Australian Antarctic Territory
Adopted 13 Jun 1933
of Heard and
Hear National Anthem
"Advance Australia Fair"
(1 Jan 1901)
Chief Stations: Maswson,
Currency: Australian Dollar
National Holiday: 26 Jan
Seasonal Research Staff
Summer (Jan): 200
Winter (Jul): 62
Total Armed Forces: N/A
Defense is the responsibility of Australia
Merchant marine: None
Number of Year-round
Summer-only Stations: None
11 Jul 1810
claimed for Britain by Frederick
Hasselborough and annexed to New South Wales.
24 Feb 1831
Enderby Land discovered by John Biscoe in the whaling
27 Nov 1833
McDonald Island and Heard Islands sighted by British
sealer Peter Kemp on brig Magnet.
19 Jan 1840
Wilkes Land is discovered by U.S. Lt. Charles Wilkes.
9 Jan 1841
Victoria Land claimed for Britain by Capt. James Clark
25 Nov 1853
Heard Island sighted by U.S. Capt. John Heard.
4 Jan 1854
McDonald Islands sighted by Capt. William McDonald.
17 Jun 1890
Macquarie Island transferred to Tasmania.
Heard Island and McDonald Islands annexed by Britain.
13 Jan 1930
Enderby Land is claimed by Britain.
17 May 1933
Macquarie Island declared a wildlife sanctuary.
13 Jun 1933
British imperial order annexes Antarctica south of 60°
and between longitudes 160° E and 45° E (excluding
French Terre Adelie) and transfers it to Australia.
24 Aug 1936
Transfer of sovereignty implemented by the Australian
Antarctic Territory Acceptance Act 1933.
1 Apr 1938
Boundaries with French Terre Adelie are fixed
definitively between longitudes
136°E and 142°E.
28 May 1947 Australian Antarctic
Planning Committee formed which
operates the Australian National Antarctic
26 Dec 1947
Heard Island and McDonald Islands are transferred
to Australia by U.K.; Macquarie Island is transferred
to the Commonwealth of Australia and administered
by Australian Antarctic Territory.
18 May 1948
Australian Antarctic Division created to administer
Australian Antarctic Territory, McDonald Island
and Heard Islands.
13 Feb 1954
Mawson Station, first permanent Australian
in Antarctica, opens.
Directors of the Australian Antarctic Division
(part of the Australian Department of Environment and Heritage)
1947 - 1949
(Officer-in-Charge and Chief Executive Officer)
Jan 1949 - 1966
Phillip G. Law
(b. 1912 - d. 2010)
1966 - 1970
Don F. Styles (1st time)(acting) (b. 1916 - d. 1995)
2 Oct 1970 - 1 Aug 1971 Bryan Rofe
1918 - d. 1971)
1971 - 1972
Don F. Styles (2nd time)(acting) (s.a.)
8 May 1972 - 1979
Raymond "Ray" I. Garrod (b. 1917
- d. 2009)
9 Apr 1979 - 1984
Clarence "Clarrie" G. McCue (b. 1927 - d. 1992)
1984 - 1988
James "Jim" E. Bleasel (b. 1936?)
1988 - 23 Nov 1998
23 Nov 1998 - 2009
Tony J. Press
Feb 2009 - Aug 2011 Lyn Maddock (f)
Aug 2011 - Tony
Ausralian Antarctic claim is recognized by France,
New Zealand, Norway and U.K., but it is not recognized by
the United Nations, U.S., Russia or by most other countries. Administered
by Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
© Ben Cahoon