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Angola Traditional states



Kongo
[former Kongo Kingdom flag]
Note: Although the Kongo Kingdom encompassed a large area in present-day Congo (Kinshasa), it is recorded here because its capital city, Mbanza Kongo (São Salvador), has always been in present-day Angola. The record for the 18th and early 19th century is very obscure and there are conflicting lists of rulers and dates up to Pedro V.

c.1400                     Kongo dya Ntotila, the Kongo Kingdom, founded.
1576 - 1641                Portuguese vassal.
1641 - 1647                Dutch ally.
1665 - 1888                Portuguese vassal.
1669 - 1709                Disrupted during civil war.
1888 - 11 Nov 1975         Portuguese colonial rule.
1914                       King deposed by Portuguese colonial rulers,
                             hereditary kingship continues.

Kings (styled Ntotila a Ntinu ne Kongo)
c.1400 - 14..              Lukeni lua Nimi (Nimi a Lukeni)
14.. - 14..                Nanga
14.. - 14..                Nlaza
c.1450                     Nkuwu a Lukeni
1470 - 1509                João I (Nzinga a Nkuwu)
1509 - 1543                Afonso I Mvemba a Nzinga
1543 - 1545                Pedro I Nkanga a Mvemba
1545                       Francisco I
1545 - 1561                Diogo I Nkumbi a Mpudi
1561                       Afonso II Mpemba a Nzinga
1561 - 1566                Bernardo I
1566 - 1568                Henrique I                          (d. 1568)
1568 - 1587                Álvaro I Nimi a Lukeni lua Mvemba
1587 - 1614                Álvaro II Nimi a Nkanga
1614 - 1615                Bernardo II Nimi a Mpanzu
1615 - 1622                Álvaro III Nimi a Mpanzu
1622 - 1624                Pedro II  Nkanga a Mvika
1624 - 1626                Garcia I Afonso Mvemba a Nkanga
1626 - 1631                Ambrosio I Nimi a Nkanga
1631 - 1636                Álvaro IV Nzinga a Nkuwu
1636                       Álvaro V  Mpanzu a Nimi
1636 - 1641                Álvaro VI Afonso Nimi a Lukeni a
                             Nzenze a Ntumba

1641 - 1660                Garcia II Afonso Nkanga a Lukeni a
                             Nzenze a Ntumba
1661 - 1665                António I Nvita a Nkanga
1665                       Afonso II
1665 - 1666                Álvaro VII Tusi Mumaza
1666 - 1669                Álvaro VIII Mvemba a Mpanzu
1669                       Pedro III Nsimba Ntamba (1st time)
1669 - 1670                Álvaro IX Mpanzu a Ntivila
1670 - 1673                Rafael I Nzinga a Nkanga
1673 - 1674                Afonso III Mvemba a Nimi
1674 - 1678                Daniel I Miyala Mpangu 
- in dissidence at Mbamba Lovata -
1669 - 1685                Garcia III Nkanga a Mvemba
1685                       André I Mvizi a Nkanga
1685 - 1688                Manuel Afonso Nzinga a Nlenke
1688 - 1695                Alvaro X Nimi a Mvemba Agua Rosada
1695 - 1709                Pedro IV Nusamu a Mvemba
- in dissidence at Mbula -
1669 - 1680                Pedro III Nsimba Ntamba (2nd time)
1680 - 1709                João II Nzuzi a Ntamba
                             (continues in opposition to 1716)
- reunified kingdom at São Salvador -
1709 - 1718                Pedro IV Nusamu a Mvemba
1718 - 1743                Manuel II Mpanzu a Nimi
1743 - 1752                Garcia IV Nkanga a Mvandu
1752 - c.1758              Nicolau I Misaki mia Nimi
17.. - 17..                Afonso IV Nkanga a Nkanga
17.. - 17..                António II Mvita a Mpanzu
17.. - 17..                Sebastião I Nkanga kia Nkanga
1763 - 1764                Pedro V Ntivila a Nkanga
1764 - 1778                Álvaro XI Nkanga a Nkanga
1778 - 1785                José I Mpasi a Nkanga
1785 - 1787                Afonso V
1787 - 17..                Álvaro XII
17.. - 1793                Alexio I Mpanzu a Mbandu
1793 - 1794                Joaquim I
1794 - 1803                Henrique III Alphonse Masaki ma
                             Mpanzu

1803 - 1830                Garcia V Nkanga a Mvemba
1830 - 18..                André II Mvizi a Lukeni
18.. - 1842                André III Ndondele Beya
1842 - 1858                Henrique IV Mpanzu a Nsindi a
                             Nimi a Lukeni

1858 - 1859                Álvaro XIII Ndongo
 7 Aug 1859 - 14 Feb 1891  Pedro VI Afonso
1891 - 1896                Álvaro XIV Afonso Mfutila
1896 - 1901                Henrique III Afonso Nteye
                             Kpage -Regent
1901 - 1910                Pedro VII Afonso Mvemba
1910 - 1911                Manuel Nkomba
1911 - 1914                Manuel III Afonso Kiditu 
1915 - 1923                Álvaro XV Afonso Nzinga
1923 - 17 Apr 1955         Pedro VIII Afonso                   (d. 1955)
16 Aug 1955 - 11 Jul 1957  António III Afonso                  (d. 1957)
11 Jul 1957 -  9 Sep 1962  Isabel Maria da Gama (f) -Regent 
                             (1st time)
 9 Sep 1962 - Oct 1962     Pedro IX Afonso Mansala             (d. 1962)
Oct 1962 - 1975?           Isabel Maria da Gama (f) -Regent
                             (2nd time)


Kasanzi

c.1616                     Luba state of Kasanzi (Kazanye) founded.
1911                       State extinguished by Portugal.

Rulers (title Yaka)
.... - 1848                Mbumba (1st time) 
1848 - 1853                .... 
1853 - ....                Mbumba (2nd time)
.... - 1911                Kandumba Kapenda kwa Mbangu


Kanhama

c.1700                     Kanhama state founded.

Rulers
.... - 1804                Simbilinga 
1804 - 1854                Haimbili "o Bom"
1854 - 18..                Haikukutu 
18.. - 18..                Siefeni 
18.. - 18..                Osipandika 
18.. - 1884                Nampandi 
1884 - 1904                Uedjulu 
1904 - 1911                Nande 
1911 - 1917                Nandume



Ndongo

c.1358                     Ndongo state founded at Mbazza Kabassa.
1683                       State extingiushed.

Rulers
1619 - 1624                Ngola Nzinga Mbandi
1624 - 1663                Jinga (Anna de Souza Nzina) (f)
1663 - 1683                Kamini



Ngoya
 
Rulers (title Mambouk)
.... - 1800                Mafouk Kokelo
1800 - 18..                .... (f)
18.. - 18..                Maitica
18.. - 18..                Moe Gimbi I (N'Pandi Sili)
18.. - 18..                Pucuta Poabo
18.. - c.1830              Mbatchi Nyongo (Bar' Chi-N'Congo)   (d. c.1830)
1830                       Moe Npongonga (Bar' Chi-Nbongo)     (d. 1830)
1830                       Moe Gimbi II
1830 - c.1852              Loemba "king Jack"
c.1852 - 1853              Npuna
-Regent
1853 - 1875                Francisco Franque                   (b. 1776 - d. 1875)
1875 - 1882                Bastian -Regent
1882 - 1941                Domingos Jos
é Franque               (b. 1855 - d. 1941) 


Ovimbundu States

Note: This is a large cluster of states, founded at various times from c.1600.

Cingolo

Rulers
1800?                      Ekundi 
1820?                      Ulundu 
1840?                      Kalukongolo 
1860?                      Kalueyo I
1870?                      Cimina 
1880?                      Kalueyo II
1890?                      Cimbalandongolo
1900?                      Nandi

Ciyaka

Rulers
1810?                      Atende II 
1820?                      Cikoko I 
18.. - 18..                Kuvombo-inene 
18.. - 18..                Ndumbu III 
1835?                      Handa II Kaciyombo 
1842 - 1850                Njimbi Ukulundu 
1850 - 1870                Canja I Cimbua Cahuku Luanjangombe III 
1870 - 1898                Handa Njundo 
1898 - 1904                Cilulu III 
1904 - 1911                Handa III 
1911 - 1915                Atende III 
1915 - 1918                Cikoko II
1918 - 1920                Vacant
1920 - 1925                Cilulu IV 
1925 - 1928                Handa IV Kalumbombo 
1929 - 1939                Sakulanda Luanjangombe IV
1939 - 1940                Cilulu V 
1940 - ....                Tomasi

Gumba

Rulers
1903?                      Ciweka
19.. - 1934                Mbati 
1935 - 1938                Simbwyikoka -Regent
1938 - 1940                Kakope 
1940 - 1954                Kafelo 
1954 - 1956                Kutenga Lusase 
1956 - 1964?               Cilombo

Kalembe

Rulers
1810?                      Njundu 
1835?                      Cinguangua II
1850?                      Cikomo 
1860?                      Ndumba 
1895?                      Nyime 
1900?                      Sakatilo

Kalukembe

Rulers
1835?                      Ndumbu Saciyambu 
1845?                      Keita Hungulu 
1850?                      Kamupula 
1860?                      Ngandu Kapembe 
18.. - 18..                Vacant
1880?                      Pomba Kalukembe 
1890?                      Muengo Njamba 
.... - ....                Kavala Hungulu

Mbailundu

Rulers
c.1700                     Katiavala I
c.1720                     Njahulu I
.... - ....                Somandulo
1774? - 1776?              Cingi I
1778?                      Cingi II
1780?                      Ekuikui I
.... - ....                Numa I
.... - ....                Hundungulu I
.... - ....                Cisende I
.... - ....                Njunjulu
.... - ....                Ngungi
.... - ....                Civukuvuku
1818 - 1832                Utondosi I
1833 - 1842                Bungi
1842 - 1861                Mbonge
1861 - 1869                Cisende II
1869 - 1872                Vasovãvã
1872 - 1876                Ekongo-liohombo
1876 - 1890                Ekuikui II                         (d. 1893)
1890 - 1892                Numa II
1893 - 1895                Katiavala II
1895 - 1896                Moma
1897 - 1898                Kangovi
1898 - 1900                Hundungulu II
1900 - 1902                Kalandula
1903 - 1904                Mutu ya Kevela -Regent
1904 - 1911                Cisende III
1911 - 1935                Njahulu II Kandimba
1935 - 1938                Musita
1938 - 1948                Cinendele
1948 - 1970                Filipe Kapoko
1970 - 1982                Félix Numa
1982 - 1985                Congolola
1985 - 1996                Ekuikui III                        (d. 1996)
1996 - 1999                Utondosi II (named by UNITA)
2002 - 14 Jan 2012         Ekuikui IV                         (b. 1913? - d. 2012)


Ndulu

Rulers
1800?                      Cindele
1810?                      Mbundi
1835?                      Siakalembe 
1850?                      Lusãse 
1870 - 1890                Elundu Civava 
1890 - 189.                Civange 
1897?                      Cipati 
1900?                      Cisusulu 
190. - 190.                Kasuanje 
190. - 190.                Siakanjimba 
1904?                      Ndingilinya
19.. - 19..                Sihinga 
1910?                      Congolola 
1917?                      Cisokokua 
19.. - 1935                Cihopio 
1935 - ....                Sangombe Esita -Regent

Ngalangi

Rulers
.... - ....                Ndumba II Cihongo 
1835?                      Kambuenge II 
1844 - 1860                Ndumba III Epope Kateyavilombo
1860 - 18..                Etumbu Lutate 
1886?                      Ndumbu I 
1890?                      Ekumbi 
1895?                      Cihongo II 
1899?                      Ciyo 
1905?                      Cipala 
1916?                      Kangombe 
1920?                      Ngangawe
192. - 192.                Cuvika 
1925?                      Cikuetekole 
19.. - 1931                Mbumba Kambuakatepa 
1931 - 1933                Cingelesi 
1933 - 1935                Ndumbu II 
1935 - ....                Congolola

Sambu

Rulers
.... - ....                Handa 
1810?                      Usinhalua II 
1820?                      Kambangula
1835?                      Congolola 
.... - ....                Lundungu 
.... - ....                Ekuikui
.... - ....                Mandi 
19..?                      Citangeleka Komundakeseke

Viye

Rulers
1795 - 1810                Kawewe 
1810 - 1833                Moma Vasovãvã 
1833 - 1839                Mbandua 
1839 - 1842                Kakembembe Hundungulu 
1842 - 1847                Liambula 
1847 - 1850                Kayangula 
1850 - 1857                Mukinda -Regent
1857 - 1859                Nguvenge 
1860 - 1883                Konya Cilemo 
1883 - 1886                Ciponge Njambayamina 
1886 - 1888                Ciyoka 
1888 - 1890                Cikunyu Ndunduma 
1890 - 1895                Kalufele 
1895 - 1901                Kaninguluka 
1901 - 1903                Ciyuka (1st time) 
1903 - 1915                Kavova 
1915 - 1928                Ngungu 
1928 - 1940                Ciyuka (2nd time)

Wambu

1902                       State extinguished by Portugal.

Rulers
1800?                      Kahala I Kanene 
1805?                      Vilombo II Vinene Kaneketela II 
1813 - 1825                Cingi II Cinene Livonge 
1825 - 1840                Ngelo II Yale
1840 - Apr 1846            Ciasungu Kiapungo 
1846 - 1860                Kapoko II 
1860 - 1870                Atende II a Njamba 
1870 - 1877                Vilombo III Kacingangu 
1877 - 1885                Hungulu II Kapusukusu 
1885 - 1891                Wambu II 
1891 - 1894                Njamba Cimbungu 
1894 - 1902                Livonge






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