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Saint Lucia
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
      1781-1783, 1794-1795, 1796-1802, 1803-1875 
 
[Saint Lucia colonial flag in
                                    1875]
                          1875 - 16 Aug 1939
 
[Saint Lucia colonial flag,
                                    1939 - 1967]
                    16 Aug 1939 - 1 Mar 1967
 
[Saint
                                    Lucia colonial unofficial flag in
                                    1937-1939]
              16 Aug 1939 - 1 Mar 1967 Unofficial
 
[Saint
                                    Lucia 1967 Flag]
              1 Mar 1967 - 22 Feb 1979 
 
[Saint
                                    Lucia 1979 Flag]
                    22 Feb 1979 - 22 Feb 2002
 
[Saint
                                    Lucia Flag]
                       Adopted 22 Feb 2002
 


Map of St. Lucia
Hear National Anthem
"Sons and Daughters
of St. Lucia"
Text of National Anthem
Adopted 1967
Constitution
 (22 Feb 1979)
Capital: Castries
(Le Carenage 1651-1785)
Currency: East Caribbean
Dollar (XCD) 
National Holiday: 22 Feb (1979)
Independence Day
Population: 162,781 (2013)
GDP: $2.21 billion (2013)
Exports: $206.8 million (2013)
Imports: $592.7 million (2013)
Ethnic groups: black/African descent 85.3%, mixed 10.9%,
East Indian 2.2%, other 1.6%, unspecified 0.1% (2010)
Total Police Force and Coast Guard: 947 (2012)
Merchant marine: None (2010) 
Religions: Roman Catholic 61.5%, Protestant 25.5% (includes
 Seventh-Day Adventist 10.4%, Pentecostal 8.9%, Baptist 2.2%,
 Anglican 1.6%, Church of God 1.5%, other Protestant .9%),
other Christian 3.4% (includes Evangelical 2.3% and Jehovah's
 Witness 1.1%), Rastafarian 1.9%, other 0.4%, none 5.9%,
 unspecified 1.4% (2010)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACP, ACS, AOSIS, APM, BTWC, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, CTBT, CWC, ECCB, ENMOD, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IRENA (applicant), ISA, ISO, ITU, ITUC, KP, MIGA, NAM, NPT, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Saint Lucia
Chronology
13 Dec 1502                Discovered by Christopher Columbus and claimed
                             for Spain, named Isla de Santa Lucia.
23 Aug 1605 - Sep 1605     First attempted English settlement.
1638 - Aug 1640            Second attempted English settlement.
1643                       French colony (Sainte-Lucie).
1664 - 16 Feb 1666         English occupation.
1667 - 1674                Administered by the Compagnie des Indies 
                             Occidentales.
1674                       French crown colony, as a dependency of Martinique
                             (evacuated 1674/88-1719, 1720-22, 1723-44).
16 Dec 1722 - Jan 1723     English settlement at Petit Carenage, opposed by
                             the French.
1723 - 1744                Neutral territory agreed by Britain and France in
                             the Treaty of Choc, but French settlers remain.
1744                       French colony (Sainte-Lucie).
18 Oct 1748 - 1756         Declared Neutral territory by Treaty of Aix La
                             Chapelle (French do not evacuate and island 
                             remains de facto a French possession).
25 Feb 1762 - 10 Feb 1763  British occupation.
28 Dec 1778 -  3 Jan 1784  British occupation.
 4 Apr 1794 - 18 Jun 1795  British occupation.
25 May 1796 - 27 Mar 1802  British occupation.
25 Oct 1797 - 19 Apr 1801  Nominally organized as Lucie département of France
                            (Saint Lucia and Tobago; not effected due to
                             British occupation).
26 Sep 1802 - 21 Jun 1803  Restored to France.
21 Jun 1803                British colony (Saint Lucia).
30 May 1814                British possession confirmed. 
1838                       British crown colony.
1838 -  1 Jan 1960         Part of the Windward Islands colony (see Grenada).
 3 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962  Part of the Federation of the West Indies
                             (see Trinidad and Tobago).
 1 Mar 1967                Associated state
22 Feb 1979                Independence from Britain (St. Lucia).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Governors 
23 Aug 1605 - Sep 1605     Nicholas St. John
1638 - Aug 1640            Judlee (or Jadlee)
1643 - 1654                Louis de Kerengoan, sieur          (d. 1654)
                             de Rousselan 
1654                       La Rivière                         (d. 1654)
1654 - 1656                Jean Haquet                        (d. 1656)
1656                       Le Breton
1656                       de Coutis
1656 - 1660                d'Aigremont                        (d. 1660)
1660                       de La Lande                        (d. 1660)
1660 - 1664                Bonnard 
1664 -  6 Jan 1666         Robert Cooke
1666 - 1667                Crook
1667 - 1719                Vacant
24 Jul 1719 - 1720         Henry de Saint-Martin -Commander
1720 - 1722                Vacant
16 Dec 1722 - Jan 1723     Nathaniel Uring (or Wring)
                             (deputy governor)
1723 - 1744                None
Commandants
 8 Jun 1744 - 17 Nov 1761  Jean Louis Nicolas des Merliers    (b. 1688 - d. 1761)
                             de Longueville              
Nov 1761 - 25 Feb 1762     Sévère René des Merliers de        (b. 1726 - d. 1800?)
                             Longueville            
Governors
25 Feb 1762 - 10 Feb 1763  George Brydges Rodney              (b. 1718 - d. 1792)
                             (1st time)
10 Feb 1763 - Sep 1764     Pierre Lucien de La Chapelle,      (b. 1716 - d. ....) 
                             chevalier de Jumilhac
1764 - 1771                Claude François Anne de Micoud  
1771 - 1772                Claude Anne Gui de Micoud (acting) (b. 1739 - d. 1806/15)
                             (commandant)
18 Feb 1772 - Nov 1773     Frédéric Laure de Kearney          (b. 1721? - d. 1773)
Nov 1773 - 1776            Alexandre Potier de Courcy         (b. 1725 - d. 1777)
1776 - 28 Dec 1778         Marc Étienne de Joubert            (b. 1716 - d. 1784)
1776 - 28 Dec 1778         Claude Anne Guy de Micoud          (s.a.)
                             (commandant)
                             (acting for Joubert)
28 Dec 1778 -  1 Aug 1779  James Grant (commander)            (b. 1720 - d. 1806)
Aug 1779 - 1780            William Medows (commander)         (b. 1739 - d. 1813)
Feb 1780 - 1781            Sir George Brydges Rodney          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1781 - 1784                Anthony St. Leger                  (b. 1731 - d. 1786)
                             (military governor)  
 3 Jan 1784 - 14 Apr 1789  Jean Zénon André de Véron de       (b. 1733 - d. 1789)
                             Labourie, baron de Labourie
Apr 1789 - Jun 1789        Etienne de Manoel (acting)         (b. 1740 - d. 1794)
21 Jun 1789 -  3 Jun 1792  Jean-Joseph Soubader de Gimat      (b. 1747 - d. 1794)
1792                       Montdenoix
                           + Linger
                           (acting)
1792                       Pierre Jacques Fulcrand de la      (b. 1740 - d. ....)
                             Roque de Monteil (acting)    
1792 - 1793                Jean Baptiste Raimond              (b. 1765 - d. 1829)
                             Lacrosse -Commissioner
 3 Feb 1793 -  4 Apr 1794  Nicolas Xavier de Ricard           (b. 1726 - d. 1812)
 4 Apr 1794 - 1795         Sir Charles Gordon                 (b. 1756 - d. 1835)
1795 - 18 Jun 1795         James Stewart                      (b. 17.. - d. 1815)  
Jun 1795 - 25 May 1796     Gaspard Goyrand -Commissioner      (b. 1764 - d. 1799)
25 May 1796 - May 1796     Sir Ralph Abercromby               (b. 1734 - d. 1801)
May 1796 - 1797            John Moore                         (b. 1761 - d. 1809)
1797 - Jul 1798            James Drummond                     (b. c.1758 - d. 1831)
Commandants
Jul 1798 - 1802            George Prevost                     (b. 1767 - d. 1816)

                             (Lieutenant governor from 4 Jul 1801)
1802                       George Henry Vansittart            (b. 1768 - d. 1824)

26 Sep 1802 - 21 Jun 1803  Jean François Xavier Nogues        (b. 1769 - d. 1808)
                             (French governor)
10 Jul 1803 - 20 Jul 1807  Robert Brereton                    (b. 1747 - d. 1816)

20 Jul 1807 - 10 May 1814  Alexander Wood
10 May 1814 - Sep 1815     Francis Delaval                    (d. 1828)
Sep 1815 - Jul 1816        Edward Stehelin                    (b. c.1759 - d. 1827)
Jul 1816 - 16 Nov 1816     Robert Douglas
Governors
16 Nov 1816 - 21 Oct 1817  Richard Augustus Seymour           (d. 1817)

                            
(acting to ... 1817)
24 Oct 1817 -  6 Nov 1817 
John Joseph Winkler (acting)       (d. 1834)
 
6 Nov 1817 - 25 Jun 1818  Edward O'Hara (acting)
            (b. 1767 - d. 1833)
25 Jun 1818 - Jun 1821     John Keane (1st time)              (b. 1781 - d. 1844)
Jun 1821 - 18 Jul 1821     Edward Copson (acting)
18 Jul 1821 - Feb 1823     John Montagu Mainwaring (1st time) (b. 1761 - d. 1842)

Feb 1823 - 23 Apr 1823     John Keane (2nd time)              (s.a.)
23 Apr 1823 - 21 Jan 1824 
John Montagu Mainwaring (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)

21 Jan 1824 - 27 Feb 1824  James Culley (acting)
27 Feb 1824 - 11 Jan 1826  Nathaniel Shepherd Blackwell       (d. 1833)

                            
(acting)
11 Jan 1826 - Nov 1827     John Montagu Mainwaring (2nd time) (s.a.)

Nov 1827 - 17 Jan 1829     Lorenzo Moore (acting)             (b. 1765 - d. 1837)
17 Jan 1829 - 18 Dec 1829  David Stewart                      (b. 1772 - d. 1829)
18 Dec 1829 - 26 Dec 1829  J.A. Delhoste (acting)
26 Dec 1829 -  1 Jan 1830  Robert Mullen (acting)
 
1 Jan 1830 -  1 Feb 1830  Francis Power (acting)
 
1 Feb 1830 - 10 Jan 1831  James Alexander Farquharson        (b. 1775 - d. 1834)
                             (1st time) (acting)
10 Jan 1831 -  8 Mar 1831  George Mackie                      (d. 1831)
 
8 Mar 1831 - 15 Sep 1831  Mark Anthony Bozon (1st time)      (b. 1766 - d. 1846)
                            
(acting)
15 Sep 1831 - 15 Dec 1831  J.W. Mallet (acting)               (d. 1831)
15 Dec 1831 - 28 Jan 1832
  Mark Anthony Bozon (2nd time)     
                             (acting)
28 Jan 1832 - 20 Mar 1832  John Carter (1st time)(acting)
20 Mar 1832 - 23 Jan 1834  James Alexander Farquharson        (s.a.)

                             (2nd time)
23 Jan 1834 - 28 Jan 1834  Charles Lewis (acting)
28 Jan 1834 -  7 Mar 1834  John Carter (2nd time) (acting)
 7 Mar 1834 - 12 Jul 1834  C.F. Smith (acting)
Lieutenant governors

12 Jul 1834 - 1837         Sir Dudley St. Leger Hill          (b. 1790 - d. 1851)
 
5 Apr 1837 - 1838         Thomas Bunbury (acting to ....)    (b. 1787 - d. 1857)
20 Mar 1838 - 19 Jan 1839  John Alexander Mein (acting)       (b. 1786 - d. 1841)
19 Jan 1839 - 1841         Mathias Everard                    (b. 17.. - d. 1857)
27 Feb 1841 - 1843         George Graydon
 
1 Feb 1843 - 1844         Andrew Clarke                      (b. 1793 - d. 1847)
15 Jul 1844 - 1848         Arthur Wellesley Torrens           (b. 1809 - d. 1855)
11 Jan 1848 - 1852         Charles Henry Darling              (b. 1809 - d. 1870)
1852                       Henry Clermont Cobbe
1852 - 1857                Maurice Power                      (b. 1811 - d. 1870)
Administrators
1857 - 1862                Henry Heggart Breen                (b. 1805 - d. 1881)
1862 - 1869                James Mayer Grant
21 May 1869 - 1878         George William Des Voeux           (b. 1834 - d. 1909)
1878 - 1879                Arthur Elibank Havelock            (b. 1844 - d. 1908)
1881 - 1884                Roger Tuckfield Goldsworthy        (b. 1839 - d. 1900)
1885 - 1889                Edward Daniel Laborde              (b. 1863 - d. 19..)
Commissioners
1889 - 1891                Robert Baxter Llewelyn             (b. 1845 - d. 1919)
1891 - 1897                Valesius Skipton Gouldsbury        (b. 1839 - d. 1896)
1897 - 1899                Charles Anthony King-Harman        (b. 1851 - d. 1939)
1900 - 28 Apr 1902         Harry Langhorne Thompson           (b. 1857 - d. 1902)
1902 - 1905                Sir George Melville                (b. 1842 - d. 1924)
Jul 1905 - Nov 1905        Edward Daniel Laborde (acting)     (s.a.)
1905 - 1909                Philip Clark Cork                  (b. 1854 - d. 1936)
1909 - 1914                Edward John Cameron                (b. 1858 - d. 1947)
1914                       Anthony De Freitas (acting)        (b. 1869 - d. 1940)
1914 - 1915                William Douglas Young              (b. 1859 - d. 1943)
1915 - 1918                Charles Gideon Murray              (b. 1877 - d. 1951)
1918 - 1927                Wilfred Bennett Davidson-Houston   (b. 1870 - d. 1960)
1928 - 1935                Charles William Doorly             (b. 1875 - d. 1942)
1935 - 1938                Edward William Baynes              (b. 1880 - d. 1962)
Jul 1938 - 1944            Arthur Alban Wright                (b. 1887 - d. 1967)
1944 - 1946                Edward Francis Twining             (b. 1899 - d. 1967)
1947 - 1953                John Montague Stow                 (b. 1911 - d. 1997)
1953 - 1958                John Kingsmill Robert Thorp        (b. 1912 - d. 1961)
Administrators
1958 - Jan 1962            Julian Edward George Asquith,      (b. 1916 - d. 2011)
                             Earl of Oxford and Asquith 
Jan 1962 - 1967            Gerald Jackson Bryan               (b. 1921)
                             (acting to Apr 1962)
Governors

1967 - Sep 1971            Frederick Joseph Clarke            (b. 1912 - d. 1980)
                             (from 19 Jul 1967, Sir Frederick Joseph Clarke) 
Sep 1971 -  5 Oct 1974     Ira Marcus Simmons                 (b. 1917 - d. 1974)
                             (from 11 Jun 1974, Sir Ira Marcus Simmons)
                             (acting to 1973)
1974 - 22 Feb 1979         Sir Allen Montgomery Lewis         (b. 1909 - d. 1993)
Queen¹ 
22 Feb 1979 -              the Queen of the United Kingdom
Governors-general (representing the British monarch as head of state)
22 Feb 1979 - 19 Jun 1980  Sir Allen Montgomery Lewis         (s.a.)
                             (1st time) 
19 Jun 1980 - 13 Dec 1982  Boswell Williams                   (b. 1926)
                             (acting to 16 Dec 1981)
13 Dec 1982 - 30 Apr 1987  Sir Allen Montgomery Lewis         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
30 Apr 1987 - 10 Oct 1988  Vincent Frederick Floissac (acting)(b. 1928 - d. 2010)
                             (1st time)
10 Oct 1988 - 31 May 1996  Stanislaus Anthony James           (b. 1919 - d. 2011)
                             (from 10 Apr 1992, Sir Stanislaus Anthony James)
                             (acting to 22 Feb 1992)
 1 Jun 1996 - 31 Aug 1997  William George Mallet              (b. 1923 - d. 2010) 
                             (from 22 Feb 1997, Sir William George Mallet) 
31 Aug 1997 - 17 Sep 1997  Sir Vincent Frederick Floissac     (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)(acting)
17 Sep 1997 -              Calliopa Pearlette Louisy (f)      (b. 1946)
                             (from 16 Jul 1999, Dame Calliopa Pearlette Louisy)

Chief ministers
 1 Jan 1960 - Apr 1964     George Frederick Lawrence Charles  (b. 1916 - d. 2004)  SLP
Apr 1964 -  1 Mar 1967     John George Melvin Compton         (b. 1926 - d. 2007)  UWP
Premier
 1 Mar 1967 - 22 Feb 1979  John George Melvin Compton         (s.a.)               UWP
Prime ministers
22 Feb 1979 -  2 Jul 1979  John George Melvin Compton         (s.a.)               UWP
                             (1st time)
 2 Jul 1979 -  4 May 1981  Allan Fitzgerald Laurent Louisy    (b. 1916 - d. 2011)  SLP
 4 May 1981 - 17 Jan 1982  Winston Francis Cenac              (b. 1925 - d. 2004)  SLP
17 Jan 1982 -  3 May 1982  Michael Pilgrim (interim)          (b. 1947)            PLP
 3 May 1982 -  2 Apr 1996  John George Melvin Compton         (s.a.)               UWP
                             (2nd time)
 2 Apr 1996 - 24 May 1997  Vaughan Allen Lewis                (b. 1940)            UWP
24 May 1997 - 15 Dec 2006  Kenny Davis Anthony (1st time)     (b. 1951)            SLP
15 Dec 2006 -  7 Sep 2007  Sir John George Melvin Compton     (s.a.)               UWP
                             (3rd time)
 1 May 2007 - 30 Nov 2011  Stephenson King                    (b. 1958)            UWP
                             (acting to 9 Sep 2007 [for Compton to 7 Sep 2007])
30 Nov 2011 -              Kenny Davis Anthony (2nd time)     (s.a.)               SLP

  ¹Full style:
(a) 22 Feb 1979 - 1979: "By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of The Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith";
(b) from 1979: "By the Grace of God, Queen of Saint Lucia and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth."

Territorial Dispute: Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.

Party abbreviations: SLP = Saint Lucia Labour Party (social democratic, center left, est.1949); UWP = United Workers' Party (christian democratic, conservative, est.1964);
- Former parties: PLP = Progressive Labour Party (social democratic, split from SLP, 1981-c.1989)






 © Ben Cahoon