherr von        (b. 1856 - d. 1922)
                             Schorlemer-Lieser
1910 - 1918                Georg Freiherr von Rheinbaben      (b. 1855 - d. 1921)
Apr 1918 - 10 May 1922     Rudolf Felix Joseph von Groote     (b. 1858 - d. 1922)
1922 - Mar 1933            Johannes "Hans" Fuchs              (b. 1874 - d. 1956)  Z
Mar 1933 - 1935            Hermann Freiherr von Lüninck       (b. 1893 - d. 1975)  DNVP
1935 -  7 May 1945         Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven   (b. 1898 - d. 1945)  NSDAP


Sigmaringen (Hohenzollern)

[Hohenzollern Province
                1882-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
           22 Oct 1882 - 1 Sep 1935

 7 Dec 1849                Princes of Principalities of Fürstentum Hohenzollern-Hechingen
                             and Fürstentum Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen both abdicate;
                             principalities under Prussian administration.
12 Mar 1850                Principalities incorporated into Prussia (part of Rheinland province
                             [Regierungbezirk of Sigmaringen]) forming a Prussia exclave in
                             Wuttemberg.
13 Jul 1945                Merged with southern Wurtemberg into Südwürttemberg-
                             Hohenzollern (from 22 Jul 1947 Württemberg-Hohenzollern).

Regierungspräsidenten (presidents of government)
 6 Apr 1850 -  8 Aug 1851  Adolf Karl Freiherr von            (b. 1792 - d. 1852)
                             Spiegel-Borlinghausen und zu
                             Peckelsheim
 8 Aug 1851 - 13 Feb 1852  Anton von Sallwürk (acting)        (b. 1807 - d. 1871)
13 Feb 1852 - 1854         Ludwig Viktor Marquis von Villers  (b. 1810 - d. 1881)
                             Graf von Grignoncourt                
15 Apr 1854 - 26 Mar 1859  Rudolf von Sydow                   (b. 1805 - d. 1872)
 4 Apr 1859 - 1862         Karl Theodor Seydel                (b. 1812 - d. 1873)
May 1862 - Jun 1863        Johann Hermann von Graaf (1st time)(b. 1811 - d. 1891)
                             (acting)
1864 - 1873                Robert Ludwig Werner von Blumenthal(b. 1803 - d. 1892)
10 Dec 1874 -  1 May 1886  Johann Hermann von Graaf (2nd time)(s.a.)
13 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1893  Adolf Wilhelm Gustav Freiherr      (b. 1833 - d. 1893)
                             Frank von Fürstenwerth
20 Apr 1894 -  1 Mar 1898  Franz Albert Maria von Schwartz    (b. 18.. - d. 1907)
 4 Mar 1898 - 16 Oct 1899  Karl Friedrich von Oertzen         (b. 1844 - d. 1914)
14 Nov 1899 - 30 Sep 1919  Maria Franz Leopold August Petrus  (b. 1852 - d. 1928)
                             Hubertus Xaverius Graf von Bühl  (b. 1860 - d. 1930)  Z
 1 Oct 1919 - 30 Apr 1926  Emil Belzer                        (b. 1860 - d. 1930)  Z
 1 May 1926 - 31 Aug 1931  Alfons Scherer                     (b. 1885 - d. 1964)
 1 Sep 1931 - Feb 1933     Heinrich Brand                     (b. 1887 - d. 1971)  Z
27 Feb 1933 - 31 Jul 1939  Carl Alfred Simons                 (b. 1877 - d. 1960)  NSDAP
 1 Aug 1940 - 31 Jul 1941  Hermann Darsen                     (b. 1892 - d. 1941)  NSDAP
 1 Aug 1941 - 30 Jan 1942  Hans Piesbergen                    (b. 1891 - d. 1907)  NSDAP
30 Jan 1942 - 22 May 1945  Wilhelm Dreher (acting)            (b. 1892 - d. 1969)  NSDAP



Sachsen (Saxony)
 
[Saxony
                          Province 1882-1884 (Prussia, Germany)]
            16 Mar 1882 - 9 Nov 1884
[Saxony
                          Province 1884-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
           9 Nov 1884 - 15 Sep 1935

 5 Jun 1815                Allied administration, formerly part of kingdom of Saxony.
 1 Apr 1816                Prussian province of Saxony.
 1 Jul 1944                Divided into Magdeburg and Halle-Merseburg provinces.
23 Jul 1945                Magdeburg and Halle-Merseburg merged into the province 
                             of Sachsen-Anhalt.

Allied Governor-general
 5 Jun 1815 - 21 Jun 1815  Eberhard Friedrich Christoph       (b. 1744 - d. 1826)
                             Ludwig Freiherr von der Recke
Civil governor
21 Jun 1815 - 31 Mar 1816  Wilhelm Anton von Klewitz          (b. 1760 - d. 1838)
Oberpräsidenten
 1 Apr 1816 - 1821         Friedrich Wilhelm August Werner    (b. 1762 - d. 1827) 
                             von Bülow
1821 - 1825                Friedrich Christian Adolf von Motz (b. 1775 - d. 1830)
                             (acting to 1824) 
1825 - 1837                Wilhelm Anton von Klewitz          (b. 1760 - d. 1838)
1837 - 1840                Anton Graf zu Stolberg-Wernigerode (b. 1785 - d. 1854)
                             (acting to 1838)
1840 - 1844                Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell      (b. 1786 - d. 1865)

1844 - 1845                Wilhelm Felix Heinrich Magnus      (b. 1801 - d. 1866)
                             von Wedell 
1845 - 1850                Gustav Carl Gisbert Heinrich       (b. 1797 - d. 1878)
                             Wilhelm Gebhard von Bonin 
1850 - 1872                Hartmann Erasmus von Witzleben     (b. 1805 - d. 1878)
1873 - 1881                Erasmus Robert Freiherr von Patow  (b. 1804 - d. 1890)
1881 - 1890                Arthur Paul Ferdinand von Wolff    (b. 1828 - d. 1898)
1890 - 1897                Albert Reinhold von Pommer-Esche   (b. 1837 - d. 1903)
1898 - 1906                Karl Heinrich von Boetticher       (b. 1833 - d. 1907)
1906 - 1908                Adolf Wilhelm Kurt Freiherr von    (b. 1850 - d. 1941)
                             Wilmowski 
1908 - 1917                Eduard Wilhelm von Hegel           (b. 1849 - d. 1925)
1917 -  1 Jul 1919         Rudolf Wilhelm Graf von der        (b. 1860 - d. 1930)
                             Schulenburg
23 Feb 1920 - 1927         Friedrich Otto Hörsing             (b. 1874 - d. 1937)  SPD
1927 - 1930                Heinrich Waentig                   (b. 1870 - d. 1943)  SPD
Jun 1930 - 21 Jul 1932     Carl Falck                         (b. 1884 - d. 1947)  DDP
1933                       Kurt Melcher                       (b. 1881 - d. 1970)  DVP
1933 - 20 Jun 1934         Friedrich Carl Ludwig von Velsen   (b. 1871 - d. 1953)  DNVP
                             (acting)
1934 -  1 Jul 1944         Kurt Albert Paul von Ulrich        (b. 1876 - d. 1946)  NSDAP


Magdeburg

Oberpräsident
 1 Jul 1944 - 1945         Rudolf Jordan                      (b. 1902 - d. 1988)  NSDAP


Halle-Merseburg

Oberpräsident
 1 Jul 1944 - 1945         Joachim Albrecht Eggeling          (b. 1884 - d. 1945)  NSDAP



Schlesien (Silesia)
[Silesia 1882-1918
                  (Prussia, Germany)]
            22 Oct 1882 - 14 Oct 1919
11 Jun 1742                Annexed by Prussia from Austria.
14 Oct 1919                Partitioned into Upper and Lower Silesia provinces.
12 Feb 1920 - 1921         Upper Silesia under Inter-Allied administration.
20 Oct 1921                Eastern parts of Upper Silesia ceded to Poland.
 1 Apr 1938                Reunited into one province.
 1 Oct 1938 - May 1945     Hultschin re-annexed by Germany.
26 Oct 1939                Former Polish voivodship of Slaskie annexed.

27 Jan 1941                Divided again.

Präsidenten der Kriegs- und Domänenkammern
Jun 1742 - 17 Mar 1742     Ludwig Wilhelm Graf von Münchow    (b. 1712 - d. 1753)
                           + Reinhard
Directing ministers
17 Mar 1742 - 1753         Ludwig Wilhelm Graf von Münchow    (s.a.)
1753 - 1755                Joachim Ewald von Massow           (b. 1697 - d. 1769)
1755 - 1769                Ernst Wilhelm von Schlabrendorff   (b. 1719 - d. 1769)
1769 - 31 Aug 1807         Karl Georg Heinrich Graf von Hoym  (b. 1739 - d. 1807)
Oberpräsidenten
31 Aug 1807 - 1813         Ewald Georg von Massow             (b. 1754 - d. 1820)
                             (civil general-commissioner to 6 Dec 1808)
1813 - 13 Mar 1813         Karl Freiherr von Altenstein       (b. 1770 - d. 1840)
Military governors
 1 Aug 1807 - Mar 1812     Julius von Grawert                 (b. 1746 - d. 1821)
24 Mar 1812 - 1814?        Friedrich Adolf Graf von Kalckreuth(b. 1737 - d. 1818)
Civil governor
13 Mar 1813 - 31 Mar 1816  Friedrich Theodor Merckel          (b. 1775 - d. 1846)
Oberpräsidenten
 1 Apr 1816 - 1820         Friedrich Theodor Merckel          (s.a.)
                             (1st time) 
1820 - 1824                Richter (acting)
1824 - 1825                Moritz Haubold Freiherr von        (b. 1770 - d. 1860)
                             Schönberg
1825 - 10 Jul 1825         Ludwig Friedrich Viktor Hans Graf  (b. 1774 - d. 1825)
                             von Bülow 
1825 - 16 May 1845         Friedrich Theodor (from 1828, von) (s.a.)
                             Merckel (2nd time) 
1845 - 1848                Wilhelm Felix Heinrich Magnus von  (b. 1801 - d. 1866)
                             Wedell 
30 Mar 1848 - 20 Nov 1848  Julius Hermann Pinder              (b. 1805 - d. 1867)
1848                       Hans Ludwig David Julius Theodor   (b. 1805 - d. 1865)
                             Florian Graf York von Wartenburg
                             (acting)
1848 -  4 Jun 1869         Johann Eduard Christoph Freiherr   (b. 1798 - d. 1869)
                             von Schleinitz
1869 -  8 Aug 1872         Eberhard Graf zu Stolberg-         (b. 1810 - d. 1872)
                             Wernigerode
1873 - 1874                Ferdinand Otto Freiherr von        (b. 1816 - d. 1901)
                             Nordenflycht
1874 - 1877                Adolf Graf von Arnim-Boitzenburg   (b. 1832 - d. 1887)
1877 - 1879                Robert Victor von Puttkamer        (b. 1828 - d. 1900)
1879 - 1894                Otto Theodor von Seydewitz         (b. 1818 - d. 1898)
1894 - 1903                Hermann Fürst von Hatzfeldt-       (b. 1848 - d. 1933)
                             Trachenberg 
1903 - 1909                Robert Graf von Zedlitz-           (b. 1837 - d. 1914)
                             Trachenberg 
1910                       Johann Nikolaus Michael Louis von  (b. 1855 - d. 1919)
                             Dallwitz
1910 - 31 Mar 1919         Hans Lauchlan von Guenther         (b. 1864 - d. 1934)
 8 Apr 1919 - 14 Oct 1919  Felix Philipp                      (b. 1868 - d. 1933)  SPD
 1 Apr 1938 - 27 Feb 1941  Josef Wagner                       (b. 1899 - d. 1945)  NSDAP


Niederschlesien (Lower Silesia)(Lausitzer Neisse)
[Silesia 1882-1918
                  (Prussia, Germany)]
                 1920 - 15 Sep 1935
 2 Aug 1945                Part of Poland (except for the parts west of the Neisse).

Oberpräsidenten
14 Oct 1919 - 25 May 1920  Felix Philipp                      (b. 1868 - d. 1933)  SPD
1920 - 1928                Hermann Zimmer                     (b. 1867 - d. 1928)  SPD
 1 Sep 1928 - 1932         Hermann Lüdemann                   (b. 1880 - d. 1959)  SPD
Oct 1932 - Mar 1933        Friedrich Graf von Degenfeld-      (b. 1878 - d. 1969)  DNVP
                             Schonburg 
14 Jun 1933 - 26 Dec 1934  Helmuth Brückner                   (b. 1896 - d. 1954)  NSDAP
                             (acting to 2 Aug 1933)
26 Dec 1934 -  1 Apr 1938  Josef Wagner                       (b. 1899 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
27 Jan 1941 -  5 May 1945  Karl Hanke                         (b. 1903 - d. 1945)  NSDAP


Oberschlesien (Upper Silesia)
[Upper Silesia
                  1920-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
            1 Jul 1926 - 15 Sep 1935
 4 Feb 1920                Hultschin (Hlucin) area ceded to Czechoslovakia by Treaty
                             of Versailles.
12 Feb 1920 - 1921         Oberschlesien conditionally separated from Prussia and
                             placed under authority of an international commission.
 1 Oct 1938 - May 1945     Hultschin re-annexed by Germany.
 2 Aug 1945                Incorporated into Poland.

Oberpräsidenten
 8 Nov 1919 - 1922         Joseph Bitta (acting)              (b. 1856 - d. 1932)  Z
1923 - 1929                Alfons Proske                      (b. 1881 - d. 1950)  Z
1929 - 19 May 1933         Hans Lukaschek                     (b. 1885 - d. 1960)  Z
14 Jun 1933 - 26 Dec 1934  Helmuth Brückner                   (b. 1896 - d. 1954)  NSDAP
                             (acting to 2 Aug 1933)
26 Dec 1934 -  1 Apr 1938  Josef Wagner                       (b. 1899 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
27 Jan 1941 - 1945         Fritz Bracht                       (b. 1899 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
 

Reichskommissare (Imperial and State Commissioners)
1919                       Karl Johann Ferdinand Budding      (b. 1870 - d. 1945)
 6 Apr 1919 - Jan 1920     Friedrich Otto Hörsing             (b. 1874 - d. 1937)

Chairman of the Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for Upper Silesia
12 Feb 1920 - 1921         Henri-Louis-Edouard Le Rond        (b. 1864 - d. 1949)
                             (France)



Schleswig-Holstein

[Schleswig-Holstein 1867-1935 unofficial
                          flag (Prussia, Germany)]
              1867 - 15 Sep 1935 (unofficial)
[Schleswig-Holstein Province unofficial
                          1884-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
             1867 - 15 Sep 1935 (unofficial)

30 Oct 1864                Schleswig and Holstein ceded to Austria and Prussia by Denmark.

23 Aug 1866
                Annexed to Prussia.
28 Jun 1919                Schleswig conditionally separated from Prussia by Treaty of
                             Versailles; placed under authority of an international
                             commission.
10 Feb 1920                Northern Schleswig votes 74.2% for reunification with Denmark.
14 Mar 1920                Central Schleswig votes 80.2% to remain part of Germany.
15 Jun 1920                Northern Schleswig is restored to Denmark.
23 Aug 1946                Organized as a state.

Civil Commissioners for Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg
 7 Dec 1864 - 15 Sep 1865  Konstantin Freiherr von Zedlitz-   (b. 1821 - d. 1889)
                             Neukirch (Prussia)
 7 Dec 1864 - 23 Dec 1864  Carl Ramon Soter Freiherr von      (b. 1817 - d. 1890)
                             Lederer (Austria)
23 Dec 1864 - 15 Sep 1865  Anton Halbhuber Freiherr von       (b. 1809 - d. 1886)
                             Festwill (Austria)
Governor for Schleswig
15 Sep 1865 - 15 Jun 1866  Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel      (b. 1809 - d. 1885)
                             (Prussia)
President of the Schleswig government
15 Jun 1866 -  1 Oct 1868  Konstantin Freiherr von Zedlitz-   (s.a.)
                             Neukirch (Prussia)
Governor for Holstein

15 Sep 1865 - 12 Jun 1866  Ludwig Karl Wilhelm Freiherr von   (b. 1814 - d. 1874)
                             Gablenz (Austria)
Oberpräsident
12 Jun 1866 - 24 Jan 1867  Carl Theodor August Freiherr von   (b. 1811 - d. 1892)
                             Scheel-Plessen (Prussia)
Oberpräsidenten

24 Jan 1867 - 1879         Carl Theodor August Freiherr von   (b. 1811 - d. 1892)
                             Scheel-Plessen

1879 - 1880                Carl Heinrich von Boetticher       (b. 1833 - d. 1907)
1880 - 1896                Georg Franz Maximilian             (b. 1830 - d. 1901)
                             (from 1888, von) Steinmann 
1897 - 1901                Ernst Matthias von Köller          (b. 1841 - d. 1928)
1901 - 1906                Adolf Wilhelm Kurt Freiherr von    (b. 1850 - d. 1941)
                             Wilmowski
1906 - 1907                Kurt Ludwig Karl von Dewitz        (b. 1847 - d. 1925)
1907 - 1914                Detlev Wilhelm Theodor von Bülow   (b. 1854 - d. 1926)
1914 - 31 Dec 1918         Friedrich Ludwig Elisa von Moltke  (b. 1852 - d. 1927)
10 Mar 1919 - 21 Jul 1932  Heinrich Kürbis                    (b. 1873 - d. 1951)  SPD
Oct 1932 - 25 Mar 1933     Heinrich Thon                      (b. 1872 - d. 1939)  DDP
25 Mar 1933 - May 1945     Heinrich Lohse                     (b. 1896 - d. 1964)  NSDAP
 

Reichskommissar (Imperial and State Commissioner)
Apr 1919 - Apr 1920        Adolf Köster-Damm                  (b. 1883 - d. 1930)

Chairman of the Inter-Allied Commission of Government and Plebiscite for Schleswig 
 8 Aug 1919 - 16 Jun 1920  Sir Charles Murray Marling (U.K.)  (b. 1862 - d. 1933)


Sudetenland (1938- 45): see under Czech Republic
Wartheland (1939-45): see Posen
Westmark (1941-45): see under Saarland

Westphalia (Westfalen)

[Westphalia
                          to 1882 (Prussia, Germany)]
            16 Mar 1882 - 9 Nov 1884
[Westphalia
                          1882-1935 (Prussia, Germany)]
            22 Oct 1882 - 15 Sep 1935

Oct 1813                   Allied/Prussian occupation
13 Nov 1813                Civil Government of Weser und Rhein.
 1 Aug 1816                Prussian province of Westphalia.
23 Aug 1946                Part of Nordrhein-Westfalen.

Allied General commissioner
Oct 1813 - 13 Nov 1813     Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm Philipp
                             Freiherr von Vincke              (b. 1774 - d. 1844)
Civil governor
13 Nov 1813 - 31 Jul 1816  Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm Philipp   (s.a.)
                             Vincke 
Oberpräsidenten
 1 Aug 1816 -  2 Dec 1844  Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm Philipp   (s.a.)
                             (from 1837, Freiherr von) Vincke 
 2 Dec 1844 - 27 May 1845  Justus Wilhelm Duvignon (acting)   (b. 1793 - d. 1866)
27 May 1845 - 15 Jul 1846  Justus Wilhelm Eduard von Schaper  (b. 1792 - d. 1868)
15 Jul 1846 - 21 Jul 1850  Eduard Heinrich Flottwell          (b. 1786 - d. 1865)
21 Jul 1850 -  8 May 1871  Franz Gerhard Xaver von Duesberg   (b. 1793 - d. 1872)
 8 May 1871 -  2 Jun 1871  Franz Otto Gustav Albert von
                             Manderode (acting)               (b. 1805 - d. 1871)
 2 Jun 1871 -  2 Dec 1882  Friedrich Christian Hubert von
                             Kühlwetter                       (b. 1809 - d. 1882)
 2 Dec 1882 - 23 Jul 1883  August Julius Wilhelm von
                             Liebermann (acting)              (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
23 Jul 1883 - 29 May 1889  Robert Eduard von Hagemeister      (b. 1827 - d. 1902)
29 May 1889 -  2 Apr 1899  Heinrich Konrad Studt              (b. 1838 - d. 1921)
 2 Apr 1899 - 16 Sep 1899  Alfred Klemens Karl Maria von
                             Gescher (acting)                 (b. 1844 - d. 1932)
16 Sep 1899 - 16 Feb 1911  Gustav Wilhelm Eberhard Freiherr
                             von der Recke von der Horst      (b. 1847 - d. 1911)
16 Feb 1911 - 13 Mar 1911  Ladislaus von Jarotzky (acting)    (b. 1858 - d. 19..)
13 Mar 1911 -  3 May 1919  Karl Egon zu Hohenlohe-            (b. 1860 - d. 1931)
                             Schillingsfürst
                            (Prinz von Ratibor und Corvey
)               
 3 May 1919 - 1919         Felix Friedrich Graf von Merveldt  (b. 1862 - d. 1926)  DNVP
                             (1st time) (acting) 
1919 - 31 Mar 1922         Bernhard Friedrich von Wuermeling  (b. 1854 - d. 1937)  Z
31 Mar 1922 - 28 Apr 1922  Felix Friedrich Graf von Merveldt  (s.a.)               DNVP
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
28 Apr 1922 - 31 Mar 1933  Johannes Franz Gronowski           (b. 1874 - d. 1958)  Z
31 Mar 1933 - 1933         Hermann Pünder (acting)            (b. 1888 - d. 1976)  Z
1933 - 1938                Ferdinand Joseph Meinolph Anton    (b. 1888 - d. 1944)  DNVP
                             Maria Freiherr von Lüninck  
1938 - May 1945            Alfred Meyer                       (b. 1891 - d. 1945)  NSDAP
May 1945 -  2 Jun 1945     Karl Friedrich Kolbow (acting)     (b. 1899 - d. 1945)
 2 Jun 1945 -  2 Jul 1945  Bernhard Salzmann (acting)         (b. 1886 - d. 1959)



West Prussia (Westpreussen)

[Royal Prussia
                            1466-1772]
             1466 - 5 Aug 1772
           Polish Royal (West) Prussia 
[West Prussia
                            1886-1918 (Prussia, Germany)]
           22 Oct 1882 - 10 Jan 1920
               West Prussia province
 6 Mar 1454                Royal Prussia (Königlisches Preussen in German, Prusy Krolewskie
                             in Polish) made a principality in personal union with
                             the king of Poland, who takes the style of Prince of Prussia.
                             Royal Prussia originates in the Prussian Confederation 
                             (Preussischer Bund), established in 14 Mar 1440 by the local 
                             estates (die Stände) - 19 cities and 53 vassals (Ritterschaft)
                             who asked for protection of Poland on 4 Feb 1454.
 4 Jul 1569                West Prussia in full union with Poland, called also Littoral
                             Poland (Pomorze Polskie) in Polish. Consists of three provinces:
                             Pomerelia (Pomorskie), Culmerland (Chelminskie) and Marienburg
                             (Malborskie).
1703 - 1709                Occupied by Sweden.
 5 Aug 1772                West Prussia annexed by Prussia in the First Partition of
                             the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
31 Jan 1773                Province of West Prussia created.
 3 Dec 1829 -  1 Apr 1878  United with Ostpreussen as Prussia (Preussen).
10 Jan 1920                Incorporated into Poland.
10 Jan 1920 - 16 Aug 1920  District of Marienwerder under Allied control.
 1 Sep 1939                Re-incorporated into Germany as Danzig-West Prussia 
                             (from 26 Oct 1939 see under Danzig).
 2 Apr 1945                Restored to Poland.


Directing ministers
1713 - 1769                the
Directing ministers for Neumark
1769 - 1806                the 
Directing ministers for Prussia             
Oberpräsident

1772 - 1781                Johann Friedrich von Domhardt      (b. 1712 - d. 1781)
1791 - 1815                Friedrich Leopold Freiherr         (b. 1743 - d. 1815)
                             von Schrötter
                            (
Staatsminister from 31 Jul 1807)
1807 - 1808                Alexande Graf zu Dohna-            (b. 1771 - d. 1831)
                             Schlobitten (acting for Schrötter)
 6 Dec 1808 - Nov 1810    
Hans Jakob von Auerswald           (b. 1757 - d. 1833)
                            (
Oberpräsident Ostpreussen, Westpreussen und Litauen)
French Governors

 4 Jun 1812 - 1812         the governors in East Prussia
Prussian Military governors
 1 Aug 1807 - Dec 1809?    Wilhelm René de l'Homme de         (b. 1733 - d. 1811)
                             Courbière
11 Dec 1809 - Nov 1811     Ludwig August von Stutterheim      (b. 1750 - d. 1826)
1811 - 1812                Hans David Ludwig Graf Yorck von   (b. 1759 - d. 1830)
                             
Wartenburg
1812 - 1813                Friedrich Wilhelm von Bülow von    (b. 1755 - d. 1816)
                             Dennewitz

1813 - 1816                ....
Oberpräsidenten

 1 Apr 1816 -  3 Dec 1829  Theodor Heinrich von Schön         (b. 1773 - d. 1856)
 3 Dec 1829 -  1 Apr 1878  united with Ostpreussen
 1 Apr 1878 - 1879         Heinrich Karl Julius von Achenbach (b. 1829 - d. 1899)
1879 - 1888                Karl Adolf August Ernst von        (b. 1827 - d. 1894)
                             Ernsthausen
1888 - 22 Apr 1891         Adolf Hilmar von Leipziger         (b. 1825 - d. 1891)
23 Apr 1891 -  1 Aug 1891  Friedrich Heinrich Ehrenreich Hans (b. 1841 - d. 1921)
                             von Holwede (acting)
 1 Aug 1891 - 29 Sep 1902  Gustav Heinrich Konrad von Gossler (b. 1838 - d. 1902)
29 Sep 1902 - 15 Oct 1902  Jaroslaw von Jarotzky (acting)     (b. 1851 - d. 1928)
15 Oct 1902 - 1905         Clemens Gottlieb Ernst von         (b. 1856 - d. 1921)
                             Delbrück
18 Oct 1905 - 1919         Ernst Ludwig von Jagow             (b. 1853 - d. 1930)
Reichskommissar (Imperial and State Commissioner) for West Prussia 
Jan 1919 - 10 Jan 1920     August Winnig                      (b. 1878 - d. 1956)
Military governors
 1 Sep 1939 - 14 Sep 1939  Günther von Kluge                  (b. 1882 - d. 1944)
14 Sep 1939 - 25 Oct 1939  Walter Heitz                       (b. 1878 - d. 1944)


Kammerpräsidenten
der Marienwerder
13 Nov 1772 -  8 Jun 1773  Klaus Bertram von Below            (b. 1728 - d. 1779)
1773 - Jun 1780            Carl Gottlieb Vorhoff              (b. 1732 - d. 1784)
30 Jun 1780 - 1786         Ernst Wilhelm Benjamin von         (b. 1744 - d. 1802)
                             Korckwitz
1786 - Jul 1790            Ludwig Friedrich von Domhardt      (b. 1745 - d. 1821)
 6 Jul 1790 - 22 Jul 1790  Friedrich Ewald Ernst von Massow   (b. 1750 - d. 1791)
1791 - 1797                Ernst Wilhelm Benjamin von
        (s.a.)
                             Korckwitz (2nd time)     
Mar 1797 - 1802            Hans Jakob von Auerswald           (b. 1757 - d. 1833)
1802 - 1807                Karl Justus Freiherr von
           (b. 1743 - d. 1810)
                             Buddenbrock  
1807 - 1808                Friedrich Ferdinand Alexander
      (b. 1771 - d. 1831)
                             Graf von Dohna-Schlobitten
Dec 1808 -  3 Dec 1810     von Würtz (acting)
 3 Dec 1810 - 1813?        Ludwig von Wissmann                (b. 1770 - d. 1854)
 


Marienwerder

10 Jan 1920                Separated from West Prussia and German authorities withdrawn; 
                             under the Treaty of Versailles placed under the
                             authority of the Administration and Plebiscite Commission,
                             appointed by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
11 Jul 1920                In a plebiscite 92.3% of the inhabitants vote in favor
                             of Germany, 7.5% vote for Poland.
16 Aug 1920                Re-incorporated into Prussia/Germany, part of East Prussia
                             province.
 2 Apr 1945                Restored to Poland as Kwidzyn.

Chairman of the Inter-Allied Control Commission and the Plebiscite Commission
10 Jan 1920 - 16 Aug 1920  Angelo Pavia (Italy)               (b. 1858 - d. 1933)

Reichskommissare (Imperial and State Commissioners)
10 Jan 1920 - 1920         Hans Kutter                        (b. 1870 - d. 1929)
1920 - 16 Aug 1920         Theodor Christian Traugott Graf    (b. 1874 - d. 1950)
                             von Baudissin zu Neustadt






© Ben Cahoon