World Statesmen.org HOME > to United Kingdom >>

 
 
 





 

 

South Georgia and the 
South Sandwich Islands

 

[South Georgia and South
                                      Sandwich Islands, 1992]
               Adopted 14 Feb 1992 State Ensign?

[South Georgia and South Sandwich
                                  Islands 1992-2002]
                     14 Feb 1992 - 25 Jan 1999
 
[South
                                    Georgia and South Sandwich Islands]
                       Adopted 25 Jan 1999
  
Map of South Georgia
and the South Sandwich
Islands
 Hear National Anthem
 "God Save the Queen" 
Text of National Anthem
Constitution Order
(3 Oct 1985)
Capital: Grytviken
(King Edward Point)
Currency: British Pound
(GBP)
National Holiday
2nd Sat. in Jun (1926)

Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II
----------------------------------------
Local Holiday: 17 Jan (1775)
Possession Day 
Population: 22 scientists (2008)
 (no indigenous
inhabitants)
GDP: $N/A
Exports: $N/A
Imports: $N/A
Ethnic groups: British
Total Active Armed Forces: None
(small military garrison
on South Georgia withdrawn Mar 2001)
Defense is the Responsibility of U.K.
Merchant marine: None (2010)
Religions: N/A
International Organizations/Treaties: UPU
South Georgia
and the South
Sandwich
Islands
Chronology

Apr 1675                   South Georgia discovered by the English merchant
                             Anthony de la Roche.
17 Jan 1775                South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
                             claimed for Britain.
 6 Dec 1821                South Orkney Islands claimed for Britain
                             (named and reclaimed Feb 1822).
16 Nov 1904                Grytviken established by the Norwegian Capt.
                             Carl Anton Larsen as a whaling station.
21 Jul 1908                Occupied and made part of the Falkland Islands
                             Dependencies.
1925                       South Orkney Islands claimed by Argentina.
1927                       South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands claimed
                             by Argentina.
 3 Mar 1962                South Orkney and South Shetland Islands made
                             part of British Antarctic Territory
1977 - 20 Jun 1982         Argentine Naval base Corbeta Uruguay on Morrell
                             Island.
 3 Apr 1982 - 25 Apr 1982  South Georgia occupied by Argentina (Islas
                             Georgias del Sur y Islas Orcadas del Sur).
 3 Oct 1985                Made a separate territory (British Overseas
                             Territory of South Georgia and South Sandwich
                             Islands)(SGSSI).
21 Mar 2001                The small British military garrison on South
                             Georgia is withdrawn (present since 1982).

 Corbeta Uruguay
(1977-1982)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Commissioners 
 3 Oct 1985 -              the governors of the Falkland Islands
Chief Executive Officer
13 Jul 2007 - May 2009     Harriet Hall (f)
Senior Executive Officer
May 2009 -                 Martin Anthony Collins

Magistrates
20 Nov 1909 - 19 Oct 1914  James Innes Wilson                 (b. 1882 - d. 1940)
20 Oct 1914 -  1 Apr 1927  Edward Beveridge Binnie            (b. 1884 – d. 1956)
22 Aug 1927 - 24 Nov 1927  Frederick Black Allison
24 Nov 1927 - 27 Sep 1928  Vacant
27 Sep 1928 -  2 Sep 1941  William Barlas                     (b. 1888 - d. 1941) 
 2 Sep 1941 - 17 Apr 1942  Vacant
17 Apr 1942 - 15 Mar 1951  Arthur Isadore Fleuret             (b. 1899 - d. 1987)
15 Mar 1951 - 19 Apr 1954  Kenelm Somerset Priaulx Butler     (b. 1917)
20 Apr 1954 -  3 Apr 1957  Robert Edward Spivey               (b. 1921 - d. 1994)
 4 Apr 1957 - 25 Jun 1959  John W. Matthew
26 Jun 1959 - 13 Nov 1969  Dennis Joseph Coleman
1969 - 1970                Eric James Chinn                   (b. 1934 - d. 2012)
1970 - 1971                Brian Jones
1971 - 1972                Jeremy Robin Biscoe Tallowin       (b. 1948)
1972 - 1973                Andrew Stuart Ferguson
1973 - 1974                Michael Raymond Pawley
1974 - 1975                Michael Raymond Pawley
                           + John Hall
1975 - 1976                Michael Raymond Pawley
                           + David Michael Burkitt
1976 - 1977                Michael Raymond Pawley
                           + David John Orchard
1977 - 1978                Michael Raymond Pawley
                           + Martin John Baker
1978 - 1979                Michael Raymond Pawley
                           + Mark Peter David Lewis
1979 - 1980                Michael Raymond Pawley
                           + Derek William Hamilton
1980 -  3 Apr 1982         Peter Richard Witty (to Feb 1982)
                           + Stephen John Martin
Military Commanders on South Georgia
 1 Apr 1982 -  3 Apr 1982  Keith Mills (U.K.)
 3 Apr 1982 - 25 Apr 1982  Luis Carlos Lagos (Argentina) 
25 Apr 1982 - 1982         Guy Sheridan (U.K.)
Magistrates
(Commanders of British Forces on South Georgia)
1982 -  9 Jul 1982         ....
 7 Sep 1982 -  7 Dec 1982  ....
 7 Dec 1982 -  1 Dec 1983  ....
 1 Dec 1983 - 21 Mar 1984  Marius Coulon
21 Mar 1984 -  7 Jul 1984  John Rhind
 7 Jul 1984 - 19 Oct 1984  ....
19 Oct 1984 - 19 Feb 1985  Christopher J. Mieville

19 Feb 1985 - 21 Jun 1985  Gwynfryn I. Davies

21 Jun 1985 - 18 Oct 1985  John Badgery
18 Oct 1985 - 14 Feb 1986  Robert W. Wilby
14 Feb 1986 - 17 Jun 1986  Richard Hingston Coleman
17 Jun 1986 - 25 Jun 1986  John A Bleakley
25 Jun 1986 - 16 Oct 1986  John T. David
16 Oct 1986 - 12 Feb 1987  Andrew J. Noble Graham
12 Feb 1987 - 24 Jun 1987  Gavin R. Gryffydh Howard
24 Jun 1987 - 19 Oct 1987  Anthony J. Trevis
19 Oct 1987 - 19 Feb 1988  David W. Brown
18 Feb 1988 - 16 Jun 1988  Graham Whitmore
16 Jun 1988 - 22 Oct 1988  Phillip M.D. Harris
22 Oct 1988 - 23 Feb 1989  Philip F.A. Jennings
23 Feb 1989 - 23 Jun 1989  Frank Morgan Philip
23 Jun 1989 - 27 Oct 1989  Richard J. Clements
27 Oct 1989 - 23 Feb 1990  Matthew O'Hanlon
23 Feb 1990 - Jun 1990     Paul R.S. Bailey
Jun 1990 - 29 Oct 1990     Rodney Blake Harward
29 Oct 1990 -  4 Mar 1991  Peter Krasinski
 4 Mar 1991 -  3 Jul 1991  Robert W. Wilby
 3 Jul 1991 -  2 Nov 1991  Ian D. Raynes
 2 Nov 1991 -  4 Mar 1992  Timothy W Jalland
 4 Mar 1992 - 28 Jun 1992  Jeremy C. Cartwright
28 Jun 1992 -  5 Nov 1992  Jeremy C. Maltman
 5 Nov 1992 -  2 Mar 1993  Clive Bugg
 2 Mar 1993 - 23 Jun 1993  W. Maxwell
23 Jun 1993 - 27 Oct 1993  John R. Dunford
27 Oct 1993 - 28 Jun 1994  Tekbahadur Gurung
28 Jun 1994 - 28 Oct 1994  Alan Nelson Woolford
28 Oct 1994 -  9 Sep 1995  Charles N. Bishop
 9 Sep 1995 - 11 Jan 1996  Nigel Trafford Williams
11 Jan 1996 -  6 May 1996  Robert J. Sparks
 6 May 1996 -  7 Sep 1996  Andrew R. Hislop
 7 Sep 1996 -  3 Jan 1997  Peter B. Cartmill
 3 Jan 1997 - 10 Apr 1997  Kieron Fitzpatrick
10 Apr 1997 -  8 Sep 1997  Sean D. Matten
 8 Sep 1997 -  4 Nov 1997  Thomas P. Clarke
 4 Nov 1997                Ian McGill
 4 Nov 1997 -  4 Jan 1998  Ian A. Hall
 9 Jan 1998 - 13 Mar 1998  Peter Smyth
13 Mar 1998                Christopher Byles
13 Mar 1998 -  8 May 1998  William Wright
 8 May 1998 - 10 Sep 1998  Neil Edrich
10 Sep 1998 -  5 Jan 1999  Andrea J. Page
 5 Jan 1999 - 16 May 1999  Bruce Springett
16 May 1999 - 13 Sep 1999  Alexander N. Seaton Brown
13 Sep 1999 - 11 Jan 2000  Ian Moore
11 Jan 2000 - 16 May 2000  David Holdsworth
16 May 2000 -  4 Sep 2000  Christopher Brogan
 4 Sep 2000 -  4 Dec 2000  Ian Brown
 4 Dec 2000 - 21 Mar 2001  Austin Dean Coventry
Magistrates (Commanders of British Antarctic Survey Base at King Edward Point)
21 Mar 2001 - 28 Nov 2002  John W. Blunn
28 Nov 2002 - 25 Nov 2003  Ian R. Parsons
25 Nov 2003 - 20 Oct 2004  Victoria J. Auld (f)
20 Oct 2004 -  1 Oct 2006  Alison A. Dean (f)
 1 Oct 2006 - Nov 2007     Andrew T. Barker
Nov 2007 - 1 Nov 2008      Mairi MacLeod (f)
 1 Nov 2008 - Oct 2009     Thomas Marshall
Oct 2009 - Oct 2010        Alison "Ali" J. Massey (f)
Oct 2010 - Oct 2011        Robert Webster
Oct 2011 - Nov 2012        James Wake
Nov 2012 - Nov 2013        Rod Strachan
Nov 2013 -                 Dickie Hall

Territorial Dispute: Argentina, which claims the islands (Islas Georgias del Sur and Islas Orcadas del Sur) in its constitution and briefly occupied the islands by force in 1982, agreed in 1995 to no longer seek settlement by force. 



Corbeta Uruguay
[Argentina Sate flag]
1977 - 20 Jun 1982         Argentine Naval base Corbeta Uruguay on Morrell Island
                             in Southern Thule Group in South Sandwich Islands.
20 Jun 1982                Base closed and surrendered to British.


Base Commanders

1977 - 1978                Guillermo Escorihuela
1978 - 1979                Anibal E. Estevez
1979 - 1980                Omar A. Galliussi
1980 - 1981                Carlos Alberto Pereyra
1981 - 20 Jun 1982         Enrique Peralta Martínez






© Ben Cahoon