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Seychelles
 
[Flag of
                                    the United Kingdom]
                               1794 - 1903 
 
[Colonial Flag of the
                                    Seychelles in 1903]
                           1903 - Apr 1961 
 
[Colonial Flag of the
                                    Seychelles in 1961]
                       Apr 1961 - 28 Jun 1976
 
[1976
                                    flag of the Seychelles]
                    28 Jun 1976 - 29 Jun 1977 
 
[1977
                                    flag of the Seychelles]
                     29 Jun 1977 - 18 Jun 1996 
 
[Flag of
                                    the Seychelles]
                        Adopted 18 Jun 1996
 
Map of Seychelles Hear National Anthem
"Koste Seselwa"
(Seychellois Unite)
Adopted 18 Jun 1996
Hear Former Anthem
"Fyer Seselwa"
 (Be Proud Seychellois)

(1978-18 Jun 1996)
---------------------------------
1976-1978 Anthem
"En Avant" (Forward)
Constitution
(18 Jun 1993)
Capital: Victoria
(Établissement 1778-1814;
Mahé 1770-1778)
Currency: Seychelles Rupee
(SCR); 1900-1903 Mauritius
Rupee (MUR) 
National Holiday: 18 Jun (1993)
Constitution Day
Population: 90,846 (2013)
GDP: $2.40 billion (2013) 
Exports: $516.7 million (2013)
Imports: $846.4 million (2013)
Ethnic groups: Seychellois Creole (mixed African, Asian,
European) 93.2%, British 3%, French 1.8%, Chinese 0.5%,
Indian 0.3%, Arab and other 1.2% (2000)
Total Active Armed Forces: 200 (2010)
Merchant marine: 9 ships (2010)
Religions: Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.6%
(Anglican 6.1%, Pentecoastal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh-Day
 Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.6), other Christian 2.4%,
Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%,
unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010)
International Organizations/Treaties: ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, APM, AU, BTWC, C, CCM, CD, COMESA, CTBT, CWC, ESCR, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, ICSID, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, IRENA, ISA, ISO (correspondent), ITU, KP, MIGA, NAM, NPT, NTBT, OIF, OPCW, OST, SADC, UN, UNCLOS, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFCC, UNFCC-PA, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Seychelles
Chronology

1501                       Portuguese Explorer, Joao de Nova discovered the
                             islands of Faquhar.
1502                       Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama discovered
the
                             islands now known as the Admirantes.
1609                       English expedition arrived at Mahé and made the
                             first recorded landing
; no settlement.
19 Nov 1742                Claimed for France by Lazare Picault, and named
                             Îles de La Bourdonnais; no settlement.
 1 Nov 1756                Annexed by France (Îles de Séchelles); but no
                             settlement
.
27 Aug 1770                First settlers arrived on the island of Ste Anne.
1778                       First establishment created on Mahé, called
                             L'Etablissement du Roi.
17 May 1794                Occupied by the British (French administration 

                             continues to 17 May 1810).
 3 Feb 1803 - 17 May 1810  Nominally part of French colony of Indes-
                             Orientales (see Mauritius)(not effected due
                             to British occupation).
17 May 1810                British colony (Seychelles)(subordinated to
                             Mauritius).
21 Apr 1811                French administration ended.
15 Oct 1814                British possession proclaimed by Treaty of Paris
                             (of 30 May 1814)
, colony of Seychelles.
31 Aug 1903                British crown colony
 8 Nov 1965 - 28 Jun 1976  Aldabra Islands part of British Indian Ocean 
                             Territory.
12 Nov 1970                Autonomy
 1 Oct 1975                Seychelles self-rule.
29 Jun 1976                Independence from Britain (Republic of 
                             Seychelles).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Commandants (subordinated to Île de France [Mauritius])
1744 - 1770                None
1770 - 1772                de Launay
1772 - 1775                Anselme
1775 - 1777                Le Roux de Kermeseven
1778 - 1781                Charles Routier de Romainville     (b. 1742 - d. 1792)
1781 - 1783                Berthelot de la Coste
1783 - 1786                François, vicomte de Souillac      (b. 1732 - d. 1803)
1786 - 1789                Augustin Motais de Narbonne        (b. 1747 - d. 1827)
1789 - 1792                Louis Jean Baptiste Philogène      (b. c.1757 - d. 1825)
                             de Malavois
1792 - 1793                Charles Joseph Esnouf
Governor
 9 Sep 1793 - 1810         Jean-Baptiste Quéau de Quincy      (b. 1748 - d. 1827)
                             (or de Quinssy)
Commissioners
(subordinated to Mauritius)
1810 -  2 Jun 1811         Jean-Baptiste Quéau de Quincy      (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 2 Jun 1811 - 1812         Bartholomew Sullivan
1812 - 1815                Bibye Lasage                       (d. 1843)
1815 - 1822                Edward Henry Madge                 (b. 1772 - d. 1850)
1822 - 1837                George Harrison (civil agent)      (d. 1841)   
1837 - 1839                Arthur Wilson (civil agent)
1839 - 1850                Charles Augustus Mylius            (b. 1795 - d. 1873)
1850 - 1852                Robert William Keate               (b. 1814 - d. 1873)
1852 - 25 Sep 1861         George Thompson Wade               (b. 1815 - d. 1861)
Sep 1861 - 1862            Eugene Dupuy (acting)              (b. 1810 - d. 1875)  
1862 - 1868                Swinburne Ward                     (b. 1830 - d. 1897)
1868 - 1874                William Hales Franklyn             (b. 1816? - d. 1874)
1874 - 1879                Charles Spencer Salmon             (b. 1832 - d. 1896)
1879 - 1880                Arthur Elibank Havelock            (b. 1844 - d. 1908)
1880 - Feb 1881            Francis Theophilus Blunt           (b. 1837 - d. 1881)
Feb 1881 - 1882            Henry Cockburn Stewart (acting)    (b. 1844 - d. 1899)
1882 - 1888                Arthur Cecil Stuart Barkly         (b. 1843 - d. 1890)
Administrators
Feb 1889 - 1895            Thomas Risely Griffith             (b. 1848 - d. ....)
1895 - Aug 1899            Henry Cockburn Stewart             (s.a.)
19 Aug 1899 - 19 Nov 1903  Ernest Bickham Sweet-Escott        (b. 1857 - d. 1941)
Governors (1965-28 Jul 1976 also Commissioners of British Indian Ocean Territory)
19 Nov 1903 -  9 May 1904  Ernest Bickham Sweet-Escott        (s.a.)
1904 - 1912                Walter Edward Davidson             (b. 1859 - d. 1923)
Aug 1913 - 1918            Charles Richard Mackey O'Brien     (b. 1859 - d. 1923)
 
8 Oct 1918 -  4 Mar 1921  Eustace Edward Twistleton-Wykeham- (b. 1864 - d. 1943)
                             Fiennes
1922 -  6 Apr 1927         Sir Joseph Aloysius Byrne          (b. 1874 - d. 1942)
13 Aug 1927 - 27 Nov 1927  Sir Malcolm Stevenson              (b. 1878 - d. 1927)
1928 - 1934                De Symons Montagu George Honey     (b. 1872 - d. 1945)
                             (from 25 Feb 1932, Sir De Symons Montagu George Honey)
1934 - 1936                Sir Gordon James Lethem            (b. 1886 - d. 1962)

1936 - 15 Jan 1942         Arthur Francis Grimble             (b. 1888 - d. 1956)
                             (from 1 Jan 1938, Sir Arthur Francis Grimble)
30 Mar 1942 - Jul 1947     William Marston Logan              (b. 1889 - d. 1968)
                             (from 8 Jun 1944, Sir William Marston Logan)
Jul 1947 - 14 May 1951     Sir Percy Selwyn Selwyn-Clarke     (b. 1893 - d. 1976)
14 May 1951 - 10 Jun 1953  Frederick Crawford                 (b. 1906 - d. 1978)
17 Oct 1953 - Jan 1958     William Addis                      (b. 1901 - d. 1978)
                             (from 21 Apr 1955, Sir William Addis)   
Jan 1958 - 13 Aug 1961     John Kingsmill Thorp               (b. 1912 - d. 1961)
                             (from 13 Jun 1959, Sir John Kingsmill Thorp) 
Jan 1962 - 1967            Julian Edward George Asquith,      (b. 1916 - d. 2011)
                             Earl of Oxford and Asquith 
Apr 1967 - 1969            Sir Hugh Selby Norman-Walker       (b. 1916 - d. 1985)
1969 - 1973                Sir Bruce Greatbatch               (b. 1917 - d. 1988)
1973 -  1 Oct 1975         Colin Hamilton Allen               (b. 1921 - d. 1993)
High Commissioner
 1 Oct 1975 - 28 Jun 1976  Colin Hamilton Allen               (s.a.)
Presidents
29 Jun 1976 -  5 Jun 1977  Sir James Richard Marie Mancham    (b. 1939 - d. 2017)  SDP
 5 Jun 1977 - 14 Apr 2004  France-Albert René                 (b. 1935)         SPUP;1978 SPPF

                            
(acting 5 Jun - 28 Jun 1979)
14 Apr 2004 - 16 Oct 2016  James Alix Michel                  (b. 1944)           SPPF;2009 PP
16 Oct 2016 -              Danny Antoine Rollen Faure         (b. 1962)            PP


Chief minister

12 Nov 1970 -  1 Oct 1975  James Richard Marie Mancham        (s.a.)               SDP
Prime ministers 
 1 Oct 1975 - 29 Jun 1976  James Richard Marie Mancham        (s.a.)               SDP
                             (from Jun 1976, Sir James Richard Marie Mancham)
29 Jun 1976 -  5 Jun 1977  France-Albert René                 (s.a.)               SPUP

 5 Jun 1977                Post abolished

Territorial Disputes: Together with Mauritius, the Seychelles claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory).

Party abbreviations: LDS = Linyon Demokratik Seselwa/Seychellois Democratic Alliance (PP opposition alliance, includes Seychelles National Party, Lalyans Seselwa, Seychelles Party for Social Justice and Democracy, and the Seselwa United Party, est.Apr 2016); PP = Parti Lepep/People's Party (socialist, former SPPF, est.Jun 2009); SDP = Seychelles Democratic Party/Parti Démocratique Seychellois (conservative, governing party 1970-77, est.1963);
- Former parties: SPPF = Front Progressiste du Peuple Seychellois/Seychelles Progressive People's Front (social-democratic, center-left, 5 Jun 1979-1991 only legal party, former SPUP, 1978-Jun 2009, renamed PP); SPUP = Seychelles People's United Party/Parti Populaire Uni Seychellois (social-democratic, center-left, pro-independence, Jun 1964-1978, renamed SPPF)




© Ben Cahoon