WorldStatesmen.org Home
return to Indonesia >
to Indonesia Provinces >>

 






 


Indonesian States 1946-1950

States and entities: Bangka, Belitung, and Riau - Banjar - Batavia, Federal District - Dayak Besar - Indonesia Timur - Jawa Tengah - Jawa Timur - Kalimantan Barat - Kalimantan Tenggara - Kalimantan Timur - Kota Waringin - Madura - State of the Republic of Indonesia - Padang dan sekitarnya - Pasundan - Sabang - Sumatera Selatan - Sumatera Timur -

Note: The Republik Indonesia Serikat (Republic of the United States of Indonesia), which existed from 27 Dec 1949 to 17 Aug 1950, consisted of: (1) seven units styled negara ("state"), among which was, prominently, Republik Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia), styled for this purpose (and indeed in all the preliminary negotiations, 1946-49) Negara Republik Indonesia (State of the Republic of Indonesia); (2) nine autonomous entities (daerah otonom) listed in the constitution; these are usually, though incorrectly, referred to simply as daerah ("area"), a style that actually was borne in their name by only two of them (in addition to the preliminary stages of two negara), as shown below; (3) a Federal District, also mentioned in the constitution; and (4) three "left-over" entities, not listed in the constitution: the traditional polity Kota Waringin on Kalimantan (Borneo), and the territories of Padang dan sekitarnya and Sabang on Sumatra. Names of people, entities and parties are given in modern Indonesian orthography, adopted in 1972.

Party abbreviations: PK = Partai Katolik (Catholic Party, catholic, pro-independent Indonesia, 1945-1973); PKI = Partai Kebangsaan Indonesia (Indonesian Nationhood Party, West Java-based, pro-independent Indonesia, 1945-1959); PNI = Partai Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National Party, nationalist, secular, ruling party 1959-1967, 1927-1931, 1945, 1946-1973, merged into PDI, re-est.1997); PSII = Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia (Indonesian Islamic Union Party, Islamist, 1947-1973); PRP = Partai Rakyat Pasundan (Sundanese People's Party, Sundanese nationalist, 1946-19..); SKI = Serikat Kerakyatan Indonesia (Indonesian People’s Union, South Kalimantan-based, pro-independent Indonesia, 1946-1955)  
 
Map of the Situation on 1 Dec 1948



Bangka, Belitung, and Riau

[Bangka, Belitung, and Riau
                flag 1947-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Pangkal Pinang
Population: N/A

12 Jul 1947                Bangka, Belitung, and Riau, three autonomous entities and neo-
                             states established.
23 Jan 1948                Federation of Bangka, Belitung, and Riau is decreed but is
                             not established.
 5 Jul 1948                Federative Collegium (joint executive) established, but the three
                             entities remained separate.
 4 Apr 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairmen of the Bangka (Provisional to 12 Jul 1947) Council
10 Feb 1947 - May 1949     Masyarif Datuk Bendaharo Lelo      (d. 1949)
1949 - Mar 1950            Saleh Ahmad

Chairman of the Belitung Council
Dec 1947 - Mar 1950        K.A. Mohammad Yusuf

Chairmen of the Riau Council
bf.Aug 1947 - af.Jul 1948  Mohamad Apan
Oct 1948 - af.Sep 1949     Mohtar Husein
c.1949 - 1950              Raja Mohammad Yunus

Federal commissioner
Mar 1950 -  4 Apr 1950     Mohamad Isa                        (b. 1909 - d. 1979)



Banjar

Capital: Banjarmasin
Population: N/A

14 Jan 1948                Daerah Banjar (Area of Banjar), an autonomous entity, established,
                             covering entire single neo-state.
 4 Apr 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairman of the Banjar Council
14 Jan 1948 -  4 Apr 1950  Mohammad Hanafiah                  (b. 1904 - d. 1981)  SKI



Batavia, Federal District

Capital: Batavia (Jakarta)
Population: N/A

11 Aug 1948                Provisional Federal District (from Dec 1949, Federal District)
                             of Batavia.
11 Mar 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Governor of the Federal District  
 
2 Nov 1948 - Mar 1950     Raden Adipati Ario Hilman          (d. 1963)
                             Jayadiningrat

Wali Kota (mayors) of Batavia (Jakarta)
26 Aug 1948 - 20 Apr 1949  Robert Thomas Praaning             (b. 1909 - d. 1971)
20 Apr 1949 - 30 Mar 1950  Raden Sastromulyono                (b. 1898 - d. 1956)



Dayak Besar

[possible Dayak Besar flag
                1946-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Banjarmasin
(provisional); Kuala
 Kapuas (designated)

Population: 340,000 (1946)

 7 Dec 1946                Dayak Besar (Great Dayak) an autonomous entity established,
                             covering entire single neo-state.
16 Jan 1948                Officially recognized by the Dutch.
 4 Apr 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairmen of the Great Dayak Council
Dec 1946 - Feb 1948        Cyrillus Kersanegara
Feb 1948 - 1950            Mohran bin Haji Mohammad Ali       (b. 1908 - d. 19..)



Indonesia Timur

[Flag Indonesia Timur (East
                Indonesia) 1946-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Makassar
Population: 10,290,000 (1946)
Hear Anthem
"Indonesia Raya"
(Great Indonesia)

Constitution
(Regulations on Forming
the State) (24 Dec 1946)

24 Dec 1946                Negara Timur Besar (State of Great East) established eventually
                             consisting of 13 self-governing areas (daerah) and municipality
                             of Makassar.
27 Dec 1946                Renamed Negara Indonesia Timur (State of East Indonesia).
21 Apr 1950                Indonesian troops occupied Makassar.
25 Apr 1950                Republic of South Moluccas proclaimed in rebellion.
17 Aug 1950                State terminated with dissolution of United States
                             of Indonesia.

President
24 Dec 1946 - 17 Aug 1950  Cokorda Gde Raka Sukawati           (b. 1899 - d. 1973)
                             (Tjokorda Gde Raka Soekawati)

Prime ministers
13 Jan 1947 - 11 Oct 1947  Nadjamuddin Daeng Malewa            (b. 1907 - d. ....)
11 Oct 1947 - 15 Dec 1947  Semuel Jusof Warouw
15 Dec 1947 - 27 Dec 1949  Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung            (b. 1921 - d. 1999)
27 Dec 1949 - 14 Mar 1950  Jan Engelbert Tatengkeng            (b. 1907 - d. 1968)
14 Mar 1950 - 10 May 1950  D.P. Diapari                        (b. 1912 - d. ....)
10 May 1950 - 17 Aug 1950  Martinus Putuhena (Poetoehena)      (b. 1901 - d. 1982)  PK



Jawa Tengah

Capital: Semarang
Population: N/A

 2 Mar 1949                Jawa Tengah (Central Java), an undefined "political entity"
                             (usually included among autonomous entities), established.
 9 Mar 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairman of Provisional Representative Council
23 Feb 1949 - 16 Feb 1950  Raden Valentinus Sujito             (b. 1905 – d. 1958)  PK
                             Dwijoatmojo
Federal Commissioner
16 Feb 19509 Mar 1950  Kangyeng Raden Wongsonegoro         (b. 1897 – d. 1978)



Jawa Timur

[State of Jawa Timur (East
                Java flag) 1948-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Surabaya
Population: N/A

26 Nov 1948                Negara Jawa Timur (State of East Java) established.
 9 Mar 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairman of Provisional Representative Council
30 Nov 1948 -  3 Dec 1948  Raden Tumenggung Juwito             (b. 1896 - d. 19..)
Wali Negara
(head of state)
 3 Dec 1948 - 19 Jan 1950  Raden Tumenggung Panji Ahmad
                             Kusumonegoro
Federal commissioner
19 Jan 1950 -  9 Mar 1950  Raden Samadikun                     (b. 1902 - d. 19..)



Kalimantan Barat

[Kalimantan Barat (West
                Borneo) flag 1947-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Pontianak
Population: 1,202,800 (1946)
West Borneo Bylaws
(12 May 1947)

22 Oct 1946                Federasi Kalimantan Barat (Federation of West Borneo), an
                             autonomous entity, established, consisting of 12 states
                             and 3 neo-states.
12 May 1947                renamed Daerah Istimewa Kalimantan Barat (Special Area 
                             of West Borneo).
17 Aug 1950                Entity terminated with dissolution of United States
                             of Indonesia.

Chairman of the West Borneo Council (with title Kepala Daerah Istimewa)
22 Oct 1946 – 15 May 1947  the Council [40 members, no chairman]
15 May 1947 - 24 May 1950  Syarif Abdul Hamid II Alkadrie      (b. 1913 - d. 1978)
                             (sultan of Pontianak; imprisoned from 5 Apr 1950)
                             (also chairman of Executive Collegium)
Federal Resident
24 May 1950 - 17 Aug 1950? Raden Ali Budiarjo                  (b. 1913 - d. 19..)



Kalimantan Tenggara

[Kalimantan Tenggara
                (Southeast Borneo) flag 1947-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Kota Baru
Population: N/A

 8 Jan 1947                Kalimantan Tenggara (Southeast Borneo) an autonomous entity,
                             established, consisting of 3 neo-states.
 4 Apr 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairmen of the Kalimantan Tenggara Council
 8 Jan 1947 - 1949         Abdul Gaffar Noor                   (b. 1888? - d. 1979)
bf.Sep 1949 - 1950         Mohamed Yamani                      (b. 1915 – d. 19..)



Kalimantan Timur

[Kalimantan Timur (East
                Borneo) flag 1947-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Samarinda
Population: N/A

12 Apr 1947                Federasi Kalimantan Timur (Federation of East Borneo), an autonomous
                             entity, established, consisting of 4 states and 1 neo-state.
24 Apr 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairman of the Council of Rulers
12 Apr 1947 - 24 Apr 1950  Aji Muhammad Parikesit              (b. 1895 - d. 1981)
                            (sultan of Kutai)

Chairman of the Executive Collegium (prime minister)
26 Aug 1947 - 24 Apr 1950  Aji Raden Aflus                     (b. 1905 - d. 1991)



Kota Waringin

Capital: Pangkalan Bun
Population: N/A

1948                       Refused to join either Dayak Besar or Kalimantan Barat.
 4 Apr 1950                Incorporated into St
ate of the Republic of Indonesia. 

Chairmen of the Kota Waringin Council
14 Jan 1948 - 12 Feb 1949  ....
12 Feb 1949 - 1950         Asnawi



Madura

[Negara Madura (State of
                Madura) flag 1948-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Pamekasan
Population: N/A

23 Jan 1948                Negara Madura (State of Madura) established.
20 Feb 1948                Officially recognized by the Dutch.
 9 Mar 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Wali Negara (head of state)
20 Feb 1948 -  1 Feb 1950  Raden Adipati Ario Cakraningrat     (b. 1886 - d. 1953)
Federal Commissioner 
 1 Feb 1950 -  9 Mar 1950  Raden Samadikun ?                   (b. 1902 - d. 19..)


Negara Republik Indonesia (State of the Republic of Indonesia)

[Negara Republik Indonesia
                (State of the Republic of Indonesia) 1949-1950]

Capital: Yogyakarta
Population: N/A
-----------------------
Anthem: "Indonesia Raya"

27 Dec 1949                Republic of Indonesia, styled for this purpose Negara Republik
                             Indonesia (State of the Republic of Indonesia), and covering parts
                             of Java and Sumatra, becomes constituent state of the Republic of
                             the United States of Indonesia.
17 Aug 1950                Succeeded the dissolved Republic of the United States of Indonesia
                             as Republic of Indonesia.

President
27 Dec 1949 - 17 Aug 1950  Assaat Datuk Mudo (acting)          (b. 1904 - d. 1976)  Non-party

Prime ministers
19 Dec 1949 - 16 Jan 1950  Susanto Tirtoprojo (acting)         (b. 1900 - d. 1969)  PNI 
16 Jan 1950 -  6 Sep 1950  Abdul Halim (acting)                (b. 1911 - d. 1988)  Non-party



Padang dan sekitarnya

Capital: Padang
Population: N/A

1947                       Daerah Istimewa Sumatera Barat (Special Area of West Sumatra)
                             proposed, but not established.
 9 Mar 1950                Padang dan sekitarnya (Padang and Surroundings)
                             incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Wali Kota (mayors) of Padang
Sep 1947 - 1949            Abdul Hakim
bf. Sep 1949 - 1950        Rasyidin
Federal Commissioner
1950 - Mar 1950            Mohammad Nasrun                      (b. 1907 - d. 1968)



Pasundan

[Pasundan [West Java] State
                flag 1947-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Bandung
Population: N/A
----------------------------
Anthem: "Indonesia Raya"

 4 May 1947                Republik Pasundan (Sundanese Republic) proclaimed
                             but not recognized.
 6 May 1947                Republik Pasundan dissolved by the Dutch.
26 Feb 1948                Negara Jawa Barat (State of West Java) established.
24 Apr 1948                Renamed Negara Pasundan (Sundanese State).
11 Mar 1950                Incorporated into Republic of Indonesia.

President
 4 May 1947 -  6 May 1947  Raden Mohammed Suria Kartelegawa    (b. 1892 - d. 19..)  PRP
Wali Negara (head of state)
 4 Mar 1948 - 10 Feb 1950  Raden Aria Adipati Muharam
                             Wiranatakusuma (Wiranatakoesoema) (b. 1888 - d. 1965)
Federal Commissioner
10 Feb 1950 - 11 Mar 1950  Raden Mas Sewaka                    (b. 1895 – d. 1967)

Prime ministers
29 Apr 1948 - 10 Jan 1949  Adil Puradireja                     (b. 1907 - d. 19..)  PKI
10 Jan 194917 Jul 1949  Jumhana Wiraatmaja                  (b. 1904 - d. 19..)
17 Jul 1949 - 23 Jan 1950  Utaryo Anwar Cokroaminoto           (b. 1909 - d. 1975)  PSII 



Sabang

Capital: Sabang
Population: N/A

 9 Mar 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

1947 - Dec 1949            administered by the Local Board (Plaatselijk Bestuur)



Sumatera Selatan

[Flag Sumatera Selatan (South
                Sumatra) 1948-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Palembang
Population: N/A

30 Aug 1948                Negara Sumatera Selatan (State of South Sumatra) established.
24 Mar 1950                Incorporated into State of the Republic of Indonesia.

Chairman of Provisional Representative Council
16 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948  Abdul Malik                         (b. 1912 – d. 19..)
Wali Negara
(head of state)
29 Nov 1948 - 9 Mar 1950   Abdul Malik                         (s.a.)
Federal Commissioner
 9 Mar 1950 - 24 Mar 1950  Mohamad Isa                         (b. 1909 - d. 1979)



Sumatera Timur

[Flag Sumatera Timur (East
                Sumatra) 1947-1950 (Indonesia)]

Capital: Medan
Population: N/A

 8 Oct 1947                Daerah Istimewa Sumatera Timur (Special Area of 
                             East Sumatra) established.
25 Dec 1947                Becomes Negara Sumatera Timur (State of East Sumatra).
17 Aug 1950                State terminated with dissolution of United States 
                             of Indonesia.

Chairman of Provisional Representative Council (with title Kepala Daerah Istimewa)
Nov 1947 - 25 Dec 1947     Tengku Mansur (Mansoer)             (b. 1897 - d. 1955)
Wali Negara (head of state)
25 Dec 1947 - 17 Aug 1950  Tengku Mansur                       (s.a.)
                             (also chairman of Executive Collegium)






© Ben Cahoon