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Qatar
 
[Ottoman
                                    flag (to 1916)]
             Formally to 3 Nov 1916 
 
[Qatar
                                    to c.1860]
               18th cent. - c.1855/60
 
[Qatar
                                    c.1855/60 - c.1916, c.1916 -
                                    c.1932]
         c.1855/60 - c.1916, c.1916 - c.1932
 
[Qatar
                                    c.1916]
                                 c.1916
 
[Qatar
                                    c.1932-1936]
                             c. 1932 - 1936
 
[Qatar
                                    1936-1949]
                                1936 - 1949

[Qatar
                                    1949-1971]
                            1949 - 9 Jul 1971

[Qatar]
                            Adopted 9 Jul 1971


Map of Qatar
Hear National Anthem
"Al-Salam Al-Amiri"
(The Peace for the Anthem)
Adopted 7 Dec 1996
Hear Former Anthem
1954 - 7 Dec 1996
(No Words) 
Constitution
(9 Jun 2005)
Capital: Doha
Currency: Qatari Rial (QAR);
1966-1973 Qatari-Dubai Riyal
(XQDR); 1959-1966 Persian
Gulf Rupee (XPGR); 1892-1959
Indian Rupee (INR)
National Holiday: 3 Sep (1971)
Independence Day
Population: 2,042,444 (2013)
GDP: $198.7 billion (2013)
Exports: $12.7 billion (2013)
Imports: $39.5 billion (2013)
Ethnic groups: Arab 52.5% (of which Palestinian 13.4%,
Qatari 13.3%, Lebanese 10.4%, Syrian 9.4%),
Indo-Pakistani 15.2%, Iranian 16.5%, black African
9.5%, other 6.3% (2000)
Total Active Armed Forces: 11,800 (2010)
U.S. Forces: 816 (2012)
Merchant marine: 28 ships (2010)
Religions: Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004)
International Organizations/Treaties: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, APM, Arabsat, BTWC, CAEU, CICA (observer), CTBT, CWC, FAO, G-77, GAFTA, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, ICSID, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, IRENA (signatory), ISA, ISESCO, ISO, ITSO, ITU, KP, MIGA, NAM, NPT, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF (associate), OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Qatar
Chronology

1550 - 1670                Part of the Ottoman Empire.
12 Sep 1868                Muhammad ibn Thani signs treaty with the British,
                             effectively establishing Qatar (previously 
                             considered to be a dependency of Bahrain) as 
                             an independent State (al-Thani authority limited
                             to Doha and Wakrah, only later expanded to 
                             include the entire peninsula). 
1872                       Sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire over Qatar 
                             recognized (as kazan [district] of Sandjak
                             al-Hasa within vilayet of Baghdad [from 1875 
                             Basra] vilayet [see Iraq]).
 3 Nov 1916 -  3 Sep 1971  British protectorate (Qatar)(under the
                             chief political resident of the Persian 
                             Gulf; see under Bahrain).
 1 Jul 1937                Zubara annexed, previously under Bahrain.
 3 Sep 1971                State of Qatar

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Rulers (1872 - 3 Nov 1916 also Kaymakam [district administrator])
12 Sep 1868 - 1878         Muhammad ibn Thani                    (d. 1878)
1878 - 17 Jul 1913         Sheikh Qasim ibn Muhammad Al Thani    (b. c.1825 - d. 1913)
1893 - 1906                Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad             (b. 18.. - d. 1906)
                             Al Thani -Regent
17 Jul 1913 - 20 Aug 1949  Sheikh Abdullah ibn Qasim Al Thani    (b. 1876 - d. 1957)
                             (regent 13 May - 17 Jul 1913)
20 Aug 1949 - 24 Oct 1960  Sheikh Ali ibn Abdullah Al Thani      (b. 1894 - d. 1974)
24 Oct 1960 -  3 Sep 1971  Sheikh Ahmad ibn Ali Al Thani         (b. 1917 - d. 1977)
Emirs
 3 Sep 1971 - 22 Feb 1972  Sheikh Ahmad ibn Ali Al Thani         (s.a.)
22 Feb 1972 - 27 Jun 1995  Sheikh Khalifah ibn Hamad Al Thani    (b. 1932)
27 Jun 1995 - 25 Jun 2013  Sheikh Hamad ibn Khalifah Al Thani    (b. 1952)
25 Jun 2013 -              Sheikh Tamim ibn Hamad Al Thani       (b. 1980)

Prime ministers
29 May 1970 - 27 Jun 1995  Sheikh Khalifah ibn Hamad Al Thani    (s.a.)             Non-party
27 Jun 1995 - 29 Oct 1996  Sheikh Hamad ibn Khalifah Al Thani    (s.a.)             Non-party
29 Oct 1996 -  3 Apr 2007  Sheikh Abdullah ibn Khalifah Al Thani (b. 1959)          Non-party
 3 Apr 2007 - 26 Jun 2013  Sheikh Hamad ibn Jassim ibn Jabr      (b. 1959)          Non-party
                             Al Thani
26 Jun 2013 -              Sheikh Abdullah ibn Nasser ibn        (b. 1969)          Non-party
                             Khalifah Al Thani

                     

British Political Officers (subordinated to the chief political residents
of the Persian Gulf; see under Bahrain)
Aug 1949 - Jul 1950        Sir Arthur John Wilton (1st time)     (b. 1921 - d. 2011)
Jul 1950 - Aug 1950        Phillip Plant (adviser)
1950 - 1954                Sir Arthur John Wilton (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1954                       Michael S. Weir                       (b. 1925 - d. 2006)
1954 - 1955                Herbert George Jakins                 (b. 1897 - d. ....)
1955 - 1956                William Bennett Morison Johnston      (b. 1922 - d. 2001)
1956 - 1958                Derrick Charles Carden                (b. 1921 - d. 2006)
1958 - 1959                John Spenser Ritchie Duncan           (b. 1921 - d. 2006)
1959 - 1962                John Campbell Moberly                 (b. 1925 - d. 2004)
1962 - 1965                Philip McKearney                      (b. 1926)
1965 - 1969                Ranald H.M. Boyle                     (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
1969 -  3 Sep 1971         Edward Firth Henderson                (b. 1917 - d. 1995)

  The full style of the ruler:
(a) to 3 Sep 1971: Hakim Qatar ("Ruler of Qatar");
(b) from 3 Sep 1971: Emir Dawlat Qatar ("Emir of the State of Qatar").

Political Parties Not Allowed.

Territorial Disputes: None -On 16 Mar 2001, the World Court granted Bahrain sovereignty over the Hawar Islands and Qitat Jaradah shallows, and Qatar sovereignty over Zubarah and the shallows surrounding the islet of Fasht-el-Dibal.







Ben Cahoon