World Statesmen.org HOME > return to Saudi Arabia >>

 







Arabian Polities


al-Hasa`: see under Saudi Arabia



Manfuha

1682                       Sheikhdom of Manufuah 
1834                       Wahhabi rule (see Nejd).

Sheikhs
1682 – 1726                Dawwas ibn `Abd Allah ibn Sha`lan     (d. 1726)
1726 – 1727                 Muhammad I                           (d. 1727) 
1727 – 17..                `Abd Allah I ibn Faris 
bf.1746 – 17..             `Ali ibn Mazru`
c.1755 - ...               Muhammad II ibn `Abd Allah ibn Faris 
c.1809 – 18..              `Abd Allah II ibn Mazru`
18.. – 1825                Ibrahim ibn Mazru` 
1825 – 1834                Mishari ibn `Abd ar-Rahman ibn 
                             Mishari ibn Sa`ud



Abu Arish

[Oman pre-1970]

13th cent.                 Sheikhdom
1627 - 1750                Under the Imams of Yemen.
1750                       Sheikdom of Abu Arish (restored).
1803 - 1819                Under Wahabi rule.
1830 - 1840                Egyptian occupation.
1863                       Annexed to `Asir.

Sheiks
1750 - 1863                ....



Ar-Bir

16..                       Sheikhdom of ar-Bir in the Sudayr region.
1850                       State suppressed.

Sheikhs
16..- ...                  Muhammad ibn al-`Aqir 
... - ...                  `Abd Allah ibn al-`Aqir
... - ...                  Hamad ibn Muhammad 
.. - 1850                  ....



Raudha

bf.1697                    Sheikhdom of Raudha
...                        State suppressed.

Sheikhs
bf.1697 – 17..             Madhi ibn Ghazir
17.. - 1745                Muhammad                              (d. 1745)
1745 – 1757                Fauzan ibn Ghazir ibn Madhi 
1757 – 17..                `Umayr ibn Ghazir 
17.. – 1782                `Aun ibn Mani' al-Madhi
1782 – 17..                `Aqil ibn Man'i al-Madhi



Khardj 

c.1688                     Emirate of Khardj
1804 – 1818                Wahhabi rule (see Nejd).
1818 – 1823                Egyptian occupation (see Burayda).
1865                       United with Nejd.

Emirs
c.1688 - ...               Zamil ibn `Uthman Mishari 
c.1740 - 1776              Zayid (1st time)                      (d. 1783)
1776                       Sulayman ibn `Ufaysan (1st time)
1776 - 1783                Zayid (2nd time)                      (s.a.)
1783 - 1784                Barrak                                (d. 1784) 
1784 - 1785                Turki 
1785 - 1793                Sulayman ibn `Ufaysan (2nd time)
1793 - 1804                Ibrahim ibn `Ufaysan
1804 – 1818                Wahhabi rule
1818 – 1823                Egyptian rule 
1823 - 1825                Zaqm ibn Zamil 
1825 - 1828/30             `Umar ibn Muhammad ibn `Ufaysan       (d. 1839)
1830 – 184.                Fahd ibn `Abd Allah ibn `Ufaysan
1847 – 1865                Prince Sa`ud ibn Faysal of Nejd


Hejaz: see under Saudi Arabia



al-Qasim Region

`Unayzah (`Anayza)

1768                       Emirate of Unayzah (`Anayza).
1819 – 1922/23             Egyptian occupation.
1839 – 1840                Egyptian occupation.
1849                       Wahhabi rule (see Nejd).
1904                       Annexed to Nejd.

Emirs
1768                       `Abd Allah ibn Hamad ibn Zamil        (d. 1768)
1768 - 1788                Yahya ibn `Ali 
1788 - ....                `Abd Allah II ibn Yahya 
.... - 1819                `Abd Allah III ibn Rashid             (d. 1819)
                             al-`Alaiyan 
c.1819 - 1822              `Abd Allah IV al-Djama'i
18.. – 18..                Sulayman ibn Rashid al-`Alaiyan 
18.. – 1841                Yahya II 
1841 - 1845                `Abd Allah V
1845 – 1848                Ibrahim 
1848 – 1849                Nasir as-Suhaym                       (d. 1858)
Governors-general 
1849 - 1854                Djalwi ibn Turki
1854 - 1867                `Abd Allah VI ibn Yahya 
1867 – 1891                Zamil as-Sulaym                       (b. 1831 – d. 1891)
1891 - 1895                `Abd Allah VII ibn Yahya ibn Salih
1895 - 1900                Salih al-Amir
1900 - 1904                Hamad ibn `Abd Allah 


Burayda

[Emirate of Burayda flag]

1768                       Emirate of Burayda
1776                       Wahhabi rule (see Nejd).
1819 – 1822/23             Egyptian occupation.
1823                       Emirate of Burayda (restored).
1863                       Under suzerainty of Nejd.
1908                       Incorporated into Nejd.

Emirs
1768                       Hamud al-Duraybi
1768 - 1769                Rashid al-Duraybi (1st time) 
1769 – 1770                al-`Alaiyan
1770 – 1775                Rashid al-Duraybi (2nd time)
1775 - 1776                `Abd Allah ibn Hasan al-`Alaiyan      (d. 1776)
Governor-general (in al-Qasim)
1776 – 1819                Hudjaylan ibn Hamad al-`Alaiyan       (b. c.1738 – d. 1819)
Governors
181. – 18..                Ismail Pasha
18.. – 182.                Halid Pasha
Emirs
1823 - 1826/28             Muhammad al-`Ali ash-Shayr
1826/28 - 1850             `Abd al-`Aziz al-Muhammad ibn Hasan   (d. 1861)
                             (1st time)
1850 - 1851                `Abd al-Muhsin al-Muhammad ibn Turki
1851 – 1859                `Abd al-`Aziz al-Muhammad ibn Hasan   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1859                       `Abd Allah ibn `Abd al-`Aziz ibn      (d. 1859)
                             `Adwan al-`Alaiyan 
1859                       Muhammad ibn Ghanim                   (d. 1859)
1859 – 1861                `Abd al-`Aziz al-Muhammad ibn Hasan   (s.a.)
                             (3rd time) 
1861 - 1863                `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Ibrahim of Manfuha
1863                       Muhammad ibn Ahmad as-Sudayri
1863                       Sulayman ar-Rashid al-`Alaiyan
1867 – 1891                Zamil as-Sulaym                       (b. 1831 – d. 1891)
Governors-general (in al-Qasim)
1827 - 1839                Ahmad ibn Nasir as-Sani               (d. 1861)
1863 - 1876                Muhanna as-Salih abal Khayl           (d. 1876)
1876 – 1891                Hasan al-Muhanna                      (b. 1836 – d. 1902)
1891 - 1902                Salim al-Subhan 
1902 - 1906                Salih al-Muhanna                      (b. 1876 – d. 19..) 
1906 - 1908                Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah abal Khayl    (b. 1871 – d. 19..) 
1908 - 1913                `Abd Allah ibn Djalwi ibn Turki       (b. 1890 – d. 1935)



Sudayr Region

`Auda

17..                       Sheikhdom of Auda
17..                       Annexed by Nejd.

Sheikhs
17.. - 1757                `Abd Allah ibn Sultan                 (d. 1757)
1757 - 1767                `Uthman ibn Sa`dun                    (d. 1767)
1767 – 17..                Mansur ibn Abd Allah ibn Hamad



Djaladjil

Sheikhs
bf.1762 - 17..             Suwayhid I
Governors-general
1779 - 18....              `Abd Allah ibn Djaladjil, Sudayri 
18.. - 1831                Suwayhid II ibn `Ali ibn Djaladjil


Harma

...                        Sheikhdom of Harma
1779                       Destroyed by the Wahhabis.

Sheikhs
... - 1777                `Uthman ibn `Abd Allah
1777 - 1779                Nasir ibn Ibrahim



Madjm`a

bf.1758                    Sheikhdom of Madjam`a
1882 - 1908                Part of Jebel Shammar.
1908                       Annexed by Nejd.

Sheikhs
bf.1758 - 1778             Hamad ibn `Uthman
1779 - 180?                `Abd Allah ibn Djaladjil
18.. – 1823                Mazyad
1823 – 18..                Muhammad ibn Saqr
18.. – 1827                Ibn `Abdan
1827 - 1839                Ahmad ibn Nasir as-Sani               (d. 1861)
1839 – 1841                Muhammad ibn Ahmad as-Sudayri 
                             (1st time)
1841                       `Abd Allah ibn Husayn (1st time)
1841 – 184.                `Abd al-`Aziz ibn Mishari ibn `Aiyaf
bf.1796 - 1832             Faysal ibn Wathban ad-Duwish          (d. 1832)
184. - 1853                Muhammad ibn Ahmad as-Sudayri
                             (2nd time)
1853 – 18..                `Abd Allah ibn Husayn (2nd time)
Governors
188. – 18..                Sulayman ibn Sami
18.. - 1896                Ibrahim al-`Askar
1896 - 1908                `Abd Allah al-Askar



Washm Region 

Shaqr

Sheikhs
bf.1803 – 18..             `Abd Allah ibn Hamad ibn Ghayhab
bf.1818 - af.1834          Hamad ibn Yahya ibn Ghayhab


Tarmada

Sheikh
bf.1853 - ....             Ibrahim ibn Sulayman


Mutayr

1872                       Emirate of Mutayr
1908                       Annexed to Nejd.

Sheikhs
bf.1796 - 1832             Faysal ibn Wathban ad-Duwish          (d. 1832)
1832 - 184.                Muhammad al-Makni
bf.1847 - 1856/57          Humaydi                               (d. 1856/57)
.... - ....                `Ammash ad-Duwish
Emirs
1872 - c.1907              ....
c.1907 – 1908              Faysal II ad-Duwish



`Asir

c.983 – 1003               Sheikhdom of `Asir
1524 - 1538                Part of Mameluke Sultanate of Egypt.
1539                       Part of Ottoman Empire, under governors of Yemen.
1728                       Sheikhdom in Djazan and Abu `Arish 
1802 - 1815                Wahhabi vassals rule in `Asir as-Sarat.
1818 - 18..                Egyptian occupation.
1823/24                    Sheikhdom of Upper (North) `Asir; under 
                             Mughayd (or `Ayad [Jewish]) dynasty.
1830                       Sheikhdom of Lower (South) `Asir; under Idris
                             dynasty independent under (nominal) suzerainty of
                             the `Ayad's to 1909.
1872                       Annexed by Ottoman Empire.
1914                       Emirate of Asir declares independence.
20 Nov 1930                Incorporated into Hejaz.
20 May 1934                Kingdom of Yemen formally cedes Asir and Jizan
                             to Saudi Arabia.

Sheikhs
1728/29 - 1762/63          Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khayrat
1762/63 - 1809             Muhammad                              (d. 1809) 
1809 - 1818/40             Sharif Hamud ibn Muhammad Abu Mismar
1801 - 1809                `Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad ibn Abu       (d. 1809)
                           Nuqta ar-Rufayda (in `Asir as-Sarat) 
1809 – 1815                Tami ibn Shu`ayb (in `Asir as-Sarat)  (d. 1815)
1815 - 1840                ....
1840 - 1848                al-Husayn ibn `Ali ibn Haydar         (d. 1851) 
                             (in rebellion in Abu Arish)
1848 – 1855                Haydar (in rebellion in Abu Arish)
1855 - 185.                ....
185. – 1863                al-Hasan ibn Muhammad (in rebellion in Abu Arish)


Upper `Asir
 
[Flag of [Upper]
                Asir 1916-1920]
                     1916 - 1920

1802 - 1815                Wahhabi vassals rule in `Asir as-Sarat.
1818 - 18..                Egyptian occupation.
1823/24                    Sheikhdom of Upper (North) `Asir; under 
                             Mughayd (or `Ayad [Jewish]) dynasty.
1872                       Part of Ottoman Empire, annexed to Yemen.
1916                       Independent of (Lower) `Asir
Aug 1920                   Upper Asir a protectorate of Hejaz.
1923                       Annexed by Nejd.

Sheikhs
1823/24 – 18..             Sa`id ibn Muslat al-Mughaydi
18.. - 1833/34             `Ali ibn Mudjattil al-Mughaydi
1833/34 - 1856/57          `Al'ud ibn Mar`i ibn Musa al-Mughaydi (d. 1856/57)
1856/57 – 1872             Muhammad                              (d. 1872) 
1914 - 1916                al-Hasan ibn `Ayad (in Abha)
1916 - 1920                ....
Aug 1920 - 1923            ....


(Lower) `Asir
 
[Flag of
                          [Lower] Asir 1909-1927]
                 c.1909 -  1927
 
[Flag of [Lower]
                          Asir 1927-1934]
               1927 - 20 Nov 1930
 
Map of Asir
Capital: Sabyah
Population: 1,000,000 (1921 est.)

1830                       Sheikhdom of `Asir; under Idris dynasty.
1871 - 1914                Part of Ottoman Empire.
1908                       Sultanate of `Asir
1909                       Emirate of `Asir (de facto independence from Upper `Asir).
1914                       Emirate of Asir independent.
1917                       al-Qunfudhah exchanged with Hejaz for the Farasan Islands.
Jan 1921                   Port Hodeida (al Hudaydah) ceded by Britain
1926                       Vassal of Nejd.
20 Nov 1930                Incorporated into Hejaz.
20 Nov 1934                al-Hudaydah ceded to Yemen.

Imams and Sheikhs
1830 - 1838                Sayyid Ahmad al-Idrisi al-Hasani        (b. 1760 – d. 1837) 
1838 - 1889                Sayyid Muhammad (I) ibn Ahmad al-Idrisi (d. 1889)
                             al-Hasani
1889 - 1909                Sayyid Ali (I) ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad   (d. 1904)
                             al-Idrisi al-Hasani
1909                       Sayyid Muhammad (II) ibn Ali al-Idrisi  (b. 1876/7 - d. 1923)
                             al-Hasani 
Imams and Emirs
1909 - 20 Mar 1923         Sayyid Muhammad (II) ibn Ali al-Idrisi  (s.a.)
                             al-Hasani 
20 Mar 1923 - Feb 1926     Sayyid Ali (II) ibn Muhammad al-Idrisi  (b. 1905 - d. ....)
                             al-Hasani 
Feb 1926 - 20 Nov 1930     Sayyid al-Hasan ibn Ali al-Idrisi
                             al-Hasani


Nejd see under Saudi Arabia



Najran

[former Najran flag]


1633                       Muslim ecclesiastic principality of Najran (Nadjran) under
                             the suzerainty of Imams of Yemen; consequently under Ottoman
                             Empire.
30 Oct 1918                End of Ottoman suzerainty, remains under Yemen.
1926                       Nejd declares protectorate over Najran.
20 May 1934                Kingdom of Yemen formally cedes Najran, Asir, and Jizan
                             to Saudi Arabia.

Rulers (Da'ias)
1677 - 1717                Muhammad ibn Isma'il 
                             (from 1706, in Najran) 
1717 - 1747                Hibbat-Allah 
1747 - 1760                Isma'il I 
1760 – 1774                Hasan I `Ali 
1774 - 1780                `Abd al-`Ali ibn Hasan 
1780 - 1810                `Abd Allah I ibn `Ali 
1810 - 1819                Yusuf 
1819 - 1826                Husayn ibn Hasan ibn `Ali 
1826 - 1841                Isma'il II ibn Muhammad 
1841 - 1846                Hasan II 
1846 - 1872                Hasan III ibn  Isma'il 
1872 - 1889                Ahmad 
1889 - 1905                `Abd Allah II ibn `Ali ibn Husayn 
                              ibn `Ali 
1905 - 1912                `Ali I ibn Hibbat Allah 
1912 - 1934                `Ali II ibn Muhsin ibn Husayn         (d. 1936) 
1936                       Husayn Ahmad ibn Hasan (pretender)



`Ayayna

1446                       Sheikhdom of `Ayayna
1768                       Conquered by Dhari`iya (see Nejd).
1819                       Destroyed by Egypt.

Sheikhs
1685 – 1725                `Abd Allah III ibn Muhammad 
1725 - 1740                Muhammad II ibn Hamad Harfash 
1740 – 1750                `Uthman ibn Hamad                     (d. 1750)
1750 - 1759                Mishari ibn Ibrahim ibn Mu`ammar 
1759 - 1760                Sultan ibn Muhsin al-Mu`ammari
1760 - 1768                Nasir II ibn`Uthman                   (d. 1768) 



Durma

16..                       Sheikhdom of Durma
1757?                      Conquered by Dhari`iya (see Nejd).

Sheikhs
16.. – 1684                Muhammad I
1684 – 17..                ...
17.. - 1751                Ibrahim                               (d. 1751)
1751 - 1752/53             `Abd Allah ibn `Abd ar-Rahman
                             al-Muraydi
1753 - 1757?               Muhammad II 



Ghatghat

....                        Sultanate of Ghatghat.
19..                        Incorporated into Nejd.

Sultans
.... - c.1924               ....
c.1924                      ibn Bikhad


Jebel Shammar  (Hãil): see under Saudi Arabia



Rub al-Khali (Empty Quarter)

Bani al-Murrah

[Al-Imarat al-Murrah,
                1901-1917]
                     1901 - 1917

....                         Emirate of al-Murrah Tribe
1917                         Incorporated into Nejd.

Emirs
.... - 1917                  ....






 © Ben Cahoon