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Traditional States of The Sudan



Taqali

14 Jul 1884 - 1898         Annexed by the Mahdiya, but rulers continue in rebellion.
1969                       State extinguished.

Kings (title Woster or Makk)
.... - 1783                `Umar Abu Zintar walad al-Jayli
1783 - 1800                Isma`il walad Muhammad
1800 - 1820                Abu Bakr walad Isma`il
1820 - 1835                `Umar walad Abi Bakr
1835 - 1840                Ahmad walad Abi Bakr
1840 - 1843                al-Maryud walad Isma`il
1843 - 1864                Nasir walad Abi Bakr
1864 - 14 Jul 1884         Adam Umm Dabbalu walad `Umar
                             al-`Arabi
1884 - 1898                `Ali Abu Zanayt walad Adam 
                             (in rebellion)
1898 - 1916                Mustafa al-Jayli walad Adam
1916 - 1920                Abu Bakr walad al-Jayli
1920 - 1969                Adam walad al-Jayli



Darfur

[Darfur Sultanate flag to
                1916]

1445                        Kayra Fur dynasty established.
1603                        Darfur sultanate
23 Oct 1874                 Annexed by Egypt, becomes Darfur province of Egyptian Sudan.
Dec 1883                    Occupied by Mahdiya.
1889 - 1898                 Annexed to the Mahdiya.
22 May 1916                 Annexed to Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, state extinguished.

Sultans
1603 - 1637                 Suleiman Solong
1637 - 1682                 Musa ibn Suleiman
1682 - 1722                 Ahmad Bakr ibn Musa
1722 - 1732                 Muhammad I Dawra
1732 - 1739                 Umar Lele
1739 - 1756                 AbuŽl Kasim 
1756 - 1785                 Muhammad II Tairab           
1785 - 1799                 `Abd ar-Rahman ar-Rashid         (b. c.1725 - d. 1801)
1799 - 1839                 Muhammad III al-Fadl
1839 - Apr 1873             Muhammad IV al-Husayn
1839 - 1843                 Muhammad Abu Madyan
                              (in rebellion)

21 Apr 1873 - 23 Oct 1874   Ibrahim Qarad Koyko
1874                        Hasab Allah
1874 - 1875                 Sayf ad-Din Bush
1877 - 1880                 Sayf ad-Din Muhammad Harun 
                              ar-Rashid
1880 - 1887                 `Abd Allah Dud Banja
1887 - 14 Feb 1888          Yusuf
1888 - 1898                 AbuŽl Khayrat
1891 - 1908                 Sanin al-Husayn (in rebellion)
21 Mar 1899 - 22 May 1916   `Ali Dinar ibn Zakariyya         (b. c.1865 - d. 1916)



Dar al-Masalit

1884                       State established.
1921                       State extinguished.

Sultans
1884 - 1889                Isma`il ibn `Abd an-Nabi         (d. c.1889)
1889 - 1907                Abu Bakr ibn Isma`il             (b. 18.. - d. 1907)
1907 - 1910                Taj ad-Din Muhammad ibn Isma`il  (b. 18.. - d. 1910)
1910 - 1921                Bahr ad-Din Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr



Dar Qimr

Sultans
18.. - 1879                Abu Bakr
1879 - 1935                Idris ibn Abi Bakr               (b. 1859 - d. 1935)
1935 - 1945                Hashim ibn Idris                 (b. 1873 - d. 19..)



Sinnar (Sennar)

1503                       Funj sultanate of Sinnar (Sennar)
15 Jun 1821                State extinguished by Egypt.

Sultans (title Mek)
 6 Jun 1692 - 13 Apr 1716  Badi III al-Ahmar ibn Unsa II
13 Apr 1716 -  8 Jul 1720  Unsa III ibn Badi II
 8 Jul 1720 -  8 Jul 1724  Nul
 8 Jul 1724 - 25 Mar 1762  Badi IV Abu Shulukh ibn Nul      (d. 1764)
25 Mar 1762 - 1769         Nasir ibn Badi IV                (d. 1769)
1769 - c.1775              Muhammud Abu Likaylik -Regent    (d. c.1775)
1769 - 1776                I
sma`il ibn Badi IV              (b. 1736 - d. 1776)
c.1775 - 1780              Badi walad Rajab -Regent
1776 - 1789               
`Adlan II ibn Isma`il            (d. 1789)
1780 - c.1786              Rajab
walad Muhammad -Regent
1787 - 1788                Awkal
c.1786 - 1789              Nasir walad Muhammad -Regent
1788 - 1790                Tabl (Tayyib) II
1790                       Badi V ibn Tabl
1790 - 1791                Nawwar
1791 - 1798                Badi VI ibn Tabl (1st time)
1798 - 1805                Ranfi
1798 - 1804                Idris walad Abu Likaylik -Regent
1804 - 1805                Agban
1804 - 1805                `Adlan walad Abu Likaylik -Regent
1805 - 1821                Badi VII ibn Tabl (2nd time)


Kordofan

....                       Part of Funj sultanate of Sinnar (Sennar) as Kordofal.
...                        Musabba'at Fur establish a sultanate.
1755 - c.1775              Sinnar rule restored.
c.1775 - 1782              Musabba'at independence restored.
1782 - 1785                Sinnar rule restored.
1785                       Annexed by Darfur, from 1803 as Keira Kordofan.
19 Aug 1821                Kordofan a province of Egyptian Sudan (see Provinces).

Sultans
.... - ...                 Janqal al-Musabba`awi
c.1734 - c.1751            `Isawi ibn Janqal al-Musabba`awi (d. c.1751)
Funj Governors
1755 - 1762                Muhammud Abu Likaylik
1762 - c.1775              Badi walad Rajab
Sultan
c.1775 - 1782              Hashim ibn `Isawi al-Musabba`awi
Governors of South Kordofan
1785 - ....                Muhammad Kura
.... - 1803                Muhammad ibn Ali
Governors of North Kordofan
1785 - ....                Ibrahim ibn Ramad
.... - 1803                Musallim                         (d. 1821) 
Viceroy (Maqdum)

1803 - 19 Aug 1821         Musallim                         (s.a.)


Shilluk (Chollo): see under South Sudan





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