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Governments of Hawaii 1795-1900
 
[Hawaii flag 1793-1816]
                        1793 - 1816 
 
[Hawaii flag 1816-1843]
                           1816 - 25 Feb 1843
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
               25 Feb 1843 - 31 Jul 1843 
 
[Hawaii flag 1843-1845]
                      1843 - 20 May 1845
 
 
[Flag of
                                    Hawaii]
        20 May 1845 - 1 Feb 1893,  from 1 Apr 1893
                        Confirmed 4 Jul 1894
 
[U.S.
                                    44 star flag 1891]
                 1 Feb 1893 - 1 Apr 1893
 
 
Map of Hawaii
Hear National Anthem
"Hawai`i Pono`i "
(Hawaii's Own)
(1876-1893)
Former National Anthem
" E Ola Ke Alii Ke Akua"
(God Save the King)
 (1810-1866)
---------------------------------
Former National Anthem
“He Mele Lahui Hawaiʻi”
(The Song of the Hawaiian Nation) (1866 - 1876)
Constitutions
(1840, 1852, 1864, 1887)
---------------------------------
Republic Constitution
(1894-1900)
Capital: Honolulu
(Lahaina 1802-1845;
Kamakahonu 1795-1802)
Currency 1847-1899: Hawaiian
Dollar (HWD)
National Holiday:
1825-1871: Birthday of
King Kamehameha III

17 Mar (1813);
1871-1894: Kamehameha
Day 11 June;
Hawaiian Independence
Day 28 Nov (1843);
from 1894: Hawaiian Republic
Day 4 Jul (1894)
Population: 154,001
(1900 est.)
89,990 (1890)
GDP: $N/A
Exports: $29,342,697 (1900)
Imports: $2,964,693 (1900)
Total Armed Forces: 76 (1892); 476 (1896)
International Organizations/Treaties: UPU
Hawaii  Index
Chronology

1795                       Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands (also 
                             officially styled Hawaiian Kingdom).
25 Feb 1843 - 31 Jul 1843  Provisionally ceded to Britain 
                             (Sandwich Islands)(not recognized by U.K.).
28 Nov 1843                U.K. and France recognize Hawaiian independence.
25 Aug 1849 -  5 Sep 1849  French sacking of Honolulu by Adm. Louis Tromelin.
17 Jan 1893                Hawaiian Islands (provisional)
 1 Feb 1893 -  8 Dec 1893  U.S. protectorate declared (then revoked).
 4 Jul 1894 - 14 Jun 1900  Republic of Hawaii
12 Aug 1898                Annexed by the U.S.
14 Jun 1900                Territory of Hawaii
21 Aug 1959                U.S. State

Premiers
Finance
Foreign Affairs
Attorney General
Interior
Public Instruction
Post Office
Military & Navy
Legislature
Supreme Court
Royal Governors

Kings¹
1795 -  8 May 1819         Kamehameha I "the Great"           (b. 1758? - d. 1819)
20 May 1819 - 14 Jul 1824  Kamehameha II                      (b. 1797 - d. 1824)
14 Jul 1824 -  6 May 1825  Queen Elisabeta Kaahumanu -Regent  (b. 1772? - d. 1832)
                            (regent [for Kamehameha II from 1823;
                             for Kamehameha III to 5 Jun 1832])
 6 May 1825 - 15 Dec 1854  Kamehameha III                     (b. 1814 - d. 1854)
Jun 1832 - Mar 1833        Kinau (Kaahumanu II) (f) -Regent   (b. 1805 - d. 1839)
25 Feb 1843 - 31 Jul 1843  Lord George Paulet -U.K. Commander (b. 1803 - d. 1879)
25 Feb 1843 - 31 Jul l843  Kekauluohi (f) - Regent            (b. 1794 - d. 1845)
15 Dec 1854 - 30 Nov 1863  Kamehameha IV                      (b. 1834 - d. 1863)
30 Nov 1863                Princess Victoria Kamamalu -Regent (b. 1838 - d. 1866)
30 Nov 1863 - 11 Dec 1872  Kamehameha V                       (b. 1830 - d. 1872)
11 Dec 1872 -  9 Jan 1873  Executive Ministry
                           - Ferdinand William Hutchison      (b. 1819 - d. 1893)
                           - Robert Stirling (1st time)
                           - Stephen Henry Phillips           (b. 1823 - d. 1897)
 9 Jan 1873 -  3 Feb 1874  William Charles Lunalilo           (b. 1835 - d. 1874)
 3 Feb 1874 - 13 Feb 1874  Executive Ministry
                           - Edwin Oscar Hall                 (b. 1810 - d. 1883)
                           - Charles Reed Bishop              (b. 1822 - d. 1915)
                           - Robert Stirling (2nd time)
                           - Albert Francis Judd              (b. 1838 - d. 1900)
13 Feb 1874 - 20 Jan 1891  David Kalakaua                     (b. 1836 - d. 1891)
Queen¹
20 Jan 1891 - 17 Jan 1893  Liliuokalani                       (b. 1838 - d. 1917) 
                            (regent to 29 Jan 1891; abdicates 24 Jan 1895
Chairman of the Citizen's Committee of Public Safety
14 Jan 1893 - 17 Jan 1893  Henry Ernest Cooper (in rebellion) (b. 1857 - d. 1929)
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Provisional Government
17 Jan 1893 - 15 Feb 1893  Sanford Ballard Dole               (b. 1844 - d. 1926)
President of the Provisional Government
15 Feb 1893 -  4 Jul 1894  Sanford Ballard Dole               (s.a.)
24 Aug 1893 - 19 Oct 1893  
Francis March Hatch                (b. 1852 - d. 1923)
                             (acting for Dole)
President
 4 Jul 1894 - 14 Jun 1900  Sanford Ballard Dole               (s.a.)

Premiers

Kuhina Nui (Premiers)²
May 1819 -  5 Jun 1832     Elisabeta Kaahumanu (f)            (s.a.)
 5 Jun 1832 -  4 Apr 1839  Kinau (Kaahumanu II) (f)           (s.a.)
 5 Apr 1839 -  7 Jun 1845  Kekauluohi (Kaahumanu III) (f)     (s.a.)
10 Jun 1845 -  5 Sep 1853  John Kaleipahala Young II          (b. c.1810 - d. 1857)
                             (1st time)(Keoni Ana Opio)
 5 Sep 1853 - 14 Sep 1853  Lot Kamehameh (=Kamehameha V)      (s.a.)

14 Sep 1853 - 15 Jan 1855  John Kaleipahala Young II          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
15 Jan 1855 - 19 Dec 1863  Victoria Kamamalu (f)(Kaahumanu IV)(s.a.)
19 Dec 1863 - 20 Aug 1864  Mataio Kekuanaoa                   (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
20 Aug 1864                Post abolished

Royal Household

Chamberlains
10 Jun 1857 - 18 Jul 1857  
John Kaleipahala Young II          (s.a.)
31 Aug 1857 - 18..         Mataio Kekuanaoa                   (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
19 Dec 1863 - 1864         Charles Gordon Hopkins             (b. 1822 - d. 1886)
18 Feb 1864 - 18..         David Kalakaua                     (s.a.)
13 Jan 1873 - 1874         Horatio Gates Crabbe               (b. 1830 - d. 1903)
15 Apr 1874 - 1874         
William Luther Moehonua            (b. 1824 - d. 1878)
 2 Nov 1874 -  8 Sep 1875  Edwin H. Boyd
 8 Sep 1875 - 187.         
Fred William Beckley               (b. 1845 - d. 1881)
 6 Jul 1878 - 1886         Charles Hastings Judd              (b. 1835 - d. 1890)
26 Aug 1882 - 188.         E.W. Purvis (acting)
30 Aug 1886 - 188.         C
urtis Piehu Iaukea                (b. 1855 - d. 1940)
12 Apr 1887 - 1888         Atone Rose (vice chamberlain)      (d. 1898)
27 Sep 1888 - 1888         James William Robertson
                             
(vice chamberlain)
17 Dec 1888 - 18..         George W. MacFarlane
 2 Mar 1891 - 189.         James William Robertson

Secretaries of the king
1819 - 1825                Jean-Baptiste Rives                (b. 1793 - d. 1833)
1825 - Jul 1842            Timoteo Haalilio                   (b. 1808 - d. 1844)
1854 - Sep 1859?           Henry A. Neilson                   (b. 1824 - d. 1862)
1859? - 1863?              John Owen Dominis                 (s.a.)
19 Dec 1863 - 18..         Charles Gordon Hopkins             (s.a.)
 6 Jul 1878 - 1886         Charles Hastings Judd              (s.a.)
 4 Oct 1886 - 18..         
Curtis Piehu Iaukea                (s.a.)
13 Apr 1887 - 18..         Antone Rosa (assistant secretary)  (s.a.)


Vice President

Vice Presidents
 4 Feb 1893 - 29 May 1893  
Samuel Mills Damon                 (b. 1845 - d. 1924)
29 May 1893 - 17 Aug 1893  William C. Wilder (1st time)
17 Aug 1893 -  4 Jan 1894  F
rancis March Hatch                (s.a.)
 4 Jan 1894 -  3 Jul 1894  William C. Wilder (2nd time)
 3 Jul 1894                Post abolished

Department of Finance

President of the Treasury Board
10 May 1842 - 15 May 1842  Gerrit Parmele Judd                (b. 1803 - d. 1873)
Ministers of Finance

15 May 1842 -  6 Sep 1849  Gerrit Parmele Judd (1st time)     (s.a.)
 6 Sep 1849 - 26 Sep 1850  Edwin Oscar Hall (acting)          (s.a.)
26 Sep 1850 -  6 Sep 1853  Gerrit Parmele Judd (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 6 Sep 1853 - 11 Jun 1857  Elisha Hunt Allen                  (b. 1804 - d. 1883) 
11 Jun 1857 - 26 May 1858  Robert Crichton Wyllie (1st time)  (b. 1798 - d. 1865)
26 May 1858 - 18 Aug 1862  David Lawrence Greg                (b. 1814? - d. 1868)
18 Aug 1862 -  5 Nov 1863  Robert Crichton Wyllie (2nd time)  (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1863 - 24 Dec 1863  Charles Gordon Hopkins             (b. 1822 - d. 1886)
24 Dec 1863 - 21 Dec 1865  Charles de Varigny                 (b. 1829 - d. 1899)
21 Dec 1865 - 21 Dec 1869  Charles Coffin Harris              (b. 1822 - d. 1881)
21 Dec 1869 - 25 Aug 1872  James Mott Smith (1st time)        (b. 1824 - d. 1895)
10 Sep 1872 - 17 Feb 1874  Robert Stirling
17 Feb 1874 - 31 Oct 1874  Paul Nahaolelua                    (b. 1806 - d. 1875) 
31 Oct 1874 –  5 Dec 1876  John Smith Walker (1st time)
 5 Dec 1876 -  3 Jul 1878  John Makini Kapena (1st time)      (b. 1842 - d. 1884)
 3 Jul 1878 - 14 Aug 1880  Simon Kaloa Kaai (1st time)        (b. c.1818 - d. c.1886)
14 Aug 1880 - 27 Sep 1880  M. Kuaea
27 Sep 1880 - 20 May 1882  John Smith Walker (2nd time)
20 May 1882 -  8 Aug 1882  John Edward Bush                   (b. 1842 - d. 1906)
 8 Aug 1882 - 13 Feb 1883  Simon Kaloa Kaai (2nd time)        (s.a.)
13 Feb 1883 -  1 Sep 1885  John Makini Kapena (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 1 Sep 1885 - 30 Jun 1886  Charles Thomas Gulick (interim)    (b. 1841 - d. 1897)
30 Jun 1886 -  1 Jul 1887  Paul Puhiula Kanoa                 (b. 1832 - d. 1895) 
 1 Jul 1887 - 22 Jul 1889  Godfrey Brown (1st time)
22 Jul 1889 - 17 Jun 1890  Samuel Mills Damon (1st time)      (b. 1845 - d. 1924)
17 Jul 1890 - 25 Feb 1891  Godfrey Brown (2nd time)
25 Feb 1891 - 10 Mar 1891  Hermann Adam Wideman (1st time)    (b. 1822 - d. 1891)
10 Mar 1891 - 28 Jun 1891  Samuel Parker (acting)(1st time)   (b. 1853 - d. 1920)
28 Jul 1892 - 17 Oct 1891  James Mott Smith (2nd time)        (s.a.)
17 Oct 1891 - 28 Jan 1892  Samuel Parker (acting)(2nd time)   (s.a.) 
28 Jul 1892 - 12 Sep 1892  Hermann Adam Wideman (2nd time)    (s.a.)
12 Sep 1892 -  1 Nov 1892  Edward Creamer Macfarlane
 1 Nov 1892 -  8 Nov 1892  William H. Cornwell (1st time)     (b. 1843 - d. 1903)
 8 Nov 1892 - 13 Jan 1893  Peter Cushman Jones (1st time)     (b. 1837 - d. 1922) 
13 Jan 1893 - 17 Jan 1893  William H. Cornwell (2nd time)     (s.a.)
17 Jan 1893 - 15 Mar 1893  Peter Cushman Jones (2nd time)     (s.a.)
15 Mar 1893 - 29 May 1893  Theodore C. Porter
29 May 1893 -  3 Jun 1896  Samuel Mills Damon (2nd time)      (s.a.)
 3 Jun 1896 -  1 Jul 1896  James A. King (interim)            (b. 1832 - d. 1899)
 1 Jul 1896 -  5 May 1897  Samuel Mills Damon (3rd time)      (s.a.)
 5 May 1897 - 12 Sep 1897  Henry Ernest Cooper (interim)      (s.a.) 
12 Sep 1897 - 11 Aug 1898  Theodore F. Lansing
11 Aug 1898 - 14 Jun 1900  Samuel Mills Damon (4th time)      (s.a.)

Collector Generals of Customs
 1 Jan 1843 - 28 Feb 1849  William Paty
 1 Mar 1849 - 31 Mar 1853  
Charles Reed Bishop                (b. 1822 - d. 1915)
 5 Apr 1853 - 31 Dec 1863  Warren Goodale                     (d. 1897)
 1 Jan 1864 - 19 Sep 1884  William Fessenden Allen            (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
20 Sep 1884 - 30 Sep 1886  Curtis Piehu Iaukea                (b. 1855 - d. 1940)
 1 Oct 1886 - 30 Apr 1887  
John Makini Kapena                 (b. 1842 - d. 1884)
 1 May 1887 - 15 Apr 1893  Archibald Scott Cleghorn           (b. 1835 - d. 1910)
15 Apr 1893 - 31 Aug 1897  James Bicknell Castle              (b. 1855 - d. 1918)
 1 Sep 1897 - 12 Jun 1899  Frank Blakeley McStocker

13 Jun 1899 - 30 Sep 1899  Richard Ivers                      (b. 1865 - d. 1918)
 1 Oct 1899 - 14 Jun 1900  Edward R. Stackable

Auditor Generals
 1 Nov 1882 -  1 Jan 1887  John S. Walker
28 Dec 1887 - 27 Nov 1891  George J. Ross (1st time)
27 Nov 1891 - 1893         James Bricknell Castle (acting)   (s.a.)
1893 -  1 May 1894   
     George J. Ross (2nd time)
 1 May 1894 - 30 Sep 1898  Henry Laws                        (b. 1858 - d. ....)
 1 Oct 1898 - 14 Jun 1900  Herbert C. Austin

Registrars of Public Accounts
1875 - 1880                J.O. Carter
1881 - 1883                Godfrey Brown
1884 - 1892                Frank S. Pratt
1893                       G.E. Smithies
1894 - 1898                William George Ashley
1899 - 1901                W.H. Wright

Department of Foreign Affairs

Ministers of Foreign Affairs
 2 Nov 1843 - 26 Mar 1845  Gerrit Parmele Judd                (s.a.)
26 Mar 1845 - 19 Dec 1865  Robert Crichton Wyllie             (b. 1798 - d. 1865)
21 Dec 1865 - Nov 1869     Charles de Varigny                 (s.a.)
                             (returned to France Jul 1868)
1868 - 21 Dec 1869         Stephen Henry Phillips (acting)    (b. 1823 - d. 1897)
21 Dec 1869 - 10 Sep 1872  Charles Coffin Harris              (s.a.)
10 Sep 1872 - 10 Jan 1873  Ferdinand William Hutchison        (s.a.)
10 Jan 1873 - 17 Feb 1874  Charles Reed Bishop                (s.a.)
17 Feb 1874 -  5 Dec 1876  William Lowthian Green (1st time)  (b. 1819 - d. 1890)
 5 Dec 1876 -  1 Mar 1878  Henry A.P. Carter                  (b. 1837 - d. 1890)
 1 Mar 1878 -  3 Jul 1878  Henry Augustus Peirce              (b. 1808 - d. 1885) 
 3 Jul 1878 - 14 Aug 1880  John Makini Kapena                 (s.a.)
14 Aug 1880 - 19 Aug 1880  Celso Caesar Moreno                (b. c.1830 - d. 1901)
19 Aug 1880 - 22 Sep 1880  John Edward Bush (interim)         (s.a.)
22 Sep 1880 - 20 May 1882  William Lowthian Green (2nd time)  (s.a.)
20 May 1882 - 30 Jun 1886  Walter Murray Gibson (1st time)    (b. 1822 - d. 1891)
30 Jun 1886 - 13 Oct 1886  Robert James Creighton    
13 Oct 1886 -  1 Jul 1887  Walter Murray Gibson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1887 - 28 Dec 1887  William Lowthian Green (3rd time)  (s.a.) 
28 Dec 1887 - 17 Jun 1890  Jonathan "Jona" Austin  
17 Jun 1890 - 25 Feb 1891  John Adam Cummins                  (b. 1835 - d. 1913) 
25 Feb 1891 -  1 Nov 1892  Samuel Parker (1st time)           (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1892 -  8 Nov 1892  Joseph K. Nawahi                   (b. 1842 - d. 1896)
 8 Nov 1892 - 13 Jan 1893  Mark P. Robinson
13 Jan 1893 - 17 Jan 1893  Samuel Parker (2nd time)           (s.a.)
17 Jan 1893 -  4 Jul 1894  Sanford Ballard Dole               (s.a.)
 4 Jul 1894 -  6 Nov 1895  Francis March Hatch                (b. 1852 - d. 1923)
 6 Nov 1895 - 28 Oct 1896  Henry Ernest Cooper (1st time)     (s.a.)
28 Oct 1896 - 26 Dec 1896  William Owen Smith (interim)       (b. 1848 - d. 1929)
26 Dec 1896 - 17 Apr 1897  Henry Ernest Cooper (2nd time)     (s.a.)
17 Apr 1897 - 28 Apr 1897  Samuel Mills Damon                 (b. 1845 - d. 1924) 
28 Apr 1897 - 29 Mar 1899  Henry Ernest Cooper (3rd time)     (s.a.)
29 Mar 1899 - 14 Jun 1900  Ernest Augustus Mott-Smith         (b. 1873 - d. 19..) 

Department of Attorney General

Attorneys General
 9 Mar 1844 - 17 May 1847  John Ricord                        (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
17 May 1847 - 24 Dec 1863  Vacant
24 Dec 1863 - 12 Sep 1866  Charles Coffin Harris              (s.a.)
12 Sep 1866 - 10 Jan 1873  Stephen Henry Phillips             (s.a.)
10 Jan 1873 - 28 May 1874  Alfred Stedman Hartwell (1st time) (b. 1836 - d. 1912)
28 May 1874 -  5 Nov 1875  Richard Henry Stanley              (b. c.1823 - d. 1875)
 5 Nov 1875 - 15 Feb 1876  John Smith Walker (1st time)
                             (interim)
15 Feb 1876 -  5 Dec 1876  William Richards Castle            (b. 1849 – d. 1935)
 5 Dec 1876 -  3 Jul 1878  Alfred Stedman Hartwell (2nd time) (s.a.)
 3 Jul 1878 - 14 Aug 1880  Edward Preston (1st time)          (b. 1831 - d. 1890)
14 Aug 1880 - 27 Sep 1880  W. Claude Jones
27 Sep 1880 - 29 Nov 1880  John Smith Walker (2nd time)
                             (interim)
29 Nov 1880 - 17 Jan 1881  William Nevins Armstrong (1st time)(b. 1835 - d. 1905)
17 Jan 1881 -  5 Nov 1881  Henry A.P. Carter                  (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1881 - 20 May 1882  William Nevins Armstrong (2nd time)(s.a.)
                             (interim from 4 Dec 1881)
20 May 1882 -  9 May 1883  Edward Preston (2nd time)          (s.a.)
14 May 1883 - 14 Dec 1883  Walter Murray Gibson (acting)      (s.a.)
                             (1st time)
14 Dec 1883 - 18 Sep 1884  Paul Neumann (1st time)            (b. 1839 - d. 1901)
18 Sep 1884 - 30 Jun 1886  Walter Murray Gibson (acting)      (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
30 Jun 1886 - 13 Oct 1886  John T. Dare                       (b. 1842 - d. 1912)
13 Oct 1886 - 22 Oct 1886  John Lot Kaulukou
22 Oct 1886 - 15 Nov 1886  Luther Aholo (interim)             (b. 1833 - d. 1888)
15 Nov 1886 -  1 Jul 1887  Antone Rosa                        (d. 1898)
 1 Jul 1887 - 17 Jun 1890  Clarence W. Ashford                (b. 1857 - d. 1921)
17 Jun 1890 - 25 Feb 1891  Arthur P. Peterson (1st time)
25 Feb 1891 - 27 Jul 1892  William A. Whiting
27 Jul 1892 - 29 Aug 1892  Hermann A. Widemann (interim)      (s.a.)
29 Aug 1892 -  1 Nov 1892  Paul Neumann (2nd time)            (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1892 -  8 Nov 1892  Charles Creighton
 8 Nov 1892 - 13 Jan 1893  Cecil Brown                        (b. 1850 - d. 1917)
13 Jan 1893 - 17 Jan 1893  Arthur P. Peterson (2nd time)
17 Jan 1893 - 25 Oct 1895  William Owen Smith (1st time)      (s.a.)
25 Oct 1895 -  6 Nov 1895  Francis March Hatch (interim)      (s.a.)
 6 Nov 1895 - 13 Dec 1895  Henry Ernest Cooper (1st time)     (s.a.)
                             (interim)
13 Dec 1895 - 10 Feb 1897  William Owen Smith (2nd time)      (s.a.)
10 Feb 1897 - 11 Apr 1897  Henry Ernest Cooper (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (interim)
11 Apr 1897 - 1899         William Owen Smith (3rd time)      (s.a.)
20 Mar 1899 - 14 Jun 1900  Henry Ernest Cooper (3rd time)     (s.a.)

Marshals
(subordinated to the Ministers of Interior to 1859?)
 8 May 1847 -  3 Sep 1849  Henry Sea
 3 Sep 1849 -  1 Jun 1850  Theophilus M
etcalf                 (b. 1818 - d. 1866)
 1 Jun 1850 - 30 Sep 1884  William Cooper Parke               (b. 1821 - d. 1889)
30 Sep 1884 - 31 Jul 1886  John Harris Soper (1st time)       (b. 1846 - d. 1944)
31 Jul 1886 -  8 Feb 1888  John Lot Kaulukou
 8 Feb 1888 -  1 Jul 1890
 John Harris Soper (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1890 -  9 Mar 1891  Charles Lewis Hopkins
 9 Mar 1891 - 23 Jan 1893  Charles Burnett Wilson             (b. 1850 – d. 1926)
23 Jan 1893 - 23 Mar 1893  William George Ashley
23 Mar 1893 - 31 Jul 1895  Edward Griffin Hitchcock           (b. 1837 – d. 1898)

 1 Aug 1895 - 
14 Jun 1900  Arthur Morgan Brown                (b. 1867 - d. 19..)

Department of Interior

Ministers of the Interior
30 Mar 1845 -  4 Mar 1846  Gerrit Parmele Judd                (s.a.)
 4 Mar 1846 -  6 Jun 1857  John Young II                      (s.a.)
 6 Jun 1857 - 24 Dec 1863  Lot Kamehameha (Kamehameha V)      (s.a.)
24 Dec 1863 - 18 Feb 1864  George Morrison Robertson
18 Feb 1864 - 26 Apr 1865  Charles Gordon Hopkins             (b. 1822 - d. 1886)              
26 Apr 1865 - 10 Jan 1873  Ferdinand William Hutchison        (s.a.)
10 Jan 1873 - 17 Feb 1874  Edwin Oscar Hall                   (s.a.)
17 Feb 1874 - 28 May 1874  Hermann A. Widemann                (s.a.)
28 May 1874 - 31 Oct 1874  William Lowthian Green (interim)   (s.a.)
31 Oct 1874 -  5 Dec 1876  William Luther Moehonua            (b. 1824 - d. 1878)
 5 Dec 1876 -  3 Jul 1878  John Mott Smith                    (s.a.)
 3 Jul 1878 - 14 Aug 1880  Samuel Gardner Wilder              (b. 1831 - d. 1888)
14 Aug 1880 - 27 Sep 1880  John Edward Bush (1st time)        (s.a.)
27 Sep 1880 - 20 May 1882  Henry A.P. Carter                  (s.a.)
20 May 1882 -  8 Aug 1882  Simon K. Kaai                      (s.a.)
 8 Aug 1882 - 14 May 1883  John Edward Bush (2nd time)        (s.a.)
14 May 1883 -  6 Aug 1883  Walter Murray Gibson (1st time)    (s.a.)
                             (from 26 Jul 1883, interim)
 6 Aug 1883 - 30 Jun 1886  Charles Thomas Gulick (1st time)   (s.a.)
30 Jun 1886 - 13 Oct 1886  Walter Murray Gibson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
13 Oct 1886 -  1 Jul 1887  Luther Aholo                       (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1887 - 27 Sep 1888  Lorrin Andrews Thurston (1st time) (b. 1858 - d. 1931)
27 Sep 1888 - 27 Oct 1888  Jonathan "Jona" Austin (interim) 
27 Oct 1888 - 17 Jun 1890  Lorrin Andrews Thurston (2nd time) (s.a.)
17 Jun 1890 - 12 Sep 1892  Charles Nicholas Spencer
12 Sep 1892 -  8 Nov 1892  Charles Thomas Gulick (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 8 Nov 1892 - 13 Jan 1893  George Norton Wilcox               (b. 1839 - d. 1933)
13 Jan 1893 - 17 Jan 1893  John Francis Colburn               (b. 1859 - d. 1920)
17 Jan 1893 -  4 Mar 1898  James Anderson King (1st time)     (b. 1832 - d. 1899)
 4 Mar 1898 -  2 May 1898  Henry Ernest Cooper (1st time)     (s.a.)
                             (interim)
 2 May 1898 -  5 May 1898  James Anderson King (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 5 May 1898 -  1 Jul 1898  Henry Ernest Cooper (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (interim)
 1 Jul 1898 - 1899         James Anderson King (3rd time)     (s.a.)
28 Apr 1899 - 13 Jun 1899  Samuel Mills Damon (1st time)      (b. 1845 - d. 1924)
                             (interim)
1899 - 1900
               James Anderson King (4th time)     (s.a.)
1900                       Henry Ernest Cooper (3rd time)     (s.a.)
                             (interim)
18 May 1900 - 14 Jun 1900  Samuel Mills Damon (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (interim)

Superintendent of Schools
11 May 1841 - 1845         David Malo                         (b. 1795 - d. 1853)
Presidents of the Board of Education (Bureau of Public Instruction)
(subordinated to Ministers of Public Instruction
1846-1855 and from 1896)
 1 Jul 1855 - 23 Sep 1860  Richard Armstrong                  (b. 1805 - d. 1860)
26 Sep 1860 - 24 Nov 1868  Mataio Kekuanaoa                   (b. 1791 - d. 1868)
 8 Feb 1869 - 1873         William P. Kamakau
23 Jan 1873 - 23 Feb 1874  John Mott-Smith                    (b. 1824 - d. 1895)               
23 Feb 1874 - 1883         Charles Reed Bishop (1st time)     (b. 1822 - d. 1915)
19 Feb 1883 - Jul 1887     Walter Murray Gibson               (b. 1822 - d. 1888)
 7 Jul 1887 - 1893         Charles Reed Bishop (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1893 - 1894                William Dewitt Alexander           (b. 1833 - d. 1916)
19 Feb 1894 - Jun 1895     William Richard Castle             (s.a.)
Commissioner of
Bureau of Public Instruction
1896 - 1900                William Dewitt Alexander           (s.a.)   

Superintendents General of the Census
(subordinated to the 
Bureau of Public Instruction)
1846 - 1860                the Ministers of Public Instruction
1860
                      ....
1866
                      ....
1872                       ....
1878                       ....
1884                       Ferdinand Lee Clark
1890                      
Charles T. Rodgers
                             (acting for Charles A. Bishop)
1896                       Alatau T. Atkinson                 (b. 1848 - d. 1906)
                             (acting for H
enry E. Cooper)

Registrars of Conveyances
 9 Mar 1844 -  4 May 1847  John Ricord                        (b. 1812 - d. 1861)
 7 May 1847 - 31 Oct 1849  John R. Jasper
 1 Nov 1849 -  3 Aug 1859  Asher B. Bates                     (b. 1810 – d. 1873)
 3 Aug 1859 - 23 Oct 1886  William Thomas Brown               (b. 1804? - d. 1886)
30 Oct 1886 - 13 Jul 1887  Junius Kaae
13 Jul 1887 - 28 Dec 1887  Jonathan Austin
 6 Jan 1888 - 15 May 1904  Thomas G. Thrum                    (b. 1842 - d. 1932)


Directors/Printers of Government Press

29 Jul 1844 - 22 Jan 1848  James Jackson Jarves               (b. 1818 - d. 1888)
29 Jan 1848 - 16 Dec 1848  C.E. Hitchcock
23 Dec 1848 - 12 May 1849  Charles Gordon Hopkins (1st time)  (b. 1822 - d. 1886)
19 May 1849 - 30 Jun 1855  
Edwin Oscar Hall                   (s.a.)
 7 Jul 1855 -  6 Oct 1860  Charles Gordon Hopkins (2nd time)  (s.a.)
13 Oct 1860 -  2 Nov 1861  Abraham Fornander                  (b. 1812 - d. 1878)
 2 Nov 1861                Post abolished

Presidents of the Board of Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles

10 Feb 1846 - 18 Aug 1847  William Richards
18 Aug 1847 - 28 Apr 1854  William Little Lee (1st time)
      (b. 1821 – d. 1857)  
28 Apr 1854 -  9 May 1854  Prince Liholiho (=Kamehameha IV)   (s.a.)
 9 May 1854 - 31 Mar 1855
 William Little Lee (2nd time)      (s.a.)
31 Mar 1855                Post abolished

Presidents of the Board of Health
Dec 1850 - 1856            Thomas Charles Byde Rooke          (b. 1806 - d. 1856)
1856 - 1866/68             ....
1866/68 - 1873             Ferdinand William Hutchison        (b. 1819 - d. 1893)
 4 Feb 1873 - 1874        
Edwin Oscar Hall                   (s.a.)
25 Sep 1874 - 1876        
Hermann A. Widemann                (s.a.)
23 Sep 1874 - 1876         William L. Green                   (b. 1819 - d. 1890)
20 Dec 1876 - 1878         John Mott-Smith                    (s.a.)    
 5 Jul 1878 - 1880         Samuel Gardner Wilder              (s.a.)
 2 Sep 1880 - 1880         John Edward Bush                   (s.a.)
27 Sep 1880 - 1881         Henry A.P. Carter                  (s.a.)
14 Dec 1881 - 20 May 1882  William Nevins Armstrong           (b. 1835 - d. 1905)
23 May 1882 - 1887         Walter Murray Gibson               (s.a.)
16 Feb 1887 - 1887         Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani (f)(b. 1839 - d. 1895)
 7 Jul 1887 - 1888         George P. Trousseau                (b. 1833 - d. 1894)
1888 - 31 Dec 1889        
Nathaniel B. Emerson (1st time)    (b. 1839 - d. 1919)
 1 Jan 1890 - Sep 1890     John Hancock Kimball
 5 Sep 1890 - 1893         David Dayton                       (b. 1832 - d. 1910)

1893 - 189.                William O. Smith (1st time)        (b. 1848 - d. 1929)
25 Oct 1895 - 1895         John Thomas Waterhouse, Jr.        (b. 1845 - d. 1904)
18 Dec 1895 - 1896        
William O. Smith (2nd time)        (s.a.)
19 May 1896 - 29 Jul 1896  Nathaniel B. Emerson (2nd time)    (s.a.)
29 Jul 1896 - 14 Jun 1900  William O. Smith (2nd time)        (s.a.)

Superintendents of Leper Settlements and Island of Molokai
(subordinated to Presidents of the Board of Health)
1866 - 1884                Rudolph W. Meyer                   (b. 1826 - d. 1897)
1884 - 1890                A
mbrose Hutchinson (1st time)
1890 - 1891                T.E. Evans
1891 - 1892                William Henry Tell
1892 - 1897                Ambrose Hutchinson (2nd time)
1897 - 1902                Charles B. Reynolds

Resident Superintendents of 
Kalaupapa and Kalawao
1865 - 1867                Louis Lepart (1st time)
1867 - 1869                Donald Walsh                       (d. 1869)
1869 - 1871                Caroline Walsh (f)
12 Apr 1871 -  4 Jun 1872 
W.H. Kahoohuli                     (d. 1872)
1872 - Jan 1873            William Humphreys                  (d. 1873)
Jan 1873 - May 1873        Louis Lepart (2nd time)
May 1873 - Oct 1873        Jonathan H. Napela
Oct 1873 - 1877            William Ragsdale
1877 - 1878                Father Damien                      (b. 1840 - d. 1889
1878 - 1879                Clayton Strawn
1879 - 1880
               Nathaniel B. E
merson               (b. 1839 - d. 1919)
1880 - 1882                Charles Nielson
1884 - 1887                Arthur Mouritz
1887 - 1888                Charles Peterson
1888 - 1892                Sidney Bourne Swift

1892 - 1902                Richard K. Oliver                  (d. 1902)

Superintendent of Public Works
Apr 1852 - 18 Jan 1855     Theophilus Metcalf                 (b. 1818 - d. 1866)
Superintendents of the Bureau of Public Works
1855 - 18..                R.A.S. Wood
1866 - 18..                Robert Stirling
1876 - 1880                Robert E. Lishman                  (b. 1831 - d. 1902)
1887? - 14 Jun 1900        William E. Rowell                  (b. 1845 - d. 1916)

Superintendents of the Honolulu Water Works
1864 - 1876                ....
c.1874                     Thomas Long
c.1875                     Henry Prendergast
1876 - 1880                Robert E. Lishman                  (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1880 - 1882         George Douglas Freeth, Sr.
 1 Jul 1882 - 1891         Charles Burnett Wilson             (b. 1850 - d. 1926)
Mar 1891 - 1893            John C. White
Sep 1893
- 14 Jun 1900     Andrew Brown

Presidents of the Board of Immigration
1864 - 14 Jun 1900       
 the Ministers of Interior
Inspector-generals of Immigrants
(subordinated to the Presidents of the Board of Immigration)
1882 - 188.                Archibald S. Cleghorn
             (b. 1835 - d. 1910)
188. - 1890?               Charles Nicholas Spencer
 1 Nov 1890 - 1892         Lincoln D. Spencer
1892 - 1898                ....
 1 Aug 1898 - ....         C.A. Peterson

Agents of the Board of Crown Lands
 5 May 1865 - 1878?        John Owen Dominis                  (b. 1832 - d. 1891)
 3 Jul 1878 - 1878        
Samuel Gardner Wilder              (b. 1831 - d. 1888)
 9 Sep 1878 - 1886         Charles Hastings Judd              (b. 1835 - d. 1890)
 4 Aug 1887 - 1890?        Curtis Piehu Iaukea (1st time)     (b. 1855 - d. 1940)
 5 Aug 1890 - 1891         George W. MacFarlane
 3 Mar 1891 - 1892?  
     Curtis Piehu Iaukea (2nd time)     (s.a.)
20 Apr 1892 - 1895?        Charles Nicholas Spencer
Commissioner of Public Lands

 7 Sep 1895 - May 1901     Jacob Foster Brown                 (b. 1854 - d. 19..)

Surveyor-general and Superintendent of Government Survey Corps
1870 - 14 Jun 1900         William DeWitt Alexander           (b. 1833 - d. 1913)
Director of the Weather Bureau
(subordinated to the Surveyor-general)
1882 - 14 Jun 1900         Curtis J. Lyons                    (b. 1833? - d. 1914)
 

Curators of the Hawaiian National Museum
(subordinated to the
Board of Education)
1874 - 1877                Harry Rexford Hitchcock, Jr.       (b. 1835 - d. 1891)
1877 - 1882                David Dwight Baldwin               (b. 1831 - d. 1912)
1882 - 1891                Emma Kaili Metcalf Nakuina (f)
    (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
1891                       collection sent to Bishop Museum

President of the Board for the Collection of Ancient Hawaiian History
and the Genealogy of 
Hawaiian Chiefs
 4 Feb 1882 - 23 Aug 1888 
Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani (f)(b. 1839 - d. 1895)

Commissioners of Patents
Nov 1884 - 1891?           Jonathan Austin
1891? - Oct 1894           Charles T. Gulick                  (b. 1841 - d. 1897)
Oct 1894 - 14 Jun 1900     Clinton Briggs Ripley              (b. 1849 - d. 1922)

Chief of the Bureau of Nurseries and Forestry
1876 - 29 Mar 1893
        Albert Jaeger                      (b. 1846? - d. 1900)
Commissioners of Bureau of Agriculture and Forestry
29 Mar 1893 - May 1898     Joseph Marsden
May 1898 - 14 Jun 1900     Byron O. Clark
Forester (subordinate to
the Bureau of Agriculture)
1893 - 1900
               David Mitchell Haughs              (b. 1861 - d. 19..)

Chief Engineers of the Honolulu Fire Department
Oct 1850 - 27 Dec 1850     
William Cooper Parke               (b. 1821 - d. 1889)
27 Dec 1850 - 30 Jun 1859  Alexander J. Cartwright (1st time) (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1859 - 30 Jun 1862  Richard Gilliland (1st time)
 1 Jul 1862 - 30 Jun 1863  
Alexander J. Cartwright (2nd time) (s.a.)
 1 Jul 1863 - 30 Jun 1865  R.B. Neville
 1 Jul 1865 - 30 Jun 1867
 Richard Gilliland (2nd time)
 1 Jul 1867 - 30 Jun 1870  C.E. Williams
 1 Jul 1870 - 30 Jun 1872  Charles N. Spencer
 1 Jul 1872 - 30 Jun 1874  John A. Hassinger
 1 Jul 1874 - 30 Jun 1878  James S. Lemon
 1 Jul 1878 - 30 Jun 1882  George Lucas
 1 Jul 1882 - 30 Jun 1886  John Nott
 1 Jul 1886 - 31 Dec 1891  
Charles Burnett Wilson             (b. 1850 - d. 1926)
 1 Jan 1892 - 28 Feb 1893  Julius C. Asch
 1 Mar 1893 - 31 Aug 1893  Frank Hustace                      (b. 1862 - d. 19..)
 1 Sep 1893 - 15 Jun 1901  Jas. H. Hunt

Department of Public Instruction

Ministers of Public Instruction
13 Apr 1846 -  7 Nov 1847  William Richards                   (d. 1847)
 6 Dec 1847 -  1 Jul 1855  Richard Armstrong                  (b. 1805 - d. 1860)
 1 Jul 1855 - Jul 1896     Post abolished
Jul 1896 - 14 Jun 1900     the Ministers of Foreign Affairs

Post Office Department

Postmaster Generals
22 Dec 1850 -  1 Jul 1856  
Henry M. Whitney (1st time)
 1 Jul 1856 - 14 Aug 1859  Joseph Jackson                     (d. 1859)
                             (Honolulu Postmaster to 1859)
27 Aug 1859 - 30 Jun 1863  Alvah K. Clark
30 Jun 1863 - 18 Mar 1865  
David Kalakaua                     (s.a.)
18 Mar 1865 - 20 Jul 1881  Arthur P. Brickwood
20 Jul 1881 - 13 Feb 1883  J
ohn Makini Kapena                 (s.a.)
16 Feb 1883 - 15 Apr 1886  Henry M. Whitney (2nd time)
15 Apr 1886 - 31 Jul 1886  
John Lot Kaulukou
31 Jul 1886 - 15 Oct 1886  Luther Aholo                       (s.a.)
15 Oct 1886 -  2 May 1891  Frederick G. Wundenberg            (b. 1819 - d. ....)
 2 May 1891 -  1 Apr 1893  Walter Hill
 1 Apr 1893 - 30 Apr 1905  Joseph Morton Oat

Department of Military and of the Navy

Secretaries at War and of the Navy
27 Apr 1846 -  1 Aug 1874
 the Ministers of Foreign Affairs
 1 Aug 1874 -  1 Oct 1886  Post abolished
 1 Oct 1886 - 14 Jun 1900  the Ministers of Foreign Affairs

Commanders-in-chief of the Military Forces³
1846 - 1853                Mataio Kekuanaoa (ex officio)      (b. 1793 - d. 1868)
1853 - 1854                Prince Alexander Liholiho          
(s.a.)
                            (ex officio)(=Kamehameha IV) 
1854 - 1863                Prince Lot Kamehameha              (s.a.)
                            (ex officio)(=Kamehameha V) 
1863 - 1874                the Kings
1874 - 1887                John Owen Dominis
                 (b. 1832 - d. 1891)
                            (ex officio to 1886)  
1874 - 1893                the Kings
17 Jan 1893 - Jul 1894     
John Harris Soper                  (b. 1846 - d. 1944)
1894 - 14 Jun 1900         the President

Adjutant generals
 1 Jul 1861 - 18..        
John Owen Dominis                  (s.a.)
15 Feb 1873 - 1874         C
harles Hastings Judd              (b. 1835 - d. 1890)
19 Mar 1878 - 18..         Charles T. Gulick                  (b. 1841 - d. 1897)
 4 Oct 1886 - 1887?        Curtis Piehu Iaukea                (b. 1855 - d. 1940)
12 Apr 1887 - 18..         Antone Rosa (acting)               (d. 1898)
Adjutant and Chief of Staff of the National Guard
Jul 1894 - 1907
           John Harris Soper                  (s.a.)

Surgeon of the Military Forces of the National Guard
 1 Apr 1893 - ...          Charles T. Rogers

Commander of the Navy
28 Mar 1887 - Jul 1887     George Edward Gresley Jackson      (b. 1840 - d. 1907)

Chief Engineers of the Navy
20 Apr 1887 - 17 May 1887  H.L. Thiron
17 May 1887 - 1887         Lind

Legislative Assembly

House of Nobles (Senate)

Presidents of the House of Nobles
1841 - 1851                Kamehameha III                     (s.a.)
1852 - 1854                John Young (1st time)              (b. 1810 - d. 1857)
1855                       Lot Kamehameha (1st time)          (b. 1830 - d. 1872)
1856                       John Young (2nd time)              (s.a.)
1858 - 1859                Mataio
Kekuanaoa (1st time)        (b. 1793 - d. 1868)
1860                       Mataio
Kekuanaoa (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1862                       Lot Kamehameha (2nd time)          (s.a.)
1864 - 1868                Mataio
Kekuanaoa (3rd time)        (s.a.)
1870 - 1874                
Paul Nahaolelua                    (b. 1806 - d. 1875) 
1874                       Charles Reed Bishop (1st time)     (b. 1822 - d. 1915)
1876 - 1880                Godfrey Rhodes (1st time)
1880                       Charles Reed Bishop
(2nd time)     (s.a.)
1882 - 1886                Godfrey Rhodes (2nd time)
1886                      
John Smith Walker (1st time)
 3 Nov 1887 - 27 Dec 1887  Samuel Gardner Wilder              (b. 1831 – d. 1888)
27 Dec 1887 - 28 May 1888  
William Richards Castle            (b. 1849 – d. 1935)
21 May 1890 - 14 Jan 1893  John Smith Walker (2nd time)
Chairman of the Citizen's Committee of Public Safety
14 Jan 1893 - 17 Jan 1893  Henry Ernest Cooper                (b. 1857 - d. 1929)
Chairmen of the Advisory Council
17 Jan 1893 - 1894         
Sanford Ballard Dole               (s.a.)
1894 - 1895                William Fessenden Allen            (b. 1831 - d. 1906)
President of the Senate
12 Jun 1895 - 14 Jun 1900  William C. Wilder

House of Representatives

Speakers of the House of Representatives
1851                       William Little Lee                 (b. 1821 – d. 1857)
1852 - 1853                William Morrison Robertson
                             (1st time)

1854                       Asa Goodale Thurston               (b. 1827 - d. 1859)
1855 - 1858                
William Morrison Robertson
                             (2nd time)
1859                       James W. Austin                    (d. 1894)
1860 - 1862                Lawrence McCully                   (b. 1831 - d. 1892)
1862                       William Webster
1864                       Samuel Northup
Castle              (b. 1808 - d. 1894)
1866                       Godfrey Rhodes (1st time)
1867                       
James Mott Smith                   (b. 1824 - d. 1895)
1868                       Godfrey Rhodes (2nd time)
1870                       
Harvey Rexford Hitchcock, Jr.      (b. 1835 - d. 1891)
1872                       D.H.B. Hitchcock
1874                       Simon Kaloa Kaai                   (b. c.1818 - d. c.1886)
1876 - 13 Oct 1886         
Luther Aholo                       (b. 1833 - d. 1888)
1886 - 1894?               John Kauhane                       (b. 1827/28 - d. 1907)
Jul 1894 - 1895            John Lot Kaulukou (1st time)
12 Jun 1895 - 1898?        David L. Naone                     (b. 1854? - d. 1900)
1898 - 1900                
John Lot Kaulukou (2nd time)
 

Department of the Judiciary

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Kingdom
10 May 1842 - 15 Jan 1848  Kamehameha III                     (s.a.)
Chief Justice of the Superior Court
15 Jan 1848 -  6 Dec 1852  William Little Lee                 (b. 1828 - d. 1857)
Chief Justices of the Supreme Court and Chancellors of the Kingdom
 6 Dec 1852 - 28 May 1857  William Little Lee                 (s.a.)
26 Mar 1855 - 22 Feb 1856  George H. Robertson (acting for Lee)
 4 Jun 1857 -  1 Feb 1877  Elisha Hunt Allen                  (s.a.) 
 1 Feb 1877 -  2 Jul 1881  Charles Coffin Harris              (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1881 - 17 Jan 1893  Albert Francis Judd                (b. 1838 - d. 1900)
Chief Justices of the Supreme Court
17 Jan 1893 - 20 May 1900  Albert Francis Judd                (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1900 - 15 Aug 1907  Walter Francis Frear               (b. 1863 - d. 1948)


Independent Organizations

President of the Royal Hawaiian Historical Society
1841 - 1845                
Kamehameha III                     (s.a.)
Presidents of the Hawaiian Historical Society

1892 - 1895                
Charles Reed Bishop                (b. 1822 - d. 1915)
1895 - 1897                William Richards Castle            (b. 1849 – d. 1935)
1898 - 1904                Nathaniel B. Emerson               (b. 1839 - d. 1919)

Presidents of the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce
1859 -  7 Mar 1874         William L. Green                   (b. 1819 - d. 1890)
1874 - 1883                ....
1883 - 1885                Charles Reed Bishop (1st time)     (s.a.)

1885 - 1888                Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr.      (b. 1820 - d. 1892)
1888 - 1894                Charles Reed Bishop (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1894 - 1896                Frederick August
Schaefer          (b. 1836 - d. 1920)
1896 - 1899                Joseph Ballard Atherton            (b. 1837 - d. 1903)
1899 - Aug 1900            Thomas Rain Walker    

Presidents of the Kapiolani Park Association
1877 - 1879                James Makee                        (b. 1812 - d. 1879)
1879 - 1888                ....
20 Sep 1888 - 1896?        Archibald Scott Cleghorn           (s.a.)
Chairman of the Honolulu Park Commission
1896 - 1900?               William G. Irwin

Presidents of the Honolulu Library and Reading Room Association
1879 - 1880                George Lucas
1880 - 1881                Alfred S. Hartwell                 (b. 1836 - d. 1912)
c.1884                     Sandford Ballard Dole              (s.a.)
1886 - 1892               
Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr.      (s.a.)
c.1900                     Charles Reed Bishop                (s.a.)
1892 - 1900                ....

Curator of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum
1890 - 1918                William Tufts Brigham              (b. 1841 - d. 1926)

President of the Red Cross Society of Hawaii
1898 - 1899?              
Camilla Loyall Ashe Sewall (f)     (b. 1870 - d. 1931)
                             (=Mrs. Harold M. Sewall)


Royal Governors

Oahu

Royal Governors of Oahu
.... - Apr 1810            Isaac Davis                        (b. 1758 – d. 1810)

1810 - 18..                Oliver Holmes  
1824 - 182.                Lydia Namahana Piia (f)            (b. c.1787 - d. 1829)           
182. - Dec 1829            B
oki Kamauleule                    (b. bf.1785 - d. 1829)
Dec 1829 -  1 Apr 1831     Kuini Liliha (f) (acting)          (b. c.1802 – d. 1839)
 1 Apr 1831 - 1833         John Adams Kuakini (acting)
       (b. 1789 - d. 1844)
1833 -  4 Apr 1839         Queen Elisabeta Kaahumanu (f)      (s.a.)
17 Nov 1846 - 18 Feb 1864  Mataio Kekuanaoa                   (b. 1793 - d. 1868)
18 Feb 1864 -  4 Oct 1886  John Owen Dominis (1st time)       (b. 1832 - d. 1891)  
 4 Oct 1886 -  5 Aug 1887  Curtis Piehu
Iaukea                (b. 1855 - d. 1940)
12 Apr 1887 -  7 Jul 1887  Antone Rosa (acting)               (d. 1898)
 7 Jul 1887 - 26 Jul 1887  Archibald Scott Cleghorn (1st time)(b. 1835 - d. 1910)
                             (acting)
 5 Aug 1887 - 23 Aug 1888  John Owen Dominis (2nd time)       (s.a.)
23 Aug 1888 - 1891         Post abolished
 2 Mar 1891 - 11 Nov 1891
 John Owen Dominis (3rd time)       (s.a.)
11 Nov 1891 - 28 Feb 1893  Archibald Scott Cleghorn (2nd time)(s.a.)
28 Feb 1893                Post abolished

Hawaii Island

Royal Governors of Hawaii Island
1802 - 1812                John Young                         (b. 1744 - d. 1835)  
1812 - 1819                Kamehameha I                       (s.a.)

1819 - 1820                
Elisabeta Kaahumanu (f)            (s.a.)
1820 - 1844                John Adams Kuakini                 (b. 1789 - d. 1844)
1844 - 1846                William Pitt Leleiohoku I          (b. 1821 - d. 1848)
1846 - 1855                George Luther Kapeau               (d. 1860)
                             (acting to Jul 1850)
15 Jan 1855 - 1872         Ruth Keelikolani (f)(1st time)     (b. 1826 - d. 1883)
25 Feb 1872 - 30 Mar 1872  Rufus A. Lyman
30 Mar 1872 - 1874
        Ruth Keelikolani (f)(2nd time)     (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1874 - 29 Mar 1879  Samuel Kipi                        (d. c.1879)  
29 Mar 1879 - 1880         Miriam
Likelike Kekaukuohi (f)     (b. 1851 - d. 1887)
 2 Sep 1880 -  8 Jan 1884  Victoria Kinoke Kekaulike (f)      (b. 1843 - d. 1884)
21 Jan 1884 - 1886         Virginia
Kapooloku Poomaikelani (f)(b. 1839 - d. 1895)
15 Oct 1886 - 1888        
Ululani Lewai Peleioholani         (b. 1858 - d. 1902)
                             Baker (f)
23 Aug 1888 - 1891         Post abolished

 8 Feb 1892 - 28 Feb 1893  John Tamatoa Baker                 (b. 1852 - d. 1921)

28 Feb 1893 
              Post abolished

Kauai

Royal Governors of Kauai
1795 - 26 May 1824         George Kaumualii                   (b. c.1778 - d. 1824)  
1824 - 1825                K
ahalaia Luanu'u                   (d. 1826)
1825 - 10 May 1839         Kaikioewa                          (b. 1765 - d. 1839)
1839 - 1842                Emelia Keaweamahi (f)  
1842 - 1845                Anna (Miriam) Kekauonohi (f)       (b. 1805 – d. 1851)

21 Oct 1846 -  4 Jan 1877  Paulo Kanoa                        (b. 1802 - d. 1885)  
 4 Jan 1877 - 1880         John E. Bush                       (b. 1843 - d. 1906)
16 Aug 1880 -  7 Jan 1881  Fred William Beckley               (b. 1845 - d. 1881)  
12 Jan 1881 - 1886         Paul Puhiula
Kanoa                 (b. 1832 - d. 1895)
31 Jul 1886 - 1888         Lanihau (f)
23 Aug 1888 - 1891         Post abolished
 8 Feb 1892 - 28 Feb 1893  William Hyde Rice                  (b. 1846 - d. 1924)
28 Feb 1893                Post abolished

Maui, Molokai and Lanai

Royal Governors of Maui, Molokai and Lanai
1795 - 1804                Keeaumoku Papaiahiahi              (b. 1736 – d. 1804) 

1804 - 1823                George Cox Kahekili Keeaumoku II   (b. 1784? - d. 1824)
1823 - 1826                Kahakahaaoki Wahine-pio            (d. 1826)
1826/36 - 1840             Ulumaheihei Hoapili                (b. c.1775 - d. 1840)
1840 - 1842                Kalakua Kaheiheimalie (f)          (b. c.1778 – d. 1842)

1842 -  1 Oct 1851         James Young Kanehoa                (b. 1797 – d. 1851)
 3 Dec 1852 -  3 Feb 1874  Paul Nahaolelua                    (b. 1806 - d. 1875)

23 Feb 1874 -  8 Sep 1878  William Luther Kealii Moehonua     (b. 1824 - d. 1878)
 9 Sep 1878 - 1886         John Owen Dominis
                 (b. 1832 - d. 1891)  
 4 Oct 1886 - 1888         Robert Hoapili Baker               (b. 1847/50 - d. 1913)
23 Aug 1888 - 1891         Post abolished
17 May 1892 - 28 Feb 1893  Thomas Wright Everett              (b. 1823 - d. 1895)
28 Feb 1893                Post abolished

 ¹Full style of the ruler:
(a) 1810 - 14 Jun 1852: Ali‘i Nui ("King"). The traditional style of the rulers of the major Hawaiian polities is Ali‘i Nui, literally "Great Chief." This style is adopted in the Hawaiian-language text of the Constitution of 6 Oct 1840. The English-language text uses the style "King";
(b) 14 Jun 1852 - 6 Jul 1887: Ali‘i o ko Hawai‘i Pae ‘Aina ("King of the Hawaiian Islands");
(c) 30 Nov 1863 - 11 Dec 1872 in some documents: Ma ka Lokomaika‘i o ke Akua, Ke Ali‘i o ko Hawai‘i Pae ‘Aina ("by the grace of God, King of the Hawaiian Islands");
(d)  6 Jul 1887 - 29 Jan 1891: Mo‘i o ko Hawai‘i Pae ‘Aina ("King of the Hawaiian Islands");
(e) 29 Jan 1891 - 17 Jan 1893: Mo‘i Wahine o ko Hawai‘i Pae ‘Aina ("Queen of the Hawaiian Islands").

  ²The Hawaiian office most commonly translated as that of 'Prime minister' is Kuhina nui. The office was created in 1819 upon the death of Kamehameha I. Kamehameha's favorite wife, Ka‘ahumanu, reported that it was the King's wish that she become in effect the co-sovereign along with the King's young son. In her position as Kuhina nui she ruled the Kingdom until Kamehameha II came to majority and then for the remainder of her life. The Kuhina nui's power was greater than that of a prime minister in the western sense. The Constitution of 20 Aug 1864 abolished the office of Kuhina nui returning the power held by the Kuhina nui back to the monarch.

 ³Under the Constitutions of 1840 and 1852 the sovereign was titular head of the armed forces. The 1894 Constitution of the republic named the president as commander-in-chief of all military forces.






© Ben Cahoon